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List of metro systems

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A metro system is a rapid transit train system. In some cases, metro systems are referred to as
subways, UBahns or undergrounds. As of April 2014, 168 metro systems in 55 countries are listed.
The earliest metro system, the London Underground, first opened as an "underground railway" in
1863 [1] its first electrified underground line opened in 1890, [1] making the London Underground the
world's first metro system.[2]

Contents
1 Considerations

The Shanghai Metro.

2 Legend
3 List
4 Metro systems under construction
5 See also
6 Notes
7 References
7.1 Footnotes
7.2 Online resources
7.3 Bibliography
8 External links

The New York City Subway.

Considerations
The International Association of Public Transport (LUnion Internationale des Transports Publics, or UITP) defines metro systems as urban

The International Association of Public Transport (LUnion Internationale des Transports Publics, or UITP) defines metro systems as urban
passenger transport systems, "operated on their own right of way and segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic."[3][4] The terms Heavy
rail (mainly in North America) and heavy urban rail are essentially synonymous with the term "metro".[5][6][7] Heavy rail systems are also
specifically defined as an "electric railway".[5][6]
The dividing line between metro and other modes of public transport, such as light rail[5][6] and
commuter rail, [5][6] is not always clear, and while UITP only makes distinctions between "metros" and
"light rail", [3] the U.S.'s APTA and FTA distinguish all three modes.[5][6] A common way to distinguish
metro from light rail is by their separation from other traffic. While light rail systems may share roads
or have level crossings, a metro system runs, almost always, on a gradeseparated exclusive rightof
way, with no access for pedestrians and other traffic. And in contrast to commuter rail or light rail,
metro systems are primarily used for transport within a city, and have higher service frequencies and
substantially higher passenger volume capacities. Furthermore, most metro systems do not share
tracks with freight trains or intercity rail services. It is however not relevant whether the system runs
on steel wheels or rubber tyres, or if the power supply is from a third rail or Overhead line.

The London Underground.

The name of the system is not a criterion for inclusion or exclusion. Some cities use metro as a brand name for a transit line with no component
of rapid transit whatsoever. Similarly, there are systems branded light rail that meet every criterion for being a rapid transit system. Some
systems also incorporate light metro or light rail lines as part of the larger system under a common name. These are listed, but the light rail
lines are not counted in the provided network data. Certain transit networks match the technical level and service standards of metro systems,
but reach far out of the city and are sometimes known as suburban, regional or commuter rail. These are not included. Neither are funicular
systems, or people movers, such as amusement park, ski resort and airport transport systems.
This list counts metros separately when multiple metros in one city or metropolitan area have separate owners or operating companies. This list
expressly does not aim at representing the size and scope of the total rapid transit network of a certain city or metropolitan area. The data of this
list should not be used to infer the size of a citys, regions, or countrys rapid transit systems, or to establish a ranking. Doing so would in many
cases lead to a gross misrepresentation.

Legend
Location
Primary city served by the metro system.
Country

Country (i.e. independent nation or sovereign state) in which the metro system is located.
Name
The most common English name of the system (and the connecting Wiki page for that
system).
Year opened
The year the system was opened for commercial service at metro standards. In other
words, parts of the system may be older, but as parts of a former light rail or commuter
rail network, so the year that the system obtained metro standards (e.g. electrified) is the
one listed.
Stations
The number of stations in the network, as quoted by the system's operating company.
System length
The system length of a metro network is the sum of the lengths of all routes in the rail

Countries with metro systems

network in kilometers (or miles). Each route is counted only once, regardless of how many
lines pass over it, and regardless of whether it is singletrack or multitrack, single
carriageway or dual carriageway.

List

The locations of all the world's metro systems

Contents :Top A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

This list is sortable. Click on the


Location

icon in the column header to change sort key and sort order.

Country

Name

Year
opened

Stations

System length

Year of last
extension

2011[8]

10[8]

9.2 km (5.7 mi)[8]

2011[8][9]

Algiers

Algeria

Algiers Metro

Buenos Aires

Argentina

Buenos Aires Underground 1913

83[10]

51.6 km (32.1 mi)[10]

2013[note 1]

Yerevan

Armenia

Yerevan Metro

10[11]

13.4 km (8.3 mi)[11]

1996[12]

1981[11]

Yerevan

Armenia

Yerevan Metro

1981[11]

10[11]

13.4 km (8.3 mi)[11]

1996[12]

Vienna

Austria

Vienna UBahn[13]

1976[14][15]

104[16]

80 km (50 mi)[16]

2013[16][note 2]

Baku

Azerbaijan

Baku Metro

1967[17]

23[17]

34.6 km (21.5 mi)[17]

2011[note 3]

Minsk

Belarus

Minsk Metro

1984[18]

29[18]

37.3 km (23.2 mi)[18]

2014[18][note 4]

Brussels

Belgium

Brussels Metro

1976[19]

59[note 5]

39.9 km (24.8 mi)[20]

2009[note 6]

Belo Horizonte

Brazil

Belo Horizonte Metro

1986[21]

19[22]

28.1 km (17.5 mi)[23]

2002[21]

Braslia

Brazil

Braslia Metro

2001[24]

24[25]

42.4 km (26.3 mi)[25]

2010[24]

Fortaleza

Brazil

Fortaleza Metro

2012

28[26]

43.0 km (26.7 mi)[26]

2012

Porto Alegre

Brazil

Porto Alegre Metro

1985

22

43.4 km (27.0 mi)

