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B50D 6 X 6

ARTICULATED DUMP TRUCK


OPERATORS MANUAL
Document Part Number 872101

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TO THE OPERATOR
WARNING

Do not operate the machine unless you have read this manual and fully understand how to operate
the machine properly.

The safe operation of your BELL EQUIPMENT machines very important to prevent any personal injury and/
or damage. This manual must be read and fully understood before operating or carrying out any
maintenance on your BELL EQUIPMENT machine.

SAFETY SYMBOL
The following safety symbol is used for all safety messages. When you see the safety symbol, follow the
safety message to avoid personal injury or death.
WARNINGS and CAUTIONS must be read, fully understood and followed, before carrying out the action or
maintenance procedure concerned.
WARNINGS and CAUTIONS are always placed before any action or maintenance procedure where
personal injury and/or damage to the machine could occur if that action or maintenance procedure is not
carried out correctly.

WARNING AND CAUTION SYMBOL


Throughout this manual the word WARNING is used to alert the operator and others of the risk of personal
injury during the operation of the equipment. CAUTION indicates the possible damage to the machine.
NOTE highlights information of special interest.
CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65 WARNING

Diesel engine exhaust and some of its constituents are known to the state of California to cause
Cancer, birth Defects and other Reproductive Harm.

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B50D 6X6
ARTICULATED DUMP TRUCK
OPERATORS MANUAL
THIS MANUAL IS APPLICABLE TO

B50D 6X6 ADT

Document Part Number 872101

Issue:0
(Revised:)

Technical Documentation
BELL EQUIPMENT COMPANY
Richards Bay

IMPORTANT
Due to BELL EQUIPMENTS policy of continuous product improvement, the information contained in this
manual was correct up to the time of printing (Revised date of manual). Any changes after this date will only
be included in the next update of this manual.
The illustrations in this manual are pictorial and not necessarily true representations of components.
Photographs and illustrations may show optional equipment.

Amendment Record Sheet


The table below is a record of amendments made to this manual after the publication date.

Amendment Record Sheet


Authorisation for
Amendment

Page Nos.
Replaced

Date

Page Amended/
Pages Inserted By

Referance to oil specification corrected

49

3/09/2004

J.P. Mienie

Amendment Record Sheet

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INTRODUCTION
Read this manual carefully for it has been produced to assist you in the correct operation, maintenance and
care of your BELL EQUIPMENT machine. Failure to do so could result in personnel injury or equipment
damage.
This manual should be considered a permanent part of your machine and should remain with the machine
when you sell it.
Right and left hand sides are determined by facing in the direction of forward travel.
Write product identification numbers (P.I.N.), Vehicle Identification Number (V.I.N.) and serial Number in
Chapter 9. Accurately record all the numbers to help in tracing the machine should it be stolen. Your dealer
also needs these numbers when you order parts. File the identification numbers in a secure place off the
machine.
Warranty is provided as part of BELL EQUIPMENTS support program for customers who operate and
maintain their equipment as described in this manual. The warranty is explained on the warranty certificate
which you should have received from your dealer.
Should the equipment be abused, or modified to change its performance beyond the original factory
specifications, the warranty will become void and field improvements may be denied.
This manual is divided into chapters. The information contained in the manual is in logical sequence, with
the instructions written in step by step format.
Effective maintenance on your BELL EQUIPMENT machine is achieved when personnel fully understand
the information contained in this manual.
Every effort has been made to ensure that the information contained in this manual was correct at the time
of publication. BELL EQUIPMENT Co. has a policy of continuous product development, improvement, and
design. BELL EQUIPMENT Co. reserves the right to change, amend and update the design of its product
at any time without prior notice. With this policy, changes may have occurred that are not included in this
manual.
Whilst every endeavour has been made to provide accurate and reliable information, BELL EQUIPMENT
Co. specifically disclaims any actual or implied warranty and under no circumstances shall be liable for any
loss, damage or injury to person or property suffered, whether direct, indirect or consequential, arising from
the use of this manual. In particular and without detracting from above, the disclaimer also applies in the
event of any specification, warning, or representation contained in this manual being inadequate,
inaccurate, or unintentionally misleading.
The user is urged to strictly comply with the instructions and warnings that are given in the interests of
general safety. Please do not hesitate to contact your BELL EQUIPMENT Product Support Representative
whenever you have a query on your BELL EQUIPMENT product or this manual.
The following address list was correct at 2 May 2001.

GROUP OPERATIONS LISTING


RICHARDS BAY (HEAD OFFICE)
Carbonate Cell .................................... Tel: (035) 907 9111 ..................................Private Bag X20046
Alton.................................................... Fax: (035) 907 4323 .................................EMPANGENI
RICHARDS BAY ................................. Web site: www.bellequipment.com ...........3880
3900

LOCATION OF OPERATIONS
EUROPEAN REGION
FRANCE
Bell France Sarl
Z.A. Route dArgenton-sur-Creuse ..... Tel: +33 55589 2356
23800 Dun-Le-Palestel ....................... Fax: + 33 55589 2324
FRANCE ............................................. e-mail: bell-france@inext.fr

GERMANY
Bell Equipment (Deutschland) GmbH
Am Ringofen 24 / 14B ......................... Tel: +49 - 6631 911 30
D-36304 Alsfeld................................... Fax: +49 - 6631 911 313
GERMANY .......................................... e-mail: dickv@bell-germany.de

UNITED KINGDOM
Bell Equipment U.K.
Unit 6C ................................................ Tel: +44 1283 712862 (Direct)
Graycar Business Park ....................... Tel: +44 1283 716777 (Parts Direct)
Barton Turns ....................................... Fax: +44 1283 712687
Barton-under-Needwood..................... e-mail: general@bellequipment.co.uk (General)
Burton-on-Trent................................... e-mail: sales@bellequipment.co.uk (Sales)
DE13 8EN ........................................... e-mail: colinw@bellequipment.co.uk (Customer Support)
UNITED KINGDOM............................. e-mail: cliffa@bellequipment.co.uk (Parts)

NORTH AMERICA
United States
Bell Equipment North America Inc.
2843 HWY 80...................................... Tel: +1 912 966 2615
Garden City ......................................... Fax: +1 912 964 1594
GEORGIA ........................................... e-mail: billr@bellequipment.com
GA 31408
USA

SOUTHERN AFRICA REGION


CAPE REGION
CAPE TOWN:
Bell Equipment Co SA (Pty.) Ltd.
Milan Street ......................................... Tel: 021 386 2252 .................................... P.O. Box 162
Airport Industria................................... Fax: 021 386 2260 ................................... EPPINGDUST
CAPE TOWN ...................................... e-mail: fionaj@bell.co.za.......................... 7475
7525

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EAST LONDON
Bell Equipment Co SA (Pty.) Ltd.
25 Ray Craib Crescent........................ Tel: 043 748 6622/3 ..................................c/o P.O. Box 3443
Beacon Bay ........................................ Fax: 043 748 6624....................................North End
Industria .............................................. e-mail: pierred@bell.co.za ........................PORT ELIZABETH
EAST LONDON .................................. ..................................................................6001
5200

GEORGE
Bell Equipment Co SA (Pty.) Ltd.
Pioneer Road ...................................... Tel: 044 878 0930/1 ..................................P.O. Box 1697
Pacaltsdorp ......................................... Fax: 044 878 0932....................................GEORGE
GEORGE ............................................ e-mail: karino@bell.co.za .........................6530
6534

PORT ELIZABETH
Bell Equipment Co SA (Pty.) Ltd.
349 Kempston Road ........................... Tel: 041 451 3202 .....................................P.O. Box 3443
Korste, Port Elizabeth ......................... Fax: 041 451 3208....................................NORTH END
6056 .................................................... e-mail: lynneo@bell.co.za.........................6056

SPRINGBOK
Bell Equipment Co SA (Pty.) Ltd.
Drive Inn Road .................................... Tel: 027 712 1124/30 ................................P.O. Box 618
Industrial Park ..................................... Fax: 027 718 1314....................................SPRINGBOK
SPRINGBOK....................................... e-mail: laurencedv@kingsley.co.za ..........8240
8240

WINDHOEK
Bell Equipment Co SA (Pty.) Ltd.
37 LazaretT Street .............................. Tel: 264 61-22 6021/2/3............................Private Bag 12018
Ausspann Platz ................................... Fax: 264 61-22 8330.................................Auspann Platz
WINDHOEK ........................................ ..................................................................WINDHOEK
NAMIBIA ............................................. ..................................................................NAMIBIA

CENTRAL REGION
BLOEMFONTEIN
Bell Equipment Co SA (Pty.) Ltd.
109 Fritz Stockenstrom Street ............ Tel: 051 432 7855 .....................................P.O. Box 1878
Ooseinde............................................. Fax: 051 432 3740....................................BLOEMFONTEIN
BLOEMFONTEIN................................ e-mail: karenm@bell.co.za .......................9300
9300

GAUTENG
Bell Equipment Co SA (Pty.) Ltd.
Bell Jet Park........................................ Tel: 011 928 9700 to 22 ............................P.O. Box 25391
Griffiths Road ...................................... Fax: 011 928 9730....................................EAST RAND
JET PARK ........................................... e-mail: bokkiec@dc.bell.co.za ..................1462
1459 .................................................... e-mail: pamj@dc.bell.co.za

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KIMBERLEY
Bell Equipment Co SA (Pty.) Ltd.
26 South Circular ................................ Tel: 053 832 1078/9 ................................. P.O. Box 2927
KIMBERLEY........................................ Fax: 053 832 1135 ................................... KIMBERLEY
8300 .................................................... e-mail: cornell@bell.co.za........................ 8300

KURUMAN
Bell Equipment Co SA (Pty.) Ltd.
8 Acacia Street.................................... Tel: 053 712 0698 .................................... P.O. Box 1396
KURUMAN .......................................... Fax: 053 712 0697 ................................... KURUMAN
8460 .................................................... e-mail: charld@bell.co.za ........................ 8460

SWAZILAND
Bell Equipment Swaziland
Shop No. 4 .......................................... Tel: +268 - 51 - 87 496/7 ......................... P.O. Box 134
Second Street ..................................... Fax: +268 - 51 - 87 498 ........................... Matsapha
Matsapha ............................................ ................................................................. SWAZILAND
SWAZILAND

MIDDELBURG
Bell Equipment Co SA (Pty.) Ltd.
9 Celcius Street................................... Tel: 013 246 1169 .................................... P.O. Box 2821
Building B ............................................ Fax: 013 246 1229 ................................... MIDDELBURG
Industrial Area ..................................... e-mail: bellmid@intekom.co.za ................ 1050
MIDDELBURG
1050

NELSPRUIT
Bell Equipment Co SA (Pty.) Ltd.
3 Christie Crescent.............................. Tel: 013 755 2110/6 ................................. P.O. Box 1672
Vintonia 2 ............................................ Fax: 013 755 2117 ................................... NELSPRUIT
NELSPRUIT ........................................ e-mail: boeriev@bell.co.za ...................... 1200
1200

RUSTENBURG
Bell Equipment Co SA (Pty.) Ltd.
16 Vanadium Street ............................ Tel: 014 538 1003/4 ................................. P.O. Box 3701
Border Industrial.................................. Fax: 014 538 1005 ................................... RUSTENBURG
RUSTENBURG ................................... e-mail: bellrust@intekom.co.za................ 0300
0300

TZANEEN
Bell Equipment Co SA (Pty.) Ltd.
8 Impala Street.................................... Tel: 015 307 4812 .................................... P.O. Box 2102
Industrial Sites..................................... Fax: 015 307 3095 ................................... TZANEEN
TZANEEN ........................................... e-mail: tinas@bell.co.za........................... 0850
0850

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WOLMARANSSTAD
Bell Equipment Co SA (Pty.) Ltd.
80 Kruger Street.................................. Tel: 018 596 2319 .....................................P.O. Box 587
WOLMARANSSTAD ........................... Fax: 018 596 2855....................................WOLMARANSSTAD
2630 .................................................... ..................................................................2630

COASTAL REGION
EMPANGENI
Bell Equipment Co SA (Pty.) Ltd.
No.1 Irvine Bell Drive .......................... Tel: 035 792 6517 .....................................Private Bag X20046
Old Mill Industrial ................................ Fax: 035 792 6516....................................EMPANGENI RAIL
EMPANGENI ...................................... e-mail: shelleyb@bell.co.za ......................3910
3880

PIET RETIEF
Bell Equipment Co SA (Pty.) Ltd.
14 Smith Street ................................... Tel: 01782 61523......................................c/o P.O.Box 1221
PIET RETIEF ...................................... Fax: 01782 61580 .....................................VRYHEID
2380 .................................................... ..................................................................3100

PIETERMARITZBURG
Bell Equipment Co SA (Pty.) Ltd.
7 Van Eck Place.................................. Tel: 033 386 9319 .....................................P.O. Box 100436
MKONDENI......................................... Fax: 033 386 1837....................................SCOTTSVILLE
3201 .................................................... e-mail: carlaf@bell.co.za ..........................3209

PONGOLA
Bell Equipment Co SA (Pty.) Ltd.
Akasia Street....................................... Tel: 034 413 1720 .....................................P.O. Box 681
PONGOLA .......................................... Fax: 034 413 1735....................................PONGOLA
3170 .................................................... ..................................................................3170

PORT SHEPSTONE
Bell Equipment Co SA (Pty.) Ltd.
Shop 5 Industrial Park.........................
Cnr. Main Harding and Izotsha Road..
PORT SHEPSTONE ...........................
4240

Tel: 039 685 4124 ..................................P.O. Box 560


Fax: 039 685 5155.................................PORT SHEPSTONE
...............................................................4240

RICHARDS BAY (Training Centre)


Carbonate Cell .................................... Tel: (035) 907 9111 ..................................P.O. Box X20046
Alton.................................................... Fax: (035) 797 3196 .................................EMPANGENI
RICHARDS BAY ................................. e-mail: veronicab@bell.co.za....................3880
3900

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UMHLALI
Bell Equipment Co SA (Pty.) Ltd.
Lot 81 .................................................. Tel: 032 947 0696 / 947 1637 .................. P.O. Box 39
Shakas Head Industrial Park............... Fax: 032 947 2141 ................................... UMHLALI
Shakas Head....................................... ................................................................. 4390
UMHLALI
4390

VRYHEID
Bell Equipment Co SA (Pty.) Ltd.
Bloekom Street.................................... Tel: 034 981 5541 .................................... P.O. Box 1221
VRYHEID ............................................ Fax: 034 980 9752 ................................... Ausspann Platz
3100 .................................................... ................................................................. 3100

NORTHERN REGIONS
MALAWI
Bell Equipment (Malawi) Ltd.
10/338 Mtendere Street ...................... Tel: +265 78 3293
Area 10 ............................................... Fax: +265 78 3293
Lilongwe
MALAWI

MOZAMBIQUE
Bell Equipment (Mozambique) LTD
Avenida da Oau 121 ........................... Tel: +258 - 1 - 403 137/403 706 ..............
Maputo ................................................ Fax: +258 - 1 - 401 949 ...........................
MOZAMBIQUE.................................... e-mail: BellEquipment@mail.garp.co.mz .
Contact: Eddy Fischer......................... Cel: +258-1-(0)82301894

Caixa Postal 2510


Maputo
MOZAMBIQUE

ZAMBIA
Bell Equipment (Zambia) Ltd.
Plot 4675 ............................................. Tel: +260 221 8113/121/123.................... P.O. Box 20367
Kitwe Chingola Road........................... Fax: +260 221 3516 ................................. Kitwe
Kitwe ................................................... e-mail: bell@zamnet.zm .......................... ZAMBIA
ZAMBIA

ZIMBABWE
Bell Equipment (Zimbabwe) Ltd.
16 Erith Road ...................................... Tel: +263 4 661 048/061 .......................... P.O. Box 2980
Willowvale .......................................... Fax: +263 4 621 026................................ Harare
ZIMBABWE ......................................... e-mail:bellzimb@iafricaonline.co.zw ........ ZIMBABWE

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DEALER
Please supply your dealer details here:

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

SAFETY - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25
Specification - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25
Safety Features - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 26
Unauthorised Modifications of the Roll Over Protective Structure (ROPS) and the
Falling Objects Protective Structure (FOPS) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 26
Noise Emission Levels - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 26
General Safety - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 26
SAFETY DECALS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 33
USERS INFORMATINON FEEDBACK FORM - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 43
CHAPTER 1. SPECIFICATIONS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 45
MACHINE SPECIFICATIONS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - RECOMMENDED LUBRICANTS AND COOLANT ADDITIVES - - - - - - - - - - - RECOMMENDED TORQUE SETTINGS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SERIAL NUMBER PLATES- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

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CHAPTER 2. OPERATOR CONTROL AND INSTRUMENTS- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 53


SECTION 1. OPERATOR CONTROLS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - INTRODUCTION - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ACCELERATOR AND BRAKE PEDALS- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - STEERING WHEEL - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - OPERATORS SEAT - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - TRAINER SEAT - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - RIGHT HAND CONTROL PANEL - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SECTION 2. INSTRUMENTS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ENGINE OIL PRESSURE GAUGE- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - COOLANT TEMPERATURE GAUGE- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - AIR PRESSURE GAUGE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - TRANSMISSION OIL TEMP. GAUGE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - FUEL GAUGE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SPEEDOMETER - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ALPHA NUMERICAL DISPLAY - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - MENU DISPLAY SCREEN - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - INDICATORS- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - GENERAL - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SECTION 3. SWITCHES - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SWITCHES LEFT HAND SIDE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - IGNITION SWITCH- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - BATTERY DISCONNECT SWITCH - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - BATTERY CIRCUIT BREAKER BOX - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

STEERING COLUMN SWITCH - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - CLIMATE CONTROL - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - AIR CONDITIONER.- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - LIGHTS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - HATCH IN ROOF - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - CIRCUIT BREAKER PANEL - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - FUSES AND DIODES- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - RELAYS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - WHEEL SPANNER AND BRACE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - WINDSCREEN WASHER WATER RESERVOIR - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - WINDSCREEN WIPER AND WASHER NOZZLE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - HORNS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - FIRE EXTINGUISHER (OPTIONAL) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - EMERGENCY EXIT HAMMER - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ELECTRICAL MIRROR BRACKETS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 12-VOLT ACCESSORY SOCKET - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

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CHAPTER 3. PROCEDURES BEFORE STARTING - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 83


SECTION 1. SAFETY - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - NORMAL EXIT- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - EMERGENCY EXIT - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SECTION 2. BEFORE STARTING - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SAFETY RULES - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

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85

CHAPTER 4. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 87


SECTION 1. SAFETY - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SAFETY RULES - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SECTION 2. STARTING - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SHUTTING DOWN THE ENGINE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - USING BOOSTER BATTERIES - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SECTION 3. RUNNING-IN - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - RUNNING-IN INSTRUCTIONS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - DOWN SHIFTING OR REVERSE INHIBITOR - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - DECELARATION AND STOPPING - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - BRAKING - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Operating with Inter-axle Differential Lock- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SECTION 4. OPERATING THE MACHINE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - LOADING THE MACHINE- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

87
87
89
89
90
90
93
93
94
94
95
96
99
99

18

TABLE OF CONTENTS

STEERING - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 99
OPERATING INDOORS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 100
CHAPTER 5. OPERATING TECHNIQUES - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 101
SAFETY RULES - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Gear Selection - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - GEAR PRE-SELECTION - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - GEAR HOLD FUNCTION - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - TRANSPORT OPERATION- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

101
101
102
102
103

CHAPTER 6. RECOVERY AND TRANSPORTATION - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 107


SECTION 1. TOWING - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SAFETY RULES - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SECTION 2. LIFTING - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - MACHINE LIFTING POINTS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - MACHINE TIE-DOWN POINTS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - TRANSPORTING - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

107
107
111
111
113
113

CHAPTER 7. PRE-SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 115


SECTION 1.SERVICE POSITION - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - INSTALL THE BIN PROP - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - INSTALL THE ARTICULATION SAFETY BAR - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - LOWER AND RAISE THE BELLY PLATE- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SECTION 2. RULES WHEN SERVICING - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - GENERAL - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - DIESEL FUEL - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - CONTAMINATED OILS AND FLUIDS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

115
116
116
117
121
121
121
122

CHAPTER 8. MENU DISPLAY UNIT AND ALPHA NUMERICAL DISPLAY - - - - - 125


START-UP DISPLAY - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 125
DEFAULT SCREEN - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 126
TO SELECT BETWEEN MENUS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 126
CHAPTER 9. SERIAL NUMBERS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 131
NUMBERS- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 131
CRIME PREVENTION TIPS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 133
CHAPTER 10. MAINTENANCE SCHEDULES - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 137
CHAPTER 11. AS REQUIRED SERVICE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 141
SECTION 1. ENGINE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - INTRODUCTION - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SECTION 2. HYDRAULICS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

19

141
141
141
149

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHECK THE BREATHER, HOSES AND CONNECTIONS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 149


CHAPTER 12. DAILY OR 10 HOURLY SERVICE CHECKS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 151
SECTION 1. ENGINE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - INTRODUCTION - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SECTION 2. TRANSMISSION - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - TRANSMISSION - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SECTION 3. TRANSFER CASE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - CHECK THE TRANSFER CASE FLUID LEVEL - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SECTION 4. HYDRAULICS, CAB AND ELECTRICAL - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - HYDRAULICS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SECTION 5. LUBRICATION- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - AUTO GREASING SYSTEM - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

151
151
153
153
157
157
159
159
161
161

20

PART 1
OPERATORS INSTRUCTIONS AND
MACHINE INFORMATION

LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY

B50 6X6 ADT

872101

ABBREVIATION LIST
The table below lists the abbreviations used in this manual:
Abbreviation

Meaning

Abbreviation

Meaning

degrees Celsius

lb

pound

degrees Fahrenheit

LCD

Liquid Crystal Display

ampere

LED

Light Emitting Diode

ADT

Articulated Dump Truck

metre

Ah

ampere hours

m3

cubic metre

CB

circuit breaker

MDV

Monitor Display Unit

CCV

Chassis Control Unit

MM

Memory Module

diagnostic

Neutral

drive

m.p.h.

miles per hour

DNS

Do Not Shift

MSDS

Material Safety Data Sheet

ECU

Electronic Control Unit

Nm

Newton metre

FDC

Fan Drive Controller

OBW

On Board Weighing

FOPS

Falling Objects Protective


Structure

psi

pounds per square inch

ft

foot (feet)

PTO

Power Take-Off

ft lb

foot pound

Reverse

HP

Horsepower

r.p.m.

revolutions per minute

IDL

Interaxle Differential Lock

ROPS

Roll Over Protective


Structure

ISO

International Standards
Organisation

SCR

Suspension Control Unit

kg

kilogram

SMR

Service Meter Reading

km

kilometre

TCU

Transmission Control Unit

km/hr

kilometres per hour

USGAL

United States Gallon

kPa

kilo pascal

Volt

kW

kilowatt

yd 3

cubic yard

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Abbreviation
psi

24

B50 6X6 ADT

Meaning
pounds per square inch

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SAFETY
Specification
This machine complies to the CE Specification.

Safety Features
3

15

14

16

12

11

5
50D0004CFM

6
7

1. ROPS/FOPS Cab Protection. The Roll Over


Protective Structure has been certified to meet
specified test requirements according to SAE
J1040 and ISO 3471. The Falling Objects
Structure has been certified to meet specified test
requirements according to SAE J/ISO 3449 and
ISO 3449.
2. Cab with Heater/Defroster. Positive
pressure ventilation system circulates both
outside and inside air through filters for a clean
working environment. Built in defroster vents direct
air flow for effective window de-fogging/de-icing.
3.

Dump Body Service Lock.

4.

Stop/Back lights. Highly visible LED lights.

5.

Backup Alarm.

6.

Independent Parking Brake.

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7.

13

10

Articulation locking Bar.

8. Secondary Steering. Ground driven,


continuously in operation. Secondary steering
indicator light will light when activated.
9.

Horn.

10. Halogen Lights and Turn Signals.


11. Engine Fan Guard.
12. Bypass Start Protection.
13. Exhaust
Retarder.

Brake

and

Transmission

14. Safety Belt Retractors.


15. Mirrors.
16. Large Windshield Wiper With Washer.

25

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Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)


The Federal Occupational, Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200 and in
some cases, State and Local Right-to-Know laws, may require that specific MSDS be available to the
employees prior to operating this equipment. This may include information on substances contained in this
equipment such as antifreeze, engine oil, battery acid, hydraulic fluid and freon (if equipped with an air
conditioner).
To ensure a prompt response, please be sure to include your return address and ZIP (postal) code, along
with the model, serial number and/or VIN number of your machine.

Unauthorised Modifications of the Roll Over Protective Structure


(ROPS) and the Falling Objects Protective Structure (FOPS)
Do not make unauthorised modifications or alterations to the ROPS and FOPS such as: welding on
extinguisher brackets, CB aerial brackets, fire suppression systems etc. Unauthorised modifications will
affect the structural limits of the ROPS and FOPS and will void the certification (and increase the risk of an
adverse safety incident.)
The Roll Over Protective Structure has been certified to meet specified test requirements according to SAE
J1040 and ISO 3471. The Falling Objects Protective Structure has been certified to meet specified test
requirements according to SAE J/ISO 3449 and ISO 3449, Level II.
Any planned modification or change must be reviewed in advance by the BELL EQUIPMENT Engineering
Department to determine if the modification or change can be made within the limits of the certifying tests.
It is important that each person in your organisation, including management, be made fully aware of these
rules involving ROPS and FOPS. Whenever anyone sees unauthorised modifications or changes to a
machines ROPS or FOPS both the customer and manufacturer must be notified in writing. The protection
offered by ROPS or FOPS will be impaired if they are subjected to structural damage, is involved in
an overturn incident, or is altered in any way and as such ROPS or FOPS must be replaced, not
reused.

Loosening or removal of the Roll Over Protective Structure (ROPS) and the Falling
Objects Protective Structure (FOPS)
Make sure that all parts are installed correctly if the ROPS or FOPS is loosened or removed for any reason.
Once the mounting bolt and nut assembly has been removed or loosened it must be replaced with
new parts as specified in the parts manual. Tighten the mounting bolts to the correct torque
specification as specified in the parts manual. Failure to comply could compromise product safety
and increase the risk to safety. A damaged ROPS or FOPS must be replaced, not reused.

Noise Emission Levels


The sound pressure was tested according to ISO 6394 (SAE J/ISO 6394) and the sound power was tested
according to ISO 6393 (SAE J 2102).\plain \par

General Safety
Be sure all operators of this machine understand every safety message. Replace operators manual and
safety decals immediately if missing or damaged.

Safety Regulation
Every country (State) has its own safety regulations. It is the obligation of the operator to know and follow
these. This also applies to local regulations covering different types of work. Should the recommendations
in this manual deviate from those of your country, your local safety regulations should be followed.

26

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Mounting and Dismounting the


Machine

872101

Keep Riders Off the Machine

Always use the handrails and steps provided to


get on and off the machine. Use both hands and
face the machine. Never get on or off a moving
machine. Never jump off the machine. Use a hand
line to pull equipment up onto the platform, do not
climb on or off the machine carrying tools or
supplies.
Use extra care when mud, snow, or moisture
present slippery conditions. Keep steps clean and
free of grease, oil and foreign objects.

GD0015CFM

Do not allow unauthorised personnel on the


machine.

