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1

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dvb t 9667919
ISBN

978-984-90538-8-0

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(Introduction)
eZgvb wek Z_ chywi hyM gvbyl KZ wKQzB bv Avwevi KiQ aygv gvbyli KvR jv wKfve,
KZ mnR Kiv hvq| G wPv PZbvB e mevB| Avi GiB avivevwnKZvq eZgvb weki mePq
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Kivi gvbyl h mKj Kgv ewk eenvi Ki _vK m mKj Kgv jvK KzBK GKmm&
Uzjevii gvag eenvi Kivi myweav c`vb KiQ| bZzb _xg I Ugc U mshy Kivi myweav c`vb|
wieb& Kgv jvK GK GKwU Mc fvM Ki Lye my`i fve Dcvcb KiQ| _xgwU Kvjvi
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wewfb aibi dvskb Gi eenvi, Ges eveg~Lx wKQz cR Gi gvag cvMvgwUi wewfb aibi KvR
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www.bookbd.info
facebook.com/ebookbd
infobook7@gmail.com
9

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1. gvBvmdU& Awdm 2013 mdU&Iqvi `Iqv AvQ|
2. eBq eeZ cR D wWwfwWZ `qv AvQ|
4. wfwWI wUUvwiqvj `Iqv AvQ|

10

11

12

Aavq 01t Gj cwiwPwZ (Introduction)------------------------------------------------------------------21


Aavq 02t IqvKkxU ewmK (Worksheet Basic)--------------------------------------------------------29
Aavq 03t AwZ chvRbxq dgwUs (Essential Formating)----------------------------------------------------53
Aavq 04t wieb& Ue Ges Mc Uzji eYbv (Description of Ribbon Tab & Group Tools )---------77
Aavq 05t KzBK GKmm& Uzjevi (Quick Access Tollbar) --------------------------------------------------113
Aavq 06t Gj Gi ewmK dg~jv (Excel Formula Basic)------------------------------------------------ 131
Aavq 07t PvU Zwi I PvU Gi eenvi (Creating and Using Chart)--------------------------------------- 141
Aavq 08t dvskb (Function)--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 161
Aavq 09t WUveR gvbRgU wmg (Database management system)--------------------------201
Aavq 10t gvv wK? (What is Macro?) -----------------------------------------------------------229
Aavq 11t Gj mfb cvMvg cwiwPwZ (Introduceing Excel Seven Program)----------------------239
Aavq 12t Gj Ub cvMvg cwiwPwZ (Introduceing Excel Ten Program)----------------------------253
Aavq 13 t wcfU Uwej-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------267
(Project)-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------273
cR 1 t Kwgkb wbaviY (Comision Set)------------------------------------------------------------273
cR 2 t gRyix wbavib (Wages Set) ------------------------------------------------------------------279
cR 3 t AvqKi wbavib (Income Tax) --------------------------------------------------------------284
cR 4 t we`yr wej wbaviY (Electrecity Bill Set) -------------------------------------------------289
cR 5 t AcPq wbaviY (Depreciation Set) --------------------------------------------------------294
cR 6 t mvjvix wbaviY (Salary Set) ----------------------------------------------------------------301
cR 7 t Kwgkbmn mvjvix wbaviY (Commission With Salary)------------------------------307
cR 8 t wWwfkb cwZZ iRv kxU Zwi (Create Result Sheet use Division Method )---313
cR 9 t MwWs cwZZ iRv kxU Zwi (Create Result Sheet use Division Method )------319
cR 10 t gvKkxU Zwi (Create Marksheet)---------------------------------------------------------------326

13

Aavq 01t Gj cwiwPwZ (Introduction)-------------------------------------------------------21


1.1 Gj wewfb fvmb mK wKQy K_v (About Excel) -----------------------------------21
1.2 gvBvm&dU Awdm 2013 Bbjkb cmm-------------------------------------------------21
1.3 Gj wK? (What is Excel?)--------------------------------------------------------------23
1.4 IqvKeyK wK? (What is Workbook?) ---------------------------------------------------23
1.5 IqvKkxU wK? (What is Worksheet?) --------------------------------------------------24
1.6 cWkxU wK? (What is Spreadsheet?)-------------------------------------------------24
1.7 wKfve Gj cvMvg Pvjy Kieb (Starting the Excel Program)------------------25
1.8 Gj cvMvgi xb cwiwPwZ (Excel Interface Description)----------------------27

(Worksheet Basic)---------------------------------------------29
2.1 wKfve bZzb WzKvgU Zwi Kieb (How To Create New Document)---------29
2.2 wKfve bZzb IqvKkxU Zwi Kieb (How To Create New Worksheet)--------31
2.3 wKfve GKwU IqvKeyK mf Kieb (How To Save a Workbook)----------------33
2.4 wKfve IqvKeyK Icb Kieb (How To Open The Workbook)-----------------34
2.5 GKwU bZzb Kjvg Zwi (Create A New Column)------------------------------------36
2.6 GKwU bZzb iv Zwi (Create A New Row)--------------------------------------------38
2.7 IqvKkxU Gi bvg cwieZb (Change the Worksheet Name)-----------------------40
2.8 wKfve IqvKkxU Ue Gi is cwieZb Kieb (Change Color the Worksheet
Tab) 42
2.9.1 wKfve KvmiK/mj cqUviK Kjvgi mekl wbeb| (Use of Cursor)----------43
2.9.2 wKfve KvmiK/mj cqUviK Kjvgi Gi me c_g wbeb|------------------------44
2.9.3 wKfve Kvmi/mj cqUviK iv Gi mekl wbeb| ---------------------------------45
2.9.4 wKfve Kvmi/mj cqUviK iv Gi mekl wbeb -----------------------------------46
2.9.5 mj mK wKQy K_v (About Cell)----------------------------------------------------47
2.9.6 mj G wKfve WvUv GwU Kieb----------------------------------------------------------- 49
2.9.7 mj Gi WvUv wKfve GwWU Kieb--------------------------------------------------------50
-

(Essential Formating)-----------------------------------------53
3.1.1 UU Gi dU cwieZb--------------------------------------------------------------------- 53
3.1.2 UU Gi Kvjvi cwieZb ------------------------------------------------------------------- 54
3.1.4 UUK Muvo Kiv -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 55
3.1.5 UUK evuKv Kiv -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 56
3.1.6 UU G Avvi jvBb `Iqv ----------------------------------------------------57
3.2 wKfve AvovAvwo ev KvYvKzwb fve wjLvK Dcvcb Kieb----------------------------- 58
3.2.1| 450 wWwM KvYvKzwb Ki wjLvK Dcvcb Kiv ---------------------------------------- 58
3.2.2| 900 wWwM LvovLvwo Ki wjLvK Dcvb Kiv| ----------------------------------------- 59
3.2.3| -450 wWwM KvYvKzwb Ki wjLvK Dcvcb Kiv------------------------------------------- 60
14

3.2.4| -900 wWwM LvovLvwo Ki wjLvK Dcvcbv Kiv| ------------------------------------------62


3.3 UUK gvoK Ki wjLv (wrap text)----------------------------------------------------------------------63
3.4 bv^vi digwUs (Number Formating) ------------------------------------------------------------64
3.4.1 Rbvij digU Gi eenvi---------------------------------------------------------------------------65
3.4.2 Kgv (Comma) digU Gi (,) wP eenvi---------------------------------------------------------65
3.4.3 `kwgK (Metric) digU Gi (.) wP eenvi-------------------------------------------------------66
3.4.4 Kviw (Currency) digU Gi ($) wP eenvi -------------------------------------------------67
3.4.5 cviU (Percentage) digU Gi (%) wP eenvi-----------------------------------------------68
3.4.6 bv^vii gvS wKfve dKkb (Fraction) eenvi------------------------------------------------69
(Border Formating)-------------------------------------------------------------------70
(Fill Color Formating)-------------------------------------------------------------73
(Description of Ribbon Tab & Group Tools )..77
cwiwPwZ--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4.1. nvg wieb& Ue


---------78
4.1.1 wKcevW Mc Gi eenvi I cwiwPwZ -----------------------------------------------------------------78
4.1.2 dU Mci eenvi I cwiwPwZ ------------------------------------------------------------------------78
4.1.2 wKcevW Mc Gi eenvi I cwiwPwZ------------------------------------------------------------------79
4.1.3 GjvBbgU Mci eenvi I cwiwPwZ ---------------------------------------------------------------80
4.1.4 bv^vi Mci eenvi I cwiwPwZ ----------------------------------------------------------------------82
4.1.5 vBjm& Mci Gi eenvi I cwiwPwZ ---------------------------------------------------------------83
4.1.6 vBjm& Mci Gi eenvi I cwiwPwZ ----------------------------------------------------------------85
4.1.6.1 wKfve mj BbmvU Kieb ? ----------------------------------------------------------------------86
15

4.1.6.2 wKfve iv BbmvU Kieb ?------------------------------------------------------------------------87


