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Clifford E Carnicom
Feb 09 2003
All citizens are requested to become familiar with the following briefing paper. The paper
is written by Dennis Papadopoulos, Physics Department, of the University of Maryland, in
connection with the Eisenhower Institute. The paper is in a .pdf format, and is entitled
"Satellite Threat Due to High Altitude Nuclear Detonations". The paper outlines a method
that employs the use of ELF propagation from the HAARP transmitter as a means to
protect satellites from the effects of nuclear explosions at altitude. All constituents of this
system are identified as primary research topics of the aerosol operations. Readers,
researchers, citizens and activists are encouraged to become familiar with the conceptual
basis of this briefing, and to disseminate this paper. Please devote special attention to the
final pages of the report. The posting of this information is not meant in any way to impart
finality or singularity of purpose to the aerosol operations; to the contrary, numerous
applications have been identified as being feasible under the modified state of the
atmosphere that now exists. As an example, biological operations, environmental
modifications, alternative weapon systems and applications are not a consideration within
this report. The comprehensive nature of the ELF - SATELLITE - HAARP -
AEROSOL(charged particle control) connection, however, deserves careful evaluation by
all citizens.

Excerpt from briefing paper entitled:
"Satellite Threat Due to High Altitude Nuclear Detonations"
Dennis Papadopoulous, Physics Dept., University of Maryland
Link to online briefing paper in .pdf format:
Alternative On-Site Download Link
3 Megs, .pdf file

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A Global Warming Model
Clifford E Carnicom
Santa Fe, NM
Apr 13 2007

From a Special Report on April 1, 2007 from CBS 60 Minutes, entitled, The Age of Warming:
"Over the past 50 years, this region, the Antarctica peninsula, the northwestern part and the islands around it
has been going up in temperature about one degree every decade and that makes the region the fastest warming
place on earth.
...And its not unique. More than 90 percent of the worlds glaciers are retreating...."

A study has been done to examine the role of the aerosol operations with respect to global
warming. It has long been proposed
that the aerosol operations have the effect of aggravating
the heating condition of the planet, and that they show no prospect for cooling the earth as many
have claimed. This is in direct contradiction to many of the popular notions that commonly
circulate regarding the operations, i.e., that these operations are somehow intended for our
benefit, but it is best that their true nature remain undisclosed and closed to fair examination by
the public. Whether or not such popular theories are intended to mislead the public is open to
question; the facts, however, speak of an opposite end result. The aerosols are being dispersed
into the lower atmosphere, and it can be shown from this fact that they will indeed heat up the
lower portion of the atmosphere. Global warming itself is defined as the heating of the lower
atmosphere and earth
. The notion that the aerosols are in some way cooling the planet is
contradictory to direct observation and the examinations of physics. To cool the planet, the
intentionally dispersed aerosols would have to be in the upper regions of the atmosphere or in
space; readers interested in that conclusion may wish to read more closely the proposals of
Edward Teller that are often cited in the claims of supposed mitigation. It will be found that any
claims of aerosols cooling the planet will usually require those materials to be at the upper
reaches of the atmosphere to the boundaries of space; aerosols in the lower atmosphere will
usually be shown to be heating the planet. These facts must be considered by any of those
individuals that continue to promulgate claims of anonymous and beneficial mitigation in
conjunction with the aerosol operations.
The current model examines the effects of deliberately introducing barium particulates into the
lower atmosphere, and the subsequent contribution to the global warming problem. The results
are not encouraging. The results indicate that these particulates, even at rather modest
concentration levels, can contribute in a real and significant way to the heating of the lower
atmosphere. The magnitude appears to be quite on par with any of the more popularly discussed
contributions, such as carbon dioxide increase and greenhouse gases. It is recommended that the
public be willing to consider some of the more direct, visible and palpable alterations to our
planet and atmosphere within the pursuit of the global warming issue, namely the aerosol
operations as they have been imposed upon the public without informed consent for more than 8
years now.
The graph above shows the expected interactions from 3 variables that relate to the global
warming issue; these are: aerosol concentration, time and rise in temperature. On one axis,
relatively modest concentrations of barium particulates in the atmosphere are shown. The
magnitudes shown are not at all unreasonable with respect to the numerous analyses that have
been made by this researcher in the past, e.g., visibility studies available on this site. As a point
of reference, the EPA air quality standard for particulates of less than 2.5 microns in size has
been recently lowered
to 35 ugms (micrograms) per m
(cubic meter). It will be seen from the
graph, for example, that even a 10% level of this standard (i.e., 3.5-ugms / m
) can produce a
noticeable heating of the lower atmosphere. As has been stated previously, the candor and
accountability of the EPA is sorely lacking over the past decade, and this agency has failed
miserably in its duty to the public to maintain environmental safeguards. It can no longer be
assured or assumed that minimal air quality standards are being honored in any way, and the
integrity of the EPA to serve the public interest can no longer be upheld. It is quite possible, and
unfortunately somewhat expected, that enforceable and accountable air quality standards have
been sacrificed some time ago with the advent of the aerosol operations.
A second axis on the graph is that of time in years. A point of zero time would be one that
assumes no such artificial and increased concentration of barium particulates exists in the lower
atmosphere. The graph is marked in intervals of 5 year periods, from 0 to 50 years. The time
period of 50 years has been chosen only to demonstrate that the effects of these particulates upon
heating is of serious and immediate concern; within a matter of decades the effects are
pronounced and have measurable global impact. The variables of aerosol concentration and time
can now be considered mutually with the above graph and model. Presumably, humans have a
vested interest in protecting the welfare of the planet beyond the immediate future of a few
decades, and the problem would be only more pronounced if a century of time had been
presented versus a fifty year period.
The third axis is that of temperature rise presented in degrees of centigrade. This is the variable
that should solicit the greatest concern. To give an example of usage, a concentration of 5ugms /
over an interval as short as 20 years would lead to heating of the lower atmosphere on the
order of 0.6 degrees centigrade. This corresponds to approximately 1 degree of Fahrenheit. This
is found by finding the intersection of 5ugms along the concentration axis with 20 years of
elapsed time on the second axis. This point is then projected horizontally upon the temperature
increase axis, where it will be found to intersect at approximately 0.6 degrees. This is a very real
and measurable result in terms of global impact. Nobel Prize Winner Paul Crutzen, in
Atmosphere, Climate and Change
writes in 1997 that even conservative estimates of global
planetary surface temperature change are on the order of 1 to 3 degrees centigrade over a 50 year
interval. This temperature change will produce sea level changes on the order of 10 to 30
centimeters. It is stated, furthermore, that "much of Earth's population would find it inordinately
difficult to adjust to such changes".
Readers may now notice that the recent CBS special report referred to above demonstrates that
the rate of heating in Antarctica is already approximately 1.5 times greater than the predictions
from the 1997 era.
It can be seen from this model that the results of artificial aerosol introduction into the lower
atmosphere can be of a magnitude quite on par with the extraordinary impacts projected by even
modest and conservative global warming models upon humans in the near future. As the model
presented herein is intended to be reasonably conservative, the impact of the aerosol operations
could be much greater than these results show. It is advised that the citizens consider the viability
and merit of this model in the examination of the global warming issue, and that they openly take
aggressive action to halt the intentional aerosol operations.
This paper is late in its offering, as my availability for continued research at this level is limited.
I am nevertheless hopeful that the information can be evaluated and assimilated into the many
rationales and arguments that have developed over the last decade to cease the intentional
alteration of the atmosphere of our planet.
Clifford E Carnicom
April 13, 2007
Additional Notes : The model can easily be extended to other elements of concern, however, a
focus on barium has taken place due to the unique physical properties of that element along with
the evidence for its existence at unexpected levels in the atmosphere.The mathematics and
physics of the model is presented in a separate paper.
1. CE Carnicom, Drought Inducement, http://www.carnicom.com/drought1.htm, April 2002
2. Carnicom, Global Warming and Aerosols, http://www.carnicom.com/sh1.htm, Jan 2004
3. Carnicom, Global Warming and Aerosols, Further Discussion,
http://www.carnicom.com/sh1b.htm, Feb 2004
4. Wikipedia, Global Warming, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_warming
5. EPA, EPA Strengthens U.S. Air Quality Standards,
6. Crutzen, Paul, Atmosphere, Climate and Change, (Scientific American Library, 1997), p141.

ELF 2005 :
Clifford E Carnicom
Santa Fe, NM
May 13 2005
The detection of sustained Extremely Low Frequency radiation is positively confirmed. A
fundamental frequency of 4 cycles per second (Hz) is established, along with the harmonics
of that frequency, 8Hz, 12Hz, 16Hz, 20Hz, etc. . The indication is that this phenomenon is
expected to be global in scope, due to the extreme wavelengths associated with these
frequencies. This is further confirmed by the orientation of the maximum field strength in
the direction of the magnetic field lines of the earth.
The detection of this radiation puts forth the foreboding prospect of many applications and
implications, including those of military, biological, psychological, health, energy, weapon
systems and geophysical natures. The discovery of this fundamental frequency has
profound geophysical implications as the Schumann frequency, i.e, the natural resonant
frequency of the earth, is itself being exceeded in wavelength. There is no known natural
source for its origin at this time.

Spectral Graph of 4Hz and Harmonic Ambient ELF Propagation
12 May 2005
The initial stages of this work were conducted from November 2002 to April 2003.
Approximately two dozen papers outlining that research exist on this site. Extended
research into the conductivity changes in our modified atmosphere has necessitated a
return to this topic. The repeated detection of this radiation over a 2 1/2 year period
indicates that this represents a continuous and fundamental change in the global
electromagnetic environment.
As there is extensive literature and evidence on the potentially detrimental biological,
psychological and health effects upon humans of this radiation type, the international
community is requested to openly investigate, locate and determine the source of this
energy. Should it be determined to be of artificial origin, the intent and purpose of this
radiation is subject to public challenge. The use of ELF pulse energy with ionospheric
heaters may serve as a starting point for this investigation. Environmental monitoring and
protection is a right of the citizen.
Clifford E Carnicom
May 13, 2005

Addtional Notes:
The radiation has now been measured by three completely different techniques over extensive
time periods, including the use of a loop antenna -amplifier circuit in the time domain, an analog
resonant circuit in combination with a sensitive gaussmeter and frequency generator, and the
spectral analysis of the ELF-VLF receiver signal.
The location of this research is in the southwestern United States.
The reception of these apparently continuous signals can now be verified in a number of
different ways:
Details of the ELF-VLF receiver circuit that has been built are available on this site; there have
been minor experimental modifications to circuit components over time. A outside loop antenna
of approximately 12H has been constructed to replace the original inductor. The ELF-VLF
circuit has now been used in both the time and spectral domains with equivalent results. The
ELF-VLF receiver detects the fundamental, the odd and the even harmonics during recent tests.
The analog method can be verified with the construction of a resonant coil capacitor circuit. The
resonant frequency should be established in the range of the frequencies under measurement. It
will be found that an injection of the fundamental frequency or the odd harmonics will induce a
visibly detectable oscillation of the gaussmeter needle when the pickup coil is placed in the
vicinity of the coil of the LC circuit; oscillation will not occur at non-resonant frequencies. The
60Hz power signal is relatively powerful and simple to detect with this method. The analog
method appears to produce primarily the odd harmonics ( 1,3,5) and the fundamental frequency
for measurement. At approximately 30Hz it becomes increasingly difficult to separate out the
components of the ambient 60Hz power signal.

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The Air, The Water, and The Land
Clifford E Carnicom
April 15, 2005
A rainfall laboratory test recently received from a rural location in the midwestern United
States has refocused attention on the electrolytic, ionic and conductive properties of
environmental samples in connection with the aerosol operations. These "interesting
characteristics" of solids in our atmosphere have a more direct and down to earth impact
as their nature is better understood. This is nothing less than the changing of the air, the
water and the soil of this planet. All life is eventually to be affected as it continues.
A laboratory report has been received that documents unusually high levels of calcium and
potassium within a rain sample.
Previous work has demonstrated unexpected levels of
barium and magnesium. The continuous presence of easily ionizable salts at higher
concentrations within atmospheric samples has many ramifications upon the environment.
A brief introduction to the severe health impact of this category of particulates has also
been made on this site. Current work is now dedicated to the impact that these materials
are having upon not only upon the atmosphere, but upon the water and soil as well. All
inhabitants of this planet will eventually confront, voluntarily or not, the consequences of
the actions that are being allowed to degrade the viability and habitability of our home.
The burden of testing for the problems underway does not fall upon any private citizen, as
the resources are not available to support it. Nevertheless, testing and analysis does
continue in whatever way is possible. Accountability must eventually fall to those public
servants and agencies entrusted with protection of the general welfare and environment. It
should not be assumed that there is infinite time available to ponder the strategies of
improvement and the solutions for remedy. We shall all bear the final price for any
condonement of what has been allowed to pass.
Now, for the more immediate particulars:
A series of conductivity tests have been conducted with recent heavy snowfall samples
collected in New Mexico and Arizona. Conductivity is a means to measure the ionic
concentration within a solution. These tests have been performed with the use of a
calibrated conductivity meter in conjunction with calibrated seawater solutions. A series of
electrolysis tests have also been completed with these same samples and calibrated
These tests demonstrate conclusively the presence of reactive metal hydroxides (salts) in
concentrations sufficient to induce visible electrolysis in all recent snowfall samples
Precipitates result if reactive electrodes are used; air filtration tests have produced these
same results in even more dramatic fashion from the solids that have been collected. Highly
significant electrolytic reactions occur in the case when the solid materials from the
atmosphere are concentrated and then placed into solution. Rainfall is expected to be one
of the purest forms of water available, especially in the rural and high mountain sites that
have been visited. Rainfall from such "clean" environments is not expected to support
electrolysis is any significant fashion
, and conductivity is expected to be on the order of 4-
Current conductivity readings are in the range of approximately 15 to 25uS. These
values may not appear to be extraordinarily large, however any increase in salt content,
especially with the use of remote samples, will need to be considered with respect to the
cumulative effect upon the land. These results do indicate an increase in conductivity on
the order of 2-3 times, and the effects of increased salinity on plant life will merit further
Beyond the indicated increase in conductivity levels of sampled precipitation, there are two
additional important results from the current study. The first is the ability to make an
analytic estimate of the concentration of ionic salts within the regional atmosphere. The
results do appear to be potentially significant from an air quality perspective and with
respect to the enforcement (or lack thereof) of existing standards. The second is the
introduction of the principle of "ohmic heating", which in this case allows for increased
conductivity of the atmosphere as a result of an introduced current.
First, with respect to estimated concentrations of ionic salt forms in the atmosphere, the
principle is as follows. The methods demonstrate that our focus is upon reactive metal
hydroxide forms (barium hydroxide, for example). Conductivity is proportional to ionic
concentration. Although a conductivity meter is especially useful over a wide range of
concentrations, special care is required when dealing with the weak saline forms of
precipitation as they now exist. It has been found that current flow as measured by a
sensitive ammeter (uamps) appears to be useful in assessing the conductivity of the weak
saline solution. The results have been confirmed and duplicated with the use of the
calibrated conductivity meter. The use of on ohm meter to measure resistance is found
from both experience and from the literature to not be reliable without much caution, due
to complications of heating and/or polarization. Weak saline solutions appear to have their
own interesting characteristics with respect to introduced currents, and this topic will come
to the forefront when ohmic heating is discussed.
A series of weak sea saltwater solutions have been carefully prepared for use in calibrating
both the conductivity meter and the ammeter. These solutions are in strengths of 0.56%,
1.51% and 3.01% respectively. Many tests have also been completed with refined water
samples as well as seawater equivalents. Conductivity is proportional to concentration
levels, especially as it has been bracketed with a variety of solutions in the range of
expected measurements. Measurements currently estimate the saline concentration of the
precipitation samples at approximately 0.041%. Salt concentrations in any amount are
extremely influential to conductivity.
Assuming an equivalency in density of the precipitation salts to sea salts, this results in an
expected concentration level of approximately 15 milligrams per liter. For comparison
purposes, rainwater in Poker Flats, Alaska is reported as approximately 1mg/liter for all
dissolved ions; the contribution from reactive metal compounds is a small fraction of that
total. Highly polluted rain over Los Angeles CA is reported at approximately 4mg/liter,
with approximately 1mg/liter composed of the reactive metals.
Simulated rainfall samples
report concentration levels of approximately 4 and 21 mg/liter respectively, presumed to
reflect reasonably clean and polluted samples respectively
. In all cases cited, the
contribution from reactive metal ions is quite small relative to the whole, and sulfate,
nitrate and chloride ions are the largest contributors to the pollutants. Testing here
indicates the composition of the precipitate pollutants may be biased toward the reactive
metal ion concentrations.
The next objective is to translate the measured and estimated concentration level to an
equivalent density, or particulate count, within the atmosphere. This method is based upon
saturation levels for moisture within the atmosphere. Air at a given temperature can only
hold so much water.
From the Smithsonian Meteorological Tables, the satuation density is given as:

saturation density = 216.68 * (e
/ (C
* T) )
where e
is the saturation vapor pressure in millibars, T is temperature in Kelvin, and C
the compressibility factor. Cv is 1.0000 to the level of precision required.
From Saucier
, the saturation vapor pressure in millibars with respect to water is estimated
= 6.11 * 10

where a = 7.5
b = 237.3
and t is degrees Centigrade.
Therefore, the saturation density can be stated as:
density (gms /m
) = [ 216.68 * e
/ K
and the density in gms / m
of salt particulate in the air can be estimated as:
gms / m
= Conductivity Estimate of Solids (in gms per liter) * (RH% / 100) * Saturation
Density * 1E-3
and in ugms:
ugms = gms / m
* 1E6
and as an example, if the solid density is .015 gms / liter and the temperature is 15 deg
centigrade and humidity is 50%, the estimate of particulate concentration from the salts is
96ugms / m
. This concentration will vary directly with altitude (temperature) and
humidity levels.
The estimates show that at ground levels and temperatures it is quite possible that the EPA
air quality standards for particulate matter are no longer being met. This determination
will also depend on the size of the particles in question, as EPA standards vary according to
size (PM2.5 and PM10 respectively). All analyses indicate that the size of the aerosols under
examination are sub-micron, and if so, this makes the problem more acute. Air quality
standards for comparison to various scenarios are available
to examine the relationship
that has been developed. Unfortunately, the failures of United States government agencies
now require the independent audit of EPA data and presentation. The U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency is especially culpable in this regard, and the enforcement of existing
standards is a serious topic of controversy.
Finally, let us introduce the subject of ohmic heating. The behavior of electric currents
within weak saline solutions has many points of interest. During the testing for this report,
it was observed that the conductivity of weak saline solutions noticeably increased over
time when these solutions were subjected to a weak electric current. It appears that the
most likely source of this conductivity is a phenomenon known as ohmic heating. In plasma
physics, ohmic heating is the energy imparted to charged particles as they respond to an
electric field and make collisions with other particles. A classic definition would be the
heating that results from the flow of current through a medium with electrical resistance.
Please recall the difficulty of using an ohmmeter to measure conductivity in a solution; this
difficulty was realized in the trials of this report.
Metals are known to increase their resistance with the introduction of an electric current.
As the metal becomes hotter, resistance increases and conductivity decreases. Salt water
and plasmas are quite interesting in that the opposite effect occurs. The conductivity of salt
water increases when temperature increases. The same effect occurs within a plasma; an
increase in temperature will result in a decrease of the resistance.
, i.e, the conductivity
increases. Introduction of an electric current into the plasma, or salt water for that matter,
will increase the temperature and therefore the conductivity will also increase. This is in
opposition to our normal experience with metals and conductors.
In the past, conductivity studies have focused on the ability of the reactive metals to lose
ions through the photoionization process. This remains a highly significant aspect of the
aerosol research.
The importance of this study is that a second factor has now been introduced into the
conductivity equation, and that is the introduction of electric currrent itself into the plasma
state. This research, through direct observation and analysis, has inadvertently turned
attention once again to the HAARP facility, where ohmic heating is stated within the
Eastlund patent to be a direct contributor to atmospheric conductivity increase. All
evidence indicates that this plasma is saline based, which further propagates the hypothesis
of increased conductivity in the atmosphere with the introduction of electric current, in
addition to that provided by photoionization.
A future presentation will examine the changes in the conductivity of our soil, in addition
to that of our air and water.
1. CE Carnicom, Calcium and Potassium, http://www.carnicom.com, March 2005.
2. Andrew Hunt, A-Z Chemistry, (McGraw Hill, 2003), 125.
3. Dr. Rana Munns, The Impact of Salinity Stress,
4. Steven Lower, Ion Bunk, http://www.chem1.com/CQ/ionbunk.html.
5. Hobbs, Peter, Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry, Cambridge University Press, 2000,
6. Water Standards, Simulated Rainwater, http://www.hps.net/simrain.html
7. Smithsonian Meteorological Tables, Table 108, (Smithsonian Institution Press, 1984), 381.
8. Walter J. Saucier, Principles of Meterological Analysis, (Dover, 1989), 9.
9. National Ambient Air Quality Standards,
10. S. Eliezer and Y. Eliezer, The Fourth State of Matter, An Introduction to Plasma Science,
(Institute of Physics Publishing 2001), 124-125.
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Clifford E Carnicom
Oct 22 2004
Edited Feb 11 2005
The highest levels of the United States government have been used to lie to the American
public and the world. These lies have culminated in the conduct of a criminal war, and the
harm to civilized society from these actions continues to this day.
History will eventually reveal, if it is truthfully written, that the United States Air Force is
party to another set of falsehoods that attempt to conceal the nature of the aerosol
operations that are being conducted upon the public without their informed consent. These
aerosols have now dramatically altered the very nature of the atmosphere in ways that
threaten our existence upon this planet. Examination of the issue strongly indicates a
dominating military objective as only one of many aspects of the aerosol campaign. The
first tactic of choice by the United States Air Force was an attempt to ridicule the issue by
authoritatively declaring it as a "hoax."
This complicity has forayed into the arena of brazen propaganda, and is being conducted
by another arm of United States "authority", the National Atmospheric and Space
Administration (NASA). NASA has recently adopted a public strategy of abusing its
position of national and public service by attempting to indoctrinate the citizens, including
children, that the aerosol operations are a "normal" and expected consequence of daily life
and aircraft. Nothing can be further from the truth, as is also apparent from an honest and
thorough examination of the issue.
The latest strategy, apparently in partial reaction to the failures of the "hoax" declaration,
would earn a rank of commendation from George Orwell himself. The doublespeak from
NASA now characterizes the onslaught of aerosol operations, i.e., the deliberate and
systematic injection of massive amounts of particulates into our atmosphere by aircraft, as
The "clutter" and "special clouds" are now to be counted by our children in staged
"educational" events. These events serve the purpose of indoctrination for an Orwellian
world that declares the operations to be "normal". It is a world in which there is no need to
question this authority.
The following excerpts exist from recent public web sites that are administered by NASA:

"Contrail Clutter"
(A Proclamation by NASA)

From the NASA Student Features Program:
"We're looking for special clouds called contrails.
We want students, teachers and parents all over the world to report the number of
contrails in the sky....
Contrails look like white lines in the sky"

"Unusual", "Persistent", and "Persistent Spreading"
For those that wish to examine the question of "normalcy", I encourage them to view a
documentary that is available through the public domain on this site. Images from a
documentary are sometimes helpful to clarify an issue. The recent presentations by NASA,
coupled with the historical stance of the US Air Force, and the actions of the United States
government are at the very core of propaganda. The effects of this deceit are now apparent
in the world situation.
The citizens and nations of the world have not yet confronted the aerosol issue in an
organized and public fashion. There is no guarantee or assurance that they will ever do so.
The methods of deception are now being extended to the minds of youth with a longer term
goal of indoctrination. These methods purposefully separate us from truth with an agenda
of manipulation and control.
If the children are not given the opportunity to seek out the truth, you have lost your cause.
Clifford E Carnicom
October 22, 2004

Note: My thanks to the citizen that has brought this "public information" to my attention.
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Clifford E Carnicom
Santa Fe, New Mexico
May 24 2004
A series of qualitative chemical tests and deductions now confirm without doubt the
presence of significant amounts of barium within atmospheric samples. Citizens may now
begin the process of collecting the sample materials for formal submission to public
environmental agencies and private labs for identification. The testing process can be done
at modest expense and the results from laboratory analysis can now be qualitatively and
independently verified without great difficulty. Any testing service employed will need to
be able to demonstrate no vested interest in the outcome of the results, accuracy of method,
and the willingness to have the testing process independently monitored.
The material under analysis has been collected by a plate ionizing filter; it may also be
collected with conventional fiber filtration over a longer period of time. HEPA filter
collection and subsequent electrolysis of the filter material placed in distilled water has also
proven successful. Extended time periods may be required to collect a sufficient volume of
material for electrolytic processing and external testing preferences. Readers are referred
to previous articles
for two methods of collection. The use of electrolysis is significant in
producing a final compound for testing purposes. The solid materials (powder/ crystals)
collected by the plate ionizing filter, assuming they satisify the test procedures described on
this page, will be sufficient for laboratory analysis. Qualitative chemical tests and flame
tests positively establish the significant presence of barium compounds within the
atmospheric sample.
Citizens with sufficient environmental concern are encouraged to begin this process of
sample collection and identification, along with the documentation of the responses of both
public and private environmental services.

Additional Notes:
The process of collection and analysis is summarized as follows:
1. Solid materials are collected with the use of a plate ionizing filter or fiber based filters as
described previously.

2. The material can be subjected to low power microscopic viewing to verify similiarity of
material form before proceeding. The powder/crystal material under collection has a tan,
beige or gray cast to it. The presence of fibrous materials within the sample is not the focus
of this report, and further analysis of those materials may occur at a later time.
3. The solid powder/crystal material that is the subject of this report will be found to
dissolve easily within distilled water. Extremely small samples have been used for all tests
as the material requires time and effort to collect in sufficient quantity. For testing
purposes, samples of a fraction of a gram have been dissolved within a few milliliters of
distilled water.
4. Solutions of higher concentrations, e.g., 1 part solid to 3 parts water will be found to be
strongly alkaline. This indicates the presence of a base and hydroxide ions. A pH value of 9
was recorded in the test that is the subject of this report.
5. A weak solution (fraction of a gram to 40ml water) will be found to permit significant
electrolysis reactions. A variety of electrodes have been used to verify the chemical results,
including aluminum, iron, copper, silver and graphite electrodes. The work at this point
establishes the presence of a soluble metallic hydroxide form in solution.
6. Chromatography experiments and comparative analysis allows us to conclude that the
atomic mass of the metallic cation under examination is greater than that of copper, or
greater than 63.5 atomic mass units.
Cations under reasonable consideration
, Au
, Ba
, Bi
, Cd
, Ce
, Cs
, Ga
, Hg
, Pb
, Rb
, Sb
, Sn
, Sr

7. The results of electrolysis with graphite electrodes permits us to conclude that a reactive
metal is a component
of the metallic hydroxide under examination.
8. The electrochemical series and the half-reaction electrode potentials are therefore
to establish a list of reasonable candidates for the cation of the metallic salt
which disassociates in solution to permit electrolysis. The list of candidate cations, with the
condition of hydroxide formation included, is now reduced to:
, Sr
, Rb
and Cs
with oxidation potentials of 2.91, 2.90, 2.98 and 3.03 volts
It is noticed that this group is now closely confined within the periodic table, and that
chemical properties of these elements are in many ways shared. It is also instructive to note
the remarkable similiarity in the work functions of these elements, which is an expression
of the ionization capabililty of the element.
9. Each of these cations must form a soluble hydroxide. Solubility tables
indicate that these
conditions are satisified by each of the hydroxide forms: Ba(OH)
, Sr(OH)
, RbOH and
10. Practical levels of worldwide production of the elements are helpful to consider
Barium and strontium both are produced at high tonnage levels worldwide, rubidium and
cesium are inconsequential in production. Barium production is stated at 6 million tons per
year, strontium at 137,000 tons, cesium at 20 tons and rubidium in such low levels as to not
be available. Common hydroxide forms are also to be considered in this analysis. This
reduces the candidate cation list to strontium and barium, whereupon additional
conditions of qualitative testing are to be imposed.
11. The material in solution must produce a cation and a hydroxide ion in solution.
Precipitate tests are conducted with carbonate, oxalate and sulfate compounds for the
existence of barium or strontium ions, using a combination of the unknown with sodium
carbonate, sodium oxalate and copper sulfate
. The material in question forms a
precipitate under all three conditions. The consideration of barium hydroxide and
strontium hydroxide continues to be valid under under these results.
12. The precipitate formed with the use of copper sulfate is hypothesized to be barium
sulfate. The precipitate formed under electrolysis is also hypothesized to be a barium
sulphate compound. Solubility tests are necessary to test this hypothesis. The precipitate
and the compound formed from electrolysis pass the solubility tests when subjected to
water, hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid and ethanol. The identification of barium sulphate
remains valid. The sulfate precipitate fails the solubility test for strontium sulfate, as
strontium sulfate is soluble in hydrochloric acid. The sulphate compound that has been
formed by both displacement and electrolysis is highly insoluble, and is insoluble in
hydrochloric acid.
13. The solubility test for barium carbonate should also be verified. The carbonate
precipitate is soluble in hydrochloric acid and passes this test. The identification of barium
compounds in the analysis remains valid. No solubility tests for barium oxalate are
14. The next test which is to be conducted is the flame test. Barium burns yellow-green
under the flame test
. A sample of the electrolysis compound, identified as barium
sulphate, is subjected to a flame test using a nichrome wire. The compound is observed to
burn with a yellow-green color. The identification of barium compounds within the
analysis is valid under all conditions and circumstances examined.
15. The final test is a viewing of the spectrum of the flame test with a calibrated
spectroscope and an optical spectroscope. Dominant green and yellow emission spectral
lines are measured at approximately 515 (wider line, boundary line) and 587 nanometers
(narrow and distinct), they are confirmed with the optical spectroscope, and they
correspond to the green and yellow wavelengths specified for the flame test. A secondary
wide line in the green portion of the spectrum borders at approximately 560nm. For
comparison purposes, the spectrum of barium chloride and barium hydroxide test salts in
solution appears and measures identically within the green portion of the spectrum. The
identification of barium compounds within the analysis remains valid under all conditions
and examined and tests conducted.

The most reasonable hypothesis at this point is that the original compound is a barium
oxide form. This compound readily combines with water to form barium hydroxide. The
ionizing plate filter and the fiber filter both appear to be successful at accumulating the
solid form of this metallic salt. Solubility, pH, precipitation, chromatography, electrode,
electrolysis, flame, spectroscopy and spectroscopy comparison tests all support the
conclusion within this report that significant levels of barium compounds have been
verified to exist and are now to be examined in the atmospheric sampling process. This
report corroborates, at an elevated level, the previous research that is available on this site.
This page is subject to revision.

1. Clifford E Carnicom, Electrolysis and Barium, (http://www.carnicom.com/precip1.htm),
May 27, 2002
2. Carnicom, Sub-Micron Particulates I solated, (http://www.carnicom.com/micro3.htm),
Apr 26, 2004
3. Frank Eshelman, Ph.D., MicroChem Manual (Frank Eschelman,
www.microchemkits.com, 2003), 1-4, 76.
4. Gordon J. Coleman, The Addison-Wesley Science Handbook (Addison-Wesley, 1997), 130.
5. Andrew Hunt, A-Z Chemistry, (McGraw-Hill, 2003), 125.
6. David R. Lide, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, (CRC Press, 2001), 8-21 to 8-31.
7. Fred C. Hess, Chemistry Made Simple, (Doubleday, 1984), 89, 91.
8. Lide, 4-37 to 4-96.
9. John Emsley, The Elements, (Clarendon Press, 1998), 30-31, 46-47, 176-177, 196-197.
10. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, The I dentification of I ons,
11. Lide, 4-44.
12. Hunt, 152-153.
13. Infoplease Encyclopedia, Flame Test,
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Clifford E Carnicom
Jun 08 2005
Recent work indicates the very real possibility of sources for interference in the metabolism
of the potassium ion within the human body. This interference is based upon the detection
of continuous and apparently artificial ELF (Extremely Low Frequency) propagation at
4Hz multiples. The fifth harmonic of this radiation, detected at 20Hz, corresponds to the
cyclotronic frequency of the potassium ion in the mid latitude ranges of the globe. Readers
are referred to a previous article
and to the work of Dr. Robert Becker for additional
information on this subject.
Further inquiry on the attempt to increase potassium levels in the diet has revealed some
unexpected findings. If one were to assume, hypothetically, that a potassium deficiency
exists in a particular person, it might also be considered reasonable for that individual to
seek out a potassium supplement, in addition to the investigation of changes in the diet.
Such a search has been conducted, and the results have been unexpected.
In the case of magnesium or calcium, there does not appear to be any difficulty in the
purchase of minimum daily requirement supplements for these minerals. They are readily
available at this time. Upon examining all potassium supplements at the local health food
store, regardless of brand, it was soon noticed that no products were available that
provided a level of potassium greater than 3% of the recommended daily allowance for
potassium. This was somewhat unexpected, as the hypothetical case assumes there is a
deficiency in potassium and seeks a remedy for that situation. One can then easily
determine that roughly 33 tablets a day of commercially available potassium supplements
would be required to reach the recommended daily allowance. This would appear to be
neither reasonable or sensible.
Further investigation then reveals that the maximum amount of potassium supplement
available to the U.S. consumer is 99 milligrams, apparently due to a Food and Drug
regulation. The difficulty arises when one consults the standards of recommended daily
allowances for that same mineral as established by that same agency, the FDA. Although
conflicting statements appear to be in place, the FDA labeling standard is set at 3500 mg
per day, or 3.5 grams
. The US Department of Agriculture appears to recommend
approximately 4000 mg, or 4 gms per day
. Furthermore, it is recently reported that "in
February of 2004, after an extensive review of scientific literature, the Institute of Medicine
set the Adequate Intake of potassium for adults at 4.7 grams a day - more than double
previous estimates. However, more than 90% of American children and adults are not
meeting these recommendations."

The supplements that are available to the public through sources examined are limited to
99 mg, or 0.099 gms. The public may purchase, as a supplement, 0.099 gms vs 3.5 gms that
is RECOMMENDED per day. It is a natural and reasonable question to ask why this is the
This paper does not presume to answer that question. It does however, raise the question,
along with a few others. Not claiming any medical expertise, it is not difficult to ascertain
that potassium levels that are too low in the body may present medical difficulties such as
heart failure, fatique, muscular weakness and depression
. By the same token, excessive
levels of potassium can also induce serious medical conditions, such as heart attacks.
Allergic responses from electrolytic imbalances may also deserve consideration.
Notwithstanding, let it also be established that the NLM and the NIH clearly state that
"Potassium supplementation should never be taken without the approval of a health care
provider." This paper is informative only, and does not advocate any specific medical
advice or action.
It may well be that the public requires protective and limited access to adequate levels of
potassium supplements for legitimate health reasons. It may also be that they do not, and
that adequate supplement levels should be more readily available to the public. It may be
that an informed public is quite capable of managing nutritional intakes of this mineral in
a dietary or supplemental fashion, along with any medical expertise that is sought.
The concern of this paper, however, is threefold:
1. It would appear that the American popular diet is likely to be low in potassium levels,
given that primary sources for potassium include many greens, fruits and beans. It appears
in contrast that the popular diet is often in excess of sodium, which can also lead to
additional medical difficulties such as high blood pressure. Reduced sodium diets are
advocated in many cases as a means of improving the health of many individuals.
2. In the case of potassium deficiency, it appears to be difficult to remedy that situation
through the use of over-the-counter potassium supplements. The potassium supplement
levels available to the public are a minuscule fraction of those available for other common
minerals needed for health in the human body. It is not known whether this limitation is
common knowledge to the public or not; the reason for this limitation is not known to this
researcher, beyond the concerns that have been expressed.
3. A case has been made that potassium interference over large regions of the earth
affecting large populations is now possible, if not expected
Each of these conditions leads to a scenario where the primary mineral intake levels of the
human body deserve a much closer examination, along with the medical effects from their
deficiency or excess. Potassium is critical and essential for the functioning of the human
body. The combined effects and interactions of all primary electrolytes in the human are to
be considered in this evaluation, especially those of potassium, magnesium and calcium. It
is a fact that the role of the aerosol operations, with all of its consequences to human and
planetary health, must be confronted in this pursuit.
Clifford E Carnicom
Jun 08, 2005
1. Carnicom, Potassium Interference Expected, http://www.carnicom.com/potassium1.htm, May
2. US Food and Drug Administration, Reference Values for Nutritional Labeling,
3. US Department of Agriculture, Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005,
4. National Dairy Council, Nutrition and Product Information,
5. National Library of Medicine and the National Institute of Health, Medical Encyclopedia,
6. Carnicom, May 2005.

Addtional Notes:
Alternative sources for additional potassium salts, not limited to the 99 mg commercial
supplement version, do exist. Examples of such sources include potassium salt substitute
products and potassium based water treatment salts.
No medical advice or recommendation for action is included within this report. It is reaffirmed
that supplements of any kind are not recommended or advised from this researcher, and that
medical expertise should be sought in addressing any medical concerns.
Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page

Clifford E Carnicom
May 15 2005
It is to be expected that specific ions that are important to human health are in the process
of being affected on a large scale geographic basis. This premise is based upon the principle
of "cyclotronic resonance", a phenomenon which occurs when charged particles are
subjected to low frequency radiation in the presence of a magnetic field. Each of these
mechanisms is in place, and the documentation of ambient Extremely Low Frequency
(ELF) radiation at a fundamental frequency of 4Hz, along with several harmonics,
adds a
critical component. This radiation, in addition to the earth's magnetic field, provides the
physical mechanisms to induce this resonance for specific nutrient ions within the human
The emphasis in this report is upon the potassium ion, which is of fundamental importance
to human health. Although there are additional ions which deserve discussion at a later
point, the primary ranking of potassium in human biology is of special concern.
The reader is referred to the following statement by Dr. Robert. O. Becker:
"Cyclotronic resonance is a mechanism of action that enables very low strength
electromagnetic fields, acting in concert with the Earth's geomagnetic field, to
produce major biological effects by concentrating the energy in the applied field
upon specific particles, such as the biologically important ions of sodium, calcium,
potassium and lithium".

It is shown within this report that the potassium ion is specifically expected to incur
biological interference within people over large regions of the earth's surface. This is due to
the fact that the fifth harmonic of the ELF that has been repeatedly measured over a
period of several years corresponds to the cyclotronic resonant frequency of potassium.
This fifth harmonic, along with numerous other harmonics is a regular component of the
ELF radiation that under measurement at this time. This expected interference, albeit
intentional or not, can be shown to exist based upon the principles and physics of
cyclotronic resonance, a phenomenon well established
in classical electromagnetic theory.

Measured 20Hz ELF Signal - Spectral Analysis
12 May 2005

Additional Notes:
The physical conditions required to achieve cyclotronic resonance with a certain ion are
very specific. They require a unique combination of charge on the particle, a specific mass
of the particle, a specific magnetic field strength and a specific introduced electromagnetic
frequency into the environment. The current examination shows such combinations to be
few in number, but potentially very important if they are found to exist. The importance of
the potassium ion to human health has prompted this initial disclosure so that the process
can be examined more fully. Additional ions are under examination. The consideration of
an additional resonance phenomena, that of nuclear magnetic resonance, is also underway.
With respect to cyclotronic resonance, the equation for the resonant condition occurs at
= ( q * B ) / (2 * pi * m)
is the cyclotronic resonant frequency in cycles per second (Hz)
q is the electric charge on the particle in Coulombs
B is the strength of the magnetic field in Teslas
and m is the mass of the particle in kilograms.
To approach this problem, we are interested in the special cases where the resonant
frequency to be determined is 4hz, or a multiple of 4hz (harmonic). The harmonics have
been measured up to 28-32hz (7th and 8th harmonics) with regularity.
Therefore we can set up the problem as:
(4 * n) = (Z *q * B ) / (2 * pi * m)
where n is the harmonic under consideration ( n =1 is the fundamental frequency of 4hz),
and Z is the valence of the ion.
Our end goal will be to determine what atomic masses correspond to the 4hz frequency
multiples, as that will identify any specific ions of concern. The charge on the particle will
be the product of the valence of the ion with the charge of an electron (e
). The charge of an
electron is 1.6E-19 coulombs, and the valences of some common ions under investigation
are K
, Mg
, Ca
, Ba
, for example.
The magnetic field strength varies to some degree across the earth's surface. A reasonable
estimate for the strength of the magnetic field in the United States is approximately .5
gauss, or 5E-5 Teslas. Values of the magnetic field strength over the earth's surface can be
estimated with geomagnetic models that are available to the public
. A current estimate for
the magnetic field strength in the Santa Fe, NM area is 5.06E-5 Teslas.
The mass of an atom is equal to the atomic mass in grams per mole times 1E-3, divided by
Avogadro's number, 6.02E23.
Therefore, the equation can be rewritten in more convenient terms as:
atomic mass number in gms = ( Z * q * B * 6.02E23 ) / (4 * n * 2 * pi * 1E-3)
Our problem, is to find those combinations of Z (valence) and n (harmonic multiples) that
result in an atomic mass number that corresponds to the reality of a known element.
It will be found that the K+ ion satisfies this equation very closely for the magnetic field
strength of much of the mid-latitude regions of the globe.
Specifically, if Z = + 1, B = 5.06E-5 Teslas, and n = 5 (fifth harmonic corresponding to
20Hz), the atomic mass number that results is 38.8 gms.
The atomic mass number for the most common isotope of potassium is 39.0gms
Equivalently, the cyclotronic frequency that corresponds to the atomic mass number of
39.0gms in the magnetic field examined is 19.9Hz. Such unique combinations are not
common, but they do occur. They are of concern with respect to human biological function
and interference, as these ions will absorb energy and can lead to the disruption of cellular
ion exchange processes.
It can also be expected that variations in the magnetic field of the earth can lead to other
potential resonance conditions in various regions or latitudes. It is therefore not unexpected
to find large regional health issues that will correlate with variations in the magnetic field
strength of the earth. Certain ions are expected to be disrupted in some areas of the globe
more than others.
It should be remembered that the true cause for concern here is introduced Extremely Low
Frequency radiation that makes this condition possible in the first place.
On a more personal note, it may be found that supplementing the diet with chelated forms
of magnesium, calcium and potassium can be beneficial, especially in relation to allergic
conditions. Readers may wish to examine further the relationships between positive ion
increases and allergic conditions that have been reported
. A deficiency of potassium is
known to cause fatique.
The body's ability to manage both potassium and magnesium
levels appears to be strongly linked; additional symptoms of potassium deficiency include
depression, cognitive impairment, nervousness and insomnia
. Excess of potassium can also
lead to significant complications.
More complex resonance conditions, such as those involving the 60Hz power grid and the
modified atmosphere, are also under examination and may be reported on in the future.
The primal importance of the potassium ion has prompted the issuance of this report.
Clifford E Carnicom
May 15, 2005

1. Carnicom, ELF 2005 : Positive Identification, http://www.carnicom.com/elf2005.htm, May
2. Robert O. Becker, MD, Cross Currents, The Perils of Electropollution, The Promise of
Electromedicine, (Penquin Putnam, 1990), 235.
3. Phillip R. Wallace, Mathematical Analysis of Physical Problems,((Dover, 1984), 330.
4. Research and Education Association, Physics (Research and Education Association, Inc,
2005), 436.
5. National Geophysical Data Center, International Geomagnetic Reference Field,
6. John Emsley, The Elements, (Oxford University Press, 1998), 161.
7. Carnicom, Calcium and Potassium, http://www.carnicom.com, March 2005.
8. Life Clinic, Potassium, http://www.lifeclinic.com/focus/nutrition/potassium.asp
9. The Bartter Site, Potassium Dosing
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Clifford E Carnicom
May 11 2005
A case can be made that the salt levels in our soils may be increasing from the deposition of
atmospheric aerosol reactive metal salts over time
. Numerous measurements of soil
samples in the northern New Mexico region are showing relatively high levels of
conductivity. Conductivity is a direct measure of the concentration of ions in solution.
Reactive metal hydroxide salt forms, such as those that have now been documented at
unexpectedly high levels in both the atmosphere and rainwater
, are exactly the type of salt
forms which will increase the conductivity (ion concentration) of the soil as well. The
importance of this finding is that increased salt levels in the soils will lead to stress on the
plant life, and if they are high enough, they will lead to reduced growth or eventual death
of many species. The issues of soil salinity and salinity stress are quite serious, and they
show that the effect of aerosol operations underway must be considered in their totality;
with recent studies alone the impact upon the atmosphere, the water and the soils of this
planet is increasingly apparent.

Pinyon Pine Die-Off
Santa Fe Region, New Mexico
April 2005
A continuous appeal for public pressure upon both international environmental and
governmental agencies for determination of the health of the planet as it is affected by the
aerosol operations is established. The unfortunate reality is that such groups in this
country have failed to responsibly respond to public request, and most of the responses that
have been made are branded with dishonesty and disingenousness. It is now required that
not only should the environmental reporting occur in haste, but that such reports must be
accompanied by independent audits that have no vested interest in the outcome of the
results. It is a sad fact that many of the United States governmental agencies and
authorities can no longer be trusted to be acting in the interest of the public welfare. Such
patterns became evident at the onset of the aerosol operations that were commenced
without public involvement or consent.

View of Santa Fe New Mexico - April 19, 2005
(Ideal Weather Conditions)

The initial particulars of the current report are as follows
The best reference for expected conductivity levels in the soil on a nationwide basis found
this far is a map issued by the Federal Communications Commission
. This effort was
published in 1954 on a nationwide basis, as the conductivity of soils is a significant factor in
AM radio propagation. Although general, the source nevertheless represents a major
national effort that apparently has not been duplicated since. Conductivity maps and
profiles are important as they are one of the best indicators of salt levels that are expected
in the soil. There are numerous sources
that describe the salt tolerances of the native
flora, and there is a clear relationship between increased salt levels and decreased
productivity of the soil. Increased salts in general, are certainly detrimental (and
potentially fatal) to many plant species.
The current report is also precipitated in part by direct local observation. The first is the
change that has been noticed in local grasslands in the rather severe and hostile
environments of the drier southwest. A particular large field has been under observation
since the aerosol operations began en masse near the beginning of 1999. This particular
field at that time produced grass sufficient to support a couple of horses during the
growing season without difficulty, and any changes reported are not a result of
overgrazing. Over the years, it has been quietly observed that the grass production has
steadily and continuously declined. It has been supposed that the primary cause of this
decline has been the drought that affected this area for up to five years. However, as time
progressed, it became evident that periods of increased rain did nothing to mitigate the
changes. If a large storm or storms were to arrive at an optimum time for growth, the
effect was increasingly minimal. It has now progressed to the point where even in the face
of record levels of moisture during this last winter and spring, grass simply no longer will
grow in that field. It has become a field of weeds (i.e., "an otherwise desirable plant in an
undesirable location") and the livestock has not been able to receive sustenance there for
several years now.

Former Agricultural Grass Land, Northern New Mexico
Invasive Species Now Dominate the Area - Grasses Are No Longer Supported
April 2005
The second observation considers a major die-off of the pinyon pine species in this area.
This die-off is massive and it continues to present a major fire threat to this area. Many
may recall the impact of the Los Alamos fire in this area several years ago, which came to
national prominence due to the proximity of the National Laboratory. The community
report that is circulated states that the past drought &quothas led to stress" and that this
stress in turn has allowed the infestation of a bark beetle that eventually has led to current
devastation of the pinyon pine species. My interest in this report is to consider a second
look at the so-called "stress factors" that may be at play.

