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mODERn

RECREATIOn

SERIES

SPORTS flnflLYSIS GROUP

CHICAGO PARK DISTRICT

ВІЖПНАШ

PARK, CHICAGO

M O DERN

RECREATION

SERIES

Sports Analysis Group

the

Physical Activities Section of the Chicago Park District to

The

Sports

Analysis

G ro up

is

being

developed

by

foster the

easier

and

more

accurate

acquisition

of good

form

in

the

sport

under

analysis.

W restling,

one

o f the

group, has been promoted through the helpful co-operation

of

C lifford

Cason,

Andrew

Kovach,

and

William

Culp,

for

many

years

physical

instructors

in

the

Chicago

Park

District.

This booklet is designed as an instruction manual

and guide for physical education groups in the Chicago Park

District.

the

the

communities

and individuals that have only limited facilities in the physical

activities

It

is hoped tha t

it

o f

the

Chicago

may also

Park

aid

in

to

extending

services

field.

District

Copyright

19*$«

Chicago

Park

District

C

O

M

P

IL E

D

BY

W O R K E R S

O

F

T H

E

W R ITE R S ’

P

R O G R A M

O F

T H E

W O R K

P R O J E C T S

A

D M

IN IS T R A T IO N

-

S T A T E

O

F

IL L IN O IS

W

R

E

S

T

L

IN

G

Г “* \ V / D Г Ч In presenting the science o f wrestling to the

novice, the holds described herein are divided

into three types: standing holds, holds worked from position behind opponent on

mat, and holds worked from the bottom position on mat. Although the layman

can probably learn much to be desired from the following chapters, it is advisable

to work with the aid o f an instructor who will be better qualified to interpret the

material.

I N

t

i

I N

The holds described and illustrated are, for the most part, standard amateur wrestling

holds, used in all countries of the world. Many combinations of holds which the

experienced wrestler would use have been necessarily omitted from the text mainly

for lack o f space, and also for the fact that as a wrestler becomes more advanced,

he will favor combinations of his own choice, originating from material presented

here. Blocks, breaks, and counters are included in the same sequence with the

holds, the purpose being to clarify which hold they are applied to. M ost instruct­

ors would not teach the holds with the block, break, and counter at the same time

as it is reasonable to believe that good teaching technique should require the indi­

vidual to become adept in applying a hold before being taught to counter or block

lesson,

methods o f escaping from the hold be explained. Naturally, an instructor would

elect to teach a certain number o f holds from each group rather than teach all stand­ ing holds first.

it.

It

is suggested

that

a series

o f

holds

be taught and tha t

in

a

later

W restling, although an international sport, has not developed a standard term in­

ology for all the moves and counter moves that are employed. Consequently, it

has been necessary to use terms which are standard in Chicago area.

Rules governing barred holds, length of bouts, position behind and on the mat,

have been omitted purposely because they vary considerably in other sections

where the sport o f wrestling is promoted and it also was considered that by includ­

ing them, the text would sooner become outdated.

CONTENTS

HOLDS

WORKED

FROM

A

STAND­

ING POSITION

з

HOLDS WORKED FROM A TOP PO­ SITION O N THE M A T

зо

INTERLOCKING HANDS, INTERLAC­ ING HANDS

70

HOLDS WORKED FROM A BOTTOM POSITION - AND ESCAPES

71

DEFINITIONS

90

INDEX

91

HOLDS WORKED FROM A STANDING POSITION

Standing Position

 

4

Locked Position Standing

5

Double Leg Dive

6,7

Single Knee Drop, Go Behind

8

Single Leg Dive with Backheel

9

Standing Switch

10,11

Front

H e a d l o c k

.

.

12,13

Front Headlock and Reverse Bar A r m

 

14,15

Variation of Hip T h r o w

16

Single Reverse Vi'lnglock

17

Double Reverse T,'lnglock

 

18,Ї9

The Dip from a S t a n d

 

20

Cross-Face, Far Arm Used to Go Behi n d

21

Side Chancery and Far A r m

22

Standing

Go B e h i n d

23

Standing Arm Drag

 

24,25

Position Behind, Forward Trip

26

Position Behind, Standing Backheel

27

Position Behind, Standing Body.lockand Throw

28

Standing Position

Generally, a wide stance should be taken,with one foot In advance of

the other.

square. The knees are bent slightly, the body Is tilted forv/ard from

forward for both

the hips, and the

diagonal corners of a

Imagine the

feet as being on the

arms are

carried half-bent and

defensive and offensive work. In taking steps forward or sideways,

use a follow step.

of stance are shown in the accompanying illustrations.