2013[note 7]

Recife

Brazil

Recife Metro

1985[27]

28[28]

39.5 km (24.5 mi)[28]

2009[27]

Rio de Janeiro

Brazil

Rio de Janeiro Metro

1979[29]

35[30]

41 km (25 mi)[30]

2010[29]

Salvador

Brazil

Salvador Metro

2014

7.3 km (4.5 mi)

2014

So Paulo

Brazil

So Paulo Metro

1974[31]

65[31]

74.8 km (46.5 mi)[31]

2014[31]

Sofia

Bulgaria

Sofia Metro

1998[32]

27[32]

31.0 km (19.3 mi)[32]

2012[32]

Montreal

Canada

Montreal Metro

1966

68[33]

69.2 km (43.0 mi)

2007[note 8]

Toronto

Canada

Toronto subway and RT[34] 1954[35]

69[35]

68.3 km (42.4 mi)[35]

2002[35][note 9]

Vancouver

Canada

SkyTrain

1985[36]

47[37]

68.6 km (42.6 mi)[37]

2009[note 10]

Santiago

Chile

Santiago Metro

1975[38]

108[39]

103 km (64 mi)[39]

2011

Valparaso

Chile

Valparaso Metro

2005[40]

20[41]

43 km (27 mi)[41]

2005

Beijing

China

Beijing Subway[42][43]

1971[note 11]

232[44][45][note 12] 465 km (289 mi)[44]

2014[44]

Changsha

China

Changsha Metro

2014[46]

19[46]

22.3 km (13.9 mi)[46]

2014[46]

Chengdu

China

Chengdu Metro

2010

43

49.7 km (30.9 mi)

2013[47]

Chongqing

China

Chongqing Rail Transit

2005

92

168 km (104 mi)[48]

2013[49]

Chongqing

China

Chongqing Rail Transit

2005

92

168 km (104 mi)[48]

2013[49]

Dalian

China

Dalian Metro[50]

2003

26

103.8 km (64.5 mi)

2013[50]

Foshan

China

FMetro[note 13]

2010

14

20.4 km (12.7 mi)

2010

Guangzhou

China

Guangzhou Metro

1997

130[51][note 14]

240 km (150 mi)[52]

2013[53]

Harbin

China

Harbin Metro

2013

18[54][55]

17.5 km
(10.9 mi)[54][55]

2013[54][55]

Hangzhou

China

Hangzhou Metro[56]

2012

31

48.0 km (29.8 mi)

2012[57][note 15]

Hong Kong

China

MTR

1979[58][note 16] 84[58]

174.4 km
(108.4 mi)[58]

2009[note 17]

Kunming

China

Kunming Rail Transit

2012

14

40.1 km (24.9 mi)

2013[59][note 18]

Nanjing

China

Nanjing Metro[60]

2005

55

87.0 km (54.1 mi)

2010[60][note 19]

Ningbo

China

Ningbo Rail Transit[61]

2014

20

20.9 km (13.0 mi)

2014[61]

Shanghai

China

Shanghai Metro[note 20]

1993

263[62][63][note 21] 538 km (334 mi)[64]

2013[64]

Shenyang

China

Shenyang Metro

2010

43

55.1 km (34.2 mi)

2013[65]

Shenzhen

China

Shenzhen Metro

2004

131

178.4 km (110.9 mi)

2011[66]

Suzhou

China

Suzhou Rail Transit

2012

46

52.3 km (32.5 mi)

2013[67][note 22]

Tianjin

China

Tianjin Metro

1984

86

135 km (84 mi)

2013[68]

Wuhan

China

Wuhan Metro

2004

61

79.1 km (49.2 mi)

2013[69]

Xi'an

China

Xi'an Metro

2011

36

45.9 km (28.5 mi)

2013[70][note 23]

Zhengzhou

China

Zhengzhou Metro

2013

20

26.3 km (16.3 mi)

2013[71]

Medelln

Colombia

Medelln Metro

1995[72]

27[73]

28.8 km (17.9 mi)[73]

2012[note 24]

Prague Metro

1974[74]

57[75]

59.4 km (36.9 mi)[75]

2008[note 25]

Copenhagen Metro

2002

22[76]

20.4 km (12.7 mi)[76]

2007

Prague

Czech
Republic

Copenhagen

Santo Domingo

Denmark
Dominican
Republic

Copenhagen Metro

2002

22[76]

20.4 km (12.7 mi)[76]

2007

Strain[77][78][79][80]

1934

85

170 km (110 mi)

2007

Santo Domingo Metro

2009

30[81][82]

27.4 km
(17.0 mi)[81][82]

2013[82]

Cairo

Egypt

Cairo Metro[83]

1987

57

70.2 km (43.6 mi)

2014[note 26]

Helsinki

Finland

Helsinki Metro

1982[84]

17[85]

21.1 km (13.1 mi)[85]

2007[84]

Lille

France

Lille Metro

1983[86]

60[87]

45 km (28 mi)[87]

2000[86]

Lyon

France

Lyon Metro

1978[88]

39[88]

30.3 km (18.8 mi)[88]

2013[88][note 27]

Marseille

France

Marseille Metro

1977

28[89]

21.5 km (13.4 mi)[89]

2010

Paris

France

Paris Mtro

1900[90]

303[91]

214 km (133 mi)[90]

2013

Rennes

France

Rennes Metro

2002

15

9.4 km (5.8 mi)

2002

Toulouse

France

Toulouse Metro

1993[92]

