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DESIGN OF T-BEAM DECK SLAB

INPUT DATA
No of T beams = 3 m
Assuming 3 T-beams at a spacing of = 2.58 m C/C
Width of the bearing = 0 m
Effective span of T-beam = 13.4 m
Assuming the cross beam at = 3.35 m
y
= 415
ck
= 25
Thickness of the slab = 250 mm
Thickness of the wearing coat = 50 mm
Span in the transverse direction = 2.58 m
Effective span in the transverse direction b = 2.28 m
Span in the longitudinal direction = 13.4 m
Effective span in the longitudinal direction l = 13.15 m
Step 1
Weight of the deck slab = 6.25 KN/m
2
Weight of the wearing coat = 1.1 KN/m
2
Total weight = 7.35 KN/m
2
Since the slab is supported on all 4 sides and being continuous, Piegauds curve is used
to get the influence coefficients to compute the moments.
Ratio k = Short span/Long span = 0.68
1/k = 1.47
From Piegauds curve
m
1
= 0.08
m
2
= 0.035
w = Total dead weight = 220.37 KN
Moment along short span = (m1+0.15 x m2) x w = 18.79 KN-m
Moment along long span = (m2+0.15 x m1) x w = 10.36 KN-m
2. Live load bending moment due to IRC class AA tracked vehicle :
size of one panel of deck slab = 2.5 x 3.35 m
One track of tracked vehicle is placed symmetrically in one panel as shown
Impact factor fraction = 25 % (as the span is < 5 m)
1) Track contact spacing = 0.85 m
2)Thickness of the slab = 0.25 m
3) Thickness of wearing coat = 0.05 m
Main beam
3.6
2.5
u 2.45
v = 3.35
Figure - 1
3. Class AA track located for the maximum moment on deck slab :
u = 0.85+(2 x 0.05)
2
+0.2
2
= 0.98 m
v = 3.71 m
But ; v = 3.7084 m
Ratio k = 0.68 as earlier
u/b = 0.43
v/l = 0.282
m
1
= 0.07
m
2
= 0.0375
Total load per track including impact = 437.5 KN
Effective load on the span = 1598 KN
Moment along shorter span = 120.86 KN-m
Moment along longer span = 76.71 KN-m
4. Live load B.M due to IRC class AA wheeled vehicle:
a) B.M due to wheel 1:
Tyre contact dimension area: 300 x 150 mm
u = 0.472
v = 0.354
u/b = 0.21
v/l = 0.03
Using Piegauds curve,
m
1
= 0.1965
m
2
= 0.175
Total load allowing for 25% impact = 78.125 KN
1225 1225
0.85 One track

1625
1625
Figure - 2
B.M along short span = 17.40 KN-m
B.M along long span = 15.97 KN-m
b) B.M due to wheel 2:
2
Consider the loaded area of 2.492 x 0.36 m
2
1225 1225
Figure -3
m
1
= 0.0775
m
2
= 0.084
Moment along the short span = 35.65 KN-m
Moment along the long span = 37.84 KN-m
Now consider the area of 1.508 x 0.36 m
2
u/b = 0.66
v/l = 0.03
m
1
= 0.1165
m
2
= 0.12
Moment along the short span = 32.21 KN-m
Moment along the long span = 32.92 KN-m

150

(2) (1) (3)
(5) (4) 1200 (6)

360.5

492.4

300

3.75 t

6.25 t

6.25 t

6.25 t 6.25 t 3.75 t

492

360

1508

2492
6.25 t 6.25 t
Net B.M along short span = 1.72 KN-m
Net B.M along long span = 2.46 KN-m
c) B.M due to wheel 3:
Figure - 4
2
Consider the loaded area 1.692 x 0.36 m
2
u/b = 0.74
v/l = 0.03
m
1
= 0.103
m
2
= 0.111
Moment along the short span = 19.29 KN-m
Moment along the long span = 20.38 KN-m
Consider the area of 0.708 x 0.36 m
2
u/b = 0.31
v/l = 0.03
m
1
= 0.17
m
2
= 0.16
Moment along the short span = 13.16 KN-m
Moment along the long span = 12.36 KN-m
Net B.M along short span = 3.06 KN-m
Net B.M along long span = 4.01 KN-m
d) B.M due to wheel 4:
Figure - 5

