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The calculator provides the determination of speed, time and distance for various rolling stock.

The acceleration and brakin


This Calculator requires that Macros are enabled!
The calculations supported are acceleration, emergency braking, service braking or constant speed. The train types suppo
The calculator supports the affect of gradient. The gradient value entered will be applied along the distance of the calculati
The acceleration and braking data used for the calculations is embedded in sheets of the workbook that are hidden and pr

The calculator is available to be used for operational modelling and signalling design but the following limitation and applic
The data in the calculator is based on or derived from information supplied by the ARO. The data is considered to be th
The braking data is based on stopping (i.e. a final velocity of 0 km/h) distance. This data has amortised the affect of the
When the calculator is used for a V/Line passenger train braking calculation (Vlocity, Sprinter, N Class) with an initial sp
When the calculator is used for calculating a signalling overlap distance a safety margin needs to be added. The value o
The acceleration data is based on best performance and for the EMUs the best accelerating train (Xtrapolis). When usin

tock. The acceleration and braking rates are based on information supplied by the Accredited Rail Operator (ARO). The data source ap
ant speed. The train types supported are Vlocity, Sprinter, N Class Passenger train, EMU train, Medium length freight train (GW16) and
along the distance of the calculation. The maximum/minimum gradient value supported is 3.3% for passenger trains or 1:40 for freight tr
workbook that are hidden and protected. To view these sheets select the 'Show All Sheets' button on the calculator.

he following limitation and application considerations apply:


. The data is considered to be the best available information. The user should treat the results from the calculator as a guide. The actua
a has amortised the affect of the train brake pipe delay time. When the calculator is used for a braking calculation with a non zero final
printer, N Class) with an initial speed of 40 km/h or less, the results will be understated due to the affect of train brake delay. A margin sh
n needs to be added. The value of this margin is defined in VRIOGS 012.0.1. The value is entered as a % in the 'Safety Margin' field.
rating train (Xtrapolis). When using the calculator for operational modelling of EMU trains, the acceleration rate overstates the capability

erator (ARO). The data source appears at the bottom of the screen when a calculation is performed.
m length freight train (GW16) and Long length freight train (GW40). The EMU acceleration is based on the best accelerating train (Xtrap
senger trains or 1:40 for freight trains. For all passenger trains the gradient value is multipled by gravity and then added/subtracted to th
he calculator.

e calculator as a guide. The actual data to be applied in a design is to be confirmed/advised by the ARO.
calculation with a non zero final speed, the results will be understated (due to the affect of train brake delay). A margin should be added
t of train brake delay. A margin should be added to the braking results. For EMU and freight trains, the affect of train brake delay is alrea
a % in the 'Safety Margin' field.
tion rate overstates the capability of Hitachi and Comeng trains and when these trains need to be considered then de-rating the results

the best accelerating train (Xtrapolis) and EMU braking is based on the poorest braking train (Comeng/Hitachi).
and then added/subtracted to the train's base acceleration rate to form the effective rate. For freight trains the gradient adjustment is s

delay). A margin should be added to any non zero final speed braking calculation.
affect of train brake delay is already included in the stopping distance, so no additional margin needs to be considered.

sidered then de-rating the results would be appropriate.

ains the gradient adjustment is supplied directly from the GW16/GW40 tables.

o be considered.

Calculation
Type

Train Type
Level

Initial
Speed
(km/h)

Final
Speed
(km/h)

Time
(seconds)

Distance
(metres)

average
acceleration
m/s/s

Gradient
%

Safety
Margin
%

Safety
Distance
(m)

Vlocity Acceleration Dynamics


0.00% (+ve = uphill, -ve = downhill)

Speed
km/h
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
237046402.xls

Speed
m/s
0.0
0.3
0.6
0.8
1.1
1.4
1.7
1.9
2.2
2.5
2.8
3.1
3.3
3.6
3.9
4.2
4.4
4.7
5.0
5.3
5.6
5.8
6.1
6.4
6.7
6.9
7.2
7.5
7.8
8.1
8.3
8.6
8.9
9.2
9.4
9.7
10.0
10.3
10.6
10.8
11.1
11.4
11.7
11.9
12.2
12.5
12.8
13.1
13.3
13.6
13.9
14.2
14.4
14.7
15.0
15.3
15.6
15.8
16.1
16.4
16.7
16.9
17.2
17.5
17.8
18.1
18.3
18.6
18.9
19.2
19.4
19.7
20.0
20.3
20.6
20.8
21.1
21.4

