Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 11

Theory of operation

9020-05-60
9020
05
60
Tr ansmi ssi on Cr oss
Sectional Diagram
Theory of operation
9020-05-61
9020
05
61
1. Torque Converter Turbine.
2. Torque Converter Stator.
3. Torque Converter Pump.
4. C1 Clutch.
5. C2 Clutch.
6. P1 Planetary.
7. P2 Planetary.
8. C3 Clutch.
9. P3 Planetary.
10. C4 Clutch.
11. C5 Clutch.
12. Retarder Stator.
13. Retarder Rotor (Not Shown).
14. Retarder Housing.
15. Output Shaft.
16. Main Shaft.
17. Clutch Solenoid.
18. Turbine Shaft.
19. Engine Input.
20. Lockup Clutch Piston.
21. Lockup Clutch Plate and Damper.
22. Lockup Clutch Backing Plate.
Theory of operation
9020-05-62
9020
05
62
POWER FLOW
Theory of operation
9020-05-63
9020
05
63
In neutral, only C5 clutch is applied
Rotational power from the torque converter is
not trans mitted beyond the rotating clutch
module and the P1 planetary s un gear.
If the vehicle is rolling while in neutral, different
clutches may be applied.
Neutral Power Flow
This controls the speed of rotating components
under varying conditions .
De p e nd i ng o n o utp ut s ha ft s p e e d , the
transmission may attain N1, N2, N3 or N4 - this
corres ponds to clutches C5, C4, C3 and C4
res pectively.
Theory of operation
9020-05-64
9020
05
64
In first range, the C1 and C5 clutches are applied.
C1 locks the turbine s haft and main s haft
together.
The P3 s un ge ar is part of the main s haft
mod ul e , s o i t b e c ome s i np ut for the P3
Planetary s et.
C5 holds the P3 ring gear.
1st Range Power Flow
Since the P3 s un gear is input and the P3 ring
gear is held, the P3 carrier becomes the output.
The P3 carrier is s plined directly to the output
s haft.
Theory of operation
9020-05-65
9020
05
65
In second range, the C1 and C4 clutches are applied
and the P2 and P3 planetary sets work together to
provide the appropriate output.
The C1 clutch locks the turbine shaft and main
s haft together.
This drives the P2 s un gear.
The C4 clutch holds the P2 ring gear.
Since the P2 s un gear is input and the P2 ring
gear is held, the P2 carrier becomes output.
2nd Range Power Flow
The P3 s un gear is s plined to the main s haft,
s o its rotating.
The P3 ring gear is splined to the P2 carrier, so
its rotating, but at a s lower rate than the P3
s un gear.
The P3 ring gear acts like a held member, and
the P3 s un gear becomes input.
The P3 carrier becomes output, and its splined
to the output s haft.
Theory of operation
9020-05-66
9020
05
66
In third range C1 and C3 clutches are applied and all
three planetaries work together to provide the
appropriate output.
The C1 clutch locks the main shaft to the turbine
s haft, and the rotating clutch module rotates
the P1 ring gear. The C3 clutch holds the P1
ring gear.
Since the P1 s un gear is input and the P1 ring
gear is held, the P1carrier becomes output.The
P2 s un gear is rotating with the main s haft.
The P2 ring gear is splined to the P1 carrier, so
its rotating.
3rd Range Power Flow
Since the P2 ring gear is rotating s lower than
the P2 s un gear, it acts like a held member.
The P2 s un gear is input, the P2 ring gear is
held so the P2 carrier becomes output.The P3
s un gear is rotating with the main s haft.
The P3 ring gear is s plined to the P2 carrier,
s o its rotating with the P2 carrier, at a s lower
s peed than the P3 s un gear.
The P3 sun gear is input, the P3 ring gear acts
like a held member, and the P3 carrier (which
is splined to the output shaft) becomes output.
Theory of operation
9020-05-67
9020
05
67
In fourth range, both rotating clutches (C1 and C2)
are applied.
The C1 clutch locks the turbine shaft to the main
s haft.
The C2 clutch locks the turbine shaft to the P2
carrier.
4th Range Power Flow
Since no s tationary clutches are applied, all
three planetary s un gears , carriers and ring
gears rotate the s ame s peed and direction as
the turbine s haft.
The P3 carrier is the output and its s plines
directly to the output s haft.
Since all components are rotating together, the
fourth range final gear ratio is 1 to 1, or direct
drive.
Theory of operation
9020-05-68
9020
05
68
In fifth range, the C2 and C3 clutches are applied
and all three planetary sets work together to create
the appropriate output.
The P1 s un gear is rotating with the rotating
clutch module.The C3 clutch is holding the P1
ring gear s tationary. The P1 carrier becomes
output.
The P2 carrier is rotating at turbine s peed (the
C2 clutch locks the turbine to the P2 carrier).
The P2 ring gear is splined to and rotating with
the P1 carrier.
5th Range Power Flow
The P2 carrier is rotating faster than the P2 ring
gear, s o its input and the ring gear acts like a
held member. The P2 s un gear acts like a held
member.
The P2 sun gear rotates the main shaft and the
P3 sun gear. The P3 ring gear is splined to and
rotating with the P2 carrier.
The P3 s un gear is rotating fas ter than the P3
ring gear, s o the s un gear is input and the ring
gear acts a a held member. The P3 carrier
becomes output, and its splined to the output
s haft. This gearing combination creates an
overdrive.
Theory of operation
9020-05-69
9020
05
69
In six range, the C2 and C4 clutches are applied
and the P2 and P3 planetary sets work together to
create the appropriate output.
The C2 clutch locks the P2 carrier to the
turbine s haft.
The C4 clutch holds the P2 ring gear.
Since the P2 carrier is input and the P2 ring
gear is held, the P2 sun gear becomes output.
6th Range Power Flow
The P2 s un gear rotates the main s haft and the
P3 s un gear.
The P2 carrier is s plined to and rotating the P3
ring gear.
The P3 s un gear is input, the P3 ring gear acts
like a held member.
The P3 carrier becomes output, and its s plined
to the output s haft.
This gearing combination creates overdrive.
Theory of operation
9020-05-70
9020
05
70
In reverse, the C3 and C5 clutches are applied and
all three planetary gears work together to create
output.
The P1 sun gear is rotating with the rotating
clutch module. The P1 ring gear is held by the
C3 clutch. The P1 carrier becomes output.
The P1 carrier is splined to the P2 ring gear.
The P2 ring gear becomes input for the P2
planetary set.
The C5 clutch holds the P3 ring gear. The P3
ring gear is splined to the P2 carrier. Since the
P2 ring gear is input and the P2 carrier is held,
the P2 sun gear becomes output.
Reverse Range Power Flow
Since the carrier is the held member, the P2
sun gear rotates opposite (counter-clockwise)
the input components direction. The P2 sun
gear rotates the main shaft in the opposite
direction (counter-clockwise).
Since the P3 sun gear rotates with the main
shaft, it also rotates in the opposite direction
(counter-clockwise). The P3 sun gear becomes
reverse input for the P3 planetary set. The P3
ring gear is held by the C5 clutch.
The P3 carrier becomes reverse output, and its
splined to the output shafts.