Pinyon Pine Die-Off
Santa Fe Region, New Mexico
April 2005
It has already been reported that the expected effect from the introduced aerosols is to heat
up the lower atmosphere
, and not to cool it as many have attempted to promote under the
guise of a secret but benevolent motive. Under the best of circumstances it can only be
determined that the aerosols will aggravate the drought and warming problems, if not
actually induce these very conditions. Reduced forage productivity is already expected in
part from the specific heat and dessication properties of the aerosols.
Compounding the problem, we must now consider the effects of aerosols that eventually
accumulate in salt forms within the soil from precipitation and gravity. This paper
considers the effect of precipitation alone. Thirteen soil samplesfrom widely varying
habitats in the Santa Fe region have been investigated for conductivity results. These
results indicate that seven of the thirteen samples indicate potential cases of salinity stress
in the soil that may already be adversely affecting productivity. If proximity to vegetation
is considered in the case of the pinyon die-off, (to be discussed in more detail), then six out
of seven samples indicate the possibility of salinity stress. It is to be considered, therefore,
that a harmful salinity problem with the soils may already be in place. The tests indicated
here are only of preliminary nature, and they serve the purpose of simply raising the issue
of salinity stress within our soils as a result of the aerosol campaign. This complication is in
addition to the drought and heat injuries that have already been substantiated. The
alarming alkaline results of numerous pH tests conducted by citizens across the country
and presented on this site should also be recalled as the grander environmental alteration is
On a more ominous note, if the trends of this study are verified and continue to occur, it
can be expected that the situation may deteriorate much further than is already indicated .
The conifers and deciduous trees are generally much less salt tolerant than the grasses. The
current work indicates that coniferous regions may already be subject to more salinity than
they may be able to handle in the future. The recent large scale die-off of the pinyon pine
species in this area may only be a harbinger of drastic changes in the future vitality of the
forage. It would seem as though if international and national environmental organizations
were truly concerned and heeded the signs of planetary change, then they would openly
and publicly begin the investigation into the effects of the aerosol operations upon our air,
our water, and soil -and all life upon this planet. The quickest way to remedy the problem,
during the "investigation" period is to terminate or to force a moratorium upon the aerosol

Secondary particulars of this report:
Complete and proper testing of soil conductivity will require adequately funded laboratory
resources and analysis. The current work attempts to assess conditions within the range of
methods and resources available to this researcher. There appear to be two primary
methods of soil conductivity analysis. The first of these uses a saturated paste method, and
the second sample of soil that is resident within water, often at a ratio of approximately five
to one. The EC (Electrical Conductivity) paste method will be preferred should the proper
means ever become available. This paper uses the solution technique. The expected
measurement scale of results is quite different for each method, and attention must be paid
to the units of the results.
The method chosen has been to place a soil sample approximately 1cm deep within a clean
glass jar (radius 4cm) and to cover it with distilled water to a depth of approximately 7cm.
A conductivity reading is taken immediately after the mixing of the sample with the water
with a calibrated conductivity meter that measures in uS. The conductivity of the solution
is then measured with respect to time elapsed, usually involving a period of approximately
4 to 7 days. It has been found that conductivity in all cases increases considerably with this
elapse of time, and it is difficult to reach any other conclusion than that a significant ion
leaching condition is occurring. It is expected that the slow leaching of salts within the soil
is the most likely producer of this effect. In the references found on soil conductivity
testing, this phenomenon appears to be more of an anomaly than a universal result. The
effect is significant and has been found to result in increases in conductivity levels on the
order of up to 15 times the initial reading given sufficient time. The mixture always will
reach a maximum conductivity level after which the elapse of time will not change the
result; these are the readings accepted for reference in this study. This maximum has been
reached within a week of collecting the sample in all cases. This observation alone may
merit further study.
A broad range of local ecosystems have been investigated, including lower grasslands
(~6500 ft. elev), pinyon pine and juniper forests (~6800 -7500ft.), ponderosa pine forests
(~8000ft), and the upper portions of the local mountain range (10,500ft.). The FCC
conductivity map has been examined at the highest resolution available to find the expected
range of conductivity values for this region. These values range from 20uS in the mountain
forested areas, to 40uS for the northwest region of Santa Fe, to 150uS in the lower plain
areas to the south of Santa Fe. The maximum conductivity values shown on the
conductivity map is 300uS. In general, the higher the conductivity level (i.e, salt level), the
more difficult it becomes to support the higher forms of plant life. In general, the grasses
will be found to be generally more salt tolerant, and deciduous tree forms relatively salt
intolerant. Numerous references have been consulted to establish the expected salt
tolerance levels for the variety of plant species in the southwest and for plant types in
general across the country and world. There are some difficulties that emerge in equating
measurements of the solution and paste methods; efforts have been made to bridge that gap
in a conservative fashion.
The lowest initial reading in the soil samples taken is 11uS. The highest initial reading is
130uS. The highest reading of all samples, given sufficient time for ion leaching to occur, is
424uS. The best estimate that can be achieved at this time is that considering all samples
taken in all locations, conductivity estimates are on the order of approximately 3 times
greater than is expected. It is to be recalled that any increase in salinity levels of air,
moisture and soil is to be taken seriously as salts will generally increase and accumulate in
soils over time. They will be expected at some level to demonstrate interference with the
vitiality of the plant. This report makes the argument that such processes may already be
in place.
The (former) grassland tests indicate that levels of conductivity may already be high
enough to explain in part the failure of grasses to grow, even when blessed with sufficient
or abnormally high rainfall. It may be that rainfall itself is no longer as beneficial as we
would like to believe, especially as reactive metal hydroxide salts now seem to be a regular
source of pollution within the rain or snow.
The high mountain soil test (not water) at this point has come out favorably. In addition,
tests conducted some distance away from dominant vegetation such pinyon or juniper
species has raises no undue concern.
The mid-level mountain test in the ponderosa zone (~8000ft.) is not so favorable and does
indicate a potential problem that could loom in our future. The extension of the pinyon
pine die-off into the higher elevations of this area, to include ponderosa or other conifers at
higher elevations, will be truly devastating to this region should it occur. Moisture, the
composition of that moisture, and salts in the soil must all be considered as additional
"stress factors" that may lead to very serious problems in our future.
The pinyon pine die-off region has been especially interesting to study, with some
unanticipated results along the way. There remains much work to be done should sufficient
interest and care arise. One of the surprising results that has been found is that there is
tremendous variation in conductivity with respect to the distance from the bole, or trunk of
the tree. Values of conductivity away from the vegetation, in the open, do not pose any
special concern that I can determine at this time. Close to the tree itself, however, the
results are dramatically different. Conductivity readings (and correspondingly, ion
concentrations) seem especially high. This result was found after unexplained variations
within the die-off region was occurring. Proximity to the trees in measurement does appear
to be the primary factor that explains this variation.
Research was conducted to establish if distance from the vegetation is a known, common,
important and expected factor within soil measurements. The answer apppears to be no. It
has been difficult thus far to find many references to this finding that is being discussed.
One paper
has been found that describes that such a phenomenon can occur, but the
audience for the paper appears to be relatively restricted. The second paper
does not
refer to variation with respect to distance, but does explain the majority of conductivity
variation from calcium and magnesium salt forms.
This question that is being asked here may be much more than academic. The conductivity
levels in the immediate vicinity of the now dead trees appears to be unexpectedly high.
Calcium and magnesium components are two of the primary ionic salt forms that now are
being identified at high levels in rainwater tests. If ionic exchange and ion concentration
processes are taking place in the roots and soil in the vicinity of the trees, it seems
conceivable that a process of soil saline concentration and accumulation is occurring. If the
levels are high enough, and the testing results at hand indicate that they are, then it is quite
possible that saline stress is an active process - here and now. The sooner that the
comprehensive nature of the die-off of the pinyon pine is established, the greater the chance
that extensive and catastrophic larger scale events can be averted in the future.
There is no claim here that saline stress is the cause of all of our woes in the plant world.
This paper, however, does raise some questions that deserve fair consideration with respect
to the massive global effects from the aerosol operations. There is no doubt that global
effects are occurring, and many of them have already been, and they continue to be,
measured. It is only by being fair and honest with ourselves that we will find these truths. I
continue to believe that infinite time is not a luxury you can afford to have at this point.
You shall have to answer the question of "ownership" for the air that you breathe, the
water that you drink, and for the life and the plants that provide your food. You will need
to weigh that answer against that provided by any nation, government, agency, corporation
or any other claimed source of power. You then will need to act accordingly.
Clifford E Carnicom
May 11, 2005

1. Carnicom, Atmospheric Salt Confirmed, http//www.carnicom.com/salt1.htm, Oct 2000.
2. Carnicom, Calcium and Potassium, http://www.carnicom.com/labtest.htm, Mar 2005.
3. Carnicom, Drastic pH Changes, http://www.carnicom.com/ph4.htm, Sep 2000.
4. Carnicom, Conductivity : The Air, The Water, The Soil, Apr 2005.
5. Federal Communications Commission, M3 Map of Effective Ground Conductivity in the USA,
6. Utah State University, Salinity and Plant Tolerance,
7. Alberta Government, Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, Salt Tolerance of Plants,
8. Department of Primary Industries, Victoria, Australia, Salinity and the Growth of Forage
Species, http://www.dpi.vic.gov.au/DPI/nreninf.nsf/childdocs/
9. Colorado State University Cooperative Extension, Salt Tolerance of Various Temperate Zone
Ornamental Plants, http://www.colostate.edu/Depts/CoopExt/TRA/PLANTS/stable.html
10. Carnicom, Drought Inducement, http://www.carnicom.com/drought1.htm, Apr 2002.
11. Obradoor, Soil Nutrient Status and Forage Yield at Varying Distances from Trees in Four
Dehesas in Extremadura, Spain,
12.Harstock, Soil Electrical Conductivity Variablity,
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Mar 15 2005
A laboratory analysis of a rainwater sample from a rural location in the midwestern U.S.
has been received. This lab report reveals extremely high levels of potassium and calcium
within the sample. Comparative studies have been done and they show that the calcium
concentration is a minimum of 5 times greater, and that the potassium level is a minimum
of 15 times greater than that which has been reported
in the polluted skies of Los Angeles,
It may be supposed that higher levels of such minerals in our atmosphere pose no
immediate threat or concern; an examination of the physical processes likely to take place,
however, shows exactly the opposite to be the case. A search of the literature commonly
reveals that an excess of positive ions in the atmosphere is detrimental to human health.

Examination of the aerosol issue has, almost from the beginning, focused on the important
properties of the metallic elements of Groups I and II of the periodic table. The attention
has arisen because of the ease by which such elements are ionized. This ionization will take
place in the majority of cases quite readily with the energy available from ultra-violet light
and, in some cases, from visible light alone. It will be found
that calcium and potassium,
with a special emphasis upon potassium, are easily ionized with the energy available from
either visible or ultra-violet sunlight.
A partial list of the effects of ion disturbances upon human health include, as a minimum,
the following:
1. Impairment of the body's ability to absorb oxygen, leading to headaches, asthma attacks,
reduced circulation in the brain and emotional irritability.
2. The development of allergies. Ionized air is associated with the following conditions :
allergic bronchitis, allergic sinusitis, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and
chronic respiratory tract allergies. It may also be recalled
that "chronic lower respiratory
disease" now ranks as the third leading cause of death in this country, and that it continues
to climb in this ranking.
3. High levels of seratonin in the bloodstream, triggered by excessive numbers of positive
ions in the environment.
4. A reduction in the body's ability to filter airborne contaminants from lung tissue.
Direct research from this site alone now documents unexpected levels of calcium,
magnesium, potassium and barium. A common thread between all of these elements is the
ease of ionization that characterizes Group I and Group II elements of the periodic table.
Magnesium oxide is also of value as a dispersal agent
in aerosol operations. The existence
of barium levels is of special concern because of the high toxicity of water soluble forms.
Candidates for further and future testing, include strontium, aluminum and titanium. The
acquisition of an ion counter will be a valuable instrument to further this research; if
anyone is in a position to provide or loan this device please feel free to contact me.
The importance of ionization with respect to the electromagnetic aspects of the aerosol
operations has been extensively discussed and documented on this site.
The laboratory report received establishes an even deeper basis for further atmospheric
and rainwater testing. More importantly, the burden and obligation of governmental and
public agencies to meet citizen demand for reestablishing the health of our atmosphere and
planet remain as strong as ever. The chronic failure of adequate response by these same
public agencies requires that this accountability be accompanied by independent, non-
vested verification. It is hoped that the citizens will continue to exert this pressure for the
public welfare.
1. Hobbs, Peter, Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry, Cambridge University Press, 2000,
2. Ionized Air, http://www.kroger.com/hn/Therapy/Ionized_Air.htm
3. The Effects of Air Quality on the Seratonin Irritation Syndrome, http://www.berriman-
4. Air Ion Effects on Human Performance, http://www.static-
5. Static Voltage and Environmentat Ion Depletion, http://www.zenion.com/static.html
6. Carnicom, Ionization Apparent, http://www.carnicom.com/ionize.htm
7. Carnicom, Leading Cause of Death, http://www.carnicom.com/cdc1.htm
8. Fuchs, N.A., The Mechanics of Aerosols, Dover, 1989, p.375
Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page

Clifford E Carnicom
Santa Fe, New Mexico
Apr 13 2004
There have been recent reports of a magnetic field orientation change of up to five degrees.
A digital logging magnetometer is often running at this location, and attention is focused on
unusual magnetic field activity. Anomalies have occurred in the past and they have been
recorded and discussed on this research site. Any relatively sudden directional change in
the orientation of the magnetic field of up to five degrees would be a phenomenal event.
A measurement has been taken at this location on this date. There is no unusual or
unexpected value of magnetic declination occurring on this date, and at this time and
location. A surveyor's transit (30 sec. horizontal resolution) has been used to measure the
angle from magnetic north (estimated accuracy : 15 minutes of arc) to a known azimuth of
true north. The true azimuth is known to approximately one or two minutes of arc. The
angular measurement at this time and date is 10 degrees and 15 minutes, counterclockwise
from magnetic north to the known azimuth. The accuracy of this entire procedure is
estmated at approximately +/- 15 minutes of arc.
This leads to an expected magnetic declination value of approximately 10 and 1/4 degrees
East at this location (+/- 1/4 deg).
From numerous sources and methods, this is well within any expected value for this
From the World Magnetic Model 2000, the declination for Santa Fe, NM is currently
estimated at 10.0 degrees East. From a 1983 United States Geological Survey quadrangle,
the declination is stated at 11.5 degrees. The annual change is currently estimated at
approximately 5 minutes of arc (negative). This leads to an expected change of
approximately 100 minutes of arc, or 9.8 degrees East. Again, both values agree quite well
with the observed declination value, as the daily variation of the magnetic field alone can
reach up to approximately 1/4 degree
. A change of approximately 1.5 degrees over a 20
year interval also does not exceed any expected change in the orientation of the magnetic
In short, observation at this location at this time and date does not support any claim of
any relatively sudden change in the orientation of the magnetic field of up to 5 degrees.
This conclusion is made for this location, this date and this time only. It is understood that
alignment with the magnetic field lines is not the equivalent of alignment to the pole
location. If any such claims of change of this magnitude are made, they will need to be
substantiated with observations of sufficient accuracy. If such data becomes available, it
will be of immediate and tremendous interest. The possibility of local variations, however
extreme, must also be allowed for. The suggestions for testing over over a larger area are
fully supported and hopefully they will occur.
This finding does not deny the presence of and recording of anomalous magnetic field
activity, especially as related to pulse type data. There also may be a significant increase in
ferromagnetism levels, as determined from measurements that have been made several
months ago. The result of that research has not yet been presented on this site. There is the
possibility of ferromagnetic resonance being a factor in these studies
. The reception of
ELF-VLF energy in coincidence with the magnetic field lines has also been previously
discussed. Change in geomagnetic activity at any level does exist as an important research
My appreciation is extended to those who are actively monitoring geophysical field
changes, and let us hope that this network extends broadly and quickly at the citizen level.

1. Charles B. Breed, The Principles and Practice of Surveying, Volume I ., (John Wiley and
Sons, 1931). 27.
2. Max Born, Atomic Physics, (Dover reprint, 1989), 163-164.

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Clifford E Carnicom
Jan 23 2004
It can be demonstrated that the introduction of essentially any metallic or metallic salt
aerosol into the lower atmosphere will have the effect of heating up that lower atmosphere.
The impact is both significant and measurable. Those that seek and express concern on the
so called global warming problem might wish to begin their search with an inquiry into the
thermodynamics of artificially introduced metallic aerosols into the lower atmosphere. The
direct injection of massive amounts of particulate matter by aircraft into the atmosphere
for more than five years establishes the foundation for this inquiry. An examination of the
specific heat characteristics of an altered atmosphere will provide the path for the realistic
conclusions that can be made.
Any claim that the aerosol operations represent a mitigating influence on the global
warming problem appears to be a complete facade that is in direct contradiction to the
fundamental principles of physics and thermodynamics. The lack of candor and honesty by
government, media and environmental protection agencies in response to public inquiry is
further evidence of the fictitious fronts that have been proposed. It is past time to recognize
that one of the primary effects of the dense aerosols that now permanently mar the
lifeblood of this planet is the heating up of the very atmosphere that we breathe.
The early stage of the current argument for global heating and the aggravation of drought
conditions was proposed approximately two years ago
. The benefit of the current study is
that an estimate of the magnitude of the heat influence upon the atmosphere can now be
made. Those that continue to claim that a benevolent, but necessarily secret, enterprise to
protect the planet with a blanket of purportedly heat reflective aerosols in the lower
atmosphere exists will need to provide the primary evidence of that claim. That claim will
need to be justified with solid physical principles and observation. Hypothetical research
models that are under discussion and rationalization, such as the Teller proposal, are more
appropriate to the outer reaches of the planet and space. These proposals do not explain
the deposition of massive amounts of hygroscopic aerosols into the lower atmosphere.
The recent media attention to the dramatic and accelerating climatic changes will hopefully
be extended to the fundamental principles that are expressed within this report.
The mathematics, physical principles and thermodynamics of this argument will be made
available on a separate entry.
1. Clifford E Carnicom, Drought I nducement, (http://www.carnicom.com/drought1.htm),

Clifford E Carnicom
Feb 23 2004
The fundamental equations that address the heating of the atmosphere with the
introduction of foreign materials are the following:
= sum [m
* c
which is the specific heat of a mixture (gravimetric analysis)

is the mass fraction of the ith component, and c
is the specific heat of the ith
component in units of joules / (kg *
and c
is the specific heat of the mixture in units of joules / (kg *
K) and
K is degrees
and the heat transfer as given by the first law of thermodynamics

Q = m * c
* del T
where Q represents the change in energy in joules, m is the total mass of the mixture, and
del T is the change in degrees of the mass in degrees Kelvin.
Let us assume the atmosphere as a shell around the earth of variable height, the volume of
which is given by:
= ( 4 / 3) * pi * [ ( R + upper )
- ( R + lower)
where v
is the volume of the atmospheric shell in cubic meters, R is the mean radius of
the earth in meters, upper is the upper limit of the atmospheric shell under consideration in
meters (above sea level), and lower is the lower limit of the atmospheric shell in meters
(above sea level).
Based upon an exponential regression of atmospheric density data in kilograms
, a suitable
model for the mass of a column of air 1 meter square in dimension can be developed in the
following form:
= 1.474 * exp
-1.424E-4 * h
integrated with respect to the upper and lower limits of the atmospheric shell, and m
the mass of the atmospheric shell in kilograms, and h is in meters.
The mass of the aerosol in kilograms within an atmospheric column of air 1 meter square
in dimension is expressed as:
= d
* (upper - lower)
where the density of a particular aerosol in units of kilograms is designated as d
As the density of the aerosol and the atmosphere will be considered to be uniform
throughout the shell considered, the mass fractions of the atmosphere and the aerosol
contribution, respectively, are:
= m
/ (m
+ m
= m
/ (m
+ m
= ( mf
* c
) + (mf
* c
where cva and cvair are the constant volume specific heats of the aerosol and air,
since Q = m * c
* del T
and since we are interested in the change in Q that results from a change in the specific
heat of the mixture, we have:
dQ = m
* del T * dc

where dQ represents the change in energy in joules that results from a change of
temperature in the atmospheric shell in degrees Kelvin and a change in the specific heat of
the atmosphere from the introduction of an aerosol component within this mixture. The
total mass of the atmospheric shell is given by m
where m
= m
* v

and dc
= c
- c

It will be found that all introduced materials with a specific heat of less than 1003 joules /
(kg *
K) (the specific heat of air) will lead to a decrease in the amount of energy required
to raise the temperature of the mass of the atmospheric shell by 1 degree Kelvin. Since the
energy from the sun can be considered as a relative constant for the problem of concern,
this solar energy will result in an increase in the temperature of the atmospheric shell. The
specific heat of barium, for example is approximately 190 joules / (kg *
particular element will have highly significant thermodynamic impacts upon the lower
atmosphere; the effect of the vast majority of metals and most chemical elements is
significant as well.
1. Clifford E Carnicom, Drought I nducement, (http://www.carnicom.com/drought1.htm),
2. Merle C. Potter, Thermodynamics for Engineers, (McGraw Hill, 1993), 251.
3. Potter, 251.
4. David R. Lide, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, (CRC Press, 2001), 14-19 to 14-
5. Carnicom, 04/07/02.

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Clifford E Carnicom
Jan 21 2004
"There are significant risks of rapid and irreversible changes"
BBC Article January 20, 2004
Opening Remarks:
This page contains a model that attempts to describe the kinetic energy that can be
accumulated within a plasma state. A plasma is an electrically conductive gas; considerable
evidence now exists that our atmosphere now exists in that state as a result of the aerosol
operations that have been conducted openly without consent for more than five years. The
model is based upon an examination of plasma physics and the propagation of
electromagnetic energy within a plasma state.

The model presented is reasonably complex, and additional information on the
development will be presented in the future. It is offered in this preliminary state so that
users can begin investigating the effect of various conditions and alterations ofthe
atmosphere. This model of kinetic energy of the atmosphere is dependent upon the
following variables at the present time:
1. The electron density of the gas (atmosphere), which can be increased by the user with a
scaling factor. The electron density will increase from lower elevations to upper elevations.
2. The thickness and location of the atmospheric shell above the earth where the electron
density exists. This is expressed in meters in a range from 0 to 300,000 meters (~200 miles).
The upper and lower limits of the shell can be varied such that the effect of the location and
size of the shell can be studied.
3. The electrical field strength of the atmosphere. The effect from the electrical field
strength of the atmosphere will decrease significantly with altitude. It will be seen that the
LOWER atmosphere plays an important role in the accumulation of energy, due to the
increased electrical field strength of the atmosphere at lower elevations. The importance of
this fact should be considered carefully with any assessments of the intent or motive of the
aerosol operations.
4. The plasma frequency, or the "resonant" frequency of the electrically conductive gas,
plasma, or atmosphere in this case.
5. An introduced Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) modulating wave into the plasma. The
following statement can be considered carefully in the exploration of this model:
"A high-frequency wave whose amplitude is slowly modulated is a simple type of wave
that builds up gradually in time and thus serves well in calculating electric energy

6. A reference point of equivalency of kinetic energy; in this case the kinetic energy change
that results from a one second per year decrease in the rotational rate of the earth. Other
reference points of energy, such as that contained in fossil fuels may be presented in the
7. An efficiency factor of conversion of kinetic energy to that of another form, such as the
energy changes associated with any rotational rate changes of the earth. As one example of
conversion efficiency, the HAARP (High Altitude Active Auroral Research Program)
facility mentions a conversion rate efficiency of 1 in 100 million to produce ELF radiation.
8. The existence of abundant photons in the upper atmosphere.
9. The existence of metallic aerosols of low work function in the atmosphere.
10. The conversion of photons to electrons via the photoelectric effect.
It may be insightful for the user to consider the following questions when exploring the
effects of changes in the model:
1. What has the most influence in the accumulation of kinetic energy in the plasma (i.e.,
modified atmosphere) - electron density as changed with the scaling factor, electron density
as a function of altitude, the ELF modulation frequency, the location of the atmospheric
shell or the thickness of the atmospheric shell, the photon density, the photoelectric effect
and the conversion of photons to electrons, or the work function of various metallic
aerosols? Are all of the above important factors in the accumulation of kinetic energy
within the atmosphere?
2. Is the accumulation of kinetic energy within the plasma greater at altitude or closer to
the earth's surface? If so, why?
3. Where is the effect of the electrical field strength of the earth the greatest - at lower
elevations or higher elevations? What is the effect of this upon the kinetic energy that can
be accumulated within the plasma?
4. Where is the electron density the greatest - at lower elevations or higher elevations?
What is the effect of this upon the kinetic energy that can be accumlated within the
5. Which has a greater effect and at what altitude is the effect the greatest - the
accumulation of energy through modulated ELF in conjunction with the plasma frequency
and the electric field, or the conversion of photos to electrons in combination with metallic
aerosols of low work function?
6. What effect would an increased energy state of an atmosphere have? What could the
energy be used for? Would an increase in kinetic energy of a surrounding plasma shell
influence the kinetic energy state of the earth itself? If there is an effect upon the earth,
what type of conversion efficiency is expected?
7. What is the source of any ELF energy that might be introduced into the plasma? How
large of a region does ELF effect? Does ELF have any effect upon biology as well?
8. Is the sun an additional source of energy into a plasma? If so, can this energy source also
be incorporated into the model?
9. What is the source of electrons within a plasma? What are the sources of ionization
within a plasma? What is the work function of a metal? Can some metals be ionized with
the energy of ultraviolet light? If so, what metals? What about the influence of high energy
solar radiation, such as gamma rays? What is the effect of solar storms upon a plasma?
10. Are there any similarities in the concepts embodied within this model and of HAARP ?
If so, what are the shared principles?
11. What methods could be used to increase the electron density of a plasma, i.e., the
12. What are some other examples of reference energy levels that can be used for
comparison, beyond that of changes in the earth rotational rate? What are levels of energy
involved with geophysical processes, such as volcanoes? How much energy is contained
within solar storms and sunlight itself? What about the energy of fossil fuels? Is it
conceivable that the kinetic energy state of the earth could be modified? If so, what would
it take to accomplish it? How much energy can be accumulated within a plasma? What are
the primary factors that affect this energy density?
13. Is there any evidence that the energy of the earth has changed more recently? What is
the relationship between the magnetic field of the earth and the rotational rate change of
the earth? Is the magnetic field of the earth increasing or decreasing, and if so, by how
much? Is this change a constant? The same questions are to be asked for the rate of
rotational rate changes of the earth. Are there any anomalies in the data that is available to
the public? Is the magnetic and rotational rate data consistent with each other? How is the
Schumann frequency affected by electron density? Has the Schumann frequency been
increasing or decreasing in the recent past? Is the Schumann frequency affected by solar
radiation, and if so, how?
14. Does the consideration of the kinetic energy state change of the atmosphere obviate or
strengthen the consideration of environmental, biological, military or electromagnetic
applications of an altered atmosphere? Are there relationships between each of these
considerations, especially as they pertain to the management and control of energy?
15. What are the effects of aerosols upon the heating of the atmosphere? What is specific
heat and how can it be used to interpret the effects of sunlight upon particulates? Does it
matter where the aerosols are located in their effect upon the heating of the earth? What is
the effect of the location of the plasma shell upon the heat balance of the earth? How does
this compare to the location of the most prominent electromagnetic effects? Are thermal
energies, electromagnetic energies and kinetic energies of equal concern in the evaluation
of the motives behind the aerosol operations? Could one form of these energies be of
greater concern or interest in terms of motive than another?
This model and page and supplementary documents that support the development of the
model will be revised and modified as is appropriate. Future considerations will attempt to
include solar thermal effects upon the earth within the model. . It is anticipated that
revisions will occur to this presentation and model in the future. The mathematics of the
model will be presented on a separate page at a later date. Please allow fair time and
patience to evaluate the effects of variables in the model; some fairly complicated dynamics
are contained within it. Please feel free to discuss and mention any significant defiencies
that may be observed to exist within the modeling process. This model exists as an ongoing
project to assist in the interpretation of one important potential aspect of the aerosol
1. Charles Herach Papas, Theory of Electromagnetic Wave Propagation, (Dover
Publications, 1988), 180.

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Clifford E Carnicom
Jan 22 2004
This page contains the mathematics of the atmospheric plasma - kinetic energy model
under consideration. This page is subject to revision.
The primary basis for the model is the equation for the kinetic energy density of a plasma
that results from the the slow modulation of the amplitude of a high frequency wave
= (1 / 4 ) * e
* ( w
/ w
) * (E)
is the kinetic energy density of the plasma in joules per cubic meter.
is the permittivity of free space
; e
= 8.85E-12 C
/ N m
is the plasma frequency in radians per second.
w is the modulating frequency.
E is the electrical field strength in volts per meter, a vector quantity, and E* is the
conjugate complex of E, and (E)
(E*) represents the dot product of E and E*.
(E*) is further defined as
(E*) = E
+ E

where E
and E
are respectively the real and imaginary parts of E.
In this problem we are concerned only with the real parts of E, therefore:
(E*) = E

and since E for our problem will be determined only in the radial direction:
(E*) =( E(h)


= (1 / 4 ) * e
* ( w
/ w
) * ( E(h)


let us revert to letting E = E(h), therefore:
= (1 / 4 ) * e
* ( w
/ w
) * ( E


A reasonable model for the electrical field strength of the earth can be determined by an
exponential regression from physical data sources
E ( radial direction approx.) = 120 * e

A check on the validity of the model can be made by also determining the total potential of
the electrical field of the earth as:
=120 * e
where V represents the total potential of the electrical field of the earth as measured in a
radial direction. Solution of this equation for limits of 0 to 65 kilometers (km) will lead to a
value of Vearth = 3.43E5 Volts, which agrees quite well with the tabulated sources
referenced. Feynman
estimates a total potential of 4E5 Volts at 50 km.
The next step in the problem is to formulate the total energy within a shell volume of
atmosphere that surrounds the earth. We are therefore dealing with a variable energy
density integrated with respect to volume, or:
Total Energy = Energy Density * Volume
Therefore we have:
Total Energy (KE) = [ (1 / 4 ) * e
* ( w
/ w
) * ( E

] * Volume
since E is now a function of elevation above the earth only:
KE = [ (1 / 4 ) * e
* ( wp
/ w
) * ( E(h) )
] dV
For the time being, let us regard w
and w as constants. Therefore,
KE = (1 / 4 ) * e
* ( wp
/ w
) ( E(h) )
Since our model is considering the variation in kinetic energy with respect to elevation
only, and using the symmetry of the sphere, we have:
KE = (1 / 4 ) * e
* ( wp
/ w
)* ( 4 / 3 ) * pi * ( ( R + upper)
- (R + lower)
) ( E(h) )
where upper is the upper elevation limit of the atmospheric shell in meters, and lower is the
lower elevation limit of the atmospheric shell in meters, and R is the mean radius of the
earth in meters.
Next, let us improve our estimate of the modeling of the plasma frequency, since it is not a
constant, and it varies primarily as to the square root of the electron density. The square of
the plasma frequency is given as
= ( q
* n ) / (e
* m
where q
is the charge of an electron in coulombs
, q
= -1.6E-19Coulombs (C),
and n is the electron density (electrons / cubic meter),
and m
is the mass of an electron in kilograms
, m
= 9.11E-31kg.
The electron density of the atmosphere is a complex phenomenon. The majority of sources
of electron density information appear to be of a classified nature, and of not wide access to
the public. Some publicly available sources have been located over the past several years,
primarily from foreign countries. Regardless of source, electron density measurements at
lower elevations appear to be essentially non-existent, as most historical applications of
electron density are associated with the ionosphere. Current aerosol operation research
indicates that this interest is warranted across the entire range of elevations of the
atmosphere of our earth, including the lower elevations. Any information on detailed
electron density profiles from lower to upper elevations will be beneficial to refine this
A first approximation for the electron density of the normal atmosphere can also be
developed from an exponential regression of data that has been available from the
University of Leicester
leading to:
n (approx.) = 1E6 * e

with a maximum range from 0 to 300km considered in this evaluation.
We therefore have as a first approximation for the typical electron density:

(approx.) = ( q
* 1E6 * e
) / (e
* m
Since we are dealing with an atmospheric shell of variable upper and lower limits, it is
beneficial to formulate the plasma frequency square in an integral form. Therefore:
(approx.) = [( q
* 1E6 * e
) / (e
* m
)] * 4.605E-5 * e

Our model for the kinetic energy of the atmospheric shell is therefore now of the following


(1 / 4 ) * e
* ( 4 / 3 ) * pi * ( ( R +
- (R + lower)
( E(h) )



(approx.) = [( q
* 1E6 * e
) / (e
* m
)] * 4.605E-5 * e

The evidence further indicates that we must strongly consider and incorporate the
photoelectric effect of an atmosphere modified with metallic aerosols. The photoelectric
effect is important as it provides a further source of electrons to the atmosphere, therefore
increasing the plasma frequency of the medium. It can be seen that increasing the plasma
frequency will cause an increase in the energy density of the plasma. It is conceivable that
this influence is especially important and is not to be disregarded.
A further description of the photoelectric effect is given by Max Born, Nobel Laureate of
"The most direct transformation of light into mechanical energy occurs in the photoelectric
effect (Hertz 1887), Hallwachs, Elster and Geitel, Ladenburg). If short-wave (ultra-violet)
light falls on a metal surface (alkalies) in a high vacuum, it is it observed in the first place
that the surface becomes positively charged; it is therefore giving off negative electricity,
which issues from it in the form of electrons.....The number of electrons expelled is equal to
the number of incident light quanta, and this is given by the intensity of the light falling on
the metal.... Evidence even more patent for the existence of light quanta is given by the
classic experiments of E. Meyer and W. Gerlach (1914) on the photoelectric effect with the
small pieces of metal dust; by irradiation of these with ultra-violet light photoelectrons are
again liberated, so that the metallic particles become positively charged
Readers will also wish to investigate the characteristic of metals known as the work
function, and the relationship of the work function to the release of electrons. Readers may
also wish to refer to an earlier paper entitled Ionization Apparent
for a further discussion
of the work function in relation to specific elements under consideration. Additional
information on the photoelectric effect is available from numerous sources on quantum
12,13, 14, 15, 16, 17
. Experiments with metallic aerosols are frequently referred to in the
discovery of this fundamental principle of modern physics.
The next question that arises is, how many photons are striking the earth's surface, and by
projection, how many photons are striking the upper atmosphere? It is these photons that
serve as a source for producing electrons in combination with metallics aerosols of a low
work function. It is commonly stated that an approximate value for the energy of the sun at
the earth's surface is on the order of 1000 watts / square meter
. We wish to find how
many photons pass through a square meter per second at the earth's surface.
Let us assume the wavelength (lambda) of sunlight is 500 nanometers.
The energy of a photon is given as
= h * f
where h is Planck's constant
, h = 6.62E-34,
and f is the frequency of the radiation in cycles per second.
Since c = f * lambda
where c is the speed of light
, c = 3E8 meters /sec.
and lambda is the wavelength of sunlight, then
f = c / lambda
Ep = h * (c / lambda)
Ep = 6.62E-34 (joules * sec) * ( 3E8 (m/sec) / 500E-9m ) = 3.97E-19 joules
for the energy level of a single photon per square meter at the frequency of sunlight.
The number of photons per square meter can be determined from
Np = I / Ep
where Np is the number of photons per square meter,
I is the intensity of the incoming radiation in Watts per square meter ( or joules / (sec * m
and Ep is the energy level of a single photon.
Solving this equation, we are led to
Np = (1000 joules / sec * m
) / 3.7E-19 joules
Np = 2.70E21 photons / m
* sec.
The next question of interest is, what density of aerosols in the atmosphere is required if all
photons are converted to electrons? Is this density feasible compared to observation
reports, visibility and density studies that have accrued over the past several years?
If we assume one free electron per atom
of the element and if we choose barium as the
element of consideration, we require 2.70E21 atoms per column of atmosphere that is 1
meter square in area.
In terms of mass of the element barium, the number of moles is:
2.70E21 atoms / 6.02E23 (atoms/mole) = 4.48E-3 moles of barium per atmospheric column
1 meter square in area.
Since the molar mass of barium
is 137.3 grams, the number of grams required for full
photon conversion is:
137.3 grams * 4.48E-3 moles = .615 grams per atmospheric column 1 meter square in area.
The density level required is:
.615 grams / Volume of atmospheric column
which is
.615 grams / (1 meter * 1 meter * height of column)
Let us choose the examples of 300km, 100km and 10km for a column height:
Height of
column in
(1 meter square)
required for
full photon
conversion to
(in micrograms
per cubic meter)
% of EPA
standards for
Matter (PM10)
50 ugms per
cubic meter
300,000 meters
(186 miles)
2.05 ugms / m
100,000 meters
(62 miles)
6.15 ugms / m
10,000 meters
(6.2 miles)
61.5 ugms / m
This result leads to some apparently realistic estimates of the impact upon the environment
from the injection of metallic aerosols of low work function in sufficient density to produce
electron conversion from sunlight. One earlier study
, entitled Air Quality Data Requires
Public Scrutiny, dated Aug 27, 2001 derived an estimate of a concentration level of 59ugms
/m3 based upon visibility studies at lower elevations. An additional study
, entitled
Microscopic Particle Count Study New Mexico 1996-1999 (March 23, 2000) of particulate
matter from the highest quality air monitoring stations of New Mexico (PM2.5 capability)
produces similar results that raise issue with the particulate trends within the atmosphere.
The satisfaction and enforcement of EPA air quality standards, or the lack thereof, exists
as an obvious and current environmental issue. The particulate density estimates of this
section are used indirectly within the model under development, and they are used as a
means of feasibility analysis.
The model now assumes the presence of additional free electrons that exist as a result of
photon to electron conversion as a result of metallic aerosol injection. These free electrons
exist above and beyond the normal electron density of the atmosphere. The normal
atmosphere has an increase in electron density with altitude; this increase is dramatic and
results in the unusual electrical properties of the ionosphere. The introduction of electrons
at high altitude from the photoelectric effect within the model will have an opposing effect;
electron density will be high at altitude and decrease significantly in the direction of the
earth. The rationale for this decrease lies in the exponential decay law of light intensity
, as
has also been discussed in visibility studies presented on this site
The model chosen for the electron density as a product of the estimated photoelectric effect
will be of the form:
= c * e
-b*(300E3 - h)

where np represents the electron density per cubic meter resulting from the estimated
photoelectric effect.
c and b are coefficients to be determined, and 300E3 represents the upper limit of the
atmospheric shell in meters under consideration.
h represents the elevation above ground level.
The coefficient c will be determined as follows:
c = ( 2.5E21 photons / m
) / 300E3m
= 8.3E15 electrons / m3 at 300,000 meters. This will
be a maximum value for n
This represents the most conservative value that can be established at this point in the
analysis, and it represents a maximum that will decrease exponentially towards the earth's
Setting the condition that np = 1E5 electrons / m3 at ground level,
= 8.3E15 * e
-9.15E-5*( 300E3 - h )

Therefore the influence of n
upon the plasma frequency is now:

(photoelectric effect) = ( q
* 8.3E15 * e
-9.15E-5 * ( 300E3 - h)
) / (e
* m
and again developing this into an integral form due to the shell region under consideration,

(photoelectric effect)
(photoelectric effect) = [( q
* 8.3E15 * e
-9.15E-5 * ( 300E3 - h)
) / (e
* m
)] * 9.15E-5 * e
9.15E-5 * ( 300E3 - h)

we are now led to a revised estimate of the plasma frequency as:

= (wp
+ wp
(photoelectric effect) )

Which leads to a final model form of:


(1 / 4 ) * e
* ( 4 / 3 ) * pi * ( ( R +
- (R + lower)
( E(h) )



= (wp
+ wp
(photoelectric effect) )

(approx.) = [( q
* 1E6 * e
) / (e
* m
)] * 4.605E-5 * e
(photoelectric effect) = [( q
* 8.3E15 * e
-9.15E-5 * ( 300E3 - h)
) / (e
* m
)] * 9.15E-5 * e
9.15E-5 * ( 300E3 - h)

integrated with respect to the upper and lower limits of the atmospheric shell in meters.
This model remains subject to revision.

1. Charles Herach Papas, Theory of Electromagnetic Wave Propagation, (Dover
Publications, 1988), 182.
2. Gordon Coleman, The Addison-Wesley Science Handbook, (Addison-Wesley, 1997), 3.
3. Papas, 14.
4. David R. Lide, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, (CRC Press, 2001), 14-34.
5. Dwight E. Gray, PhD, American I nstitute of Physics Handbook, (McGraw-Hill, 1963), 5-
6. Richard Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol I I , (Addison-Wesley, 1964), 9-
7. Feynman, 7-7.
8. Coleman, 2.
9. Coleman, 2.
10. Max Born, Atomic Physics, (Dover, 1969), 83-84.
11. Clifford E Carnicom, I onization Apparent, (http://www.carnicom.com/ionize.htm,
12. Nouredine Zettili, Quantum Mechanics, (Wiley and Sons, LTD, 2003), 10-12.
13. Ronald Gautreau, Modern Physics, (McGraw-Hill, 1999), 60-61.
14. George Joos, Theoretical Physics, (Dover, 1986), 431-433.
15. David Bohm, Quantum Theory, (Dover, 1989), 23-26.
16. Albert Messiah, Quantum Mechanics, (Dover, 1999), 11-13, 16, 41, 760, 1007-9, 1052.
17. Michael Mansfield, Understanding Physics, (Wiley and Sons, 1998), 362-365.
18. Alvin Halpern, Beginning Physics II, (McGraw-Hill, 1998), 464.
19. Halpern, 460.
20. Coleman, 3.
21. Coleman, 3.
22. Feynman, 32-12.
23. Born, 237.
24. Coleman, 126.
25. Clifford E Carnicom, Air Quality Data Requires Public Scrutiny,
(http://www.carnicom.com/air1.htm, 03/01/2001).
26. Clifford E Carnicom, Microscopic Particle Count Study New Mexico,
(http://www.carnicom.com/partnm.htm, 03/23/2000).
27. Gautreau, 63.
28. Clifford E Carnicom, Air Quality Data Requires Public Scrutiny.
29. University of Leicester, I onospheric Physics, (http://ion.le.ac.uk/ionosphere/profile.html)

Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page

Clifford E Carnicom
Dec 13 2003
Edited Dec 17 2003







A summary of preliminary findings is presented; adequate time for full presentation and
documentation of efforts does not exist at this time. The focus of current research is upon
the geophysical and energy implications of the aerosol operations.
Analysis of time deviations over a five month period continues to indicate the very real
possibility of a decrease in the rotational rate of the earth. An analysis of historical data
from the U.S. Naval Observatory and the International Earth Rotation Service justifies the
pursuit of this topic. The variations within the historical data are statistically significant to
an extremely high level. More recent research indicates not only the possiblity of a
measurable deceleration component, but of a non-linear component as well. The prospect
of a increasing deceleration component is therefore under serious consideration, and it
remains supported by all independently available data from this researcher. Small changes
in time will translate to large changes in the kinetic energy of the earth, and geophysical
events of greater magnitude and disturbance are expected as a result. The data indicates
the possibility of increasing differences of time (rotational vs. atomic standards) with
projected geophysical effects.
Initial investigations have been conducted on historical Schumann frequency data. The
data indicates an increase in this frequency over the recent period of several years that has
been examined. Popularly circulated stated changes of the Schumann frequency on the
order of several hertz appear to be completely unsubtantiated. Changes on the order of a a
fraction of a hertz from a reference value of approximately 7.8Hz are realistically under
consideration. The literature shows a measured relationship between changes in Schumann
frequency and the electron density of the ionosphere. A reasonable interpretation of the
increase in the Schumann frequency results from an increase in electron density of both the
atmosphere and the lower atmosphere as a primary objective of the aerosol operations. A
conservative first estimate of the increase in electron density is on the order of 8% over the
last five years; small changes in electron density dramatically alter the electromagnetic
characteristics of a plasma. The remarkable electromagnetic properties of the ionosphere
are evidence of that fact.
Energy levels of the HAARP facility act a level commensurate with solar storms. It is
expected that the HAARP facility can therefore effect a global geophysical impact,
including both electron density and energy state changes of the ionosphere and
Increased solar energy, e.g., from solar storms, and increased moisture are expected to
enhance the intended effects of energy accumulation of the aerosol operations. The onset of
operations in a particular region appear often to be predictable from the consideration of
these and other factors, including aerosol concentration levels.
Changes in mass and kinetic energy are related through the equations of special relativity.
Changes in mass will have an effect upon the gravitational field. Expected changes in the
gravitational field from historical kinetic energy changes alone appear to be too low for
detection with customary instrumentation by a factor of approximately 1 in 100,000. At a
conceptual level, a decrease in the rotational rate of the earth is expected to produce a
decrease in the gravitational field. Dimensional changes in the earth and mass
displacements may act at a measurable level; GRACE satellite data may be a useful source
of information for continued analysis.
Atmospheric pressure is expected to decrease, although the level of detection by
instrumentation remains in question.
The expected increase in the radius of the earth as a result of decreasing angular
momentum of the earth has previously been discussed.
There appears to be a strong relationship between the mass of a body, the angular velocity
and the magnetic field strength at a macroscopic level. The foundation of this study
indicates that the magnetic field strength is (commonly to one order of magnitude)
proportional to the product of the mass and the square of the angular velocity of that body.
The study is based upon data available from solar system measurements. This initial
examination opens many prospects for the consideration of relationships between mass,
gravity, magnetism, electromagnetics, velocity, momentum and kinetic energy, relativity
dilations and quantum physics. The origin of ferromagnetism as a direct result of electron
spin can not be ignored in conjunction with this finding. The general principle of
magnetism as a result of mass in motion is also a derivative of this result. The magnetic
field of the earth is expected, therefore, to continue to decrease with any decrease in the
rotational rate of the earth.
Magnetic field variation in correspondence with solar flux variation appears to be easily
measurable with fairly simple equipment. The variation with respect to aerosol operations,
ELF-VLF propagation and astronomic events such as eclipses remains difficult to quantify.
Unusually high levels of ferromagnetism appear to be evident. The simulation of the
conditions that best appear to reproduce this result include the removal of the
ferromagnetism through heat, and the subsequent exposure of the material, e.g., steel, to
high level magnetic fields. Artificial magnetic fields are a consideration in that result.
An estimate of the decline in the earth's magnetic field strength as a function of a decrease
in the earth's rotational rate has been developed. Computations from the relationship
indicate that this decline in magnetic field strength is a measureable amount, even by
historical rates of changes in the earth's rotational rate. If the rotational rate declines
beyond historical standards, the magnitude only makes this decline in magnetic field
strength easier to detect. An estimate as to when the magnetic field strength declines to zero
is also available from the relationship that has been developed.
A relationship between the decline in magnetic field strength with respect to a decline in
the gravity field has also been developed at a first level of approximation. The magnitude of
this change does not appear to be measurable.
A hypothesis of a fundamental geophysical motive of the aerosol operations does remain
under serious consideration. The fundamental question exists as to whether or not it is
feasible that the aerosol operations could affect the kinetic energy state of the earth. A
mechanism of energy interaction is under review at this time. An examination of the energy
density of a plasma, applied to the earth's atmosphere and ionosphere in particular,
underlies the physics of this study. Analysis does indicate that is feasible to consider the
prospect of an energized atmospheric plasma that exceeds the energy quota from kinetic
energy changes in the earth. One method for increasing the energy state of the plasma
involves the slow modulation of a high-frequency wave within the plasma, with the
fundamental factor of influence being the ratio of the square of the plasma frequency to the
square of the modulated frequency. Continued measurements support the existence of
omnipresent ELF propagation at multiples of 4Hz. The fundamental objectives and
methods of the HAARP facility can not be ignored in this analysis. A central question
which remains is that of energy conversion efficiency; current analysis indicates that a
conversion efficiency on the order of 10
(first estimate) is required between any kinetic
energy changes of the earth and kinetic energy accumulated within the plasma of the
atmosphere/ionosphere with an approximate plasma frequency of 3MHz modulated with
ELF at 100Hz.. For interest sake, the conversion efficiency of the HAARP facility for ELF
propagation is stated to be on the order of 10
. An analysis of the time data indicates that a
failure of affecting the kinetic energy state of the earth remains in effect, if indeed this
exists as one viable motive of the aerosol operations,
All previously discussed applications of the aerosol operations, including environmental
control, biological operations, electromagnetic operations, military operations and
geophysical considerations remain substantiated with the research that has been
The consideration of directed biological operations upon the populace remains paramount.
All factors discussed on this and previous pages act in a cumulative sense. There is no
implied or stated act or motive of benevolence to the general human population within this
research presentation.