4.1.6.3 wKfve Kjvg BbmvU Kieb ? --------------------------------------------------------------------87
4.1.6.4 wmj Kgv Gi eenvi ? -------------------------------------------------------------------------88
4.1.6.5 wKfve mj wWjU Kieb ? ----------------------------------------------------------------------88
4.1.6.6 wKfve iv wWjU Kieb ? -----------------------------------------------------------------------89
4.1.6.7 wKfve Kjvg wWjU Kieb ? ---------------------------------------------------------------------90
4.1.6.8 digU Kgv eenvi ? -----------------------------------------------------------------------------91
4.1.6.9 wKfve iv nvBU evoveb ? -----------------------------------------------------------------------91
4.1.6.10 wKfve AUv wdU iv nvBU Kieb ? ------------------------------------------------------------92
4.1.6.11 wKfve Kjvg IqvBW evoveb ? ------------------------------------------------------92
4.1.6.12 wKfve AUvwdU Kjvg IqvBW mU? -------------------------------------------------93
4.1.6.13 wKfve kxUK cvU kxU mU Kieb ? ------------------------------------------93
-------------------------------------------------------------------------96
4.2.1 Uwejm& Mci eenvi I cwiwPwZ --------------------------------------------------------96
4.2.2 PvUm& Mci eenvi I cwiwPwZ-----------------------------------------------------------97
4.2.3 vKjvBbm& Mci eenvi I cwiwPwZ ---------------------------------------------------98
---------------------------------------------------------------------103
4.3.1 _xgm& Mci eenvi I cwiwPwZ ---------------------------------------------------------103
4.3.2 cR mUAvc Gi eenvi-----------------------------------------------------------------103
4.3.2.1 cRi gvwRb mU Gi eenvi---------------------------------------------------------103
------------------------------------------------------------------ 107
4.4.1 dvskb jvBeix Mci eenvi I cwiwPwZ---------------------------------------------107
4.4.2 wWdvBb bgm& eenvi I cwiwPwZ ---------------------------------------------------------108
4.3.2.1 wWdvBb bgm Kgv Gi eenvi -------------------------------------------------------108
----------------------------------------------------------------------- 110
4.5.1 mU Ges wdvi Mci cwiwPwZ---------------------------------------------------------110
4.5.2 WUv Uzjm& Mci cwiwPwZ --------------------------------------------------------------110
4.5.3 AvDU jvBb Mci cwiwPwZ---------------------------------------------------------------

110
------------------------------------------------------------- 111

16

4.7.1 kv Mci Gi

-------------------------------------------------------------------111
cwiwPwZ---------------------------------------------------------------------111

(Quick Access Tollbar)----------- --------------------------- 113


5.1 KzBK GKmm& Uzjevi KvmUgvBR ---------------------------------------------------------------113
5.2 KzBK GKmm& Uzjevi G Uyj ev Kgv hvMKiv--------------------------------------------------114
5.3 KzBK GKmm& Uzjevi nZ wWd Uzj ev Kgv evwZj Kiv----------------------------------------116
5.4 KzBK GKmm& UzjeviK wieb& Uei wbP mUKiv------------------------------------------------117
5.5 KzBK GKmm& UzjeviK wieb& Uei Dci mUKiv----------------------------------------------118
5.6 wieb& Ue nZ KzBK GKmm& Uzjevi Uzj hvMKiv -----------------------------------------------120
5.7 KzBK GKmm& Uzjevi nZ gvDmi Wvb BDR Ki Uzj ev` `Iqv---------------------------------121
5.8 wieb& Ue nZ Uzj ev Kgv McK Kjvc&m& Kiv-------------------------------------------------121
5.9 wieb& Ue nZ Uzj ev Kgv McK AvbKjvc&m& Kiv--------------------------------------------122
5.10 wieb& KvgvBR (Customize Ribbon)----------- -------------------------------------------- 123
5.11 AvW wbD wieb& Ue (Add New Ribbon Tab) ---------------------------------------------123
5.12 GwWU wieb& Ue (Edit Ribbon Tab)------------ -------------------------------------124
5.13 AvW wieb& Mc (Add Rion Group Tools)-------- --------------------------------------126
5.14 wWjU wbD wieb& Ue (Delete Ribbon Tab) ----------------------------------------------128

Aavq 06 t Gj Gi ewmK dg~jv (Excel Formula Basic)----------- ---------------------131


6.1 wKfve wewfb mji WvUvi hvMdj wnmve Kieb ------------------------------------------131
6.2 wKfve wewfb mji WvUvi weqvMdj wnmve Kieb ---------------------------------------133
6.3 wKfve wewfb mji WvUvi Ydj wnmve Kieb -------------------------------------------135
6.4 `y ev ZZvwaK mji WvUvi fvMdj wnmve Kieb ----------------------------------------135
6.5 wKfve kZKiv nvi wnmve Kieb------------------------------------------------------------ 136
6.6 wKfve Mo wnmve ei Kieb-----------------------------------------------------------------136
6.7 wKfve mj Gi wewfb Z_ Rvbeb---------------------------------------------------------137
6.8 GKvwaK mj Gi ga nZ wKfve mevP eo msLv wbYq Kieb -----------------------138
6.9 GKvwaK mj Gi ga nZ wKfve mewb QvU msLv wbYq Kieb -----------------------139
(Creating and Using Chart)------ ---------------------141

7.1 PvU wK? (What is Chart?)----------------------------- ------------------------------------141


7.2 PvU Zwi Kiv (How to Create Chart)-------- ------------------------------------------141
7.3 PvU Gi UvBUj mshvRb Kiv (Add Title of Chart)----- -----------------------------143
7.4 PvU G MxWjvBb mshvRb Kiv (Add Gridline in Chart)-----------------------------145
7.5 jxR mshvRb Kiv (How to Add Legend in Chart)-------------- ---------------147
7.6 Uwej mshvRb Kiv (Add Table in Chart)------------ --------------------------------148
7.7 PvU wWRvBb cwieZb Kiv (Change Design of Chart)-------- -----------------------149
7.8 PvU GwWU Kiv (How to Edit Chart)------------------------ ---------------------------152
7.9 WUv jej mshvRb Kiv (Add Data Lables in Chart)---- ---------------------154
7.10 PvU vbvi Kiv (Move Chart Location)------------------ ------------------------------- 155
(Function)---------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------- 161
17

(Database Function)----------------------- ---------------------------------161


8.1.1 wWGfviR dvskb Gi eenvi (Daverage Function)-------- -----------------------161
8.1.2 wWKvDU dvskb Gi eenvi (Dcount Function)------------- ------------------------162
8.1.3 wWg dvskb Gi eenvi (Dmax Function)--------- --------------------------------163
8.1.4 wWwgb dvskb Gi eenvi (Dmin Function)------------------------------------------164
8.1.5 wWGmwUWfwc dvskb Gi eenvi (Dstdev Function)-- -------------------------164
8.1.6 wWmvg dvskb Gi eenvi (Dsum Function)---------- --------------------------165
8.1.7 wWfvi dvskb Gi eenvi (Dvar Function) -------------------------------------------166
(Date and Time Function) ------------ -----------------166

8.2.1 ZvwiL fvjy dvskb Gi eenvi (Date Value Function)----------------------------166


8.2.2 w`b dvskb Gi eenvi (Day Function)--------------------------------- --------------166
8.2.3 gvm dvskb Gi eenvi (Month Function)--------------------- --------------------167
8.2.4 eQi dvskb Gi eenvi (Year Function)-------------- ----------------------------167
8.2.5 mgq fvjy dvskb Gi eenvi (Time Value Function)------ --------------------168
8.2.6 NUv dvskb Gi eenvi (Hour Function)---------- ----------------------------168
8.2.7 wgwbU dvskb Gi eenvi (Minute Function)-------- ------------------------------167
8.2.8 mK dvskb Gi eenvi (Second Function)----------- ------------------------169
8.2.9 mgq dvskb Gi eenvi (Time Function) -------------------------------------169
8.2.10 eZgvb ZvwiL I mgq dvskb Gi eenvi (Now Function)------- ---------------169
(Financial Function)------------------------- -------------------------170
8.3.1 wWwe dvskb Gi eenvi (DB Function)-------------------- -----------------------------170
8.3.2 wWwWwe dvskb Gi eenvi (DDB Function)------------ ------------------------------- 170
8.3.3 Gdwf dvskb Gi eenvi (FV Function)--------- -------------------------------------- 171
8.3.4 wcwf dvskb Gi eenvi (PV Function)------------- -------------------------------------- 172
8.3.5 iU dvskb Gi eenvi (RATE Function)----- ------------------------------------- 173
8.3.6 wcGgwU dvskb Gi eenvi (PMT Function)-------- ------------------------------------173
8.3.7 GbwcBAvi dvskb Gi eenvi (NPER Function)---- ---------------------------- 174
8.3.8 AvBwcGgwU dvskb Gi eenvi (IPMT Function)----- ----------------------------- 175
8.3.9 Gbwcwf dvskb Gi eenvi (NPV Function)------- ----------------------------176
8.4.10 GmGjGb dvskb Gi eenvi (SLN Function)--------- ---------------------------- 176
8.3.11 GmIqvBwW dvskb Gi eenvi (SYD Function)-------- ----------------------------177
8.3.12 AvBAviAvi dvskb Gi eenvi (IRR Function)---- ---------------------178
(Logical Function)----------------- ---------------------------179
8.4.1 G dvskb Gi eenvi (AND Function)--- ----------------------------------179
8.4.2 Ai dvskb Gi eenvi (OR Function)-------------------- ---------------------------180
8.4.3 Uy G dj&m& dvskb Gi eenvi (TRUE Function)----- -------------------------180
8.4.4 Bd dvskb Gi eenvi (IF Function) ---------------------------------------181
18

8.4.5 bU dvskb Gi eenvi (NOT Function)---------- -------------------------------181


