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Form 2

Agricultural Science
Section A
Circle the correct answer.
1. Which of the following is not a land
preparation technique?
(a) Ploughing
(b) Land clearing
(c) Harrowing
(d) Harvesting
2. One crop which can be propagated by
budding is
(a) Coconut
(b) Orange
(c) Sweet potato
(d) Cabbage
3. The part of the seed which develops into
the shoot is called the
(a) Plumule
(b) Radical
(c) Cotyledon
(d) Testa
4. Which part of the seed is mainly used for
protection?
(a) Plumule
(b) Radical
(c) Cotyledon
(d) Testa
5. A combine harvester can be used to harvest
(a) Citrus
(b) Coconut
(c) Rice
(d) Sweet potato
6. Which of the following is false about
weeds?
(a) Harbor insect pest
(b) Compete with crops for sunlight
(c) Increase nutrient content of soil
(d) Compete with crops for moisture
7. Which of the following is not a method of
weed control?
(a) Handpulling
(b) Flooding
(c) Applying herbicides
(d) Applying pesticides
8. Which of the following is not a method of
artificial vegetative reproduction?
(a) Budding
(b) Grafting
(c) Sowing of seeds
(d) Layering
9. Which of the following is an inorganic
fertilizer?
(a) Green manure
(b) Wood ash
(c) Ammonium sulphate
(d) Animal manure
10. Which of the following is not a species of
citrus?
(a) Tangerine
(b) Lime
(c) Early round Dutch
(d) Sweet orange
11. Which of the following is NOT a pest of
cabbage?
(a) Cricket
(b) Stem borer
(c) Cut worm
(d) Cabbage leaf miner
12. The movement if water on to the land is
referred to as
(a) Irrigation
(b) Drainage
(c) Leaching
(d) Osmosis
13. Which of the following crops is not usually
propagated by seeds?
(a) Coconut
(b) Tomato
(c) Sweet potato
(d) Cabbage
14. The citrus mealybug is a major pest of
which crop?
(a) Cabbage
(b) Tangerine
(c) Coconut
(d) Sweet potato
15. Which of the following is false about
mulching?
(a) Add nutrients to soil
(b) Reduce the population of bacteria in
the soil
(c) Bind soil particles together
(d) Retain water in the soil















Fill in the blanks
16. The ________ of the seed develops into the
root.
17. __________ , __________ and __________
are three requirements for germination.
18. __________ and ___________ are two
main varieties of cabbage grown in Guyana.
19. ___________ is the best soil type which is
suitable for the cultivation of cabbage.
20. The process of using canals to bring water
on to the land is referred to as _________
irrigation.
21. ____________ is an example of a herbicide.
22. Two methods of asexual reproduction of
plants are ___________ and ___________.
23. __________ is an essential marketing
service.
24. ___________ can be used for harrowing.
25. ____________ is an example of a root crop
while ___________ is an example of a stem
crop.












Section B
Answer any TWO questions in this section.
Question 1
(a) What is germination? (2 marks)
(b) Draw and label the main parts of a seed. (6 marks)
(c) (i) Why are some seeds sown in seed boxes and not directly into the field? (3 marks)
(ii) Name two seeds which are sown in seed boxes and two seeds which can be cultivated
directly into the field. (4 marks)
(d) What is the difference between sprinkler irrigation and channel irrigation? (4 marks)
(e) (i) What is mulching? (2 marks)
(ii) What are four benefits of mulching? (4 marks)
Question 2
(a) List three factors which have to be considered when selecting a crop for cultivation and explain
any two factors mentioned. (7 marks)
(b) What is the difference between ploughing and harrowing? (4 marks)
(c) List three advantages of harrowing. (3 marks)
(d) Copy and complete the table by giving an example of an equipment or machinery which can be
used for each farm activity. (4 marks)
Farm activity Equipment/Machinery
Land clearing
Harvesting of rice
Construction of beds
Weed control
TABLE SHOWING THE FARM ACTIVITIES AND THE EQUIPMENT/MACHINERY USED
(e) (i) What are four harmful effects of weeds? (4 marks)
(ii) List three methods of weed control. (3 marks)
Question 3
(a) What is a nursery? (2 marks)
(ii) Name two plants which are propagated in a nursery. (2 marks)
(b) What is the difference between budding and grafting? (4 marks)
(c) With the aid of a diagram explain how budding or grafting is carried out. (5 marks)
(d) Explain how the land is prepared for the cultivation of cabbage. (4 marks)
(e) Name two pest of cabbage and state how any ONE pest affects the plant and how it can be
controlled. (6 marks)
(f) Explain how cabbage is harvested. (2 marks)
End of exam
Happy holidays.