Avoid Work Site Hazards


Prepare for Emergencies

GD0017CFM

Keep a first aid kit and fire extinguishers handy


and know how to use them. Inspect and have your
extinguisher serviced as recommended on its
instruction plate. Keep emergency numbers for
doctors, ambulance service, hospital and fire
department near your telephone.

Avoid Backing Over Accidents


GD0014CFM

Avoid Overhead Power Lines


Never move any part of the machine within 3 m (10
ft) plus twice the line insulator length, as serious
injury or death may result.

Operate Only On Solid Footing


Operate only on solid footing with strength
sufficient to support machine. Be alert working
near embankments, excavations and with bin
raised. Avoid working on surfaces that could
collapse under machine.
Use caution when backing up to berms before
dumping load.

GD0016CFM

Make sure all persons are clear of machine path


before moving the machine. Where conditions
permit, raise bin for better visibility to the rear. Use
mirrors to assist in checking all round machine.
Keep windows, mirrors and backup alarm clean
and in good condition.

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Use a signal person when backing if view is


obstructed and/or in close quarters. Keep signal
person in view at all times.
Use prearranged hand signals to communicate.

Handle Chemical Products And Flammable Fluids Safety


Exposure to hazardous chemicals can cause
serious injury. Under certain conditions,
lubricants, coolants, paints and adhesives used
with this machine may be hazardous.
If uncertain about safe handling or use of these
chemical products, contact your authorized dealer
for a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).

B50D 6X6 ADT

Do not weld or flame cut pipes or tubes that have


contained flammable fluids. Clean them
thoroughly with nonflammable solvent before
welding or flame cutting them.
Starting fluid is highly flammable. Keep all sparks
and flames away when using it. To prevent
accidental discharge when storing the pressurised
can, keep the cap on the can and store it in a cool
protected place. Do not burn or puncture a starting
fluid container.

Clean the Machine Regularly


Wait until the engine has cooled before removing
trash from areas such as the engine, radiator,
batteries, hydraulic lines, fuel tank and operators
cab. Remove any grease, oil or debris build-up.
Keep the machine, especially the walkways and
steps, free of foreign material, such as debris, oil,
tools and other items which are not part of the
machine.

Prevent Battery Explosions and Acid


Burns

GD0019CFM

GD0018CFM

Handle fuel with care, as it is highly flammable. Do


not smoke or go near an open flame or sparks
while refuelling. Always stop the engine before
refuelling the machine and fill the fuel tank
outdoors.
Keep all fuels and lubricants in properly marked
containers and away from all unauthorised
persons. Do not smoke in the storage areas.
Store oily rags and other flammable material in a
protective container, in a safe place.

28

The standard battery supplied with the machine is


a sealed type that does not need maintenance.
keep sparks and flames away from the batteries.
If a non-sealed battery is subsequently installed,
keep sparks and flames away from the batteries.
Use a flashlight to check the battery electrolyte
level. Use a voltmeter or hydrometer to check
battery charge. Never place a metal object across
the posts. Always remove the grounded (Negative
-) battery clamp first and replace it last.
Do not smoke in areas where batteries are being
charged.

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Sulphuric acid in battery electrolyte is poisonous


and is strong enough to burn skin, eat holes in
clothing and cause blindness if splashed into the
eyes.

Use the Seat Belt

Avoid the hazard by:

The seat belt must not be altered or modified in


any way. Such changes can render the belt
ineffective and unsafe.

Filling the batteries in a well ventilated area.


Wearing eye protection and rubber gloves.
Avoid breathing fumes when electrolyte is
added.
Avoid spilling or dripping electrolyte.

If you spill acid on yourself:

Flush your skin with water.


Apply baking soda or lime to help neutralise
the acid.
Flush your eyes with water for 10 - 15 minutes
and get medical attention immediately.

If acid is swallowed:

Drink large amounts of water or milk.


Then drink milk of magnesia, beaten eggs, or
vegetable oil.
Get medical attention immediately.

Wear Protective Equipment

Use a seat belt at all times to minimise the chance


of injury in an accident.

The seat belt is designed and intended for the


seats occupant to be of adult build and for one
occupant of the seat only.

Avoid High Pressure Fluids


Escaping fluid under pressure can penetrate the
skin causing serious injury. Relieve the pressure
before disconnecting hydraulic or other lines.
Tighten all connections before applying pressure.
Keep hands and body away from pinholes and
nozzles which eject fluids under high pressure.
Use a piece of cardboard or paper to search for
leaks.
If any fluid is injected into the skin it must be
surgically removed within a few hours by a doctor
who is familiar with this type of injury or gangrene
may result.

Stay Clear Of Moving Parts


Entanglements in moving parts can cause serious
injury.
Stop engine before examining, adjusting or
maintaining any part of the machine with moving
parts.

GD0013CFM

Wear a hard hat, protective glasses and other


protective equipment as required by the job
conditions. Do not wear loose clothing or jewellery
that can catch on controls or other parts of the
machine.

Keep guards and shields in place. Replace any


guard or shield that has been removed for access
as soon as service or repair is complete.

Beware of Toxic Fumes

When you drive connecting pins in or out, guard


against injury from flying pieces of debris by
wearing goggles or protective glasses. Prolonged
exposure to loud noise can cause impairment or
loss of hearing. Wear a suitable hearing protective
device such as earmuffs or earplugs. Wear gloves
when handling wire rope cable.

GD0020CFM

Prevent asphyxiation. Engine exhaust fumes can


cause sickness or death.

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B50D 6X6 ADT

Operate only in well ventilated indoor areas. Avoid


hazardous fumes by first removing paint on
painted surfaces before welding.

Never attempt to start engine from the ground. Do


not attempt to start engine by shorting across the
starter solenoid terminals.

Wear an approved respirator when sanding or


grinding painted surfaces.

Lower bin during work interruptions, apply park


brake and be careful not to accidentally actuate
controls when co-workers are present.

If a solvent or paint stripper is used, wash surface


with soap and water. Remove solvent or paint
containers before welding and allow at least 15
minutes before welding or heating.

Dispose of Waste Properly


Improper disposal of waste can threaten the
environment. Fuel, oils, coolants, filters and
batteries used with this machine may be harmful if
not disposed of properly.
Never pour waste onto the ground, down a drain or
into any water source.
Air conditioning refrigerants can damage the
atmosphere. Government regulations may require
using a certified service centre to recover and
recycle used refrigerants.

Operating The Machine


Avoid Tip Over
Use safety belt at all times. Do not jump from
machine if it tips.
Use extra care when bin is raised. Machine
stability is greatly reduced when bin is raised.
Drive slowly, avoid sharp turns and uneven
ground.
Do not over load the machine.
Before operating machine after it has tipped,
carefully inspect all hydraulic and electrical lines.

Operating on Slopes

If uncertain about the safe disposal of waste,


contact your local environmental centre or your
dealer for more information.

Start Only From Operators Seat

GD0023CFM

Avoid side slope travel whenever possible.


Check service brakes frequently when operating
on slopes
The maximum slope will be limited by the ground
conditions.

Welding Repairs

GD0022CFM

Avoid unexpected machine movement. Start


engine only while sitting in operators seat. Ensure
all controls and working tools are in proper position
for a parked machine.

30

NOTE: Disable
electrical
power
before
welding. Turn off main battery switch or
disconnect positive battery cable.
Separate harness connectors to
engine,
alternator
and
vehicle
microprocessors.

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GD0021CFM

Avoid welding near fluid lines. Do not let heat go


beyond work area near fluid lines.
Remove paint properly. Wear eye protection and
protective equipment when welding.
Do not inhale dust or fumes.

Tyre Information
Welding or heating of the rim components, external fire or excessive use of brakes can cause overheating
of the tyres, which could cause a tyre explosion.
This explosion can propel the tyre, rim and final drive components approximately 500 metres (1 640ft) from
the machine, which may cause personal injury or death and/or property damage.
If the tyre is overheating and could explode, do not approach it within the area represented by the shaded
area in the drawing, until it has cooled.
Stand behind the tread and use a self attaching chuck with extension hose to inflate the tyres. Use a safety
cage if available. Do not stand over the tyre.
15 m
(49'3")

Use a safety cage if available

500 m
(1 640 ft)

Do not stand over the tyre, use a clip-on chuck and extension hose
GC0002FM

NOTE: It is recommended that only trained personnel service and change tyres and rims.

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Inspect and Maintain ROPS


A damages roll-over protective structure (ROPS)
should be replaced, not reused.
If the ROPS was loosened or removed for any
reason, inspect it carefully before operating the
machine again.

To Maintain the ROPS:

Replace missing hardware using correct grade


hardware.
Check hardware torque.
Check isolation mounts for damage, looseness or wear; Replace if necessary.
Check ROPS for cracks or physical damaged.

Drive Metal Pins


Always wear protective goggles or safety glasses
and other safety equipment.
Use soft hammer or a brass bar between hammer
and object to prevent chipping.

32

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872101

SAFETY DECALS
There are several safety decals on your BELL EQUIPMENT machine. Their exact location and description
of the hazard are reviewed in this section. Please take the time to familiarise yourself with these safety
decals.
Keep the decals clean by using a soft cloth, water, and soap. Do not use solvent, gasoline, etc. You must
replace a decal if it is damaged, missing or cannot be read. If a decal is on a part that is replaced, ensure a
new decal is installed on the replacement part. Contact your BELL EQUIPMENT Representative for new
decals.

CAUTION

CAUTION
BEFORE WEL DING ON THIS UNIT:
To avoid control circuit damage:
1. Turn the electrical disconnect
switch to OFF.
2. Make sure the vehicle ground straps
are properly installed.
3. The welding ground clamp must
have a good connection to the
machine structure and close to the
point of weld.
4. Attach welding ground clamp directly
to structure before welding.

This instructional seat has been provided only


for training operators or to diagnose machine
problems. Keep all other riders off this
machine. Always wear your seat belt.
207339-aFM

Located inside the cab


on the rear panel

Located on the
silencer heat
shield

CAUTION

WARNING

AVOID DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY


*READ AND UNDERSTAND OPERATORS MANUAL BEFORE OPERATING
*THIS MACHINE.
*OPERATE ONLY FROM THE OPERATORS SEAT.
*BEFORE LEAVING SEAT: LOWER BODY TO FRAME REST.
PLACE TRANSMISSION IN NEUTRAL.
APPLY PARK BRAKE.
STOP ENGINE (TURN KEY SWITCH TO OFF).
*DO NOT PERMIT RIDERS.
*AVOID CONTACT WITH OVERHEAD OBSTACLES WHEN OPERATING OR
*HAULING THE TRUCK.
*USE EXTRA CARE TO AVOID TIP-OVER WHEN DUMPER BODY IS RAISED.

Torque all wheel


nuts to 650 N.m
[480 LB.FT.] after
the first 5 hours
and then again
after 50 hours.
Repeat this
procedure if
wheels are
changed.

207307FM

20 5FM
729

Located inside the cab


on the roof panel

Located on the
silencer heat
shield

WARNING
SPRING UNDER
PRESSURE

Located inside
the cab next
to the park brake

Read the manual


before carrying out
maintenance in this
207350FM
area

WARNING
COMPRESSED AIR
RESERVOIR
Avoid injury, drain
completely before carrying
out maintenance.
Typical working pressure:
800 kPa (116 PSI).

Located on the inside of the rear chassis

WARNING
Ensure that the cab
support is properly
engaged before
carrying out any
maintenance in this
area.
207383FM

207349-AFM

Located on the air reservoir

WARNING
HIGH PRESSURE
HYDRAULICS
See manual for correct
maintenance procedure.
Typical working
pressure: 8000 kPa
207329FM
(1160 PSI).

WARNING

Located on the chassis


underneeth the cab

AVOID INJURY
Ensure propshaft
guards are in
place at all times
207330FM

Located inside the battery box

ISSUE 0

Located on the inside of the front chassis

GD0024CFM

33

872101

OMM

Located inside
the cab on the
rear pillar

WARNING
Any alteration, modification,
repair, structural damage or
an overturn reduces this
structures protective
capabilities and invalidates
this certification. Consult
the manufacturer to
determine this structures
limitations.

IMPORTANT

WARNING

Avoid crushing
Do not jump
if machine tips

EMERGENCY EXIT
Use tool to break window

B50D 6X6 ADT

DANGER Located inside


Serious injury or
death can result
from contact with
electric lines.
Never move any
part of unit or load
closer than:
3m[10FT] plus twice
the line insulator
length to an
electric line.

STAY CLEAR

USE
SEAT
BELT

ROLLOVER (ROPS) AND


FALLING OBJECT (FOPS)
PROTECTIVE STRUCTURE
CERTIFICATION

OPERATOR MAY
REVERSE
MACHINE.

2071 92FM

Performance certified at
date of manufacture to:

WARNING

the cab on the


rear pillar

20 73 37 FM

207411FM
2 07 19 1FM

ROPS:
SAE J 1040: 1994
ISO 3471: 2000

Located inside
the cab on the
right hand side
window

FOPS:
SAE J/ISO 3449: 1998
ISO 3449: 1992

Located on the rear


of the machine & on
the sides of the machine

PROTECTIVE STRUCTURE
PART NUMBERS:
262796

DANGER

CERTIFIED PRIME MOVER


MASS:
15750 Kg (34722 Lbs.)

To avoid injury or
death, install bin
support pole before
carrying out any
maintenance in
this area
207351FM

CERTIFIED ARTICULATED
DUMP TRUCK MODELS:
B50D

BELL EQUIPMENT C0. S.A.


(PTY) LTD
RICHARDS BAY
SOUTH AFRICA

Located on both sides of


the rear chassis

208 645FM

WARNING

Located inside the cab

Crushing injury may result in


hing e area if machine is turned .
Make sure peo ple are clear of
machine b efore starting engine
or movin g steering wh eel.
Attach lo cking bar before
performin g service near center
of mach in e or transporting o n
a truck.
207336FM

Located on both sides of


the articulation joint

WARNING

IMPORTANT

AVOID INJURY
Keep clear
of rotating
fan blades
207331FM

Located in the engine


compartment on the
fan cowling

Located inside
the cab next to
the gear shift
control

207385-AFM

DANGER
Start only from
seat in park or
neutral.
Starting in gear
kills.
207408FM

WARNING
PRESSURISED GAS
Avoid injury from escaping
fluid. Refer to manual for
correct removal, installation
and maintenance procedure.
Typical working pressure:
4800 kPa (700 PSI).

IMPORTANT
CAB TILT PROCEDURE

Located in the engine


compartment on the
cab tilt pump

Located on the starter

207340FM

Located on the suspension


cylinders
207382-BFM

50D0008CFM

207321FM

Located on the left and right side on the bin top


channel of the B50 6X6 TEST ADT.

34

ISSUE 0

B50D 6X6 ADT

OMM

872101

HYDRAULIC
OIL
LEVEL
207348FM

EB YLNO TSUM GAT SIHT

207348FM

NOSREP EHT YB DEVOMER

Located on the hydraulic tank next to level sight


glass.

.ENIHCAM EHT GNICIVRES

.
.

050078 .oN TRAP

Located inside the PM pack wallet.


207310FM

Located at the rear lifting points.

INFORMATION
50 TON ARTICULATED DUMP TRUCK
MAKE

MODEL

SIZE

FRONT MIDDLE REAR


kPa PSI kPa PSI kPa PSI

GOOD YEAR

GP-4D 203B

875/65R29

300

44

400

58

400

58

MICHELIN

XAD65-1 203B

875/65R29

275

40

350

51

350

51

208643FM

Located on the left hand side of the machine on


the silencer heat shield.

ISSUE 0

207290FM

Located on the front chassis front plate.

35

872101

OMM

B50D 6X6 ADT

208756FM

207409-AFM

Located on the left side of the bonnet of the B50D


6X6 ADT.

Located in the cab, at the tip lever


.

GNINRAW
HIGH

MAXIMUM SPEED

1-H

7.8km/h

17%

2-H

15.7km/h

9.8Mph

13%

3-H

23.5km/h

14.7Mph

9%

4-H

35.3km/h

22.1Mph

8%

5-H

47.1km/h

29.4Mph

6-H

51.0km/h

31.9Mph

29%

50 Ton
ADT

This decal applies to 50 ton ADT's


with a fully laden gross vehicle
mass of 81553kg (179794lb), with
the exhaust brake and EVB fully
functional, the transmission
retarder lever in maximum
position, and with the
transmission locked in the
specified gear.

LOW

4.9Mph

MAXIMUM SPEED

40%

1-L

5.8km/h

22%

2-L

11.5km/h

3.6Mph
7.2Mph

17%

3-L

17.3km/h

10.8Mph

12%

4-L

25.9km/h

16.2Mph

10%

5-L

34.6km/h

21.6Mph

9%

6-L

37.4km/h

23.4Mph
208644B-FM

Located on the windscreen B50D 6X6 ADT.

0 12%
1 12%
2 24%
3 38%
4 55%
5 75%
6 100%
207416-AFM

Located inside the cab next to the retarder lever.

208755FM

Located on the right side of the bonnet of the B50D


6X6 ADT.

36

ISSUE 0

B50D 6X6 ADT

OMM

872101

RAISE

LOWER
207897-AFM

Located on the cab lift pump.

218622-AFM

Located on the battery disconnect switch inside


the battery box.

207304FM

Located on the front plate of the rear chassis.

P
P
207412
207412-AFM

207311FM

Located inside the cab next to the park brake.

Bell Logo located on the left- and right hand side


of the cab.

ISSUE 0

37

872101

OMM

B50D 6X6 ADT

IMPORTANT
20 Amp *Purging
Units
*Fuel Filter
*Coolant Level
Switch

Always
engage
Park
Brake
before
leaving
operators
seat.

20 Amp *12V

60 Amp *Ignition

Spare Solenoid

207277-AFM

Located inside the cab above the park brake lever.

IMPORTANT
AUTOMATIC GREASING
When the pump has switched off due to Low grease in
the reservoir*:

Ignition Solenoid

1. Fill pump through grease nipple / quick coupler


2. Switch ignition "On"
3. Reset pump by depressing TEST button for 2 seconds (max)
*Auto greaser cab feedback unit indicates status of system.
Refer to Operator's Manual.
218688FM

Located on mud guard next to the automatic


greasing pump.
218649FM

Located inside the battery box.

38

ISSUE 0

B50D 6X6 ADT

OMM

AUTOMATIC GREASER
DISPLAY SIGNALS

872101

R134a
Refrigerant
PAG
Lubricant

Low level
Reservoir needs to be filled.

Error
System out of operation, caused by
empty reservoir or system failure.
System can be reset with the testbutton on the pump, after refill or repair.

Light duty greasing mode


Long interval.

Normal duty greasing mode


Standard interval.

Heavy duty greasing mode


Short interval.

207381FM

Located inside the evaporator compartment on the


right hand side of the cab.
218873FM

Located inside the cab on the windscreen right


hand bottom corner near the autogreasing control.

CIRCUIT BREAKERS

RELAYS

F6

F7

F8

F9

F10

15A

25A

25A

15A

15A
20A

SATMM

K1
CCU

F1

F2

F3

F4

30A

20A

30A

25A

K2

F5

15A

ZFP

F1 - Park Lights.
- Interior Lights.
- Stop Lights.
- Hazards / Indicators.
- Wake-Up Module.
F2 - Battery Supply to Fuses (F12, F13, F18, F19, F20, F21,
F24).
F3 - Ignition Supply to Fuses (F11, F14, F15, F16, F23).
F4 - Reverse Lights.
- Head Lights.
- Work Lights.
- Rotating Beacon.
F5 - Aircon / Headlight Relays.
(Crank Cut Relay)
F6 - Bin Down Latch Solenoid.
1
- Park Brake Solenoid.
- CTD Solenoid.
- Automatic Greaser.

SCU

FDC

F7 - Bin Up Limit.1
- Seat Pump.
- Wiper Motor.
- Mirror Defrost.
- Electrical Mirrors.
- Washer Motor.
- Horn Solenoid.
- Electrical Horn.
- Automatic Greaser Indicator.
F8 - Cold Start.
- Suspension Controller. 2
- Artic Spare Power. 1
- Relay Spare Power.
F9 - Bin Float Solenoid.1
- Neutral Relay.
- Start Relay.
- MDU / CCU Power Relay.
- CCU Ignition Status.
F10 - (15A) Rear Wiper Motor.
- Rear Wiper Switch.
- Iqan Cut Switch.
- CTD Switch.
- Iqan Spare Power.
- (20A) Bonnet Fans.

K3

MMP

MDU

K4

MMD

K1 - Neutral.
K2 - Start (KL50).
K3 - Aircon /
Lights Cut Out.
K4 - Reverse.

Supers cript K ey
1

Not use d on 42 06D

Us ed on B5 0D only

Not use d on Small Truc ks

FUSES
F11
F12
F13
F14
F15
F16
F17
F18
F19
F20
F21
F22

10A
10A

DIODES /
RESISTORS RELAYS / VOLTAGE REGULATOR
V1
SPARE

3A
3A

10A
10A

V3
V4
V5
V6
V7

10A
5A
10A

F25
F24
F23

10A
10A

R2
R1

10k

5A
5A
10A

10A
15A

3A

K5

K9

K13

K17 K23

K6

K10

K14

K18 K22

K7

K11 K15

K19 K21

K8

K12

N1

3A
3A
3A
3A

10A

K16

K20

820

F11 - Transmission. (KL15)


V1 - Gear Hold Control.
- Engine brake request.
V3 - Alternator D+
F12 - Transmission. (KL30)
V4 - CCU Control - Voltage Regulator.
Intermittent Wiper.
F13 - MDU / CCU. (KL15)
V5 - Washer Control - Hazard input to CCU.
Intermittent.
F14 - Alternator D+
V6 - Hazard Control F15 - CCU Program. (KL15)
MDU / CCU ignition.
- MDU Program. (KL15)
V7 - Ignition Control - Diagnostic. (KL15)
MDU / CCU Ignition.
F16 - Engine. (KL15)
F17 - Reverse Camera. (12V)
R2 - External pull up - FM Radio. (12V)
Fuel Throttle.
F18 - Engine. (KL30)
R1 - External pull up F19 - MDU. (KL30)
Air pressure sender.
F20 - Diagnostic. (KL30)
F21 - Battery Balancer. (KL30)
- Accessory.
F22 - 2 Way Radio. (12V)
F23 - Onboard Weighing. (KL15)
1
- Fan Drive Controller. (KL15)
1 3
- Memory Module. (KL15)
- Satellite Communication. (KL15)
F24 - Memory Module (KL30), MT2000. (KL30)
F25 - Iqan System.

K5 - Stop Light.
K6 - 0% Throttle.
K7 - Park Brake.
K8 - Bin Up Limit/Gear Hold.
K9 - Left Indicator.
K10 - Right Indicator.

K11 - Dip.
K12 - Bright.
K13 - Bin Float/Worklights.
K14 - Intermittent.
K15 - 12V Supply.
K16 - ADM / MR Ignition Supply.
K17 - MDU / CCU Ignition Supply.
K18 - Control Traction Diff.
K19 - Laden / Unladen.
N1 - Voltage Regulator.
K20 - Retarder Enable.
K21 - High Range.
K22 - Auto Neutral.
K23 - Fan Control.

218756-1-FM

Located inside the cab inside the cab roof panel.

207312FM

Located on the front of the bonnet.

ISSUE 0

39

872101

OMM

B50D 6X6 ADT

WARNING
Torque all wheel
nuts to 650 N.m
[480 LB.FT.] after
the first 5 hours
and then again
after 50 hours.
Repeat this
procedure if
wheels are
changed.

CAUTION
BEFORE WELDING ON THIS UNIT:
To avoid control circuit damage:
1. Turn the electrical disconnect
switch to OFF.
2. Make sure the vehicle ground straps
are properly installed.
3. The welding ground clamp must
have a good connection to the
machine structure and close to the
point of weld.
4. Attach welding ground clamp directly
to structure before welding.