Clifford E Carnicom
Dec 13, 2003
Edited Dec 17, 2003
Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page

Clifford E Carnicom
Nov 26 2003
Edited Dec 02 2003
Research into the aerosol operations is currently focused upon the geophysical energy
implications of a changing earth momentum, solar energy influx and artificial energy
sources of great magnitude, such as the HAARP (High Frequency Active Auroral Research
Program) facility. Attention is devoted to the examination of primary geophysical fields of
the earth, including but not limited to kinetic energy, mass, gravitation, atmospheric and
magnetic changes and their potential association with the aerosol operations. The impact of
such energy changes and sources upon biological systems must also be examined.
There is an equivalence of energy levels between the HAARP facility and that which results
from high solar storm activity. This finding affirms the proposition that the HAARP
facility is expected to have a global impact upon the energy state of the earth.
The consequences of directed biological operations upon the populace must also be
considered as an element of legitimate concern and alarm.
Limited time and resources are available to conduct the necessary studies and proposals
for research. Certain studies require extended time and effort to complete. Work is
conducted and presented to the public as circumstances permit.
High level research and activism in numerous scientific and social disciplines by
independent professionals (e.g, medicine, health, biology, microbiology, chemistry,
biochemistry, genetic engineering, nuclear physics, quantum physics, plasma physics,
astrophysics, geophysics, electromagnetics, electrical engineering, meteorology,
environmental testing, international law, media, journalism, funding and investment, non-
profit administrators, marketing, international lobbyists and political activism,
international law and advocacy, etc.) acting on behalf of the public interest at a national or
global level remains under solicitation.
It is expected that governmental services should fulfill the majority of the above
requirements when a case for environmental and biological peril exists; the current state of
affairs demonstrates an abysmal failure of governments to serve that duty. It is therefore
required that independent, private and non-profit interests assume that role. It is not wise
to think that unlimited time for organization of these efforts exists, and that there will be
no consequence if the operations do not cease.

Clifford E Carnicom
Nov 26 2003

Clifford E Carnicom
Nov 08 2003
Edited Nov 14 2003
A detailed statistical analysis of time over a period of four months continues to support the
hypothesis of an earth in a state of deceleration. The magnitude of the deceleration, if
confirmed, is sufficient to anticipate unusual geophysical activity in the foreseeable future.
The magnitude of the deceleration is currently best estimated at approximately 0.3
milliseconds per day. Any deceleration component of rotation of the earth is to be regarded
with the greatest of interest, as an apparent small acceleration (deceleration) will result in
significant velocity differentials and accumulated time differentials over a relatively short
period of time if sustained. A deceleration component of 0.3 milliseconds per day will result
in a velocity change of approximately 0.1 seconds per day at the end of a one year period.
This same deceleration component would lead to an accumulated difference of
approximately 20 seconds of time after a one year period. These are phenomenal
magnitudes relative to any historical basis that is available.
Small changes in time will translate to large changes in the kinetic energy of the earth. One
second of time change per year corresponds roughly to the energy contained within all of
the fossil fuels of the earth. Data under collection and analysis indicates that a significant
multiple of the historical level of approximately one second per year may now be occurring.
This indicates the prospect of significant energy and subsequent geophysical changes
occurring in future times.
Further data that is accumulated with additional timepieces over a greater interval of time
will continue to clarify the findings that are under examination. The independent time
system now consists of 14 quartz clocks with measurements on a regular basis. The
deceleration bias that is under detection remains thus far regardless of the subset of
timepieces examined or of the interval over which a constant rate of rotation is assumed.
Readers may also wish to be aware of the anomalous time measurements over this same
period as recorded in the earlier articles, Time, Time To Start Watching Time ,Time,
Energy and Earth Changes, The Waistline of Rotation, and Time and Rotation Changes
Additional notes related to the computation of time differences are presented below.

The following table presents an example spreadsheet statistical analysis of an independent
timekeeping system using 8-14 quartz clocks over a four month period. The column
descriptions and weighting functions will be described in more detail below.

n rirms^2 racc^2 di do ai bi




4 0.92 0.87 122.4 74.5 0.000286

5.0E+09 27.6 -9.67 0.79
18.8 9.4E+10 75.97
4 0.77 0.54 64.9 61.9 0.000258

3.7E+06 23.5 -6.83 0.49
17.1 6.4E+07 0.06

4 0.98 0.96 122.4 105.4 0.000512

1.5E+09 56.7
34.1 5.1E+10 22.57
4 0.82 0.7 64.9 48.8 0.000300

9.2E+07 25.7 -5.79 0.36
20.3 1.9E+09 1.40

4 0.81 0.47 64.9 55.3 0.000232

2.8E+07 20.5 -5.04 0.36
15.8 4.4E+08 1.84
t11 1 0.12 0.21 59.8 50.2 0.000203

3.5E+05 17.5 -3.32 0.26
14.3 5.0E+06 0.02

Wgt. 22.2

Total Seconds






var 7.1

sigma 2.7

E90 4.4

Lower 17.8

Upper 26.6

Additional notes on columns and weighting factors:
Column 1 :
The set number.
Column 2 : n
The number of clocks in the set.
Column 3 : r

The root mean square (RMS) of the r
correlation coefficients of the clocks within a set.
The linear regressions within the set model the drift rate of the individual clocks. No
variation in the rate of the rotation of the earth is assumed over the interval of the
The model for each clock is of the form: Drift rate per day in seconds (DR
) = a
d + b
where d is the number of days since the point of synchronization with UTC for each clock.
The coefficients of the regression are a
and b
. At d = d
, no variation in the rotational rate
of the earth is assumed, and the coefficients of the regression and the correlation
coefficients are computed for each clock at that point in time.
Column 4 : r

The RMS of the r
correlation coefficients of the linear regressions of the non-linear
components of the clocks within a set. The determination of this value is as follows:
is applied to a measured drift rate at d >= d
by subtraction. In other words, the effect
from assuming a constant rotation rate of the earth is applied to a measured drift rate at all
times exceeding d
. Therefore, the non-linear component of the drift rate is modeled by
= DR
- DR
at d >= d
. A linear regression is then solved for the mean of the
non-linear components of the drift rates for each clock, after the mean of the non-linear
components is subtracted at d = d
. An attempt is therefore made to remove any bias of the
set resulting from a non-linear component of the drift rate. The model for each clock is
therefore DR
= a
d + b
where DR
represents the mean of the non-linear components
minus the mean of the non-linear components at d = d
, to be computed at d >= d
. The
coefficients of regression are a
and b
Column 5 : d

The day number at which the complete error analysis is computed. A condition of
computation is that d
>= d
. This day number is the number of days that has elapsed since
the point of synchronization with UTC for each clock, or subset of clocks that have been
synchronized on the same day within a relatively short interval of time.
Column 6 : d

The day number at which it is assumed that the rotation rate of the earth is constant, that
the drift rate for each clock can be adequately modeled by linear regression, that the
correlation coefficients measure the success of the modeling process, and at which the
reference drift rate function for each clock is therefore determined.
Columns 7 and 8: a
, b

The coefficients of regression for the non-linear terms for each set of clocks as described
for column 4. The a
term can be interpreted as a bias in the change of the difference
between a measured drift rate and a modeled drift rate at any point where d >= d
. It can
therefore be interpreted as an acceleration component of time, measured in units of
seconds per day. If the congregation of timepieces demonstrated random non-linear
variations, no aggregate bias (statistical signing) in these coefficients would be evident.
Column 9 : delta d
The number of days after d = d
in which the projected and accumulated time differences
are determined. A value of 365 corresponds to the projected time differences at the end of a
one year period past the point of d = d
. Assuming a constant acceleration rate, both
velocity and accumulated time differentials can be derived.
Column 10 : Weights
The weighting factor applied to the determination of the total time differential accumulated
at d >= do. This factor is currently computed as:
= n * r
* r
* d
* d
* (d
- d

Column 11 : First term of accumulated time difference function:
The first term of the accumulated time difference function determined as:
=( a
*((delta d) + d
) / 2
Column 12 : Second term of accumulated time difference function:
The second term of the accumulated time difference function determined as:
= b
* ( (delta d) + d
Column 13 : Third term of accumulated time difference function:
The third term of the accumulated time difference function determined as:
=( a
) / 2
Column 14 : Fourth term of accumulated time difference function:
The fourth term of the accumulated time difference function determined as:
= b
* d

Column 15: The accumulated time difference over the interval of delta d, determined as:
TE = t
+ t
- t
- t

Column 16 : The contributions to the numerator of the weighted average of the
accumulated time difference, determined as:
Weighted Average (contribution to numerator) =

* TE

Column 17 : The contribution of the weight factors expressed as a percentage of the sum
total of the weights.

Individual Entries to the spreadsheet are described as follows:
1. Wgt. Total Error : The weighted average of the accumulated time difference over the
interval of delta d, determined as:
Wgt. Total Error = ( sum (w
* TE
) ) / sum (w
2. var: The weighted variance of the weighted average of the accumulated time difference
over the interval of delta d, determined as:
var = ( sum ( ( w
%) * ( TE
- Weighted Average) ) ) / ( ( ( n -1 ) / n ) * sum ( w
% ) )
where w
% are the weights expressed as a percentage / 100.
3. sigma : the weighted standard error of the weighted average of the accumulated time
difference over the interval of delta d, determined as:
sigma = sqrt (var)
4. E90 : the 90th percentile error estimate of the weighted standard error of the weighted
average of the accumulated time difference over the interval of delta d, determined as:
E90 = 1.6449 * sigma
5. Lower : the lower E90 confidence limit of the weighted average of the accumulated time
difference over the interval of delta d, determined as:
Lower = weighted average - E90
6. Upper : the upper E90 confidence limit of the weighted average of the accumulated time
difference over the interval of delta d, determined as:
Upper = weighted average + E90
Clifford E Carnicom
Oct 25 2003
There appears to be a correspondence between the magnitude of magnetic disturbance that
results from an extreme solar storm and the magnitude of apparently artificial ELF-VLF
pulse data that has been previously recorded by this researcher. This indicates that any
artificially generated pulsed data that has been recorded by this same magnetometer, as is
shown below, may also be acting on a global level. The role of the aerosols and the HAARP
facility and the propagation of ELF-VLF energy, as is referenced in Magnetics, Aerosols &
VLF should also be a consideration in the comparison which is made below.
The first graph below shows the extreme variation that occurred in the local magnetometer
data collected at this site on October 24 2003 during one of the most momentous solar
storms of recorded history. The energy that is shown in this graph was produced by an X
class solar flare which had the potential to seriously affect military and communication
systems around the globe. Observations were collected at one minute intervals, and the
greatest activity is evident over an interval of approximately 6 hours.

Magnetometer Plot of Solar Storm of Oct 24 2003
Y Axis is Voltage
X Axis is Observation Number (1 observation per minute)
The reader should also observe the extreme anomalous magnetometer data also recorded
below on April 05, 2003. The description of this data and the association with observed
aerosol banks is provided on the page entitled Magnetics, Aerosols & VLF. It will be
noticed that the magnitude of the pulsed and apparently artificial data shown below is on
the same order as that which results from the extreme solar storm recorded above. The
reader may also wish to review the HAARP Executive Summary referenced on this same
page which makes note of the use of pulsed ELF-VLF propagation within that facility.

Magnetometer Pulse Data Logged 040503 at approx. 0845-2210
X Axis : Observation No. (1 per minute)
Y Axis : Volts
The graph below clearly shows what appears to be artificially pulsed data recorded in the
Very Low Frequency (VLF) range on this same date of April 05, 2003.

VLF Pulse Data Logged 040503 at approx. 1207-1225
X Axis : Observation No. (1 per second)
Y Axis : Frequency in KHz.

Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page

Clifford E Carnicom
Oct 25 2003
Measurements have recently been taken with a calibrated photometer to measure the
reduction in intensity of sunlight that occurs as a direct result of heavy aerosol operations
These measurements show a rapid reduction in the transmission of sunlight from a value of
97% on a clear day to the lower level of approximately 80% during the early stages of
heavy aerosol operations. These measurements have been taken to coincide with the
photographs below that show the aircraft aerosol trails systematically increasing the extent
of the aerosol bank.

Rather than reducing the temperature of the earth and lower atmosphere, the aerosol
operations commonly have the opposite effect of increasing temperature and aggravating,
if not inducing drought conditions. This is a result of a combination of factors, including
the specific heats of the elements involved as well as the hygroscopic properties of the
aerosols. Physical and chemical analysis of the aerosol dynamics will lead to the expected
observations of increased temperature, decreased moisture and an increase in winds. The
absorption and displacement of this solar energy into environmental, military, biological
and electromagnetic operations represents a theft of the natural and divine rights of the
inhabitants of this planet. These are only preliminary effects upon the local and regional
environments; longer term and more serious impacts upon the biosphere have been, are
now and will become evident.

Working the Aerosol Bank
Santa Fe NM Oct 22 2003 0930

Working the Aerosol Bank II
Santa Fe NM Oct 22 2003 0930
(lens flares also visible in this photograph)

The Descent of the Aerosol Banks to Ground Level
A View from Santa Fe Towards Albuquerque on a Clear" Day
Expected visiblity in clear desert skies is approximately 90-120 miles
However, the Ortiz Mountains (closest range) visible in photograph
are only approximately 15 miles distant from the observer.
1. Forest M. Mims III, Sun and Sky Monitoring Station and Manual, Radio Shack, 2003
Clifford E Carnicom
Oct 25 2003
Careful measurements and extensive statistical analysis have been conducted for 110 days
in an effort to determine if anomalous variations in time exist. These variations, if they are
demonstrated to exist, translate directly into anomalous variations in the rotational rate of
the earth. This project is ongoing and requires extensive data to evaluate any hypotheses
that are currently under examination. A limitation on the quality of timepieces available
inhibits a more direct and ready interpretation of the data under collection. Atomic time
systems of the highest order, if available, would facilitate the process. Independence from
claimed authoritative sources of data is now also required.
This report remains of a preliminary nature. Eight quartz clocks currently comprise the
timekeeping system, and additional clocks will continue to be incorporated into the
measurement system. Two to three months of additional data beyond that which has been
collected will likely determine if the project remains warranted.
This paper is to provide notice that all data collected thus far during the last four months
continues to support the existence of anomalous time variations, and subsequently,
anomalous earth rotational changes. Efforts are now directed towards the detection of an
acceleration component (actually, a deceleration). All data collected thus far continues to
support the hypothesis of the existence of the slowing of the rate of rotation of the earth.
The act of data collection and analysis requires patience. Extensive data is required for the
proper analysis of the problem. Although this report remains preliminary, a bias of an
acceleration (deceleration) is under analysis at this time.
Small changes in time will translate to large changes in the kinetic energy of the earth. One
second of time change per year corresponds roughly to the energy contained within all of
the fossil fuels of the earth. Data under collection and analysis indicates that a significant
multiple of the historical level of approximately one second per year may now be occurring.
This indicates the prospect of significant energy and subsequent geophysical changes
occurring in future times.
Readers may also wish to be aware of the anomalous time measurements over this same
period as recorded in the earlier articles, Time, Time To Start Watching Time and Time,
Energy and Earth Changes, and The Waistline of Rotation.

Clifford E Carnicom
Sep 14 2003
A decrease in the rotational rate of the earth is expected to increase the equatorial radius of
the earth. This postulate can be demonstrated by two different methods. The first of these
examines the kinetic energy and inertial momentum of the earth as it relates to
differentials, and the second will examine the problem from the viewpoint of conservation
of angular momentum. It can be shown that the results expected are similar in each case,
where a change of one second per year in the rotational rate of the earth leads to an
expected increase in the earth's radius of approximately 4 to 8 inches. Greater changes in
the rotational rate (current observations support a change of 12 seconds per year) result in
correspondingly greater changes in the equatorial radius of the earth.
In conjunction with anomalous variations in time that are currently being reported, there
is the recollection of a popular science article published by CNN on August 7, 2002 entitled,
Earth's Waistline Could Be Expanding. This account summarizes an article published in
Science magazine in that same week, where the following excerpts from the CNN article
are provided as follows:
"The Earth's gravity field has bulged more in the middle in the past four years and
scientists suspect that the same is true for the planet itself."
"The researchers say neither rising global sea levels nor faster glacial ice melting could
produce such a sharp change in the gravity field measurements. Something else is moving
mass from the high latitudes to the low latitudes nearer the Equator, causing a suspected
bigger bulge around the middle".
"While understanding the precise shape of our planet and its gravity field may seem like
esoteric endeavors, the data could have a profound impact on everything from weather
forecasting to agriculture to making sure there is enough fresh water to support life."
It will be of further interest to examine the magnitude of this change within contemporary
ellipsoid models that incorporate this latest data, and as it is reported in the Science
journal. It is also of interest that the earth change recorded is noted primarily within the
last four to five years; readers may also wish to be aware of the anomalous time
measurements over this same period as recorded in the earlier articles, Time, Time To
Start Watching Time and Time, Energy and Earth Changes.
The question of rotational rate change as it corresponds to earth shape changes is to be
equally considered, as there now is observational data available to support the existence of
both. In addition to these considerations, a discussion has been provided on the expected
tremendous kinetic energy changes (and expected geophysical changes that result)
associated with small changes in the earth's rotational rate, i.e., time.
Additional fields that are under further examination include the magnetic field of the
earth, either natural or affected artificially, the gravity field and the atmospheric pressure
of the earth. The current work assumes a homogeneous sphere as a first approximation to
the problem.
The remainder of this article is mathematical in nature, and will be provided below to those
with a further interest.

Let us examine the differential method first.
The kinetic energy of the rotating earth can be approximated as
(approx) = ( 1 / 5) * m * R
* w

where KE
represents the kinetic energy of the rotating earth in Joules, m represents the
mass of the earth in kilograms, R is the radius of as assumed spherical earth in meters, and
w is the rotational rate of the earth in radians per second.
Let us solve this form for R:
= ( 5 * KE
) / ( m * w
R = ( ( 5 * KE
) / ( m * w
) )

dR / dw = ( 1 / 2) * ( ( 5 * KE
) / ( m * w
* (-2) * ( ( 5 * KE
) / m ) * w

or in differential form:
dR = ( ( -5 * KE
) / ( m * w
) ) * ( ( 5 * KE
) / ( m * w
) )
* dw
and substituting the values previously established
, where
The mass of the earth is approximately 5.98E24 kg.
The mean radius of the earth is approximately 6371km.
The rotational rate of the earth, w (approx) = 7.272E-5 rad / sec.
(approx) = 2.567E29 Joules.
and dw in this case will the rotational rate change corresponding to a time change
(decrease) of one second in one year:
dw = -( 1 / 365) * ( 1 / 86400 ) * 7.272E-5 rad /sec.
dw = -2.306E-12 rad / sec.
this results in:
dR = -5.581E17 * (1.57E-7) * -2.306E-12 rad /sec.
leads to
dR = .202 meters
dR = 8 inches (approximate) increase corresponding to a one second time differential
within one year.
Increases in time differentials beyond one second per year will lead to corresponding
increases in the earth radius. Note: current observations indicate a time differential of
approximately 12 seconds per year.
For the second method of estimating the increase in the radius of the earth that
corresponds to a decrease in the rotational rate, let us use the principle of conservation of
angular momentum. The reader is referred to problem number 341 of Fogiel
for the
necessary background in the formulation of this approach.
In our case, we are led to:
= w
/ ( 1 - ( dx% / 100 ) )

where w
is equal to the decreased angular velocity, w
is the original angular velocity, and
dx% is the change in the radius of the earth in terms of per cent.
dx% / 100 = 1 - (w
/ w

And if we again let dw correspond to a change of one second in one year, we have
= w
- dw
where w
= 7.272E-5 rad / sec.
= 7.272E-5 rad/sec - 2.306E-12 rad /sec.
= 7.27199769E-5 rad / sec.
dx% / 100 = 1.59E-8
and the change in the radius of the earth will be:
dR = R * (dx% / 100) = 6371E3 meters * 1.59E-8 = .101 meters = 4 inches (approximate).
We are therefore led to a similar result as with the differential approach, with an estimated
range of 4 to 8 inches increase in the equatorial radius per second per year. Any
corrections will be made to this paper as is appropriate in the future.
Clifford E Carnicom
Authored at Jemez Falls, NM
Sep 14 2003
1. Clifford E Carnicom, Time, Energy and Earth Changes,
http://www.carnicom.com/time3.htm, 2003.
2. Carnicom, 2003.
3. Dr. M. Fogiel, Problem Solvers Physics, (Research and Education Association, 2000), 344.

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Clifford E Carnicom
Aug 26 2003
A preliminary relationship has been determined between any anomalies in time that may
occur, the associated change in the kinetic energy of the earth, and the projected magnitude
of any such changes on a geophysical level. The result of this study indicates that small
changes in "time" will manifest themselves as tremendous changes in the energy state of
the earth and that they are likely to have a significant geophysical impact. It is therefore
valuable to the general public to determine if any abberations in the recording of "time"
are indeed occurring, and readers are referred to previous articles entitled Time and Time
To Start Watching Time in that pursuit.
The details of this study are mathematical in nature, and are presented below.

The spinning of the earth is one method by which time is recorded. If time (UT based upon
the rotational rate of the earth) were to vary in an anomalous fashion, this would also
indicate anomalous variations in the rotational rate of the earth. The spinning of the earth
also results in a certain level of kinetic energy of the earth. Any changes in time, however
small, are reflected in the kinetic energy of the earth. The question here is, what is the
change in energy of the earth that occurs with a corresponding change in time that is based
upon that same rotation of the earth?
The kinetic energy of any spinning body around an axis is given as ( 1 / 2) I w
, where I is
the moment of inertia of the body and w is the rotational rate of that body
. As a first
approximation to our problem, let us assume the earth as a homogeneous sphere, where the
moment of inertia is ( 2 / 5) * m * R
where m is the mass of the earth in kilograms and R is
the radius in meters
Therefore, the kinetic energy resulting from the spin of the earth can be approximated as:
(approx) = ( 1 / 2) ( 2 / 5) * m * R
* w

The mass of the earth is approximately 5.98E24 kg.

The mean radius of the earth is approximately 6371km.
The rotational rate of the earth, w can be determined approximately as:
w (approx.) = ( 2 * pi ) / 86400 radians / second, where 86400 represents the number of
seconds in a day of 24 hours, and in this case,
w (approx) = 7.272E-5 rad / sec.
Therefore, the kinetic energy that results from the spin of the earth can be estimated as:
(approx) = ( 1 / 2) ( 2 / 5) * 5.98E24kg * ( 6371E3m )2 * (7.272E-5 rad / sec)2
(approx) = 2.567E29 Joules.
This values agrees extremely well with a tabulated list of energy phenomenon reported by
Syracuse University Department of Physics
where it is reported the the kinetic energy of
the spinning earth is on the order of 10
. This list is valuable to give the reader a sense of
scale and magnitude on this problem, and special interest is devoted to the subsection
entitled, Rough Values of the Energies of Various Occurrences. The range of phenomenon
included extends from the creation of the universe to the spinning of the earth to the energy
of a single molecule.
The next question to ask is, what impact would there be upon the kinetic energy of the
spinning earth if the rotational rate was decreased by an interval of one second within a
unit of time. We can begin the process by assuming a one second change within a time
period of one day, and this can be modified appropriately at a later time.
For this problem, we will use the following differential relationship:
/ dw = 2 * ( 1 / 2) * ( 2 / 5 ) m * R
* w
/ dw = ( 2 /5 ) * m * R
* w
= ( 2 / 5) * m * R
* w * dw
and in this case, we will establish dw as the change in rotational rate of the earth caused
from a one second change in a 24 hour period, or
dw = ( 1 / 86400) * 7.272E-5 rad / sec
dw = 8.417E-10 rad / sec
Therefore, the change in rotational kinetic energy in this case would be
= ( 2 /5) * m * R2 * w * 8.417E-10 rad / sec
= 5.943E24 Joules
Alternatively, if the change of one second were to occur over an interval of one year, we
have approximately
= 5.943E24 Joules / 365 days = 1.628E22 Joules / day
and if the change of one second were to occur over a 45 day period (current examinations
in progress), we have approximately
= 5.943E24 Joules / 45 days = 1.318E23 Joules / day.
The end result of this study is that a one second change in the rotational rate of the earth
during the ranges of time under consideration is on the order of 10
to 10
Joules. This
exists as a tremendous amount of energy in a transformational state. If we refer to the
Syracuse University study above, we find that that the Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction
theory metorite is on the order of 10
. We also find that the energy available from the
earth's fossil fuels is on the order of 10
This study informs us that relatively small changes in the rotational rate of the earth have a
potentially great impact upon the energy transformation processes within the earth and
earth - celestial system. Even though the change in time may, on the surface, appear to be
miniscule in nature, the opposite is in fact true because of the tremendous mass and kinetic
energy inherent in the rotating earth.
Readers may also wish to become familiar with a popular science report issued Aug 7 2002
by CNN entitled, Earth's Waistline Could Be Expanding. A investigative study of earth -
mass changes with respect to rotational changes will be discussed in the future based upon
the release of this article.
Any revisions or changes will be made to this report as is appropriate.
Clifford E Carnicom
Aug 26 2003.

1. Dr. M. Fogiel, Problem Solvers Physics, (Research and Education Association, 2000), 250.
2. Fogiel, 344.
3. Gordon J. Coleman, The Addison-Wesley Science Handbook, (Addison - Wesley
Publishers Limited, 1997), 213.
4. Petr Vanicek, Geodesy, The Concepts, (Elvier Science Publishing Co., 1986), 105.
5. Rough Values of Power of Various Processes,

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Clifford E Carnicom
Aug 14 2003
Edited Aug 17 2003
Edited Sep 03 2003
Additional Note on Sep 02 2003:
Drift rate analysis of the independent time standard that has been developed now shows a
departure of 1.5 seconds over a period of 57 days since the monitoring of time standards
began. This indicates the detection of another 0.5 second additional departure since Aug 17
2003. A projection of the current time departure rate is estimated at 9.5 seconds per year; a
departure of this magnitude is phenomenal in magnitude if these observations bear out in
the future. A one second departure (approximately) over a year period is expected based
upon the historical record. A careful monitoring of geophysical events and changes is
recommended based upon this preliminary report, as unusual changes in time will likely
correlate with significant geophysical energy releases. The likelihood of random errors has
diminished since all UCT time differences being measured are of the same sign. No errors
in the processing of the data have been discovered. All five clocks in the independent time
standard are now modeled with least squares linear drift rates, and these have been revised
accordingly in the table below. Readers are referred to the paper entitled Time, Energy
and Earth Changes to assess the potential geophysical impact of small time differences that
have been observed and reported. The number of clocks being used in the independent
time standard will increase in the future. The estimated RMS error in the independent time
standard drift rates is approximately 0.1 to 0.2 seconds / month. This monitoring project
commenced at 2320 MDT on 070803.

Additional Note on Aug 17 2003:
All indications are that another 0.5 seconds has been added to UTC between 0930 MDT on
081603 and 1200 MDT on 081703. This reaffirms the need for independent time standards
to be established by researchers that wish to monitor this investigation. No errors in
processing of the data have been discovered.

There appears to be the possibility that undocumented revisions to Universal Coordinated
Time (UTC) may be occurring. This report is preliminary, and continued efforts are being
made to determine if any errors of process have occurred. Additional observers are called
for to monitor and establish independent time references from the national and
international sources that are available to the public. This finding, if verified, leads to
geophysical questions of planetary significance, since UTC is based upon the rotation rate
of the earth. Undocumented revisions to this time standard, if they are occurring, are of
great importance. This study is investigative and final conclusions are not appropriate at
this time.
It has already been determined that the variations between the atomic time standard (TA1)
and UTC since the beginning of 1999 are statistically extraordinary. Readers are referred
to an earlier paper on the issue of time and various hypotheses that are under
consideration. Attention has also been called to a most unusual "stair-step" pattern in the
post 1999 data which is visible in the graph below. Any unusual variations in the difference
between atomic time (TA1) and UTC can be interpreted as anomalies in the rotational rate
of the earth.

"Stair Step" Pattern Visible in Post 1999 Series
Y Axis is the Difference in Time Between TA1 and UTC
TA1 is based upon atomic time. UTC is based upon the rotational speed of the earth.
X Axis is the Julian Day Number. Data begins on Jan 01 1999 and ends on Jul 23 2003
Source of Data : U.S. Naval Observatory
The data and observations indicate that an undocumented 0.5 second addition to UTC may
have been made between 1000 MDT on 081203 and 2300 MDT on 081303. If the
observation is correct, it may be interpreted as a "partial" leap second, and the frequency
of such an event would be of great importance. The observation does appear as an
anomaly, either in the UTC time standard or within the clocks that are being used as an
independent time standard. If any errors in the processing are discovered, they will be
promptly reported; none have been discovered at this time. It is unlikely that revisions of
this nature can be documented unless careful monitoring begins at a broader level, since
this would not qualify as a leap second addition (which is normally reported). It is unusual
that no documented full leap seconds have been added since Jan 01 1999, and this absence
is out of character with the historical record.
A method of recording time has been developed which demonstrates accuracy on the order
of .003 - .005 seconds day, or approximately 0.1 seconds per month of elapsed time. This
independent standard has been and remains under comparison with UTC, and appears to
be able to easily detect any discrete abberations on the order of 0.5 seconds or more.
The general procedure being used is as follows:
1. Five new digital clocks reading to the second have been acquired. Each clock is carefully
sychronized to UTC via WWV at an arbitrary point in time.
2. An automatically updating so-called "atomic" clock has been acquired to serve as an
additional time standard. This particular digital clock remains within 1-2 seconds of the
WWV time signal regardless of elapsed time due to the updating of the time by radio signal
from WWV. This clock is optional but serves as an additional time standard for direct
observation. This clock is not used in any of the numerical analysis that has taken place.
3. WWV radio signals will need to be available on a regular basis. These signals can be
heard on the shortwave frequencies of 5, 10 and 15 MHz.
4. Drift rates for each clock are regularly determined as the ratio of the error in any one
clock as compared to the WWV signal to the elapsed interval in days, assuming that no
discrete revisions to UTC have been made during the interval of measurement. Drift rate
determinations have been made approximately once per day for a 60+ day period. Errors
in the drift rate have been carefully and continually analyzed. All five clocks now use a
linear modeling of the drift rate to achieve the same level of accuracy estimated at .002 -
.004 seconds per day.
5. Numerous error analysis procedures have been applied to the observational data sets,
and all analyses are in accordance with the measured data sets.
6. The drift rates for each clock have been determined over a 57 day period with an
estimated RMS error of .002 - .004 seconds /day as follows:
Drift Rate
seconds / day
( - 9.1E-4 * elapsed days ) +
( 2.08E-3 * elapsed days ) +
( - 1.2E-4 * elapsed days ) +
( 1.97E-3 * elapsed days ) +
5 ( - 2.59E-4 * elapsed days )
+ 1.159
The error budget on this independent time standard has stabilized at approximately 25
days into the recording process, and has remained so until the period specified of 1000
MDT on 081203 to 2300 MDT on 081303, when a dramatic departure from the established
drift rates was observed with an RMS error escalation to approximately .015 seconds.
7. Analysis indicates that the increased error on 081203 to 081303 will result with the
introduction of a 0.5 second offset into either the UTC or the five clock independent digital
time standard. The latter appears unlikely at this point in time, since all clocks measure
relatively equal departures. A projection of the data which includes a 0.5 second offset
maintains the drift rates and error budget reported in the table above.
8. Astronomic occultation observations may also be helpful in analyzing any variations in
9. Work will continue to establish or refute the validity of the observation that has been
recorded on this page. Additional researchers will be helpful in this process. The
particulars of the observation and calculation methods will be described in greater detail as
circumstances require.
Clifford E Carnicom
Aug 14 2003
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Clifford E Carnicom
Jul 26 2003
Edited Aug 17 2003
A meeting has taken place recently between an investigative researcher and a well placed
military source. The identity of both parties is to be protected. The source has intimate
knowledge of at least one aspect of the aerosol operations, and asserts the following:
1. The operation is a joint project between the Pentagon and the pharmaceutical industry.
2. The Pentagon wishes to test biological diseases for war purposes on unsuspecting
populations. It was stated that SARS is a failure as the expected rate of mortality was
intended to be 80%.
3. The pharmaceutical industry is making trillions on medications designed to treat both
fatal and non-fatal diseases given to populations.
4. The bacteria and viruses are freeze-dried and then placed on fine filaments for release.
5. The metals released along with the diseases heat up from the sun, creating a perfect
environment for the bacteria and viruses to thrive in the air supply.
6. Most countries being sprayed are unaware of the activities and they have not consented
to the activities. He states that commercial aircraft flying are one of the delivery systems.
7. Most of the "players" are old friends and business partners of the senior Bush.
8. The ultimate goal is the control of all populations through directed and accurate
spraying of drugs, diseases, etc.
9. People who have tried to reveal the truth have been imprisoned and killed.
10. This is the most dangerous and dark time that I have experienced in all of my years of
serving this country.

This information is relayed without qualification, as I am knowledgeable in the level of
integrity of the researcher that has made this information available to the public. There is
both risk and restraint that has been exercised in the preparation of this statement.

Clifford E Carnicom
Jul 26 2003

Additional Notes Aug 17 2003:
The following personal and observations have been relayed to me by the investigative
researcher referred to above:
I am the researcher that relayed information to Carnicom and I can tell you that the
meeting occurred as stated. I see that my meeting opened up some dialogue. I have to ask:
why are so many intelligent people debating the "tail of the dog"? Does it have fleas, long
or short hair, or no tail at all. Look at the DOG. See the big picture here. Do you question
that people are dying in record numbers from the aerosol operations? It is a fact that an
increase in particulate matter increases mortality.

A top respiratory doctor has just written a book about the "breathing crisis." On the
Today Show, not in some secret meeting place, he tells us that respiratory disease has gone
from eighth to fourth place as a leading cause of death, soon to be third, in only FIVE
years. The doctor says the increase in respiratory death is because of smoking. Now that
seems a little off, since many people have stopped smoking, and yet in FIVE years dying
from breathing is the major cause of death behind heart failure and cancer. It is also a fact
that when oxygen is reduced, cardiac arrest goes up. He also advises "not to exercise
outdoors". What does exercising outdoors have to do with smoking? Any chance that
breathing heavy metals could be the cause of not only increasing death from respiratory
disease, but also contributes to cardiac arrest and cancer? Go back to the DOG. Look at
the bigger picture of what's going on with our health; stop debating the biological contents
of an already deadly, efficient operation. Incidentally, "culling" was never mentioned in
my report.

Give Carnicom some credit for his integrity in presenting this material. I risked my safety
and the safety of others to get this information. I wanted the information for myself; I
didn't get it for Carnicom or his site, but I did want to share it with others as a
confirmation, not as a revelation, of what is going on. Many of you saw this and I
appreciate your intelligence and wisdom. My thanks, also, to those of you who have
followed up with some good research.
Posted Aug 17 2003

An interview that discusses the contents of this statement in greater detail is available at
the following web address:
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Clifford E Carnicom
Jul 23 2003
Edited Jul 24 2003

Y Axis is the Difference in Time Between TA1 and UTC
TA1 is based upon atomic time. UTC is based upon the rotational speed of the earth.
X Axis is the Julian Day Number. Data begins on May 15 1976 and ends on Jul 23 2003
Source of Data : U.S. Naval Observatory
Research has been underway for several months to investigate a hypothesis that has been
been forwarded to me for evaluation. The source of these propositions will remain
unidentified at this time. The hypothesis purports the onset of major geophysical changes
and life extinction cycles in the foreseeable and upcoming decades. The impact upon the
earth and life from such events is extraordinary and beyond the realm of consideration for
many people. There is also a claim of a connection between the aerosol operations and the
anticipated geophysical events, and this has formed the basis for the research that is being
presented herein. Additional hypotheses are under investigation, (e.g., biological and
pharmaceutical) but they will not be be discussed at this point. No judgement on the
veracity of these claims is being made, however, certain leads of investigation are being
followed to see if they hold up to scrutiny and logic.
ONE such claim being made is that there exists a connection between the anticipated
geophysical changes, the rotational rate of the earth and the aerosol operations. It has been
stated that there is an attempt to use the aerosols to increase the rotational speed of the
earth. This increase is viewed as an offsetting mechanism to the geophysical events which it
is claimed will occur. At first response, it might appear that such a claim defies the realms
of physical possibility, however, honest research does not allow such a presumption without
an adequate investigation. It is also to be understood that no claim of benevolence to the
general human population accompanies this description of geophysical manipulation.
There is a well known line by Mr. Carl Sagan, to the effect that, "extraordinary claims
require extraordinary evidence." Such is the case here. In my examination of this
hypothesis, it appears to me that the central issue of examination drives toward the issue of
TIME. If one were to claim that the rotational speed of the earth can be artificially
affected, then a closer examination of time should reveal whether that claim has any merit.
This would be the case regardless of the role, or non-role, of the aerosol operations. The
rationale for this investigation is that TIME has historically evolved as an expression of
that very same rotational rate of the earth. It is only with the more recent introduction of
time based upon atomic standards that the issue of time has become murkier. Time is not
so steady as many of us might presume, and there are now many different ways by which it
can be measured. This discussion will be confined to three of these standards of time: TA1
(Atomic time), UT (based on the rotational rate of the earth) and UTC (UT adjusted
periodically to keep pace with atomic time).
Small differences in time must now be considered to examine the questions which are
before us. The geophysical effects of such small changes must also be considered in the
future; initial research indicates that small changes in time (i.e., rotation rate) may lead to
significant geophysical stress forces and their release. It also appears that our state of
knowledge of earth rotational rate changes and geophysical correlations is quite
There is, first of all, a fairly well established recent history that shows the rotational rate of
the earth has been slowing down
. This rate is stated from numerous sources to be on the
order of 0.7 to 0.9 seconds per year, and it seems to have held fairly steady since
approximately 1900. In the interest of completeness, a graph
depicting the history back to
1620 does show a period of increased rotational rate in contradiction to the more recent
trend. To make matters additionally confusing, most sources that attribute a geophysical
process of tidal actions to the slow down speak on the order of milliseconds per century, as
opposed to a fraction of a second per year
. The same sources also do not appear to
address the contradictions raised by the graphed data extending back to 1620. So there
does appear to be many questions as to magnitude and rotational rate increase and
decrease that must remain unanswered at this point.
The more immediate question is to ask whether or not it is conceivable that the aerosol
operations are affecting the rotational rate of the earth. If this is the case, one would look
for variance in the data beginning approximately 4 1/2 years ago as a potential indicator.
The data that we should look at is the difference between atomic time (TA1) and the time
based upon the rotational rate of the earth (UT). Although it required some labor to extract
the data, this information is available from the United States Naval Observatory. In
addition, the International Earth Rotation Service (IERS) also becomes an important
source of information. The graph of this difference expresses any unusual changes that may
be taking place with respect to the rotational rate of the earth.
This graph is presented above for your review, and there are some intriguing findings that
are to be mentioned.
1. The most recent leap second added to bring UTC (based upon rotational rate of the
earth) in closer accordance with atomic time (TA1) occurred on Dec 31 1998. The lack of
leap seconds (at the anticipated rate loss of approximately 0.8 seconds year) since that time
is very much out of character with the preceding historical data set spanning more than 25
years. This indicates to us that the earth's rotational rate must have actually increased in
more recent years relative to the historical record. As a point of observation only, the
aerosol operations are generally understood to have begun at a global level at the close of
1998 and beginning of 1999.
2. The post 1999 change is in contradiction to the numerous sources that claim a fairly
steady rotational rate decrease on the order of 0.7 to 0.9 seconds per year.
3. No explanation can be found at this time by IERS as to the abrupt change in leap second
additions (decline of) at the beginning of 1999. There have been no leap seconds added
since Dec 31 1998, and this is at variance with the regular history preceding this
announcement and as shown on the graph from the US Naval Observatory data. It would
appear that a leap second addition is inevitable in the near future, after a lapse of 4 1/2
4. The rate of decline (slope) shown within the graph also shows itself to be unique within
the time period covered, from 1976 to 2003. The decline (slope) post 1999 is considerably
less than that which has preceded.
5. The "stair -step" behavior of the decline rate since 1999 is a most interesting feature of
the data. There are 4 periods (and the beginning of a fifth), fairly regularly spaced, where
the rotational rate decline temporarily levels off. This pattern also does not appear within
the general data set, and it does indicate the possibility of a disturbing mechanism
(artificial or otherwise) to the rotation rate.

"Stair Step" Pattern Visible in Post 1999 Series
Y Axis is the Difference in Time Between TA1 and UTC
TA1 is based upon atomic time. UTC is based upon the rotational speed of the earth.
X Axis is the Julian Day Number. Data begins on Jan 01 1999 and ends on Jul 23 2003
Source of Data : U.S. Naval Observatory
6. The long term predictions issued by the IERS for the period of 1997 - 2007 indicated that
approximately 7 leap seconds were anticipated to be added within the period from 1999 to
2007. However, NO leap seconds have been added (as of this date), i.e., a period of 4 1/2
years have elapsed without any additions. This is out of character with the historical record
as well as at odds with the last known predictions of the worldwide time standard service.
7. Curiously, the long term time prediction service of the U.S. Naval Observatory has
apparently been discontinued, at least to the public. This is apparently the case with IERS
also, as no updates past 1999 for long term predictions have been found. The question is,
WHY? Why would a fundamental geophysical service that is important to many human
endeavors be eliminated?
8. A statistical test between the means of the daily differences (leap seconds excluded)
between the post Jan 01 1999 data and the pre Jan 01 1999 data is significant at the
99.9999+% level
. This test demonstrates that the data after Jan 01 1999 is highly
anomalous relative to the previous history. The slope ratio between the two data sets is on
the order of 1 to 3, with the post Jan 01 1999 data decreasing at a rate of 1/3 the pre Jan 01
1999 data.
= 8245, Mean
= -.00201 secs. / day, sigma
= .000701; N
= 1633, Mean
= -.00067 secs. /
day, sigma
= .000501 : Z = 91.4)
9. If attempts have been made to decrease the rotational rate decline, an analysis of the
data would suggest that it may have been only momentarily successful and delaying; a
more deeply entrenched geophysical process appears to reign.
In an effort to monitor this issue, this researcher has developed independent time
standards. Astronomic occultation observations have been and are being conducted
and a digital time standard has been established. The expected error in the astronomic
observations is approximately 0.5 seconds, and the digital time reference system has an
expected error of approximately 0.2 seconds per month. The insertion of leap seconds can
likely be detected independently with these reference frames in place. The difference
between UT1 (atomic time) and UTC (based upon rotational rate of the earth and adjusted
within tolerance of atomic time) continues to be available to a high level of precision
through the U.S. Naval Observatory, and can be monitored by the public.
If one now considers the possibility that the earth's rotation rate can be artifically affected,
the next important step is to ask what physical mechanism can conceivably accomplish this.
This will undoubtedly lead toward advanced studies in physics, and at this point I can only
make a suggestion as to where such research might lead. The source behind the hypothesis
being discussed has stated only that methods of resonance involving sub-atomic particles
are the basis of the physical mechanism; no additional specific or detailed information is
Any hypothesis that merits serious consideration must stand the tests of cross-examination
and hopefully is tenable within the laws of physics and science that we have adopted in this
time and place. In an effort to conclude the current discussion and yet prompt the reader
with an avenue for further work, I would like to mention the following area of physics
which holds some promise for the consideration of resonance as a physical mechanism.
I have acquainted myself with a sub-discipline of physics that is termed "nuclear magnetic
resonance", and it appears to be worthy of additional effort. Nuclear magnetic resonance
has developed to become a highly significant branch of modern physics, and is most
commonly known within the medical community. The fundamental principle behind
nuclear magnetic resonance, as I understand it, is this:
Certain atomic particles, when subjected to radio frequency energy in the presence of a
magnetic field, will absorb that energy to cause variations in their sub-atomic spin rates,
i.e., the angular rate of rotation of that particle. Energy absorption will occur at resonance
if the proper frequencies are used in conjunction with a particular magnetic field
. (Note : the source states that nuclear magnetic resonance is only ancillary to
the primary mechanisms which operate at a broader level and with variable energy forms
beyond that of radio frequencies).
This principle is clearly under the domain of quantum physics, and as such much work lies
before us to fairly evaluate the viability of such a mechanism to operate at a geophysical
level. Readers with knowledge of the 4 1/2 years of research embedded within this site may
recognize why such a mechanism is to be considered in all seriousness. The apparent
anomalies with the earth rotational data, as they have been described above, provide a
further impetus for the deeper study ahead of us.

Clifford E Carnicom
Jul 23 2003
Edited Jul 24 2003

Partial References:
1. Rique Pottenger, The American Ephemeris, 2001 to 2010, (ACS Publications, 1997), Table
2. Peter Duffett-Smith, Practical Astronomy With Your Calculator, (Cambridge University
Press, 1979), 23.
3. Oliver Montenbruch, Astronomy on the Personal Computer, (Springer, 2000), 41-44.
4. Duffett-Smith, 23.
5. Richard Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, (Addison Wesley Publishing
Company, 1964), 35-10 to 35-12.
6. David Bohm, Quantum Theory, (Dover, 1979), 501 -505.
7. Daniel Canet, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Concepts and Methods, (John Wiley and
Sons, 1996), 3-5.
8. Lunar Occultation Workbench, 3.1 (Software), Dutch Occultation Association.
9. Raymond Davis, Surveying, Theory and Practice, (McGraw Hill, 1981), 482.
10. Montenbruch, 229.
11. Petr Vanicek, Geodesy, The Concepts, (Elvier Science Publishing Co., 1986), 66-69
12. Murray R. Spiegel, Probability and Statistics, (McGraw-Hill, 2000), 228.

Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page

Clifford E Carnicom
Santa Fe NM
Jun 05 2003
Edited Jun 23 2003
The damage from the aerosol operations has now curtailed one of the most ancient
sciences, that of astronomy. The inspirations from the night sky no longer fully reign and
humanity now accepts the deprivation of many divine rights, including the beauty of and
the awe from the clear heavens.
Another study to impress upon us this loss has been completed, and it involves nothing
more than the observation of the stars that are now visible under a "clear" and dark sky.
From numerous sources
, the stars that should be visible to the human eye
under favorable conditions are approximately of the 6th magnitude, or slightly greater.
Observational tests have now repeatedly been conducted under the most optimum of
conditions and in remote locations, and a maximum visible magnitude of approximately 3.5
to 4 has been commonly measured in this region. To translate this obscuration to a
practical level, the following estimates can be provided
Under visibility conditions with a maximum magnitude of 4, approximately 400 stars are
visible under the night sky. This appears to be the norm for current atmospheric
conditions. In contrast, under the expected conditions of magnitude 6, approximately 6000
stars would be visible. This is the level of degradation that has now occurred within our
atmosphere, in direct association with the criminal aerosol operations that continue to be
conducted without informed consent. This damage has been caused, in large part, by the
injection of massive amounts of particulate matter into the atmosphere by aircraft for
more than four years.
The memory of a truly clear sky and night has already become a distant reality for most of
The details of this study will be presented below for those with an additonal level of
interest. It will also be demonstrated that the limiting magnitude of the night sky can also
be used to estimate daylight visibility conditions, and that these two perspectives are now in
coincidence with one another.