Accel
m/s/s
0.84
0.84
0.84
0.84
0.84
0.84
0.84
0.84
0.84
0.84
0.84
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.69
0.69
0.69
0.69
0.69
0.69
0.69
0.69
0.69
0.69
0.64
0.64
0.64
0.64
0.64
0.64
0.64
0.64
0.64
0.64
0.52
0.52
0.52
0.52
0.52
0.52
0.52
0.52
0.52
0.52
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.43
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.27
0.27
0.27
0.27
0.27
0.27
0.27

Distance
(difference)
m
0
0.05
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2.0
2.2
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
3.0
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.5
3.8
3.9
4.0
4.1
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
5.4
6.2
6.3
6.5
6.6
6.8
6.9
7.1
7.2
7.4
8.2
9.2
9.4
9.6
9.8
10.0
10.1
10.3
10.5
10.7
11.3
12.0
12.2
12.4
12.6
12.8
13.0
13.2
13.4
13.6
16.3
20.2
20.5
20.8
21.1
21.3
21.6

Distance
(accumulated)
m
0
0.05
0.2
0.4
0.7
1.1
1.7
2.2
2.9
3.7
4.6
5.6
6.8
8.1
9.5
11.0
12.6
14.3
16.1
18.0
20.0
22.2
24.6
27.1
29.8
32.5
35.3
38.3
41.4
44.6
47.8
51.4
55.1
59.0
63.1
67.2
71.4
75.8
80.3
84.9
89.7
95.0
101.2
107.6
114.0
120.7
127.4
134.4
141.4
148.6
156.0
164.2
173.5
182.9
192.5
202.3
212.2
222.4
232.7
243.2
253.9
265.2
277.2
289.4
301.8
314.4
327.2
340.2
353.4
366.7
380.3
396.6
416.8
437.3
458.1
479.2
500.5
522.1

VLocity Acceleration

Time
(difference)
s
0
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.8
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

Time
(accumulated)
s
0
0.3
0.7
1.0
1.3
1.7
2.0
2.3
2.6
3.0
3.30
3.6
4.0
4.4
4.8
5.1
5.5
5.9
6.3
6.6
7.0
7.4
7.8
8.2
8.6
9.0
9.4
9.8
10.2
10.6
11.0
11.4
11.8
12.3
12.7
13.1
13.6
14.0
14.4
14.9
15.3
15.8
16.3
16.9
17.4
17.9
18.5
19.0
19.5
20.1
20.60
21.2
21.8
22.5
23.1
23.8
24.4
25.1
25.7
26.4
27.0
27.7
28.4
29.1
29.8
30.5
31.2
31.9
32.6
33.3
34.0
34.8
35.9
36.9
37.9
38.9
39.9
40.9
07/05/2014

78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
237046402.xls

21.7
21.9
22.2
22.5
22.8
23.1
23.3
23.6
23.9
24.2
24.4
24.7
25.0
25.3
25.6
25.8
26.1
26.4
26.7
26.9
27.2
27.5
27.8
28.1
28.3
28.6
28.9
29.2
29.4
29.7
30.0
30.3
30.6
30.8
31.1
31.4
31.7
31.9
32.2
32.5
32.8
33.1
33.3
33.6
33.9
34.2
34.4
34.7
35.0
35.3
35.6
35.8
36.1
36.4
36.7
36.9
37.2
37.5
37.8
38.1
38.3
38.6
38.9
39.2
39.4
39.7
40.0
40.3
40.6
40.8
41.1
41.4
41.7
41.9
42.2
42.5
42.8
43.1
43.3
43.6
43.9
44.2
44.4

0.27
0.27
0.27
0.26
0.26
0.26
0.26
0.26
0.26
0.26
0.26
0.26
0.26
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.22
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.19
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.16
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.12
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09

21.9
22.2
22.5
23.2
24.0
24.3
24.6
24.9
25.2
25.5
25.8
26.1
26.4
28.9
31.8
32.1
32.5
32.8
33.2
33.5
33.9
34.2
34.6
35.9
37.3
37.7
38.0
38.4
38.8
39.1
39.5
39.9
40.2
40.2
40.2
40.6
41.0
41.3
41.7
42.0
42.4
42.8
43.1
46.5
50.3
50.7
51.1
51.5
51.9
52.4
52.8
53.2
53.6
57.8
62.5
63.0
63.5
64.0
64.4
64.9
65.4
65.9
66.3
77.1
91.8
92.5
93.1
93.8
94.4
95.1
95.7
96.4
97.0
108.7
123.5
124.3
125.1
125.9
126.7
127.5
128.4
129.2
130.0