Never cross the feet.

Three of

the many styles

Locked Position

Standing----------

HOLDi This Is a position wrestlers often take while standing to work Гог holds. It Is also an excellent position to use for exercise. Try to throw your opponent off balance.

\

w

л

*

\

HOLD: The position Is widely

your neck muscles. Also helps you to be shifty and alert, as any

used for exercise and helps develop

slow movement or

crossing of your

feet may

result In your

being

thrown to

the mat.

Always learn to remember the cardinal

rule of

wrestling,"Do not cross your feet or get off balance."

Double Leg Dive

HOLD: Make a quick movement forward and grasp your opponent behind

the knees.

and press your shoulder Into his midriff.

legs In to you

Keep your head to the outside.

Pull his

HOLD: Drive the man over backv.’ards, falling with him and keeping close.

BLOCK:

Push on head and shoulder оT aggressor

and step backward and to the side.

BREAK:

on man’s head and turn over.

Push

COUNTER:

Front headlock and bar arm.

Single Knee Drop, Go Behind

HOLD:

catch’his forward leg with your Inside hand.

Drop to the I:nee, going

close to your

opponent, and

HOLD:

come up to position behind.

Pull him to

you and

BLOCK:

and shoulders.

Push on head

Single Leg Dive with Bacltheel _

BLOCK: Defensive wres­

tler places

ponent 's crotch and push­

es

leg In op­

on

his

head.

COUNTER: V/lth your

your oppo­

nent's crotch,push your shoulder Into his midriff and go to the mat with a reverse bar arm.

leg In

HOLD: Lift your oppo­ nent's forward leg,using both arms, and pull him

In

close to

you.

Step

with

your heel

behind

his opposite leg.

Standing Switch

HOLD: Grasp opponent's opposite wrist, reach over the captured arm, place hand In his crotch, keeping his arm straight. Force him to the mat and get behind him.

Three variations are shown In illustrations 1, 2 and 3.

COUNTER: Throw your leg across your opponent's body and drive him to the mat.

Front Headlock

Catch your opponent's head in the crook

of your elbow, with your

of his jaw. Interlock your hands anc' lift, turn­ ing his head to the side.

HOLD:

forearm alone the line

BLOCK: push the forearm off and step away. This photo shows opposite side of hold above.

BREAK:

pulling your head out.

Pull opponent's hands apart and push his elbow,

COUNTER:

Push Into opponent and gras'p his le

Front H eadloclt

and Reverse

Bar Arm

:HOLD:

verse bar arm.

and forces his opponent to the mat,staying close to him for the pin.

The top man

starts with a front headlock and applies the re­

He then moves around in the direction of the bar arm

BREAK:

push on elbow of

aggressor,forcing his arm off your head.

Drive In to the

aggressor and use a double leg dive to take him to the mat.

COUNTER:

BLOCK:

Push away

from

the

opponent.

Variation of Hip Throw

HOLD: Working from a standing referee's position, grasp the oppo­ nent's right elbow with your left hand, bring your right hand under­ neath his arm and step In hard with a hip throw, throwing the man to the mat.

Single Reverse

W inglocli

HOLD: If you go underneath the man from a standing position and he drops an arm over your hack, trap It with your arm above his elbow. Sit down backwards, throwing the man over your hack. Release the hold and,turning in, go behind him.

BLOCK

Top man slips his elbow free.

Double Reverse

W ingloclt

HOLD:

above the elbows. Sit down and throw the man backwards. Try Гог a pin; If you cannot,re lease the holdand turn In with your chest to his.

ІГ a man drops

both hands over your back, trap both his arms

BLOCK: Slip the elbows out.

COUNTER:

out your elbows, remain on top of him.

If the man sits down after you slip

The Dip From A Stand

HOLD: Prom a stand, grasp your opponent’s opposite wrist. Stepping under his arm, place your other hand In his crotch.

HOLDt pull to one knee for the pin.

the opponent’s arm down, lifting him off his feet. Drop

close to him and go

and throw him over your head.

Keep

Cross face, Far A rm Used To Go Behind

HOLD: Secure- this hold by pushing the opponent's left arm across his Гасе.

!•

COUNTER: Defensive wres­ tler drops to the mat and traps a leg.

quickly to

the mat and spin around

behind the man,dropping

HOLDi Drop

the hold

as you go be­

hind him.

