Reinforced Concrete Design Project
Five Story Office Building
Andrew Bartolini  December 7, 2012
Designer 1  Partner: Shannon Warchol
CE 40270: Reinforced Concrete Design
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Table of Contents
Abstract ...............................................................................................................................3
Introduction ..........................................................................................................................4
Design ..................................................................................................................................5
i. Slab Thickness ............................................................................................................6
ii. Loads ..........................................................................................................................6
iii. Estimation of Column Sizes .....................................................................................6
iv. Slab Design ..............................................................................................................7
v. Tbeam Design for Flexure ......................................................................................10
vi. Tbeam Design for Shear ........................................................................................14
viii. Crack Control .......................................................................................................16
ix. Tbeam deflection control .......................................................................................17
x. Column Design ........................................................................................................18
Summary and Conclusion .................................................................................................21
Recommendations ..............................................................................................................22
Appendix
A: Design Figures ..................................................................................................24
B: Load Estimate Calculations ...............................................................................39
C: Slab Design Calculations ..................................................................................40
D: TBeam Flexure Calculations ...........................................................................42
E: TBeam Shear Calculations ...............................................................................48
F: Crack Control Calculations ...............................................................................54
G: Deflection Calculations .....................................................................................56
H: Column Design Calculations ............................................................................68
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Abstract
This report outlines the structural design of a fivestory reinforced concrete office building
following ACI 31811. The framing arrangement and column locations of the building were
provided based on architectural and structural requirements. The structure system of the office
building is a reinforced concrete frame with a oneway slab and beam floor system. This report
covers the design process in the following order: the calculation of the expected loads on the
structure, the design of the slab depth, the estimation of the column sizes, the design of the slab
reinforcement, the design of the Tbeam reinforcement for both flexural and shear, the
calculation to check crack control, the calculation to check Tbeam deflections and finally the
design of the column reinforcement. Additionally, figures displaying the placement of the steel
rebar in the structure are contained in the report.
The details of the design can be found within the report. The basic design of the office building
includes seven (7) inch slabs throughout, fifteen (15) inch by fifteen (15) inch square columns
and Tbeam depths of eighteen (18) inches for the exterior column spans and twenty (20) inches
for the interior column spans. Due to deflection control issues that arose in this preliminary
design, some of the interior beam lines have to be redesigned in further iterations of this design.
The maximum depth of the interior Tbeams would be twentytwo (22 inches). The
reinforcement is varied throughout the project depending on necessary loads and ACI 31811.
The slab reinforcement spacing would also have to be edited in future designs because it did not
comply with ACI 318 crack control limits. All beams were designed to be underreinforced
beams in order to provide extensive warning before failure (should it ever occur) and all beams
were design for shear in order to avoid a sudden and catastrophic failure. Finally, the column
reinforcement was designed under two different loading conditions, the first of which maximized
both the axial and moment in the column and the second which maximized the moment but
minimized the axial loads for a maximum eccentricity.
Three recommendations that I would make if I were redesigning this structure from the
beginning would be to use deeper Tbeams initially so the building would not fail the deflection
limits, use #3 bars for the slab reinforcement while limiting the spacing to twelve (12) inches and
use smaller columns dimensions. I would still use at least two Tbeam depths, however, as the
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exterior beam lines can be eighteen (18) inches deep while some interior beam lines may need to
be twentytwo (22) inches deep.
Introduction
The framing plan of the fivestory reinforced concrete building was provided and can be seen in
Figure 1. As shown in the framing plan, the building is six bays by three bays. The outer bays
along the sixbay side are 14 feet centertocenter while the inner bays along the sixbay side are
16 feet centertocenter. The outer bays along the threebay side are 25 feet centertocenter
while the inner bay along the threebay side is 30 feet centertocenter. The framing plan also
denotes oneway slabs with Tbeams that run along the sixbay columns.
Figure 1: Plan View of FiveStory Building
The first story height of the building is 16 feet while all the other story heights are 12 feet. An
elevation view of the office building can be found in Figure 2.
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Figure 2: Elevation View
This report will explain the preliminary design process for this fivestory reinforced concrete
office building according to ACI 31811. It should be noted that this design is preliminary and
would undergo a number of iterations. First the slab thickness was found followed by the
calculation of loads on the structure. Next an estimation of the column sizes was calculated.
The slab reinforcement was then designed followed by the flexure and shear reinforcement of the
Tbeams. Subsequently the design was checked for crack control and deflection control.
Finally, the column reinforcement was designed. This report will detail both the technical
design procedure as well as a discussion into the reasons for each type of reinforcement and each
step in the design process and why certain decisions were made in the design process. Finally, at
the end of this report, there are recommendations on how to adapt the design when future
iterations of this design are carried out or if someone was to start the design over from scratch.
Design
The design of the fivestory reinforced concrete structure entailed a number of steps and
calculations. Each section listed below describes one step in the process of the design. Attached
to the end of this report are sample hand calculations for each step in the design process.
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Slab Thickness
The slab thickness was determined to be seven (7) inches by using Table 9.5(a) in ACI 318. The
exterior spans required seveninch slab thickness, which was slightly larger than the slab
thickness requirement for the interior spans. For ease of construction and economical purposes,
a slab thickness of seven inches was used throughout the entire building.
Loads
The loads were calculated using ASCE 7 and the load combinations in Table 1.2 of ACI 318.
For the floors, the dead loads included the load from the mechanical equipment and the ceiling
(15 psf) and the load from the slab (87.5 psf). The live load for the floors was 50 psf while the
partition loading (which was also considered a live load) was 20 psf. The dead loads for the roof
included the load from the mechanical equipment and the ceiling (15 psf), the load from the
roofing material (7 psf) and load from the slab (87.5 psf). The live load for the roof was
comprised of the snow load only (30 psf). The load for the slabs was calculated by multiplying
the slab thickness by the unit weight of concrete (150 psf).
The load combination from Table 1.2 of ACI 318 consisted of a load factor of 1.2 for the dead
loads and 1.6 for the live loads. Using this load combination, the roof load was found to be
179.4 psf and the floor load was found to be 235 psf.
Table 1 and 2 in the Appendix B contain the breakdown of the load design along with the final
loading values for both the roof and the floor.
Estimation of the Column Size
The first step in the process of determining the column size was the calculation of the tributary
area of the most heavily loaded column, which in this building plan was a column in the interior
section of the building, (i.e. C3), which resulted in a tributary area of 440 ft
2
.
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The loading of the roof and four floors was multiplied by this tributary area to determine the
factored load experience by the ground story column. The area of the concrete needed to support
the calculated force was then calculated, taking into account both the strength of the concrete and
the steel. Appropriate overall strength reduction factors were included to not only provide a
further factor of safety but also account for eccentric loading of the column. It was also assumed
that 2% of the area of the column was steel. Using this assumption, the overall area of the
column was 209 in
2
.
Using a square crosssection, the column width and depth were chosen to be fifteen (15) inches.
It should be noted that this calculation was for preliminary design only and would be checked
later in the design process.
Slab Design
The slabs were primarily designed with reinforcing steel parallel to the numerical grid lines.
This is because the floor system is a oneway slab, which means that bending will occur between
the two supporting beams in a parabolic shape, with the largest moments being at the top of the
slab near the supports and at the bottom of the slabs at the midspans. Steel was also provided in
the transverse direction to provide resistance to the temperature and shrinkage cracks in the
tension regions.
The first step in the slab design was to find the effective span length. For negative moments, the
effective span length is taken as the average of the two adjacent clear spans while for positive
moments the effective span length is the given slabs clear span. Next, the ACI moment
coefficients were found for a spandrel slab with two or more spans. The spandrel slab was used
because the majority of the slab acts as a spandrel (i.e. the slab was just supported by beams).
Since the portion of the slab that was supported just by the beams is so much greater than the
portion of the slab that is supported by the columns, the spandrel condition was used for the
moment coefficient. Following ACI 318, the moments were found for the various critical cross
sections along the slab.
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Using the moments at the critical sections, the steel required was tabulated along with the
minimum steel requirement according to ACI 318. The larger quantity of steel governed and a
steel size and spacing combination was chosen. The extreme tension fiber depth was checked to
verify that it remain nearly the same as was assumed earlier in the procedure. The strain in the
extreme tension fiber was also checked for each critical section of the slab to verify that the
strain was above 0.005 in order to verify a previous assumption that the strength reduction factor
(!) was 0.90.
Two additional ACI 318 requirements were then checked. The first was that the maximum steel
spacing could not exceed eighteen (18) inches or three (3) times the slab thickness (which is
twentyone (21) inches). Additionally, a practical limit of the spacing being greater than one and
a half (1.5) times the slab thickness (which is ten and a half (10.5) inches) was checked.
Next, the design of the transverse steel reinforcing was completed. In the transverse direction of
the main longitudinal steel, there is a minimum amount of steel required (which is the same as
the minimum reinforcing that was referred to in the above calculations). This amount of steel
was calculated and a combination of size and spacing of bars was chosen. The maximum
spacing of eighteen (18) inches or five (5) times the slab thickness (which is thirtyfive (35)
inches) was checked along with the same practical limit that was used above.
The roof slab design consisted of #4 bars at 15 spacing in both the longitudinal and transverse
(for temperature and shrinkage cracks) directions. The floor slab design consisted of #4 bars at
13 to 15 spacing for the longitudinal direction and #4 bars at 15 spacing in the transverse
direction (for temperature and shrinkage cracks).
Finally, following Figure 5.20(a) from Nilson et al, the simplified standard cut off points for the
slab reinforcement were calculated.
Sample design drawings of the floor slabs are shown in Figures 35. The full set of design
drawings are shown in Figures A1A6 in the Appendix.
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Figure 3: Floor Slab Design
Figure 4: Plan of Floor Slab Design (Top Steel)
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Figure 5: Plan of Floor Slab Design (Bottom and Temperature/Shrinkage Steel)
The full, tabulated calculations for the floor slab can be found in Appendix C.
Tbeam Design for Flexure
The Tbeams were then designed for the flexural forces they would experience. This design
comprised of the determination and selection of the adequate amount of steel necessary in each
of the critical Tbeam sections. The steel reinforcement is necessary in the portions of the T
beam that are in tension because steel is strong in tension while concrete is very weak and brittle
