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Productivity rates of common items of work

Productivity rates of some important items of work are presented here to have an over
view of construction trends in the industry.
The capacity of doing work by an artisan & skilled labour in the form of quantity of work
per day (working 8 hours ) is given below
!r." Particulars of item #uantity of
work per day
$ind of labour
required per day
%. &arth work in e'cavation in
ordinary soil including disposal
upto (() m) & lift (%.* m)
( cubic meter +a,door %
+ason %-..
.. &arth filling under floors
including compaction in /0 layers
/ cubic meter +a,door %
1hishti %-(2
(. 3isposal of surplus earth within a
lead of () m
( cubic meter +a,door %
2. &'cavation in rock * cubic meter +a,door %
+ason %-..
*. &arth work over roofing including
ramming
( cubic meter +a,door %
+ason %-..
/. 4ement concrete %285 %*%)5
%/%. & %/%8 in foundation
with brick ballast or stone ballast
8 cubic meter +a,door %.
+ason %
1hishti % 6
7. Plain cement concrete %.2 / cubic meter +a,door 8
+ason %
1hishti % 9
8. :.4.4 %.2 in slabs5 lintels &
column etc. including bending5
binding5 centering &shuttering
2 cubic meter +a,door %/
+ason %
1lack smith % 9
4arpenter % 9
1hishti .
8. 3amp proof course 2 cm thick
%.2 concrete with two coats of
hot bitumen laid hot
%) sq. meter +a,door . 9
+ason % 9
1hishti 9
%). ;ime concrete in foundation 8 cubic meter +a,door %.
+ason %
1hishti % 6
%%. 3amp proof course ..* cm thick5
%.2 concrete with two coats of
bitumen laid hot
%. sq. meter +a,door .
+ason % 9
1hishti 9
%.. :einforced brick work laid in
cement mortar %. or %( in slabs
& lintels
% cubic meter +a,door (
+ason %
4arpenter %-%)
1lack smith %-%)
1hishti %-*
%(. %ts class brick work in cement
mortar in foundation & plinth
%.* cubic
meter
+a,door .
+ason %
1hishti <
%2. %
st
class brick work in cement
mortar in super structure
%.( cubic
meter
+a,door .
+ason %
1hishti <
%*. Plastering with any mortar
90thick
%( sq. meter +a,door %
+ason %
1hishti (-*
%/. 4ement pointing or lime pointing %) sq. meter +a,door %
+ason %
1hishti %-%)
%7. 4ement pointing flush variety .) sq. meter +ason %
+a,door %
%8. =hite washing or colour washing
(( coats)
/) sq. meter =hite washer %
+a,door %
%8. =hite washing or colour washing
(. coats)
8) sq. meter =hite washer %
+a,door %
.). =hite washing or colour washing
(% coat)
%2) sq. meter =hite washer %
+a,door %
.%. 3istempering (% coat) (* sq. meter Painter %
+a,door 9
... 3istempering (. coats) .) sq. meter Painter %
+a,door %
.(. Painting on new wood work with
( coats of approved paint
%* sq. meter Painter %
+a,door 9
.2. Painting . coats e'cluding
priming coat on n wood work
.) sq. meter Painter %
+a,door 9
Painter %
+a,door 9
.*. Painting old wood work one coat
only
*) sq. meter
./. >arnishing . coats on new wood
work
%/ sq. meter Painter %
+a,door 9
.7. 4ement concrete flooring 2 cm
thick concrete %.2
?ver %) cm thick cement concrete
%/%8 over %) cm thick sand
filling
8 sq. meter +a,door .
+ason % 9
1hishti 2-*
.8. 1rick flooring %) cm concrete
%/%8 over %)cm sand filling &
cement pointed flush
%. sq. meter 1rick layer % 9
+a,door .
1hishti 9
.8. +aking frames of doors &
windows (chowkats)
%8 cubic
meter
4arpenter .