(Information Function) ---------------------------------- 181
8.5.1 mj dvskb Gi eenvi (Cell Function)------------------- ---------------------181
8.5.2 Bbdv dvskb Gi eenvi (Info Function)-------- ------------------------182
8.5.3 BRBAviAvi dvskb Gi eenvi (ISERR Function)------ -----------------------182
8.5.4 BRbv^vi dvskb Gi eenvi (IsNumber Function)---------- --------------------183
8.5.5 BRUU dvskb Gi eenvi (IsText Function)-------- -----------------------182
8.5.6 kxU dvskb Gi eenvi (Sheet Function)------------ --------------------------183
8.5.7 UvBc dvskb Gi eenvi (Type Function)----------- ---------------------------184
(Statistical Function)-------------------------------------------------185
8.6.1 mvg dvskb Gi eenvi (Sum Function)----------------- -------------------------184
8.6.2 g dvskb Gi eenvi (Max Function)---------- ------------------------182
8.6.3 wgb dvskb Gi eenvi (Min Function)--------- --------------------------------186
8.6.4 GfviR dvskb Gi eenvi (Average Function) ---------------------------187
8.6.5 KvDU dvskb Gi eenvi (Count Function)----------- ------------------------187
8.6.6 GmwUwW dvskb Gi eenvi (STD Function) --------------------------------189
8.6.7 gvW dvskb Gi eenvi (Mode Function) ------------------------------------187

8.7 UU dvskb (Text Function) ----------------------------------------------------------------190


8.7.1 Pvi dvskb Gi eenvi (Char Function-----------------------------------------190
8.7.2 KvW dvskb Gi eenvi (Code Function) -------------------------------------190
8.7.3 Wjvi dvskb Gi eenvi (Dollar Function) ------------------------------191
8.7.4 GM&Rv dvskb Gi eenvi (Exact Function) -------------------------------191
8.7.5 fvjy dvskb Gi eenvi (Value Function) -------------------------------192
8.7.6 jb dvskb Gi eenvi (Len Function) ------------------------------------192
8.7.7 jd&U dvskb Gi eenvi (Left Function)--------- ---------------------------192
8.7.8 ivBU dvskb Gi eenvi (Right Function) -----------------------------------193
8.7.9 wgW& dvskb Gi eenvi (Mid Function) ------------------------------------193
8.7.10 jvqvi dvskb Gi eenvi (Lower Function)------- ----------------------194
8.7.11 Avcvi dvskb Gi eenvi (Upper Function)------ ---------------------------194
(Lookup & Reference Function) ------ -------194
8.8.1 PzR dvskb Gi eenvi (Choose Function) -------------------------------194
8.8.2 Kjvg dvskb Gi eenvi (Column Function) -------------------------------195
8.8.3 iv dvskb Gi eenvi (Row Function) -----------------------------------------196
8.8.4 GBPjyKAvc dvskb Gi eenvi (Hlookup Function) ------------------------------196
8.8.5 wfjyKAvc dvskb Gi eenvi (Vlookup Function) -------------------------------------197
8.8.6 BbW dvskb Gi eenvi (Index Function)--------------------------------------------------198
19

(Database management system)---------------201


(Data Sorting Alphabetical)---------------------201
9.1.1 WUvK A-Z Abymvi mvRvbv--------------------------------------------------------------- 201
9.1.2 WUvK Z-A Abymvi mvRvbv------------------------------------------------------------ 203
(Data Sorting Numerical)----- ----------------204
9.2.1 WUvK eo _K QvU Abymvi mvRvbv---------------------------------------------------204
9.2.2 WUvK QvU _K eo Abymvi mvRvbv----------------------------------------------- 206
(Multiple Levels Data Sorting)---207
9.3.1 WUv jej AvW Kiv (Add Data Levels)----------- ------------------------------ 207
9.3.2 WUv jej Kwc Kiv (Copy Data Levels)--------- ------------------------------- 208
9.3.3 WUv jej ev` `Iqv (Delete Data Levels)--- -----------------------------------209
9.3.4 WUv jej gvf (Move Data Levels) ---------------------------------------------210
9.4 WUv fvwjW&kb Zwi Kiv (Create Data Validation)------- -----------------------211
9.5 WUv wdvi mU Kiv (Add Data Filter)---------------- -------------------------------215
9.6 WUv wdvi ev` `Iqv (Delete Data Filter)------------------------------------ 216
9.7 mveUvUvj Zwi Kiv (Create Subtotal)------------ ----------------------------------217
9.8 mveUvUvj ev` `Iqv (Remove Subtotal)------ --------------------------------------- 219
(Create Data Group)---------- ---------------------------221
9.10 WUv Mc ev` `Iqv (Remove Data Group) ------------------------------------------ 223
9.11 Wzwc KU WUv ev` `Iqv (Remove Duplicates Data)----- -------------------------224
9.12 UUK Kjvg KbfvU (Convert Text to Columns) --------------------------216
(What is Macro?) -------------------------------------------229
10.1 gvv wKfve Zwi Kieb? (How to Create Macro?)--------- -----------------------229
10.2 gvv Kgv wKfve GwWU Kieb? (How to Edit Macro Command?)--- ------------234
10.3 gvv Kgv wKfve wWjU Kieb? (How to Delete Macro Command?)---- -------- 236

Aavq 11t Gj mfb cvMvg cwiwPwZ (Introduceing Excel Seven Program)---- -----239
11.1. wKfve Gj 2007 cvMvgwUi Icb Kieb?------- ----------------------------------------------- 239
---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 240
11.2.1 wKcevW cwiwPwZt ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 240
11.2.2 dU Mc cwiwPwZt ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 241
11.2.3 GjvBbgU Mc cwiwPwZt ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 241
11.2.4 bv^vi Mc cwiwPwZt ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 241
11.2.5 vBj Mc cwiwPwZt --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 240
-------------------------------------------------------------- 242
11.3.1 Uwej Mc cwiwPwZt ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 242

20

11.3.2 BjvmUkbm& Mc cwiwPwZt---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 243


11.3.3 PvU Mc cwiwPwZt---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 243
11.3.4 UU Mc cwiwPwZt ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 243
------------------------------------------------------------------------- 244
11.4.1 _xgm& Mc cwiwPwZt ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 244
11.4.2 cR mUAvc Mc cwiwPwZt --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 244
11.4.3 kxU Ackbm& Mc cwiwPwZt------------------------------------------------------------------------ 245
11.4.4 Avi Mc cwiwPwZt ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 245
------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 245
11.5.1 dvskb jvBeix Mc cwiwPwZt ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 246
11.5.2 wWdvBb bg Mc cwiwPwZt---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 246
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 246
11.6.1 mU& G wdvi Mc cwiwPwZt --------------------------------------------------------------------247
11.6.2 WUv Uzjm& Mc cwiwPwZt -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

247
11.6.3 AvDUjvBb Mc cwiwPwZt ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 247
-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 248
11.7.1 cwds Mc cwiwPwZt --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 248
11.7.2 KgUm& Mc cwiwPwZt --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 249
11.7.3 P Mc cwiwPwZt -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 249
------------------------------------------------------------------------- 250
11.8.1 IqvKeyK wfD Mc cwiwPwZt ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 250
11.8.2 kv/ nvBW Mc cwiwPwZt --------------------------------------------------------------------- 251
11.8.3 Ryg Mc cwiwPwZt ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 251

Aavq 12t Gj 2010 cvMvg cwiwPwZ (Introduceing Excel 2010 Program)---- ----253
12.1 wKfve Gj 2010 cvMvgwUi Icb Kieb?--------------------- -------------------------253
12.2. dvBj wieb& Ue cwiwPwZt ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 254
----------------------------------------------------------------------- 254
12.3.1 wKcevW cwiwPwZt -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 254
12.3.2 dU Mc cwiwPwZt--------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 255
12.3.3 GjvBbgU Mc cwiwPwZt ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 255
12.3.4 bv^vi Mc cwiwPwZt ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 255
12.3.5 vBj Mc cwiwPwZt ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 255
12.3.6 mjm& Mc cwiwPwZt ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 255
----------------------------------------------------------------- 256
12.4.1 Uwej Mc cwiwPwZt ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 256
12.4.2 BjvmUkbm& Mc cwiwPwZt --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 257

21

12.4.3 PvU Mc cwiwPwZt ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 257


12.4.4 UU Mc cwiwPwZt ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 257
12.4.5 wm^j Mc cwiwPwZt -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 257

-------------------------------------------------------------------- 258
12.5.1 _xgm& Mc cwiwPwZt --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 258
12.5.2 cR mUAvc Mc cwiwPwZt ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 259
12.5.3 kxU Ackbm& Mc cwiwPwZt -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 259
12.5.4 Avi Mc cwiwPwZt ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 259
------------------------------------------------------------------ 260
12.6.1 dvskb jvBeix Mc cwiwPwZt -------------------------------------------------------------------- 260
12.6.2 wWdvBb bg Mc cwiwPwZt ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 260
------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 261
12.7.1 mU& G wdvi Mc cwiwPwZt----------------------------------------------------------------------- 261
12.7.2 WUv Uzjm& Mc cwiwPwZt ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 261
12.7.3 AvDUjvBb Mc cwiwPwZt ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 262
----------------------------------------------------------------------- 262
12.8.1 cwds Mc cwiwPwZt ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 262
12.8.2 KgUm& Mc cwiwPwZt ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 262
12.8.3 P Mc cwiwPwZt ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 262
------------------------------------------------------------------------ 263
12.9.1 IqvKeyK wfD Mc cwiwPwZt------------------------------------------------------------------------- 264
12.9.2 kv Mc cwiwPwZt-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 264
12.9.3 Ryg Mc cwiwPwZt--------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 265
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 267
13.1 wcfU Uwej wK ?------------------------------- -------------------------------------------------------------

265
13.2 wKfve Gj wcfU Uwej Zwi Kieb ?------------ ------------------------------------------------ 267
(Project)------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------- 273
(Comision Set)------------------------------------------------------------ 273
(Wages Set) ------------------------------------------------------------------ 279
(Income Tax) -------------------------------------------------------------- 284
(Electrecity Bill Set) -------------------------------------------------289
(Depreciation Set) -------------------------------------------------------294
(Salary Set) ----------------------------------------------------------------301
(Commission With Salary)------------------------------307
(Create Result Sheet use Division Method )---313
22