Additional Notes:
The first helpful information concerns the definition of magnitude. The magnitude system
is one of relative brightness, where a star that has a magnitude 5 times as great as another
star will have a light intensity 100 times greater than that of the original star. A definition
of magnitude can therefore be provided as:
= 100
where x is the ratio of light intensity from a magnitude increase of 1. A solution of this
equation for x will lead to x = 2.512. This means, for example, that a magnitude 3 star will
have a light intensity 2.512 times that of a magnitude 4 star. A star of magnitude 1 will have
a light intensity 2.512 times 2.512, or 6.31 times that of a magnitude 3 star.
A increasing
magnitude results in a decrease in brightness by this factor of 2.512.
The next item to discuss is the expected numher of stars visible at a particular magnitude.
The following table of number of stars visible at a particular magnitude is provided
Magnitude No. of Stars Visible
0 8
1 20
2 60
3 150
6 6000
A reasonable approximation to this table exists in the exponential form:
n = 8 * exp

where m represents the magnitude limit of visibility, and n equals the expected number of
stars visible. An estimate for the number of stars visible at the 4th magnitude is therefore 8
* exp
, or approximately 400 stars.
The first test for visibility has been conducted on the stars in the constellation Ophiuchus,
where it has been observed that the star Marfik repeatedly represents the limit of visibility
by this observer under optimum conditions in remote locations. As one example, one of the
many tests has been conducted on a moonless, "clear" night adjacent to the Rio Chama
wilderness area in New Mexico. Marfik is located approximately 40 degrees above the
horizon at this time of year at this location, and it is adequately separated from the
reduction effects of the horizon.
Marfik has a visiblity of 3.8, and therefore a magnitude
limit of 4 has conservatively been chosen for this study. Several other stars ranging in
magnitude from 2 to 4 are available at the upper end of this constellation for comparison.
The second test conducted used binoculars as a cross check against the visibility limit
achieved with the naked eye. It is possible to predict the upper limit of visibility achievable
with an optical aid using the following relationship:

(Area of optical aperture

_____________________ = Light gathering ratio
(Area of optical aperture

In the case of the human eye, a reasonable estimate of the aperture is approximately

In the case of 10x50 binoculars, the aperture is 50mm. Therefore, the expected light
gathering capability of the binoculars relative to the human eye is approximately:
2 * ( 50
/ 8

= 78.1
The factor of 2 stems from the fact that two objectives exist within binoculars.
Solving for the expected magnitude increase that should be available with the use of
binoculars, we have:
= 78.1
and this is solved with dM = 4.73.
This implies that the binoculars should allow us to observe a star at a limiting magnitude of
3.8 + 4.7 = 8.5
This estimate was subsequently tested on two stars in the vicinity of Spica under optimum
conditions, and it was found to agree extremely well with this expected limit. TYC5547-
592-1 and TYC5547-612-1 are two stars immediately adjacent to Spica. TYC5547-592-1 is
of magnitude 7.8. TYC5547-612-1 is of magnitude 8.8. It was found by direct observation
with the specified binoculars that TYC5547-592-1 was barely visible and that TYC5547-
612-1 was not. This test with an optical aid, in conjunction with that of the human eye,
supports the assessment that the limiting magnitudes have been properly identified.
The latter part of this discussion concerns the use of the limiting magnitude as a means to
estimate the visibility of the atmosphere as it is expected to occur under daylight
conditions. The visibility of clear skies under normal conditions can be determined from a
number of sources to extend easily from 90 to 120 miles
17, 18, 19
. Unfortunately, this also is
no longer the case as has been previously discussed in other papers on this site.
We can begin the study of expected daylight visibility using star magnitudes with the
relationship of light intensity and the extinction coefficient
I / I
= exp
(-gamma * z)

where gamma is the extinction coefficient, z is the visibility limit in kilometers, I is the
intensity of light received and I
is the intensity of the light at the source.
From the definition of magnitude, we can also extract that:
I / I
= 2.512

where dM represents the change in observed visible magnitude vs. the expected visible
(-gamma * z)


gamma = ( -dM * ln ( 2.512) ) / z
where in this case z represents the depth of the atmosphere in kilometers. The depth of the
atmosphere, as related to astronomic effects and significance is stated
to be
approximately 10 miles (90% of mass). Another source
states the characteristic depth of
the atmosphere to be approximately 8.8km. The characteristic depth is that point at which
the light intensity falls to a value of 1 / exp of the original value (~0.37). If we again choose
to act in a conservative fashion of incorporating 98% of the mass of the atmosphere (vs.
90%), this would lead to an atmospheric depth of approximately 34.6km. (~21.5mi.). It
would therefore seem reasonable to choose an average depth of significance for the
atmosphere of approximately 15.7 miles (25.3km).
Now dM is defined as the difference between the measured and the expected magnitude of
stars visible with the unaided eye under favorable conditions, or:
dM = M - 6
where M is the measured limiting magnitude of the visible star with the unaided eye.
Therefore an estimate for gamma is given as:
gamma = ( ( 6 - M) * ( ln ( 2.512) ) ) / 25.3km
which provides us with an estimate for the extinction coefficient as a function of the
limiting magnitude.
With respect to daylight visibility, the limit of contrast ( I / I
) is commonly taken as 0.02

This means that a relationship for daylight visibility can be estimated as:
.02 = exp
(-gamma * z)

where z, representing the daylight visiblity in kilometers, can now be estimated as:
= ( - ln (.02) (25.3) ) / ( (6 - M) * ln ( 2.512 ) )
= 107.5 / ( 6 - M)
or a final approximate and usable relationship expressed in miles:
= 66.6 / ( 6 - M)
and in the case where M = 3.8 ( as observed above)
= 66.6 / ( 6 - 3.8)
= 30 miles (estimated visibility - approximate)
which agrees quite well with the maximum daylight visibility that is now ever achieved in
this high desert environment. This study, using conservative estimates, arrives at a value
that represents a significant degradation in the expected daylight visibility of 90 to 120mi.
The visibility is now often reduced to a value far lower than this estimate (~15 miles) when
the aerosol banks drop to ground level.
This study can be used to demonstrate a level of coincidence between the light
characteristics of both night and day skies as measured by direct observation, and the
results reflect the significant damage from the aerosol operations that now impacts our
atmosphere and planet.
1. Jay M. Pasachoff, Stars and Planets, (Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000), 11.
2. Patricia L. Barnes-Svarney, Through the Telescope, A Guide for the Amateur Astronomer,
(McGraw-Hill, 2000l), 13.
3. Bob Berman, Secrets of the Night Sky, The Most Amazing Things in the Universe You Can
See with the Naked Eye, (Harper-Perennial, 1995) 11-12.
4. James Muirden, How to Use an Astronomical Telescope, A Beginner's Guide to Observing
the Cosmos, (Simon & Schuster, 1988), 11.
5. Robert Burnham, Backyard Astronomy, Your Guide to Starhopping and Exploring the
Universe, (Time-Life Books, 2000), 18.
6. Jim Breithaupt, Cosmology, (McGraw-Hill, 1999), 67.
7. Guy Consolmagno, Turn Left at Orion, A Hundred Night Sky Objects to See in A Small
Telescope and How to Find Them, (Cambridge University Press, 2000), 10.
8. Rick Schaefer, I ntroduction to Astronomy, A Complete Guide for the Amateur Astronomer,
(RGA Publishing Group, 1997), 15.
9. Robin Kerrod, The Star Guide, Learn How to Read the Night Sky Star by Star,
(Macmillan, 1993), 68.
10. J.B. Sidgwick, Amateur Astronomer's Handbook, (Dover, 1980), 26.
11. Berman, 12.
12. Breithaupt, 66.
13. Berman, 12.
14. Sidgwick, 447.
15. Muirden, 10-11.
16. Muirden, 10.
17. Mark P. Silverman, Waves and Grains, Reflections on Light and Learning, (Princeton
University Press, 1998), 308-309.
18. S.G. Lipson, Optical Physics, (Cambridge University Press, 1995), 388.
19. Robert J. List, Smithsonian Meteorological Tables, (Smithsonian Institution Press,
1984), 452-465.
20. Ronald Gautreau, Ph.D, Modern Physics, (McGraw Hill, 1999), 63.
21. Sidgwick, 446.
22. Silverman, 22.
23. List, 452.


My little night lights
Are out.

I cannot see the holes in
The fabric.

I know there is a shining
Bright light

On the other side,

Hidden now, with blue mist
And grey.

Only in my dreams do I remember
The stars.

How do the Down Under
People navigate?

And what is left to
Wish upon?

Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page

Clifford E Carnicom
Santa Fe, NM
May 11 2003
Edited Apr 29, 2005
Estimated Electron Density
of Lower Atmosphere per cm

Best Estimates :
UNALTERED Lower Atmosphere =
Ionosphere(D) = ~ 6 to 10,000
Ionosphere(E) = ~ 10,000 to 300,000

Input Frequency
into Plasma in Hz
(e.g, ELF Range from 1 to 100)

Specify Element and Atomic Mass
from Periodic Table
(e.g., Barium, 137)


Van de Graaf Generator
Maximum Rated Output Voltage
(Typical = 200,000)

Measured Outdoor Maximum Spark
Length from Van de Graaf
Generator in inches
(Up to 9-10 inches has been measured)

Elevation of Van de Graaf Generator
Above Sea Level in Feet

Predicted Whistler
Frequency in Hertz
(Right Circular

Predicted Alfven Wave
Frequency in Hertz

Computed Plasma

Frequency in Kilohertz
Debye Length
(radius in meters)

Plasma Parameter:
(No. of Particles
in a Debye Sphere)

Cyclotron Frequency of

Ion in Hertz (Hz)

Lower Atmospheric
Ratio Estimate :
Method 1
(This method depends
upon knowledge of
electron density -
achievable with ion

Lower Atmospheric
Ratio Estimate :
Method 2
(This method depends
upon Van de Graaf spark
length measurement and
voltage rating of
generator - achievable)

Expected Maximum
Spark Length from Van
de Graaf Generator in
Normal Air in inches.

in Ohms

(* 1E-14)
Method 1
(Expected value of
of lower atmosphere =


in Ohms

(* 1E-14)
Method 2
(Expected value of
conductivityof lower
atmosphere = 2E-14)
Expected conductivity of lower atmosphere
is now increased by an estimated factor of 3 to 20,
depending upon atmospheric and aerosol conditions.
Note resonant ELF cyclotron frequency of barium
as well as most physiologically imporant ions (e.g, Mg, Ca, K etc.).
This page only considers impact of electron density, not ion density.

Additional Notes:
Assumed Values or Constants for Computations
Speed of Light (c) : 3E8 m / sec
Mass of an electron (m) : 9.11E-31kg
Magnetic field strength of earth (B) : 5E-5 tesla
Permeability of free space (u
) : 4 * pi * 1E-7
Electron charge (e) : -1.6E-19 coulombs
Permittivity of free space (e
) : 8.85E-12 C
/ N * m

Boltzmann's constant (k
) : 1.38E-23 J / K
Temperature of lower atmosphere (t) : 22 deg C.
Breakdown Voltage (Eb
) (Dielectric Strength) of Normal Air = 3E6 Volts/meter
Work of Ionization of Atmosphere (W
= 5E-18 J (~30eV)
T = temperature of lower atmosphere in Kelvin
sigmanorm = conductivity of normal lower atmosphere : 2E-14 ohm

1. Predicted Whistler Frequency in Hertz (Hz)(Right Circular Polarization) Dispersion

k = ( w / c) * ( 1 + ( w
/ ( w * (w
- w) ) ) )

= (k * c) / (2 * pi)
w = plasma input frequency in radians
c = speed of light
= plasma frequency in radians
= cyclotron frequency of an electron in earth's magnetic field
k = wave number
= frequency in hertz.

2. Predicted Afven Frequency in Hertz (Hz) Dispersion Relationship:
k = ( w / c) * ( 1 + ( ( n
* m * c
) / ( B
/ u
) ) )

= electron density per m

m = mass of electron
B = strength of Earth's magnetic field
= permeability of free space

3. Plasma Frequency in Radians

= ( n
* e
) / ( m * e

= permittivity of free space
4. Debye Length
= ( (k
* T) / m )
* ( 1 / w

T = temperature in degrees Kelvin
= Boltzmann's constant

5. Plasma Parameter

= ( (4 * pi ) / 3) * r
* n

6. Cyclotron Frequency in hertz

fg = 1.54E3 * (B
/ A )
where A = the mass number of the ion.
= earth magnetic field strength in gauss.

7. Estimated Lower Atmospheric Conductivity Ratio Estimate (based upon linear
relationship of conductivity with n). (METHOD 1):
= ni
/ ni

where ni
is the normal expected electron density per cm3 of the lower atmosphere
(~500) and ni
is the estimated electron density of the lower atmosphere. This method
requires a knowledge of electron density, and is therefore difficult to achieve.

8. Estimated Lower Atmospheric Conductivity Ratio Estimate - based upon linear
relationship of conductivity to the spark length and the exponential relationship of electron
generation under breakdown conditions. (METHOD 2):
=(( e
alpha * dmeas
) - 1 ) / (( e
alpha * dcalc
) - 1 ) * ( d
/ d
where alpha is the first Townsend coefficient in units of 1 / (m * torr ) as is modeled by the
following developed equation:
alpha = 4.68E-8 * ( Eb
/ ( 762 * e
) )

where h is the elevation of the Van de Graaf generator above sea level in feet. This equation
is developed from a least squares analysis in conjunction with the listed references

In addition, d
is the measureed spark length of the Van de Graaf generator in meters
within the modified atmosphere and d
is the theoretical spark length of the Van de Graaf
generator of the normal atmosphere.
This work has been developed using a series of references
15, 16, 17
, and will be explained in
more detail on a separate page related to conductivity investigations and analysis. This
method requires only measurements that are available with the use of the Van de Graaf

9. Cyclotron resonant frequency of an electron
= ( ( e * B ) / m )

10. Atmospheric Conductivity ( Method 1):
sigma = (ni
/ ni
) * sigma

11. Atmospheric Conductivity ( Method 2):
Refer to page entitled Atmospheric Conductivity II.

1. Gordon J. Coleman, The Addison-Wesley Science Handbook (Addison-Wesley Publishers
Limited, 1997)
2. R.O. Dendy, Plasma Dynamics (Oxford University Press, 2000), 41.
3. William C. Elmore, Physics of Waves (Dover, 1985), 10.
4. Dendy, 51.
5. Dendy, 7.
6. Dendy, 10.
7. Dendy, 11.
8. United States Patent # 4686605, Bernard Eastlund, Method and Apparatus for Altering a
Region in the Earth's Atmosphere, I onosphere, and/or Magnetosphere, 1987, 6.
9. Alan C. Tribble, Princeton Guide to Advanced Physics (Princeton University Press, 1996),
10. Charles Papas, Theory of Electromagnetic Wave Propagation, (Dover, 1988), 177.
11. Niels Jonassen, Breakdown, Compliance Engineering, www.ce-
mag.com/archive/01/01/MrStatic.html, (eq. 4).
12. Jonassen, ( eq. 10).
13. Michael Mansfield, Understanding Physics, (Wiley and Sons, 1998), 288.
14. Niels Jonassen, Environmental ESD, Part 1 : The Atmospheric Electric Circuit,
Compliance Engineering, www.ce-mag.com/archive/02/07/mrstatic.html, (eq. 4).
15. Martin A. Ulman, Lightning, (Dover, 1984), 204-206.
16. Dwight E. Gray, Ph. D., American Institute of Physics Handbook, (McGraw-Hill Book
Company, Inc., 1963), 5-138 to 5-140.
17. David R. Lide, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 82ed, (CRC Press, 2001), 14-19
to 14-20.
18. Claude Irwin Palmer, Practical Calculus for Home Study, (McGraw-Hill Book
Company, 1924), 151.
Clifford E Carnicom
Santa Fe, NM
May 07 2003
A method to estimate the conductivity of the lower atmosphere has been established. This
method relies upon the use of a Van de Graaf generator of a rated voltage capacity, along
with the measurement of the maximum spark length gap that can be achieved. Results
from this method indicate an increase in the conductivity of the lower atmosphere by a
factor of approximately 3 to 20. This model, if accepted, supports the claim that the
fundamental electrical nature of the atmosphere has been altered as a result of the aerosol
operations that continue to be conducted without informed consent.
An initial paper on this subject, entitled Atmospheric Conductivity, was presented in July
2001; the conclusions of that paper remain valid to this day. The benefit of the current
study is that it provides an estimate as to the magnitude of the change in atmospheric
conductivity using relatively simple methods and equipment.
A calculator version of this estimate is provided below. The model attempts to predict the
ratio of increase in conductivity relative to the expected value of a normal atmosphere. The
required input into the model is the rating of the Van de Graaf generator in volts, the
maximum measured spark length in inches and the elevation of the station above sea level.
Additional estimated electromagnetic properties of the lower atmosphere under variable
conditions are also available (continued below).
Van de Graaf Generator
Maximum Rated Output
(Typical = 200,000)

Measured Outdoor
Maximum Spark Length
from Van de Graaf
Generator in inches
(Up to 9-12 inches has been

Elevation of Van de Graaf
Above Sea Level in Feet

Lower Atmospheric
Ratio Estimate
(This method depends
upon Van de Graaf spark
length measurement and
voltage rating of

Expected Maximum
Spark Length from Van
de Graaf Generator in
Normal Air in inches.

Expected conductivity of lower atmosphere
is now increased by an estimated factor of 3 to 20,
depending upon atmospheric and aerosol conditions.
Considerable testing has been conducted in both indoor and outdoor environments. The
unusual nature of the outdoor environment was first brought to light with the initial paper
of July 2001 that has been mentioned, where a spark length that exceeded any theoretical
estimate was measured on several occasions. That difference has since become even more
readily visible with the addition of an indoor air filter.
An ionizing indoor air filter has now been in operation for approximately 6 months at this
location. This particular filter is manufactured by Flair (EPA Est. Reg. No. 065975-TN-
001). One of the claims of this ionizing filter is that it attempts to duplicate the natural
environment positive to negative ion ratio, as it emits both positive and negative ions. From
earlier research, that ratio has been stated to be approximately 250 to 200 in the lower
atmosphere. This particular filter by claim does not emit negative ions only. Ionizers that
generate negative ions exclusively may create their own complications by increasing
particulate adherence to walls and surfaces. This problem does not arise with this model,
and regular cleaning of the floor appears to adequately collect the settled particulates. By
spark length measurement indications, this filter does appear to be operating as is claimed,
as the measured spark length in the indoor environment consistently agrees extremely well
with the theoretical value. For the 200,000 volt generator that is being used, this expected
spark gap is on the order of 3 inches. Such a measurement in this indoor environment is
being achieved repeatedly with little variation. Incidentally, the ozone generator on this
filter is not being used as observations indicate that it may have a negative impact upon
some plant species. I have no commercial interest in this filter.
The outdoor environment and measured spark lengths are an entirely different matter.
Spark lengths being measured outdoors commonly exceed the theoretical value for this Van
de Graaf generator. Maximum spark lengths of 5-6 inches are achieved on a daily basis; on
certain occasions the spark length has approached values of 9 to 12 inches. By the
conductivity estimates above, this would appear to be most unexpected unless the dielectric
strength of the air (insulating capability) has been decreased. Conversely, the significant
increase in the measured outdoor spark length does indicate an increase in the conductivity
level of the lower atmosphere. Additionally, the outdoor spark gap measurements more
often elicit a pronounced leader structure; this would seem to indicate the existence of
multiple paths for ionization.
The advantage of the method that has been developed is that it provides an estimate for the
conductivity change in the atmosphere as a function of only the rated voltage of the Van de
Graaf generator, the measured spark length under breakdown conditions and the elevation
of the measurement station.
Any changes to this paper will be made as is appropriate.
Clifford E Carnicom
May 07 2003
Additional Notes 05/12/03:
Extremely heavy aerosol operations occurred over the Santa Fe NM area on May 12, 2003.
Spark lengths of 6 to 9 inches were measured during the early evening of this same day,
accordingly. The correlation of maximum spark length with increased electron density
continues to be studied.

The rationale for the method developed is as follows:
The conductivity of a gas based upon the classical free electron model is
(1) sigma =( n
* e
* tau) / m
e is the charge of an electron : -1.6E-19 coulombs,
m is the mass of an electron : 9.11E-31kg,
is the density of electrons per m

and tau is the collision rate expressed as the number of collisions per second, and sigma is
the conductivity in siemens (ohm

Two difficulties are faced with the use of this equation; estimates for both n
and tau are
not necessarily simple to determine or to measure.
It is possible to proceed, however, with the following additional relations that are
(2) tau = L / v

where v
is the root mean square velocity of the electrons in the gas and L is the mean
free path between electron collisions.
and v
is given by
(3) v

= ( ( 3 * k * T ) / m )

where k is Boltzmann's constant : 1.38E-23 J / K, and T is the temperature of the gas in
degrees Kelvin.
Also, we have available for consideration
(4) Eb
= W
/ e * L
where Eb
is the breakdown voltage (Dielectric Strength) of Normal Air : = 3E6
and W
is the work of ionization of the atmosphere : = 5E-18 J (~30eV).
And finally, we can include
= Vb
/ d

where Vb
= the maximum voltage rating of the electrode sphere (Van de Graaf
generator) and d
is the measured spark length in meters corresponding to the
breakdown voltage of the surrounding gas (air).
Let us proceed to see if a more usable expression for the conductivity of the atmosphere
based upon the measured spark length can be developed.
We now have by subsitution for tau:
sigma = ( n
* e
* L ) / ( v
* m )
and by further substitution for L, the mean free path:
sigma = ( n
* e
* W
) / ( Eb
* e * v
* m)

and by further substitution for Eb
sigma = ( n
* e
* W
* d
) / ( Vb
* e * v
* m)
sigma = ( n
* e * W
* d
) / ( Vb
* v
* m)

This expression now has the advantage that it introduces the measured spark length into
the eventual determination of an estimate for the conductivity of the air. Unfortunately,
this equation retains the disadvantage of n, the electron density term. Determination of the
electron density is a difficult problem without specialized equipment and procedures;
ionosonde theory is relevant in that case.
Let us see if we can begin to address the difficulty with the electron density term.
From a theoretical discussion, we have the following differential equation which models the
formation of electrons under breakdown voltage conditions as related to lightning
= alpha * n
* dx
where n
represents the number of electrons moving through a plane at x, and alpha is a
coefficient (Townsend ionization coefficient) that represents the number of new electrons
created per unit distance by a drifting electron. The solution to this equation is:
= n
* exp
alpha * x

where n
is the initial electron density of the medium. This solutions informs us that
electrons increase in an exponential format during the process of ionization and breakdown
(lightning or Van de Graaf spark). This is referred to as a avalanchecondition.
To solve for the number of electrons along a path (spark length), we shall solve this
equation with respect to the limits of integration from 0 to d
, the measured spark
) = ( n
* exp
alpha * d
meas) - ( n
* exp
) = n
* ( exp
meas - 1 )
Similarly, for the theoretical spark length, we have:
) = n
* ( exp
calc - 1 )
Now, we still have the difficulty of the estimate for the initial electron density, n
. This will
be circumvented to the necessary degree by looking at the ratios of conductivity from an
altered to the normal environment, instead of the actual magnitude of the conductivity. In
addition, there remains the difficulty of determining alpha, the Townsend ionization
Let us proceed with a method to determine the Townsend coefficient. From this same
theoretical discussion on lightning discharge, we have the following data provided for the
Townsend coefficent:
volts / m -
( E / p )
m - torr
5000 6
10000 50
35000 500
A satisfactory least squares model for this data can be developed into the following form:
= 4.6E-8 * ( E / p )

where alpha
is our first estimate for the Townsend coefficient as a function of the electric
field strength to pressure ratio.
Now let us develop this coefficient further by allowing the pressure of the gas (elevation of
observation) to become a variable:
A suitable differential model for atmospheric pressure as a function of elevation above sea
level is available as
dp / dh = --.00004p
and a solution to this equation exists in the form:
p = 762 * exp

where p is the pressure in torr, and h is the elevation above sea level in feet.
This leads us to an estimate for the Townsend coefficient as:
alpha = 4.6E-8 * ( Eb
/ ( 762 * exp
) )
where the breakdown strength of the atmosphere is used as the electric field strength under
spark gap conditions.
We now conclude the development by looking at the conductivity ratio estimate of a
modified to a theoretical gas environment:
( n
* ( exp
meas - 1 ) * e * W
* d
) / ( Vb
* v
* m)
_________ = ___________________________________________________________
( n
* ( exp
calc - 1 ) * e * W
* d
) / ( Vb
* v
* m)
where alpha is as defined above.
This can be simplified to:
( exp
meas - 1 ) * d

_________ = _______________________
( exp
calc - 1 ) * d

which is the final expression for the conductivity ratio as it is used within this paper.

1. Michael Mansfield, Understanding Physics, (Wiley and Sons, 1998), 622.
2. ecjones.org, I onospheric Physics of Radio Wave Propagation,
3. Mansfield, 622.
4. ecjones.org.
5. Mansfield, 288.
6. Niels Jonassen, Breakdown, Compliance Engineering, www.ce-
mag.com/archive/01/01/MrStatic.html, (eq. 4).
7. Jonassen, (eq. 10).
8. Martin A. Ulman, Lightning, (Dover, 1984), 204-206.
9. George Joos, Theoretical Physics, (Dover, 1986), 434.
10. Claude Irwin Palmer, Practical Calculus for Home Study, (McGraw-Hill Book
Company, 1924), 151.

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Clifford E Carnicom
Apr 13 2003
From the corporate page of HSV Technologies, Inc, (http://www.hsvt.org), the following
application of a laser beam can be presented to the public for their consideration:
"HSV Technologies Inc., of San Diego, California is developing a non-lethal weapon that
uses ultraviolet laser beams to harmlessly immobilize people and animals at a distance. The
Phaser-like device uses two beams of UV radiation to ionize paths in the air along which
electrical current is conducted to and from the target. In effect, the beams create wires
through the atmosphere wherever they are pointed.
The current within these beams is a close replication of the neuro-electric impulses that
control skeletal muscles..."

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Clifford E Carnicom
Santa Fe, NM
Apr 13 2003
FROM 30Hz TO 30KHz)
(Credit to: Weapons of Total Destruction Site

Magnetometer Pulse Data Logged 040503 at approx. 0845-2210
X Axis : Observation No. (1 per minute)
Y Axis : Volts

VLF Pulse Data Logged 040503 at approx. 1207-1225
X Axis : Observation No. (1 per second)
Y Axis : Frequency in KHz.
There appears to be an increasingly obvious connection between the existence of aerosol
banks close to ground level , the existence of extreme variations in local magnetic field
intensity and the existence of highly pulsed VLF data. April 5 at this location was unusual
in the sense that aerosol banks of great extent had dropped closer to ground elevation.
Visibility was obscured to a level of approximately 15 miles, even amidst what might be
characterized as a "sunny" day. The level of particulate concentration in the atmosphere is
now high enough that the direct presence of aircraft at the time of the banks is not a
requirement. The appearance of high winds that accompany such aerosol banks is also a
common phenomenon. Thermal instabilities caused by magnetic variations within a plasma
is also a topic worthy of further discussion. Please also refer to the interest expressed in the
topic of 'precipitation of particulates' using ELF-VLF within the HAARP Executive
The extreme anomalous magnetic and VLF data occurred throughout most of the day on
April 5, 2003 in direct connection with these lowered aerosol banks and increased winds.
The magnetic data above is collected at an interval of one minute; the VLF sample pulse
data shown was collected at an interval of one second.
It requires extensive periods of logging data to isolate these events. The presence of lowered
aerosol banks appears to be increasingly important toward the capture of this data. There
is an increasing likelihood that the existence of these pulses is associated with sunlight. The
role of ionization with respect to the aerosol operations is to be strongly considered in the
evaluation of this topic; please refer to other papers on the work function of candidate
elements that exist on this site. Barium is capable of ionization with the energy available
from sunlight (photoionization). Such pulses have yet to be captured under periods of
darkness or extensive cloud cover, and it appears to be increasingly unlikely. The use of
harmonics is also of increasing interest in the evaluation of the data. The topics of
atmospheric conductivity and Alfven wave generation are being revisited. There is also an
interest in the report of a diurnal variation in high energy cosmic radiation. Human
biological effects correlated with the timing of ELF-VLF pulses are also under observation.
A re-evaluation of of the plasma frequency and electron density calculations are also in
Aerosol operations were extensive to the south and west of this location on April 5, and
aerosol banks were broadly visible in this those same directions. For those that remain
ignorant or unaware, the state of visibility on this planet is now in a state of perpetual
degradation as a result of the aerosol operations. Education and activism on the health and
environmnental aspects of this physical modification of the planet should be of "concern"
to all.
The VLF data set has been collected with the ELF-VLF circuit and directional loop
antenna that is detailed on this site. The normal to the plane of the loop antenna is aligned
with magnetic north as has also been discussed on this site.
The magnetometer data has been captured with an electronic-digital version of the analog
magnetometer that is described on this set. It appears to be quite sensitive to local magnetic
field variations. The basic additions to the analog version (shown on this site) include the
addition of a metal probe pointer as a flux concentrator, the use of a hall sensor (A3515)
which is sensitive to magnetic variations and the use of a logging digital multimeter. The
details of this device will need to be made available to other researchers as time permits. A
clear and strong diurnal variation is also apparent in the data that has been collected for
some time, and this also is a topic of investigation.
This magnetic data set now represents the second time that extreme variations in both
magnetic and VLF fields has been observed with respect to aerosol banks that have
dropped in elevation closer to ground level.
It is of value to become familiar with the HAARP Executive Summary that is referenced on
this page, as well as the following additional reference that has been previously provided:
From the Weapons of Total Destruction web site referring to the HAARP Executive
Summary Paper"
"The military's own Executive Summary of the HAARP program clearly states their
reliance on ELF waves. Instead of transmitting these waves from ground based
transmitters, HAARP created these waves through the use of "pulse" transmissions of
their HF energy beams. Or, to put it another way, HAARP duplicated the ELF signals by
turning their signal on and off at rates (30 to 3000 cycles per second) within the ELF range.
The result was that ELF radiation could be directed to a specific area on the surface of the
planet, at will."
Clifford E Carnicom
Apr 13 2003

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Clifford E Carnicom
Apr 06 2003
An inquiry into ambient magnetic field strengths has been conducted. The potential
associations of these findings with the HAARP facility is also to be discussed. If readers
wish to avoid the technical aspects of this study, it is my hope that the basis for the study
will at least be generally examined. Any revisions to this study will be made as they are
The primary result of this study is an understanding of the immense amount of energy
available from the HAARP project, and the very real potential of that facility to affect, as
an absolute minimum, human biology, physiology, mental and neural functioning.
This study begins with observations of magnetic strength around a series of residential and
power lines in a rural location outside of Santa Fe, NM. The effects from any 60Hz power
lines become increasingly important to understand when Extremely Low Frequency (ELF)
-Very Low Frequency (VLF) detection operations are conducted. A series of observations
have been taken in the vicinity of the residential use of the directional loop antenna, in an
effort to account for any influence from the 60Hz power line. A series of tests conducted in
more remote locations to remove these influences has also been conducted.
The first questions that are helpful to ask in this study are: - How strong should the
magnetic field around a rural residential power line be? How far away can it and should it
be measurable? How strong should the electrical field be around these wires, and how far
away can it be expected to have an influence? At what distance is the biological effect from
these ELF waves of no further consequence? It is of most benefit if any analytical result is
further supported with direct measurements; this will be the case within this study.
The strength of the magnetic field around a line (wire) of current is given as
1, 2, 5
(1) B = ( u
* I ) / (2 * pi * r)
where B is the magnetic field strength in teslas, u
is permeability of free space, provided

as 4 * pi * 10
H/m. (henry/meter),
I is the current flowing through the wire in amperes, and r is the perpendicular distance
from the wire in meters.
The next information that is helpful in this course of study is the relationship between the
maximum electrical field strength and the maximum magnetic field strength. This
relationship is provided with respect to the maximum field strengths as
(2) E
= c * B

where E is the electrical field strength in Volts/ meter (V/m), c is the speed of light in
meters/sec, and B is the magnetic field strength in teslas.
Therefore, for a line of current we have the electrical field strength as:
(3) E
= ( c * u
* I ) / ( 2 * pi * r)
Now, what interests us most is not the electrical field strength in V/m, but the electrical
field intensity in units of watts per square meter. This quantity is physically more
understandable, as it represents the power density, or the amount of power passing
through a unit of area. The electrical intensity of a plane electromagnetic wave is therefore
given as
(4) Int = ( c * e
* E
2 )
/ 2
where Int = the electrical intensity of the electromagnetic wave in W/m
(watts per square
meter) and e
is permittivity of free space, given as
8.85 * 10-12 C
/ N m
We therefore have:

(5) Int = ( c * e
* [( c * u
* I ) / ( 2 * pi * r )]
) / 2
and if we would like to convert this equation so that r is measured in feet, we can simplify
and rearrange the equation to the form:
(6) Int = 5145 * I
/ r

and if we would like to further solve for r expressed in feet or miles as a function of the
electromagnetic wave intensity in terms of microwatts per square centimeter, we are led to:
(7) r
= 71.73 * I / Int

(8) r
= .0136 * I / Int

This gives us a useful equation to estimate the distance in feet or miles from a power line
that we should be to reduce the intensity to a desired level, given that the power line is
carrying a certain amount of current.
The next question to ask is, what is the desired intensity of the electromagnetic wave that
we should seek? At what level of intensity is the effect upon biological systems negligible, or
of no known consequence? To help address this question, the following studies published
by RFSafe at the following location is helpful : http://www.rfsafe.com. From this reference,
we learn of a series of studies involving electrical intensity, or power density, that range
from 0.1uW / cm
(microwatts per square centimeter) to 120uW / cm
. These magnitudes
will become increasingly important as we later put them into perspective with the
capabilities of the HAARP facility. We see that the minimum influence of 0.1 uW/cm
led to reported results of altered EEG waves and that the maximum intensity of 120uW /
has led to reported pathological changes in the blood brain barrier.
For the sake of this study, let us choose an extraordinarily low value of intensity, and solve
for the distance that we should be from the nearest power line to ensure that we are not
likely to incur any measurable electromagnetic effect. Let this value be 0.02 uW/cm
, an
exceptionally low value. Furthermore, let the current in the wire range from 1 to 100 amps.
At this point of research, no references have been found that indicate that 100amps of
power is ever exceeded in any rural power line system. A maximum of 60amps in rural
residential areas appears to be likely, with a usual amount at a much lower value. Applying
the result obtained above:
Expected Distance vs. Current From Power Line
to Reduce Intensity of Radiation to .02uW/cm
Distance from
Power Line
r (feet or miles)
Current in
Power Line
I = 1 amp
Power Density
Current in Power
I = 5 amps
Density with
Current in
Power Line
I = 60 amps
Current in
I = 100
ft = 507 feet

ft = 2536 feet


mi= 5.77miles


mi= 9.62 miles


This chart is helpful in that in allows us to estimate, under the most extreme of
circumstances, how far we need to be from a power line to reduce its effect to being of no
consequence of measurement or influence upon this study. In practice, much lower
magnitudes of current exist in this rural region, and this chart can be viewed in a
conservative fashion from that standpoint.
The next stage in this study was to travel to an electromagnetically quiet area in this rural
environment, the San Cristobal Ranch located approximately 30 miles southeast of Santa
Fe, NM. This rural location covers a vast region in which no significant power line
infrastructure is visible.
As another point of reference, the magnetic field strength that would be measured that
corresponds to the .02uW/cm2 intensity above is approximately .01milligauss(mg). The
equipment available to measure the strength of the local AC magnetic field is a Cell Sensor
EMF Detection Meter. This particular gaussmeter has a high sensitivity range of 0 to 5 mg
(milligauss) (1 gauss = 1E-4 teslas). The meter can easily be read to 0.1 mg at the lower end
of the high sensitivity scale. A value of .01mg is so low as to be irrelevant to this
measurement device.
The ambient magnetic field in this location was measured at 0.2mg. Numerous other
readings were taken at isolated locations, all leading to the same result of an ambient field
of approx. 0.2mg. The nearest visible power line structure at the location of the readings is
a minimum of 10 miles distant.
The result of this finding is that an ambient and measurable magnetic field strength
appears to exist, even when sufficiently isolated from any known power infrastructure
influence. It is this measured ambient magnetic field which is of interest and concern in this
study, especially as it relates to the numerous ELF-VLF variations which have recorded
over time by this researcher. The published ELF activities by the HAARP facility are also a
concern within this study.
The next step in this project is to determine the electrical field strength that is associated
with the ambient magnetic field strength of 0.2mg.
From (2), Emax = (3E8m/s) * (0.2E-7T) = 6V/m.
The next step is to determine the intensity of the field from (4):
(4) Int = ( c * e
* E
2 )
/ 2
Int = (3E8m/s * 8.85E-12 C
/ N m
* (6V/m)
) / 2 = .048 W/m
= 4.8uW/m
approximately 5uW/cm
A value of 5uW/cm
is sufficient to attract our interest. If one were to evaluate the series of
electromagnetic power density studies that have been referred to earlier, it can be seen that
a host of biological effects have been reported at levels at or beneath 5uW/cm
. These
reported effects range from the minimum to slowed visual and memory functions as well as
impaired nervous activity. It would be worthwhile for readers to review these tabulated
results at this linked location.
This being said, the final objective of this report is to consider such ambient power levels
and their potential associations with the HAARP facility.
The next requirement is to investigate the HAARP literature itself, as reported under the
auspices of the U.S. Navy Research Laboratory on the page entitled The Safety of ELF
Fields Generated in the Ionosphere, where we read the following statement:
"The process of generating ELF within the ionosphere is very inefficient (the conversion
efficiency is about 10
Let us take a second look at this statement. The HAARP facility presents this statement to
the public in a forward direction, that is, given an original power level, what is the small
level of ELF that results. I would suggest that, along with measured values, we apply this
statement in reverse to see where it leads us.
If there does exist an ambient electrical intensity of .048W/m2, and if we were to assume
this originates from the HAARP facility, and we were to apply this "inefficient" conversion
factor, we are led to an original power level of (.048W/m2 * 1E8) = 4.8MW, or
approximately 5 million watts of power. This appears to be an extremely reasonable
number which is well in accord with the nominal power levels of the HAARP facility. This
power level is 100 times greater than that of any commercial broadcast station in the
United States. It is therefore not unreasonable to consider that such an ambient field
strength could indeed result from the HAARP facility, along with the reported effects upon
biology and physiology in the literature.
The capstone to this investigation is to ask another question. If we were each to take a look
at the Executive Summary Document for the HAARP literature published by the United
States Air Force, it would declare that the design considerations of the HAARP facility
have the stated objective of transmitting over 1 billion watts of power into the ionsophere.
In fact, numerous sources state that a maximum level of 3.6 billion watts of power has
already been achieved. This is 72,000 times more power than that of any commercial U.S.
broadcast station. But let us remain conservative, and use the stated design goal of 1 billion
What is the effect of this power, after applying the "inefficient" conversion factor, upon the
human biology and physiology? What would occur if this maximum level of power was
This power level translates to (1E-8) * (1E9watts) = 10 Watts of ELF energy.
With the ability to be transmitted across the globe through the magnetic field lines of the
earth, this would lead to an expected value of approximately 1000uW/cm
if assumed to be
uniform and if we disregard the attenuation of the energy. The attenuation of ELF energy
is extremely low. From the power density studies referenced, this is a horrendous amount
of ELF energy and the biological studies clearly establish a basis for concern, if not alarm.
Thestudies above reference a maximum field of 120uW/cm2, with the corresponding effect
of a "pathological change in the blood brain barrier" (Salford 1993).
At what point do you have "concern"?
And at what point are you alarmed?
Clifford E Carnicom
Apr 06 2003
1. Electromagnetic Fields and Waves, Vladmir Rojansky, 1979, Dover.
2. Physics by Example, W.G. Rees, 1994, Cambridge University Press.
3. Beginning Physics II, Waves, Electromagnetism, Optics and Modern Physics, A.
Halpern, 1998 by McGraw Hill.
4. The Addison-Wesley Science Handbook, Gordon Coleman, 1997, by Addison-Wesley
Publishers Limited.
5. The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol II, Richard Feynman, 1964, by Addison-Wesley
Publishing Company

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Clifford E Carnicom
Santa Fe, NM
Apr 05 2003
FROM 30Hz TO 30KHz)
(Credit to: Weapons of Total Destruction Site

VLF Data Logged 040503 at approx. 1015
X Axis : Observation No. (1 per second)
Y Axis : Frequency in KHz.
Very Low Frequency (VLF) pulse data has again been captured after several days of
relative inactivity. It requires extensive periods of logging data to isolate these events.
There is an increasing likelihood that the existence of these pulses is associated with
sunlight. The role of ionization with respect to the aerosol operations is to be strongly
considered in the evaluation of this topic; please refer to other papers on the work function
of candidate elements that exist on this site. Such pulses have yet to be captured under
periods of darkness or extensive cloud cover. The use of harmonics is also of increasing
interest in the evaluation of the data.
Aerosol operations have been extensive to the south of this location today, and aerosol
banks are broadly visible in this same direction. For those that remain ignorant or
unaware, the state of visibility on this planet is now in a state of perpetual degradation as a
result of the aerosol operations. Education and activism on the health and environmnental
aspects of this physical modification of the planet should be of concern to all.
This data set has been collected with the ELF circuit and directional loop antenna that is
detailed on this site. The normal to the plane of the loop antenna is aligned with magnetic
north as has also been discussed on this site.
It is of value to become familiar with the HAARP Executive Summary that is referenced on
this page, as well as the following additional reference that has been previously provided:
From the Weapons of Total Destruction web site referring to the HAARP Executive
Summary Paper"
"The military's own Executive Summary of the HAARP program clearly states their
reliance on ELF waves. Instead of transmitting these waves from ground based
transmitters, HAARP created these waves through the use of "pulse" transmissions of
their HF energy beams. Or, to put it another way, HAARP duplicated the ELF signals by
turning their signal on and off at rates (30 to 3000 cycles per second) within the ELF range.
The result was that ELF radiation could be directed to a specific area on the surface of the
planet, at will."
Clifford E Carnicom
Apr 05 2003

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Clifford E Carnicom
Santa Fe NM
Mar 29 2003
The direction from which the maximum VLF-ELF energy originates has been verified
from this location, and it is in accordance with the expectation that the magnetic field lines
of the earth are the primary carriers of this energy. A measurement test has been
conducted with the loop directional antenna, and the results show that the maximum level
of energy is received in the direction from magnetic north to magnetic south. It is
anticipated and predicted that this same finding will occur from other locations in the
nation and from around the globe. Research and analysis indicates that the HAARP facility
is an increasingly likely candidate as a source of these emissions and energy.
The following statement from the 1987 patent by Bernard Eastlund, generally regarded as
an accurate template for the HAARP project, is again presented as being especially
relevant to the above finding:
"This invention relates to a method and apparatus for altering at least one
selected region normally existing above the earth's surface and more particularly
relates to a method and apparatus for altering said at least one region by initially
transmitting electromagnetic radiation from the earth's surface essentially
parallel to and along naturally-occurring, divergent magnetic field lines
which extend from the earth's surface through the region or regions to be
Additional information from a textbook on radio astronomy, although of a technical
nature, is also important to understand why this test has been conducted:
If an electromagnetic wave travels through a plasma, there is a response by electrons at
that same frequency. In addition, these electrons are further affected by any static
magnetic field, e.g., the earth's magnetic field (DC). This magnetic field will cause the
electrons to travel in curved, circular or helical paths, depending upon the orientation of
the magnetic field. If the electromagnetic wave happens to be circularly polarized, the
amplitude of the electron response will depend upon the direction of the magnetic
field. Please refer to "An Introduction to Radio Astronomy", by Bernard Burke,
Cambridge University Press, 2002 for additional information on this topic.
And lastly, the repeated references within the Eastlund patent to the HAARP transmissions
of circularly polarized electromagnetic energy demonstrates the relevance of the test that
has been completed:
"The region is excited by electron cyclotron resonance heating of electrons which
are already present and/or artificially created in the region....this is done by
transmitting circularly polarized electromagnetic radiation from the earth's
surface... where a naturally occurring dipole magnetic field (force) line intersects
the earth's surface.
A knowledge of cyclotron resonance (especially of physiologically important ions), circular
polarization and HAARP technology will be of increasing importance to understand in
relation to the aerosol operations.

At this time, the methods of the test will be presented:
The maximum electrical response of a small loop antenna, such as the one which has been
developed, is in the plane of the loop antenna. The maximum MAGNETIC response is in a
direction normal (perpendicular) to the plane of the loop. The method by which the
HAARP facility transmits energy along magnetic field lines of the earth suggests that the
magnetic response of the loop antenna is of the greatest interest. In addition, a primary
characteristic of an inductor, of which the small loop antenna is an example, is the storing
of energy in the form of a magnetic field. A few statements about the nature of inductors is
helpful to establish a foundation for this work:
"It is the interaction of magnetic fields with a conductor that produces the effects we call
Basic Electricity, Van Valkenburgh, Prompt Publications 1992.
"Inductors ...store energy in the form of magnetic fields about their coils."
Practical Electronics for Inventors, Paul Scherz, McGraw Hill 2002.
"The ability of an inductor to vary its reactance as the voltage across its leads fluctuates
makes it a particularly useful device in frequency-sensitive applications."
Practical Electronics for Inventors, Paul Scherz, McGraw Hill 2002.
The small loop antenna is primarily an inductor. The orientation of the small loop antenna
can be useful in detecting the direction of maximum magnetic interaction, as the normal to
the plane of the small loop antenna produces the greatest magnetic response. As such, the
small loop antenna has been rotated across a range of azimuths, and the magnitude of the
AC response in millivolts has been tabulated. The ELF receiver was set to the frequency
range of approximately 1-3KHz. The results are as follows:
of the
Plane of
Azimuth of the
to the Plane of
the Antenna
360 90 32.75
350 80 42
340 70 46.5
331 61 49
321 51 56
306 36 59
295 25 62
284 14 63
279 9 63
268 -2 69
230 -40 59
212 -58 59
180 -90 30
25 115 38
A negative azimuth in this case refers to an azimuth west, or counterclockwise of north. All
azimuths are taken with a liquid filled magnetic hand compass graduated to 2 degrees. The
data when plotted is of a clear cyclic nature. A least-squares trigonometric fit of the form
= a * sin (b * Normal Magnetic Azimuth + c) + d has been developed leading to the
following result:
= 16.34 * sin (.0284 * Normal Magnetic Azimuth + 1.51) + 50.16
This function will reach a maximum under the following condition:
dAC / dNormal Magnetic Azimuth = 0
which leads to:
0 = a*b * cos(b * Normal Magnetic Azimuth + c)
Normal Magnetic Azimuth = ((pi / 2) - c) / b
Normal Magnetic Azimuth = ((pi / 2) - 1.51) / .0284
Normal Magnetic Azimuth = 2.1 degrees
which is essentially due magnetic north and well within the limits of the test equipment
used. This value is within the least count of the instrument used for the test.
This leads us to conclude that the maximum magnetic response to the ELF-VLF fields
under examination occurs when the normal to the plane of the small loop antenna is
oriented towards magnetic north. It is predicted that this same finding will occur in other
locations across the nation or globe. The pursuit of the association of these emissions with
the HAARP facility is therefore reasonably justified with these findings.
Clifford E Carnicom
Ma4r 29 2003

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Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 27 2003
The following audio files are the result of research by a member of the message board
attached to www.carnicom.com (user name : Renegade19). It is of considerable interest as
it provides an audio interpretation of certain ELF and VLF pulse patterns that have
recently been captured. Please see the page entitled VLF Pulse Switching for additional
information on this particular session.
My appreciation is extended to this researcher for efforts that have been made to extend
our knowledge of the nature of these electromagnetic signals. This transformation tool is
regarded as a significant contribution.
The data logging on the first session (ELF) lasted approximately 5 minutes. The audio file
is compressed to approximately 30 seconds. The data logging on the second session lasted
approximately 15 minutes. The audio file, in contrast, compresses this session into
approximately 45 seconds. The third data logging session was approximately 45 minutes,
which was also converted into an audio file of less than 1 minute. Please bear in mind,
therefore, that these audio files are compressed in time by a factor of 5 to 50.
Certain repetitious audio patterns can be discerned with the audio version of this data.
The pulse pattern is clearly of an artificial nature, and readers are encouraged to view the
paper entitled The Earth is the Antenna and VLF Pulses and HAARP for related topics.
Listen To
(Windows Media Format, 125K;
Please Allow Approximately 1-2 Minutes for Each Download)

Antenna Source : The Human Being
ELF Data Logged 032103 at approx. 2130.
X Axis : Observation No. (1 per second)
Y Axis : Frequency in Hz.
Corresponds to ELF Audio File I
This audio file was created with a vertical scan of the data.
The evenly spaced multiples of 4Hz can be distinctly heard.

