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Application and Adaptation of Traditional

LNG Pump Technology for the Growing


Small-Scale LNG Market

Introduction
As the demand for small scale LNG equipment
advances globally, manufacturers must meet
the demand with low cost, short lead time
products while retaining large scale
performance and reliability.
To address this challenge, Ebara International
Corporation has leveraged its 40 years of
cryogenic pump experience to develop small
scale solutions utilizing proven technologies.

COMPANY OVERVIEW
40 Years of Cryogenic Pump Experience
Company Profile
Manufacturer of custom engineered liquefied gas
pumps and expanders
Division of Ebara Corporation, Japan
Over 200 Employees
Global Sales offices
USA, London, Japan, China
Two test facilities, USA & Japan
Established in
1973, USA
1979
Relocated to Sacramento,
California
Built 1
st
Test Facility
1979-1984
Division of Worthington
Pump Corporation
1984-1989
Joint Venture Partnership
with Ebara Corporation
1989-Present
Wholly Owned by Ebara
Corporation
1994
Relocated to Sparks
Nevada
1999
Shipped first Expander
Oman
2002
Shipped first Two-Phase
Expander
Odolanw Poland (Krio)
2007-08
Expanded Facility to
Include Motor Division
2008
Expanded Test Facility
2011 Purchased Hood
Machine (Hood EIC LLC.)
2012 Ebara receives order
for its 6000
th
machine
Brief History
Experience
Over 6000 submerged motor liquefied gas pumps
and expanders built to date
3 out of 4 submerged LNG pumps installed were
built by Ebara.
Corporate Headquarters
Sparks, NV USA
Motor Manufacturing Facility
Motors manufactured on site
to provide better quality, cost
and schedule control.
Engineering and quality
personnel can provide direct
assistance
VPI tanks sized for large size
motors and high productive
volume
Motor Manufacturing
Facility
Hood EIC,LLC.
Full Production machining
capabilities
ASME code certification for
pressure vessel fabrications
Chinese Manufacturers
License for Pressure Vessels
Located near EIC factory for
strict control of quality,
inspection and schedule
Location allows direct
communication with
Engineering & Operations
departments
Innovation
Developed first magnetic coupling pump in ammonia service
Developed only UL listed flexible cryogenic pump cables
EIC was the first to develop fuel gas pumps used for dual fuel
LNG carriers.

Innovation
Developed unique Thrust
Equalizing Mechanism (TEM

)
to balance thrust loads in
cryogenic fluids.
Developed first variable
speed turbine expander for
LNG service.
Only company to provide
continuous design
improvements for nearly 40
years
First two-phase LNG
Expander, recently achieving
30,000 hours of successful
performance!

Product & Customer Safety
Totally submerged design means the motor is not in the hazardous
area
No rotating seals means no leakage of flammable gas into the
atmosphere
Machines safely accommodate caustic chemicals such as ammonia
Rotating components are contained within casings which are
submerged within a secondary tank or vessel, further protecting
personnel from potential hazards
Quality
Quality system registered and in compliance with ISO
9001-2008 and ISO/TS 29001:2010
ISO/TS 29001:2010 is a new certification with more industry-
specific requirements for petroleum and natural gas related
companies
Strict control over sub-suppliers
Internal auditing system to ensure departmental
compliance with established procedures
Dedicated Project Management system to ensure timely
reporting and document scheduling for customers
Our Customers Include
Bechtel
BP
Brunei LNG
CB&I
Chevron
Chiyoda
Daewoo Shipbuilding
Darwin LNG
Egypt LNG
Enagas
Equatorial Guinea LNG
Fujian LNG
Hammerfest Snohvit LNG
HQCEC
Hudong Zhongua Shipyard
Hyundai Heavy Industries
IHI
Japan Gas
JGC
KBR
Korea Gas
Malaysia LNG
MHI
Nigeria LNG
Oman LNG
Pertamina
QatarGas
Ras Laffan LNG
Saipem
Sakhalin LNG
Samsung Heavy
Industries
Shell
Sofregaz
Sonatrach
Technigaz
Tractebel
Woodside LNG
SMALL SCALE LNG
New applications for cryogenic pumping equipment
Small Scale LNG Pump Applications
Land Based
Fixed LNG fueling stations
Mobile LNG fueling stations
LNG bunkering station
Small scale LNG liquefaction
Locomotive LNG fuel pump
Heavy equipment LNG fuel pump
Marine
LNG fueled engine fuel pump
Small Scale LNG Applications
LNG Fueling Stations
Station Capacity
Tanks range from 15,000-30,000 gallons
15,000 gallons is the recommended minimum
Typical LNG Station Specifications
One or two LNG dispensers
Cold(3 bars-43.5 PSI), saturated (8 bars-118 PSI), and super saturated
(18 bar-260 PSI) vehicle refueling.
Fueling flow: 10m
3
/hr
Typical LCNG Station Specifications
2 dual hose CNG dispensers
Redundant LCNG pumps
Fueling Flow: 800 Nm
3
/h

