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NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS

Gulf House Engineering ARCHITECTURAL & ENGI NEERI NG CONSULTANCY


Architectural and Structural Specificati on








Date: J anuary 2010
Rev: 00











Gulf House Engineering
January 2010


07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION
Report Control Form

Document Title Novotel Al Dana Resort Towers
Architectural and Structural Specification
Client Name & Address


Al Jazeera Tourism Company
P.O. Box 11242
Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain
Tel.: 0097317311004
Fax.: 00973 17311447
aljazeeratc@novotel-bahrain.com

Document Reference Status &
Issue No.
00
Issue Date 11
th
J anuary 2010

Lead Author
Mr. Ara Simonian

11.01.10
(signature & date)
Reviewer


11.01.10
(signature & date
Project
Manager Approval

Mr. Ara Simonian

11.01.10
(signature & date)
Director Approval
Mr. Ahmed Bucheery

11.01.10
(signature & date)

Report Distribution Name No. of
Copies
Swiss Planning Group

PMT: Mr. Alun Isaac, Project Director
1
Gulf House Engineering

DMT: Mr. Ara Simonian, Project Director
1
FILE


GULF HOUSE ENGINEERING
P.O. Box 50900
Manama
Kingdom Of Bahrain
Tel. 00973 17822666
Fax. 00973 17820666
Email. info@ghe.com.bh



Gulf House Engineering
January 2010


07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION
















PARTICULAR S P E C I F I C A T I O N S



































Gulf House Engineering
January 2010


07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

PARTICULAR S P E C I F I C A T I O N S

C O N T E N T S
DIVISION DESCRIPTION
01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
02 00 00 EXISTING CONDITIONS
03 00 00 CONCRETE WORKS
03 01 00 POST TENSIONING WORKS
04 00 00 MASONRY
05 00 00 METAL WORKS
05 12 00 STRUCTURAL STEEL FRAMING
06 00 00 WOOD, PLASTICS, AND COMPOSITES
06 10 00 CARPENTRY
06 82 00 GRP SPECIFICATION
07 00 00 THERMAL AND MOISTURE PROTECTION
07 10 01 TOILET & KITCHEN PANTRY FLOOR WATERPROOFING
07 10 02 ROOF WATERPROOFING
07 11 00 DAMP PROOF MEMBRANE & OTHER PROTECTIVE SHEETS
07 20 00 THERMAL PROTECTION
07 44 53 GRC SPECIFICATION
07 61 13 METAL STANDING SEAM ROOFING
07 92 00 SEALANTS
08 00 00 OPENINGS
08 14 00 WOOODEN DOORS
08 13 16 ALUMINIUM DOORS
09 00 00 FINISHES
09 20 00 PLASTERING AND GYPSUM BOARD
09 30 00 TILING (Floor & Wall)
09 50 00 CEILINGS
09 64 23 PARAQUET FLOORING
09 90 00 PAINTING AND COATING
21 00 00 FIRE SUPPRESSION
31 00 00 EARTHWORK
31 31 16 TERMITE CONTROL
31 62 00 PILING WORKS
32 00 00 EXTERIOR IMPROVEMENTS

Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 1
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

DIVISION 01 00 00 - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS


01 10 00 SUMMARY

This specification is to be read in accordance with Contract and all other
project documents.

Contractor shall provide all plant, tools, and equipments, labour, supervision,
technical and professional services, materials and supply and shall perform
all operations required to construct, furnish and equip the "NATIONAL
ASSEMBLY OF BAHRAIN" with all support facilities and utilities and site works
as specified and shown on the drawings.


01 10 01 TEMPORARY FACILITIES AND UTILITIES

The Contractor shall furnish any required temporary offices, store sheds,
workshop, toilet facilities, temporary water, power, lights and sewer
provisions for the duration of the project to the satisfaction of the Engineer
or his nominated assistants. The Contractor shall be liable in co-ordination
with the local authorities as to its temporary facilities and he shall be
responsible for maintaining said utilities as long as needed for the safe and
proper completion of the work.


01 10 02 ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS

Design temperatures : 7 C (Winter)
& 52 C apparent temperature (Summer)


01 10 03 WORKMANSHIP

The Building shall be designed as a dwelling fit for human inhabitation with a
minimum life period of twenty five years in the climatic conditions of
Kingdom of Bahrain. The Contractor shall satisfy himself that all aspects of
design are adequate for the above purpose and shall as soon as he becomes
aware of any fault or omission in such design either before or during the
construction and maintenance of each works immediately inform the
Engineer or his nominated assistants direct in writing in order that any such
fault or omission may be duly examined and corrected by mutual agreement.

In addition the Contractor shall satisfy himself that all materials, products
and workmanship are of a sufficient standard to ensure a safe and habitable
human environment within the Building constructed in the Kingdom of
Bahrain.
Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 2
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

For this purpose the Contractor shall obtain from the manufacturer and
supplier of each material and product and shall submit for the approval of the
Engineer or his nominated assistants written details of the specification,
guaranteed and expected life in Kingdom of Bahrain and instructions for use
of each such material and product.

No material or product shall be purchased or used by the Contractor until the
above written details have been accepted in writing by the Engineer or his
nominated assistants.

In the event that any works may be subject to harsh environment hazards
the Contractor shall examine the effect of such hazards in the Building or any
part thereof and on any material or product used in the construction the
Building and shall inform the Engineer or his nominated assistants in writing
of any such effect prior to the commencement of construction or prior to the
purchase of such material or product.


01 10 04 INSPECTION

The Engineer or his nominated assistants shall at regular intervals or
whenever necessary inspect the works and perform tests or instruct the
performance of tests. The Engineer or his nominated assistants will ensure
that the works are in strict compliance with the project documents and
specification.


01 10 05 REGRESSIVE COLLAPSE

The Contractor is to ensure that all Designs are in accordance with BS 8110
with particular reference to Clause 2.2.2.1 (Structural stability) and is to
ensure that the requirements of this Clause are designed to, in that if a local
failure occurs for any reason, the collapse mechanism should be regressive
and not progressive and that the extent of the damage is not
disproportionate to the cause.


01 10 06 SUPPLEMENTAL DESIGNS AND DRAWINGS

In cases of item/s not mentioned in the Contract drawings and is specified in
the Contract specifications or vice versa, it shall be the responsibility of the
Contractor to design and produce all necessary drawings to suit the actual
field conditions or as the need calls for it. He shall submit these designs and
drawings to the Engineer or his nominated assistants for further evaluation
and approval.


Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 3
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

01 14 00 WORK RESTRICITONS

Do not use the site for any purpose other than carrying out the works.

No placards or advertisements shall be affixed to any temporary hoarding,
gantry scaffolding, Building or structure without the Engineer or his
nominated assistants specific written approval to their design and placing.
The right of advertisement upon hoarding, gantries etc. and upon the
Building is reserved to the Employer absolutely.

The Contractor shall provide sites for all offices, plant and workshops
necessary for the construction of the works.

Site Offices for the Engineer and his nominated assistants and the Contractor
shall be erected within a compound and the Contractor shall take all
necessary precautions to avoid storm water flooding within the compound
and accesses.

The Engineer and his nominated assistants office shall be erected and fully
equipped to the satisfaction of the Engineer or his nominated assistants
within the mobilisation period.

Within two weeks after the completion of the works, the whole area of the
compound shall be reinstated to its original condition and all rubbish and
refuse removed.

All Directives and Amiri decrees with regard to safety at Construction works
shall be strictly adhered to and regular safety audits conducted and reported
at the works by a qualified Safety officer to the approval of the Engineer or
his nominated assistants.

The Contractor shall establish a full pledge Health, Safety and Environment
Department to implement and monitor the Health, Safety and Environment
Management System and is subject to the approval of the Engineer or his
nominated assistants.


01 56 00 TEMPORARY BARRIER AND ENCLOSURES

PROTECTION

Adequately protect all parts of the works. Wherever work is of an especially
vulnerable nature or is exposed to abnormal risks provide special protection
to ensure that damage does not occur.



Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 4
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

SITE ADMINISTRATION AND SECURITY

Adequately safeguard the site, products, materials, plants the works, and
any existing Buildings affected by the works from damage and theft until the
completion of the project. Take all reasonable solution to prevent
unauthorized access to the site, the works and adjoining property.

STABILITY

Accept responsibility for the stability and structural integrity of the works
during the contract, and support as necessary. Prevent overloading. Details
of design loads may be obtained from the General Notes of Structural
drawings, from the Design Engineer or his nominated assistants.

PROTECT THE FOLLOWING:

a) EXISTING SERVICES:

1) Notify all service authorities of proposed works not less than one week
before commencing site operation. Diversion and/or relocation of
services, if to be provided by the Contractor, shall be in accordance
with the approval of concerned authority's standard regulations.

2) Before starting work check positions of existing services.

3) Observe local and/or service authority's recommendations for work
adjacent to existing services.

4) Adequately protect, uphold, maintain and prevent damage to all
services. Do not interfere with their operation without consent of the
service authorities or private owners, or the Engineer or his nominated
assistants as appropriate.

If any damage to services results from the execution of the works, notify
Project Manager and appropriate service authority. Make arrangements for
the work to be made good without delay to the satisfaction of the service
authority or private owner as appropriate.

Replace any marker tapes or protective covers disturbed during site
operations to the service authority's recommendations.

b) ROADS AND FOOTPATHS

Ensure that no damage beyond fair wear and tear is caused by the site traffic
of roads and footpaths outside boundaries. Adequately maintain approaches
to the site and keep clear of mud and debris.

Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 5
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

Upon completion of works, all roads, Building and foot paths in the vicinity of
site shall be restored/make good to Engineer or his nominated assistants
approval, to the extent shown by the Engineer or his nominated assistants.

c) ADJOINING PROPERTY:

Take all reasonable precautions to prevent damage to adjoining property.
Obtain permission as necessary from the owners of adjoining property if
required to erect scaffolding or any other use of the adjoining property, and
pay all charges. Clear away and make good on completion or when directed.

d) EXISTING STRUCTURES

Provide and maintain during the execution of the works all shoring,
strutting and other supports as may be necessary to preserve the
stability of existing structures on the site or adjoining, that may be
endangered, or affected by the works.



01 32 00 CONSTRUCTION PROGRESS DOCUMENTATION


01 32 16 CONSTRUCTION PROGRESS SCHEDULE

The Contractor shall along with the tender submission, issue a tender
programme, reflecting the major activities involved in the Project.

The Contractor shall, upon appointment to carry out the works, forthwith
prepare detailed program for the construction representing units of work, as
reference for assessment of work progress at all times. The Contractor shall
use CPM/PERT/Primavera or similar systems analysis techniques in planning,
scheduling and controlling the works.


01 32 19 SUBMITTAL SCHEDULES

The Contractor shall, upon appointment to carry out the works, forthwith
prepare and submit for the approval of the Engineer or his nominated
assistants a schedule listing the names and addresses of sub-contractors,
suppliers and manufacturers, the trademarks, types and origin of all
products, and systems he proposes to incorporate in the works, together with
all descriptions and specifications that may be required in this connection
before any appointments are made or orders are placed.



Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 6
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

01 33 23 SHOP DRAWINGS

The term 'Shop Drawings' as used herein shall also include: Manufacturer's
standard drawings descriptive literature, catalogues, brochures, performance
and test data, wiring and control diagrams and all other descriptive data
pertaining to materials, equipment and methods of construction. Catalogues,
pamphlets and the like shall be specific and identification of material or
equipment submitted shall be clearly made in ink. Data of a general nature
will not be accepted.

The Contractor shall prepare all shop and setting out drawings and schedules
required for the works. These submittals shall be checked and approved by
the Engineer or his nominated assistants and re-submit further copies until
approval has been granted by the Engineer or his nominated assistants. No
further changes are to be made to shop drawings unless instructed by the
Engineer or his nominated assistants, and no work shall be started nor has
material or equipment ordered until the Engineer or his nominated assistants
approved the shop drawings in writing. Shop drawings should be submitted
in four copies, re-submitted shop drawings should be also submitted in four
copies.

The shop drawings shall clearly be identified with the name of the project,
Contractor, supplier and the like, the date and signature of preparation and
the dates and signatures of all revisions. The shop drawings shall be
complete and show the design, dimensions. Materials used, finishes and all
other details, and information necessary, and shall also show adjoining work
and details of connections thereto.

The submission of all shop drawings and materials shall be built into the
program of works along with the approval of the said drawings and materials
allowing a minimum period of approval as required in the Contract.

The Contractor shall also check and verify all site measurements wherever
requested by other specialist Contractors to enable them to prepare their
own shop drawings and pass on the information with sufficient promptness
so as to not delay the works in any way. A copy of all the information passed
shall be given to the Engineer or his nominated assistants. The Contractor
shall submit to the Engineer or his nominated assistants for approval, shop
drawings showing the size and locations of all Building service penetration
through the Building structure and fabric. In addition, the Contractor shall at
all times, keep on site a separate set of prints on which shall be noted neatly,
accurately and promptly as the work progresses all significant changes
between the work shown on the drawings and that which is actually
constructed.



Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 7
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

01 33 26 QUALITY CONTROL

The Contractor shall ensure that the works are in strict compliance with the
Project Documents and specifications. The Contractor shall employ at site a
competent and experienced quality control engineer, who shall ensure
compliance of the works to specifications and who shall prepare and submit
prior to start of the work a quality control program for approval by the
Engineer or his nominated assistants. The Engineer or his nominated
assistants shall at regular intervals or whenever necessary inspect the works
and performs tests or instruct the performance of tests in accordance with
the stipulations of the Contract.



01 42 00 REFERENCES

01 42 13 ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS

The following words and expressions shall have the meanings hereby
assigned to them except where the context otherwise requires:

- ASTM. : American Society for Testing Materials.
- BS. : British Standards.
- DIN. : Deutcher Industries Normen (German Standards).
- SB. : Standards of Bahrain.
- NFPA. : National Fire Protection Association.
- UL : Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc.
- m3 : Cubic metre/s
- m : Metre/s
- nr : Number
- t : Tonne/s
- Kn : Kilo newton/s
- K/cal : Kilo calorie/s
- A : Ampere/s
- V : Volt/s
- DP : Double pole
- C : Core
- m2 : Square metre/s
- mm : Millimetre/s
- kg : Kilogramme/s
- n : Netwon/s
- g : Gauge
- BTU : British Thermal Unit/s
- W : Watt/s
- SP : Single Pole
- TPN : Triple Pole and Neutral

Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 8
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

01 42 16 DEFINITIONS

QUALITY-ASSURANCE SERVICES:

Activities, actions, and procedures performed before and during execution of
the Work to guard against defects and deficiencies and substantiate that
proposed construction will comply with requirements.

QUALITY-CONTROL SERVICES:

Tests, inspections, procedures, and related actions during and after
execution of the Work to evaluate that actual products incorporated into the
Work and completed construction comply with requirements. Services do not
include contract enforcement activities performed by Engineer.

MOCKUPS:

Full-size, physical assemblies that are constructed on-site. Mockups are used
to verify selections made under sample submittals, to demonstrate aesthetic
effects and, where indicated, qualities of materials and execution, and to
review construction, coordination, testing, or operation; they are not
Samples. Approved mockups establish the standard by which the Work will
be judged.

LABORATORY MOCKUPS:

Full-size, physical assemblies that are constructed at testing facility to verify
performance characteristics.

SAMPLE MOCKUP INSTALLATIONS:

Full-size, physical assemblies that are a section of the construction. Sample
Mockup Installations are used to verify selections made under sample
submittals, to demonstrate aesthetic effects and, where indicated, qualities
of materials and execution, and to review construction, coordination, testing,
or operation; they are not Samples. Approved mockup installations establish
the standard by which the Work will be judged, and may remain in place as
part of the completed construction.

PRECONSTRUCTION TESTING:

Tests and inspections that are performed specifically for the Project before
products and materials are incorporated into the Work to verify performance
or compliance with specified criteria.



Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 9
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

PRODUCT TESTING:

Tests and inspections that are performed by a testing agency qualified to
conduct product testing and acceptable to authorities having jurisdiction, to
establish product performance and compliance with industry standards.

SOURCE QUALITY-CONTROL TESTING:

Tests and inspections that are performed at the source.

FIELD QUALITY-CONTROL TESTING:

Tests and inspections that are performed on-site for installation of the Work
and for completed Work.

TESTING AGENCY:

An entity engaged to perform specific tests, inspections, or both. Testing
laboratory shall mean the same as testing agency.


01 45 00 QUALITY CONTROL & ASSURANCE

SUMMARY

A. This Section includes administrative and procedural requirements for
quality assurance and quality control.

B. Testing and inspecting services are required to verify compliance with
requirements specified or indicated. These services do not relieve
Contractor of responsibility for compliance with the Contract Document
requirements.

Specific quality-assurance and -control requirements for individual
construction activities are specified in the Sections that specify those
activities. Requirements in those Sections may also cover production
of standard products.

Specified tests, inspections, and related actions do not limit
Contractor's other quality-assurance and -control procedures that
facilitate compliance with the Contract Document requirements.

Requirements for Contractor to provide quality-assurance and -control
services required by Engineer, Employer or authorities having
jurisdiction are not limited by provisions of this Section.


Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 10
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

CONFLICTING REQUIREMENTS

General: If compliance with two or more standards is specified and the
standards establish different or conflicting requirements for minimum
quantities or quality levels, comply with the most stringent requirement.
Refer uncertainties and requirements that are different, but apparently equal,
to Engineer for a decision before proceeding.

Minimum Quantity or Quality Levels: The quantity or quality level shown or
specified shall be the minimum provided or performed. The actual installation
may comply exactly with the minimum quantity or quality specified, or it may
exceed the minimum within reasonable limits.

To comply with these requirements, indicated numeric values are minimum
or maximum, as appropriate, for the context of requirements. Refer
uncertainties to Engineer for a decision before proceeding.

SUBMITTALS

Qualification Data: For testing agencies specified in "Quality Assurance"
Article to demonstrate their capabilities and experience. Include proof of
qualifications in the form of a recent report on the inspection of the testing
agency by a recognized authority.

Schedule of Tests and Inspections: Prepare in tabular form and include the
following:

Specification Section number and title.
Description of test and inspection.
Identification of applicable standards.
Identification of test and inspection methods.
Number of tests and inspections required.
Time schedule or time span for tests and inspections.
Entity responsible for performing tests and inspections.
Requirements for obtaining samples.
Unique characteristics of each quality-control service.

Reports: Prepare and submit certified written reports that include the
following:

Date of issue.
Project title and number.
Name, address, and telephone number of testing agency.
Dates and locations of samples and tests or inspections.
Names of individuals making tests and inspections.
Description of the Work and test and inspection method.
Identification of product and Specification Section.
Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 11
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

Complete test or inspection data.
Test and inspection results and an interpretation of test results.
Record of temperature and weather conditions at time of sample taking and
testing and inspecting.
Comments or professional opinion on whether tested or inspected Work
complies with the Contract Document requirements.
Name and signature of laboratory inspector.
Recommendations on retesting and re-inspecting.

Permits, Licenses, and Certificates: For Employer's records, submit copies of
permits, licenses, certifications, inspection reports, releases, jurisdictional
settlements, notices, receipts for fee payments, judgments, correspondence,
records, and similar documents, established for compliance with standards
and regulations bearing on performance of the Work.

QUALITY ASSURANCE

General: Qualifications paragraphs in this Article establish the minimum
qualification levels required; individual Specification Sections specify
additional requirements.

Installer Qualifications: A firm or individual experienced in installing,
erecting, or assembling work similar in material, design, and extent to that
indicated for this Project, whose work has resulted in construction with a
record of successful in-service performance.

Manufacturer Qualifications: A firm experienced in manufacturing products or
systems similar to those indicated for this Project and with a record of
successful in-service performance, as well as sufficient production capacity to
produce required units.

Fabricator Qualifications: A firm experienced in producing products similar to
those indicated for this Project and with a record of successful in-service
performance, as well as sufficient production capacity to produce required
units.

Professional Engineer Qualifications: A professional engineer who is legally
qualified to practice in jurisdiction where Project is located and who is
experienced in providing engineering services of the kind indicated.
Engineering services are defined as those performed for installations of the
system, assembly, or products that are similar to those indicated for this
Project in material, design, and extent.

Specialists: Certain sections of the Specifications require that specific
construction activities shall be performed by entities that are recognized
experts in those operations. Specialists shall satisfy qualification
requirements indicated and shall be engaged for the activities indicated.
Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 12
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

Requirement for specialists shall not supersede building codes and
regulations governing the Work.

Testing Agency Qualifications: An independent agency with the experience
and capability to conduct testing and inspecting indicated, and with additional
qualifications specified in individual Sections; and where required by
authorities having jurisdiction, that is acceptable to authorities.

Factory-Authorized Service Representative Qualifications: An authorized
representative of manufacturer who is trained and approved by manufacturer
to inspect installation of manufacturer's products that are similar in material,
design, and extent to those indicated for this Project.

Preconstruction Testing: Where testing agency is indicated to perform
preconstruction testing for compliance with specified requirements for
performance and test methods, comply with the following:

Contractor responsibilities include the following:

Provide test specimens representative of proposed products and
construction.

Submit specimens in a timely manner with sufficient time for testing
and analyzing results to prevent delaying the Work.

Provide sizes and configurations of test assemblies, mockups, and
laboratory mockups to adequately demonstrate capability of products
to comply with performance requirements.

Build site-assembled test assemblies and mockups using installers who
will perform same tasks for Project.

Build laboratory mockups at testing facility using personnel, products,
and methods of construction indicated for the completed Work.

When testing is complete, remove test specimens, assemblies,
mockups, and laboratory mockups; do not reuse products on Project.
Testing Agency Responsibilities: Submit a certified written report of
each test, inspection, and similar quality-assurance service to Engineer
with copy to Contractor. Interpret tests and inspections and state in
each report whether tested and inspected work complies with or
deviates from the Contract Documents.

Mockups: Before installing portions of the Work requiring mockups, build
mockups for each form of construction and finish required to comply with the
following requirements, using materials indicated for the completed Work:


Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 13
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

Build mockups in location and of size indicated or, if not indicated, as
directed by Engineer.

Notify Engineer seven days in advance of dates and times when
mockups will be constructed.

Demonstrate the proposed range of aesthetic effects and
workmanship.

Obtain Engineers approval of mockups before starting work,
fabrication, or construction. Allow seven days for initial review and
each re-review of each mockup.

Maintain mockups during construction in an undisturbed condition as a
standard for judging the completed Work.

Demolish and remove mockups when directed, unless otherwise
indicated.

Sample Mock-Up Installations:

Scope: In advance of the completion of the rest of the Works, the following
parts of the building are to be prepared as complete samples of all finishes
and components that will be visible in the respective parts of the finished
Works. No part of the mock-up works may be incorporated into the finished
Works without the Engineers specific approval.

Programme: The sample sections of the Works are to be prepared as early as
possible in the Contract Period. Submit a programme for the preparation of
necessary working drawings, approvals, procurement, installation and
completion of the sample sections, demonstrating how such early preparation
is to be achieved, and submit the same for the Engineers approval.

Design and Drawings: The Contractor should allow for the design and
construction of temporary supports, frames or backgrounds which may be
necessary to complete the sample sections, and should prepare and submit
for the Engineers approval working drawings showing such supports, frames
or backgrounds and each necessary temporary adaptation of the permanent
works.

Other Samples: The requirement to prepare the sample section does not
relieve the Contractor of the requirements under separate Sections of the
Specification to provide samples, sample panels and mock ups, unless
specifically agreed otherwise in writing by the Engineer.



Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 14
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

QUALITY CONTROL

Unless otherwise indicated, provide quality-control services specified and
those required by authorities having jurisdiction. Perform quality-control
services required of Contractor by authorities having jurisdiction, whether
specified or not.

1. Where services are indicated as Contractor's responsibility, engage a
qualified testing agency to perform these quality-control services.

2. Notify testing agencies at least 24 hours in advance of time when Work
that requires testing or inspecting will be performed.

3. Where quality-control services are indicated as Contractor's responsibility,
submit a certified written report, in duplicate, of each quality-control service.

4. Testing and inspecting requested by Contractor and not required by the
Contract Documents are Contractor's responsibility.

5. Submit additional copies of each written report directly to authorities
having jurisdiction, when they so direct.

Manufacturer's Field Services: Where indicated, engage a factory-authorized
service representative to inspect field-assembled components and equipment
installation, including service connections. Report results in writing as
specified in Section "Submittal Procedures."

Retesting/Re-inspecting: Regardless of whether original tests or inspections
were Contractor's responsibility, provide quality-control services, including
retesting and re-inspecting, for construction that replaced Work that failed to
comply with the Contract Documents.

Testing Agency Responsibilities: Cooperate with Engineer and Contractor in
performance of duties. Provide qualified personnel to perform required tests
and inspections.

Notify Engineer and Contractor promptly of irregularities or deficiencies
observed in the work during performance of its services.

Determine the location from which test samples will be taken and in
which in-situ tests are conducted.

Conduct and interpret tests and inspections and state in each report
whether tested and inspected work complies with or deviates from
requirements.


Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 15
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

Submit a certified written report, in duplicate, of each test, inspection,
and similar quality- control service through Contractor.

Does not release, revoke, alter, or increase the Contract Document
requirements or approve or accept any portion of the Work.

Do not perform any duties of Contractor.

Associated Services: Cooperate with agencies performing required tests,
inspections, and similar quality-control services, and provide reasonable
auxiliary services as requested. Notify agency sufficiently in advance of
operations to permit assignment of personnel. Provide the following:

Access to the Work.

Incidental labor and facilities necessary to facilitate tests and
inspections.

Adequate quantities of representative samples of materials that
require testing and inspecting. Assist agency in obtaining samples.

Facilities for storage and field curing of test samples.

Delivery of samples to testing agencies.

Preliminary design mix proposed for use for material mixes that
require control by testing agency.

Security and protection for samples and for testing and inspecting
equipment at Project site.

Coordination: Coordinate sequence of activities to accommodate required
quality-assurance and control services with a minimum of delay and to avoid
necessity of removing and replacing construction to accommodate testing
and inspecting.

Schedule times for tests, inspections, obtaining samples, and similar
activities.

Schedule of Tests and Inspections: Prepare a schedule of tests, inspections,
and similar quality control services required by the Contract Documents

Distribution: Distribute schedule to Employer, Engineer testing agencies, and
each party involved in performance of portions of the Work where tests and
inspections are required.


Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 16
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION
SPECIAL TESTS AND INSPECTIONS

Special Tests and Inspections: Employer will engage a qualified testing
agency to conduct special tests and inspections required by authorities
having jurisdiction as the responsibility of Employer, and as follows:

Verifying that manufacturer maintains detailed fabrication and quality-
control procedures and reviewing the completeness and adequacy of
those procedures to perform the Work.

Notifying Engineer and Contractor promptly of irregularities and
deficiencies observed in the Work during performance of its services.

Submitting a certified written report of each test, inspection, and
similar quality-control service to Engineer with copy to contractor and
to authorities having jurisdiction.

Submitting a final report of special tests and inspections at Substantial
Completion, which includes a list of unresolved deficiencies.

Interpreting tests and inspections and stating in each report whether
tested and inspected work complies with or deviates from the Contract
Documents.

Retesting and re-inspecting corrected work.


EXECUTION

ACCEPTABLE TESTING AGENCIES

Engineers approval required for each proposed testing agency, prior to the
carrying-out of tests.

TEST AND INSPECTION LOG

A. Prepare a record of tests and inspections. Include the following:
1. Data test or inspection was conducted.
2. Description of the Work tested or inspected.
3. Date test or inspection results were transmitted to Engineer.
4. Identification of testing agency or special inspector conducting test or
inspection.

B. Maintain log at Project site. Post changes and modifications as they occur.
Provide access to test and inspection log for Engineer reference during
normal working hours.


Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 17
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION
REPAIR AND PROTECTION

A. General: On completion of testing, inspecting, sample taking, and
similar services, repair damaged construction and restore
substrates and finishes.

Provide materials and comply with installation requirements
specified in other Specification Sections. Restore patched areas
and extend restoration into adjoining areas with durable seams
that are as invisible as possible.

Comply with the Contract Document requirements for Section
"Cutting and Patching."

B. Protect construction exposed by or for quality-control service
activities.

C. Repair and protection are Contractor's responsibility, regardless of
the assignment of responsibility for quality-control services.


01 50 00 TEMPORARY FACITILITES AND CONTROL


01 50 01 TEMPORARY UTILITIES

The Contractor shall be responsible for obtaining all the necessary permits
and approvals from the local official authorities for the utilization of all the
temporary utilities and construction facilities on site according to the
applicable rules and at his expense.


01 52 00 TEMPORARY CONSTRCUTION

GENERAL:

a) The contractor shall provide, maintain and keep clean temporary
site offices with all associated equipment and services for the
exclusive use of Engineer and his nominated assistants (The
Project Managers and the Supervision consultant) and his staff
from commencement until completion of the whole works.

b) The temporary site offices shall be new prefabricated units or
some other form of weather proof design and construction to
the approval of the Engineer or his nominated assistants.



Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 18
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION
c) The offices shall have full partitions and all shall have individual
entrance doors and the room sizes shall be as shown in the
attached schedule of offices.

d) The offices shall be air-conditioned with the exception of toilets
and, shower room.

e) The Contractor may either arrange for a temporary main power
supply to the offices or maintain adequate generating units. All
electricity, water, bills shall be borne and paid by the
Contractor.

f) Adequate fitted hardware, electrical switches, sockets, lighting
and plumbing fitting, sanitary ware fittings and fixtures etc.
shall be provided as necessary for the different areas.

g) Corridors and entrance areas shall be additional to the office
sizes.

h) The electrical installation shall provide for simultaneous use of
all electrical appliances and the Contractor shall ensure an
uninterrupted supply of gas, water and electricity to the offices
for the duration of the contract.

The Contractor shall arrange for a temporary main water supply and
temporary drainage connections and all bills shall be paid for by the
Contractor.

SITE OFFICE FOR THE ENGINEER AND HIS NOMINATED ASSISTANTS:

The site offices for the Engineer and his nominated assistants shall be
available in full working order within 14 days of the order to commence and
shall remain so until 28 days after the time of completion / as per the
contract terms and conditions.

The Contractor shall retain on site or make available to the Engineer and his
nominated assistants all codes and standards referred to in the
specifications/drawings.


CONTRACTORS ACCOMMODATION

The Contractor to furnish the accommodation requirements and facilities to
his manpower in his own expense.




Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 19
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION
01 52 19 SANITARY FACILITIES

Toilets, showers and washing facilities shall be provided and maintained on
site or as directed by the Engineer or his nominated assistants. Toilets shall
be individually partitioned and the enclosures provided with lockable doors.

WASTE DISPOSAL

The Contractor shall make such temporary provisions as may be required in
order to dispose of any chemicals, fuels, oils, greases, bituminous materials,
waste and soil waste and the like without causing pollution to either the site
or the environment. Disposal of any materials, wastes effluent, garbage, oil
grease, chemicals and the like shall be in areas specified by the connected
local authority (Municipality) proposed by the Contractor and subject to the
approval of the Engineer or his nominated assistants .

If any waste material is dumped in unauthorized areas, the Contractor shall
remove the material and restore the area to the condition of the adjacent
undisturbed area. If necessary, contaminated ground shall be excavated,
disposed of as directed by the Engineer or his nominated assistants and
replaced with suitable fill material, compacted and finished with topsoil.


01 52 16 FIRST AID FACILITIES

The Contractor shall provide adequate first aid facilities.

01 51 13 TEMPORARY ELECTRICITY

The Contractor shall make all necessary arrangements for a temporary
electrical service, pay all expenses in connection with the installation,
operation and removal thereof and pay the costs of electricity consumed by
all trades. All temporary electrical power shall be as per EDD regulations for
construction power supply.

In the event the site cannot be connected to a local electricity network or
where the available power is insufficient, the Contractor has to make his own
temporary provision and maintain such temporary installation until the
required tests (including fill load test) are conducted.

The temporary lighting systems shall be furnished, installed and maintained
by the Contractor as required to satisfy the minimum requirements for safety
and security. The temporary lighting systems shall afford adequate general
illumination to all Building areas. Adequate outdoor lighting shall be provided
to illuminate staging, trenches and the like to the satisfaction of the Engineer
or his nominated assistants, and general illumination throughout adequate
for watchmen and emergency personnel.

Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 20
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION
Temporary equipment and wiring for power and lighting shall be in
accordance with the applicable provision of governing codes. Temporary
wiring shall be maintained in a safe manner and utilized so as not to
constitute a hazard to persons or property.

When the permanent electrical power and lighting systems are in an
operating condition, they may be used for temporary power and lighting for
construction purposes, provided that the Contractor obtains the written
approval of the Engineer or his nominated assistants and assumes full
responsibility for the entire power and lighting systems, and pays all costs for
operation and maintenance of the systems.



01 51 16 TEMPORARY FIRE PROTECTION

The Contractor shall provide and maintain adequate fire protection in the
form of barrels of water with buckets, fire bucket tanks, fire extinguishers, or
other effective means of extinguishing fire, ready for instant use distributed
around the project and in and about temporary inflammable structures
during construction of the works.

Gasoline and other flammable liquids shall be stored in and dispensed from
safety containers approved by the Engineer or his nominated assistants and
storage shall not be within Building.

Torch-cutting and welding operations performed by the Contractor shall have
the approval of the Engineer or his nominated assistants before such work is
started and a chemical extinguisher is to be available at the location where
such work is in progress.

The Contractor shall follow the instruction and specifications of the Civil
Defense Department.



01 51 36 TEMPORARY WATER

The Contractor shall supply in sufficient quantity all necessary potable and
other water for construction purposes for all trades at a point within a
reasonable distance of any Building being constructed. He shall make
arrangements and pay charges for water service installation maintenance
and removal thereof, and pay the costs of water for all trades.





Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 21
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION
01 54 00 CONSTRUCTION AIDS

01 54 13 CONSTRUCTION ELEVATORS AND HOIST

The Contractor shall provide, install, maintain and remove material and
personnel hoist as required for normal use by all trades and employ only
skilled operators for them. He shall provide necessary guards, signals,
protective facilities, safety devices and the like required for safe operation,
provide suitable runways from hoists to each floor level and roof, and remove
all such facilities after they have served their purpose or when directed by
the Engineer or his nominated assistants.

The Contractor shall also provide and maintain all temporary ladders, ramps,
runways, chutes, derricks, stairs, and similar items required for the proper
execution of the work and permit the use of such facilities by other
Contractors, sub-contractors or trades. Hoists or chutes shall be so
constructed as to prevent damage, staining or marking of permanent work.

No materials, rubbish or debris shall be permitted to drop free, but shall be
removed by use of material hoist and/or fully enclosed rubbish chute.
Temporary support system to protect against accidental fall of debris shall be
provided at each floor level.

Where required, openings in slabs, walls and partitions shall be provided for
installing large pieces of equipment. The openings shall be closed and/or
made good and finished after the equipment is in place. Structural
modification, if required, shall be subject to prior approval by the Engineer or
his nominated assistants.


01 54 23 STAGING AND SCAFFOLDING

The Contractor shall provide, erect and maintain all staging and scaffolding
(exterior and interior) for all trades for their use during the construction of
the Building. Staging and scaffolding shall be of approved design, erected
and removed by experienced stage builders and shall have all accident
prevention devices required by Government Laws.

Such staging and scaffolding shall be erected in sufficient time and in a
proper sequence so as not to delay the works. Subcontractors shall schedule
and commence their work so that Building progress is not delayed or
obstructed once staging and scaffolding becomes available.

The above facilities viz. Construction Elevators and Hoist and Staging and
Scaffolding, shall be constructed and maintained in accordance with the
applicable requirements of Government Authorities and designed to comply
with the Standards and/or statically proven methods.

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January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 22
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION
01 56 00 TEMPORARY BARRIERS AND ENCLOSURES

a) TEMPORARY COVERINGS

The Contractor shall provide dust sheets, barriers, guard rails, and
wherever practical, leave on fittings their protective tapes, covering,
wrapping, corner protectors and the like, after they have been
installed until all works in the area where such fitting has been
installed, have been completed.

b) SURFACES AND FINISHES PROTECTION

The Contractor shall protect finished surfaces, including jambs and
soffit of openings used as passageway or through which materials are
handled, against possible damage resulting from the conduct of work
by trades.