+a,door %
@ 3ata from A4ivil &stimating & 4osting0 by !.P.+ahaBan
Cnother set of information on productivity rates obtained from another source is
presented as follows
!r." Particulars of items #uantity per day
%. 1rick work in lime or cement in foundation &
plinth
2* cft per mason
.. DDdoEin super structure (* cft per mason
(. 1rick work in mud mortar in foundation & plinth ** cft per mason
2. DD doEin super structure 2* cft per mason
*. 1rick work in cement or lime mortar in arches .) cft per mason
/. DDdoEin Back arches .) cft per mason
7. Falf brick wall in partition *) sft per mason
8. 4oursed rubble stone masonry in lime or cement
mortar including dressing
() cft per mason
8. :andom rubble stone masonry in lime or cement
mortar
(* cft per mason
%). Cshlar masonry in lime or cement mortar %* cft per mason
%%. !tone arch work %* cft per mason
%.. ;ime concrete in foundation or floor ()) cft per mason
%(. ;ime concrete in roofing .)) cft per mason
%2. 4ement concrete %.2 %7* cft per mason
%*. :.1 work (* cft per mason
%/. :.4.4 =?:$ %.* cft per mason
%7. 90 Plastering with cement or lime mortar 8) sft per mason
%8. Pointing with cement or lime mortar %)) sft per mason
%8. =hite washing or colour washing (( coats) 7)) sft per white washer
.). =hite washing or colour washing (% coat) .))) sft per white washer
.%. Painting or varnishing doors or windows (% coat) .*) sft per painter
... 4oal taring or solignum painting one coat (*) sft per painter
.(. Painting large surface % coat (*) sft per painter
.2. 3istempering one coat (*) sft per painter
.*. %0 c.c floor 7* sft per painter
./. GlagDstone floor laying with lime or cement
e'cluding ;.4.
%)) sft per mason
.7. Terra,,o floor /mm thick mosaic work over .cm
thick cement concrete (%.2)
*) sft per mason
.8. 1rick on edge in floor with lime or cement
mortar e'cluding ;.4.
7) sft per mason
.8. 1rick flat floor as in above 8) sft per mason
(). Timber framing sal or teak wood ..* cft per carpenter
(%. DDdoDDcountry wood * cft per carpenter
(.. 3oor & window shutters paneled or gla,ed %.* sft per carpenter
((. DDdoDD battened 8 sft per carpenter
(2. !awing hard wood 2) sft per pair of sawyers
(*. !awing soft wood /) sft per pair of sawyers
(/. &arthwork in e'cavation in ordinary soil %)) cft per beldar ma,door
(7. &arthwork in e'cavation in hard soil 7* cft per beldar ma,door
(8. &'cavation in rock (* cft per beldar ma,door
(8. !and filling in plinth %2) cft per beldar ma,door
2). Humber of bricks laid by mason in brickwork
upto a height of %)I
/)) bricks per mason
2%. Cmount of workDdone by a ma,door (helper) per
day
+i'
3eliver brick
3eliver mortar
%) %)) cft mortar per
ma,door
.) 2))) no. to a distance
of *)I per ma,door
() .)) cft per ma,door
Labour (mazdoor) required for different works

a) Earthwork per 1000 cft:
&'cavation in foundations5 trenches etc. in ordinary soil including disposal up to %))I &
lift of *I
* beldars & 2 ma,doors can do %))) cft per day
:efilling e'cavated earth in foundations5 plinth etc. including compaction in /0 layers
( beldars5 . ma,doors & 9 1hishti can do %))) cft per day
3isposal of surplus earth within a lead of %))
% ma,door can do %)) cft per day
b) ement concrete work per 100 cft:

;aying cement concrete
. beldars5 ( ma,doors5 6 1hishti & < mason can do %)) cft per day
c) !"" work:

;aying reinforced concrete
( beldars5 ( ma,doors5 % %-( bhishti & 9 mason can do %)) cft per day
4entering & shuttering for flat surfaces
2 beldars & 2 carpenters can do 8) sft per day
:einforcement work for :.4.4
% blacksmith or fi'er & % beldar can bend & place in position % quintal of steel per day
d) #tone work per 100 cft:
:andom rubble masonry with blue stone in foundations
( masons5 ( beldars5 . ma,doors & < bhishti can do %)) cft per day
e) $rickwork per 100 cft:
Girst class brick work in %2 cement mortar in super structure5 partition walls5 Bunctions of
roof5 Parapet walls & string course
. < masons52 9 ma,doors & 9 bhishti can do %)) cft per day
f) %ood work:
Gor the frames of doors & windows
. carpenters & % beldar can work (/.2) cft) of wood equivalent to 2 door frames
((0'20 of (I%%0' 7I) si,e per day
Gor paneled5 gla,ed shutters
%* carpenters & 2 beldars can make & fi' 2 shutters (2)mm) thick of si,e (/I80'(I80) per day.
