Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 23

Sultanate of Oman

Ministry of Transport and Communications


Development of Muscat International Airport
Main Contract 1
Project Specification
Architectural
Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
April 2009


Sultanate of Oman
Ministry of Transport and Communications
Development of Muscat International Airport
Main Contract 1
Project Specification
Architectural
Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
April 2009

Report no. SE-000-A-11450
Issue no. C01
Date of issue 14.04.2009

Prepared CYRA /SMLY/PKSI
Checked CYRA/TCWE
Approved OBL
Main Contract 1 Project Specification
Architectural Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
P:\61400\3_DOC\10_Tender_Doc\01_SE\CRN_26_MC 1_Civil\Final Doc\2009.04.14_Issued for
Construction\3.3_Specs\Building\Architectural\SE-000-A-11450_C01_Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds.doc
1
.
Table of Contents
1 General 2
1.1 Introduction 2
1.2 Related Documents 2
1.3 Codes and Standards 2
1.4 Submittals 3
1.5 Warranty / Guarantee 4
1.6 Project Conditions/Coordination 4
1.7 Manufacturers 5
2 Products 6
2.1 Materials 6
3 Execution 9
3.1 Examination 9
3.2 Preparation 9
3.3 Installation 11
3.4 Application 12
3.5 Workmanship 17
3.6 Cleaning and Protection 18
4 Quality Control 19
4.1 Delivery, Storage and Handling 19
4.2 Mock-ups 19
5 Testing and Commissioning 20
6 Revision Log 21

Main Contract 1 Project Specification
Architectural Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
P:\61400\3_DOC\10_Tender_Doc\01_SE\CRN_26_MC 1_Civil\Final Doc\2009.04.14_Issued for
Construction\3.3_Specs\Building\Architectural\SE-000-A-11450_C01_Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds.doc
2
.
1 General
1.1 Introduction
A. This section specifies standard material and workmanship for internal and
external plaster work, including proprietary render and floor screeds as
indicated in the contract drawings or schedule of finishes, or as required in
completion of the Works.
1.2 Related Documents
A. This section to be read in conjunction with Employers requirements and
general provision of contract, including General, Supplementary and
Special Conditions of Contract Documents.
1.3 Codes and Standards
A. All materials, workmanship and testing shall be in accordance with the
following documents, in their latest revisions. This is not exhaustive and
contractor shall verify the listing and supplement with the latest applicable
document or documents.
1. Comply with the requirements of the reference standards noted herein,
except where more stringent requirements are listed herein or
otherwise required by the Contract Documents.
2. Where US material or reference standards are specified or indicated,
equivalent British Standards (BS), any other European Standards are
acceptable.
3. Conform to the requirements of the following British Standards and
Codes of Practice where applicable:-
a) BS 5385-2: 2006 Wall and floor tiling. Code of Practice.
Design and installation of external
ceramic and mosaic wall tiling in normal
conditions.
Main Contract 1 Project Specification
Architectural Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
P:\61400\3_DOC\10_Tender_Doc\01_SE\CRN_26_MC 1_Civil\Final Doc\2009.04.14_Issued for
Construction\3.3_Specs\Building\Architectural\SE-000-A-11450_C01_Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds.doc
3
.
b) BS 6213:2000 Selection of construction sealants. Guide
c) BS 8481:2006 Design, preparation and application of
internal gypsum, cement and lime
plastering system.
d) BS EN 934-3:2003 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and
grout. Admixtures for masonry mortar.
Definitions, requirements, conformity,
marking and labelling.
e) BS EN 998-1:2003 Specification for mortar for masonry.
Rendering and plastering mortar.
f) BS EN 998-2:2003 Specification for mortar for masonry.
Masonry mortar.
g) BS EN 1008:2002 Mixing water for concreting.
h) BS EN 12878:1999 Pigments for the colouring of building
materials based on cement and/or lime.
i) BS EN 13139:2002 Aggregates for mortar.
j) BS EN 13279 Part 1 &
2
Gypsum binders and gypsum plasters.
k) BS EN 13501-1:2007 Fire classification of construction
products and building elements.
l) BS EN 13658-1: 2005
and BS EN 13658-2:
2005
Metal lath and bead. Definitions,
requirements and test methods, internal
plastering. External rendering.
m) BS EN 13914
1,2:2005
Design, preparation and application of
external rendering and internal plastering.