544.1
566.3
588.7
612.0
636.0
660.4
685.0
709.9
735.1
760.7
786.5
812.6
839.0
867.9
899.7
931.8
964.3
997.1
1030.3
1063.9
1097.7
1132.0
1166.5
1202.4
1239.7
1277.4
1315.4
1353.8
1392.6
1431.8
1471.3
1511.1
1551.4
1591.6
1631.8
1672.4
1713.4
1754.7
1796.4
1838.4
1880.8
1923.6
1966.7
2013.2
2063.4
2114.1
2165.3
2216.8
2268.7
2321.1
2373.9
2427.0
2480.6
2538.4
2600.9
2664.0
2727.4
2791.4
2855.8
2920.8
2986.1
3052.0
3118.3
3195.5
3287.3
3379.7
3472.9
3566.6
3661.0
3756.1
3851.8
3948.2
4045.2
4153.9
4277.4
4401.7
4526.8
4652.7
4779.4
4907.0
5035.3
5164.5
5294.5
VLocity Acceleration

1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
2.0
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.6
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.9
2.9

42.0
43.0
44.0
45.0
46.1
47.2
48.2
49.3
50.3
51.4
52.5
53.5
54.6
55.7
57.0
58.2
59.5
60.7
62.0
63.3
64.5
65.8
67.0
68.3
69.6
70.9
72.3
73.6
74.9
76.2
77.6
78.9
80.2
81.5
82.8
84.1
85.4
86.7
88.0
89.3
90.6
91.9
93.2
94.6
96.1
97.6
99.1
100.5
102.0
103.5
105.0
106.5
108.0
109.6
111.3
113.0
114.7
116.4
118.1
119.9
121.6
123.3
125.0
127.0
129.3
131.6
134.0
136.3
138.7
141.0
143.3
145.7
148.0
150.6
153.5
156.5
159.4
162.3
165.3
168.2
171.1
174.1
177.0
07/05/2014

Sprinter Acceleration Dynamics


0.00% (+ve = uphill, -ve = downhill)

Speed
km/h
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
237046402.xls

Speed
m/s
0.0
0.3
0.6
0.8
1.1
1.4
1.7
1.9
2.2
2.5
2.8
3.1
3.3
3.6
3.9
4.2
4.4
4.7
5.0
5.3
5.6
5.8
6.1
6.4
6.7
6.9
7.2
7.5
7.8
8.1
8.3
8.6
8.9
9.2
9.4
9.7
10.0
10.3
10.6
10.8
11.1
11.4
11.7
11.9
12.2
12.5
12.8
13.1
13.3
13.6
13.9
14.2
14.4
14.7
15.0
15.3
15.6
15.8
16.1
16.4
16.7
16.9
17.2
17.5
17.8
18.1
18.3
18.6
18.9
19.2
19.4

Accel
m/s/s
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.68
0.55
0.55
0.55
0.55
0.55
0.55
0.55
0.55
0.55
0.55
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.46
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.34
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.35
0.28
0.28
0.28
0.28
0.28
0.28
0.28
0.28
0.28
0.28

Distance
(difference)
m
0
0.04
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
1.0
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.8
1.9
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.6
3.0
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.6
3.7
3.9
4.0
4.1
4.7
5.3
5.5
5.6
5.8
6.0
6.1
6.3
6.5
6.6
7.8
9.4
9.6
9.9
10.1
10.3
10.6
10.8
11.0
11.2
11.3
11.5
11.7
11.9
12.1
12.3
12.6
12.8
13.0
13.2
15.0
17.1
17.4
17.7
18.0
18.2
18.5
18.8
19.1
19.4

Distance
(accumulated)
m
0
0.04
0.2
0.4
0.7
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.7
3.4
4.2
5.2
6.5
7.9
9.4
11.1
12.8
14.7
16.7
18.8
21.0
23.6
26.6
29.7
33.0
36.5
40.1
43.8
47.6
51.6
55.8
60.4
65.7
71.2
76.8
82.6
88.5
94.7
100.9
107.4
114.0
121.8
131.3
140.9
150.8
160.9
171.2
181.8
192.5
203.5
214.8
226.1
237.6
249.2
261.1
273.3
285.6
298.2
310.9
324.0
337.2
352.1
369.3
386.7
404.4
422.3
440.6
459.1
477.9
497.0
516.4