#uantity of wood per shutter (..// cft)
g) &ron work:
Gi'ing (% 90'%-/0'%*0) flat iron holdDfasts
% blacksmith5 % mason & % beldar can fi' (/ holdfasts per day
Gi'ing *-80 dia +.! rods
% blacksmith5 . carpenters & ( beldars can fi' (*2 ft) per day
h) '(oorin):
% 90 thick cement concrete flooring of 2)) sft require
* masons5 2 beldars5 ( ma,doors & % bhishti per day for mi'ing5 laying & finishing.
i) 'inishin):
Plastering with any mortar 90 thick
( masons5 ( ma,doors & % bhishti can plaster 2)) sft per day.
=hite washing or colour washing (( coats)
% white washer & % ma,door can do /)) sft per day
Painting . coats such as chocolate5 red5 grey etc. on wood or steel
( painters & . ma,doors can paint %)) sft per day.
@ 3ata from Aestimating & costing in civil engineering0 by H.;. 3JTTC (.*
th
ed.)
Productivity rates of some important items of work as obtained from internet are tabulated
below
&'cavation =ork
Task - 3escription !low Cve Gast Jnits
&'cavate !poil Feaps to Transport5 )./m( bucket5 !and-!oil %2.* .).) .*./ m(-hr
&'cavate !poil Feaps to Transport5 )./m( bucket5 Kravel 1eds %*.. .).2 .*./ m(-hr
&'cavate !poil Feaps to Transport5 )./m( bucket5 4lay-4halk %..( %8.* .(.. m(-hr
&'cavate !poil Feaps to Transport5 )./m( bucket5 1oulder 4lay %%.. %/.8 .%.( m(-hr
&'cavate !poil Feaps to Transport5 %.%m( bucket5 !and-!oil .*.2 ().( (*.7 m(-hr
&'cavate !poil Feaps to Transport5 %.%m( bucket5 Kravel 1eds .*./ (%.( (7.) m(-hr
&'cavate !poil Feaps to Transport5 %.%m( bucket5 4lay-4halk ...* .7.8 ((.( m(-hr
&'cavate !poil Feaps to Transport5 %.%m( bucket5 1oulder 4lay %8.8 .2.2 ().( m(-hr
;oad !poil to 1arge5 capacity .5)))m( D 8.) D hrs
;oad !poil to 1arge5 capacity %5*))m( D /.* D hrs
;oad !poil to 1arge5 capacity %5)))m( D *.* D hrs
!poil conveyor5 /))mm belt5 %*)m-min D ./).) D m(-hr
4oncrete :oad surfacing
Task - 3escription !low Cve Gast Jnits
4oncrete :oad surfacing5 $erbs or !ide Faunches D ).2 D m(-hr
4oncrete :oad surfacing5 %*)mm thick D %..* D m.-hr
4oncrete :oad surfacing5 .))mm thick D 7.7 D m.-hr
4oncrete :oad surfacing5 ())mm thick D /.7 D m.-hr
$asecourse Production !ates
=e have found these production rates a good rule of thumb for the construction of 1asecourse
Jrban environment
!pread & 4ompact Production L ()m(-hr
Trimming Production L .*)m.-hr
:ural environment
!pread & 4ompact Production L *)m(-hr
Trimming Production L (*)m.-hr
=aterproofing
Task - 3escription !low Cve Gast Jnits
Csphalt coatings5 hori,ontal surfaces (.* 2.. *.8 m.-hr
Csphalt coatings5 vertical surfaces %.. %.7 ... m.-hr
1ituminous 1rushed application5 . coats 2.8 *.) /.( m.-hr
1ituminous 1rushed application5 ( coats (.( (.* 2.2 m.-hr
1ituminous !heets5 hori,ontal surfaces (.8 2.) 2.8 m.-hr
1ituminous !heets5 vertical surfaces (.( (.* 2.. m.-hr
Polythene !heets5 hori,ontal surfaces D .).) D m.-hr
1entonite !heets5 hori,ontal surfaces %8.7 .*.) (%.( m.-hr
1entonite !heets5 vertical surfaces %%.. %*.) %7.( m.-hr