(Create Result Sheet use Division Method )------319


(Create Marksheet)---------------------------------------------------------------- 326

23

24

25

(Introduction)
Version ev Release K Edition ev msviY ejv nq| md&UIqvi Kvvbxjv Zv`i ZwiKZ cvMvgjv
c_g GKwU msiY bvg ei Ki| cieZxZ cvMvgi AbK mxgveZv `~i Ki cvMvgK hyMvchvMx Ki
A_vr cwZhvMxZvq wUK _vKvi Rb AvcMW fvmb ei Ki| DBvR 95 DchvMx Ki ei nq fvmb 95, Gi
ci Gwc DchvMx Ki Gj 97, 2000, 2002, 2003,2007 ei nq Ges Gi mekl fvmb DBvR mvZ
(Windows 7) I DBvR AvU (Windows 8) DchvMx Ki Gj 2010 I 2013 ei Ki gvBvm&dU
Kcvikb| GB eBwU 2013 fvmbi mK wjLv nqQ|
gvBvm&dU Awdm 2013 cvKRwU Bbj `Iqvi AvM Avcwb GKUz fe wbb Avcbvi KwDUvi
AcviwUs wmg KvbwU Bbj `Iqv iqQ| Avcbvi KwDUvi AcviwUs wmg mfb (Windows 7)
`Iqv wKbv| hw` AcviwUs wmg mfb `Iqv _vK Zvnj Avi Bbj KiZ ne bv| Avi hw` AcviwUs
wmg Gwc `Iqv _vK, Zvnj AcviwUs wmm mfb Bbj Ki wbb| bv nq gvBvm&dU Awdm 2013
Bbj wbebv Ges Gi Rb gvBvm&dU WUbU dgIqvK fvmb 2.00 ev AvcMW fvmb Avcbvi KwDUvii
Bbj _vK ne| Bbj bv _vKj Bbj Ki wbb| bPr gvBvm&dU Awdm 2013 GKwUfU Givi
`Lve| Avmyb GLb Avgiv gvBvmd&U Awdm cvMvgwU Bbj Kwi| Bbj Kivi Rb Avgv`i eBwUi mv_
`Iqv wWwfwWwU Avcbvi KwDUvii wWwfwW ivg wWwfwWwU cek Kivb| Gici wWwfwWwU Icb Kib|
Microsoft office professional plus 2013 dvviwU Icb Kib| GLvb Microsoft office
professional plus 2013 final x64 I Microsoft office professional plus 2013 final x86
dvviwU cveb|

x64 dvviwU 64 weU wmg Gi Rb Ges x86 dvviwU 32 weU wmg Gi Rb| hwU Avcbvi cqvRb
mwU Icb Kib| Avwg x86 dvviwU 32 weU wmgwU Icb KiwQ| Gevi wbPi QwewUi gZ AbK jv
dvvi I dvBj `LZ cveb| GLb Setup.exe dvBjwUZ Wvej wKK& Kib|

26

GLvb Wvej wKK&


Kib

(wPt 1.2.1 mUAvc BGB)


Setup.exe dvBjwUZ Wvej wKK& Kivi ci Choose the Installation you want DBvwU Avme| GLvb
Avcwb Install Now evUb wKK& Kij Bbj cwqv i ne| Avi hw` Customize evUb wKK& Kib
Zvnj DBv Avme| GLvb _K Avcwb h h cvMvg jv Bbj KiZ Pvb m jv Qvov evKx jvZ
Not Available wmj Kib| Gici Bbj (Install) evUb wKK& Kib| wbi QweZ `Lvbv nj|

h Kvb GKwUZ
wKK& Kib

(wPt 1.2.2 Bbjkb DBv)


Gici Bbjkb cvMmm& DBvwU Avme| wbi QweZ `Lvbv nj|

(wPt 1.2.3 Bbjkb cvMmm&)


Bbjkb cvMmm& (Installation Progress) m~Y nIqvi ci wbPi DBvwUi gZ GKwU DBv Avme
GLvb KvR (Close) evUb wKK& Kib|

27

GLvb wKK& Kib

(wPt 1.2.4 Bbjkb m~Y)


Gici G dvviwUZ cek Kib|

GLvb AbK jv dvvi cveb Gici Activator dvviwU Icb Kib|

GLvb Wvej
wKK& Kib

(wPt 1.2.5 GvKwUfUi)


Gevi Activator.exe dvBjwUZ Wvej wKK& Ki GvKwUfUiwU mUAvc Ki wbb|

GLb gvBvmd&U Awdm Bbjkbi mKj cwqv m~Y nqQ| Gfve Avcwb gvBvmd&U Awdm cvMvg
Bbj Ki wbZ cvib|
What is Excel ?
Excel ki AvwfavwbK A_ nj kZi nIqv| mvaviYZ Avgiv KvDK kZi Dcvw` w`qv _vwK Zvi b,KwZZ
cfwZZ kZi ev DrKZi nIqvi dj| gvBvm&dU Kvvbx KwZK ZwiKZ GB Gj cvMvgwUI mB

1.3 Gj wK?

28

gZ b, KwZZ DrKZi dj Gi bvgKiY Kiv nqQ Excel (kZi)| GB cvMvgwUi gvag MvwbwZK
wnmve wbKvk, Z_ eevcbv, cwimsLvb wfwK WvUveR Zwi, WweU, wWU msv wewfb evwbwRK wnmvevw`
Lye mnRB Zwi KiZ cvieb| m Rb GK kZi ejv nq|
(What is Workbook) ?
Gj cvMvgwU hLb Icb Kieb ZLb Kjvg I iv Gi mq QvU QvU mj G fvM Kiv h GwiqvwU `LZ
cveb| GwUKB IqvKeyK ejv nq| GKwU LvZvq hgb KhKwU cvq wjLv hvq Zgwb GKwU IqvKeyK
(WorkSheet) G KqKwU IqvKkxU (WorkSheet) Lyj ZvZ KvR KiZ cvib| GB IqvKkxUwUi dvuKv
mjjvi wbR^ GKwU GWm AvQ| hLb wnmve wbKvk Kieb ZLb Avcwb m mji bvg ai ZvK WvKZ
ne| mjjvi bvg ivLv nqQ Kjvg I iv Gi bvg w`q| (Kjvgi bvg ivLv nqQ BsiRx eYgvjv w`q Ges
iv Gi bvg ivLv nqQ BsiRx msLv ev b^i w`q)

Formula bar

Name Box

IqvKeyK

(wPt 1.4.1 IqvKeyK bgybv wP)


(What is Worksheet?)

GKwU WkxU AbKjv cvZv _vK| Avi GjvKB IqvKkxU ejv nq Ges G IqvKkxU (WorkSheet)
jv hLb c`wkZ nq ZLb WkxU Gi bvq GKB DBv wbq c`wkZ nq _vK| wb GKwU IqvKeyK
(Workbook) Gi gvS wZbwU wfb wfb bvg IqvKkxU bIqv nqQ hv QwewUZ `Lvbv nj|

IqvKkxU

29

(wPt 1.5.1 IqvKkxU bgybv wP)


What is Spread Sheet ?
SpreadSheet kwUi AvwfavwbK A_ nj Qovbv cvZv| Spread A_ Qovbv Ges Sheet A_ cvZv Gj
cvMvgwU Icb Kij QvU QvU Ni fvM Kiv h IqvK GwiqvwU `LZ cvb GKB WkxU ejv nq| Gj G
c~eKvi fvmb GKwU IqvKkxU Kjvg wQj 256 wU eZgvb 16,384 wU Ges iv wQj 65,536 wU eZgvb
10,48,576 wU| Kjvg I iv Gi mq MwVZ QvU QvU NijvZ Z_ ev msLvwfwK Dcv ev WvUv BbcyU
Kivbv nq _vK| GB Nijvi wbR^ GKwU cwiPq iqQ| WkxwU g~jZ IqvKeyK, IqvKkxU Gi mq
MwVZ| wb WkxUi Qwe `Iqv nj|

30

IqvKkxU

IqvKeyK
WkxU

(wPt 1.6.1 WkxU bgybv wP)


Starting the Excel Program
GKUz AvM gvBvm&dU Awdm 2013 wKfve Bbj w`Z nq Zv Avgiv `wLqwQ| Avkv ivwL Avcwb
gvBvm&dU Awdm 2013 Bbj Kiv wkwL wbqQ Ges Avcbvi KwDUvi Bbj Ki wbqQb| ZvB GLb
`Lev Kvb Kvb Ackb jvZ wKK& Kivi gvag Avgiv Gj cvMvgwU Icb KiZ nq| c_g vU evUb
wKK& Kib|

1.7 wKfve Gj cvMvg Pvjy Kieb

GLvb wKK& Kib

(wPt 1.7 .1 vU evUb Ges Aj cvMvgm& xb)


GLb gvBvm&dU Awdm 2013 gbyZ wKK& Kib| wbPi wPi gZ Ki|

31

(wPt 1.7.2 gvBvm&dU Awdm 2013 wmjKwUs xb)


Gevi Gj 2013 G wKK& Kib| wbPi QweZ `Lvbv nj|

(wPt 1.7 .3 Gj 2013 wmjKwUs xb)


gvBvm&dU Awdm 2013 G wKK Kivi ci Avcbvi KwDUvi xb wbPi QwewUi gZ xb `LZ cveb| GB
xbwU KqK mK `LZ cveb| KviY GwU cvMvg vwUs cmm& xb|

(wPt 1.7 .4 cvMvg vwUs xY)


vwUs cvmm& kl Avcwb GKwU UgcU xb cveb| hv wbPi QwewUi gZ `Lve| GLvb Avcwb Blank
workbook G wKK& Kieb|