Very Low Frequency Pulse Switching Observed and Recorded
Santa Fe NM 030103 at approx. 1500.
X Axis : Observation Number (1 Observation per second)
Y Axis : Frequency of Monitoring in Kilohertz (kHz)
Corresponds to VLF Audio File I
Listen To:
(Windows Media Format, 125K;
Please Allow Approximately 1-2 Minutes for Each Download)

Very Low Frequency Pulse Switching Observed and Recorded
Santa Fe NM 030103 at approx. 1500.
X Axis : Observation Number (1 Observation per second)
Y Axis : Frequency of Monitoring in Kilohertz (kHz)
Corresponds to VLF Audio File II
The software used to accomplish this conversion is available in a freeware version at the
following website location:
Numerous options exist within the software, and exploration of these options can lead to
significant variations in the final result achieved. The software is unique in that it operates
on graphic files. It is important to edit any graphic images to remove any axes, numeric or
irrelevant information before conversion to an audio file; frequency data only should be
used in this case.
A paper related to one health issue of natural forms of VLF propagation is available at:

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Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 23 2003

ELF Data Logged by Utah Resident 02/11/03
X Axis : Observation No. (1 per second)
Y Axis : Frequency in Hz.
A concerned citizen in the state of Utah has extended the effort to construct an Extremely
Low Frequency (ELF) receiver circuit similar to that which has been developed and
presented on this site. Data has been collected by that citizen in that location which
corroborates the existence of geometrically arranged ELF propagation at multiples of 4Hz.
This now extends the evidence of this electromagnetic propagation to a range of
approximately 400 miles across the United States. The plots above were created by the
resident of Utah and communicated directly to me, and they are dated Feb 11 2003.
The circuit design used is of an earlier form that has been presented, and does not include
the use of the directional antenna nor the common-emitter amplifier at the tail of the
circuit. Significant difficulties with the filtering of the 60Hz power line signals have been
reported and they remain a significant difficulty in the collection of additional data. The
frequencies of 4Hz and 8Hz at the lower end of the spectrum furthest away from the 60Hz
power line signal are visible on these plots. The presence of an unusually strong 60Hz
signal appearing after this data was collected is also under investigation by that citizen.
This citizen has additional data which appears to indicate the presence of multiples of 5hz,
however, this data can not be confirmed at this point and may be affected by noise. This
additional data will be presented if it is corroborated through additional sources.
My gratitude is extended to this individual for the exceptional efforts that have been made.

ELF Data Logged by Utah Resident 02/11/03
X Axis : Observation No. (1 per second)
Y Axis : Frequency in Hz.
Experience from this location indicates that the 60Hz power line signal is a significant
source of interference that is difficult to filter out and yet retain the influence from the
adjacent 4Hz multiples. The use of the human as a direct or joint antenna appears to be the
most successful in this regard thus far. The magnitude of inductance within the human
body and biological resonances at ELF frequencies may be significant factors underlying
this finding. Testing in remote locations, although considerably more involved and difficult,
may be helpful under these conditions.
Additional efforts by other citizens in other locations across the nation and globe will help
to assess the breadth and scope of these emissions. Readers may wish to review several
papers on this site that disclose the role that the HAARP facility assumes in ELF emissions,
as well as the health issues associated with that energy form.
Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 23 2003

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Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 23 2003
FROM 30Hz TO 30KHz)
(Credit to: Weapons of Total Destruction Site

VLF Data Logged 032303 at approx. 1000.
X Axis : Observation No. (1 per second)
Y Axis : Frequency in KHz.
Very Low Frequency (VLF) pulse data is again evident. Research is underway to determine
the nature of the signals. It appears that either harmonics and or mixing of signals may be
a factor. The role of sunlight is also being investigated as a factor in the presence of these
signals. It will be helpful if any researchers in any location can verify the existence of these
signals during periods of darkness and/or heavy cloud cover.
The ELF circuit is configured to use the external directional antenna aligned with the
magnetic field lines of the earth. The antenna is tuned with a 2pF capacitor in parallel
resonance and the potentiometers set for the maximum frequency attainable (approx. 1 - 3
Khz.). Extended periods of monitoring are required to capture these segments of data.
Citizens should be especially aware of at least the following two excerpts from the HAARP
Executive Summary mentioned above:
"...Because this area of research appears especially promising, and because of existing
DOD requirements for ELF and VLF, it is already a primary driver of the proposed
research program.
In addition to its potential application to long range, survivable, DOD communications,
there is another potentially attractive application of strong ELF/VLF waves generated in
the ionosphere by ground-based heaters. It is known that ELF/VLF signals generated by
lightning strokes propagate through the ionosphere and interact with charged particles
trapped along geomagnetic field lines, causing them, from time to time, to precipitate into
the lower ionosphere. If such processes could be reliably controlled..."
The potential applications of precipitate control within a modified lower atmosphere,
under the current state of knowledge of the aerosol operations, are also now to be
considered. Readers are encouraged to read in detail and distribute the Executive
Summary referenced above.

VLF Data Logged 032303 at approx. 1030.
X Axis : Observation No. (1 per second)
Y Axis : Frequency in KHz.
From the Weapons of Total Destruction web site referring to the HAARP Executive
Summary Paper"
"The military's own Executive Summary of the HAARP program clearly states their
reliance on ELF waves. Instead of transmitting these waves from ground based
transmitters, HAARP created these waves through the use of "pulse" transmissions of
their HF energy beams. Or, to put it another way, HAARP duplicated the ELF signals by
turning their signal on and off at rates (30 to 3000 cycles per second) within the ELF range.
The result was that ELF radiation could be directed to a specific area on the surface of the
planet, at will."
Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 23 2003

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Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 21 2003

Antenna Source : The Human Being
ELF Data Logged 032103 at approx. 2130.
X Axis : Observation No. (1 per second)
Y Axis : Frequency in Hz.
An unusual experiment has been conducted today. A human being (i.e., myself) has been
used as the SOLE antenna for the Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) circuit which has been
used for extensive experimentation during the past several months. No other wires or
antennas were used in this test, just the human body alone as the input to the ELF
measurement device.
This test was performed to eliminate all other sources of interference which conceivably
might affect the test results, such as computer equipment and power lines. Some recent
consideration has been given to the influence of a cathode ray tube monitor, and a laptop
has been used to eliminate that concern. The results of this test indicate conclusively the
existence of ambient, geometric, and artificial ELF radiation in the environment. The
extent of this radiation is under additional testing, and due to the nature of the wavelengths
involved it is expected to be far-ranging. These frequencies are important in that they have
known significant effects upon biology, health and mental functioning.
The presence of a completely artificial structure of multiples of 4Hz is evident in the data
shown above. Readers may also wish to become familiar with a recent paper entitled, The
Earth is the Antenna, on this site which is relevant to this topic. This test shows that the
human body is an extremely effective receptor and resonator of these induced frequencies
upon our bodies, minds and environment.
Until I have a chance to discuss the issue in more detail, it is recommended that all readers
begin to research the topic of cyclotronic resonance, ELF and its effects upon human
biology. Please refer to Robert Becker's, (M.D.) book entitled "Cross Currents" for a good
introduction to this subject.
This test is an act of receiving ONLY and it was conducted as follows:
A point of minimum ohmic resistance was identified on the body using a digital ohmmeter.
Such a location was found to exist at the base of the skull behind the ear lobes. Two
electrodes were connected to these locations. No signal or current of any kind was
introduced into the circuit; the human body in this case is acting only as a receptor and an
antenna. These electrodes from the base of the skull at a point of minimum electrical
resistance were used as input to the ELF circuit that has been designed and developed. No
other antenna or wire of any kind was used for input to the circuit. The gain of the circuit
was adjusted with the potentiometers to the ELF range which governs the primary
electromagnetic activity of the human brain. The commercial audio amplifier final stage in
the circuit was not used for this test. The frequencies that were received by the 'antenna'
were subsequently amplified by the circuit and sent to a logging frequency meter.
The data that was captured is shown above.
Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 21 2003
Additional Note Mar 22 2003:
This is the third occasion in which a sensed detrimental mental effect occurred after
performing a related or similar experiment. The magnitude of the effect relative to the time
of exposure appeared to be the greatest during this most recent test. The effect to this
individual can be best described as including such symptoms as neural interruption, a level
of disorientation and the onset of headaches. Effects of duration appear to extend up to
approximately 12-36 hrs. Although entirely subjective in nature, readers are cautioned to
be aware of this potential effect during these experiments.

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Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 19 2003

ELF Data Captured on 031903 at approx 1500
X Axis : Frequency in Hz
Y Axis : Observation Number (1 per sec)
The fundamental frequency of the ELF data now being captured appears to have shifted to
6Hz as of this date and time. Multiples of 6Hz are now readily visible (e.g., 30, 36, 42, 48Hz)
in the graph of data that is shown above. This is in contrast to the pattern of 4Hz multiples
that has been logged on numerous previous occasions.
It is worthwhile to note that the cyclotronic resonant frequency of the barium ion (+2) in
the presence of the earth's magnetic field ranges from approximately 2.25Hz to 6.75Hz.
The topic of cyclotronic resonance will be discussed in more detail at a later time.
Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 19 2003

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Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 18 2003

Spectral Analysis of VLF Data Captured on 031803 at approx 2330.
X Axis : Frequency
Y Axis : Power of Spectrum
(Maximum Entropy, Order 30)
A fourth unique pattern of ELF-VLF reception has now been logged. This data shows a
periodic pulse occuring approximately every 4.75 seconds. The graph above presents a
spectral analysis of the raw data, where the energy can be observed to be concentrated at a
frequency of approx 0.21 seconds, corresponding to the pulses which occur approximately
every 5 seconds. The reference value chosen for data logging was approximately 5kHz.
The data was captured with the ELF circuit as it is most recently described with the
exception that the final commercial audio amplifier stage was not used. Output was
captured at the common emitter stage of the circuit. The directional loop antenna was also
used in the process, with a capacitor of 4nF used to establish a parallel resonant circuit at
approx. 1.7kHz.
An additional change with this session was the tuning of the received signal with the use of
an oscilloscope prior to logging of data. The signal was tuned with the potentiometers for
maximum reception with no clipping of the waveform permitted. The periodic nature of
the data was immediately evident during the logging process.

Raw VLF Data Logged 031803 at approx. 2330.
X Axis : Observation No. (1 per second)
Y Axis : Frequency in kHz.
Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 18 2003

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Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 18 2003
Research has been underway for several months in the field of Extremely Low Frequency
(ELF) radiation in conjunction with, and as a consequence of the covert aerosol operations
that have been conducted for more than four years upon an unconsenting public. Various
geometric and artificial radiation patterns are being observed and recorded in this
biologically critical frequency range (ELF) of the electromagnetic spectrum.
The fundamental principles of the HAARP (High Frequency Active Auroral Research
Program) have once again come to the forefront of this research. The role of aerosols,
ionization, electromagnetic radiation and the creation of an artificial 'plasma' state in a
now artificially modified atmosphere has already been discussed. These building blocks,
along with present observations and the stated premise of the HAARP project bring us to a
new threshold of understanding of the immediate and direct effects of the HAARP project
upon this planet.
Although it has been stated within the literature of HAARP, it can now be directly
understood by this researcher that the magnetic field of the earth is a primary medium by
which we, as subjects, are being affected. The artificial patterns of ELF energy,
characterized by unusual pulsations of frequency, can now be most logically assumed to
originate from the HAARP facility or technology. Such energy forms have a myriad of
applications in the military arena. Unfortunately, a parallel set of effects upon biological
systems, health and mental functioning must also be accepted as a price to be paid.
The issue involved here is no less than that of the control of the planet. Control of the
planet with the methods that are used to manifest power -control of your environment, and
by affecting your life and health. The tools of war and the prestige of military might often
serve as the means of implementation, and it is no different in this case.
A prediction of a technical nature can now be made to to confirm if such a sweeping and
dramatic claim can reasonably be made. In essence, it appears that each of us should be
able to construct a HAARP "receiver", as it were, to test out the hypothesis. The
significance of this test is that it involves frequencies and fundamental physical
characterstics of this earth that affect our lives, health and freedom as a species.
A certain event is now expected to occur. This prediction can be tested by those with an
interest in the welfare of this planet. If a sufficiently sensitive ELF receiver and a
directional antenna is constructed, it is proposed that the primary energy discovered by
that system will travel along the magnetic field lines of the earth. The state of knowledge is
such that the casual citizen can now know where to point the antenna to see what is being
done to him or her without consent. Pulsations and geometric patterns of ELF radiation
upon the human species are not to be dismissed; they are to be disclosed and agreed upon
by an open society.
It is worthwhile and necessary to relay the introduction to Bernard Eastlund's patent of
1987, entitled, "Method and Apparatus for Altering a Region in the Earth's Atmosphere,
Ionsophere, and/or Magnetosphere", which can be regarded fairly as the essence of the
HAARP project:
"This invention relates to a method and apparatus for altering at least one selected region
normally existing above the earth's surface and more particularly relates to a method and
apparatus for altering said at least one region by initially transmitting electromagnetic
radiation from the earth's surface essentially parallel to and along naturally-
occurring, divergent magnetic field lines which extend from the earth's surface
through the region or regions to be altered."
It is hoped that the reader will take the necessary time to understand this conceptual
foundation of the HAARP project, and the role of the magnetic field of the earth must
become a part of that process. When this comprehension is complete, I would suggest that
the title of this paper should more accurately read:
"The Earth's Magnetic Field IS the Antenna, and YOU Are A Part of the
Large amounts of energy are being directed into the magnetic field of the earth by the
HAARP facility. This energy is being directed along the earth's magnetic field lines to you.
It surrounds you and you have no simple means (at least not yet) to evade it. This energy is,
in part, as stated within the HAARP literature, within the ELF portion of the
electromagnetic spectrum. This ELF radiation, although innocuously claimed to serve
communication purposes and the like, DOES have an effect upon biological systems;
research into the topic of cyclotronic resonance upon physiologically important ions will
further that knowledge. This energy can be detected and observed and its artificial nature
identified. It has been measured at a maximum in accordance with the direction of the
magnetic lines of the earth. All findings are consistent with over four years of research on
the aerosol operations, with applications of environmental, biological, electromagnetic,
military and planetary control.
My primary role in these affairs is to provide information and analysis for your review and
consideration. Much work remains to be done, as the problems are infinite and the
resources of time alone are finite. My appeal is that you use this information to uphold and
preserve your health, your dignity and your free will.
Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 17 2003

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Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 17 2003

Very Low Frequency 'Pulse Switching' Observed and Recorded
Santa Fe NM 031503 at approx. 1430.
X Axis : Observation Number (1 Observation per second)
Y Axis : Frequency of Monitoring in Kilohertz (kHz)

Digital Filter Applied to VLF 'Pulse Switching' Data
Santa Fe NM 031503 at approx. 1430.
X Axis : Observation Number (1 Observation per second)
Y Axis : Frequency of Monitoring in Kilohertz (kHz)
A pattern of anomalous Very Low Frequency (VLF) has again been detected and recorded.
This session occurred on Mar 15 2003. The baseline reference value for monitoring was
approximately 4-5kHz. At observation number approx. 750-800, a sharp increase in the
received frequency occurs. This increase remains for approx. 200 seconds, then a sharp
decrease in the frequency level occurs. After approximately another 200 second period, an
alternating sine wave variation in frequency level occurs for approx 800 seconds and then
This marks the second time that unusual VLF patterns have been within a 2 week period.
Please also see the previous session recorded on Mar 01 2003. Extended periods of
monitoring have been required to capture these emissions. They again appear to originate
from an artificial source.
Detection of the form shown occurred with the ELF circuit as it is described on Mar 15
2003 with the use of the directional loop antenna.
Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 17 2003

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Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 11 2003

ELF Spectrum at Multiples of 4Hz Positively Identified
Santa Fe NM Mar 10 2003 at approx. 1600.
X Axis : Frequency in Hz
Y Axis : Decibels
The spectrum of Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) signals has now been positively
identified at multiples of 4 Hz. with the use of a digital spectrum analyzer-oscilloscope. This
graph has been obtained with several significant modifications to the ELF circuit that has
been presented on this site. These modifications will be described in more detail at a later
time, however, they include the following important revisions:
1. The development of an external directional parallel resonant loop antenna that has been
designed to resonate within the ELF range of the electromagnetic spectrum.
2. The use of an additional inexpensive commercial audio amplifier circuit at the output of
the circuit as it is shown on Mar 08 2003 on this site.
3. The use of a digital oscilloscope-spectrum analyzer coupled with a computer to record
the spectrum of the signal as it is shown above.
The strength of the signal has been considerably enhanced with the first two of these three
It can be observed that the power of the signal being received is clearly of artificial origin
and occurs at multiples of 4 Hertz (4, 8, 12, 16, etc.).
These frequencies occur in the range of the primary electromagnetic activity of the human
Research is currently underway to determine the direction (and eventual location) of the
signals that are being generated and to which the populace is subject. It will be extremely
helpful if citizens across the nation and or globe will construct the circuit as it has been
developed to assist in determing the origin of the signals through triangulation. Additional
information on the directional parallel resonant loop antenna and the additional amplifier
circuit will be forthcoming as time permits.
Triangulation data to determine the signal origin and location will be presented as it is
further confirmed.
It is beneficial to keep all constructions so that they can be used in a portable fashion and
in a remote environment.
Those that complete circuit construction to the level that is shown on this web site are
welcome to direct correspondence to me at cec102@usa.com. Modifications for further
enhancement are also welcome.
It is important that this work proceed and that these methods be employed by citizens in
varying locations.
Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 11 2003

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Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 01 2003

Very Low Frequency Pulse Switching Observed and Recorded
Santa Fe NM 030103 at approx. 1500.
X Axis : Observation Number (1 Observation per second)
Y Axis : Frequency of Monitoring in Kilohertz (kHz)
A third significant pattern in the ELF (Extremely Low Frequency) to VLF (Very Low
Frequency) portion of the electromagnetic spectrum has now been observed and recorded.
The pattern is one of a series of higher frequencies followed by a series of lower
frequencies, with a period of approximately 60 - 100 secs for each group of pulses. There is
no known local or residential origin for these signals, and they are to be regarded at the
same level of interest as the ELF signals that have now been recorded on multiple
The current VLF observations are significant in that they are not continuously occurring;
three segments of approximately 15 minutes duration each were observed on Mar 03 2003.
The switching and pulse nature of the observations abruptly ceases and starts, as is shown
on the graph which follows on this page. There is no gradual transition between the
different phases, and the variation in frequencies appears to be the direct result of a
constructed modulation system.
It is also significant to report that a developed electronic digital logging magnetometer
operating at this site recorded anomalous magnetic readings during this same time period.
More information on the magnetometer will be reported at a later date, however, the
readings were some of the more unusual that have been observed in over a month of
recording time. It is therefore quite possible that the signal structure shown on these pages
will be more difficult to capture than the ELF patterns (4Hz multiples) that have been
reported on a continuous basis. The viewing of the frequency pattern shown on this page
can be regarded as the result of fortuitous and unusual circumstances, and it may require
greater patience to replicate these results. This is due to the fact that this pattern does not
appear to be a continuous process by any means. Unusual readings on the magnetometer
may serve as a useful indicator as to when such pulses are present. Three such periods,
each approximately 15 minutes long, occurred on today's date simultaneously with the
unusual magnetometer readings.

Very Low Frequency Pulse Switching Observed and Recorded
Santa Fe NM 030103 at approx. 1500.
X Axis : Observation Number (1 Observation per second)
Y Axis : Frequency of Monitoring in Kilohertz (kHz)
This graph shows an initial interval of approx. 14 minutes of alternating pulsed
This interval is followed by approximately 16 minutes of no pulsed alternating activity.
Pulsing then begins again for approximately 10 minutes and then again ceases.
The individual pulse sections last approximately 60 -100 seconds each.
The observations were collected with the use of the ELF meter that has been described
elsewhere on this site. An external wire antenna approximately 5 feet long was used on this
occasion. The potentiometers within that circuit allow the sensitivity or gain of the circuit
to be adjusted. The second potentiometer can be regarded as a coarse tuner, and the first
potentiometer as a fine tuner. Lower settings on both potentiometers permit the 4Hz
mulitple cycle detection (the lower multiples within a residential environment), higher
settings permit the detection of the 60Hz power signal (if required) and still higher settings
permit detections within the VLF portion of the spectrum. Many variable combinations of
sensitivity exist. The circuit was set for approximately 1kHz at the time of these readings. It
is the variations within the kilohertz portion of the spectrum that are deserving of attention
at this stage of research; the magnitude is not given special significance at this time. Until
the nature of the pulses shown above is determined, it may be that these variations are
detectable across a fairly broad range of frequencies.
Indications are that this pattern of pulses in the VLF range may also be observable at a
more distant location. This will be reported at a later time if and when additional data
becomes available.
It is hoped that other citizens will begin the process of circuit construction ( and
modification and improvement) to examine the findings that have been reported on this site
during the last few months. It is in the interest of the general health of the population that
such testing occur.
Clifford E Carnicom
Mar 01 2003

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Clifford E Carnicom
Feb 25 2003

Spectral Analysis of ELF Data Collected at Chaco Canyon National Park, NM
The spike at 0.1 corresponds to a period of 10 seconds.
A second significant ELF pattern has been observed in data which has been collected at
two different locations approximately 140 miles apart in the state of New Mexico. This
pattern is that of what appears to be pulsed ELF data occurring at a definite period of 10
seconds. This pattern is in addition to the previously identified pattern of geometric
multiples of 4Hz. The first pattern previously disclosed is primarily that of frequency
structure; the current attention is devoted to the time structure of the signals that are
becoming evident. Two different structural patterns are therefore under identification
within the detected and measured ELF signals.
This page presents the graphs of the raw data which clearly show the spikes of increased
frequency at approximately 10 second intervals, the digital filtering of that data to
eliminate noise in the data, and a spectral analysis of the filtered data. The periodic
component of 10 seconds is dominant and prominent in all analyses.
These findings combined (geometric multiples of frequencies with a periodic component)
strongly suggest the existence of modulated ELF data, i.e., the transmission of signals with
inherent intelligence.
Both periodic studies have been conducted in two relatively remote and electromagnetically
free zones (as much as is possible) separated by approximately 150 miles distance. The first
of these is the San Cristobal Ranch region in central New Mexico on Feb 16 2003, and
Chaco Canyon National Park on Feb 23, 2003. Chaco Canyon National Park is one of the
most significant and relatively remote archeological sites of the world. The results of the
San Cristobal test are essentially identical to those that are presented on this page.
Indications are that such tests will be difficult to conduct in areas influenced by the 60Hz
power signals of the residential and urban environments, and remote testing is encouraged.
Testing in remote areas will require the use of the battery powered ELF circuit (or an
equivalent), external antenna, logging software, a laptop computer, a frequency meter and
a power supply for extended periods. A 12 volt inverter is an option for testing that
incorporates an oscilloscope, frequency generator or other test equipment. Harmonics of
any inverter that may used will be a necessary consideration. The recent tests have been
conducted with the ELF circuit as it has been designed, developed and presented on the
relevant page of this site. Further design modifications and their purpose can also be sent
to the stated address below. The current findings appear to result from the increased
amplification of the recently modified circuit as well as from the benefit of a
electromagnetically quiet location.
The Chaco Canyon test has used a wire as the external antenna to the circuit. The San
Cristobal test used a human antenna as has been previously described. While still of a
subjective nature, the human antenna session again produced a perceived effect upon
mental fatigue, as has been reported on an earlier date. This subjective aspect will be
examined under greater control at a future date if time permits.
Those with expertise in the electrical engineering fields are further encouraged to assist in
the research that is required to further analyze these results. Correspondence on this
matter can be addressed to me at cec102@usa.com, however, preference in response will be
given to those that conduct all tests that have been described in recent months on these
pages. All constructive correspondence is read, reviewed and appreciated.
It bears repeating that the ELF frequencies that have been measured and detected fall
within the same range as does the primary electromagnetic energy of the human brain. In
addition, the hypothesis that establishes the search for this energy originates from the
extensive examination of aerosols and plasma physics as it relates to our definitively
modified atmosphere.
Clifford E Carnicom
Feb 25 2003

Digital Filter Applied to ELF Data Collected at Chaco Canyon National Park, NM
X Axis : Observation Number at one per sec.
Y Axis : Frequency in Hz

Raw ELF Data Collected at Chaco Canyon National Park, NM
X Axis : Observation Number at one per sec.
Y Axis : Frequency in Hz

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ELF AT 10,500 FEET
Clifford E Carnicom
Feb 08 2003

Y Axis is Measured Frequency in Hz (12, 24, 36...).
X Axis is Observation Number (One observation per sec; Total of 811observations)
Data collected on Feb 082003 at approx. 1400 -10,500 ft. elev., Aspen Peak, NM
The presence of geometric forms of Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) waves have again
been detected at a separate location in the southwestern United States. This recent test has
been conducted in the upper regions of Aspen Peak at an elevation of approximately 10,500
feet. The location chosen was again free of any signals from the 60Hz power line
infrastructure. The waves have again been detected primarily at multiples of 4Hz, with the
vast majority between a range 4 to 56 Hz. This range corresponds to the primary frequency
range of the human brain. The graph again shows stepped frequencies in Hz on the Y axis
of the graph (12, 24, 36, etc.) and the observation number (180, 360, etc.) recorded at a one
second interval for a total of 811observations. This test has used a human antenna in
parallel with the inductor as has been described earlier. The artificial design inherent
within the data is again evident.
A total of three separate locations have now produced similar test results. Two of these
tests have been conducted in relatively remote portions of the country. It will be helpful if
the methods described on these pages will be repeated in other locations for verification
and so that the extent of these emissions can be established. Separation from the influence
of any 60Hz power signals will be beneficial with any tests that are conducted. The gain of
the circuit can be regulated with the two potentiometers that have been built into the
circuit. Readers may wish to view the other reference pages on this site that describe
similar tests in greater detail. Health effects remain a paramount concern.
Additional tests in other geographic locations will be made as circumstances permit.
Serious investigators who are interested in contributing to the state of knowledge on this
issue are welcome to contact me at cec102@usa.com. All inquiries will be evaluated,
however, responses can only be provided as time and circumstances permit. Those
investigators who follow all procedures listed on this site in detail and remain with
questions will receive priority with any responses. Modifications and improvements to the
circuit design are invited and welcome. Please also refer to one of several earlier reports on
this subject.
Clifford E Carnicom
Feb 08 2003

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Clifford E Carnicom
Jan 26 2003
Edited Feb 15 2003 - Edited Feb 24 2003
Edited Mar 08 2003 - Edited Mar 18 2003
Edited Mar 21 2003 - Edited Mar 29 2003
This page subject to revision

ELF Circuit Design
as of Feb 24 2003
Additional Notes 02/24/2003:
A common-emitter amplifier circuit has been added to the previous circuit. This is based
upon the use of a 2N3904 PNP transistor. This is designed to boost the output of the
original signal from a magnitude of a few millivolts RMS AC to approximately 15 to 30mV
RMS AC. This design appears to be successful in this regard.
Additional Notes 03/08/2003:
Work is currently underway to develop and integrate into the circuit a loop antenna to
serve direction finding research goals.
Additional Notes 03/18/2003 and 03/21/2003:
Essential information regarding the directional loop antenna is as follows:
The antenna frame consists of two 1" by 4" x 4 ft. pieces of lumber bolted at right angles to
one another in the center of each piece. This forms a square frame for the wire. 2 1/2" bolts
are attached near the end of each wooden piece with fender washers at the outside edge of
each bolt to contain the wire as it is looped around the wooden frame. 500 ft. of No. 14
insulated solid copper wire is neatly wrapped around the frame using the end bolts for
support and containment of the wire. The wire starts and stops at any one end of the
wooden frame. Two holes are drilled at the end of this same wooden frame piece to contain
the leads of the antenna. The wooden frame is mounted onto an aluminum or steel mast of
10 feet height, and will have the appearance of a diamond by mounting one of the boards to
the mast. The antenna leads feed out from the bottom of the frame structure and are
connected to RG58 coax cable and fed into the ELF circuit. The thickness of the wire will
be approximately 1 inch by the time it is all wound.
Parallel resonance is achieved by placing a capacitor across the output leads of the antenna
prior to the coax connection. Different values of capacitance will vary the resonant
frequency according to the relation : f
= 1 / (2 * pi * (LC)
) where L is the inductance of
the coil in henries, C is the capacitance in farads, and f
is the resonant frequency in Hz.
Different values of capacitance are being experimented with, currently ranging from 4nF
(resonant frequency :~ 32.5kHz) to 3.3uF (resonant frequency : ~1132Hz) to 11300 uF
(resonant frequency : ~20Hz). The inductance of the coil above is calculated and
independently measured as approximately 6mH. This antenna is to be considered as a
small loop antenna with the primary electrical field strength occuring in the direction of
the plane of the antenna. Primary magnetic field sensitivity is perpendicular to the plane of
the antenna. Additional information on loop antennas can be found within the Practical
Antenna Handbook, by Joseph Carr, Fourth Edition, 2001.
The loop antenna as described here replaces the Hammond 15H inductor which
is shown in the circuit diagram above. The advantage of the loop antenna over
the 15H inductor (filter choke) is that the loop antenna can be used for direction
finding purposes to help identify the origin and location of the signals received.
Additional Notes 03/21/03:
It will be advantage to perform data logging with the use of a non-cathode ray based
computer, such as a laptop. It has been learned that the influence of a cathode ray tube
which is placed in proximity to the loop antenna will produce a mixed signal which is more
difficult to interpret. The orientation of the CRT with respect to the directional antenna
will also have an effect (this appears to be creating an interaction between local electric and
larger scale geomagnetic fields. The use of a mixed or heterodyned signal is recommended
for a later analysis. Efforts have been taken to reduce all 60Hz and powered equipment as
much as is possible, and significant changes in the received signals does occur as a result. It
appears that modulation, mixing and or heterodyning may still be a factor in the signals
that are being received, even when the cathode ray tube influence is removed. Spectral
analysis indicates that a fundamental frequency of 10Hz is present with the ELF range
being monitored. Sums and differences of 4Hz and/or 6 Hz are under increased scrutiny.
Maximum signal strength continues to be in the direction of the magnetic field lines of the
earth. Additional information will be provided as additional tests are run under these
quieted conditions.

View of Loop Antenna from the ground.
Each board measures 1" x 4" x 4ft. Antenna leads are fed through two holes drilled through
board at lowest point of antenna. 2 1/2" bolts with fender washers mounted on end of bolts
contain wire. Wire is 500 ft. long, 14 gauge copper solid. Capacitor is mounted across leads
(parallel resonance) of antenna prior to lead connections to RG558 coax cable. See additional
text description.
The audio amplifier added to the output of the ELF circuit as it is shown above can be
purchased from Radio Shack for approximately $12. Input sensitivity of the amplifier is
1mV and the part number is 277-1008.
The digital oscilloscope-spectrum analyzer is model ADC-40 from PicoTech
(www.picotech.com). This logging oscilloscope-spectrum analyzer circuit plugs into the
parallel port of a computer and can be used to analyze frequencies to 10kHz.
Notes for Mar 29 2003:
A 18mH filter choke has been added in series to the coil of the directional antenna. This
brings the total inductance to approximately 24mH. The capacitors being used in parallel
resonance now vary from 2pF to 56pF. Credit is given to an independent researcher for
direct measurement and verification of the original loop inductance as approximately 6mH.
The schematic above shows the ELF circuit as it is being used in the most recent testing
and experimentation reported on this site. The circuit is reasonably simple; it is the result
of considerable design, simulation, experimental, trial and error work. It is expected that
the circuit can be improved and suggestions are welcome to that effect. Any detailed
analysis of the circuit and its performance are welcome. The circuit has been considerably
simplified since the original incarnation that uses a TL082 operational amplifier. The
circuit is being presented in the most basic form only; obvious refinements such as power
switches will be included at a later time. Those with electrical engineering knowledge are
welcome to comment on the circuit and any inherent weaknesses or suggested
There is a marked difference in performance between the original investigated circuit and
the recent modifications that are shown. Both sensitivity and bandwidth performance
appear to be noticeably improved.
The external antenna appears to improve the signal strength. A wire of several feet in
length has been used, as well as the human body, and the combination of both. All
variations have an effect upon the signal strength, and the gain setting is regulated for
each. The first potentiometer can be regulated to vary the gain of the circuit. Voltage
minimums in combination with various antenna configurations appear to be important
under certain test conditions.
All wire junctions shown without a dot at the node are crossovers. Crossing wires are NOT
connected unless a dot occurs at the junction of the wires.
The initial success of the circuit should be able to be tested with the ambient 60Hz power
line signals; from that point experimentation with the gain control and various antenna
configurations can be investigated. Considerable patience and experimentation may be
required to fully exploit the range of sensitivity of the circuit. Users are welcome to report
any problems or questions and all will be evaluated; responses will occur as time permits.
The circuit now exists only in breadboard form, as revisions have been frequent and
It will be beneficial if citizens in other locations of the nation or globe will construct this
circuit (or any improved version) and report their results. Please also refer to additional
requests for assistance that have previously been made. Serious inquires may be directed to
cec102@usa.com, however, responses can only be provided as time and circumstances
permit. All inquiries will be considered and evaluated.
This circuit is subject to continuous revision and additional reports will presented as time
and circumstances permit.

Additional Notes:
The Hammond 15H inductor (filter choke) can be acquired from:
Parts Express
Part No. 122-330
The Hammond 15H inductor is not needed if the directional loop antenna is constructed.
The operational amplifier is a LM741CN and is available from:
Radio Shack, Part No. 276-007.
Knowledgeable designers are invited to recommend changes to this circuit for improved
The frequency meter being used is:
Radio Shack 46-Range Digital Multimeter with PC Interface. (No model no. specified.)
Input sensitivity at the lower frequency range is stated as 50mV rms.
Data logging software is Meter View 1.0 included with the multimeter, along with the serial
interface cable.

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Clifford E Carnicom
Jan 26 2003

Y Axis is Measured Frequency in Hz (12, 24, 36...).
X Axis is Observation Number (One observation per sec; Total of 1000 observations)
Data collected on Jan 25 2003 at approx. 1730- Bandelier National Monument NM
The geometric forms of Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) waves have now been detected
within a relatively remote area of the country, that of Bandelier National Monument in the
state of New Mexico. These waves have again been detected at primarily multiples of 4 Hz
and range from approximately 2 to 72 Hz, with the vast majority between 4 and 52 Hz.
This spectrum corresponds to the primary electromagnetically active region of the human
brain. This test has been conducted to eliminate any possibility of the previous findings
occurring from some artifact of the local residential environment. A distinctive feature of
the Bandelier test was the total absence of the 60Hz power line infrastructure signal (as
hoped for), and the exclusive reception of the ELF propagation as multiples of 4 Hz. The
circuit under investigation appears to be admirably suited to the detection of such ELF
propagation, and the lack of the 60Hz power signal has made the detection process simpler
and even more obvious. The graph again shows measured frequencies in Hz on the Y axis
of the graph (12, 24, 36, etc.) and the observation number (100, 200, etc.) recorded at a one
second interval for a total of 1000 observations. The artificial design inherent within the
data is again apparent, and it is therefore to be traced down as to origin.
Bandelier National Monument is a significant Anasazi archaeological site, and is relatively
removed from any significant urban activity. The smaller town of White Rock is located
approximately 6 miles to the east of the park, and Los Alamos is located approximately 10
miles to the northwest. Any 60Hz AC power signal appears to be undetectable at Bandelier
with the circuit being used, regardless of whether it originates from the nearest towns or
from the park headquarters or residence power structure. The geometric ELF signals
appear to dominate the spectrum without question at this more remote location. This is in
contrast to those tests conducted at a typical (rural) residence, where the 60Hz power
signal is easily detected and requires careful setting of the gain control within the circuit.
The use of fresh batteries and an auxiliary antenna was critical to the tests that were
conducted at Bandelier National Monument. The equipment involved the use of the ELF
circuit that has been developed, a sensitive frequency meter, an auxiliary antenna and a
recording laptop. The use of the human body as an antenna as well as an auxiliary wire as
antennas significantly and beneficially affected the reception and logging of the signals. The
signal strength appears to be on the order of a few millivolts AC, and a sensitive frequency
meter appears to be crucial to detection. A sensitive oscilloscope that can operate in a
remote environment would also be of much benefit at this stage. This work now establishes
the repeated detection of the ELF frequencies at two locations approximately 30 miles
(direct distance) apart in the southwestern United States.
These results further indicate that the source of these emissions is likely to affect a large
region. It is reasonable to consider the regional, national and global scope of this energy
form, and requests for assistance to that end are now made. ELF propagation by nature of
the wavelengths involved is expected to traverse tremendous distance, with global effects
both anticipated and expected.
The next logical step, therefore, is to request that citizens across the country and or globe
attempt to replicate the results that have been presented on this site. The circuit diagram
will be made available for this purpose, and this should suffice for the initial national and
global investigations. It is expected that improvement modifications to the circuit can and
will be made by those versed in the electrical engineering fields.
An expected further development is to investigate the direction of the signal origin. A
directionally sensitive antenna will need to be developed for the circuit, and assistance from
other locations of the nation or globe is likely to be beneficial.
Another significant finding is that the ELF signals appear to be of a highly pulsed nature.
The pulse width of the signal, as measured by the frequency meter now available is on the
order of a few percent, usually less than 5 percent. This is in contrast to that of a 60 Hz
power line signal which measures close to 50 percent, as might be expected with a sine wave
form. The extremely narrow pulse width of the ELF frequencies that has been measured
indicates a short and highly spiked form of transmission.
Investigators are encouraged to use caution when experimenting with the role of the
human body as an antenna; initial investigations indicate prolonged experimentation (e.g,
approx. 2 hrs.) may produce some undesirable effects. Short term investigations of
exposure (e.g., 10 minutes) do not appear to be of great concern at this point. This topic will
be investigated with certain controls in place and will be reported on in greater depth at a
later time. It is possible to receive the signals with conventional wire antenna methods, but
the human body does indeed appear to serve as one form of amplifier to the circuit.
Additional tests in other geographic locations will be made as circumstances permit.
Serious investigators who are interested in contributing to the state of knowledge on this
issue are welcome to contact me at cec102@usa.com. All inquiries will be evaluated,
however, responses can only be provided as time and circumstances permit. Please also
refer to one of several earlier reports on this subject.
Clifford E Carnicom
Jan 26 2003

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Clifford E Carnicom
Jan 19 2003

Y Axis is Measured Frequency in Hz (12, 24, 36...).
X Axis is Observation Number (One observation per sec; Total of 1000 observations)
Data collected on Jan 18 2003 at approx. 2300 - Santa Fe NM
The presence of ambient Extremely Low Frequency Radiation (ELF) waves has again been
verified. This data has the remarkable property of being of geometric form, with the
frequencies occurring almost exclusively as multiples of 4 Hz. It appears reasonable to
conclude that the frequencies being captured are likely of artificial design with an
undeclared purpose. The human brain operates primarily within the same range of
frequencies that are repeatedly being recorded. The graph above shows the unusual nature
of this data; the Y axis of the graph shows the measured frequencies in Hz (cycles per
second) and the Y axis shows the number of observations at one per second (total of 1000).
Each dot represents a single observation; the structure of the data is readily apparent.
The graph shows, therefore, ELF frequencies commonly being recorded at 12, 16, 20, 24.
28, 32, 36, and 40 cycles per second. Previous research also shows that this frequency list
minimally includes the additional frequencies of 2, 4 and 8 Hz.
The current work is the result of an original circuit that has been designed to detect ELF
waves using a series of operational amplifiers in conjunction with a high inductance coil.
This circuit has developed from an original design project combined with certain
experimental modifications during construction that have led to a device of extraordinary
sensitivity. The 60Hz signal from the power line infrastructure is easily detectable with this
newer circuit. The circuit is also sensitive enough to detect and register the electromagnetic
presence of a person from several feet away from within the same room that the circuit is
The specific source, intent and effect of these radiations remains unspecified at this time.
As a topic of additional research, it is well documented within the HAARP literature that
ELF production that results from the pulsing of the ionosphere with high frequency
radiation is an application of importance. ELF propagation has the property of traversing
extensive distances over the globe due to the extremely long wavelengths involved. Earth
penetration and subsurface communication applications are also major uses of ELF
propagation. The role of a modified atmosphere (refer to previous discussions on the
plasma frequency) resulting from the introduction of massive amounts of electrically
conductive particulate matter must be considered in conjunction with these disturbing
Six significant effects or mechanisms of ELF radiation upon human health have been
identified through initial research on this topic, including but not limited to:
1. human mental functioning, influence and control
2. disruption of cellular metabolism
3. suppression of the immune system
4. genetic modification and/or DNA effects
5. influence upon free radical formation
6. cyclotronic resonance
The particular circuit that has been developed and that remains under investigation will be
presented in detail at a later time when time permits. The general conceptual design is that
of a high inductance coil being used in conjunction with a series of operational amplifiers in
combination with a frequency meter.
Although these frequencies have now been detected through three completely independent
methods (two operational amplifier circuits and one coil-capacitor resonant circuit in
combination with a gaussmeter), it has remained difficult to develop sufficient sensitivity to
log the data reliably.
A most unexpected and unusual result of the current work is the role that the human being
can assume in the detection of these frequencies. It has been found that the human
organism, acting in conjunction with the primary large inductance coil (antenna) of the
circuit, provides sufficient amplification to the signal to allow reliable detection and logging
of the data. That is to say, if a human runs a wire in parallel from the skin to the inductor
lead, the geometric form of these frequencies is easily detected. It appears, therefore, that
the human being acts in some sort of resonant or amplification capacity with this particular
circuit. The effect upon health and or mental functions exists as a primary topic of inquiry.
This research is in the early stages and will require additional investigation; it may be that
alternative antennas may be able to provide this same result. The interplay between the
human species, the dominant frequencies of the human brain, and the detection of this
geometric form of ELF radiation would appear to be of much concern at this point.
Professionals knowledgeable in all fields related to these findings are again asked to
contribute their services on behalf of the public welfare. Citizens are again asked to seek
full accountability and disclosure on the issues that have been raised within this report.
Clifford E Carnicom
Jan 19 2003

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Clifford E Carnicom
Nov 26 2002
The development of methods to counter the effects of continuous ELF (Extremely Low
Frequency) radiation that remains under detection appears to be of immediate and critical
need. My time available for document preparation remains limited, and the findings will
continue to be presented in an abbreviated form to attempt to communicate the essential
findings. The interpretation of an association between the aerosol operations and the
presence of geometric ELF radiation forms is difficult to avoid at this point. Immediate
additional research, investigation and activism by other citizens is required to accomplish
the rapid progress that is required. A recent significant observation that may affect this
progress in the future will be described on this page; this observation results from recent
ELF detection experiments.
The presence of geometric patterns of ELF radiation continues to be detected. The ELF
circuit that has been described previously now behaves in a predictable and steady fashion,
and the sensitivity can be adjusted such that the unusual multiples of 4Hz are regularly
detected and logged to the computer. The previous statement of concern with regard to
biological and mental effects is again asserted, and readers are requested to rapidly educate
themselves upon the expected effects of ELF radiation. These ELF influence topics include,
but are not limited to:
1. Mental functioning
2. Suppression of the immune system
3. Effect upon free radical reactions
4. DNA and genetic influences
5. The role of cyclotronic resonance in ELF-biological interactions
References for these topics will be described later if time permits, but it can be said that
information on these topics is relatively easy to acquire. Please consider such examples as
the books which have been written by Robert Becker, M.D. entitled, The Body Electric as
well as Cross Currents. Another useful reference is the chapter entitled, Biophysics of
Interactions of ELF EMF with Biological Systems, published by the National Institutes of
. Other references are available.
The primary purpose of this page, however, is to describe an observation that has been
made. A portion of this observation is subjective in nature, and will need to be treated
accordingly. The remaining, as well as more important, portion of the observation is
subject to replication by those with sufficient interest to begin similar ELF
On a subjective note, it has been noticed on several occasions during the past 4 years that
mental vitality has been negatively impacted for periods of several hours at a time. The
effect is also manifested on a physical level, and with my particular physiology results in a
level of fatigue. I have probably encountered a dozen or more of these episodes during the
last four years, and they are distinct enough to warrant my usual analysis of symptoms vs.
cause and effect relationships. It is also true that from an anecdotal perspective, these
sessions have been closely allied with heavy aerosol operations. This case is not necessary to
justify at this level of discussion, since it is offered merely as a subjective experience for
It is now important to introduce the topic of electromedicine, which has been a concomitant
topic of research with respect to the aerosol operations.
During the periods of observed mental disruption, I have also conducted experiments with
the circuit introduced by Hulda Clark, in the book entitled, The Cure for All Diseases. The
circuit is essentially a frequency generator connected to the body with an extremely low
level of current designed into the circuit (referred to as the Zapper by Dr. Clark). Many
readers may also be aware of the works of Dr. Royal Raymond Rife in the field of
electromedicine as well, and the importance of frequencies to biological systems. The
particular circuit being used has a measured output of approximately 30kHz.
It has been observed that mental clarity during the specific events referenced is
significantly improved and essentially returns to a normal state after the use of the
frequency generator for a period of approximately 1/2 to 1 hour. Prior to the recent ELF
research, no documented reason for the noticeable improvement in mental acuity could be
offered, and consequently I have never presented these observations to the public.
An additional observation has now been made that combines the effects of the frequency
generator, the human body and the ELF frequencies that remain under detection.
It is now easily demonstrated that the frequency generator as it has been constructed, and
as it is connected to the human body, significantly interrupts, alters, interferes with and
disrupts the ambient geometric ELF frequencies that remain under detection. In addition,
this method appears (on a subjective level) to have a beneficial effect during periods of
sensed mental interference or fatigue. This also suggests that the detected ambient ELF
radiation may have an observable and measurable bio-electric effect upon human mental
functioning. The effect of the weak frequency generator acting upon the human body is
quite measurable with respect to an ambient ELF field.
Direct observation indicates, therefore, that this weak frequency generator alters the
electromagnetic field surrounding the human body, and that it may equally interfere with
any ambient ELF field that may be imposed upon that same body. The effect upon the
frequencies logged by the ELF detector can be observed from several feet distant, and they
are strongly tied in to motions of the body when the frequency generator is connected. It
may be recalled that extremely low level electromagnetic field strengths are under
examination here, as the ELF circuit can also be set to detect the mere presence of a human
body from several feet away as well. With the frequency generator in place, the ELF
detector will commonly detect frequencies on the order of scores to several hundred
kilohertz, and distinguishes itself markedly from the ambient observations of 4Hz, 8Hz,
12Hz, etc..
The health effects from all sides of examination, from the standpoint of a subject or a
countermeasure, must now be openly discussed. The role of passive circuit design, if
possible, should also be explored, as there is limited practical daily application with the
electrode extensions of the Clark circuit. The impact of natural ELF frequencies, such as
the Schumann resonant frequency of the earth, is not to be dismissed. The validation or
refutation of the detected geometric ELF radiation remains a requirement. Any
countermeasure strategy offered (passive or active) by any party requires full technical
disclosure of the principles of operation to be considered as a viable topic of discussion.
Demonstration of effectiveness is required. Public welfare and health is paramount to any
private or profit interests on this matter.
This work is offered on a experimental basis. It is understood that this work originates, in
part, from subjective evaluations. The work is offered as a conceptual model as to how
ambient geometric ELF frequencies, if proven to exist, can at least be intervened with on a
temporary basis. It is requested that participation from all necessary levels of research and
discipline be commenced on this subject.
Clifford E Carnicom
Nov 26 2002

1. http://www.niehs.nih.gov/emfrapid/html/WGReport/Chapter48.html
Electric and Magnetic Fields Research and Public Information Dissemination Program

Clifford E Carnicom
Nov 12 2002
Edited Nov 17 2002
The presence of frequent or continuous Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) radiation at
discrete frequencies appears to have been confirmed through two separate methods.
Research results during the past several weeks have been accumulating at a rate that I am
unable to keep pace with; complete presentations will be sacrificed on a temporary basis
due to the significance of the findings. This page will be added to or modified as time and
circumstances permit in the near future.
The frequencies appear to have intelligent design behind them, and they occur within the
range that is well established to affect both biological and mental functions. Detected
frequencies are occurring primarily on multiples of 4Hz, including, but not necessarily
restricted to 2Hz, 4Hz, 8Hz, 12Hz, 16Hz, 20Hz, 24Hz and 28Hz. The combination of timing
and frequency represents a plausible avenue to investigate the conveyance of informational
Spectral analysis techniques also indicate the presence of a discernible periodic component
within the data of approximately 3.5 minutes duration.
Two completely different and separate methods of ELF detection that have been developed
are producing identical results. The first involves an electronic ELF amplifier circuit that
incorporates data logging to provide a record of the frequencies for further evaluation. The
second involves the combination of an inductive-capacitive resonant circuit in conjunction
with a gaussmeter and a signal generator. These methods have recently been described on
separate pages within this site. The detection of these frequencies or subsets of them has
occurred upon all occasions when measurement has been conducted.
The role of a modified atmosphere that results from the aerosol operations that continue to
be conducted without informed consent must be considered in any analysis of these
This information is being provided at this time due to the significant implications upon
both the biological and mental well-being of the populace that is now known to be a subject
of this radiation.
Clifford E Carnicom
Nov 12 2002

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Clifford E Carnicom
Nov 10 2002

Detected Frequencies at 2Hz, 4Hz, 8Hz, 12Hz, 16Hz, 20Hz and 24Hz
Y axis : Frequency in Hz
X axis : time in seconds

Plot of Detected Frequencies at 2Hz, 4Hz, 8Hz, 12Hz, 16Hz, 20Hz and 24Hz
Data Point View
Y axis : Frequency in Hz
X axis : time in seconds

Trend Analysis : Low Frequency Filter Applied to Data
w/ Subsequent Differencing
Periodic Nature of ELF Revealed


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Clifford E Carnicom
Nov 09 2002
Current research indicates the apparent or possible presence of ambient Extremely Low
Frequency (ELF) signals that require identification as to their origin, purpose,
informational content, intended target and effect upon the population. The current findings
require the involvement of independent citizens and researchers for the purpose of
validating or refuting the methods and measurements that are described on this page. The
implications of such findings, if confirmed, would appear to be of a serious nature due to
the direct linkage of ELF propagation and human mental functioning.
This page will serve primarily to describe the the method and technique that has been
developed to investigate ELF detection; further research on this subject is now required. I
am not a professional in the field of electromagnetic theory and application; my research is
provided in good faith to address the serious consideration of ELF propagation in
connection with the aerosol operations. This page also serves as repeated call to
professionals in the fields of electrical engineering and electromagnetic propagation to
critique, design and participate in methods of detection of ELF propagation. Considerable
speculative discussion has emerged over the years between the potential linkage of the
aerosol operations and the HAARP project and relevant technologies; such discussion is
now deserving of more rigorous examination by the citizens of this nation. Many other
professional disciplines share in their responsibility to address the concerns raised on this
page, with a special emphasis upon the health profession. Those wishing to contribute to
this effort at this level or to offer constructive advice are invited to contact me at
The heart and basis of this discussion involves the development of a resonant circuit
operating at ELF frequencies. This project was begun in an exploratory fashion only, to
learn about the nature of resonant circuits and their behavior. As an admitted accidental
consequence of the investigation, the apparent detection of unexplained ELF propagation
now requires further examination.
Readings have apparently been detected consistently over a several day period at
approximately 2.5Hz, 16Hz, 21Hz and 30Hz. Power grid readings of 60Hz and the second
harmonic at 120Hz have also been detected as a control mechanism for the process.
This section ends the summary findings of this work. The next section of this page will now
relate the more technical aspects of this endeavor.