in tension. However, the Tbeam sections cannot have too much steel or they become over
reinforced and the failure mode of an overreinforcement beam is very sudden. The Tbeam
should be underreinforced so there is warning before a failure would occur (under a loading
condition that was not designed for).
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There were six unique beam lines to analyze when designing the Tbeam for flexure. Beam lines
A and G; B and F; and C, D and E are the three groups of identical beam lines and there was
both the floor and roof loading cases for each set of beam lines. Along each beam line, there
were five critical sections that correlated to the critical sections for the ACI Moment
Coefficients.
The Tbeam width was taken to be fifteen (15) inches to match the column widths in order to
make construction easier. The first step in determining the Tbeam reinforcement was to
calculate the governing Tbeam depth. Using ACI code, both the exterior and interior spans
were checked and it was found that the interior Tbeam depth (17.14 inches) governed the
exterior Tbeam depth (16.2 inches). Since these are a minimum value, a round value of
eighteen (18) inches was used as the Tbeam depth. For beams with positive bending (tension is
in the bottom of the Tbeam), it was assumed the rectangular stress block (which is correlated to
the portion of the beam in compression), was fully comprised in the flange (i.e. slab). For beams
with negative bending (tension is in the top of the Tbeam), the rectangular stress block was
assumed to be in the stem (i.e. web). Both of these assumptions would be checked in the design
process. Next, the effective width of the slab was calculated according to ACI 8.12.3. The
effective width of the slab is the portion of the Tbeam flange that contributes to the strength of
the Tbeam. For interior beam lines the effective width of the slab cannot be greater than one
quarter of the clear span length and the overhanging flange width must be less than eight times
the slab thickness and must also be less than one half the adjacent clear span. For exterior spans,
the overhanging flange width cannot exceed onetwelfth the span length of the beam, six times
the slab thickness and onehalf the clear distance to the next web.
After the effective width was calculated, the effective depth was then found. For the positive
bending sections, the effective depth was the beam depth minus the two and a half (2.5) inches,
which includes the cover distance (1.5 inches), the diameter of the stirrup bar (0.5 inches) and
half of the longitudinal rebar diameter (which was assumed to be a #8 bar). For the negative
section, the effective depth was the Tbeam depth minus the cover (0.75 inches), the transverse
rebar (0.5 inches) and half of the longitudinal rebar diameter (which was assumed to be a #8
bar). The distributed load that the Tbeam supported was then found by multiplying the tributary
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area of the Tbeam (half the centertocenter span to each side of the Tbeam) by either the floor
or roof load. This value was added to the selfweight of the beam stem for the total line load.
Then using the corresponding ACI moment coefficients, the moment for each section was found.
Using the moment for the section along with the effective depth of the section, the width of the
Tbeam and an assumed reduction factor (!) of 0.90, the area of steel required in each section
was found and a combination of bar sizes was selected. The effective depth was then check
again using the same methodology (but using the actual value of half the diameter of the
longitudinal steel) to make sure it was approximately the value that was assumed. The extreme
tension strain and the reduction factor (!) were then verified to be the same as the values that
were assumed. The clear distance spacing of the bars was also checked using ACI 318. Finally,
the minimum and maximum steel requirements were verified according to ACI 10.3.5 and 10.5.1
and the design strength of the Tbeam was checked.
For beam lines C, D and E, the extreme tension stress and ! factor were not verified as they were
assumed and the beams were not in compliance with the code. Therefore, for these beam lines
the beam depth was increased to twenty (20) inches and the process was repeated. This beam
depth resulted in a design that complied with the code.
The reinforcement details (elevation and crosssections) for floor beam lines A and G can be
seen in Figure 6. The elevation and crosssection reinforcement details for all the unique beam
lines can be found in Figures A7 to A12 in the Appendix. The Tbeam flexural reinforcement
calculations can be found in Appendix D. It should be noted that only one steel reinforcement
design was used between S3 and S4. The section that requires the larger amount of steel will
control the steel region at the first interior support.
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Figure 6: Floor TBeam Reinforcing Elevation and Sections for Beam Lines A and G
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Tbeam Design for Shear
Next in the design process was the determination of the shear reinforcement. Without shear
reinforcement the beam would have a catastrophic failure due to shearweb and flexureshear
cracks. These cracks would form due to the shear forces in the beam and cause equivalent
tension stresses that would cause failure in the beam since concrete is very weak in tension. This
failure would be sudden and extremely dangerous and must be designed against. Additionally,
this is incredibly important because this failure occurs substantially before the flexural strength
of the beam is reached. Therefore stirrups at a determined spacing are used to provide a source
of tensile strength against these shear forces (and equivalent tensile stresses).
As was the case with the Tbeam flexural design, there are six unique beam lines that must be
designed for shear. Additionally, like the Tbeam flexural design, beam lines A and G; B and F;
and C, D and E compose three groups of identical beam lines and then there are the two loading
conditions for each group (i.e. the floor and the roof loads).
The shear forces at the critical locations were determined using the shear coefficients from ACI
318 with the same line load that was used in the flexural design (i.e. the tributary area of the T
beam multiplied by the area load combined with the Tbeam stem selfweight). The effective
depth was also calculated using the most conservative value from the positive moment sections
in the flexural design. The shear diagram was then constructed by applying the shear coefficients
from ACI 318. The shear at the columns was truncated at a distance d away from the support (so
there is a constant shear away from the supports to a distance d away from the support at which
the shear will connect back to the original shear diagram).
The strength of the concrete in shear was then calculated with a factor of safety. The portions of
the beam where the reduced strength of the concrete itself was greater than the factored shear
force on the beam are required to have the minimum web reinforcement. A #4 stirrup was used
and the required maximum spacing was determined to be seven and a half (7.5) inches. For the
portion of the shear diagram that had a shear force above the concrete shear strength, the
minimum spacing for strength purposes were tabulated. In all the sections, this value was above
the maximum spacing limits that were the same as above (for the region where the reduced
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concrete shear strength was greater than the factored shear force). An additional check was
conducted to make sure that the maximum spacing limits could be used according to ACI code.
After conducting all of these checks, it was determined that #4 stirrups could be used at seven
and a half (7.5) inches for all Tbeams in the entire structure. Next, the starting locations were
determined with a goal of having them roughly half of the spacing away from the supports. It
was actually determined that the stirrups could start exactly one half of the spacing away from
the supports, which is three and threequarter (3.75) inches. Figure 7 shows the shear
reinforcement.
Figure 7: Shear Reinforcement
Figures 8 shows a sample factored shear diagram for the floor load for beam lines A and G. It
should be noted that the s
max
value of seven and a half (7.5) inches can be used everywhere. For
the full set of shear diagrams, see Figures A13 to A18 in the Appendix.
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Figure 8: Floor Load Shear Diagram for Beam Lines A & G
The full Tbeam shear reinforcement design calculations can be found in Appendix E.
Crack Control
Cracks pose not only aesthetic problems to a building, but cracks also can lead to faster corrosion
rates that can accelerate the failure of the beam. Therefore, ACI 318 limits the spacing of the
rebar to control the cracking of the concrete.
First the Tbeams were checked for cracking according to Equation (104) in ACI 318 with the
assumption that the stress in the rebar was twothirds the yield stress. Every Tbeam section had
adequate spacing of the longitudinal rebar.
Next, the slab reinforcement was checked. Again using Equation (104) in ACI 318 and the
assumption that the stress in the rebar was twothirds the yield stress, the maximum spacing
allowed by code was found. However, this maximum spacing was twelve (12) inches, which
was smaller than any of the slab reinforcing in the original design. Therefore, the slab
reinforcing fails code and must be redesigned with a maximum spacing of twelve inches. The
best way to accomplish this would be to reduce the size of the bar to a #3 bar and use the
corresponding spacing needed per the strength requirements or twelve inches, whichever is
smaller. This would be the most economical way to change the design, as it would most likely
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not rely on an ACI minimum anymore. When a design relies on an ACI minimum it is typically
not the most efficient design.
The full crack control calculations can be found in Appendix F.
Tbeam Deflection Control
Deflections must be controlled in any structure in order to make the building feels safe and is
serviceable. Additionally, deflections must be controlled so that the nonstructural components
of the building do not fail.
For the Tbeam deflection control analysis, the unfactored loads were used in the calculation,
but were found exactly the same way as they were in the flexural design of the Tbeams.
Additionally, each span was checked for deflection. Therefore, there were twelve (12) spans that
had to be checked, as there were the exterior and interior spans under roof and floor loading for
three distinct beam lines.
The first step in the deflection calculation was to find the effective moment of inertia of the T
beam crosssection assuming the full load was applied to the building early on in the
construction process (this is in order to be conservative). This effective moment of inertia is the
moment of inertia for the beam based on the amount of cracking in the beam (it is always
somewhere inbetween the moment of inertia of a fully cracked beam and a completely un
cracked beam). First the gross moment of inertia was found for the Tbeam crosssections
(disregarding the fact that there was steel in the Tbeam, which is allowed by code and is
conservative). Then each critical point on each span (i.e. the negative bending moments near the
columns and the positive bending moment at the midspan) was checked to see if the section was
cracked. If the section was cracked (which was the case for the majority of the sections), the
cracked moment of inertia for the beam was calculated. Next the effective moment of inertia for
each of the critical sections was found according to ACI 318 using the weighted average method
for each span (i.e. the midspan effective moment of inertia was multiplied by one half and each
of the support effective moment of inertias was multiplied by one quarter). Using the deflection
equation for a continuous span, the deflection under the total load was found.
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It was assumed that the beam carried a partition that was sensitive to deflections and therefore
according to ACI 318, the beam deflection after the partition is installed cannot be greater than
the span length divided by 480. The assumed loading history used was that the partitions were
installed after the shoring from the dead load of the structure was removed and the immediate
deflection due to the dead load was experienced. Therefore, the deflection experienced by the
partitions would be the longterm dead load deflection; the immediate live load deflection for
both the shortterm portion of the live load (50 psf) and the sustained portion of the live load,
which was the partitions weight (20 psf); and the longterm deflection from the partitions.
Assuming that after the full initial deflection occurred, that the stressstrain plot was linear and
passed through the origin, the above deflections were calculated using ACI 318. All the T
beams passed except the interior spans under floor loads for beam column lines B, C, D, E and F.
These crosssections would need to be redesigned with a larger Tbeam web depth or maybe
additional steel. However, if additional steel was added, the design must be rechecked to make
sure the extreme tension fiber stress is below the limits set by ACI 318. The full set of deflection
calculations can be found in Appendix G.
Column Design
The last part of the design that was completed was the determination of the reinforcement for the
columns. The columns are the most critical part of the building because the failure of a column,
especially a column lower in the building, could have devastating ramifications. The failure of a
column could result in the failure of a large portion, or all, of the building. Columns are deemed
more important in the design of building than the design of the beams or the floor systems
because if a beam or floor collapses, the damage may be contained to a much smaller area than if
a column fails. This is called the strong column, weak beam design theory.
First the maximum axial and moment loads that each column could experience were found.
These loads were divided into the dead loads (i.e. mechanical equipment, roofing material, slab
selfweight, column selfweight, Tbeam selfweight) and the live loads (i.e. the partitions,
general live load, and snow). The top and bottom of each column were analyzed by looking at