32

GLvb wKK& Kib

(wPt 1.7. 5 UgcU Gwiqv)


mekl cvMvgi g~j BUvidmwU `Leb wbPi Qwei gZ| hv Awdm 2000, 2003 ev Zvi I c~eeZx fvmbi
mv_ Kvb wgj LuyR cveb bv| Ze gvBvm&dU Awdm 2007 I 2010 Gi AbKUvB wgj LuyR cveb, mvgb
wKQz cwieZb Qvov|

(wPt 1.7.6 Gj cvMvg BUvidm)


1.8 Gj cvMvgi xb cwiwPwZ Excel Interface Description
Gj cvMvgi xb mec_g KzBK GKmm& UzjeviwU, Gici wiebevi wU I Zvi mv_ wmjKwUs wiebwUi Kgv
AvBUg Uzjjv, GLvb nvg wieb gby Uzj jv `LvQ| Gici dg~jveviwU, Gici IqvK GwiqvZ
AbKjv Kjvg (Columns) I iv (Rows) Ges Dci Kjvg jvi bvg I evg cvk iv jvi bvg
`Leb| Gici wbP kxU Iqvb bvg GKwU IqvKkxU (WorkSheet) `LZ cveb| GB nj Gj 2013 Gi
xb cwiwPwZ|
Quick Access

Toolbar

Formula Bar
Ribbon

Ribbon Item Tools Bar

Bar

Workbook
33

Rows Heading
(wPt 1.8.1 Gj cvMvg xb cwiwPwZ)

34

(Worksheet Basic)
(How To Create New Document)
dvBj gbyZ wKK& Kib| Gici wPt 2.1.2 QwewU `Leb| GLvb wbD gbyZ wKK& Kib|

GLvb wKK Kib

(wPt 2.1.1 dvBj gby )


GLb wbD gbyZ wKK& Kivi ci wPt 2.1.3 QwewU `LZ cveb| GLvb Blank workbook G wKK& Kib|

35

GLvb wKK& Kib

(wPt 2.1.2 wbD gby )


GLb Blank Workbook G wKK& Kivi ci wPt 2.1.4 QwewU `Leb| Avi GwUB nj Avcbvi bZzb WzKvgU
DBv|

GLvb wKK& Kib

(wPt 2.1.3 wbD gby /UgcU Gwiqv)


GwUB bZzb WzKvgU / bZzb IqvKeyK| hv wbPi QweZ `LZ cvQb|

36

(wPt 2.1.4 bZzb WzKvgU/ bZzb IqvKeyK)


(How To Create New Worksheet)
bZzb IqvKkxU Zwi Kivi Rb wZbwU wbqg AbymiY KiZ cvib|
1 bs QwewUi nvg gbyZ wKK& Kib, Gici wbP GKwU Uzjevi cveb GLvb Wvb cvk BbmvU
(Insert) bvg GKwU evUb cveb ZvZ wKK& Kib| BbmvU kxU G wKK& Kij bZzb (Insert Sheet) kxU Zwi
ne| hv wbPi 3bs QweZ `Lvbv nj|

clk-1

clk-2
GLvb wKK& Kib

cvMvgi Wvb cvk BbmvU G wKK& Kib


37

BbmvU Kivi AvMi Qwe

BbmvU Kivi cii Qwe

(wPt 2.2.1 BbmvU kxU wmg Iqvb Gi bgybv wP)


3bs Qwe `Lvbv kxU Iqvb G gvDm Gi Wvb evUb wKK& Kij cvki 4bs QwewU cveb| GLvb
BbmvU (Insert) evUb wKK& Kib 5bs QwewU cveb GLvb IqvKkxU (worksheet) wmj Ki IK (Ok)
evUb wKK& Kib GZ bZzb kxU Zwi ne| hv 6bs QweZ 3bs kxU wnme `Lvbv nqQ| Avgiv hLb
cvMvgwU Icb Kwi ZLb kxU Iqvb wQj| hLb Avgiv c_g cwZZ bZzb kxU Zwi Kijvg, ZLb `ywU kxU
nqQ| GLb wZxq cwZZ kxU Zwii dj wZbwU kxU nqQ|

gvDmi Wvb evUb wKK& Kib

3
4

GLvb wKK& Kib

6
38

(wPt 2.2.2 BbmvU kxU wmg Uz Gi bgybv wP)


GLb wbPi 1bs QwewUi hvM wPwUZ wKK& Kib| GKwU bZzb kxU Zwi ne| hv wbPi 2bs
QwewUZ `LQb|
GLvb wKK& Kib

2
(wPt 2.2.3 IqvKkxU wmg _x Gi bgybv wP)

(How To Save a Workbook)


wewfb mgq Avgiv GKwU IqvKeyK Avgv`i cqvRbxq Z_vw` wjL _vwK KviY fwelrZ hLb GKB Z_
Avgv`i cqvRb ne ZLb hb D Z_ mK Rvbv hvq| wK Kvb Z_ GKwU IqvKeyKK ev dvBjwUK
msiY Kivi Rb Kgv bv w`j cvMvgwU ^swq fve dvBjwUK msiY Ki bq| Ze Avcwb cvMvgwU
KvR Kivi ci Avcbvi m Z_ jv Avcwb Avi `LZ cveb bv| KviY IqvKeyK ev dvBjwU msiY Kiv nq
bvB| G Rb cvMvg Kvb Z_ wjLvi ci IqvKeyK ev dvBjwU Avgv`i msiY Kiv cqvRb| Avmyb GLb
GKwU IqvKeyK msiY Kiv `wL| KvRwU Kivi Rb c_g Avcwb Gj cvMvgwU Icb Kib| Gici dvBj
(File) wieb&wUZ wKK& Kib| wb Qwei gvag `Lvbv nj|

(wPt 2.3.1 dvBj wieb&)


GLvb wKK& Kib

39

Gici wbPi QwewU Avme| GLvb _K mf (Save) evUb wKK& Kib| wbPi QweZ `Lvbv nj|

GLvb wKK& Kib


(wPt 2.3.2 mf Kgv)
Gevi Recent Folders Gwiqv _K Documents, A_ev Desktop, A_ev Browse A_ev h Kvb
jvKkb G dvBjwU mf KiZ Pvb mwUZ wKK& Kib|

GLvb wKK&
Kib
(wPt 2.3.3 mf jvKkb)
Gici wbPi QwewUi gZ GKwU DBv Avme| GLb File Name bg e dvBjwUi bvg wjLyb| Gic mf
(Save) evUb wKK& Kib| Gici `Lyb IqvKeyKwU ev dvBjwU eyK bvg mf nqQ| wbPi QweZ `Lvbv
nj|

40
GLvb wKK& Kib
GLvb dvBji bvg wjLb

(wPt 2.3.4 mf GR WvqvjM e)


(How To Open The Workbook)
GZb Avgiv `LwQ wKfve GKwU IqvKeyKK mf Save KiZ nq| Avgv`i mfKZ GB
IqvKeyKwU Avgiv hLb Avgv`i Kvb cvqvRb IqvKeyKwUZ Kvb KvR KiZ PvBe A_ev
IqvKeyKwU wK aibi Z_ Avgiv mf KiwQ Zv `Lvi cqvRb nq ZLb dvBjwU ev IqvKeyKwUK
Avgv`i Icb Kivi cqvRb ne| ZvB GLb Avgiv `Le wKfve GKwU IqvKeyKK Icb KiZ
nq| KvRwU Kivi Rb c_g Avcwb Gj cvMvgwU Icb Kb| Gici dvBj (File) wieb&wUZ wKK& Kb|
wb Qwei gvag `Lvbv nj|

GLvb wKK& Kib

(wPt 2.4.1 dvBj wieb&)


Icb evUb wKK& Kib Gici KwDUvi wjLvwUZ wKK& Kib| Gevi Recent Folders Gwiqv _K
Documents, A_ev Desktop, A_ev Browse A_ev h jvKkb G dvBjwU mf KiQb mLvb _K dvBjwU
wmj Kib| Avgiv eyK bvgK IqvKeyKwU mf KiwQ Documents jvKkb|

GLvb wKK& Kib

41

GLvb _K

(wPt 2.4.2 Icb Kgv)


GLb Recent Folders Gwiqv _K Documents wKK& Kib| wbPi QwewUi gZ GKwU DBv Avme GLvb
_K Documents wKK& Kib Gici book.xlsx dvBjwU wmj Kib| Gici Icb evUb wKK& Kib|

clk-1

GLvb wKK& Kib

GLvb wKK& Kib


clk-2
G dvBjwUZ wKK& Kib

clk-3
(wPt 2.4.3 Icb WvqvjM e)
Gevi `Lyb eyK dvBjwU Icb nqQ| wbi Qwei gvag `Lvbv nj|

42

(wPt 2.4.4 IqvKeyK bgybv wP)

(Create A New Column)


wbP eB qi GKwU wj Zwi Kiv nqQ| G KvRwU wZbwU Kjvg wbq Zwi Kiv nqQ| Kjvg jv h_v g
Serial,Book Name, price GLb GLvb Avi GKwU Kjvg Zwi KiZ ne Ges KjvgwUi bvg ne
Quantity| Gevi Kjvg wU Zwi Kwi| KjvgwU ZwiZ `ywU wbqg AbymiY KiZ cvib| wb Zv `Lvbv nj|
c_g Price bvgK KjvgwU wmj Kib, Gici BbmvU (Insert) evUb wKK& Kib Gici
BbmvU kxU Kjvgm& (Insert Sheet Columns) G wKK& Kib| hv wbPi 2bs QweZ `Lvbv nqQ| Gevi
`Lyb GKwU bZzb Kjvg Zwi nqQ hv 3bs QweZ `Lvbv nqQ|
GLvb GKwU bZyb Kjvg
Zwi KiZ ne
1

clk-1
Gici GLvb wKK& Kib

Gici GLvb wKK&


Kib

c_g GB KjvgwU wmj Kib

(wPt 2.5.1 Kjvg Zwii bgybv wP)