37[92]

28.2 km (17.5 mi)[92]

2007[92][note 28]

Tbilisi

Georgia

Tbilisi Metro

1966[93]

22[94]

27.1 km (16.8 mi)[94]

2000[95]

Berlin

Germany

Berlin UBahn

1902

170[96]

151.7 km (94.3 mi)[96] 2009

Berlin SBahn

1924[97]

166[97]

332 km (206 mi)[97]

2007

Frankfurt

Germany

Frankfurt UBahn[note 29]

1968[98]

86[99]

64.9 km (40.3 mi)[99]

2010[98][note 30]

Hamburg

Germany

Hamburg UBahn

1912[100]

91[101]

104 km (65 mi)[101]

2012[note 31]

Hamburg SBahn

1907[102]

68[103]

147 km (91 mi)[103]

2008[note 32]

Munich

Germany

Munich UBahn

1971[104]

96[104][note 33]

95 km (59 mi)[104]

2010[note 34]

Nuremberg

Germany

Nuremberg UBahn

1972

46[105]

35 km (22 mi)[105]

2011[note 35]

Athens

Greece

Athens Metro[note 36]

1904[106][note 37] 61

Budapest

Hungary

Budapest Metro

1896

52

84.7 km (52.6 mi)[107] 2013[note 38]


38.2 km
(23.7 mi)[108][109]

2014[109]

(23.7 mi)[108][109]
Bangalore

India

Namma Metro

2011

16

17.0 km (10.6 mi)

2014[110]

Chennai

India

Chennai MRTS

1995

17

19.3 km (12.0 mi)

2007[111]

Delhi

India

Delhi Metro

2002[112]

137[113][note 39]

190.0 km
(118.1 mi)[114]

2011

Gurgaon

India

Rapid MetroRail Gurgaon

2013

5.1 km (3.2 mi)

2013

Kolkata

India

Kolkata Metro

1984

24

28.1 km (17.5 mi)

2013

Mumbai

India

Mumbai Metro

2014

12[115]

11.4 km (7.1 mi)[115]

2014

Mashhad

Iran

Mashhad Urban Railway

2011[116]

22

19 km (12 mi)

2011

Tehran

Iran

Tehran Metro[note 40]

2000[note 41]

85[117]

152 km (94 mi)[117]

2014[117][note 42]

Brescia

Italy

Brescia Metro

2013[118]

17[119]

13.7 km (8.5 mi)[119]

2013

Genoa

Italy

Genoa Metro

1990[120]

8[120]

7.0 km (4.3 mi)[120]

2012[120]

Milan

Italy

Milan Metro[121]

1964[121]

103[121]

94.5 km (58.7 mi)[121] 2014[121]

Naples

Italy

Naples Metro[note 43]

1993[122]

20[123][124]

17.6 km
(10.9 mi)[123][124]

2013[122][note 44]

Rome

Italy

Rome Metro[125]

1955

52

40.4 km (25.1 mi)

2012

Turin

Italy

Turin Metro

2006[126]

21[126]

13.2 km (8.2 mi)[126]

2011[126]

Fukuoka City Subway

1981

35

29.8 km (18.5 mi)

2005

Astram Line

1994

21

18.4 km (11.4 mi)

1994

Kbe Rapid Transit


Railway

1968

10

7.6 km (4.7 mi)

2001

Kobe Municipal Subway

1977

25

30.6 km (19.0 mi)

2001

Kyoto Municipal Subway

1981

29

28.8 km (17.9 mi)

2008

Fukuoka
Hiroshima

Kobe

Kyoto

Japan[note 45]
Japan[note 45]
Japan[note 45]

Kyoto

Sapporo
Sendai

Tokyo

Yokohama

Japan[note 45]
Japan[note 45]
Japan[note 45]

Japan[note 45]

Japan[note 45]

28.8 km (17.9 mi)

Nagoya Municipal Subway 1957

87[127]

93.3 km (58.0 mi)[127] 2011

Osaka Municipal
Subway[note 46]

123[128]

129.9 km
(80.7 mi)[128]

2006[note 47]

Sapporo Municipal Subway 1971

46

48 km (30 mi)

1999

Sendai Subway

1987

17

14.8 km (9.2 mi)

1987

1960

106[129]

109.0 km
(67.7 mi)[129]

2000

Rinkai Line

1996

12.2 km (7.6 mi)

2002

Tokyo Metro

Osaka

Japan[note 45]

29

Toei Subway

Nagoya

Japan[note 45]

Kyoto Municipal Subway

1981

1927

179[130]

195.1 km
(121.2 mi)[130]

2008

Yokohama Municipal
Subway

1972

32

40.4 km (25.1 mi)

2002

Minatomirai Line

2004

4.1 km (2.5 mi)

2008

1933

2008

Almaty

Kazakhstan Almaty Metro

2011

7[131]

8.5 km (5.3 mi)[131]

2011

Pyongyang

North Korea Pyongyang Metro

1973

17

22 km (14 mi)

1987[note 48]

Busan

South
Korea

Busan Metro

1985

128

130.2 km (80.9 mi)

2011[note 49]

Daegu

South
Korea

Daegu Metro

1997

59

57.3 km (35.6 mi)

2012[note 50]

Daejeon

South
Korea

Daejeon Metro

2006

22

22.7 km (14.1 mi)

2007[note 51]

South

2008[note 52]

South
Korea

South
Korea

20

20.1 km (12.5 mi)

2008[note 52]