two different loading conditions. Both conditions include the entire dead load of the structure.
However, the loading conditions vary based on which bays the live load is applied. For both
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scenarios the simplest loading scenario that causes the maximum bending is assumed to be the
starting point (this is typically achieved by applying the live load on the bay that frames into the
section of the column being analyzed that causes that largest moment). In the first loading
scenario, the live load is then applied to the other bays of the structure as long as the moment in
the column being analyzed is not affected. In the second loading scenario, only the initial live
load to cause the maximum moment is applied (i.e. no additional bays are loaded from the first
step). In this way, the column is designed for both axial loading and eccentric loading.
Using these loading scenarios, the moment was calculated in the beams and using structural
analysis the distribution of the moment in the beam to the moments in the column was computed.
Then using this moment in the column along with the axial load in the column, the reinforcement
was found using Graph A.5 and Graph A.6 in Nilson et al for both loading cases at the top and
bottom of each column. Next, the governing steel requirement was found for a given column
(i.e. the largest steel requirement from the top and bottom of each column when considering both
loading conditions). After the longitudinal steel was chosen, the ties were chosen in accordance
to ACI 318. Since #4 bars were used as the stirrups in the Tbeams, #4 ties were also chosen so
that there was consistency in the materials on the jobsite and no confusion would be made
between the bars. Using the constraints that the spacing could not be more than sixteen times the
diameter of the longitudinal steel, fortyeight times the diameter of the ties and the least
dimension of the compression member, the tie spacing was determined for every floor of every
column line as well. The longitudinal reinforcement along with the tie spacing for each story of
every column in the building is present in Tables 1 and 2. The exterior column notation refers to
columns on grid lines 1 and 4 while the interior column notation refers to columns on grid lines 2
and 3.
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Table 1: Column Longitudinal Reinforcement
Story Column Lines A and G Column Lines B and F Column Lines C, D and E
Exterior Interior Exterior Interior Exterior Interior
1 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #9 4 #7 4 #11
2 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #9 4 #7 4 #11
3 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7
4 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7
5 4 #7 4 #7 4 #11 4 #7 4 #11 4 #7
Table 2: Column Tie Spacing
Story Column Lines A and G Column Lines B and F Column Lines C, D and E
Exterior Interior Exterior Interior Exterior Interior
1 #4 @ 14 #4 @ 14 #4 @ 14 #4 @ 15 #4 @ 14 #4 @ 15
2 #4 @ 14 #4 @ 14 #4 @ 14 #4 @ 15 #4 @ 14 #4 @ 15
3 #4 @ 14 #4 @ 14 #4 @ 14 #4 @ 14 #4 @ 14 #4 @ 14
4 #4 @ 14 #4 @ 14 #4 @ 14 #4 @ 14 #4 @ 14 #4 @ 14
5 #4 @ 14 #4 @ 14 #4 @ 15 #4 @ 14 #4 @ 15 #4 @ 14
A number of the column longitudinal reinforcement was based on the ACI minimum of 1% steel
in the column. This indicates an efficient design. Ideally the percentage of steel in the column
should be closer to 4%. Therefore, in future iterations of this design, a smaller columns size
should be used.
The pattern in the column reinforcement is that on the exterior of the building, the roof
experiences considerable bending and therefore more steel is needed in these regions.
Additionally, the interior middle column lines of the structure also need additional reinforcement
at the lower stories due to the large axial loads that the columns are subjected to.
Figure 9 shows the column crosssections for column lines B2, B3, F2 and F3.
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Figure 9: Column Reinforcement for Interior Column Lines B and F
(B2, B3, F2, F3)
The crosssections showing the reinforcement for all the column lines can be found in Appendix
A (FigureA19 to Figure A23).
The tabulated data for the design of the columns can be found in Appendix H. In these
tabulations, any column reinforcement that is denoted with an asterisk means that for this value,
a higher value of the reduction factor (!) was used to keep the necessary steel reinforcement to a
minimum. This higher value was checked for each section in which it was used and all
calculations comply with ACI 318.
Summary and Conclusions
Using ACI 318, a preliminary design of a fivestory office reinforced concrete office building
was completed. Overall, the structure is a very efficient building with only a couple of edits
needed in future iterations of the design. It was determined that the design did not fully comply
with ACI 318 code, but that these flaws would be revised in future edits to the overall design.
The loads for the structure were determined from ASCE 7 with the load combinations from ACI
318. The columns were determined to be fifteen (15) inches by fifteen (15) inches with a slab
thickness of seven (7) inches and Tbeam depths that varied from eighteen (18) inches to twenty
(20) inches in the first design. These Tbeam depths would be increased for selected beam lines
up to twentytwo (22) inches for deflection control reasons. The chosen Tbeam flexural
reinforcement was verified through crack control checks and strength checks, as was the Tbeam
shear reinforcement. However, the slab reinforcement did not comply the ACI 318 crack control
standards. Therefore, the size and spacing of the slab reinforcing would have to be edited in the
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next design check to make sure the spacing was no more than twelve (12) inches. Finally, the
reinforcement in the columns varied throughout the structure with the maximum reinforcement
in the top of the exterior column lines (due to high bending) and at the bottom of the interior
columns lines (due to large axial loads). The ties for the columns were also designed according
to ACI 318. Because the minimum steel reinforcement according to ACI 318 was used for the
columns, these columns should be made smaller in future iterations of the design so the structure
can be more efficient.
The next step in this design project would be to complete a number of iterations on the design
until it compiles with ACI 318.
Recommendations
This design is only a preliminary design for this reinforced concrete building and several further
revisions are still needed for this design to be complete. In future revisions to this building, there
are a handful of recommendations that I would make.
The first is to reduce the slab reinforcement to #3 bars, which would mean a closer spacing. This
would be the most economic solution to the problem with the spacing of the slab reinforcement
that arose when checking the crack control. Whenever a design is forced to use a minimum
value in the code, which was the case in the slab spacing, that design is typically not as
economical as it could be. In this case, simply reducing the spacing while still using #4 bars
would not be economical. Using a #3 bar at a smaller spacing would result in a more efficient
design, as less material would be used.
Additionally, I would increase the depth of the Tbeams under floor loading on beam lines B and
F to twenty (20) inches and then I would increase the depth of the Tbeams under floor loading
on beam lines C, D and E to twentyone (21) or twenty (22) inches. These changes would result
in all the Tbeams being in compliance with ACI 318 deflection limits.
Finally, since the column reinforcement was commonly governed by the ACI minimum, in
future iterations I would decrease the column sizes so that the columns would be more efficient
Bartolini  23
and have closer to 4% steel instead of the minimum 1% steel. As stated above, whenever the
design is limited by the ACI minimum, it means there is a more efficient way to the design the
structure. In this case it would be smaller column sizes and more column steel reinforcement.
Bartolini  24
Appendix A: Design Figures
Figure A1: Floor Slab Design
Figure A2: Plan of Floor Slab Design (Top Steel)
Bartolini  25
Figure A3: Plan of Floor Slab Design (Bottom and Temperature/Shrinkage Steel)
Bartolini  26
Figure A4: Roof Slab Design
Figure A5: Plan of Roof Slab Design (Top Steel)
Bartolini  27
Figure A6: Plan of Roof Slab Design (Bottom and Temperature/Shrinkage Steel)
Bartolini  28
Figure A7: Floor TBeam Reinforcing Elevation and Sections for Beam Lines A and G
Bartolini  29
Figure A8: Roof TBeam Reinforcing Elevation and Sections for Beam Lines A and G
Bartolini  30
Figure A9: Floor TBeam Reinforcing Elevation and Sections for Beam Lines B and F
Bartolini  31
Figure A10: Roof TBeam Reinforcing Elevation and Sections for Beam Lines B and F
Bartolini  32
Figure A11: Floor TBeam Reinforcing Elevation and Sections for Beam Lines C, D and E
Bartolini  33
Figure A12: Roof TBeam Reinforcing Elevation and Sections for Beam Lines C, D and E
Bartolini  34
Figure A13: Floor Load Shear Diagram for Beam Lines A & G
Figure A14: Roof Load Shear Diagram for Columns A & G
Bartolini  35
Figure A15: Floor Load Shear Diagram for Columns B & F
Figure A16: Roof Load Shear Diagram for Columns B & F
Bartolini  36
Figure A17: Floor Load Shear Diagram for Columns C, D & E
Figure A18: Roof Load Shear Diagram for Columns C, D & E
Bartolini  37
Figure A19: Column Reinforcement For Column Lines A and G
(A1, A2, A3, A4, G1, G2, G3, G4)
Figure A20: Column Reinforcement for Exterior Column Lines B and F
(B1, B4, F1, F4)
Figure A21: Column Reinforcement for Exterior Column Lines C, D and E
(C1, C4, D1, D4, E1, E4)
Bartolini  38
Figure A22: Column Reinforcement for Interior Column Lines B and F
(B2, B3, F2, F3)
Figure A23: Column Reinforcement for Interior Column Lines C, D and E
(C2, C3, D2, D3, E2, E3)
Bartolini  39
Appendix B: Loading Estimation
Table B1: Roof Load Calculation
Unfactored Loads (psf) Load Factor Factored Loads (psf)
Snow 30 1.6 48
Roofing Material 7 1.2 8.4
Mech. Eq, Ceiling 15 1.2 18
Slab (7") 87.5 1.2 105
Total 179.4
Table B2: Floor Load Calculation
Unfactored Loads (psf) Load Factor Factored Loads (psf)
Live Load 50 1.6 80
Mech. Eq., Ceiling 15 1.2 18
Partitions 20 1.6 32
Slab (7") 87.5 1.2 105
Total 235
Bartolini  40
Appendix C: Slab Design Calculations
Table C1: Slab Design  Floor
Givens
Quadratic Equation Solver
wu (lb/ft) 235
a 529200
b 12
b 60000
d 6
" 0.9
# 0.85
S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6
ln (in) 153.00 153.00 165.00 165.00 177.00 177.00
Mcoeff 0.04 0.07 0.10 0.09 0.06 0.09
Mu (lbin) 19101 32745 53316 48469 38345 55775
R (psi) 49.13 84.22 137.13 124.66 98.62 143.45
$ 0.00082 0.00142 0.00233 0.00212 0.00167 0.00244
A
sreqd
(in
2
) 0.059 0.102 0.168 0.152 0.120 0.176
A
smin
(in
2
) 0.1512 0.1512 0.1512 0.1512 0.1512 0.1512
A
sgoverning
(in
2
) 0.151 0.151 0.168 0.152 0.151 0.176
Bar Size and Spacing #4 @ 15" #4 @ 15" #4 @ 14" #4 @ 15" #4 @ 15" #4 @ 13"
A
sprovided
(in
2
) 0.155 0.155 0.17 0.155 0.155 0.18
CHECKS
d OK OK OK OK OK OK
a 0.228 0.228 0.250 0.228 0.228 0.265
c 0.268 0.268 0.294 0.268 0.268 0.311
%t 0.0641 0.0641 0.0582 0.0641 0.0641 0.0548
Max Steel ok if %t > 0.004 OK OK OK OK OK OK
" = 0.90 if %t > 0.005 OK OK OK OK OK OK
Max Spacing (1) 21 21 21 21 21 21
Max Spacing (2) 18 18 18 18 18 18
Spacing < Max Spacing OK OK OK OK OK OK
Minimum Spacing 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5
Spacing > Min Spacing OK OK OK OK OK OK
Temperature/Shrinkage Steel
A
smin
(in
2
) 0.1512 0.1512 0.1512 0.1512 0.1512 0.1512
Bar Size and Spacing #4 @ 15" #4 @ 15" #4 @ 15" #4 @ 15" #4 @ 15" #4 @ 15"
A
sprovided
(in
2
) 0.155 0.155 0.155 0.155 0.155 0.155
Max Spacing (1) 35 35 35 35 35 35
Max Spacing (2) 18 18 18 18 18 18
Spacing < Max Spacing OK OK OK OK OK OK
Bartolini  41
Table C2: Slab Design  Roof
Givens
Quadratic Equation Solver
wu (lb/ft) 179.4
a 529200
b 12
b 60000
d 6
" 0.9
# 0.85
S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6
ln (in) 153.00 153.00 165.00 165.00 177.00 177.00
Mcoeff 0.04 0.07 0.10 0.09 0.06 0.09
Mu (lbin) 14582 24997 40701 37001 29273 42579
R (psi) 37.50 64.29 104.68 95.17 75.29 109.51
$ 0.00063 0.00108 0.00177 0.00161 0.00127 0.00186
A
sreqd
(in
2
) 0.045 0.078 0.128 0.116 0.091 0.134
A
smin
(in
2
) 0.1512 0.1512 0.1512 0.1512 0.1512 0.1512
A
sgoverning
(in
2
) 0.151 0.151 0.151 0.151 0.151 0.151
Bar Size and Spacing #4 @ 15" #4 @ 15" #4 @ 15" #4 @ 15" #4 @ 15" #4 @ 15"
A
sprovided
(in
2
) 0.155 0.155 0.155 0.155 0.155 0.155
CHECKS
d OK OK OK OK OK OK
a 0.228 0.228 0.228 0.228 0.228 0.228
c 0.268 0.268 0.268 0.268 0.268 0.268
%t 0.0641 0.0641 0.0641 0.0641 0.0641 0.0641
Max Steel ok if %t > 0.004 OK OK OK OK OK OK
" = 0.90 if %t > 0.005 OK OK OK OK OK OK
Max Spacing (1) 21 21 21 21 21 21
Max Spacing (2) 18 18 18 18 18 18
Spacing < Max Spacing OK OK OK OK OK OK
Minimum Spacing 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5
Spacing > Min Spacing OK OK OK OK OK OK
Temperature/Shrinkage Steel
A
smin
(in
2
) 0.1512 0.1512 0.1512 0.1512 0.1512 0.1512
Bar Size and Spacing #4 @ 15" #4 @ 15" #4 @ 15" #4 @ 15" #4 @ 15" #4 @ 15"
A
sprovided
(in
2
) 0.155 0.155 0.155 0.155 0.155 0.155
Max Spacing (1) 35 35 35 35 35 35
Max Spacing (2) 18 18 18 18 18 18
Spacing < Max Spacing OK OK OK OK OK OK
Bartolini  42
Appendix D: TBeam Flexure Design Calculations
Table D1: TBeam Flexure Design Floor Load Col. A/G
Givens
Quadratic Equation Solver
W (lb/ft
2
) 235
a 529200
wu (lb/ft) 0.15
b 60000
b 15
h 18
d (positive bending) 15.5
d (negative bending) 16
" 0.9
# 0.85
S1 S2 S3 S4 S5
ln (in) 285.00 285.00 315.00 315.00 345.00
Clear Span Length (in) 285.00 285.00 285.00 345.00 345.00
bf (in)  span length 38.75 38.75 38.75 43.75 43.75
bf (in)  slab thickness 57.00 57.00 57.00 57.00 57.00
bf (in)  adjacent span 91.50 91.50 91.50 91.50 91.50
bf (in)  governing 38.00 38.00 38.00 43.00 43.00
Mcoeff 0.06 0.07 0.10 0.09 0.06
Mu (kin) 769 878 1502 1366 1126
R (psi) 222.40 106.91 434.70 395.18 121.14
$ 0.00384 0.00181 0.00778 0.00702 0.00206
A
sreqd
(in
2
) 0.921 1.067 1.867 1.685 1.371
Bar Size and Spacing 2 #7 2 #7 2 #9 2 #9 3 #7
A
sprovided
(in
2
) 1.2 1.2 2 2 1.8
CHECKS
Spacing  9.25   4.1875
d 16.3125 15.5625 16.1875 16.1875 15.5625
a 1.412 0.557 2.353 2.353 0.739
c 1.661 0.656 2.768 2.768 0.869
%t 0.0265 0.0682 0.0145 0.0145 0.0507
Max Steel ok if %t > 0.004 OK OK OK OK OK
" = 0.90 if %t > 0.005 OK OK OK OK OK
Minimum Steel (1) 0.76 0.74 0.76 0.76 0.74
Minimum Steel (2) 0.80 0.78 0.80 0.80 0.78
Governing Minimum Steel 0.80 0.78 0.80 0.80 0.78
