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The pass compos is the most common French past tense, often used in conjunction with

theimperfect. The pass compos can express any of the following:



I. An action completed in the past

As-tu tudi ce weekend ?
Did you study this weekend?

Ils ont dj mang.
They have already eaten.

II. An action repeated a number of times in the past

Oui, j'ai mang cinq fois hier.
Yes, I did eat five times yesterday.

Nous avons visit Paris plusieurs fois.
We've visited Paris several times.

III. A series of actions completed in the past

Quand je suis arriv, j'ai vu les fleurs.
When I arrived, I saw the flowers.

Samedi, il a vu sa mre, a parl au mdicin et a trouv un chat.
Saturday he saw his mother, talked to the doctor, and found a cat.
The pass compos has three possible English equivalents. For example, j'ai dans can mean
1. I danced (simple past)
2. I have danced (present perfect)
3. I did dance (past emphatic)


French pass compos conjugations

AIMER (auxiliary verb is avoir)
j' ai aim nous avons aim
tu as aim vous avez aim
il,
elle
a aim ils,
elles
ont aim

DEVENIR (tre verb)
je suis devenu(e) nous sommes devenu(e)s
tu es devenu(e) vous tes devenu(e)(s)
il est devenu ils sont devenus
elle est devenue elles sont devenues

SE LAVER (pronominal verb)
je me suis lav(e) nous nous sommes lav(e)s
tu t'es lav(e) vous vous tes lav(e)(s)
il s'est lave ils se sont lavs
elle s'est lave elles se sont laves

An auxiliary verb, or helping verb, is a conjugated verb used in front of another verb
incompound tenses in order to indicate the mood and tense of the verb.

In French, the auxiliary verb is either avoir or tre. All French verbs are classified by which
auxiliary verb they take, and they use the same auxiliary verb in all compound tenses. Most
French verbs use avoir. The following is a list of verbs (and their derivatives) that require tre:
ADVENT
Each letter in ADVENT stands for one of the verbs and its opposite, plus one extra verb, for a total
of thirteen.
Arriver - Partir
Descendre - Monter
Venir - Aller
Entrer - Sortir
Natre - Mourir
Tomber - Rester
Retourner
J'ai mang et bu

Or you can repeat the auxiliary, with or without the subject pronoun:

J'ai mang et ai bu
or
J'ai mang et j'ai bu

To say "I left at noon and got home at midnight," you need tre for both verbs, so you don't need
to repeat the auxiliary:

Je suis parti midi et rentr minuit
J'ai travaill et suis all la banque
J'ai travaill et je suis all la banque