Incheon Subway

1999

29

29.4 km (18.3 mi)

2009

1974[132]

296

327.0 km
(203.2 mi)[132]

2012[132][note 55]

Korail metro
lines[133][note 56][note 54]

1994

75

124.6 km (77.4 mi)

2013

2007

10

61.0 km (37.9 mi)

2007

Shinbundang Line[note 54]


(NeoTrans)

Seoul Capital Area

South
Korea

2004

AREX[note 54]

Incheon

Gwangju Metro

Seoul Subway (Lines 1


9)[note 53][note 54]

Gwangju

2011

17.3 km (10.7 mi)

2011

Kuala Lumpur

Malaysia

Rapid Rail[note 57]

1996[134]

48[134]

56 km (35 mi)[134]

1998[134]

Mexico City

Mexico

Mexico City Metro

1969[135]

195[136][note 58]

226.5 km
(140.7 mi)[136]

2012[note 59]

Amsterdam

Netherlands

Amsterdam
Metro[137][note 60]

1977

33[138]

31.4 km (19.5 mi)[139] 2005

Rotterdam

Netherlands Rotterdam Metro[note 61]

1968

62

78.3 km (48.7 mi)

2010

Oslo

Norway

Oslo Metro[note 29]

1966[note 62]

97

86 km (53 mi)[140]

2006[note 63]

Panama City

Panama

Panama Metro

2014

14

13.7 km (8.5 mi)[141]

2014

Lima

Peru

Lima Metro

2011

26

34.0 km (21.1 mi)[142] 2014[142]

Manila Light Rail Transit


System

1984[143]

31[144]

33.4 km
(20.8 mi)[143][145]

Manila Metro Rail Transit


System

1999

13

16.9 km (10.5 mi)[146] 2000

Manila

Philippines

2010[143]

Warsaw

Poland

Warsaw Metro

1995

21[147]

22.7 km (14.1 mi)[147] 2008

Lisbon

Portugal

Lisbon Metro

1959[148]

55[149]

43.2 km (26.8 mi)[149] 2012[148][note 64]

Lisbon

Portugal

Lisbon Metro

1959[148]

55[149]

43.2 km (26.8 mi)[149] 2012[148][note 64]

Bucharest

Romania

Bucharest Metro

1979[150]

51[151]

69.3 km (43.1 mi)[151] 2011[150][note 65]

Kazan

Russia

Kazan Metro[152]

2005

10[153]

15.8 km (9.8 mi)[153]

2013[154]

Moscow

Russia

Moscow Metro[155][156]

1935

194[156]

325.4 km
(202.2 mi)[156]

2014[157]

Nizhny Novgorod

Russia

Nizhny Novgorod Metro

1985

14[153]

18.8 km (11.7 mi)[153] 2012[158]

Novosibirsk

Russia

Novosibirsk Metro

1986

13[153]

15.9 km (9.9 mi)[153]

2010[159]

Saint Petersburg

Russia

Saint Petersburg Metro

1955

67[153]

113.2 km
(70.3 mi)[153]

2012[160]

Samara

Russia

Samara Metro

1987

9[153]

10.3 km (6.4 mi)[153]

2007[161]

Yekaterinburg

Russia

Yekaterinburg Metro

1991

9[153]

12.7 km (7.9 mi)[153]

2012[162]

Al Mashaaer Al
Mugaddassah Metro

2010

18.1 km (11.2 mi)

2010

Mecca

Saudi
Arabia

Singapore

Singapore

Mass Rapid Transit[163]

1987

106

148.7 km (92.4 mi)

2013[note 66]

Barcelona

Spain

Barcelona Metro[note 67]

1924

141[164]

102.6 km
(63.8 mi)[164]

2011

Bilbao

Spain

Metro Bilbao

1995

40[165]

43.3 km (26.9 mi)[165] 2011

Madrid

Spain

Madrid Metro[note 68]

1919[166]

300[167]

293 km (182 mi)[167]

2010[167]

Seville

Spain

Seville Metro

2009

22

18 km (11 mi)

2009

Stockholm

Sweden

Stockholm Metro[168]

1950

100

105.7 km (65.7 mi)

1994[note 69]

Lausanne

Switzerland Lausanne Metro[note 70]

2008

14

5.9 km (3.7 mi)[169]

2008

Taipei

Taiwan

1996

103[170]

121.3 km
(75.4 mi)[170]

2013

Kaohsiung

Taiwan

2008

37

42.7 km (26.5 mi)

2012

Taipei Metro
Kaohsiung Mass Rapid
Transit

Transit
Bangkok Mass Transit
System[171]

Thailand

34

31 km (19 mi)

2013

Metropolitan Rapid Transit 2004

18

21 km (13 mi)

2004

Airport Rail Link

Bangkok

1999

2010

28.6 km (17.8 mi)

2010
2010

Adana

Turkey

Adana Metro

2010

13

13.5 km (8.4 mi)

Ankara

Turkey

Ankara Metro

1997

45[172]

55.1 km (34.2 mi)[172] 2014[note 71]

Bursa

Turkey

Bursaray

2002

38[173]

38.9 km (24.2 mi)[173] 2014[note 72]

Istanbul

Turkey

Istanbul Metro[note 73]

1989

65[174]

81.9 km (50.9 mi)[174] 2014[174][note 74]

zmir

Turkey

zmir Metro

2000

14

16.1 km (10.0 mi)

2013

Dnipropetrovsk

Ukraine

Dnipropetrovsk Metro

1995

6[131]