Time
(difference)
s
0
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0

Time
(accumulated)
s
0
0.3
0.6
0.9
1.2
1.5
1.8
2.1
2.4
2.7
3.0
3.3
3.8
4.2
4.6
5.0
5.4
5.8
6.2
6.6
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.6
13.2
13.8
14.4
15.0
15.6
16.2
16.8
17.4
18.0
18.7
19.5
20.3
21.1
22.0
22.8
23.6
24.4
25.2
26.1
26.9
27.7
28.5
29.3
30.1
30.9
31.7
32.5
33.3
34.1
35.0
36.0
37.0
38.0
39.0
40.0
41.0
42.0
43.0
44.0
07/05/2014

71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130

237046402.xls

19.7
20.0
20.3
20.6
20.8
21.1
21.4
21.7
21.9
22.2
22.5
22.8
23.1
23.3
23.6
23.9
24.2
24.4
24.7
25.0
25.3
25.6
25.8
26.1
26.4
26.7
26.9
27.2
27.5
27.8
28.1
28.3
28.6
28.9
29.2
29.4
29.7
30.0
30.3
30.6
30.8
31.1
31.4
31.7
31.9
32.2
32.5
32.8
33.1
33.3
33.6
33.9
34.2
34.4
34.7
35.0
35.3
35.6
35.8
36.1

0.23
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.23
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.21
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.13
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07
0.07

21.5
24.2
24.5
24.9
25.2
25.6
25.9
26.2
26.6
26.9
28.2
29.5
29.9
30.2
30.6
31.0
31.3
31.7
32.1
32.4
40.0
51.9
52.5
53.0
53.6
54.2
54.7
55.3
55.9
56.5
57.9
59.3
59.9
60.5
61.1
61.7
62.3
62.8
63.4
64.0
75.5
91.5
92.3
93.2
94.0
94.8
95.6
96.5
97.3
98.1
111.8
129.7
130.7
131.8
132.9
133.9
135.0
136.1
137.1
138.2

537.9
562.1
586.6
611.5
636.7
662.3
688.2
714.4
741.0
767.9
796.0
825.6
855.4
885.7
916.3
947.3
978.6
1010.3
1042.4
1074.8
1114.8
1166.7
1219.2
1272.2
1325.9
1380.0
1434.8
1490.1
1546.0
1602.4
1660.3
1719.6
1779.6
1840.1
1901.2
1962.8
2025.1
2087.9
2151.3
2215.3
2290.8
2382.3
2474.7
2567.8
2661.8
2756.6
2852.3
2948.7
3046.0
3144.1
3255.9
3385.6
3516.3
3648.1
3781.0
3914.9
4049.9
4186.0
4323.1
4461.3

1.1
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.6
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.0
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.5
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.3
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8
3.8

45.1
46.3
47.5
48.7
50.0
51.2
52.4
53.6
54.8
56.0
57.3
58.6
59.9
61.2
62.5
63.8
65.1
66.4
67.7
69.0
70.6
72.7
74.7
76.8
78.8
80.8
82.9
84.9
87.0
89.0
91.1
93.2
95.3
97.4
99.5
101.6
103.7
105.8
107.9
110.0
112.5
115.4
118.4
121.4
124.3
127.3
130.2
133.2
136.1
139.1
142.4
146.3
150.1
153.9
157.8
161.6
165.5
169.3
173.2
177.0

07/05/2014

< enter gradient value >


<
in below cell
>

Gradient =

0.00%

s=ut+(at^2)/2
v^2=u^2+2as
v=u+at
s=(u+v)t/2
t=(v-u)/a
s=(v^2-u^2)/2a

Speed
km/h
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
56
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115

237046402.xls

N Class Braking Dynamics


(+ve = uphill, -ve = downhill)

Speed
m/s
0.0
1.4
2.8
4.2
5.6
6.9
8.3
9.7
11.1
12.5
13.9
15.6
16.7
18.1
19.4
20.8
22.2
23.6
25.0
26.4
27.8
29.2
30.6
31.9

Distance
Time
Distance
Time
N Class Pass
N Class Pass
Serv Brake (accumulated) (accumulated) Emerg Brake (accumulated) (accumulated)
m/s/s
m
s
m/s/s
m
s
0.56
0
0
0.60
0
0
0.56
2
2
0.60
2
2
0.56
7
5
0.60
6
5
0.56
16
7
0.60
14
7
0.56
28
10
0.60
26
9
0.56
43
12
0.60
40
12
0.56
62
15
0.60
58
14
0.56
84
17
0.60
79
16
0.56
110
20
0.60
103
19
0.56
140
22
0.60
130
21
0.56
172
25
0.60
161
23
0.56
216
28
0.60
202
26
0.56
248
30
0.60
231
28
0.56
291
32
0.60
272
30
0.56
338
35
0.60
315
32
0.56
388
37
0.60
362
35
0.56
441
40
0.60
412
37
0.56
498
42
0.60
465
39
0.56
558
45
0.60
521
42
0.56
622
47
0.60
580
44
0.56
689
50
0.60
643
46
0.56
760
52
0.60
709
49
0.56
834
55
0.60
778
51
0.56
911
57
0.60
850
53