Small Scale LNG Applications
LNG Fueling Stations
Small Scale LNG Applications
Mobile LNG Fueling Stations
Features
Independency of Pipelines
Quick solution for pilot and
start-up projects
Performance equivalent to
stationary fueling stations
Centrifugal pump flow rate of
10 to 50 m
3
/hr
20 or 40 ISO container
Small Scale LNG Applications
LNG Fueled Locomotives
EIC has partnered with
CN Railway
and Chart Industries in
the initial testing of the
first LNG powered
locomotive
LNG tender cars utilize
submerged LNG
pumps to supply LNG
to the locomotive
engines

Small Scale LNG Applications
Marine Fuel Systems
Key Specifications
Submerged vertical centrifugal
pump mounted inside cargo tank
Submerged pump, or boost
pump, transfers LNG to the
suction end of HP pumps
The reciprocating pumps increase
the low pressure LNG from the
boost pumps to high pressure LNG
HP LNG then transferred to heat
exchange system which vaporizes
the liquid to gas and then is fed to
engines HP fuel control valves


KEY DESIGN FEATURES OF EBARA LNG
PUMP TECHNOLOGY
Bringing large scale experience to the small scale market
LNG Pump Design
Pump rotating assemblies are the same whether vessel mounted
or in-tank retractable
Well proven hydraulics with axial or radial diffuser designs
Materials are chosen based on strength, compatibility and
experience in cryogenic temperatures
Design follows API 610 whenever possible
Hydraulics are designed using the latest Computational Fluid
Dynamics (CFD) software to enhance efficiency and
performance
Reliability is enhanced using specialized rotordynamic software
simulation
Stiff shaft design low slenderness ration
All computer predictions are tested to confirm accuracy
General Ebara Design Details
Lower Bearing
Tail Bearing
Upper Bearing
End Bell
Shaft/Rotor
Assembly
Motor Housing
Inlet Housing
Pump Housing
Diffuser Housings
Diffuser Vanes
Multi-stage Impellers
Features: Radial Diffusers, 1 Piece Shaft,
Keys & Locking Rings to secure impellers
General Design Components
Shaft
Radial Diffuser
Impeller Lock Ring
Multi-stage Impeller
with bushing on
underside
Pump Shaft
Single Piece Design
Diffuser Housing
Radial Diffuser Vane requiring
shorter length housing
Interface between shaft and
inter-stage bushing transferred to
back of impeller
Pump Housing
Multi-stage Impeller
Impeller Locking Ring
Retains impeller on shaft by
positive engagement with the
shaft
Radial Diffuser Design
Bearings
Two main bearings at upper and lower end of the motor
Tail bearing can be used for long, multi-stage pump
shafts
Deep groove radial ball bearings
440C stainless steel balls and races with modified
clearances
Graphite impregnated resin separator
Continuously cooled and lubricated by pumped fluid

Radial Diffuser Design
Inter-Stage Bushing
Bushing installed in each
diffuser housing assembly
Provides bearing support by
direct interface with a ring on
the back of the impeller
No possibility of damage to
the shaft