B50D PERIODIC MAINTENANCE

RE F ER TO T HE S E RV I CE MANUAL FO R DETAI L E D I NF ORMAT I ON


I N TE RV AL I TE M
ITE M
H OU R S
NO
3
4
4
AS
R E Q U IR E D

8
10
11
36
37

M A I N TE NA N C E
D ESC R IPT ION
P O I NT S

2 C H E C K A N D CL E A N B OW LS
B ELL F ILTER S
1 R EPL A C E A S R EQ D A C C OR D IN G
T O IN D I C A T O R - M I N IM U M : O N C E A Y E A R
A I R C L E A N E R S E C O N D A RY FI LT E R
1 R E P L A C E E V E RY TH I R D P R I M A RY
B ELL F ILTER S
F IL T E R C H A N G E - M I N I M U M : O N C E A Y E A R
P R I M A R Y F U E L F I LT E R / W A T E R S E P E R A T O R 2 C H E C K C O L D . D R A I N W A T E R B E F O R E S T A R T I N G
C H A R G E A IR C O O L E R
1 C H E C K , C L E A N A S R E Q U IR E D
T R AN S M I S S I ON C O OL E R
1 C H E C K , C L E A N A S R E Q U IR E D
R A D IA T O R , G R I L L , A I R C O N C O N D E N S E R
C H E C K , C L E A N A S R E Q U IR E D
T IR E S
6 C H E C K CO L D T I R E P R E S S U R E
H IN GES
G RE A S E
SEE L UB R IC AN TS

1
4
5
12
15
17
17
27
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
43

R A D IA T O R C O O L A N T L E V E L
1
A I R C L E A N E R P R I M A R Y F IL T E R
1
E N G IN E O I L L E V E L
1
1
T R A N S M IS S I O N O I L L E V E L
T R A N S F E R C A S E O IL L E V E L
1
H YD R A U LIC OIL L EVE L
1
B R A K E A C C U M U LAT OR S
1
O P E R ATO R CO N TR O LS A N D I N S T R U M E N T S
W A R NI N G L I G H T S , WA R N I N G B U Z Z E R
EXT ER N A L L IGH T S, R E VER SE B U Z ZER
A U TO G R EA SIN G SY ST EM GR EA S E LEV EL
S T E E R I N G C Y L I N DE R S
4
O S C IL L A T I O N J O I N T
1
A R T I C U L A T I O N J O IN T S
2
4
B OD Y L I FT CY LI N D E R S
D U MP B OD Y PIVO T PIN S
2
O S C IL L A T I O N T H R U D R I V E B E A R I N G S
2
E N G IN E F A N B E L T S
2

6
13
22
23

10
H OU R S
OR
D A I LY

APPRO VED
M AT E R I A L

A I R C L E A N E R P R E - C LE AN E RS
A I R C L E A N E R P R I M A R Y F I LT E R

E N G IN E O I L A N D O I L F I LT E R
T R A N S M IS S I O N O I L L E V E L
PA R K B R A K E
SU SP EN SION ST R U TS

C H E C K CO L D
C H E C K IN D I C A T O R
CHECK
C H E C K CO L D O R W A R M W H I L E E N GI N E I D LE S
C H E C K T H E O IL L E V E L
C H E C K CO L D
T E S T T H E B R A K E A C C U M U LAT OR F UN C T I ON
CHECK
C H E C K E V E R Y S TAR T- U P
CHECK
CHECK
C H E C K FO R F R E S H G RE A S E AT S E A L
C H E C K FO R F R E S H G RE A S E AT S E A L
C H E C K FO R F R E S H G RE A S E AT S E A L
C H E C K FO R F R E S H G RE A S E AT S E A L
C H E C K FO R F R E S H G RE A S E AT S E A L
C H E C K FO R F R E S H G RE A S E AT S E A L
C H E C K CO N D I TI ON

ALL S YSTEM CHECKS ARE TO BE MADE WITH:


- MA C HINE ON LEVEL SU RFAC E
- BOD Y L OW ER ED
- TR AN SM ISSION IN N EU TR AL W IT H PA RK B RA K E EN GA GED
- REM OVE KEY FRO M IGNITION SW ITC H A ND ATTAC H D O N OT OPER ATE
WA R NING SIGN TO STEER IN G W HEEL
- TU RN B ATTERY DISCO NN ECT SW ITC H TO OFF POSITION
- IN STA LL A RT IC U LATIO N LOC K B AR

26

10

36

43

39

18
2

8
25

42
20
SEE
SEE
SEE
SEE
SEE
SEE

L UB R IC AN TS
L UB R IC AN TS
L UB R IC AN TS
L UB R IC AN TS
L UB R IC AN TS
L UB R IC AN TS

41

19

14

17

27

1
12

42
43
7
8
9
13
14

16
E N G IN E V A LV E C L E A R A N C E
P R I M A R Y F U E L F I LT E R / W A T E R S E P E R A T O R 2
2
S E C O N D A R Y F U E L F IL T E R S
1
T R A N S M I S S I O N O IL
2
T R A N S M I S S I O N F IL T E R S

18
21

H Y D R A U LI C TAN K B R E AT H E R FI LTE R
A X L E A N D F I N A L D R I V E O IL

41

500
H OU R S

D R A IN W A R M A N D R E P L A C E
CHECK
C H E C K BR A K E P AD W E A R
C H E C K CO M M O N R I D E H E I GH T, B O D Y R O LL
C ON T R OL , L E A K S , H OS E S , A C C U M U LAT OR S ,
VA L V E M A N I F O L D , E L E C T R IC A L H A R N E S S
1
A I R CO N A I R FI LTE R
2/4 C H E C K A N D C L E A N O R R E P L A C E ( C )
C LE A N A N D T IGH T EN TER M IN A L S
B AT TE R I E S
1 REPLACE
A U TO -G R E A S I N G FI L LE R F I LTE R
C H E C K CO N D I TI ON O F H A R N E S S E S , L OO M S
E L E C T RI C A L C O NN E CT I ON S , H A R N E S S E S
5 C H E C K A N D CL E A N
A XL E, TR A N SM ISSIO N A N D T R A N SF ER
C A S E B R E AT H E R
1 G RE A S E FR O N T U -J O I N T AN D I N S P E C T
P T O P R O P S H A FT FR O N T U -J O I N T
C O N D I T IO N
1 R EPL A C E FILT ER E LE M EN TS
F UE L D E P T H FI LTE R
2 R E P L A C E B O T H B E LT S
E N G IN E F A N B E L T S

F U E L TA N K B R E AT H E R

24
26
29
38
39
40

1000
H OU R S

ADJUST
R EPL A C E FILT ER E LE M EN T
REPLACE
C H A N GE T H E OIL
R E P L A C E E V E RY 1 0 0 0 H R S O R W I TH
A B N OR MA L O IL SA MPL E
1 REPLACE
9 R E P L A C E O R E X T E N D T O 2 0 0 0H R S S UB J E CT
TO OIL SA M P LIN G
1 REPLACE

R A D IA T O R E X T E N D E D L IF E C O O L A N T
T R A N S F E R C A S E O IL
T R A N S F E R C A S E O IL F I L T E R
A XL E A N D FIN A L D R IVE OIL

2000
H OU R S

P N E U M AT I C S Y S T E M AI R D RY E R F I LTE R

1 C H E C K CO OL A N T C O N DI T I ON E R
1 D R A IN A N D R E F I L L ( A ) ( B )
1 REPLACE
9 D R A IN A N D R E F I L L ( A S P E R 1 0 0 0 H R S O I L
SA M P LIN G)
1 REPLACE

13

40

24

39

2
1
1
2

29

23
30
39

B ELL F ILTER S

32

15

11

16

35
31

B ELL F ILTER S
B ELL F ILTER S
SEE L UB R IC AN TS
B ELL F ILTER S

33
22
39

B ELL F ILTER S
SEE L UB R IC AN TS
SEE L UB R IC AN TS

37

21

4000
H OU R S

19
20

H YD R A U LIC SYST EM R ET U R N F ILTER


H Y D R A U L I C TA N K

1 REPLACE
1 D R A IN A N D R E F I L L ( A )

B ELL F ILTER S
SEE L UB R IC AN TS

8000
H OU R S

R A D IA T O R E X T E N D E D L IF E C O O L A N T

SEE F LU ID S

C H A N GE T H E CO O LA N T
- M I N I M U M : E V E RY 4 Y E A R S

28

33
34

I M P O R TA N T N O T E S :
- R E F E R T O O P E R A T O R S M A N U A L F O R C O R R E C T M A IN T E N A N C E P R O C E D U R E S
- F O R B R E A K IN O R R E B U I L D , S E E O P E R A T O R S M A N U A L
- F O R S E V E R E W O R K IN G C O N D I T I O N S , R E D U C E S E R V I C E I N T E R V A L S
A.
B.
C.

C H AN G E I N TE R V AL S M AY B E E X T E N D E D B Y O I L S A M P LI N G
D E P E N D A N T O N S I TE A P P L I CAT I ON
I N S E V E R E A P P L I C A T I O N S C H E C K W E E K LY O R D A I LY

LUBRICANTS AND FLUIDS


RECOMMENDED LUBRICANTS
AND FLUIDS

F
C

- 40

- 22

-4

- 40

- 30

A M B I E N T T E M P E R ATU R E R A N GE D U R I N G FI L L P E R I O D
14
32
50
68

-20

-10

10

20

86

10 4

12 2

30

40

50

ENGINE OIL - M-BENZ

- OILS TO MEET M -BEN Z 2 2 8.5


SPEC IF IC ATIO N

S AE 1 5W- 4 0
SAE 10 W-4 0

PR EFER RED : - C A STRO L D YN A M AX 1 0 W -40


- CA LT EX XLD 10 W -4 0

ENGINE COOLANT - M-BENZ

CA LTEX EXTEN DED LIFE COOLANT PRE-M IX 50 /50

- EXTEN DED LIFE C OOL AN T TO M EET M -B EN Z 3 2 5 .3


- PR EFERR ED : CA LT EX EXTEN DED LIFE C OOL AN T
PR E-M IX 50 /5 0

TRANSMISSION OIL - ALLISON HD4560R AND


TRANSFER CASE

CA STR OL TRAN SYND (ATF)

- U SE ONLY CA STR OL TR A NSYN D

HYDRAULIC OIL
- OILS TO MEET ATF
C OM PLYING W IT H VICK ER S M -29 5 0- S
SPEC IF IC ATIO N

ATF
SAE 10 W
SAE 30

PR EFER RED : - C A LTEX T EXAM ATIC T YPE-G

DRIVE AXLES - BELL


- OILS TO MEET A PI G L-5 , M IL-L -21 0 5 D
SPEC IFIC ATION
PR EFF ERED : - C ALTEX G EAR OIL ZF ( 80 W 9 0 )

GREASE
- PR EFERR ED : - C ALTEX M ULTIFAK EP NGL I N 0 . 2
(TH R OU GH D R IVE B EAR IN GS,
PTO PROPSH A FT)
- C A LTEX U LTRA DU TY GR EA SE NGL I
N 0.2 (H IN GES, O SCILLATION ,
AR TICU LATION , C YLIND ERS)

208646-DFM

Located on the silencer heat shield.

40

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872101

BULLETINS
Record the relevant information from the Technical Documentation Bulletins, Service Bulletins and Parts
Bulletins into this manual as follows:
Ensure the manual number (87--------) reflected in the bulletin is the same as the 87------ number at the
top of the main content pages.
Carry out the instructions as detailed in the bulletin.
Record the required information below.
File the bulletins in numerical order in a suitable 3 or 4 ring binder.

TECHNICAL DOCUMENTATION BULLETIN RECORD


BULLETIN NO.

ISSUE 0

SUBJECT

INSERTED BY
NAME

SIGNATURE

DATE

41

872101

OMM

B50D 6X6 ADT

TECHNICAL DOCUMENTATION BULLETIN RECORD


BULLETIN NO.

42

SUBJECT

INSERTED BY
NAME

SIGNATURE

DATE

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B50D 6X6 ADT

872101

USERS INFORMATINON FEEDBACK FORM


Should you, as user of this manual, have any suggestion for improving the manual, or you find any errors
or omissions, then we would like to know.
Please complete a facsimile of this form and hand it in to your nearest BELL EQUIPMENT Product Support
Representative or post it directly to your nearest BELL EQUIPMENT Branch. Addresses are given at the
beginning of this manual.
Ideas, Comments (Please State Page Number): _____________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
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Serial Number: _______________________________________________________________________
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Thank you for your co-operation.

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B50D 6X6 ADT

LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY

44

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CHAPTER 1

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CHAPTER 1. SPECIFICATIONS
MACHINE SPECIFICATIONS
The specifications for the B50 6X6 ADT are as follows:

Engine
Model - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - DC OM502LA Tier II
Configuration - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 90V8
Aspiration - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Turbo Charged
Injection type - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Direct
Gross power - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 380 kW (510 HP) @1 800r.p.m.
Gross Torque - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 200 Nm (1622 lbf) @ 1 080r.p.m.
Idle speed - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 600 20 r.p.m.
Oil Pressure- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0,5 Bar @ Idle
Oil Pressure- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.5 Bar @ High Idle

Transmission
Model - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -T/Mission, HD4560R.

Transfer Case (Drop Box)


Model - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -VGR 17100

Axles
Model - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - BELL 25T

Brakes
Service Brakes
Type - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Dual Circuit, oil immersed multi disc brakes
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - on all axles. Hydraulic actuated.

Park Brake
Model - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -DXP-195
Type - - -Spring applied, air released, self-adjusting, mechanical calliper on drive-line mounted dry disc

Wheels
Tyre size B50 TEST ADT - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 29.5 R 25
Wheel nut torque - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -650 Nm (480 ft lb.)

Suspension System
Front
Type - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Semi- independent axle movement, leading A-frame
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -supported on oil/nitrogen suspension struts with
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - adaptive level control by electronic SCU.

Rear
Type - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Pivoting walking beams with laminated suspension blocks

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B50D 6X6 ADT

Hydraulic System
Type - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Load sensing

Pump
Model - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -P3-145

Pump Emergency Steering System


Model - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - A10 VO 28

Steering System
Type - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -Articulated with two double -acting, hydraulic cylinders
Number of turns to lock - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -4.2

Pneumatic System
Reservoir capacity - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 litres (10.567 USGAL) @ 7.5 bar (108.778 psi)

Electrical System
Voltage - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 24 V
Battery Type - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 X 12 V, maintenance-free
Battery capacity - - - - - - - - - - - - - -Cold Crank Amps (-18C (0.4F): BCI 625 Amps each 2 X 102 Ah
Starter motor capacity - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6.2 kW
Alternator voltage rating- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 28 V
Alternator amperage rating - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -100 A

Power Ratings (bulbs)


Headlight - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - H4 Halogen - 24 V 75/70 W
Front park light - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 24 V 1.8 W
Front indicator light - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 24 V 21 W
Stop/tail light- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 24 V Diode Light Unit
Rear indicator light - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 24 V Diode Light Unit
Reverse light - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - H3 Halogen - 24 V 70 W
Interior light - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 24 V 10 W

Frame and Body


Cab
Type - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -FOPS (SAE J231/ISO 3449)/ROPS (SAE J1040/ISO 3471/1)

Bin
Type - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Manufactured from high tensile wear and impact resistant alloy steels
Rated payload - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 45 400 kg (50 sh tn)
Capacity Struck- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 21.4 m (27.99 yd.)
Capacity Heaped (SAE 2:1) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 28.2 m (36.88 yd.)
Tip cylinders - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 X Single stage, double acting
Tipping angle max (Can be limited to any lower angle, programable on MDU) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 70
Bin raise time - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 13.5 (70 tip angle) and 11.25 (60 tip angle) seconds
Bin lower time - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 9.5 (70 tip angle) and 7.9 (60 tip angle) seconds

Mass
Total mass, empty - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -36 153 kg (79 703.63 lb.)
Total mass, fully laden - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -81 553 kg (179 793.4 lb.)

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Service Capacities
Fuel - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 640 litres (169.0 USGAL)
Engine oil - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -30 litres (7.9 USGAL)
Engine oil (initial fill) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 38 litres (10.0 USGAL)
Engine coolant (initial and service fills) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 33.6 litres (8.9 USGAL)
Transmission fluid (initial fill) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40 litres (10.6 USGAL)
Transmission fluid (refill) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -34 litres (9.0 USGAL)
Transfer Case (initial and service fills) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4.5 litres (1.2 USGAL)
Hydraulic system (initial fill) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 268.5 litres (70.9 USGAL)
Hydraulic reservoir (service fill) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 256 litres (67.63 USGAL)
Axle oil (initial fill) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 50 litres (13.2 USGAL)
Axle oil (service fill)- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 48 litres (12.7 USGAL)
Final drive oil (per final drive initial and service fills) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6.3 litres (1.7 USGAL)
Cab Tilt System - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.85 litres (0.5 USGAL)
Windscreen Washer Bottle - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -6 litres (1.6 USGAL)

Travel Speeds
B50D TEST ADT - LOW RANGE
1st Forward - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5.5 km/h (3.4 m.p.h.)
2nd Forward - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 11.7 km/h (7.3 m.p.h.)
3rd Forward - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 16.9 km/h (10.5 m.p.h.)
4th Forward - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25.8 km/h (16.0 m.p.h.)
5th Forward - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -33.8 km/h (21 m.p.h.)
6th Forward - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 38.4 km/h (23.9 m.p.h.)
1st Reverse - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4.7 km/h (2.9 m.p.h.)

B50D TEST ADT - HIGH RANGE


1st Forward - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7.5 km/h (4.7 m.p.h.)
2nd Forward - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 15.9 km/h (9.9 m.p.h.)
3rd Forward - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 23.0 km/h (14.3 m.p.h.)
4th Forward - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 35.2 km/h (21.9 m.p.h.)
5th Forward - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 46.0 km/h (28.6 m.p.h.)
6th Forward - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 52.3 km/h (32.5 m.p.h.)

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Machine Dimensions
The following figure details the dimensions of the B50D 6X6 ADT
6373

4089

3861

3895

3391

27
632

800

1445

2398

3978 (WITH ROCK GUARD DOWN)

7356 AT 70 TIP

4290 (WITH ROCK GUARD IN POSITION)

70

1560

4471

1950

2768

10749 OVERALL LENGTH

531

3811 BIN WIDTH

2120
3010 TREAD WIDTH
3900 WHEEL WIDTH

42

IN S

T
IDE

R
IN G
U RN 1
2
R 47

A DIU

S
S ID E
OUT

S
1
R 47 2 G R AD IU
N IN
TU R

500002CFM

48

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RECOMMENDED LUBRICANTS AND COOLANT ADDITIVES


The following chart details the recommended lubricants and coolant additives:

BELL EQUIPMENT RECOMMENDED LUBRICANT AND FLUIDS CHART


B50D ARTICULATED DUMP TRUCK

Recommended Lubricant Viscosities and Fluids suitable for use at Ambient Temperatures from
-10O C (14O F) to 50 O C (122O F)
Ambient
Temperature

O
O

F -40
C -40

-22
-30

-4
-20

14
-10

32
0

50
10

68
20

86
30

104
40

122
50

ENGINE - M-BENZ
OILS TO MEET M-BENZ 228.5
SPECIFICATIONS
PREFERRED: - CALTEX DELO XLD SAE 10W-40

SAE 15W - 40
SAE 10W - 40

COOLANT - M-BENZ
EXTENDED LIFE COOLANT TO MEET M-BENZ 325.3

CALTEX EXTENDED LIFE COOLANT PRE-MIX 50/50

PREFERRED: - CALTEX EXTENDED LIFE COOLANT PRE-MIX 50/50

TRANSMISSION - HD 4560R AND


TRANSFER CASE (DROP BOX)
USE ONLY CASTROL
TRANSMAX Z or TRANSYND

CASTROL TRANSMAX Z or S (SAE 70W-80W)

DRIVE AXLES - BELL

SAE 80W - 90

OILS TO MEET
API GL-5, MT - 1, MIL-L-2105-D
SPECIFICATIONS
PREFERRED: - CALTEX GEAR OIL ZF SAE 80W-90

SAE 85W - 90
SAE 85W - 140
ATF
SAE 10W
SAE 30

PREFERRED: - CALTEX TEXAMATIC TYPE - G

RECOMMENDED SERVICE FILLS


COMPONENT
ENGINE

TRANSMISSION
TRANSFER CASE

OIL DESCRIPTION

BELL EQUIPMENT PART No.

CALTEX DELO XLD (SAE 10W - 40)


EXTENDED LIFE PRE-MIX 50/50

910276
910245

CASTROL TRANSYND

910302

CASTROL TRANSMAX Z

910208

DRIVE AXLES

CALTEX GEAR OIL ZF (80W-90)

910284

HYDRAULICS

ATF : CALTEX TEXAMATIC TYPE-G

910083
910336

GREASE

GENERAL (PINS, BUSHES, ETC) :


CALTEX ULTRA DUTY GREASE 2
DRIVE TRAIN (BEARINGS, ETC)
CALTEX MULTIFAK EP NGLI number 2

910026

50D0001CFM

CAUTION

1. Caltex Texamatic Type-G is only to be used in the hydraulic system and must NOT be used in the
transmission.
2. Failure to use only Castrol Transmax-Z or Transynd in the transmission may render warranty
claims invalid.

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RECOMMENDED TORQUE SETTINGS


The following tables detail the recommended torque settings:

The torques recommended below are for HAND TIGHTENING unplated fasteners with no
lubrication.
When using a bolt or screw in a tapped hole it is assumed that there is sufficient thread
engagement to accept the applied torque. Discretion must be used when torqueing into a
shallow hole or into soft or brittle materials.
Always adhere to engine / gearbox / BELL Equipment etc. manufacturer's specified torques.
Nuts should be of the same grade as the corresponding bolt or screw.
The torques recommended impose a loading in the bolt equivalent to 75% of the proof load,
where the proof loading is 90% of the yield load.
METRIC SIZES
METRIC BOLT GRADE INTERPRETATION

8.8

8x100=800 Mpa
(Ultimate Tensile Stress)

10.9

8x8x10=640 Mpa
(Yield Stress or Stress
at 0.2% permanent set)

10x100=1000 Mpa
(Ultimate Tensile Stress)

METRIC NUT GRADE INTERPRETATION


CURRENT STANDARD :
Nuts which are 0.8xD high.

12x9x10=1080 Mpa
(Yield Stress or Stress
at 0.2% permanent set)

1 lb ft = 1.35582 Nm
1 lb in = 0.112985 Nm

|8|

8x100=800 Mpa Proof Stress

1 Nm = 0.737561lb ft
1 Nm = 8.85073 lb in

8x100=800 Mpa Proof Stress

FUTURE STANDARD :
(Subject to international agreement)

Nuts which are 1.0xD high.

12.9

10x9x10=900 Mpa
(Yield Stress or Stress
at 0.2% permanent set)

12x100=1200 Mpa
(Ultimate Tensile Stress)

ISO Grade 4.6


400 MPa (25.90 tsi)
ISO Grade 6.9
600 MPa (38.85 tsi)

Manufacturer's
Mark
Grade

ISO Grade 10.9


1000 MPa (64.75 tsi)

10.9

Manufacturer's
Mark
Grade

Manufacturer's
Mark
Grade (Optional)

6.9

8.8

Manufacturer's
Mark
Grade (Optional)

4.6

ISO Grade 8.8


800 MPa (51.80 tsi)

ISO Grade 12.9


1200 MPa (77.70 tsi)

12.9

Manufacturer's
Mark
Grade

ISO Metric Coarse -Torques [Nm]


Size

M5

M6

M8

M10

M12

M14

M16

M18

M20

M22

M24

Pitch (mm)

0.8

1.25

1.5

1.75

2.5

2.5

2.5

20.1

36.6

58

84.3

115

157

193

245

303

353

459

561

817

10

19

34

58

85

115

165

220

285

420

560

980

T/Stress area (mm ) 14.2

ISO Gr. 4.6

M27 M30 M36


3.5

ISO Gr. 6.9

8.5

21

41

72

115

180

245

345

465

600

890 1200 2118

ISO Gr. 8.8

10

25

49

86

135

210

290

410

550

710

1050 1450 2520

ISO Gr. 10.9

14

120

190

295

400

580

780

1000 1500 2000 3430

10

17

35
41

69

ISO Gr. 12.9

83

145

230

355

485

690

930

1200 1800 2400 4100

ISO Metric Fine -Torques [Nm]


Size

M8

M10

M12

M12

M14

M16

M18

M20

M22

M24

M27

1.25

1.25

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.5

39.2

61.2

92.1

88.1

125

167

216

272

333

384

496

621

ISO Gr. 6.9

23

44

80

76

125

190

275

385

520

650

970

1350

ISO Gr. 8.8

27

52

95

90

150

225

325

460

610

780

ISO Gr. 10.9

38

73

135

125

210

315

460

640

860

1100 1600 2250

ISO Gr. 12.9

45

88

160

150

250

380

550

770

1050 1300 1950 2700

Pitch (mm)
2

T/Stress area (mm )

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

50

Drawing Number 700999/1 rev A

24/6/96

M30

1150 1600

GD0001CFM

ISSUE 0

ISSUE

B50D 6X6 ADT

CHAPTER 1

872101

Imperial Sizes - BS Grades


IMPERIAL SIZES - BS GRADES
BS Grade A
28 tsi (432 Mpa)

Coarse
or Fine

CA

Manufacturer's
Mark
Grade

BS Grade T
55 tsi (849 Mpa)

Coarse
or Fine

CT

Manufacturer's
Mark
Grade

BS Grade S
50 tsi (772 Mpa)

Coarse
or Fine

FA

Manufacturer's
Mark
Grade

BS Grade V
65 tsi (1004 Mpa)

Coarse
or Fine

FV

Manufacturer's
Mark
Grade

Unified Coarse (UNC) - Torques in Nm.


Size
Threads/inch

1/4"
20

T/Stress area (mm2)

20.5 33.8

5/16"
18

3/8"
16

7/16"
14

1/2"
13

50

68.6 91.5

9/16" 5/8"
12
11

7/8"
9

1"
8

215

117.4 146

3/4"
10

298

391

1 1/8" 1 1/4" 1 3/8" 1 1/2"


7
7
6
6
492

625

745

906

467

670

861 1148

BS Grade A

16

25

38

56

78

138

221

335

BS Grade S
BS Grade T

12

24

43

66

108

150

209

371

586

885

1256 1735 2333 3051

12

26

45

72

114

162

221

383

646

957

1376 1914 2512 3290

BS Grade V

16

31

55

90

138

191

263

479

766

1148 1615

2273 2991 4008

Unified Fine (UNF) up to 1", and UN-8 TPI for dia 1 1/8" and above. Torques in Nm.
Size

1/4"

Threads/inch

28

5/16"
24

T/Stress area (mm2) 23.5

37.4

3/8" 7/16"
24

20

56.6 76.6

1/2"

9/16"

5/8"

3/4"

7/8"

1"

1 1/8" 1 1/4" 1 3/8" 1 1/2"

20

18

18

16

14

12

103

131

165

241

328

428

510

645

795

963

670

933 1196

BS Grade A

10

18

29

43

60

90

150

239

359

490

BS Grade S

13

26

48

78

114

167

233

407

646

957

1316 1794 2452 3230

BS Grade T

14

29

51

84

126

179

239

431

694

1029

1376 1974 2632 3529

BS Grade V

17

35

60

96

150

215

299

526

837

1256

1675 2393 3230 4247

IMPERIAL SIZES - SAE GRADES


Manufacturer's
Mark

SAE Grade 1
26.8 tsi (414 Mpa)

SAE Grade 5 (1/4" - 1")


53.6 tsi (828 Mpa)
SAE Grade 8
67 tsi (1035 Mpa)

SAE Grade 5 (1 1/8" - 1 1/2")


Manufacturer's
46.9 tsi (724 Mpa)
Mark

Manufacturer's
Mark

Manufacturer's
Mark

Unified Coarse (UNC) - Torques in Nm.


Size

1/4"
2

T/Stress area (mm )

3/8"

7/16"

1/2"

9/16"

5/8"

3/4"

7/8"

1"

20

Threads/inch

5/16"
18

16

14

13

12

11

10

50

68.6 91.5

16

25

SAE Grade 5

11

22

40

SAE Grade 8

16

32

57

SAE Grade 1

20.5 33.8

117.4 146

1 1/8" 1 1/4" 1 3/8" 1 1/2"


7

6
906

215

298

391

492

625

745

38

56

78

138

221

335

467

670

861 1148

62

101

140

196

348

550

830

1347

1860 2501 3270

92

142

197

271

493

789

1184 1665

2343 3083 4131

Unified Fine (UNF) up to 1", and UN-8 TPI for dia 1 1/8" and above. Torques in Nm.
Size

1/4"

Threads/inch

28
2

5/16" 3/8"
24

24

7/16"

1/2"

9/16"

5/8"

3/4"

7/8"

1"

20

20

18

18

16

14

12

1 1/8" 1 1/4" 1 3/8" 1 1/2"


8

8
963

T/Stress area (mm ) 23.5

37.4

56.6 76.6

103

131

165

241

328

428

510

645

795

SAE Grade 1

10

18

29

43

60

90

150

239

359

490

670

933 1196

SAE Grade 5

12

25

45

73

107

157

219

382

606

898

1411 1924 2629 3463

SAE Grade 8

17

36

62

99

154

222

308

543

863

1295

1726 2466 3329 4378

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

ISSUE 0

Drawing Number 700999/2 rev A

24/6/96

GD0002CFM

51

872101

CHAPTER 1

B50D 6X6 ADT

SERIAL NUMBER PLATES


The following figure identifies and locates the main serial number plates for the machine, engine and
transmission of the B50D 6X6 ADT.

MANUF
ACTUREDBY
:
BELL EQUIPMENT CO
.SA. (PTY) L
TD.
RICHARDS BAY, SOUTHAF
RICA

MACHINE

CAB
ENGINE

TRANSMISSION
TRANSFER CASE
FRONT DIFFERENT IAL
MID DIFF ERENTIAL
REAR DIF FERENT IAL

LADEN

AXLE: EMPTY

kg

FRONT
MIDDL
E

kg
kg

REAR
TO AL
T

kg
PAYLOAD
176 114F M

52

ISSUE 0

ISSUE

B50D 6X6 ADT

CHAPTER 2

872101

CHAPTER 2. OPERATOR CONTROL AND INSTRUMENTS


SECTION 1. OPERATOR CONTROLS
INTRODUCTION
The following figure details the layout of the controls and instruments in the B50D 6X6 ADT cab:

10

13

15

12

4
2

5
5

4
11

7
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

14

Accelerator Pedal.
Right hand control panel.
Steering Wheel.
Lighter/12V Accessories Socket.
Ashtray.
Operators Seat.
Trainer Seat.
Centre Panel (instruments).

ISSUE 0

6
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

Ignition Switch.
Left hand switch Panel.
Footrest.
Stalk switch
Right hand switch panel.
Brake Pedal.
Auto Greasing Display.