Steel > Minimum Steel OK OK OK OK OK
"Mn 991.06 986.34 1600.94 1600.94 1470.70
"Mn > Mu OK OK OK OK OK
Bartolini  43
Table D2: TBeam Flexure Design Roof Load Col. A/G
Givens
Quadratic Equation Solver
W (lb/ft
2
) 179.4
a 529200
wu (lb/ft) 0.12
b 60000
b 15
h 18
d (positive bending) 15.5
d (negative bending) 16
" 0.9
# 0.85
S1 S2 S3 S4 S5
ln (in) 285.00 285.00 315.00 315.00 345.00
Clear Span Length (in) 285.00 285.00 285.00 345.00 345.00
bf (in)  span length 38.75 38.75 38.75 43.75 43.75
bf (in)  slab thickness 57.00 57.00 57.00 57.00 57.00
bf (in)  adjacent span 91.50 91.50 91.50 91.50 91.50
bf (in)  governing 38.00 38.00 38.00 43.00 43.00
Mcoeff 0.06 0.07 0.10 0.09 0.06
Mu (kin) 604 690 1181 1073 885
R (psi) 174.76 84.01 341.58 310.53 95.19
$ 0.00299 0.00142 0.00601 0.00544 0.00161
A
sreqd
(in
2
) 0.718 0.835 1.443 1.305 1.073
Bar Size and Spacing 3 #5 3 #5 3 #7 3 #7 2 #7
A
sprovided
(in
2
) 0.93 0.93 1.8 1.8 1.2
CHECKS
Spacing  4.5625   9.25
d 16.4375 15.6875 16.3125 16.3125 15.5625
a 1.094 0.432 2.118 2.118 0.492
c 1.287 0.508 2.491 2.491 0.579
%t 0.0353 0.0896 0.0166 0.0166 0.0776
Max Steel ok if %t > 0.004 OK OK OK OK OK
" = 0.90 if %t > 0.005 OK OK OK OK OK
Minimum Steel (1) 0.76 0.74 0.76 0.76 0.74
Minimum Steel (2) 0.80 0.78 0.80 0.80 0.78
Governing Minimum Steel 0.80 0.78 0.80 0.80 0.78
Steel > Minimum Steel OK OK OK OK OK
"Mn 776.05 767.57 1452.28 1452.28 988.44
"Mn > Mu OK OK OK OK OK
Bartolini  44
Table D3: TBeam Flexure Design Floor Load Col. B/F
Givens
Quadratic Equation Solver
W (lb/ft
2
) 235
a 529200
wu (k/in) 0.31
b 60000
b 15
H 18
d (positive bending) 15.5
d (negative bending) 16
" 0.9
# 0.85
S1 S2 S3 S4 S5
ln (in) 285.00 285.00 315.00 315.00 345.00
Clear Span Length (in) 285.00 285.00 285.00 345.00 345.00
bf (in)  span length 71.25 71.25 71.25 86.25 86.25
bf (in)  slab thickness 127.00 127.00 127.00 127.00 127.00
bf (in)  adjacent span 180.00 180.00 180.00 180.00 180.00
bf (in)  governing 71.00 71.00 71.00 86.00 86.00
Mcoeff 0.06 0.07 0.10 0.09 0.06
Mu (kin) 1564 1787 3057 2779 2292
R (psi) 452.53 116.43 884.51 804.10 123.24
$ 0.00812 0.00197 0.01742 0.01553 0.00209
A
sreqd
(in
2
) 1.950 2.173 4.180 3.727 2.790
Bar Size and Spacing 2 #9 4 #7 7 #7 7 #7 5 #7
A
sprovided
(in
2
) 2 2.4 4.2 4.2 3
CHECKS
Spacing  2.5   1.65625
d 16.1875 15.5625 16.3125 16.3125 15.5625
a 2.353 0.597 4.941 4.941 0.616
c 2.768 0.702 5.813 5.813 0.724
%t 0.0145 0.0635 0.0054 0.0054 0.0615
Max Steel ok if %t > 0.004 OK OK OK OK OK
" = 0.90 if %t > 0.005 OK OK OK OK OK
Minimum Steel (1) 0.76 0.74 0.76 0.76 0.74
Minimum Steel (2) 0.80 0.78 0.80 0.80 0.78
Governing Minimum Steel 0.80 0.78 0.80 0.80 0.78
Steel > Minimum Steel OK OK OK OK OK
"Mn 1600.94 1970.15 3068.47 3068.47 2461.14
"Mn > Mu OK OK OK OK OK
Bartolini  45
Table D4: TBeam Flexure Design Roof Load Col. B/F
Givens
Quadratic Equation Solver
W (lb/ft
2
) 179.4
a 529200
wu (lb/ft) 0.24
b 60000
b 15
h 18
d (positive bending) 15.5
d (negative bending) 16
" 0.9
# 0.85
S1 S2 S3 S4 S5
ln (in) 285.00 285.00 315.00 315.00 345.00
Clear Span Length (in) 285.00 285.00 285.00 345.00 345.00
bf (in)  span length 71.25 71.25 71.25 86.25 86.25
bf (in)  slab thickness 127.00 127.00 127.00 127.00 127.00
bf (in)  adjacent span 180.00 180.00 180.00 180.00 180.00
bf (in)  governing 71.00 71.00 71.00 86.00 86.00
Mcoeff 0.06 0.07 0.10 0.09 0.06
Mu (kin) 1211 1384 2367 2152 1775
R (psi) 350.44 90.16 684.97 622.70 95.44
$ 0.00618 0.00152 0.01288 0.01156 0.00161
A
sreqd
(in
2
) 1.483 1.676 3.091 2.773 2.151
Bar Size and Spacing 5 # 5 3 #7 6 # 7 6 #7 4 #7
A
sprovided
(in
2
) 1.55 1.8 3.6 3.6 2.4
CHECKS
Spacing  4.1875   2.5
d 16.4375 15.5625 16.3125 16.3125 15.5625
a 1.824 0.447 4.235 4.235 0.492
c 2.145 0.526 4.983 4.983 0.579
%t 0.0200 0.0857 0.0068 0.0068 0.0776
Max Steel ok if %t > 0.004 OK OK OK OK OK
" = 0.90 if %t > 0.005 OK OK OK OK OK
Minimum Steel (1) 0.76 0.74 0.76 0.76 0.74
Minimum Steel (2) 0.80 0.78 0.80 0.80 0.78
Governing Minimum Steel 0.80 0.78 0.80 0.80 0.78
Steel > Minimum Steel OK OK OK OK OK
"Mn 1262.89 1484.86 2698.73 2698.73 1976.89
"Mn > Mu OK OK OK OK OK
Bartolini  46
Table D5: TBeam Flexure Design Floor Load Col. C/D/E
Givens
Quadratic Equation Solver
W (lb/ft
2
) 235
a 529200
wu (lb/ft) 0.3303
b 60000
b 15
H 20
d (positive bending) 17.5
d (negative bending) 18
" 0.9
# 0.85
S1 S2 S3 S4 S5
ln (in) 285.00 285.00 315.00 315.00 345.00
Clear Span Length (in) 285.00 285.00 285.00 345.00 345.00
bf (in)  span length 71.25 71.25 71.25 86.25 86.25
bf (in)  slab thickness 127.00 127.00 127.00 127.00 127.00
bf (in)  adjacent span 192.00 192.00 192.00 192.00 192.00
bf (in)  governing 71.00 71.00 71.00 86.00 86.00
Mcoeff 0.06 0.07 0.10 0.09 0.06
Mu (kin) 1677 1916 3277 2979 2457
R (psi) 383.31 97.91 749.20 681.09 103.65
$ 0.00680 0.00166 0.01429 0.01280 0.00175
A
sreqd
(in
2
) 1.835 2.058 3.857 3.455 2.641
Bar Size and Spacing 2 #9 4 #7 4 #9 4 #9 5 #7
A
sprovided
(in
2
) 2 2.4 4 4 3
CHECKS
Spacing  2.5   1.65625
d 18.1875 17.5625 18.1875 18.1875 17.5625
a 2.353 0.597 4.706 4.706 0.616
c 2.768 0.702 5.536 5.536 0.724
%t 0.0167 0.0721 0.0069 0.0069 0.0697
Max Steel ok if %t > 0.004 OK OK OK OK OK
" = 0.90 if %t > 0.005 OK OK OK OK OK
Minimum Steel (1) 0.85 0.83 0.85 0.85 0.83
Minimum Steel (2) 0.90 0.88 0.90 0.90 0.88
Governing Minimum Steel 0.90 0.88 0.90 0.90 0.88
Steel > Minimum Steel OK OK OK OK OK
"Mn 1816.94 2229.35 3379.76 3271.76 2461.14
"Mn > Mu OK OK OK OK OK
Bartolini  47
Table D6: TBeam Flexure Design Roof Load Col. C/D/E
Givens
Quadratic Equation Solver
W (lb/ft
2
) 179.4
a 529200
wu (lb/ft) 0.26
b 60000
b 15
h 20
d (positive bending) 17.5
d (negative bending) 18
" 0.9
# 0.85
S1 S2 S3 S4 S5
ln (in) 285.00 285.00 315.00 315.00 345.00
Clear Span Length (in) 285.00 285.00 285.00 345.00 345.00
bf (in)  span length 71.25 71.25 71.25 86.25 86.25
bf (in)  slab thickness 127.00 127.00 127.00 127.00 127.00
bf (in)  adjacent span 192.00 192.00 192.00 192.00 192.00
bf (in)  governing 71.00 71.00 71.00 86.00 86.00
Mcoeff 0.06 0.07 0.10 0.09 0.06
Mu (kin) 1300 1486 2541 2310 1905
R (psi) 297.27 75.93 581.03 528.21 80.38
$ 0.00519 0.00128 0.01069 0.00962 0.00136
A
sreqd
(in
2
) 1.402 1.590 2.887 2.597 2.041
Bar Size and Spacing 3 #7 3 #7 3 #9 3 #9 4 #7
A
sprovided
(in
2
) 1.8 1.8 3 3 2.4
CHECKS
Spacing  4.1875   2.5
d 18.3125 17.5625 18.1875 18.1875 17.5625
a 2.118 0.447 3.529 3.529 0.492
c 2.491 0.526 4.152 4.152 0.579
%t 0.0191 0.0971 0.0101 0.0101 0.0879
Max Steel ok if %t > 0.004 OK OK OK OK OK
" = 0.90 if %t > 0.005 OK OK OK OK OK
Minimum Steel (1) 0.85 0.83 0.85 0.85 0.83
Minimum Steel (2) 0.90 0.88 0.90 0.90 0.88
Governing Minimum Steel 0.90 0.88 0.90 0.90 0.88
Steel > Minimum Steel OK OK OK OK OK
"Mn 1646.68 1679.26 2630.12 2630.12 2236.09
"Mn > Mu OK OK OK OK OK
Bartolini  48
Appendix E: TBeam Shear Design Calculations
Table E1: TBeam Shear Design Floor Load Col. A/G
Givens
W (lb/ft
2
) 235
wu (k/in) 0.15
b 15
h 18
d (positive bending) 15.5625
" 0.75
A
v
0.4 (#4 stirrups)
A B C
ln (in) 285.00 285.00 345.00
C
v
1.00 1.15 1.00
V
u
21.58 24.81 26.12
V
u
at d 19.22 22.46 23.76
"V
c
16.61 16.61 16.61
s
max
(1) 7.78 7.78 7.78
s
max
(2) 24.00 24.00 24.00
s
max
(3) 32 32 32
s
max
(4) 34 34 34
smax 7.5 7.5 7.5
"V
s
2.610 5.846 7.152
4"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd 44.29165148 44.29165148 44.29165148
8"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd 88.58330296 88.58330296 88.58330296
"Vs < 4"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd OK OK OK
"Vs < 8"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd OK OK OK
smin 107.34 47.92 39.17
smax<smin OK OK OK
Practical Limit (s>4") OK OK OK
SPACING
Exterior  Interior
# of spacing 38.00  46.00
# of stirrups 38  46
# of spacing (actual) 37  45
distance away from support 3.75  3.75
Bartolini  49
Table E2: TBeam Shear Design Roof Load Col. A/G
Givens
W (lb/ft
2
) 179.4
wu (lb/ft) 0.12
b 15
h 18
d (postive bending) 15.5625
" 0.75
A
v
0.4 (#4 stirrups)
A B C
ln (in) 285.00 285.00 345.00
C
v
1.00 1.15 1.00
V
u
16.95 19.50 20.52
V
u
at d 15.10 17.65 18.67
"V
c
16.61 16.61 16.61
s
max
(1) 7.78 7.78 7.78
s
max
(2) 24.00 24.00 24.00
s
max
(3) 32 32 32
s
max
(4) 34 34 34
smax 7.5 7.5 7.5
"V
s
1.507 1.036 2.062
4"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd 44.29165148 44.29165148 44.29165148
8"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd 88.58330296 88.58330296 88.58330296
"Vs < 4"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd OK OK OK
"Vs < 8"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd OK OK OK
smin 185.85 270.44 135.85
smax<smin  OK OK
Practical Limit (s>4") OK OK OK
SPACING
Exterior  Interior
# of spacing 38.00  46.00
# of stirrups 38  46
# of spacing (actual) 37  45
distance away from support 3.75  3.75
Bartolini  50
Table E3: TBeam Shear Design Floor Load Col. B/F
Givens
W (lb/ft
2
) 235
wu (k/in) 0.31
b 15
h 18
d (postive bending) 15.5625
" 0.75
A
v
0.4 (#4 stirrups)
A B C
ln (in) 285.00 285.00 345.00
C
v
1.00 1.15 1.00
V
u
43.90 50.49 53.14
V
u
at d 39.11 45.69 48.35
"V
c
16.61 16.61 16.61
s
max
(1) 7.78 7.78 7.78
s
max
(2) 24.00 24.00 24.00
s
max
(3) 32 32 32
s
max
(4) 34 34 34
smax 7.5 7.5 7.5
"V
s
22.497 29.082 31.739
4"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd 44.29165148 44.29165148 44.29165148
8"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd 88.58330296 88.58330296 88.58330296
"Vs < 4"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd OK OK OK
"Vs < 8"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd OK OK OK
smin 12.45 9.63 8.83
smax<smin OK OK OK
Practical Limit (s>4") OK OK OK
SPACING
Exterior  Interior
# of spacing 38.00  46.00
# of stirrups 38  46
# of spacing (actual) 37  45
distance away from support 3.75  3.75
Bartolini  51
Table E4: TBeam Shear Design Roof Load Col. B/F
Givens
W (lb/ft
2
) 179.4
wu (lb/ft) 0.24
b 15
h 18
d (postive bending) 15.5625
" 0.75
A
v
0.4 (#4 stirrups)
A B C
ln (in) 285.00 285.00 345.00
C
v
1.00 1.15 1.00
V
u
34.00 39.10 41.15
V
u
at d 30.28 35.38 37.44
"V
c
16.61 16.61 16.61
s
max
(1) 7.78 7.78 7.78
s
max
(2) 24.00 24.00 24.00
s
max
(3) 32 32 32
s
max
(4) 34 34 34
smax 7.5 7.5 7.5
"V
s
13.674 18.774 20.832
4"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd 44.29165148 44.29165148 44.29165148
8"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd 88.58330296 88.58330296 88.58330296
"Vs < 4"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd OK OK OK
"Vs < 8"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd OK OK OK
smin 20.49 14.92 13.45
smax<smin OK OK OK
Practical Limit (s>4") OK OK OK
SPACING
Exterior  Interior
# of spacing 38.00  46.00
# of stirrups 38  46
# of spacing (actual) 37  45
distance away from support 3.75  3.75
Bartolini  52
Table E5: TBeam Shear Design Floor Load Col. C/D/E
Givens
W (lb/ft
2
) 235
wu (lb/ft) 0.3303
b 15
h 20
d (postive bending) 15.5625
" 0.75
A
v
0.4 (#4 stirrups)
A B C
ln (in) 285.00 285.00 345.00
C
v
1.00 1.15 1.00
V
u
47.06 54.12 56.97
V
u
at d 41.92 48.98 51.83
"V
c
16.61 16.61 16.61
s
max
(1) 7.78 7.78 7.78
s
max
(2) 24.00 24.00 24.00
s
max
(3) 32 32 32
s
max
(4) 34 34 34
smax 7.5 7.5 7.5
"V
s
25.313 32.372 35.221
4"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd 44.29165148 44.29165148 44.29165148
8"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd 88.58330296 88.58330296 88.58330296
"Vs < 4"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd OK OK OK
"Vs < 8"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd OK OK OK
smin 11.07 8.65 7.95
smax<smin OK OK OK
Practical Limit (s>4") OK OK OK
SPACING
Exterior  Interior
# of spacing 38.00  46.00
# of stirrups 38  46
# of spacing (actual) 37  45
distance away from support 3.75  3.75
Bartolini  53
Table E6: TBeam Shear Design Roof Load Col. C/D/E
Givens
W (lb/ft
2
) 179.4
wu (lb/ft) 0.26
b 15
h 20
d (postive bending) 15.5625
" 0.75
A
v
0.4 (#4 stirrups)
A B C
ln (in) 285.00 285.00 345.00
C
v
1.00 1.15 1.00
V
u
36.50 41.97 44.18
V
u
at d 32.51 37.99 40.20
"V
c
16.61 16.61 16.61
s
max
(1) 7.78 7.78 7.78
s
max
(2) 24.00 24.00 24.00
s
max
(3) 32 32 32
s
max
(4) 34 34 34
smax 7.5 7.5 7.5
"V
s
15.903 21.377 23.587
4"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd 44.29165148 44.29165148 44.29165148
8"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd 88.58330296 88.58330296 88.58330296
"Vs < 4"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd OK OK OK
"Vs < 8"*sqrt(f'c)*bwd OK OK OK
smin 17.61 13.10 11.88
smax<smin OK OK OK
Practical Limit (s>4") OK OK OK
SPACING
Exterior  Interior
# of spacing 38.00  46.00
# of stirrups 38  46
# of spacing (actual) 37  45
distance away from support 3.75  3.75
Bartolini  54
Appendix F: Crack Control
Table F1: Crack Control Floor Load Col.
A/G
Givens
f
y
(psi) 60000
f
s
(psi) 40000
Cover (in) 1.5
Stirrup Diameter (in) 0.5
Width 15
S2 S5
Steel Provided 2 # 7 3 # "
s
max
10 10
s
max
limit 12 12
s
max
governing 10 10
s 9.80 4.90
Is s<s
max
Yes Yes
Table F2: Crack Control Roof Load Col.
A/G
Givens
f
y
(psi) 60000
f
s
(psi) 40000
Cover (in) 1.5
Stirrup Diameter (in) 0.5
Width 15
S2 S5
Steel Provided 3 # 5 2 # 7
s
max
10 10
s
max
limit 12 12
s
max
governing 10 10
s 5.19 9.80
Is s<s
max
Yes Yes
Table F3: Crack Control Floor Load Col.
B/F
Givens
f
y
(psi) 60000
f
s
(psi) 40000
Cover (in) 1.5
Stirrup Diameter (in) 0.5
Width 15
S2 S5
Steel Provided 4 # 7 5 # 7
s
max
10 10
s
max
limit 12 12
s
max
governing 10 10
s 3.27 2.45
Is s<s
max
Yes Yes
Table F4: Crack Control Roof Load Col.
B/F
Givens
f
y
(psi) 60000
f
s
(psi) 40000
Cover (in) 1.5
Stirrup Diameter (in) 0.5
Width 15
S2 S5
Steel Provided 3 # 7 4 # 7
s
max
10 10
s
max
limit 12 12
s
max
governing 10 10
s 4.90 3.27
Is s<s
max
Yes Yes
Bartolini  55
Table F5: Crack Control Floor Load Col.
C/D/E
Givens
f
y
(psi) 60000
f
s
(psi) 40000
Cover (in) 1.5
Stirrup Diameter (in) 0.5
Width 15
S2 S5
Steel Provided 4 # 7 5 # 7
s
max
10 10
s
max
limit 12 12
s
max
governing 10 10
s 3.27 2.45
Is s<s
max
Yes Yes
Table F6: Crack Control Roof Load Col.
C/D/E
Givens
f
y
(psi) 60000
f
s
(psi) 40000
Cover (in) 1.5
Stirrup Diameter (in) 0.5
Width 15
S2 S5
Steel Provided 3 # 7 4 # 7
s
max
10 10
s
max
limit 12 12
s
max
governing 10 10
s 4.90 3.27
Is s<s
max
Yes Yes
Bartolini  56
Appendix G: Deflection Calculations
Table G1: Deflection Floor Load Col. A/G
Interior Exterior
Loads
Dead Load  Mech (psf) 15 15
Dead Load  Slab (psf) 87.5 87.5
Tributary Length 7 7
Width (in) 15 15
TBeam Depth (in) 18 18
Slab Depth (in) 7 7
&
concrete
(pcf) 150 150
Beam Stem Weight (lb/ft) 171.88 171.88
Total Dead Load (k/ft) 0.89 0.89
Live Load (psf) 50 50
Partition Load (psf) 20 20
Total Live Load (k/ft) 0.49 0.49
Total Load (k/ft) 1.38 1.38
I
g
for Uncracked Setion
b
eff
(in) 43 38
y
t
(in) 6.69 6.95
y
b
(in) 11.31 11.05
I
g
(in
4
) 11526 10998.4
Check if Negative Section #1 is Cracked
f
r
(psi) 474.34 474.34
M
cr