Side Chancery and Far Arm _

mat

with him

shoulders to the mat.

This

hold to use,as too of­

ten the defensive man will slip behind you.

HOLD:

Go

Is

to the

and

a

pin his

dangerous

HOLDi

headlook and grasp the far arm with

■both hands.

Step across as if taking the

knees

and throw the man over your

back.

HOLDi Drop

to your

Standing G o --------- Behind

BLOCKt

Push

away and

turn

in opposite di­

rection.

In the locked po­

sition standing, the ag­ gressor pushes his oppo­

nent's left arm upward and slips his head under

opponent's arm. He

then steps In

then behind him.

close and

the

HOLDi

BREAK

Double wrlstlock.

Standing Arm Drag

to grasp

the opponent's opposite arm, jerk him forward to the mat, fall with

There are many variations of this hold.

The simplest is

him,and come up behind.

HOLD

HOLD

Three variations of the standing arm drag are shown In illus­ trations 1,2, and 3.

HOLD

BLOCK: Run around In opposite direction or the arm drag.

COUNTER:

body block, taking the man to the mat.

Raise leg and execute a cross

Position B ehind, Forward T rip

HOLD: From standing position behind, the offensive man steps In front of the defensive man's foot and trips him directly forward. After going to the mat, he may hook his legs together.

Position Behind, _ Standing Backheel

HOLDi Blocking your opponent's

twist pull him backward to the mat.

leg, with

a

HOLD: Continue turning as you to secure top position.

hit the mat

Position B ehind,_

Standing Bodylock and Throw

HOLDi After securing standing position behind,lift the opponent and, turning him sldeways,drop with him to the mat,securing top position.

Counters and Breaks - for Position Behind

BREAK:

wrestler arches back

The defensive

and

throws

his

arms

hack

to

break

oppo­

nent's hold.

COUNTER: The defensive

ankle

grab and then sits down.

wrestler uses

an

BLOCK: Use outside

leg

grapevine

to prevent

a

man from lifting you.

HOLDS WORKED

FROM

TOP POSITION

ON THE MAT

Referee's Position on

the

M a t

32

Par

Arm

Outside, Near

Leg

Outside

33

The

Arm

C r u s h

34,35

Wrlstlock Used as a R i d e

 

36,37

Far Arm Outside

 

38,39

Far L e g

 

40,41

Step Over Far L e g

 

42

Cradle H o l d

43

Near

Arm Scissors and Far Half Nelson

44,45

Half Nelson

 

46,47

Three-Quarters Nelson

48,49

Near Half Nelson and Far

W r l s t l o c k

50

Far

Half Nelson and Near

W r l s t l o c k

51

Bar Arm and

a Far Wrlstlock

 

52

Bar

Arm

and

Far Half N e l s o n

53

Jackknlle

 

54,55

Leg S p l i t

56,57

Double Outside Leg Grapevine and Reverse Head

58

Stretcher

 

59

Body Scissors and Far A r m

 

60,61

Short Arm S c i s s o r s

 

62,63

Reverse Short Arm Scissors

 

64

Figure-Four Scissors

 

65

Figure-Four Scissors on the Head and Reverse Bar Arm

66,67

Cross-Body R i d e

 

68,69

Referee's Position on the M a t

the bottom, as this depends The rules state that the

command to

Some coaches advise their wrestlers to sit well

back on their haunches,holding head and shoulders high. Others coach

cover the lowered legs with

on the

hands and

wrestle Is given.

No set rule Is given for the position on

physical build of the wrestler.

feet must

be In contact

with the mat as the

their men to stay low. When staying low,

the thighs and do not lay the elbows on the mat.

The top position must be started with the offensive wrestler having one hand on the upper arm of the bottom man and his opposite arm over his opponent's back and gripped loosely around the body.

Far Arm Outside, Near Leg Outside

When working from the left side, reach In

front of both arms

of the opponent

above the elbow;wlth your right hand grasp his thigh from the rear. Keep the body close to defensive wrestler.

and with

your left hand grasp

his right arm

well

slight

lift turn him over and

to

mat. Keep weight well back and on his chest.

pin his shoulde'rs

',71th

a

Defensive wres­ tler straightens l&r arm and legs.

Arm Crush

HOLD! When holding a bodylock from right side, grasp opponent's

right

upper arm. Force opponent's arm back and his shoulder to the mat.

your head behind his

wrist with your right hand and place

BLOCK: Defensive man straightens arm forward.