53

872101

CHAPTER 2

ACCELERATOR AND BRAKE PEDALS

B50D 6X6 ADT

The steering wheel can be adjusted to ensure


maximum operator comfort.

Adjust the Steering Wheel


NOTE:Levers (1) and (2) can be orientated
by pulling the lever outwards and
rotating it to the desired position and
then pushing it back in.

The accelerator pedal (1) and the brake pedal (2)


are located on the cab floor.

Both pedals are progressive and spring loaded to


an up, neutral position.

STEERING WHEEL
NOTE:There is no self-centring action on
the steering. The machine must be
returned to the straight ahead
position by turning the steering
wheel.
CAUTION

If there is an engine or main pump failure,


the ground driven emergency steering
system will enable the operator to steer the
machine to a safe stop. In this event the
machine must be stopped as quickly as
possible.

54

Telescopic Adjustment

Unlock the steering wheel by pulling the lever


(1) counter clockwise.
Adjust the steering wheel in/out for operator
comfort.
Lock the steering wheel into place by rotating
the lever clockwise until it is secure.

Tilting Adjustment

Unlock the steering wheel by moving the lever


(2) counter clockwise.
Adjust the steering wheel forwards/backwards
for operator comfort.
Lock the steering wheel into place by rotating
the lever clockwise until it is secure.

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ISSUE

B50D 6X6 ADT

CHAPTER 2

OPERATORS SEAT

872101

Armrest (3)
The armrests can be tilted up if required and the
height individually adjusted.

The angular position of the armrests can be


adjusted by turning the adjusting knob (7). The
armrests can also be tilted vertically to allow easier
access to the seat.

1
5

8
10

11

12
9
6
The operators seat is fully adjustable to suit the
operator. The main components of the operators
seat are as follows:

Automatic Positioning Lever (6)

Back rest (1)


CAUTION

Take care with the backrest frame - it may


jerk forward and cause injury!

To adjust for the required angle pull the lever (4)


up while adjusting the back rest to the required
angle.

Seat squab (2)


To adjust the seat squab depth for varied thigh
support, use the depth adjustment lever (5) to
lengthen or shorten the seat squab. To adjust the
seat squab angle, use the lever (10). The angle is
adjustable in four steps, 3 - 11.

ISSUE 0

To adjust the armrests height, separate the round


cap (1) from the cover, loosen the hexagon nut
(size 13mm), adjust the armrest to the desired
position and tighten the nut again. Press the
previously separated cap cover back onto the nut.

The automatic positioning lever is used to adjust


the ride height of the seat.
While sitting in the seat, ensure that the vertical
damper switch is in the rear position (soft). Press
lever (6) down until most of the air is released from
the seat. Briefly pull the lever (6) upwards. The
seat will automatically come to rest in the lowest
allowable setting.
The height can further be adjusted another 80mm
from this position by pulling and holding the
automatic positioning lever (6) until the required
height is reached.
If elevated above the maximum height, the seat
will automatically correct itself to this maximum
position. Press lever (6) down to lower the seat.

55

872101

CHAPTER 2

B50D 6X6 ADT

Fore/Aft adjustment lever (9)

Maintenance

To adjust the seat forward or backwards, pull the


lever up and hold. Move the seat forward or
backwards to obtain the desired position. Release
the lever.

Dirt can impair the function of the seat, so make


sure you keep your seat clean!
During cleaning the upholstery should not be
soaked through.

Fore/Aft Isolator Lever (11)


The fore/aft isolator enables the seat to absorb
shock loads in the fore/aft direction.

Use
a
standard
commercially
available
upholstery cleaning agent. Test first for
compatibility on a small, concealed area.

Position 1 (To Front) = On.

Seat Belt

Position 2 (To Back) = Off.

A self-adjustable lap seat belt is an integral part of


the seat.

Vertical Damper Adjustment Lever (12)


The required level of vertical dampening can be
reached by turning the vertical damper adjustment
lever to the desired position (Positions 1 to 5).
Forward position = maximum dampening and
rearward position = minimum dampening.

Lumbar Support

The seat belt is designed to fit firmly across the


front of the pelvis.
Seat belt and mounting hardware must be
inspected before operating the machine. If belt or
mounting hardware are worn, replace complete
seat belt assembly.
A date label, to determine the age of the belt is
attached to each belt.

Fastening

Two lumbar support areas are controlled by the


adjustment knob (1) at the back of the backrest.
Rotate the knob until sufficient support is obtained.
1

56

Pull the seat belt out and push the buckle (1)
into the fixed clasp (2) until it clicks into
position.

ISSUE 0

ISSUE

B50D 6X6 ADT

CHAPTER 2

Ensure that the connection is secure and that


the belt fits tightly across the pelvis.
Ensure that the strap of the belt is not twisted.

872101

TRAINER SEAT

Releasing
Press down the red push button on the fixed clasp.
The seat belt is spring-loaded to return to its
stowage position.
WARNING

1. Always wear a seat belt when operating


the machine. In an accident it may save your
life.
2. Always wear a seat belt when travelling as
a trainer or trainee in the machine.
3. Check the condition of the seat belt and
mounting hardware before operating the
machine. Replace the seat belt at least every
three years, regardless of the condition.

NOTE:Clean the seat belt regularly with a


soap and water solution.

The trainer seat is located on the left side of the


operators seat. The seat is spring loaded and
folds up automatically when it is not in use.
The seat is not adjustable and is equipped with a
seat belt.
The seat belt for the trainer is fastened, released
and adjusted in the same way as the operators
seat belt.

ISSUE 0

57

872101

CHAPTER 2

B50D 6X6 ADT

RIGHT HAND CONTROL PANEL

3
2

1.)
2.)

Retarder Switch/Lever.
Park Brake Control Lever.

3.)
4.)

Retarder Switch/Lever

Bin Tip Lever.


Gear Shift Control.

When the lever is operated the retarder light on the


instrument panel will illuminate.
1

The retarder is applied automatically when the


lever is operated but will only be applied when the
accelerator is fully released.
NOTE:1. The retarder can only function
when
the
exhaust
brake
is
functioning.
2. Position 0 and position 1
induce the same percentage of
retardation.

The retarder lever (1) is located on the right hand


control panel and has six available positions. Each
position increases the degree of retardation to a
maximum of six.

58

ISSUE 0

ISSUE

B50D 6X6 ADT

CHAPTER 2

Park Brake Control Lever

872101

When neutral is selected and the service


brake is not pressed, the park brake will
automatically be applied after 4 seconds.
When the truck is started the park brake will
automatically be applied.
When the ignition is turned off the park brake
will automatically be applied.
When the truck is moving at less than 1Km/h
and the engine r.p.m. is less than 50, the park
brake will automatically be applied.
WARNING

When the park brake is ON (Light Illuminated) and the transmission is in gear, the
engine torque is reduced to prevent driving
through the park brake and thus causing
damage.
Pull the park brake lever (1) upwards to unlock and
then pull the lever towards the operator to apply
park brake and push forward (away from operator)
to release park brake mechanically.

Tip Control Lever

NOTE:The park brake lever is locked in


position and to move it from engage
to dis-engage or vice versa, pull the
lever knob upwards to enable the
lever to be moved.
WARNING

Under normal circumstances the operator


must not leave the machine unattended with
the engine running. If the circumstances are
such that the operator must leave the engine
running, the operator must not leave the machine until he has:
-Select and ensure that the transmission is
in N.
-Applied the park brake and ensured that it
is properly engaged.
-Chocked the wheels and taken all other
steps necessary to prevent the machine
from moving.

NOTE:When the park brake valve lever is


UP (applied), the park brake warning
indicator on the instrument panel
illuminates.
The force on the valve lever is removed when air
supply pressure is below 4.1 bar (410 kPa or 60
psi) or when supply pressure drops below 4.1 bar
(410 kPa or 60 psi).

ISSUE 0

The tip control lever (1) is located on right side of


the cab and is used to raise and lower the bin.

To tip the bin: pull the control lever towards the


operator.
To lower the bin: push the tip control lever
away from the operator to detent to power the
bin down. as soon as the bin is approximately
5% from full down, the lever will be
electronically kicked out of detent and return to
the central position. the bin will be now in float
position.

NOTE:The tip control lever is spring-loaded


to the central (holding) position.
The bin raised warning light on the instrument
panel illuminates as soon as the bin is raised off
the chassis and only extinguishes when the bin is
fully lowered onto the chassis.

59

872101

CHAPTER 2

Gear Shift Control

B50D 6X6 ADT

The gear shift control (1) comprises of a digital


display screen (2) and selector buttons marked as
follow:
1

D (Drive), to select a forward gear range.


N (Neutral), to select neutral gear.
R (Reverse), to select reverse gear.
Mode, used in diagnoses code reading.
The UP and DOWN arrows are used to
select a specific range of gears in drive.

The machine is equipped with an automatic


gearbox with the push button selector located on
the right hand side panel on the dash board.

60

ISSUE 0

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B50D 6X6 ADT

CHAPTER 2

872101

CHAPTER 2. OPERATOR CONTROL AND INSTRUMENTS


SECTION 2. INSTRUMENTS
The following figure details the MDU Monitor Display Unit on the centre panel on the dashboard:
2

PARK
BR AKE

BIN
UP

TRA NSMISSION
FA ULT

50

km/h
20

60

30
mph

10

40

70

10
0
TRANS OIL
TEMP

50

80

BR AKE
TEMP

INTER-A XLE
DIF F LOCK

HYDR AULIC
TEMP / LEVEL

DIFF LOCK /
HIGH RAN GE

MENU

40

30

COOLANT
TEMP

20

AIR
PRESSURE

BR AKE
PRESSUR E

BACK

NEXT

SRUOH

ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE

RETAR DER

EMERGENCY
STEERIN G

ENGINE
FA ULT

MPR

BATTERY
CH ARGE

COOLAN T
LEVEL

COLD
START

FUEL

SELECT
volts

STLOV

50D1001CFM

1.

1.
2.
3.
4.

Engine Oil Pressure Gauge.


Coolant Temperature Gauge.
Speedometer. (Indicating speed in Km/h
and m.p.h.)
Air Pressure Gauge.

ISSUE 0

5.
6.
7.
8.

Transmission Oil Temperature Gauge.


Fuel Gauge.
Alpha numerical display screen.
Menu Display Screen.

61

872101

CHAPTER 2

ENGINE OIL PRESSURE GAUGE


1. When the needle is in the red on the
following gauges, the buzzer will sound and
the main warning light will come on, flashing
and a message will appear on the alpha
numerical display.
2. For the air pressure, while in the red zone,
the buzzer will sound, but no warning light. A
message will be displayed on the alpha
numerical display.

B50D 6X6 ADT

If the needle is on the green bar, the temperature


is acceptable.
If the needle is on the red bar, the temperature is
out of limits and machine must be stopped and the
fault rectified.

AIR PRESSURE GAUGE

AIR
PRESSURE
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE

GD1017CFM

GD1015CFM

This gauge is located on the centre instrument


panel. This gauge indicates if the air pressure is in
the specified range.

This gauge is located on the centre instrument


panel. This gauge indicates if the engine oil
pressure is in the specified range.

If the needle is on the green bar, the pressure is


acceptable.

If the needle is on the green bar, the pressure is


acceptable.

If the needle is on the red bar, the pressure is out


of limits and machine must be stopped and the
fault rectified.

If the needle is on the red bar, the pressure is out


of limits and machine must be stopped and the
fault rectified.

TRANSMISSION OIL TEMP. GAUGE

COOLANT TEMPERATURE GAUGE

TRANS OIL
TEMP
COOLANT
TEMP

GD1018CFM

GD1016CFM

This gauge is located on the centre instrument


panel. This gauge indicates if the engine coolant
temperature is in the specified range.

62

This gauge is located on the centre instrument


panel. This gauge indicates if the transmission oil
temperature is in the specified range.
If the needle is on the green bar, the temperature
is acceptable.

ISSUE 0

ISSUE

B50D 6X6 ADT

CHAPTER 2

If the needle is on the red bar, the temperature is


out of limits and machine must be stopped and the
fault rectified.

872101

ALPHA NUMERICAL DISPLAY

FUEL GAUGE

The alpha numerical display screen is located on


the centre control panel above the speedometer.

FUEL

Alphabetical messages and numerical codes are


displayed on this screen.

Immobilizer / Driver ID
GD1019CFM

The fuel gauge is located on the centre control


panel at the bottom of the speedometer.
NOTE:There is no warning light or buzzer
for Low Fuel, just a message in the
alpha numerical display screen.

SPEEDOMETER

30
20

40
km/h

50
60

20
30
mph
10

The driver ID key can be used by the customer as


an immobilizer. The setup of the driver key is
programable by the customer. If set to be an
immobilizer, the driver key (green) must be
inserted to be able tot start the machine.

40

70

10
0

50

80

0
FUEL

GD1020CFM

The speedometer is located on the centre


instrument panel and indicates the travelling
speed in Km.p.h. as well as m.p.h.

ISSUE 0

63

872101

CHAPTER 2

MENU DISPLAY SCREEN

B50D 6X6 ADT

Default Display.
NOTE:To be able to scroll through the
menu, push and hold the NEXT
button for 3 seconds.

d05b lleb

n/min

4 13 2

7 . 7 2

5
6

2 1 7

2
3

volts

50D1002CFM

The menu display screen (1) is located on the right


hand side of the centre control panel.
The screen has four display lines. A Menu push
button (2) to select between menus, a Back push
button (3) to select Go Back to previous setting,
a Next push button (4) to select the Next option
and Select push button (5) to select the option to
be executed.
Every option is displayed on the alpha numerical
display screen.

1).
2).
3).
4).
5).
7).

Alpha numerical display screen.


Gear selection display line.
Tachometer display line in r.p.m.
Hour meter display line.
System voltage
F/N/R display.

The default menu is always accessed when the


ignition is turned ON.
The writing on the alpha numerical display will
change in accordance with the value displayed on
the bottom row when a different function is
selected to be displayed as default in this line.
The operator can change the bottom default
display information to his preference.
NOTE:The default screen displays the last
values after the machine was
switched off.
The Display Units selection options and changing
of display modes is described in Chapter 8.

64

ISSUE 0

ISSUE

B50D 6X6 ADT

CHAPTER 2

872101

INDICATORS
1

COLD
START

BATTERY
CH ARGE

COOLAN T
LEVEL

RETAR DER

ENGINE
FA ULT

EMERGENCY
STEERIN G

TRAN SM ISSION
FA ULT

10

PARK
BR AKE

BR AKE
PRESSURE

BIN
UP

12

11

BR AKE
TEMP

INTER-AXLE
DIFF LOC K

13

HYDRA ULIC
TEMP / LEVEL

DIFF LOC K /
HIGH RAN GE

19
50D1003CFM

14

1.)
2.)
3.)
4.)
5.)
6.)
7.)
8.)
9.)
10.)

15

16

Cold Start Warning Light.


Coolant Level Warning Light.
Engine Fault Warning Light.
Emergency Steering Warning Light.
Left Turn Indicator Light.
Main Warning Light.
High Beam Indicator Light.
Engine Over Speed Warning Light.
Right Turn Indicator Light.
Park Brake Warning Light.

ISSUE 0

17

18

11.) Brake System Pressure Warning Light.


12.) Wet Disc Brake Coolant Temperature
Warning Light.
13.) High Hydraulic Fluid Temperature Warning
Light.
14.) Battery Charge Warning Light.
15.) Retarder Light.
16.) Transmission Fault Warning Light.
17.) Bin Raised Warning Light.
18.) Inter Axle Differential Lock Light.
19.) High Range Attained Light.

65

CHAPTER 2

GENERAL
All warning lights are illuminated for about 2
seconds when the ignition is switched on. This is
done as a bulb check procedure and the operator
should ensure that all lights are illuminated.

Cold Start Warning Light (1)

B50D 6X6 ADT

Emergency Steering Warning


Light (4).

872101

CAUTION

If the emergency steering warning light


flashes, the machine must be steered to
safety as soon as possible and then
stopped.

WARNING

Do not start the engine until the cold start


warning light (1) extinguishes. Damage to
the engine could occur if this caution is ignored.

The cold start function is automatic.


When the ignition is switched on and the engine
o
o
coolant temperature is below 15 C (59 F ), the
warning light illuminates.

The emergency steering warning light flashes if


there is an engine or main hydraulic pump failure
and the emergency steering is activated.
NOTE:The main warning light and the
warning buzzer are also activated
with the emergency steering warning
light.

Left Turn Indicator Light (5).

When it is safe to start the engine, the cold start


warning light extinguishes.

The left turn indicator light will flash when the


steering column switch is moved to indicate a left
turn.

Low Engine Coolant Level Warning


Light (2)

If the hazard switch is ON, both direction


indicators flash.

Main Warning Light (6).


CAUTION

The warning light flashes when the engine coolant


requires replenishing immediately.
NOTE:The main warning light and the
warning buzzer are also activated
with the low engine coolant level
warning light.

If the low engine coolant level warning light


flashes, the machine must be stopped and
the engine shut down immediately. Engine
damage may result if this caution is ignored.

CAUTION

Continued operation of the machine with the


main warning light illuminated will cause
serious damage to the engine or
transmission.

NOTE:The machine must be stopped as


soon as it is safe to do, when this
light is on.
A warning buzzer also sounds when the main
warning light flashes if the engine is running.

Engine Fault Warning Light (3)


If a fault on the engine occur the warning light will
be illuminated.
Stop the machine as soon as it is safe.
Check the fault codes and required action to rectify
the fault.

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CHAPTER 2

The indicator illuminates when the high beam


mode on the headlights is selected on the
steering column switch.

Engine Over Speed Warning light (8).


CAUTION

If the engine overspeed warning light


illuminates, the engine speed must be
reduced immediately, using the service
brake.

The engine overspeed warning light illuminates


and a warning buzzer sounds when the engine
speed exceeds 2 500 r.p.m.
As soon as the engine speed exceeds 2 500 r.p.m.
the following occurs:

The engine overspeed warning light


illuminates.
The exhaust brake is automatically applied.

Right Turn Indicator Light (9).


The right turn indicator light will flash when the
steering column switch is moved to indicate a right
turn.

If the hazard switch is ON, both direction


indicators flash.

Park Brake Warning Light (10).


The park brake warning light illuminates when the
park brake is applied and extinguishes when it is
released.

Brake System Pressure Warning


Light (11)
WARNING

If the brake system low pressure warning


light flashes, the machine must be stopped
immediately. Machine damage and/or personal injury, perhaps fatal, may result if this
warning is ignored.

The light flashes if the brake systems hydraulic


pressure drops below
123 bar (1 784 psi).
NOTE:The main warning light and the
warning buzzer are also activated
with the brake system low pressure
warning light.

Wet Disc Brake Coolant Temperature


Warning Light (12) (Not Used)
High Hydraulic Fluid Temperature
Warning Light (13)
CAUTION

If the high hydraulic fluid temperature


warning light flashes, the machine must be
stopped immediately.

The high hydraulic fluid temperature warning light


flashes when the hydraulic fluid temperature
o
o
o
o
exceeds 90 C /95 C (194 F /203 F ).
If overheating occurs stop the machine, engage
neutral and allow the engine to run at
1500 r.p.m. until the hydraulic temperature returns
to normal temperature and the warning light
extinguishes.
Check the fluid levels.
NOTE:The main warning light and the
warning buzzer are also activated
with the high hydraulic fluid
temperature warning light.

Battery (Charge) Warning Light (14)

High Beam Indicator Light (7).

872101

B50D 6X6 ADT

CAUTION

If the battery charge warning light


illuminates, the fault must be rectified or the
batteries will be discharged.

The warning light illuminates if the alternator is not


charging the batteries or if the engine is not
running and the ignition switch is ON.
The normal operating voltage is between 25.5V
and 29.5V while the engine is running.
The balance between the two batteries are also
monitored and if a difference of greater than 1.2V
occurs, the battery light is illuminated.

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CHAPTER 2

Retarder Light (15).


This light is activated when either the transmission
retarder or engine retarder (Exhaust brake and/or
Exhaust valve brake (EVB)) is activated.

Transmission Fault Warning Light (16).


CAUTION

If the transmission fault warning light


illuminates, the machine must be stopped
immediately using only the service brake
and NOT the gear shift control.

The electronic control system is programmed to


inform the operator of a problem with the
transmission system and automatically take action
to protect the operator, machine and transmission.
When the Transmission Control Unit (TCU)
detects a Do Not Shift (DNS) condition, the ECU
restricts shifting, turns on the DNS warning light
and registers a diagnostic code.
CAUTION

For some problems, diagnostic codes may


be registered without the ECU activating the
DNS warning light. Whenever there is a
transmission related concern, consult BELL
EQUIPMENT Product Support

Bin Raised Warning Light (17)


WARNING

As a safety precaution it is recommended


that the operator should not drive the machine when the bin up light is illuminated as
this may cause serious damage to the machine and/or injury to personnel. Refer to
Tip Control Lever in this Chapter for special
instructions regarding driving the machine
while the bin is raised.The bin raised warning light will illuminate when the bin is
raised.

NOTE:Gear restriction will occur while the


bin is up.

Inter-axle Differential Lock Light (18)

NOTE:This must be rectified immediately,


or damage to both batteries will
occur.

B50D 6X6 ADT

872101

CAUTION

Do not operate the machine on hard


surfaces with the inter-axle differential lock
engaged. Damage to the drive train may
result if this caution is not observed.

The inter-axle differential lock light illuminates


when the longitudinal differential lock is engaged.
To engage inter-axle differential lock, the dash
switch must be activated and the accelerator must
be released briefly.
The machine can be moving at any speed.

High Range Attained Light (19).


This light will illuminate when the high range gear
has been successfully selected in the differentials.
It is an indication that air is physically been applied
to the 2-speed differential actuators.

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CHAPTER 2. OPERATOR CONTROL AND INSTRUMENTS


SECTION 3. SWITCHES
SWITCHES LEFT HAND SIDE

There are nine positions for switches on the panel. Each switch is manually operated to select a required
function.
Position 1;2 and 3 are standard.
Position 4 - Work lights; Standard.
Position 5 - Flashing beacon; Standard.
Position 6 - Mirror defrost; Std.

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Position 7 - Not Used.


Position 8 - Not Used.
Position 9 - Not Used.

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CHAPTER 2

B50D 6X6 ADT

The switches and their functions are as follows:

Switches On Middle Row

Switches On Top Row

NOTE:All optional features not chosen will


be covered by a blank piece.

The interior light switch (1).


The interior light switch is used to switch the
interior light on or off.

The working light switch (1).

The switch has two positions:

The working light switch is used to operate the


working lights on the cab roof shining to the front
of the truck.

The lights switch has two positions:

OFF: Normal position light off.


ON: Interior light on.

The light switch (2).


The light switch is used to switch the head lights,
rear lights and the dash lights on or off.
NOTE:The park and tail will illuminate when
the lights switch is in the central
position, even if the ignition switch is
OFF. However the ignition switch
must be ON for the headlights to
operate from the ignition switch in
the down position.
The switch has three positions:

OFF; switch in the normal position.


ON Central Position; Park and tail lights ON.
ON Third Position: Headlights and Park Lights
ON.

The hazard light switch (3).


The hazard light switch to switch the hazard lights
on or off.

OFF; Normal position light off.


ON; Work lights on.

The rotating beacon light switch (2).


The rotating beacon light switch is used to switch
the flashing beacon on or off.
The switch has two positions:

OFF; Normal position.


ON; Flashing beacon light switched on.

The defrost switch for electric mirrors (3).


The defrost switch for electric mirrors is used to
defrost the electric mirrors in cold and frosty
environments.
The switch has two positions:

OFF; Normal position.


ON; Mirror defrost switched on.

The switch has two positions:

70

OFF: Normal position lights off.


ON: Hazards on.

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Switches On Bottom Row (Blank)

872101

When low grease level light (6) illuminates, the


reservoir must be refilled or the system will shut
down.
When warning light (5) is on, the system has shut
down due to an empty reservoir or there is an error
in the system.

IGNITION SWITCH

Automatic Greasing System

6
5
4
The ignition switch (1) is located on the right hand
side on the dashboard.

3
2

The ignition switch is key operated and has four


positions, OFF, ACCESSORY, ON and
IGNITION.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Switch Selecting Greasing Cycle.


Light, Heavy Duty Cycle.
Light, Normal Duty Cycle.
Light, Low Duty Cycle.
Warning Light, System SHUT DOWN
Light, Low Grease Level In Reservoir.

CAUTION

Do not stop the engine immediately after


bringing the machine to a halt. Allow the
engine to idle for two minutes before
switching off the ignition. This allows for
proper lubrication and for all temperatures
to stabilise.

NOTE:The ignition switch will only operate


if the battery disconnect switch is
ON.

The switch (1) is used to select between low,


normal and heavy duty cycles on the auto
greasing system.
To select another cycle, just press and release the
switch until the light next to the required cycle
illuminates.
When the ignition key is turned to the ON
position the light next to the selected duty cycle will
elluminates.

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CHAPTER 2

Switches right hand side.

B50D 6X6 ADT

The inter-axle differential lock is not available


when the vehicle is in HIGH range. When the interaxle differential lock has been activated, the
vehicle will not be allowed to change to HIGH
range.
5

High/Low Range Switch (2).


The switch has two positions:

2
3

NOTE:When the Inter Axle Lock Switch has


been de-activated, selection of high
range will not be allowed for a period
of 30 seconds after de-activation to
ensure that the IDL has properly
disengaged before upshift to a
higher range will be allowed.

Inter Axle Differential Lock (IDL) Switch


(1).
This switch is used to activate the inter-axle
differential lock. When switched ON the interaxle differential lock light will also be illuminated on
the dash board. Release the accelerator briefly
after this switch has been activated. To ensure IDL
is activated, check IDL light ON on monitor
display unit.

OFF; LOW range hold activated (only LOW


range allowed).
ON; LOW and HIGH range allowed.

When the switch is OFF, the vehicle will not be


allowed to change to HIGH range. This is provided
to give the operator control over allowing the
vehicle to go into HIGH range. In certain
applications the operator may want to restrict the
vehicle to LOW range only - keep this switch in the
OFF position to achieve this.
When the switch is ON, the vehicle will be
allowed to change to HIGH range. HIGH range is
only achieved if the transmission is in 6th gear, the
machine travels faster than 34 km/h (21.1 mph),
the engine torque >40%, the accelerator pushed
down >95% and the inter-axle differential lock
switch has been OFF for 30 seconds. Once these
requirements are met, the vehicle will
automatically shift the 2-speed differentials into
HIGH range - no intervention or precautions are
necessary from the operator. The HIGH Range
Attained light on the MDU will be illuminated if the
shift has occurred successfully.
Once the vehicle is in HIGH range, it will only shift
back into LOW range if the transmission is in 1st
gear, the vehicle travels less than 2 km/h (1.2
mph) and the operators foot is completely off the
accelerator. If all these requirements are met, the
vehicle will automatically shift the 2-speed
differentials into LOW range - no intervention or
precautions are necessary from the operator. The
HIGH Range Attained light on the MDU will be
extinguished once the shift to LOW range is
completed.

Mirror Adjustment Switches (3) and (4).


Use the mirror selector switch (3) to select the
mirror you would like to adjust (either left or right).
Use the directional switch (4) to adjust the
selected mirror in the direction desired.

The switch has two positions:

72

OFF; Normal position.


ON; Inter-axle differential lock switched on, if
conditions are met.

Move the mirror selector switch (3) to the centre


position when done to prevent accidental mirror
movement if switch (4) is bumped.