7.1 km (4.4 mi)[131]

1995

Kharkiv

Ukraine

Kharkiv Metro

1975

29[131]

37.6 km (23.4 mi)[131] 2010

Kiev

Ukraine

Kiev Metro

1960

52[131]

67.6 km (42.0 mi)[131] 2013

Dubai

United Arab
Dubai Metro
Emirates

2009

47

74.6 km (46.4 mi)

2012[note 75]

Glasgow

United
Kingdom

Glasgow Subway

1896[175]

15[175]

10.4 km (6.5 mi)[175]

1896

London

United
Kingdom

London Underground[176]

1890[1][note 76]

270[177]

402 km (250 mi)[177]

2008[1]

Docklands Light Railway

1987[178]

45[178]

34 km (21 mi)

2011

Newcastle upon
Tyne/
City of Sunderland

United
Kingdom

Tyne and Wear Metro

1980[179]

60[179]

74.5 km (46.3 mi)[179] 2002[179]

Atlanta

United
States

MARTA

1979[180]

38[181]

77 km (48 mi)[181]

Baltimore

United
States

Baltimore Metro Subway

1983

14[182]

24.9 km (15.5 mi)[182] 1995

2000[180]

Boston

United
States

Massachusetts Bay
Transportation
Authority[note 77]

1901[183][184]

Chicago

United
States

Chicago 'L'

Cleveland

United
States

Los Angeles
Miami

51[185]

61 km (38 mi)[185]

1985

1897[186][note 78] 145[187]

165.4 km
(102.8 mi)[187][note 79]

1993[187]

RTA Rapid Transit: Red


Line

1955[188]

18[189]

31 km (19 mi)[189]

1968[188]

United
States

Metro Rail[note 80]

1993[190]

16[190]

28.0 km (17.4 mi)[190] 2000[190][note 81]

United
States

Metrorail

1984[191]

23[192]

40.1 km (24.9 mi)[192] 2012

New York City Subway

1904[193][note 82] 421[194][note 83]

373 km (232 mi)[195]

New York City/North


United
Jersey
States

Staten Island Railway

1925[note 85]

22[196]

22.5 km (14.0 mi)[195] 1925

Port Authority Trans


Hudson

1908[197]

13[198]

22.2 km (13.8 mi)[199] 1910

Philadelphia/South
Jersey

United
States

SEPTA[200][note 86]

1907

74[201]

59.1 km
(36.7 mi)[201][202]

PATCO Speedline

1936[203]

13[203]

22.9 km (14.2 mi)[203] 1969

San Francisco Bay


Area

United
States

Bay Area Rapid Transit

1972[204]

44[204]

167 km (104 mi)[204]

2003

San Juan

United
States

Tren Urbano

2004

16

17.2 km (10.7 mi)

2005

Washington, D.C.

United
States

Washington Metro

1976[205]

86[205]

171.1 km
(106.3 mi)[206]

2004[206]

2013[note 84]

1973

Tashkent

Uzbekistan

Tashkent Metro

1977

29[131]

36.2 km (22.5 mi)[131] 2001[note 87]

Caracas

Venezuela

Caracas Metro[note 88]

1983[207]

47[208]

63.5 km (39.5 mi)[207] 2010[note 89]

Metro systems under construction


The following is an incomplete list of worldwide metro systems currently under construction:
Location

Country

Name

Start of
construction

Planned
opening

Changchun

China

Changchun Rail Transit

2011

2014

Dongguan

China

Dongguan Rail Transit

2010

2015

Fuzhou

China

Fuzhou Metro

2012

2015

Hefei

China

Hefei Metro

2009

2016

Jinan

China

Jinan Metro

2013

2018

Lanzhou

China

Lanzhou Metro

2012

2016[209]

Macau

China

Macau Light Rail Transit

2012

2015

Nanchang

China

Nanchang Metro

2009

2015

Qingdao

China

Qingdao Metro

2009

2015

Shijiazhuang

China

Shijiazhuang Metro

2012

2017

Wuxi

China

Wuxi Metro

2009

2014

Xiamen

China

Xiamen Metro

2013

2017

Quito

Ecuador

Quito Metro

2012

2016

Thessaloniki

Greece

Thessaloniki Metro

2006[210]

2016

Chennai

India

Chennai Metro

2010

2014

Hyderabad

India

Hyderabad Metro Rail

2012

2015

Jaipur

India

Jaipur Metro

2010

2014

Kochi

India

Kochi Metro

2013

2016

Navi Mumbai

India

Navi Mumbai Metro

2011

2016

Jakarta

Indonesia

Jakarta Mass Rapid Transit

2013

2018

Jakarta

Indonesia

Jakarta Mass Rapid Transit

2013

2018

Ahvaz

Iran

Ahvaz Metro

2004

2014

Isfahan

Iran

Isfahan Metro[211][212]

2001

2014

Qom

Iran

Qom Metro[213][214]

2010

2015

Shiraz

Iran

Shiraz Metro

2001

2014

Tabriz

Iran

Tabriz Metro[215][216][217]

2003

2015

Doha

Qatar

Doha Metro

2013

2019

Chelyabinsk

Russia

Chelyabinsk Metro

1992

2019

Omsk

Russia

Omsk Metro

1992

2016

Riyadh

Saudi Arabia

Riyadh Metro

2014

2019

Mlaga

Spain

Mlaga Metro

2006

2014

Taichung

Taiwan

Taichung Mass Rail Transit System

2009

2017

Taoyuan

Taiwan

Taoyuan Metro

2006

2015

Abu Dhabi

United Arab Emirates

Abu Dhabi Metro

2013

2017

Hanoi

Vietnam

Hanoi Metro

2009

2020

Ho Chi Minh City

Vietnam

Ho Chi Minh City Metro

2012

2018

See also
Metro systems by annual passenger rides
Total rapid transit systems statistics by country

