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Statistics and Monitoring Section / Policy and Practice

Country Profile
March 2012
Maternal, Newborn &
Child Survival
Vietnam
DEMOGRAPHICS
Total population (000)
Total under-five population (000)
Births (000)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1000
live births)
Infant mortality rate (per 1000
live births)
Neonatal mortality rate (per 1000
live births)
Total under-five deaths (000)
Maternal mortality ratio, adjusted (per
100,000 live births)
Maternal mortality ratio, reported (per
100,000 live births)
Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in N)
Total maternal deaths (number)
INTERVENTION COVERAGE FOR MOTHERS, NEWBORNS AND CHILDREN
NUTRITION
4
Wasting prevalence (based on2006 WHO
reference population, moderate and severe, %)
CHILD HEALTH
Source: WHO/UNICEF 2011 Source: UNICEF 2011
Vietnam
Introduction of solid, semi-solid or
soft foods (6-9 months, %)
Low birthweight incidence (%)
Source: IGME 2011 Note: Figures maynotaddto 100%due to rounding.
Neonatal
62%
Measles
2%
Malaria
0%
Diarrhoea
2%
Injuries
4%
Pneumonia
5%
Other
21%
HIV/AIDS
3%
99 99 98 98 99 95
0
20
40
60
80
100
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
%
Vitamin A supplementation
Percent of children 6-59 months receiving two doses of
vitamin A during calendar year
51
23
17
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
98
93
63
0
20
40
60
80
100
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
%
Percent of children immunised against measles
Percent of children immunised with 3 doses DPT
Percent of children immunised with 3 doses of Hib
24 23
20
23
20
0
20
40
60
80
100
2004
Other NS
2005
Other NS
2006
MICS
2007
Other NS
2008
Other NS
%
17 15
12
17
0
20
40
60
80
100
1997
DHS
2002
DHS
2005
Other NS
2006
MICS
%
24
65
0
20
40
60
80
100
2000
MICS
2006
MICS
%
Under-five mortality rate
Deaths per 1000 live births
Diarrhoeal disease treatment
Percent of children <5 years with diarrhoea receiving oral
rehydration therapy (ORS, recommended homemade fluids or
increased fluids), with continued feeding
Malaria treatment
Percent of febrile children <5 years using anti-malarials
Exclusive breastfeeding
Percent of infants <6 months exclusively breastfed
Underweight prevalence
Percent of children <5 years underweight for age
Based on 2006 WHO reference population
34 33
36
32 31
0
20
40
60
80
100
2004
Other NS
2005
Other NS
2006
MICS
2007
Other NS
2008
Other NS
%
Stunting prevalence
Percent of children <5 years with low height for age
Based on 2006 WHO reference population
MDG
Target
Asphyxia
15%
Tetanus
1%
Other
9%
Infection
11%
Congenital
22%
Preterm
41%
Diarrhoea
0%
Causes of under-five deaths
Globally more than one third of child deaths are attributable to under
nutrition
Causes of under-five deaths, 2008 Causes of neonatal deaths, 2008
Immunization
WHO/CHERG 2010
No Data
7
3
0
20
40
60
80
100
2000
MICS
2006
MICS
%
69
60
71
83
55
0
20
40
60
80
100
1997
DHS
2000
MICS
2002
DHS
2006
MICS
%
Percent of children <5 years with suspected pneumonia taken
to appropriate health provider
Percent of children <5 years with suspected pneumonia
receiving antibiotics
Pneumonia treatment
Malaria prevention
Percent of children <5 years sleeping under ITNs
16
13
0
20
40
60
80
100
2000
MICS
2005
Other NS
%
87,848 (2010)
7,186 (2010)
1,467 (2010)
23 (2010)
19 (2010)
12 (2010)
34 (2010)
56 (2008)
69 (2009)
850 (2008)
840 (2008)
10 (2008) 75 (2006) 5 (2009)
MATERNAL AND NEWBORN HEALTH
Source: WHO/UNICEF 2011
Source: WHO/UNICEF 2011
HIV AND AIDS EDUCATION
Source: MOH/UNAIDS/WHO
WATER AND SANITATION
Vietnam
CHILD PROTECTION
98
17
88
91
80
0 20 40 60 80 100
Measles
Exclusive
breastfeeding
Postnatal care
Skilled attendant
at birth
Antenatal visit
(1 or more)
Contraceptive
prevalence rate
%
23
59
8
72
40
85
2
1
2
3
0
5
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%
100%
Total Urban Rural
Pipedonto premises Other improved Unimproved
sources
Surface water
0
20
40
60
80
100
2005 2008 2009 2010
