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LINKERS IN ENGLISH

Contrast
In spite of / Despite Link two contrasting ideas. Followed by a noun
phrase
Although / (Even though Link two contrasting ideas. Followed
by a sentence.
!owever / "evertheless / #till / $et / Even so / %n the
contrary / In contrast. Introduce a new idea which &arks a
contrast with previously stated ideas. 'sed after a strong pause and
separated fro& the sentence they introduce by a co&&a.
%n the one hand ... on the other hand. Links two contrasting
ideas /
paragraphs.
In contrast to / (ontrary to. Link two contrasting ideas. Followed by a
noun phrase.
)hereas. Link two contrasting ideas. "ot separated by co&&as.
Reason and cause
*ecause / As / #ince / #eeing that. Introduce a sentence.
#ubordinate sentences introduced by because always appear in final
position.
*ecause of / %n account of / %wing to / Due to. Introduce a noun
phrase.
Purpose
In order to (to / #o as to. Introduce an infinitive of purpose.
In order that / #o that. Introduce a sentence usually with (%'LD.
Consequence
(onse+uently / As a conse+uence / As a result / ,herefore. 'sed
after a strong pause and separated fro& the sentences they
introduce by a co&&a.
As a conse+uence of / As a result of. Followed by a noun phrase.
#o. Introduces a sentence. "o co&&as.
Addition
-oreover / Further&ore / In addition / *esides / )hat.s &ore. 'sed
after a strong pause and separated fro& the sentences. ,hey are
introduced by a co&&a.
As well as / In addition to / *esides. 'sed to add one &ore
piece of infor&ation. Followed by a noun phrase.
E/e&plification
For e/a&ple / For instance. Introduces an e/a&ple referring to
previously stated ideas.
#uch as Introduces an e/a&ple referring to the last idea/word
A) CONECTORES QUE EPRESAN CONTRASTE U
OPOSICI!N "E I"EAS
but / yet0 tienen el &is&o sentido1 indican contraste y van seguidos
tanto de un grupo no&inal co&o de una oraci2n.
3,he book is short but / yet
interesting4
in spite of / despite0 tienen el &is&o significado ( a pesar de1 sin
e&bargo.
He arrived on time despite / in spite of getting up
late
although / though/ even though / in spite of the fact that0 tienen el
&is&o significado (aun+ue. 5an seguidos por una oraci2n co&pleta
y pueden ir al principio o en &edio de una frase (si el conector
co&ien6a la oraci2n1 se debe poner una co&a para separar las ideas
+ue +uere&os contrastar
Although / though / even though / in spite of the fact that the pupils
had not studied as hard as they could, they all passed their exams.
however1 nevertheless1 even so1 on the one hand1 on the other
hand1 on the contrary0 van seguidos en pri&er lugar por una co&a y
despu7s por una oraci2n co&pleta.
She was quite ill however/ nevertheless/ even so, she went to
school
while1 whereas tienen el &is&o significado y van seguidos por una
oraci2n co&pleta.
his soap is very interesting, while/whereas that one is quite
!oring
#) CONECTORES QUE EPRESAN RA$!N% CAUSA%
PROP!SITO
because1 as since1 seeing that0 tienen todos el &is&o significado
y van seguidos de una oraci2n co&pleta.
"ecause / as / since / seeing that its late, we should all go
home
because of1 on account of1 owing to1 due to0 tienen el significado de
por+ue o ra62n por la +ue. 5an seguidos de un grupo no&inal. #i
co&ien6an la frase1 a&bas oraciones ir8n separadas por co&a.
3*ecause of / on account of / owing to / due to the weather1 we stayed at
ho&e4
in order to1 so as to1 to0 e/presan prop2sito. 5an seguidos de la
ra96 del verbo. :or el contrario in order that y so that van seguidos de
una oraci2n con verbo &odal.
3#he uses her video in order to / so as to / to record a
show4
C) EPRESIONES "ESTINA"AS A A&A"IR
IN'OR(ACI!N
for e/a&ple1 for instante1 such as0 pueden e/presarse
indistinta&ente.
#egeta!les are a good source of vitamins$ for example / for
instance,pepper has vitamin %
&ore over1 further&ore1 besides1 in addition to0 se utili6an para a;adir
&8s infor&aci2n y van seguidas de co&a. #ignifican <ta&bi7n=
3In addition to classical &usic1 she likes
>a664
apart fro&1 e/cept for0 se e&plean para indicar +ue algo es una
e/cepci2n a la idea general e/presada en la frase.
Apart from &nglish, she spea's three other foreign
languages.
") EPRESIONES QUE IN"ICAN SUCESI!N ) RESULTA"O
"E ACCIONES
#e e&plean una serie de e/presiones +ue indican sucesi2n de
hechos para ordenar lo +ue se est8 diciendo
? First of all / firstly / to begin with / first @.
? #econd / secondly / then @
? ,he ne/t stage @
? Finally / in short / to su& up / in conclusion / lastly / last but not
least@
,herefore1 as a result1 conse+uently1 for this reason0 se;alan la
cone/i2n entre la acci2n y su resultado. 5an seguidos por una
oraci2n co&pleta.
%onsequently / for this reason, it always passes its annual
road test.
As a result of0 tiene el &is&o sentido +ue los anteriores1 pero va
seguido de un grupo no&inal1 no de una oraci2n.
As a result of his !rave action, he was awarded a military
meda(l.