Adequate protective material shall be laid under all materials stored on
finished surfaces and shall be laid before moving material over finished
areas, wheel-borrows used over such areas shall have rubber type
wheels.

Finished surfaces, including factory finished and job-finished items
shall be clean and not marked upon handing over of the Buildings to
the Owner.

The Contractor shall without extra compensation, re-finish such spaces
where surfaces were proved to have been inadequately protected, and
which are damaged.

As soon as an area of flooring is finished, it shall be protected by the
Contractor from dirt and damage by covering as necessary with
polythene & gypsum or by another approved method.

Waterproofed and roof surfaces shall neither be subjected to traffic,
nor be used for storage of materials. Where some activity must take
place in order to carry out the work, adequate protection, shall be
provided.


01 66 00 PRODUCTS, MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT

All items shall be at the best quality normally used for the purpose of good
commercial practice and shall be the product of reputable manufacturers.




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January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 23
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION
a) PRODUCTS

Products shall be unused and include all materials, components, units,
accessories, equipment, fixtures and the like required for the execution of
the work and shall be of the best quality of their respective kinds. Those
products for which a standard is stated shall comply therewith.

b) MATERIALS

All materials required for the work shall be new, unused, of perfect stock and
shall be so elected for proper and intended use.

c) EQUIPMENT

Each component of equipment shall have the manufacturer's name, address
and catalogue number on a nameplate securely affixed in a conspicuous
position. The nameplate of a distribution agent only shall not be accepted.

d) DELIVERY

Other than bulk materials which shall be delivered in appropriate containers,
all products shall be delivered in suitable unopened containers, bags,
bundles, packets or other standard packaging which is designed to protect
the products from any damage during transit from the place of manufacture
to the site.

Deliveries shall be made to suit the agreed construction programme, and any
special handling or storage requirements shall be carried out in accordance
with the manufacturer's written conditions. Particular care shall be taken to
ensure that no damage is caused by climatic or atmospheric conditions
during transportation. All deliveries shall be identified with the name, type
and grade of material and properly marked for the site along with the any
other specified or requested classification.

e) INSPECTION OF PRODUCTS AND MATERIALS

All products, materials and equipment shall be inspected before incorporation
in the works in regard to their compliance with the Project Documents and
with the approved samples. Any item which is found to be unacceptable shall
be rejected and shall be replaced accordingly without any delay to the time
schedule of the project. The approval or objection of the Engineer or his
nominated assistants shall in no way detract from the Contractor's
responsibility.





Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 24
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION
f) STORAGE

Materials and products shall be stored in an approved manner to avoid
damage and contact with contaminated substances or surfaces. Perishable
materials shall not be exposed to damaging elements. Storage
accommodation shall be approved by the Engineer or his nominated
assistants and access for inspection and identification of deliveries and
samples for testing shall be available to the Engineer or his nominated
assistants at all times.

g) ALTERNATIVE PRODUCTS

If the Contractor proposes to use a product, which while suitable for the
intended use deviates in any way from the detailed requirements of the
Project Documents, he shall inform the Engineer or his nominated assistants
in writing of the nature of such deviations at the time the product is
submitted for approval and shall request a written approval of the deviation
in accordance with the stipulations of the Contract.

Any additional costs, or any loss or damage arising from the substitution of
any product or method for those originally specified shall be borne by the
Contractor, notwithstanding approval or acceptability of such substitution by
the Engineer or his nominated assistants. If substitutions are accepted, the
Contractor shall have responsibility of co-ordination with all other work, to
ensure compatibility and fit.

If any name of firm or propriety brands or articles are inserted in these
specification they should be read as an indication of the class or quality of
materials and workmanship required, but do not preclude the use of other
materials which are equal in quality, performance and appearance to that
specified.

Should the contractor wish to obtain the materials from firms or sources
other than those specified, prior approval in writing of every item must be
obtained from the Engineer or his nominated assistants. Should this approval
not be given the contractor shall be required to provide the specified articles
or materials at no extra cost to the Owner.

h) PRIORITY TO THE KINGDOM OF BAHRAIN

The Contractor shall give priority to products manufactured in the Kingdom
of Bahrain which fulfill the purpose and comply with the specifications. For
products which are not manufactured locally preference shall be given to
local agents over those which have no local agent.




Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 25
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION
i) GUARANTEES

Where special guarantees for periods exceeding the period of Maintenance as
required by the Project Documents, the Contractor shall obtain a written
guarantee, addressed to Owner, from the manufacturer of firm supplying the
materials, equipment, components and the like and/or doing the work and
shall deliver same to Engineer or his nominated assistants at preliminary
handing-over. The guarantee shall state that workmanship, materials,
equipment, components and the like and/or installation are guaranteed for
the specified period from the date of final handing-over of the project and
that any defects that may arise during the specified period will remain the
Contractor's responsibility and shall be made good at the expense of the
guarantor, upon written notice from the Engineer or his nominated assistants
to do so.

j) SAMPLES

The Contractor shall furnish for approval, with reasonable promptness, all
samples as specified or directed by the Engineer or his nominated assistants
and in particular samples of all internal and external finishes described in the
Project Documents. The Engineer or his nominated assistants shall check and
approve such samples with reasonable promptness for conformance with the
design concept of the works and for compliance with the information given in
the Project Documents. One approved sample will be retained by the
Engineer or his nominated assistants and the remainder returned to the
Contractor. All works shall be done in accordance with the approved samples.

Samples shall be of adequate size to permit evaluation of the material by the
Engineer or his nominated assistants, where variations in colour, texture,
dimensions or other characteristics are to be expected, the Contractor shall
submit samples showing the maximum range of variations. Products
exceeding an acceptable range of variation of the approved samples shall be
rejected by the Engineer or his nominated assistants and replaced by the
Contractor.

Samples shall be furnished so as not to delay fabrication, allowing the
Engineer or his nominated assistants reasonable time, for consideration of
the sample submitted.

k) CERTIFICATES AND TEST REPORTS

The Contractor shall present to the Engineer or his nominated assistants
prior to delivery, certificates confirming that the quality of products to be
supplied by a particular manufacturer or company for incorporation in the
works complies with standards as required in Project Documents.



Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

01 00 00 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 26
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION
The Contractor shall bear the costs or any of the following tests:

a) Those clearly specified in the Contract.
b) Tests mentioned in the Specifications.
c) Those involving load testing or tests to meet specification
requirements.


01 70 00 CONTRACT CLOSE-OUT

Upon completion of the works the Contractor shall restore all items covered
by the Contract to the satisfaction of the Engineer or his nominated
assistants.

Care shall be taken not to use any cleaning materials which may cause
damage to the surface to be cleaned. The Contractor shall also take all
necessary precautions to keep the works and site free from vermin during
construction and he shall leave the works vermin free on completion.


01 78 23 AS-BUILT DRAWINGS, O & M MANUALS & GUARANTEES

The Contractor shall, at all times, keep on site, a copy of all drawings and
specifications, addenda, variation orders, approved shop drawings and
approved samples together with copies of all Building, mechanical, electrical
and public safety codes and relevant standards applicable to the works. All
such material shall be made available to the Engineer or his nominated
assistants.

The mechanical and electrical subcontractors shall each keep on site, at all
times, a separate set of prints of the drawings showing their parts of the
work, on which shall be noted, neatly, accurately and promptly as work
progresses, the exact physical location and configuration of the works as
actually installed, including any revision or deviations from the Project
Documents.

At the completion of the work, the Contractor shall, at his expense, supply
the Engineer or his nominated assistants with reproducible copies (4 sets) of
As Built drawings along with soft copies including O&M Manuals and
Guarantees.

The Contractor and the sub-contractors shall prepare these reproducible
copies neatly and legibly, so as to show clearly the way in which the work
was actually constructed. The Contractor shall provide, in the same format as
the original drawings, any additional sheets required to record the work.


Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

03 00 00 EXISTING CONDITIONS 27
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

02 00 00 EXISTING CONDITIONS

To be read in conjunction with Preliminaries and General Specifications.

02 06 00 SCHEDUELES OF EXISTING CONDITIONS


SITE INVESTIGATION:

It is the contractor's responsibility to determine soil conditions within the site
boundary. No claims will be entertained on the grounds of the contractor
failing to verify the actual ground conditions.

EXISTING SERVICES:

Make all necessary enquiries to locate and protect existing services when
working on any part of the site.

UNDERGROWTH:

Clear site of bushes, scrubs and undergrowth. Grub up and dispose of large
roots. Remove and dispose of all soil containing vegetable matter.

MATERIAL ARISING:

The excavation and surplus earth and other materials obtained from the site,
shall remain to be the property of the Client other than that used for filling at
the site, unless the Contractor:-

i) Is instructed to remove them from the site or,

ii) Purchases them at a price to be agreed.

ADJACENT EXCAVATIONS:

Underground services must be set out so that their excavations do not
encroach below a line drawn at an angle of 45 degrees from the horizontal
from the nearest lower edge of Building foundations. If this condition cannot
be met, obtain instructions before proceeding.

Where an excavation encroaches below a line drawn at an angle of 45
degrees from the horizontal from the nearest formation level of another
higher excavation, all work within that zone including backfilling must be
completed before the higher excavation is made.



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January 2010

03 00 00 EXISTING CONDITIONS 28
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

EXCAVATED FORMATION:

Excavated formations are to be inspected by Engineer or his nominated
assistants before new work is laid on them.

Give Engineer or his nominated assistants not less than 24 hours notice of
when excavations will be ready for inspection. If, after inspection, surfaces
become unsuitable due to water or other causes, excavate further and
backfill with approved material all at the contractor's own expense. Place
concrete or other fill as soon as possible after inspection to prevent
deterioration due to water or other causes.

Trim excavation to required profiles and levels. Remove all loose material.

EARTHWORK SUPPORT:
The Contractor shall allow for upholding the sides of excavations, and submit
proposed method of support to the approval of the Engineer or his nominated
assistants.

The Contractor shall furnish, put in place and maintain such sheetings,
bracings etc. as may be necessary to support the sides of the excavation and
to prevent any movement of earth which could in any way diminish the width
of the excavation to less than that necessary for proper construction, or
could otherwise injure or delay the work, or endanger adjacent structures.

DE-WATERING:
i) Refer soil investigation report for ground water table level. The
contractor has therefore to include in his price all expenses incurred in
de-watering the site and keeping the excavated area dry and workable
at all times during the progress of works until such a time as the
structure, waterproofing and backfill is at a height to be unaffected by
ground water from whatever source.

ii) Keep and maintain ground water table at least 500mm below the
deepest point of excavation.

iii) Do not disturb materials in and also around excavation while pumping.

iv) Obtain approval of location of any sumps and fill with approved
materials when no longer required.

Permanent drainage system is not to be used for disposal of water from
excavations without approval from relevant Authorities. De-watering method
and method of statement to be submitted to the Engineer or his nominated
assistants for approval with appropriate calculation if requested by the
Engineer or his nominated assistants.

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January 2010

03 00 00 CONCRETE WORKS 29
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

03 00 00 CONCRETE WORKS

GENERAL

a) All materials and workmanship shall comply with the relevant British
Standard or Code of Practice except as amended herein and should
apply equally to insitu and precast concrete.

b) The Contractor shall submit to the Engineer or his nominated
assistants samples of all materials proposed to be used for the works,
together with a list of suppliers to be employed. The Engineer or his
nominated assistants consent in writing shall be obtained to all such
samples and sources of supply before concreting work is put in hand.
No changes shall subsequently be made without the Engineer's
approval. The Engineer or his nominated assistants shall have access
to all sources of supply for the purpose of inspecting and taking
samples.

c) Concrete mixes indicated assume no adverse ground conditions or
impure constituents in the concrete. All relevant tests shall be carried
out prior to construction and the results presented to the Engineer or
his nominated assistants for approval. Precautions shall be taken
where necessary under a further specification prior to any works
proceeding.

The Contractor shall produce all shop drawings and schedules as
required by the Engineer, completion of the works and record drawings
of the as built works, all to be submitted for the Engineer or his
nominated assistants Approval.

d) The Contractor shall submit to the Engineer or his nominated
assistants, detailed bar bending schedules, details of construction
joints and proposed location, design and details of form work and
scaffolding and details of measures of protecting adjacent structures
during execution.

MATERIALS

a) CEMENT

All cement for work above ground slab level shall be 'Ordinary Portland
Cement' of an approved brand and complying with BS 12 or ASTM-C150-
Type I. All cement for work below ground level or in contact with soil shall be
'Sulphate Resistant Portland Cement' complying with BS 4027 or ASTM-
C150-Type V and shall be of a brand approved by the Engineer or his
nominated assistants.

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January 2010

03 00 00 CONCRETE WORKS 30
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

In addition all cement used in the works shall be low alkali cement containing
less than 0.6% alkali (expressed as Na20 + 0.658 K20). Cement shall be
delivered in manufacturer's sealed branded bags or barrels each consignment
accompanied by the manufacturer's test certificates. Damaged bags or barrel
and any cement the Engineer or his nominated assistants considers
unsatisfactory shall be rejected.

Each bag shall be used on the day of opening. Bags opened on the previous
day shall be rejected. All rejected cement including that which has become
affected by damp conditions is to be removed from site immediately.

All cement shall be stored in a suitable weatherproof Building or silo. Bagged
cement is to be stored off the ground and it shall be used up in the order in
which it is delivered to site.

Different grades of cements shall be stored in separate areas. Cement
temperature shall not exceed 35 Degree C when used.

Cement shall not be used after 6 months from its manufacture date or after
it has been held in store for 3 months, unless it is tested and satisfies the
relevant BS or ASTM Standard. Each re-test certificate shall be valid for a
period of 6 months.

Each consignment of cement delivered to the site must be accompanied by a
certificate showing the place and date of manufacture and the results of
standard tests carried out on the bulk supply from which the cement was
obtained.

Notwithstanding the above requirements and tests the Engineer or his
nominated assistants may reject any cement which in his opinion is
unsatisfactory for any reason whatsoever.

b) AGGREGATE GENERALLY

Aggregate for concrete shall comply with BS 882 except as amended herein.
The aggregates used in any concrete mix shall not cause damage or
weakening of the concrete and shall be thoroughly washed in an approved
washing plant and be clean and free from deleterious material.

c) COARSE AGGREGATES

Coarse aggregates for concrete shall be crushed, hard, durable stone with at
least 90% of the particles having one or more fractured faces and free of soft
substances or vegetable matter.



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January 2010

03 00 00 CONCRETE WORKS 31
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

The maximum permitted content of chlorides and sulphates are 0.05% by
weight of aggregate (as acid soluble C1) and 0.4% by weight of aggregate
(as acid soluble SO3) respectively. The Flakiness Index shall not exceed
30%.

Coarse aggregate shall contain less than 1% by weight of friable particles.
Unless otherwise approved by the Engineer coarse aggregate for use in all
grades of concrete shall be provided for batching as single sized aggregate of
20mm and 10mm nominal size proportioned in such ratio as to give a
uniform graduation.

d) FINE AGGREGATES

Sand for concrete shall comply with BS 882. For site-mixed concrete it shall
have a grading within the limits of grading M. It shall be washed sand and
shall not contain more than 5% voided shells and free of soft substances or
vegetable matter.

The maximum permitted concentration of chlorides and sulphates expressed
as percentage by weight of dry sand are 0.10% (as acid soluble C1) and
0.4% (as acid soluble S03) respectively. The blending of crushed stone fines
may be permitted provided that the blended product meets all the
requirements for fine aggregate.

e) STORAGE OF AGGREGATES

Aggregates shall be stored and handled only on approved impervious free
draining platforms with concrete block walls separating different grades and
a concrete base shall be provided for all storage areas. Stockpiles shall be
built-in 1.50m (maximum) layers and segregation of the aggregates
prevented. All aggregates which have become segregated shall be removed.
All aggregates stored on site shall be covered with approved shading devices
against direct sunlight until required for mixing. Aggregates which have
become contaminated whilst stored on site shall be removed. Aggregates
may be sprayed with clean cold water complying with Clause 3.7b prior to
mixing.

f) WATER

Water for use in concrete and mortar mixing and curing shall be obtained
from an approved source and shall be of such a quality as not to affect (1)
the setting time, strength and durability of the concrete or mortar (2) the
appearance of hardened concrete or mortar by discoloration of efflorescence
and (3) the reinforcement at any age of the concrete or mortar.Water shall
be clean, demineralised, blended or unblended, with a pH between 6.5 and
8.0 and shall be tested in accordance with BS 3148. The following limits shall
not be exceeded.
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Total dissolved solids (TDS) not greater than 2000 ppm.
Suspended solids (TDS) not greater than 2000 ppm.
Chloride as Na C1 (TDS) not greater than 800 ppm.
Chloride as C1 (TDS) not greater than 500 ppm.
Sulphates as SO3 (TDS) not greater than 1000 ppm.
Alkali HCO3/Co3 (TDS) not greater than 1000 ppm.

Water shall be as cold as possible and stored in approved, clean, covered
containers painted white which are protected from sun, wind and dust and
from contamination by any other source. Pipe work for water shall, wherever
possible, be protected from the sun and insulated. Crushed ice may be used
but with the strict supervision of the Engineer or his nominated assistants
only.

g) REMOVAL OF REJECTED MATERIALS FROM SITE

Materials rejected by the Engineer or his nominated assistants shall be
removed from site within 48 hours of written notice of such rejection.

h) ADMIXTURES

1. Admixtures may only be used with the prior approval in writing of the
Engineer or his nominated assistants.

2. Approved admixtures shall be used in accordance with the
manufacturer's recommendations, shall be dispensed by approved
equipment which provides a visible means of checking each dose, and
shall comply with the relevant British Standards.

3. The proposed dosages, the manufacturer's technical information and
the results of trial mixes shall be submitted to the Engineer or his
nominated assistants before approval is given.

4. When more than one admixture is to be used in a concrete, the
compatibility of the various admixtures shall have been ascertained by
standard tests and certified by the manufacturer(s).

5. No admixture containing calcium chloride shall be used in any way
whatsoever.








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REINFORCING STEEL

1. Reinforcement shall comply with the requirements of B.S. 4449, "Hot
rolled steel bars for the reinforcement of concrete", B.S.4461 "Cold
worked steel bars for the reinforcement of concrete", ASTM A615 OR
B.S. 4483 "Steel mesh fabric". High tensile bars shall be round
deformed bars or equivalent. Reinforcement shall be cut and bent in
accordance with B.S. 4466.

2. All reinforcement shall be clean and free from materials that may cause
corrosion of the reinforcement or the disintegration of the concrete and
from pitting, loose rust, mill scale, paint, oil, grease and other material
that may impair the bond between the concrete and the reinforcement.

3. Sheets of mesh fabric shall be flat unless specified as bent and any
tendency to curve or twist shall be corrected by the Contractor before
fixing. Mesh fabric shall not be supplied in rolls.

4. The Contractor shall furnish the Engineer or his nominated assistants
with manufacturer's certificates for the reinforcing steel intended for
use, including test results of the physical and chemical properties as
required in the relevant standard, all prior to use in the works.

5. Reinforcement shall be stored on properly constructed racks at least
150mm above ground level. The storage, cutting and bending of steel
reinforcement shall be carried out under cover on an approved, free
draining concrete platform. The method of storing shall be such as to
prevent contamination or damage by weather or accident. All steel
reinforcement shall be protected from humidity and salt laden dews
when stored.

WORKMANSHIP

a) REINFORCEMENT

1. Dirt, rust, concrete, scale, paint, oil, grease, salts etc. shall be
removed from the reinforcement by sand blasting or other approved
technique.

2. Reinforcement shall be bent when cold by hand or by using an
approved hand or power operated bending machine. When bending,
the reinforcement should be subjected to a constant even load and not
an impact load.

3. Welding of reinforcement will only be allowed with the specific written
permission of the Engineer or his nominated assistants.

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4. Bar types, sizes and placement shall be shown on the drawings.
Bending dimensions shall be in accordance with B.S. 4466.

b) FIXING REINFORCEMENT

1. Bars in contact shall be firmly secured to each other with approved
binding wire or proprietary clips of a type approved by the Engineer or
his nominated assistants. Binding wire shall be 16 - 18 gauge soft iron
wire free from rust or other contaminants. The reinforcement shall be
fixed accurately in position so that the reinforcement is in the correct
position in relation to the formwork to give the specified concrete
cover. The reinforcement shall be fixed securely in position so that it
will not be displaced during the passage of Contractor's traffic, the
placing and compaction of the concrete or any related operations.

2. The correct cover shall be maintained by the use of plastic spacers or
other approved means. If approved for use, concrete spacing blocks
shall be machine pressed or, if manufactured on site, shall be made
from a mix of one part cement and two parts of sand. Site
manufactured blocks shall be well compacted and water cured for a
minimum of 7 days after casting and shall have a 10 minute
absorption of less than 3.2%. Concrete spacers shall be comparable in
strength, durability and appearance to the surrounding concrete. Any
wire cast into the spacer blocks shall be positioned well away from the
exposed surface and shall be galvanized.

Spacers fixed to parallel reinforcement bars shall not be located in a
line across a section. Timber, stone or metal spacers will not be
permitted.

3. The top reinforcement in slabs shall be rigidly supported by mild steel
chairs from the bottom reinforcement. Plastic coated or galvanized
steel chairs shall be used where in contact with exposed concrete
surfaces. Chair spacing shall be at 1.5m centres in both directions or
less if required for working loads.

4. Starter bars to columns and walls must be securely fixed to the
reinforcement in the parent concrete and accurately located to
maintain the specified cover. Reinforcement embedded in hardened
concrete shall not be bent.

5. Reinforcement cages assembled before fixing shall be protected
against the weather and shall be stored and transported carefully so
that no distortion or contamination may occur.



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6. Concrete shall be placed within 1 day of fixing reinforcement and the
reinforcement shall be protected with plastic sheeting or tarpaulins in
the interim period.

c) BENDING SCHEDULES

The Contractor shall if so instructed, prepare for his own use bar bending
schedules from the information given on the drawings and in these
Specifications. These schedules shall be submitted to the Engineer or his
nominated assistants for approval, which shall in no way relieve the
Contractor of his responsibility for the correctness of such schedules.

Lapping of bars shall not be permitted except where shown and as indicated
on the drawings or approved by the Engineer or his nominated assistants.

Where such laps are approved, no additional payment will be made for extra
steel required. Laps shall be as directed by the Engineer or his nominated
assistants.

d) QUALITY CONTROL

Type of Reinforcement

The reinforcement shall comply with the relevant British Standards as given
below:

Mild steel, plain rolled bars BS 4449
High yield steel hot rolled deformed bars BS 4449
High yield steel, cold worked deformed bars BS 4449
Fabric reinforcement, indented or deformed welded wires BS 4483
Cold reduced steel wire BS 4482

Provide the Engineer with certified copies of mill test reports for reinforcing
steel, showing physical and chemical analysis, minimum 8 weeks prior to
commencing reinforcing work.

Inform the Engineer of proposed source of material to be supplied.

Two copies of certificates verifying that the reinforcement complies with this
Specification shall be given by the Contractor to the Engineer in accordance
with the British Standard as appropriate for each consignment of
reinforcement from each source.
All testing for reinforcement shall be carried out in a laboratory acceptable to
the Engineer.



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The frequency of testing shall be as set out in BS 4449 or as directed by the
Engineer.

Laboratory testing of reinforcement shall include tensile, bend, re bend and
chemical analysis.

e) SUBMITTALS

1. Submit shop drawings including placing of reinforcement in accordance
with the General Specification

2. Indicate on shop drawings, bar bending details, lists quantities of
reinforcement, sizes, spacings, locations of reinforcement and
mechanical splices if approved by the Engineer, with identifying code
marks to permit correct placement without reference to structural
drawings. Indicate sizes, spacings and locations of chairs, spacers and
hangers. Prepare reinforcement drawings in accordance with the
Engineers instructions.

3. Detail lap lengths and bar development lengths in accordance with
BS8110:1. Provide tension lap splices where indicated.

4. Bar Schedules

The Contractor shall schedule the reinforcement in accordance with BS 8110
and BS 8666:2000, the information on the Drawings, this Specification, and
subsequent instructions.

The Contractor shall include for all necessary chairs and spacers, and his
price and rates for steel thus shown shall include for these.

These drawings shall be filly co-ordained with the architectural and MEP
works and shall show all openings for services and up stands or plinths for
equipment and cast-in items.

Bending schedules and shop drawings shall be submitted for the Engineers
approval. Two weeks shall be allowed for his consideration of this initial
submission.

The Contractor shall correct these schedules and shop drawings and resubmit
as reasonably required to ensure a high standard of work. He shall
programme his work and submit schedules for approval allowing time for
such verification, rectification and resubmission as necessary. Such approval
shall not relieve the Contractor of his responsibility for the accuracy of such
schedules and shop drawings.


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No concreting shall be allowed to proceed until such time that the drawings
and bending schedules for that particular section of works are approved. Any
delay incurred in obtaining approval shall be the Contractors responsibility.

f) CONCRETE MIX

1. Concrete Grades - Table 1

2. The concrete shall be capable of being transported and readily
compacted by the approved methods to a dense impermeable mass
without segregation, bleeding or plastic cracking. Subsequently, the
concrete shall be durable and free from crazing, thermal cracks, drying
shrinkage cracks, or any other cracks whatsoever. The slump shall be
kept to the minimum compatible with approved placing and
compacting requirements.

3. Concrete mixes shall have the minimum cement content necessary to
meet the specified water cement ratio, workability and compressive
strength requirements. The maximum cement content should not
exceed 500 Kg per cubic metre.

4. The mix proportions shall be adjusted to achieve the maximum density
from the materials in use. (With imported aggregate and dredged sand
this density is normally greater than 2520 Kg/m3 for mixes grade 45
and 30).

5. In-situ concrete shall be dense and well compacted to a minimum of
98% of the density of the relevant test cubes.

6. The total chloride content of concrete containing embedded steel shall
not exceed the values given in the following table when determined as
nitric acid soluble chloride by the Volhard Titration Method.

Type of Concrete Maximum total chloride expressed as % of Chloride
ion by weight of Cement.

Prestressed Concrete 0.1
Concrete made with cement
complying with B.S. 4027 0.2

Concrete made with cement
complying with B.S. 12 and
having C3A Contents as below

Less than 7% 0.2

7% or more 0.4
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7. The total sulphate content of the mix expressed as percentage by
weight of cement shall not exceed 5.0% (acid soluble S03).

TABLE 1 - CONCRETE GRADES

SLUMP

(mm)

CONCRETE
GRADE

NOMINAL
MAX. SIZE OF
AGGREGATE
(mm)

MIN.
CEMENT
CONTENT
(Kg/m3)
A B

CHARACTER
ISTIC
STRENGTH
N/mm2

MAX. WATER
CEMENT
RATIO
40 370 25 75
45 20 370 25 75

55

0.45

35

20

350

25

75

40

0.50

20

330

25

75
30
10

360

10

50


35


0.5


20

260

25

75
20
10

290

10

50


20


0.6
Blinding
Concrete
20 220 25 75 20 0.45
Flooring &
roof
screed

10

290

25

0.55

NOTE: SLUMP: Col. A : Specified slump where no plasticizing / water
reducing admixture is used.
Col. B : Specified slump where plasticizing / water
reducing admixture is used.

* Concrete with 40 mm aggregate subject to Engineer or his nominated
assistants approval and to be used in mass concreting.

8. TRIAL MIXES

a. Unless the Contractor proposes to use concrete from an approved
ready-mix source, he shall perform trial mixes on site in the presence
of the Engineer or his nominated assistants for the various classes of
concrete specified, using the proposed plant, equipment and batching
and mixing methods.

b. No structural concrete shall be placed in the works until the relevant
mix has been approved in writing by the Engineer or his nominated
assistants.
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c. Before any grade of concrete is placed in the works three trial mixes of
the grade shall be made to the submitted mix proportions and from
each mix six cubes shall be made, three for testing at 7 days and
three at 28 days and the results submitted to the Engineer or his
nominated assistants as soon as possible.

d. The mix proportions shall be accepted for use in the works only if the
28 days cube strengths exceed the characteristic strength compliance
requirements by at least 4N/mm2.

e. These requirements to perform trial mixes may be relaxed by the
Engineer on production of satisfactory evidence of trial mixes
previously approved with the same materials used in the same
proportions.

f. The Contractor shall forward full details of the mix to the Engineer or
his nominated assistants for approval. When the mix has been
approved, no variations shall be made in the proportions, the original
source of the cement and aggregates or in the type, size and grading
zone of the latter without the consent of the Engineer or his nominated
assistants who will require further tests to be made.

g. No approval by the Engineer or his nominated assistants of a trial mix
shall relieve the Contractor of the responsibility of maintaining the
working strength required. The Engineer or his nominated assistants
may also require practical tests to be made on the site by filling trial
moulds to confirm the suitability of the mix for the works. In these
tests, the type of plant used and the form-work face to the mould shall
be similar in all respects to those intended for use in works.
h. During protection the Engineer or his nominated assistants will require
trial mixes to be made before any substantial change is made in the
materials or in the proportions of the material used.

i. When the Contractor proposes to use concrete from a 'ready-mix'
source, he shall submit the full mix design for approval. The Engineer
may call for trial mixes prior to granting approval.

9. MIXING OF CONCRETE

(i) SITE MIXED CONCRETE:

1. Site mixed concrete shall be weigh batched and mixed in an approved
mixing machine fitted with an approved water metering device.
Volume batching will only be allowed with the specific permission, in
writing, of the Engineer or his nominated assistants.


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2. The weighing and water-dispensing mechanisms shall be maintained in
good order. Their accuracy shall be maintained with the tolerances
described in B.S. 1305 and checked against accurate weighs and
volumes when required by the Engineer or his nominated assistants.

3. The weights of cement and each size of aggregate as indicated by the
mechanisms + 2 percent of the respective weights per batch agreed
by the Engineer or his nominated assistants . The weights of the fine
and coarse aggregates shall be adjusted to allow for the free water
contained in them. The water to be added to the mix shall be reduced
by the quantity of free water contained in the fine and coarse
aggregates, which shall be determined by the Contractor by a method
approved by the Engineer or his nominated assistants immediately
before mixing begins, and further as the Engineer or his nominated
assistants requires.

4. Unless otherwise agreed by the Engineer or his nominated assistants,
concrete shall be mixed in a batch type mixer manufactured in
accordance with B.S. 1305 or in a batch type mixer, a specimen of
which has been tested in accordance with B.S. 3963 and having a
mixing performance within the limits of table 6 of B.S. 1305. Where
appropriate the batch capacity, method of loading, mixing time and
drum speed shall conform to the details furnished in accordance with
the requirements of B.S. 3963 for the mix which corresponds most
closely to the mix proportions being used.

The mixing blades of pan mixers shall be maintained within the
tolerance s specified by the manufacturer of the mixer and the blades
shall be replaced when it is no longer possible to maintain the
tolerances by adjustments.

5. Mixers which have been out of use for more than 30 minutes shall be
thoroughly cleaned before any fresh concrete is mixed in that
machine. Mixing plant shall be thoroughly cleaned before changing
from one type of mix to another or before changing from one
manufacturer of cement to another.

6. Controls shall be provided to ensure that no additional water can be
added during mixing except with the approval of the Engineer or his
nominated assistants. The entire batch shall be discharged before the
mixer is recharged. In no case shall the mixing time be less than 2
minutes.

7. A concrete slab with adequate drainage shall be provided as a working
platform unless alternative arrangements are specifically permitted by
the Engineer or his nominated assistants in writing.

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8. The concrete shall be placed in its final position within 90 minutes of
the time when the cement first came into contact with water or wetted
aggregates. The re-mixing and re-tempering of stiffened concrete is
not permitted.

(ii) READY-MIXED CONCRETE:

1. Ready-mixed concrete will not be accepted for use unless approved in
writing by the Engineer or his nominated assistants.

2. The name and address of the works of the supplier is to be submitted
to the Engineer or his nominated assistants and acceptance of the use
of such supplier shall be obtained prior to placing the order.
Notwithstanding any such authorization by the Engineer or his
nominated assistants the Contractor shall take full responsibility for
the ready mixed concrete complying with the requirements of the
Specification.

3. The concreting materials shall comply with the requirements of this
Specification and shall be tested in accordance with the Engineer or his
nominated assistants instructions. The cost of such testing will be the
responsibility of the Contractor. Test cubes shall be taken on site by
the Contractor.

4. The Contractor is to ensure that a record is kept at the Supplier's
works of the exact time when the concreting materials are mixed.

5. Ready-mixed concrete shall be plant batched and mixed; truck mixed
concrete will not be accepted. The concrete shall be carried in
purpose-made agitators, operating continuously. The concrete shall be
placed in its final position within 90 minutes of the time when the
cement first came into contact with water or wetted aggregates.

6. Delivery of notes shall record the following information:

i. Type of cement and grade of concrete.
ii. Date and time of arrival of truck.
iii. Time and place of mixing of concreting material.
iv. Registration number of truck and name of deport.
v. Time when concrete placed in position.
vi Admixtures with dosage

7. The following additional information shall also be recorded by the
Contractor who shall submit to the Engineer or his nominated
assistants a copy of the signed agreement, together with the mix
designs, specifications and all other documents relating to the supply
of concrete.
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i. Mix grades and position in the structure where the concrete is placed.
ii. Whether test cubes were taken from this delivery.
iii. Actual slump and details of additives.

8. If the use of ready-mixed concrete has been approved by the Engineer
or his nominated assistants, the Contractor shall submit to the
Engineer or his nominated assistants a copy of the signed agreement,
together with the mix designs, specifications and all other documents
relating to the supply of concrete.

9. Ready-mixed concrete shall comply in all respects with B.S. 5328.

10. Admixtures used in ready-mixed concrete shall comply in all respects
with B.S. 5075.


10. SAMPLING, TESTING AND COMPLIANCE:

For assessment of strength a sample shall be taken from a randomly selected
batch of concrete by taking a number of increments in accordance with B.S.
1881. The samples, whenever practicable, shall be taken at the point of
discharge from the mixer or in the case of ready-mixed concrete the point of
discharge from the delivery vehicle. Four test cubes from each sample shall
be prepared and cured in accordance with B.S. 1881.

The placing of concrete shall not begin until all equipment necessary for
sampling/testing is available and acceptable to the Engineer or his nominated
assistants, in good working condition, and suitable for the purpose for which
it is to be used.

The test cube shall be cured in accordance with B.S. 1881. Two cubes will be
crushed at 7 days and used for early assessment of the concrete as a guide
only.

One sample (of six test cubes) shall be taken for each thirty cubic metres of
concrete or each day's concreting whichever is the smaller quantity. The test
cubes shall be prepared by the Contractor under the supervision of the
Engineer or his nominated assistants.

The test cubes shall be stored under water on site in cold conditions for a
period of not less than three days or more than six days. The test cubes shall
be delivered to, and tested by, a laboratory approved by the Engineer or his
nominated assistants. Certified copies of the test results shall be supplied to
the Engineer or his nominated assistants. Testing machines used by an
approved laboratory shall be verified in accordance with B.S. 1610 at the
intervals stipulated and certificates of calibration are to be made available to
the Engineer or his nominated assistants.
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For site mixed concrete compliance with the characteristic strength will be
assumed only if the conditions given in both (i) and (ii) below are met:

i) The average strength of 28 day cubes from any sample exceeds the
specified characteristic strength by 5N/mm2.

ii) The strength determined from any individual cube is not less than the
specified characteristic strength minus 3N/mm2.

For ready-mixed concrete, compliance with the characteristic strength will be
assessed in accordance with the requirements of B.S. 8110 and B.S. 5328.

All concrete of any given mix, poured after the taking of a sample and prior
to taking the next sample, shall be represented by the former sample.
The cost of taking and testing concrete samples and materials required to
ensure compliance with this specification shall be borne solely by the
Contractor.