%
Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV
Percent of HIV+pregnant women receiving ARVs for PMTCT
Haemorrhage
32%
Other direct
10%
Sepsis
8%
Hypertension
17%
Abortion
9%
Embolism
2%
Indirect
22%
Causes of maternal deaths Coverage along the continuum of care
Source: WHO 2010 Source: DHS, MICS, Other NS
71 68
86
91
0
20
40
60
80
100
1997
DHS
2000
MICS
2002
DHS
2006
MICS
%
77
70
85
88
0
20
40
60
80
100
1997
DHS
2000
MICS
2002
DHS
2006
MICS
%
87
0
20
40
60
80
100
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
%
Antenatal care
Percent of women aged 15-49 years attended at least once by a
skilled health provider during pregnancy
Skilled attendant at delivery
Percent of live births attended by skilled health personnel
Neonatal tetanus protection
Percent of newborns protected against tetanus
Source: WHO/UNIEF J MP 2012
Drinking water coverage
Percent of population by type of drinking water source, 2010
Sanitation coverage
Percent of population by type of sanitation facility, 2010
76
94
68
4
5
4
16
1
22
4
0
6
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%
100%
Total Urban Rural
Improvedfacility Shared facility Unimproved facility Opendefecation
Regional estimates for Southeast Asia, 1997-2007
28 (2000)
93 (2008)
1.8 (2010)
35 (2006-
29 (2002)
58 (2006)
64 (2006)
- -
- -
(2009)
(2009)
(2009)
-
- -
- -
- -
- -
- -
- -
10 (2006)
88 (2006)
- -
0.1 [<0.1 - 0.1]
0.1 [0.1 - 0.1]
[54 - >95]
-
Source: WHO/UNIEF J MP 2012
Primary school net enrolment ratio
(female, admin data, %)
Primary school net enrolment ratio
(male, admin data, %)
Primary school net enrolment ratio
(total, admin data, %)
Survival to last grade of primary school
(female, admin data, %)
Survival to last grade of primary school
(male, admin data, %)
Survival to last grade of primary school
(total, admin data, %)
Orphan school attendance ratio
HIV+children receiving ART (%)
HIV prevalence among young
men (15-24 yrs,%)
HIV prevalence among young
women (15-24 yrs,%)
Female genital mutilation/cutting (%)
Birth registration (%)
Women aged 20-24 years who were
married or in union by age 18 (%)
Note: Figures may not add to 100% due to rounding.
Postnatal visit for mother
(within 2 days, %)
Postnatal visit for baby
(within 2 days for home births, %)
Institutional deliveries (%)
Early initiation of breastfeeding
(within 1 hour of birth, %)
Antenatal visit for woman
(4 or morevisits, %)
Adolescent birth rate
(births per 1000 woman aged 15-19 yr)
Total fertility rate
Demand for family planning satisfied (%)
Proportion of women with low BMI
(<18.5 Kg/m2, %)
Source: MOH/UNAIDS/WHO
Male Female
Ratio of
Male to
Female
Urban Rural
Ratio of
Urbanto
Rural
Poorest Second Middle Fourth Richest
Ratio of
Richest to
Poorest
Equity
chart
2
Under-five mortalty rate (per 1,000 live
births)
23 - - - - - - 53 38 24 22 16 0.3
Low birth weight incidence (%) 5 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Underweight prevalence (based on 2006
WHO reference population, %)
20 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Stunting prevalence (based on 2006
WHO reference population, %)
31 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Wasting prevalence (based on 2006
WHO reference population, %)
10 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Exclusive breastfeeding (0-5 months, %) 17 20 14 1.5 8 20 0.4 - - - - - -
Introduction of solid, semi-solid or soft
foods (6-9 months, %)
75 72 78 0.9 78 74 1.1 72 81 71 76 74 1.0
Household consuming adequately
iodized salt (15 ppm or more, %)
93 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Care seeking for pneumonia (%) 83 85 80 1.1 - 80 - - - - - - -
Antibiotic use for pneumonia (%) 55 59 49 1.2 - 53 - - - - - - -
Diarrhoeal treatment - children receiving
ORT and continued feeding (%)
65 63 67 0.9 - 65 - - - - - - -
Malaria prevention - children sleeping
under ITNs (%)
13 12 14 0.9 3 15 0.2 25 15 9 8 5 0.2
Malaria treatment - febrile children
receiving antimalarial medicines (%)
3 2 4 0.4 2 3 0.8 8 1 3 2 - -