Rigid Impeller Locking
Ring
Stainless Steel construction
Positively locks the impeller to
the shaft
No critical impeller positioning
required during assembly
No difficult tapered machining
of the impeller bore
Diffuser Design Features
Radial Fluid Passages
Controlled Flow to the Eye of the
Impeller by Using Inlet Guide
Passages
Stainless Steel Inter-stage Bushing
Housings
All housings manufactured from aluminum alloy
A356.0-T6
Castability
Low temperature strength and ductility
Pressure tightness
Low temperature stability
Hydraulic Component Design
Radial Diffuser
Section
Return Guide
Vanes
Impeller Stage
High-Strength
Hub Design
Shaft Locking
Method,
Anti-Rotation
Key
Closed shroud, centrifugal, high efficiency impellers
Axial or radial diffuser vanes
2 bladed helical type inducers designed for very low NPSHR
Shafting
Stainless Steel 15-5 PH is selected for mechanical
and magnetic properties.
Proprietary Manufacturing Technique Applied to
Control Low Temperature Stability
Normally one-piece, two-Piece shafts are available
for specialty custom applications
Impeller Design Features
Large Hub Diameter
Impeller Lock Ring,
Positively Locked to
Impeller
Inducers
All EIC pumps are fitted with a two-bladed helical
inducer (axial flow impeller)
Inducer is matched to the impeller to provide
smooth flow transition
Provides extremely low NPSHR valued allowing
maximum LNG cargo capacity
Thrust Equalizing Mechanism - TEM

Product lubricated bearings cannot tolerate thrust loads
Dynamic system balances axial loads over entire flow range
Pumped fluid is routed through controlled clearances to equalize
pressure
Hydrostatic Bearing System
Supports very large radial loads.
Load does not depend on film thickness or lubricant
viscosity.
Long life (infinite in theory) without wear of bearing
surfaces
Provides stiffness and damping coefficients of very
large magnitude. Excellent for exact positioning
and control.

Hydrostatic Bearing Configuration
Orifice
(liquid feed port)
Pocket
(Recess area)
General view of Hydrostatic Journal Bearing
Hydrostatic
Bearing
Assembling view
Supply pressure
Supply pressure
Supply pressure
(constant)
Support pressure Support pressure
Decreasing
Support
pressure
Supply pressure
(constant)
Increasing
Support
pressure
Counter
force
Eccentricity
Of shaft
Principles of Hydrostatic Bearings
Submerged Electric Motor
Integral Motor and pump contained in single unit
Three phase induction type squirrel cage design
Double vacuum-pressure epoxy impregnation process
Random or form wound windings up to 6600 VAC
Continuously cooled by pumped fluid
Sizes 5 to 3400 hp
Speed 50 or 60 Hz
Also operated on Variable Speed Drives
Foot/Suction Valves
Aluminum Alloy A356.0-T6
Spring Activated
Dual PTFE High-Low Type Seal
Integral Anti-rotation Ribs
Pressure Vessels
Designed to ASME Section VIII pressure vessel code,
PED or to customers specification
Normally designed to maximum suction pressure
Electrical Systems
Proprietary dual seal cable feedthrus to meet US NEC, NFPA
59A (two in series) and ATEX
Explosion-proof or increased safety junction boxes
Conduit space between seals in the feedthrus for purging and
monitoring

View of Electrical System for HP
Send-out pump
UL Listed
Remains flexible at temperatures to -200C
Tinned stranded copper conductor
Layered PTFE Insulation
Stainless steel armor braid for abrasion protection
600, 5000 & 8000 volts
Sizes from #4 AWG to 250 MCM
Cryogenic Power Cables
Detail of Electrical Feedthru with
Monitoring Space
Purge Ports
Purge Space
Conductors
(Qty 3)
Seals
SST Flange
Detail of Electrical Feedthru with
Monitoring Space
Heavy Duty Instrumentation System
In-Tank assemblies are completely armored and
strain relieved
6 Pin hermetically sealed mil-spec feedthrus provide
solid locking connection
Shielding techniques ensure a noise free signal
throughout the system
Vibration Monitoring System (VMS)
Condition Monitoring
Pumps installed in cryogenic liquid are difficult to
determine to condition especially retractable
pumps
Cryogenic accelerometers developed over the last
25 years
Suitable for use with BN 3300 & 3500 systems
Intrinsically Safe