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CHAPTER 2

872101

Gear Hold Switch (5).


The switch has two positions:

OFF; Normal position.


ON; Gear hold switched on.

When the switch is OFF, the transmission is in


the normal automatic operating mode.
When the switch is ON, the transmission will hold
the gear that it is in at the time of the switch being
activated. Normal down shifting will occur, but the
transmission will not upshifts to a higher gear until
the switch is switched OFF (except in overspeed
conditions).

When the switch is activated, the gear shift display


screen on the gear shift control will display the
gear number that the transmission will be held in.

Blank (6).

BATTERY DISCONNECT SWITCH


CAUTION

1. Always switch OFF the battery disconnect


switch when the engine is shut down and
the machine is left unattended. If the switch
is left ON for long periods while the engine
is shut down, the batteries may become
discharged.
2. Always switch OFF the battery disconnect
switch before any maintenance or repair is
performed on the machines electrical
system or any welding work is performed.
3. Only in an emergency use the battery
disconnect switch to switch off the machine.

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The battery disconnect switch (1) is located inside


the battery box.
The battery disconnect switch is used to isolate
the electrical power from the batteries to the
machine.
The battery disconnect switch has two positions,
OFF and ON, the switch position is clearly
marked on the switchs face plate.

73

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CHAPTER 2

BATTERY CIRCUIT BREAKER BOX

B50D 6X6 ADT

STEERING COLUMN SWITCH

The battery circuit breaker box is located inside


the battery box.

3
2
1

1
The steering column switch is a stalk switch (1)
located on the steering column.
The operation of the switch is as follows:

There are three circuit breakers located in the


battery box. One circuit breaker rated 60A and two
rated 20A.
The 60A circuit breaker (1) protects the machines
primary electrical circuits (24V) from a possible
overload condition or fault from the batteries.
The 20A circuit breaker (2) protects the machines
12V circuits. (Battery Balancer Marked 12V).
The 20A circuit breaker (3) protects the machines
fuel heater system (optional equipment) and the
purging unit and coolant level switch.

To indicate a right turn, move the switch


upwards (1).
To indicate a left turn move, the switch
downwards (2) from the operator.
For high beam headlights move the switch
towards the dash (3).
To dip the headlights move the switch away
from the dash (4).
To operate the horn push the end (5) of the
switch.

NOTE:Intermittent wiper time cycle can be


set via the Menu Display Unit.

74

Turn handle of switch anti-clockwise to switch


wiper intermittent on (6) (Timing is set on the
MDU).
Position (0) is OFF.
Turn handle clockwise to position (7) for slow
wiper speed.

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CHAPTER 2

Turn handle clockwise to position (8) for fast


wiper speed.
To flash for passing: push switch forward to
position (9) and release.

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AIR CONDITIONER.

CLIMATE CONTROL
1

Vents
3

2
The air conditioner and the filter housing (1) are
located inside the right side panel (2) on the cab.
1

The air conditioner radiator is located in front of the


engine cooling package.
2

There are six climate control vents (1) installed in


the cab.
The vents are opened and closed manually. The
vents can be turned to direct the flow of the air by
turning the serated outer ring. To open the vents,
push on the serated area of the large fin (2) and to
close, push on the opposite side of the large fin
(3).

Sun Visor

The air conditioners control panel is located on


the left hand side of the cab roof and enables the
following functions:
Switch (1) controls the fresh air vent. When the
switch is pressed the air vent is closed to allow re
circulation.
When the fan speed knob (4) is turned in a
clockwise direction, the fan speed is increased
progressively.
Air conditioner switch (3) switches the air
conditioner on or off in conjunction with the blower
fan being on.

The sun visor is located in the roof and folds down


when pulled.
The operator can adjust it to the best position to
block out sun light to his face.

When the air conditioner and fan switches are both


ON, conditioned air is circulated through the air
vents.
When the temperature control knob (2) is turned in
a clockwise direction, the air circulated through the
air vents is progressively warmed.
When the temperature control knob is turned in a
counter clockwise direction, the air circulated
through the air vents is progressively cooled.

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CHAPTER 2

Control knob (5) controls the position where the air


is directed to in the cab.

B50D 6X6 ADT

Reverse Lights

LIGHTS
Front Lights (Grill Optional)
2

The machine is equipped with two white halogen


work lights (1) as reverse lights.
The reverse lights illuminate and a warning buzzer
sounds when the reverse gear is selected.
The front of the machine is equipped with two front
light units, one on each side of the machine:
headlight (1), and indicator (2).
The headlights are operated from the lights switch
on the dashboard and the stalk switch on the
steering column.

Interior Light

NOTE:The grill in front of the lights is


optional.

Rear Lights
1

2
There are two interior lights in the cab and both
operated from a switch on the dashboard.

One is in the inside of the roof hatch to illuminate


the circuit breaker area.
The other light is shown above (1).

The rear of the machine is equipped with stop/tail


lights (1) and indicator light (2) and a reflector (3).
The stop light illuminates when the brake pedal is
depressed or when the engine retarder or
transmission retarder is activated.
The park lights operates from the lights switch on
the dashboard.
The indicator light operates from the stalk switch
on the steering column.

76

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CHAPTER 2

Front , Rear Work Lights and Rotating


Beacon Light
3

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HATCH IN ROOF

2
1

The truck is equipped with three working lights


fitted and a rotating beacon light (3) on the roof of
the cab. One facing rearwards (1) and two facing
forward (2).

The hatch in the roof provides access to the circuit


breakers and relays.

The working lights are switched ON with a switch


on the dash.

To open hatch; push knob (1) on locking


mechanism.

The rotating beacon light is switched ON with a


switch on the dash.

The hatch has a gas operated shock to assist with


the lowering of the hatch.

Manuals Compartment

CIRCUIT BREAKER PANEL


The following figure details the circuit breaker box
located above the hatch inside the roof:
6

10

The Operators manual and parts cataloque


compartment (1) is in the roof panel above the
emergency exit.

Refer to decal for description of circuit breaker


functions on page 39 of this manual.
Push in a circuit breaker to reset a circuit that has
tripped.

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CHAPTER 2

FUSES AND DIODES


1

14

15

16

17

18

WARNING

1. Do not touch the front of the lighter when


removing if from the housing. This will
cause a serious burn.
2. Smoking while operating the machine is
not recommended. Driver distraction due to
hot cigarette dropping onto drivers lap
could result in an accident which could lead
to injury or death.

13

3
4

B50D 6X6 ADT

20

19
The cigarette lighter socket can be used as a 12 V
power supply point.

21

8
22

The following procedure must be used to utilise


the socket as a power point:

23
24

10

Remove the cigarette lighter from the socket


and store in a safe place. do not place lighter
on surfaces that could get damaged if lightef is
hot.

The relays are located above the hatch inside the


roof.

For functions of the relays and fuses, refer to the


decal on page 39 of this manual.

Place the 12 V accessory plug into the socket.


The accessory will have electrical power when
the ignition switch is ON.
When the accessory is no longer required
replace the cigarette lighter into the socket.

Ash Tray, Cigarette Lighter/ 12 V


Accessories Socket and Drinks Holder

A drinks holder (3) is also installed to hold a cup or


glass and is located next to the ash tray.

11

12

The cigarette lighter (1) is located in the 12 V


accessories socket on the right hand side of the
cab next to the ash tray (2).
To operate the cigarette lighter:

78

Ensure that the ignition switch is ON or in the


accessory position.
Press the lighter push button in.
Wait until a click is heard and lighter pops to
normal position.
Remove the lighter from the housing.

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CHAPTER 2

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RELAYS

13

17

23
14

18

15

22

21

10

20
11
8
16

12

19

N1

For functions of the relays, refer to page 39 of thiss manual.

MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT
Bonnet Catch Release Handle

When the bonnet is raised ensure that it is fully


open, the lifting strut (1) will be fully extended.

When the handle is pulled the bonnet catch is


released and the bonnet can be raised.

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CHAPTER 2

WHEEL SPANNER AND BRACE

B50D 6X6 ADT

WINDSCREEN WIPER AND WASHER


NOZZLE

A wheel spanner and brace are located on the


floor of the cab, next to the left hand side of the
operators seat and are secured in position by two
plates.

WINDSCREEN WASHER WATER


RESERVOIR

The machine is fitted with a single windscreen


wiper which is equipped with a washer nozzle (1).
2

The wiper/washer switch (part of the stalk switch)


activates the windscreen wiper motor and/or
washer.

HORNS

The windscreen washer water reservoir (1) is


located at the left hand side of the cab under the
bonnet.
To refill the water bottle:

Tilt Bonnet.
Remove the filler cap (2) and fill the bottle with
a window cleaning solution.
Ensure that the cap is replaced securely.
Check electrical connection and fluid delivery
hose for wear/damage and operation.
The horns (1) is located on the right of the
machine, mounted on a bracket next to the air
cleaner and is operated from the steering column
stalk switch.

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CHAPTER 2

Electrical Horn (Optional)

872101

FIRE EXTINGUISHER (OPTIONAL)

An electrical horn (1) can be fitted as optional


equipment and will be activated along with the
normal horns from the steering column stalk
switch.

Reverse Warning Buzzer


1

The fire extinguisher is mounted between the


operator and trainer seat.
When reverse gear is selected, the reverse lights
illuminate and a warning buzzer (1) sounds at the
rear of the machine.

To use the fire extinguisher:

Removing The Fire Extinguisher


Remove the pin securing the clip, loosen the clip
(1) securing the fire extinguisher and remove the
fire extinguisher from the mounting bracket.

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CHAPTER 2

Activate The Fire Extinguisher

B50D 6X6 ADT

ELECTRICAL MIRROR BRACKETS

2
1

Pull out the safety pin (1), point the nozzle (2), at
the base of the fire and pull the lever (3) towards
the handle.
NOTE:1. Replace the fire extinguisher
immediately after use with a charged
fire extinguisher.
2. The fire Extinguisher must be
serviced at regular intervals to
ensure optimal serviceability of the
fire extinguisher.

The electrical mirrors are mounted on a bracket.


The bracket can be swivelled out to the front or
rear of the cab to make access to the bonnet
easier.
Swing the bracket back after work has been done.

12-VOLT ACCESSORY SOCKET

EMERGENCY EXIT HAMMER

A 12-Volt accessory socket used to power


operator accessories.

The hammer is located on the cab frame on the


rear right hand pillar and is used in emergencies to
break a window to exit the cab.

82

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CHAPTER 3

872101

CHAPTER 3. PROCEDURES BEFORE STARTING


SECTION 1. SAFETY
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
EMERGENCY EXIT
Before operating the machine the following safety
instructions must be observed:

Read and fully understand this manual, before


you start operating the machine.
Never operate the machine while under the
influence of alcohol, medication or any other
drugs.
Wear the required protective clothing for safe
machine operation.
When mounting or dismounting the machine
always face the machine and use the hand
rails and steps provided. Never jump off the
machine.

The cab has 2 exit points, which are as follows:

NORMAL EXIT

Emergency exit (right side window).

To remove the window:

Remove the emergency exit tool from the


holder.
Move as far away from the window thats going
to be broken.
Strike the window as hard as possible.
Keep on till the window is shattered.
Remove the window, and get out.

NOTE:1. Be careful not to cut yourself with


broken glass.
2. Protect face and body from flying
glass slivers.

The cab access door (1) for normal access


and exiting of the cab.

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CHAPTER 3

B50D 6X6 ADT

LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY

84

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CHAPTER 3

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CHAPTER 3. PROCEDURES BEFORE STARTING


SECTION 2. BEFORE STARTING
SAFETY RULES
Operator Duties

1. Raise the bonnet and check the condition of


the lifting strut, pivots and restraining
straps.

The operator must know the rules and safety


aspects of the site. The operator must study the
following rules and become aware of how to avoid
serious injury and/or machine damage.

2. Check the machine for oil leaks especially in


the region of the transmission.

It is the operators duty to report all damage


and wear which may endanger the operator or
cause damage to the machine.
Only trained personnel may operate the
machine.
Check that a DO NOT OPERATE tag is not
attached to the steering wheel. If the tag is
attached, do not operate the machine.
Complete the Walk Round Check (refer to next
instruction). If any defects are found, do not
operate the machine. Attach the DO NOT
OPERATE tag to the steering wheel and
remove the machine key.
Report all defects and problems encountered
during the Walk Round Check to the service
personnel.

Daily Walk Round Check


The Daily Walk Round Check must always be
carried out before operating the machine at the
beginning of a work shift or after a change of
operator during a shift.
The operator starts his check at the left of the
machine and walks around the machine in a
clockwise direction.
NOTE:The machine must be parked in the
straight ahead position on firm, level
ground with the bin down and the
park brake applied.
It is recommended that the machine is thoroughly
washed before starting the Walk Round Check.
The following is a list of the tasks required in the
Daily Walk Round Check. For a more detailed
description of the tasks refer to the Daily or 10
Hourly Service Checks in Chapter 12.
The service decal located on the side of the cab
lists the scheduled service needs (maintenance
schedule) and is useful for locating the items.

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3. Check the condition and tension of the


engine fan belt.
4. Check for loose, frayed or corroded
connections in the wiring harness.
5. Check the engine mountings and cab
mountings are secure and the rubber
elements are not damaged.
6. Ensure that all the hose connections are
tight and inspect for leaks, cracks or
chafing damage.
7. Check that the exhaust connections,
exhaust brake valve and actuator are
secure.
8. Check that the batteries are secure and the
connections are tight.
9. Check that the hydraulic motor driven fan
and cooler fins of the hydraulic oil cooler
are not damaged.
10. Check that the hydraulic oil cooler fins are
not restricted.
11. Check the cooling pack (engine and air
conditioner) for cleanliness and ensure
there are no restrictions to the cooling
function.
12. Check the security of the cooling pack
assembly and inspect for leaks.
13. Inspect the air cleaner assembly for
damage and security.
14. Clean the pre-cleaner bowls if required.
15. Check the service indicator and service the
filter elements if required.
16. Reset the service indicator. Check that the
vacuator valve is not restricted and is
undamaged

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17. Check the engine oil level


18. Check the engine coolant level.

B50D 6X6 ADT

30. Ensure that the drive shaft assemblies are


secure.

19. Drain the fuel/water separator filter.

31. Check the wheels, wheel nuts and


components for damage and security.

20. Inspect the suspension.

32. Check the tyres for cuts and damage.

21. Check that the steering cylinders are


secure.
22. Check the transfer case oil level.
23. Ensure that the transfer case mountings
are secure and undamaged.
24. Check the hydraulic fluid level.
25. Lubricate as required.
26. Check auto greaser reservoir level.
27. Check all lubrication points for proper
lubrication.
28. Inspect the park brake disc pads linings.
29. Check the axles and components (trailing
arms, stabiliser links and sandwich blocks)
for leaks, damage and security.

86

33. Check the tyre pressures (refer to the


decal for pressures).
34. Check the fuel level.
35. Ensure that the wind shield, side and rear
windows and the rear view mirrors are
clean.
36. Ensure that there are no obstructions
around the machine before moving off.
37. Ensure that there are no obstructions in the
cab, especially under and around the
pedals and controls before moving off.
38. Ensure that the seat belt is in proper
working order and fasten the seat belt
before start-up.

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CHAPTER 4. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS


SECTION 1. SAFETY

CAUTION

Read and understand all of the operator


related chapters in this manual before
performing any of the following procedures
and obey all Warnings and Cautions
contained in the sections. Refer to the
detailed procedures in the relevant chapter.

SAFETY RULES
Trainers are only allowed on machines provided
with a trainer seat and with approval by site
management.
Always wear the seat belt when operating the
machine.
Check that the mirrors are correctly positioned for
the best visibility.
Check that no personnel are near the machine.
Adapt the machine speed to road conditions, load
and visibility.

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SECTION 2. STARTING
BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE

Ensure that the Daily or 10 Hourly Service Checks


have been completed.

Turn the key one step further to start engine.

Adjust the operators seat for the best operator


comfort and easy access to the machine controls.

Apply the horn for two seconds, wait for five


seconds.

CAUTION

1. Do not run the engine at high speed


(r.p.m.) or heavy loading until the engine oil,
transmission fluid and hydraulic fluid have
warmed up to normal operating
temperatures.
2. Do not hold the key in the start position
for more than seventeen seconds. If the
engine does not start, wait one minute
before attempting to restart the engine to
allow the battery to stabilise and starter
motor to cool down. If the engine does not
start after two attempts investigate the
cause.

Fasten the seat belt and adjust the seat belt to fit
firmly across the front of the pelvis.
WARNING

Do not start the machine by shorting across


starter terminals. Never start machine while
standing on the ground. Always start machine from operators seat with park brake
applied.

Starting the Engine in Warm Weather


Starting the engine in warm weather does not
require any special procedures.
The following procedure must be used to start the
engine in warm weather:

Starting the Engine in Cold Weather


The following procedure must be used to start the
engine in cold weather:

Ensure the battery disconnect switch is turned


ON.
Ensure the park brake is applied.
Ensure the gear shift is in the neutral position.

NOTE:The engine cannot be started when


any gear is selected.

Ensure the batteries disconnect switch is


turned ON.
Ensure the park brake is applied.
Ensure the gear shift is in the neutral position.

WARNING

Do not use starting fluid in machine. Damage to the engine may result.

NOTE:The engine cannot be started when


any gear is selected.

Insert the ignition key into the ignition switch


(1).
Turn the ignition switch clockwise to the ON
position.

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SHUTTING DOWN THE ENGINE

The following procedure must be used to shut


down the engine:

1. Never stop the engine from high idle. This


will cause damage to the turbocharger and
the engine.
2. Do not shut the engine down with the
ignition still ON using the battery
disconnect switch. This could cause error
codes to be logged from electrical modules
that need ignition sequence shut down
before battery power is disconnected. Allow
10 seconds delay from ignition OFF to
battery disconnect switch OFF.

Insert the ignition key into the ignition switch


(1).
Turn the ignition switch clockwise to the ON
position.

CAUTION

NOTE:The cold start function of the


machine is automatic. The cold start
function will only operate when the
outside temperature drops below
o
o
15 C (59 F ).

i.

Stop the machine in the straight ahead


position.

ii .

Apply the park brake.

iii . Select neutral (N).


Wait until the cold start indicator light
extinguishes (approx. 20 seconds).
Apply the horn for two seconds, wait five
seconds.
Turn the ignition key to the start position to
start the engine.

iv . Allow the engine to idle for 2 minutes to


allow the engine temperature to
stabilise.
v . Turn the ignition switch counterclockwise to the OFF position.
vi . If the machine is stopped overnight
ensure the battery disconnect switch is
turned to the OFF position and that the
park brake is ON.

CAUTION

1. Do not run the engine at high speed


(r.p.m.) or heavy loading until the engine oil,
transmission fluid and hydraulic fluid have
warmed up to normal operating
temperatures.
2. Do not hold the key in the start position
for more than 17 seconds. If the engine does
not start, wait 1 minute before attempting to
restart the engine to allow the battery to
stabilise. If the engine does not start after
two attempts investigate the cause.
3. Engine will not start by towing or pushing.
Permanent damage to the transmission will
result.

USING BOOSTER BATTERIES


Before boost starting, machine must be properly
shut down and secured to prevent unexpected
machine movement when engine starts.

Check battery connections to ensure they are


good.
Check battery condition at battery indicator
eye - If green, look for other problems before
jump starting.

CAUTION

An explosive gas is produced while


batteries are in use or being charged. Keep
flames or sparks away from battery area.
Make sure the batteries are charged in a well
ventilated area.

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NOTE:The machine electrical system is a


24-Volt negative (-) ground system.
Connect
two
12-Volt
booster
batteries together in series as shown
for 24-Volts.

Rules For Jump Starting

GD1025CFM

Switch battery disconnect switch to OFF


Connect one end of the positive cable to the
positive terminal of the machine batteries (A)
and the other end to the positive terminal of
the booster batteries (B). Ensure a good solid
connection.
Connect one end of the negative cable to the
negative terminal of the booster batteries (B)
and the other end to the machine as far away
from the batteries as possible, preferably to a
machine earth point and not onto a painted
section.
Verify that the booster batteries are connected
in the correct order to prevent reverse battery
polarity connection.
switch battery disconnect switch to ON and
all other electrical loads such as lights, air
conditioner, etc. OFF before starting the
engine.
Start the engine (See Starting Engine in this
section).
Remove the cables. (Disconnect negative
cable first from the machine and then from the
negative terminal on the booster batteries.
Only disconnect with engine idling).
Disconnect positive cable.

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WARNING

Jump starting could damage or destroy


electronic control units. Jump starting procedure is carried out at your own risk.

Procedure

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B50D 6X6 ADT

Maintain batteries & connections in good


condition to avoid jump starting.
Do not smoke while jump starting or per
forming maintenance checks on batteries.
If using another vehicle to jump start ensure
the system voltage are the same: 12 volt
cannot be used to crank a 24 volt engine.
Do not allow vehicles to touch one another.
Never use a rapid battery charger to boost
from.
Electrolye can freeze at -10C (14F). Never
jump start a frozen battery as it can axplode.
Always thaw out frozen batteries completely
before jump starting.
Always disconnect the negative booster lead
at the chassis connection point first when
disconnecting booster batteries.
Never disconnect booster batteries at high
r.p.m.
Never remove/disconnect the machine
batteries while the engine is running (i.e. no
batteries connected on the truck - only
alternator supply electrical requirements). This
can damage alternator regulator and
electronic control units.
Never connect batteries or booster batteries
the wrong way around. Reverse polarity
connection will destroy theengine control unit
and alternator rectifier.

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SECTION 3. RUNNING-IN
RUNNING-IN INSTRUCTIONS
The machines run-in period is the First 100 SMR
of operation. The machine MUST be serviced at
100 SMR to ensure maximum machine service
life.
The 100 SMR service MUST ONLY be done by
BELL EQUIPMENT Service Personnel.

Gear Shifting Safety Functions


The transmission control unit does not allow
shifting from neutral to a gear when the engine
r.p.m. is above 900 r.p.m. If D is selected while
the engine r.p.m. is above 900 r.p.m. the shifter
display will blink. Select N again, let engine
return to idle and re-select D.

Gear Shifting

Driving
Safety Rules
Check that all the gauges and indicators are
operational. Ensure the readings are correct.
Refer to Chapter 2, Operators, Controls and
Instruments for the correct readings.
Wait until there is sufficient air pressure {750kPa
(109psi)} before driving the machine.
Check that there are no personnel on or around
the machine before driving the machine.
Check the steering and brake functions and
confirm that the reverse alarm sounds when
reverse is selected.
Sound the horn before moving off.

Gear Shifting
CAUTION

1. Do not allow the machine to free wheel


(coast in neutral) as this will cause damage
to the transmission.
2. Do not continually select from 1st forward
to 1st reverse as this will cause damage to
the transmission.

The truck is equiped with two speed differentials;


High Range and Low Range. For more information
See Operating The High Range Switch on
page 96.

NOTE:If you want to select a forward gear


while in reverse or vice versa, select
neutral first and then the required
gear.
Gear shifting in automatic is dependent upon
engine speed (r.p.m.) and operating conditions
(on site conditions)
The following procedure must be used in gear
shifting:

Start the engine.


Ensure that the park brake is applied.
Apply the service brake.

Forward Selection (Automatic)

Select D on the gear selector.


Release the park brake.
Release the service brake and increase the
engine speed (r.p.m.).

As the machine speed increases, the transmission


will select (sequentially) the next gear.
With drive D selected, the attainable gears will be
displayed.
Reverse Selection

Select Reverse (R) on the gear selector.


Release the park brake.
Release the service brake and increase the
engine speed (r.p.m.).

The transmission has 6 forward gears and 1


reverse gear with automatic lock-up in all gears.
The transmission can be operated as a fully
automatic transmission. All automatic gear shifting
will be controlled by the machines electronic
control unit.

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Controlled Gear Range


For certain conditions only a limited range of gears
may be required. To select the range of gears
required, proceed as follows:

Start the engine.


Ensure that the park brake is applied.
Apply the service brake.
Select D on the gear selector.
Press the down shift button to the required
number of gears. Example: if 3 is pre-selected,
gears 4, 5, and 6 will not be attained unless an
overspeed condition occurs.

To select normal driving gear range the drive


button D must be pressed.

DOWN SHIFTING OR REVERSE


INHIBITOR
NOTE:Shifting from neutral (N) to drive (D)
or reverse (R) is inhibited when
engine speed is above 900r.p.m.
Although there is no speed limitation on upshifting,
there is on down shifting and shifts from neutral to
drive or reverse. If a down shift or N - to - D or R is
selected when engine speed is too high, the TCU
will prevent he shift until neutral is selected or
engine speed is reduced.

Accelerator Control
CAUTION

To avoid injury or property damage caused


by sudden movement of the machine, do not
make shift from neutral (N) to drive (D) or
reverse (R) while pressing accelerator.

B50D 6X6 ADT

DECELARATION AND STOPPING


NOTE:If the transmission is in neutral and
the service brake is not applied, the
park brake will automatically be
applied after 4 seconds.
During normal operation, machine must be
stopped using the service brakes. If a machine is
stopped for more than a few seconds, the
parkbrake must be applied.

Retarders
Engine Retarder
The engine retarder system (Exhaust Brake) is
fully automatic and will be activated when the
accelerator pedal is fully released.
On down hill operation, if engine governed speed
is exceeded, the transmission may upshift to the
next higher gear. This will reduce braking. Apply
service brakes to prevent exceeding engine
governed speed.
NOTE:Down shifting to a lower gear
increases the effectiveness of the
engine braking.
When machine is fully loaded or slope is steep, it
may be desirable to pre-select a lower gear before
reaching the slope.
When exhaust brake is engaged, the transmission
automatically starts to down shift to a lower gear.
The digital display will indicate 2 while this
happens.
When second gear is attained and machine has
slowed, the exhaust brake will be disengaged and
the digital display will return to the previous value
shown.

NOTE:Shifting from neutral to drive or


reverse is inhibited when engine
speed is above 900r.p.m. R or 6
will flash in the display window if a
shift is attempted above 900r.p.m.

Transmission Retarder

The position of the accelerator pedal influences


the timing at which automatic shifting will occur at
fast engine speeds.

The retarder light on the dash will light whenever


the transmission retarder is activated.

A partially depressed accelerator pedal position


will cause upshifts at low engine speeds.

The transmission retarder is applied when a


retarder position is selected at the retarder lever
and the accelerator pedal is fully released.

94

The transmission retarder is automatically


engaged when the accelerator pedal is released.

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Retardation can be selected between a choice of


6 different retardation percentages.

Position 0 and 1 induces the same amount of


retardation.
15% retardation is applied whenever the service
brake pedal is pressed, even if the lever is in the
0 position.
To resume driving, release service brake pedal.
The transmission will automatically select the
lowest gear.

BRAKING
The general rule for braking is that the retarder
should be used before the service brakes in order
to reduce the brake disc wear.

Service Brakes and Park Brake


During normal operation the machine must be
stopped using the service brakes. When the
machine is stopped for more than a few seconds
the park brake must be applied.
Service Brakes
WARNING

Avoid using the service brake over extended


periods. Excessive use of the service brakes
will result in the brake assembly overheating which in extreme circumstances could
result in a brake assembly failure.

872101

While driving the machine normally the brake


pedal must be pressed.
When extra brake force is required or
continuous retardation, use the retarder switch
to activate the retarder.