1.4 Submittals
1.4.1 Technical Data
A. In the case of proprietary products submit comprehensive technical
literature for the Engineers prior approval. When so requested by the
Engineer, prepare samples of plasterwork and/or render for his approval.
Main Contract 1 Project Specification
Architectural Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
P:\61400\3_DOC\10_Tender_Doc\01_SE\CRN_26_MC 1_Civil\Final Doc\2009.04.14_Issued for
Construction\3.3_Specs\Building\Architectural\SE-000-A-11450_C01_Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds.doc
4
.
1.4.2 Shop Drawings
A. Provide Shop drawings as required by Engineer, shall depict actual site
measurements.
1.4.3 Samples
A. Submit 600mm x 600mm samples of each cement plaster finish specified
herein, with cutaway corners showing lath, scratch, brown, and finish
coats, including finish texture specified or selected by the Engineer.
1.4.4 Method Statement
A. Method statement shall include method of application, health and safety
management, testing methods, required relative humidity and temperature
level and control systems, possible risk associated with the execution
works and precautions, site control system and any other additional
requirements as advised by the Engineer for the execution of works/
B. Methodology: where detailed methodology has been specified. the
contractor may submit an alternative methodology based on their
experience, for the Engineers approval.
C. Method statement shall be approved by the Engineer prior to
commencement of the works.
1.4.5 Material Certificates
A. Submit certificate signed by manufacturer for each kind of plaster
aggregate certifying that materials comply with the requirements specified
herein.
1.4.6 Maintenance Data
A. For each type of plasterwork to include in maintenance manuals.
1.5 Warranty / Guarantee
A. Unless otherwise stated elsewhere, Engineer shall receive a written
guarantee against defects due to improper material and installation for a
period of 10 years from the date of Employers taking over of the works or
sections.
1.6 Project Conditions/Coordination
A. Internal Plasterwork: Maintain room temperatures at least 48 hours before
plaster application, and continuously during and after application.
Main Contract 1 Project Specification
Architectural Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
P:\61400\3_DOC\10_Tender_Doc\01_SE\CRN_26_MC 1_Civil\Final Doc\2009.04.14_Issued for
Construction\3.3_Specs\Building\Architectural\SE-000-A-11450_C01_Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds.doc
5
.
1. Avoid conditions that result in plaster drying out during curing period.
Distribute heat evenly; prevent concentrated or uneven heat on plaster.
2. Ventilate building spaces as required to remove water in excess of that
required for hydrating plaster in a manner that prevents drafts of air
from contacting surfaces during plaster application and until plaster is
dry.
B. External Plasterwork:
1. Apply and cure plaster to prevent plaster drying out during curing
period. Use procedures required by climatic conditions, including
moist curing, providing coverings, and providing barriers to deflect
sunlight and wind.
C. Factory-Prepared Finishes: Comply with manufacturer's written
recommendations for environmental conditions for applying finishes.
D. Check and verify the positioning and fixing of all conduits or other similar
items which are to be concealed by either plaster, render or screed. Ensure
that such items requiring testing have been satisfactorily tested and
approved by the Engineer before plasterwork is commenced.
1.7 Manufacturers
A. Manufacturer to be accredited and registered under BS EN ISO 9001.
Main Contract 1 Project Specification
Architectural Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
P:\61400\3_DOC\10_Tender_Doc\01_SE\CRN_26_MC 1_Civil\Final Doc\2009.04.14_Issued for
Construction\3.3_Specs\Building\Architectural\SE-000-A-11450_C01_Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds.doc
6
.
2 Products
2.1 Materials
2.1.1 Cement Sand Plaster/Render/Screed
A. Cement
1. Ordinary Portland cement complying with BS 197
B. Sand for plastering/rendering
1. Comply with BS EN 13139:2002. Sand to be hard, clean and free
from deleterious matter likely to affect adversely the hardening,
strength, durability of appearance of the plaster.
