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TITLE: TRAFFIC VOLUME STUDY

INTRODUCTION
Traffic volume study are conducted to determine the number ,movements, and classifications
of roadway vehicles at a given location. These data can help identify critical flow time
periods, determine the influenc of large vehicles or pedestrians on vehicular traffic flow, or
document traffic volume trends. The length of the sampling period depends on the type of
count being taken and the intended use of the data recorded. For example, an intersection
count may be conducted during the peak flow period. If so, manual count with 10-minute
intervals could be used to obtain the traffic volume data.

COUNTING METHOD
Two methods are available for conducting traffic volume counts: (1) manual and (2)
automatic. Manual counts are typically used to gather data for determination of vehicle
classification, turning movements, direction of travel, pedestrian movements, or vehicle
occupancy. Automatic counts are typically used to gather data for determination of vehicle
hourly patterns, daily or seasonal variations and growth trends, or annual traffic estimates.

(1) MANUAL COUNT METHOD
Most applications of manual counts require small samples of data at any given location.
Manual counts are sometimes used when the effort and expense of automated equipment are
not justified. Manual counts are necessary when automatic equipment is not available.
Manual counts are typically used for periods of less than a day. Normal intervals for a manual
count are 5, 10, or 15 minutes. Manual counts are recorded using one of three methods:
tally sheets
mechanical counting boards
electronic counting boards.



(2) AUTOMATIC COUNT METHOD
The automatic count method provides a means for gathering large amounts of traffic data.
Automatic counts are usually taken in 1-hour intervals for each 24-hour period. The counts
may extend for a week, month, or year. When the counts are recorded for each 24-hour time
period, the peak flow period can be identified. Automatic counts are recorded using one of
three methods:
portable counters
permanent counters
videotape.

OBJECTIVE :
To analyze the data obtain from the study.
To carried out the Volume Study of T-junctions in front of Terminal Bus Mukah.
To investigate the flow or movement of traffic at T-junctions in front of Terminal Bus
Mukah.
To get the number of traffic at T-junctions in front of Terminal Bus Mukah.
To identify the traffic flow by the different category in terms of traffic PCU

LOCATION :
T-junction in front of Terminal Bus Mukah.








APPARATUS :
Name Diagram




Form






Stopwatch







Safety Jacket









PROCEDURE :
1. Briefing are given by lecturer before carried out this study at polytechnic.
2. The students are divides into 3 teams and was given a checkpoint for the volume
study.
3. Students are departs to the location for the study.
4. The students are carried out the investigation according to their team checkpoint.
5. The total of vehicle are collect refer to their movement and type of vehicle ( Car,
Motor, Van / MPV, Light Lorry, and Heavy Lorry / Bus) in first 10 minute.
6. The data obtain from first 10 minutes are collect and total up the amount of vehicles
according to their types.
7. Steps 5-6 are repeat complete for 60 minutes.

















DATA AND ANALYSIS
Raw data :
From To Type of Vehicles 2.20-
2.30
2.30-
2.40
2.40-
2.50
2.50-
3.00
3.00-
3.10
3.10-
3.20
Total
A B Car 5 4 13 7 9 5 43
Motor 7 5 5 1 7 8 33
Van / MPV 1 1 - 5 - 2 9
Light Lorry - 1 1 - - 1 4
Heavy Lorry / Bus - - - - - - -
Total 13 11 19 13 16 16 88

A C Car 2 5 4 10 4 15 40
Motor 6 1 8 4 4 7 30
Van / MPV 5 1 1 3 - 5 15
Light Lorry - - - - - - -
Heavy Lorry / Bus 1 - - 1 - 1 3
Total 14 7 13 18 8 28 88

B A Car 2 5 6 8 8 4 33
Motor 1 3 2 5 5 7 23
Van / MPV 3 3 1 - - 3 10
Light Lorry - - - 1 1 - 2
Heavy Lorry - - - - - - -
Total 6 11 9 14 14 14 68



B C Car 8 11 15 7 20 5 66
Motor 3 3 2 3 5 1 17
Van / MPV - 2 1 2 1 2 8
Light Lorry - - - 1 1 - 2
Heavy Lorry / Bus - - - - - - -
Total 11 16 18 13 27 8 93

C A Car 6 10 9 13 10 14 62
Motor 5 4 4 6 5 6 30
Van / MPV 2 3 1 2 3 5 16
Light Lorry - - - 1 1 - 2
Heavy Lorry / Bus 1 - - - - - 1
Total 14 17 14 22 19 25 111