NOTE:The transmission will automatically


select the lowest pull-off gear.
Park Brake (Normal Operation)
NOTE:1. The park brake will be applied
when the key is turned to OFF
position. If machine was stopped and
the park brake was not applied, the
park brake lever must be moved to
the engaged position before park
brake can be released.
2. The park brake must only be
applied when the machine is
completely stationary.
When the machine is to be stopped for more than
a few seconds the following must be done:

Stop the machine using the service brake.


Apply the park brake.
Select Neutral (N).
Release the service brake.

Park Brake (Truck Moving)


When the transmission is in neutral for more than
4 seconds and the vehicle speed is below 5km/hr
the park brake will be applied automatically.

Stopping the machine with the service brakes is


done as follows:

NOTE:Before park brake can be released,


the park brake lever must be moved
to the applied position, a gear must
be selected or the brake pedal
pressed.

Park Brake Protection

Release the accelerator.

NOTE:1. When the accelerator is released


the engine retarder as well as
transmission
retarder
will
be
activated.
2. It is recommended that the
retarder brake function is used to
slow the machine down and the
service brakes used to stop the
machine.

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NOTE:This feature is to assist in pulling-off


on an incline.
When the Brake Pedal is not pressed and the truck
is standing still(< 1km/h) and the Park Brake is on
while the transmission is in gear then the engine
torque is limited to 55%.
This limit is set at 55 % so that the parkbrake can
be tested to function correctly without being able to
drive through it. As soon as the park brake lever is
released, 100% torque is available for pull away
on steep inclines.

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CHAPTER 4

If the Park Brake is applied while driving(>1km/h)


then the engine torque is limited to 0% until the
vehicle speed is below 1 km/h at which time 55%
torque is allowed.
NOTE:1. The park brake will be applied
when the key is turned to OFF
position. If machine was stopped and
the park brake was not applied, the
park brake lever must be moved to
the engaged position before park
brake can be released.
2. The park brake must only be
applied when the machine is
completely stationary.
When the machine is to be stopped for more than
a few seconds the following must be done:

Stop the machine using the service brake.


Apply the park brake.
Select Neutral (N).
Release the service brake.

Emergency Braking
The park brake can be used (if possible in
conjunction with the retarder) as an emergency
brake if service and secondary brakes fail.
If the service brakes fail after the machine has
been slowed down with the retarder, the machine
can be stopped using the park brake.
The following must be done:

Apply the park brake.


When the machine has come to full stop turn
the ignition switch to the OFF (O) position.
Contact your BELL Product Support
Representative

NOTE:The service brake system is


designed such that the front and rear
chassis brakes are applied via two
separate brake control systems. If
brake system failure occurs in one of
the systems, the other system will
still have sufficient retardation force
to stop the machine. If both brake
systems are defective use the park
brake to stop the truck, as described
above.

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B50D 6X6 ADT

Operating with Inter-axle Differential


Lock
NOTE:It is recommended that the inter-axle
differential lock is only engaged
when the machine is operating on
very poor ground conditions.

872101

CAUTION

The differential lock must not be engaged


when the machine is operating on tar or
graded surfaces. This will cause damage to
the differential.

The inter-axle differential lock switch operates the


differential lock in the transfer case.

Inter-axle Differential Lock Control


Engaging the Inter-axle Differential Lock
The following procedure must be used to engage
the inter-axle differential lock:

Switch the inter-axle differential lock switch


ON (can be done at any speed).
Release the accelerator pedal briefly.
IDL light will illuminate to confirm successful
engagement.

The inter-axle differential lock is not available


when the vehicle is in HIGH range. Once the interaxle differential lock has been activated, the
vehicle will not be allowed to change to HIGH
range.
Disengaging the Inter-axle Differential Lock
The following procedure must be used to
disengage the inter-axle differential lock:

Switch the inter-axle differential lock switch


OFF (at any speed).
The inter-axle differential lock indicator will
extinguish.

Operating The High Range Switch


The B50D 6X6 ADT is equipped with 2-speed
differentials. These differentials are spring loaded
into LOW range, and is pneumatically shifted into
HIGH range only when certain conditions are met.

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This allows the vehicle to always start off in LOW


range, rapidly climb arduous inclines and then
change into HIGH range (faster vehicle speeds)
once conditions allow.
The switching to HIGH range and back into LOW
range is controlled by the chassis computer, and
no additional inputs, precautions or intervention is
necessary from the operator.

Switching Into HIGH Range

872101

Switching Into LOW Range


Switching into LOW range is allowed only when
the following conditions are met:

The transmission is in 1st gear.


The vehicle travels slower than 2 km/h (1.2
mph)
The operators foot is completely off the
accelerator.

NOTE:All six Transmission forward gears


are available in High Range as well.

In certain applications the operator may want to


restrict the vehicle to LOW range only. Switch the
Range hold switch to the OFF position, and the
vehicle will not shift into HIGH range.

Switching into HIGH range is allowed only when


the following conditions are met:

Gear Hold Switch

The High/Low Range Switch is in the ON


position (See High/Low Range Switch (2).
on page 72).
The transmission is in 6th gear.
The vehicle travels faster than 34 km/h (21.1
mph).
The inter-axle differential lock switch is on the
OFF position.
Accellerator is pushed in >95% and the engine
torque is >40%.

The gear hold switch allows the operator to lock


the transmission so that it will not be able to atain
a higher gear than the one when the gear hold
switch was activated.
See Gear Hold Switch (5). on page 73

Once these requirements are met, the vehicle will


automatically shift the 2-speed differentials into
HIGH range - no intervention or precautions are
necessary from the operator. The HIGH Range
Attained light on the MDU will be illuminated if the
shift has occurred successfully.
The operator can keep his foot on the accelerator
during this shifting progress, and continue driving
as normal. The transmission will take care of
shifting to the appropriate transmission gear for
the conditions.

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SECTION 4. OPERATING THE MACHINE
LOADING THE MACHINE
The following procedure must be used to load the
machine:

When the loading operator signals that the bin is


fully loaded the following must be done:
Select Drive (D).
Release the park brake and drive off slowly.

WARNING

Do not operate the bin tip lever unless the


transmission is in neutral (or dumping in 1st
or reverse). This practice can over-ride the
safety functions and could cause damage to
the machine and/or personal injury.

Select Drive (D).


Release the park brake and drive off slowly.

NOTE:The tip control lever is spring-loaded


to the central position (holding
position).

STEERING

Raising the Bin

Position the machine in a straight ahead


position.
Apply the park brake.
Select Neutral (N).
Increase the engine speed to approximately
1 500 r.p.m.
Move the tip control lever towards the
operator.
Reduce engine speed as the bin reaches
maximum travel.
Release the tip control lever.

NOTE:The tip control lever is spring-loaded


to the central position (holding
position).

Normal Steering
The machines normal steering system
operational when the engine is operating.

is

WARNING

There is no self-centring function on the machine steering. After turning the steering,
the machine must be straightened by turning the steering wheel to the straight ahead
position.

Emergency Steering

Position the machine in a straight ahead


position.
Apply the park brake.
Select Neutral (N).

NOTE:If the bin is not fully lowered (the bin


raised
warning
indicator
is
illuminated), the transmission will
only select 1st gear, neutral and
reverse. As soon as the bin raised
warning indicator is extinguished,
normal transmission gear selection
will resume.

WARNING

If there is an engine or main pump failure,


the ground driven emergency steering system will enable the operator to steer the machine to a safe stop. In this event the
machine must be stopped as quickly as possible.

Lowering the Bin

Move the tip control lever away from the


operator. It will be kept automatically in this
position until the bin is fully lowered and then
automatically return to the central position.

When the engine or main pump fails the


emergency steering indicator will flash.

NOTE:The lever is hold automatically till the


bin is fully lowered.

Ensure that the bin raised warning indicator is


extinguished.

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The machines emergency steering system is


ground driven and will be operational until the
machine is stationary.
When the emergency steering system is activated
the emergency steering indicator on the centre
instrument panel will illuminate.
NOTE:There is no self centring function
with the machine steering. The
machine must be straightened by
turning the steering wheel to the
straight ahead position.
CAUTION

If the engine fails the machine must be


steered to safety as soon as possible.

B50D 6X6 ADT

Overnight Parking
When the machine is to be parked overnight the
following must be done:

Ensure the machine is unloaded.


Park the machine on firm level ground.
Move all the switches to the OFF position.
Ensure the transmission is in Neutral (N).
Ensure the park brake is applied.
Switch the ignition OFF and remove the key.
Lock the cab door.
Open the battery box lid and move the battery
disconnect switch to the OFF position.
Ensure the battery box lid is closed properly.
Secure with padlocks if required.
Ensure that the fuel cap and the bonnet
release levers are locked.
Ensure that nothing is left under the machine,
as the front suspension might lower over night.

OPERATING INDOORS
Machines may only be operated in buildings
approved by site management.
When operating the machine indoors ensure that
there is sufficient ventilation for the exhaust fumes
to escape.
Do not exceed the maximum floor load when
operating indoors.
When raising the bin indoors, ensure that there is
enough free space above the bin when it is fully
raised.

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CHAPTER 5. OPERATING TECHNIQUES

SAFETY RULES
Ensure there is sufficient space for the machine
before entering confined areas.
Accidents and injuries must be reported
immediately. Site management must also be
informed of any "narrow escapes" and areas and
situations which could present an accident risk.
If possible, after an accident, the machine must be
left in its position.
Do not do anything to the machine that may
hamper an investigation into the accident.
Follow the instructions
management.

given

by

the

site

Gear Selection
The transmission makes it unnecessary to select
the right moment to up shift or down shift during
changing
travelling
conditions.
However
knowledge of the ranges and when to select them
will make machine control and the operators job
easier.
The following table is a brief summary of the range
selections covered in this manual.
R

Completely stop the machine before


shifting from a forward gear to R or from
R to a forward gear.
WARNING

Do not allow the machine to coast in N,


there is no engine breaking and the operator may lose control. Coasting in neutral
will also cause transmission damage.

Use N to start the machine and for


periods of engine idle operation. N is
selected by the ECU at start-up. Always
select N before turning off the engine.

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The shift from N to D or R is inhibited when the


engine speed is above idle. N must be reselected and the idle speed reduced before
the shift will occur. When shifts to D or R are
inhibited, the digit on the shift selector will
flash.

The transmission will initially attain 1st


gear when D is selected. As machine
speed increases, the transmission will
upshift automatically through each gear.
as the machine slows, the transmission
will downshift automatically. The shift
selector will display the highest range
available.
Even though D is selected, it may not be
attained due to active inhibit functions
such as high throttle or engine idle
speeds. Check for active diagnostic
codes if D is not attained.

The following information details suggested


techniques to obtain the safest and most efficient
use of your machine.

WARNING

If the operator just downshifts or just


uses the service brakes while going
downhill, he may lose full control of the
vehicle.

To help in keeping full control on down-hills,


use a combination of downshifting and
braking.
Downshifting to a lower gear increases engine
braking and helps the operator maintain full
control.
The transmission has a feature which prevents
automatic upshifting above the lower gear
selected. However during downhill operation, if
engine governed speed is exceeded in the
lower gear, the transmission may shift to the
next higher gear. This will reduce braking and
may cause loss of control.
Apply service brakes to prevent exceeding
engine governed speed in the lower gear
selected.

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6
5
4
3
2
1

CHAPTER 5

Occasionally road conditions, load or


traffic conditions will make it desirable to
restrict automatic shifting to a lower gear.
Lower gears provide greater engine
breaking for going down grades (the
lower the gear; the greater the braking
effect).
The shift control utilises the (Up) and
(Down) arrow buttons to select individual
forward gears. The shift control will
display the operators choice.

B50D 6X6 ADT

When retarding, (i.e. The operator takes


his foot off the accelerator) the
transmission will start downshifting from
the current gear, down to 2nd gear to
maximise engine braking.
The gear shift display will show 2 as
long as retardation is in progress and will
revert back to the original displayed value
when:
- 2nd gear is attained and the machine
has slowed down almost to a stop

Even though a lower gear was selected,


the transmission may not downshift until
machine speed is reduced.
1

- or when the operator applies the


accelerator to cancel retardation.

Use this gear when pulling through mud


and deep snow, when manoeuvring in
tight spaces or while driving up/down
grades.

The engine exhaust brake is


automatically applied and the exhaust
brake warning indicator is illuminated
during the above retardation period.

1st gear provides the machine with


maximum driving torque and maximum
engine braking effect.
Push the
(Down) arrow button on the
shift selector until first gear appears on
the display screen.
1

When selecting D from N and the bin is


raised (bin raised warning indicator is
illuminated), the transmission will limit
gear selection to 1st gear. The display on
the shift selector will show 1.
As soon as the bin is fully lowered (bin
raised warning indicator is extiguished),
the transmission will automatically revert
to normal gear selection and the gear
shift screen will revert to the original
display.

102

Reverse operation of the machine is not


affected by the bin raised condition (as
described above).

GEAR PRE-SELECTION
Gear pre-selection means selecting a lower gear
to match driving conditions which the operator
encounters or expects to encounter.
Learning to take advantage of pre-selected shifts
will give the operator better control on slick or icy
surfaces and on downgrades.
Downshifting to a lower gear increases engine
braking.
The selection of a lower gear often prevents
cycling between that gear and the next higher gear
on a series of up-and-down gradients. (See
Chapter 4 Controlled Gear Range).

GEAR HOLD FUNCTION


See Gear Hold Switch (5). on page 73 for
more information on this function.

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CHAPTER 5

872101

TRANSPORT OPERATION

Downhill Operation

When operating the machine in ideal conditions


(e.g. level graded surfaces) normal driving and
gear selection must be used.

When driving downhill the exhaust brake and


retarder must be utilised to assist the service
brakes and to reduce brake pad wear.

The machine may be operated at maximum speed


in accordance with the site and road regulations.

If necessary, slow down before the downhill slope


begins so that the transmission automatically
selects a low gear.

When driving through a bend do not drive too fast.


The machines centre of gravity is changed which
may cause the machine to tip or roll if the road is
slippery or cambered the wrong way.
The machine load must not be allowed to fall off
the machine at any time.
Do not use the inter-axle differential lock when
operating on smooth graded surfaces.
Due to the mass of the machine allow for long
braking distances, especially on slippery roads.

Uphill Operation
If the machine is operating in full automatic mode,
transmission will select the correct gear for
travelling uphill.

During icy or other slippery conditions, utilise the


inter-differential lock to improve traction and
braking effect.
Using the Engine to Slow the Machine

Always adapt the machine speed to the road and


traffic conditions.

WARNING

If the operator just down shifts or just uses


the service brakes while going downhill, he
may lose full control of the machine.

To help in keeping full control on down hills, use a


combination of down shifting, braking and the
retarder.
Downshifting to a lower gear increases engine
braking and helps the operator maintain full
control.

When operating on slippery roads the inter-axle


differential lock must be applied to allow for even
traction on all the driving wheels.
The engine speed must be kept constant at all
times when driving uphill.

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The transmission has a feature which prevents


automatic up shifting above the lower gear
selected. However during downhill operation, if
engine governed speed is exceeded in the lower
gear, the transmission may up shift to the next
higher gear. This will reduce braking and may
cause a loss of control.
Apply the service brakes and/or retarder to
prevent exceeding engine governed speed in the
lower gear selected.
To use the engine as a braking force, the operator
must:

Take his foot off the accelerator.


The transmission will start to down shift and
the exhaust brake will be applied.

If the machine is exceeding the maximum speed


for this gear, use the service brakes and/or
retarder to slow the machine.
When a lower speed is reached, the TCU will
automatically down shift the transmission.
Engine braking provides good speed control for
travelling downhill. When the machine is fully
loaded, or the gradient is steep, it may be
desirable to pre-select a lower gear before
reaching the gradient.
Use the hydraulic retarder on severe gradients.
If engine-governed speed is exceeded, the
transmission will up shift automatically to the next
gear.

Off-road Operation
Do not operate too close to quarry edges, ramp
edges, quay edges and soft edges that may
collapse under the machine weight.
Always use the inter-axle differential lock and sixwheel drive during off-road operation when there
is a risk of wheels slipping.

B50D 6X6 ADT

GD0003CFM

To cover difficult areas (e.g. soft mud) use the


articulation steering combined with the inter-axle
differential lock to move through the area in the so
called duck waddle.
Where the ground is particularly soft and there is
no space restriction, choose a new track for each
approach to avoid making deep tracks.

Loading
NOTE:For more information, See Chapter 8
on Payload and On
Board
Weighing.
Ensure there is sufficient space for the machine
before entering confined areas.
Ensure that no personnel are near the machine or
loading area.
Do not operate too close to quarry edges, ramp
edges, quay edges and soft edges that may
collapse under the machines weight.
Be aware of other machines and personnel when
entering or leaving the loading area.
If a spotter is present follow only his instructions.
Reverse up to a loading machine in a single,
straight manoeuvre so that you can maintain eye
contact at all times with the operator of the loader.
Steer the machine so that it is straight. The
operator must have clear and unobstructed vision
through his rear view mirrors. If the machine is
articulated and not in the straight ahead position
the operator may find it difficult to observe the
spotter and the loading machines.
Stop the machine on a firm level surface.

Always engage the inter-axle differential lock


before any of the wheels begin to slip.

Ensure that the bin is fully lowered so that the load


is not dumped into a bin which is supported on the
tip cylinders.
Do not overload by exceeding the rated capacity of
the machine. The operator of the dump truck is
responsible for the size and mass of the load.

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Ensure the machine is loaded evenly. An uneven


load will cause tyre and axle damage.
Before moving off with a load ensure that it is
safely contained in the bin and no part of it can fall
off. Ensure that no parts of the load are protruding
from the bin.

872101

When raising the bin ensure that when the bin is


fully raised it is no less than 4 metres (13) away
from any power lines.
Ensure that no personnel are near the machine or
dumping area.
NOTE:Ensure that there are no debris or
obstructions between the bin and
chassis before lowering the bin.

Unloading
WARNING

1. Be careful when tipping the bin. It is possible that the material may stuck to the bin
and when the bin reach a certain point, the
front chassis may lift from the ground and
the cab to roll over and end up upside down.
Also see Chapter SAFETY Avoid Tipping
Over
2. Do not operate the bin tip lever unless the
transmission is in Neutral (or dumping in 1st
or Reverse). This practice can over-ride the
safety functions and could cause damage to
the machine and/or personal injury.

Be aware of other machines and personnel when


entering or leaving the dumping area.

Stuck Machine
NOTE:If the ground is soft with deep wheel
tracks constant attention must be
given to the rear chassis angle.
If the rear chassis starts to lean sideways
excessively, stop the machine immediately and try
another route.
If the machine becomes stuck the following must
be done:

NOTE:If the bin position is greater than 70%


and the transmission is in reverse,
the engine torque will be limited to
20% to avoid that the operator use
the bin as a scraper when fully tipped
or drives into a pile.

Ensure there is sufficient space for the machine


before entering confined areas.

Do not operate or stop too close to quarry edges,


ramp edges, quay edges and soft edges that may
collapse under the machine mass. The use of
stopping chocks or other safety devices is
recommended.
Reverse up to the unloading site in a single,
straight manoeuvre so that you can maintain eye
contact at all times with the spotter and have allround vision from the machine.

Select Neutral (N).


Engage the inter-axle differential lock.
Select Forward (D).
Check that the inter-axle differential lock
indicator illuminates.
Drive off slowly keeping the engine speed
(r.p.m.) constant and not too high.
To assist with traction, turn the steering wheel
one way and then the other alternately causing
the machine to adopt a duck waddle.
Continue with this movement until the machine
is free and can be operated normally.

NOTE:If the machine does not move, get a


towing vehicle to move the machine
from the soft soil.

If a spotter is present follow only his instructions.


Steer the machine so that it is straight and on level
ground. The operator must have clear and
unobstructed vision through his rear view mirrors.
If the machine is articulated and not in the straight
ahead position the operator may find it difficult to
observe the spotter and the dumping action.

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Rocking Out
WARNING

To help in avoiding injury or property damage caused by sudden movement of the machine, do not make shifts from N to D or R
when the throttle is open.

If the operator shifts while the throttle is open too


much, the transmission will engage only if the
throttle is closed in the next three seconds. That
can cause a sudden movement of the machine.
Leaving the throttle open longer than three
seconds causes the transmission to remain in N.
Avoid this condition by making shifts from N to D
or R only when the throttle is closed.
CAUTION

Do not make N to D or directional shift


changes when the engine speed is above
idle. Also if the wheels are stuck and not
turning, do not apply full power for more
than 30 seconds in either D or R.

Full power for more than 30 seconds under the


above conditions will cause the transmission to
overheat.
If the transmission overheats, shift to N and
operate the engine at 1 500 r.p.m. until it cools (23 minutes).
If the machine is stuck in deep sand, snow or mud,
it may be possible to rock it out as follows:

Shift to D and apply steady, light throttle (never


full throttle).
When the vehicle has rocked forward as far as
it will go, apply the service brakes.
Allow the engine to return to idle.
Select R.
Release the service brakes and apply a
steady, light throttle and allow the machine to
rock in R as far as it will go.
Again apply and hold the service brake and
allow the engine to return to idle.
This procedure may be repeated in D and R if
each directional shift continues to move the
machine progressively further.

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CHAPTER 6

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CHAPTER 6. RECOVERY AND TRANSPORTATION


SECTION 1. TOWING

Always chock the machine before releasing the


brakes and/or disconnecting the driveshafts.
Only use a rigid A-frame when towing a machine
The A-frame must be securely fastened to both
towing eyes and must distribute the towing force
evenly on both towing eyes when towing or turning
the machine.
Ensure the A-frame is strong enough to tow a
machine at least 1.5 times the gross weight of the
towed machine, when towing from mud or on a
gradient.
Never exceed 2 km/h (1.2 m.p.h.) when towing a
disabled machine for short distances.
Load a disabled machine onto a suitable
breakdown vehicle or remove the driveshafts
between the transmission and transfer case when
moving it long distances.
Shielding must be provided on the towing machine
and the disabled machine if the operator can
possibly be injured due to the tow bar breaking.
Do not allow any unauthorised personnel on the
disabled machine.
Gradual smooth movement is necessary for safe
towing. Quick movements will overload the
A-frame and cause it to break.
The towing machine must be the same size or
larger than the disabled machine. Ensure the
towing machine has sufficient brake capacity,
mass and power to control both machines. Take
account of the ground conditions and gradient
when towing a disabled machine.
A larger machine and a solid tow bar is required
when towing a disabled machine downhill. An
additional machine connected to the rear may also
be required to prevent the disabled machine from
rolling away.

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Minimum towing capacity is required for towing on


smooth level surfaces and maximum towing
capacity is required for towing on gradients and
poor ground conditions.
CAUTION

Failure to lift the wheels off the road or


disconnect the drivetrain can cause damage
to the transmission.

The engine can not be started by pushing or


towing.

Towing a Machine with Inoperable


Engine

Always consult your BELL EQUIPMENT Product


Support Representative before towing a disabled
machine.

If the disabled machine is to be articulated


(manoeuvred) a towing machine with an A-frame
must be attached to the front of the machine for
manoeuvring and a machine attached to the rear
for controlling.

SAFETY RULES

WARNING

1. Before releasing the brakes, always chock


the wheels to prevent the machine from rolling.
2. Ensure the brake system of the towing
machine is sufficient to hold the combined
mass of the towing machine and the disabled machine.
3. Removing the drive shafts on either side
of the park brake renders the park brake inoperative.

With the engine stopped the machine hydraulic


and pneumatic systems are not operative. This
means there is no powered steering or braking
system.
NOTE:The park brake may be released
mechanically but the steering
system will remain inoperative.
Articulation can only be obtained by
disconnecting the steering cylinders
hydraulic supply hoses.

107

CHAPTER 6

Road speed must not exceed 2 km/hr.


(1.2 m.p.h.).
Before towing disconnect the driveshaft between
the transmission and the transfer case.
With the brakes released and the drive shafts
disconnected, the towing machine must be
capable of steering and stopping the complete
mass of the disabled machine.
NOTE:Given the danger in towing a vehicle
without an effective braking system
it is recommended that the machine
is transported on a suitable
breakdown vehicle.

Towing a Machine with Operable


Engine
If the steering system has no fault and the engine
can be run, an operator must steer the machine.

B50D 6X6 ADT

NOTE:Some
oil
spillage
will
unavoidable. Clean up any
spillage as soon as possible.

Releasing Park Brake for Towing


Disconnecting Drive Shafts
CAUTION

1. Machine will roll freely when drive shafts


are disconnected. To prevent injury or
damage, chock wheels and connect
machine to towing vehicle before
disconnecting drive shafts.
2. To prevent damage to transmission,
disconnect front axle and middle axle drive
shafts when towing a machine with an
inoperable engine.

If the failure is in the transmission do not run the


engine, as the engine is directly coupled to the
transmission. Refer to Towing A Machine With
Inoperable Engine (previous instruction).
If the failure is in the transfer case, engage neutral
and disconnect the driveshaft connecting the
transfer case to the front differential and the
driveshaft connecting the transfer case to the
through drive.

be
oil

Loop the two steering cylinder T-pieces


together using a suitable hose.

872101

If the fault does not affect the braking system the


brakes can be released using the park brake hand
control AFTER the wheels have been chocked.

Towing a Machine with Inoperable


Steering System
Use these procedure in conjunction with relevant
Engine Operative or Engine Inoperative Towing
Procedures detailed previously.

Remove U-joint cap screws (1) and disconnect


front axle drive shaft (2) at rear of front axle. Move
drive shaft aside and support to allow front axle
drive shaft yoke to turn freely.

If the machine must articulate while being towed


and the steering system is inoperable disconnect
as follows:

Remove the supply hoses from the T-pieces


on the left hand steering cylinder.
Block off the two supply hoses using suitable
plugs.

108

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872101

Remove U-joint cap screws (1) and disconnect


middle axle drive shaft (2) at rear of middle axle.
Move drive shaft aside and support to allow middle
axle drive shaft yoke to turn freely.

Mechanically Release Park Brake


CAUTION

Machine will roll freely when park brake is


released. To prevent injury or damage,
chock wheels and connect machine to
towing vehicle before releasing park brake.

2
3

Remove release stud (1), nut (2) and washer (3)


from storage position (4).
Install release stud in hole at rear of park brake
actuator housing and rotate clockwise a 1/4 turn to
lock into place.
Install washer and nut unto release stud and
tighten until park brake releases.

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LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY

110

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CHAPTER 6. RECOVERY AND TRANSPORTATION


SECTION 2. LIFTING
MACHINE LIFTING POINTS
The following figure details the machine lifting points:
10420 MM
ONLY USE NYLON SLINGS
IN FRONT TO PREVENT
DAMAGE TO BONNET

4000mm
Minimum

CRANE

CRANE

50D0005CFM

NOTE:Ensure that the articulation bar is installed.

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Lifting the Machine


NOTE:1. The machine lifting points are
indicated in red on the machine.
2. Use nylon slings in front to prevent
damage to the machine.

NOTE:The crane must be moved slowly to


prevent excessive swinging of the
lifted machine.

When lifting the machine the following must be


done:
Park the transporting vehicle next to the
machine being lifted.
WARNING

Install the articulation safety lock bar to prevent the machine from turning.

Attach the chains to the machine lifting points


and the lifting beam.

B50D 6X6 ADT

Move the machine over the transporting


vehicles trailer slowly.
When the machine is directly over the
transporting vehicles trailer lower the machine
onto the trailer slowly, following the
instructions of the spotters.
Lower the lifting beam until the chain can be
removed from the machine.
Lift the lifting beam and move it away from the
machine.
Chock all the machines wheels.
Secure the machine to the transporting
vehicles trailer with chains. (See Machine tie
Down points in this section).