&po'y 1ased application5 % coat D 7*.) D m.-hr
&po'y 1ased application5 . coat D (8.) D m.-hr
=allpapering
Task - 3escription !low Cve Gast Jnits
!trip &'isting =allpaper (( layers) & Prepare =alls D *.) D m.-hr
Gi' =allpaper and lining paper D *.) D m.-hr
Gi' >inyl and =ashable paper D 2.. D m.-hr
Gi' 4eiling ;ining Paper D 2.) D m.-hr
=all Ginishes
Task - 3escription !low Cve Gast Jnits
+osaic Tiling5 ).)2*').)2*m D %.% %.* no-hr
4lay5 quarry Tiles5 =indow 4ills5 setout and level D **.* D m-hr
4lay5 quarry Tiles5 =indow 4ills5 fi'5 grout and clean D %.* D m.-hr
4eramic Tiles %*)'%*)mm5 ;edges-Jpstands .).2 .7.% (..) no-hr
4eramic Tiles %*)'%*)mm5 Creas under %.*m. per room ).8 %.) %.. m.-hr
4eramic Tiles %*)'%*)mm5 Creas of %.*D..*m. per room %.2 %./ %.8 m.-hr
4eramic Tiles %*)'%*)mm5 Creas over ..*m. per room %.* %.7 ..% m.-hr
4eramic Tiles %*)'%*)mm5 &'tra ?ver for 4utting D 2%./ D no-hr
4eramic Tiles %)8'%)8mm5 ;edges-Jpstands D /..* D no-hr
4eramic Tiles %)8'%)8mm5 Creas under %.*m. per room %.) %.( %.* m.-hr
4eramic Tiles %)8'%)8mm5 Creas of %.*D..*m. per room %./ %.8 ..% m.-hr
4eramic Tiles %)8'%)8mm5 Creas over ..*m. per room %.7 %.8 ... m.-hr
4eramic Tiles %)8'%)8mm5 &'tra ?ver for 4utting D %.*.) D no-hr
4eramic Tiles5 Krouting =orks ... ..* ../ m.-hr
Trench &'cavation
Task - 3escription !low Cve Gast Jnits
Fydraulic &'cavator5 ).(m( bucket5 !and-!oil *./ 7.% 8.. m(-hr
Fydraulic &'cavator5 ).(m( bucket5 Kravel 1eds 2.8 /.% 7.( m(-hr
Fydraulic &'cavator5 ).(m( bucket5 4lay-4halk 2.8 /.% 7.% m(-hr
Fydraulic &'cavator5 ).(m( bucket5 Fard Kround 8.7 *.2 /.2 m(-hr
Fydraulic &'cavator5 ).2m( bucket5 !and-!oil .).* .*.) .8.. m(-hr
Fydraulic &'cavator5 ).2m( bucket5 Kravel 1eds %8.. .... ./.) m(-hr
Fydraulic &'cavator5 ).2m( bucket5 4lay-4halk %8.. .... ./.) m(-hr
Fydraulic &'cavator5 ).2m( bucket5 Fard Kround %7.) .).) .(.2 m(-hr
Fydraulic &'cavator5 ).*m( bucket5 !and-!oil ./.) .8./ ((.% m(-hr
Fydraulic &'cavator5 ).*m( bucket5 Kravel 1eds ./.( .8./ ((.. m(-hr
Fydraulic &'cavator5 ).*m( bucket5 4lay-4halk ./.( .8./ ((.. m(-hr
Fydraulic &'cavator5 ).*m( bucket5 Fard Kround ...7 .*.) .8.8 m(-hr
&'cavate and 1oard Trench5 ).*D%.*m deep5 M ..)m wide (.( 2.* /.8 m.-hr
&'cavate and 1oard Trench5 %.*D(.)m deep5 M ..)m wide (.) 2.. /.* m.-hr
&'cavate and 1oard Trench5 (.)D2.*m deep5 M ..)m wide ..7 2.) /.) m.-hr
&'cavate and 1oard Trench5 ).*D%.*m deep5 N ..)m wide /./ 7.% 8.8 m.-hr
Timber Grames
Task - 3escription !low Cve Gast Jnits
:oof Trusses D %.( D no-hr
=all Plates D ..7 D m-hr
:oof :afters D %.. D m-hr
4eiling Ooists D (..% D m-hr
:oof !offits5 !oftwood5 nailed D 8.. D m-hr
:oof !offits5 !oftwood5 screwed D (.8 D m-hr
:oof !offits Csbestos5 under ())mm nailed D 8.% D m-hr
:oof !offits Csbestos5 under ())mm screwed D (.8 D m-hr
:oof !offits5 Csbestos5 over ())mm nailed D (.* D m-hr
:oof !offits5 Csbestos5 over ())mm screwed D %.( D m-hr
:oof Gacia Panels5 !oftwood *.% 7.. 8.( m-hr