07/05/2014

237046402.xls

07/05/2014

Medium Length Intermodal Freight Train (GW16) Dynamics


Level
Gradient =
Speed/Dist based on SRA of NSW FreightRail Brake Engineer 16/6/93

s=ut+(at^2)/2
v^2=u^2+2as
v=u+at
s=(u+v)t/2
t=(v-u)/a
s=(v^2-u^2)/2a
a=2(vt-s)/t^2

237046402.xls

Speed
km/h
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113

Speed
m/s
0.0
0.3
0.6
0.8
1.1
1.4
1.7
1.9
2.2
2.5
2.8
3.1
3.3
3.6
3.9
4.2
4.4
4.7
5.0
5.3
5.6
5.8
6.1
6.4
6.7
6.9
7.2
7.5
7.8
8.1
8.3
8.6
8.9
9.2
9.4
9.7
10.0
10.3
10.6
10.8
11.1
11.4
11.7
11.9
12.2
12.5
12.8
13.1
13.3
13.6
13.9
14.2
14.4
14.7
15.0
15.3
15.6
15.8
16.1
16.4
16.7
16.9
17.2
17.5
17.8
18.1
18.3
18.6
18.9
19.2
19.4
19.7
20.0
20.3
20.6
20.8
21.1
21.4
21.7
21.9
22.2
22.5
22.8
23.1
23.3
23.6
23.9
24.2
24.4
24.7
25.0
25.3
25.6
25.8
26.1
26.4
26.7
26.9
27.2
27.5
27.8
28.1
28.3
28.6
28.9
29.2
29.4
29.7
30.0
30.3
30.6
30.8
31.1
31.4

based on dist
Distance
Time
Effective
Braking rate (accumulated) (accumulated)
m/s/s
m
s
0.00
0
0.0
0.06
1
2.0
0.06
3
4.0
0.06
6
6.0
0.06
10
8.0
0.06
16
10.0
0.07
20
11.0
0.08
24
12.0
0.09
28
13.0
0.10
32
14.0
0.10
37
15.0
0.11
42
15.5
0.12
48
16.0
0.12
54
16.5
0.13
60
17.0
0.13
66
17.5
0.14
72
18.0
0.14
77
18.5
0.15
82
19.0
0.16
88
19.5
0.16
94
20.0
0.17
100
20.5
0.18
106
21.0
0.18
113
21.5
0.18
121
22.0
0.19
129
22.5
0.19
139
23.0
0.19
150
23.5
0.19
162
24.0
0.19
174
24.5
0.19
185
25.0
0.19
195
25.5
0.19
204
26.0
0.20
213
26.5
0.20
222
27.0
0.20
231
27.5
0.21
241
28.0
0.21
250
28.5
0.21
260
29.0
0.22
271
29.5
0.22
281
30.0
0.22
292
30.5
0.22
302
31.0
0.23
314
31.5
0.23
325
32.0
0.23
336
32.5
0.24
347
33.0
0.24
359
33.5
0.24
370
34.0
0.24
382
34.5
0.24
394
35.0
0.25
406
35.5
0.25
419
36.0
0.25
431
36.5
0.25
444
37.0
0.26
457
37.5
0.26
470
38.0
0.26
483
38.5
0.26
496
39.0
0.26
509
39.5
0.27
523
40.0
0.27
537
40.5
0.27
551
41.0
0.27
566
41.5
0.27
580
42.0
0.27
595
42.5
0.28
610
43.0
0.28
624
43.5
0.28
639
44.0
0.28
655
44.5
0.28
670
45.0
0.28
686
45.5
0.28
702
46.0
0.29
718
46.5
0.29
734
47.0
0.29
751
47.5
0.29
768
48.0
0.29
784
48.5
0.29
801
49.0
0.29
819
49.5
0.30
836
50.0
0.30
854
50.5
0.30
871
51.0
0.30
889
51.5
0.30
908
52.0
0.30
926
52.5
0.30
945
53.0
0.30
963
53.5
0.30
982
54.0
0.31
1002
54.5
0.31
1021
55.0
0.31
1041
55.5
0.31
1061
56.0
0.31
1081
56.5
0.31
1101
57.0
0.31
1122
57.5
0.31
1143
58.0
0.31
1164
58.5
0.31
1185
59.0
0.31
1207
59.5
0.31
1229
60.0
0.31
1251
60.4
0.32
1273
60.8
0.32
1296
61.2
0.32
1319
61.6
0.32
1342
62.0
0.32
1365
62.4
0.32
1389
62.8
0.32
1413
63.2
0.32
1438
63.6
0.32
1462
64.0
0.32
1487
64.4
0.32
1511
64.8
0.32
1536
65.2
07/05/2014