NOTE:The lifting beam must be longer than


the machine length to avoid
damaging the machine and must be
able to carry the total machine
weight. {36 100 kg (79 586lb).}

Attach the lifting beam to the crane.

NOTE:The crane must be able to carry total


machine weight.

Lift the lifting beam until all the play in the


chain is removed.
Lift the machine until it is clear of the
transporting vehicles trailer.

112

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MACHINE TIE-DOWN POINTS


The following figure indicates the machine tie-down points:

50D0006CFM

NOTE:Ensure that the articulation bar is


installed.

TRANSPORTING

When driving the machine onto other


transportation vehicles do not install the
articulation safety bar until the machine is secured.

Transporting the Machine on Other


Vehicles

When the machine is lifted onto the transportation


vehicle the articulation safety bar must be
installed.

The machine can be loaded onto the transporting


vehicle by two methods:

Lifting the machine (refer to Lifting the


Machine and Machine Lifting Points; previous
procedure).
Driving the machine.

Always chock the machine when securing it to the


transportation vehicle.

Driving the Machine onto a Transporting


Vehicle
To drive the machine onto the transporting vehicle
the following must be done:

Safety Rules
Always use the aid of spotters when loading the
machine onto the transporting vehicle.
Ensure the transporting vehicle is capable of
safely carrying the machine.

ISSUE 0

Position the transporting vehicles trailer


against the loading ramp.
Drive the machine onto the trailer very slowly
following the instruction of the spotter.
Install the articulation safety bar.
Chock all the machine wheels.
Secure the machine to the transporting
vehicles trailer with chains.
Drive the transporting machine away slowly.

113

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CHAPTER 7

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CHAPTER 7. PRE-SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS


SECTION 1.SERVICE POSITION
Before starting to work on the machine, unload it, wash it thoroughly and park it on firm level ground with
the bin lowered.

2
6

1
WARNING
DO NOT
OPERATE
THIS TAG MUST O NLY BE
REMOVED BY TH E PERSON
SERVICI NG THE MAC HINE

HOT
COLD

5
4

3
50D0007CFM

Relieve pneumatic pressure.

Park the machine in the straight ahead position


and prepare for servicing as detailed below:
WARNING

When servicing the machine and one of the


axles of the machine is raised off the ground
using jacks, the wheels on at least one of the
other axles must be chocked. This is because there is a risk that the machine may
roll off the jacks, even if the park brake is applied.

If the following steps are not observed it


could result in injury or death.

Shut down the engine and apply the park


brake.
Remove the keys from the ignition switch and
attach the DO NOT OPERATE warning sign
to the steering wheel.
Install the articulation safety bar.
Relieve hydraulic pressure by turning the
steering back and forth 3 times.
If bin is fully lowered, hydraulic pressure is
automatically relieved. When raised and bin
prop is installed, move bin tip lever forward
and rearward 3 times to ensure that the weight
of the bin is securely settled onto the bin prop.

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WARNING

Install wheel chocks to ensure that the


machine cannot move backwards or forwards
during the service.

115

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CHAPTER 7

WARNING

1. Beware of hot fluids and components. Do


not work on a hot machine.
2. Do not work on syspension hydraulic circuit unless the pressure in the system has
been released by lowering the truck onto the
front axle stops.

Allow the machine to cool down.


Relieve all pressure in the relevant system
before any lines, fittings or related items are
disconnected or removed, as follows:
i . The air pressure is relieved by holding
open the drain valve on the air reservoir.

ii . The cooling system pressure can only be


safely relieved by allowing the engine
coolant to cool down until it is safe to
remove the filler cap.

Lower the bin until the bin prop is located


safely in the holder (1).
WARNING

Check to ensure that the bin prop is located


safely inside the holder.

iii . The hydraulic, fuel and air conditioner


system pressures should only be
relieved by qualified personnel.

INSTALL THE ARTICULATION SAFETY


BAR

INSTALL THE BIN PROP


WARNING

When the bin is raised to perform maintenance tasks, the bin prop must be installed.

The following procedures must be used to install


the bin prop:

B50D 6X6 ADT

The operator, in the cab, must control the bin


operation.

The following procedures must be used to install


the articulation safety bar:
NOTE:Two people are needed to install the
safety lock bar. One to turn the
steering to get the two holes to align,
while the other one is installing the
lock bar.

Park the machine in the straight ahead


position.

Raise the bin high enough to allow the bin


prop (1) to be hinged up to the vertical
position.
Use the handle (2) to raise the bin prop.

116

Hinge up the retaining lug (1).


Remove the pin (2) from the articulation safety
bar mounting.

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4
2

1
1

LOWER AND RAISE THE BELLY


PLATE
To perform some maintenance tasks it is
necessary to lower the belly plate for access.

Lower the Belly Plate


WARNING

The suspension should not be lowered with


the belly plate open

NOTE:1. Clear the debris from the bottom of


the machine before lowering the
belly plate.
2. Use a trolley jack to lower the belly
plate.
The following procedures must be used to lower
the belly plate:

Remove the two Belly Plate securing bolts (1).


Loosen the catch bolt (2) but do not remove it.
CAUTION

The Belly Plate is now only resting on the


catch. If the catch is moved the Belly Plate
will fall to the ground.

One person should support the belly plate.


A second person should then remove the
catch (3) and then assist the first person with
lowering the Belly Plate (4) to the ground.

Swing the articulation safety bar out and locate


it in the lug (1).
Fit the pin (2) through the holes to secure in
position. The steering wheel must be turned so
that the articulation allows the holes to align.
Shut down the engine and apply the park
brake
Remove the keys from the ignition switch and
attach the DO NOT OPERATE warning sign
to the steering wheel.
Secure the articulation safety bar back in the
travelling position after the service.

WARNING

The Belly Plate is very heavy. Be careful


when lowering the belly plate as it can cause
injury or even death.

Relieve Pneumatic Pressure


Lower belly plate as described in previous
procedure.

Push and hold stem of drain valve (2) on


pneumatic reservoir (1). Air will discharge through
drain valve under pressure. Hold stem until hiss
stops completely. Repeat for other reservoir.

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Raise the Belly Plate


The following procedures must be used to raise
the belly plate:
1

WARNING

Be careful when raising the belly plate as it


can cause injury or even death if it slips off
the trolley jack.

Manoeuvre a trolley jack under the belly plate


so that the belly plate can be safely raised.
Install the bolts and remove the trolley jack.

Tilt and lower the cab

Fully Raised (1) - for full access to the area


underneath the cab.

WARNING

Never re-use loosened cab mounting bolts.


Always replace bolts after loosening.

Tilt The Cab

The machines cab is hinged so that it may be


tilted for access to the hydraulics and transmission
systems below.
The cab can be raised to two different heights:
.

NOTE:The cab tilt pump is located on the


left hand side under the bonnet on
the bonnet catch cross bar.

Close the cab and right hand side external


compartment door and open the bonnet.
Mirrors to be in normal operating position.
Move the directional valve handle (1) to the
Cab Raise position.

Half raised (1) - for quick access to Main Hydraulic


Pump, etc.

118

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872101

Lower The Cab


1

Ensure that the area is free of obstructions.


Ensure all doors are closed and mirrors are in
operating position.
Turn the directional valve to the Cab Raise
position and operate the pump to lift the cab
until peg has disengage from cab prop.
Pull the cab prop away from engine
compartment.
Turn the directional valve handle to the
lowering position.
Lowering cab until properly seated.
Install and torque new locking bolts. (See
Chapter 1 for correct torque specifications).
Ensure directional valve handle is in Cab
Lower position.
Stow the wheel nut spanner.
WARNING

Ensure both mountings are locked into position with new mounting bolts and nuts. Never re-use loosened mounting bolts and nuts.

Unscrew the mounting bolts (1) on the left


hand side front and rear of cab.
Insert the wheel spanner into the cab tilt pump
and start pumping.
Install the cab prop (2).
Change the directional valve handle to the
lowering position and lower the cab till cab is
secure.
Place directional valve lever in Cab Raise
position.
WARNING

Do not work under the raised cab unless the


cab prop is fitted.

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CHAPTER 7. PRE-SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS


SECTION 2. RULES WHEN SERVICING
GENERAL

Do not carry out any work on the machine unless


you are trained and have the knowledge to carry
out the work.

Service which is not carried out in the correct way


may be dangerous. Make sure that you have
sufficient knowledge, the correct information, the
correct tools and the right equipment in order to
carry out the service in the correct way.
Repair or change broken tools and faulty
equipment. Read all plates and decals on the
machine and in the manual before you start
servicing the machine. Each of the instructions
contains important information about handling and
servicing.
Do not wear loose fitting clothing or jewellery when
working on the machine.
Always wear a hard hat, safety glasses, gloves,
shoes and other protective articles as the job
requires.
When carrying out service work in the articulation
area, ensure that the articulation safety bar has
been installed.
Always stop the engine to service the machine,
unless otherwise instructed in this manual.
When changing oil in the engine, fluid in the
hydraulic system or transmission, remember that
the oil and fluid may be hot and can cause burns.
When lifting or supporting components, use
equipment with a lifting capacity which is at least
as great as the components.
All lifting devices, for example slings and ratchet
blocks, must comply with national regulations for
lifting devices. BELL EQUIPMENT COMPANY
will not accept any responsibility if any lifting
devices, tools or working methods are used other
than those described in this manual.

Switch OFF the batteries disconnect switch or


disconnect the battery before performing
maintenance on the machine.
Relieve the pressure in the relevant system
gradually before starting to work on a system
component or assembly.
All pressurised vessels must be opened very
carefully.
When checking for leaks, use a piece of paper
or wood, do not use your hands.
Never set a pressure limiting valve to a higher
pressure than that recommended by the
manufacturer. Only qualified personnel must
adjust any valve settings.
Before starting the engine indoors, make sure
that the ventilation is sufficient to cope with the
exhaust gases.
Do not stand behind the machine while the
engine is running.

DIESEL FUEL
Consult your local fuel distributor for properties of
the diesel fuel available in your area.
In general, diesel fuel are blended to satisfy the
temperature requirements of the geographical
area in which they are marketed.
In all cases, the fuel shall meet the following
properties:

Cetane Number of 40 Minimum


Cetane number greater than 50 is preferred,
especially for temperatures below -20C (-4F) or
elevations above 1500m (5000ft).
Cold Filter Plugging Point
Cold filter plugging point below the expected
lowest temperature or Cloud point at least 5C
(9F) below the expected lowest temperature.
Fuel Lubricity
Fuel lubricity should pass a minimum of 3100
gram load level as measured by theSLBocle
scuffing test.

Stop the engine before removing engine


covers or similar.
Make sure that no tools or other objects which
can cause damage are left in or on the
machine.

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Sulphur Content

Sulphur content should not exceed 0.5%.


Sulphur content less than 0.05% is preferred.
If diesel fuel with sulphur content greater than
0.5% sulphur content is used, reduce the
service interval for engine oil and filter by 50%.
Do Not use diesel fuel with Sulphur content
greater than 1%.

Bio-diesel fuels may be used ONLY if the fuel


properties meet DIN E51606 or equivalent
specification.
DO NOT mix used engine oil or any other type of
lubricant with diesel fuel.
Low Sulphur Diesel Fuel Conditioner
When possible, use existing fuel formulations for
engines used off-highway. This fuel will not require
any additives to provide good performance and
engine reliability. However, many local fuel
distributors will not carry both low and regular
sulphur diesel fuels.

Handling and Storing Diesel Fuel


CAUTION

1. Handle diesel fuel carefully. Do not fill the


tank when engine is running.
2. DO NOT smoke while you fill the tank or
service the fuel system.
3. The fuel tank is vented through the filler
cap. Always replace the cap with an original
filler cap.

Fill the tank at the end of each days operation to


prevent condensation and freezing during cold
weather.
When fuel is stored for an extended period or if
there is a slow turn over of fuel, add a fuel
conditioner to stabilize the fuel and prevent water
condensation.

B50D 6X6 ADT

Mark all containers properly. Dispose of all old


containers and any residual lubricants they may
contain.

CONTAMINATED OILS AND FLUIDS


Whenever the engine oil or transmission or
hydraulic fluid is changed always inspect the old
oil and fluid for any signs of contamination (water
and foreign matter etc.) The presence of
contamination could indicate a fault in the system.
The old oil and hydraulic fluid filters must also be
checked for the presence of foreign matter.
Always use new, clean oil, fluids and filters when
replenishing the systems.

Measures to Prevent Fires


There is always a risk of fire.
Find out which type of fire extinguisher to use,
where it is kept and how to use it.
Any fire fighting equipment stored on the machine
must be maintained in working order.
At the slightest sign of fire, and if the situation
allows, take the following steps:

Move the machine away from the danger area.


Stop the engine and turn the ignition to the
OFF position.
Leave the cab.
Start putting out the fire and notify the fire
brigade if required.

Do not smoke or have a naked flame near a


machine when filling with fuel or when the fuel
system has been opened.
Diesel fuel oil is flammable and should not be used
for cleaning, use an approved solvent.
Remember that certain solvents can cause skin
rashes and are usually flammable. Do not inhale
solvent vapour.

Contact your fuel supplier for recommendations.

Lubrication Storage
Use clean containers to handle all lubricants.
Whenever possible, store lubricants and
containers in an area protected from dust,
moisture and other contamination. Store
containers on their side to avoid water and dirt
accumulation.

122

Store flammable starting aids in a cool, well


ventilated location. Remember that such aids
(starting gas) must not be used in connection with
preheating of the induction manifold.
Keep the work place clean. Oil and/or water on the
floor makes it slippery.

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Oil and/or water in close proximity to electrical


equipment or electrically powered tools are
dangerous and any spills should be cleaned up
immediately.
Oily clothes are a serious fire hazard.
Check daily that the machine and equipment are
free from dirt and oil. In this way the risk of fire is
reduced and it is easier to detect faulty or loose
components.

CAUTION

WARNING

If a high pressure jet is used for cleaning,


take great care as the insulation of electrical
leads can become damaged even at a
moderately high pressure and temperature.

872101

Refrigerant R134a
The air conditioning system contains refrigerant
R134a. Servicing, refilling or emptying of the
refrigerant R134a must only be done by trained
and qualified service personnel.

B50D 6X6 ADT

WARNING

1. Refrigerant R134a can cause frostbite, if it


comes into contact with bare skin.
2. The air conditioning system is pressurised. Never loosen the filling plug on the
compressor or any hose and pipe unions, as
an unintentional leak could result. If a leak is
suspected, do not try to refill the system.
Contact your BELL EQUIPMENT Representative.

Do not point the high pressure jet at personnel.

Avoid breathing in the air conditioner refrigerant


and lubricant vapour or mist. Exposure may irritate
the eyes, nose and throat.

Check if the electric leads have been damaged by


chafing which could lead to a short circuit and fire.

The refrigerant is under high pressure and the


system must be serviced by qualified personnel
only. Improper service methods may cause injury.

Check that there is no damage to hydraulic and


brake hoses caused by chafing.

If accidental system discharge occurs, ventilate


the work area before resuming work.

CAUTION

Switch OFF the battery disconnect switch or


disconnect the batteries, when welding on
the machine.

Welding and grinding may only be done on the


machine when it is placed in a clean area where
there are no fuel tanks, hydraulic pipes or similar
lying around. Take extra care when welding and
grinding near flammable objects. A fire
extinguisher should be kept handy.

Additional health and safety information may be


obtained from your refrigerant and lubricant
manufacturers.

Working on Painted Surfaces


When welding and cutting, the paint must first be
removed up to a distance of 100 mm (4") from the
welding or cutting point. Paint which is heated
gives off unhealthy gases.
Ideally paint should be removed using sand
blasting. If the paint cannot be removed using
sand blasting, it must be removed in some other
way for example using paint stripper or a high
speed grinder.
NOTE:When using paint stripper or a high
speed grinder, you must use a
portable air extractor, safety glasses
and protective gloves.

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CHAPTER 7

B50D 6X6 ADT

Working with Polymer Material


Polymer materials, such as rubber and certain
kinds of plastics, can give off gases when
heated.These gases can be dangerous to your
health and to the environment.
The following protective measures should be
taken:

Protect the polymer material from heat before


welding or cutting near the material.
Do not burn polymer materials when disposing
of them.

124

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CHAPTER 8

872101

CHAPTER 8. MENU DISPLAY UNIT AND ALPHA NUMERICAL DISPLAY


The MDU (Menu Display Unit) and the Alpha Numerical Screen work together to make the interface of
operator and machine more effective.
The MDU displays the selected menu and its different values, while the Alpha Numerical Display gives the
operator a more detailed message of what the MDU is displaying.
NOTE:In the Default Menu the bottom value on the MDU (10) can be altered by the operator to
display the information that the operator would prefer.

START-UP DISPLAY

COLD
START

COOLAN T
LEVEL

EMERGENCY
STEERIN G

ENGINE
FA ULT

PARK
BR AKE

BR AKE
PRESSUR E

BR AKE
TEMP

HYDR AULIC
TEMP / LEVEL

3
BATTERY
CH ARGE

RETAR DER

BIN
UP

TRA NSMISSION
FA ULT

INTER-A XLE
DIF F LOCK

DIFF LOCK /
HIGH RAN GE

20

MENU

40

50

km/h
20

60

30
mph

10

40

70

10
0
TRANS OIL
TEMP

50

80

NEXT

SR UOH

AIR
PRESSURE

BACK

MP R

30

COOLANT
TEMP

ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE

FUEL

SELECT
volts

STLOV

50D1001CFM

10

1).
2).
3).
4).
5).

Alpha Numerical Display Screen.


Menu Display Screen.
Menu Push Button.
Back Push Button.
Next Push Button.

6).
7).
8).
9).

Select Push Button.


First Line of Display; Gear Attained.
Second Line of Display; Engine R.P.M.
Third Line of Display; Total Machine
Operating Hours.
10). Fourth Line of Display; Configurable. 24V
Battery only with Machine Model Name in
the Alpha Numerical Display.

NOTE:1. There are six main menus (0-E), including the default menu, each with their own submenus.
2. Software MDU 4.0 at time of writing.

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CHAPTER 8

d05b lleb

n/min

4 13 2

7 . 7 2

5
6

2 1 7

2
3

volts

50D1002CFM

To change the bottom line display information in


the default menu:

Press NEXT button for 3 beeps until the


alpha numerical display screen shows the next
option.

NOTE:Bin Tip Counter is the first option


on the options list after the 28V
battery display value.

The amount of bin tip cycles will now be


displayed on the bottom line.

NOTE:The value displayed on the default


menu when the machine is switched
off, will be displayed as the default
menu when switched on again.
The following list are the options in sequence:

BINTIP COUNT
TRIP KM
TRIPTIME MIN
TRIPFUEL L/H
TRIPLOAD
ODO KM
LCKUP CLUTCH
CURRENT GEAR
TRANS TEMP C
RET TEMP C
RETADER TORQ
ENG TEMP C
ENG PRES BAR
BOOST PRESS KPA
ENG OIL LVL
FUEL CON L/H
ACTUAL TORQ
ENG RET TORQ
FUEL L
AIR PRES BAR
HYD TEMP C
BRAKE TEMP C

126

NOTE:1). To scroll from one option in the


default menu to the next option, just
press Next.
2). It is only necessary to press and
hold the Next button for 3 beeps
after the machine was shut down and
restarted and the operator wants to
change the setting of the last line on
the display screen.
3). A corresponding message will be
displayed on the Alpha Numerical
Display Screen for the option
selected.

TO SELECT BETWEEN MENUS


Press the MENU button to select the next menu.

Menu Option A
To get to menu A0 from the default menu, press
MENU button.
The following screen display will appear:

a
0

PAYLOAD
XXHXXMXXS
XX-XX-XXXX

S R E T N U OC

DEFAULT SCREEN

B50D 6X6 SDT

REV4D1001CFM

In menu A0 there are 4 sub menus and 5 subsub menus in sub-menu A1 and 1 sub-sub menu
in menu A2.
To go to sub-menu A101: Press Select.
To scroll between sub-menus A101 to A105,
press NEXT press button or BACK to get to
the previous menu.
To get back to menu A0, press and hold
BACK for 3 beeps or more.

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The following values are in the sub-menus:


Menu A1 : TRIP INFO,
Menu A2 : BINTIP COUNT,
Menu A3 : ODO KM,
Menu A4 : MACHINE HRS.

872101

To keep the value, press BACK to go to the


previous menu.
Sub-menu A1 has 5 sub-sub menus.
Menu A101
Menu A102
Menu A103
Menu A104
Menu A105

: TRIP KM RESET?,
: TRIPTIME MIN RESET?,
: TRIPFUEL L/H RESET?,
: TRIPLOAD RESET?,
: RESET ALL?.

OF N I P I R T

When in menu A0 and you want to go to menu


A2, Press SELECT and then NEXT.

Sub menu A2 has one sub-sub menu:


A201 : RESET?
To keep the value and not change it, Press
BACK push button for 3 beeps or more.

000000
Km

REV4D1002CFM

NOTE:When in a sub-menu and the BACK


press button is pressed for 3 beeps
or more, the system will go back to
menu A0.
To reset a value in this sub-menu: Press
SELECT push button to go to the sub-sub
menu.

To reset the value in menu A2, Press SELECT


to go to sub-sub menu A201 and press
SELECT again.
The system will go back to the sub-menu and the
value will be reset to ZERO.
NOTE:Menus A3 and A4 cannot be
reset.

Menu B Actual Values


The same procedure is followed to go into Submenus as for Menu A.
Menu B has three sub menus.

The Sub-sub menu will now appear.

B1 : ENG VALUES,
B2 : TRANS VALUES,
B3 : VEHICLE VAL

?TESER MK PIRT

Sub-menu B1 has eleven Sub-Sub-menus.

B101 : ENG. PRES. BAR


B102 : BOOST PRESS KPA
B103 : ENG. TEMP. C
B104 : THROTTLE POS
B105 : ACTUAL TORQ
B106 : ENG RET TORQ
B107 : ENG OIL LVL
B108 : FUEL CON (L/H)
B109 : ENG OIL TEMP C
B1010: FUEL TEMP C
B1011: INTAKE MANIFOLD TEMP C

101

000000
REV4D1003CFM

When in a sub-sub menu and SELECT is


pressed and hold for fifteen beeps, the system will
select or reset that value in the sub menu.

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CHAPTER 8

Sub-menu B2 has five Sub-Sub-menus.


B201
B202
B203
B204
B205

: TRANS TEMP C
: LCKUP CLUTCH
: CURRENT GEAR
: RETADER TORQ
: RET TEMP C

Sub-menu B3 has five Sub-Sub-menus.


B301
B302
B303
B304
B305

: AIR PRES BAR


: FUEL L
: BIN POS
: HYD TEMP C
: BRAKE TEMP C

The only other two menus that realy concerns the


perator is MENU D2, INTERMITTENT WIPER
TIMING and MENU D607, HOPPER SITE.

B50D 6X6 SDT

If set to ON, the truck can be driven up to 5 km/


h. If the travel speed exceeds 5 km/h and the truck
is stopped the auto zero routine will be executed.
If the truck has been driven for more than one
minute at a speed of higher than five Km/h, the
load will be frozen and any load added to the bin
after weight has been frozen will not be added to
the pay load.
This allows the truck to creep forward and not to
go into the auto zero function after coming to a
standstill.
If set to OFF, the moment the truck comes to a
standstill, the park brake is applied and the
transmission is in neutral, the auto zero routine will
be executed.

Menu D Machine Conf.

To set Hopper Site ON or OFF, scroll to


Menu D0.

The same procedure is followed to go into Submenus as for Menu A.

Press SELECT to goto MENU D1. Press next


until Menu D6 appears (OBW).

Menu D has eight sub menus;

Press SELECT to go to MENU D601. Press


NEXT 6 times to go to MENU D607, HOPPER
SITE. Press SELECT to go to MENU D6071
HOPPER SITE ON. Press SELECT and
hold for 3 beeps to select hoppe site ON or
press NEXT to go to MENU D6072 (HOPPER
SITE OFF). Press SELECT and hold for three
beeps to turn Hopper Site to OFF.

D2 : WIPER TIMING
Sub-menu D2 has eighteen Sub-Sub-menus.
D201 through D218 (From 3 seconds to 20
seconds)
Scroll to Menu D0:
Press Select button to choose MENU D1, then
press NEXT to go to MENU D2, WIPER
TIMING, Press SELECT again to go to MENU
D201. To change this value, Press next for the
next longer value or back for the previous lower
value.
On the desired value, press and hold SELECT
button for three beeps. The selected timing will
now be displayed in the window.

Scroll back to default menu.

Trip Load
This option on the default menu gives the
accumulated weight in metric tons since the last
reset of the Trip Load. (Example: If the trip
load was reset in the morning and has done 10
trips for the day; it will display the total amount
of tons moved for the ten trips).

Press BACK for 3 beeps to go to MENU D2


and BACK again to got to MENU D1. Press
BACK for 3 beeps to go to MENU D0.

MENU D607 (Hopper Site)


Use this function when loading at hopper sites.
Hopper site ON must be selected.
Stop the truck and allow system to auto zero
before loading. (See Pay Load on page 129).

128

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B50D 6X6 ADT

CHAPTER 8

Pay Load
This value is displayed in the Payload Menu. It
is the actual load on the bin. If the bin is empty, the
value displayed will be 0.
CAUTION

For accurate On Board Weighing


measurements it is important to allow the
Auto Zero function to complete the auto
zero routine before loading the truck. The
truck must stand still (Speed zero); The Park
Brake Applied (On) and the transmission
must be in N. After the Auto Zero routine
is complete, the MDU will beep and the
loading of the truck can begin.

The Pay Load is measured automatically by the


On Board Weighing System.
When the truck starts moving and has been
travelling for more than 1 minute at a speed of
more than 5 Km/h, the on board weighing system
controller will freeze the weight that it recorded
and if any weight is added after freeze it will not
be recorded and added onto the recorded freeze
pay load.

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872101

The On Board Weighing System has an


Auto Zero routine. This routine will record the
reading at Power-up and when the truck comes
to a stand still and wait for a stable reading from
the On Board Weighing System Controller.
When the auto zero mode is activated, Auto
Zero will be displayed on the Alpha Numerical
display Screen of the MDU.
The raw weight will be displayed on row 4 of the
LCD. After a successful auto zero the MDU will
beep once and return to weight measuring.
NOTE:If the MDU measures a difference of
more than one tonne since starting
the Auto Zero Routine, or the truck
starts moving, or the bin starts
tipping, the auto zero routine will be
abandoned and the previous zero
measurement is used.
To cancel the freeze value and start recording a
new pay load measuring, the bin must have been
fully tipped. This will reset the payload to zero.

On Board Weighing System (OBW)


The OBW weighs the load as it is loaded onto the
bin. It automatically add up the weight as it is
loaded.

129

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CHAPTER 9

872101

CHAPTER 9. SERIAL NUMBERS


NUMBERS

Engine Serial Number

Product Identification Number (P.I.N.)

