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1.

The resistivity distribution is characteristic of oil bearing beds it occurs because:


a. The formation around borehole has multiple (more than two) fluids with varying
resistivity.
b. Existence of an annular zone between flushed and uninvaded zone having reservoir
rocs of lower resistivity
c. !ormation of an annular zone between flushed and uninvaded zone having high
formation water saturation.
d. Existence of an annular zone between flushed and uninvaded zone having reservoir
rocs of higher resistivity.
"ns:c
#.
!$%o&%w
'onsidering terms have their usual meanings:
a. ! is !ormation %esistivity factor %o is %esistivity of water saturating the roc.
b. ! is !ormation %esistivity (ndex %o is %esistivity of roc saturated by water .
c. ! is !ormation %esistivity index %o is %esistivity of water saturating the roc.
d. ! is !ormation %esistivity factor %o is %esistivity of roc saturated by water.
"ns: d
). *hich of the following best defines the 'apillary model of porous media given by 'ornell and
+atz for evaluation of formation resistivity !actor.
a. ,arious -ore openings are continuous with varying cross sectional area but sum of pore
areas of all openings are constant throughout.
b. -ores can be considered uniform in cross section but oriented and the flow area available
for flow is constant at each plane.
c. The pores are oriented along vertical and horizontal directions forming a mesh lie pattern.
d. The pore spaces are essential in form of sinusoidal tubes with pore area varying as per
mathematical models.
"ns: b
.. (. /hale base line shifts occur when formation water of different salinities are separated by
shale beds that are perfect cationic membrane
((. /hale base line shifts occur when there are shale beds separate waters of different
salinities.
(((. /hale base line shift occurs when a perfectly cationic membrane is sandwiched between
two sand beds
*hich of the following is correct0
a. /tatement ( 1 (( 1 ((( are all false.
b. 2nly statement ((( is correct .
c. /tatement (1 (( 1((( are all True.
d. 2nly /tatement ( and ((( are True1
3. (n !ormation Evaluation the term 4/aw tooth -rofile 4is best related to :
a. 5amma %ay logs where the %adioactivity of the layers change drastically.
b. /- 6og where an impervious shale strea is sandwiched between two -ermeable salt
water sand.
c. 5amma %ay logs where the shale roc of low porosity exists between shale rocs of
higher porosity.
d. /- logs when shale roc of low porosity exists between shale rocs of higher porosity.
"ns. b
7. %egarding the radioactive elements used in emitter section of 5amma %ay logging tools
which one of the following statement is true.
a. The element used is an isotope of -otassium.
b. The element used is an isotope of 8ranium.
c. The element used is an isotope of Thorium .
d. 9one of the above.
"ns: d.
:.(n case of /onic logging tools the first arrival waves are:
a. /hear waves or fluid pressure waves.
b. 'ompression waves .
c. /toneley waves .
d. other waves.
"ns. a.
;. (f /onic 6ogs are used for porosity determination in 'arbonate rocs with vuggs the results
would be.
a. 6ower than "ctual.
b. <igher than actual.
c. /ame as actual.
d. /how different values each time the logs are run.
"ns. a
=. The sonic log transit time in abnormally pressured shales will be.
a. 5reater than in normally compacted shales because sound travels faster in the abnormally
pressured zones.
b. 5reater than in normally compacted shales because sound travels slower in the abnormally
pressured zones.
c. 6esser than in normally compacted shales because sound travels faster in the abnormally
pressured zones.
d. 6esser than in normally compacted shales because sound travels faster in the abnormally
pressured zones.
"ns.b
1>. The /pine and ribs techni?ue is used :
a. To evaluate bul @ensity of formation by using gamma ray log readings from differing spacing
and depth of investigation.
b. To evaluate %esistivity of formation by using /- readings from two detectors of differing
spacing and depth of investigation.
c. To evaluate bul @ensity of formation by measuring gamma rays by two detectors of differing
spacing and depth of investigation 1 which have undergone scattering after being emitted by a
source.
d. To evaluate Total porosity of formation by counting neutron by two detectors of differing
spacing and depth of investigation 1 which have undergone scattering after being emitted by a
source.
"ns. c.
11. (f a '96 tool is used in shales containing rare earth metals.
a. The reading will show high hydrogen content than actual.
b. The reading will show low hydrogen content than actual.
c. The reading will show e?ual hydrogen content than actual.
d. The reading will show the correct radioactivity of the formation.
"ns. a.
1#. *hich of the following is true regarding the 95/ plots0
a. 'an be used to identify mineral or mineral types1 because some minerals have characteristic
concentrations of Th1 8r 1 + etc.
b. 'an be used to identify mineral or mineral types1 because some minerals have
characteristic concentrations of hydrogen containing elements .
c. 'anAt be used to identify mineral or mineral types1 because 95/ tools only measure the
amount of radioactivity of the formation on the whole etc.
d. 'anAt be used to identify mineral or mineral types1 because 95/ tools only measure the
amount of <ydrogen content of formation.
"ns: a.
1). (f a 6ateral resistivity device is used to in a case where the bed being measured is more
resistive than adBacent formation then.
a. The upper boundary is clearly defined if the spacing of tool is very small as compared to the
thicness of the bed.
b. The 6ower boundary is clearly defined if the spacing of tool is very small as compared to the
thicness of the bed.
c. Coth the upper boundary and the lower boundary is clearly defined if the spacing of tool is
very small as compared to the thicness of the bed.
d. 9either upper nor lower boundary is clearly defined the spacing of tool is very small as
compared to the thicness of the bed.
"ns.b.