114
115

237046402.xls

31.7
31.9

0.32
0.32

1562
1587

65.6
66.0

07/05/2014

Medium Length Intermodal Freight Train (GW16) Dynamics


Level
Gradient =
Speed/Dist based on SRA of NSW FreightRail Brake Engineer 16/6/93
Emergency Brake parameters derived from SB less 10%
based on dist
Distance
Time
Effective
s=ut+(at^2)/2
Speed
Speed
Braking rate (accumulated) (accumulated)
v^2=u^2+2as
km/h
m/s
m/s/s
m
s
v=u+at
0
0.0
0.00
0
0.0
s=(u+v)t/2
1
0.3
0.07
1
1.8
t=(v-u)/a
2
0.6
0.07
2
3.6
s=(v^2-u^2)/2a
3
0.8
0.07
5
5.5
4
1.1
0.07
9
7.3
a=2(vt-s)/t^2
5
1.4
0.07
15
9.1
6
1.7
0.08
17
10.0
7
1.9
0.09
21
10.9
8
2.2
0.10
24
11.8
9
2.5
0.11
29
12.7
10
2.8
0.11
34
13.6
11
3.1
0.12
38
14.1
12
3.3
0.13
43
14.5
13
3.6
0.14
48
15.0
14
3.9
0.14
54
15.5
15
4.2
0.14
60
15.9
16
4.4
0.15
65
16.4
17
4.7
0.16
69
16.8
18
5.0
0.17
74
17.3
19
5.3
0.17
80
17.7
20
5.6
0.18
85
18.2
21
5.8
0.19
91
18.6
22
6.1
0.19
97
19.1
23
6.4
0.20
104
19.5
24
6.7
0.20
110
20.0
25
6.9
0.21
117
20.5
26
7.2
0.21
127
20.9
27
7.5
0.21
137
21.4
28
7.8
0.21
147
21.8
29
8.1
0.21
157
22.3
30
8.3
0.21
168
22.7
31
8.6
0.21
176
23.2
32
8.9
0.21
184
23.6
33
9.2
0.22
193
24.1
34
9.4
0.22
201
24.5
35
9.7
0.23
210
25.0
36
10.0
0.23
219
25.5
37
10.3
0.23
227
25.9
38
10.6
0.24
237
26.4
39
10.8
0.24
246
26.8
40
11.1
0.24
255
27.3
41
11.4
0.24
265
27.7
42
11.7
0.25
275
28.2
43
11.9
0.25
285
28.6
44
12.2
0.25
295
29.1
45
12.5
0.26
305
29.5
46
12.8
0.26
316
30.0
47
13.1
0.26
326
30.5
48
13.3
0.26
336
30.9
49
13.6
0.27
347
31.4
50
13.9
0.27
358
31.8
51
14.2
0.27
369
32.3
52
14.4
0.27
380
32.7
53
14.7
0.28
392
33.2
54
15.0
0.28
404
33.6
55
15.3
0.28
415
34.1
56
15.6
0.28
427
34.5
57
15.8
0.29
439
35.0
58
16.1
0.29
451
35.5
59
16.4
0.29
463
35.9
60
16.7
0.29
475
36.4
61
16.9
0.29
488
36.8
62
17.2
0.30
501
37.3
63
17.5
0.30
514
37.7
64
17.8
0.30
527
38.2
65
18.1
0.30
541
38.6
66
18.3
0.30
554
39.1
67
18.6
0.31
568
39.5
68
18.9
0.31
581
40.0
69
19.2
0.31
595
40.5
70
19.4
0.31
609
40.9
71
19.7
0.31
623
41.4
72
20.0
0.31
638
41.8
73
20.3
0.32
653
42.3
74
20.6
0.32
668
42.7
75
20.8
0.32
683
43.2
76
21.1
0.32
698
43.6
77
21.4
0.32
713
44.1
78
21.7
0.32
728
44.5
79
21.9
0.32
744
45.0
80
22.2
0.32
760
45.5
81
22.5
0.33
776
45.9
82
22.8
0.33
792
46.4
83
23.1
0.33
808
46.8
84
23.3
0.33
825
47.3
85
23.6
0.33
842
47.7
86
23.9
0.33
859
48.2
87
24.2
0.33
876
48.6
88
24.4
0.33
893
49.1
89
24.7
0.34
911
49.5
90
25.0
0.34
928
50.0
91
25.3
0.34
946
50.5
92
25.6
0.34
964
50.9
93
25.8
0.34
983
51.4
94
26.1
0.34
1001
51.8
95
26.4
0.34
1020
52.3
96
26.7
0.34
1039
52.7
97
26.9
0.34
1058
53.2
98
27.2
0.34
1078
53.6
99
27.5
0.34
1097
54.1
100
27.8
0.35
1117
54.5
101
28.1
0.35
1137
54.9
102
28.3
0.35
1158
55.3
103
28.6
0.35
1178
55.6
104
28.9
0.35
1199
56.0
105
29.2
0.35
1220
56.4
106
29.4
0.35
1241
56.7
107
29.7
0.35
1263
57.1
108
30.0
0.35
1285
57.5
109
30.3
0.35
1307
57.8
110
30.6
0.35
1329
58.2
111
30.8
0.35
1351
58.5
112
31.1
0.35
1374
58.9