Detected ELF reading from developed resonant circuit : .003KHz (3Hz)

The basis of detection for this work is a resonant LC (inductive-capacitive) circuit. A
resonant circuit for ELF frequencies has been constructed on the following premise:
In a LC circuit, resonance is achieved at a frequency of:
= 1 / (2 * pi * (L*C)
where f
is the resonant circuit frequency in Hz, L is the inductance of the circuit in henries
(H) and C is the capacitance in farads (F). The basis for development of the resonant
frequency involves a condition of equality between inductive and capacitive reactance.
There are therefore numerous combinations of values of both L and C that can produce a
resonant circuit. Certain restrictions exist on materials available on hand, however, and the
following combination of components has been used in this effort:
C = 1 Farad ( approx.)
L = 3 * (4.03mH) = 12.09mH (approximate) (series of 3 inductors of approx. 4.03mH each)
A one farad capacitor is a rather unusual capacitor, and one of these high level capacitors
had been acquired for earlier research on a separate topic. These capacitors are
inexpensive (rated for 5V), and are apparently used in battery backup situations involving
Several choices for unmarked coils were available, and the value of inductance was
determined by the following method described by Donald L. Burdette (Reference :

"Someone recently asked how to measure inductance. Obviously, the best way is to have an
inductance bridge or meter. But since I have neither, here's my favorite way:

Get a sine wave oscillator, and put the inductor and a resistor in series across the output. I
generally start with about 100 ohms. Adjust the oscillator frequency until the voltage
across the inductor and the resistor is equal. Since they are 90 degrees out of phase, each
will be 0.707 times the oscillator voltage. At this frequency, the inductor has an impedance
of 100 ohms, and the inductance can be calculated from Z = 2 * pi * f * L."
This method was applied to several available inductors until a suitable combination was
developed. A series combination (additive for inductance) of three 4.0mH (approx.) coils
was used. This combination leads to a resonant frequency estimate of:
fr = 1 / (2 * pi * (3 * 4.0E-3H * 1F)
fr = 1.5Hz (approx.) which is certainly in a desirable range of frequencies for this project.
In practice, it is found that the circuit is sensitive to resonance across a spectrum of
approximately 1-150Hz, which is a function of the Q of the circuit. Traditional antenna
structures for the reception of such frequencies are extraordinarily large (on the order of
hundreds of feet), so at this point the circuit development was considered simply to be an
exploratory venture. Early submarine communication projects in the northeast US
involving ELF propagation involve antenna arrays of vast size, so expectations for any
detection system were minimal at this stage of the research. It is certain that those
knowledgeable in these affairs will be able to greatly improve upon the current research;
the findings are presented simply as they have occurred.

Photograph of ELF resonant LC circuit developed.
The object at right center is a magnetic sensor from a
Gauss EMF(Electromagnetic Field) meter.
This circuit was then investigated and evaluated with respect to an introduced sine wave at
various frequencies. At this point, a serendipitous event appears to have occurred involving
the use of a gauss EMF (electromagnetic field) meter that was also available from earlier
research. The purpose of this meter is to detect small variations in the the magnetic field of
the local environment. The meter is quite sensitive, and will show detectable variations
down to a level of approximately 0.1 milligauss To give an example of a field strength that
is detectable by a meter of this caliber, the median field strength of a group of digital
electronic clocks measured at a distance of 46 inches is approximately 0.2milligauss(mG).
For further examples of field strength values, please refer to the table presented at
International Control Systems. Such meters for consumer use are available commercially
at modest cost (approx. $40); the particular meter used is the Cell Sensor, designed also to
measure power radiation from mobile telephones.

Sine wave generator used to introduce a signal into the circuit.
It was then noticed that whenever a sine wave of 60Hz was introduced into the circuit and
the magnetic sensor of the gaussmeter was held in the vicinity of the inductors, that an
oscillation of the needle of the gaussmeter became clearly visible. This oscillation was
pronounced and the intensity was directly reactive to the injected frequency and the
distance from the coils. To give an idea of the field strength from the 60Hz signal, the
sensor held several inches away (8-12") produced an oscillation of approximately 1.5mG on
the meter. A distance less than this would overwhelm the sensitive scale on the meter, and
control of readings is direct in relation to distance from the inductors. The oscillation was
narrowly defined in terms of frequency input to the circuit; maximum variation occurred
sharply within then range of 59 to 61Hz. It was by this time apparent that the power grid
ELF waves were readily and easily detectable with the LC and gaussmeter circuit
combination that had now developed. Oscillation of the gaussmeter needle would
immediately cease upon departure from this specified frequency of 60Hz and the
gaussmeter needle would become still. In essence, a sensitive ELF detector was now
available, and the resonance of the original circuit designed was a critical factor in
amplifying the ambient ELF signal (in this case from the power grid system).

Photos which show stages of oscillation of the needle in response to a resonant frequency.
(1 of 2)

Photos which show stages of oscillation of the needle in response to a resonant frequency.
(2 of 2)
Explorations were then conducted across a much wider range of ELF frequencies. The next
discovery was the detection of the second harmonic of the power grid system at 120Hz.
Oscillation occurred at this frequency also, was easily detected, and could be increased in
magnitude by placing the magnetic sensor closer to the set of inductor coils. Again the
oscillation was restricted to a very narrow range of frequency (120Hz, +/- 1Hz) and it
immediately decreased and ceased upon a departure from this frequency.
The particular function generator (sine wave) used permits frequencies to be introduced
into the circuit of 0.2Hz to 200K Hz. Exploration was then extended to cover the broader
range of frequencies permitted by this generator.
It was found that magnification of the needle movement was especially helpful in the
detection of additional frequencies. Oscillation magnitudes of the the gaussmeter needle are
on the order of 0.1 to 0.4mG for the lower ELF frequencies detected; careful observation
under lighted magnification is required. Also it is found that the lower the frequency
sought, the closer the magnetic sensor is to be placed near the inductor coils. This ranges
from a fraction of an inch to approximately 1 foot distance over the range of frequencies
examined. The power grid system creates an especially strong oscillation which is useful for
control and calibration procedures.
Surprisingly, several additional lower ELF frequencies were subsequently determined
through careful observation over a period of several days. Identical results have been found
on each occasion of measurement, and the frequencies appear to remain constant. At this
point I do not have an adequate explanation for the existence of these frequencies in the
ambient environment, and it is to this purpose that I address this paper.
The ELF frequencies being detected within the limits of instrumentation currently
available are:
2.5 to 2.6 Hz (best estimate)
15 -16 Hz
20- 21Hz
30 -31Hz
What appears to be a fundamental ELF signal at 2.5Hz is estimated to be accurate within
+/- 0.5Hz. The remaining ELF signals are estimated to be accurate within +/- 1Hz. It is
reasonable, within the limits of instrumentation available, to consider the higher signals as
potential harmonics (6, 8,12?) of the detected fundamental of 2.5 - 2.6 Hz. The 15-16Hz
signal is observed to be weaker within the group.

Detected ELF reading from developed resonant circuit : .003KHz (3Hz)
It is reaffirmed that there now exists a need to explore, investigate and explain the ELF
frequencies that appear to be under detection. The first stage of this process is to seek
corroboration from independent citizens and researchers as to the validity or failings of the
findings reported here. Depending upon the results of those efforts, and if such findings are
verified, the accountability of these signals as to origin, purpose, information content,
target and effect becomes an absolute necessity.
This paper will be revised, edited or corrected as is appropriate.
Clifford E Carnicom
Nov 09 2002

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Clifford E Carnicom
Nov 06 2002
Edited Nov 12 2002
There now exists an important question to answer that arises from the present low-
frequency (LF) electromagnetic research in conjunction with the aerosol operations. The
question is:
What is the origin of the signal that is being detected with the ELF -LF circuit described on
the page LF Monitoring Begins?
The signal commonly ranges between roughly 75 to 100KHz, and is usually continuously
varying to some degree. The variation has been described as one of the primary topics of
research, and it is expected to correlate with variations in the local electromagnetic field.
These variations will be studied in depth, and particularly as they relate to the onset of
aerosol operations. The identification of the source of this signal, as opposed to the
variation of the signal, is not yet a critical factor in the current research that is underway.
It is, nevertheless, a question which must be answered.
The question herein focuses not upon the variation, but upon the so-designated 'reference'
signal that is being received on a continuous basis. Some thought has been given to the
origin of this LF signal, and thus far I have established two plausible explanations for its
existence. The first of these is the simpler of the two, it is quite possibly the more likely of
the two, and it should also be the easiest of the two to prove as the proper origin. The
second is considerably more esoteric, and yet is not entirely beyond the range of
possiblility, and it must at least be offered for consideration in the analysis.
Let us take the simpler of the two. The suggestion in this case is that the LF signal received
is simply a resonant frequency of the circuit. In other words, the circuit itself is generating
the reference signal which can then be evaluated with respect to variations in frequency
caused by external electromagnetic influences. This is considered to be the more probable
case of the two scenarios, however, this explanation will require further proof for
acceptance. This is considered the likely explantation for two reasons in particular:
1. The signal is received regardless of location of the circuit or external influences
deliberately imposed upon the circuit. For example, a 60Hz signal has not been received in
the unit regardless of its proximity to AC powered home devices. The LF signal also
continues to be received in an apparent radio pollution free zone, i.e, 20 miles into the
national forest lands of rural New Mexico. This indicates either an error in circuit
construction from the original plan or an unusual case of frequency domination from an
unknown cause. The most likely explanation for a frequency domination would be from an
internally generated signal from an internal resonance. The original circuit description
makes no reference of cautions for internal resonant frequencies, however. It is also known
that the circuit will receive the frequencies of local radio station broadcast towers when
coupled to a frequency counter that accomodates that range of frequencies in a selective
2. Internal resonance appears to be a distinct possibility when operational amplifiers are
used, as they are in this circuit. This would apparently be a case of positive feedback, as is
illustrated with the following excerpt from Basic Electronics, by Gene McWhorter, Master
Publishing, 2000:
" In principle, nearly every oscillator is an amplifier with positive feedback. ...Positive
feedback is a signal from the output of an amplifier that is fed back to its input in a manner
that reinforces the output. ...A resistor is needed in the feedback connection... to keep from
burning out a transistor in the amplifier. The circuit will oscillate at what is called its
natural resonant frequency."
This would seem to be a plausible explanation. What is needed, therefore, to accept this
hypothesis, is an analysis that demonstrates the LF reference signal being received falls into
this category. A detailed knowledge of the characteristics of the TL082 operational
amplifier used in this circuit would appear to be necessary and beneficial under the
circumstances. A call is therefore made to electrical engineers or those knowledgeable in
operational amplifier feedback characteristics to assess its relevance in the circuit that has
been presented. If such an analysis can be provided in detail and as it applies specifically to
the circuit under examination, please feel free to forward that information to me at
One of the apparent difficulties of the internal resonant frequency hypothesis is the
variation of the signal that is received; it would appear that a internal resonant frequency
would exist essentially in a stable form. This is not the case, as the frequencies detected
vary continuously and range as stated from approximately 75 - 100 KHz. This frequency
range appears to be frequently used in military applications in the frequency spectrum
tables that have been consulted thus far; this may be completely coincidental to the
question that has been raised. It will be helpful if this hypothesis of internal circuit
resonance can be established with solid analytical analysis; researchers are requested to
provide such reasoning if it is available.
The second proposition is intriguing, more difficult to explain, and more demanding to
occur -but is at least deserving of consideration. If it is relevant, it would involve a rather
complicated interaction between electromagnetic theory and plasma physics. The subject
will be phrased as "A Question of Alfven?"
The consideration of what are called Alfven waves begins with an earlier historical
discovery of propagation that is called a Whistler wave. I am not an expert in this field, as it
appears to be a discipline worthy of career devotion in its own right. My purpose at this
point is to introduce the topic for consideration, and to let that discussion follow its natural
course, wherever it may lead to. Regardless of this outcome in this particular case being
examined, the consideration of Alfven waves and the prediction of their existence at the
proper frequency as related to aerosol-plasma alterations of the atmosphere does appear to
be a viable and significant topic of research.
Let us return to the originating topic of the "Whistler wave", as it is a fascinating topic in
and of itself. From the book entitled Plasma Dynamics, by R.O. Dendy, Oxford University
Press, 2000, it is stated that Whistler waves are so named because of their audio
characteristics, which were first detected during World War I by military signaling
equipment. It is now known that these waves originated from lightning discharges, where
the energy was subsequently transferred along the lines of the earth's magnetic field.
In addition, the following internet reference (from
www.ibmpcug.co.uk/~irdial/whistler.htm) is valuable in understanding the origin and
characteristics of Whistler waves:
"Whistlers are magnificent sounding bursts of ELF/VLF radio energy initiated by
lightning strikes which "fall" in pitch. A whistler, as heard in the audio output from a VLF
"whistler receiver", generally falls lower in pitch, from as high as the middle-to-upper
frequency range of our hearing downward to a low pitch of a couple hundred cycles-per-
second (Hz). ...Whistlers can tell scientists a great deal of the space environment between
the Sun and the Earth and also about Earths magnetosphere.

The causes of whistlers are generally well known today though not yet completely
understood. What is clear is that whistlers owe their existence to lightning storms..."
R.O. Dendy's textbook on Plasma Dynamics further describes the mathematics of Whistler
waves, the development of which occurs within the section entitled "High frequency waves
in a cold magnetized plasma". I have spent some time with this material, and I reach the
following generalized conclusion: If a plasma state exists (please refer to earlier discussions
within this site on the hypothesis of an altered atmosphere as a result of the aerosol
operations), an input frequency into that system is able to output an entirely different
frequency in an entirely different range. The physics and mathematics of Whistler wave
generation are therefore rather complex, as may be surmised. As a further example of this
input-output variation within a plasma state, refer again to the previous web site
"Lightning stroke energy happens at all electromagnetic frequencies simultaneously that is,
from "DC to Light". Indeed, the Earth is literally bathed in lightning-stroke radio energy
from an estimated 1,500 to 2,000 lightning storms in progress at any given time, triggering
over a million lightning strikes daily. ....Measured in frequency terms, a whistler can begin
at over 10,000 Hz and fall to less than 200 Hz, though the majority are heard from 6,000
down to 500 Hz."
The transition to the consideration of Alfven waves, a similiar but distinct phenomenon,
occurs in the following manner. There is also work underway by this researcher with
regard to Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) wave detection, and initial findings from that
effort will be presented in the near future as well. Alfven waves appear to be the
counterpart to Whistler waves, except that the input to the plasma environment in this case
is a LOW FREQUENCY wave. The Alfven waves are important because they characterize
low frequency, fluid-like behavior of a plasma. The presence of ELF waves in conjunction
with the aerosol operations is overdue as a serious topic of research, as there are serious
implications with respect to human health and mental functioning if such propagation is
ever verified. The role of HAARP and the public disclosure of ELF propagation as a part
of communication objectives must be included within any analysis that is to occur. The
directors of the HAARP facility present a case that such ELF propagation represents no
meaningful threat to the welfare of the general populace; this hypothesis will now need to
be borne out by citizen research as well.
Recall that there is no claim at this time of the detected LF frequencies as being an Alfven
wave generation; the topic is only being opened up for consideration from relevant
observations and research that are now underway. To demonstrate that the research of
Alfven waves, the activities of HAARP, the propagation of ELF waves and the aerosol
operations are a sensible topic of investigation, please be introduced to the following
abstract available through the American Physical Society

Propagation and excitation of ELF/VLF Modes in an inhomogeneous ionosphere
P. N. Guzdar, P. K. Kaw, A. S. Sharma, G. M. Milikh, K. Papadopoulos (University of
Maryland, College Park, MD)

"The excitation of ELF and VLF modes by modulating ionospheric electrojet currents
using ground-based heaters is a problem of considerable interest. We investigate the
excitation of these modes in an inhomogeneous ionosphere where variations in the electron
number density and relevant collision frequencies are explicitly included. These variations
make the effective dielectric constant for wave propagation in the magnetoplasma change
continuously from a vacuum-like lower D region, to a whistler dominated upper D and
lower E region and finally an Alfven wave dominated upper E and lower F region. A
natural consequence of the inhomogeneity is that certain harmonics of the modulation
frequency are resonantly excited thereby having larger amplitudes than lower harmonics.
This is consistent with preliminary observations of ELF/VLF generation by the HAARP
facility where the fifth harmonic was found to have the largest amplitude compared to the
first and third. Our propagation studies are also revelant to the study of micropulsations
directed towards the earth from the outer magnetosphere."
This project study is not entirely unique in the sphere of ELF - HAARP publicly available
research abstracts.
Let us look at the mathematics of Alfven wave generation, and see if it may apply in the
current case:
From O.R. Dendy's text referred to, the "wave number (k)" given for very low frequencies
propagating in a cold magnetized plasma is given as:

k = ( w / c ) * ( 1 + ( ( n
) / ( B
/ u
) ) )

where k = ( 2 * pi) / lambda.
A equation of the previous form is known as a "dispersion relation", which characterizes
the behavior of the plasma with respect to input and output frequencies.
and lambda is the wavelength. For further relationships between frequency, wavenumber
and wavelength we have (refer to Physics of Waves, by William C. Elmore, Dover, 1969):
f * lambda = c
where c is the speed of light and f is the cyclic frequency in Hz.
lambda = ( 2 * pi ) / k
f = (c * k ) / ( 2 * pi)
w = 2 * pi * f
where w is the angular frequency of the wave.
In the equation under consideration,
w = the input angular frequency that is propagating through the plasma.
c = the speed of light in meters / sec.
= the ion number density, which satisfies the relation:
/ z
where n
is the electron number density of the plasma (electrons / m
) and
z = ion charge / charge of an electron.
M is the mass of an ion.
B is the magnetic field strength in teslas.
is the magnetic free air permeability ( 4 * pi * 10
) (H / m)
Let us apply this equation to a hypothetical case, and assume an input of 4Hz (ELF) into
the plasma.
Further assume that:
c = 3E8 m / sec
= 5.2E14 (as a more conservative estimate than that arrived at within the previous paper
The Plasma Frequency on this site)
assume a barium ion (Ba
) so that
= 5.27E14 / 2 = 2.6E14
and that the radius of a Ba+2 ion is 1.4E-10m (from CRC Handbook of Chemistry and
Physics, 82 ed)
and therefore the volume of a Ba+2 ion can be estimated as
V = ( 4 / 3) * pi * r

V = ( 4 / 3) * pi * 1.4E-10
= 1.1494E-29m

and since density = mass /volume
mass = density * volume
and the density of Ba is given as 3594 kg / m

therefore the mass of a Ba+2 ion can be estimated as:
M = ( 3594 kg / m
) * 1.1494E-29m
= 4.131E-26kg
The magnetic field of the earth can be approximated at 5E-5 T (teslas).
Therefore an initial estimate of k under these circumstances can be given as:
k = ( 4 * 2 * pi radians / cycle ) / ( 3E8 m / s) * ( 1 + ( 2.6E14 * 4.131E-26kg *( 3E8 m / sec )
) / ( (5E-5 T)
/ ( 4 * pi * 10
) ) )

k = 1.847E-3
f= ( k * c ) / ( 2 * pi )
f= ( 1.847E-3 * 3E8 m/sec) / ( 2 * pi)
f = 8.817E4Hz
f = 88 KHz (approx)
This result, if correct, indicates that it is feasible to consider detected LF frequencies as
potential Alfven waves. If any errrors are found within these computations, it will be
appreciated if notification is provided at cec101@usa.com. The variables which will have
the most influence upon any results obtained will be the electron density and the input
frequency. There are many variable and feasible scenarios of both input frequency as well
as electron density that may be considered.
The significance of the Alfven wave detection, should it ever be shown to be a
reality, is that such a frequency would never be detected unless a significant
alteration to the atmosphere (hypothesized as a plasma) had taken place. This fact
affirms the need for other researchers in other locations, especially those with knowledge of
electromagnetic and electrical engineering theory to examine the circuit that has been
The electron densities of the ionosphere are on the order of 10
to 10
electrons per cubic
meter. Recall from an earlier presentation on this site:
"..Although less than 1% of the upper atmosphere becomes ionised the charged particles
make the gas electrically conducting, which completely changes its characteristics. The
ionosphere can carry electrical currents as well as reflect, deflect and scatter radio

This statement informs us, therefore, that a low level of ionization leads to a dramatic
increase in the electron density. The normal electron density of the lower atmosphere
(historically speaking) is on the order of 1*10
to 5*10
(Source: American Institute of
Physics Handbook 1963). It can be seen that a small increase in ionization(less than 1% as
stated) (as occurs in the ionosphere) has the effect of raising the electron density by a factor
of 100 to 1000. It is therefore not unreasonable to consider increases in electron density on
the order of 10,000 in the lower atmosphere as a result of aerosol operations that have been
and continue to be conducted without informed consent.
This paper demonstrates that detection of the Alfven wave phenomenon is a viable topic of
research in association with the aerosol operations, regardless of the origin of the LF wave
that is being received. It also establishes the need for positive identification of the LF signal
that is currently under evaluation, both with respect to its magnitude as well as the
variations of the frequencies as they have been recorded.

This paper will be revised or corrected as is appropriate.
Clifford E Carnicom
Nov 07 2002

NOTE: November 12 2002
A special note of gratitude is extended to Mr. Jim Keith for responding graciously and
extensively to the appeal for assistance of research on this circuit. Mr. Keith's extensive
electronics professional experience has been invaluable helping to interpret and improve
the workings of this circuit. This circuit has been modified to various extent, and it is
expected to undergo further change as the state of knowledge improves. Research
continues in this regard, and I offer my sincere appreciation for his contribution to this
research topic.

Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page

Clifford E Carnicom
Nov 05 2002
A method has been developed to continuously monitor and analyze variations in the local
electromagnetic field with the use of a circuit that was originally developed for the
detection of ELF (Extremely Low Frequency) radiation. These variations are also an
expression of the fluctuations in the magnetic field of the earth and the ionization
characteristics of the atmosphere. This page will describe the methods, techniques and tools
used in the process; any assessment of collected data will be reserved for separate

Photograph of prototype circuit being used in LF (Low Frequency) monitoring.

Circuit Diagram for the LF monitor
Please refer to ELF Sensor by Steve Rouch for additional details and parts list.
The circuit consists essentially of a large coil of relatively high inductance, which senses
small variations in the surrounding electromagnetic environment. These signals are then
highly amplified and the output signal can then be read in terms of volts. More useful data
can be acquired if the output can be sent to a frequency meter or counter. It is of interest
that the circuit shown was originally developed for paranormal research, and consequently
any expectation of high level sensitivity to electromagnetic appears to have been met.
Appreciation is extended to Mr. Steve Rouch for making information on this ELF sensor
available to the public. The focus of the current research is to analyze the changes and
variations of the output signal in correlation with the onset of the aerosol operations as well
as their absence. In addition, control patterns of the ambient environment are to be
established. The effects of geomagnetic and solar activity are also to be considered in the
The circuit has been constructed according to the diagram, and no errors are known to
exist. Due to some unanticipated findings and readings from the circuit, it will be valuable
and helpful if other citizens or researchers will independently construct the circuit for
testing in their local area. These abnormalities will be briefly described within this page
and subsequently in greater detail in a separate paper. Unfortunately, little to no
information on the actual use of the meter or experiences from testing has been provided
within the original description. As a consequence, most findings presented here are a result
of experimentation and trial and error.
The output from the circuit has now been forwarded to a multimeter with frequency
reading and data logging capability. Significant improvements in multimeters appear to
have been made over the past few years, and a meter with the ability to log large amounts
of data over extended periods of time is a valuable advantage in the current work. Such
meters are now available for a very reasonable cost with respect to their performance, and
can be acquired for less than $100. The cost of the parts for the LF (ELF) monitor is
approximately $50. An older computer of modest specification is being used for data
logging, and the full time use of that machine is required for this project. The data logging
is set to an interval of one minute, i.e, one frequency data reading is taken every minute
and logged to the file on the computer. Users will note vertical discontinuities on the graphs
of data which are to be further presented on this website; these represent a manual
recalibration of the circuit and are to be dismissed in any interpretation of magnitude. The
focus of this data collection and analysis is upon VARIATIONS within the signal, not the
magnitude of the signal. The magnitude of the signal being received is a secondary issue
which will be discussed on a separate date. It is observed that some drift in the signal will
occur over time and hence the need for occasional recalibration; drifting appears to be
related to either voltage variations from the battery or from more unusual electromagnetic
- geomagnetic - geophysical events and or various combinations of each.
An example of data logging is shown below. The current frequency reading on the meter
example being logged is at 84.5KHz. This would be considered as the LF (Low Frequency)
portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. It is a natural question to ask as to why this
frequency range is being detected. It is an interesting question for which I currently have
two suppositions which will be discussed in more detail later. For the time being, I will only
stress that it will be beneficial if other researchers will construct the circuit for a means of
comparison, and to help eliminate any possibility of circuit construction error on my end. It
can be stated that the original purpose of the circuit was for ELF detection, but it can also
be stated that the primary frequency now received is in the LF range. With respect to
findings currently underway, this difference in the end may become irrelevant, but it will
be helpful to address it with additional circuit constructions from other readers. It is know
that the circuit can detect actual ambient LF - MF frequencies, as it has detected several
local radio stations in the 500 - 1600 KHz range in the surrounding area when coupled to a
frequency counter that features selective frequency ranges. The data logging frequency
meter will latch onto only a single frequency, presumably the strongest (internally or
externally generated, as will be discussed further later). Testing has also been conducted to
operate the circuit in local areas that are electromagnetically pollution free as is possible,
for control purposes. The influence of local radio stations in this and surrounding towns
has also been evaluated, as well as the potential influence of navigational beacons. Research
indicates that these factors can be adequately separated from the current investigations
and findings.

A sample of short term data logging and PC interface for the ELF-LF circuit.
It has been found that the circuit performance is extremely sensitive to small changes in the
variable resistor (potentiometer) of the circuit within a narrow segment of the range of that
same potentiometer. This apparently is related to the changes in gain of the circuit and or
resonance considerations. The actual use of the circuit is now being conducted within that
narrow segment of the potentiometer's range, which is best identified if pulse width
information is available with the frequency meter being used. Additional technical details
of this finding can be discussed with interested parties.
If any errors in circuit construction on my end are ever identified with the aid of other
participants, this will be helpful. If such errors exist, they may in the end represent a
benefit to the project, as there does appear to be useful data under collection with the
circuit as it has been built.
The results of any data analysis will be discussed further as has been mentioned. Any
questions, constructive comments or questions may be sent to me at cec101@usa.com.
It is helpful, for the time being, to dismiss the origin of the 80-100KHz signal and to simply
acknowledge it's presence with the incarnation of the circuit that has been built. At the
current point of discussion, it is most helpful to consider the LF frequency that is
being received as a REFERENCE oscillating signal, which is then subject to
detectable variations depending on the electromagnetic characteristics of the
surrounding medium (atmosphere, earth's magnetic field, local variations, etc.).
It is these VARIATIONS in correlation with the aerosol operations that are the
primary target of research here.
My time and resources available for research are limited; it will be beneficial if numerous
competent parties will begin to assist in the complexities of electromagnetic research (and
other projects) that are now underway. There remains a continuous call for conscientious
professionals across most scientific, legal and medical disciplines to openly and publicly
participate in disclosing the consequences of the aerosol operations to the people of this
nation and world. The political, media and journalistic vocations share equally in this
responsibility. The progress of disclosure and the halt of the operations will remain
hindered until this duty is fullfilled. We do not have the luxury of infinite time to ponder
the extent and gravity of these operations; the results of four years of grassroots research
and activism are available to you. Current and past findings underscore the sense of
urgency on this matter. There is a need for your courage and for your service.

Clifford E Carnicom
Nov 05 2002

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Clifford E Carnicom
Oct 31 2002

To Be Continued

Period Ending 102602 at 2252
X axis : Minutes
Y Axis : Frequency in KHz

Period ending 102602 at 1524. Corresponds to section outlined in red on graph
immediately above.
X axis : Minutes
Y Axis : Frequency in KHz
Note concave structure of increasing frequency in correspondence with onset of local
aerosol operations.

Period Ending 110102 at 2102
X axis : Minutes
Y Axis : Frequency in KHz

Period ending 110102 at 0722. Corresponds to section outlined in red on graph
immediately above.
X axis : Minutes
Y Axis : Frequency in KHz
Note concave structure of increasing frequency in correspondence with onset of local
aerosol operations.
Note : vertical discontinuities depict meter re-calibration.
To Be Continued

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Clifford E Carnicom
Oct 31 2002
This page will describe the construction of a relatively simple magnetometer, a device
which is useful to detect local variations in the earth's magnetic field. Results of any data
collection and analysis will not be discussed at this time, and they are to be reserved for
separate presentation. The photographs are hopefully fairly self-explanatory in guiding the
construction of the unit. A variation of several degrees in the magnetic field is known to
occur at mid-latitudes of the earth during periods of severe geomagnetic storms. The unit
shown can be measured to approximately 1/8 degree (approx. 7.5 minutes of arc) and is
therefore sufficient to detect fairly small variations in the local magnetic field activity. The
basis for development of this magnetometer is extracted from Electronic Sensor Circuits
and Projects, by Forrest M. Mims III, 2000. Note that no electronics or power supply is
required for the operation of this magnetometer. Modifications can be made to the plans
shown as long as the essential functions are provided for.

Photograph of the Magnetometer, showing glass housing unit,
suspended dowel with 10 ring magnets, and graduated scale.
A glass storage container approximately 10" high and approximately 9.25" diameter is
used to house the sensor. This particular storage container was located within the canning
section of a local department store. A dowel of 3/8 inch diameter is acquired for use as the
pointer frame. Ten ring magnets were purchased from the local electronics shop, each of
which has a interior hole of approximately 3/8 inch diameter as well. The outside diameter
of the magnets used is approxmately 1 inch.
The dowel is cut to approximately 8 1/4 inches, or such that it will easily rotate when
suspended within the glass jar. Allowance of approximately 1/2 inch must also be made to
accomodate a pointer mechanism which is attached to the dowel. The final dimension of the
dowel, with the pointer attached, will allow approximately 1/16 inch clearance from the
inside walls of the glass jar - just enough to allow for free rotation of the magnets and
dowel assembly.
The magnets will slide easily onto the center region of the suspended dowel.
A pointer is also constructed to allow for fine readings of the graduated tape scale which is
attached to the outside circumference of the glass jar. The pointer used is constructed from
a sharp pointed toothpick. A small diameter hole is drilled into one end of the dowel, and
the end of a sharp pointed toothpick is broken off and inserted into the drilled hole in the
center of one end of the dowel. It is found that blackening the extreme tip of the pointer
(toothpick segment) with a black felt pen will greatly aid the measurement process. See the
second and third photographs of this page for a depiction of the pointer unit.
The dowel is suspended by a fine thread which is tied to the dowel at each end of the
magnet group. The supporting structure for the dowel is another segment of dowel which
spans the diameter of the glass storage unit at the top. The dowel at the top of glass jar can
be adjusted in small increments to allow for proper centering of the suspended dowel and
magnet combination within the jar. Adjustment in this case is provided for with rubber
bands attached to the side of jar with tape and an encircling thread; this combination
provides enough tension to place the suspended dowel in the exact center of the glass jar.
Other arrangements for arranging the suspension can surely suffice.

Photograph of the suspended dowel, pointer unit, dowel, magnets and graduated scale.
A cloth sewing tape is used for the graduated scale. In the case shown, approximately
740mm of cloth tape have been used to span the circumference of the glass jar. Positioning
of the cloth measuring tape is critical to the accurate reading of the scale. In the case
shown, each millimeter on the scale corresponds to approximately .486 (360 degrees / 740
mm) degrees of arc deflection in the northerly horizontal component of the local magnetic
field. Absolute measurements are of little value in use of this meter, and emphasis should
be placed upon relative changes. The point of origin for readings on the meter is arbitrary;
anywhere on the scale will suffice. The only requirement for use of the meter is to record
the pointer on the scale to the nearest .25mm, or in other words, the nearest one-quarter
mark on the cloth scale. This can be easily accomplished with the use of a magnifying glass
under adequate lighting. The unit is to be placed in a stable, undisturbed location away
from any air currents.

Close up of pointer scale from the perspective of measurement.
Notice the blackened tip of the pointer assists greatly with measurement.
Each mark represents 1mm of arc distance on the circumference of the glass jar.
The reading shown is taken as 407.25. A magnifying glass
will greatly aid in the measurement process.
Readings taken thus far range from approximately 398 to 410, or a span of 12 marks on the
scale shown. This corresponds to a maximum deflection range of approximately 5.8 degrees
of arc, which represents significant and detectable variability in the earth's local magnetic
Readers are encouraged to construct a similiar or improved magnetometer at their location
and to begin collecting data that will be used to correlate any variations in magnetic field
activity with the onset of the aerosol operations. As mentioned earlier, analysis of data
under collection will be presented in a separate section. Users may wish to refer to the data
set under collection since Oct 07, 2002 at the page entitled Predict the Operations :
Sunspots and Humidity available within this site.
Back to Contrail\Chemtrail Main Page

Clifford E Carnicom
Oct 21 2002
A method has been developed to measure atmospheric electrical currents and the variation
of those currents within the atmosphere. Relationships between the aerosol operations and
these atmospheric electrical measurements are being investigated as well. Meters that are
able to measure absolute levels of current in the atmosphere appear to be difficult to
acquire as well as relatively expensive. The methods described here are based upon a
relatively simple electronic circuit that enjoins the use of certain mathematical procedures
that hopefully compensate in part for the lack of equipment that is now available. If
additional sophisticated equipment ever becomes available to meet the public needs, it will
advance the process and may save considerable time and effort; approximately one a half
years have been invested in the progress to date. This page will describe only the
development of the method that is being used; any results from the current research will be
described in a separate section. I am not an electrical technician or engineer by profession,
but I have devoted considerable time and effort to the understanding of this particular
circuit and JFET transistor properties. An invitation is again offered for any
improvements that can be made and to review any flaws that may exist in the methods. If
any errors in the method developed are identified, they hopefully can be remedied and
progress can continue beyond that which has been accomplished thus far. Only fellow
researchers that act in good faith on this serious topic will be engaged by this author.
This work has its origins approximately one year or more ago, when the following circuit
was constructed and subsequently analyzed to begin the investigations:
This circuit was subsequently modified to the following generalized form (approximate R1
resistance value only):

where a 50 microamp ammeter (DC A) is substituted for the earlier LED to provide some
form of metric output. A variable resistor can (and has) been added into the above circuit
to provided for final calibration of the meter for full scale deflection. Q1 remains as a
MPF102 NJFET transistor. The application of this meter has been quite instructive and
informative as to the ionic nature of our atmosphere and and the alterations that have
occurred as a result of the aerosol operations. The role of positive and negative ions has
also been explored in some detail, as well as the associated health effects, benefits and
degradations that are ubiquitous in the literature. The initial use of this meter and certain
questions that arose with its use were opened up for discussion during a previous interview
with Mr. Jeff Rense (www.rense.com) on the electromagnetic aspects of the aerosol
operations. At the close of that interview it was stated that the meter appeared to be
recently exceeding its range of operation from unknown causes or reasons, and the
exploration of the topic of atmospheric electricity was subsequently retired until my most
recent re-activation of this issue a couple of months ago.
It has been surmised that the later failure of the circuit was likely due to additional
experimentations involving a Van de Graaf generator, and it is suspected that the JFET
transistor was damaged in the process and led to the final erroneous readings on the scale.
The circuit was recently (Sept 2002) reconstructed entirely from scratch, and investigations
from that point have continued from the reference levels established from earlier research.
The projected goal with the use of such a meter is to extract metric data, i.e, measurable
data that can be used to to quantify both the magnitude and variation of atmospheric
electrical current. Any investigations of correlation with the aerosol operations is also of
value and desire. As the circuit is originally designed with the LED(light) indicator it is
completely inadequate for this purpose. The meter in a light form will serve to detect the
presence of positive and negative ions, but beyond that little can be accomplished. This
insight into the positive and negative nature of the earth and its atmosphere is insightful
and helpful to the initiate, but provides little benefit in assessing the impact of the aerosol
To give the reader a sense of some of the difficulty in creating a method to measure
atmospheric electrical current, the following section will be stated:
"If a needle is fastened to an insulated wire at the top of a 10 meter pole, electricity will
flow from the earth to the atmosphere or vice versa. Under fair-weather skies, little if any
current flow can be detected with this device since several thousand volts are required
before an ordinary needle can "go into corona.""

Obviously it is not so simple as one might desire, and some additional methods of
amplification of the signal will be needed. Hence the circuit above will at least aid in this
goal, as the transistor can serve to amplify the input signal.
To give a further example of the magnitude of the problem, the fair weather current
density is stated from several sources to be approximately 3E-12 amps / meter
. This means
that if a square meter of conducting material was placed horizontally in the air,
approximately .000000000003 amps would flow through that surface. To illustrate the
problem further, if a wire (1/32inch diam., for example) was used instead of a square meter
of material, the current flow would be approximately (4.95E-7meters
) *( 3E-12amps /
) = 1.5E-18 amps, or .0000000000000000015 amps. Measuring this is an impossible
task at any practical level, and again the need for tremendous amplification of the signal of
fair weather electricity is demonstrated. The circuit above is at least a partial step in the
right direction but considerable more work is required to get any kind of measurable
My approach to this difficulty has been to investigate the nature of the modified circuit as it
is shown and to set two conditions on the problem. They are proposed as follows:
1. The charge imparted to the electrometer (circuit) within a period of time is opposite and
equal to, or opposite and proportional to the charge that is transferred from the
atmosphere to the electrometer (circuit) in that same unit of time.
Notes: I have no reference for this assumption at this time; it is developed from analysis
only. If we investigate the use of early electrometers by James Maxwell, however, the
following descriptions of measurement of the electrical potential of the atmosphere may be
"To Measure the Potential at any Point in the Air,
Place a sphere, whose radius is small compared with the distance of electrified conductors,
with its centre at the given point. Connect it by means of a fine wire with the earth, then
insulate it, and carry it to an electrometer and ascertain the total charge on the sphere. ..the
potential of the air at the point where the center of the sphere was placed is equal but of
opposite sign to the potential of the sphere after being connected to earth, then insulated,
and brought into a room."

The proposed assumption is in need of further examination by all researchers if an
absolute magnitude is to assigned to the current measurements that result from the current
research. For the sake of example to illustrate the method developed, equality of current
but opposite in sign will be assumed at this time. A additional proportionality constant will
remain as an unknown if this assumption is not valid. Relative current measurements and
their respective variations appear to be of value at this time regardless of the outcome of
this theoretical requirement that requires further validation or refutation.
For considerations on this topic as well as others in the future, the following relationships
between current and voltage(potential) are provided
I = surface integral [ J (dot) dS ] and E = J / sigma
where I is current, J is the current density, S is a differential surface element, E is the
potential and sigma is the conductivity of the material (medium).
In the case considered, J for the atmosphere can be considered as essentially constant
. This
leads to I = c
* area of conductor. Also this leads to E = c
/ sigma. Dividing both
equations, we are led to ratio of I to E as: I / E = area of conductor / sigma. Since the area
of the wire electrode is also a constant, we are led to I / E = c
/ sigma. The conductivity of
the atmosphere does vary with altitude (increases with altitude). For the purposes and
application of this research, however, it seems reasonable to regard the conductivity at
ground level to remain as a relative constant also. This would lead to I / E = c
/ c
or that the relationship of I to E differs only by a constant for the purposes and application
of this research. This is one argument provided as to why Maxwell's method of equality of
potential is relevant to the current measurements being considered. Any comments to this
subject are welcome.
2. The voltage at the gate lead of the MPF102 JFET transistor is proportional to the charge
of the atmosphere.