(kft) 68.134 62.595
CentertoCenter Span (ft) 30 30
Adjacent CtoC Span (ft) 25 25
Clear Span (ft) 28.75 28.75
Adjacent Clear Span (ft) 23.75 23.75
l
n
(ft) 26.25 26.25
M
a

86.41 95.048
Cracked? Yes Yes
Check if Negative Section #2 is Cracked
f
r
(psi) n/a 474.34
M
cr

(kft) n/a 62.595
CentertoCenter Span (ft) n/a 25
Adjacent CtoC Span (ft) n/a n/a
Clear Span (ft) n/a 23.75
Adjacent Clear Span (ft) n/a n/a
l
n
(ft) n/a 23.75
M
a

n/a 48.628
Cracked? n/a No, Use Ig
Check if Positive Section is Cracked
f
r
(psi) 474.34 474.34
M
cr
+
(kft) 40.27 39.328
CentertoCenter Span (ft) 30 25
Clear Span (ft) 28.75 23.75
l
n
(ft) 28.75 23.75
M
a
+
71.23 55.58
Cracked? Yes Yes
Calculate Negative I
ct
#1
n 8.04 8.04
Steel 2 # 9 2 # 9
A
s
(in
2
) 1.99 1.99
nA
s
(in
2
) 15.99 15.99
d (in) 16 16
Finding kd

A 7.5 7.5
B 15.99 15.99
C 255.9 255.9
kd

(in) 4.87 4.87
Is kd In Web? Yes Yes
I
ct
 #2 2558.62 2558.62
Bartolini  57
Calculate Negative I
ct
#2
n n/a n/a
Steel n/a n/a
A
s
(in
2
) n/a n/a
nA
s
(in
2
) n/a n/a
d (in) n/a n/a
Finding kd

A n/a n/a
B n/a n/a
C n/a n/a
kd

(in) n/a n/a
Is kd In Web? n/a n/a
I
ct
 #1 n/a n/a
Calculate Positive I
ct
n 8.04 8.04
Steel
3 # 7 2 # 7
A
s
(in
2
) 1.80 1.20
nA
s
(in
2
) 14.51 9.67
d (in) 15.5 15.5
Finding kd
+
A 21.5 19
B 14.51 9.67
C 224.93 149.95
kd
+
2.91 2.57
Is kd In Slab? Yes Yes
I
ct
+
2653.43 1832.44
Calculating I
e
I
e

(#1) 6954.90 4969.18
Less Than I
g
? Yes Yes
I
e

(#2) n/a 10998.39
Less Than I
g
? n/a n/a
I
e
+
4254.71 5080.54
Less Than I
g
? Yes Yes
Average I
e
5604.81 6532.16
Deflection
' 0.397 0.178
Deflections Affecting Partitions
'
i,0.70l
0.0989 0.0442
'
i,0.30l
0.0424 0.0189
(
)
2 2
'
l,0.30l
0.0847 0.0379
(
3m
1 1
'
l,d
0.2563 0.1146
'
total
0.4821 0.21554
'
all
0.75 0.625
Passed? Yes Yes
Bartolini  58
Table G2: Deflection Roof Load Col. A/G
Interior Exterior
Loads
Dead Load  Mech (psf) 22 22
Dead Load  Slab (psf) 87.5 87.5
Tributary Length 7 7
Width (in) 15 15
TBeam Depth (in) 18 18
Slab Depth (in) 7 7
&
concrete
(pcf) 150 150
Beam Stem Weight (lb/ft) 171.88 171.88
Total Dead Load (k/ft) 0.94 0.94
Live Load (psf) 30 30
Partition Load (psf) 0 0
Total Live Load (k/ft) 0.21 0.21
Total Load (k/ft) 1.15 1.15
I
g
for Uncracked Section
b
eff
(in) 43 38
y
t
(in) 6.69 6.95
y
b
(in) 11.31 11.05
I
g
(in
4
) 11525.6 10998.4
Check if Negative Section #1 is Cracked
f
r
(psi) 474.34 474.34
M
cr

(kft) 68.134 62.595
CentertoCenter Span (ft) 30 30
Adjacent CtoC Span (ft) 25 25
Clear Span (ft) 28.75 28.75
Adjacent Clear Span (ft) 23.75 23.75
l
n
(ft) 26.25 26.25
M
a

71.937 79.1302
Cracked? Yes Yes
Check if Negative Section #2 is Cracked
f
r
(psi) n/a 474.34
M
cr