113
114
115

31.4
31.7
31.9

0.35
0.35
0.35

1397
1420
1443

59.3
59.6
60.0

Long Length Intermodal Freight Train (GW40) Dynamics


Level
Gradient =
Speed/Dist based on SRA of NSW FreightRail Brake Engineer 1/12/93
Emergency Brake parameters derived from SB less 10%
based on dist
Distance
Time
Effective
s=ut+(at^2)/2
Speed
Speed
Braking rate (accumulated) (accumulated)
v^2=u^2+2as
km/h
m/s
m/s/s
m
s
v=u+at
0
0.0
0.00
0
0.0
s=(u+v)t/2
1
0.3
0.05
1
2.7
t=(v-u)/a
2
0.6
0.05
3
5.5
s=(v^2-u^2)/2a
3
0.8
0.05
8
8.2
4
1.1
0.05
13
10.9
a=2(vt-s)/t^2
5
1.4
0.05
21
13.6
6
1.7
0.06
25
14.7
7
1.9
0.07
29
15.8
8
2.2
0.07
34
16.9
9
2.5
0.08
40
18.0
10
2.8
0.08
46
19.1
11
3.1
0.09
52
20.2
12
3.3
0.10
57
21.3
13
3.6
0.10
63
22.4
14
3.9
0.11
70
23.5
15
4.2
0.11
77
24.5
16
4.4
0.11
88
25.5
17
4.7
0.11
100
26.4
18
5.0
0.11
113
27.3
19
5.3
0.11
126
28.2
20
5.6
0.11
140
29.1
21
5.8
0.11
149
29.8
22
6.1
0.12
159
30.5
23
6.4
0.12
169
31.3
24
6.7
0.12
179
32.0
25
6.9
0.13
190
32.7
26
7.2
0.13
200
33.3
27
7.5
0.13
211
33.8
28
7.8
0.14
223
34.4
29
8.1
0.14
234
34.9
30
8.3
0.14
246
35.5
31
8.6
0.14
258
36.0
32
8.9
0.15
270
36.5
33
9.2
0.15
283
37.1
34
9.4
0.15
296
37.6
35
9.7
0.15
309
38.2
36
10.0
0.16
323
38.7
37
10.3
0.16
336
39.3
38
10.6
0.16
351
39.8
39
10.8
0.16
365
40.4
40
11.1
0.16
380
40.9
41
11.4
0.16
394
41.5
42
11.7
0.17
408
42.0
43
11.9
0.17
423
42.5
44
12.2
0.17
437
43.1
45
12.5
0.17
453
43.6
46
12.8
0.17
468
44.2
47
13.1
0.18
484
44.7
48
13.3
0.18
500
45.3
49
13.6
0.18
516
45.8
50
13.9
0.18
533
46.4
51
14.2
0.18
549
46.9
52
14.4
0.18
565
47.5
53
14.7
0.19
582
48.0
54
15.0
0.19
599
48.5
55
15.3
0.19
616
49.1
56
15.6
0.19
634
49.6
57
15.8
0.19
652
50.2
58
16.1
0.19
670
50.7
59
16.4
0.20
688
51.3
60
16.7
0.20
707
51.8
61
16.9
0.20
725
52.4
62
17.2
0.20
743
52.9
63
17.5
0.20
761
53.5
64
17.8
0.20
780
54.0
65
18.1
0.20
799
54.5
66
18.3
0.21
818
55.1
67
18.6
0.21
837
55.6
68
18.9
0.21
857
56.2
69
19.2
0.21
877
56.7
70
19.4
0.21
897
57.3
71
19.7
0.21
917
57.7
72
20.0
0.21
937
58.2
73
20.3
0.21
958
58.6
74
20.6
0.22
978
59.1
75
20.8
0.22
999
59.5
76
21.1
0.22
1020
60.0
77
21.4
0.22
1041
60.5
78
21.7
0.22
1063
60.9
79
21.9
0.22
1084
61.4
80
22.2
0.22
1106
61.8
81
22.5
0.22
1128
62.3
82
22.8
0.23
1150
62.7
83
23.1
0.23
1173
63.2
84
23.3
0.23
1195
63.6
85
23.6
0.23
1218
64.1
86
23.9
0.23
1241
64.5
87
24.2
0.23
1264
65.0
88
24.4
0.23
1288
65.5
89
24.7
0.23
1311
65.9
90
25.0
0.23
1335
66.4
91
25.3
0.24
1359
66.8
92
25.6
0.24
1383
67.3
93
25.8
0.24
1407
67.7
94
26.1
0.24
1432
68.2
95
26.4
0.24
1456
68.6
96
26.7
0.24
1481
69.1
97
26.9
0.24
1506
69.5
98
27.2
0.24
1531
70.0
99
27.5
0.24
1557
70.5
100
27.8
0.24
1583
70.9
101
28.1
0.24
1609
71.4
102
28.3
0.25
1635
71.8
103
28.6
0.25
1662
72.3
104
28.9
0.25
1689
72.7
105
29.2
0.25
1716
73.2
106
29.4
0.25
1743
73.6
107
29.7
0.25
1770
74.1
108
30.0
0.25
1797
74.5
109
30.3
0.25
1824
75.0
110
30.6
0.25
1852
75.5
111
30.8
0.25
1880
75.9
112
31.1
0.25
1908
76.4
113
31.4
0.25
1936
76.8