Let us now formulate these premises in a mathematical form:
Qc / (t2 - t1) = - Qair / (t2 - t1)
Vg = k Qair
where Qc is the charge imparted to the circuit from the air, Qair is the charge that is
transferred from the air, (t2 - t1) is the interval of time over which the measurements are
taken, Vg is the gate voltage of the NJFET transistor and k is a proportionality constant.
Now the definition of current is given as
I = dQ /dt
where I is current, and dQ / dt is the differential change in charge with respect to a
differential change in time.
dQ = I dt
and integrating with respect to time,
Q = integral [ I dt ]
Qc = integral [ Ic dt ]
where Ic is the current flowing within the electrometer circuit, integrated with respect to
Therefore, after multiplying each side of the equation (first assumption) by the interval (t2
- t1) and by (-1), we have:
Qair = - integral [ Ic dt ]
but from the second assumption being made, we also have:
Qair = Vg / k
Vg / k = - integral [ Ic dt]
Vg = -k * integral [ Ic dt ]
Now a model for the gate - source voltage of the MPF 102 NJFET transistor is given as
= .00063 ( Vg + 4)
where Vg represents the gate - source voltage, and I
is the drain current.
Vg = ( I
/ .00063)
- 4
Therefore, letting Ic = I
and a = .00063,
( Ic / a)
- 4 = -k * integral [ Ic dt ]
k = (- ( Ic / a )
- 4 ) / ( integral [ Ic dt ] )
and the proportionality constant is therefore a function of Ic, the current through the

Now from the second assumption we have:
Vg = k Qair
Vg = k * integral [ Iair dt ]
where Iair represents the atmospheric current flow,
and differentiating with respect to time, we have:
dVg / dt = k * Iair
Iair = ( 1 / k) * (dVg / dt)
To address the needs of solving for dVg /dt, current through the meter is measured over an
interval of time, and a model for Vg as a function of current through the circuit has been
previously given. Therefore we have:
Vg = f (Ic)
Ic = f (t)
Therefore, from the chain rule,
dVg / dt = ( dVg / dIc) * (dIc / dt)
now since
Vg = a
* Ic
- b
where a = .00063 and b = 4, we have
dVg / dIc = a
* (1 / 2) * Ic

dVg / dIc = 1 / ( (2 * ( aIc )
In addition, Ic is measured with the meter over an interval of time. It has been found
experimentally that Ic can be modeled both closely and realistically using a least-squares
second order polynomial of the following form:
Ic = c1 * t
+ c2

* t + c3 (approximation)
where c1, c2 and c3 are coefficients of the polynomial and t is time measured in seconds.
Given this form, we have:
dIc / dt = 2 * c1 * t + c2
Iair = ( 1 / k) * ( 1 / ( (2 * ( aIc )
) ) * ( 2 * c1 * t + c2)
Iair = [ - ( integral [ Ic dt ] ) / ( ( Ic / a )
- 4 )] * ( 1 / ( (2 * ( aIc )
) ) * ( 2 * c1 * t + c2)
and since
Ic = c1 * t
+ c2

* t + c3
we have
integral [ Ic dt ] = c1 * ( t
/ 3 ) + c2 * ( t
/ 2 ) + (c3 * t) + c0, an arbitrary constant which is
equal to zero since current measurement at t = 0 is zero.
Therefore Ic in the final form for measurement is:
Iair = [ - ( c1 * ( t
/ 3 ) + c2 * ( t
/ 2 ) + (c3 * t) ) / ( ( Ic / a )
- 4 )] * ( 1 / ( (2 * ( aIc )
) ) * ( 2
* c1 * t + c2)
where Iair is in amps.
In practice, the sequence of solving for the atmospheric current value using the
electrometer is:
1. Record the times associated with current meter readings of 0, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50
microamps respectively. It is found in practice that the total time interval for one sequence
of measurements will range anywhere from several seconds to several minutes. It is found
that circuit acts primarily like a capacitor in the charging characteristics and as it is
expressed through current flow in the meter. It is also found that temperature has a
significant effect upon the times of measurement, but does not appear to affect the outcome
of the magnitude in any significant fashion. The model form as developed is reasonably
complex in any attempts to characterize its behavior. It is also observed that the equation
above is a function of time and the current through the meter, and it is found to reach a
maximum at a reading of approximately 40 microamps at that same associated time. The
interval of integration is whatever time period is required to reach a full scale deflection on
the meter to 50 microamps.
2. With time vs. current readings available, solve for the least squares polynomial and
coefficients as described above.
3. Evaluate the above equation as it reaches a maximum, found empirically to occur
approximately at the time associated with a current reading of approximately 40
Data that has been collected is available on the page entitled : Predicting the Operations :
Sunspots and Humidity. An example of one data set and solution is available at this linked
location. If proportionality is to replace equality in the first assumption being used, it is
expected to make an corresponding unknown impact upon any interpretation of absolute
magnitudes. The focus of the current research is upon the relative current measurements
as well as variation within the process; absolute magnitude does exist as a secondary issue
until methods are corroborated further. Relative measurements do appear to be of value at
this time, and certain trends and patterns in the data have been identified.
This paper is provided to outline the methods which are being used to investigate this topic.
Results, discussion and analysis of any findings from this research will be reported on a
separate occasion. For the sake of interest, an entirely alternative method of solution has
been developed using capacitance as a basis of mathematical development. The results of
that alternative method appear surprisingly similiar to the results of the method that has
presented here. That method will not be outlined at this time unless it becomes relevant to
do so. Limited time is available for my research on this as well as other topics. Professional
assistance along with instrumentation is welcomed. Any comments, suggestions and
recommendations may be sent to me by email at cec101@usa.com.

Clifford E Carnicom
Oct 21 2002

1. Atmosphere, Vincent Schaefer, Houghton Mifflin, 1981 (inventor of cloud seeding 1941)
2. A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism, James Clerk Maxwell, Dover, 1891
3. Electromagnetics, Joseph Edminister, McGraw Hill 1993
4. Environmental ESD, Part I : The Atmospheric Electric Circuit, by Niels Jonassen,
6. Practical Electronics for Inventors, Paul Scherz, McGraw Hill 2000, where it is stated
with respect to a similiarly constructed JFET electrical field meter, "The repositioning of
the electrons sets up a gate voltage that is proportional to the charge placed on the object".
7. Common Source JFET Amplifier Experiment, Bill Huffine, Dept. of Engineering
Technology, University of Southern Colorado, Winter 1998 (see
Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page

Aug 19 2002
Edited Jan 06 200
Edited May 02 2003
Clifford E Carnicom
May 02 2003 Notes:
Updated graphic of estimated search region, magnitude and distance posted below.
Jan 06 2003 Additional Notes:
The following orbital elements are presented to the public and fellow researchers as a
model that can be used to investigate the prospect of an intruding celestial body. This
model is the result of considerable analysis of historical and current information on the
Planet X issue. The model will be revised should observational data or additional
information become available.
Eccentricity 0.9880000
Pericentre distance 2.8100000 AU
Ascending Node 70.2958580 degrees
Argument of Perigee 337.4041420 degrees
Inclination 146.2000000 degrees
Pericentre Time 2453993.5000000 Julian
Elements Epoch 2451545.0000 Julian

Projected Search Location on 01-10-03 at 0550 CST from Santa Fe NM
Approx Search Location : 33 South Declination, Right Ascension 14h 15m.
Estimated Magnitude 8.2
Estimated Distance from Earth 11.5AU

Projected Search Location on 05-02-03 at 2330 MST from Santa Fe NM
APPROXIMATE Search Location : 35 South Declination, Right Ascension 13h 36m.
Estimated Magnitude 7.5
Estimated Distance from Earth 9.5 AU

One of the more serious questions affecting the visibility of the "tenth planet" issue is the
question, "Where should we be looking"? The proposed existence of any incoming celestial
body takes on a practical significance when it or its effects upon the solar system can be
observed directly. A very challenging problem is to develop an orbital model that will
describe the expected or anticipated physical location of such a body within our solar
system in the absence of direct observations. No verifiable observations of any such body
are available to the public, notwithstanding any such claims to the contrary that may be
popularly circulated. In addition, certain coordinates of right ascension and declination
claimed to be positive locations have been found by this researcher at this time to have no
factual, logical or mathematical basis behind them.
The following conditions to be imposed upon a developed orbital model originate from the
synthesis of several sources, including certain technical papers by Robert Harrington, US
Naval Observatory, Zecharia Sitchin and historic Babylonian observations recorded by
Sitchin as well as in The History of Astronomy, by A. Pannekoek 1961. Any data without
some reasonable basis in fact or logic are excluded from this orbital model development.
The presumed conditions are now listed as:
1. Inclination approximately 30 degrees to plane of the ecliptic.
2. Orbit is retrograde.
3. Period of orbit approximately 3600 years.
4. Perihelion of orbit expected to be in the vicinity of the asteroid belt (e.g. 2.18AU)
5. Celestial body approaching from the direction of the constellation Sagittarius in
approximately 1518BC.
6. Perihelion of orbit in the direction of Cancer in approximately 1518BC.
7. Celestial body approaching from the direction of the constellation Libra in
approximately 2000AD.
8. Celestial body in the approximate region of Centaurus in approximately 1998-1991.
9. Celestial body in opposition in April in 1991.
10. Magnitude of celestial body approximately 14 in 1998.
11. Celestial body to satisfy the following record reported by R. Campbell Thompson in
Reports of the the Magicians and Astronomers of Nineveh and Babylon, as recorded by Z.
Sitchin in Genesis Revisited 1990 and the same observation recorded in A History of
Astronomy by A. Pannonoek 1961:
"When from the station of Jupiter
the Planet passes toward the west,
there will be a time of dwelling in security....
When from the station of Jupiter
the Planet increases in brilliance
and in the Zodiac of Cancer will become Nibiru,
Akkad will overlow with plenty."

A set of orbital elements that satisfy the above conditions with reasonable consistency has
been presented above. The advantage of an orbital model is that it will serve as a basis to
project locations in the heavens to conduct observation efforts that have some basis in fact,
logic and history.

Back to Contrail\Chemtrail Main Page
Clifford E Carnicom
Initiated June 2002
This page will exist to assemble information related to planetary and celestial
considerations that demonstrate the potential for linkage to the aerosol operations. All
previous studies on www.carnicom.com related to the aerosol operations remain intact as
presented and the intent of the current discussions does not alter the previous findings in
any way. This work may develop as a segregation of this web site. This page is by intention
of an investigative nature and is offered as an avenue of research only at this stage. The
spirit of truthful and critical inquiry is to remain, and this will project itself into the topics
that are to be considered under this page.

From The New Solar System,
(a well-illustrated astronomical text by Sky Publishing, 2001)
NASA : What Is The Magnetosphere?
The Interplanetary Magnetic Field
Location of Maximum Ionization by Cosmic Rays
American Institute of Physics Handbook
Solar Radio Flux Progression
Earthquake Findings
National Earthquake Information Center
Jeff Rense Interview
Electromagnetic Aspects of the Aerosol Operations
Transcript Version
Audio Version
Nov 27 2001
The Plasma Frequency
2003 : No Factual Basis Established
Orion Coordinates : No Factual Basis Established
IRAS 1983 : No Factual Basis Established
A Biography of Robert Harrington
US Naval Observatory
Note: No basis for the skepticism expressed in the statement,
"Late in his career Bob seemed quite skeptical of such an object, however."
has been identified by this researcher as of this date. Information
available at this point indicates to the contrary. (071802)
The Location of Planet X
Robert Harrington, US Naval Observatory , Oct 1988
NASA Astrophysics Data System
The Search for Planet X
Robert Harrington, US Naval Observatory, Oct 1991
NASA Astrophysics Data System
Video Interview with Robert Harrington-Sitchin
US Naval Observatory
Real Player format
Made Available by Jason Martell
Alex Merklinger Interview
June 18 2002
Real Player format
(Internet Explorer recommended)
James McCanney - Plasma Discharge Comet Model
CNN : Earth Gravity Field Change Occurring
Ionization Apparent
Radiation Implications

Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page

Space Preservation Act of 2002 (Introduced in the House)

HR 3616 IH


2d Session

H. R. 3616

To preserve the cooperative, peaceful uses of space for the benefit of all humankind by
prohibiting the basing of weapons in space and the use of weapons to destroy
or damage objects in space that are in orbit, and for other purposes.


January 23, 2002

Mr. KUCINICH introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on
Science, and in addition to the Committees on Armed Services, and International
Relations, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for
consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned


To preserve the cooperative, peaceful uses of space for the benefit of all humankind by
prohibiting the basing of weapons in space and the use of weapons to destroy or damage
objects in space that are in orbit, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America
in Congress assembled,


This Act may be cited as the `Space Preservation Act of 2002'.


Congress reaffirms the policy expressed in section 102(a) of the National Aeronautics and
Space Act of 1958 (42 U.S.C. 2451(a)), stating that it `is the policy of the United States that
activities in space should be devoted to peaceful purposes for the benefit of all mankind.'.


The President shall--

(1) implement a ban on space-based weapons of the United States and the use of weapons of
the United States to destroy or damage objects in space
that are in orbit; and

(2) immediately order the termination of research and development, testing,
manufacturing, production, and deployment of all space-based weapons of the United


The President shall direct the United States representatives to the United Nations and other
international organizations to immediately work toward negotiating, adopting, and
implementing an international treaty banning space-based weapons and the use of weapons
to destroy or damage objects in space that are in orbit.


The President shall submit to Congress not later than 90 days after the date of the
enactment of this Act, and every 6 months thereafter, a report on--

(1) the implementation of the ban on space-based weapons and the use of weapons to
destroy or damage objects in space that are in orbit required by section 3; and

(2) progress toward negotiating, adopting, and implementing the treaty described in section


Nothing in this Act may be construed as prohibiting the use of funds for--

(1) space exploration;

(2) space research and development;

(3) testing, manufacturing, or production that is not related to space-based weapons or
systems; or

(4) civil, commercial, or defense activities (including communications, navigation,
surveillance, reconnaissance, early warning, or remote sensing) that are not related to
space-based weapons or systems.


In this Act:

(1) The term `space' means all space extending upward from an altitude greater than 60
kilometers above the surface of the earth and any celestial body in such space.

(2) The terms `space-based weapon' and `space-based system' mean a device capable of
damaging or destroying an object or person (whether in outer space, in the atmosphere, or
on earth) by--

(A) firing one or more projectiles to collide with that object or person;

(B) detonating one or more explosive devices in close proximity to that object or person;

(C) directing a source of energy against that object or person; or

(D) any other undeveloped means.

Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page
Nov 27 2001

Jeff: Hi again, and welcome back. I wish I had a dollar- well, even ten cents- for every
email I've received dealing with the chemtrail issue. And I'm not like our guest tonight,
Clifford Carnicom, who has spent so much so much of his life pouring over data and
poking his nose, and his intelligence, and his wisdom into this most perplexing of problems
that has been with us now for a little over three years. This chemtrail phenomenon has
caused friendships to break apart, probably caused marital strife that we'll never
understand the extent of; it has caused arguments, it has caused heartache. But more than
that, it has caused apparently illness, poor health and- I'm sure- more than a couple of
cases of terminal illness in people whose immune systems have been compromised going
into this thing or were dragged down by whatever has been going on.

For those of you who have seen them, you know what I'm talking about. For those of you
who haven't, I would urge you to go to Clifford Carnicom's website: it is
www.carnicom.com. Click on "Chemtrail Crimes and Cover-up Documented", and start
reading. But before you start reading, look at the pictures. Prepare to be amazed. And then
maybe things for those of you haven't really noticed chemtrails before will start to fall into
place. You'll remember that: "Gosh, gee, I did see something like that- and this is what it
was?" Yes- this is what it was. And back tonight for an update on this most perplexing, and
at times, certainly enraging of apparent government operations being
conducted in this country, over our heads and into of our bodies, is Clifford Carnicom
himself. Welcome back Clifford. How are you?

Clifford: Good evening Jeff- very well, and thanks very much for the opportunity to speak
with you again. I know it
has been a little while.

Jeff: Sure. Well, a lot has been happening. And you have, again, at your own time and
expense, been working this issue as much as any human being could do. We know
chemtrails are real. We don't know exactly what's going on- if in fact there is one program
underway; maybe: there may be several. We just don't know. Clifford Carnicom's data
on the website is overwhelmingly compelling. We are going to talk about much of that
tonight and we're going to focus on the electromagnetic, the EMF aspect, of what may be
involved with this most visible of phenomena. Clifford, what's been going on lately, in the
last month or two? Have reports stayed the same as we've headed into late fall and
approaching winter, or is there a change?

Clifford: In terms of general character- at least from the sense I have from reports as well
as locally- after Sept. 11 events, the skies were refreshingly clear, I would say, for probably
two weeks to three weeks. About a three week period elapsed, and then it almost seems as if
all hell broke loose because things got real heavy for the month or two
after that.

Jeff: That's true.

Clifford: So whether you're dealing with a make-up situation for lost time - that might be
one question - I would certainly say there has been no decrease in the level of the program,
other than there was a hiatus due to a national event of that magnitude and particularly
involving aircraft.

Jeff: Sure. I remember the e-mails pouring in from people in the Portland, Oregon area
saying they had never been sprayed harder and more often than they were, as you say,
several weeks after September 11th when the program was reapplied, as it were, to the
landmass of the continental U.S.- and of course to other areas around the world. It's
not just here.

Clifford: Right. You know, one of the reasons I wanted to speak - and I really appreciate
the opportunity - is because I really haven't had time to keep up with all the material
posting on the website. There's been some material which at least appears to be
consolidating or converging towards some centralized theme, but I'm simply not able to
keep up with it on the website. And I thought it would be helpful, at least, to get the new
material out there for people to begin investigating for themselves, and to potentially set
some directions for further research and activity and activism by people.

Jeff: Yes. That's one thing that's important to remember always: that Clifford is asking for
your help. If you want to become involved in this, the more the merrier, and the better we
can approach this subject. With more data, more people looking, and Clifford always
happy to help. His website, again, is a treasury of data and will open the door for many of
you who want to take this a little bit further.

Quickly, though, back to September the 11th and shortly thereafter, Clifford, I had a
number of e-mails from people who reported there were some spraying activities underway
when the skies were supposed to be clear of commercial traffic. Did you get many reports
about that?

Clifford: I certainly encountered the reports. I know there was some satellite imagery that
people had referred to. I think it's unfortunate, but this is one of the cases where you see
the results of never having had a centralized network on this- and that's very deliberate-
where everything is operating on a grass roots level, in order to bring attention. But that's
an occasion when, if there was an organized framework in place, that would have been an
opportunity to document the events that were occurring. I think as it is, again, we are faced
with fragmentary, grass roots, isolated accounts - but exactly to that effect in some areas.
That wasn't the case here in Albuquerque by any means, or Santa Fe. The skies were
conspicuously clear for several days and really up to a couple of weeks after:
very light air traffic.

Jeff: I saw recently, again, another aircraft, too high for me to identify. But it was spraying
along, and then turning it off and turning it on just like a skywriter would. It's amazing
when you see it. It would make a believer out of many, many people. And it has, in fact,
when you watch that going on.

Clifford: Right. And the help that I'm speaking of, referring to, is really beyond you know
the point of someone simply sitting there observing that. Truly there's been a legitimate
need for professional, what I would call professional involvement and assistance for some
time now, and I think that will only be accentuated tonight. This is a very serious issue and
there is a need for professional involvement in very highly technical fields and well as
medical fields and chemistry and this type of thing.

Jeff: Correct. You know, to tie this in- and I really don't know how to do it very adroitly at
this point in timebut to look at what has happened in the country politically since
September 11th in terms of the restriction of our freedoms, the basic nullification of,
certainly, portions of the Bill of Rights by the anti-terror or Patriot bill, which was passed -
- and I again want to remind you - by the House of Representatives without even having
seen that bill in print, friends. Shame, shame, shame on the men and women who voted for
that without even having read it. But I don't know ultimately if we'll find a linkage or not. I
just don't know. But I do know that whoever is doing chemtrail operations in deploying
whatever it is they're deploying, are in some way at some level connected with the so-called
shadow government that is really pulling the strings behind this country.

Clifford: Yes, and the word 'complicit' I guess has to come to mind at some point, from my
side. I guess if we have the luxury, there were a couple points I wanted to mention before
we got into the main directional topic, very much related to what you're speaking of. And
that is that I did want to bring attention to a page you posted about a week ago, roughly.
When I saw that page, to me it was immediately apparent that it was important enough to
present it at the top of my site. And that is the page that related to the FBI flyer on the U.S.
Constitution, if you recall that. I think every citizen in the country needs to be aware of
what has happened - in this case, from a law enforcement point of view - that has literally
classified individuals who defend the U.S. Constitution, and/or make numerous references
to the U.S. Constitution, as a terrorist threat. I think that's a sad state of affairs, and it
shows a mindset which we all need to be aware is in place. If you recall, one of the shows
that you and I did was devoted almost exclusively - or at least in large measure - to
constitutional issues.

Jeff: Correct.

Clifford: So, by no means will I exclude myself in any way, and I hope that all American
citizens will not exclude themselves, and will consider themselves to be defenders of the
U.S. Constitution. I hope that we are all intimately familiar with that document, and
become more so than we are now. I will continue to make numerous references to
the U.S. Constitution, and I will continue to defend the Constitution. I think it's a gross
injustice to the American people that such a flyer by a national law enforcement agency
was ever even presented.

Jeff: It was in fact created by the Phoenix FBI office and circulated to all law enforcement
in the state of Arizona. It made its way around the country. This happened actually several
years ago, subsequent to the Oklahoma City bombing. But as Clifford said, the mindset
was in place. And now, when you look at the new definition of what they
called "domestic terrorist" or "domestic terrorism", you really start to worry. And if
you're not worried, you're misinformed, and you'd better catch up real quick. Be right
back with Clifford Carnicom in just a minute. I'm Jeff Rense, glad you are here, and please
do visit my website for real news, all the time, at www.rense.com.


Jeff: Once again, the website to bookmark and continue to go back to and take your
friends: www.carnicom.com, and look for the Chemtrails Investigation that has been so
beautifully presented over such a long period of time. Heroic is my term for the work that
Clifford has done for all of us in trying to bring the truth forward to what is being done
over our very heads. Okay Clifford, go ahead, and let's get into it.

Clifford: Thanks, Jeff. Do we have a couple of hours tonight, do you think?

Jeff: We have a total of three hours. I've given you the whole program.

Clifford: Okay, at least I don't need to rush within an hour or so.

Jeff: No no, we've got until 10:00 Pacific, 1:00 Eastern.

Clifford: Okay, thanks. We'll see how that develops. The second item is a small item to
catch up with, but it's not
any less important, in terms of timing. I looked up today and I see that we spoke on the
20th of June. I think that
was the last time we spoke.

Jeff: That long ago? Wow!

Clifford: Five or six months ago, right. So, there have been some things that have
transpired in between. I'm going to try to catch up, and build up into the main topic of
electromagnetics. (First): a small item, but important, on the EPA, the Environmental
Protection Agency. If you recall, there was a rather extended chronology of a sample of
materials sent to that agency- to the head of the agency; that material being sent by
certified mail, that material not being acknowledged to exist by that agency, and no
reference to it whatsoever. Even though it was physically known to have been accepted.

A year and a half transpired. On the day that we spoke last time, June 20th- I wasn't aware
of it at the time- but on that day the EPA issued a letter, which I posted on July 5th of this
year. In that letter, after a year and a half of no acknowledgment, no action whatsoever, on
a request to have that material identified, the EPA sent a letter basically disavowing any
interest, any obligation, or any responsibility to identify that sample. Their keystone
sentence in that
letter is the following. I don't think we covered this, that's why I'm bringing it up. The
statement is: "We would like to take this opportunity to inform you that it is not the policy
of this office of the EPA to test or otherwise analyze any unsolicited samples of material or
matter." A very interesting statement, if you look at that.

Jeff: Unbelievable!

Clifford: First of all- "policy". Really, I have no interest in policy. I have interest in
obligation and law.

Jeff: Unbelievable!

Clifford: And their duties to the public.

Jeff: It seems to me they are a public servant, aren't they, Clifford? Isn't that sort of what
they are all about?

Clifford: That was my understanding. I worked for the federal government for 15 years,
and that was certainly my understanding when I worked there. The other interesting word
in that sentence is the use of the word "unsolicited"'. Meaning that unless they ask for it,
they have no obligation to identify unknown material that is of concern to
citizens for their health and their environment.

Jeff: I wonder if that pertains to anthrax?

Clifford: Right, exactly. So for the sake of continuity I wanted to make this action known to
the public, and also to re-emphasize the fact that a year and one half elapsed before they
responded to this. And by the way, if you look into that response, it apparently was due to a
Freedom of Information Act filed by a third party. So they apparently
decided they didn't want their hands on this material anymore.

Jeff: It's critically important to underscore the fact that this note from the EPA is not
negligence, it is not incompetence - this is part of the cover-up, another example, in what
you just heard Clifford read, of how the government is no longer serving us- we are serving
it. At least that's how the bureaucracy seems to look at it.

Clifford: That correspondence is all available on the site for people to read for themselves-
the certified mail and the whole story.

Jeff: Pass it around and whatever.

Clifford: The whole story is there. With that taken care of, the next topic that emerged was
in the end of July. Funny how it takes so long sometimes to do what seems to be obvious in
retrospect. But in terms of this sampling, it's very difficult for lay people to get their hands
on aerosol material that apparently is down to sub-micron to micron range.
It's very, very small. Air filters have been used- there has been some work with HEPA
filters. But for whatever reason, I took up the idea of collecting rainwater and distilling this
rainwater: basically concentrating rainwater samples.

And that was done for several months in the middle of the summer. In June we were
getting a lot of rain. I presented a page on this, and I guess the simplest thing I can say is
that people should look at these photographs: the page starts with "Rainwater Metals". In
the end I'd use a quart or about a liter and cook it down to just a few milliliters. But they
started out being about 40 milliliters, down to about 3 milliliters: about a 10-to-1
concentration. And it absolutely astounded me when I started to see what was residual
within this rainwater.

Jeff: May I ask how you reduced it, just for our listeners, so they understand how you
would bring that down, from 40 down to 3?

Clifford: Sure. I did it by distillation. I simply hooked up a very simple distillation setup in
a flask, heated that water, and drew the water out the top where it cools down. The process
of distillation in its simplest form is what I used. I drew off the water: heated underneath
with an oil lamp, an alcohol lamp, the water eventually will evaporate.

Jeff: You grabbed that moisture and condensed it back down. All right, we're going to find
out what was in that water. And this is called "rainwater", friends. Remember when you
were a kid and we all used to go outside and open our mouths and let the raindrops go in?
Or maybe we'd do that with snow. You might not want to do that quite so readily anymore
when you hear what Clifford has found in rainwater falling all over these United States. Be
right back in just a minute with Clifford Carnicom.


Jeff: OK, right back with Clifford Carnicom, who is explaining how he reduced rainwater
down to a workable quantity through distillation. Real simple- OK, we've got that Clifford-
go right ahead.

Clifford: Yes, and understand Jeff that the purpose here was not to collect the water. It was
to collect the solid materials that exist within the water. So, the simple counterpart is
simply to boil the water off. The reason I was distilling it is that I didn't want it to be
contaminated in any way, so I just kept it all sealed. In essence it's quite simple, quite
evident, and quite plain: there is a tremendous amount of metallic material that shows up
in this
rainwater. You don't need a PhD to tell you that what is found here is metal. The
photographs are there.

Actually what's going on is that you're just seeing things over and over from different
angles. But this is such a simple technique. It was very sad to me when I saw this because
the amount that is in there is really amazing to me. If you check the ph of this material, it's
extremely alkaline. This fits with the rainfall samples done months prior to that, that
involved the whole nation, taking tests. It's simply there. There are two photographs there,
very clear, for people to see. I've prepared a video of it so that people could have the benefit
of motion if they want it. It takes a little while to download, because I wanted the quality of
the imagery high enough. But it's just evident and clear as can be. I have air filter samples
that were done over the last year and a half. They say the same thing. You have three or
four things, saying it over and over and over. Here you can just plain see it. Several months
ago I also took straight rainwater, and after it settled, allowed that to crystallize. I had the
same thing occur in terms of the presence of magnesium, apparently- to my best
identification- showing up. So, this is simply a simple method. This was also repeated by
another individual. It's amazing how few professionals seem to make themselves available
for the work that needs to be done in the testing.

Jeff: Yes. We've got tens of thousands of people at the university level and outside of that
who could step in here and verify, quantify, and help you assay all these materials - in their
own geographical locations, with no trouble at all. And yet, so few do.

Clifford: Absolutely. And it's not even so few - it's none, apparently. Unfortunately. There
are no formal tests that anyone will step up to the plate and perform publicly.

Jeff: Even some of the skeptics you'd think would step in and say: "I'm going to prove this
guy wrong."

Clifford: It's all open. There's a lot of talk that goes around, but it's all open, and nobody
conducts the tests. Whether it's the federal government, whether it's professional citizens,
whether it's universities - nobody will conduct the tests. You have to ask why.

Jeff: That's that great malaise that they're counting on, that somnambulant state of
American culture.

Clifford: The obfuscation and distraction that takes place is incredible, when it's very
simple: The material is just there. We had another citizen on the east coast by the name of
lookinup who's actually done some pretty amazing work also. That's a pseudonym for her
on the message board. This individual performed the same tests in her area and got
identically the same results, and was equally astounded and amazed as to what she found
on the other side of the country. So, continuously over a long interval of time, we have the
same data showing up, over and over and over. And that is the presence of metallic
particulate matter in the atmosphere, in extraordinary amounts. It's up to you whether you
want to take a look it, but the fact is it's there. You can see it and do the work for yourself if
have doubts, or feel the need to test any further, which we all do. This is rather an
important junction point, because there is a certain time that it registers in the mind.
You're not dealing with an air filter, where it's really hard to see this material. It's just
plain there.

So, over the next month or two I was taken in a different direction and it became much
more an analytical approach. It was the problem of saying: All right, we know the material
is there. We've got to try to get a handle on how much is there.

Jeff: Before we do that, Clifford, can you tell our listeners a little bit more about what it
was you found in that sample?

Clifford: Yes. About this discussion, there's a whole set of succeeding photographs that
were taken under the microscope.

Jeff: We've got a lot of folks who aren't on-line. I don't want to leave them behind.

Clifford: What I did, again, from the lay point of view, was that under the microscope I did
the best work that I was able to do. I performed a series of chemical tests to try and identify
this material to the best of my ability. Like I say, I invite all others to perform their own
tests. The results of my work are through fairly common and simple reagents that are
available, and my studying chemistry books and such. My best analysis thus far is that it
appears to be magnesium: I actually end up with a magnesium oxide. If you remember that
this material was heated in a test tube, it's not a surprise at all that if you have a metal, an
oxidized form is going to take place. My best analysis of the dominant material is that it
appears to be a magnesium oxide. Like I say, the professionals can come in and do their
work, but that's what I end up with.

I also end up with a pretty strong case for the existence of aluminum. You have to look at
the photographs and make your own judgment, but these materials have unique shapes.
Aluminum is interesting. In the books I have on aerosols, the mechanics of aerosols show it
as a spherical particulate shape, which is a little bit unusual. Most of
them are not. Mostly things are cubic or hexagonal or whatever, but this spherical shape is
listed as a photograph for aluminum. There is a set in there that shows these things.
Sulphuric acid appears to make it the most visible. It's almost transparent. But if you look
at those photographs under a microscope, you'll see these spherical shapes.
They measure about two microns in size. It's incredibly small. There are a lot of them
there, but visibility is very difficult. Sulphuric acid seems to enhance and isolate it, and
there's a great deal of it in there. All I can say is: My work indicates the strongest
candidates for further examination and identification would be magnesium compounds
and aluminum compounds.

Jeff: And we're talking, again, about aluminum down to viral size.

Clifford: Yes, incredibly small. It's very difficult with my equipment to get that
magnification but I did, I got it up to 2000X with the equipment I use.

Jeff: Well, amazing work. Okay, and it's all online for you if you have an interest in this
and you'd like to take this to professional or lay people and say, "Here it is. What do you
think of it?" We would encourage you to do that. It's all at www.carnicom.com. Be right


Jeff: I got a nice e-mail from George. I won't identify him by last name, but thank you,
George. Let me read this, Clifford:

"Hi Jeff, I was surprised to see the rainwater metals video on Mr. Carnicom's page. I did
the same thing here in Alberta, Canada last summer after three days of heavy chemtrail
activity. Here in Alberta it rains like clockwork every evening during the summer. I
evaporated mine off using a vacuum pump down to one-half atmosphere, to prevent the
heat from making any chemical changes. I had the sample analyzed by a colleague at the
university where I teach. The results were astounding: from aluminum oxides, barium
oxides and hydrates, titanium carbonates, alum, to long-chain polymers, it was considered
by my colleague to be quite toxic in the concentrations I had distilled it down to. That
would be 10,000-to-1, one liter down to .5 ml. I have HEPA filters in all my rooms now. I'm
going to follow this research up next summer with lake and river samples. I suspect I will
find similar, if slightly
less concentrated, forms. Thank Mr. Carnicom for his work. We need more people like him
to wake people up.

Thank you very much, George, for that. And I'll send this to you, Clifford, for your files.

Clifford: I'd like the full statement. I appreciate that very much, because part of the game
is to corroborate things from different sources. I can simply say from a lay level in
summary, from numerous methods and sources over several years now, what appears to be
our primary candidates for examination. These would be at least four metals: barium,
magnesium, aluminum, and calcium. In addition, apparently the polymer fibers are
another whole separate
topic worthy of discussion.

Jeff: This can't be just jet exhaust accumulating at the higher levels.

Clifford: No, the fact is: it's there. At some point we have to get plain and simple, and the
fact is, the material's
there. It's been injected into the air in large quantities.

Jeff: Got it.

Clifford: And it's having its effect. You know, people can play their games for years, but at
some point we're going to get past that also, and get behind the driving agenda of this
program. But each of us does have to go through that process of education ourselves. I'm
simply saying in my case it's time for more detailed work, and for the nation to decide what
it's going to do about this.

Jeff: The nation meaning you and I and all the wonderful people listening in. Let me read
that one paragraph again from this e-mail, just to underscore what George has found. He
said: "I had the sample analyzed by a colleague at the university where I teach. The results
were astounding. From aluminum oxides, barium oxides and hydrates,
titanium carbonates, alum, to long-chain polymers, it was considered by my colleague to be
quite toxic in the concentrations I had distilled it down to. I have HEPA filters in all my
rooms now." So, there it is: You don't want to be drinking rainwater, folks. It's not what it
used to be, as they say.

Clifford: And unfortunately you have to now extend your considerations to the
environment, and what the effects are to the environment. If it's toxic to drink it's not
necessarily so hot for our world, as well.

Jeff: Exactly. We've got to stop thinking in little compartments. It's all one piece, folks.
And if it's in the rain, it's in the rivers, it's in the lakes, it's on the land, it's in the plants, it's
in our food: it's everywhere.

Clifford: Thanks for bringing that up, as well as examination of the specific materials. It's
interesting, where that led. That was a very important part to talk about- the identification
I've been able to make, and the subsequent corroboration from other sources and other

The next topic to turn to, very analytical work, is basically all pretty much theoretical-
based on observation, empiricism, deduction, and analysis. It was the question: all right,
since we know the material is in the air now - no need to play that game forever - how
much is there? So, the desire was to try and come up with some kind of
quantitative estimate as to how much is there. And that ends up being a very difficult
problem, because we don't have anybody out there measuring it. It's very simple if you
have the right support and equipment and people behind it.

Jeff: Sure.

Clifford: Equipment exists for particulate counts and this type of thing, but I don't have it.
Mostly what I have is my mind, and I have to try and solve the problems as best I'm able
to. This one was another session of pretty serious and extended thought, and in the end, the
problem centered around visibility. It's pretty interesting that in the end things are really
quite simple. It's a matter of getting to them in the right way. But there is a direct
relationship between visibility in the air and what is called the extinction coefficient. I use
terms in math- and I'll always try to explain it in a couple of ways - but I do want to get the
terms out and the numbers out, so that people know the
legitimate research does need to be done.

There is a quantity called an extinction coefficient. Basically, it stems from the idea of the
attenuation of light. If you send a beam of light through particles, that beam of light will be
attenuated. It will be attenuated in an exponential form. And the magnitude by which it
attenuates or decreases is expressed through a quantity called the extinction coefficient. I
started to look into this, and basically to learn about it, and see how it can relate towards
trying to come
up with an estimate of the amount of materials in the sky. One of the first interesting things
was how difficult in general it has always been for me to get hold of some databases that I
think should be available.

There is a device called a nephelometer. I've never seen one; I can only read about it, thus
far. It is a device which measures the extinction coefficient. So, I started looking around
and researching for databases. I found all kinds of information telling about what it is, and
that such things are being measured by numerous people. Numerous government agencies
are measuring these particles all the time. But then when I tried to find databases I found
them very difficult to find. I couldn't get the raw data. By data I mean current, real-time
data on measurements that are being taken by official sources. After quite a bit of looking,
and coming up pretty much empty with respect to real, hard-core, raw data, I found one
source. The University of Maryland had their data up on the Net. So I started to
look at the actual numbers that were there. And these numbers were concurring with the
visibility situation, and the deterioration of visibility, that we find ourselves in. There's a
whole separate topic that you and I have already discussed, I think, regarding the change
in the visibility standards from 40 miles to 10 miles.

Jeff: Oh, yes.

Clifford: The fact that in a clear desert environment you can easily see 90 to 120 miles, and
we have visibility commonly being reported at 10 miles- in fact, a maximum being set at 10
miles. It's actually ludicrous and absurd for people to say that the visibility conditions of
our atmosphere have not changed dramatically over the last three years in direct
correlation to these aerosol operations.

Jeff: Exactly.

Clifford: Again, as with the rainwater metallic particulates, it's a matter of at what point
do you wish to accept it. We have mountains here: a big set in Albuquerque about 50 miles
away and another set 20 miles away. You ought to be able to see these, and double. And we
have many, many cases where you literally can barely see these mountains 20
miles away now.

Jeff: Friends, this is not smog. We're not talking smog here. Let's get that straight.

Clifford: Not at all- the stuff is just there. I mean, it's that simple. And so my question is:
How much is there? The one data source I found was, sure enough, corresponding exactly
with the estimates of visibility that were expected, in relation to this measured quantity
called the extinction coefficient. It was also out of hand. It was not what you would expect it
to be. The visibility is much lower than it is expected to be. Also, the sources I have say
visibility is
expected to increase during the summer months, and here it was that the visibility was
decreasing during the summer months. So, this was one of the first times where I had a
known relationship between visibility and a quantity which can be measured, and
fortunately which I was able to find at least one contemporary source for at a university.

The extinction coefficient by itself doesn't do much for us. But, as with a lot of my work, it
is composed of a series of stepping stones, where one thing will lead to another and another,
with enough thought and deliberation. The next part of this chain - and it's a very
important one - comes when you have the extinction coefficient, which, remember, is
directly related to visibility. You can consider those two things hand in hand. Once you
have that, there is within it what is called the theory of light scattering. There's a whole
theory of science called light scattering. It studies how light is attenuated, and what
happens to light when it goes through particulate matter, in exactly the kind of setup we're
talking about. It's a very involved, important branch of science. If you start studying that
science you will see that there are relationships that have been established. Remember,
these are all models, and all or much of science is based on models. There are relationships
between this extinction coefficient and/or visibility and - this is what's important - the
number of particles in the air and their size. And that is a very important link to make.

Jeff: Okay: the number of particles in the air and their size.

Clifford: The number of particles in a given volume of air and the size of the particles that
are there. And that is a very crucial link to make because here's what you're saying. You're
saying: I can only see so long. If I can only see such and such a distance, in theory I should
be able to determine, to make an estimate, on the amount of material that's there, and how
big it is in the sky.

Jeff: Got it. What's blocking my view. Okay. We're going to pause and listen to what they
commonly call "news" for a couple minutes. We'll be right back with Clifford Carnicom to
follow this latest update on the chemtrail controversy, as it affects each and every one of us
listening in and participating tonight. We'll pause and take a few minutes off. While we
away if you are on line do go to www.rense.com and take a look at the raft of new material
up there. There are some very compelling stories, especially today- especially as the web
gets thicker.


Welcome back- we're talking chemtrails with THE man tonight, Clifford Carnicom. For all
of you who have been looking up these past three years and at the very least experiencing
that wave of emotion that runs over people - many emotions, not just one. There is anger,
there is certainly anxiety, there is fear, there is rage, there is confusion, and there is a
feeling of helplessness. There is a whole raft of things that people have described to me, and
I have frankly felt myself, looking up. I remember the very day when the reality of this hit
home. It really is a profound and life-changing issue. It's not a joke. We're talking about
some of the hard and fast scientific data that Clifford Carnicom has assembled for all of us

Clifford, if you might, for listeners who have joined us, go back and read that vile EPA
response very quickly.

Clifford: Sure, I do have it. And this is just one sentence which I consider a key and critical
sentence out of their response. The sentence is this, coming from the U.S. EPA: "We would
like to take this opportunity to inform you that it is not the policy of this office of the EPA
to test or otherwise analyze any unsolicited samples of material or matter. Accordingly, we
are returning the sample to you under separate cover."

Jeff: I guess that means if somebody came across what they thought was anthrax, or had
good reason to think it was anthrax, you'd send it to the EPA and after a year and a half
they'd just send it back.

Clifford: That's right. There is no logic in what has happened whatsoever and there is no
public service, as is required.

Jeff: Nope. Okay, go right ahead, my friend.

Clifford: Thank you, Jeff. I see in my typical lagging fashion I am through page one of
eight on my notes. So I will obviously have to adjust a little bit as we go. We're talking
about analytical work, with the objective being to make an estimate of how much material
was in the sky.

Jeff: And why we can't see as far as we ought to be able to.

Clifford: Yes. How much and how big it is. In summary, there are established relationships
between visibility and the amount of particulate matter in the sky. Of course, it's a little bit
more complicated than that, but this is the basic relationship. There are by necessity
certain estimates that will be required in order to solve that problem, and that's what my
work is about. On that particular page I think it's called: Air Quality Data Requires Public
Scrutiny. I won't
go through the details of the math here, but let me say that what I did, what I attempted to
do, was to take what I would call a very conservative approach. In other words, attempting
to err on the safe side and be very conservative in my estimates. I'm doing that deliberately
because I truthfully don't want to try and skew the results to give some ridiculous, absurd
number. I want a conservative estimate of what is in the sky, and to see if it would make

Now here's where some numbers come in, but I'll say it in text or literary form and then I'll
give the numbers. In literary form, what I found that was my estimate of particulate matter
in the atmosphere exceeds the limits established by the Environmental Protection Agency
for atmospheric quality. That's what I found: that the estimates
exceeded the maximum values permitted by the EPA. Now remember, this is analytical
work. I don't have the instruments. Every individual has to go through my reasoning and
my process to see whether or not they think it makes sense or not.

Jeff: Got it.

Clifford: Just in terms of the numbers, in terms of comparisons, I did a particulate study a
couple of years ago when this issue first started to come up. The number I ended up with at
that point was 39 micrograms. Just for a point of reference, the EPA limit for what's called
ten micron or less size is 50. Call it 50 as a reference number. Through
studying data from '96 to '98, I found the number being at 39. In 1999, the data I analyzed
showed the number being at 46. And the estimate that I have arrived at through this very
conservative approach, which I will keep re-emphasizing, is at 60. So, this is another stage
of accomplishment, which is again subject to cross-examination by all parties of interest.
Nevertheless, for the first time I have an estimate as to the physical amount of material.
You're talking mass at this point: the actual physical amount of material in the sky. There
are several factors that affect that process. The color of the haze is a very important one.
And you will notice as we talk there will always be cross-linking between these topics, more
and more as we go along. I'd like to suggest one thing tonight, if I'm able to get through this
material. It is that it appears to me there is a unifying theme beginning to develop between
the different disciplines I have been involved in studying. And this will lead strongly into
the electromagnetic consideration.

But at this point you're saying: Okay, you've got metals there and you have an estimate of
how much of it there is. That's an important step in the process. I'm sure that a couple of
months elapsed, because a lot of times I'll do my work, I'll think; and it sits for a while, and
then it associates with something else later on. Many, many months ago I had encountered
a term within scientific studies that caught my interest because it appeared to be relevant.
And that was one of a plasma. I suspect we mentioned the subject at one point in our
earlier interviews. What happens is: one begins a study of a plasma, and it becomes less
and less esoteric the more one studies it.

Plasma is an ionized gas. It's electrically neutral over a large area, but not electrically
neutral on a local scale. It is a gas which is ionized, which has charged particles in it. It's
not esoteric. Actually, something like 99% + of the universe is in a plasma state. The Earth
is an anomaly, in a universal sense, in that most of the universe is ionized gas. The Earth is
denser and doesn't qualify. But plasma is a very real thing. You can think of it as an
conductive gas. The simplest visual, physical example I can give people would be that of a
neon light tube, a fluorescent light tube. This is a gas that has electric currents sent through
it, which causes a physical and chemical reaction producing light. So, it is a very physical
thing. It's not just a Star Trek term. The more and more I study, the more and more I have
come to accept it and finally start to get used to it. This state of matter, considered the
fourth state of matter, is actually dominant. It's just that we haven't been particularly
schooled or trained in it, in our solid, liquid, gas teaching.

So, this term surfaces again in my studies because the situation seems to fit. In other words,
I have metals in the sky, and those metals have been seen by certain lighting techniques
also. You can see that it's there. The material also had very interesting behavior, which we
mentioned earlier. It appeared to be ionized. It was very erratic
behavior. It was not linear in its motion at all. It appeared to be electrically charged. And
so the term comes up again. The study comes up again. And what's different now is that
when you have an estimate of how much material is in the sky, you then begin to analyze
that from a plasma point of view. If you assume that there is a gas, if you
assume that there are particulates in that gas, and if you assume that those particulates are
of an electrically conductive nature, which is the state of affairs, you now have the essence,
the foundation, of a plasma.

Jeff: We have turned the atmosphere into - however diluted it might be - certainly a
rudimentary form of plasma.

Clifford: It appears to me that I cannot avoid that conclusion, no matter where I go. Again,
I did not drive towards it

Jeff: You didn't go looking for it. I understand.

Clifford: The same thing happened with HAARP, as we talked about HAARP, and these
things you're going to see that start cross-linking no matter where we go. They all start to
begin to tie together.

Jeff: We can follow these all the way back to Bernard Eastlund's patents, can't we?

Clifford: Exactly. And the connections become stronger and stronger the more I go into

Jeff: Okay. Now all of you, if this sounds a little complicated, it's not. Stay right with us.
We're going to pause and come back. Just imagine that the atmosphere is slowly being
reworked into a weak, but certainly usable and viable, plasma. And why would somebody
want to do that? We have potential answers coming up and much more, with
Clifford Carnicom after this.


Jeff: www.carnicom.com is the place to start when you want to try and figure out what
those big white things are up in the sky above your head. Of course, now that winter is here
storm systems are moving through. However, there are reports of heavy spraying in
advance of systems; there are reports of people getting a break in the clouds and looking up
and they are still there. I do remember in the area I am located that spraying stopped. I
wrote the date down. It was July 16-17. They stopped and they didn't spray a single day for
nearly three and a half weeks, and then it started up again. And all during this time, of
course, the weather never changed. Nothing changed up there.

All right, Clifford, go ahead. We're talking about some fascinating things, for you
latecomers. Clifford has been able to ascertain there is metal in the sky. There are elements
up there. Metals, tiny pieces of metals, down to 2 microns, which apparently are behaving
in a fashion that would indicate they have been in some way electrified, if you will. And
we're talking about a rudimentary plasma that our atmosphere is now appearing to
represent. Go ahead, Clifford.

Clifford: Thank you, Jeff. One of my strong suggestions for the evening is that each of us
begins to educate ourselves on what a plasma is: on that state of matter. How you
characterize it is what I'll try to talk about tonight. And then also: how is it used? What are
its applications and what is it good for?

Jeff: All right. Now this is the kicker, folks. Don't lose this. What is it used for? And why
would somebody want to do that?

Clifford: Right. And I would only encourage people not to be intimidated by the subject. I
dig out the physics books myself. It's important to get to the core, to get an understanding
of things. And the math is simply a tool to try and help quantify things.

Jeff: Of course, when we get to the punch line, we must not for a moment leave anybody
behind who has been made ill by this. That's not what we're about here. People are being
sickened, probably by the millions, for the last three years. And I suggest that there have
been more than a few who have died due to complications of upper respiratory
and other issues that have been spawned by these metals that are in the atmosphere now.
But again, it's a layperson's endeavor. We will get no support from our alleged
government. So, all right, carry on.

Clifford: Thank you. And, again, I will also keep drawing the audience's attention to
making these connections, which I know they're very good at making for themselves. There
are a lot of people doing a lot of good research. That's hopefully what I can partly
accomplish: to set some potential directions to dig into, for people who do have the
appropriate knowledge and skills. You can spend a lifetime studying Maxwell's equations
alone, which are the foundation of electromagnetics. I don't profess to have devoted my
entire life to this subject by any means, but the need is there at the professional level to dig
into this stuff. Just to continue to make this subject of plasma real: down at the store the
other day, I saw that there are now plasma television sets. This is a very real thing that will
be increasingly around us, probably in terms of our being more exposed (to its presence) as
we learn more about it.

Jeff: Plasma physics. And where there is money to be made, friends, capitalism rushes to
fill the void. Plasma physics is coming home to our homes. You watch and wait and see.

Clifford: Exactly. And I suspect that we will learn that we are surrounded by it. Okay, so
you have the thing called a plasma. Then the next part is, well- how do you determine what
it is? How do you figure out what it is? And what is it? Maybe I didn't really explain what
it is properly. We know what a plasma is. There is this entity that is called the plasma
frequency. Now the best characterization that I have of the plasma frequency is it can be
considered the natural resonance of the plasma. You know, everything in the world
resonates at a frequency. Whether it's the opera singer with the glass, whether it's a
mycoplasma, or whether it's the Earth with its Schumann resonance. Everything resonates,
and a plasma has a resonant frequency.