Engine
serial Number (1) ________________________
P.I.N. (1)________________________________

Transmission Serial Number


Vehicle Identification Number

1
1

V.I.N. (1)________________________________

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Transmission
Serial Number (1) ________________________

131

872101

CHAPTER 9

Front Axle Serial Number

B50D 6X6 ADT

Rear Axle Serial Number

1
1

Front Axle
Serial Number (1) ________________________

Middle Axle Serial Number

Rear Axle
Serial Number ___________________________

Front Differential Serial Number

1
1

Middle Axle
Serial Number (1) ________________________

132

Front Differential
Serial Number (1) ________________________

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CHAPTER 9

Middle Differential Serial Number

872101

Keep your documented identification numbers,


photographs and inventory in a safe and secure
location.

Park Indoors And Out Of Sight


Make machines hard to move.
Park large equipment in front of exits.
Remove keys.
Remove batteries when in storage.

Lock cab doors, windows and latches.


Middle Differential
Serial Number (1)_________________________

Lock the building.

When Parking Outdoors

Rear Differential Serial Number

Make machines hard to move.


park in well-lighted, fenced area.
Lower all equipment to the ground.

Remove ignition keys.


Remove batteries when machines is in storage
Lock cab doors, windows and latches.

Rear Differential
Serial Number (1)_________________________

CRIME PREVENTION TIPS


Keep proof of ownership
Mark the machine
numbering system.

with

your

own

unique

Take photographs from several angles of your


machines.
Maintain an
machines.

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up-to-date

inventory

of

your

133

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SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE

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CHAPTER 10

872101

CHAPTER 10. MAINTENANCE SCHEDULES


Preventative maintenance is very important. It includes lubrication, checks and adjustments which the
operator can perform. Procedures which require BELL EQUIPMENT Product Support to perform are noted
in the instructions.
Most of these service measures are simple to carry out and do not need any detailed explanation. The
instructions which require specific procedures are detailed in this Chapter.

Maintenance Schedule in Running Hours


Details

Daily

Every
500

Every
1000

Every
2000

Every
4000

As
Required

ENGINE
For further maintenance and service procedures, refer to the Mercedes-Benz OM 502LA Manual.
Change the oil and oil filters

Drain water from the primary fuel filter check cold,


drain before starting).

Change the fuel depth filter.

Change the primary fuel filter/water separator.

Change secondary fuel filter. (Situated on engine).

Clean/replace the primer pump fuel screen.

Clean crankcase breather filter.

Check the coolant level.

Check the coolant mixture.

X (A)

Change the coolant.

X (A)

Adjust the valve clearance. (Every second oil change).

Replace fuel tank breather filter.

X (E)

Replace both fan belts.

X (D)

Check fan belt condition & replace if necessary.

Change the air cleaner primary filter.

Change the air cleaner secondary filter.

Clean the air intake pre-cleaner assembly.

Check the air cleaner service indicator.


Check the oil level,.

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X

137

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CHAPTER 10

B50D 6X6 ADT

Maintenance Schedule in Running Hours


Details

Daily

Every
500

Every
1000

Every
2000

Every
4000

As
Required

TRANSMISSION-ALLISON HD
Check for oil leaks.

Check transmission oil level.

Change the oil.

Change the filters.

X (B)
X

Check and clean transmission breather.

TRANSFER CASE
Change the oil filter.

Check the oil level. (Sight Glass).

Change the oil.

X (B)

Check and clean transfer case breather.

HYDRAULICS
Check the oil level.

Change the oil.

X (B)

Change the return filters.

X (E)

Change the breather filter.

X (E)

X (D)

X (D)

Replace the suction screens.

Test the brake accumulator function.

AXLES AND CHASSIS & SUSPENSION


Change the oil in all axles, wet disc brakes and clean
debris from all magnets.

Replace through drive differential axle oil filter.

Clean intermediate diff. oil strainer.

Check the park brake pads wear.

Check and adjust bin shock pad clearance

X (H)

Check conditions of all drive shafts.


Check and clean breathers of all axles.

138

X
X

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872101

Maintenance Schedule in Running Hours


Details

Daily

Every
500

Every
1000

Every
2000

Every
4000

As
Required

CAB, PNEUMATICS AND ELECTRICAL


Change the air drier filter.

Check the operator controls, buzzers and instruments.

Check the working lights, reverse buzzer and horn.

Check the electrical connections and wire routings for


chaffing.

Replace Pneumatic block breather filters (situated on


block)

Record and clear fault codes found on the MDU

Clean or replace air conditioner filters.

X (C)

LUBRICATION
Grease the hinges

Grease all remaining lube points. (If applicable).


Check the grease level in the auto greasing system.

X
X

Change the auto greasing filler filter.

Grease PTO propshaft front U-joint.

X (G)

GENERAL WALK ROUND


Check and clean coolers.

General check of driveline & suspension fasteners.


Check for fuel, water and oil leaks.
Check tyre pressures

X
X
X

NOTES:
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H

Refer to bulletin 2000/033 regarding water & coolant specification


Change intervals can be extended by oil sampling. Use kit 261677 for sampling the Allison transmission and axles and final
drives.
Daily depending on site conditions.
To be changed in wet & muddy conditions.(Note service kit applicable for this condition).
To be changed in dry & dusty conditions. (Note service kit available for this condition).
Refer to SIB 2004/1018.
Grease should meet DIN 51825 KP2-R-20, and not contain any solids such as Graphite or Molybdeendisulphide.
See SIB 97/105/07 for details of thickness.

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Torque all wheel nuts to 650 Nm. (480 ft lb.) after the first 5 hours of operation and again after 50 hours of
operation. Repeat the procedure if the wheels are changed.
The air conditioner internal filter should be cleaned every 50 hours (or as required, depending upon
conditions) and replaced if damaged.
The air conditioner external filter should be cleaned every 250 hours (or as required, depending upon
conditions) and replaced if damaged.

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CHAPTER 11. AS REQUIRED SERVICE


SECTION 1. ENGINE
INTRODUCTION
This chapter details services which are described
in the maintenance schedule as tasks which are
performed as required.
Some unscheduled maintenance tasks are also
included in this chapter.

SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS
Ensure that the machine is in the service position.
Refer to Pre-service Instructions, Chapter 7.

Engine
NOTE:For further engine information or
details not shown in this manual,
refer to the Mercedes-Benz Manual
OM 502LA
Check the alternator for security.

Check
the
Components

Engine

Compartment

Perform a general, visual check on the engine and


components in the engine compartment as
follows:
NOTE:Photo
taken
without
mounting for clarity.

Check all electrical connections to alternator for


proper tight installation.

engine

Ensure that the starter motor (1) is mounted


securely and not damaged.
Ensure all battery cables are tightly fastened on
the starter motor, earth bosses and batteries.
Ensure that the pipes and hoses and all linkages
are secure and not damaged.

Check the air conditioner compressor pump (1) for


cracks and security.
Inspect the alternator, air conditioner compressor
and water pump drive belt for cracks, fraying, wear
and tension.

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Check the transmission breather (1) for


cleanliness and security. Ensure that the
transmission breather pipe is secure.

Inspect the engine mounting bolts (1) for security.


Check that the rubber mountings (2) are secure
and not damaged.

2
1
1

Check the exhaust brake valve (1) and linkage for


damage and security.

Check the air pipe (2) on the exhaust brake valve


for security and leaks.
Check the manifolds for cracks, damage and
security.
Inspect the transmission mounting bolts (1) for
security.
Check that the rubber mountings (2) are secure
and not damaged.

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5
3

Check the transmission cooler (1) for damage and


security.
2

Check that the cooling pack mountings (2) are not


damaged and that the bolts (3) are secure.
Check the radiator fins for damage and
cleanliness. Ensure that there is no restriction to
the air flow.
Check the fan cowling (4) for damage and cracks.

Clean Cooling System


Turn battery disconnect switch OFF.

Check the cooling pack (1) for damage and


security.

Check the hoses and clamps for damage and


security.

CAUTION

Use a pressure washer and a mild detergent


that is not caustic to aluminium. Do not
spray cooling system fins at an angle. Fins
may bend.

Ensure that the mounting bolts and fan guard (5)


are secure.
Raise hood and wash front cooling system,
spraying from the engine side to the front.
Remove access covers and wash hydraulic
cooling system from the fan side out.
Clean cooling systems and grilles and keep them
clean.

Check for Oil and Fuel Leaks


Perform a visual inspection for oil and fuel leaks on
and around the engine and components inside the
engine compartment.

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Check all Hoses and Clamps


Visually inspect all the hoses in the engine
compartment for leaks, cracks, deterioration and
chafing damage.
Ensure that the hoses are routed correctly, all
securing straps are functional and undamaged.
Check that the hoses are fastened in the correct
position and no chafing can occur when the
machine is in use.
Check all the clamps in the engine compartment to
ensure that they are secure.

Check all Electrical Components,


Cables and Connections
Visually inspect all the sender units and switches
in the engine compartment for damage.
Ensure that the electrical cables and wires are
routed correctly and that all securing straps are
functional and undamaged.
Check that the cables and wires are fastened in
the correct position and no chafing can occur
when the machine is in use.
Check all the electrical connections in the engine
compartment to ensure that they are secure.

Check the Wiring


Check the wiring daily for security and to ensure
that no fraying has taken place.
Ensure that the connections are secure and that
the alternator, starter motor, air conditioner
compressor motor, buzzer and horn earth cables
are secure.
Visually inspect all the sender units and switches
for damage.

Check the exhaust stack, mounting bolts and


clamps for security and damage as well as the
heat shields.

Check the Engine Components


(External)
Check the exhaust pipes and mounting bolts and
clamps for security and damage.

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Check The Air Cleaner


7

3
1

Check the level of the dirt in the bowl, if it reaches


the level (1) marked on the bowl, the bowl must be
cleaned.

5
Check the air cleaner assembly for damage to the
air cleaner (1) and pre-cleaners (2 & 3).

Clean the Air Cleaner Pre-cleaner


Bowls

Check the rubber elbow (4) and connecting pipes


(5), clamps (6) and mounting bolts for security and
damage.

Check service indicator (7) for damage.

Check that the service indicator is not showing a


red flag, re-set if necessary.

Remove the wing nut (1) securing the lid (2) to the
bowl (3).

1
2
1
Check that the vacuator valves (1 & 2) is
undamaged and free from obstruction.
2

Remove the lid (1) and bowl (2) from the precleaner body (3).
Remove the dirt from the bowl and clean the bowl
with a lint-free cloth.

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Install first the bowl then the lid onto the precleaner body and secure them with the wing nut.

Check the Air Cleaner Service


Indicator

Remove the primary filter element (1) from the air


cleaner housing.
Discard the primary filter element, do not re-use.

Check the indication window (1) on the air cleaner


service indicator.
If the window shows a red flag, the air cleaner filter
element must be changed.

Change the Primary Filter Element

Clean the air filter housing inside and the end


cover with a damp cloth and inspect for damage.
Install the new primary filter element into the air
cleaner housing and secure with the wing nut. Do
not over-tighten the wing nut.
Install the end cover and secure with the wing nut.
Check the end cover to ensure that it is fitted
correctly with the arrows pointing up.

Change the Secondary Filter Element


1

NOTE:At minimum, secondary element


must be replaced every third time
primary filter is replaced.

1
1
Loosen the clips (1) and remove the end cover
from the air cleaner housing.

Remove and inspect secondary element (1).


Replace if necessary.

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Wipe housing clean with a lint free cloth. Squeeze


unloader valve to empty air cleaner housing of
dust and debris.
Install secondary filter element, ensure that it is
evenly and firmly seated.
Install primary filter element, ensure that it is firmly
and evenly seated.
Install air cleaner cover and fasten clasps.
Press top of service indicator to reset flag.

Drain the Racor Fuel Filter

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Inspect Tires and Check Pressure

B50D 6X6 ADT

WARNING

Improperly inflated tires can cause excessive heat built-up, excessive or uneven tire
wear, rim damage resulting in blowouts.

Ensure that valve caps are installed.


Check for wear and cuts to tires. If in doubt,
consult your local authorized dealer. (See decal
for pressures).

Connect a pipe to the outlet (1) and hang the other


point in a container.
Loosen the nut (2) on the Racor fuel filter.
Drain the accumulated water.
Tighten the wing nut when fuel flows out water
free.
Remove the pipe.

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CHAPTER 11. AS REQUIRED SERVICE


SECTION 2. HYDRAULICS
CHECK THE BREATHER, HOSES AND
CONNECTIONS

Check the Tip Cylinders, Hoses, Pipes


and Connections
3
2

1
4

1
Check the tip cylinders (1) for damage and leaks.
Check breather (1) for damage and security.
Check that the hoses and connectors are secure
and not damaged.

Check the Steering Cylinders, Hoses


and Connections

Ensure that the connections (2), pipes (3) and


hoses (4) are secure and undamaged.

Check the Main Hydraulic Pump,


Hoses and Clamps

Check both of the steering cylinders for damage


and leaks and ensure that the mountings are
secure.
Ensure that the hydraulic hoses and connections
(1) are secure and undamaged.

Check the main hydraulic pump mounting bolts


(1), connections (2) and hoses (3) for security.
Check the hoses and connections for damage and
leaks.

Check that the lubrication hoses are secure and


not damaged.

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Check the Emergency Steering Pump,


Hoses and Clamps

B50D 6X6 ADT

Axles and Chassis


Inspect all pipes, hoses, clamps and connections
on the axles and differentials for security.

3
Ensure that the hoses cannot chafe against
moving parts.

Check all the axles for damage and security.


1

Check all the differentials for signs of leaks,


damage and security.
Check all the driveshafts for damage and security.
Check that the sandwich blocks are not damaged
and that the securing bolts are secure.

Ensure that the walking beam and joints are not


damaged and that the securing bolts are secure.

Check the emergency steering pump (1) mounting


bolts, connections (2) and hoses (3) for security.
Check the hoses and connections for damage and
leaks.

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CHAPTER 12. DAILY OR 10 HOURLY SERVICE CHECKS


SECTION 1. ENGINE
INTRODUCTION
2

The daily or 10 hourly service checks must be


performed by qualified service personnel.
It is recommended that the daily or 10 hourly
service checks are performed in conjunction with
the Walk Round Checks so that the operator can
assist in the service checks which require two
people.

SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS
Ensure that the machine is in the service position.
Refer to Pre-service Instructions, Chapter 7.

Engine
NOTE:For further engine information or
details not shown in this manual,
refer to the Mercedes-Benz Manual
OM 502LA.

Remove the dipstick and check that the oil level


reaches the upper mark (1) on the dipstick.
NOTE:When the oil is hot, the oil level must
be on the top mark (1) of the dipstick,
but not above it. When the oil is cold,
ensure that the level is between
marks (1) and (2), but not below mark
(2).

Open the bonnet.


Check the bonnet catch for damage and ensure
that the bolts are secure.

Check the Oil Level

Re-insert the dipstick, ensuring that it is properly


seated and fasten the dipstick clip.
If necessary, replenish the engine oil.

Check the Coolant Level

WARNING

Check the coolant level when the engine is


cold. Whenever the cap on the expansion
tank needs to be removed, remember that
the system may be under pressure which
could cause hot coolant to be ejected.

Remove the dipstick (1).


1
Wipe the dipstick clean with a lint free cloth.
Re-insert the dipstick, ensuring that it is properly
seated.

The coolant must be between the maximum and


minimum marks on the sight glass (1).

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CAUTION

When coolant is drained from the cooling


system, it must be replaced with the
recommended coolant specified by the
manufacturer.

B50D 6X6 ADT

Check Engine Air Intake System


1

2
If the coolant level is not correct, top up with
coolant. Refer to Specifications, Chapter 1 Recommended Lubricants and Coolant
Additives.
NOTE:If there is too much coolant in the
tank, when cold, the tank will purge
itself and overflow with excess
coolant.

1
3
5
6

Check air cleaner assembly for damage to the precleaner (1) and air cleaner housing (2).
Check the service indicator (3) is not showing a
red flag. If red flag is shown; service air cleaner
and reset indicator. (See Service Engine Air
Intake System in Maintenance - As Required
Section).
Check rubber elbows (4), clamps (5) and pipes (6)
for tightness, cracks or damage.

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SECTION 2. TRANSMISSION
TRANSMISSION
Check the machine for oil leaks in the region of the
transmission.

Push-button Check-(Electronic
Transmission Fluid Level Check)
The electronic method of checking the
transmission fluid level incorporates a fluid level
sensor to display the fluid level on the shift
selector.
The electronic method compensates for
transmission temperature between 65C to 104C
(149F to 220F). Any temperature below 65C
(149F) or above 104C (220F) will result in an
Invalid for Display condition.

The normal operating temperature of the


transmission fluid is 71C to 93C (160F to
200F), measured at the transmission sump.
The reading obtained on the digital analogue will
show the temperature measured at the
transmission convertor out. Note that this
temperature is normally higher than the sump
temperature.
The following procedure must be used to check
the transmission fluid level using the push-button
shift selector:

Press the (UP) and (DOWN) arrow buttons (1)


simultaneously.

NOTE:The fluid level check may be delayed


until the following conditions are
met:

Ensure that the machine is parked on a level


surface and the park brake is applied.
Allow the engine to run at idle in N (Neutral).

The fluid temperature is above 65C (149F)


and below 104C (220F).
The transmission is in neutral.
The machine has been stationary for
approximately two minutes to allow the fluid to
settle.
The engine is at idle.
The transmission output shaft is stopped.
NOTE:The indication of a delayed fluid level
check is a flashing display and a
digital countdown from 8 to 1.

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Check the characters displayed.


The fluid level information is sequentially
displayed on the digital analogue as in the
following examples.

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Correct Fluid Level


O then L are displayed (OL represents Fluid
(oil) Level Check Mode), followed by O then K
(OK represents Oil Level is OK). The sensor
display and the transmission dipstick may not
agree because the oil level sensor compensates
for fluid temperature.
NOTE:1 quart is approximately equal to 1
litre.
Low Fluid Level
O then L are displayed (OL represents Fluid
(oil) Level Check Mode), followed by L then O
(LO represents Low Oil Level) and the number of
quarts that the transmission fluid is low e.g. 0
then 2 indicates 2 additional quarts/litres of fluid
will bring the fluid level within the middle of the
OK zone.

B50D 6X6 ADT

High Fluid Level


O then L are displayed (OL represents Fluid
(oil) Level Check Mode), followed by H then I
(HI represents High Oil Level) and the number of
quarts that the transmission is over filled e.g. O
then 1 indicates 1 quart/litre of fluid above the full
transmission level.
Replenish or drain the transmission fluid as
required. Refer to Change the Transmission
Fluid and Filter (next instruction in this Chapter).
NOTE:The maximum Low Oil Level and
High Oil Level values are 04. If the
transmission fluid level is lower or
higher than 4 quarts/litres, the fluid
level will have to be checked twice to
obtain the correct reading.
If a condition occurs which prevents the display of
fluid level information, the Invalid for Display will
show the reason as follows:
Invalid for Display
O then L is displayed (OL represents Fluid
(oil) level Check Mode), followed by a numerical
display. The numerical display is a fault code and
indicates conditions are not correct to receive the
fluid level information, or that there is a system
malfunction. The numbers are fault codes.

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The fault codes are as follows:


Reading

Result

Action

OL OK

Oil Level OK

None: Check complete

OL Lo

Oil Level Low

Add the number of litres of oil indicated by #

OL Hi

Oil Level High

Drain the number of litres of oil indicated by #

OL 0X

Setting time too short

Allow oil to settle by letting machine idle in neutral for


several seconds

OL 50

Engine Speed (r.p.m.)too low

Increase engine speed

OL 59

Engine Speed (r.p.m.)too high

Reduce engine speed

OL 65

Neutral not selected

Select neutral and repeat the check

OL 70

Sump oil temperature too low

Operate machine under light load until temperature is


within range. Partially raise bin to disengage side
cooling fan while performing check.

OL 79

Sump oil temperature too high

Run engine at slow idle until temperature is within


range. Inspect and clean side cooling system. (See
Inspect and Clean Cooling System in Maintenance As Required Section

OL 89

Output shaft is rotating

Stop machine and engage park brake. If park brake


does not hold machine, Refer to BELL EQUIPMENT
Product Support.

OL 95

Sensor failure

Refer to BELL EQUIPMENT Product Support.

Correct the problem as indicated above.


When all the conditions have been met, the
countdown resumes where it stopped.
NOTE:Report sensor failure or any problem
you are having difficulty with to your
nearest
BELL
EQUIPMENT
representative.

To exit the fluid level display mode, press


either the D, N or R button on the shift
selector.
Perform a general, visual check on the
transmission and components.

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SECTION 3. TRANSFER CASE
CHECK THE TRANSFER CASE FLUID
LEVEL

Check the transfer case fluid level at the sight


glass (1).
Drain or add oil as necessary. (See Change
Transfer Case Oil in 2000 hours service).

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SECTION 4. HYDRAULICS, CAB AND ELECTRICAL
HYDRAULICS

Check the Hydraulic Fluid Level


Ensure that the bin is in the lowered position.

Apply the service brakes repeatedly to make


the pump re-charge a few times. Discontinue
applying the brakes in a re-charge cycle while
the pump is still charging (to ensure the brakes
are not consuming oil after the pump stops,
wait 4 seconds while listening to the engine.
Engine revolutions must go up after pump
stops).
Switch off the engine.
Switch the ignition on an wait until the warning
lights extinguishes.
Fully apply the service brakes and count the
number of applications before the accumulator
low pressure light illuminates.

NOTE:If less than two full applications,


have the system checked by a BELL
EQUIPMENT serviceman.

Cab and Electrical


Check
the
Instruments

Operators

Controls

and

Carry out a functional check on all controls and


instruments daily. Refer to Chapter 2 - Operator
Control and Instruments.

Check for error codes on the MDU. If


necessary, Contact Bell Equipment
Service Department.
Check all Working Lights, Reverse Buzzer and
Horn
Check the hydraulic fluid level in the sight
glass (1).
The fluid level must be on the mark (2) with the
engine shut down and the machine parked on
level surface.
If necessary replenish the fluid in the hydraulic
tank. Refer to Specifications, Chapter 1 Recommended Lubricants and Coolants.

Service Brake Accumulator Routine


Test

Two people are needed to perform this check. One


person inside the cab to control the switches and
the other outside to ensure all the lights are
working. Refer to Specifications, Chapter 1 Recommended Lubricants and Coolants.

Switch all the lights on in turn, including


headlight (dipped and high beam), indicators,
hazard and brake lights.
Make sure the path is clear behind the
machine, and then reverse to ensure the
buzzer and reverse lights are working.

Start engine. Wait until main pump has fully


charged the accumulators (Listen to the tone
of the engine, while charging the engine
revolutions will be lower).

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Check the Head lights - Bright and dip to ensure


bulbs are working.
1

Check rear lights - tail, brake and indicators.


Check bin switch for damage.

Ensure that the reverse buzzer (1) is securely


mounted.

Functionally test the horns and ensure that they


are securely mounted.

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SECTION 5. LUBRICATION
AUTO GREASING SYSTEM
The system can be selected for Standard, Low,
Normal and heavy duty cycles via a switch inside
the cab. (See Chapter 2, Section 3, Switches).
All the grease points are connected to the auto
grease pump.
NOTE:To ensure trouble free operation, it is
advised that a daily inspection
(before start-up) is undertaken of the
lube points served by the Auto
Greasing System. A Dry point will
indicate damage to the grease lines
or specifically of one of the metering
units.

The pump and reservoir is located on the right


hand side of the truck between the mudguard and
the chassis.
The reservoir is refilled via a grease nipple (1) on
the side of the unit.
The pump Test/Reset button (2) is situated on the
pump, next to the filler nipple.

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INDEX

A
ABBREVIATION LIST - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 23
ACCELERATOR AND BRAKE PEDALS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 54
AIR CONDITIONER - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 75
B
BRAKING - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 95
BULLETINS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 41
C
Cab and Electrical - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 159
CHAPTER 1. SPECIFICATIONS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 45
CHAPTER 2. OPERATOR CONTROL AND INSTRUMENTS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 53
CHAPTER 3. PROCEDURES BEFORE STARTING - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 83
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 83
CHAPTER 4. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 87
Safety Rules - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 87
CHAPTER 5. OPERATING TECHNIQUES - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 101
SAFETY RULES - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 101
CHAPTER 6. RECOVERY AND TRANSPORTATION - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 107
CHAPTER 7. PRE-SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 115
CHAPTER 8. MENU DISPLAY UNIT AND ALPHA NUMERICAL DISPLAY - - - - - - - 125
CHAPTER 9. SERIAL NUMBERS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 131
CHAPTER 10. MAINTENANCE SCHEDULES - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 137
CHAPTER 11. AS REQUIRED SERVICE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 141
CHAPTER 12. DAILY OR 10 HOURLY SERVICE CHECKS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 151
CHECK THE TRANSFER CASE FLUID LEVEL - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 157
CIRCUIT BREAKER PANEL - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 77
D
Daily Walk Round Check - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 85
DECALS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 33
DECELERATION AND STOPPING - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 94
DIESEL FUEL - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 121
Differential Lock - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 96
Downhill Operation - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 103
Driving - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 93

163

INDEX

F
FIRE EXTINGUISHER - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 81
FUSES AND DIODES - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 78
G
Gear Hold Switch - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 73
Gear Shift Control - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 60
Gear Shifting - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 93
H
High/Low Range Switch - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 72
HORNS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 80
HYDRAULICS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 159
I
INDICATORS
Bin Raised - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 68
Inter-axle Differential Lock - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 68
Indicators - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 65
Inspect Tires and Check Pressure - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 147
INSTALL THE ARTICULATION SAFETY BAR - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 116
INSTALL THE BIN PROP - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 116
INSTRUMENTS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 61
INTRODUCTION - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 53
L
LIGHTS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 76
LOADING THE MACHINE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 99
LOWER AND RAISE THE BELLY PLATE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 117
Lower The Cab - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 119
Lowering the Bin - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 99
LUBRICANTS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 49
M
Machine Dimensions - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 48
MACHINE LIFTING POINTS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 111
MACHINE TIE-DOWN POINTS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 113
Mechanically Release Park Brake - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 109
MENU DISPLAY SCREEN - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 64
MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 79

164

INDEX

O
Off-road Operation - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 104
OPERATING INDOORS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 100
OPERATORS SEAT - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 55
Overnight Parking - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 100
P
Park Brake Control Lever - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 59
R
Racor Fuel Filter - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 147
Raising the Bin - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 99
RELAYS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 79
Relieve Pneumatic Pressure - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 117
Retarder Switch/Lever - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 58
Retarders - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 94
RULES WHEN SERVICING - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 121
S
SAFETY - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25
General - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 26
Material Safety - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 26
Protective Clothing - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 29
Unauthorised Modifications - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 26
SCREEN - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 126
SERIAL NUMBER PLATES - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 52
Service Brake Accumulator Routine Test - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 159
Service Capacities - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 47
SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 141
SERVICE POSITION - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 115
Start Button - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 74
Starting the Engine - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 89
START-UP DISPLAY - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 125
STEERING - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 99
STEERING WHEEL - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 54
Stuck Machine - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 105
Rocking Out - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 106
Sulfer Content - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 122
SWITCHES - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 69

165

INDEX

T
Tilt and lower the cab - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 118
Tip Control Lever - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 59
TORQUE SETTINGS - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 50
Towing a Machin - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 107
TRAINER SEAT - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 57
TRANSPORT OPERATION - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 103
TRANSPORTING - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 113
Travel Speeds - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 47
Tyre Information - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 31
U
Unloading - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 105
Uphill Operation - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 103
USING BOOSTER BATTERIES - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 90
W
WINDSCREEN WASHER WATER RESERVOIR - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 80

166