C. Aggregate
1. Fine aggregate (including sand) and coarse aggregate for screeds.
Comply with BS EN 13139:2002.
D. Water
1. Clean potable water free from harmful matter and from any unusual
proportion of dissolved salts. Seawater or brackish water shall not be
used.
E. Plasticizers
1. Plasticizer: Liquid admix to improve workability, control suction and
minimize crazing. Use to manufacturers instructions. Recommended
in preference to lime for hot climates. Mortar plasticizers shall comply
with BS EN 934 part 3.
2. Lime: In certain climatic conditions it may be necessary to use Lime.
Hydra lime is ideal. Otherwise use high-quality wet slaked line of
Chalk Lime to BS EN 459 part 1 to 3
Main Contract 1 Project Specification
Architectural Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
P:\61400\3_DOC\10_Tender_Doc\01_SE\CRN_26_MC 1_Civil\Final Doc\2009.04.14_Issued for
Construction\3.3_Specs\Building\Architectural\SE-000-A-11450_C01_Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds.doc
7
.
F. Metal lath, corner/stop beads etc
1. Proprietary expanded aluminium or galvanised steel lath and
associated accessories with hot dip galvanised zinc coating and
recommended separation materials.
2. Steel lath to comply with BS EN 13658 part 1 & 2
a) Diamond Mesh lath
b) Flat Rib lath Rib depth of not more than 3.1mm
G. Bonding Agent
1. Bonding agents, where required, shall be of type recommended by the
manufacturer of the plaster material and approved by the Engineer.
2. Comply with BS EN 934-3
H. Fibre for Base Coat
1. Alkaline-resistant glass or polypropylene fibers, 13 mm long, free of
contaminants, manufactured for use in Portland cement plaster.
I. Acrylic Filler
1. Modified acrylic filler containing not less than 55% solids. Type as
recommended by manufacturer of plaster material or approved by
Engineer.
J. Fasteners
1. Fasteners for Attaching Metal Lath to Substrates: Comply with BS
1202-1 & BS EN 13658 part 1 & 2.
K. Acrylic-Based Finish Coatings
1. Factory-mixed acrylic-emulsion coating systems formulated with
colourfast mineral pigments and fine aggregates; for use over Portland
cement plaster base coats. Include manufacturer's recommended
primers and sealing topcoats for acrylic-based finishes.
2. Colour: [As selected by Engineer from manufacturers full range]
L. Zinc and Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Accessories
1. General: Coordinate depth of trim and accessories with thicknesses
and number of plaster coats required.
Main Contract 1 Project Specification
Architectural Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
P:\61400\3_DOC\10_Tender_Doc\01_SE\CRN_26_MC 1_Civil\Final Doc\2009.04.14_Issued for
Construction\3.3_Specs\Building\Architectural\SE-000-A-11450_C01_Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds.doc
8
.
2. Casing Beads: Fabricated from [zinc] [or] [zinc-coated (galvanized)
steel] with expanded flanges, in depth required to suit plaster bases
indicated and flange length required to suit applications indicated.
a) Square-edge style; use unless otherwise indicated.
b) Bull-nose style, radius 19.1 mm minimum; use at locations
indicated on Drawings.
3. Control Joints: Fabricated from zinc/zinc-coated (galvanized) steel;
one-piece-type, folded pair of un-perforated screeds in M-shaped
configuration; with perforated flanges and removable protective tape
on plaster face of control joint.
4. Plastic Trim: Fabricated from high-impact PVC.
2.1.2 Proprietary Ready-Mixed Finish-Coat Plaster
A. Mill-mixed Portland cement aggregates, colouring agents, and proprietary
ingredients to BS 998-2.
1. Colour: As selected by Engineer from manufacturer's full range.
Main Contract 1 Project Specification
Architectural Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
P:\61400\3_DOC\10_Tender_Doc\01_SE\CRN_26_MC 1_Civil\Final Doc\2009.04.14_Issued for
Construction\3.3_Specs\Building\Architectural\SE-000-A-11450_C01_Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds.doc
9
.
3 Execution
3.1 Examination
A. Masonry Substrates to be checked as follows:
1. Concrete Block work: to be of good alignment within allowable
tolerances and have completely filled mortar
joints.