BREAK: Defensive man flexes his arm and, Interlocking his hands, pulls arm inward.

COUNTER! Hip throw-over or forward roll

Wristloclc Used as a R id e

hand to grasp left

wrist of the opponent. Using the forearm as a lever,force the man's shoulders forward Into the mat, keeping your own weight well back. Use a bodylock with the right arm.

HOLD:

When working from the left side, use left

BLOCK OH BREAK: Straighten the arm.

COUNTER:

Use wlnglook.

Far Arm Outside

HOLDi

of your opponent with your left hand and behind

your right hand. Grasp his far arm with both hands and pull his arms together.

arms

When working from the left aide, reach In front of both

both his arms v/lth

HOLD: Keep close to your opponent

Keep your weight well back and pin his shoulders to the mat.

and turn

him over

on his back.

BLOCK:

Defensive wrestler straightens right arm before It Is

pulled In by the aggressor.

BREAK: Crawl around to right, face aggressor, and stand up

Far Leg

HOLD: When working from the left side, reach through with both your arms and. Interlocking your hands Just above your opponent's knees, pull both his legs together. Keep your chest close to the defensive wrestler and turn him over.

HOLD: A variation for the hold above.

BLOCK: Defensive wrestler straightens right leg.

COUNTER: Use double wrlstlock.

Step Over Far Leg

HOLD: This Is primarily an off-balance hold from all fours.

your opponent's near leg and, stepping over onto his side.

Lift

over his far

leg, turn him

BREAK Bottom man Jumps forward quickly and turns away from the op­ ponent .

Cradle Hold

HOLDi After you have worked an off-balance hold from all fours, catch your opponent's far leg as he rolls, hook his head and Inter­ lock your hands.

BREAK

the legs.

Hook the feet together and straighten

H alf Nelson

HOLDi When working from the left side, reach under your opponent's

left arm to

body close to him as you turn him over for a fall.

Pry his head down and keep your

the back of his

head.

Ш

BLOCK: Defensive wrestler raises his head and lowers his shoulder.

COUNTER: Use wlnglock

Three-quarter

Nelson

aggressor puts his left

arm under the left arm of the opponent and over the back of the neck. Interlocking his own hands.

HOLD:

When working from the left side, the

HOLD: Blocking the opponent's leg, pull his head In and tip him over on his shoulders for the fall.

BLOCK: Bottom man raises his head.

BREAKi Pull opponent's hands off your head.

COUNTER: Use wlnglock.

Near Arm Scissors

Far H alf Nelson _

HOLDi When working from the right side of the opponent, obtain a far half nelson and. If opportunity occurs, step forward and hook the op­ ponent's right upper arm In the crook of your leg.

HOLD: Tip the man forward onto his shoulders.

BLOCK:

lie down to prevent the opponent from turning you over.

and lower arm to break: half nelson,

Raise head

BREAKt

and bridge. Repeat this until you have worked your way clear.

After the opponent has turned you over, kick both legs down

Near H alf Nelson and Far W ristlock

nelson with your

left hand. Reach over your opponent's back with your right hand and

Tip him over, using the half well back and stay close to

grasp his right arm with a wristlock.

nelson for leverage.

your opponent for the fall.

HOLD:

Y/hen working from the left, get a near half

Keep your weight

BLOCK and BREAK Raise head and straighten arms.

COUNTER: Use wlnglock.

Far H alf Nelson and Near W ristlock -------

HOLD: 'Vhen working from

back and under his right arm with your right

the back of his head.

In toward you with the half nelson and as he turns over on his back,

shift your body across to the other side for the pin.

the

left side, reach over your opponent's

hand and hook It over

Turn him

Trap his left arm with a wristlock.

BLOCK: straighten left arm to block wristlock, raise head to block far half nelson.

Bar Arm a n d A Far Wristlock

HOLD: When working from the left side, reach In front of opponent's

left arm, hooking

his arm

shoulder to the mat.

Work your arm up between

Force his

It with your left

your

arm.

and body until

hand Is on his

shoulder.

HOLDi With your right arm you may use a far wristlock or bodylock.

Bar Arm a n d Far H alf Nelson

HOLD:

son by changing the right hand to a half nelson.

Preceding hold may he worked Into a bar arm and far half nel­

HOLDi

for the pin.

Shift your body to the far side and turn the opponent over

Jackknife

HOLD:

near leg hold. lock your hands.

pin his shoulders to the mat.

Start the hold

Keep

with a near half nelson and

your weight

Tip the man over forward and Inter­

well back and

BREAK: Scissor your leg and extend legs.

