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Sampling Distributions

1. A(n) ________________ is a numerical descriptive measure of a


population, usually unknown.

average
statistic
parameter
point estimator

2. A(n)_____________ of a population parameter is a rule or formula that


tells us how to use the sample data to calculate a single number that can
be used to estimate the population parameter.

parameter
statistic
average
point estimator

3. If the sampling distribution of a sample statistic has a mean equal to the


population parameter the statistic is intended to estimate, the statistic is
said to be

an unbiased estimate of the parameter.


a low standard error of the statistic.
a biased estimate of the parameter.
a point estimation of the parameter.

4. The amount of time that it takes to complete a statistic exam has a


skewed left distribution with a mean of 60 minutes and a standard
deviation of 6 minutes. If 25 students are randomly sampled, determine
the probability that the sample mean of the sampled students is less than
70 minutes.

0.3345
0.1252
approximately 0
approximately 1

5. The time that it takes to find a taxi when leaving a restaurant follows a left
skewed distribution with a mean of 12 minutes and a standard deviation
of 3 minutes. If 100 restaurant patrons are randomly sampled as to the
amount of time that it takes for them to find a taxi, what type of sample
distribution will be yielded?

normal distribution, mean = 12 minutes, standard deviation =


0.3 minutes
normal distribution, mean = 12 minutes, standard deviation =
0.3 minutes
left skewed distribution, mean = 12 minutes, standard deviation
= 0.3 minutes
left skewed distribution, mean = 12 minutes, standard deviation
= 3 minutes

6. A researcher is studying the number of trees that contain a certain type of


locust in the Smoky Mountains each year. He has found an average of
25% of the trees contain the locust with a standard deviation of 4%. If 100
trees were randomly sampled, which of the following statements about
the sampling distribution of the sample mean percent is incorrect?

The mean of the sampling distribution is approximately 25%.

The standard deviation of the sampling distribution is .


The shape of the sampling distribution is approximately normal.
The standard deviation of the sample mean percent is
approximately 4%.

7. Statisticians use the Central Limit Theorem when studying sampling


distributions because

the shape of the sample distribution is not important when the


population size is greater than 30.
the shape of the population distribution is not important when
the sample size is greater than 30.
the shape of the population is not important when the sample
size is greater than 30.
the size of the sample is not important when the population is
approximately normally distributed.

8. A researcher has selected a random sample of 30 observations from an


infinitely large population of known mean equal to 50 and standard
deviation equal to 5. What is the probability that the mean of the sample
distribution will be greater than 51?
9. A manufacturer of light bulbs claims that the distribution of the light bulb
life span has a mean of 60 hours and a standard deviation of 4 hours.
The competition decides to check this claim by purchasing 30 light bulbs
and testing them to determine the life span of the light bulbs. If the
manufacturer's claim is true, how will the sampling distribution of the 30
light bulbs compare to the reported population distribution?

The sampling distribution will have a median of 60 hours.


The sampling distribution will have a standard deviation of 4
hours.
The sampling distribution will be approximately normal with a
mean of 60 hours.
The sampling distribution will be approximately the same as the
population distribution, skewed if the population is skewed,
normal if the population is normal.

10 . A manufacturer of light bulbs claims that the distribution of the light bulb
life span has a mean of 60 hours and a standard deviation of 4 hours.
The competition decides to check this claim by purchasing 30 light bulbs
and testing them to determine the life span of the light bulbs. What is the
probability that the competition will find that the sample has a mean of 55
hours or fewer?

approximately 0

approximately 1

11 . If the competition finds that the mean of the sample population is 55


hours, what can be said about the manufacturer's claims that the light
bulbs mean life span is 60 hours?
The competition could state that the manufacturers claim is
probably true.
The competition could not state that the manufacturers claim is
untrue.
The competition could not state that the manufacturers claim is
probably true.
The competition could state that the manufacturers claim is
probably untrue.

12 . A local credit card agency reported to the government that the average
unpaid balance for their customers is $5500 with a standard deviation of
$500. If an auditor randomly sampled 10 of the credit card company's
customers, find the probability that the mean of the sampling distribution
would be less than $5700.

13 . A local credit card agency reported to the government that the average
unpaid balance for their customers is $5500 with a standard deviation of
$500. If an auditor randomly sampled 10 of the credit card company's
customers, find the probability that the mean of the sampling distribution
would fall between $5400 and $5600.

14 . A population is known to have a left skewed distribution with a mean 400


and a standard deviation of 25. If a sample with size 50 is drawn at
random from the population, the sampling distribution will be

left skewed with a mean of 400.


normally distributed with a standard deviation of
25.
normally distributed with a mean of 400.
left skewed with a standard deviation of 25.
15 . A population is known to have a left skewed distribution with a mean 400
and a standard deviation of 25. If a sample with size 50 is drawn at
random from the population, what is the probability that the sampling
distribution will have a mean less than 350?