2. Clay Bricks: same as above.
3. Gypsum Plasterboard
Partitions
same as above
4. Concrete: Remove traces of mould oil. Provision of a
mechanical key must be provided for a smooth
surface as per good building practice e.g. spatter
dash coat of sand, cement and SBR applied by
brush or spray to leave a rough raised texture.
Complete coverage of the surface is essential.
5. For other substrates please refer to the render manufacture for
preparation instructions.
6. Do not proceed with work until unsatisfactory conditions have been
corrected.
3.2 Preparation
3.2.1 Preparation for plastering/rendering
A. Remove ridges and other imperfections from shuttered concrete surfaces
before cleaning down.
B. Roughen smooth surfaces to ensure a keyed bond to plasterwork.
C. All substrates to be in good condition, clean, dust free and with no traces
of loose material that may impair adhesion of the render.
Main Contract 1 Project Specification
Architectural Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
P:\61400\3_DOC\10_Tender_Doc\01_SE\CRN_26_MC 1_Civil\Final Doc\2009.04.14_Issued for
Construction\3.3_Specs\Building\Architectural\SE-000-A-11450_C01_Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds.doc
10
.
D. Excessive flatness defects in the substrate must be corrected at least 48
hours before application by using an undercoat or dubbing out coat of
sand/cement render.
E. The substrate must be wetted the day before application from bottom to
top. On the day of application the wall to be rendered shall be wetted again
in the same way, without surplus water.
F. Protect adjacent work from soiling, spattering, moisture deterioration, and
other harmful effects caused by plastering.
G. Prepare solid-plaster bases that are smooth or that do not have the suction
capability required to bond with plaster according to BS 8481:2006 and BS
EN 13914-2:2006.
H. Coordination with Sprayed Fire-Resistive Materials:
1. Before sprayed fire-resistive materials are applied, attach offset
anchor plates or ceiling runners (tracks) to surfaces indicated to
receive sprayed fire-resistive materials.
2. After sprayed fire-resistive materials are applied, remove them only to
extent necessary for installation of plaster assemblies and without
reducing the fire-resistive material thickness to less than that required
to obtain fire-resistance rating indicated. Protect remaining fire-
resistive materials from damage.
3.2.2 Preparation for Floor Screeds
A. All existing work and approaches shall be protected with boards, dust
sheets or other suitable means.
B. All bases shall be thoroughly cleaned to remove all dirt, dust, rust and oil.
C. Hardened in-situ concrete where screed is to be bonded:
1. Shortly before laying screed, the concrete base shall be thoroughly
hacked to remove all laitance and to expose as much cleanly coarse
aggregate as possible. All loose concrete shall be washed away and
the surface left clean.
2. 24 hours before laying screed, the base shall be wetted and surplus
water removed. Provide suitable covering to prevent evaporation.
3. Neat cement slurry shall be brushed onto the surface 20 minutes
before laying screed, or a bonding agent shall be applied in
accordance with the manufacturers recommendations.
Main Contract 1 Project Specification
Architectural Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
P:\61400\3_DOC\10_Tender_Doc\01_SE\CRN_26_MC 1_Civil\Final Doc\2009.04.14_Issued for
Construction\3.3_Specs\Building\Architectural\SE-000-A-11450_C01_Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds.doc
11
.
3.3 Installation
3.3.1 Installing Metal Lath
A. Expanded-Metal Lath
1. Install according to BS EN 13658-1:2005 and BS EN 13858-2:2005
B. Arch forms
1. Where shown on the contract drawings, incorporate preformed
specialist galvanised expanded metal arch forms from approved
supplier.
C. All grooves indicated on drawings, except for the fair-face concrete
cladding units, shall be made from metal plaster stop as detailed on
contract drawings.
D. All chases in wall shall be covered by metal lathing prior to rendering.
3.3.2 Installing Accessories
A. Comply with referenced installation standards for provision and location of
plaster accessories of type indicated. Miter accessories at corners except
where factory pre-fabricated corners and intersections are specified or
indicated on the drawings; install with tight joints and in alignment. Attach
accessories securely to plaster bases to hold accessories in place and in
alignment during plastering.