List of tram and light rail transit systems


List of North American light rail systems by ridership

List of Latin American rail transit systems by ridership

List of United States light rail systems by ridership

List of North American rapid transit systems by ridership

List of town tramway systems

List of United States rapid transit systems by ridership

List of rail transit systems in the United States

List of driverless trains

List of trolleybus systems

List of airport people mover systems

List of bus rapid transit systems

List of monorail systems

Articulated bus

Total monorail systems statistics by country

Rapid transit in India

List of funicular railways

List of Premetro systems

List of suburban and commuter rail systems

Notes
1. ^ Line A, Line B and Line H of the Buenos Aires Underground had their last expansions in 2013.
2. ^ Line U2 was extended to Aspern Seestadt in 2013.
3. ^ Latest restoration of old line in 2011
4. ^ The Moskovskaya Line extended to Malinovka in 2014.
5. ^ Not including stations of premetro Lines T3, T4, and T7.
6. ^ Line 2's loop was completed in 2009.
7. ^ Extension of northernmost terminus to Novo Hamburgo in 2013.
8. ^ See Orange Line (Montreal Metro)
9. ^ See Sheppard line
10. ^ See Canada Line
11. ^ The Beijing Subway's first line began trial operations on October 1, 1969. It opened to revenue service under trial operations on January 15, 1971. Initially, only
members of the public with credential letters from their work units could purchase tickets, but this restriction was removed on December 27, 1972. The subway line
passed its final inspections and ended trial operations on September 15, 1981. During the trial operations period, annual ridership rose from 8.28 million in 1971 to
55.2 million in 1980. See the history section of the Beijing Subway for details and references.

12. ^ As of December 28, 2013, the number of unique stations in operation in the Beijing Subway is 232. The unique station count treats the multiple platforms of a
station complex as one station. If each station complex's platforms are counted as separate stations, then the total number of stations in operation as of February
15, 2014 would be 262. The unique station count of 232 excludes: the Erligou Station on Line 6, the Andelibeijie and National Art Museum Stations on Line 8, the
Wangjing East Station on Line 15 and the Yizhuang Railway Station on the Yizhuang Line, which were not in use as of December 28, 2013. Also excluded are the
three restricted stations of Line 1, which are no longer used. The total station count of 262 excludes the stations listed above and treats the Gongyixiqiao Station as
two stations, as the southern terminus for Line 4 and northern terminus for the Daxing Line, even though throughtrain service have effectively transformed the two
lines into a single line for which the Gongyixiqiao Station is not a terminus but a single station.
13. ^ 1st line of FMetro serves two cities Foshan and Guangzhou
14. ^ The number excludes the stations and lengths on the Guangfo Metro/Guangfo Line, which is part of the FMetro in Foshan.
15. ^ Hangzhou Metro's Line 1.
16. ^ The East Rail Line that began metro service in 1979 overlapped with a conventional railway that had operated since 1910.
17. ^ Tseung Kwan O and West Rail lines.
18. ^ Kunming's Line 1.
19. ^ Nanjing South Railway Station.
20. ^ This figure excludes Maglev line and Jinshan Railway, both often included in Shanghai Metro maps but not considered part of the system.
21. ^ As of October 2013:
If interchange stations are counted as a single station, there are 263 stations.
If interchange stations are counted as multiple stations, there are 312 stations.
If interchange stations are counter as multiple stations, but shared tracks/platforms on Lines 3 and 4 are counted as a single station, there are 303 stations.
22. ^ Opening of Suzhou's Line 2.
23. ^ Xi'an Metro's Line 1.
24. ^ Extension of Line A from Itag south to La Estrella.
25. ^ Line C was last extended in 2008.
26. ^ Line 3's first section opened in 2012 and was extended in 2014.
27. ^ Extension of Lyon Metro's Line B to Oullins Gare station.
28. ^ Opening of Toulouse Metro's Line B.
29. ^ a b These systems have similarities to light rail systems, because of existence of road level crossings, but are listed since there are almost entirely separated from
roads.
30. ^ Opening of Riedberg stretch of the U8 and U9 lines.
31. ^ Opening of Line U4.

32. ^ Extension of Line S1 to the airport.