SUBMERGED LNG PUMP TYPES
Small scale lng pump types and applications
Submerged Motor Pump Types
Retractable (In-Tank) ECR
Suction Vessel Mounted ECC
Marine Cargo Handling EC
Aggressive Fluid ACR
Expanders LX & VX
Retractable (In-Tank) Pump
Model ECR
Suction Vessel Mounted
Model ECC
Marine Fuel, Cargo, Spray, Emergency
Model EC
Cryogenic Expander
Model LX & VX
Runners
Nozzle Vane
TEM Runner
TEM Thrust Plate
Generator Stator
Generator Rotor
One-Piece Solid Shaft
Bearing
Cryogenic Expander
Model LX & VX
Aggressive Fluid Design
Model AC
Magnetic Coupling
Sealed Grease filled
bearings in dry side
Product lubricated
bearings in wet side
Motor in sealed, nitrogen
purged housing
Materials comparable
with corrosive or
aggressive chemical
applications
FROM ETO TO CTO
Improving delivery, cost and quality by minimizing design variation
Characteristics of Traditional LNG
Engineer-to-Order (ETO) process
Complex end products
Every new product order is at least 20% new design
Strong customer oriented production
Project based manufacturing (Program Mgt)
Emphasis on customer service spare parts and
integrated product & process design (extreme
documentation standards)
Pre-Configured vs. Engineer-to-Order
Product Range Design Process
Coordinate the design of multiple design variants to
meet a variety of customer requirements
Advantages
Design work minimized
Production possibly done in batches
Higher manufacturing and performance test quality
Shorter Delivery Lead-Times
Hydraulic Range Design
For any given pump type, there is a certain
coverage range to meet the market requirements.
E.g. Q= 3 to 200 H=50 to 200 m

For efficient cost of design, testing, patterns,
manufacturing, spare parts and stocking, the range
should be covered with the fewest pump sizes
possible.

m
3
hr
Results
2 pole random wound
V/Hz ratio = 380 V/118 Hz
Lower power regions benefit from Wye
connection
Higher power regions require Delta
connection
Maximum efficiency: 87.7%
Maximum power factor: 90.9%

Implementation into production
6 lead motor, flexible Wye and Delta
connection
Y320 frame: 13.5
Stack Length: 13.0
Induction Motor Range Design

Material selection
Per API 610 11
th
ed. 6.7.2
Mating surfaces will have a difference of 50
in Brinell hardness

Impeller wear rings
Impeller: Cast aluminum AA-A356.0-T6
Wear Ring: SST 304

Bearing
Bearing: SST 440C
Liner: Nitronic 60

Shaft bushing
Diffuser Housing: Aluminum 6061 T6
Shaft: 15-5PH Type XM-12
Wear Ring Design
Design for Cryogenic Operation
Ambient criterion
Press fit at ambient
Operating temperature
LNG: -165 C
Differences in expansion coefficients cause
additional stress

Iterative fit calculation predicts stresses and
dimensions at operating temperature

Parts sized such that Von Mises stresses are below
yield values listed in ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel
code

Running clearances
Correspond to TEM analysis
Post assembly machining ensures runout
tolerances are met.

Inducer used to prevent cavitation at impeller eye
Inducer criterion
Flow = 1.8 x Rated Flow
Area ratio = 1.1 1.4
Inducer OD to inlet eye of impeller
Design criterion cannot be met with fixed geometry inducer
Fewest inducer variations
OD of inducer is trimmed to meet project requirements
Only 2 inducer designs for entire pump range
Inducer Design
Conclusion
As small to mid-scale LNG projects ramp up
throughout the world, the need for short lead-time
and low cost pumping equipment will increase as
well.
Without sacrificing quality or technological
advantages, Ebara International Corporation has
developed a new line of small to mid-scale LNG
pumps that meet the demanding delivery and cost
requirements of this new market.


QUESTIONS?