Antenatal care coverage at least one
visit (%)
91 - - - 98 89 1.1 69 92 94 98 99 1.4
Antenatal care coverage (4 or more
visits, %)
29 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Skilled attendant at delivery (%) 88 - - - 98 85 1.2 53 87 95 100 99 1.9
Early initiation of breastfeeding (%) 58 - - - 54 59 0.9 - - - - - -
Use of improved drinking water
sources (%)
95 - - - 99 93 1.1 66 85 93 96 98 1.5
Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 76 - - - 94 68 1.4 21 50 66 86 99 4.6
Survival rate to last grade of primary
school (survey data, %)
98 98 97 1.0 98 97 1.0 95 97 100 99 98 1.0
Primary school net attendance ratio
(survey data, %)
95 95 95 1.0 95 96 1.0 94 96 96 97 96 1.0
Women aged 20-24 years who were
married or in union by age 18 (%)
10 - - - 3 13 0.2 26 11 11 7 2 0.1
Birth registration (%) 88 87 88 1.0 94 86 1.1 72 83 93 93 97 1.3
Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) - - - - - - - - - - - - -
r3 Printed on
MICS 2006
MICS 2006
MICS 2006
MICS 2006
Other NS 2005
Gender
Indicator
CHILD PROTECTION
MICS 2006
DEMOGRAPHICS
3
NUTRITION
4
CHILD HEALTH
5
Wealth Quintile Residence
Total
MICS 2006
2010
(WHO/UNICEF
J MP 2012)
MATERNAL AND NEWBORN HEALTH
MICS 2006
-
MICS 2006
MICS 2006
IGME 2011
Other NS 2008
Other NS 2008
MICS 2006
MICS 2006
WATER AND SANITATION
6
EDUCATION
2010
(WHO/UNICEF
J MP 2012)
MICS 2006
DHS 2002
MICS 2006
MICS 2006
29-May-12
Note: The format for this Country Profile has beenadapted fromthe Countdownto 2015 report. Coverage data have beenlargely derived fromnational household surveys suchas the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) and
Demographic and HealthSurveys (DHS). For the majority of coverage indicators, UNICEF global databases were used. Other organizations suchas the World HealthOrganization, UNAIDS, United Nations PopulationFund,
LondonSchool of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and Saving NewbornLives also provided data. Details onindicators, data sources, and definitions of indicators, canbe found at www.childinfo.org.
6. Water and sanitation- Wealthquintile data are derived fromMICS or DHS surveys. Urban, rural and total coverage estimates provided are for 2010 and are those published by the WHO/UNICEF J oint Monitoring Programme for
Water Supply and Sanitation.
1. Disparities - Disparity informationis only available for data directly derived fromhousehold surveys suchas MICS and DHS. Therefore, disparity data are not available for the following indicators: vitaminA supplementation,
immunization, and for HIV/AIDS. Inaddition, neither UNICEF Global Databases nor databases frompartner organizations maintaindisparity data for the following indicators: total fertility rate, unmet need, institutional deliveries,
contraceptive prevalence, adolescent birthrate.
4. Anthropometric indicators - Reference Standards for Underweight, Stunting and Wasting. Newinternational Child GrowthStandards for infants and young childrenwere released by WHO in2006, replacing the older NCHS/WHO
reference population. Inusing the 2006 WHO reference population, estimates generally change inthe following manner: stunting is greater throughout childhood; underweight rates are higher during the first half of infancy and lower
thereafter; and, wasting rates are higher during infancy. Please note that there may be small discrepancies betweenthe totals and the disparity data, as the totals have undergone additional analysis.
5. Child Health- All indicators inthis sectionrefer to childrenunder 5 years of age.
2. Equity chart - Displays values for the five wealthquintiles to the left. The scale is 0 to 100% for all charts except U5MR, whichshows a range of 0 to 300 deaths per 1,000 live births.
3. U5MR - Wealthquintile data are derived directly fromMICS, DHS or other surveys. The total is the inter-agency estimate published by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation(IGME).
Other NS 2008
Source
MoH 2009
DISPARITIES IN INTERVENTION COVERAGE
1