C B Car 18 14 10 20 20 21 103
Motor 5 3 2 5 5 4 24
Van / MPV 5 3 2 9 5 6 30
Light Lorry - - - - 2 - 2
Heavy Lorry / Bus - - - 2 2 - 4
Total 28 20 14 36 34 31 163
Vehicle Flow From A to B



Vehicle Flow From A to C



0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
2.20-2.30 2.30-2.40 2.40-2.50 2.50-3.00 3.00-3.10 3.10-3.20
Heavy Lorry/Bus
Light Lorry
Van/MPV
Motor
Car
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
2.20-2.30 2.30-2.40 2.40-2.50 2.50-3.00 3.00-3.10 3.10-3.20
Heavy Lorry/Bus
Light Lorry
Van/MPV
Motor
Car
Times/s
Number of vehicles
Times/s
Number of vehicles
Vehicle Flow From B to A



Vehicle Flow From B to C


0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
2.20-2.30 2.30.2.40 2.40-2.50 2.50-3.00 3.00-3.10 3.10-3.20
Heavy Lorry/Bus
Light Lorry
Van/MPV
Motor
Car
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
2.20-2.30 2.30-2.40 2.40-2.50 2.50-3.00 3.00-3.10 3.10-3.20
Heavy Lorry/Bus
Light Lorry
Van/MPV
Motor
Car
Times/s
Times/s
Number of vehicles
Number of vehicles
Vehicle Flow From C to A



Vehicle FlowFrom C to B



0
5
10
15
20
25
30
2.20-2.30 2.30-2.40 2.40-2.50 2.50-3.00 3.00-3.10 3.10-3.20
Heavy Lorry/Bus
Light Lorry
Van/MPV
Motor
Car
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
2.20-2.30 2.30-2.40 2.40-2.50 2.50-3.00 3.00-3.10 3.10-3.20
Heavy Lorry/Bus
Light Lorry
Van/MPV
Motor
Car
Times/s
Times/s
Number of vehicles
Number of vehicles


Terminal Bas
Mukah
A C
B
From Class Number PCU
Car 33 33
Motor 23 17.25
Van /
MPV
10 20
Light Lorry 2 5
Heavy
Lorry /
Bus
0 0
Car 66 66
Motor 17 12.75
Van /
MPV
8 16
Light Lorry 2 5
Heavy
Lorry /
Bus
0 0
B-A
B-C
From Class Number PCU
Car 43 43
Motor 33 24.75
Van /
MPV
9 18
Light Lorry 4 10
Heavy
Lorry /
Bus
0 0
Car 40 40
Motor 30 22.5
Van /
MPV
15 30
Light Lorry 0 0
Heavy
Lorry /
Bus
3 8.4
A-B
A-C
From Class Number PCU
Car 62 62
Motor 30 22.5
Van /
MPV
16 32
Light Lorry 2 5
Heavy
Lorry /
Bus
1 2.8
Car 103 103
Motor 24 18
Van /
MPV
30 60
Light Lorry 2 5
Heavy
Lorry /
Bus
4 11.2
C-A
C-B
DISCUSSION:

The condition of the intersection (T-Junction) and surroundings areas.
The condition of the intersection of the road need to install sign board for user to know where
is the junction, beside that the T junction need to redesign this is because the turning point is
small. For the surroundings areas, there are some of houses that in danger this is because the
houses just a few step from the main road.

The most appearing types of vehicles
The most appearing type of vehicles when this experiment carried out is Car and followed by
motor

Factors that influenced the data obtained
The factors that influenced the data obtained, there are some of shop houses so there are a
few of heavy vehicle which is heavy lorry and light lorry passes through for send the item to
the shop houses. Besides that, the time when this experiment is carried out is 8.10am -9.10am
is the peak hour for the morning which is mostly the workers are going to office or working.

CONCLUSION :
As the conclusion, the result shows that the road is generally uses by resident. From what I
see the road need some improvement this is because some of part the road need to repair and
beside the road need to install road barrier because there has a sidewalk beside the road

RECOMMENDATION:
For the recommendation that I like to do is redo the junction make it bigger and install traffic
light for the user that use the road. Not only that, road line need to be painted again so that
road user know their own lane.


REFFERENCE :
http://www.scribd.com/doc/44282039/Traffic-Volume-Study
http://www.123helpme.com/traffic-volume-study-view.asp?id=159706