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Supplement to: CW9: PART 1

SUPPLEMENT TO
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR
CONCRETE COATING OF PIPES
PART 1- NEGATIVE BUOYANCY COATINGS
NOTES FOR GUIDANCE ON NEGATIVE BUOYANCY
COATINGS
APRIL 1993
J015 ( Rev 08/98 )
.
Supplement to: CW9: PART 1
J015 ( Rev 08/98 ) - i -
CONTENTS
Page
FOREWORD iii
BRIEF HISTORY iv
INTRODUCTION 1
1. TECHNICAL REFERENCES 1
2. SULPHATE-RESISTING CEMENT 2
3. REINFORCEMENTS 2
4. CATHODIC PROTECTION 2
5. HOLIDAY DETECTION 2
6. BUTT JOINTS 3
6.1 Anti-corrosion coating 3
6.2 Negative buoyancy coatings 3
Supplement to: CW9: PART 1
- ii - J015 ( Rev 08/98 )
Supplement to: CW9: PART 1
J015 ( Rev 08/98 ) - iii -
FOREWORD
This specification has been adopted by Transco and is an editorial revision of the former British Gas TransCo
specification Supplement to GBE/CW9: Part 1. It reflects the identity and organizational structure of Transco
- a part of BG plc.
This Transco specification has been approved for use throughout Transco.
Comments and queries regarding the technical content of this Transco specification should be directed to:
Lead Engineer
Transco
Norgas House
PO Box 1GB
Killingworth
Newcastle upon Tyne
NE99 1GB
Further copies of this Transco specification can be obtained from Dataform Print Management using the print
requisition form G004 quoting the Form Number of this Transco engineering document (not the designation)
and your cost code.
Transco engineering documents are revised, when necessary, by the issue of new editions. Users should
ensure that they are in possession of the latest edition by referring to the Transco Register of Engineering
Documents available on the Transco Information Library.
Compliance with this engineering document does not confer immunity from prosecution for breach of statutory
or other legal obligations.
Contractors and other users external to Transco should direct their requests for further copies of Transco
engineering documents to the department or group responsible for the initial issue of their contract
documentation.
DISCLAIMER
This engineering document is provided for use by Transco and such of its contractors as are obliged by the
terms of their contracts to comply with this engineering document. Where this engineering document is used
by any other party, it is the responsibility of that party to ensure that the engineering document is correctly
applied.
Supplement to: CW9: PART 1
- iv - J015 ( Rev 08/98 )
BRIEF HISTORY
First published as Supplement to BGC/PS/CW9: Part 1
Amended issue published as Supplement
to GBE/CW9: Part 1
August 1983
April 1993
BG plc 1993
This Transco specification is copyright and must not be reproduced in whole or in part by any means without
the approval in writing of BG plc.
Supplement to: CW9: PART 1
J015 ( Rev 08/98 ) - 1 -
SUPPLEMENT TO TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR
CONCRETE COATING OF PIPES
PART 1 - NEGATIVE BUOYANCY COATINGS
NOTES FOR GUIDANCE ON NEGATIVE BUOYANCY COATINGS
INTRODUCTION
The following notes are intended to guide Transco personnel involved in specifying design requirements for
negative buoyancy coatings for transmission pipelines in accordance with CW9 - Specification for concrete
coating of pipes: Part 1 - Negative buoyancy coatings.
1. TECHNICAL REFERENCES
1.1 Consideration needs to be given to the contents of the documents listed below, to assist with the
design of a concrete coating which will ensure that a pipeline has the relative density necessary for its stability
during installation, testing and throughout its working life.
