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Dimensioning
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TOPICS
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Introduction
Dimensioning components
Dimensioning object s features
Placement of dimensions.
Introduction
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Shape
Multiview
Drawing
Dimensioning
Design
a part
1. Size !ocation
ENGINEERING DESIGN
". #on$graphic information
TRANSFERRED
INFORMATION
Create
drawings
Manufature
RES!"T
S#et$es
of ideas
%ROCESS
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D%&I#ITIO#
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Dimensioning is the process of specif'ing part s
information b' using of figures s&m'ols and notes.
This information are such as(
() Si*es and loations of features
+) Material,s t&pe
-) Num'er re.uired
/) 0ind of surfae finis$
1) Manufaturing proess
2) Si*e and geometri toleranes
Dimensioning
Components
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DIMENSIONING COM%ONENTS
%)tension lines
Dimension lines
(with arrowheads)
!eader lines
Dimension figures
#otes (
$ local note
$ general note
Dra*n *ith
/3 pencil
!ettered *ith
+3 pencil.
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indicate the location on the objects features that are dimensioned.
E4TENSION "INES
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Recommended
Practices
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E4TENSION "INES
!ea+e a visi'le gap ,- 1 mm. from a +ie* and start dra*ing an e)tension line.
%)tend the lines be'ond the ,last. dimension line 1$" mm.
/isible gap
COMMON MISTA0E
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Do not brea0 the lines as the' cross object lines.
COMMON MISTA0E
Continuous
E4TENSION "INES
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Dimension lines should not be spaced too close
to each other and to the +ie*.
(
(
-
/
!ea+e a space at least
" times of a letter height.
(
2
-
1
DIMENSION "INES
!ea+e a space at least
1 time of a letter height.
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DIMENSION FIG!RES
The height of figures is suggested to be ".123 mm.
Place the numbers at about 1 mm above dimension
line and between extension lines.
COMMON MISTA0E
(
(
(
(
-
/
-
/
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14."1
14."1
or
DIMENSION FIG!RES
5hen there is not enough space for figure or
arro*s put it outside either of the e)tension lines.
1
#ot enough space
for figures
#ot enough space
for arrows
1 1
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The 6IS and ISO standards adopt the unit of
Angular dimension in degree *ith a s'mbol 7o8
place behind the figures ,and if necessar'
minutes and seonds ma' be used together..
DIMENSION FIG!RES 5 !NITS
"engt$ dimension in millimeters wit$out
specif'ing a unit s'mbol 7mm8.
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() Aligned met$od
+) !nidiretional met$od
The dimension figures are placed so that the' are readable from the
'ottom and rig$t side of the dra*ing.
The dimension figures are placed so that the' can be read from the
'ottom of the dra*ing.
Do not use both s'stem on the same dra*ing or on the same series of
dra*ing ,6IS 9:31;.
DIMENSION FIG!RES 5 ORIENTATION
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3
<
3<
3
<
3
<
3<
3
<
3
<
3
<
E4AM%"E 5 Dimension of length using aligned method.
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3<
3<
3<
3<
3<
3<
3<
3<
E4AM%"E 5 Dimension of length using unidirectional method.
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=
1
o
=
1
o
=1o
=
1
o
=
1
o
=1o
=
1
o
=
1
o
E4AM%"E 5 Dimension of angle using aligned method.
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=1o
=1o
=1o
=1o
=1o =1o
=1o
=1o
E4AM%"E 5 Dimension of angle using unidirectional method.
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"OCA" NOTES
Place the notes near to the feature *hich the'
appl' and should be placed outside the +ie*.
>l*a's read $ori*ontall&.
1< Drill
COMMON MISTA0ES
1< Drill
- 1<mm
1
<

D
r
i
l
l
Too far
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Dimensioning
Practices
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T3E 6ASIC CONCE%T
Dimensioning is accomplished b' adding size and location information
necessary to manufacture
the object.
Clear
Complete
&acilitate the
$ manufacturing method
-
measurement method
This information ha+e to be
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!