Leg Split

HOLD: When working from the right side, get a figure-four leg grapevine on the bottom man's right leg. Reach across your opponent's Ъаск and interlock your hands on the Inside of his left leg Just above the knee.

Ш

-

м ш и

HOLDi Pull him toward you,then release your hand, using It for your support,and pull his legs apart. For better lever­ age In applying pressure, keep your left arm near his knee.

BREAK: Reach for the opponent's head and pull him in to you with a headlock and straighten legs.

Double O utside

Leg Grapevine and Reverse Head

HOLD: Turn your opponent over, straddle him, and straighten your legs backward In a double-leg grape­ vine. Secure a reverse head hold. Then stretch out and arch your back to apply pressure for the pin.

BREAK

pulls It off of his head,and turns over.

Defensive wrestler grasps right hand of opponent,

Stretcher

HOLD: From a top position, force your

your opponent's crotch and pull his arms forward. Then arch your back and straighten out.

legs Into

BLOCKi Defensive wrestler catches foot of the offensive wrestler to prevent It from slipping Into the grapevine.

Body Scissors and Far Arm .

HOLD: This hold Is usually taken by pulling the opponent over

when

body for a far arm. For the best results the scissors hold

should be taken over the floating ribs.

Apply scissors and reach across the

he Is on all fours.

BREAK: Force the opponent's feet apart.

COUNTER: Keep turning and take the aggressive

Short Arm Scissors

HOLDi This

top man has worked around to the front.

hold Is applied when

the

HOLDi Start Ъу applying a reverse ђаг armlock, then step over with your leg and grasp your own ankle.

HOLDi Apply pressure by tightening the hold and pushing towards the defensive wrestler. Keep weight well back. Use your free arm to prevent a back-roll.

BLOCK:

Defensive wrestler grasps

hands and straightens the arm.

Reverse Short Arm Scissors

HOLD: From top position, with your left arm, step

your ankle. Keep his wrist under his hip with your right hand. Brace yourself with your right knee.

hook opponent's left arm from the Inside

with your left leg and grasp

over his arm

Figure-Four Scissors

HOLDi Start by forcing your leg around waist of the opponent and

hooking the knee of your other leg.

nent's leg.

nent to reach up and grasp your head. This hold maybe combined with

a headlock or a far arm for a pin.

allow the oppo­

Hook your leg behind the oppo­

This hold Is used for a ride.

Do not

BLOCK:

Grab hold of the leg

and pull It away.

across your waist before It Is hooked

Figure-Four Scissors on the Head and Reverse Bar A rm

HOLD:

When on top, work

around to the

front and

apply a reverse

bar arm

to tip your

opponent over and bring

his head Into

your

crotch. Hook your foot over your opponent's opposite arm, straight­ en his arm, and force his shoulders to the mat.

BREAK:

turns over.

Defensive

wrestler

separates

legs of

the

aggressor and

Cross-Body Ride

HOLD:

When working from the right side of the opponent, start the

hold by getting an Inside leg grapevine on his right leg with your

right leg.

left arm of the opponent and interlock hands.

back and hook your left arm around the

Reach over his

BLOCK: Trap the leg and prevent the aggressor from getting a grapevine.

HOLD:

This Is

a

riding hold and

Is

seldom used for pin­

After you get

the hold,stay there. If the man rolls over keep the hold.

ning.

BREAK:

body and opponent's body.

Bottom man turns over and forces the Inside arm between his

BREAK:

Turn In toward him and go to top position

INTERLOCKING

HANDS

Interlocking Hands: Cupping the ringers and locking hands with

one another

locking the hands.

as Inter­

Is known

INTERLACING

Two Variations

HANDS

Interlacing Hands: (Illegal) In­ tertwining or the Tlngers. This movement Is prohibited to pre­ vent Injury to the ringers.

HOLDS WORKED

FROM

BOTTOM

POSITION

- A N D

ESCAPES

Single Wlnglock

72,73

Sit-Through

74,75

Arm Hook and Far Arm Across the P a c e

76

Sit-Through and Arm D r a g

77

S w i t c h

78,79

Outside Leg Grapevine and Underarm

80

Leg Hook and Wrist R o l l

81

An Inside Leg H o o k

82,83

Forward Somersault

84

Hip Throw-Over to Come from Underneath

85

Double Wrlstlock

86,87

Keylock

88

Arm and Head P u l l

89

Single W ingloclt

HOLD: When working from the left side, bottom man hooks the top man's right arm above the elbow with his right arm.