British Standard
BS 8110 - Structural use of concrete
American National Standard
ANSI B31.8 - Gas transmission and distribution piping systems
Building Research Station Report
Digest No.363 - Sulphate and acid resistance of concrete underground
Institute of Petroleum document
Model Code of Safe Practice- Part 6: Petroleum pipelines
Det Norske Veritas document
Rules for design, construction and inspection of submarine pipelines and pipeline risers
Transco specifications
CW5 - Code of practice for the selection and application of field applied
external pipework coatings
CW6 - Technical specification for the external protection of steel line pipe
and fittings using fusion bonded powder and associated coating
systems:
Part 1 - Requirements for coating materials and methods of test
CW9 - Technical specification for concrete coating of pipes:
Part 1 - Negative buoyancy coatings
Supplement to: CW9: PART 1
- 2 - J015 ( Rev 08/98 )
P2 - Specification for field welding of steel pipelines and installations for
high pressure gas transmission
P8 - Specification for shop fabrication and inspection procedures for
pressure reduction and offtake stations.
1.2 Other relevant documents for reference are the following:
Statutes and Guidance Notes
Coastal Protection Act, 1949
Dumping at Sea Act, 1974
Petroleum and Submarine Pipelines Act, 1975
Pipelines Act, 1962
Town and Country Planning Acts, 1971
Department of Energy Guidance Notes on the Petroleum and Submarine Pipelines Act 1975
Department of Energy Submarine Pipelines Guidance Notes
American National Standards
ANSI/ASME B16.5 - Steel pipe flanges and flanged fittings
ANSI/ASME B31.4 - Liquid transportation systems
American Petroleum Institute documents
API 5L - Specification for line pipe.
2. SULPHATE-RESISTING CEMENT
It is suggested that the contents of BS 8110 and Building Research Digest No.363 are read concerning the
sulphate content of sea water before the choice of cement is decided.
3. REINFORCEMENTS
The design of the reinforcement in the concrete coating of pipelines needs to take into account the loads and
stresses induced in the coating due to storage, transportation, construction and operation. Also, consideration
needs to be given to the possibility of impact loads from dragging anchors, fishing vessel trawl boards and
other equipment that drags the underwater bottom surface.
The cover to the reinforcement needs to be in accordance with recommendations in BS 8110 and current
technical information, as relevant.
4. CATHODIC PROTECTION
Information relevant to the attachment of cathodic protection devices is contained in P2 and P8.
5. HOLIDAY DETECTION
Concrete coating may be placed on differing types of anti-corrosion coating. Holiday detection should be
carried out immediately prior to the fixing of reinforcement. Subsequent handling, prior to concrete coating,
should be kept to a minimum.
Supplement to: CW9: PART 1
J015 ( Rev 08/98 ) - 3 -
Pipe that is to be concrete coated may have been pre-yielded and probably stored; it should therefore be
thoroughly cleaned and dried before testing.
Recommended holiday detection voltages are calculated as 125 V per 25 m of coating thickness and typical
anti-corrosion coatings which may be concrete coated are as follows:
Fusion bonded powder (minimum thickness 700 m) to CW6
Cold applied laminate tape to CW5
NOTE - Concrete coating is not recommended on polyethylene cladding.
An electrically conducting rubber electrode is recommended for testing fusion bonded powder coatings; other
coatings can be tested using a wire brush or steel spring ring.
Any holidays detected should be repaired in accordance with the relevant coating specification then the
coating re-tested.
6. BUTT JOINTS
6.1 Anti-corrosion coating
After pipe lengths have been joined together, a compatible anti-corrosion coating shall be applied over the
butt joints. The coating shall meet the requirements of either CW6: Part 1 for fusion bonded powder and
urethane coatings, or CW5 for other coatings.
6.2 Negative buoyancy coatings
The selection of material for the infilling of butt joint zones, to the same external diameter as the concrete
coatings, shall take into account the following:
a) The time of cure for the infill material.
b) The resistance of the material to impact by trawl boards, dragging anchors, etc.
c) The effect on the relative density calculations, (see CW9: Part 1).
d) The effect on lay barge or other operating conditions.
e) Compatibility with the anti-corrosion coating on the pipe.