B. Control Joints: Install at locations indicated or, if not indicated, at locations
complying with the following criteria and approved by Engineer.
1. Where an expansion or contraction joint occurs in surface of
construction directly behind plaster membrane.
2. Distance between control joints: Not to exceed 9m centres.
3. Where plaster panel sizes or dimensions change, extend joints full
width or height of plaster membrane.
C. Metal Lath at Intersection of differing substrates:
1. Where plaster is to be applied continuously across differing substrates,
such as intersection of masonry and concrete beams or columns,
install a minimum 300mm wide strip of metal lath with polyethylene
isolation membrane across the intersection.
2. Where a small width of differing material less than 300mm wide is to
be bridged, install lath in sufficient width to completely cover the
bridged material, plus 150mm wide on each side.
Main Contract 1 Project Specification
Architectural Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
P:\61400\3_DOC\10_Tender_Doc\01_SE\CRN_26_MC 1_Civil\Final Doc\2009.04.14_Issued for
Construction\3.3_Specs\Building\Architectural\SE-000-A-11450_C01_Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds.doc
12
.
3. Stretch lath taught and secure along each edge with washers and shot-
fired pins, nails, or screws spaced 100mm o.c. Screws shall be fixed
into plugs in pre-drilled holes.
4. Coat all fasteners and cut edges of metal lath with bituminous paint.
5. Install zinc-coated lath and accessories to be completely embedded in
and covered by plaster of sufficient depth to prevent corrosion. Do not
install metal lath where grooves in the plaster are indicated on the
drawings.
3.4 Application
3.4.1 Plaster/render and floor screed mix proportions
A. All materials used for plasterwork shall be proportioned by volume by
means of gauge boxes as follows or as indicated in contract
drawings/schedules.
1. Internal plastering 1:6 (cement: sand)
2. Floor Screed
a) For Floor Screeds less than 50mm thick 1:3 (Cement: Fine
Aggregate)
b) For Floor Screeds of 50mm and greater thickness 1:1 :3
(Cement: Fine Aggregate: Coarse Aggregate [max size 10mm])
3.4.2 Mixing of plaster/render/screed
A. Proportion materials in parts by volume per sum of cementitious materials
and aggregates. Adjust mix proportions within limits specified to attain
workability.
B. Mix plaster in mechanical mixer. Accurately measure ingredients by
volume or weight as specified; use bonding agent as admixture as directed;
mix until evenly distributed and uniform in colour. Do not use materials
that are froze, cracked, lumpy, or partially set.
C. Clean mixer of all set or hardened material before loading a new batch.
Keep tools and equipment clean.
D. Mixing sequence and time shall conform to materials manufacturers
instructions.
Main Contract 1 Project Specification
Architectural Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
P:\61400\3_DOC\10_Tender_Doc\01_SE\CRN_26_MC 1_Civil\Final Doc\2009.04.14_Issued for
Construction\3.3_Specs\Building\Architectural\SE-000-A-11450_C01_Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds.doc
13
.
3.4.3 Application of plaster/render
A. Unless otherwise indicated on contract drawings the thickness of plaster/
render to be as follows:
1. Internal walls: Total 15mm min.
2. Internal ceilings, soffits: Total 12mm thick
B. Plaster application on masonry or concrete:
1. Clean substrates of all dirt, dust, and loose particles, and on concrete,
form or mould oils. If dubbing out is required, complete well in
advance of the basecoat or undercoat. Use mix at least as strong as the
base or undercoat, but not stronger than the substrate. Apply in two
coats if the required thickness exceeds 16mm; no coat shall be more
than 13mm thick.
2. Prepare concrete surfaces by one of the following methods:
a) Hacking by hand or mechanical means to remove all laitance and
to roughen the entire surface to a depth of 3mm, exposing the
aggregate.
b) Application of a uniform spatter coat consisting of one part
cement and two parts coarse sand, mixed with sufficient water to
produce thick slurry consistency. Apply to damp substrate with a
trowel or scoop to produce a thin coating with roughcast, uneven
finish. Dampen periodically to prevent rapid loss of moisture and
permit to dry slowly and harden prior to commencement of
plaster application.