Jeff: It varies? Or is it pretty much stable?

Clifford: I think in the end it's probably a very complicated variable quantity, because
things are always changing in a plasma state. There's no doubt about it- plasma physics is
advanced physics. I can only begin to get my conceptual understanding, and then dig into it
to the level I can. But you have whole agencies that do nothing but study plasma
physics. You don't do that unless you have a very complex entity that you're dealing with.

Jeff: Right.

Clifford: Now I wouldn't say it's constant, but part of my work here - and part of my work
in general - is to come up with estimates that are reasonable and make sense but give you a
starting point.

Jeff: Okay. Even that starting point, once in hand, certainly has to be put on the table with
manipulation, with malleability. Can plasma vibrational frequencies be changed, and
controlled? And the answer is, probably: yes. But we'll see what happens. Go right ahead.

Clifford: Yes, I would say the answer to that will be undoubtedly yes, that there is a great
deal of manipulation. In fact that is a whole science in itself. But in terms of what I'm after,
coming up with this estimate -- this thing called a plasma frequency - how do I go about
getting a handle on the thing? And how do I relate it to my world around me? If you start
studying a plasma frequency and you dig into the math of it, you'll find varying equations
and such. And in the end, what are you led to? You are led to the fact that the plasma
frequency is a direct function of the amount, the number, of electrons in that gas.

Jeff: Okay. All right, let's hold it right there. The plasma frequency is a direct function of
the number, the amount, the density, and the concentration of electrons in that gas - i.e.,
our atmosphere. Okay, hold that thought and we'll continue in just a minute.


End Part I

Jeff Rense Interview with Clifford Carnicom

Part II: Chemtrails and Electromagnetism

Part II:

Jeff: We are talking with Clifford Carnicom about what's up there; heck- what's in our
lungs- let's be realistic about this. Go ahead Clifford.

Clifford: Thank you very much Jeff. And I wanted to thank you again for the assistance
you always provide, in helping to make these concepts understandable in ways I may not be
able to. I appreciate that a lot. If you have any questions, or you think I am missing
something- you caught me several times on things that can be explained further. So don't
hesitate if that comes up- I'll do the best job I can.

Jeff: Sure. No problem at all.

Clifford: We had established that this entity called the plasma frequency, which can be
considered a natural resonance of this electrically charged ionized gaseous state, is directly
related to the number of free electrons within that gas. Now I don't want to lose folks,
because what I'm after tonight is making connections. And when I say "free electrons",
now I threw a new term in there. But the connection that I am going to suggest to you
exists. Because it
does, there's going to be a connection between the number of free electrons and that
amount of particulate matter that we said we know is up there. So that's a real important
connection that's going to take place here.

Jeff: All right.

Clifford: If you know how much material is within that gas, you can make a reasonable
estimate of the number of free electrons that are in that same gas.

Jeff: All right.

Clifford: And that comes from several sources. I'll recommend this fellow named Feynman,
who I suppose a lot of people have heard about. The guy is great. His physics books came
out in the sixties and I guess he worked on nuclear power projects quite a bit. The guy
writes as clear as can be- he's very helpful.

From more than one source it appears to be a rather customary assumption to make that
every atom of a metallic material has one free electron available. This is what he as well as
other sources has stated. So you can start to make a direct connection and estimate of the
number of free electrons that exist in relation to the amount of metallic material that is

Jeff: All right.

Clifford: So now that's another step, and an important one. Because now, if you have that
estimate, you should be able to come up with an estimate for the plasma frequency of the
altered atmospheric state that we find ourselves in. In addition, if you are correct in your
analysis, and you understand what's going on, you also ought to be able to arrive at the
plasma frequency for the ionosphere. Because we know some things about the atmosphere;
it's been studied in great detail. That's a part of what I do; that's how I cross check my
work. I started out by looking at the ionosphere to find out how many free electrons are up
there. What is this plasma frequency? All I can say is that I have arrived at all these
numbers- I've done the work. I end up with a value that agrees quite nicely with what all
the sources are saying is a reasonable estimate of the plasma frequency for the ionosphere.
And that value- just out of curiosity, the one I came up with- is about 3 megahertz, which is
in the radio wave band. Actually, as you can see, it fits quite nicely into the whole discovery
that radio waves reflect off of the ionosphere.

JeffYep, up and down: they bounce around the globe.

Clifford: That's an important characteristic of it. So the numbers made sense when I
started to look at the ionosphere. I'd like to read this short statement by Feynman to
further clarify what is important about a plasma, and especially this plasma frequency.
This I think is a very helpful statement. Feynman says: "This natural resonance of a
plasma has some interesting effects. For example, if one tries to propagate a radio wave
through the ionosphere, one finds that it can penetrate only if its frequency is higher than
the plasma frequency. Otherwise the signal is reflected back. We must use high frequencies
if we wish to communicate with a satellite in space. On the other hand, if we wish to
communicate with a radio station beyond the horizon, we must use frequencies lower than
the plasma frequency so that the signal will be reflected back to earth."

This is obviously a very important interpretation and application of the plasma frequency.
Because it's saying: once you know what the plasma frequency is, you can then
characterize how electromagnetic energy is going to behave when it is sent through that

He is saying is that he had a critical threshold, and that if you are putting more energy into
it than that threshold, then you punch right through it. And in terms of the ionosphere, it
just goes right on through into space. But if it is at that point, or less than that point, then it
has the behavior of either being reflected or propagated, or conducted through that

Jeff: OK- propagated, or conducted through the medium. Now this is the ionosphere we
are talking about. And many of you are saying "Aha." We have heard something about
this before, when Jeff has had guests on talking about the HAARP Program. Which is
intended to pump up mass amounts of energy into the ionosphere, and which propagates
and changes the ionosphere into a "tool", as it were. We will follow up with more as we
continue. We are headed toward a break now. Clifford Carnicom has done some masterful
work. I've had another email from George; we will read that, Clifford, when we come right
back, in just a minute. I'm Jeff Rense, talking about very important things- things that
would probably not surprise Nicola Tesla at all. But which would come as a surprise to Mr.
And Mrs. America if they were to realize, or be confronted with the data, that would
indicate that our atmosphere is being turned into a large "tool". For what? For the
military, for defense, for mass control of one sort or another? Good guesses. We'll talk to
Clifford more as we continue.


Jeff: Another follow-up email here, as I mentioned, from George. Thank you again George.
He says: "Hi Jeff. I am a certified plasma-cutting/welding equipment technician with the
Thermodynamics Corporation, with many years experience with plasma-generation
devices. Mr. Carnicom is quite right. Plasma is "the fourth state of matter", and has been
harnessed by companies like Thermodynamics to cut and weld anything which is
electrically conducted. Electrical conductivity is the key. One of the hallmarks of plasma
equipment is its ability, considered a drawback, to generate extremely powerful EMR fields
around the plasma stream. It is so powerful that at a distance of a thousand feet, a 70-amp
plasma torch can completely block out tv and radio signals. It is one of the reasons that this
equipment is not sold for home use. You would wipe out the tv reception in an entire
neighborhood." And he goes on; there is more. Let me finish up. Are you there Clifford?

Clifford: I certainly am.

Jeff: OK. I heard another big squeak on the line. I wanted to be sure our connection was
still up. He finishes up by saying: "The temperature and frequency of the plasma can be
easily modulated by varying the gases used to generate the plasma. We have used argon,
carbon dioxide, and even dry, dehydrated, normal air. And by convarying the amperage
and voltage applied to the plasma stream." So you see the malleability here- it's
extraordinary. "One guess" says George "I have as to why the atmosphere would be being
primed for plasma applications is that it would be very simple to selectively prevent the use
of specific frequencies for radio communication- EMR. Doing this would be relatively
simple if you were able to pump enough energy into the atmosphere. Installations such as
HAARP could theoretically provide this sort of energy requirement." That's from George.

Clifford: You're getting some great feedback tonight Jeff, and you can tell that there are
some real thinking and knowledgeable people out there

Jeff: Who appreciate what you are doing, I might add.

Clifford: Thank you, and my hope is that these knowledgeable people come to the forefront
and act in the public welfare to expose and disclose those activities which have and are
taking place without the participation of the American public. It's good to know that there
are people that are taking the issue seriously, as it should be, and
hopefully will be inspired to take action as well. So I really appreciate some of the feedback
that you are getting.

Jeff: Well, it's underscoring what you are doing- perfectly.

Clifford: In continuation of this discussion, we tried to characterize what a plasma is, and
how you arrive at it, and what its physical interpretation is in terms of resonance.

Jeff: We might also add, Clifford, if I may interject here, that the general thrust of where
we are going is that this atmospheric manipulation has been a deployed project for the last
3 years now. This is the application to the atmosphere of apparently what may be very tiny,
micron-sized pieces of charged metal and so forth. Or that would
become charged with the proper application of enough energy pumped up into the

Clifford: That's right. Ionization was another study that had come forth some time ago and
we also had talked about. The energy from the sun itself is sufficient to ionize certain
metals, and those metals are the candidates we're speaking of. So, in the ultraviolet light
portion of the spectrum, and even part of the visible spectrum, there is
ionization of metals that can take place. So we may have a source of energy for a portion of
operations even in the ambient atmosphere. What I have done is extend the same method-
mathematics and reasoning- that I applied to the ionosphere studies, to an examination of
the lower atmosphere in its, what I call- altered state.

This means that I have arrived at an estimate for the number of free electrons that are
expected to exist within this modified lower atmosphere. I have attempted to the best of my
ability to make an estimate of the corresponding plasma frequency for that state. Bear in
mind in terms of connections there is a pretty strong one with this. Because this starts with
visibility studies, then it leads to mass estimates, and then mass estimates lead to free
electron estimates. Free electron estimates lead to plasma frequency estimates, and that's
where I'm at right now.

My work in that regard again leads to a number, again subject to cross-examination. But I
end up with a number that is at the upper end of radio waves; actually, radar is where I
end up. Bear in mind that it's an estimate, the best I can do. But it's an important estimate.
Because a part of this is that even though there may have been general
conceptions about electromagnetic energy, you want to know where to put your effort. You
don't want to be tracing down gamma rays and X rays, if that doesn't seem to be a primary
target. And there's a huge difference. The electromagnetic spectrum is very important to
become familiar with, as we study this. Because we want to know where to put our energy,
no pun intended, to understand what is going on. So this is a threshold: plasma is a
threshold frequency that is an important one to attempt to identify as best we can. What I
am saying is that at this
point in my research I end up at- you could call it the upper limit of radar. You have radio
waves, then you have radar, and then you have microwaves and then you have visible light.
Then you go up into the high stuff- gamma rays and all this type of stuff.

Jeff: So it's sitting right at the top of radar.

Clifford: Yes, I am speaking of a limit at the upper end of radar. And consider leeway- this
is hardly exact, what's going on here, so don't rule out microwave frequencies by any
means. In fact there are some interesting observations I have made over time which suggest
we might be in that borderline area. I'm just saying that this is a
point where I end up, and it's an important threshold to identify. Because it now opens up
the question of interpretation and application, in a more specific way than just to say
generally- "Hey, they must be doing something about sending energy". This threshold is
important in the sense of propagation and/or reflection, as we described earlier.

So the conclusion I would draw from this, if the analysis is correct- and I will always
qualify myself- is this. If the analysis is correct, then the interpretation is that you now have
a medium in the lower atmosphere (now close to the earth instead of 60 miles up in the sky)
that is potentially beneficial to the propagation and to the conduction, the transmission,
reflection- let's call it modification and control- of electromagnetic energy at the radar level
and below.
And that's a real important part to stress here. Because even though you have a threshold
value, that means everything below that and up to that point has many many possibilities
for application.

Jeff: Many.

Clifford: So, don't think of it just as a plasma frequency, as though it either reflects or
doesn't reflect. I will speak about modulation soon, and you enter a whole range of
considerations of use and control of frequencies below that point. Say in the radio waves
and such, up through and including radar and/or microwave.

Jeff: Keep in mind also that some of the frequencies in the radio wave spectrum have
certainly been demonstrated already to have sometimes profound effects on living
organisms. Keep in mind also another image here: the ionosphere, 60 miles high, has
somehow, through the possible and apparent spraying of *something,* been either
extended all the way down- or a second ionosphere, if you will, has been created at a much
lower level, to deal with whatever issues the folks doing all this are intending to deal with.
This is again a technology that has been around
for probably a hundred years, conceptually, through the sheer, peerless genius of Nicola
Tesla, and is being implemented now as we speak. We have about a minute to the break,

Clifford: Yes, that's probably a good breaking point. You are very helpful at your
conceptual interpretation and relays to people, in terms of what's happening. And I think
you very well describe the general content in a large conceptual way of what it is I am
trying to relay. I think you have hit it exactly right on the head at this point so far.

Jeff: Good. All right. And again, on Clifford's website at www.carnicom.com you can read
for yourself, at your leisure, the works of Bernard Eastlund as they may apply to this. We
are going during our next hour to look into some very dark and potentially dangerous
corners for the future of all of us, in terms of mass mind control, mass
health control, and owning the weather- which is the avowed goal of the Air Force by the
year 2025 or sooner. And certainly environmental and climatological manipulations which
many feel are going on now, and have been going on for several years at least. When you
turn the atmosphere of this planet into your blackboard, into your tool, into your
mechanism- and have at your disposal literally hundreds, maybe thousands, of potential
applications- it is a little disconcerting to think of who, just who might have that kind of
control over our atmosphere. OK we'll pause, and ruminate and cogitate, and come right
back to continue our discussion with Clifford Carnicom.


Jeff: Welcome back- hour 3 coming up with Clifford Carnicom. I'm Jeff Rense, and we're
glad you are here. We are riding the wave generated by the magnificent research of
Clifford. We're getting to the point, I think, of coming up with a real disturbing scenario as
to where at least part of this chemtrail phenomenon may have been leading us all,
or forcing us all to go. Clifford, I am going to stand aside. We have got one hour to make a
lot happen here in a short period of time. So go ahead.

Clifford: Thank you Jeff. I'll just fit things in as best as I can here. What I would like to do
is jump ahead in my outline a little bit, and just give one example of an application I ran
into which now makes sense to me. I have to say that up until a few weeks ago or so I didn't
really feel as though I had any sense as to how frequencies are used. You know, my
knowledge of electromagnetics is limited in extent. I do the best I can. I'm a ham radio
operator, but there is still plenty I can learn. I remember saying: "How do you use these
frequencies? How do you know what's being used? And how do you use it?"

After I had done this work at the state we have discussed thus far, I ran into a paper which
I had seen, and registered, probably five or six months ago. But at this point it now takes
on a whole different meaning to me, in terms of an excellent demonstration and example of
applying the technologies and medium we're speaking of. Here's the title of the paper- it's
technical, but we'll sort of punch through it: "Simulations of ELF Generation Generated
by Heating the High Latitude D Region" The translation is: playing around with the
ionosphere and generating ELF, extremely low frequency, radiation. Now, a couple of
things of interest: guess who the paper is put out by, to begin with. It's put out by the Naval
Research Laboratory in Washington, DC- the Plasma Physics Division. The Beam Physics
Branch are the folks who put out the paper.

Jeff: What year was that?

Clifford: It's fairly recent- 1999. It's just an abstract. And I'll give you the punch line of
what I have been able to understand is going on here. It's really pretty amazing. I mean it
fits right in. Now this is a simulation, but simulations are based for purposes of reality at
some point. Here's what they're doing. Remember we talked a little
bit about the spectrum, and that the radio is below this threshold frequency that I'm
coming up with. They're saying that if you take a radio frequency energy- they call it a few
megahertz- and send it into the ionosphere, it causes the ionosphere to heat up. When it
heats up, the conductivity of the ionosphere changes. Conductivity is a term I'll talk more
about soon. The conductivity of the ionosphere changes, and there is a direct result. As the
conductivity varies according to this heating, a current is generated in the ELF portion of
the band. Now, what's important about ELF? It's something that you just mentioned. One
important point about ELF- extremely low frequencies- is that you are talking about 5
cycles, 10 cycles, up to a thousand I think they call it.

Jeff: That's hertz.

Clifford: These frequencies are established, are known to directly affect biological systems.

Jeff: Yep. 5 hertz, 10 hertz, 5 thousand hertz Royal Raymond Rife found that the
harmonics in Hertzian frequencies in some cases can destroy harmful bacteria and viruses.
We do know, and I might raise this very quickly, about Kasnachev's experiments in Russia.
Some years ago he demonstrated very clearly that the transmission of disease, and certainly
the diseased condition itself, can be manifested by some kind of energy. He supposed it was
some kind of electromagnetic energy, and a fascinating experiment was done in a
laboratory with two pieces of tissue. Starting with one piece, he separated the tissue into
two and put them on either sides of a crystal glass. He infected one piece of tissue with a
mortal dose of a bacteria, and watched the other piece- the sister half on the other side of
the crystal- become ill with the same physical characteristics but with none of the bacteria

Clifford: This is an open door for us to be investigating now- the biological implication of
what's going on. When you read the papers from these folks they have their statements out
there: "Hey, this is weak as can be, won't cause a problem, at all, not even close."

Jeff: (hah)

Clifford: But I'm just not seeing these papers as being the whole story. Number 1, they're
not talking about the consideration of using a modified atmosphere. They're not talking
about a medium which is much more conductive than it should be.

Jeff: *Much* more conductive than it should be.

Clifford: The representations of doing no harm- I don't know that they're done in a fair

Jeff: Well, since when do we trust "them" anyhow? Go ahead.

Clifford: Something that's real important here to me is that it is radio frequencies that are
being used to control a current at another point. So the topic here is one of modulation.
Modulation is a term we also need to learn about, because this is basically one frequency
using or controlling another frequency. And so that's why this notion of
dealing with just radar waves or so doesn't hold. That's not what it's about. You now
consider the range of frequencies available to you. You need that special frequency, for
basically modification and playing around in all kinds of numerous ways.

Jeff: Yep.

Clifford: Using one frequency to control another, to generate another. And so if you're
using a radio frequency wave, as your main carrier or whatever, in the end you may be
dealing with ELF waves- which were truly the final objective. Remember ELF waves: their
claimed objective is one of communications and such. Also ground probing radar and this
type of thing are the official applications of that.

Jeff: The "official applications". That's what they are talking about now: how HAARP
may be used to find Osama bin Laden, hiding in one of his caves.

Clifford: Absolutely- that's a part of this. That's a part of this technology. If you can
generate ELF - what I am saying is we have a medium surrounding us that appears to me
to be sufficient and conducive to that transmission and creation of energy. So that's an
application I wanted to mention to open up the door. There are some things we need to be
studying real quickly, to learn what is potentially being done to us and to raise the alarm-
as is appropriate.

Jeff: Just don't send your complaints to the EPA.

Clifford: Apparently they're not the most favorable agency to actually accomplish

Jeff: Unless they ask you for input- save your time.

Clifford: Right. Do we have time to carry on into the next subject then?

Jeff: We certainly do. We've got about 45 minutes of the hour left and about 80% of that is
talk time.

Clifford: OK, thanks Jeff. What I think will start to emerge as the night goes on, beyond
these connections, is that we are going to see a merging taking place between things I am
measuring, and those things I am arriving at primarily through analysis. And that's really
how this whole topic of discussion came about tonight. I just felt as though we've got to get
some information out so people can start to dig into it for themselves.

The next topic concerns one of measurement of current. Although each of these exists as a
separate topic, side by side, they all establish a connection I simply cannot avoid, the more I
understand. What happened was, about 4 months ago, in July or so, I said: OK, we've got
this metal in the air. It would seem reasonable to me that I'm
postulating there's a current flowing in the air that shouldn't be there. If that's true, how
do I go about measuring that current? Is it possible to measure current in the atmosphere?
That was a very interesting problem for me. I kept finding myself going into numerous
disciplines, which I knew a little bit about, and then had to dig into and study. Basically I
became involved in electrical engineering for about 2 months, concentrating on a particular
circuit I designed and modified from a base circuit that I found. The instrument of
discussion here is called an electrometer. Measuring atmospheric current is possible. It's
not real easy. You can't just go down and buy something- let's say inexpensively. You can if
you have a thousand bucks or so, to buy meters, but I don't have that. So to measure
atmospheric current through layman resources is a difficult problem, for me at least.

Jeff: All right. It's a great goal; it's an amazing task. We'll find out more from Clifford
about that in just a minute. Don't forget his website, www.carnicom.com, the data center
for the chemtrail phenomenon. And you can read again about Eastlund's patents- we'll see
if we have time for that. The illness issue is of grave significance and importance- we'll
touch on that as well, after this.


Jeff: All right. We're right back with Clifford Carnicom. Plumbing the depths, or the
heights, of the chemtrail mystery. Go ahead Clifford.

Clifford: What I did was, I combined the mathematics and studies and some electrical
engineering to construct and design what is called an electrometer- a very sensitive
electrometer, I might add. An electrometer is a device that is useful for measuring static
electricity. It sort of looks like magic until you get the science behind it. It's actually quite
fascinating to watch this thing as it is employed. To give you an idea of the sensitivity of this
thing, if you were to take a plastic comb and comb your hair, this meter will deflect quite
visibly and noticeably- from a distance of five or six feet away is not an exaggeration at all.
So if you move a plastic comb five or six feet away from this meter, you're going to see this
meter register very easily. That's a fascinating thing to watch, and this meter will
distinguish between positive or negative charge.

Just so people understand the general layout, the earth is negatively charged. This is all
expected and known. And the atmosphere is generally positive in nature; in fact most of
our environment seems to be positive. I think we have an incredible skew that's taking
place though, because the air is positively charged, but it's not supposed to be that much.
The ratio is 250 to 200, apparently, from what I can gather. So I constructed this device,
and I have to say it was a lot of fun. It is just an amazing thing to see this, and to investigate
your world in terms of electrical charge: positive, negative, and what's going on around us.

I had the disadvantage of not having enough money to buy a calibrated meter, so I had to
somehow try to come up with qualitative data again to attach to this meter. Through quite
a bit of work I came up with an algorithm, a method that probably involved about ten
steps, primarily using mathematics and the definition of current and charge and this
type of thing. I came up with a method of quantitatively assigning measured electrical flow
to this meter. This was quite complex for me, and I wanted some confirmation on it,
because what I was doing was a little bit experimental and theoretical. So I actually had to
outline my algorithm. I sent it to the Department of Energy for their response,
because they have an active scientist aboard; they run Newton BBS- or whatever. I sent
them an inquiry asking: "Is this method sound, what I'm doing? Does this all make sense?
" And they wrote me back and they said: "This is beyond the scope of our service."

Jeff: (chuckle) They didn't say "knowledge"- they said "service," didn't they?

Clifford: Yes, so I wasn't able to get any help from them. I also put it up on some electrical
engineering boards. Didn't really get any response at all. But curiously enough, about a
week ago, I went back and found that one person had left a response, in detail. And he
basically confirmed the soundness of the method. So to the best of my ability it does appear
to be legitimate, in terms of what I am doing here. Now, atmospheric current does exist. It's
known; it's a fundamental physical property of the atmosphere and the earth- the electrical
current flowing. It's a very small number we're dealing with. The expected numbers are in
the order of 1 to 2 microamps of current. This would be expected to be flowing through the
air. Now a hairdryer or a microwave takes something like ten amps, or something
like that. So you're talking about a millionth of 1 amp.

Jeff: Now you'd expect to find that naturally.

Clifford: Yes, yes. This is what should be there, from what I can gather. I actually see
ranges from a portion of a microamp up to, say, 1 or 2 microamps.

Jeff: All right. This is what we would expect through Clifford's research to find in the

Clifford: So when I did this work, very systematically, I did it over and over and over. I
just kept measuring and measuring and measuring, and applying the algorithm. And no
matter what I did, it was pretty much consistent over many days, at different times, in good
weather. Here's what I get. I end up at a number roughly 11 to 13 microamps.
Now, again, my work is all open to examination and someone else, if they can help me and
tell me I'm wrong, then I'll adjust my ways.

Jeff: So it's ten times what you would expect to find?

Clifford: Yes. This is what I find. What was amazing was how consistent it was, no matter
how I did it. Because it involves a differential equation, where you are measuring current
over time, using a basic definition. And even though the circumstances changed through
the day, the end result was always the same. I would end up at a magnitude, which was
dependent upon my analysis and understanding of the circuit I had designed, and that type
of thing. All I can say is, this is what I end up with. What happened next was, I just let that
thing sit, because I had no confirmation. I had no one to tell me: "Is this real or not?" So I
just kept recording the values, and doing the work. It exists as a study, and then I just let it
sit. And it probably sat for 2 or 3 months before I start doing the other work that we're
talking about, to do with plasma physics.

Jeff: Fascinating. Let's take that point right there and hold it. You see the parallel tracks
here that are coalescing, and we'll get where they join in just a couple of minutes as we
continue with Clifford Carnicom. I'm Jeff Rense, and we are getting the latest possible into
what is apparently going on in many, if not most, places in the world- called "chemtrails".


Jeff: OK. We're back with Clifford. Remember, all the work he has done over the years is
being done out of the goodness of his heart, and out of his own pocketbook for all of us.
That's the part we need to keep in mind, as we ponder all these amazing things he has come
up with. You can tell from listening to the description of how it went about this work, he is
essentially large self-taught. This is science standing up and shining as brightly as you're
going to see it shine. Go ahead Clifford; we've got the parallel tracks- there are several of
them- let's see where they come together.

Clifford: Thank you Jeff. And to keep things in perspective, one source I found on this
electrocurrent in the atmosphere says that during a major storm- if you have a really
heavy-duty storm going on- you can get up to 10 microamps.

Jeff: That's an electrical storm.

Clifford: Yes. There's a whole lot of activity going on, and things are really charged up
there. So what's happening here, if my work is correct, what it's saying is: the results I was
getting under fair weather, normal, mild conditions

Jeff: Should be under extreme weather conditions.

Clifford: Yes. Exactly. There is another interesting thing that has developed. I told you I
did this some time ago. It's been sitting for a couple of months. I just picked up the meter
again a week or so ago, and started to look at it again. And what's happening right now is:
the thing is playing off the scale. In other words, this meter was designed
and developed to be very sensitive, within a certain range, and it is a really narrow range.
It is really is an incredible thing to watch. But what's happening now is that it appears to
me that the current flow may have increased to the point that where my meter is no longer
usable. That the circuit needs to be

Jeff: It's off the scale of your meter?

Clifford: Yes. It appears as though it needs to be redesigned to accommodate a greater
magnitude of value. That's the way it appears to me. I really cannot get readings right now,
because the time differential is just too short. It's dependent upon time measurements. So
that's an interesting side note, after a lapse of a couple of months. We may also take note,
as we said, that the aerosol activity has been especially heavy during those the last couple of
Now I am in the situation where my meter is going to need to be redesigned to pursue that

So you have a measurement taking place that indicates a certain value, which is, let's say,
of great interest. Parallel to that, you have analytical studies taking place, which are
attempting to examine the fundamental characteristics of the atmosphere as characterized
in a plasma state. We have discussed the plasma frequency being one of those
fundamental defining characteristics of that state. In addition to that plasma frequency,
there is another entity, which is equally fundamental in characterizing the behavior of that
plasma. And that is the conductivity. This is another whole line of research and analysis I
have engaged in: that is, to attempt to assess the conductivity of this altered atmosphere- in
addition to using the ionosphere as a reference point.

Actually what I'm doing is looking at the conditions of the ionosphere- the normal
atmosphere, as it has always been portrayed, and of which certain values are available that
have characterized that. Then this altered state of affairs I am finding is basically sort of in
between these two. I'm arriving at results for defining both a plasma frequency and what's
called conductivity- conductivity is like the opposite of resistance- for this altered state.
Here's what happens, and this is partly what certainly prompted me to make contact with
you again. What occurred was, I ended up with a value for the expected current flow, by
analysis alone, which traced all the way back through, to that
original discussion we had tonight: from visibility. Remember that whole lineage that takes
place: visibility, number of particles, number of free electrons, plasma frequency, and
conductivity- current density is what conductivity is called. From that whole lineage, I
arrived at a number, in terms of what I see and study around me. That number is
matching exactly with what I was measuring.

Jeff: How shocked were you about that?

Clifford: It was- well, I think you can imagine.

Jeff: Yeah, that's almost overwhelming, to contemplate that.

Clifford: I'm not claiming to be right on everything I am doing. I am claiming to be doing
the best I can.

Jeff: It sure brought you into the right room though.

Clifford: Right- to solve the problems that are facing us. And I do like to look at things in
more than one way. I do like different angles, and what I am saying is- I am being led to
this place of identification and consideration of the electrical properties of the atmosphere
being altered in a way which is fundamentally significant. I mean as a property of the
earth, of our world: the analysis of data shows to me that it has been fundamentally
altered. This can
lead to no other consideration than that the propagation of that current is potentially the
primary subject and target
matter of the affair to begin with.

Jeff: Wow. Wonder if Mr. Eastlund is listening.

I know a lot of people are, who are very concerned about your headway. Not that they're
too concerned about the cat really getting out of the bag. Because most people are pretty
well diverted in day-to-day living. Fascinating. An incredible odyssey. We'll come right
back and get a final wrap up in our last segment with Clifford as to where he
thinks this may be directly leading. And remember, it's all being paid for by us.

Jeff: OK. We're right back with our last segment with Clifford already tonight. It went
fast. Here's another note, Clifford, from George. And he says: "What Mr. Carnicom is
describing is known as carrier frequency. Carrier waves in the ELF and long wave
spectrum have been used, for instance, in CB radio to communicate around the world
using skip technologies, whereby a wave is bounced off the ionosphere and recaptured at
stations many thousands of miles away. The carrier wave is "excited"- selectively
energized. A particular carrier wave is "excited"- selectively energized, to carry a message
when necessary. And otherwise it becomes a standing wave, undetectable, until it is
energized again. It would be very simple to measure the current in the atmosphere of a
carrier wave, using a signal strength meter tuned right directly to the frequency of that
particular wave. You need to know the exact frequency and wave length of the carrier
wave- otherwise you will need to sample with oscilloscopes until you get a variance in the
background. The interesting thing about the whole carrier wave technology is that it needs
to be at extremely low power. Otherwise it leaves the atmosphere- goes right through the
ionospheric level and heads out into space. With as little as 0.1 watt of power, at
wavelengths of 9 meters or longer, you can excite a wave and make it circum-globally
receptible, thereby allowing the dispersal of potentially damaging radio frequencies."

Clifford: I think that George is undoubtedly a helpful source and resource for this

Jeff: No doubt.

Clifford: I hope we can make contact. The basic proposition, which is being put forth here,
is fairly simple. That is: it is proposed that the atmosphere has been turned into a
conductor. That's the argument, which needs either to be proven or disproved. We have to
make our priorities, in terms of what is covered in the last few minutes. But as
another aside, to do with this business of measurements, I'll also say I have another set of
measurements which is important to me. They cause more than a mild level of curiosity in
me, and also extend back to measurements which I have just sat idle on. Again, there is no
confirmation. I don't have the tools or resources to substantiate it. But it is one of radio
frequency measurement. I do have a frequency counter that I was able to acquire. This
frequency counter does measure radio waves- actually a broad range of radio waves.

I will say that I am almost continuously and repeatedly monitoring, and finding what
appears to be a continuously varying RF signal in the magnitude range of roughly 3, 3 and
a half, to 7 megahertz, primarily centered on about 4 megahertz. It is of more than passing
interest that these frequencies I appear to be picking up on a sustained basis
do correspond exactly to the preferred range of HAARP transmissions. These
measurements, again, need either proving or refuting, from other sources and other
locations. I did have the meter transported to Colorado, and the measurements were
occurring along that trip. I have no meter to compare it to. Am I giving completely
information? I would like to know, but I know that I am seeing a convergence and
confluence of both measurements as well as analytical work that strongly supports the
proposition that the atmosphere is indeed in a conductive state.

Jeff: That it has been put into a conductive state.

Clifford: In the end we want the truth- that's what it is all about. I want to say I have been
questioning and asking about the other scenarios that are being mentioned. You know, one
of the Grand Theories out there is about a global shield for global warming. I started to
look at the paper that circulated prominently for that argument. I saw the paper probably
several months ago. But I'll tell you, when I read it last week, there was a word that really
stuck in my mind as I read that paper. If you remember what that's about, it's about Teller
and his proposition that by putting aerosols into the air we can reduce global warming. If
you look at the report, what I see is a key word showing up that I have been completely
oblivious to before. And the word is "dielectric". The primary thesis of this paper appears
to refer to the introduction of dielectric aerosols. Here's what is important: a dielectric is
an insulator. A dielectric does not conduct: that is the definition of a dielectric. The
aerosols that we are speaking of, that are being identified repeatedly, over and over, are
metals. They are conductors. It doesn't fit.

Jeff: Not with what Teller said- no.

Clifford: It doesn't fit. And I found in that same paper that they considered the
introduction of aluminum aerosols, and they say that this would be very damaging and
would have serious environmental consequences.

Jeff: Ah. Environmental, as in health, potentially.

Clifford: I seriously have to question the viability of that thesis, based upon the data that
are available. In addition to that, there are size issues that come up with that. My best
analysis indicates a size range anywhere from a half-micron to a couple of microns for
primary sizes involved. It has to do with light properties: the light-scattering theories we
were talking about- this type of thing. When you start dealing with aerosols that are 10
microns or a tenth of a micron, what I'm finding in these reports about that hypothesis, is
about stopping global warming. They don't fit either. So I have two fundamental
contradictions showing up right now that I cannot accommodate into the analysis.

Jeff: Doesn't sound like global warming is the answer folks.

Clifford: In addition, if you look at this question of ozone protection- here's a statement.
Listen to this statement from another paper: " Aircraft emissions of nitrogen oxides and
water vapor add to the accretion effect by creating ice crystals that serve as a base for
ozone-destroying reactions." So it also appears contradictory to me that there would be a
supposition of aircraft operations to remediate ozone damage.

Jeff: Got it. You don't remediate it- you exacerbate it. I understand.

Clifford: I know we only have a few minutes left. But I guess what I would like to say is
that I'm looking for a proposition consistent with all the data and all of the theories. If you
consider such suggestions as have been reasonably made, such as weather modification,
transfer of particulate matter by design, the illness, health and increasing mortality data
that is readily available: the question arises as to why you would use a metal as your
aerosol base. Then there are the degraded visibility conditions, which are easily
documented. Another side issue,
which we didn't have time to talk about, is the whole radar anomaly phenomenon. The
visitors who have taken an interest in this information since the research first began are of
a strongly military nature. If you are looking for a thesis that appears to be consistent with
all of these agendas that have been postulated, the one that appears to me
to be the most consistent, the most comprehensive, does by necessity involve the postulate
that the air has basically been altered to be a conductor.

Jeff: That means, friends, that our atmosphere has been taken over and turned into a tool
by somebody- some group, some faction, some power base- to do potentially many many
things. Not all of which are salutary to our physical, mental and environmental well being.

Clifford: "Many many things" is really a key phrase. Because just think in general terms:
if I can send energy from point A to point B, that means I can do things. And I can do lots
of things.

Jeff: And if I can send energy from point A to world wide- I own the world.

Clifford: So one cannot deny the military implications in the data that has emerged, and
the consistency with all of the studies and reports that have been done by numerous citizens
beyond myself over a three-year period. Consider the technology of HAARP, which was
introduced into my work a year and a half or two years ago. Think of the
technology as not occurring up in Alaska but occurring anywhere that the medium is
suitable for the transmission. Then I think you have a more accurate portrayal of how the
energy is likely to be used. There's no restriction to Alaska on this.

Jeff: Of course not. And a HAARP array can be trucked around; I understand that three
or four tractor-trailer rigs can be set up anywhere.

Clifford: There is an array about 40 miles down the road from here. It's quite amazing-
like a little mini-HAARP. And who is to say it has to be ground based? The technology
allows for propagating this energy in any form you wish, on a local or regional scale.

Jeff: For almost a limitless number of results. It's mind-boggling. Ultimately it is anxiety-
producing, when you consider that the people who are in control of this technology, this
potential control of the planet- which I think is ultimately where it would lead- are not
necessarily benevolent folks like most of us are.

Clifford, would you agree?

Clifford: I would entirely, Jeff.

Jeff: All right, my friend. Thank you. Magnificent work. I salute you- I thank you on
behalf of countless Americans for your work. We will talk again soon. Take care.

Clifford: Thank you Jeff. Have a good night.

Back to Aerosol Operations Main Page

Clifford E Carnicom
Nov 05 2001
An analysis now exists to indicate that one of the primary applications of the aerosol
operations is likely to involve the advanced use of radar technology for military purposes.
Citizens may recall that this application was brought forth several months ago from
unnamed sources; this current study substantiates that earlier disclosure through the
processes of observation, analysis and deduction. Enhanced electromagnetic propagation of
various energy forms, previously undefined as to specific wavelengths or frequencies
employed, has been at the forefront of research by this author for some time now.
Although I do not, in any fashion, claim to be highly versed in plasma physics, this field has
been an important topic of research for the past year in conjunction with the analysis of the
aerosol operations. A plasma is an ionized gas consisting of ions and free electrons
distributed over a region in space. The effect of the aerosol operations can lead to no other
logical conclusion except that the lower atmosphere itself has been altered to a plasma
state. Previous research over a substantial period of time within this site will support this
finding. An alternative interpretation of a plasma is that of an electrically conductive gas.
In this case, the 'gas' employed is the atmosphere. An artificial ionosphere has been, in
effect, created within the lower atmosphere. It may also help to mention that a neon, or
fluorescent light, is a familiar visual example of plasma physics.
Within the field of plasma physics, concentrated attention must be devoted to what is
known as the 'plasma frequency'. The plasma frequency can be considered as a resonant
frequency of the ionized gas. The magnitude of this frequency has highly significant
ramifications with respect to the propagation of electromagnetic energy through the
ionized gas. Take, for instance, the following elaboration by Richard Feynman, within
Lectures of Physics, Vol II:
"This natural resonance of a plasma has some interesting effects. For example, if one tries
to propagate a radiowave through the ionosphere, one finds that it can penetrate only if its
frequency is higher than the plasma frequency. Otherwise the signal is reflected back. We
must use high frequencies if we wish to communicate with a satellite in space. On the other
hand, if we wish to communicate with a radio station beyond the horizon, we must use
frequencies lower than the plasma frequency, so that the signal will be reflected back to the
A difficult problem facing this researcher is how to arrive at the specific frequencies that
are expected to be employed when provided with remote and limited data. Formal
authorities and agents of the public welfare, including the national media and
environmental organizations, have demonstrated a complete and total refusal to confront
the numerous demands by the public for an accounting of, and an informed consent to, the
affairs overhead.
In order to arrive at the plasma frequency for the current state of the atmosphere, it is
essential to determine an estimate for the electron density of the atmosphere under its
current and altered state. The plasma frequency is intimately dependent upon the electron
density; it is, in fact, proportional to the square root of this electron density. Determination
of the electron density of the lower atmosphere(altered) has been a relatively difficult
problem to approach with limited resources and the methods of analysis alone. It is thought
that a satisfactory estimate of that electron density level can now be achieved. This work
will show itself to be dependent upon earlier sustained research on the subject of particle
density estimates within the atmosphere. This work is presented on the page entitled Air
Data Scrutiny Now Required presented elsewhere on this site.
As an opening example, let us consider an estimate of the plasma frequency for the
ionosphere. The ionosphere is a rather classic example of a plasma state, and is of
tremendous importance to radio communications because of the properties of reflection of
waves as has been mentioned earlier. There are several forms of equations available that
involve plasma frequency determination, e.g., see Introduction to Modern Optics by G.
Fowles 1975, Theoretical Physics by G. Joos, 1986, Lectures of Physics, Feynman 1964,
Theory of Electromagnetic Wave Propagation by Papas 1988, Optical Physics by S.G.
Lipson 1995, The Electromagnetic Field by A. Shadowitz 1975, Physics of Waves by W. E.
Elmore 1969 and others.
The form which is most convenient and simple to use at this point is:

= N (q
/ (E
where w
is the plasma frequency in radians, N is the number of electrons per unit volume,
is the permittivity of free space, q
is the charge of an electron and m is the mass of the
electron. The following values are available:
= 1.6E-19 coulomb
= 8.85E-12 farad-meter

m = 9.11E-31 kgm
A value for N, the number of electrons per unit volume for the ionosphere is available from
the University of Leicester, on a web page entitled Ionospheric Physics (valid 08/19/01). It
will be seen that representative values for the electron density of the ionosphere range from
approximately 1E2 to 1E6 electrons per cubic centimeter. For this example, let us use a
rather representative value of 1E5 electrons / cm3.
Using these values in the above equation,
= (1E11 (e-/m
) * (1.6 E-19coulomb)
) / ((8.85E-12 farad-meter
) * (9.11E-31kg))
= 1.78E7radians
and dividing by 2 * pi for cycles/sec
= 2.83Mhz.
This value is quite realistic and representative of what is known as a critical frequency (
peak plasma frequency) of shortwave (high frequency) radio communications. Ionosonde
measurements (measurements of ionization levels of the atmosphere) typically depict a
value as has been determined above; please refer to Basic Ionosonde Theory (valid
07/28/01) for additional information.
The plasma frequency of solid metals can also be determined by these same principles.
Electron density within metals is also known, and the plasma frequency of solid metals can
also be determined. It is of more than passing interest that the plasma frequency of a solid
metal is also related directly to its 'transparency' with respect to the electromagnetic
frequencies to which it is subjected.
The problem of estimating the electron density of the altered atmosphere poses several
difficulties, as some estimate of the concentration and type of the aerosols which have been
injected into the atmosphere will be required.
Readers may now wish to refer to an earlier presentation, where such estimates of
particulate concentration levels have been presented. It may be recalled that an extremely
conservative approach to this problem was taken, with an end result of approximately 60
micrograms / cubic meter (EPA limit 50 : PM<10) being arrived at through a reasoned
analysis and synthesis of observations. In addition, assume a baseline value of 39
micrograms cubic meter from the reference data of the interval 1996 - 1998; this value is
taken from an additional study of particulate matter. Assume, therefore, a difference of
particulate matter on the order of 21 micrograms / cubic meter from the reference value.
Assume for the present example that we are using magnesium as a primary constituent of
the aerosol particulate matter.
In a manner similiar to R. Feynman, within Lectures on Physics Vol II, subsection entitled,
Low Frequency and high-frequency approximation; the skin depth and the plasma frequency,
let us assume that there is one free electron per atom within the particulate material under
analysis. This now leads to an estimate for N as:

N = ((60E-6 gms / m
) - (39E-6 gms / m
) * 6.02E23 (Avogadros No.)) / (24.3 gms / mole of
N(estimate) = 5.20E17 electrons / m

Notice that this estimate is significantly higher than the magnitudes expected within the
ionosphere itself.
Determining the plasma frequency for this electron density, we have:
= ((5.20E17 e- / m
) * (1.6E-19)
) / ((8.85E-12) * (9.11E-31))
which leads to an estimate of the plasma frequency of the altered atmosphere of:
= 4.06E10radians
= (6.46E9)Hz

The significance of this frequency value is that it represents the upper end of radio waves,
i.e., radar waves within the electromagnetic spectrum. Based upon the earlier discussion, it
is therefore expected that the altered atmosphere medium is conducive and beneficial to the
reflection, propagation and/or the ducting of radar waves(as well as lower frequencies)
over long distances. This strongly suggests that a significant application of the aerosol
operations may well involve that same enterprise, i.e, the propagation of radar waves (as
well as lower frequencies) over extended distances. There are numerous military and
electromagnetic propagation applications that become evident from this finding. Any
modifications to this presentation will be made as is appropriate.

Clifford E Carnicom
Nov 05 2001
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Space Preservation Act of 2001 (Introduced in the House)

HR 2977 IH


1st Session

H. R. 2977

To preserve the cooperative, peaceful uses of space for the benefit of all humankind by
permanently prohibiting the basing of weapons in space by the United States, and to
require the President to take action to adopt and implement a world treaty banning space-
based weapons.


October 2, 2001

Mr. KUCINICH introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on
Science, and in addition to the Committees on Armed Services, and International
Relations, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for
consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned


To preserve the cooperative, peaceful uses of space for the benefit of all humankind by
permanently prohibiting the basing of weapons in space by the United States, and to
require the President to take action to adopt and implement a world treaty banning space-
based weapons.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America
in Congress assembled,


This Act may be cited as the `Space Preservation Act of 2001'.


Congress reaffirms the policy expressed in section 102(a) of the National Aeronautics and
Space Act of 1958 (42 U.S.C. 2451(a)), stating that it `is the policy of the United States that
activities in space should be devoted to peaceful purposes for the benefit of all mankind.'.


The President shall--

(1) implement a permanent ban on space-based weapons of the United States and remove
from space any existing space-based weapons of the United States; and

(2) immediately order the permanent termination of research and development, testing,
manufacturing, production, and deployment of all space-based weapons of the United
States and their components.


The President shall direct the United States representatives to the United Nations and other
international organizations to immediately work toward negotiating, adopting, and
implementing a world agreement banning space-based weapons.


The President shall submit to Congress not later than 90 days after the date of the
enactment of this Act, and every 90 days thereafter, a report on--

(1) the implementation of the permanent ban on space-based weapons required by section
3; and

(2) progress toward negotiating, adopting, and implementing the agreement described in
section 4.


Nothing in this Act may be construed as prohibiting the use of funds for--

(1) space exploration;

(2) space research and development;

(3) testing, manufacturing, or production that is not related to space-based weapons or
systems; or

(4) civil, commercial, or defense activities (including communications, navigation,
surveillance, reconnaissance, early warning, or remote sensing) that are not related to
space-based weapons or systems.


In this Act:

(1) The term `space' means all space extending upward from an altitude greater than 60
kilometers above the surface of the earth and any celestial body in such space.

(2)(A) The terms `weapon' and `weapons system' mean a device capable of any of the

(i) Damaging or destroying an object (whether in outer space, in the atmosphere, or on
earth) by--

(I) firing one or more projectiles to collide with that object;

(II) detonating one or more explosive devices in close proximity to that object;

(III) directing a source of energy (including molecular or atomic energy, subatomic particle
beams, electromagnetic radiation, plasma, or
extremely low frequency (ELF) or ultra low frequency (ULF) energy radiation) against
that object; or

(IV) any other unacknowledged or as yet undeveloped means.

(ii) Inflicting death or injury on, or damaging or destroying, a person (or the biological life,
bodily health, mental health, or physical and economic well-being of a person)--

(I) through the use of any of the means described in clause (i) or subparagraph (B);

(II) through the use of land-based, sea-based, or space-based systems using radiation,
electromagnetic, psychotronic, sonic, laser, or other energies directed at individual persons
or targeted populations for the purpose of information war, mood management, or mind
control of such persons or populations; or

(III) by expelling chemical or biological agents in the vicinity of a person.

(B) Such terms include exotic weapons systems such as--

(i) electronic, psychotronic, or information weapons;

(ii) chemtrails;

(iii) high altitude ultra low frequency weapons systems;

(iv) plasma, electromagnetic, sonic, or ultrasonic weapons;

(v) laser weapons systems;

(vi) strategic, theater, tactical, or extraterrestrial weapons; and

(vii) chemical, biological, environmental, climate, or tectonic weapons.

(C) The term `exotic weapons systems' includes weapons designed to damage space or
natural ecosystems (such as the ionosphere and upper atmosphere) or climate, weather,
and tectonic systems with the purpose of inducing damage or destruction upon a target
population or region on earth or in space.

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