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A Detailed Lesson Plan in MOMENTUM

I Objectives

At the end of the lesson, the students will be able to;

1. Define momentum

2. Identify the factors that affect momentum

3. Solve the value of unknown variables (p, m, v)

II Subject Matter

Topic: Momentum
Strategies:
Inductive method
PrObEx
Values Integration:

Decision making
Concepts:
Momentum is define as the product of mass and velocity which is p = mv. It is also define as
the difficulty of a body to undergo a sudden stop.
The two factors that affect momentum are mass and velocity.
Based from the formula momentum (p) is directly proportional to mass (m) and velocity (v)
References:
Physics Textbook: reprint edition 2007 2009
Exploring life through Science PHYSICS: Angelina A. Silverio
http://www.physicstutorials.org/home/impulse-momentum/momentum
848.htm
III Materials
Visual materials, chalk/white board marker, activity sheet

IV Procedure

Teachers Activity Students Activity
Motivation
Class, what do you do when you are at the
peak of your study or youre doing
called you?
I will not immediately obey my mother Ill
first finish what Im doing.
What do you think would be the reason/s
why you will not immediately obey your
parent?
Because it is hard for us stop for what we
are doing and especially when we are
already in the middle of it.
What you probably felt is called as
momentum.

Lesson Proper
In our todays lesson we will know and
understand what would be the meaning of
momentum in scientific way.

Awhile ago we said that what you felt is
momentum, now, based from your
experience what does momentum means?
Momentum is the difficulty faced by an
object/moving body to undergo sudden
stop.
Thats right.
Basically, momentum is affected my two
factors which are mass of the body and its
velocity.

Lets find out, again from your experience
which is harder to stop the bicycle that
moves slow or the one that is fast?
The harder to stop is the bicycle that
moves fast.
What could be the factor that affects the
momentum of the bicycle?
Velocity
Thats right
Now, Let us verify if mass really affects
momentum. I need a student that is heavy
and a student that is lighter and 2
volunteers that will stop them.

Which from your heavy and lighter
classmate is hard to stop?
The heavy classmate.

Why do you think is the reason why he/she
is hard to stop?
Because he/she possesses a greater
mass.
What could be the mathematical formula of
momentum?
p = mv
Now, for us to clearly understand the
mathematical view of momentum, lets
have this one

a = b / c
this equation shows the relationships of the
three variables involve.

What are the 3 variables involve? a, b and c
Correct, now, let us relate a and b; b and c.
If we are going to look at its location as
part of the fraction, we can immediately
understand its relation from one another.
look at it, in what part of a fraction
is a and b located?

Numerator
Thats right.
Now, please keep this in mind that if 2
variables are in the same location as parts
of a fraction, then they are directly
proportional. What does it mean?

When one variable increases, the other
one increases also.
Very good.
Then, with that, how can you
relate a and b?
a and b are directly proportional,
as aincreases b will also increases and
vice versa.
Very good.
Now, let us look at the other variables we
want to compare which is a and c.

Where is variable a located in the fraction? Numerator
Therefore, what conclusion can you make? As c increases, a will decrease, as s
decreases, a will increase.
Thats right.
Now, going back to our lesson
mathematically speaking momentum is
define as

p = mv
where p = momentum
m = mass
v = velocity

What conclusion can you make base from
the equation?
Mass and velocity are directly proportional
with momentum.
Thats correct.
Let us have an example,

Situation 1:

A ------------------------ v = 5 m/s

B ------------------------ v = 5 m/s

Which do you think will have greater
momentum or which will in return harder to
stop from its moving state?

The truck.

Why? Because, in reality, a truck is more
massive than a bicycle. Thus, since we
know that mass is directly proportional to
momentum, well automatically know that
the truck is harder to stop than a bicycle as
velocity will not affect the momentum since
it just equal in both cases.
Very good!
Now, lets have another example. What if

Situation 2:

A --------------------------- v = 2 m/s

B ---------------------------- v = 6 m/s

both have m = 15 kg

Which possess greater momentum?

Object B.
Why? Because object B moves in faster rate than
A, it will be another for
someone/something to stop object B.
What if, both the mass and velocity are
different? No quantity/variable is constant
in both cases?
Use the formula to calculate the
momentum.
Ok, if that is the case, we can use the
formula to calculate the value of
momentum. By the way, what is the unit of
momentum?

kg m/s

Correct, since mass unit is kg and velocity
is in m/s, we can just combine the 2 to
have kg m/s.

V - Generalization

What does momentum means?
Momentum is mathematically defined as the product of mass and velocity of a body
which is p = mv. Conceptually speaking momentum is the difficulty faced by a moving
body/object to undergo sudden jerk.

What are the factors that affect momentum?
Mass and velocity

What is the relationship of momentum to the mass and velocity
The mass and velocity are directly proportional to the momentum meaning whenever
one increases the other one will also increase and vice versa.

VI Evaluation/Activity

The students will be provided by an activity sheet to ponder their understanding on the
lesson and as well as evaluate.

VII Assignment

1. Define impulse.

2. What are the factors that affect impulse?

ACTIVITY SHEET
Name: ______________________________ Date: ____________ Score: _________
Momentum: Solving the variables p, m and v
Instruction: Solve the given problems in order to find the missing words.
Direction: Solve the problem and put the letter of the right answer on the given boxes
below to find the missing words. Choose the letter of the correct answer.

Hint: You say these whenever someone gave you his/her favor.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Problem sets:
1. Which has greater momentum a 2.0 kg hockey puck moving east at 2.5m/s or a
1.3kg hockey puck moving south at 3.0m/s?
2. Calculate the momentum of a 700g ball that is rolling down a ramp at 4.6m/s.
3. What is the velocity of a 65 kg car if its momentum is 780 kg m/s?
4. Calculate the momentum of a 0.15 kg ball that is moving toward home plate at a
velocity of 40m/s.
5. How heavy an object if its momentum is 28 kg m/s moving at 4 m/s?
6. A car possesses 2000 units of momentum. What would be the cars momentum if
you doubled the velocity?
7. A track athlete throws a discus that has a momentum of 42 kg m/s into a field
with a velocity of 21m/s. What is the mass of the discus?
8. Calculate the momentum of 11.35kg wagon rolling down a hill at 12m/s.
T
1
Hockey puck moving West
U 136.2 kg m/s
K 7 kg
O 2 kg
H 3.22 kg m/s
M 1000 units
A - 12 m/s
Y 4000 units
T
2
Hockey puck moving West
N - 6 kg m/s

Prepared by:

PERFECTO C. ASIS

Pinost 14th May 2013 ni Perfecto Asis