3. Spray substrate uniformly with water prior to application of base coat.
Apply bonding agent only if recommended by plaster materials
manufacturer or directed by Engineer.
4. Apply first (scratch) base coat with sufficient material and pressure to
form good bond to masonry base. Apply to approximately 8mm
thickness and cross-take to provide good key for second coat. After
setting, damp-cure for not less than 48 hours prior to application of
second coat.
5. Apply second (brown) base coat over moistened scratch coat with
sufficient pressure to key into scratches. Build out to within 3mm of
screeds and straighten to a true surface with rod and darsy without use
of additional water. Leave rough to receive finish coat. After setting,
damp-cure for not less than 48 hours prior to application of finish
coat.
6. Apply finish coat to well-moistened basecoat, scratching in
thoroughly and immediately double back to a true, even surface, flush
Main Contract 1 Project Specification
Architectural Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
P:\61400\3_DOC\10_Tender_Doc\01_SE\CRN_26_MC 1_Civil\Final Doc\2009.04.14_Issued for
Construction\3.3_Specs\Building\Architectural\SE-000-A-11450_C01_Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds.doc
14
.
with screeds. Finish to match approved mock-up. Do not use water in
floating or finishing. Fog-spray surface with water for at least three
days (longer if required by climatic conditions) after setting.
7. Provide a V-cut or quirk at the junction of plaster and door frames.
Cut shall be neat and consistent in depth and width throughout its
entire length. Do not allow plaster to spill onto the frame.
C. Plaster Application on Metal Lath:
1. Install first (scratch) basecoat with sufficient material and pressure to
force plaster through metal lath and form a good key. Apply to
approximately 9mm thickness and cross-rake to provide good key for
brown coat. After setting, damp-cure for not less than 48 hours prior
to application of brown coat.
2. Apply second (brown) basecoat over moistened scratch coat with
sufficient pressure to key into scratches. Build out to within 3mm of
screeds and straighten to a true surface with rod and darsy without use
of additional water. Leave rough to receive finish coat. After setting,
damp-cure for not less than 48 hours prior to application of finish
coat.
3. Apply finish coat to well-moistened brown-coat, scratching in
thoroughly and immediately double back to a true, even surface. Do
not use water in floating or finishing. Fog-spray with water for at least
three days (longer if required by climatic conditions) after setting.
4. Total thickness of plaster shall be not less than 20mm, measured from
face of lath.
3.4.4 Concealed Interior Plasterwork
A. Where plaster application will be concealed behind built-in cabinets,
similar furnishings, and equipment, apply finish coat.
B. Where plaster application will be concealed above suspended ceilings and
in similar locations, finish coat may be omitted.
C. Where plaster application will be used as a base for adhesive application of
tile and similar finishes, finish coat may be omitted.
3.4.5 Mixing and Application of Plasterwork:
A. By trained operatives approved by the manufacturer only and to
manufacturers instructions.
B. Mixing always use the same quantity of water per bag and comply with
the same mixing time per mix.
Main Contract 1 Project Specification
Architectural Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
P:\61400\3_DOC\10_Tender_Doc\01_SE\CRN_26_MC 1_Civil\Final Doc\2009.04.14_Issued for
Construction\3.3_Specs\Building\Architectural\SE-000-A-11450_C01_Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds.doc
15
.
C. The finish is to be scraped with ashlar details as per Engineers
instructions and contractors shop drawings.
D. No plaster angle beads or stops to be used.
E. Choice and allocation of colours to be approved by the Engineer.
3.4.6 Mixing and Application of Floor Screeds
A. The surface of concrete beds and slabs, which are to receive screeds shall
be hosed down in a green state and brushed with a stiff brush to remove
laitance and form a key for the screed. Before laying the screed, the surface
of the concrete shall be thoroughly cleaned and a coat of cement grout
(1:1) applied. Where required to have a trowelled finish, the screed shall be
finished with a steel trowel to a hard level and smooth surface. Screeds
shall be generally finished to receive the paving or surface treatment and
shall be free of trowel marks, checks or other blemishes, maximum
permissible deflection +/13 mm under straight edge.