HOLD: Pull

Then make a half

opponent.

the top man forward and sideways to turn him over.

turn and place your body crosswise

to your

Let go his arm and turn with your chest to his.

BLOCKi

Top man steps over to the other side with right leg.

COUNTER: Half nelson and far wrlstlock

Sit-Through

HOLDi Def enslve wrestler comes from a posi­ tion on all fours to a sitting position.

HOLD. ,He arches his back to break the top man's hands apart, turns, and stands up.

BLOCKi Man behind grasps the ankle of opponent.

COUNTER.

over with his right arm and underneath the opponent's right arm.

When working from the left side the man behind reaches

COUNTER! Man behind bars opponent's left arm with his left arm, puts right hand across face,and turns head to the side.

COUNTERi

A possible follow-hold to pin the man.

Arm H o o k and Far Arm Across The Face

HOLDi As the bottom man slts-through,grasp his right arm with your left, than secure cross-race Гаг arm with your right.

HOLD:

Pull him baclcward for the pin.

Sit-Through and Arm Drag

HOLD:

hold. Then,using an arm drag, go behind.

In a sit-through.when top man has a bar arm, break the waist

Switch

HOLD: The bottom man slts-through, reaches back with his right arm over his opponent's right arm, and places his right hand on the in­ side of his opponent's right thigh. He then arches his back and forces his opponent to the mat.

HOLDi Turn fully right going behind the opponent.

BLOCK: Grasp the bottom man's left arm above the fi'om turning.

elbow to keep him

COUNTER: Step over the opponent's body with the right leg.

Outside Leg Grapevine and U nderarm

man's left, the

bottom man hooks his right leg over the right leg of his opponent. He then turns outward and goes under his opponent's right arm,continues

to turn over and comes up behind his opponent.

HOLD;

When the top man

Is working

on the

bottom

BLOCK: Top man straightens right leg

Leg Hook and Wrist R o ll

HOLDi When top man Is working from the left side, bottom man hooKs

right leg over the

opponent with his right hand.

grasps right wrist of

right leg of top man and

HOLDt Roll to the right carrying opponent with you and turn over facing him.

Top man

straightens out and lies down to the left.

BLOCK:

Inside Leg H ook

HOLDi Bottom man hooks his Inside

leg and sits directly backward,pulllng the top man's leg Inward and forcing him over backward.

leg over his opponent's Inside

HOLDi

He then turns in and comes up on top of his opponent.

COUNTER! Top man raises arm across opponent's face,pull­ ing him backward and sideways and remains on top.

Forward Somersault

HOLD: Straighten the legs and do a forward somersault over the arm that Is applying the bodylock, coming toaneutral position.

BLOCK: Trap

from turning over.

his leg, preventing him

COUNTER: As the opponent turns over, shift your hips across his body.

Hip Throw -O ver--------- То Come fro m Underneath

HOLD: Bottom man straightens out,throws hips and legs over top man's Ъаск In order to gain position on top.

Double Wristlock

HOLD>

the opponent's left

right wrist with his left hand.

The bottom man hooks the arm that Is over his body and grasps

and grasps his own

wrist with h-ls right hand

HOLD:

He

then

turns

Inward,

forcing up his

opponent's arm,

and comes

out

on top.

BLOCK:

his opponent.

Top man shifts his hips to the front and over the arms of

BREAK:

From the block position grasp your own hand and pull upward.

The Keylock

HOLD: A follow up of the

the front and shifting your opposite hand to the wrist and wrapping the other arm around the opponent's arm.

to

double -wrlstlock by coming on around

HOLD: It Is sometimes worked as the opponent tries a slt-through,by getting a wrlstlock on his Inside hand and then going directly In­ to the keylock.

BREAK: Before the op­ ponent has the arm all the way behind you,In­ terlock your hands and straighten your arms.

■ні

Arm and Head Pull

HOLDi The bottom man often works this when he slts-through and falls to get free. If the opponent's head Is too far forward, reach up and grab It In a head-and-armlock and pull him over your shoulder.

BREAK:

body into the opponent's.

Top man

steps quickly around to the

front and pushes his

DEFINITIONS

AGGRESSOR: The wrestler who Is attacking or advancing.

ALL FOURS: Position

of a man on his hands and knees on

the mat.

BLOCK:

Any movement

that is performed by the defensive

wrestler to

prevent

his opponent

from taking or securing a hold.