33. ^ The official source states there are 100 stations in Munich UBahn system, but notes that four connecting/transfer stations have been counted twice thus, there
are 96 stations counting all stations once.
34. ^ The U3 extension from OlympiaEinkaufszentrum (OEZ) to Moosach.
35. ^ The U3 extension from Maxfeld to FriedrichEbertPlatz.
36. ^ The Blue Line (Line 3) also has a 20.7 kilometres (12.9 mi) section (with 4 stations) to the airport that is owned by the Hellenic Railways Organisation and is
mainly used by the suburban railway system.
"Homepage The Company Historic Data Transit in Athens" (http://www.ametro.gr/page/default.asp?la=2&id=22). Attiko Metro S.A. Retrieved 20140602.
Schwandl, Robert. "Athina" (http://www.urbanrail.net/eu/gr/athens/athens.htm). UrbanRail.net. Retrieved 20140603.
37. ^ The Green Line (Line 1), operated until 2011 by AthensPiraeus Electric Railways, was opened in 1869 as a steam train railway line. It was electrified in 1904,
extended with underground sections through the city in 1948, and extended to its full length to Kifissia in 1957 using the rightofway of a former metre gauge
suburban line. Full metro operation since 1904 between Piraeus and Athens and 1957 to Kifissia. In 2011, it was integrated with Athens Metro under the company
STASY S.A.
"Homepage The Company Historic Data Transit in Athens" (http://www.ametro.gr/page/default.asp?la=2&id=22). Attiko Metro S.A. Retrieved 20140602.
38. ^ Line 3 extended west to Agia Marina on 14 December 2013.
39. ^ The Delhi Metro's six lines serve 137 stations, including the six stations on the Delhi Airport Metro Express line, if counting interchange stations only once, as of
September 2013.
40. ^ The 41.5 km (25.8 mi) Line 5 of the Tehran Metro is a commuter rail line, and so is not included in the statistics here only Lines 14 are.
41. ^ Opening of metrostandards Line 2.
42. ^ Extension of Line 3.
43. ^ Naples Metro is made up of Line 1 and Line 6 only. Line 2 is a commuter rail line.
44. ^ Opening of Toledo station on Line 1 of Naples Metro.
45. ^ a b c d e f g h i j In general, the majority of urban rail service in Japanese metropolitan areas is provided by systems not included in this list. For a complete list of
urban rail systems in Japan, see List of urban rail systems in Japan.
46. ^ Statistics presented include Subway portions only Nank Port Town Line people mover line not included.
47. ^ Opening of Line 8.
48. ^ Ynggwang and Puhng opened in 1987
49. ^ Line 4 and BusanGimhae Light Rail Transit opened in 2011
50. ^ Daegu Subway Line 2 extension opened in 2012.
51. ^ Second phase of line 1

52. ^ Line 1 fully opened


53. ^ The Seoul Subway (Lines 19) is actually operated by three different operators Seoul Metro, Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation (SMRT), and Seoul
Metro Line9 Corporation. But because all of these lines are owned by the City Government of Seoul, they are counted together here in the table as one system.
54. ^ a b c d Seoul's Metropolitan Subway system can also be viewed as a comprehensive metro network made up of multiple owned/operated metro systems. If viewed
as such, the combined route length of Seoul's comprehensive metrostandards network would be 529.9 km (329.3 mi), and it would serve a grand total of 387
stations.
55. ^ Seoul Subway Line 7 extension opened in October 2012.
56. ^ Includes the Bundang Line (52.9 km, 36 stations), Korail portions of Seoul Subway Line 3 (Islan Line: 19.2 km, 9 stations) and Seoul Subway Line 4 (Gwacheon
Line: 11.8 km, 8 stations and Ansan Line: 27.6 km, 14 stations), and the Suin Line (nonAnsan portion) (13.1 km, 8 stations).
57. ^ Statistics presented include Ampang Line and Kelana Jaya Line only KL Monorail Line not included.
58. ^ There are 147 stations on the network map, counting transfer stations as one. The sum of the number of the stations for all lines is 195.
59. ^ Line 12 opened 2012.
60. ^ Line 50, 53, and 54 are rapid transit. The figures provided exclude the portion of the Amstelveen Line (Line 51) that operates as light rail.
61. ^ Some sections of the Rotterdam Metro (portions of Lines A and B) have some level crossings (with priority), and use overhead wires instead of a third rail (as
most of the system does), and so could therefore be considered "light rail" instead of "metro".
62. ^ The first underground portion was opened in 1928, but that was a tram line. One surface line has origins from 1898. System opened as a full Metro in 1966.
63. ^ Opening of the completed Ring line in 2006.
64. ^ The Red Line was expanded to the airport in 2012.
65. ^ Line M4 extended to Parc Bazilescu in 2011.
66. ^ The Downtown MRT Line Stage 1 was opened in 2013
67. ^ TMBoperated lines L1L5 and L9L11 only. FGCoperated lines L6L8 share track with other FGC commuter lines, and thus don't qualify as metrostandards
lines.
68. ^ Including MetroSur and other suburban lines, but not the three Metro Ligero de Madrid lines which are light rail.
69. ^ Skarpnck metro station opened in 1994
70. ^ The Lausanne Metro has two lines: Line M1 is light rail, while Line M2 is rapid transit. The stats listed are for Line M2 only.
71. ^ Opening of lines M2 and M3.
72. ^ Extension to Grsu.
73. ^ Currently operational metro standards lines, M1 to M4, only included. All other Istanbul lines or segments are either Tram or Commuter rail, or are under
construction, and so are not included here.
74. ^ Extension of Line M2 to Yenikap.

75. ^ The Red Line was completed in 2012.