B. The mixture of cement and sand screed shall be added with sufficient
water to produce a workable mixture. Maximum slump shall be 2 inches.
C. The cement and sand screed shall be laid after walls and partitions are
built.
D. Screeds are to be maintained in a moist condition for at least three days by
covering with a layer of sacking, canvas, hessian, straw mats or similar
absorbent material kept constantly wet. Screeds shall be protected from
damage until the screed is sufficiently dry to receive the specified finish.
Screeds which are to be left exposed shall be laid on alternate bays not
exceeding 15 sqm. Screed thickness shall be as indicated on plans.
E. Polythene sheet 200 gauge.
F. Sand shall be to BS EN 13139:2002
G. Aerated lightweight concrete mixes shall be in accordance with the
manufacturers recommendations to a density of 400 kg/cu.m.
H. Bonding agent shall be a type recommended by a cement manufacturer.
I. Screeds must be laid by specialist operatives skilled in laying screeds
3.4.7 Laying of Floor Screeds
A. Lay screeds in alternate bays of maximum area 12 Sq.m. and maximum
dimension 5m. Butt joints to coincide as near as possible with joints in
base.
Main Contract 1 Project Specification
Architectural Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
P:\61400\3_DOC\10_Tender_Doc\01_SE\CRN_26_MC 1_Civil\Final Doc\2009.04.14_Issued for
Construction\3.3_Specs\Building\Architectural\SE-000-A-11450_C01_Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds.doc
16
.
B. Square and plain joints shall be formed between screed bays or strips,
closely abutted and level, and thoroughly compacted at edges.
C. Movement joints shall be formed in screed over movement joints in base,
using jointing material placed to full depth and finished flush surface.
D. Screeds less than 80mm thick to be laid in one layer. For screeds over
80mm thickness lay in two layers, the first being not less than 20mm thick
and the second being placed immediately after compaction of the first
layer.
E. Compaction of screeds to be carried out by approved mechanical means.
Areas inaccessible to such equipment may be steel trowel compacted and
floated manually.
F. The material shall be thoroughly compacted for the full depth, without
bringing any excessive laitance to the surface removing any which does
appear. The surface shall not be wetted.
G. Bring surface to a smooth uniform finish free from defects and blemishes
to provide a satisfactory surface to receive the floor finish required.
H. Finishing
1. Surface of internal screeds shall be finished smooth with steel trowel
or power float to receive thin sheets or tiles.
2. Where cement and sand screeds are to receive terrazzo, clay or
ceramic tiles the screed shall be finished with a slightly rough finish to
accept the cement paste and tiles.
3. Surface of roof screed shall be finished with wood or other suitable
face float to give an even texture.
I. Check levels to ensure compliance with the requirement of the drawings.
Permitted tolerance will be 3mm in 3000mm in any direction.
J. In areas with floor gullies the screed must fall to the gully. No low spots
shall be left between drainage outlets.
K. Immediately after laying the surface shall be protected from wind draughts
and strong sunlight. The surface shall be covered as soon as it has
sufficiently hardened either with:
1. canvas, straw mats or a 50 mm layer of damp sand,
or
2. waterproof sheeting kept in close contact with the surface
and shall be left for not less than 7 days in normal weather conditions.
Main Contract 1 Project Specification
Architectural Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
P:\61400\3_DOC\10_Tender_Doc\01_SE\CRN_26_MC 1_Civil\Final Doc\2009.04.14_Issued for
Construction\3.3_Specs\Building\Architectural\SE-000-A-11450_C01_Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds.doc
17
.
L. Where different finishes are each side of a door opening, an aluminium
T section shall be screwed to the base to provide a dividing strip between
the different finishes.
M. All defective work in screeds shall be made good before applying finishes.
3.4.8 Curing of plaster
A. Allow adequate ventilation to remove excess moisture from the plaster.
B. Under no circumstances use water or membrane methods of curing.
C. By fine spray of clean water twice a day for 2 days following the day of
application.