Should the concrete supplied not comply with the characteristic strength
requirements the Engineer or his nominated assistants may instruct the
removal and replacement of the concrete or other remedial action will be
carried out at the Contractor's own expense and payment will not be made
for such elements until the removal and replacement or remedial action is
completed, to the satisfaction of the Engineer or his nominated assistants.

11. RECORDS:

The Contractor shall also keep a complete record of the work of concreting
showing the time and the date of placing the concrete in each portion of the
work. The records shall be available for inspection at any time by the
Engineer or his nominated assistants.

The following information shall be recorded for each cube and supplied to the
testing laboratory and the Engineer or his nominated assistants.

i. Grade of mix.
ii. Site mixed or ready-mixed and supplier.
iii. Slump.
v. Temperature of concrete, if measured.
v. Time of adding water to mix.
vi. Location of structure of concrete.
vii. Cube identification marks.

All cubes shall be clearly marked prior to leaving site and no cube shall leave
the site unless documentation complying with the above has been supplied to
the Engineer or his nominated assistants.

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If instructed by the Engineer or his nominated assistants the temperature of
the concrete sample shall be determined in the following manner. Within two
minutes of taking the concrete sample a type A 100mm immersion
thermometer having a range of -5 degrees to 110 degrees C graduated at
each 1 degree C and complying with B.S. 1704 or other approved
temperature measuring device shall be inserted in the sample to a depth of
at least 100mm.

When steady conditions have been maintained for one minute the
temperature shall be recorded to the nearest 1 degree C. Should the
temperature exceed 35 degrees C concreting shall be suspended until
measures have been taken to reduce the concrete temperature.

12. TRANSPORT AND PLACING OF CONCRETE:

The Contractor shall notify the Engineer in writing 48 hours before placing
concrete, stating the times of placement and shall not commence pouring
operations without his written approval of excavations, form-work,
reinforcement, arrangements for plant and materials on site, installation of
accessories, etc. Any concrete placed before obtaining such approval shall be
rejected.

The formwork or area of disposition shall be cleaned as specified.
Constructional plant and materials required, or which may be required,
during the concreting work and for curing shall be on site and fully prepared
before concreting commences. All accessories shall be installed and form
work for holes, chases etc., shall be provided as specified. Only after all
these preparations and other relevant requirements have been completed,
shall the Engineer or his nominated assistant written approval to place
concrete be given.

Concrete shall be transported, placed and spread by approved means and in
such a way as to prevent segregation. Concrete not placed within 90 minutes
of adding water to the mix or before starting the initial set shall be rejected,
unless an approved retarding admixture is used.

Concrete shall be transported and compacted into a dense impermeable
mass without segregation or bleeding or cracking to ensure that when hard it
is durable, un-cracked and un-crazed.

Except where otherwise agreed by the Engineer or his nominated assistants
concrete shall be deposited in horizontal layers to compacted depth not
exceeding 500mm where internal vibrators are used or 300mm in all other
cases. Concrete shall be deposited as near as possible to its final position to
avoid re-handling.


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Unless otherwise agreed by the Engineer or his nominated assistants
concrete shall not be dropped into place from a height exceeding 2 metres.
When trunking or chutes are used they shall be kept clean and used in such a
way as to avoid segregation.

Concrete shall be deposited continuously. No concrete shall be placed against
concrete which has hardened sufficiently to cause seams, planes of weakness
or cold joints. If for unforeseen reasons it is necessary to stop concreting
before completion of the pour then construction joints as specified shall be
formed and further concreting shall be suspended for at least twenty four
hours unless otherwise approved in writing by the Engineer or his nominated
assistants.

Cutting and chasing of hardened concrete shall not be permitted without the
Engineer or his nominated assistants approval. The Contractor shall provide
openings, mortices, chases, sleeves, etc., and fix bolts, anchors etc. in
concrete as work proceeds and support embedded items against
displacement. Items cast shall be filled with readily removable materials to
prevent concrete ingress.

The Contractor shall form approved expansion joints where required with
approved sleeve pieces when reinforcement is continued over expansion
joints.

The Contractor shall clean and wet and then fill the holes solid with patching
mortar. When required by the Engineer or his nominated assistants
honeycombed and other defective concrete shall be cut back to sound
concrete with perpendicular or slightly under cut edges and shall be prepared
in an approved manner.

The Engineer or his nominated assistants will reject any concrete which he
considers to have been inadequately mixed or in which the ingredients have
segregated or which is no longer capable of being effectively placed or
compacted.

All receptacles used for the transport and deposition of the concrete shall be
kept clean and thoroughly washed out after stopping work at the end of each
shift.

The Contractor shall obtain the Engineer or his nominated assistants
permission before concreting in air shade temperatures which exceed 30
degrees C, and shall take appropriate precautions ensure that concrete when
placed does not exceed 35 degrees and is protected from drying winds.

No concreting shall be carried out in rain. The re-mixing or re-tempering of
stiffened concrete is not permitted.

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13. COMPACTION

Concrete must be carefully and thoroughly compacted during placing to
ensure that it completely surrounds the reinforcement, fills the form-work
and excludes voids.

All concrete shall be compacted by using internal vibrators. The size and type
of vibrator must be approved by the Engineer or his nominated assistants
and they shall be used by operatives experienced in their use. Concrete is to
be vibrated for the minimum time necessary for thorough consolidation, and
the Contractor shall ensure that excessive vibration, leading to segregation,
is avoided.

Care must be taken to ensure that the vibrator does not touch the
reinforcement or form-work. Additional compaction effort, applied by the use
of external vibrators, may be required by the Engineer or his nominated
assistants.

The Engineer or his nominated assistants shall approve all vibrator
operations and all vibrators shall be tested prior to concreting.

Internal vibrators shall be of the immersion type with frequency of not less
than three thousand vibrations per minute, and sufficient amplitude to
consolidate the concrete effectively. The Contractor shall provide at least fifty
percent duplication of all vibration equipment as standby during any period of
concreting.

Vibrators shall be inserted and withdrawn at points 400mm to 700mm apart.
At each insertion, the duration shall be sufficient to consolidate the concrete,
but not long enough to cause segregation. The duration shall be generally
from five to fifteen seconds. They shall be withdrawn slowly at a speed not
greater than 75mm per second.

Vibrators shall not be employed to move concrete within the form work. Their
use shall be continued only as it is required for the concrete to become
uniformly plastic and free from air bubbles

14. CURING:

1. Freshly deposited concrete shall be protected from premature drying
and excessively hot or cold temperatures and shall be maintained with
minimal moisture loss at a relatively constant temperature for the
proper hydration of the cement and hardening of the concrete.

2. The materials and methods for curing shall be subject to approval.
Concrete surfaces not in contact with forms shall be cured immediately
after the finishing operations by one of the following methods:
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i) Ponding, continuous sprinkling, or absorptive mat or
fabric kept continuously wet with water which complies
with the requirements of Clause 3.7.

ii) Polythene membrane shall be laid direct onto damp (not
wet) concrete in unbroken sheets with substantial close
fitted lap joints. Sheets shall be weighed with timbers to
prevent dry winds blowing under the membrane.


iii) Spray applied membrane and compounds which shall be
of approved manufacture and type and be of the
maximum retentive type. Curing compounds used shall
have reflective properties; they shall be applied in
accordance with the recommendations of the
manufacturer and shall not be used on any surfaces
against which additional concrete or other finishing
materials are to be bonded and shall not adversely affect
the concrete.

3. Curing shall be continued for a period of at least Seven days when
methods (i) and (ii) above are used. Rapid drying at the end of the
curing period shall be prevented.

4. The Engineer or his nominated assistants may instruct in hot, dry
weather that a combination of the above methods shall be used.

5. Exposed horizontal surfaces of slabs in hot windy weather may require
additional protection between the initial compaction and final finishing
stages to ensure that the concrete is not exposed for more than twenty
(20) minutes after placing.

6. Steel forms heated by the sun and all wood forms in contact with the
concrete during the curing period shall be kept wet.

If forms are to be moved during the curing period one of the above
curing materials or methods shall be employed immediately. Such
curing shall continue for the remainder of the curing period. Concrete
surfaces cured by liquid membrane or waterproof paper where permitted
shall be adequately prepared before application of any finishes.

The use of any of these methods of curing shall be subject to the
requirements of the Engineer or his nominated assistants for achieving a
satisfactory curing result. Any method not giving satisfactory results
shall be discontinued and another method as directed by the Engineer or
his nominated assistants be applied instead.

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15. QUALITY CONTROL

1. Minimum 4 weeks prior to starting concrete work, submit proposed
quality control procedures for the Engineers approval for the following
items:

Formwork erection.
Hot weather concreting.
Curing.
Finishes.
Formwork removal.
Joints.

2. Testing

The Contractor shall be responsible for all testing. Testing laboratories
require the Engineers approval. The Engineer shall be permitted access to
the laboratories to witness any tests and he may request further tests if
necessary. Two copies of all test results shall be submitted to the Engineer
within 48 hours.

The Contractor shall demonstrate to the Engineers satisfaction that the
production of concrete cubes and the measurement of slump are being
carried out only by persons competent in the required techniques.

Approval of the Engineer.

Wherever the Contractor is required to obtain the approval of the Engineer,
this shall be requested in writing and written approval obtained at least 24
hours before the work concerned is put in hand.

3. Rectification

All work which fails to comply with this Specification shall be rectified
promptly by a procedure approved by the Engineer. In particular, making
good of concrete shall be carried out within 7 days of removal of the
formwork. Work which cannot be rectified shall be broken back and
reconstructed to the specified standard.


16. SUBMITTALS

1. Submit samples in accordance with Conditions of Contract.

2. At least 4 weeks prior to commencing work, inform the Engineer of
proposed source of aggregates and provide access for sampling.

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3. At least 4 weeks prior to commencing work, submit to the Engineer
samples of the following materials proposed for use:

Each type of cement.
Admixture.
Curing compound.
Joint filler.
Water stop.

4. Certificates

1. Minimum 4 weeks prior to starting concrete work submit
to the Engineer manufacturer's test data and certification
by qualified independent inspection and testing laboratory
that the following materials will meet specified
requirements:

a. Portland cement.
b. Grout.
e. Admixtures.
f. Aggregates.
g. Water.
h. Waterstops.
i. Waterstop joints.
j. Joint filler.

2. Provide certification that mix proportions selected will
produce concrete of quality, yield and strength as
specified in concrete mixes, and will comply with
standards defined in this section.

3. Provide certification that plant, equipment, and materials
to be used in concrete comply with requirements of this
section.

17. FORM-WORK

a) GENERAL

1. The design of form work and its construction shall be the sole
responsibility of the Contractor. It shall include all moulds for forming
the concrete and all temporary construction for the proper execution of
the work. The design shall be submitted to the Engineer or his
nominated assistants for approval before construction commences.



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2. Form work shall be fixed in perfect lines, grades and dimensions, with
no crevices at joints. It shall be securely braced, supported and
wedged so as to retain its position without displacement or deflection
during the placing and compaction of concrete. All joints shall be either
horizontal or vertical, unless otherwise required.

3. In long spans, the anticipated deflection due to the effect of self-
weight shall be accurately computed by the Contractor and taken into
account in the design of form work such that the finished concrete
member shall have true surfaces conforming to lines, planes and
elevations shown on drawings. If adequate foundations for shores are
not secured, trussed supports shall be provided by the Contractor.

4. Metal ties or anchors within the form shall be so constructed as to
permit their removal to a depth of at least 30mm from the face
without injury to the concrete. All fittings for metal ties shall be of
such design that, upon their removal the cavities which are left will be
of the smallest possible size. Spreader cores or ties shall not exceed
25mm diameter. The cavities shall be filled with cement mortar and
the surface left sound, smooth, even and uniform in colour.

5. The maximum tolerances within which concrete work shall be
constructed are as Follows:

i) All setting out dimensions +/- 6mm
ii) Sections of concrete members +/- 3mm
iii) Surface level of floor slabs +/- 6mm

Any rectification of work not constructed within the tolerances set out
above, shall be entirely the responsibility and at the expense of the
Contractor.

6. All forms in contact with concrete shall be coated with an approved,
non-staining, proprietary release agent, before reinforcement is
placed. The release agent shall be carefully applied in such a manner
that there is not contamination or reinforcement or previously placed
concrete. The release agent shall be effective, even after exposure to
high temperatures, sun and wind.

7. Temporary access openings shall be provided at the base of column
forms, wall forms and other points where necessary, to facilitate
cleaning before concrete is placed.

8. Before any concrete is placed forms shall be properly cleaned by
washing out with water and/or air under pressure to remove sawdust,
shavings, metal and other foreign matter. All water shall then be
drained and mopped out from the form work.
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In no case shall concrete be placed in the forms until such forms have
been approved by the Engineer or his nominated assistants.

Such approval shall not relieve the Contractor of his responsibility for
the form work.

9. Details of any fixtures to be case into the concrete shall be to the
approval of the Engineer or his nominated assistants. No fixtures shall
be attached to the concrete by shot-firing without prior permission of
the Engineer or his nominated assistants. Notwithstanding any such
authorization the Contractor shall take full responsibility for any such
damage to the structure and make good to the satisfaction of the
Engineer or his nominated assistants.

10. Details of any openings, holes, chases, etc., required to be formed or
cut in the structure shall be approved by the Engineer or his
nominated assistants prior to the work being carried out on site.

The form work used for concrete shall be of grades 1 or 2 as specified
on the Drawings and shall comply in all respects with the following
clauses.

b) FORM WORK GRADE 1 (SAWN FORM WORK)

Form work Grade 1 where shown on the drawings shall be constructed at
sawn boards, suitably treated plywood, sheet metal panels or other suitable
material.

c) FORM-WORK GRADE 2 (LINED FORMWORK)

1. Form-work Grade 2 is to produce a uniform smooth finish of
high quality, with even, true and clean arises for exposed
concrete. The finished concrete surface shall have minor
blemishes only and there shall be no staining or discoloration
from release agents, form-work material or other sources. The
forms shall be designed to have as few joints as possible and
shall be arranged in a uniform pattern. Wherever possible joints
between sheets shall be arranged to coincide with architectural
features such as openings or changes of plane.

2. The form-work shall have an impermeable form face.
Immediately after striking the formwork all surface fins and
other superfluous projections shall be removed and the
purpose-made holes for internal ties shall be made good with
specially prepared cement and fine aggregate mortar. Colour
matching for the making good materials shall be accurate.

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d) RE-USE OF FORM-WORK

Care should be taken, when re-using form-work, that its surface shall be
smooth and clean and that it shall be free from warping, twisting or other
deformation. Any form-work which has, in the opinion of the Engineer,
deteriorated sufficiently to render it unsuitable for the work shall be rejected
and must be removed from the site within 48 hours or must be broken up at
once, new form-work being provided at the Contractor's expense.

e) TOLERANCE

1. SETTING OUT

i. The following tolerances apply to the general setting out of the
Building Measurements shall in all cases be carried out with
steel tapes or bands. Tape tensioners shall be used to tension
the tapes for horizontal measurements. Corrections must be
made for the slope of the ground where applicable.

ii. Levels and theodolites shall be used where necessary to check
levels, plumbness and squareness of the structure.

a) All setting out dimensions at ground floor with respect to
one datum each way, + or - 5mm per 30 metres.

b) Storey height, between floor datum, -0 + 5mm.
Plan position of datum points in relation to setting out at
ground floor, (5mm + N x 0.8mm) where n equals the
number of storey.

c) Setting out on upper floors with respect to datum defined
in item (iii) each way, + or - 5mm per 30 metres.

2. ELEMENTS OF CONSTRUCTION

i. The following tolerances have been used when considering the
fitting together of the various components in the Building and
where they affect the final appearance and function of the
structure. They will not be enforced in positions where these
factors are unimportant, although all work shall be constructed
accurately to the dimensions shown to the satisfaction of the
Engineer or his nominated assistants.

ii. The tolerances on the elements of construction shall be additive
within the Limits allowed, i.e. errors in plumb columns or walls
etc., shall be corrected on successive lifts.

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a) Levels of Beams and Slabs: Soffit levels to be within 3mm
of the true position taking the specified cambers into
account.

b) Plumb of Vertical members: -5 mm per storey.

c) Sections of In-situ Concrete Members: + or -3 mm.

d) Flatness of surfaces other than those to be cambered,
measured from a line stretched between any two points
of the surface.

Up to 3 metres long + or - 1.5 mm
Up to 6 metres long + or - 3.0 mm
Up to 9 metres long + or - 4.5 mm
Up to 12 metres long + or - 6.0 mm

e) Clear distances between adjacent columns and walls at
any level where accuracy required for doors, windows etc:
+ or - 5 mm.

3. STRIPPING OF FORM-WORK

a) Form-work shall be removed in such a manner as not cause any
damage to or overstress in the concrete. Form-work shall not be
removed before the concrete has sufficiently set and hardened.
The minimum periods which shall elapse between placing the
concrete and the removal of form-work for the various parts of
the structure shall be as given below. These minimum
requirements shall not relieve the Contractor of the obligation to
delay the removal of forms if the concrete has not attained its
specified working strength. The Engineer or his nominated
assistants may, at his discretion, vary these minimum periods.

b) The following stripping time, given in days (24 hours) are the
absolute Minimum that will be permitted:

i) Beam sides 2 Days
ii) Slabs and Beams Soffits 14 Days
iii) Side of Walls, foundations and columns 2 Days
iv) Beam props 16 Days

When shores and other vertical supports are so arranged that
the non-load carrying form facing material may be removed
without loosening or disturbing the shores and supports, the
facing material may be removed at an earlier stage if permitted.

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c) Loads shall not be placed on concrete before the following
periods after casting (or as otherwise agreed in writing by the
Engineer or his nominated assistants).

i) Columns, beams, slabs etc. 14 Days
ii) Foundations 10 Days

d) The Contractor shall notify the Engineer or his nominated
assistants in writing 48 hours prior to the placing of the
concrete, the time of the placing also to be stated so that the
Engineer or his nominated assistants can be present during the
operation.

4. JOINTS AND EDGES

All joints in formwork shall be close-fitting to prevent bleeding
of cement paste from the concrete.

At construction joints formwork shall be tightly secured against
previously cast or hardened concrete to prevent the loss of
grout or the formation of steps or ridges in the concrete.

Formwork shall be constructed to provide straight and true
angles, arises or edges. Where chamfers are called for, the
fillets shall be accurately sized to provide a smooth and
continuous chamfer.

Formwork panels shall have true edges to permit accurate
alignment of their sides and to provide clean lines at
construction joints and shall be fixed with joints either vertical
or horizontal, unless otherwise specified.

The type and treatment of any lining (plywood, metal, plastics,
etc.) to the forms shall be appropriate to the concrete finish
required.

Where holes are needed in forms to accommodate projecting
reinforcement or fixing devices, care shall be taken to prevent
loss of grout. Special care shall be taken when stripping in order
not to break off the edge of the concrete adjacent to the
projecting reinforcement.






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5. CLEANING AND TREATMENT

a) The formwork that will be in contact with the concrete shall be
clean and treated with suitable release agent before fixing
reinforcement. All rubbish and water shall be removed from the
interior of the forms before the concrete is placed.

b) Release agents for formwork shall be approved by the Engineer
and shall be carefully chosen for the particular conditions they
are required to fulfil. Where a concrete surface is to be
permanently exposed only one agent shall be used throughout
the entire area. Release agents shall be applied evenly and
contact with reinforcement and concrete at construction joints
avoided. Where the surface is to receive an applied finish, care
shall be taken to ensure the compatibility of the release agent
with the finish.

c) Surface retarding agents shall not be used.

Damaged or distorted formwork shall not be used.

6. QUALITY CONTROL

The design and construction of formwork shall be carried out by
competent persons taking due account of the surface finish
required. The formwork shall be sufficiently rigid and tight to
prevent loss of grout or mortar from the concrete at all stages
and for the appropriate method of placing and compacting.
The design and use of formwork shall be in accordance with BS
5975: 1996.

The Contractor shall submit to the Engineer substantiating
calculations justifying the formwork design prior to its use on
site.

Formwork shall be provided with suitable means of access and
safety guardrails for operatives working above ground.

Provisions shall be made for forming holes and chases for
services and for building in pipes, conduits and other fixings
shown on the construction and plant manufacturer's drawings.

The position of any ties passing through the concrete requires
the Engineer's approval. Where part of a metal tie remains
embedded in the concrete it shall not have less cover than the
reinforcement. Any holes left after the removal of ties shall be
filled with concrete or mortar to the Engineer's approval.
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7. SUBMITTALS

Submit shop drawings for formwork and false work in
accordance with the General Specification

Indicate method and schedule of construction, shoring, stripping
and re-shoring procedures, and materials, arrangement of
joints, special architectural exposed finishes, ties, liners, and
locations of temporary embedded parts.

Indicate formwork design data, such as permissible rate of
concrete placement, and temperature of concrete, in forms as
well as all necessary structural calculation.

Indicate sequence of erection and removal of formwork/false
work as directed by the Engineer.

f) JOINTS IN CONCRETE

1. CONSTRUCTION JOINTS

a) The Contractor shall submit to the Engineer or his nominated
assistants for discussion and approval a marked up drawing of
the construction showing proposed positions of the construction
joints at least 7 days before work commences.

b) Construction joints shall be formed in either horizontal or
vertical planes and located in the work to suit working stresses.
They shall be so located and the quantity of concrete placed at
any one time shall be so limited in size and shape as to
minimize shrinkage and temperature effects. All reinforcing steel
and welded wire fabric shall be continued across construction
joints except where shown on the drawings. Keys and inclined
dowels shall be provided as directed by the Engineer or his
nominated assistants. Longitudinal keys, at least 50mm deep,
shall be provided in all joints in the walls and between walls and
slabs or footings. The surface of the concrete at all joints shall
be straight and shall be thoroughly cleaned with water and air
under pressure to expose aggregate.

The cleaned surfaces shall be well wetted and cement grout
wash applied; laying shall commence before the grout has set.
Approved water stops shall be provided in joints subject to
water pressure.



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2. WATERBARS - WATERSTOPS:

GENERAL

a) Water bars shall be manufactured from extruded high grade
polyvinyl chloride compounds. They shall be of types and
general shapes indicated on the drawings. They shall be
obtained from experienced manufacturers and shall be to the
latest shapes and forms generally adopted in the industry.

b) The manufacturers shall have all the joint and junction
accessories such as (L- flat, T-flat, X-flat and vertical junctions)
factory made.

c) All the Water Bars shall include the following:

i) Expansion joints.
ii) Construction and Contraction joints.
iii) Wall kickers and to be of heavy duty.

d) Water bars and water stops shall include, eyelets or reinforced
mailing flanges, to facilitate their accurate fixing within the
structure.

3. WATER STOP SPECIFICATION

Super cast water stop range by Fosroc or Equal.

4. EXPANSION JOINTS

a) Expansion joints shall be formed in the positions and in
conformity with the details shown on the drawings. In no case
shall the reinforcement or other embedded metal items be run
continuously through an expansion joint unless where required
sleeves are provided as approved by the Engineer or his
nominated assistants.

b) Expansion joints shall be filled with joint filler strips cut back
and pointed with joint sealer all as specified herein below.

5. EXPANSION JOINT FILLER

a) Filler strips at expansion joints shall be approved by the
Engineer or his nominated assistants and have the following
characteristics.


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Cellular structure, compressible without extending and elastic to
the extent that after compression it recovers and will continue
to do so for an indefinite number of cycles.

Compressible pre-formed expansion joint filler shall be cork or
bitumen impregnated fibre boarding of the thickness specified
within a tolerance of +/- 1.5mm and of such a width that it
complies with the specified joint details.

6. JOINT SEALING COMPOUND

Joint sealing compounds shall be approved by the Engineer or his
nominated assistants. Joints shall be sealed with an approved two-part
polysulphides based compound to conform with B.S. 4254 - "Two-part
polysulphides based sealing compound for the Building industry". Gun
grade sealant only will be permitted for use in vertical or raking joints.
Before applying the sealant, the surface of the joint shall be cleaned,
dried and primed, as recommended by the manufacturer's instructions.
The joint shall be finished true and flush with the adjacent surfaces.

7. JOINT BREAKER

Where specified on the drawings the joint breaker shall be a think self-
adhesive polyethylene bond breaker strip or a circular section foam
backing strip as shown on the drawings.

8. DAMP PROOF MEMBRANE

All concrete in contact with the ground shall receive a damp proof
treatment, except where otherwise specified in the drawings or ground
conditions dictate a more extensive protective method is used. Damp
proof membrane shall be approved fibre reinforced bitumen paint
(Nitoproof 110 Primer and 2 coats of Nitoproof 120) applied as per
manufacturers recommendation and to be protected with 1,000g
polythene laid with double welted joints and all joints sealed with
bitumen or other approved sealing method.


03 01 00 POST TENSIONING WORKS

03 01 01 General

To be read with 01 00 00 General Requirements.




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Work includes:

- This Section is to be read together with the remainder of the concrete work
section and all the drawings which form part of the contract documents,
provides the instructions necessary to carry out that part of the contract
which involves the stressing and grouting operations.

- All workmanship materials and testing shall conform to the latest edition,
including amendments of the following cods except where varied by this
specification or the contract drawings.

- British standard 8110. This code should be referred to whilst work is in
progress. In the event of any conflict between this specification and any code
referred to herein, this specification shall apply.

- This main contractor shall employ specialist approved post tension
subcontractor who has:

1- The prequalification of the post tensioning works (in any Emirates) for
projects having transfer slabs the projects size, the consultant and the
main contractor should be mentioned.
2- The prequalification of the construction crow (engineers) with
minimum 10 years experience in post tensioning works having
experience transfer slabs system.
3- The independent qualified technical support during the construction
period has a valid trade license in Emirates.
4- Valid trade License.
5- Jacking equipment details.

03 01 02 Post Tension Design

The contractor is liable for the full design of post tension works, and he has
to submit the design, structural calculation & analysis, etc. engineer/project
Manager for approval.

03 01 03 Post Tensioning Strand

Unless mentioned otherwise in the drawings, steel tendons for pre-stress,
concrete-7-wire stress- relieved steel strand for tendons in pre-stress
concrete to be in accordance with BS 5896 of 1980 or equivalent.

03 01 04 Anchorage

Post tension anchorages in accordance with BS 4447.




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03 01 05 Concrete Sampling and Testing

All concrete which is to be post tensioned shall be sampled and tested (12)
standard cube shall make from each slab. (3) Cubes from each sample shall
be crushed at (7) days, (3) cubes at (28) days and (3) cured standard test
cubes to be tested to determine the concrete strength before each stressing
stage. Maximum shrinkage test of 650m at 56 days. Approved admixture as
per B.S. not containing chlorides, fluorides or nitrates may be used.

03 01 06 Grouting

Except as provided by this specification, grouting shall be in accordance with
this section. Unless shown otherwise on the drawings, all ducts containing
the post-tensioned tendons shall be grouted. Grout duct as soon as possible
after stressing the tendons (period shall approved by Engineer) w/s not
greater than 0.49.

03 01 07 Stressing

The builder shall supply to the consulting structural engineer the following
data at least one week in advance of cable laying on site.

1- Two copies of shop drawings for checking which shall include the
following details:
Laying sequence for all tendons to ensure their design tendon
weave is
obtained.
Anchorage details if required
Sequence of stressing
Estimate to extension to be obtained during the stressing
operations.
2- The amount of draw-in normally expected in seating anchorage
devices.
3- The friction wobble coefficient and friction curvature coefficient
expected for the tendons and duct-forming material.
4- The amount of slippage which can be expected during the transfer of
the stressing force form the jacks to the anchorages.

03 01 08 Grouting Test

Grout test shall be made by filling standard 600nl milk bottle as follows:
1- Fill the dry clean bottle with grout.
2- Rod 25 times with a 12 gauge rod to remove entrapped air.
3- Top up and clean the neck of the bottle so that the grout surface is
level.


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03 01 09 Settlement

The settlement which occurs after hardening of the grout for 24 hours should
not exceed 18cm this being approximately 1.5% of total volume.

03 01 10 Blending

By breaking the glass from the hardened grout the bleed water marks on the
outer surface of the mold can be observed. The maximum depth of these
marks from the top of the bottle should not exceed 90mm. If required grout
tests samples shall be taken from the machines and from the grout as it
exudes from the remote end of a duct at the commencement of grouting
operations, to ensure these requirements are met. Cable end recesses shall
provide 18mm cover to the cut off cable ends when the recesses are grouted
up with mortar composed of one part cement to three parts of fin aggregate.

03 02 00 Material

03 02 01 Post Tensioning Strand and Tension

All strand and tendons used in the work shall be of the type and number
described on the drawings. All tendons shall comply with the requirement of
BS8110. The steel as delivered and installed shall be free from grease or
other material likely to impair the bond or contribute to any adverse effect on
the steel. Mild rust staining of the strand is acceptable but loose rust scale
would not be accepted. Tendons shall not be subjected to welding, sparks,
ground currents or excessive temperature. Materials which show injurious
defects during or prior to its installation in the work shall be rejected and
removed from the site. A manufacturer's test certificate shall accompany
each coil of strand and a copy shall be forwarded to the Engineer/ Project
Manager. These certificates shall include a stress strain curve for each coil
which shall be used as data for the stressing operations.

03 02 02 Anchorage and Couplers

Anchorage and couplers shall comply with BS4447 or equivalent. All pre-
stressing anchorages of proprietary nature shall have been tested in
accordance with ASM1314 in concrete of the strength specified on the
drawing at transfer and a certificate as to their satisfactory performance at
that strength shall be provided to the consulting structural engineer and his
approval obtained before the anchorage are installed.

Securely fix anchorages in position and square to the line of the tendon or to
the tangent of the curve at the end of the tendon and in such a way as to
provide a grout-tight joint between the anchorage and the formwork and
between the anchorage and the duct surrounding the tendon. Check couplers
for proper engagement.
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03 02 03 Sheathing

Ducting shall conform to the requirements of BS 8110. Where duct size is not
specified, it shall be such size as necessary to allow or feeding of tendons
and for grouting, and the duct size shall be approved by the Engineer/Project
Manager before use. The ducting shall be galvanized spiral wound tube
and/or flat slab duct. Material left in place shall be such composition that no
deterioration or electrolytic action will occur. The building shall submit for
approval sample of the duct forming material he intends to use.

Sheathing supplied shall be such that the tendon is suitably protected during
concreting operations and is of sufficient strength to maintain a profile
consistent with the design requirements. Laitance must be prevented from
penetrating into the duct and hindering the fee movement of tendons when
stressing by taping all joints. The sheathing shall be of sufficient strength to
withstand all forces likely to act upon it during construction provide support
to withstand construction traffic and sufficient in number and spacing
formwork to maintain the tendon in its correct position. Fix supports via
staples to formwork to prevent movement.

03 02 04 Formwork

In no event shall form supports be removed before the concrete achieves the
specified strengths and stressing sequences are completed in accordance
with instruction described on the drawings, and all conditions in general
notes and general specifications of post tensioned & concrete works are
fulfilled and after written confirmation from Engineer/Project Manager.
Formwork shall be constructed so as not to restrain elastic shortening,
deflections or cambers resulting from application of the pre-stressing force.
The contractor has to submit shop drawings, structural calculations design of
formwork Engineer/Project Manager for approval. The approval wills not relief
the contractor from his responsibilities and the contractor shall be liable of
the structural stability and design of the formwork. Formwork shall be
designed to resist all construction loads including reactions which may occur
after stressing.

When tendons are supported on the forms by draping, the forms shall be
sufficiently rigid to prevent displacement of the tendons beyond the
tolerances. It should be noted that pre-stressing coils weigh approximately 3
tones and care should be taken when placing these on formwork to ensure
the load can be carried. Form support shall not to remove until sufficient pre
stressing has been applied to support the dead formwork, and expected
construction loads.




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03 02 05 Assembling/Placing Cables

Tendons and ducts, or duct-forming devices for use in bonded construction
shall be places and positioned in accordance with drawings. The duct shall
have grout holes at each and at all high points except where tendon
curvature is small and the tendon is relatively level such as in continuous
slabs. Grout fittings and duct shall be adequately protected form collapse and
other damage. Prior to placing concrete, the ducts and grout fittings shall be
examined for holes. All such holes shall be repaired. End anchorages which
will be permanently protected with concrete shall be kept free of loose rust,
grease, oil, paint and other foreign matter. The means of anchoring the
tendons shall not damage the steel to an extent that the ultimate strength of
the tendons is impaired. Care shall be exercised in assembling strands in
their sheath and that they are parallel and free from kinks and sharp bends.
Multi-wire tendons shall be assembled form wires form kinks and sharp
bends.

Tendons when stressed shall not devise from their correct position at any
point by more that 5mm vertically and by not more that 100mm horizontally
unless approved by the designer. The required concrete cover shall not be
reduced. Co-ordination shown on the drawing is to underside of the duct and
to the center of the anchorage.

No electrical conduit of any kind shall be positioned within 600mm of any
anchorage. Where conduit interferes with a pre-stressing duct, the conduit
shall be repositioned.

03 02 05 Grouting

Grout shall consist of Portland cement and water or Portland cement, sand
and water or without the inclusion of admixtures or fly ash, in a combination
to produce a fluid and consistent material. The fluidity of the grout shall allow
placing without bleeding or honeycombing. Grout shall be used within 1.5
hours of commencement of mixing.

03 03 00 Execution

Stressing

03 03 01 Attention

Attention is drawn to the considerable amount of stored energy contained in
a tensioned tendon. In the rare event of a tendon breaking, serious injury to
personnel and damage to equipment can be caused by the sudden release of
their energy give not less than 24 hours notice of the completion of the
placing, fixing, stressing and grouting operations and allow not less than two
(2) working hours for the inspection.
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Initial stress of 25% of load shall be applied at 24 hours to eliminate
shrinkage effects. Final stressing shall not commence until tests on concrete
member have shown that the concrete has attained the required transfer
strength as stated on the drawings.

03 03 02 Recaution

All reasonable precautions shall be taken when working with or near tendons
which are in the process of being tensioned or which have been tensioned
but not yet ground.

03 03 03 Stressing Operation

Stressing shall be carried out under the direction of fully competent
personnel. The builder shall have in direct charge of this operation a foreman
with suitable previous experience with the equipment being used. The builder
shall ensure that a suitable qualified professional engineer with practical
experience in stressing work is available for site inspection of the works prior
to concreting and after the stressing and grouting operations.

The tensioning shall meet the following requirements:
a) The means of attachment of the tendons to the jack or tensioning device
shall be safe and secure.

b) The tensioning apparatus shall be such that a controlled total force is
gradually imposed on the concrete without including dangerous secondary
stresses in the steel anchorages or concrete.

c) Results of recent calibration tests on stressing jacks and gauges shall be
made available to the consulting structural engineer. Stressing shall
commence at the construction stage indicated in the drawings. The pre-
stressed elements shall be stressed at the designated ends and in the
sequence as indicated on the drawings or as directed by the Engineer/Project
Manager. When two or more tendons are stressed simultaneously provision
shall be made for equal stressing of the tendons. A tendon shall not be left
partially stressed unless specified on the drawings or approved by the
Engineer/Project Manager.

The stress in the tendons shall be measured by means of the pressure-gauge
on the jacks and shall be continuously checked by the extensions of the
tendons. Any serious discrepancy between the values obtained with the two
methods shall be reported to the Engineer/Project Manager. Records of
elongated and jacking forces shall be kept at all times and submitted to the
Engineer/Project Manager for approval. Until such approval is obtained in
writing no tendons shall be cut off so that are stressing may be possible.


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Confirm that the specified initial forces have been achieved by measuring the
elongation of the tendon and applying the load elongation cure to it, and by
measuring the jacking force or pressure and deducting the appropriate
transfer losses from it. The measured force and elongation shall be within a
tolerance 2.5% where discrepancies between the two methods of
determining initial force exceed 5% ascertain the cause to the satisfaction of
the Engineer/Project Manager before proceeding with the stressing.

03 03 04 Grouting Operation

Immediately before grouting, the pump shall be run with its recalculating
pipe opened and a small quantity of water in the system before transferring
the mixed grout. The grout shall be then be added and pumped at a pressure
to produce a regular and even flow. It is important not to apply excessive
pressure when grouting and a maximum 300kpa shall mot be exceeded.