1.. (n 'ase of 6aterolog :(66:) tool .
a. -oint bucling electrodes are used to focus the main current into a 6ine of current
b. 9o electrodes are used to focus the main current.
c. Extended bucling electrodes are used to focus the main current into a 6ine current.
d. -oint bucling electrodes are used to focus the main current into a sheet of current.
"ns. d.
13.!or best interpretation accuracy of @ual 6ateroDlog tools which of the statements hold true.
a. Corehole effects should be small or correctable.
b. The ,ertical resolution of the devices being used should be similar.
c. %adial distribution should be well distributed.
d. "ll the above.
"ns.d.
17. (n @ual 6atero logDEicro/!6 tool with simultaneous recording.
a. Coth the 6aterolog devices use different type of electrode.
b. Coth the 6aterolog devices use same type of electrode with different focusing.
c. Coth the 6aterolog devices use different type of electrode with similar focusing.
d. Coth the 6aterolog devices use same type of electrode without focusing.
"ns.b.
1:. !allacious appearance of abnormally high resistivity even considerably below the end of a
highly resistive zone is called.
a. 5roningen effect and occurs when tool used is a Eicro resistivity tool .
b. @elaware effect and occurs when the tool used is a @ual 6aterolog tool.
c. 5roningen effect and occurs when tool used is a 6aterolog :(66:) tool.
d. @elaware effect and occurs when the tool used is a 6aterolog)(66)) tool.
"ns.b.
1;. The -hasor (nduction 6ogging /!6 tool gives more accurate results because:
a. (t measures the previously unused out of phase signals that do not return perpendicularly to
the receiver coil.
b. (t nullifies the out of phase signals which used to give distorted readings previously.
c. (t measures the perpendicularly returning signals from the formation and then performs
calculations over them in phases.
d. (t uses the same exact principle as the dual induction log tool.
"ns.a
1=. Eicrolaterolog are preferred over Eocrolog when :
a. The formation resistivity is considerably lower than the mudcae resistivity so the focused
microlaterolog current can flow easily into the formation past the mudcae.
b . The formation resistivity is considerably <igher than the mudcae resistivity so the focused
microlaterolog current can flow easily into the formation past the mudcae.
c. The formation resistivity is considerably lower than the mudcae resistivity so the focused
microlaterolog current can flow into the mudcae and not into the formation.
d. The formation resistivity is considerably <igher than the mudcae resistivity so the focused
microlaterolog current can stay focused in the formation to a great distance
"ns.d
#>.(n case of an (nduction logging tool a dip in the bed being measured:
a. Eaes the bed appear thicer.
b. Eaes a bed appear thinner.
c. <as no effect on the evaluation of the bed thicness.
d. Eaes the bed appear vertical.
"ns.a
#1. (n case of a hydrocarbon bearing zone of high permeability and with low water saturation if
an (nduction logging is carried out after zone near the bore hole is flushed1 and then standard
corrections are applied then.
a. The induction resistivity value is erroneously high.
b. The induction resistivity value is erroneously low.
c. The induction resistivity value is close to the actual value.
d. The (nduction resistivity value is exactly correct.
"ns. b
##. The Eicrolog device measures the resistivity of which # regions.
a. The Eudcae and the formation beyond the mudcae.
b. The borehole fluid adBacent to the mudcae and the mud cae.
c. The formation adBacent to the mudcae and the deep formation.
d. Theouter and the inner layer of mudcae.
"ns.a
#). *hat does the 9E6 log do.
a. Eeasures Thermal 9eutrons to evaluate porosity.
b. Eeasures free precession of proton nuclear magnetic moments in earthAs field to measure
permeability.
c. Eeasures Eagnetic susceptibility to predict the shale content of formations.
d. Eeasures the <ydrogen content of the formation by measuring the Epithermal neutrons
which have higher energy levels than Thermal neutrons.
"ns. b.
#..The 5eiger Eueller counter utilizes phenomenon of
a. Electrostatic acceleration of electron by dynode impact.
b. "mplification of ionization current by Townshade avalanche.
c. Cending light rays to measure energy levels.
d. %ayleigh scattering to measure energy levels of alpha 1Ceta and 5amma rays.
"ns.b
#3.The 9eutron -orosity tool gives erroneous results in case of shales because:
a. The 9atural radioactivity if shales is generally high.
b. /hales have high amount of bound water associated with them.
c. /hales have <igh density so neutrons cannot percolate easily.
d. The -orosity of shale is very high which absorbs all neutrons.
#7. *hich of the following logs can be used cased hole.
a. Eicroresistivity log
b. 6ateral 6og.
c. 5amma ray log.
d. @ual 6aterolog.
"ns: c
#:. (f all symols have their usual meaning then
(.!$>.7#&
#.13
((.!$1&
#
a. ( denotes sandstone (( denotes shale.
b. ( denotes shale (( denotes sandstone.
c. ( denotes carbonate (( denotes shale.
d. ( denotes sandstone (( denotes carbonate
"ns.d
#;. The full diameter core "nalysis uses which fluid for -ermeability dermination.
a. *ater .
b.2il.
c. 5lycols.
d. "ir
"ns.d
#=. The term 4-oor Coy 4 or Texas Type 'oring bits were made by using
a. @rill -ipes.
b. *ooden bars.
c. poor ?uality or old drill bits.
d. 9one of the above
"ns.a
)>. The presence of /hale in the sand causes estimated permeability to :
a. exceed the permeability in place.
b. be less than the permeability in place.
c. be e?ual to the permeability in place.
d. 9one of the above
"ns:a
)