(kft) n/a 62.595
CentertoCenter Span (ft) n/a 25
Adjacent CtoC Span (ft) n/a n/a
Clear Span (ft) n/a 23.75
Adjacent Clear Span (ft) n/a n/a
l
n
(ft) n/a 23.75
M
a

n/a 40.485
Cracked? n/a No, Use Ig
Check if Positive Section is Cracked
f
r
(psi) 474.34 474.34
M
cr
+
(kft) 40.270 39.3277
CentertoCenter Span
(ft) 30 25
Clear Span (ft) 28.75 23.75
l
n
(ft) 28.75 23.75
M
a
+
59.325 46.268
Cracked? Yes Yes
Calculate Negative I
ct
#1
n 8.04 8.04
Steel 3 # 7 3 # 7
A
s
(in
2
) 1.80 1.80
nA
s
(in
2
) 14.51 14.51
d (in) 16 16
Finding kd

A 7.5 7.5
B 14.51 14.51
C 232.19 232.19
kd

(in) 4.68 4.68
Is kd In Web? Yes Yes
I
ct
 #2 2372.09 2372.09
Bartolini  59
Calculate Negative I
ct
#2
n n/a n/a
Steel n/a n/a
A
s
(in
2
) n/a n/a
nA
s
(in
2
) n/a n/a
d (in) n/a n/a
Finding kd

A n/a n/a
B n/a n/a
C n/a n/a
kd

(in) n/a n/a
Is kd In Web? n/a n/a
I
ct
 #1 n/a n/a
Calculate Positive I
ct
n 8.04 8.04
Steel 2 # 7 3 # 5
A
s
(in
2
) 1.20 0.92
nA
s
(in
2
) 9.67 7.40
d (in) 15.5 15.5
Finding kd
+
A 21.5 19
B 9.67 7.40
C 149.95 114.76
kd
+
2.43 2.27
Is kd In Slab? Yes Yes
I
ct
+
1858.31 1444.10
Calculating I
e
I
e

(#1) 10149.29 6641.90
Less Than I
g
? Yes Yes
I
e

(#2) n/a 10998.39
Less Than I
g
? n/a n/a
I
e
+
4882.00 7311.51
Less Than I
g
? Yes Yes
Average I
e
7515.65 8065.82
Deflection
' 0.247 0.120
Deflections Affecting Partitions
'
i,l
0.045125
9
0.021905
9
  
(
)
2 2
  
(
3m
1 1
'
l,d
0.2016 0.09789
'
total
0.2468 0.11979
'
all
0.75 0.625
Passed? Yes Yes
Bartolini  60
Table G3: Deflection Floor Load Col. B/F
Interior Exterior
Loads
Dead Load  Mech (psf) 15 15
Dead Load  Slab (psf) 87.5 87.5
Tributary Length 15 15
Width (in) 15 15
TBeam Depth (in) 18 18
Slab Depth (in) 7 7
&
concrete
(pcf) 150 150
Beam Stem Weight (lb/ft) 171.88 171.88
Total Dead Load (k/ft) 1.71 1.71
Live Load (psf) 50 50
Partition Load (psf) 20 20
Total Live Load (k/ft) 1.05 1.05
Total Load (k/ft) 2.76 2.76
I
g
for Uncracked Section
b
eff
(in) 86 71
y
t
(in) 5.44 5.74
y
b
(in) 12.56 12.26
I
g
(in
4
) 14611.8 13727.0
Check if Negative Section #1 is Cracked
f
r
(psi) 474.34 474.34
M
cr

(kft) 106.249 94.478
CentertoCenter Span
(ft) 30 30
Adjacent CtoC Span (ft) 25 25
Clear Span (ft) 28.75 28.75
Adjacent Clear Span (ft) 23.75 23.75
l
n
(ft) 26.25 26.25
M
a

172.85 190.14
Cracked? Yes Yes
Check if Negative Section #2 is Cracked
f
r
(psi) n/a 474.34
M
cr

(kft) n/a 94.478
CentertoCenter Span
(ft) n/a 25
Adjacent CtoC Span (ft) n/a n/a
Clear Span (ft) n/a 23.75
Adjacent Clear Span (ft) n/a n/a
l
n
(ft) n/a 23.75
M
a

n/a 97.279
Cracked? n/a Yes
Check if Positive Section is Cracked
f
r
(psi) 474.34 474.34
M
cr
+
(kft) 45.9716 44.270
CentertoCenter Span
(ft) 30 25
Clear Span (ft) 28.75 23.75
l
n
(ft) 28.75 23.75
M
a
+
142.55 111.18
Cracked? Yes Yes
Calculate Negative I
ct
#1
n 8.04 8.04
Steel 7 # 7 7 # 7
A
s
(in
2
) 4.21 4.21
nA
s
(in
2
) 33.86 33.86
d (in) 16 16
Finding kd

A 7.5 7.5
B 33.86 33.86
C 541.77 541.77
kd

(in) 6.54 6.54
Is kd In Web? Yes Yes
I
ct
 #2 4428.89 4428.89
Bartolini  61
Calculate Negative I
ct
#2
n n/a 8.04
Steel n/a 2 # 9
A
s
(in
2
) n/a 1.99
nA
s
(in
2
) n/a 15.99
d (in) n/a 16
Finding kd

A n/a 6.12840
B n/a 15.99
C n/a 255.88
kd

(in) n/a 5.29
Is kd In Web? n/a Yes
I
ct
 #1 n/a 2439.23
Calculate Positive I
ct
n 8.04 8.04
Steel 5 # 7 4 # 7
A
s
(in
2
) 3.01 2.41
nA
s
(in
2
) 24.19 19.35
d (in) 15.5 15.5
Finding kd
+
A 43 35.5
B 24.19 19.35
C 374.89 299.91
kd
+
2.68 2.65
Is kd In Slab? Yes Yes
I
ct
+
4526.87 3635.39
Calculating I
e
I
e

(#1) 6793.80 5569.62
Less Than I
g
? Yes Yes
I
e

(#2) n/a 12780
Less Than I
g
? n/a Yes
I
e
+
4865.12 4272.56
Less Than I
g
? Yes Yes
Average I
e
5829.46 6723.67
Deflection
' 0.764 0.345
Deflections Affecting Partitions
'
i,0.70l
0.203625
2
0.091975
4
'
i,0.30l
0.0873 0.0394
(
)
2 2
'
l,0.30l
0.1745 0.0788
(
3m
1 1
'
l,d
0.4736 0.2139
'
total
0.9390 0.4241
'
all
0.75 0.625
Passed? No Yes
Bartolini  62
Table G4: Deflection Roof Load Col. B/F
Interior Exterior
Loads
Dead Load  Mech (psf) 22 22
Dead Load  Slab (psf) 87.5 87.5
Tributary Length 15 15
Width (in) 15 15
TBeam Depth (in) 18 18
Slab Depth (in) 7 7
&
concrete
(pcf) 150 150
Beam Stem Weight (lb/ft) 171.88 171.88
Total Dead Load (k/ft) 1.81 1.81
Live Load (psf) 30 30
Partition Load (psf) 0 0
Total Live Load (k/ft) 0.45 0.45
Total Load (k/ft) 2.26 2.26
I
g
for Uncracked Setion
b
eff
(in) 86 71
y
t
(in) 5.44 5.74
y
b
(in) 12.56 12.26
I
g
(in
4
) 14611.8 13727.0
Check if Negative Section #1 is Cracked
f
r
(psi) 474.34 474.34
M
cr

(kft) 106.249 94.478
CentertoCenter Span (ft) 30 30
Adjacent CtoC Span (ft) 25 25
Clear Span (ft) 28.75 28.75
Adjacent Clear Span (ft) 23.75 23.75
l
n
(ft) 26.25 26.25
M
a

141.845 156.03
Cracked? Yes Yes
Check if Negative Section #2 is Cracked
f
r
(psi) n/a 474.342
M
cr

(kft) n/a 94.478
CentertoCenter Span (ft) n/a 25
Adjacent CtoC Span (ft) n/a n/a
Clear Span (ft) n/a 23.75
Adjacent Clear Span (ft) n/a n/a
l
n
(ft) n/a 23.75
M
a

n/a 79.828
Cracked? n/a
No, Use
Ig
Check if Positive Section is Cracked
f
r
(psi) 474.34 474.34
M
cr
+
(kft) 45.9716 44.270
CentertoCenter Span
(ft) 30 25
Clear Span (ft) 28.75 23.75
l
n
(ft) 28.75 23.75
M
a
+
116.98 91.232
Cracked? Yes Yes
Calculate Negative I
ct
#1
n 8.04 8.04
Steel 7 # 7 7 # 7
A
s
(in
2
) 4.21 4.21
nA
s
(in
2
) 33.86 33.86
d (in) 16 16
Finding kd

A 7.5 7.5
B 33.86 33.86
C 541.77 541.77
kd

(in) 6.54 6.54
Is kd In Web? Yes Yes
I
ct
 #2 4428.89 4428.89
Bartolini  63
Calculate Negative I
ct
#2
n n/a 8.04
Steel n/a 2 # 9
A
s
(in
2
) n/a 1.99
nA
s
(in
2
) n/a 15.99
d (in) n/a 16
Finding kd

A n/a 6.128
B n/a 15.99
C n/a 255.88
kd

(in) n/a 5.29
Is kd In Web? n/a Yes
I
ct
 #1 n/a 2439.23
Calculate Positive I
ct
n 8.04 8.04
Steel 5 # 7 4 # 7
A
s
(in
2
) 3.01 2.41
nA
s
(in
2
) 24.19 19.35
d (in) 15.5 15.5
Finding kd
+
A 43 35.5
B 24.19 19.35
C 374.89 299.91
kd
+
2.68 2.65
Is kd In Slab? Yes Yes
I
ct
+
4526.87 3635.39
Calculating I
e
I
e

(#1) 8708.48 6493.17
Less Than I
g
? Yes Yes
I
e

(#2) n/a 21151.97
Less Than I
g
? n/a No
I
e
+
5138.98 4788.43
Less Than I
g
? Yes Yes
Average I
e
6923.73 9305.50
Deflection
' 0.528 0.205
Deflections Affecting Partitions
'
i,l
0.104965
1 0.0406877
  
(
)
2 2
  
(
3m
1 1
'
l,d
0.423 0.1641
'
total
0.528 0.205
'
all
0.75 0.625
Passed? Yes Yes
Bartolini  64
Table G5: Deflection Floor Load Col. C/D/E
Interior Exterior
Loads
Dead Load  Mech (psf) 15 15
Dead Load  Slab (psf) 87.5 87.5
Tributary Length 16 16
Width (in) 15 15
TBeam Depth (in) 20 20
Slab Depth (in) 7 7
&
concrete
(pcf) 150 150
Beam Stem Weight (lb/ft) 203.13 203.13
Total Dead Load (k/ft) 1.84 1.84
Live Load (psf) 50 50
Partition Load (psf) 20 20
Total Live Load (k/ft) 1.12 1.12
Total Load (k/ft) 2.96 2.96
I
g
for Uncracked Section
b
eff
(in) 86 71
y
t
(in) 5.95 6.32
y
b
(in) 14.05 13.68
I
g
(in
4
) 19933.4 18780.7
Check if Negative Section #1 is Cracked
f
r
(psi) 474.34 474.34
M
cr

(kft) 132.50 117.50
CentertoCenter Span (ft) 30 30
Adjacent CtoC Span (ft) 25 25
Clear Span (ft) 28.75 28.75
Adjacent Clear Span (ft) 23.75 23.75
l
n
(ft) 26.25 26.25
M
a

185.62 204.18
Cracked? Yes Yes
Check if Negative Section #2 is Cracked
f
r
(psi) n/a 474.34
M
cr

(kft) n/a 117.51
CentertoCenter Span (ft) n/a 25
Adjacent CtoC Span (ft) n/a n/a
Clear Span (ft) n/a 23.75
Adjacent Clear Span (ft) n/a n/a
l
n
(ft) n/a 23.75
M
a

n/a 104.46
Cracked? n/a No, Use Ig
Check if Positive Section is Cracked
f
r
(psi) 474.34 474.34
M
cr
+
(kft) 56.07 54.259
CentertoCenter Span (ft) 30 25
Clear Span (ft) 28.75 23.75
l
n
(ft) 28.75 23.75
M
a
+
153.0755 119.38484
Cracked? Yes Yes
Calculate Negative I
ct
#1
n 8.04 8.04
Steel 4 # 9 4 # 9
A
s
(in
2
) 3.98 3.98
nA
s
(in
2
) 31.99 31.99
d (in) 16 16
Finding kd

A 7.5 7.5
B 31.99 31.99
C 511.76 511.76
kd

(in) 6.40 6.40
Is kd In Web? Yes Yes
I
ct
 #2 4258.47 4258.47
Bartolini  65
Calculate Negative I
ct
#2
n n/a n/a
Steel n/a n/a
A
s
(in
2
) n/a n/a
nA
s
(in
2
) n/a n/a
d (in) n/a n/a
Finding kd