All voids shall be filled and entrapped air and free water forced out as
evidenced by a steady flow of grout through the exhaust vents.

To ensure a grout of uniform consistency has been place 5% more grout shall
be pumped through than is required to fill the duct. The exhaust vents shall
then be closed and injection of grout shall continue until no more can be
introduced. Injection of grout shall be by means of a pump of approved
design.

03 03 05 Duct Blockage

If during the testing of ducts by preliminary pumping of water through them,
a blockage is found, the position of the blockage shall be located by carefully
drilling boles through the concrete into the duct in a manner which will not
damage the tendons. When the blockage is located, additional grout tubes
and where necessary bleed holes, shall be installing to allow complete filling
of the duct with grout.

03 03 06 Records of Post-Tensioning

Maintain a record of all post-tensioning operations, which shall include
jacking forces, gauge pressure, tendon elongation, tendon slip, tendon
breakage and concrete strength.

Record the identification number of all equipment and the identification of the
tendons. Submit these records of all grouting operations and forward to
consulting structural engineer.




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03 03 07 Filling of Block outs

On completion of stressing and grouting, protect all anchorage parts and
parts of tendons anchored thereto so that neither deterioration of the
anchorage and strand nor breakdown of the finished concrete surface shall
result. Concrete finish shall match that required of the surrounding concrete.

03 03 08 Joints and Jointing

Joint locations and details are shown on the drawings. Do not eliminate, very
the location of, or make additional joints without prior approval. Provide an
emergency construction joint when the placing of the concrete is
unexpectedly interrupted. Locate and construct the joint to the
superintendent's approval. The joint shall not impair the strength of the
structure.

The main contractor should allow providing the following for the post
tensioning subcontractor.

a) Provide and Place all form works, normal reinforcing steel (including
anchorage reinforcement), and concrete and provide labor as necessarily.

b) Provide a storage area on site for equipment and materials.

c) Provide hoisting or carnage to lift materials and equipment to working
levels. Coils of stand weight 3 tones. Maximum ducting and anchorage lift
weight would be 1 tone.

d) Provide electric power and water for works at each level.

e) Provide access to all stressing and grouting locations.

f) Provide 600mm platform of extension of form work at the edge where
stressing anchors are located.

g) Cut holes in the edge forms where anchorages are located to allow the
subcontractor to bolt or anchorage. There will be approximately 2000 No. of
these in this project the actual quantity to be verified by the tenderer and to
be allowed for sa lump sum item.

h) Provide contractors all risk insurance cover and workers compensation
cover for workers on site including the post tensioning sub-contractor
employees and public liability insurance cover.

i) Provide an air conditioned office for sub-contractor supervisors on site for
the duration of work.

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j) Any approval cost, fees, etc. That may arise from authorities in relation to
post tensioning work.

Sub-contractor will supply and install:

a) All post tensioning strand, sheathing anchorages and cable support chairs
for the post tensioned installation.

b) A skilled supervisor on site to supervise installation and stressing and
grouting operations.

c) Provide all relevant working drawings and details including stressing and
grouting data, records etc.

d) Provide all necessary equipment for stressing and grouting cables.

e) Seal all anchorage recesses after stressing.

f) Liaise with the engineer in relation to matters relating to post tensioning.




























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04 00 00 MASONRY

04 00 01 MATERIALS

a) CEMENT

Cement used in mortar shall be Portland Cement complying with BS 12 for
work above ground floor level. Cement for work below ground floor level and
for the manufacture of bricks and blocks shall be Sulphate Resistant Cement
complying with BS 4027 or ASTM C 150 Type V. All cements shall contain not
more than 0.6% alkali equivalent. (Alkali equivalent = Na2O + 0.658 K2O).

b) AGGREGATES

Aggregates used for the manufacture of blocks or bricks in contact with soil
or ground water (i.e. below damp proof course or within 350 mm above the
finished ground level in walls without damp proof course) shall comply with
the requirements for aggregates for concrete.
No variation to any other Clause of the Specification will be permitted or
considered. Blocks manufactured with different aggregates are to be stacked
in separate and clearly defined stacks on site.

c) SAND AND MORTAR

Sand for mortar shall comply with the requirements of BS 1200. The grading
of sands for general purpose mortars shall be within the limits of Table 1 BS
1200.

The grading of sands for reinforced brickwork or blockwork mortars shall be
within the limits of Table 2 BS 1200.

The clay/silt content, when determined in accordance with BS 812 shall not
exceed 3%. The chloride and sulphate contents shall not exceed the limits
given for aggregates for concrete.

d) WATER

Water used for the manufacture of bricks or blocks, curing mortar and
wetting down shall comply with the requirements of water for mixing and
curing of concrete.

e) ADMIXTURES

1. Mortar plasticisers shall comply with the requirements of BS
4887.
2. Admixtures used in the manufacture of bricks and blocks shall
comply with BS 5075.
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f) LIME

Lime for use in mortar shall be non-hydraulic or semi-hydraulic lime and shall
comply with BS 890. Lime for use in block manufacture shall comply with BS
890.

g) MASONRY CEMENT

Masonry cement shall comply with BS 5224.

h) DAMP PROOF COURSES

Flexible damp proof course materials shall comply with BS 743 where
applicable and shall be Asbestos fibre based Bituminous Type C or low
density polythene.

i) WALL TIES

Wall ties shall comply with BS 1243 and shall be hot-dip galvanised steel.

j) EXPANDED METAL

Expanded metal reinforcement strip shall be coated with asphaltic cement
and comply with the requirement of BS 405.

k) PRE-FORMED JOINT FILLER

Compressible pre-formed expansion joint filler shall be cork or bitumen
impregnated fibre boarding of the thickness specified within a tolerance of
+/- 1.5mm and of such a width that it complies with the specified joint
details.

l) JOINT SEALER

Joint sealer shall be to a two part polysulphides liquid sealant complying with
BS 4254 and applied in accordance with the manufacturer's
recommendations. The Engineer or his nominated assistants approval in
writing shall be given before incorporation in the works.

m) PRECAST BLOCKS

Blocks for external walls (Insulated blocks).

Blocks for external walls shall be of none load bearing, light weight blocks
and wall thickness 200mm thick, and it should confirm with the following:


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1. The minimum compressive strength = 3.2N/mm2 3.5N/mm2.

2. The dry density should be between 480Kg/m3 550Kg/m3.

3. The Thermal conductivity factor (K) should not be more 0.12-
0.14W/m0K

4. Fixing of blocks, surface preparation, plastering, curing etc,
should be done in accordance with the Manufacturer and the
S.O. instructions.

5. Materials used for fixing blocks and tiles should be supplied and
done as per the manufacturer instructions and to the approval
of the S.O.

6. Pre-cast blocks shall be solid or hollow and shall comply with the
requirements of BS 6073. The thickness or each external wall of
the hollow blocks shall be at least 17.5% of the block thickness.

7. Solid blocks and load bearing blocks are to be type 7 N/mm2
and partition wall shall be of hollow blocks are to be type 5
N/mm2 and shall comply with the following requirements when
tested in accordance with BS 6073.

Type Minimum average compressive Compressive
strength (N/mm2) strength (lowest individual
block N/mm2)

5 N/mm2 5.0 4.0
7 N/mm2 7.0 5.6

8. Blocks are to be of facing quality and free from defects such as
voids, cubes or honeycombing. All blocks are to be square and
to a standard dimension.

9. Blocks behind stone cladding and structural glazing shall be of
200mm thick and filled with concrete.


04 00 02 WORKMANSHIP

a) CEMENT MORTAR

Cement and sand mortar which shall comply with the requirements of BS
5628 and shall be mixed in the proportion of (1:1:6) cement, lime, sand or
(1:6) cement sand, plasticiser.

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Sulphate resistant cement shall be used below top of the ground floor slab or
damp proof course level and ordinary Portland Cement above ground floor
slab.

Mortar generally shall be machine mixed, mixed dry and then with added
water until the correct consistency and uniform distribution or materials is
obtained.

Before mixing a fresh series of batches the mixer drum shall be thoroughly
cleaned. Hand mixing shall be done on a clean watertight platform, first dry
and then with added water until the correct consistency and uniform
distribution of materials is obtained. Mortars shall be used within 35 minutes
of the addition of water; any mortar not then used shall be discarded.

In no case must mortar be used after the initial set has taken place.
Reconstitution of mortar will not be permitted.

b) BLOCK-WORK

1. All block-work shall be set out and built to the respective dimensions,
thicknesses and heights shown on the drawings.

2. All block work shall be thoroughly wetted before laying to adjust
suction on the faces in contact with the mortar. The water used for this
purpose shall be de mineralised water as described in "Concrete
Work".

3. Block work shall be carried up in a uniform manner, no one portion
being raised more than 1.00mm above another at one time unless
special circumstances render this impracticable. All perpends, quoins
etc, shall be kept strictly true and square and the whole properly
bonded together. The maximum height which is to be built in one day
is 1.50 m.

4. All joints between blocks shall be solidly filled to a general thickness of
10mm and at no point more than 15mm. All cross joints shall be filled
by well buttering the end of the blocks and then pushing it into
position against its neighbour. Fair-faced joints are to be half-round,
recessed (bucket-handle or hosepipe) and of average thickness 10mm.

5. Block walls shall be built in stretcher bond. Intersections of block walls
shall be properly bonded in alternate courses where possible. In other
cases galvanised expanded metal ties (100 x 400 mm) are required in
alternate courses.



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6. Generally block work where exposed shall be flush jointed as the work
proceeds. Joints and beds must be filled with mortar except those
which are to receive external or internal plastering which shall be
raked out not exceeding 5mm deep using a key with shoulder to
prevent deeper raking.

7. All hollow blocks shall be filled at sides of openings and intersections
with concrete mix having a compressive strength at 28 days of not
less than that of the block.

8. Provide a solid or pre-filled course of block work at sill level of
openings and under bearing of all in-situ concrete.

9. Generally the design of Block work shall be in accordance with BS
5628.

10. All cutting of blocks is to be by machine; hand cutting will not be
permitted.

c) DAMP PROOF COURSES

1. On walls the damp proof course shall be lapped at least 100mm at
joints and angles and be bedded on and covered with a bed of mortar.

2. Below concrete floors the damp proof membrane shall be continuous
throughout the whole floor area and shall be sealed to the damp
course in ever adjoining wall or other part of the structure.

d) BEDDING FRAMES

All door openings shall have ties and lugs built in where required and at
completion, point frame with gun grade mastic tested to BS 3712 on exposed
sides. Where the frames are built in they shall be bedded in the same mortar
as that used for the walling.

e) LABOURS

The Contractor shall perform all labours necessary for the proper completion
of the walling, including making good to finishes for all work. Sleeves, chases
and holes shall as far as possible be provided during the erection of the block
work. Chasing of completed walls or the formation of holes shall only be
carried out with the approval of the Engineer and then only with a proper tool
designed to cleanly cut the blocks. The Contractor must demonstrate in trials
the machine's ability to cut acceptable chases. Walls shall be allowed to set
thoroughly hard before cutting or chasing in fixings. No horizontal or diagonal
chases shall be permitted.

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04 00 03 QUALITY CONTROL

Standards
BS 12 Portland Cement (Ordinary and rapid-hardening)
BS 405 Expanded metal (steel) for general purposes
BS 729 Hot dip galvanised coatings on iron and steel articles
BS 1199 & 1200 Building sands from natural sources
BS 1243 Metal ties for cavity wall construction
BS 3148 Methods of tests for water for making concrete
BS 3712 Methods of tests for building sealants
BS 4027 Part 2 Sulphate resisting Portland cement
BS 4552 Methods of testing mortars, screeds and plasticisers
BS 4887 Mortar admixtures
BS 5628 Part 1and 3 Code of practice for the structural use of masonry
BS 6073 Precast concrete masonry units


04 00 04 SUBMITTALS

a) Samples

1. Samples of all types of block to be used shall be submitted to the
Engineer for his approval before any of them are delivered to the site.
The approved samples shall be retained on site for use as standard
until completion of the Contract.

2. The approved panels shall be retained on site and used as standards
until no longer required by the Engineer.

b) Certificate of compliance

Two copies of Certificates verifying that the materials comply with the
Specification, and containing the test results of the tests specified in the
relevant British Standards, shall be given by the Contractor.

c) Shop Drawings

Indicate construction details for any non-standard product.





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05 00 00 METAL WORKS


05 00 01 GENERAL

In addition to the General Specifications in Section 12 the following shall also
be adhered to:


05 00 02 G.I. PIPE STAIR RAILING /BALUSTERS

Railing and balusters shall be fabricated from galvanised steel pipes having
an outside diameter of 50mm and wall thickness of 3.2mm and fabricated as
shown on the drawings.

Paint finish to be as described in the Section 09 90 00.

Contractor shall submit a working drawing for approval by Engineer or his
nominated assistants showing the following:

i) Fixing detail to steps and wall.
ii) Joints detail.
iii) Sample showing all detailed fixing, to be provided at site mock-
up room for approval, prior to start of work.


05 00 03 CAT LADDERS; WALKWAYS & PLATFORMS:

a) GENERAL

Cat ladders shall be galvanised and painted angle iron or pipe sections,
details and locations as shown on the drawings.

Where shown on the drawings cat ladders shall be provided to render
accessibility to trades during installation of accessories and equipment, and
when accessories and equipment require maintenance in the future.

Contractor is expected to propose and include for access ladders platforms
and walkways for remote equipments in case they are not explicitly shown on
drawings. Such platforms & walkways shall be epoxy painted heavy duty
chequered plate located and designed to Engineer or his nominated
assistants approval.





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05 00 04 STEEL / METAL DOORS

Shall confirm with the details shown on drawings including the necessary
fixing, closing locking mechanisms.

The doors to E.D.D. substation shall be as per EDD regulations.

Fire rated doors shall be certified by the Civil Directorate & Fire Service
Directorate and shall be one hour fire rated unless noted otherwise.
Ironmongery shall be as attached elsewhere in this document (see: Timber
doors and Ironmongery).

All doors shall be finished to the approval of the Engineer or his nominated
assistants.

Samples & shop drawings shall be submitted for Engineer or his nominated
assistants approval for fixing and fabrication details of all steel doors.


05 00 05 SUBMITTALS

A. Submit shop drawings for approval prior to fabrication, complete with
material identification, dimensions, fabrication and erection marks and
procedures.

B. Submit mill test reports for all materials.

C. Submit proposed location for site storage during erection, and
procedures for site cleanup after Contract completion.

D. Submit welders all certificates.

E. Method Statements describing the following activities.
1. Method of erection
2. Welding procedures
3. Painting Procedures/Fire proofing procedures
4. Testing Procedures

05 00 06 QUALITY CONTROL

A. Quality Control is to be applied in strict accordance with the General
Specification

The items that comprise the Metalwork frame including materials,
fabrication, connections, corrosion protection and holding down bolts
and all processes that are used to form and erect the steel frame are
to comply with the latest relevant British Standards, as listed below.
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B. Standards

The BSI documents referred to in this Section are listed below:

BS 476 : Part 8: Fire tests on building materials and structures. Test
methods and criteria for the fire resistance of elements of building
construction.
BS 729 : Hot dip galvanised coatings on iron and steel articles.
BS 1077 : Fusion welded joints in copper.
BS 1449 : Parts 1 and 2 steel plate, sheet and strip.
BS 1775 : Steel tubes for engineering purposes.
BS 2981 : Hot dip galvanising.
BS 3571 : Part 1: Metal welding.
BS 4174 : Self tapping screws.

C. All testing shall be carried out by an independent testing authority,
approved by the Engineer and the local municipality as appropriate.
Details to be submitted by the Contractor with this tender.

All welders shall be certified by Independent testing authority
compliant with BS EN 287-1: 1992 Approval testing of welders for
fusion welding steel or AMSE IX (1999) Qualification Standard for
welding and Brazing Procedures, Welders, Brazers and Welding and
Brazing operations.


05 12 00 STRUCTURAL STEEL FRAMING

GENERAL

DESCRIPTION OF WORK

1. The works covered by this section concern the supply, fabrication,
erection and fixing of all structural steelwork used in the project and
also the design and detailing of connections/temporary bracing.

2. It is the responsibility of the Contractor to design the structural steel
connections, splices and temporary bracing not specifically shown on
the contract drawings as part of the contract works.

3. The structural drawings show the layout, principal dimensions,
intended connection type and design loadings for the structure and
structural elements. The general details shown on the drawings are
conceptual only and, unless specifically noted, do not indicate the
required number of bolts or weld sizes. A combination of bolts and
welds are not permitted for stress transmission in the same faying
surface. Provide Standard Beam connections unless noted otherwise.
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QUALITY ASSURANCE

Standards Generally: Structural steelwork shall comply with BS 5950.
Inspections: All materials, fabrications and the erection may be subject to
inspection by the Architect. Welds shall be inspected by an independent
authority nominated by the Contractor and approved by the Architect.

Facilities shall be afforded for inspection at any reasonable time.

1. Indemnity for Design and Safety: The Contractor shall indemnify the
Employer against all proceedings, costs, claims, expenses and
liabilities whatsoever arising out of or in connection with the design
work for which he is responsible. The Contractor shall be entirely
responsible for the stability and safety of the structure during erection
and for the checking of the structural adequacy of, and testing of, the
temporary works and shall indemnify the Employer against all
proceedings, costs, claims, expenses and liabilities whatsoever arising
from, or in connection with accidents in these respects.

2. Product Quality: All materials shall be of approved manufacture. The
Contractor shall at his own expense, furnish the Architect with copies
of the manufacturer's test certificates of the steel to be supplied in
accordance with.

3. The requirements of the relevant British Standard Specification. Test
certificates should confirm that the steel supplied agrees fully with the
requirements of Drawings and Specifications. Such certificates shall
not relieve the Contractor of his responsibility to ensure that only steel
complying with the said requirements shall be used. All steel shall be
marked in accordance with the requirements of the relevant British
Standard Specification. Steel received from the mill without branding
or marking in accordance with the relevant British Standard
Specification will be rejected. Where it is proposed to use material
from stock this clause will still apply. Furthermore, whenever required
by the Architect, the Contractor is obligated to submit to an approved
laboratory samples of steel to be subjected to tests as described in the
relevant British Standard.

SPECIFICATIONS

a) All structural steelwork is according to ASTM A36 (AASH to designation
M-183). The guaranteed minimum yield stress for A-36 steel is 36KS
250MPA). Plate thickness used are to 8 inches - (200mm). For welded
and seamless steel pipe ASTM A-53, Grade B steel is used. It=s
minimum yield point is 30 Ksi. Structural -steel is A36 with (Fy)
minimum yield point or yield stress 36 Ksi, (fuit) tensile strength Ksi
(58-80) and minimum elongation in 8 in. c/c 20%.
Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

05 00 00 METAL WORKS 78
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ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

Steel pipe A53 with minimum yield point 30 Ksi, (Fruit) tensile
strength Ksi 48. The design based on AISC specification. A36 steel has
maximum carbon varying from 0.25 to 0.29% depending on thickness
the general requirements for such steels are covered under
ANSI/ASTM A6, A7.

b) All structural steel work shall be corrosion protected in accordance with
the specification.

c) Members which are concrete encased should remain unpainted and
shall be free from oil, grease, dirt, sand, loose rust and mill scale.

Concrete casing shall incorporate a single layer of D49 mesh with a
minimum lap of 300mm.

All steel work connections, including typical connections details on the
drawings, shall be designed by the Contractor in according with AISC
specification, bolted connection shall unless noted otherwise, utilise grade
8.8 bolts to BS 3692 or BS 4190 or A325 according to AISC and ASTM
specifications minimum number of bolts are two per connection. For bracing
members and lattice girder members, no eccentricity of the member
centroidal axes meeting at a node shall be allowed, unless shown otherwise
on the drawing.

Unless noted otherwise, all fillet welds shall be a minimum 6mm leg length
and all butt welds shall be full penetration. Testing of welds shall be in
accordance with the specification. Weld symbols are to be according to AISC
specification.
All tubular members shall unless noted otherwise, be sealed at each and with
a 10mm CAP plate connected by fillet weld. Where hollow members are to be
galvanized, vent holes shall be provided in accordance with the specification.

Any steel which does not comply in every respect with the requirements shall
be rejected. Welds shall be inspected and tested by an independent authority
nominated by the Contractor and approved by the Architect. The independent
authority shall provide reports and comments direct to the Architect. The
Contractor shall allow for having 15% of all site and shop fillet welds, 100%
of full penetration welds, 20% of partial penetration butt welds and 100% of
tension member welds tested. Testing of fillet welds will be magnetic particle
or penetration inspection. All other welds will be ultrasonic and magnetic
particle or other as approved by the Architect. The testing shall be carried
out by suitably qualified testing personnel i.e. persons qualified to C.S.W.I.P.
(Certified Scheme of Weldmen Inspection Personnel) or its equivalent.




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January 2010

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ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

SUBMITTALS
a. Submit manufacturer's test certificates for:
b. Structural Steelwork in accordance with BS standards specified
c. Bolts in accordance with BS 3692.
d. Submit erection procedure and method of propping.
e. Submit design calculations for all connections/splices of the structural
steel elements.
f. Submit proof that an insurance policy has been effected in regard to
the required indemnity.
g. Submit duplicate copies of shop drawings in AutoCAD for fabrication
and erection of structural steel at least 28 days before fabrication is
due to commence. After completion of fabrication, a trial erection
should be made at the factory. On final completion submit for record
purposes three copies of all drawings showing all variations. The shop
drawings shall be with complete details, schedule, fabrication and
erection tolerances, assembly and erection of every member in the
works. Indicate the areas of members to be ultrasonically tested at the
shop.
h. Submit name of proposed independent testing authority for welds, for
approval.
i. Submit information on welding as required in BS EN 1011.
j. Submit test certificates for welders in accordance with BS 4872 Part 1.
k. Submit test reports for the inspection and testing of welds.
l. Submit Paint Manufacturer's data sheets, along with compatibility of
requirements of different coating systems.
m. Submit manufacturers/fabricators capabilities for fabricating curved
structural steel members as indicated in the drawing along with
method statement and relevant standards/literatures for Architects
review and approval.

DELIVERY, STORAGE AND HANDLING

Deliver materials to site at such intervals to insure uninterrupted progress of
work.

Deliver holding down bolts and anchorage devices, which are to be
embedded in casting place concrete or masonry, in ample time not to delay
work.

Store materials to permit easy access for inspection and identification; keep
steel members off ground, using pallets, platforms, or other supports. Protect
steel members and packaged materials from erosion and deterioration.



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January 2010

05 00 00 METAL WORKS 80
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

Do not store materials on structure in a manner that might cause distortion
or damage to members or supporting structures. Repair or replace damaged
materials or structures as directed.

PRODUCTS

MATERIALS:

1. All materials shall be new and free from scale, rust, damage and defects.
2. All the materials shall comply with following British Standards.
3. Sections and Plates: All the sections and plates shall comply with
following BS Specifications:

a) Hot Rolled Sections BS 4; Part 1
b) Hollow Sections BS EN 10210, Part 2
c) Plates BS EN 10137
d) Equal & unequal Angles BS EN 100561
e) Steel Decking BS EN 10143 K BS EN 10147

4. Connectors: Connectors shall comply with following BS Specification:
a) ISO metric precision hexagon bolts and nuts. BS 3692
b) Metal washers for general engineering purposes (ISO Metric). BS 4320
c) High strength friction grip bolts and associated nuts and washers for
structural engineering. BS 4604
d) Metal arc welding of carbon and carbon manganese steel. BS EN 1011
e) Electrodes, Welding Rods & Filler Material to BS EN 1011 & BS EN 499
requirements. Furnish material compatibility in strength and appearance
with parent materials joined. Should a contractor wish to deviate from BS
Standards in order to adopt another internationally accepted buildings
standard, he shall submit for approval all relevant documents to prove its
acceptability.
Grades:
a) All structural steelwork shall be Grade 50 as specified in BS 5950.

b) All ISO metric precision hexagon bolts and nuts shall be Grade 8.8 as
specified in BS 3692.

c) SHEAR STUD

i) All shear studs shall be of mild steel with minimum yield strength of 350
N/mm & ultimate tensile strength of 450 N/mm (min.)
ii) All the studs shall be headed with a minimum head diameter of 1.5d
and minimum depth of head of 0.4d where d is the nominal shank
diameter.
iii) Shear studs to be tested according to relevant British Standards.
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January 2010

05 00 00 METAL WORKS 81
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ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION
DESIGN
1. The Contractor shall design and detail all connections/splices and
temporary bracings which are not specifically shown on the contract
drawings. Before commencing any such design the Contractor shall satisfy
himself that he has received all the necessary design information.

2. The design of connections shall be in accordance with the relevant
sections of BS 5950, BS EN 1011 as applicable.

3. For temporary bracings the forces due to wind shall be assessed from
CP3, Chapter V using basic wind speed of 40m/s. However, the loading
calculations shall conform to the applicable wind load and parameters in
accordance with BS 6399 part

FABRICATION AND WORKMANSHIP

1. Jointing: Individual members shall, unless shown otherwise on the
drawings or agreed in writing by the Architect, be fabricated from
continuous unjointed sections.

2. Marking: All members shall be clearly marked to facilitate the proper
erection of the works and the Contractor shall supply the Architect with a
marking diagram.

3. Holing: Holes shall be drilled.

4. Bolted Connections: As much fabrication work as is reasonably
practicable shall be completed in the shop, and as far as possible the bolt
heads shall be on the upper side of connections. All shop and site bolts in
a group, or series of groups, shall face the same way. All bolts shall be
fitted with round washers. Where bolts pass through a beveled surface
tapered washer shall be used. The threaded portion of a bolt shall project
through a nut at least two threads. In all cases where the full bearing
area of the bolt is to be developed, the threaded portion of the bolt shall
not be within the thickness of the parts bolted together.

5. WELDING General: Welding of structural steel shall be in accordance
with the requirements of BS EN 1011. Attention is drawn to the
requirements of section 4 of that document "Information to be Supplied".

The Contractor must allow in his tender for the provision of expert
supervision and fabrication of all welded work.
He will be deemed to have included for providing the Engineer with all
labour materials and other assistance that he may require to ensure that
each welding operative is fully competent in accordance with BS 4872
Part 1.
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January 2010

05 00 00 METAL WORKS 82
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

1. Electrodes: The Electrodes used in all welding shall comply in all
respects with the requirements for Class A electrodes of BS EN 499.

2. Testing for Welds: Welds shall be inspected and tested.

The Contractor will be deemed to have included in his tender for the
testing by an approved independent authority of 15% of the shop and site
fillet welds, 100% of full penetration welds, 20% of partial penetration
butt welds and 100% of tension member welds tested. Testing of fillet
welds will be magnetic particle or penetration inspection. All other welds
will be ultrasonic and magnetic particle or other as approved by the
Architect. The welds to be tested will be selected by the Architect or the
independent authority. Should the Architect reject any welds as defective,
the Contractor shall cut them out and reweld them at his own expense.
He will also pay for the testing of the repaired weld and any subsequent
repair, replacement of material and testing until the joint is approved by
the Architect.
In addition, if a weld is found to be faulty, the Contractor will be responsible
for the cost of testing another weld, until such time as the number of welds
tested and approved first time without requiring renewal or repair, shall reach
10% of the number of welds.
WELDING OF SHEAR CONNECTORS
i) The shear studs shall be welded to beams by through deck
welding to develop full fusion around.

ii) A minimum of 1% of studs welded should be randomly tested
according to relevant British Standards.


a) Preparation of Metal for Welding: The surfaces of the parts to be
welded and a distance of 25mm on either side shall be free from
loose rust, mill scale and grease, and shall be thoroughly clean. The
light film of rust remaining after wire brushing need not be further
cleaned off. Where edges are required to be beveled or otherwise
shaped this may be done by any mechanical process, but not by
hand gas cutting. The surfaces to be welded shall be reasonably
smooth and free from sharp irregularities. The angles and shape of
the prepared surfaces shall comply with the requirements of the
appropriate British Standard mentioned above.

b) Butt Welded Joints: Single V, U or J or beveled butt joints shall be
reinforced whenever possible by a run of weld on the backside of the
joint.

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January 2010

05 00 00 METAL WORKS 83
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ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

In cases where this is impracticable the effective thickness at the
centre of the reinforcement shall be 10% greater than the thickness
of the parent metal.

c) Cleaning of Finished Welds: Within two hours of the laying of a
run of weld it shall be chipped clean of slag with hand hammers and
then together with the surrounding unpainted metal shall be lightly
covered with linseed oil.

d) Welding of Plate Girders: All welds between flanges and webs and
between end plates and girders shall be full strength, full penetration
butt welds.

e) Tolerances: After fabrication, the tolerances on cross sections of
rolled members shall not exceed those set out in BS 4 or BS EN
100561 as appropriate. The tolerances on all overall length
dimensions shall be +/2mm. The maximum deviation of a member
from straight line drawn between setting out points shall not exceed
2mm. The twist along the length of a member shall not be such as to
cause difficulties in fabrication and erection, invalidate design
assumptions, or impair the appearance of the finished structure.

6. STORAGE

a) Contractor shall take all necessary precautions to minimise exposure
to chemical pollution of steel awaiting fabrication.

b) Fabricated steelwork which is stored awaiting delivery to site or
erection, shall be kept clear of the ground and shall be laid out or
stacked so as to reduce to a minimum the amount of water or dirt
that can accumulate on or against any of the surfaces.

c) Suitable packing shall be placed between layers of stacked steelwork.
Where cover is provided, it shall be ventilated sufficiently to keep
condensation to a minimum.

d) ARCHITECTURALLY EXPOSED STRUCTURAL STEEL (AESS)

Members required to be Architecturally Exposed Structural Steel are
indicated on the drawings. Fabricate with special care using material
selected for best appearance. Employ necessary fabricating
techniques to produce and maintain the required quality of work and
tolerances. Make exposed edges and ends square and smooth,
free of cutting marks, shear distortion, burrs, and nicks. Provide
uniform and consistent joints with all exposed copes, miters and butt
cuts.
Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

05 00 00 METAL WORKS 84
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

Do not apply permanent mill markings, erection marks, symbols, or
painted notes on exposed surfaces.
Welding of Architectural Steel:
Select weld sizes, sequence, and equipment to limit distortions within
allowable tolerances. Print through or dimpling on exposed
surfaces is not acceptable. Continuously weld joints. Grind welds
smooth and otherwise treat as required to blend with adjacent parent
metal. Where flush butt joints are required, make welds slightly
oversized and grind flat.
Filling of Architectural Painted Steel:
Apply epoxy filler to pockets, voids, pitting or other blemishes on
exposed surfaces of architectural painted steel, including on faces
and welds. Epoxy filler to be submitted for approval prior to use.





























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ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

06 00 00 WOOD, PLASTICS, AND COMPOSITES

06 10 00 CARPENTRY

To be read in conjunction with Preliminaries and General Specifications.

a) STRUCTURAL TIMBER, GENERALLY

Timber grading for structural use shall comply with B.S. 4978 and shall be in
accordance with the recommendations contained in BS CP 112.

Samples of timber shall be submitted to the Engineer or his nominated
assistants for approval. The timber used throughout the works are to be
equal in all respects to the approved sample having particular regard to
consistency of grain and colour where this is of visual importance to the
finish.

b) SOFTWOODS

ii) Softwoods shall be properly seasoned sawn square, planed straight
and true.
iii) The density shall be 480 kg/ m3 at the specified moisture content.
Moisture content to be 10% or less.

c) HARDWOOD

i) Hardwood shall be dark red meranti unless otherwise specified on
drawings and instructed by the Engineer or his nominated assistants.
ii) Minimum density to be from 700 kg/m3 at the specified moisture
content. Moisture content to be 8% or less.

d) PRESERVATIVE TREATMENT

i) All timber is to have wood preservative and anti-termite treatment in
accordance with BS 1282 by either pressure impregnation or by
immersion in an approved preservative.

ii) The contractor shall treat all cuts end and notches etc., with brush
applied approved preservative. Provide evidence of analysis samples,
to BWPA standard 105 if required.

iii) Preservative/stain treatment shall comply to BS 5268. Apply approved
preservative from or equal after matching. Brush apply or to
manufacturer's recommendations.



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ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

e) A.C. AND EXHAUST FAN FRAMES & DUCT CROSSINGS THROUGH
WALLS:

All frames / sub frames for opening provided for all A.C. ducts when
passing through block works or concrete works shall be provided with
25mm thick x the width equal to the thickness of the wall and shall be
of red meranti securely fixed.

Exhaust fan frames shall be red meranti of 25mm thick x the width
equal to the wall thickness, securely fixed.

All sides of frames in contact with block works/concrete works shall be
painted by using 2 coats of wood primer of approved quality.

f) DISTRIBUTION BOXES

All D.B. boxes and meter boxes wherever shown on Electrical Drawings
shall be of the following:

i) Main frames shall be to Red Meranti, 25mm thick x the width equal
according to the requirement of Distribution Board, ELCB, MCCB, or
meters to be installed.

ii) Edges of frames projecting shall be covered by Cherry wood. Beading
25mm x 15mm thick and securely fixed.

iii) Shutters shall be 20mm thick Block Board with cherry wood veneer
cover on outside and having 20mm x 12mm Cherry wood. beading as
above.

iv) Provision for hinges, catchers, lock sets (ironmongery) shall be made
to the approval of the Engineer or his nominated assistants (the
Project Manager and the Supervision consultant).

v) DB=s shall be fully recessed as to make the shutter referred to in (iii)
above remain flush with wall finish surface.

g) Timber skirting, where shown, shall be generally cheery wood
section to the approval of the Engineer or his nominated
assistants, quality of timber being same as that used for door
frames.

Skirting shall be fixed to treated hardwood grounds fixed to concrete
or block work. Fixing method to be agreed with the Engineer or his
nominated assistants prior to proceeding with the works.


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ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

h) QUALITY CONTROL

Standards:
Relevant Standards applicable and referred to in this section are listed
below:

BS 1088 : Marine Plywood
BS 1186 : Part 1 : Quality of Timber - Joinery
BS 1282 : Application of Preservative
BS 3583 : Blockboards
BS 3842 : Treatment of Plywood with Preservatives
BS 4261 : Timber Preservations

i) SUBMITTALS

Submit the following for the Engineers approval

1. Complete drawings for all joinery, including large scale details,
dimensioned plans, elevations and adjacent work of other trades.

2. Samples

a. Sample of material and finish of joinery items, trim, plastic
laminate and door veneers.
b. Sample of door corner assembly fully finished.
c. Ironmongery fixed and exposed in sample panel.

3. Certificates of fire retardant treatment of wood confirm and
guarantee that fire treated wood will not bleed through paint or natural
finished surfaces.


06 82 00 GRP SPECIFICATION

PART 1: Laminate Specifications for GRP

A.) Raw Materials
B.) Pattern
C.) Mould
D.) Finish System
E.) Production
F.) Transportation
G.) Handling & Installation
H.) Finishing works & Handing Over
I.) Quality Control & Safety


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PART 2: General Information Physical and Chemical Properties

J.) Physical Properties

K.1 Weight & Volume
K.2 Thermal Properties
K.3 Sound Absorption
K.4 Hardness & Abrasion Resistance
K.5 Light & Heat Transmission
K.6 Effect of Temperature

LAMINATE SPECIFICATIONS

PART 1 :

A. RAW MATERIALS

A1. GELCOAT
A2 RESIN
A3 E. GLASS

Type : 300 CSM -
450 CSM -
600 CSM
600g Woven Roving -
Coremat (1,2,3,5 mm) -

B. PATTERN

- One sector as per approved shop drawings

C. MOULD

- One sector as per approved shop drawings

D. FINISH SYSTEM

- Each unit would be produced in standard gel coat system, then
painted as specified
by the consultant.

E. PRODUCTION

F1 Each sector unit to be manufactured as one single skin unit,
structurally reinforced and temporarily supported by steel C-
channel to allow demoulding and transport.
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ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

F2 2 nos. 12mm cast-in sockets would be provided in suitable
balanced and symmetrical locations on the surface recessed to
be used in lifting hooks. if required

F. TRANSPORTATION

G1 Units to be transported on a trailer mounted with steel frame to
structurally support the units to eliminate any possible
deformation.
G2 The units would be protected by soft cushoning around the steel
frame for the surface finish protection.