43

(wPt 2.5.2 bZzb Kjvg Zwii bgybv wP)


Gevi wZxq cwZZ Kjvg Zwi Kie| Gi Rb c~e bvq KjvgwU wmj Kib Ges 1bs ei
vb A_ev wmj KZ Aski h Kvb vb gvDmi Wvb evUb G wKK& Kib| 2bs QwewU cveb, GLvb BbmvU
(Insert) evUb wKK& Kib| Gevi `Lyb Kjvg Zwi nqQ| hv wbPi 3bs QweZ `LZ cvQb|

1
2

GLvb gvDmi Wvb evUb


wKK& Kib

GLvb wKK& Kib

wKK& Kivi ci 2bs QwewU `Leb

44

(wPt 2.5.3 Kjvg Zwii bgybv wP)

(wPt 2.5.4 Kjvg Zwii bgybv wP)

(Create A New Row)


GKUz AvM eB qi wj Gi ga Kjvg Zwi Kiv `LwQ| GLb mB GKB wj GKwU iv Zwi Kiv
`Lev| 3bs wmwiqvj Gi wbP Ges 4bs wmwiqvji gvS GKwU iv Zwi Kie| ivwU ZwiZ `ywU wbqg
AbymiY KiZ cvib| wb Zv `Lvbv nj|
c_g Ms Excel 2013 bvgK ivwU wmj Kib,
Gici BbmvU (Insert) evUb wKK& Kib Gici BbmvU kxU iv (Insert Sheet Rows) G wKK& Kib| hv
wbPi 2bs QweZ `Lvbv nqQ|
GLvb GKwU iv Zwi KiZ
ne

GLvb wKK& Kib

GLvb wKK& Kib

45

(wPt 2.5.5 iv Zwi )


Gevi `Lyb GKwU bZzb Kjvg Zwi nqQ hv 3bs QweZ `Lvbv nqQ|

(wPt 2.6.2 iv Zwii bgybv wP)


Gevi wZxq cwZZ iv Zwi Kie| Gi Rb c~e bvq ivwU wmj Kib Ges 4bs wmwiqvji
Ms Excel 2013 ivwU wmj Kib| ivwU wmj Kivi Rb gvDm cqUiK iv nWvii Dci iL wKK&
Kib ivwU (Row) wmj ne| GLvb ivwUi (Row) wmj Aski hKvb RvqMvq gvDmi Wvb evUb wKK&
Kib GKwU Kgv DBv cveb| hv 2bs QweZ eK Ki `Lvbv nqQ| GLb BbmvU (Insert) evUb wKK&
Kib| `Lyb iv Zwi nqQ|

GLvb GKwU iv Zwi KiZ ne

46

(wPt 2.6.3 iv Zwii bgybv wP)

GLvb wKK& Kib

(wPt 2.6.4 iv Zwii bgybv wP)


Gevi `Lyb GKwU bZzb iv Zwi nqQ hv wbPi QweZ `Lvbv nqQ|

47

(wPt 2.6.5 iv Zwii bgybv wP)


(Change the Worksheet Name)
Gj cvMvg Icb Kivi ci Avgiv kxU Iqvb Sheet1) bvg GKwU kxU `LZ cvB| Gici hLb bZzb
IqvKkxU (Worksheet) Zwi Kiv nq ZLb IqvKkxUwU kxU Uz Sheet2) bvg Zwi nq| KvRi cqvRb
Avgv`iK kxUi bvg cwieZb KiZ nq| bvg cwieZb `ywU wbqg AbymiY Kiv hvq| wb Zv `Lvbv njt
nvg (Home) wiebi Awab _vKv Kgv Uzj Mcmg~ni mjm& (Cells) Mci dgU
(Format) evUb wKK& Kib| Gici wibg kxU (Rename Sheet) G wKK& Kib| 2bs Qwei gZ kxU Iqvb
wjLvwU wmj nqQ| GLvb wjLyb Test Ges GUvi Pvcyb (Press Enter)| `Lyb kxU Iqvb GLb U wjLv
cwieZb nqQ| hv wbP 3bs QweZ `LZ cvQb|

clk-1

3
clk-2

GLvb wKK& Kib

(wPt 2.7.1 IqvKkxU bg cwieZbi bgybv wP)


wZxq cwZZ kxUi (Sheet) bvg cwieZbi Rb U (Test) wjLv kxUi bvgi Dci
gvDmi Wvb evUb wKK& Kib| Gici wbPi 2bs QwewU cveb GLvb wibg (Rename) wjLvq wKK& Kib|
GLb U (Test) wjLvwU wmj nqQ, Gevi wjLyb Kamal Ges GUvi Pvcyb (Press Enter)| `Lyb wjLvwU
cwieZb nqQ| hv 4bs QweZ `LQb|
gvDmi Wvb evUb G wKK& Kib

48

2
GLvb Kvgvj wjLyb

(wPt 2.7.2 IqvKkxU bg cwieZbi bgybv wP)


(Change Color the Worksheet Tab)
IqvKkxU Ue (Worksheet Tab) Gi is cwieZbi Rb `ywU wbqg AbymiY KiZ cvib| GKwU nvg wiebi
(Home Ribbon) Awab _vK Wvb cvk dgU (Format) evUb wKK& Ki Ue Kvjvi (Tab Color) nZ AciwU
nj h IqvKkxU Ue (Worksheet Tab) Gi Kvjvi cwieZb Kieb Zvi Dci gvDmi Wvb evUb wKK& Ki Ges
Ue Kvjvi (Tab Color) nZ Kvjvi wmj Ki| wbPi QwewU nvg wiebi (Home Ribbon) dgU (Format)
evUb nZ wKfve cwieZb KiZ nq Zv `Lvbv nj| Avcbvi IqvKeyK G hw` GKwU IqvKkxU _vK Zvnj
bZzb GKwU kxU Zwi Kib| Gici `Lyb Ue Gi h Kvjvi cwieZb KiwQjb Zv `LZ cveb|

GLvb wKK& Kib

GLvb gvDm cqUvi ivLyb cvki


Kvjvi _xg cveb|

(wPt 2.8.1 kxU Ue Gi is cwieZb bgybv wP)


h IqvKkxU Ue (Worksheet Tab) Gi is cwieZb KiZ Pvb mB Ue Gi Dci gvDmi Wvb
evUb wKK& Kib| GKwU gby DBv cveb GLvb _K Ue Kvjvi (Tab Color) G gvDm cqUvi ivLyb GLb
49

GKwU _xg Kvjvi (Theme Colors) cveb| Kvjvi wmj Kib| `Lyb IqvKkxU Ue (Worksheet Tab) Gi
Kvjvi cwieZb nqQ| wbPi QweZ `Lvbv nj|
GLvb gvDm cqUvi ivLyb
Kvjvi _xg cveb

gvDmi Wvb evUb


wKK& Kib

(wPt 2.8.2 IqvKkxU Ue is cwieZb bgybv wP)


wbP GKwU IqvKkxUi Qwe ivLv nj| IqvKkxUwUi (Worksheet) gvS Avgiv GKwU mj cqUvi ev Kvmi
`LZ cvwQ| GKwU IqvKkxU iv 10,48,576 Ges Kjvg 16384 wU| G mj cqUviK gvDm WvM Ki
1048576 iv wbP bqv GKUy mgqi ecvi wK Kx-evW Gi gvag djKi gvS mj cqUiv Kjvgi wbP
Pj hve| GLb mj cqUviwU h Kvb Kjvgi c_g ivLyb| Gevi KxevWi Gviv Kx nZ KUvj + WvDb
Gviv KxPvcyb| `Lyb mj cqUviwU Kjvgi mekl Aevb KiQ|

(wPt 2.9.1.1 Kx-evW Kgv bgybv wP)


c_g Avwg mj cqUviK B Kjvg (E-Column) Gi 1bs iv Z ivLjvg| hv 2bs QweZ `LQb|

50
GwU mj cqUvi

(wPt 2.9.1.2 mj cqUvi gvf bgybv wP)


Dci 1bs QweZ `Lvb Kgv jv Kx-evW _K cm Kib| Gevi `Lyb mj cqUviwU B-Kjvg (EColumn) Gi mekl 10,48,576 bs iv Z Aevb KiQ|
GwU mj cqUvi

(wPt 2.9.1.3 mj cqUvi gvf bgybv wP)


Kvmi ev mj cqUviK hfve B Kjvg (E-Column) Gi c_g _K B Kjvg (E-Column) kl bIqv nj,
Zvi wecixZ KgvwU eenvi Ki Kvmi/mj cqUviK B Kjvg (E-Column) c_g wbq Avmev| KgvwU
wbPi Kx-evW QweZ `Lvbv nj|

c_g KUvj Ges ci Avc Gviv


Kx ai GK mv_ Pvcyb
(wPt 2.9.2.1 Kx-evW Kgv bgybv wP)
wbPi QweZ `Lyb mj cqUviwU B Kjvg (E-Column) Gi kl iqQ| GLb Dci Kx-evW QweZ `Lvbv
KgvwU eenvi Kib, `Lyb Kvmi/mj cqUviwU B Kjvg (E Column) c_g Aevb KiQ| hv wbPi 3bs
QweZ `Lvbv nj|
51

(wPt 2.9.2.2 mj cqUvi gvf bgybv wP)


Kgv eenvi Gici Kvmi/mj cqUviwU B-Kjvg (E-Column) Gi c_g Gm Aevb KiQ| hv wbPi
QweZ `LZ cvQb|

3
mj cqUviwU Kjvgi c_g Aevb KiQ

(wPt 2.9.2.3 mj cqUvi gvf bgybv wP)


