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Transforming Education Through the Internet

LITERACY AND NUMERACY


PROGRAMME
( LINUS )
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NKRA -TO MEET THE CHALLENGES THAT PREVENT THE
REALIZATION OF VISION 2020

EDUCATION ( ONE OF THE 6 NKRA)
LINUS - SUB NKRA (SUB-NATIONAL KEY RESULT AREA)

LINUS is an acronym Literacy and Numeracy Screening
Objective to ensure that all students master basic
literacy and numeracy skills in BAHASA MALAYSIA
at the end of the first 3 years of Primary Education

Targeted at students with problems in Reading,
Writing and Arithmetics/Counting

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DEFINITION
Literacy is defined as the ability to read, write
and understand simple words and complex
sentences in Bahasa Malaysia and apply
knowledge of learning and communication

Numeracy is defined as the ability to read, write,
count and up to 1,000, be competent in
mathematical operations such as add,
subtract, multiply and divide, and to apply
them in money, time and length

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WHY?....... LITERACY AND NUMERACY STANDARDS IN
MALAYSIA SHOWS: (BEFORE 2010)
4
SUMBER: KIA2M untuk kadar literasi dan PROTIM untuk kadar
numerasi
80,000
60,000
40,000
20,000
100,000
0
2008
54,272
(13%)
2007
51,486
(10%)
2006
50,253
(11%)
Number of students who do not
achieve target literacy standards
at the end of Year 1 (% in brackets)
80,000
60,000
40,000
20,000
100,000
0
2008
117,024
(24%)
2007 2006
Number of students who do not
achieve target numeracy standards
at the end of Year 1 (% in brackets)
PROTIM
beginning in
2008
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HOW ? ...... 6 STRATEGIES

TO ACHIEVE 90% LITERACY AND NUMERACY SKILLS BY 2010

1. Screening process
2. Teaching and learning modules
3. Teacher training
4. Commitment of all stakeholders
5. Monitoring and Supervision
6. Facilitators at the district level.
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1. SCREENING PROCESS:

- conducted 3 times a year
March,
June
and September each year until Year 3)

- Students who do not achieve a certain level will
be identified
to follow the LINUS programme OR
a Special Education program.

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Screening Process - 3 times a year
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Basic Literacy
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Ayat Tunggal (Simple Sentence)
1. terdiri daripada satu subjek dan satu predikat.
Contoh : Lelaki gemuk itu sedang menembak burung.
Dia sangat kaya , Dia sangat sombong

Subjek = Lelaki gemuk itu Predikat = sedang menembak burung.

Ayat Majmuk (Compound sentence)
1. mengandungi dua atau lebih ayat
- ayat tunggal disambungkan oleh perkataan Kata Hubung seperti dan,
atau, kecuali, tetapi, dan lain-lain.

Contoh:
A) Razak mengambil sebuah buku cerita. ( Ayat Tunggal )
B) Razak membaca buku itu. ( Ayat Tunggal )
C) Razak mengambil sebuah buku cerita lalu membaca buku itu. ( Ayat
Majmuk )
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Basic Numeracy
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2. Teaching and learning modules


- Develop new teaching and learning of literacy and
numeracy (Yr 1 Yr 3)
- Modules are based on the concept
from the easiest to the more difficult
emphasizing on application of concepts learned.
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3. TEACHER TRAINING
- To overcome the shortage of teachers with
expertise in teaching basic literacy and
numeracy,
- intensive teacher training to deliver effectively
learning modules.
- From November 2009 to February 2010,
17,000 teachers were trained.

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Professional
Training
TEACHING REMEDIAL
STUDENTS
LINUS
Training includes
the following:

Integrate various
pedagogical methods

Strengthen teaching
skills using technology

Provide a variety of
teaching and learning
resources

Reveal best practices
in the teaching of basic
literacy and numeracy
Development of new materials and
modules for effective teachingand
learning
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Ratio of Remedial Teachers to students
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4. COMMITMENT OF ALL STAKEHOLDERS
Awareness programs
- State Education Department, District
Education Office, school heads,
parents, teacher unions and the
community began in Dec 2009 - Jan
2010.
Purpose : to increase understanding of the
importance of all the LINUS program
and to gain their support.

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5. MONITORING AND SUPERVISION
By officers at the district level and the
Inspectorate and Quality Assurance officers
- on 10% of low-performing schools.
To monitor the progress of students who
attend the program
- reports on the results of the monitoring will
be produced twice in 2010,.

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6. FACILITATORS AT THE DISTRICT LEVEL
Conduct 'coaching and mentoring' for
LINUS program teachers
Help schools to plan appropriate strategies
based on the results of screening tests
Serve as a liason officer between the
schools and PPD, JPN and MOE.


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DESIRED OUTCOME:
Every child will have basic literacy and
numeracy skills after three years of
primary education 90
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99.84%
Literacy
99.92 %
Numeracy
LINUS
programme
for BM since
2010
LINUS 2.0 FOR
ENGLISH IN
2013
NEWSPAPER REPORT: BERITA HARIAN
ACHIEVED
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.. students with English literacy
problems will receive assistance and additional
support through LINUS 2.0 to enable them to be
on par with others in the mainstream," he told a
press conference here yesterday.

Basic screening will be carried out in Year One
in June 2013 to determine the level of students'
literacy in English to students who need special
attention are identified.
Laman Web Rasmi BPK:

Timbalan Pengarah Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum,
Kementerian Pelajaran, Shamsuri Sujak explained:
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What can Frog VLE do
for linus in 2013 ?

Frog VLE can be used to support LINUS for English in
Primary schools starting 2013 and the ongoing LINUS for
BM and Maths
Teachers can be encouraged to search for interactive and
dynamic resources online / Frogstore
Collaborate on building teaching resources on Frog VLE
Share best practices in the teaching of basic literacy and
numeracy through Frog VLE
Implementation Consultants mentoring and coaching

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Old Mac Donald
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Resources:
http://nkrapendidikan.moe.my

http://www.moe.gov.my/jpnselangor/