492

360

708

1692
3.75 t 3.75 t

2.76 2.040 0.492
0.36

6.25 t
6.25 t
2
Consider the loaded area 0.492 x 2.76 m
2
u/b = 0.22
v/l = 0.21
m
1
= 0.11
m
2
= 0.047
Moment along the short span = 70.11 KN-m
Moment along the long span = 38.03 KN-m
Consider the loaded area 0.492 x 2.04 m
2
u/b = 0.22
v/l = 0.16
m
1
= 0.135
m
2
= 0.0635
Moment along the short span = 63.98 KN-m
Moment along the long span = 37.08 KN-m
Net B.M along short span = 3.06 KN-m
Net B.M along long span = 0.48 KN-m
e) B.M due to wheel 5:
Net B.M along short span = 3.06 KN-m
Net B.M along long span = 0.48 KN-m
f) B.M due to load 6:
Figure - 6
2
Consider the loaded area 2.76 x 0.492 m
2
u/b = 0.22
v/l = 0.16
m
1
= 0.11
m
2
= 0.047
Moment along the short span = 42.06 KN-m
Moment along the long span = 22.82 KN-m
Consider the loaded area 2.04 x 0.492 m
2
u/b = 0.22
v/l = 0.16
m
1
= 0.135

2.76
2.04
3.75 t
3.75 t
m
2
= 0.0635
Moment along the short span = 38.39 KN-m
Moment along the long span = 22.25 KN-m
Net B.M along short span = 1.84 KN-m
Net B.M along long span = 0.29 KN-m
g) Total B.M due to all wheels on the span
Total B.M along short span = 30.15 KN-m
Total B.M along long span = 23.69 KN-m
OUTPUT
5. Design B.M
Design B.M along short span = 93.56 KN-m
Design B.M along long span = 36.568 KN-m
6. REINFORCEMENT
Maximum B.M = 93.56 KN-m
Thickness from B.M consideration
M
u
= (0.138 x f
ck
x b x d
2
)
Therefore, d = 164.68 mm
= 170 mm
Overall depth = 195 mm
Provide the thickness of slab as = 250 mm
Ast
(min)
= 300
mm
2
Reinforcement in short direction:
Mx = 93.56 KN-m
Choose the diameter of the bar = 16 mm
Ast = 200.96 mm
2
Effective depth in short direction, d = 217 mm
A
st
= 0.5 x f
ck
x b x d[1- 1 - 4.6 x M
u
/ f
ck
x b xd
2
]/f
y
A
st
= 1330.1
mm
2
Spacing = 150 mm
Provide 16 mm bars @ a spacing of 150 mm c/c
Reinforcement in long direction:
My = 36.568 KN-m
Choose the diameter of the bar = 12 mm
Ast = 113.04 mm
2
d = 219 mm
A
st
= 735
mm
2
Spacing = 150 mm
Provide 12mm bars @ a spacing of 150 mm c/c
DESIGN OF CANTILEVER SLAB
The total maximum moment due to dead load/ mtrs width of cantilever slab is computed as follows
Description Load (KN) Lever arm Moment (KN-m)
1) Hand rails 1.74 1.03 1.78
2) Kerb 0 0.9 0.00
3)Wearing coat 1.00 0.3 0.30
4)Slab 7.5 0.6 4.50
3.15 0.4 1.26
Total 7.84
Due to the specified minimum clearence,Class AA loading will not operate on the cantilever slab.
Effective width of dispersion e=(1.2*x)+w
Where, x = 0.2 m
w = 0.402 m
Hence e = 0.642 m
When the wheel load is at the edge of the slab near an abutment,the net effective width of dispersion
is given by, = 0.446 m
Live load per metre width including impact = 1917 KN
Maximum bending moment due to live load = 38.34 KN-m
Reinforcement
Main Reinforcement
Effective depth required = 141.71 mm
Effective depth provided = 200 mm
Area of main reinforcement required = 1051.7
Diameter of the bar = 16
Number of bars required = 5.2306 6
Ast provided = 1206.4
Spacing of bars = 166.67
Distribution Reinforcement
Area of distribution steel = 240 mm2
Diameter of the bar = 8 mm
Number of bars required = 4.78
Provide number of bars = 5.00
Therefore Ast provided = 251.2 mm2
Spacing of the bars = 200 mm
3.35
0.391473
1.122388
120.8556
76.70833
Dia of
the bar
mm
Area of
steel
mm
2
3 2 4
6 28.26 250 10
8 50.24 415 15
10 78.5 500 20
12 113.04 25
16 200.96 30
20 314 35
22 379.94 40
25 490.63 45
28 615.44 50
4 4
6 28.26
8 50.24
10 78.50
12 113.04
16 200.96
20 314.00
22 379.94
25 490.63
28 615.44
2
cww nob
1 6 2
2 9.5 3
3 12.5 5
10
thickness of slab
1 100
2 110
3 120
4 130
5 150
6 160
7 180
8 200
9 225
10 250
11 275
12 300