G. HANDLING AND INSTALLATION

H1 The units will be lifted with belts using suitable mobile cranes.
Belts would be connected to the lifting cast-in sockets.
H2 The units will be hoisted/lifted by crane to its final destination.
H3 The units would be secured in its final location with fixing details
as defined in shop drawings.

H. FINISHING WORKS AND HANDING OVER

I1 The units will be checked and repaired for any possible minor
scratches or Gelcoat Cracks occurred during transport and
installation.
H2 Final cosmetic works would be carried out to ensure compliance
with the specified finish.

I. QUALITY CONTROL & SAFETY

J1 At all the stages of production, transport, installation and
finishing, Arabian Profile
Co. Ltd. would ensure total compliance with its Quality Policy
and safety plans.
J2 Arabian Profile Co. Ltd. would ensure that the products are
conforming to contractual requirements and re produced and
delivered to customers satisfaction.
J3 Arabian Profile Co. Ltd. is an ISO 9001 Certified.


PART 2:

J. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

- Many of the physical properties of GRP can be calculated from a
knowledge of the individual characteristics of the basic
materials.
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ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION


K.1) Weight and volume

- Fiberglass and resin proportions are usually expressed as
percentage by weight. Percentage by volume is also important.
The conversion is :

WF
DF _____
VF = WF + WR + WJ
DF DR DJ

Where VF is volume fraction of Fibreglass in laminate
WF is weight fraction of Fibreglass in laminate
DF is density of fibreglass
WR is weight fraction of resin
DR is density of resin
WJ is weight fraction of filler
DJ is density of filler

Thermal Expansion


L
= V
F
E
F

F +
V
R
E
R

R


V
F
E
F +
V
R
E
F


Where is coefficient thermal expansion
E

is modulus of elasticity

V

is volume fraction occupied


Thermal Conductivity

K
L
= K
F
V
F +
K
R
V
R +
K
J
V
J


Where is thermal conductivity
E

is volume fraction occupied
Suffixes
F
fiberglass


R
resin


J
filler

L
laminate








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ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION


K.
2
) Thermal Properties


Material

Glass
Content

Coeff. Thermal
Exansion

Coeff. Thermal
Conductivity

Heat
Resistance up
to
by
weight
deg. F x
10
-4

deg.C x
10
-6

BTU
in/ft
2
h
DegF
W/m
degC
degF Up to
degC
*Unidirectional
Wound Epoxide
Extrusion
Polyester

60-90
50-75

2-6
3-8

4-11
5-14

1.9-2.3
1.9-2.3

0.3-2.3
0.3-
0.35

500
500

260
260
* Bi-directional
Satin Weave
Polyester
Woven Roving
Polyester

50-70
45-60

5-6
6-9

9-11
11-16

1.9-2.3
1.5-2.0

0.3-
0.35
0.2-0.3

350
350

175
175
* Random
Preform
Polyester
Woven Roving
Polyester

25-50
25-40

10-18
12-20

18-33
22-20

1.3-1.8
1.2-1.6

0.2-0.3
0.2-
0.52

390
350

200
175
* Moulding
Compounds
DMC Polyester
Prepeg Polyester
Glass-filled
nylon

6-26
20-35
20-40

13-19
10-18
7-18

24-34
18-33
13-33

1.3-1.7
1.3-1.7
1.4-1.5

0.2-
0.25
0.2-
0.25
0.2-
0.22

450
450
390

230
230
200
H.D Polyethylene
Impact
Polystyrene
Polypropylene
Nylon
61-72
22-56
55-111
55-63
110-130
40-100
100-200
100-114
0.8
0.6-
0.8
0.8
1.4-
1.7
0.11
0.8-
0.11
0.11
0.2-
0.25
250
180
320
300
120
80
160
150
Mild Steel
Aluminium
Stainless Steel
6-8
12-13
9-10
11-14
22-23
16-18
324
980-
1300
800
46
140-190
110
1500
660
2100
820
350
1150









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K.
4
) Hardness and abrasion Resistance

- Polyester and epoxide resins are hard plastics and the addition of
Fibreglass has little effect. With other plastics the addition of
Fibreglass can significantly increase hardness.
- Abrasion resistance depends on hardness and toughness.
Experience have shown the following comparison between
materials used in sanitary ware:

Abrasion and Stain Resistance

Material Surface roughness in in m
As received After 1200 cycle test
with abrasive cleaner
Wear in Stain
Resistance
Good gel coat on laminate 10 30
0.25 0.76
40
1.0
2700
64
44

Poor gel coat on laminate 10 30
0.25 0.76
210
5.3
7500
192
81
Porcelain on steel 10 20
0.25 0.51
158
4.0
200
5
20
High pressure decorative
laminate
40 80
1.02 2.04
110
2.8
5000
128
68
Ceramic tile 40
1.02
40
Plastic polystyrene tile 42
Terrazo base 375
9.53
91
(Lowest best)






K.
3
) Sound Absorption

- GRP is a lightweight material and has limited ability to reduce sound
transmission. Compared to similar weight materials the performance is
good when related to density.

Material Approx.


Weight

Average Sound Reduction
Lb / ft
2
kg / m
2
( 100-3200 cycles ) dB
1
/
8
in. GRP 1 4.8 22
1
/
8
in. hardboard
2
/
3
3.2 20
1
/
4
in. Plywood
3
/
4
3.6 21
1
/
4
in. Blockboard 3 14.6 27
1
/
8
in. Asbestos Cement 2
1
/
2
12.2 26
2
/
8
in. Plasterboard 2 9.7 25
24 oz. Glass 1
1
/
2
7.3 23
1
/
16
in. Aluminium 1 4.8 22
Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

06 00 00 WOOD, PLASTICS & COMPOSITES 93
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

K.
5
) Light and Heat Transmission

- GRP sheet can transmit a high proportion of light. Because of its
nature it also tends to diffuse the transmitted light. By tinting
and pigmentation a wide range of heat and light transmissions
can be obtained.

Temperature in
Sun

Temperature in
Shade
49
0
C

16
0
27
0
38
0

43
0
C

16
0
27
0
38
0

38
0
C

16
0
27
0

32
0
C

16
0
27
0

27
0
C

16
0
21
0

Light
Trans-
mission
Window Glass 42
0
45
0
47
0
38
0
40
0
42
0
33
0
36
0
29
0
31
0
25
0
26
0
90%
Clear Translucent 37
0
41
0
45
0
33
0
37
0
41
0
30
0
34
0
26
0
30
0
23
0
24
0
84%
Tints Yellow
Ruby
Emerald
36
0
40
0
45
0

35
0
40
0
45
0

34
0
39
0
44
0

33
0
37
0
41
0

32
0
37
0
41
0

31
0
36
0
41
0

29
0
33
0

29
0
33
0

28
0
33
0

26
0
30
0

26
0
30
0

25
0
30
0

22
0
24
0

22
0
24
0

22
0
24
0

65%
24%
55%
White Opaque
Opaques Pale Blue
18
0
28
0
38
0

16
0
27
0
38
0

17
0
28
0
38
0

16
0
27
0
38
0

17
0
27
0

16
0
27
0

17
0
28
0

16
0
27
0

16
0
22
0

16
0
21
0

6%
2%

K.
6
) Effect of temperature on the mechanical properties

- GRP, like other plastics, exhibits visco-elastic properties and
temperature has a very significant effect. Because of the heat
resistance of Fiberglass, plastics loaded with it have higher
stability than when unreinforced.

- Low temperatures usually improve the properties of GRP when
compared to ambient. Very low temperatures give the following
typical results:

Condition Glass Fabric laminate
Epoxy Phinolic Polyester
UTS 10
2
lbf / in
2
MN / m
2

73
0
F 22.8
0
C 62 440 44.4 310
- 67
0
F - 55
0
C 50.5 350 53 370 44.5 310
- 323
0
F -197
0
C 68 480
- 424
0
F -253
0
C 85.6 600 70 490 43.2 300
Tensile modulus 10
6
lbf / in
2
GN / m
2

73
0
F 22.8
0
C 3.43 24 3.47 24.4
- 67
0
F - 55
0
C 3.5 25 4.31 30
- 323
0
F -197
0
C 4.66 33
- 424
0
F -253
0
C 3.86 27 3.58 25

- When light is transmitted through untinted GRP sheet, there is
considerable absorption at the UV-short wavelength-end and
high transmission at the longer wavelength end of the spectrum.
The high UV absorption often requires the use of UV absorbers
to counteract the effect on the sheet. Generally the higher the
resin content the better the light transmission.


Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

07 00 00 THERMAL & MOISTURE PROTECTION 94
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

07 00 00 THERMAL AND MOISTURE PROTECTION

07 10 01 TOILET & KITCHEN PANTRY FLOOR WATERPROOFING

GENERAL

a) The waterproofing shall consist of 2 coats of in orthogonal direction
Nitoproof 230 or equal approved by Engineer or his nominated
assistants.

b) The waterproofing shall be protected as indicated in the drawing or by
Nitubond SBR (or equal approved) polymer modified cementitious
screed of a thickness not less than 50mm.

Specification Clause for Kitchens and wet areas waterproofing

The kitchen and wet areas waterproofing membrane shall consist of 2 coats
in orthogonal direction of Nitoproof 230, an elastomeric, high yield, cold
applied, rubberised bitumen emulsion waterproofing membrane.

The liquid applied membrane shall conform to ASTM C309-93 when used as
curing membrane and shall form a seamless, chemically curing compound
capable of bridging minor live cracks.

Thickness shall be a minimum of 0.75mm d.f.t. per coat. The second coat
shall be applied at right angles to the first, providing a total dry film
thickness of 1.5mm.

All surface preparation, priming, mixing and application shall be carried out
in strict accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

The kitchen and wet areas waterproofing membrane shall be Nitoproof 230
from Al Gurg Fosroc or equal approved.

Method statement for the application of Nitoproof 230

SURFACE PREPARATIONS

All surfaces must be clean, dry and free from dirt, rust, oil and grease. All
loosely adhered particles such as rust, scale, cement laitance etc. should be
removed through lightly grit blasting, high pressure water jetting or
equivalent mechanical means.

If organic growth is present, it should be removed by fungicidal wash,
followed by a thorough washing with clean water.


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January 2010

07 00 00 THERMAL & MOISTURE PROTECTION 95
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

APPLICATION

Nitoproof 230 shall be applied by a brush or squeegee to the prepared
surfaces.

Before use, stir the Nitoproof 230 well and replace the lid when not in use.
In case of any spillage, soak up with sand or sawdust and the surface should
be washed down immediately.

Apply Nitoproof 230 at a rate of 0.87m2 / litre per coat, this will achieve a
dry film thickness of 0.75mm. Two coats of Nitoproof 230 should be applied
providing a total dry film thickness of 1.5mm. The first coat should be
allowed to dry completely.

The second coat should be applied at right angels to the first coat.

All applications should be carried from the horizontal to the vertical surfaces,
up to the existing damp proof course or a minimum of 150mm.

During application and subsequent operations care should be practiced so
that the membrane is not damaged or punctured. In case of any damage
Nitoproof 230 can be readily over coated to restore the continuity of the
membrane.

When the surface is to receive a render or a plaster finish, a keyed surface
should be formed by gritting the second coat of Nitoproof 230 with clean, dry
sand.

A minimum of 48 hours drying period should be allowed before plastering,
rendering or laying of screed.

The waterproofing membrane shall be mixed and applied in full accordance
with the manufacturer's instructions.

CORNER TREATMENTS

Before the application of Nitoproof 230 all corners and any pipe penetrations
through the slab should receive a minimum 25mm x 25mm fillet of Nitoproof
230 mixed with clean, dry sand. The Nitoproof 230 should be mixed with
clean, dry and chloride free sand at a 1:3 proportion.

CLEANING

Nitoproof 230 can be removed with clean water. However if it has dried, it
can only be removed with Fosroc Solvent 103.


Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

07 00 00 THERMAL & MOISTURE PROTECTION 96
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

07 10 02 ROOF WATERPROOFING

GENERAL

The system shall be one layers of 5mm thick torch applied bituminous
membrane layed on light weight screed 800 - 900 kg/m3 density to the
approval of the Engineer or his nominated assistants . The light weight
screed shall be minimum 50mm thick and layed to fall 1:80.

Provide 1000g Polyethene sheet over the membrane.

Extruded polystyrene, 50 mm thick, 35 kg/m3 shall be placed over the
Polyethene sheet. Insulation shall be covered with Geo textile membrane and
Gravel ballast (40 mm) shall be spread with minimum thickness of 100 mm
over the geotextile. The Contractor to provide pre-cast concrete tiles
(500mm x 500mm x 500mm) walkway over gravel ballast.

SURFACE CONDITION

Roof surface shall be sound, smooth, dry and free from loose debris i.e. dust,
dirt, chippings or any other imperfection by cleaning with compressed air
prior to installing or roofing materials. Standing water shall be made level
and all depression greater than 1cm shall be made level.

PREPARATION OF DETAILS

a) All openings and details on the roof deck shall be completed prior to
installing any roof materials. Particular attention should be paid to the
design of up stands, expansion joints, A.C. and duct openings precast
joints and junctions and rain water outlets. The roofing contractor shall be
consulted for the design.

b) All joints between pre-cast floor panels shall be grouted and treated with
joint sealant and membrane applied as per Manufacturer's details and
instructions.


c) Provision of concrete fillet's 100mm x 100mm in cement mortar 1:6 shall
be made at the junction of the slab and up stand.

All cracks in the slab to be filled with any approved epoxy mortar and
then locally water proofed prior to the application of the water proofing
system.

d) The membrane shall be applied vertically on parapets up to a height of
400mm above S.S.L, shall be terminated into preformed grooves 20mm x
20mm and sealed using compatible sealants.
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January 2010

07 00 00 THERMAL & MOISTURE PROTECTION 97
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

Aluminum flashings and other accessories shall be provided to protect the
membrane as per approval of the Engineer or his nominated assistants.

APPLICATION

Contractor to submit detailed Method Statement for Engineer or his
nominated assistants approval.

ROOFING SUNDRIES

a) The Contractor shall show in his drawing the detail of expansion joints
and contraction joints as well as the division of panels/bay and the
method of application of the whole system for Engineer or his
nominated assistants approval.

b) A meeting between all parties concerned should be organized on site
prior to installing any roofing.

c) Waterproofing contractor shall ensure that all cracks of any nature in
the systems shall be treated with suitable waterproofing compound
prior to application of the remaining protective coating.

d) Particular attention should be given to all right angle joints between
parapet walls and roof slabs between raised platforms or at roof slab,
up stand, pipe protrusions etc. and should incorporate a cementitious
cant strip or cove fillet.

e) Filter membrane /separation layer allowing free flow of water and
capable of protecting the insulation board shall be laid over insulation
prior to final roof finish.

INSULATION
Extruded polystyrene shall be provided as roofing and thermal insulation (as
shown on drawing) with a density of 35kgs/m3 and shall meet the
requirements of ASTM C578 with a flame spread rating of 25 or less per
ASTM E-84, to the approval of the Engineer or his nominated assistants .

WARRANTY

a) The Contractor shall provide a written warranty, in the format enclosed
in the Appendix agreeing to repair or replace works which exhibits
defects in material and workmanship and guaranteeing weather-tight
and leak performance. "Defects" is defined to include, but is not
limited to, uncontrolled leakage of water, abnormal aging or
deterioration and failure to perform as required.


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January 2010

07 00 00 THERMAL & MOISTURE PROTECTION 98
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ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

b) Warranty shall include areas and/or items to be covered by the roofing
system as a result of damages incurred within the guarantee period.

c) Guarantee period: minimum of ten years from the practical completion
date of the project.

d) Flood Test shall be conducted for a minimum period of 48 hours.


07 11 00 DAMP PROOF MEMBRANE AND OTHER PROTECTIVE
SHEETS

a) Bitumen Sheet: For waterproofing top of concrete block walls, beneath
pre-cast concrete coping.

b) Polythene sheet: For waterproofing under slabs, provide polythene,
laid into lap edges to a minimum of 300mm. Gauge 250mm microns
and thickness 1000 gauge.


07 11 01 QUALITY CONTROL

1. Provide products for the waterproofing systems that have been
produced and installed to establish and maintain watertight seals.
Materials for waterproofing shall comply with specified performance
requirements.

2. Waterproofing shall be installed in accordance with manufacturer's
specifications and by an applicator approved by the manufacturer, and
the Engineer.


3. Proceed with waterproofing Work only after substrate construction and
all roof-opening Works have been completed by enclosing with finish
items.

4. Obtain waterproofing materials of each type required, from a single
manufacturer to the greatest extent possible. Provide secondary
materials as recommended by the manufacturer of primary materials.

5. Waterproofing contractor certification:
The Waterproofing Contractor is required to:

a) Submit manufacturer's approval of applicator.



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January 2010

07 00 00 THERMAL & MOISTURE PROTECTION 99
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ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

b) Submit complete details about the contractor's company: company
profile, list of specialized staff with their respective qualification with
minimum of 5 years experience specific in Bahrain; evidence of their
ability to handle projects of a similar volume, and list of equipments.

6. Job Conditions
Environmental Requirements:

a) Weather Conditions. Proceed with waterproofing Work only when
weather conditions comply with manufacturer's recommendations, and
which will permit materials to be applied in accordance with
manufacturer's directions.

b) Do not apply membrane primer to damp or wet surfaces.


07 11 02 SUBMITTALS

Submit the following items in accordance with Conditions of Contract.

1. PRODUCT DATA: Manufacturer's printed specification and installation
instructions, including procedures and materials for termination,
penetrations, flashing, compatibility and bonding. The Contractor shall
provide with his submittals all the relevant Standards documentation.

2. SHOP DRAWINGS: Indicate layout of sheets including side and end
laps mechanical equipment flashing, parapet flashing, drain details.

3. SAMPLES:
a. Membranes: 300 mm x 300 mm samples
b. Flashing Membrane: 300 mm x 300 mm samples
c. Any other components required by the Engineer.















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January 2010

07 00 00 THERMAL & MOISTURE PROTECTION 100
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

07 20 00 THERMAL PROTECTION

07 21 00 THERMAL INSULATION

Thermal insulation implementation programme shall be done as per the
Ministry of Electricity and Water conservation Directorate, Kingdom of
Bahrain.

The following shall be implemented strictly:

1. Building shall be thermally insulated for all the external walls, staircases,
light well shafts. External walls of the building abutting adjoining buildings
if any shall also be insulated.

2. Thermal Insulation shall be provided for the roof including swimming pool
decks and staircases/ lift machine rooms.

3. Glazing shall be as per the type approved in the application. Approval of
MEW should be obtained for the glazing.

4. Modification form should be submitted for change in insulation materials
in wall/roof, glass type, glass area etc. and approval obtained before
incorporating any such changes in the building.

5. Modification form should also be submitted for change of owners or
Engineering Office.

6. Follow up notices should be submitted for each floor, roof and glass
during the progress of construction, when intending to start the
installation of insulation and at least two weeks before its completion.

7. Copies of Building permit and address card should be submitted with the
first follow up notice.














Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

07 00 00 THERMAL & MOISTURE PROTECTION 101
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

07 44 53 GRC SPECIFICATION

Part 1: General Information, Characteristics and Mechanical
Properties of GRC
1.0 Types of GRC
1.1 GRC White Finish
1.2 GRC Stone Finish
1.3 GRC Pigmented Finish
1.4 GRC Marble Finish

2.0 Manufacture
3.0 Mechanical and Physical Properties
4.0 Applications
5.0 Merit, Advantages and Characteristics
6.0 Tables and Diagrams

Part 2: Raw Materials and Production

7.0 Glass Fibre Reinforced Concrete
8.0 Anchors and Sub-systems
9.0 Mixers
10.0 Source Quality Control

Part 3: Execution

11.0 Inspection
12.0 Erection
13.0 Patching
14.0 Cleaning

















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January 2010

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ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

Part 1: General Information, Characteristics and Mechanical

1.0 Types of Finishes

1.1 GRC WHITE CEMENT FINISH
The Glass Fiber Reinforced Cement (GRC) is a combination of
especially developed Alkali resistant (AR) Glass Fiber and cement sand
mortar.

The resultant composite is a concrete like material combining the
compressive properties of cement mortars with the valuable flexural
and tensile strength of the Glass Fibers. It is in many ways similar to
concrete but its higher cement content and lower permeability make it
more resistant to moisture penetration, atmospheric attack or sand
erosion. The high cement and low aggregate content also results in
higher moisture movement than concrete, although thermal
movement is similar.

1.2 GRC STONE FINISH
The GRC stone finish is a polymerized modified GRC mix-design with
specific fiberglass reinforcement formulated to carry a compatible
cementicious facing-mix, consisting of natural inorganic aggregate with
uniform, grading, size and colour.

The Glass Reinforced facing mix-design does not contain any
pigmentation but natural aggregate (granite chips/marble
chips/minerals) in different colours, blended and graded together to
produce a GRC stone finish in multiple natural colours and textures.
The high quality GRC stone finish with multiple natural colours (mix
designs in different natural colours) can be tailored to meet the design
requirement of the architect (texture, colour, finish,.etc.).

The production technique of the GRC stone finish matrix is modified to
ensure durability and stone products high quality.

1.3 GRC PIGMENTED FINISH
The GRC pigmented finish is a polymerized modified GRC mix-design
with specific fiberglass reinforcement formulated to incorporate a
compatible cementicious colour matrix pigment. The colour matrix
and the GRC mix design are blended and graded together to produce a
GRC panels in multiple colours and textures.

The GRC pigmented finish can be tailored to meet the design
requirement of the architect (texture, colour, finish, etc).The colour
matrix are formulated to interact with the GRC mix design to provide;
as practicably as possible panels with permanent, fade resistance,
uniform and streak-free integral colour.
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January 2010

07 00 00 THERMAL & MOISTURE PROTECTION 103
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ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

2.0 MANUFACTURE
GRC can be produced by several differing techniques, ranging from
simple manual processes to sophisticated mechanized systems. All
systems first require the production of slurry of the matrix
components. The fibres are then added, either at a further mixings
stage before casting or by simultaneous spraying on or into
moulds.
Compaction and cure production time will be determined by the
type of Components & the manufacturing methods used and can
vary widely.

3.0 MECHANICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
The properties of GRC are influenced by such factors as fibre
content and distribution, type of matrix and method of
manufacture. They can therefore be tailored to meet the design
requirements of particular components. Tests carried out showed
that the fibre significantly improves both tensile and bending
strength and increases strain failure, resulting in strong and tough
materials.
Thermal, fire, moisture and acoustic properties are good, but most
of these are controlled by the matrix components. Chemical
resistance is broadly similar to that of concrete and the effect of the
chemical on the cement is the pre-dominant factor. However,
because standard GRC, has high density and high cement content,
it generally has a higher chemical resistance than concrete.
Especially formulated cement such as Sulphate and Alumins
contents will give further improvements. Alkali solutions do not
affect the product.

4.0 APPLICATIONS
Over a decade after its inception, GRC can be found in a wide
range of application areas. The Civil Engineering, Architectural and
Agricultural sectors all benefit from the inherent properties of GRC.
As a construction material, GRC has several characteristics which
make it particularly attractive to the architect. The lightweight of
the product, its mouldability architectural concepts incorporate GRC
Modern erection techniques coupled with suitable panel design
enable buildings to be completed in a fraction of the time takes to
build a conventional structure. The stud frame technique,
developed in the U.S.A., exemplifies the ease with which a metal
frame can be incorporated into GRC and bolted to the frame of the
building. Each unit can be lifted to position using a simple hoist.
Gulf House Engineering
January 2010

07 00 00 THERMAL & MOISTURE PROTECTION 104
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ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

5.0 MERITS, ADVANTAGES & CHARACTERISTICS
Light Weight
Its mouldability to any design, and ease of forming to complex
shapes
Fire, corrosion,weather,abrasion,fungi, and insects resistance
Low thermal movements
Low maintenance
Non-combustibility
Proven long term performance
Thin cross section
Impact resistance
High density with low porosity
Manufacturing flexibility, Easy Handleability,

6.0 TABLES & DIAGRAMS

TABLE (1): MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF CEM-FIL GRC
Property Unit Hand or Machine Spray Premix
Cemfil Fibre Content % BY WT. 5 3
Density (Normal) TONNE/M
3
1.9 2.1 1.8 2.0
Comprehensive Strength N/MM
2
50-80 40-60
Tensile Strength (UTS) N/MM
2
8 11 4-7
Bending Strength (MOR) N/MM
2
21 31 10 14
Bending Strength (IZOD) NMM/MM
2
10 25 8 14
Bending Elastic Limit (LOP) N/MM
2
7 11 5 8
Youngs Modulus KN/MM
2
10 20 13 18
Poissons Ratio 0.20 0.25 0.20 0.2
Strain to Failure % 0.60 1.2 1.0 0.2
Interlaminar Shear Strength N/MM
2
3 5 N/A
In Plane Shear Strength N/MM
2
8 11 4 - 7
TABLE (2) TYPICAL DESIGN STRESSES USED FOR CEM-FIL GRC
Design Value
Loading Example Unit Hand or
Machine
Spray
Premix
Compression Compressive N/MM
2
12 12
Tension Cylinder Hoop Stress Bending
Sandwich Panels
N/MM
2
3 2
Tensile/Bending Bending Box Sections or Channels N/MM
2
4 2.5
Bending Bending Solid Beams or Plates N/MM
2
6 4
Shear Stress Shear Loading N/MM
2
1 1

These design values may vary in certain areas e.g. formwork. Limit state
methods are also used.
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January 2010

07 00 00 THERMAL & MOISTURE PROTECTION 105
07-C106 NOVOTEL AL DANA RESORT TOWERS
ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

TABLE (3) STANDARD MIX DESIGN
Material Premix Spray
* Cement 50 kg 50kg
* Silica Sand 50kg 50kg
* Glass Fiber 3% (by weight) 5% (by weight)
* Polymer 2 liter / 50 kg cement 2 liter/ 50 kg. cement
* Water 16 liter 16 liter

Part 2: Raw Materials & Production
7.0 GLASS REINFORCED CONCRETE
A. Shape: Produce GFRC units straight or curved to follow building
lines as indicated on drawings

B. Materials: Produce GFRC units incorporating the following
materials.

C. Portland Cement: ASTMC 150, Type 1, white color.
1. For surfaces exposed to view in finished structure, use same
brand, type and source of supply throughout GFRC production.

D. Glass Fibers: Specifically produced for compatibility with
aggressive alkaline environment of Portland cement-based
composites, complying with PCI-MNL-128.

Sand: Washed and dried silica or another acceptable material
successful used in GFRC production meeting composition
requirements of ASTMC 144; all passing through NO. 16 (1.2mm)
sieve.

Coloring Agent: ASTMC 979; ultraviolet and alkali resistant.
Match color sample on site with Project Manager.

G. Water: Portable

Admixtures: ASTM 260 for air entrainment. ASTM C 494 for chemical
admixtures and ASTM C618 for fly ash or natural pozzolan
admixtures at fabricators option. Do not use admixtures that
contain more than 0.1 percent chloride ions.

8.0 ANCHORS & SUB-SYSTEM
A. Stainless Steel: ASTM A 666, Type 304, Grade as required.
B. Anchor Bolts: Austenitic stainless steel.
C. Threaded Anchor Finish: Austenitic stainless steel.
D. Reglets: Fabricators standard, stainless steel.


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January 2010

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9.0 MIXERS

A. General: Combine Portland cement, glass fibers, sand and
selected admixtures in proper proportions to meet design
requirements. Provide nominal glass content of not less than
5 percent, average yield strength of 900 psi (6 Mpa) and
ultimate strength not less than2500 psi (17 Mpa).

B. Proportioning and Mixing: Carefully measure amounts of mix
constituents to achieve desired mix proportions.

1. Meter glass-fiber and cement slurry to spray head at rates to
achieve desired mix proportion and glass content. Verify
following standard procedures recommended by PCI-MNL-128.

C. Spray Application: Comply with general procedures as follows:

1. Spray mist coat consisting of matrix without fibers onto forms, if
required. Do not exceed 1/16 inch (1.5mm) thickness to prevent
an un reinforced surface.

2. Proceed with spraying up main body before mist coat has set,
using procedures than produce a uniform thickness and
distribution of glass fibers and matrix.

3. Consolidate applied materials by rolling orb use another
technique to achieve complete encapsulation of fibers and
compaction.

4. Control thickness by using a pin gauge or another acceptable
method.

5. Make a minimum of one thickness measurement for each 5sq.ft.
(0.5 sq.m.) of panel surface with not less than six
measurements per panel.Hand form intricate details,
incorporate formers or infill materials and over-spray before
material reaches initial set to ensure complete bonding.

D. Inserts and Embedments: Properly embed inserts in built-up
homogeneous GFRC bosses or bonding pads to develop their
strength.

F. Dimensional Tolerances: Manufacture units so that each complies
with following dimensional tolerances For dimensional tolerances
not listed below, comply with PCI-L-117, Manual for Quality
Control for Plants and Production of Architectural Precast Concrete
Products.
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January 2010

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ARCHITECTURAL & STRUCTURAL SPECIFICATION

Overall height and width of finished units, measured at face
adjacent to form.

10 feet (3m) or under, plus or minus 1/8 inch (3mm).
Over 10 feet (3m), plus or minus 1/8 inch per (3mm per 3m).
Skin Thickness: Plus inch (6mm) minus 0 inch (0mm).

Architectural Facing Thickness: Plus 1/8 inch (3mm), minus 0 inch
(0mm).

Side Return Thickness: Plus inch (13mm), minus 0 inch (0mm).

Panel Depth from Face of Skin to Back of Steel Stud or Integral
Rib: Plus 3/8 inch (9mm), minus inch (9mm), minus inch
(6mm).

Angular Deviation of Plan of Side Mold: 1/32 inch (0.8mm) per 3
inches (75 mm) of depth or 1/16 inch (1.5mm) total, whichever is
greater.

Variation from Square or Designated Skew (difference in length of
two diagonal measurements): (1mm per 1800mm).

Length and Width of Block-outs and Openings within One Unit: Plus
or minus 1/8 inch (3mm).

G. Positional Tolerances: Measured from datum line locations, as
indicated.
Steel Studs or Tracks: Plus or minus 1/8 inch (3mm).
1. Flashing Reglets Edge of Panel: Plus or minus 1/8 inch (3mm).
2. Reglets for Gaskets: Plus or minus 1/8 inch (3mm).

H. Finishes: Exposed panel faces to match Project Managers
samples. Joint marks, grain or other obvious defects panel faces
are not acceptable.

I. Curing: Employ initial curing method that will ensure sufficient
strength for removing units from form.

1. After initial curing, remove panel from form and place in a
controlled curing environment.
2. Keep panels continuously moist for a minimum of 7 days.
Maintain temperature between 60 deg. F (16 deg. C) and 120
deg. F (49 deg. C) during this period.



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3. Acrylic thermoplastic copolymer dispersion may be used as a
curing compound in lieu of moist curing if approved by the
Project Manager. Use only copolymers shown to eliminate the
need for moist curing through published independent laboratory
test data. Use only copolymers shown not to cause discoloration
to the finished panel.

J. Panel Identification: Mark each GFRC panel to correspond with
identification mark on shop drawings. Mark each panel with its
casting date.

10.0 SOURCE QUALITY CONTROL

General: Establish quality control program for manufacturing GFRC
panels to monitor glass content, spray rate, unit weight of slurry,
product physical properties, anchor pull-off and shear strengths
and curing period and conditions.

1. Testing materials and inspecting production techniques
are responsibility of manufacturer.

2. Prepare test specimens and perform the required test
Procedure recommendations for quality control.

3. Produce test boards as at rate of not less than 3 tests
per project.
Spray up test boards simultaneously with and alongside
production panels.

4. Determine the following each test board:
a. Glass Content: Satisfactory if within control limits of
minus 0.5 to plus 1.0 percent by weight of mix.

Flexural Yield Strength: Satisfactory if average of three consecutive
strength tests equals or exceeds design ultimate flexural strength and
no individual strength test falls below design ultimate flexural strength
by more than 5 percent.

Flexural Ultimate Strength: Satisfactory if average of three consecutive
ultimate test values equals or exceeds assumed flexural strength for
design purposes and no individual ultimate test value divided by three
(average of six specimens) falls below assumed ultimate flexural
strength for design purposes by more than 5 percent.



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Part 3: Execution

11.0 INSPECTION
A. Erector Responsibility: Prior to installing units, check job-site
dimensions affecting erection of GFRC units. Bring to
Contractors attention any discrepancy between design
dimensions and field dimensions that could adversely affect
installation. If discrepancies to exist, do not proceed until
corrected or until installation requirements are modified as
acceptable to Project Manager.

12.0 ERECTION
A. Lifting and Setting: Lift GFRC unit at lifting points established
by manufacturer. Set GFRC units level, plumb and square within
allowable tolerances.

Supports and Bracing: Provide temporary supports and bracing, as
required, to maintain position, stability and alignment while units are
being permanently connected.

Fastening: Fasten GFRC units place by bolting, as indicated on shop
drawings.

Tolerances of Erected Units: Erect GFRC units to comply with the
following non-cumulative tolerance. For erection tolerances not listed,
comply with requirements of PCI-MNL-117.

1. Face width of joint as follows:

Panel dimension 10 feet (3m) or less, plus or minus 1/8
inch (3mm).

Panel dimensions 10 to 20 feet (3 to 6m) plus or minus
inch (6mm).

Panel dimension over 20 feet (6m) plus inch (6mm),
minus 5/16 inch (8mm).

2. Warpage: Maximum permissible warpage of one corner
out of plane with other three is (1 mm per m) distance
from nearest corner of (3mm) total after installation.




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3. Bowing: Not over L/1000 where L is panel length, with
a maximum of (6mm), where L is panel length in (mm)
in direction of bow. Differential bowing, between adjacent
members of same design, not more than (3mm).

13.0 PATCHING

A. General: Patching will be permitted provided structural
adequacy of unit and appearance are not impaired, when
acceptable to Project Manager.

B. Parching Mix: Match color and texture of GFRC unit. Blend and
mix materials so that cured patching matches adjacent surfaces.

14.0 CLEANING

A. General: Perform cleaning procedures as recommended by
GFRC unit manufacturer.

1. Clean soiled GFRC surfaces with detergent and water, using
soft fiber brushes and sponges and rinse with clean water.

2. Prevent damage to GFRC surfaces and to adjacent materials
























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07 61 13 METAL STANDING SEAM ROOFING:

To be read with Preliminaries/conditions

TYPE (S) OF CLADDING SYSTEM

EXTERNAL COVER TO STANDING SEAM ROOF IN REYNOBOND
ALUMINIUM COMPOSITE PANELS

Summary:
An Aluminium composite material (building panel) used as exterior cladding
of the building.

Qualify Assurance:
The final fabricator and installer should hold a current ISO 9001 certificate.

Maximum deviation from the vertical and horizontal alignment of the erected
panels should not exceed 6mm in 6 M.

The panel fabricator shall furnish calculations conforming to structural
adequacy.

Paint finishes of the composite panels shall meet all criteria printed in the
Paint Manufacturers Literature.

Product:
The panels shall be Reynobond Aluminium Composite Material.

The panels shall be supplied by an approved dealer/distributor. Panel
thickness shall be 4mm with a strippable UV Resistant Plastic Film capable of
being easily removed after 3 months exposure to the sun.

Panel Finish:
The finish coat shall be DG 5000, Silver Metallic Colour. The coating shall be
a factory applied coil coating on a continuous process. High-tech, Polymer-
based DG5000 coatings are formulated to provide a very high level of UV
Resistance and overall performance.

Pencil Hardness - ASTM D3363-74-shall be HB11.

Impact Adhesion - ASTM D2794-84-shall show no loss of adhesion or
cracking.
Cure Test - NCCA11-18, the coating shall withstand 50 + double rubs with a
MEK soak cloth.
Humidity Resistance - ASTM D2247-87. The coating shall show no blisters
after 3000 hours of 100% humidity at 95 EF.
Pencil Hardness - ASTM D3363-74-shall be HB11.
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Impact Adhesion - ASTM D2794-84-shall show no loss of adhesion or
cracking.