BwZc~e Avgiv `L wQjvg wKfve Kjvgi ga Kvmi ev mj cqUviK gvf KivZ nq| GLb GKwU iv Gi
gvS Kvmi ev mj cqUviK gvf Kiv `Le| wbPi 1bs QweZ `Lvbv Kgv eenvi Ki mj cqUviK
iv Gi kl be|
52

(wPt 2.9.3.1 Kx-evW Kgv bgybv wP)


wbPi QweZ mj cqUviK 8bs iv (Row) Gi we Kjvg (B-Column) ivLv nqQ| mj cqUviwUK 8bs
iv (Row) Gi kl bIqv ne| 1bs Qwei Kgv eenvi Ki|

mj cqUviwU iv Gi c_g iqQ

(wPt 2.9.3.2 mj cqUvi gvf bgybv wP)


wbPi QweZ `LZ cvQb mj cqUviwU iv (Row) Gi kl Ges megvU Kjvg (Column) Gi msLvmn
Aevb KiQ|

3
mj cqUviwU iv Gi kl iqQ
53

(wPt 2.9.3.3 mj cqUvi gvf bgybv wP)


GKUz AvM Avgiv mj cqUviK iv (Row) Gi kl bIqv wkLjvg| GLb mj cqUviK iv (Row) Gi
c_g bIqv wkLe| mj cqUviK iv (Row) Gi c_g bqvi Rb Kx-evWi KUvj Kx Ges jd&U Gviv
Kx wU eenvi Kib| hv wbPi Kx-evW QweZ `Lvbv nj|

c_g KUvj Ges ci jd&U Gviv


Kx ai GK mv_ Pvcyb

(wPt 2.9.4.1 Kx-evW Kgv bgybv wP)|


`Lyb mj cqUviwU iv (Row) Gi kl iqQ| mj cqUviwUK Gevi iv (Row) c_g bIqv eev
Kiev| hv Dci 1bs QweZ `LQb| KgvwU eenvi Ki mj cqUviK iv Gi c_g be|

2
mj cqUviwU iv Gi kl iqQ
54

(wPt 2.9.4.2 mj cqUvi gvf bgybv wP)


Kgv eenvii ci mj cqUviwU GLb iv Gi c_g `LvQ| hv wbPi 3bs QweZ `LZ cvQ|

mj cqUviwU iv Gi c_g iqQ

(wPt 2.9.4.3 mj cqUvi gvf bgybv wP)


(About Cell)
wbPi QwewUZ mjK eySvbv Pv KiwQ| KviY hLb Kvb MvwbwZK wnmve Kieb ZLb mj wK? Ges mj
GvWm wK? Zv AvcbvK RvbZB ne| GKwU mj Kjvg I iv Gi mq MwVZ nq| Avi iv Ges Kjvg Gi
bvgi mq nq mj GvWm| Kjvg (Column) bg nj (A,B,C) Ges iv (Row) bg nj (1,2,3,) |

55

GwU dg~jvevi

GwU bg e

dg~jv wWmc Gvwiqv

(wPt 2.9.5.1 dg~jvevi bgybv wP)


Dcii dg~jvevii QwewU `ywU Ask wef h_vt
(Name Box) Ges
(Formula Display Area)

wbPi QweZ mj wK? Zv Qwei gvag `Lvb nj| bg e (Name Box) mj mK ejv GB
Rb h, bg e h bvgwU _vK, Zv GB mj GiB bvg| mj cqUviK Avcwb h mj G wbeb mB mj
GiB bvg GB bg e (Name Box) `Lve| BwZc~e `wLqwQ wKfve mj cqUviK IqvKkxUi
(Worksheet) Kjvg (Column) I iv (Row) Gi wewfb vb gvf Kivbv hvq| mB KvRwU GB bg e
(Name Box) gvag I Kiv hvq| GB bg e (Name Box) mj cqUviwU h mj G wbZ Pvb| Zvi
GvWmwU G e wjL GUvi Pvcyb| `Lyb mj cqUviwU wbw` mj (Cell) G `LvQ|

Dcii Ask (G cvk Kjvg jvi bvg


eYgvjv viv wbavib Kiv nqQ)
evgi Ask
(G cvk iv
jvi bvg
msLv viv
wbavib Kiv
nqQ)

mj (Cell)

(wPt 2.9.5.2 mj bgybv wP)

wbPi 1bs QwewU nj mj cqUvi Gi mv_ cwiPq Kivbvi Rb| `Lyb 2bs QweZ B Kjvg Ges wm bs iv
mj G GKwU KvW wjLwQ| mwU Avevi dg~jv wWmc GvwiqvZ I `LvQ| Avmj K_v nj Avcwb hLbB Kvb
mj G wKQz wjLeb| dg~jv wWmc GvwiqvZ `Lve Ges GLvb _KI KvW jv GwWU KiZ cvieb|
56

mj cqUviwU AvcbvK mj G Kvb Z_ wjLvi KvR mnvqZv Ki| Kbbv IqvKkxU Gi


mjK wmj KiZ bv cvij mj G Zv Kvb Z_ wjLZ cvieb bv|

(wPt 2.9.5.3 mj cqUvi bgybv wP)


dg~jv wWmc Gvwiqv

bg e

GwU IqvK Gwiqv

mj cqUvi

2
(wPt 2.9.5.4 mj cqUvi dg~jv wWmc Gvwiqv bgybv wP)
GiB gvS Avcbv`i RvwbqwQ bg e wK?, dg~jv wWmc Gvwiqvi KvR wK?, mj wK?, mj cqUvi wK?
mj GvWm wK? GLb Avgiv GKwU zWU Gi bvg, wVKvb, gvevBj GB Z_ UzKz wjLe| GwU GKwU IqvKkxU
Gi Qwe GZ AbK jv mj `LZ cvQb Ges Gi gvS GKwU mj cqUvi iqQ| Gj cvMvgwU Icb
Kij GiKg GKwU Qwe cveb| GLb KvR nj zWU Gi Z_ jv wZbwU mj G wjL ivLZ ne|

57

(wPt 2.9.6.1 mj G WvUv GwU bgybv wP)


Gd Kjvg (F Column) 7 bs iv (7 Row) zWU Gi bvg wjLvi Rb zWU bg bvg GKwU wd Gi bvg
wjLwQ| c_g mj cqUviwU Gd Kjvg 7bs iv G ivLyb Gici zWU bg wjLvwU wjLyb| mj cqUviwU h
Kvb mj G iL Kvb wKQz wjLjB mj cqUviwU GKwUf ne Ges hwU wjLZQb Zv wjLv nZ _vKe| GwU
dg~jvevi Gi gvag I wjLvZ cvib| Gi Rb mj cqUviwU (F Column) 7 bs iv (7 Row) G ivLyb Ges
dg~jvevi G wKK& Ki mj G hwU wjLZ PvQb Zv GLvb wjLyb Gici GUvi Pvcyb| `Lyb mB mj G wjLvwU
`LvQ|

dg~jvevi/ dg~jv wWmc


evi

GLvb GKwU Kvmi wewjs KiQ

(wPt 2.9.6.2 mj G WvUv GwUi bgybv wP)


Gd Kjvg (F Column) 7 bs iv (7 Row) zWU Gi bvg wjLvi Rb zWU bg bvg GKwU wd Gi bvg
wjLwQ| yWU bgwU GwWU Kivi Rb mj cqUviwUK Gd Kjvg (F Column) 7 bs iv (7 Row) G iL
gvDm cqUviwU zWU bg mji Dci ivLyb `Leb gvDm cqUviwU cvm wP AvKvi avib Kie | GLvb
Wvej wKK& Kib A_ev Kx-evW _K Gd Uz (F2) Pvcyb A_ev dg~jvevi wKK& Ki wjLvK GwWU KiZ cvib|

GLvb wKK& Kib

Kx-evW _K (F2) Kx Pvcyb

58

GLvb gvDm cqUvi iL Wvej wKK& Kib

(wPt 2.9.7.1 mj Gi WvUv GwWU c bgybv wP)


mj cqUvi GdGU& (F8) mj G iL Gd Uz (F2) cm Ki Student Name Gi cwieZZ MD Kamal
wjLwQ| wbPi QweZ `Lvbv nj|

(wPt 2.9.7.2 mj Gi WvUv GwWU wfD iRv bgybv wP)


GLb Gj cvMvg Gi gvag MwbZi ewmK wKQz dg~jv wbq KvR Kie| Zvi AvM AvcbvK GKUz cki
gyLvgywL Kwi| Dci mj, mj GvWm, Kjvg, iv, mj G WvUv wjLv I GwWU Kiv BZvw` AvjvPbv KiwQ|
1| Asraf wjLvwUi mj GvWm wK? 2| Kamal wjLvwUi Kvb Kjvg iqQ 3| Shihab wjLvwU KZZg
Kjvg iqQ Ges mjwUi GvWm wK? 4| mj cqUviwU (Cell Pointer) Kvb mj G iqQ Ges Gi mj
GvWm wK? wbPi QwewU `LB ck
jvi Di `eb|

59

(wPt 2.9.7.3 mj GvWm wbYq)