:oof Gacia Panels5 Csbestos %.( ..* (.8 m-hr
:oof Gacia Panel !tudding5 nailed 7.( 8.% 8.) m-hr
:oof Gacia Panel !tudding5 screwed 2./ *.. *.8 m-hr
:oof Gacia Panel !tudding5 bolted to beams *.2 *.8 /./ m-hr
:oof =orks5 Gi' Ferringbone !trutting D *.% D m-hr
:oof =orks5 Gi' Giring !trips D .*.) D m-hr
:oof =orks5 Gi' 3rip-Tilt Gilleting D .).* D m-hr
!teel Grames
Task - 3escription !low Cve Gast Jnits
!teel Grame and :oof +embers (.2 D 2./
Tons-da
y
=all Grame5 1ow !tring Truss and Grame D %./ D
Tons-da
y
:oof Grame5 4urved Truss and Grame D *.. D
Tons-da
y
=all Grame5 Kla,ed Grame and Ctrium D ).( D
Tons-da
y
!lates and Tiling
Task - 3escription !low Cve Gast Jnits
!late :oofs5 =elsh !late (D*mm D %8.) D m.-day
!late :oofs5 4umbrian !late 8D%%mm D 8.* D m.-day
!late :oofs5 Csbestos !lates D (/.) D m.-day
Tiled :oofs5 4oncrete Tiles D *..) D m.-day
Tiled :oofs5 4lay Pan Tiles D ./.) D m.-day
!heeted :oofs
Task - 3escription !low Cve Gast Jnits
P>4 !heeted :oofs5 large areas D *).) D m.-day
P>4 !heeted :oofs5 small areas D 2).) D m.-day
Plastic Profiled !heet !ystems D *2.) D m.-day
:ainwater =orks
Task - 3escription !low Cve Gast Jnits
JP>4 3ownpipes5 7*mm D (.( D m-hr
JP>4 Kuttering5 7*mm D (.% D m-hr
JP>4 :=P Gittings5 7*mm D (.% D no-hr
4ast Pron 3ownpipes5 7*mm D ..% D m-hr
4ast Pron Kuttering5 7*mm D ..* D m-hr
4ast Pron :=P Gittings5 7*mm D ... D no-hr
Cluminium 3ownpipes5 7.mm D ..* D m-hr
Cluminium Kuttering5 7.mm D ..8 D m-hr
Cluminium :=P Gittings5 7.mm D %.8 D no-hr
4urtain =alling
Task - 3escription !low Cve Gast Jnits
>ertical Kla,ed ;ights5 /m ' ..*m D %2.* D m.-day
>ertical Kla,ed =alls5 large scale D 7).) D m.-day
4lerestory Grame-Kla,ing5 (m ' 2m D .8.) D m.-day
?riel =indow Grame-Kla,ing5 2m ' .m D (*.) D m.-day
Kla,ed 4urtain =all5 Girst Gi' D %.. D m.-hr
Kla,ed 4urtain =all5 !econd Gi' D %.% D m.-hr
Figh #uality Kla,ed 4urtain =alling D .*.) D m.-day
+etal 3ecking
Task - 3escription !low Cve Gast Jnits
+etal 3ecking5 large areas D 7).) D m.-da
y
+etal 3ecking5 small or complicated D .8.) D
m.-da
y
Titanium !heeted :oofs D 8.* D
m.-da
y
4opper :oofs5 flat work D (.) D
m.-da
y
4opper :oofs5 sloping work D ..7 D m.-dy
Qinc :oofs5 flat work D ..2 D
m.-da
y
Qinc :oofs5 sloping work D ..% D
m.-da
y
Cluminium :oofs5 flat work D ..8 D
m.-da
y
Cluminium :oofs5 sloping work D %.8 D
m.-da
y
;ead :oofs5 flat work D ..* D
m.-da
y
;ead :oofs5 sloping work D ..% D
m.-da
y
;ead :oofs5 dormer cheeks D %.( D
m.-da
y
;ead :oofs5 flat gutters D 88.) D m-day
;ead :oofs5 flat copings D 7/.) D m-day
;ead :oofs5 stepped gutters D (.* D m-day
;ead :oofs5 shaped copings D (.( D m-day
;ead :oofs5 cover step flashings D (.. D m-day
;ead :oofs5 rooflight flashings D ).8 D no-day
;ead :oofs5 domed roof coverings D ).7 D
m.-da
y
Glat and ;ayered :oofs
Task - 3escription !low Cve Gast Jnits
Csphalt :oof in layers D 2*.) D
m.-da
y
Csbestos !heets in layers D (8.) D m.-dy