Cure Test - NCCA11-18, the coating shall withstand 50 + double rubs with a
MEK soak cloth.

Humidity Resistance - ASTM D2247-87. The coating shall show no blisters
after 3000 hours of 100% humidity at 95 EF.

Salt Spray Resistance - ASTM B1117-85. After 3000 hours of exposure to 55
salt fog at 95 EF. A score sample shall show none or no more than 8 Nos.
blisters and less than 3mm creepage from the scribe.

Weatherometer Test - ASTM D822-86/G23-81. The coating shall show no
cracking, peeling, blistering or loss of adhesion after 2000 hours.

Chalking Resistance - ASTM D659-86. No chalk greater than #8 after 10
years.

Colour change - ASTM D2244-74. Colour change shall not exceed 5 NBS
units after 10 years Florida exposure at 45 EC.

After 5000 hours in an Atlas weatherometer the coating shall show no
objectionable chalking or colour change.

Abrasion Resistance - ASTM D968-81. The coating shall resist 65 +/- 15
litres per mil minimum of falling sand.

Panel Composition:
A thermoplastic Polyethylene core sandwiched between 2 sheets of 0.5mm
thick Aluminium and formed in a continuous process.

Bond Integrity - ASTM D1781-76 and ASTM C481 Cycle B-shall be a min. of
178mm N/mm peel strength.

Tolerance:
Panel bow shall exceed 0.8 % of the overall length or width of the panel.

Panel dimensions shall be such that there is an allowance for field
adjustments and thermal expansion.

Panel lines, breaks and curves shall be distinct, smooth and free from warps
and buckles.

Fire Resistance:
Panels shall be designed to meet or exceed the requirements for Class A
building materials as per the following tests :
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ASTM E84 (Steiner tunnel test) - core only. Flame spread 15 Smoke
developed 120.

Vibration Sound Damping:
ASTM E-756-83-Composite Loss Factor at 70 EC shall be for 800 Hz 0.0138.
Support Structure & Stiffeners
The support system and panel stiffeners for installing the Reynobond
aluminium composite panels should be in extruded aluminium profiles
(proprietary to APL standards) in mill finish.

Installation:
The panels should be fabricated and installed by an ISO Certified fabricator
and installer.
Suppliers reference:
Arabian Profile Co. Ltd., P.O.Box: 3195, Sharjah
Tel: 065432624, Fax: 065432334

All panels shall be aligned using a laser level.
Panels with metallic finishes will be directional and hung on the substructure
accordingly to ensure no apparent colour difference.

Panel Anchorage must be structurally sound

Where Aluminium comes into contact with dissimilar material it must be
isolated with a suitable material.

Cleaning:
After installation the protective film shall be removed within three months of
installation.

The panels shall be washed down only with soapy water. Detergents must
not be used.

Panels should be cleaned bi-annually to ensure the optimum paint
performance.

140 METAL STANDING SEAM INSULATED ROOF AND WALLCLADDING

Certification:

The System has British Board of Agrment Certificatio
No. 98/3481 and Institute fur Bautechnik Zulassungbescheid N R 14.1
181 which insures weather tightness of the roofing system. Corus
Bausysteme is certified as ISO 9001:2000

Drawing reference(s):
As per Architects details.
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SUPPORTS:
Purlins at 1.5 m centers by others.
BEARING WIDTHS: MINIMUM 60 MM.
PITCH (WHERE APPLICABLE): MINIMUM 1.5
EXTERNAL SHEETS :
KALZIP - ALUMINUM SECRET FIXED STANDING SEAM

Manufacturer and reference (Germany Systems):

Corus Bausyteme GmbH August Horch-Str. 20-22 56070, Koblenz.

or

Corus Building System Pte. Ltd. 41 Gul Circle, Singapore.

Local UAE Address:

Corus Middle East Fze., P. O. Box 18294, Dubai, UAE
Tel +9714 8873232 Fax + 9714 8873977
E-mail- kalzip@corusmiddleeast.com
www.kalzip.com

Material:
Aluminium Alloy EN AW-3004 or approved by System Manufacturer.

Ultimate tensile strength minimum 225 N/mm
0.2% Proof stress minimum 200N/mm
Modulus of elasticity 70,000 N/mm.

Profile reference: KALZIP 65/400.

Nominal thickness/gauge: 0.8 mm with 65mm high standing seam.

External finish/color: Mill Finish Stucco Embossed

Special requirement: External sheets to be continuous from
peak to eaves (Without any lateral joints).



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Accessories

Extruded Aluminium Alloy (EN AW-6061) ST clips STL 140
Polyamide Thermal Barrier Pads.
Extruded Aluminium Alloy (EN AW-6063) Gable End Channel.
Extruded Aluminium Alloy (EN AW-6061) Gable End Hooks.
Extruded Aluminium Alloy (EN AW-6063) Tolerance Gable Clip
Extrusion.

Extruded Aluminium Alloy (EN AW-6063) Zed Spacer.
Fabricated Aluminium Alloy (EN AW-3004) `U` Type Ridge Closures.
Extruded Aluminium Alloy (EN AW-6063) Drip Angle 40mm x 20mm.
Fabricated Aluminium Alloy (EN AW-3004) Flashings Material and

Finish as per cladding sheets or as per specific project requirement
feature flashings etc.

Fabricated welded soaker units - material and finish as per cladding
sheets or as per specific project requirements.

Primary cladding and sheet fastener:
Standing seam closure moulding mechanically seamed over head of
support clips (ST clips).

Side lap: To be mechanically seamed with a zipping machine.

Fasteners: 6.5 mm diameter stainless steel self tapping screw
complete with 16 mm diameter stainless steel/EPDM bonded washers
thread type and length to suit construction. 2 No. per ST clip or as per
Corus recommendations.

Note: Long sheet lengths may require a greater number of fixings per ST clip
or 5.2mm diameter aluminium bulb-tite rivets with EPDM bonded
washers. Ref No, RV 66 04-6-8W. 4 No. fixings per ST clip to be
confirmed by Corus Technical Department prior to site
commencement.

Thermal insulation : As clause 271
Vapour control layer: As clause 261
Lining : As clause 241


210 STRUCTURE

Check that structure is in a suitable state to receive cladding before
commencing fixing. The subcontractor must confirm acceptance to Main
Contractor and CA.
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211 STRUCTURE

Support structure tolerances to be as per cladding manufacturers advice.


215 STRUCTURE

Do not fix cladding until final coats of paint have been applied to outer
surfaces of the supporting structure.


217 PROTECTION

Store metal sheets under cover to keep dry and to prevent staining. Storing
should be all in accordance with the sheet and panel manufacturers
recommendations.

Store plastic sheets/roof lights weather-side up, under cover all in
accordance with the manufacturers recommendations. Stack no higher than
1 metre and prevent mechanical damage and solar heating. Adequately
secure stored sheets and panels to prevent wind and mechanical damage.


219 FASTENINGS GENERALLY

Type(s), size(s), material(s) and finish(es) as specified, or in the absence of
such specification, as recommended for the purpose by the cladding
manufacturer.

220 FITTINGS AND ACCESSORIES GENERALLY

Cappings, closure pieces, flashings, trims, gutters, fillers, spacers, tapes,
sealants, fixings, etc, where not specified, to be types recommended by the
cladding manufacturer.

223 ISOLATING TAPE

A type recommended for the purpose by the cladding manufacturer. Apply to
those surfaces of supports, which would otherwise be in contact with cladding
or accessories after fixing.
241 LINER DECKING TO ROOF CLADDING

Material: Galvanized steel
Profile reference: AP40/200
Supplier: Arabian Profile Co. Ltd.
Nominal thickness/gauge: 0.7mm
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(Purlin spacing to be limited to 1.5M)
Internal finish/colour: Standard polyester coated finish to 25 nominal
thickness on external side, and 5 primer on the reverse side.

Primary sheet fasteners:
Fixed to main support members (purlin) with 6.5 mm diameter
stainless steel self tapping screws complete with 16mm diameter
stainless steel/EPDM bonded washers thread type and length to suit
construction. 1 No. fastener in alternate corrugations where ST clips
do not occur.

End laps:
Minimum 200 mm to coincide with purlin/support position.

Side laps:
1 No. Corrugation

Stitching:
Side laps of sheets to be stitched together with 4.8 mm diameter
aluminium pop rivets at approx. 400 mm centres.

Note: Side laps must be stitched as each adjacent sheet is laid. This will
ensure a complete working platform.


261 VAPOUR CONTROL LAYER (FOR THE ROOF ONLY).

Supplier and reference: Arabian Profile Co. Ltd.
Material:
1.0mm thick SBS modified bitumen with a UV resistant anti-slip
polyethylene woven top facer.

271 THERMAL INSULATION

Supplier and reference:

ROCKWOOL by Fujairah Rockwool Factory or equivalent approved.

Material (FOR THE ROOF ) from the liner deck:
ROCKWOOL blanket, 40kg/m3 density; 120mm thick compressed to
105mm during installation

Required U-value:
The U-value of insulation for the roofs is 0.4 W/m2K

Install and secure as the work proceed ensuring continuity; all edges
being closed off and leaving no gaps. Keep insulation dry at all times.
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300 PROFILE FILLERS

Drawing reference(s): As per Architects details
Supplier and reference: Corus Building Systems

Material: Closed cell cross-linked polyethylene with a minimum density
of 30 kg/m3.
Colour : White or Black
Thickness: Minimum 30 mm

Locate where shown on drawings and wherever necessary to close off
corrugation cavities from the outside and inside of the building.
Ensuring a tight fit, leaving no gaps.


305 PURPOSE MADE COLD FORMED METAL ACCESSORIES

Drawing reference(s): As per Architects details

Material:To exactly match internal / external sheeting

Supplier: Arabian Profile Co. Ltd.

Nominal thickness/gauge: Minimum 0.8 mm to top and 0.7mm for
bottom flashings.

External finish/colour: To Match Kalzip & Liner panels.

Fix as per cladding manufacturers recommendations.

Curved Lock-formed flashing for gable end curved parts is a must to
ensure the smooth curvature of the building geometry.

410 FIXING SHEETS GENERALLY

Cut sheets and flashings to give clean true lines, with no distortion.
Remove burrs and any lubricant.

Cut openings in sheets for outlets, vent pipes, flues, etc. to the
minimum size necessary and as per cladding manufacturers
recommendations.

For double skin construction do not line out building completely before
installation of the outer sheets.


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Lay sheets with exposed joints of side laps away from the prevailing
wind unless shown otherwise on drawings.
Ensure that the raking cut edges at hips and valleys are fully
supported.

Remove all drilling swarf, dust, debris and any other foreign matter
before finally fixing sheets into position.

Protect sheets adequately during fixing and up to Practical Completion
against mechanical damage, corrosion and disfigurement. Rectify any
defects as quickly as practicable to minimize damage and nuisance.
Install fasteners to correct tightness using any special tools
recommended by the fastener manufacturer. When used, screw guns
must be fitted with depth sensitive devices and used at the correct
speed.


411 FIXING KALZIP SHEETS

Kalzip sheets to be installed by mechanically seaming sheets to support clips
with Kalzip zipping machine. Kalzip sheets to be installed as per cladding
manufacturer's instructions, British Board of Agrment Certification No.
98/3481 and Institute fur Bautechnik Zulassungbescheid N R 14.1-181.

INSTALLER: Arabian Profile Co. Ltd., P.O.Box: 3195, Sharjah
Tel: 065432624, Fax: 065432334 (or)

Roofing contractors who are members of Corus Building Systems Approved
Roofing Contractors Programme and ISO Certified should be employed to
install Kalzip roofing.


470 STRUCTURAL MOVEMENT JOINTS

Leave space between sheets to coincide with structural movement joints. Fix
Weather tight movement joint cover to sheets on one side only.

Movement joint cover detail to be as per Cladding manufacturers
recommendations.


480 FLASHINGS/TRIMS

Joints in flashings and trims to be installed to fully accommodate thermal
movement. Flashing joints generally to be as per cladding manufacturers
recommendations, contained within the NFRC - Profile Sheet Metal Roof and
Cladding, A guide to Good Practice (2nd edition) or as otherwise stated.
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490 ROOF PENETRATION

Ensure weather tightness for roof openings by using specially design pre-
fabricated double skin aluminium Soakers to be made by Corus Bausysteme
GmbH.


710 COMPOSITE GUTTERS

Double skin insulated Gutter shall be made using 0.8 mm thick aluminium
top skin, gutter expansion flashing shall be provided & designed by Corus to
withstand dilatation as per local climatic conditions. The insulation shall be PU
board rigid 50mm. The gutter liner shall be fabricated from 0.7mm GI. Gutter
straps supports and fixing shall be in accordance with Corus
recommendation.



07 92 00 SEALANTS

GENERAL:

a) WORKMANSHIP

1) Before work is started, a sample of each type of joint shall be caulk
head or sealed where directed. The samples shall show the materials,
workmanship, bond and colour of materials as specified or selected for
the work and shall be followed throughout the project.

2) Caulking and sealing shall be executed only at ambient temperatures
ranging within the limits given by the manufacturer.

3) The joint design, shape, and spacing shall be as indicated. The
surfaces of joints to be sealed shall be dry. Oil, grease, dirt, chalk,
particles of mortar, dust, loose rust, loose mill scale, and other foreign
substances shall be removed from all joint surfaces to be sealed, Oil or
grease shall be removed with solvent and surfaces shall be wiped with
clean cloths.

b) CONCRETE OR MASONRY SURFACES:

Where surfaces have been treated with curing compound, oil or other
such materials, the surfaces shall be cleaned by sandblasting or wire
brushing. Efflorescence and loose particles shall be removed from the
joint cavity.


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c) STEEL SURFACES

Surfaces in contact with sealant shall be sandblasted or if sandblasting
would not be practical or would damage adjacent finish work, the
metal shall be scrapped and wire brushed to remove mill scale.
Protective coatings on steel surfaces shall be removed by blasting or a
solvent that leaves no residue.

d) ALUMINUM SURFACES

Surfaces in contact with sealants shall be cleaned of temporary
protective coatings. When masking tape is use for a protective cover,
the tape and any residual adhesive shall be removed just prior to
applying the sealant. Solvents used to remove protective coatings shall
be as recommended by the manufacturer of the aluminum work and
shall be non-staining.

e) PAPER MASKING TAPE

Tape shall be placed on the finished surface on one or both sides of a
joint cavity to protect adjacent finished surfaces from primer or
compound smears. Masking tape shall be removed within 10 minutes
after the joint has filled and tooled.

f) BOND-PREVENTIVE MATERIALS

Shall be installed on the bottom of the joint cavity and other surfaces
indicated to prevent the sealant from adhering to surfaces where it is
not required.

The materials shall be carefully applied to avoid contamination of
adjoining surfaces or breaking bond with surfaces other than those
covered by the bond-preventive materials. At the option of the
Contractor, backstop material with bond-breaking characteristics may
be installed in lieu of the bond-preventive materials specified.

g) BACKSTOPS

The back or bottom of joints constructed deeper than required shall be
packed tightly with backstop material to provide a joint of the depth
indicated.

h) PRIMER
Shall be used on concrete units, wood or other porous surfaces in
accordance with instructions furnished with the sealant. Primer shall
be applied to the joint surfaces to be sealed. Surfaces adjacent to joint
shall not receive primer.
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ii) JOINT SEALANT

Mixing, where required, shall be in accordance with the written
instructions provided by the manufacturer of the sealant. Mixing
equipment shall be thoroughly cleaned before mixing each batch. For
multi-component sealants, the entire portion of the accelerator or
smaller unit shall be added to the entire portion of the compound or
larger unit. The container shall have sufficient space at the top to allow
for addition of the accelerator and for mixing.

j) Sealant shall be applied by mechanical injection with a nozzle of
proper size to fit width of joint indicated and shall be forced into
grooves with sufficient pressure to expel air and fill the groove solidly.
The joint surface shall be tooled immediately after application.

k) Caulking shall be uniformly smooth and free of wrinkles. Compound
shall be left sufficiently convex to result in a flush joint when dry.

These joints may be painted with latex paints after allowing a
minimum of one hour to elapse. Elastomeric type sealants shall be
tooled, a dry or water wet tool shall be used.

l) CLEANING

The surfaces adjoining the caulked and sealed joints shall be cleaned
of smear and other soiling resulting from the caulking and sealing
application as work progresses.


JOINT FILLERS AND GASKET

a) PRODUCTS AND MATERIALS

1. Polychloroprene - for deep joint where joint depth to receive sealant
must be limited.

2. Butyl Sponge rubber - for vertical application.

b) BITUMINOUS IMPREGNATED FIBER BOARD- driveways, Buildings,
walks and curbs.

c) COMPRESSION SEALS

Compression seals shall be polychloroprene (Neoprene).



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d) SEALANT AND CAULKING

GENERAL

Each container brought to the site with a different sealant formulation
shall be marked for the intended use.

For each intended use, the colour shall be one of the manufacturer's
standard colours as closely matching the adjacent surfaces as possible
and shall be non standard colours to Architects approval in critical
cases. Components of different manufacturers shall not be intermixed.
Thinners or other additives shall not be used to modify the formula
MATERIALS

Material for sealant on weather exposed location shall be polyurethane
(two part polyurethane compound).

Except from those located in exposed-to-weather conditions, material
shall be polysulphides (two-part sealing compound).

Acrylic sealant (acrylic polymer) shall be used for doors and windows,
metal or metal application and for general bedding application.

For non-porous surfaces such as glass, aluminum, stainless steel,
ceramics and acrylic, silicone sealant shall be used and shall be
supplied in on-slump version (non-fluid).

CANTS

Cants shall be made from treated wood or treated fiber board and shall
reduce the angle covered into two equal angles. Treated wood shall be
of water-borne preservative. Fibreboard shall conform to ASTM C-208
treated for moisture resistance by integral treatment with wax or with
bituminous impregnation.

SURFACING MATERIALS

Crushed stone, gravel or crushed slag shall conform to ASTM D 1863.

SUBMITTALS

Submit the following items to Engineers approval:

a) Manufacturer's details: Sealant manufacturer's name and trade name
of products. Manufacturer's specifications for the products including
the full available colour range for each product including
manufacturer's general recommendations for product utilisation.
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b) Samples: Sealant samples consisting of actual materials proposed for
the various application for the Project. Sealant samples, including
accessories and auxiliary materials mounted on a plywood sheet or
other solid panel material, as requested by the Consultants.


ADJUSTMENT AND CLEARANCE

Clean and remove stains from surfaces of all materials adjoining
caulked or sealed joints. Remove excess of caulking or sealant on
adjoining surfaces in accordance with the caulking or sealant
manufacturer's instructions.
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08 00 00 OPENINGS


08 14 00 WOOODEN DOORS

Please refer to the schedule of doors and details shown on drawings.
Works such as fabrication, assemblies & installations of the doors shall be in
accordance with the schedules in the project drawings/documents.


08 14 02 MATERIALS

a. TIMBER FRAMES GENERALLY:

Timber frames shall be rigid, straight, square and uniform and shall comply
with the general requirements of BS 1567. Only hardwood shall be used for
framing material and shall be suitable for frames.

Frames shall consist of two jambs of continuous length, a head and where
applicable further transoms, and also where applicable a threshold.

b. DOOR LEAVES:

1. Wood doors, door leaves and frames shall comply with BS 4748 unless
detailed otherwise.

2. Completed doors shall be sound, rigid and free from defects and warp.
All edges shall be aligned and smooth. Doors shall be 45 mm thick
unless otherwise noted.

3. In case of flush doors shall have lock blocks on both sides. The veneer
covering to doors shall be hard wood & shall be of exterior quality for
doors exposed to the external environment and interior quality for
other doors.

4. The lipping and architrave shall also be hard wood.

5. Contractor to submit detailed shop drawing for Engineer or his
nominated assistants approval.

c. IRONMONGERY:

Ironmongery shall be solid Satin stainless steel DORMA - Germany. All
ironmongery shall be fixed with matching screws and shall be properly fitted
and lubricated to ensure proper operation. All external ironmongery shall be
Stainless steel with Grade 316.

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d. ANTI-TERMITE TREATMENT:

All hard soft wood shall be treated with anti-termite, anti-fungi treatment
before fixing. The contractor shall obtain prior approval on the treatment
product/method before fabrication of any joinery works. He shall furnish
certified test results of this treatment from an independent approved
laboratory.

e. WORKMANSHIP:

Framed Work shall properly mortised and tenoned, wedged, and glued and
doweled where necessary.

Fixing of door frames shall be galvanized raw bolts, after which bolt holes are
to be plugged by timber hard wood, and finished at same surface as the door
frame.

Unless otherwise stated all electrical shafts shall have one hour fire rated
access doors and all services shafts shall have on hour fire rated access
panels. The access doors and panels shall match the finish of the walls in the
vicinity of such accesses. The access door shall be 2.2m high, generally full
width of the shaft and may, if necessary, be in panels 800 - 1000 mm wide
for Architectural uniformity. Access panels shall be 800 x 800 mm.
Contractor to submit shop drawings and elevations for Engineer or his
nominated assistants approval.

All fire rated doors, timber or steel shall have intumescent strips along the
door rebate on frame and along the lipping of leaves, recessed into the
thickness of the doors.


08 14 03

All doors timber or metal leading to the outside shall have weather strips.
All double leaf doors also should have hidden weather strip / beading.


08 14 04

QUALITY CONTROL

The Standards specified in this Section are in addition and not in lieu of
Standards imposed on the Contractor by law and in the Contract Documents.

The BS Documents applicable to this Section are as following:


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BS 1227 : Part 14 : Hinges for general building purposes
BS 1202 : Specification for Nails
BS 4787 : Internal and External wooden doors
BS 5589 : Preservation of Timber
BS 5872 : Specification for locks and latches in buildings
BS 6459 : Door closures

SUBMITTALS

Prior to delivery of hardware, submit full catalogue for approval of quality by
Engineer followed by hardware shop drawings and a hardware schedule of all
hardware required. The schedule shall follow the requirements of the
specifications and list type, manufacturer's name and number, finish and
location. In addition, furnish a schedule fully identifying all abbreviations and
symbols used.

The Door Hardware Schedule shall list the actual product series numbers.
Manufacturer's catalogue requirements for the actual size of door closers,
brackets and holders shall be followed. All door sizes are to be noted on the
door schedule and all items shall be in strict accordance with requirements of
height, width and thickness.


08 14 05 FIRE CHECK DOORS

Fire check doors shall comply with BS 4787 Part 1. Unless specified
otherwise, Fire doors shall be self closing clearly labeled Fire Door in both
English and Arabic on both sides, have wired glazing panels and satisfy the
requirement of the Civil Defense and Fire Services Directorate.

SUITABLE TIMBERS:

TIMBER LOCATION
Teak Door Frames
Teak Window Frames
Teak Architraves
Teak Louvers
Teak Handrails and Midrail
Teak Skirting, Beads, Fillets
Teak Backing block to all
frames






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08 14 06

PAINT AND FINISHING SYSTEMS

Paint and finishing system shall comply with the requirements of Section
09 90 00.

08 13 16 ALUMINIUM DOORS

GENERAL

Relevant European Standards

Conform to the recommendations of the following British, German, French
Standards where applicable:

B.S. 4873:19-12 Aluminium alloy windows

B.S. 1474: 1972 Wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys for general
engineering purposes.

B.S. 6510: 1984 Specification for steel windows; sills, window boards and
doors.

B.S. 1245:1975 Metal door frames (steel).

DIN 1748 or 17615 Standards for tolerances of aluminum extrusion.

B.S. 3987; 1974 Anodise oxide coatings on DIN 17611 wrought aluminium
for external architectural applications.

B.S. 6375-1 Pt 1:1989 Performance of windows. AFNOR NFP 20 501

AFNOR NFP 20 302 Criteria for testing windows and doors.

B.S. 6496 Powder organic coatings for application and storing aluminium.

B.S. 6399 PART 2: 1997 Loading for building. For wind or Loadings / basic
data for design.

CP3: CHAPTER V of building chapter V. Loadings: PART 2: 1977






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LITERATURE SHOP DRAWINGS AND SAMPLES

Submit comprehensive technical literature, giving details of the proposed
doors and windows for the prior approval of the Engineer or his nominated
assistants. Where requested by the Engineer or his nominated assistants
submit test certificate verifying the performance rating of the proposed
system.

Submit shop drawings of the proposed doors and windows including
installation details for the Engineer or his nominated assistants approval.
Where requested by the Engineer or his nominated assistants submit full size
sample(s) of proposed windows and/or doors for the Engineer or his
nominated assistants approval. Sample (s) shall be complete with glazing,
weather seals, hardware, etc.

STORAGE AND HANDLING

All items described under this Section shall be handled, delivered or stored in
a manner that will avoid damage corrosion or deformation. Items shall be
stored off-ground and shall be entirely covered with weatherproof coverings
in storage area.

Items which become rusted or damaged because of non-compliance with
these conditions will be subject to rejection, and such items shall be replaced
without additional cost to the Employer.

All visible anodized / coated surfaces shall be protected by suitable low tack
tape or lacquer before delivery to site.

MATERIAL

General:
All aluminium doors and windows shall be as shown in the drawings
Schedules of doors and windows.

Aluminium product shall be from Technal system or approved equal unless
noted otherwise.

ALUMINIUM ALLOY

Extruded tempered sections complying with B.S. 1474:1972 of minimum
thickness 16 swg, dimensions and shapes in accordance with DIN 1748 or
DIN 17615, anodizing in accordance with DIN 17611, powder coated to B.S.
6496. Contractor to allow for color of powder coating to be non-standard
colored powder coating.


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POLYSTER POWDER COATING

The polyster powder coating should be of minimum of 60 to maximum 90
micron thick. The Polyster Powder Coating should be white or approved and
should be guarantee colour fastness for a minimum period of ten years under
normal maintenance conditions.

IRONMONGERY (HARDWARE)

To match the colour of Aluminium and shall be from DORMA GERMANY or
equally approved. Submit details and a sample of all related hardware items
(hinges, catches, etc.) for the approval of the Engineer or his nominated
assistants. All accessories and fittings to be part of the system, any item not
part of the system must be indicated and approved by the Engineer or his
nominated assistants.

ALUMINIUM WINDOWS

Aluminium windows and doors shall comply with the requirements of
B.S.4873:1986.
The minimum exposure category required for all elements is Amoderate@
equating to a wind pressure of 1600 Pa, as defined in B.S. 6375. OR AFNOR
NFP 20 501, NFP 20 302. The exposure category required for all elements is
>A3,E3, V2" or higher where ever possible.

Air tightness (A3)-Air infiltration should be less than or equal to 7 m3/h/m2
under a wind pressure from 100 Pa to 500 Pa, equivalent to 100 km/h.

Water tightness (EE)-No penetration of water when subjected to water spray
under a wind pressure greater than 500 Pa, equivalent to 110km/h.

Wind loading (V3)-Defection due to wind load is less than 1/200 of Length or
height of frame under a continuous wind pressure of 1450 Pa (175km/h) and
a gust of 2300 Pa (225km/h).

Notwithstanding other clauses herein all aluminum framed windows and
doors are to be of high quality systems such as with international reputation
& I.S.O. certification. Aluminum manufacturer/supplier shall be TECHNAL or
equal and approved.

Insect screens shall either be standard system screens for sliding door and
window frames and be concealed from the outside, or roll-up fly screen.

All hardware used for the assembly of the frames during fabrication shall
utilize the suppliers original hardware (aluminum joining angles and cleats,
stainless steel screws for assembly, and EPDM high quality gaskets).

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All fixed and opening panels must be properly drained according to system
supplier recommendations, drainage holes to be covered by suitable drainage
hole covers and valves. Any system that does not have proper facility for
drainage will not be accepted.

All frames shall be of rigid and robust frame assembly with welded or
mechanical comers preventing torsion opening the comers when fitted in the
Building. Profile selection must be made in accordance with system supplier
recommendation to take into account the required strength of the profiles
(inertia) and in compliance with B.S. 6399 PART 2:1997 or, B.S. CP3:
Chapter V: Part 2: 1972. All corners and junctions shall be airtight and
sealed with suitable durable mastic. No cut end shall be exposed without
suitable durable protection.

All aluminum shall be insulated from and not in direct contact with concrete
or mortar render. Only proper stainless steel screws and fittings shall be used
that do not conflict with the prevent metal that can cause inter metallic
corrosion. All windows shall meet the requirements of testing as defined in
Appendix A of B.S. 4873.

All units shall be complete with all necessary insets, sealing strips, gaskets,
skids, weather strips, glazing beads and all necessary ironmongery.

All openings sashes shall have all necessary stays and fasteners, etc.

Door shall be fitted with suitable heavy duty hinges, locks, latches, pull
handles, push plates and floor springs where specified.
Aluminum units shall be designed to resist penetration of external moisture
to the inside of the Building. Fixing of frames for all units to be Building shall
be such to ensure sold, void free, waterproofing joints. The joints shall be
caulked with a Building mastic which does not sag or run (sealing mastic, or
silicone must be compatible between the different surfaces that it is intended
to seal) a minimum of 5 mm and a maximum of 10mm to be the area
between the frame and the surrounding surface to ensure proper adhesion of
the sealing material, and which is non-hardening, non-staining and can be
painted. For all curtain wall applications spandrels panel details and fire
protection / break between each floor is to be in line with local Building codes
and requirements, and as per recommendations of aluminum system supplier
and general accepted practices.


WORKMANSHIP

FABRICATION AND DELIVERY OF ALUMINIUM ELEMENTS
Fabrication of aluminium doors and windows shall as far as is practicable be
carried out at the manufacturers workshop and be delivered to site only
when complete and ready for installation.
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All joints to be neatly and tightly cut and executed.

All visible powder coated surfaces to be protected using low tack tape of
lacquer before delivery to site.

Any item delivered to the site which shows any defect or deformation will be
rejected.

INSTALLATION OF ALUMINIUM

Paint the backs of all exposed non-coated aluminium frames and any other
aluminium surface in contact with different material with two coats of
Hempinol 1022 before installation to prevent electrolytic action.

Ensure that adequate drainage holes if required are complete and neatly
finished before installation. Install the windows in accordance with the
approved shop drawings. Anchorage to be arranged to allow for adjustment
with proper allowance for normal Building movement.

Install screw fixings carefully to avoid scratching or gouging finished
aluminium surface.

Bottom sill details should not allow any water to collect or stay. The sill must
be sloped a minimum of 10 degrees. Proper flashing section to be used
whenever possible especially if sill does not allow for a slope.

PROTECTION
Adequately protect finished surfaces against damage from subsequent
Building operations such as plastering, etc. Carefully cover with masking tape
or other approved means.

COMPLETION
Before project handover remove all protective tape and clean exposed
surfaces of extraneous marks to the satisfaction of the ENGINEER OR HIS
NOMINATED ASSISTANTS . All tracks and drainage holes must be cleaned
from any dirt or material accumulation that might cause blockage of the
drains.

Ease and adjust as necessary all opening light and leave in perfect working
order.

QUALITY ASSURANCE

The Contractor must maintain the following quality assurances:

1. The glass must not contain any scratches, blemishes, variations
in shade, distortions or any other unacceptable variations.
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2. Thickness of glass should follow those shown on the drawings
and dictated by BS requirements and/or manufacturers
recommendation with Engineer or his nominated assistants
review and approval.

3. All glass should be supplied (if possible) from the same
Manufacturer / Supplier.

CODES AND STANDARDS

Glass should be in accordance with the following BS code:

BS 6262 Generally
BS 952 PART 1 Float glass spec.
BS 5713 hermetically sealed double glazed units
BS 6206 Heat treated or toughened glass
BS 476 & 6206 Fire resistant glass

All glass must be free from waviness and shall not contain bubbles, pockets,
chips or any defect that may affect the quality, durability, strength of the
material.

SUBMITTAL & LABELLING

Samples of glass as may be required must be submitted to the Project
Manager in 30cm x 30cm sizes. This is to be followed by a full panel sample
prior to final approval.

All thermal and structural calculations should be submitted and must comply
with the assumed design loads and considered for the area or specified
directly in this document and/or by the manufacturer.

Contractor must label all glass products exhibiting the strength, grade,
thickness, type of glass, numbering (based on position placed), and
manufacturers label.

The glass shall be approved/meet the requirements of the Thermal Insulation
Implementation Unit of Ministry of Electricity and Water conservation
Directorate, Kingdom of Bahrain

COORDINATION AND LIMITATIONS

Contractor is to make certain that all subcontractors/suppliers works are
coordinated with glass installation such that works may be programmed as
not have negative effects in time or quality of any such trades or materials.


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WARRANTIES

The glass materials submitted must have a minimum 20 years warranty
period after date of practical completion.

PARTICULAR GLASS SPECIFICATION

Double glazed high performance for external glazing for WINDOWS &
DOORS.
Unless otherwise noted.

Performance specification will be as follows:
Relative Heat Gain < 183 w/m
Shading Coefficient < 0.29
U-Value Summer < 1.40 w/ m/k
Light Transmittance% > 31%
L.R. out 37
L.R. in 5

All other specifications same as structural glazing.

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09 00 00 FINISHES


09 20 00 PLASTERING AND GYPSUM BOARD

REFERENCE

Where the Specifications refer to a specific standard, other authoritative
standards which ensure equal or higher quality will also be acceptable. It will
be incumbent on the Contractor to verify, equal or higher quality and submit
comparative standards (both specified and proposed) for review and
approval.

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS:

Summary

Supply and install all specified materials and ancillary items with provisions
for plant and labour. Provide for performing all operations for the specified
works.

Submittals

Submit for Engineer or his nominated assistants approval sample, shop
drawings, product date, mock-ups and manufacturers and subcontractors
warranty, test reports and maintenance data.

Warranties shall be signed by Contractor, supplier or installer responsible for
performance of warranty.
Field constructed 1 sq. m (minimum) size mock-ups for all typical areas and
typical finishes.

Product & Substitutions

Provide products selected or approved equal. Products submitted or
substitution shall be submitted with acceptable documentation and include
costs of substitution including related works.
Substitutions shall be submitted prior to award of contract, unless otherwise
acceptable. All substitution should be clearly marked as substitution.

Quality Assurance
Comply with governing code and regulations, provide products from
acceptable manufacturers which have been in satisfactory use in similar
service for minimum of 3 years. Use experienced installers. Deliver, handle
and store materials in accordance with manufacturers instructions and as
described by the Project manager / supervisors.

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Installation

Install materials and system in accordance to manufacturers instructions and
approved drawings and submittals. All installations have to be inspected and
approved by the Engineer or his nominated assistants prior to covering of the
works.

LATH AND PLASTER

PORTLAND CEMENT PLASTER

Cement plaster finish shall be categorized as textured finish for exterior
application or approved equal as mentioned on drawings and "plain cement
plaster" for interior application.

All plastered area are to be provided with metal (Stainless Steel externally &
G.I. Internally) corner beads, stop beads and movement joints as required
to obtain a high quality finish, to all inside and outside surfaces. Where two
different materials meet joint is to be covered with wire mesh to avoid
cracking.

PRODUCTS AND MATERIALS

CEMENT

Cement shall be 'portland' cement conforming with the ASTM C-150 and SSA
143 requirements.

SAND

Sand shall comprise natural sand, crushed stone sand or crushed gravel
sand. It shall be hard, durable, clean and free from adherent coatings such
as clay and from any appreciable amount of clay in pellet form. It shall not
contain harmful materials to adversely affect the hardening, the strength, the
durability of appearance of the plaster or any materials in contact with it. The
quantity of clay, silt and dust shall not exceed 5% by weight for sand or
crushed gravel, or 10% by weight for crushed stone.

FINE AGGREGATES FOR TEXTURED FINISH

Fine aggregates intended for textured finish application shall be coarser than
the sand intended for plain cement application, approximately 5mm in
average diameter, slightly finer than the pea grave. Generally, it shall bear a
round shape and have a considerable amount of sharp-surfaced or angular
grains. It shall be absolutely free from accumulation of foreign materials.