A n/a n/a
B n/a n/a
C n/a n/a
kd

(in) n/a n/a
Is kd In Web? n/a n/a
I
ct
 #1 n/a n/a
Calculate Positive I
ct
n 8.04 8.04
Steel 5 # 7 4 # 7
A
s
(in
2
) 3.01 2.41
nA
s
(in
2
) 24.19 19.35
d (in) 15.5 15.5
Finding kd
+
A 43 35.5
B 24.19 19.35
C 374.89 299.91
kd
+
2.68 2.65
Is kd In Slab? Yes Yes
I
ct
+
4526.87 3635.39
Calculating I
e
I
e

(#1) 9960.24 7026.39
Less Than I
g
? Yes Yes
I
e

(#2) n/a 18780.72
Less Than I
g
? n/a n/a
I
e
+
5283.92 5057.20
Less Than I
g
? Yes Yes
Average I
e
7622.08 8980.38
Deflection
' 0.628 0.278
Deflections Affecting Partitions
'
i,0.70l
0.166 0.0735
'
i,0.30l
0.071 0.03148
(
)
2 2
'
l,0.30l
0.1424 0.0630
(
3m
1 1
'
l,d
0.391 0.173
'
total
0.7702 0.341
'
all
0.75 0.625
Passed? No Yes
Bartolini  66
Table G6: Deflection Roof Load Col. C/D/E
Interior Exterior
Loads
Dead Load  Mech (psf) 22 22
Dead Load  Slab (psf) 87.5 87.5
Tributary Length 16 16
Width (in) 15 15
TBeam Depth (in) 20 20
Slab Depth (in) 7 7
&
concrete
(pcf) 150 150
Beam Stem Weight (lb/ft) 203.13 203.13
Total Dead Load (k/ft) 1.96 1.96
Live Load (psf) 30 30
Partition Load (psf) 20 20
Total Live Load (k/ft) 0.8 0.8
Total Load (k/ft) 2.76 2.76
I
g
for Uncracked Section
b
eff
(in) 86 71
y
t
(in) 5.95 6.32
y
b
(in) 14.05 13.68
I
g
(in
4
) 19933.4 18780.7
Check if Negative Section #1 is Cracked
f
r
(psi) 474.3 474.3
M
cr

(kft) 132.5004 117.50282
CentertoCenter Span
(ft) 30 30
Adjacent CtoC Span
(ft) 25 25
Clear Span (ft) 28.75 28.75
Adjacent Clear Span (ft) 23.75 23.75
l
n
(ft) 26.25 26.25
M
a

172.6 189.8
Cracked? Yes Yes
Check if Negative Section #2 is Cracked
f
r
(psi) n/a 474.3
M
cr

(kft) n/a 117.5
CentertoCenter Span
(ft) n/a 25
Adjacent CtoC Span
(ft) n/a n/a
Clear Span (ft) n/a 23.75
Adjacent Clear Span (ft) n/a n/a
l
n
(ft) n/a 23.75
M
a

n/a 97.13
Cracked? n/a
No, Use
Ig
Check if Positive Section is Cracked
f
r
(psi) 474.3 474.3
M
cr
+
(kft) 56.067 54.26
CentertoCenter Span
(ft) 30 25
Clear Span (ft) 28.75 23.75
l
n
(ft) 28.75 23.75
M
a
+
142.3 111.0
Cracked? Yes Yes
Calculate Negative I
ct
#1
n 8.04 8.04
Steel 4 # 9 4 # 9
A
s
(in
2
) 3.98 3.98
nA
s
(in
2
) 31.99 31.99
d (in) 16 16
Finding kd

A 7.5 7.5
B 31.99 31.99
C 511.76 511.76
kd

(in) 6.40 6.40
Is kd In Web? Yes Yes
I
ct
 #2 4258.47 4258.47
Bartolini  67
Calculate Negative I
ct
#2
n n/a n/a
Steel n/a n/a
A
s
(in
2
) n/a n/a
nA
s
(in
2
) n/a n/a
d (in) n/a n/a
Finding kd

A n/a n/a
B n/a n/a
C n/a n/a
kd

(in) n/a n/a
Is kd In Web? n/a n/a
I
ct
 #1 n/a n/a
Calculate Positive I
ct
n 8.04 8.04
Steel 5 # 7 4 # 7
A
s
(in
2
) 3.01 2.41
nA
s
(in
2
) 24.19 19.35
d (in) 15.5 15.5
Finding kd
+
A 43 35.5
B 24.19 19.35
C 374.89 299.91
kd
+
2.68 2.65
Is kd In Slab? Yes Yes
I
ct
+
4526.87 3635.39
Calculating I
e
I
e

(#1) 11351.56 7701.80
Less Than I
g
? Yes Yes
I
e

(#2) n/a 18780.72
Less Than I
g
? n/a n/a
I
e
+
5468.65 5404.14
Less Than I
g
? Yes Yes
Average I
e
8410.11 9322.70
Deflection
' 0.529 0.249
Deflections Affecting Partitions
'
i,l
0.153624
7 0.0722003
  