76. ^ London's Metropolitan Railway first opened for service in 1863, operating steam locomotive trains in cut and cover tunnels. It began operating as a modern metro
when electricpropulsion trains began operating on the system's first deeplevel tube line in 1890.
77. ^ The Red, Orange, and Blue lines of the subway are rapid transit. The originallyelevated Orange Line opened in 1901, sharing the Tremont Street Subway that
opened in 1897 as an underground streetcar tunnel (for the light rail Green Line).
78. ^ Dated from the opening of "The Loop", when the system became unified and electrified.
79. ^ This figure comes from the sum of the following figures from the accompanying reference (i.e. "Facts at a Glance"
(http://www.transitchicago.com/about/facts.aspx). Chicago Transit Authority. December 2012. Retrieved 20130721.): 35.8 miles of elevated route, 35.0 miles at
grade level, 20.6 miles on embankments, and 11.4 miles of subway.
80. ^ Rapid transit portion of L.A. Metro Rail only: Red and Purple lines. All other L.A. Metro Rail lines are Light rail, and are not included here.
81. ^ This was the date of the last extension to the Red Line in the rapid transit portion of Los Angeles' Metro Rail.
82. ^ First regular elevated railway service, originally cable hauled, began in 1868. Elevateds converted to steam power in 1870, electrified by 1903. The first section
of electrified subway opened in 1904.
83. ^ The total number of stations is 468, but with transfer stations counted only once, the number is 421 (including the temporarily closed Cortlandt Street World
Trade Center station.
84. ^ On April 4, 2013, the 1 service was extended south to the South Ferry loops to replace service to South Ferry Whitehall Street, which was damaged in
Hurricane Sandy. This is not a permanent extension, nor is this new construction.
85. ^ While the line opened as a railroad in 1860, it was not until 1925 that rapid transit equipment would be operated here.
86. ^ Includes SEPTA's rapid transit lines only: Broad Street Line (Orange Line), MarketFrankford Line (Blue Line) and Norristown High Speed Line.
87. ^ The Yunusobod Line was opened in 2001.
88. ^ Statistics presented here for the Caracas Metro include the Los Teques Metro which functions as effectively a subsidiary and extension of the Caracas Metro.
89. ^ Los Jardines, Coche, Mercado stations (Line 3) open Schwandl, Robert. "Caracas" (http://urbanrail.net/am/cara/caracas.htm). UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 201301
10.

References
Footnotes

1. ^ a b c d "A brief history of the Underground London Underground milestones" (http://www.tfl.gov.uk/corporate/abouttfl/cultureandheritage/londonstransport


ahistory/londonunderground/abriefhistoryoftheunderground). Transport for London. Retrieved 20140606.
2. ^ "The Metro: an opportunity for sustainable development in large cities" (http://www.uitp.org/sites/default/files/cckfocuspapers
files/01%20The%20Metro%20an%20opportunity%20for%20sustainable%20development%20in%20large%20cities.pdf) (pdf). Union Internationale des Transports
Publics (UITP) (International Association of Public Transport). November 2003. Retrieved 20140616.
3. ^ a b "Recommended basic reference for developing a minimum set of standards for voluntary use in the field of urban rail, according to mandate M/486"
(http://ftp.uitp.org/ftproot/euroteam/YVA/URP_Fundamental_Requirements_EN.pdf). UITP (LUnion internationale des transports publics/International Association of
Public Transport). 2011. Retrieved 20140215.
4. ^ Schwandl, Robert (2007). "What is a metro?" (http://www.urbanrail.net/about.htm#definition). UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 20080114.
5. ^ a b c d e "Fact Book Glossary Mode of Service Definitions" (http://www.apta.com/resources/statistics/Pages/glossary.aspx#8). American Public Transportation
Association. 2013. Retrieved 20131112.
6. ^ a b c d e "National Transit Database Glossary" (http://www.ntdprogram.gov/ntdprogram/Glossary.htm). U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Transit
Administration. October 18, 2013. Retrieved 20131112.
7. ^ "The demand for public transport: a practical guide" (http://www.demandforpublictransport.co.uk/TRL593.pdf) (pdf). Transport Research Laboratory. p. 6. Retrieved
20080327.
8. ^ a b c d "Alger metro inaugurated" (http://www.railwaygazette.com/nc/news/singleview/view/algermetroinaugurated.html). Railway Gazette International.
October 31, 2011. Retrieved 20130914.
9. ^ Line 1, Schwandl, Robert. "Algiers Al Jaza'ir" (http://urbanrail.net/af/alg/algiers.htm). UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 20130109.
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11. ^ a b c "Yerevan authorities negotiating new metro line projects with banks"
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Online resources
Taplin, Michael. "A world of trams and urban transit" (http://www.lrta.org/world/worldind.html). lrta.org. Light Rail Transit Association.
Schwandl, Robert. "UrbanRail.Net" (http://www.urbanrail.net). UrbanRail.Net.
Rohde, Mike. "World Metro Database" (http://micro.com/metro/table.html). Metrobits.

Bibliography
Vuchic, Vukan R. (2007). Urban Transit Systems and Technology. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9780471758235.
Ovenden, Mark (2005). Metro Maps Of The World. Capital Transport. ISBN 1854142887.

Hinkel, W. Treiber, K. Valenta, G. Liebsch, H. (2004). Underground Railways Yesterday Today Tomorrow. Schmid Verlag. ISBN 3900607443.
Fischler, Stan (2000). Subways Of The World. MBI. ISBN 0760307520.
Garbutt, Paul (1997). World Metro Systems. Capital Transport. ISBN 1854141910.

External links
Light Rail and Metro Systems in Europe (http://www.errac.org/IMG/pdf/LRailandMetroinEU042004.pdf) European Rail Research Advisory
Council
Public Transportation Fact Book (http://www.apta.com/resources/statistics/pages/transitstats.aspx) American Public Transportation
Association
Metro List at CityRailTransit.com website (http://www.cityrailtransit.com/list.htm)
Openstreetmap subway project (http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/WikiProject_Metro_systems)
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_metro_systems&oldid=613472758"
Categories: Rail transportrelated lists Rapid transit
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