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WATER

In the case of demineralised water which has to be used for all plaster works,
the Contractor has to make all his arrangements and will be responsible for
the supply of this water.


WORKMANSHIP

APPLICATION

a) Textured Finish (external)
To obtain a good cast finish, the basecoat shall be allowed to dry and
the finish coating consisting of a wet mix of aggregate and cement,
shall be thrown either by hand or machine.

b) Plain Cement Plaster (internal)
Plain Cement Plaster shall be finished to a smooth steel trowelled
surface, free from blemishes, dents, orange - peels and similar
defects. When premixed plaster is to be used, manufacturer's
recommendations shall be followed accordingly.

PROPORTION OF MIXES

Undercoats - 1 part cement zero part sand (1:0) Textured finish - 1 part
cement, 1 part lime and 5 parts fine aggregates (1:1:5) Plain Cement Plaster
- 1 part cement, 3 parts sand (1:3).

SURFACE PREPARATION

Surface to be plastered shall be thoroughly cleaned before receiving
plasterwork, by dry bushing and water washing. Projections or mortar excess
shall be hacked-off to a level considered suitable by Engineer for plaster
application.

CONDITIONS
Where the temperature exceeds 50 degrees C precautions shall be taken to
protect the surface both during application and for at least 48 hours after
finishing.

BATCHING AND MIXING

Proportions of mixes given are for dry materials and shall be measured by
volume using gauge boxes.

Plasters shall be mixed thoroughly so that individual constituents are
incorporated evenly to a consistency suitable for a particular work.
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When mixer is used, the mixer shall be washed out four times daily if in
continuous use and after each batch, is used, or whenever a different
constituents is used.

Mixer shall not be used after initial set has been taken. All plant, equipment
and tools shall be kept clean and free from residue of previous mixes.


09 30 00 TILING (Floor & Wall)

To be read in conjunction with General Specification of the Ministry of Works,
Power and Water, Public Works Affairs, January 1994.

The Contractor to allow fixing cost to include all necessary anchor rods, fixing
screws, mortars, adhesives, grouts, waterproofing of underside of
Marble/Stone tiles, storing and handling of material and protection against
damage during the period of construction.

Submittals

The Contractor will be responsible to check the site measurements against
the design drawings to balance the exact spacing and size of slabs / tiles on
a room by room basis. The Contractors shop drawings will show the
centering of the pattern in the actual area, dimensions, details of laying,
fixing joints, location of control joints and sections. All shop drawings are to
be approved by the Engineer or his nominated assistants.

If the Contractor employs a specialized firm, he should obtain Engineer or his
nominated assistants approval before commencement of the works.
The Contractor will make an area by area mock-up in full size on a sand
bed, using the marble and granite slabs supplied to each area on site to
check the design, pattern, proportions, edge cutting on site if required and
the blending of veins for the whole area. The Engineer or his nominated
assistants shall have the right to reject any material that do not match
homogeneous

Type of Materials refers to Schedule of Finishes on drawings.

Other Materials and Workmanship for General Tiled Areas:

a) Metal anchorages for marble/Stone cladding shall be stainless steel or
other approved by Engineer or his nominated assistants.

b) Bedding/Jointing material Cement based adhesive (skirting only) to
CP 5385:Part 1. Appendix A.
Material: Nitotile Grout by Fosroc or equal and approved for ceramic
tiles.
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c) Grouting- Coloured grout for jointing shall be non-shrinking waterproof
factory mixed grout as per manufacturer's recommendation.

d) Ceramic tile adhesive shall be NITO tile GP or equal & approved.

e) Movement joint sealant and accessories shall be of the fosroc system
or equal approved.

Application:

Carry joints through full depth of tile/slab and bedding. Insert preformed
movement joint strip to manufacturer's recommendation.

f) Tiles proposed to be used shall include all accessories i.e. corners,
skirting, special cuts as shown in the drawing, adhesive materials etc.

g) The Contractor shall prepare cutting details of tiles in special areas
specified and a pre-cut tile sample from the manufacturer as per Client
Representative's requirements shall be submitted for approval.

h) The Contractor shall examine the substrates and the conditions under
which all tile work shall be carried out and correct any unsatisfactory
conditions. The Contractor will not be permitted to proceed with the
works until satisfactory conditions have been corrected in a manner
acceptable to the Client Representative. Check make up levels and
correct surface irregularity.

i) Unless otherwise shown, tiles shall be laid in grid patterns and the
joints shall be aligned with the adjoining tiles on the floor, base, wall
and trims with the same size. Uniform joint widths shall be provided
unless otherwise shown.

j) Finished tile work shall be cleaned only according to the tile and grout
manufacturers printed instructions. It shall be free of cracked,
chipped, broken, unbounded or otherwise defective work.

k) Finished tile work shall be protected with kraft paper or other
approved heavy covering during period to prevent damage and wear
to the satisfaction of the Engineer or his nominated assistants.

Materials & Workmanship for Toilets & Kitchen:

a) Waterproof adhesive and grout shall be used in laying the wall and
floor tiles.

b) Floor tiles shall be matt finish unglazed and heavy duty according to
BS 6431: with water absorption, 0.1%.
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c) Grout and bedding for floor tiles shall be water-proof type and color
will be to the approval of ENGINEER OR HIS NOMINATED
ASSISTANTS.

d) All tiles shall be laid according to manufacturer's instructions. Wall and
floor tiles shall be laid to pattern approved by the ENGINEER OR HIS
NOMINATED ASSISTANTS

e) The Contractor shall submit proposal to the ENGINEER OR HIS
NOMINATED ASSISTANTS for approval.

f) Grouting shall be carried out with waterproof sealant (color to be
approved by the ENGINEER OR HIS NOMINATED ASSISTANTS .).

g) Ceramic, Clay and Tiled Areas: Keep damp for three days after laying
and grouting. Machine polish to produce an even fine grit finish. Set to
CP 202.

Thickness of various tiles
(as shown on the drawings or as mentioned below)

Floor tiles:
Ceramic tiles, Porcelain tiles - 8 mm min. thick
Stone tiles - 20mm min. thick

Wall tiles:
Ceramic and Porcelain - 6mm min. thick
Vanity tops (if any) in stone - 30mm min. thick cut from slab


QUALITY CONTROL

Standards

BS 12 Ordinary Portland Cement
BS 1369 Metal Lathing for Plaster
BS 4551 Methods of testing Screeds, Plasters.
BS 4887 Mortal Plasticers
BS 5262 External rendered finsh
BS 5325 Carpet laying
BS 5385 Wall Tiling
BS 5492 Internal Plastering
BS 6431 Ceramic Floor and wall tiles
CP 290 Suspended ceiling
CP 298 Natural stone cladding


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SCREEDS LAID DIRECT ON IN SITU CONCRETE

a) Preparation of base concrete

The surface of the base concrete should be brushed with a stiff broom just
before it hardens to remove all laitance and to form a key for the screed
which will be laid at a later date. When it is required to lay the screed, the
surface of the base concrete must be thoroughly cleaned and wetted
(preferably overnight) and any surplus water removed before the laying of
the screed commences. Immediately prior to laying the screed, a thin brush
coat of cement grout should be applied to the damp surface of the base
concrete and well scrubbed in. The grout must not be applied more than
twenty minutes before it is covered with the screed.


b) Mix proportions

Mix design shall be 25 N/mm2 from the approved ready mix supplier.

Laying, bay sizes and joints

The screed should be laid and thoroughly compacted in bays not exceeding
3.0 - 4.0 m wide. The length shall be agreed with the Engineer. Where
movement joints (expansion or contraction joints) occur in the structural
slab, these should be carried through the screed and the bay sizes in the
screed adjusted accordingly. If a very smooth surface is required, the final
working up can be done by means of steel float, but excessive trowelling
should be avoided.

In the presence of conduits and ducts within the thickness of the screed, a
strip of expanded metal (BS 405) or wire netting (BS 1485) not less than
450mm wide shall be laid across. There should be a minimum thickness of
screed of 30mm over the top of the duct.

c) Curing

As soon as each bay is completed, it must be covered with polythene sheets
and the curing should continue for not less than 4 days. The sheets must be
adequately lapped and held down and round so that they are not blown
away.








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SCREEDS LAID ON PRECAST CONCRETE UNITS

a. Preparation of structural floor surface

The surface should be thoroughly cleaned and then damped twenty-four
hours before the screed is laid, but any accumulation of water in irregularities
in the face concrete must be removed. A thin brush coat of cement grout
should be applied and well scrubbed in not more than twenty minutes before
the screed is laid.

b. Mix proportions

The recommendations given in Clause 13.04.B apply.

c. Laying, bay size and joints

The screed should be laid and thoroughly compacted in bays not exceeding
3.0 - 4.0m wide and about 5.0m long. Apart from these bay sizes,
construction joints should, as far as possible, be formed at the end junctions
of all precast units which are laid end to end, and at all other positions where
there is a change in the rigidity of the supporting structural members.

d. Curing

The recommendations given in Clause 13.04.D apply.

AERATED OR CELLULAR CONCRETE SCREEDS

This type of mortar or concrete is produced by mixing Portland cement and
water and a resin based foaming agent, so as to give a screed with a density
of 700 kg/m3 minimum.

a. Preparation of base concrete. Generally no special preparation is
required apart from cleaning and brushing.

b. Mixing, Laying, Bay Size and Joints: Cement, sharp washed sand,
water and foaming agent shall be mechanically mixed together for
approximately 6 to 8 minutes in a mobile mixer consisting of a vertical
whisk rotating in a stationary drum. The recommendation of the
manufacturers of the foaming agent shall be strictly adhered to. The
minimum thickness is usually 40mm. The usual bay widths are 2.0 -
2.5m to allow for leveling off between forms. The length of casting
bays shall be agreed with the Engineer. Movement joints in the
structural slab should be carried through the screed.



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FINISH & TOLERANCE

a. All screeds to receive steel toweled finish by power toweling or by
hand.

b. Tolerances shall be 3mm.


09 50 00 CEILINGS

To be read in conjunction with the Preliminaries, the General Specifications
and Finishes Schedule.

TYPES OF CEILING

Moisture resistant gypsum board/regular gypsum board/Aluminium strip
ceiling.
Location: As shown on drawings.
Material: 12.5mm thick moisture resistant gypsum board/12.5mm regular
gypsum board/Aluminium strip
Suspension: Galvanised furring channels, not less than 0.5mm
thickspaced and positioned as per manufacturer's
recommendation and to the approval of Engineer or his
nominated assistants.

DESIGN AND CO-ORDINATION: The Contractor/Supplier must:

a) Complete the design and detailing of the work and provide complete
information based on the information provided, liaising with Engineer
or his nominated assistants, Contractor and others as necessary to
help ensure co-ordination of the work with related Building elements.

b) Request additional information and provide information as necessary in
time to meet the programme.

c) Submit 4 copies of the shop drawings and material submittals.

d) Make necessary amendments in accordance with any comments of the
Engineer or his nominated assistants and resubmit unless Engineer or
his nominated assistants confirms that this is not necessary.

e) Should any amendment by the Engineer or his nominated assistants
(the Project Manager and the Supervision consultant) be considered to
involve a variation, notify the Engineer or his nominated assistants
without delay and do not proceed until subsequently instructed. Claims
for extra cost of such work, if made after it has been carried out, may
not be allowed.

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f) Working Drawings to be submitted shall include the following:

i) Light fitting location.
ii) Grilles location.
iii) Sprinklers, smoke detectors, heat detector, speaker locations
iv) Expansion joint details
v) Location and detail of access panels for Electro-Mechanical
services.
g) 10 years Guarantee shall be provided by the contractor for complete
installation of suspended system.

COORDINATION: The contractor must:

a) Liaise with the Engineer or his nominated assistants, Contractor and
others as necessary to help ensure coordination of the work related
Building elements and services.

b) Provide coordination/fabrication/installation drawings and other
information showing such details of the work as the Engineer or his
nominated assistants may reasonably require.

c) Submit 4 copies of the above.

d) Make necessary amendments in accordance with any comments of the
PROJECT MANAGER and re-submit unless Engineer or his nominated
assistants confirms that this is not necessary.

CONTROL SAMPLE(S)

Complete area(s) of the finished work in approved location(s) as instructed
by the Engineer or his nominated assistants . Obtain approval of appearance
before proceeding.

SUNDRIES:
CONDITIONS: Before, during and after installing, ensure that the
temperature and humidity are maintained at levels similar to those which will
prevail after Building is occupied.

CONDITIONING:
Before fixing, store all specified ceiling materials, tiles, etc. on site for at
least 48 hours in conditions similar to those which prevail after Building is
occupied.

Ensure free circulation of air to all surfaces.


ERECTING CEILINGS:
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QUALITY OF WORK:

a) Handle, store and fix suspended ceiling materials in accordance with
manufacturer's recommendations and guide No. 1, "Good practice for
the installation of suspended ceiling's published by the Suspended
Ceiling Association, ensuring compliance with design and performance
requirements.
b) Set out accurately to give level soffits free from undulations and
lipping, with all lines and joints straight and paralled to walls unless
specified otherwise.

c) Fix securely with additional bracing and stiffening as necessary to give
a rigid system resistant to wind uplifts.

SETTING OUT:
Before starting work, ensure that light fittings, grilles, fire barriers, sprinklers
etc. are in correct positions relative to ceiling grid. Ensure that all trades use
common setting out points.

SETTING OUT: Where not shown otherwise set out ceilings to ensure that
edge tiles/sheets are never less than half in width or length. Position grid to
suit board/tile size(s), allowing for permitted deviations from nominal size(s).

IRREGULAR SPACES: Where surrounding wall or other Building elements
and features to which the suspended ceiling relate are not square, straight or
level, obtain instructions on setting out.

FASTENINGS:
1) Type and sizes recommended by ceiling manufacturer, or
2) Method of joining is such that grid member acts as a continuous beam.

DEFLECTION: Of suspension grid members between supports to be not more
than 3mm.

ACCESS PANELS: Agree type(s), size(s) and position(s) with the Engineer
or his nominated assistants before installing.

FIRE RESISTING CEILING:
Provide suitable means of accommodating expansion due to temperature
increase in a fire. Expansion allowance per unit length to be not less than
that used in the relevant fire test of the ceiling system. Seal gaps around
pipes, ducts, etc. passing through ceiling with tightly packed with fire
resisting material. Fire resistance of suspended ceiling assembly to be in
accordance with BS 8290 and to satisfy the requirement of the local Building
regulations.



09 64 23 PARAQUET FLOORING
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The work in this section consists of providing all plant, labor and materials
and of performing all operation in connection with supply and Installation of
high density 10 mm thick parquet flooring with melamine impregnated
overlay (for high wear protection) with suitable underlay.

The parquet flooring shall consist of aluminium locking system to ensure
strong and tight joints. The surface of the floors shall be extremely durable
high pressure laminate.

The floor shall be water resistant, fade resistant, stain resistant and scratch
resistant. Self leveling compound shall be used to level the floor screed prior
to fixing of parquet floor.
The contractor to provide 25 years warranty against joint integrity,
installation, cracks, wear and tear, aqua resistance.

The acceptable manufacturers are ALLOC original or equal approved.

Separation stainless steel strips shall be provided at the junctions where
parquet flooring meets the other floor finishes (marble/tiles)

All fittings to be installed shall be according to the manufacturer's instruction,
inclusive of all necessary materials and accessories.

Finished parquet flooring shall be protected with approved heavy covering
during construction period to prevent damage and wear to the satisfaction of
the Engineer or his nominated assistants.



09 90 00 PAINTING AND COATING


GENERAL

SCOPE

The work in this Section consists of providing all plant, labour and materials
and of performing all operations in connection with painting and decorating.

APPLICATION STANDARDS

Materials testing and workmanship shall comply with the following or other
approved International Standards and Codes of Practice:





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BS

245

Specification for mineral solvent (white spirit and related
hydrocarbon solvents) for paints and other purposes.

BS

1336

Specification for Knotting

BS

2992

Specification for painters and decorators.

BS

3046

Specification for adhesives for hanging flexible wall
coverings.

BS

4232

Specification for surface finish of blast cleaned steel for
painting.

BS

4756

Specification for ready mixed aluminum priming paints for
woodwork.

BS

4800

Specification for paint colours for Building purposes.

BS

5358

Specification for solvent - borne priming paints for
woodworks.

BS

5493

Code of practice for protective coating of iron and steel
structures against corrosion.

BS

5975

Code of practice for access and working scaffolds and special
scaffold structures in steel.

BS

6150

Code of practice for painting of Buildings.

DESCRIPTION

a) The extent of painting work is shown on the drawings and schedules
and as herein specified.

b) The work includes painting and finishing of interior and exterior
exposed items and surfaces throughout the project, except as
otherwise indicated or specified. Surface preparation, priming and
coats of paint specified are in addition to shop-priming and surface
treatment specified and other sections of the work.

c) The work includes field painting of all bare and covered pipes made of
hangers, exposed steel and iron work, and primed metal surfaces of
equipment installed under the mechanical and electrical work, except
as otherwise specified.


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d) "Paint" as used herein means all coating systems, materials including
primers, emulsions, intumescent, enamels, sealers and fillers and
other applied materials whether used as prime, intermediate or finish
coats.

e) Paint all exposed surfaces whether or not colours are designated in
"schedules", except where the natural finish of the material is
obviously intended or specifically noted as a surface not to be painted.
Where items or surfaces are not specifically mentioned, paint these the
same as adjacent similar materials or areas. If colour or finish is not
designated, the Engineer or his nominated assistants will select these
from standard colours available for the materials systems as specified.

PAINT NOT INCLUDED

The following categories of work are not included as part of the field-applied
finish work, but are deemed to be as part of the work covered by other
sections of these specifications, unless referenced herein:

a) Shop Priming: Unless otherwise specified, shop priming of ferrous
metal items is included under the various sections of metal
fabrications, steel doors, windows, louvers, structural steel and similar
items. Also for shop-fabricated or factory-built mechanical and
electrical equipment or accessories.

b) Pre-Finished Items: Unless otherwise indicated, do not include painting
when factory finishing is specified for such items as, but not limited to,
finished mechanical and electrical equipment including light fixtures,
switchgear and distribution cabinets.

c) Finished metal Surfaces: Metal surfaces of anodized aluminium,
stainless steel, chromium plate, copper and bronze and similar finished
materials will not require finish painting, except or otherwise indicated.
Fire hose reels, however, shall receive the same finish including
cladding as the corridor or as instructed by the architect.

OPERATING PARTS AND LABELS:

a) Do not paint any moving parts of operating units, mechanical and
electrical part, such as valve and damper operators, linkages,
sinkages, sensing devices, motor and fan, shafts unless otherwise
indicated.

b) Do not paint over any code-required labels, and Factory Manual, or
equipment identification, performance rating, name or nomenclature
plates.


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QUALITY ASSURANCE

a) Provide finish coats which are compatible with the prime paints used.
Review other sections in which prime paints are to be provided to
ensure compatibility of the total coatings system for the various
substrates.

PRODUCT DELIVERY, STORAGE AND HANDLING

GENERAL

Materials shall be delivered to the site in the manufacturer's sealed
containers bearing the manufacturer's labels identifying the type, colour,
batch number and shelf life date. Materials shall be stored under cover in a
clean, fry storage space in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
If storage is allowed inside the Building, floors shall be kept clean and free
from paint spillages. No paint containers shall be subject to heat from direct
sunlight or any other source. Wall paper rolls shall not be stored on their
ends.

a) Manufacturer's Data: Submit manufacturer's specifications, including
paint label analysis and application instructions for each material
specified.

b) Samples:

i) Submit samples for Engineer or his nominated assistants review of
colour and texture only. Compliance with all other requirements is the
exclusive responsibility of the Contractor. Provide a listing of the
material and application for each coat of each finish sample.

ii) On 300mm x 300mm hardboard, provide samples of each colour and
material, with texture to simulate actual conditions. Resubmit each
sample as requested until required sheen, colour and texture is
achieved and after approving the same, a mock-up to scale to be
done.

iii) Deliver all materials to the job site in original, new and unopened
packages and containers bearing manufacturer's name and labels

iv) Provide labels on each container with the following information: Name
or title of material; manufacturer's stock number and date of
manufacturer; manufacturer's name, contents by volume, for major
pigment and vehicle constituents, thinning instructions, application
instructions and colour name and number.



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v) Store paint materials in covered areas and take precautions to ensure
that workmen and work area are adequately protected from fire
hazards and health hazards resulting from handling, mixing and
application of painting systems.

JOB CONDITION

Do not apply water base paints when the temperature of surfaces to be
painted and the surrounding air temperature are below 10 degrees C, unless
otherwise permitted by the paint manufacturer's printed instructions.

MATERIALS

General

a) Unless otherwise approved by the Engineer or his nominated
assistants all paint materials shall comply with the relevant
requirements of BS 5493 and BS 6150.

b) The abbreviation D..F.T. means Dry Film thickness and is measured in
micron (i.e.10-6m).

c) Provide paints of durable and washable quality. Do not provide paint
materials which will not withstand normal washing as required to
remove pencil marks, ink, ordinary soil etc., without discoloration, loss
of gloss, staining, or other damage.
Primers:
i) General
All primers shall be in accordance with Tables 1 to 4 and the paint
system manufacturers recommendations.

ii) Low Lead Oil Based
Low Lead Oil Based primers shall comply with BS 5358.

iii) Aluminum
Aluminum wood primers shall comply with BS 4756.

iv) Alkali Resistant

Primers for cementations substrates shall be alkali resistant.

Stoppers, Fillers and Surface Fillers
Stoppers, fillers and surface fillers shall be in accordance with the paint
system manufacturers requirements and full attention shall be given to the
paint substrate, paint system and environment both during and after the
construction period.

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Unless, otherwise recommended by the paint manufacturer, gypsum and
cellulose based powder fillers shall only be used in dry internal situations.
The use of stoppers formulated with white lead pasted shall not be permitted.

Undercoats and Topcoats

a) Undercoats and topcoats shall be of the type indicated in Tables 1 to 4
of this specification and as recommended by the Paint Manufacturer.
The colour of the topcoat shall be in accordance with BS 4800 and to
the approval of the Engineer or his nominated assistants. Whenever
possible, individual coats of undercoat shall be of differing colour or
tint.

b) Textured coatings for external and internal use shall be of the colour
approved by the Engineer or his nominated assistants . Suitable
coating systems shall be selected with reference to texture required,
colour, thickness and environment and are subject to approval from
the Engineer or his nominated assistants .

Brushes

Painters and decorators brushes shall be in accordance with BS 2992.

Miscellaneous Items

i) White spirit shall comply with BS 245.
ii) Turpentine shall comply with recommendation of the paint
manufacturer.
iii) Wallpaper adhesive shall be in accordance with BS 3046 unless
otherwise recommended by the lining manufacturer.

Paint systems

Unless otherwise specified on the drawings specification paint systems shall
be in accordance with PWD Specifications.

INSPECTION

a) The Contractor shall examine the areas and conditions under which
painting work shall be applied and correct any unsatisfactory
conditions which are detrimental to the proper and timely completion
of the work. Do not proceed with the work until unsatisfactory
conditions have been corrected in a manner acceptable to the Engineer
or his nominated assistants .

b) Where a clear finish is being applied to a substrate, all stoppers, fillers
and surface fillers shall be tinted to match the surrounding substrate.

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WORKMANSHIP
GENERAL

a) The surface preparation, application and workmanship generally shall
comply with the requirements of BS 5493 and BS 6150 and be in strict
accordance with the manufacturers instructions.

b) Prior to the commencement of any paint work or surface preparation,
the Contractor shall supply to the Engineer or his nominated assistants
the full recommendations and instructions of the paint system
manufacturer.

c) Unless otherwise approved by the Engineer or his nominated
assistants, all fittings, ironmongery and fastenings which are not
receiving a finish coating shall be removed prior to preparing the
surface. All such items shall be cleaned and refixed in position on
completion of the painting and decorating works.

d) Surfaces such as floors and completed works shall be protected by
dust sheets or other approved method. The Contractor shall submit
the protection method prior to any painting work for approval.

e) All hidden, embedded or contact surfaces shall receive protective
treatment before assembly or erection. Pipes and similar components
shall be fixed sufficiently clear of walls to allow them to be painted
completely.

f) No exterior or interior painting, finishing or sealing shall be carried out
during periods of rain, sand storms or high winds unless the areas
concerned can be protected until the completion and drying of the
finish system.

g) Work shall be carried out in a manner and order that ensures
completed work is not spoilt or contaminated by subsequent works in
the area.

h) Do not apply solvent-thinned paints when the temperature of surfaces
to be painted and the surrounding air temperature are below 7
degrees C, unless otherwise permitted by the paint manufacturer's
printed instructions.

i) Do not apply paint in rain, for or mist or when the relative humidity
exceeds 85% or to damp or wet surfaces; unless otherwise permitted
by the paint manufacturer's printed instructions. Painting may be
continued during inclement weather only if the areas and surfaces to
be painted are enclosed and heated within the temperature during
application and drying period.

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j) Provide the best quality grade of the various types of coatings as
regularly manufactured by approved paint materials manufacturers.
Materials not displaying the manufacturer's identification as a
standard, best-grade product will not be acceptable.

k) Provide undercoat paint produced by the same manufacturer as the
finish coats. use only thinners approved by the paint manufacturer,
and use only within recommended limits.

PREPARATION OF SURFACES

General

Perform preparation and cleaning procedures in strict accordance with the
paint manufacturer's instructions and as herein specified.

a) Remove all hardware, accessories, machined surfaces, plates, lighting
fixtures and similar items in place and not to be finish-painted, or
provided surface-applied protection prior to surface preparation and
painting operations. Remove, if necessary, for complete painting of the
items and adjacent surfaces. Following completion of painting of each
space or area, reinstall the removed items by workmen skilled in the
trades involved.

b) Clean surfaces to be painted before applying paint or surface
treatments. Remove oil and grease with clean cloths and cleaning
solvents prior to mechanical cleaning. Provide cleaning solvents of low
toxicity and a flash point in excess of 38 degrees C. Program the
cleaning and painting so that contaminants from the cleaning process
will not fall on to wet, newly-painted surfaces.

Cementitious Materials:

a) Prepare cementitious surfaces of concrete, concrete block and cement
plaster to be painted by removing all efflorescence, chalk, dust, dirt,
grease, oils and by roughening as required to remove glaze.

b) Determine the alkalinity and moisture content of the surfaces to be
painted by performing appropriate tests. Do not apply coatings over
surfaces, where the moisture content exceeds that permitted in the
manufacturer's printed instructions.

c) Acid-etch concrete surfaces as required with a 5% solution of muriatic
acid or other proprietary cleaner. Wash surfaces with clean water to
remove all acid, neutralize with ammonia, rinse and dry.



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Wood:

a) Clean surfaces to be painted of all dirt or other foreign substances with
scrapers, mineral spirits and sandpaper as required. Sandpaper
smooth those finished surfaces exposed to view and dust off.

b) Carry out wood back priming using spar varnish.

Ferrous Metals:

a) Clean ferrous surfaces, which are not galvanised or shop-coated, of oil,
grease, dirt, loosed mill scale, rust and other foreign substances, by
solvent or mechanical blast cleaning and comply with manufacturer's
written directions for surface preparations.

b) Touch-up shop-applied prime coats wherever damaged or bare, or
where required by other specifications. Wire brush by mechanical
means, solvent clean, and touch-up with the same primer as the shop
coat.

c) Structural steel work to be treated as per relevant B.S and the system
suppliers method statement for intumescent paint.

MATERIALS PREPARATION

a) Mix and prepare painting materials in accordance with manufacturer's
directions.

b) Store materials not in actual use in tightly covered containers.
Maintain containers used in storage, mixing and application of paint in
a clean condition, free of foreign materials and residue.

c) Stir materials before application to produce a mixture of uniform
density, and stir as required during the application of the materials. Do
not stir surface film into the material. Remove the film and, if
necessary, strain the material before using.

CONDITIONS OF APPLICATION
a) The number of coats and paint film thickness required is the same
regardless of the application method. Do not apply succeeding coats
until the previous coat has completely dried. Sand between each coat
application with fine sandpaper to produce and even smooth surface in
accordance with manufacturer's directions.

b) Paint surface behind movable equipment, furniture and paint surfaces
behind permanently fixed equipment, that same as that similar
exposed surfaces.

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c) All coatings shall be applied under suitable conditions of temperature
and humidity as recommended by the Paint Manufacturer.

APPLICATION

a) All coatings shall be brush, roller or spray applied in accordance with
the manufacturer's recommendations. All application tools shall be
clean and undamaged.


b) All coatings shall adhere firmly to the substrate and on completion,
shall be defect free and present a uniform finish consistent with the
sample panel. Any defect shall be made good in accordance with BE
5493 and BE 6150 and/or the manufacturer's recommendations.

c) Where materials appear defective, the Contractor shall contact the
manufacturer immediately.

d) Unless otherwise specified, preceding coats must be dry before the
following coat is applied. Drying times shall be as stated by the
manufacturer and as instructed by the Engineer or his nominated
assistants.

e) At doors, windows and skirting, work shall be finished off with sharp
straight lines.

f) All coatings shall be applied in accordance with the manufacturer's
instructions. Any coating with brush marks, sags, runs colour
imperfections or any defect shall be made good to the approval of the
Engineer or his nominated assistants .

g) Finish all doors on top, bottom and side edges the same as the
exterior faces, unless otherwise indicated.

h) Apply additional coats when undercoats, stains or other conditions
show through the final coat of paint until the paint film is of uniform
finish, colour and appearance. Give special attention to ensure that all
surfaces, including edges, corners, crevices, welds and exposed
fasteners receive a film thickness equivalent to that of flat surfaces.








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SCHEDULE OF PAINTING AND FINISHES

Exterior Paints Schedule:

Concrete, Plaster, and Masonry Smooth:
Prime Coat : Acrylic Copolymer water based Primer. Lime free External filler
based on alkaline resistant polyvinyl acetate copolymer.
Third Coat : weather resistant based on Copolymer Emulsion. Sigmatex
Finish Coat : Same as for Second Coat.
Concrete, Plaster, and Masonry Textured:
Prime Coat : Acrylic Copolymer based Primer.
Second Coat : high quality weather resistance texture based on PVA/ Acrylic
copolymer resins filled with fine marble aggregates (Roller application),
Third Coat : weather resistant based on Copolymer Emulsion. Sigmatex
Finish Coat : Same as for third Coat.

Ferrous Metals:
Prime Coat : Two component Polyamide cured epoxy primer, 50micron
(DFT).
Second Coat : Two component high build polyamide cured epoxy finish.
Third Coat : Two component isocyanate cured Acrylic polyurethane finish.

Wood Paints:
Prime Coat : Alkyd Wood Primer.
Second Coat : Alkyd enamel undercoat
Third Coat : Alkyd enamel finish semi gloss
Finish Coat : Same as third coat

Natural Finish Wood:
Prime Coat : Alkyd Wood Stain.
Second Coat : Laquer, semi-gloss.
Third Coat : Same as for second coat.
Finish Coat : Same as for second coat.

Interior Paint Schedule:

Concrete, Plaster, Gypsum Board, Cement Board and Masonry:
Prime Coat : Acrylic Copolymer based Primer
Lime free filler based on alkaline resistant polyvinyl acetate copolymer.
Second Coat : Vinyl and acrylic silk emulsion
Finish Coat : Same as for second.

For Ceilings apply Flat Acrylic Emulsion as top coat.

Car Parking Walls:
Prime Coat: primer sealer based on chlorinated rubber binder.
Second Coat: Based on Pliolite / Vinyl Binder.
Finish Coat: Same as For second coat
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Use 0896 Sigma Concrete Filler as required.

Wet Area:
Prime Coat: Solvent Based Acrylic primer.
Second Coat: Solvent based Acrylic resin Finish.
Finish Coat: Same as For second coat

Use 0896 Sigma Concrete Filler as required.
For Metal and Wood painting apply the same as external painting systems.

a) Apply the first coat material to surfaces that have been cleaned,
pretreated or otherwise prepared for painting as soon as practicable
after preparation and before subsequent surface deterioration

b) Allow sufficient time between successive coatings to permit proper
drying. Do not recoat until paint has dried to where it feels firm, does
not deform or feel sticky under moderate thumb pressure, and the
application of another coat of paint does not cause lifting or loss of
adhesion of the undercoat..

c) For all the other floor walls, ceiling, columns etc. to be painted in
accordance with the drawings.

d) All external ceilings to be fair face concrete shall be painted.

e) The Contractor shall submit paint system showing the following:

i) Type of undercoat.
ii) Primer.
iii) Finishing coat.

For the approval of the Engineer or his nominated assistants. All paint
systems shall be submitted for Engineer or his nominated assistants
approval.

Steel doors shall be coated with one coat of rust inhibitive shop primer and 2
coats of Alkyd Enamel semi-gloss paint.

All cast iron manhole covers shall be painted with approved epoxy paint
system. All external walls/boundary walls shall be painted with approved
waterproof paint at skirting level.

PRIME COATS

a) Prime Coats: Apply a prime coat to material which is required to be
painted or finished, and which has not been prime coated by others.

b) Recoat primed and sealed walls and ceilings where there is evidence of
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suction spots or unsealed area in first coat, to assure a finish coat with
no brush-through or other defects due to insufficient sealing.

Completed work: Match approved samples for colour, texture and
coverage. Remove, refinish or repaint work not in compliance with
specified requirements.

CLEAN-UP AND PROTECTION

a) Clean-up: During the progress of the work, remove from the project
daily all discarded paint materials, rubbish, cans and rags.

b) Upon completion of painting work, clean all window glass and other
paint spattered surfaces. Remove spattered paint by proper methods
of washing and scrapping, using care not to scratch or otherwise
damage finished surfaces.

c) Protection: Protect work of other trades, whether to be painted or not,
against damage by painting and finishing work. Correct any damage
by cleaning and repainting as required.

a) Overalls shall be worn whilst working and shall be removed before
eating and before leaving work. They should be washed at frequent
intervals.

b) Reasonable measures shall be taken to keep painter's materials off the
skin and hands shall be washed before eating and drinking. Smoking
whilst working shall not be permitted.

c) Paints, solvents and other materials shall not be placed in containers
normally used to hold food or drink. Residues shall be disposed off
safely and shall not be poured down drains.

d) If paint, solvent or other materials is swallowed, medical attention
shall be sought immediately.

e) Eye protection shall be worn.

f) Scaffolding shall be adequate in quantity and type to permit safe
working.

g) Its condition, erection, use and design shall be in accordance with BE
5973 and subject to the approval of the Engineer or his nominated
assistants.




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TABLE-1
CEMENTITIOUS MATERIALS AND GYPSUM BOARDS

System
Ref.

Description /
Materials

Primer

Undercoat

Topcoat
A1a Smooth
finish(Emulsion, Matt)
1 Coat 10%
Thinned
1 Coat
Emulsion
Unthinned
* 3Coats
Emulsion
Unthinned
A2a Textured Finish (Fine) As A1a * 2 Coats

For dusty and friable surfaces, the primer shall be a surface sealing
primer.

Minimum number of coats required. Additional coats will be applied if
finishing coats are not to the satisfaction of the ENGINEER OR HIS
NOMINATED ASSISTANTS.

Colour as per Architects approval

TABLE-2
TIMBER AND WOOD BASED SHEET MATERIALS
System
Ref.

Description / Materials

Primer

Undercoat

Topcoat
B2a External Finish
(Teakwood)
1 Coat teak
oil
Undercoat
2 Coats Teak oil
Topcoat
B3a External Finish (Fibre
Board, Insulation
Board and Soft Board)
- do - 1 Coat
Alkyd
Undercoat
2 Coats alkyd Topcoat
B5a Internal, Natural Finish
(Softwood, Hardwood,
Plywood)
2 Coats Wood Stains
B5b Internal, Natural Finish
(Softwood, Hardwood,
Plywood)*
As shown on drawings

B5c External, Natural Finish
(Softwood, Hardwood,
Plywood)*



3 Coats Wood stains

Over decorative wood stain if specified @ For class finish.