(
)
2 2
  
(
3m
1 1
'
l,d
0.375 0.176
'
total
0.529 0.2487
'
all
0.75 0.625
Passed? Yes Yes
Bartolini  68
Appendix H: Column Design Calculations
Table H1: Column Reinforcement  Maximum Axial  Exterior Column Lines A and G
1L 1U 2L 2U 3L 3U 4L 4U 5L 5U
Unfactored Loads
Beam Moment (DL)
(kft)
31.4 31.4 31.4 31.4 31.4 31.4 31.4 31.4 31.4 33.1
Beam Moment (LL)
(kft)
17.3 17.3 17.3 17.3 17.3 17.3 17.3 17.3 17.3 7.4
Distance Ratio 0.213 0.426 0.574 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1
Column Moment
(DL) (kft)
6.68 13.36 18.00 15.68 15.68 15.68 15.68 15.68 15.68 33.08
Column Moment
(LL) (kft)
3.68 7.36 9.92 8.64 8.64 8.64 8.64 8.64 8.64 7.40
Axial Force (DL)
(k)
70.22 66.48 55.56 52.75 41.82 39.01 28.09 25.27 14.35 11.54
Axial Force (LL)
(k)
27.13 27.13 21.00 21.00 14.88 14.88 8.75 8.75 2.63 2.63
Factored Loads
M
u
(kft) 13.9 27.8 37.5 32.6 32.6 32.6 32.6 32.6 32.6 51.5
P
u
(k) 127.7 123.2 100.3 96.9 74.0 70.6 47.7 44.3 21.4 18.0
K
n
0.218 0.211 0.171 0.166 0.126 0.121 0.082 0.076 0.037 0.022
R
n
0.02 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05
p
g
0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.010
A
st
(in
2
) 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25
Steel Provided 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7*
Tie Spacing
s
max
(1) (in) 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
s
max
(2) (in) 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24
s
max
(3) (in) 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
s
max
(governing) 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
Ties Provided
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
Bartolini  69
Table H2: Column Reinforcement  Minimum Axial  Exterior Column Lines A and G
1L 1U 2L 2U 3L 3U 4L 4U 5L 5U
Unfactored Loads
Beam Moment (DL)
(kft)
31.4 31.4 31.4 31.4 31.4 31.4 31.4 31.4 31.4 33.1
Beam Moment (LL)
(kft)
17.3 17.3 17.3 17.3 17.3 17.3 17.3 17.3 17.3 7.4
Distance Ratio 0.213 0.426 0.574 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1
Column Moment
(DL) (kft)
6.68 13.36 18.00 15.68 15.68 15.68 15.68 15.68 15.68 33.08
Column Moment
(LL) (kft)
3.68 7.36 9.92 8.64 8.64 8.64 8.64 8.64 8.64 7.40
Axial Force (DL)
(k)
70.22 66.48 55.56 52.75 41.82 39.01 28.09 25.27 14.35 11.54
Axial Force (LL)
(k)
6.13 6.13 6.13 6.13 6.13 6.13 6.13 6.13 2.63 2.63
Factored Loads
M
u
(kft) 13.9 27.8 37.5 32.6 32.6 32.6 32.6 32.6 32.6 51.5
P
u
(k) 94.1 89.6 76.5 73.1 60.0 56.6 43.5 40.1 21.4 18.0
K
n
0.161 0.153 0.131 0.125 0.103 0.097 0.074 0.069 0.037 0.022
R
n
0.02 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05
p
g
0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.010
A
st
(in
2
) 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25
Steel Provided 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7*
Tie Spacing
s
max
(1) (in) 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
s
max
(2) (in) 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24
s
max
(3) (in) 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
s
max
(governing) 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
Ties Provided
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
Bartolini  70
Table H3: Column Reinforcement  Maximum Axial  Exterior Column Lines B and F
1L 1U 2L 2U 3L 3U 4L 4U 5L 5U
Unfactored Loads
Beam Moment (DL)
(kft)
61.4 61.4 61.4 61.4 61.4 61.4 61.4 61.4 61.4 65.1
Beam Moment (LL)
(kft)
37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 15.9
Distance Ratio 0.213 0.426 0.574 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1
Column Moment
(DL) (kft)
13.07 26.14 35.22 30.68 30.68 30.68 30.68 30.68 30.68 65.07
Column Moment
(LL) (kft)
7.88 15.77 21.25 18.51 18.51 18.51 18.51 18.51 18.51 15.86
Axial Force (DL)
(k)
123.95 120.21 98.68 95.87 74.34 71.53 50.00 47.18 25.65 22.84
Axial Force (LL)
(k)
58.13 58.13 45.00 45.00 31.88 31.88 18.75 18.75 5.63 5.63
Factored Loads
M
u
(kft) 28.3 56.6 76.3 66.4 66.4 66.4 66.4 66.4 66.4 103.5
P
u
(k) 241.7 237.3 190.4 187.0 140.2 136.8 90.0 86.6 39.8 36.4
K
n
0.413 0.406 0.325 0.320 0.240 0.234 0.154 0.148 0.068 0.062
R
n
0.04 0.08 0.10 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.14
p
g
0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.0100 0.0250
A
st
(in
2
) 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 5.625
Steel Provided 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #11
Tie Spacing
s
max
(1) (in) 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 18.048 22.4
s
max
(2) (in) 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24
s
max
(3) (in) 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
s
max
(govering) 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 15 15
Ties Provided
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
15"
Bartolini  71
Table H4: Column Reinforcement  Minimum Axial  Exterior Column Lines B and F
1L 1U 2L 2U 3L 3U 4L 4U 5L 5U
Unfactored Loads
Beam Moment (DL)
(kft)
60.3 60.3 60.3 60.3 60.3 60.3 60.3 60.3 60.3 64.0
Beam Moment (LL)
(kft)
37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0 15.9
Distance Ratio 0.213 0.426 0.574 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1
Column Moment
(DL) (kft)
12.84 25.67 34.59 30.13 30.13 30.13 30.13 30.13 30.13 63.96
Column Moment
(LL) (kft)
7.88 15.77 21.25 18.51 18.51 18.51 18.51 18.51 18.51 15.86
Axial Force (DL)
(k)
122.17 118.43 97.26 94.45 73.27 70.46 49.29 46.47 25.30 22.49
Axial Force (LL)
(k)
13.13 13.13 13.13 13.13 13.13 13.13 13.13 6.13 5.63 5.63
Factored Loads
M
u
(kft) 28.0 56.0 75.5 65.8 65.8 65.8 65.8 65.8 65.8 102.1
P
u
(k) 167.6 163.1 137.7 134.3 108.9 105.6 80.1 65.6 39.4 36.0
K
n
0.287 0.279 0.235 0.230 0.186 0.180 0.137 0.112 0.067 0.062
R
n
0.04 0.08 0.10 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.14
p
g
0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.015 0.0275
A
st
(in
2
) 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 3.375 6.1875
Steel Provided 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #9 4 #11
Tie Spacing
s
max
(1) (in) 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 18.048 22.4
s
max
(2) (in) 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24
s
max
(3) (in) 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
s
max
(govering) 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 15 15
Ties Provided
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
15"
#4 @
15"
Bartolini  72
Table H5: Column Reinforcement  Maximum Axial  Exterior Column Lines C, D and E
1L 1U 2L 2U 3L 3U 4L 4U 5L 5U
Unfactored Loads
Beam Moment (DL)
(kft)
65.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 68.9
Beam Moment (LL)
(kft)
39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5 16.9
Distance Ratio 0.213 0.426 0.574 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1
Column Moment
(DL) (kft)
13.84 27.68 37.30 32.49 32.49 32.49 32.49 32.49 32.49 68.93
Column Moment
(LL) (kft)
8.41 16.82 22.66 19.74 19.74 19.74 19.74 19.74 19.74 16.92
Axial Force (DL)
(k)
130.44 126.70 103.89 101.08 78.27 75.46 52.65 49.83 27.02 24.21
Axial Force (LL)
(k)
62.00 62.00 48.00 48.00 34.00 34.00 20.00 20.00 6.00 6.00
Factored Loads
M
u
(kft) 30.1 60.1 81.0 70.6 70.6 70.6 70.6 70.6 70.6 109.8
P
u
(k) 255.7 251.2 201.5 198.1 148.3 144.9 95.2 91.8 42.0 38.7
K
n
0.437 0.429 0.344 0.339 0.254 0.248 0.163 0.157 0.072 0.048
R
n
0.04 0.08 0.11 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.11
p
g
0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.0175 0.0250
A
st
(in
2
) 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 3.9375 5.625
Steel Provided 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4#7 4 #9 4 #11*
Tie Spacing
s
max
(1) (in) 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 18.048 22.4
s
max
(2) (in) 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24
s
max
(3) (in) 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
s
max
(governing) 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 15 15
Ties Provided
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
15"
#4 @
15"
Bartolini  73
Table H6: Column Reinforcement  Minimum Axial  Exterior Column Lines C, D and E
1L 1U 2L 2U 3L 3U 4L 4U 5L 5U
Unfactored Loads
Beam Moment (DL)
(kft)
65.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 68.9
Beam Moment (LL)
(kft)
39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5 16.9
Distance Ratio 0.213 0.426 0.574 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1
Column Moment
(DL) (kft)
13.84 27.68 37.30 32.49 32.49 32.49 32.49 32.49 32.49 68.93
Column Moment
(LL) (kft)
8.41 16.82 22.66 19.74 19.74 19.74 19.74 19.74 19.74 16.92
Axial Force (DL)
(k)
130.44 126.70 103.89 101.08 78.27 75.46 52.65 49.83 27.02 24.21
Axial Force (LL)
(k)
14.00 14.00 14.00 14.00 14.00 14.00 14.00 6.13 6.00 6.00
Factored Loads
M
u
(kft) 30.1 60.1 81.0 70.6 70.6 70.6 70.6 70.6 70.6 109.8
P
u
(k) 178.9 174.4 147.1 143.7 116.3 112.9 85.6 69.6 42.0 38.7
K
n
0.306 0.298 0.251 0.246 0.199 0.193 0.146 0.086 0.052 0.048
R
n
0.04 0.08 0.11 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.07 0.07 0.11
p
g
0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.0175 0.025
A
st
(in
2
) 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 3.9375 5.625
Steel Provided 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7* 4 #9* 4 #11*
Tie Spacing
s
max
(1) (in) 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 18.048 22.4
s
max
(2) (in) 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24
s
max
(3) (in) 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
s
max
(governing) 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 15 15
Ties Provided
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
15"
#4 @
15"
Bartolini  74
Table H7: Column Reinforcement  Maximum Axial  Interior Column Lines A and G
1L 1U 2L 2U 3L 3U 4L 4U 5L 5U
Unfactored Loads
Beam Moment (DL)
(kft)
5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.9
Beam Moment (LL)
(kft)
33.8 33.8 33.8 33.8 33.8 33.8 33.8 33.8 33.8 14.5
Distance Ratio 0.213 0.426 0.574 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1
Column Moment
(DL) (kft)
1.19 2.37 3.20 2.79 2.79 2.79 2.79 2.79 2.79 5.88
Column Moment
(LL) (kft)
7.19 14.38 19.38 16.88 16.88 16.88 16.88 16.88 16.88 14.47
Axial Force (DL)
(k)
137.55 133.81 109.57 106.76 82.51 79.70 55.46 52.65 28.40 25.59
Axial Force (LL)
(k)
53.55 53.55 46.20 40.08 32.73 26.60 19.25 13.13 5.78 3.15
Factored Loads
M
u
(kft) 12.9 25.9 34.8 30.4 30.4 30.4 30.4 30.4 30.4 30.2
P
u
(k) 250.7 246.3 205.4 192.2 151.4 138.2 97.4 84.2 43.3 35.7
K
n
0.429 0.421 0.351 0.329 0.259 0.236 0.166 0.144 0.074 0.061
R
n
0.02 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
p
g
0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
A
st
(in
2
) 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25
Steel Provided 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7
Tie Spacing
s
max
(1) (in) 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
s
max
(2) (in) 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24
s
max
(3) (in) 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
s
max
(governing) 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
Ties Provided
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
Bartolini  75
Table H8: Column Reinforcement  Minimum Axial  Interior Column Lines A and G
1L 1U 2L 2U 3L 3U 4L 4U 5L 5U
Unfactored Loads
Beam Moment (DL)
(kft)
5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.9
Beam Moment (LL)
(kft)
33.8 33.8 33.8 33.8 33.8 33.8 33.8 33.8 33.8 14.5
Distance Ratio 0.213 0.426 0.574 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1
Column Moment
(DL) (kft)
1.19 2.37 3.20 2.79 2.79 2.79 2.79 2.79 2.79 5.88
Column Moment
(LL) (kft)
7.19 14.38 19.38 16.88 16.88 16.88 16.88 16.88 16.88 14.47
Axial Force (DL)
(k)
137.55 133.81 109.57 106.76 82.51 79.70 55.46 52.65 28.40 25.59
Axial Force (LL)
(k)
13.13 13.13 13.13 13.13 13.13 13.13 13.13 13.13 5.78 3.15
Factored Loads
M
u
(kft) 12.9 25.9 34.8 30.4 30.4 30.4 30.4 30.4 30.4 30.2
P
u
(k) 186.1 181.6 152.5 149.1 120.0 116.6 87.6 84.2 43.3 35.7
K
n
0.318 0.310 0.261 0.255 0.205 0.199 0.150 0.144 0.074 0.061
R
n
0.02 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
p
g
0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
A
st
(in
2
) 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25
Steel Provided 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7
Tie Spacing
s
max
(1) (in) 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
s
max
(2) (in) 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24
s
max
(3) (in) 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
s
max
(governing) 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
Ties Provided
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
Bartolini  76
Table H9: Column Reinforcement  Maximum Axial  Interior Column Lines B and F
1L 1U 2L 2U 3L 3U 4L 4U 5L 5U
Unfactored Loads
Beam Moment (DL)
(kft)
16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 17.6
Beam Moment (LL)
(kft)
72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 31.0
Distance Ratio 0.213 0.426 0.574 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1
Column Moment
(DL) (kft)
3.56 7.11 9.59 8.35 8.35 8.35 8.35 8.35 8.35 17.60
Column Moment
(LL) (kft)
15.41 30.82 41.53 36.18 36.18 36.18 36.18 36.18 36.18 31.01
Axial Force (DL)
(k)
251.84 248.10 201.31 198.50 151.70 148.89 102.10 99.29 52.49 49.68
Axial Force (LL)
(k)
114.75 114.75 99.00 85.88 70.13 57.00 41.25 28.13 12.38 6.75
Factored Loads
M
u
(kft) 28.9 57.9 78.0 67.9 67.9 67.9 67.9 67.9 67.9 70.7
P
u
(k) 485.8 481.3 400.0 375.6 294.2 269.9 188.5 164.1 82.8 70.4
K
n
0.830 0.823 0.684 0.642 0.503 0.461 0.322 0.281 0.142 0.087
R
n
0.04 0.02 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.07
p
g
0.02 0.02 0.015 0.010 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
A
st
(in
2
) 3.375 4.5 3.375 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25
Steel Provided 4 #9 4 #9 4 # 9 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7*
Tie Spacing
s
max
(1) (in) 18.048 18.048 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
s
max
(2) (in) 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24
s
max
(3) (in) 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
s
max
(govering) 15 15 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
Ties Provided
#4 @
15"
#4 @
15"
#4 @
15"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
Bartolini  77
Table H10: Column Reinforcement  Minimum Axial  Interior Column Lines B and F
1L 1U 2L 2U 3L 3U 4L 4U 5L 5U
Unfactored Loads
Beam Moment (DL)
(kft)
16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.7 17.6
Beam Moment (LL)
(kft)
72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 31.0
Distance Ratio 0.213 0.426 0.574 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1
Column Moment
(DL) (kft)
3.56 7.11 9.59 8.35 8.35 8.35 8.35 8.35 8.35 17.60
Column Moment
(LL) (kft)
15.41 30.82 41.53 36.18 36.18 36.18 36.18 36.18 36.18 31.01
Axial Force (DL)
(k)
251.84 248.10 201.31 198.50 151.70 148.89 102.10 99.29 52.49 49.68
Axial Force (LL)
(k)
28.13 28.13 28.13 28.13 28.13 28.13 28.13 28.13 12.38 6.75
Factored Loads
M
u
(kft) 28.9 57.9 78.0 67.9 67.9 67.9 67.9 67.9 67.9 70.7
P
u
(k) 347.2 342.7 286.6 283.2 227.0 223.7 167.5 164.1 82.8 70.4
K
n
0.594 0.586 0.490 0.484 0.388 0.382 0.286 0.281 0.142 0.087
R
n
0.04 0.08 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.07
p
g
0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
A
st
(in
2
) 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25
Steel Provided 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7*
Tie Spacing
s
max
(1) (in) 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
s
max
(2) (in) 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24
s
max
(3) (in) 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
s
max
(govering) 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
Ties Provided
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
Bartolini  78
Table H11: Column Reinforcement  Maximum Axial  Interior Column Lines C, D and E
1L 1U 2L 2U 3L 3U 4L 4U 5L 5U
Unfactored Loads
Beam Moment (DL)
(kft)
10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 11.6
Beam Moment (LL)
(kft)
72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 31.0
Distance Ratio 0.213 0.426 0.574 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1
Column Moment
(DL) (kft)
2.32 4.64 6.26 5.45 5.45 5.45 5.45 5.45 5.45 11.56
Column Moment
(LL) (kft)
15.41 30.82 41.53 36.18 36.18 36.18 36.18 36.18 36.18 31.01
Axial Force (DL)
(k)
270.23 266.49 216.06 213.25 162.81 160.00 109.57 106.76 56.32 53.51
Axial Force (LL)
(k)
122.40 122.40 105.60 91.60 74.80 60.80 44.00 30.00 13.20 7.20
Factored Loads
M
u
(kft) 27.4 54.9 74.0 64.4 64.4 64.4 64.4 64.4 64.4 63.5
P
u
(k) 520.1 515.6 428.2 402.5 315.1 289.3 201.9 176.1 88.7 75.7
K
n
0.889 0.881 0.732 0.688 0.539 0.494 0.345 0.301 0.152 0.093
R
n
0.04 0.08 0.10 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.06
p
g
0.02 0.02 0.02 0.015 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.010 0.01
A
st
(in
2
) 4.5 4.5 4.5 3.375 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25
Steel Provided 4 #11 4 #11 4 #11 4 #11 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7*
Tie Spacing
s
max
(1) (in) 22.4 22.4 18.048 18.048 14 14 14 14 14 14
s
max
(2) (in) 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24
s
max
(3) (in) 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
s
max
(governing) 15 15 15 15 14 14 14 14 14 14
Ties Provided
#4 @
15"
#4 @
15"
#4 @
15"
#4 @
15"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
Bartolini  79
Table H12: Column Reinforcement  Minimum Axial  Interior Column Lines C, D and E
1L 1U 2L 2U 3L 3U 4L 4U 5L 5U
Unfactored Loads
Beam Moment (DL)
(kft)
10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.9 11.6
Beam Moment (LL)
(kft)
72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 72.4 31.0
Distance Ratio 0.213 0.426 0.574 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1
Column Moment
(DL) (kft)
2.32 4.64 6.26 5.45 5.45 5.45 5.45 5.45 5.45 11.56
Column Moment
(LL) (kft)
15.41 30.82 41.53 36.18 36.18 36.18 36.18 36.18 36.18 31.01
Axial Force (DL)
(k)
270.23 266.49 216.06 213.25 162.81 160.00 109.57 106.76 56.32 53.51
Axial Force (LL)
(k)
30.00 30.00 30.00 30.00 30.00 30.00 30.00 30.00 13.20 7.20
Factored Loads
M
u
(kft) 27.4 54.9 74.0 64.4 64.4 64.4 64.4 64.4 64.4 63.5
P
u
(k) 372.3 367.8 307.3 303.9 243.4 240.0 179.5 176.1 88.7 75.7
K
n
0.636 0.629 0.525 0.519 0.416 0.410 0.307 0.301 0.152 0.093
R
n
0.04 0.08 0.10 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.06
p
g
0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.010
A
st
(in
2
) 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.25
Steel Provided 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7 4 #7
Tie Spacing
s
max
(1) (in) 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
s
max
(2) (in) 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24
s
max
(3) (in) 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
s
max
(governing) 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
Ties Provided
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
#4 @
14"
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