BREAK: Any movement

that Is performed by the defensive

wrestler to

break a hold which the aggressor has taken.

 

BRIDGE:

Done by arching the back

and neck

Into a span

bend using

the head to lift shoulders free of the mat to prevent a pin.

COUNTER: A hold secured by the defensive wrestler which will coun­ teract the opponent's hold and give defensive wrestler advantage.

DEFENSIVE WRESTLER: The

the hold Is being worked is known as the defensive wrestler.

man who 1 s on the

defensive and

upon whom

the opponent which Is far­

thest from the man behind when the wrestlers are In the referee's po­ sition on the mat (see Illustration on p. 32).

FAR ARM OR FAR LEG:

The arm or leg of

GRAPEVINE:

The leg of one wrestler

intertwined with the leg of the

opponent.

INTERLACING HANDS:

(Illegal) Intertwining of

the fingers.

This

movement Is prohibited to prevent Injury to the fingers.

INTERLOCKING OF HANDS: Cupping the fingers and locking the hands with one another Is known as Interlocking the hands.

NEAR ARM OR LEG:

est the man behind when the wrestlers are In the referee's position on the mat (see Illustration on p. 32).

which Is near­

The arm or leg of the opponent

OFF-BALANCE HOLD:

to break down the position on all fours.

Used to take a man to the mat or while on the mat

OFFENSIVE WRESTLER: The man who Is the aggressor and worklng hold Is called the offensive wrestler.

the

REFEREE'S HOLD:

are not required to take any set position

tion.

tlers Interlock In head-to-head position.

(Standing) This Is really a misnomer, as wrestlers

while In a standing posi­

It Is used, however, to describe the position where two wres­

RIDING HOLD: Any hold that is taken primarily to keep the position behind In preventing the defensive wrestler from escaping.

INDEX

Д І Ї f o u r s Arm,

 

(definition)2

and head p u l l bar -,

-

 

89

 

- and

far half nel son

53

- and a far wrlstlock

52

figure-four scissors on the head and -

66-67

front headlock and reverse -

14-15

- c r u s h

 

34-35

- drag, slt-through and

77

far -

(definition) 2

arm hook and - across the f a c e

76

body scissors and -

60-61

cross face, - used to go be h i n d

21

 

-

outside,

 

38-39

 

-

.near leg outside

33

 

side chancery and -

22

-

hook and far arm across the f a c e

76

near -

(definition) 2

 

-

48-49

scissors and far half n e l s o n short - scissors,

62-63

reverse -

64

standing -

d r a g

24-25

gackheel, single leg dive with -

9

standing - , position behind Bar arm,

27

- and far half n el s on

53

- and a

far wrlstlock

52

reverse - , figure-four scissors on thehead and -

66-67

- and front headlock

14-15

Block

(definition) 2

Body,

position behind, standing - lock and t h r o w

28

-

scissors and far

a r m

60-61

Bottom position, holds worked from

72-89

Break

(definition) 2

Breaks for position be h in d

29

Bridge

(definition) 2

Qradle h o l d

 

43

Chancery and far arm, s i d e

22

Counter

(definition) 2

Counters Гог positionb eh i n d

29

Cross-body r i d e

68-69

Cross-face, far arm usedto go beh i n d

21

Crush, a r m

34-35

Qefenslve wrestler

(definition) 2

Dip from a

s t a n d

 

20

Dive, double leg -

6-7

 

single

leg - withbackheel

9

Double,

 
 

- leg d i v e

6-7

- outside

leggrapevine and reverse h e a d

58

- reverse wlnglock

18-19

- wrlstlock

.86-87

Drag, slt-through and arm -

77

standing arm -

24-25

Drop, go behind, single k n e e

8

pace, arm hook and far arm across the

76

Far, -

a r m ,

(definition) 2

arm hook and - across the f a c e

76

body scissors and - cross-face, - used to go behind outside - , - , near leg outside side chancery and -

60-61

-

half nelson, bar arm and - near arm scissors and - - and near wrlstlock

-

leg

.2 (definition),40-41

step over -

 

-

wrlstlock. bar arm and -

near half nelson and Forward somersault Forward trip, position behind Fours, a l l Front headlock,