Colour as per Architects approval






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Table-3
GALVANISED STEEL

System
Ref.

Design
Life*

Preparation

Primer

Undercoat

Topcoat

C6

MEDIUM
5-10 yrs

Manual

1 Coat
mordant
solution
(40
microns)

2 Coats
Alkyd
Undercoat,
each coat
40 microns


1 Coat Alkyd gloss
(40 microns)


Colour as per Architects approval



CAR PARK PAINTING AND COATING: M/s Jotun or equally approved
































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21 00 00 FIRE SUPPRESSION

DEFINITION

Arresting the passage of smoke, fire, heat or gases through wall or floor
openings with the use of suitably graded sealing or stuffing materials or /
and purpose made assemblies of such materials.

GENERAL

The Building shall be fire proofed from floor to floor through expansion joins,
pipe punctures, shafts, AC ducts, cable trays, structure to precast joints,
structure to curtain wall/window joints using appropriate materials such as
intumescent collars, intumescent mastic, intumescent pillows etc. to provide
a fire rating of 2 hours.

Similarly such passages as above through fire rated wall within the
floor shall be fire proofed to one hour fire rating.

SUGGESTED PRODUCTS / MANUFACTURERS

SPECSEAL Fire Stop Products
Local Agent M/s. EMSI, Tel: 00973 536973, Fax: 532861 TREMCO
Local Agent M/s. Unitco Al Bahrain Co. W.L.L. Tel: 730015, Fax: 732288
HILTI fire stop system or Approved Equivalent

All material and method statements for fire proofing shall be submitted for
Project Managers approval.

QUALITY CONTROL

BS standard method of fire tests firestop systems.

1. Submit duplicate 300mm x 300mm samples showing actual firestop
material proposed for project.

2. Submit manufacturers product data for materials and prefabricated
devices, providing descriptions are sufficient for identification at job
site. Include manufacturers printed instructions for installation.

APPLICATION

Installation of fire stopping generally:

1. Inspection: Notify the Engineer when ready for inspecting and prior to
concealing or enclosing fire stopping materials and service penetration
assemblies.
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2. Preparation: Examine sizes and conditions of voids to be filled to
establish correct thicknesses and installation of materials. Ensure that
substrates and surfaces are clean and dry.

3. Prepare surfaces in contact with fire stopping materials and smoke
seals to manufacturer's instructions.

4. Maintain insulation around pipes and ducts penetrating fire separation.
5. Mask where necessary to avoid spillage and over coating onto
adjoining surfaces; remove stains on adjacent surfaces.

6. Installation: Install fire stopping and smoke seal material and
components in accordance with manufacturer's instructions.

7. Seal holes or voids made by through penetrations, poke-through
termination devices, and un-penetrated openings or joints to ensure
continuity and integrity of fire separation are maintained.

8. Provide temporary forming as required and remove forming only after
materials have gained sufficient strength and after initial curing.

9. Tool or trowel exposed surfaces to a neat finish.

10. Remove excess compound promptly as work progresses and upon
completion.

11. Clean up: Remove excess materials and debris and clean adjacent
surface immediately after application.

12. Remove temporary dams after initial set of fire stopping and smoke
seal materials.


















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31 00 00 EARTHWORK

GENERAL

Excavation and earthwork of any kind necessary for carrying out the works
including transportation of excavated material, back fill and filling.

QUALITY ASSURANCE

Codes & Standards:
Perform excavation work in compliance with applicable requirements of
governing
authorities having jurisdiction.
BS 410 `Specification for Test Sieves'
BS 1377 `Soils for Civil Engineering Purposes'
BS 6031 Code of Practice for Earthworks
BS 8004 Code of Practice for foundations

SITE CONDITIONS

Existing Services:
Locate existing underground services in areas of work and provide adequate
protection during earthwork operations. Cooperate with Employer and local
services authorities in keeping respective services and facilities in operation.

Damage to Existing Services:
Be responsible, indemnify and hold harmless the Employer against damage
whatsoever caused to adjacent structures and services during construction
operations.

PROTECTION

Barricade open excavations occurring as per this work and post warning
lights and signs as required.

SUBMITTALS

The Contractor shall submit for Architects approval submittal for all materials
before execution of the works. The submittal shall include name of suppliers
and results of all the tests required to be carried out to satisfy the
requirements of the specifications of the materials.

The Contractor shall submit the reports of tests as described in later in the
section.



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PRODUCTS

CLASS 1 FILL:

Class 1 fill is a crusher run type material normally used as a road base. It
shall be good hard well graded material screened and crushed as necessary
to lie within the grading envelope given below when tested in accordance
with BS 13772.

The fill material shall be nonplastic when tested in accordance with BS 1377
and the content of clay and friable particles when determined in accordance
with ASTM C 142, shall not exceed 1% for any individual sieve fraction. The
total sulphate content as SO3 of the material shall not exceed 1% and the
total soluble salts shall not exceed 2%. When used as road base, CBR at
95% max. Dry density should be minimum 80%.

Grading envelope for Class 1:
Sieve Size % by Mass Passing
50 mm 100
37.5mm 95100
20 mm 5075
5 mm 2550
0.6 mm 830
0.075 mm 010

CLASS 2 FILL:

Class 2 fill is normally used as a road subbase material and shall be good
hard well graded material, screened and crushed as necessary to lie within
the grade envelope given below when tested in accordance with BS 1377.
The CBR of the material when tested in accordance with Clause 5.1.4 of BS
1377 at the density likely to exist in the field shall not be less than 30%. The
liquid limit shall not be more than 25% and the plasticity index shall not
exceed 6% when tested in accordance with BS 1377. The total sulphate
content as SO3 of the material shall not exceed 1%. The total salts shall not
exceed 2%.

Grading envelope for Class 2:
Sieve Size % by Mass Passing
75 mm 100
37.5 mm 85100
10 mm 45100
5 mm 2065
0.6 mm 845
0.075 mm 020


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CLASS 3 FILL (DESERT FILL)

Desert fill shall be selected, graded hard granular fill free from roots, organic
matter, clay and deleterious substances with the following gradings: 100%
shall be free of stones longer than 10mm; up to 50% shall pass a 5mm mesh
sieve; and not greater than 20% passing a 75 micron sieve. It shall contain
less than 1% total sulphates as SO3. Total soluble salts shall not exceed
2.0%. Where percentage passing the 0.075mm sieve is greater than 8%, the
plasticity index shall not exceed 20%.

CLASS 4 FILL (DREDGE MARINE SAND)

Class 4 fill is a dredged sand type material normally used as common fill. The
material shall be evenly grade and shall lie within the grading envelope given
below when tested in accordance with BS 1377. The material shall be non-
plastic when tested in accordance with BS 1377. The total sulphate content
SO3 of the material shall not exceed 1% and the total soluble salts shall not
exceed 2%.
Grading Envelope for Class 4:

Sieve Size % by Mass Passing
5 mm 95100
0.075mm 08

CLASS 5 FILL (DRAINAGE FILL)

This shall be washed, evenly graded mixture of crushed stone, or crushed or
uncrushed gravel with 100% passing a 37.5mm sieve and not more than 5%
passing 20mm sieve.

CLASS 6 FILL (CRUSHER DUST/FINES)

Crusher Fines shall be finely graded crushed stone to pass a 5mm mesh
sieve and shall be free from deleterious materials, clay, silt, organic matter
and earth.
Chemical contents shall be as stated for desert fill above.

CLASS 7 FILL (HARDCORE)

Hardcore shall be good desert stone, not exceeding 100mm gauge and not
more than 5% passing a 20mm sieve. It should not be susceptible to
breakdown under moist conditions.

Chemical content shall be as for desert fill above.



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BACKFILL

Backfilling shall be done with selected excavated material or imported fill.
The material shall be deemed suitable for backfilling if compliance with Class
3 or Class 4 requirements are met. The material shall be free from vegetable
matter and other deleterious materials.

SELECTED IMPORTED FILL

It shall be material obtained from approved offsite sources, or selected
excavated material.

HARD FILL TYPE A (ROAD BASE)

Granular subbase material shall be good, wellgraded stone, screened and
crushed as necessary to lie within the grading envelope given below when
tested in accordance with BS 1377 and shall be equivalent to PWA hard fill
type A.

BS sieve size 75mm 37.5mm 10mm 5mm 600 microns 75 microns
Percentage by
Weight passing 100 85100 45100 2065 845 020

Subbase material shall be placed and compacted in layers not exceeding
150mm thick and compacted to 95% max dry density. The CBR of the
material when tested in accordance with BS 1377 at the density likely to
exist in the field shall not be less than 30%.

HARDFILL TYPE B (SUB BASE)

Hardfill Type B shall conform to the following:
a) Maximum size 75mm
b) Maximum passing 75 micron sieve 10%
c) Minimum CBR value 7%
d) Plasticity index nonplastic

Type B shall be free from deleterious substances such as, but not limited to,
gypsum, organics, clay lumps, oil, and friable particles.

AGRICULTURAL SOIL
Agricultural soil shall be sweet soil obtained from an approved location free
from stones, chlorides, sulphates and shall be suitable for plant growth.







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EXECUTION

EXCAVATION
Cut excavations accurately to the lines and levels shown on the drawings or
to such depths and dimensions as required or as advised by the Architect.
Excavate in any material whatsoever found including all earth, rock of any
type.

Rock Excavations:
The following items, if they cannot be broken and removed by power
excavating equipment such as bulldozers, power shovels and backactors and
require the use of drills or rock breakers and comply with Clause 3.1.3(b) of
this Specification are hereby defined as rock excavation.

i) Rock or stone in original ledge.
ii) Hard shale in original ledge.
iii) Boulders within the foundations or trench limits exceeding 0.5m3 in
volume.
iv) Boulders on site, outside foundation or trench limits exceeding 1m3 in
volume.
v) Foundation stones or mass concrete greater than 1 m3 in volume.
Note: The use of explosives for blasting is strictly prohibited.

Rock shall have a crushing strength of not less than 70 Kg per centimeter
square when dry and not less than 40 Kg per centimeter square after
submergence in water for 24 hours (twenty four hours). This shall be
determined on samples of 10cm x 10cm x 10cm cubes obtained from said
materials (equivalent cores in lieu of the above cubes may be considered for
testing at the discretion of the Architect).

All other material is classified as General Excavation in so far as removal of
the material to be excavated is concerned. Removal of paving foundations is
classified as general excavation.

Keep excavations free of water at all times by means of pumping, bailing,
dewatering or other suitable means. The nature of ground encountered and
presence of ground water is entirely at the Contractors own risk and he
should take all necessary measures to assess the nature of ground &
presence of water. The ground water level shall be maintained sufficiently
below the level of the excavation at all times to provide stable working area.
Ground water shall be controlled in such a manner as to avoid adverse
effects on the established ground water elevations adjacent to the site. Any
method that draws fine material from an adjacent ground shall not be used.
If sumps are formed, these shall be backfilled and reinstated to original
condition. The drainage water shall be disposed off in such a manner as to
prevent erosion or other damage to surrounding areas as approved by the
Architect or local authorities.

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EARTHWORK SUPPORT

For underground construction, excavation with suitable retention system can
be adopted. The Contractor shall be responsible for the entire excavation
arrangement.

If, in the opinion of Contractor, any retention system is required for
underground construction, the same shall be proposed but at no additional
cost to the owner. All costs shall be deemed accounted for. Such retention
system design shall be submitted for Architects review and approval.

PREPARATION OF EXCAVATIONS

Footings / Pile caps / Pits / Basement & Underground Structures / Trenches /
External Paving Finishes etc.:
Excavate last 150mm of soil above formation level by hand. Compact
formation level to 95% maximum dry density in accordance with BS 1377.

Other Excavation:
Compact formation to 90% max. dry density in accordance with BS 1377.

All excavation shall be the minimum required, both in width and depth. In
the event of any excavations being made deeper or wider than necessary,
the contractor shall construct the foundation at his own expense, to modified
design as directed by the Architect. The contractor shall pay any costs
incurred by the Architect for such redesigning.

No excavated material or any other heavy load will be allowed to be imposed
on the ground adjacent to any excavation.

Where a good bottom is not obtained within the depth specified or soft
pockets are found below formation level, additional excavation shall be made
and shall be in filled with approved fill or mass concrete as directed by the
Architect.

The bottom of excavation shall be trimmed and levelled in accordance with
the drawings. Final trimming and levelling shall be done by hand immediately
before concrete is placed. Following completion of the excavation care must
be taken to avoid softening of the surface before concreting.

All bottoms of rock excavations shall be examined for loose or broken rock
which shall be removed to provide a solid bearing and the rock surface
cleaned and leveled as directed by the Architect.

The bottom of excavations shall be inspected by the Architect and must be
approved by him before any concrete is placed in them.


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Oversize Excavation:
Excavation taken out greater than required shall, at the Architects discretion
and the contractors expense, be filled to the correct level or size with
concrete composed of not less than one part of Portland cement to ten parts
of allin aggregate.

DISPOSAL
Remove waste materials including unacceptable excavated material, trash
and debris and dispose of it in approved locations acceptable to relevant local
authorities, out of employers property.

FILLING

All fillings shall be done in layers of 150 mm compacted thicknesses and each
layer shall be compacted to 95% max. dry density.

SITE QUALITY CONTROL

Appoint a qualified soil testing laboratory to undertake testing as specified.

Perform the following tests to BS 13771975 and any additional test as may
be required.

Sieve Analysis.
Plasticity index determination.
Moisture density curve determination.
Chemical content determination, dry density determination.

Both subbase and roadbase filling shall be tested for CBR at 95% maximum
dry density for each 100m3 of fill material (minimum eight samples each).

CONTROL TESTS OF COMPACTION:
Each layer of imported fill is divided into 2000m2 control sections, or such
other size as directed by the Architect for which the following testing shall be
performed:

(a) Five insitu dry density tests in accordance with BS 13779: 1990 in
representative locations.
(b) Average degree of compaction in any central section shall be at least
100% and no single value shall be less than 98%.

PROTECTION & MAINTENANCE
Protect newly graded or compacted areas from traffic and erosion as well as
against rain and ground water. Keep fill from waste and debris.

Repair and reestablish grades in silted, eroded and rutted areas.
Re-compact disturbed areas to required density prior to further construction.

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31 31 16 TERMITE CONTROL

i) General

a) Supply and application of proprietary organophosphate insecticide for
the control of subterranean termites using pre-construction treatment
methods.

b) Guarantee shall be forwarded for the antitermite treatment for a
minimum period of 15 years from the date of practical completion.

c) Only professionals with minimum 5 years experience in this type of
work shall be employed to carry out the antitermite treatment
required.

d) Submit test certificates or documentation to substantiate product
performance and recognized environmental safety standards.

ii) Application shall be carried out by approved specialised applicator and
strictly be in accordance with manufacturer's recommendation. The
contractor shall ensure all safety & standards are followed and proper
precaution shall be taken to avoid accidental spills. Use products that
have been proven in their effectiveness and usage in local conditions
and that are environmentally friendly.

iii) All tools/containers used during application shall be disposed in
approved manner and the contractor shall not bury them in the site in
whatever circumstances.

iv) Joints in the ground slab along the ground beam areas shall be
additionally treated as required. On completion the flexel edges shall
be completely sealed with approved sealants which could withstand
the termite attack.

v) Clean up accidental spills and excess liquid as recommended by
manufacturer












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31 62 00 PILING WORKS

General

Piles shall comply with the contract drawings, this specification and the I.C.E
Specification for Piling and Embedded Retaining Walls (1996).

Scope

The scope of the piling contract is the design and construction of all piles
shown on the drawings.

The work required under this Specification shall include the provision of all
design and, documentation, labour, tools, equipment and materials required
to construct the foundation piling in accordance with the drawings and the
required standards, including the performance and other requirements
hereafter specified. This also includes but is not limited to, pile testing, noise
and vibration monitoring and the provision of a fulltime foreman on site,
experienced in the class of piling works proposed.

The contractor shall clearly understand the requirements as set out in the
site retention and temporary works notes and drawings.

Standards

Comply with the following British Standards (and all relevant current British
Standards) and the Standard Specification for Building Works referred to in
03 00 00 concrete works section.

The Methods of Testing shall be as described in the ICE Specification for
Piling and Embedded Retaining Walls (1996) (ICE piling specification)
The Contractor shall keep on the site a copy of the current editions of these
British Standards including all amendments and the ICE piling specification.

Performance

Piles for this project are based on cast in place bored piles in line with local
practice. However tenderers may also submit an alternative pile type
together with supporting detailed design and documentation. The piles must
meet to the criteria specified and resist the working, ultimate vertical and
lateral load capacities and satisfy the deflection limits as shown on the
drawings and in accordance with relevant current British Standards.
Alternative designs will not be excluded providing a conforming tender is also
submitted.





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Geo-technical Site Investigation

Refer to report on Site Investigation. A copy of this report is attached in the
Tender Document.

The Contractor shall be deemed to have fully examined the report and bore
logs, and shall be fully responsible for any conclusion he or she makes or
accepts from the data contained therein. The Contractor shall keep on site a
copy of the geotechnical report during the piling contract.
The Contractor is to take total responsibility for the existing below ground
conditions, as found on the site. No variations will be paid for unexpected
below ground/foundation conditions.

Should the Contractor consider that the Geotechnical Investigation Report or
other reports are not adequate for their pile design purposes or does not
adequately cover the possibility of soil variations across the site, and then
they shall allow for the cost in the construction program for any additional
investigations necessary to meet their contractual obligations.

The Contractor shall report immediately to the Engineer any circumstance
which indicates that the ground conditions differ from their interpretation of
the Geotechnical Investigation Report which will materially affect the design
or founding depth for the piles. Further work shall not proceed in that area
until any change in construction approach or detail is approved by the
Engineer.

Existing Services

The Contractor is responsible for locating all services prior to construction.
The Contractor shall be responsible for inspecting the site to ascertain the
nature of the ground, exact location of all services, and the working
conditions that will be encountered. The Contractor will be responsible for
any damage or delays caused directly or indirectly by damaging such
services during the piling works. If any existing services are encountered
during pile excavations, advise the Engineer immediately for further
direction.

The Contractor shall take all possible steps to clearly mark and safeguard
underground and overhead cables and pipework before any work is carried
out adjacent to their location.
In the event of damage to any service the Contractor is to protect the
damaged portion and, in respect of cables, prevent the entry of moisture but
is not to carry out any other repair work until such time as the damage has
been inspected by the Architect




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Testing of Piles

Pile Testing is required for this project to validate the piling Contractors
design and construction. Refer to the pile testing section for specific
requirements. Notwithstanding the above requirements, the Contractor shall
warrant in writing that, for the piles to be constructed, that they are capable
of supporting the specified working loads with a minimum factor of safety of
2.5 on ultimate capacity.

PILING SYSTEM

Pile Type

Contractors are to submit their tender based on bored and cast in place type
piles. However alternative tenders may be considered by the Engineer
provided the alternative tender adequately addresses the constraints on
construction at this site and is backed up with satisfactory design
documentation.

Construction of all piles shall be undertaken only by a Contractor specializing
in the construction of such piles.

Pile Performance and Design

Representative calculations and structural details for pile designs must be
submitted by the Contractor, with the tender submission, to accommodate
the criteria as specified herein and on the drawings. Complete calculations
are to be submitted following acceptance of the tender and following any
further investigation deemed as necessary by the Contractor. These are to be
submitted, a minimum of 3 weeks prior to the construction of any piles for
review.

Review of the detailed calculations does not relieve the Contractor of his
responsibility for the design, nor for making the correct interpretation of the
design criteria. Should the Contractors design rely on any particular criteria
or assumptions, they must be clearly documented at the start of the
calculations.

The Contractor shall submit with their tender design calculations, carried out
by a professional engineer experienced in pile foundation design, to
demonstrate the load capacity and settlement performance of their proposed
design for the piles, in their various configurations, as proposed in that
design. This design shall include details of all assumed parameters used in
the limit state capacity design in accordance with BS8004.

The Contractor shall be responsible for obtaining all necessary
permits/approvals for their design, including structural certification.

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Each pile shall be guaranteed in writing by the Contractor to carry load equal
to or greater than the required loads as noted on the drawings. Allowance
shall be made for additional forces resulting from ground heave and negative
friction (down drag) as required by BS 8004 as these have not been allowed
for in the loads provided in the documents.

Contractors may make a separate submission based on their assessment of
the available information, making their own conclusions as to appropriate
design parameters. Confirmation of these proposals will be required from the
Engineer.

The Contractor is to submit for review, a pile layout for any areas of the
project for which they propose modification from the piling plan as shown on
the drawings. This submission is to include details of how the modified piling
layout interacts with any interconnected elements of the structure.

Design for lateral resistance shall disregard any non-engineered fill
encountered on site and as shown on the bore logs.

The submitted pile design by the Contractor shall demonstrate that the
design geotechnical strength is greater than the applied loads in accordance
with AS 2159 Section 4. Similarly the structural strength of the pile shall be
demonstrated to be in accordance with BS8004.

Method of Construction

Standard: To BS8004
The Contractor shall be responsible for determining the method of
construction of the piles, subject to the requirements as shown on the
drawings and specified herein. The piles shall be constructed such that the
shaft is in intimate contact with the surrounding ground and such that the
total pile load is capable of being transferred into the founding material
through end bearing and side wall friction, as required by the approved
design.

Pile construction procedure(s) for casting place piles shall include as a
minimum:

a) Details of proposed piling equipment.

b) A statement of the proposed method and the steps involved, including
details of any casing proposed, particularly for maintaining the top of the
hole open.

c) Methods to be employed to monitor and prevent contamination by ingress
of ground water or mud during:


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Installation of pile.
Construction of the base.
Method for dewatering the piles, if required.

d) Method of demonstrating adequacy of the founding material and
cleanliness of the hole before placing concrete.

e) Method of placing base concrete, shaft concrete and reinforcement.

f) Details of proposed jacketing, if required location and length.

g) Provisions for and method of cutting and breaking back the top of the piles
if required.

h) Installation acceptance criteria (including calculations as required) for the
piles and for the formation of the enlarged base if required, which will ensure
the as constructed piles will achieve the calculated load capacity shown on
the drawings.

i) Procedure to be adopted in the case where the calculated load capacity is
not achieved at the anticipated pile toe levels.

j) Proposed testing requirements in accordance with this specification.
Alternative piling methods designed by the tenderer and the proposed
construction procedure shall include detailed reference to the above items or
any other matters that may require consideration by the Engineer. Omission
of references to the procedure in detail will be grounds for rejection of
alternative tenders.

Pile Construction

The Contractor shall give the Engineer reasonable notice of their intention to
commence or resume pile operations so that representation may be
arranged.

The Contractor shall install each shaft with a minimum diameter as calculated
by the Contractor. Adequate protection must be made to ensure the shaft
does not collapse including the use of collar casing if applicable. Any collapse
and associated rectification work, as directed by the Engineer, will be at the
Contractors expense.

The Contractor shall ensure that the pile reinforcement and shaft concrete do
not separate from the lower portion as any casings are withdrawn. If any
movement occurs, a replacement pile shall be constructed at a location
acceptable to the Engineer, at the Contractor's cost.



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Any pile where ingress of ground water is suspected during the formation of
the shaft shall subsequently be integrity tested in accordance with British
Code. The Contractor shall immediately inform the Engineer in the event of:

a) Any pile installation that is out of position.
b) Damage to the pile, pile tube or casing.
c) Any unexpected characteristics observed during construction.
d) The Contractor believing that the calculated load capacity shown on the
drawings will not be met at the anticipated toe level(s).

The Contractor shall be responsible for all costs associated with complying
with the above requirements.

TESTING OF PILES

The Testing of piles shall be in accordance with the Static Load Testing of
Piles as described in Chapter 10. of the ICE piling specification.

The percentage of working piles to be proof load tested shall be 1% of the
total number of piles or a minimum of 2 in any one block. Preliminary pile
load tests to 2.5 times the specified working load will be required in advance
of working piles at the locations shown. All preliminary piles are to be
instrumented by means of suitable strain gauges and extensometers so that
load distribution along the pile shafts may be assessed for design of working
piles. The contractor shall provide the Particular Specification given in Clause
10.2 of the ICE piling specification for the Engineers approval:

a) Integrity testing of all piles using sonic or other acceptable methods will
be required and shall be in accordance with Chapter 9 of the ICE piling
specification.

b) Tests shall be conducted by a competent testing authority and a report
submitted to the Engineer.

ADJOINING PROPERTY

Arrange a joint inspection with the Engineer and the owners and occupants of
adjoining properties prior to and on completion of piling, as required by the
Engineer.

If required at the initial inspection, make detailed records of conditions
existing within the adjoining properties. This shall include colour
photographs. Arrange with the Engineer for not less than two copies of each
record to be endorsed by the owners and occupants or their representatives,
as evidence of conditions existing before piling commenced. Provide one
endorsed copy of each record to the Engineer. Keep the other endorsed copy
on site.

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The Contractor shall be solely responsible for the protection of adjacent
structures and plant during the work of the Contract. Where necessary,
temporary scaffolding, framework, partitions, screens, tarpaulins, and other
means shall be used to cover up and protect existing plant and structures
against damage due to building operations. Stop piling operations if damage
is caused to adjoining property, or if directed by the Engineer.

MATERIALS

To BS 8004. Comply also with the relevant sections of this specification
where applicable.

The Contractor shall be responsible for the ordering of all materials and
components, and the Contract Sum shall be deemed to be based on assured
sources of supply. The Contract time will not be extended on account of non-
delivery of materials and/or components.

Concrete

Select and proportion materials for the mix design to attain the performance
required.

All concrete shall be in accordance with BS 8110 and codes referenced
therein. In addition refer to the minimum concrete requirements given on the
drawings, and SECTION 03 00 00.

All concrete shall be tested in accordance with BS 8110. Only ready mix
concrete will be allowed.

Placement methods must be submitted to the Engineer in writing for
approval.

Submit details of the proposed concrete mixes for each of the specified
strength grades to the Engineer referred to in Structural Concrete
Specification.

Perform sufficient tests to justify the strength grade and concrete mix
properties utilised in the design.

Reinforcement
Prefabricate reinforcement cages to BS 4449.

Minimum cover to reinforcing steel: 75mm if insitu, unless noted otherwise
on the drawings. Use approved concrete or plastic spacer blocks only.

Joints in longitudinal bars will not be permitted in any piles unless steel of
sufficient length is unavailable, and then only subject to approval.

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For casting place piles, reinforcement shall consist of longitudinal bars for the
full length of the pile with adequate transverse ties, spliced as required
ensuring the full strength of the bar is developed at all locations along the
length of the pile. It shall be installed in each pile as an assembled unit,
maintaining the correct protective cover as specified. Splices shall not be
welded without written approval of the Engineer.

Pre-cast pile splice joints shall be corrosion resistant and the proposed joint
splice details and locations are to be submitted to the Engineer for review
and approval. Manufacture of these splice details is not to proceed until this
approval has been provided.

Installation of piles is to be in accordance with BS 8004 as applicable. Use
approved pre-cast concrete or plastic spacers to maintain correct cover.
Before being placed in position, all reinforcement shall be thoroughly cleaned
of rust, scale, dirt and any other substance that may reduce bond. All
reinforcement shall be stored clear of the ground. All cover spacers shall be
nonmetallic. All reinforcement shall comply with BS 4449.

Jacketing

Contractor shall ensure that adequate jacketing of the piling works is covered
such that no necking of the pile will occur. This applies in particular to the
tidal zone.

PILING SEQUENCE

The Contractor shall number the piles and submit the proposed numbering
system to the Engineer for approval. The Contractor shall submit to the
Engineer for his approval, prior to commencement of piling, the proposed
piling sequence. The general construction strategy for the piling and
associated groundworks is to be confirmed by the Engineer at the time of
tender. This will include the planned sequence of work. The Contractor shall
be wholly responsible for any damage to piles already in place caused by
further piling in nearby areas. Damaged piles shall be rejected and replaced
in accordance with the requirements specified under the pile testing section
of this specification.

SETTING OUT

The Contractor shall install the piles in the locations shown on the drawings.
Clearly peg the position of each pile and obtain written approval from the
Engineer before piling commences. Establish a grid of permanent recovery
pegs to enable the setting out to be checked at any time.
Establish permanent bench marks for determining the length of piles. All set
out of piles must be certified in accordance with M.O.W. Specification prior to
installation.

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The Contractor shall engage a Licensed Surveyor to survey the position of all
piles and to provide a reproducible negative and an AutoCAD DXF (release
14) file for the Engineer related to the site grid showing the plan position of
all piles, the level of the top of the concrete of the pile and the level of the
top of the projecting reinforcement. This as-built survey shall be provided to
the Engineer in both hard copy and electronic form if requested.
Supplementary datum reference points may be supplied by the Engineer.

INSTALLATION

Installation shall comply with BS8004 and the ICE Piling Specification.
Observe such working practices as may be relevant to the carrying out of the
piling operations. Construction tolerances shall comply with M.O.W.
Specification, except:

a) Positional deviation shall not be greater than 50 mm.

b) All piles shall be placed as accurately as possible to the vertical, with a
deviation from the vertical not exceeding one (1) percent.

c) Bring up piles in concrete to the cutoff levels shown on the drawings and
ensure that the reinforcing steel projects not less or greater than 0/+ 50
mm beyond the projection detailed on the drawings. The Contractor should
give consideration to providing additional length of reinforcement projection
to accommodate the finished pile base levels.

d) The finished pile level shall be within the tolerance outlined in Table 3.2 of
the ICE piling specification. Any pile which deviates beyond these limits for
which the resulting out of position cannot be accommodated by the proposed
structure above shall, at the discretion of the Engineer, be replaced or
supplemented by one or more additional piles, at the Contractors expense.

At the completion of all piling, the Contractor shall provide final as-built
surveys to the Engineer in the previously nominated form and including all
piles installed for the project.

The Contractor shall also refer instances where significant differences in pile
lengths occur between adjacent piles to the Engineer, for consideration.

The Contractor will be held responsible for all additional expenses incurred,
including any additional piles, variations to the structure, the cost of redesign
and review of revised design submissions, etc. Pile heads terminating above
or below the nominated cutoff levels shall be rectified at the Contractor's
expense.

Should the Contractor, for any reason, consider that piles cannot be placed
at the locations shown, or that placed in such locations, cannot be
constructed to support the specified loads, shall submit to the Engineer for
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approval, alternative locations and/or loads which they propose.

They shall also submit drawings showing the cross-section, longitudinal
sections, reinforcement of piles and dimensions and all other relevant details
relating to the proposed alternative. The Contractor will be held responsible
for all additional expenses incurred, including any additional piles, variations
to the structure, the cost of redesign and review of revised design
submissions.

Protection of pile holes from surface water and drying and collapse of edges
is required. The Contractor is to make an assessment of the bore logs and
provide liners or other construction methods for the satisfactory installation
of piles. In addition, the Contractor shall suitably protect all open excavations
with a 20 mm ply cap or similar appropriate for the use. The Contractor shall
also provide reinforcement bar caps to each exposed vertical bar. The
Contractor shall engage a geotechnical consultant for advice as necessary to
accommodate the construction tolerances.

EXCAVATION

The Contractor shall carry out all excavation necessary to complete the piles.
All clean excavated material will be stored adjacent to each respective pile
for inspection by the Engineer and then removed from site and disposed of.
Contaminated material or fill not acceptable to the Engineer shall be disposed
of from the site to a place of legal disposal. Excavation in excess of the
required net diameter of a pile, for any reason, and any additional concreting
required shall not justify a Contract Variation or be grounds for an extension
of time.

DEWATERING

The Contractor shall allow for dewatering wherever this is deemed necessary
or is instructed by the Engineer.

Pile Levels

The piles shall be constructed to the cutoff levels shown on the drawings.

Pile Length and Diameter
The overall pile dimensions and details shall be in accordance with the pile
design as submitted by the Contractor and approved by the Engineer. Any
length in excess of the minimum length calculated on the drawing will be at
the cost of the Contractor unless directed by the Engineer.

The Contractor shall ensure that the machinery used has sufficient capacity
to install piles up to 2m deeper than the greatest depth pile predicted by the
Contractor from the geotechnical investigations or additional geotechnical
sub-consultant advice. Any diameter in excess of the minimum diameter
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calculated on the drawing will be at the cost of the Contractor unless directed
by the Engineer.

Inspections

Give 24 hours notice so that inspection may be made at the commencement
of the piling and as agreed with the Engineer thereafter. Contractor to
confirm inspection times but shall not be less than the following:

Upon beginning of first pile.
Before placement of concrete for each pile to ensure that depth and
RL are as specified.
At times to be nominated by the Engineer or their representative
thereafter.

Site Records

The Contractor shall record the relevant information listed under M.O.W.
Specification, and shall furnish two copies of each record to the Engineer
within
seven days of completion of the work. The records will be deemed to be
accepted only upon verification and endorsement by the Engineer.

The Contractor shall prepare a shop drawing layout which numbers each pile
and states the design load for each pile.

As a minimum, the following records are to be provided for each pile
installed:

a) Pile number.
b) Date of Installation.
c) RL to base of pile and length of socket, as required.
d) RL to top of pile.
e) RL to any splices (where driven piles are used).
f) Plan location of top of pile.
g) Location and length of jacketing where provided
h) Final set for the last ten blow (where driven piles are used), and/or other
construction quality control criteria, as applicable.
i) Pile Verticality.
j) Concrete mix data.
k) Results of Concrete Strength and slump tests.
l) Piles tested.
m) Any other relevant information.
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GENERAL

Workmanship and materials shall comply with Section 4 of this Specification
where applicable.

SCOPE

The work covered by this Section consists of providing all plant, labour and
materials and performing all operations in connection with all external works.

Applicable Standards and Code of Practice:

As mentioned under General Specification issued by Ministry of Public Works
& Housing, Saudi Arabia.

MATERIALS

Top Soil Fill Materials

Top soil and fill materials shall conform with Section 3 of this Specification.

Pre-cast Concrete Kerbs and Edgings

a) Pre-cast concrete kerbs and edgings shall be hydraulically pressed and
shall comply with BS 340. The cement used in the manufacture shall
be sulphate resisting portland cement complying with Section 6 of this
Specification and with a minimum cement content of 370 Kg/m. The
fine and coarse aggregate shall be as specified in section 6.

b) Sizes, sections and standard transverse strengths shall be as stated
below:

i) 125 x 255mm half batter kerbs, the batter section to be in accordance
with Fig. 7 B.S. 340.

ii) Transverse strength of kerbs when tested in accordance with B.S. 340
shall not be less than 13.3. KN.

Interlocking Concrete Blocks:

Interlocking concrete blocks shall be in accordance with MTR 51 & shall be as
detailed in the contract drawings.


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Workmanship:

Surface Preparation:

On completion of the excavations and earth filling, the whole of the surface
to be paved shall be consolidated to the required levels and contours with
roller or mechancial vibrating plate compactor to the compacting required,
care being taken that no damage to the adjoining work.

Sub-bases and Road bases:

a) All sub-bases and road bases works shall be in accordance with
Section 4 of this Specification and the General Specification for Road
Works.

b) The consolidated of surface and road bases shall be carried out with a
roller or mechanical vibrating plate compacter to the required
compaction, care being taken that no damage is done to the adjoining
work.

The finished surface of the base shall conform to the levels shown on the
drawings within the limits of 0 to 12mm. Any making up necessary to
achieve these limits shall be carried out by rolling in material approved by
the S.O.

Laying Precast Concrete Kerbs and Edgings

a) Precast concrete kerbs, edgings and channels (kerbs laid on reverse
face) shall be laid and bedded in a layer of mortar (1:3) not less than
10mm thick an not more than 40mm thick on a grade 45 concrete
foundation. The foundation for 255 x 125mm kerbs shall be 450 x
150mm and for 150 x 50mm edging shall be 300 x 75mm. Kerbs shall
be packed and haunched with Blinding Grade concrete as shown on
the drawings.

b) For radii of 12m or less kerbs of appropriate length shall be used as
follows:

12m - 3m Half kerbs.
less than 3m One third Kerbs.
Any unit of kerb or edging deviating more than 3mm in 3m from line
and level shall be made good by lifting and re-laying.






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