Avwg ai wbjvg Avcwb mejv cki DiB mwVKfve w`qQb Ges 100 gvK 100 cqQb|

60

61

cdkbvj Gj G hv _vKQ

UU Kgv mK wevwiZ AvjvPbv


UU e mK AvjvPbv
IqvW AvU Gi KvR I G mK AvjvPbv
mgvU AvU Kgv mK AvjvPbv
mc Kgv mK AvjvPbv
wcKPvi Kgv mK AvjvPbv
wm^j Gi eenvi
jvf jvKmvb wnmve
IqvK kxU evKMvD Gi eenvi
nWvi I dzUvi mUAvc Kiv
BKzqkb Gi eenvi
UU Gi wfZi Ges evwni nZ ev` `Iqv
BbfwjW ZvwiL LuyRv Ges Zv wd Kiv
hmKj dig~jv eenvi Ki Kvb mgmv mgvavb Kiv nqbv
wj nZ WzwcKU WUv LuyRv Ges WUv wigvf
Mvj PK Gi eenvi Kiveb
UUK bv^vi G icvi Kiv
Bjvm&Ukb Kgv Mc eenvi mK AvjvPbv
IqvKeyKK wcwWGd digU G mf
IqvKeyKK Iqe digU G mf
dxR& cb& Gi eenvi
Uwej Zwi
wKfve jfvsk wnme Kieb
wcfU Uwej Zwi I G mK wevwiZ AvjvPbv
wewfb dvBj _K WUvK IqvKkxU vcb Kiv (CSV, Txt, Access)
WUvK wewfb digU GcvU Kiv (CSV, Txt, Word, PowerPoint)
wiKgbU wcfU Uwej mK wevwiZ AvjvPbv
62

KvgvBwRs wieb Uwej


GKmv_ mg duvKv Ni wPwZ Kiv Ges wbevPb
GKwU wj nZ iv wWjU Kiv
digwUs mveUvUvj
PvU Zwi
digwUs Ges 2d G 3d vBj PvU Gi eevni
WvBbvwgK wcfU PvU Zwi
kwUs mveUvUvj
Kwcs mveUvUvj
AUvfve bv^vi ev ZvwiLjv mU Kivi Kkj
wcfU Uwej eenvi Ki mveUvUvj Ges WUv KvDU Kiv
GKmv_ AcqvRbxq mKj WUv ev` `Iqv
nvBcvi wjsK Zwii gvag Ab kxU,IqvKeyK ev dvBjK Icb Kiv
GKwU mji UUK Kjvg icvwiZ Kiv
wcfU PvU Zwi
wcfU Uwej Zwi
wigvf wcfU Uwej
digwUs wcfU Uwej
cvIqvi wcfU Gi eenvi
Bd (If) dvskb Gi eenvi
G (And) dvskb Gi eenvi
Ai (OR) dvskb Gi eenvi
Kx-evW mUKvU
gvv eenvi mK AvjvPbv
gvv iKW Kiv
gvv GwWU Kivi cwZ
gvv ivb Kiv BZvw`
wfRyqvj ewmK Gvwc Kkb cvMvwgs mK AvjvPbv
wfRyqvj ewmK Gvwc Kkb cvcviwU mK AvjvPbv
BDRvi dig wWRvBb
gwWDj Zwi Kiv
Kvm gwWDj Zwi Kiv
63

BDRvi dig nZ IqvKkxU WvUv GwU Kiv


dig KUvj Kgv Mci Kgv jvi eenvi
dig KUvjG Kgv Mci Kgv jvi eenvi
Gj Ackb cwiwPwZ
Rbvij Ackb mwUs Gi cwiwPwZ
dig~jvm& Ackb mwUs Gi cwiwPwZ
cwds Ackb mwUs Gi cwiwPwZ
mf Ackb mwUs Gi cwiwPwZ
AvWfvW Ackb mwUs Gi cwiwPwZ
KvgvBR wieb Ackb mwUs Gi cwiwPwZ
KzBR GKmm& Uzjevi Ackb mwUs Gi cwiwPwZ

weMxwbs Rygjv AvWfvW Rygjv cdkbvj Rygjv Rygjv UjU gwKs


weMxwbs IqvWcm AvWfvW IqvWcm cdkbvj IqvWcm BUvibU
AvZKgmsvb-1 BUvibU AvZKgmsvb-2
B-Kgvm Av Rygjv!
fvPzgvU
B-Kgvm
gvvwgwWqv wWgIqfvi mvP Bwb AcwUgvBRkb
AvWfvW
mvP Bwb AcwUgvBRkb
cdkbvj mvP Bwb AcwUgvBRkb
di
UwWs B-gvKwUs
AvWfvW GBPwUGgGj wcGBPwc Av gvB
GmwKDGj AvWfvW wcGBPwc Av gvB GmwKDGj AeR AwiqUW
wc.GBP.wc WUveBR gvB GmwKDGj wm cvMvwgs Rvfv cvMvwgs
Rvfvw
AvWfvW dUvkc AvWfvW BjvUi cdkbvj Mvwd wWRvBb
cdkbvj KwDUvi bUIqvwKs IW Ges AvDmvwms AvwdwjqU
gvKwUs

www.bookbd.info
eyKwewW nQ evsjv`kx cdkbvj evsjv eB mg~ni IqemvBU| hLvb _K Avcwb B-eyK webv g~j WvDbjvW
KiZ cvieb| h eBjv AvcbvK AvBwU Ges AvDUmvwms-G cdkbvj Kvwiqvi Mo ZzjZ mvnvh Kie|
64

G QvovI wbR wbR Kvb cKvi Uwbs QvovB h Kvb welqi Dci cdkbvj `Zv ARb KiZ cvib GB
eBjv co| Avi Avcbv`i Kvb civgk _vKj AekB Avgv`iK Rvbveb, GB wVKvbvq AvcwbI nZ
cvib eyKwewW wmwiRi GKRb jLK hw` Kvb welqi Dci Avcbvi cdkbvj (eveagx) vb _vK| tinfobook7@gmail.com.

65

BUvibU Gi gvag Avq Z_v AbjvBb G Avq| h hfve ewj bv Kb, Zvi A_ `vuovq GKUvB - bZyb GKUv
Avqi , bZyb ckv BZvw`| hw`I evsjv`ki GUv LyeB bZyb GKUv aviYv| Kbbv, G `k BUvibU
eenvi Ki ay gv kni emevm Ki Ggb gvbyl-Rb| w`b w`b Aek GB Aev cvjUvQ| hvB nvK,
AvDUmvwms nQ g~jZ Kviv AaxY bv _K ^vaxYfve aygv GKwU KwDUvi Ges BUvibU mshvM Gi
gvag wbR `Zv cqvM Ki Aci Kvb evw ev Kvvbxi KvR mb Ki A_ DcvRb Kiv| hgb-h KD
evsjv`ki h Kvb vb _K BUvibUi mvnvh A_ DcvRb KiZ cvib|

2021 mvji ga wWwRUvj evsjv`k cK evevqbi gvag eKvi gy ^wbfi evsjv`k Mov| chywi
Kva fi Ki GwMq hvQ cw_ex Avi GB MwZi mv_ Zvj wgwjq Pjvi Rb PjQ bvbv iKg cwqv| ZviB
avivevwnKZvq `xN w`bi wbijm kgi gvag Z_ chyw eenvi Ki eKvi mgmv `~i Kivi eve mZ cK
Zwi Kiv nqQ-hvi bvg AbjvBb Avwbs cvMvg| Avgiv Avgv`i AbK g~jevb mgq Ah_vB eq Kwi A_P
G mgqwUK hw` AbjvBb A_c~b Dk KvR jvMvZ cvwi, Ze wbR`i hgb GKwU fvj AsKi A_i
msvb nq, mB mv_ `ki A_bxwZZI iZc~Y Ae`vb ivLZ cvwi| w`b hw` Avgiv wbqwgZ 3-8 NUv
AbjvBb mgq w`Z cvwi, Zvnj Lye mnRB gvm 300-400 Wjvi Avq Kiv me| AbjvBb _K Avqi g~j
gvag jv nj:-wc.wc.wm (AvWm, AvW evBU, weWfvUvBRvi BZvw`), GwdwjqU gvKwUs, wiwfD I e M
jLv, WvgBb cvwKs, mvBU wdwcs, wc.wU.wm (cBW Uy wKK), Mvwd wWRvBb, IqemvBU wWRvBb, mvP Bwb
AcwUgvBRkb, WvUv GwU mvf, idvivj weRbm BZvw`| AbjvBb Avwbs cvMvg 2021 mvj bvMv` wWwRUvj
evsjv`k evevqb iZc~Y f~wgKv ivLe Ges evsjv`ki eKvi mgmv AbKUvB `~i Kiv mn wek Z_
chyw I kg evRvi gReyZ wfw Zwi Kie ej Avgv`i wekvm|

AvDUmvwms gvKUc m jvZ evsjv`k GLb gvUvgywU mvbRbK GKwU Aevb Aevb KiQ| GB
mvbRbK Aevb cuQvZ cQbi gvbyljvK AbK cwikg KiZ nhqQ| KQc MwZi BUvibU
KvbKkb Avi jvWkwWs Gi gZ eW eo evavi mv_ cvj v w`h hv`iK KvR KiZ nh , ZvivB Rvbb
Avmj KZUv cwikg KiZ nhQ GB Aevb AvmZ|
evsjv`k GLbv AvDUmvwmsK ckv wnme wbZ mevBK `kevi fveZ nq| KviY, ckv wnme GLbv
Zgb mvb `qv nqbv AvDUmvmvi/wdjvvi`iK| GKRb Bwwbqvi Kvb GKwU cvBfU dvg QvULvU GKUv
Re KijI wZwb Me Ki Zv ejZ cvib, wK hLb wZwb GKRb dxjvvi wnme KvR Kib, ZLb ZvK mUv
ejZ BZZ eva KiZ nq| Avmj KviY njv Zvi KvR ev KvRi cwqv mvaviY gvbyl eySZ cvi bv| GB
me kbxi gvbyli bv evSvi `vq wK civfve dxjvvi/AvDUmvmvi`i NvoB co| Ges mvaviY gvbyli
wbKU evaMg Ki Zvjvi `vwqZ GB dxjvvi`iB|

66

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