!
S
S
S
Designed
part
E4AM%"E
To manufacture this part
*e need to 0no*?
1. 7idt$ dept$ and
t$i#ness of the part.
". Diameter and dept$
of the hole.
3. "oation of the holes.
7S8 denotes size dimension.
7!8 denotes location dimension.
S
!
!
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>#@!%
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To dimension an angle use irular dimension
line ha+ing the center at the +erte) of the angle.
COMMON MISTA0E
FI""ETS AND RO!NDS
@i+e the radius of a t'pical fillet onl' b' using a
local note.
A4.1
If all fillets and rounds are uniform in size
dimension ma' be omitted but it is necessar' to
add the note 7 >ll fillets and round are A)). 8
#OT%(
>ll fillets and round are A4.1
Dra*ing sheet
A1"
unless other*ise specified.
#OT%(
>ll fillets and round are A4.1
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))
Bse leader line and local note to specif' diameter
and $ole,s dept$ in the circular +ie*.
3O"ES 5 SMA"" SI8E
)) Drill Thru.
1. Through thic0ness hole
)) Thru.
or
)) Drill.
or or
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)) '' Deep
3O"ES 5 SMA"" SI8E
or
)) Drill '' Deep
Coles
depth
Bse leader line and local note to specif' diameter
and $ole,s dept$ in the circular +ie*.
". Dlind hole
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))
Bse e)tension and
dimension lines
Bse diametral
dimension line
Bse leader line
and note
3O"ES 5 "ARGE SI8E
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COMMON MISTA0E
))
))
))
A))
))
3O"ES
))
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C3AMFER
Bse leader line and note to indicate linear
distane and angle of the chamfer.
S

S
&or a =1o chamfer
S S CS
or
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RO!NDED9END S3A%ES
A1"
1"
"1
1
Dimensioned according to the manufacturing
method used.
Center to Center Distance
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RO!NDED9END S3A%ES
A1"
"1
1
1
"
Dimensioned according to the manufacturing
method used.
Center to Center Distance
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RO!NDED9END S3A%ES
Dimensioned according to the manufacturing
method used.
A1"
"1
1
"
14
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RO!NDED9END S3A%ES
A1"
";
1
"
Dimensioned according to the manufacturing
method used.
Tool cutting distance
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RO!NDED9END S3A%ES
Dimensioned according to the standard si*es of
another part to be assembled or manufacturing
method used.
"1
Ee'
,standard part.
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RO!NDED9END S3A%ES
Dimensioned according to the standard si*es of
another part to be assembled or manufacturing
method used.
"<
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Placement of
Dimensions
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1. %)tension lines leader lines s$ould not cross
dimension lines.
%OOR GOOD
RECOMMENDED %RACTICE
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". %)tension lines s$ould 'e dra*n from the nearest
points to be dimensioned.
%OOR GOOD
RECOMMENDED %RACTICE
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3. Extension lines of internal feature can cross visible
lines without leaving a gap at the intersection point.
7RONG CORRECT
RECOMMENDED %RACTICE
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4. Do not use object line, center line, and dimension
line as an extension lines.
%OOR GOOD
RECOMMENDED %RACTICE
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%OOR GOOD
. Avoid dimensioning hidden lines.
RECOMMENDED %RACTICE
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%OOR GOOD
4. Place dimensions outside the +ie* unless
placing them inside impro+e the clarit'.
RECOMMENDED %RACTICE
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:!ST O0 ;;;
6ETTER
RECOMMENDED %RACTICE
4. Place dimensions outside the +ie* unless
placing them inside impro+e the clarit'.
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!. "ppl# the dimension to the view that clearl# show
the shape or features of an object.
%OOR GOOD
RECOMMENDED %RACTICE
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:. Dimension lines should be lined up and grouped
together as much as possible.
%OOR GOOD
RECOMMENDED %RACTICE
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$. Do not repeat a dimension.
%OOR GOOD
RECOMMENDED %RACTICE
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