- and reverse arm bar

Figure-four scissors,

- on the head and reverse bar arm

Q o behind,

cross-face, far arm used to -

21

-

, single knee d r o p

8

standing -

23

Grapevine

(definition) 2

double outside leg - and reverse head

58

outside leg - and underarm

80

|-|а1Г nelson,

44-45

far - and near

wrlstlock

51

near - and far wrlstlock

50

near arm scissors and -

48-49

Hands, Interlacing -

def. 2, lllust. 70

Interlocking -

def. 2, lllust. 70

Head, arm and - p u l l

89

double outside leg grapevineand reverse -

58

figure-four scissors on theand reverse bar arm

.66-67

Headlock, front

 

12-13

 

-

and reverse

bar a r m

14-15

Hip,

-

throw-over

to

come

from underneath

85

variation of - t h r o w Hold,

16

cradle -

 

43

off-balance -

 

(definition)

2

referee's -

(definition) 2

riding -

(definition) 2

Holds,

- worked frombottom position

72-89

- froma

worked

standing position

4-29

- froma top position

worked

32-69

Hook, arm - and

far arm across the f a c e

76 76

Inside leg -

82-83

leg - and wrist r o l l

81

Interlacing hands

def. 2, lllust. 70

Interlocking h a n d s

def. 2, lllust. 70

Jackknlf e

54-55

K e y l o c k

88

Knee drop, go behind, single

8

[_eg,

-dive, double -

6-7

single - with backheel

9

far -

2 (definition), 40-41

step over -

42

-

grapevine and reverse head, double outside

58

-

hook and wrist roll

81

Inside

- h o o k

82-83

near -

(definition) 2

far

arm outside,

-outside

33

outside - grapevine andunderarm

80

-spilt

56-57

Locked position standing

5

y^at, referee's position on t h e

32

|\Jelson,

 

half -

44-45

bar arm and far -

53

far - and near wrlstlock

51

near near arm scissors and far -

- and far

wrlstlock

50

48-49

three-quarters - Near,

46-47

 

- arm,

(definition) 2

-

scissors and far half nelson

48-49

- nelson and far wrlstlock

half

50

 

- leg,

(definition) 2

-

out side, far arm outside

33

far half nelson and - wrlstlock

51

- wrlstlock, far half nelson a n d

51

Qutslde, far arm -

38-39

far arm - ,near leg -

33

- leg grapevine and reverse head, double

58

 

- leg

grapevine

and

underarm

80

position,

- behind,

 
 

counters and breaks for -

29

- , forward t r i p

^26

- , standing backheel

27

- , standing headlock and throw

28

bottom -

,holds worked from

72-89

locked - standing

5

referee's -

32

standing,

4

holds worked from -

4-29

top - , holds worked f r o m

32-69

[Referee's hold

(definition) 2

Referee's

position on the m a t

 

32

Reverse,

-

bar arm, figure-four scissors on the head and -

66-67

front headlock and

-

14-15

-

head, double outside

leggrapevine a n d

58

-

short arm scissors

64

-

wlnglock, double -

 

18-19

single -

17

Ride,

cross-body -

 

68-69

wrlstlock used as a -

36-37

Roll, leg hook

and

w r i s t

81

gclssors, body - and far a r m

 

60-61

figure-four -

65

-

66-67

on the head and reverse bar a r m short arm - ,

62-63

64

reverse - Side chancery and far a r m Single,

22

- leg dive with backheel

 

9

- knee drop, go

b e h i n d

8

- reverse wlnglock

 

17

- wlnglock

71

Slt-through, -

74-75

-

and arm d r a g

 

77

Somersault, forward

84

Step over far l e g

42

Split, l e g

56-57

Stand, dip from a

20

Standing,

- arm d r a g

24-25

- backheel, position behind

 

27

- bodylock and throw, position behind

28

-

23

go b e h i n d locked position -

 

5

-

position

4

holds worked from a -

4-29

-

10-11

sw i tc h Step over far l e g

 

42

Stretcher

59

Switch

78-79

standing -

10-11

"phree-quarters nelson

 

46-47

Throw, position behind, standing bodylock and -

28

variation of hip -

16

Throw-over to

come from underneath, h i p

85

Top position, holds worked f r o m

32-69

Trip, position behind, forward

26

JJnderarm, outside leg grapevine and

80

Underneath, hip throw-over to comef r o m

85

yarlatlon of hip t h r o w

16

^lnglock,

 

reverse -

 

18-19

 

double

17

- single -

 

72-73

single - Wrestler, defensive -

(definition) 2

offensive - Wrlstlock,

(definition) 2

double - far - ,

86-87

 

bar arm and -

52

near half nelson and -

50

near - and

far half nel son

51

-

used as

a r i d e

36-37