3.4.9 Curing and Protection of Screeds
A. Protect finished screed surface from direct sun, rain and mechanical injury.
B. Do not allow screed surface to dry out till the expiration of a minimum
curing period of seven days. Do not allow traffic on surface during this
period.
3.4.10 Defects in plaster/render (Cutting and Patching)
A. Defective areas of plaster/render to be cut out to rectangular shape, the edges
undercut to form dovetail key and finished flush with the face of
surrounding plasterwork. Colour and texture must be maintained. Restore
cracks, dents and imperfections. Repair or replace work to eliminate
blisters, buckles, crazing and check cracking, dry outs, efflorescence,
sweat outs, and similar defects and where bond to substrate has failed.
3.4.11 Application of Acrylic Filler
A. On interior plaster areas indicated to be painted, allow plaster to fully cure
and apply specified filler using spatula, filling knife, or trowel to a dry film
coating thickness of 300 microns. Allow to thoroughly dry, then sand as
required to provide a smooth surface with texture and appearance similar
to gypsum drywall (plasterboard).
3.5 Workmanship
A. All plasterwork shall be executed in a neat and workman-like manner all to
the approval of the Engineer. Conform to the recommendations of BS EN
8481:2006 and BS EN 13914-2:2006.
Main Contract 1 Project Specification
Architectural Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
P:\61400\3_DOC\10_Tender_Doc\01_SE\CRN_26_MC 1_Civil\Final Doc\2009.04.14_Issued for
Construction\3.3_Specs\Building\Architectural\SE-000-A-11450_C01_Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds.doc
18
.
3.6 Cleaning and Protection
A. Application should be carried out in the shade where practicably possible.
The erection of hessian shade netting or a mobile shelter should be
considered. This shading should preferably be in position during the curing
period.
B. Remove temporary protection and enclosure of other work. Promptly
remove plaster from doorframes, windows, and other surfaces not
indicated to be plastered. Repair floors, walls, and other surfaces stained,
marred, or otherwise damaged during plastering.
Main Contract 1 Project Specification
Architectural Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
P:\61400\3_DOC\10_Tender_Doc\01_SE\CRN_26_MC 1_Civil\Final Doc\2009.04.14_Issued for
Construction\3.3_Specs\Building\Architectural\SE-000-A-11450_C01_Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds.doc
19
.
4 Quality Control
4.1 Delivery, Storage and Handling
A. Store materials inside under cover and keep them dry and protected against
damage from weather, direct sunlight, surface contamination, corrosion,
construction traffic, and other causes.
B. All branded materials are to be delivered to the site in their original
packages bearing the trade names of the material concerned.
C. Cement, hydrated lime and similar materials to be stored off the ground,
under cover and away from all possible source of damp.
D. Store sand under clean conditions to prevent contamination by soil or other
deleterious substances.
4.2 Mock-ups
A. Install mock-ups of at least 9 sq.m in surface area to demonstrate aesthetic
effects and set quality standards for materials and execution.
1. Install mock-ups for each type of finish indicated.
2. For interior plasterwork, simulate finished lighting conditions for
review of mock-ups.
3. Approved mock-ups may become part of the completed work if
undistributed at time of substantial completion.
B. Approved mock-ups may be incorporated into the finished work, where
directed by the Engineer.
Main Contract 1 Project Specification
Architectural Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
P:\61400\3_DOC\10_Tender_Doc\01_SE\CRN_26_MC 1_Civil\Final Doc\2009.04.14_Issued for
Construction\3.3_Specs\Building\Architectural\SE-000-A-11450_C01_Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds.doc
20
.
5 Testing and Commissioning
A. Fire-Test-Response Characteristics: For Portland cement plaster
assemblies with fire-resistance ratings, provide materials and construction
identical to those tested in assembly indicated according to BS EN 13501-1

Main Contract 1 Project Specification
Architectural Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds
General Specification
P:\61400\3_DOC\10_Tender_Doc\01_SE\CRN_26_MC 1_Civil\Final Doc\2009.04.14_Issued for
Construction\3.3_Specs\Building\Architectural\SE-000-A-11450_C01_Plaster Work, Renders and Screeds.doc
21
.
6 Revision Log
Date Issue Description
14.04.2009 C01 Issued for Construction