114
115

31.7
31.9

0.26
0.26

1965
1994

77.3
78.0

Long Length Intermodal Freight Train (GW40) Dynamics


Level
Gradient =
Speed/Dist based on SRA of NSW FreightRail Brake Engineer 1/12/93

s=ut+(at^2)/2
v^2=u^2+2as
v=u+at
s=(u+v)t/2
t=(v-u)/a
s=(v^2-u^2)/2a
a=2(vt-s)/t^2

237046402.xls

Speed
km/h
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115

Speed
m/s
0.0
0.3
0.6
0.8
1.1
1.4
1.7
1.9
2.2
2.5
2.8
3.1
3.3
3.6
3.9
4.2
4.4
4.7
5.0
5.3
5.6
5.8
6.1
6.4
6.7
6.9
7.2
7.5
7.8
8.1
8.3
8.6
8.9
9.2
9.4
9.7
10.0
10.3
10.6
10.8
11.1
11.4
11.7
11.9
12.2
12.5
12.8
13.1
13.3
13.6
13.9
14.2
14.4
14.7
15.0
15.3
15.6
15.8
16.1
16.4
16.7
16.9
17.2
17.5
17.8
18.1
18.3
18.6
18.9
19.2
19.4
19.7
20.0
20.3
20.6
20.8
21.1
21.4
21.7
21.9
22.2
22.5
22.8
23.1
23.3
23.6
23.9
24.2
24.4
24.7
25.0
25.3
25.6
25.8
26.1
26.4
26.7
26.9
27.2
27.5
27.8
28.1
28.3
28.6
28.9
29.2
29.4
29.7
30.0
30.3
30.6
30.8
31.1
31.4
31.7
31.9

based on dist
Distance
Time
Effective
Braking rate (accumulated) (accumulated)
m/s/s
m
s
0.00
0
0.0
0.04
1
3.0
0.04
4
6.0
0.04
8
9.0
0.04
15
12.0
0.04
23
15.0
0.05
28
16.2
0.06
34
17.4
0.06
39
18.6
0.07
45
19.8
0.08
51
21.0
0.08
57
22.2
0.09
62
23.4
0.10
69
24.6
0.10
76
25.8
0.10
85
27.0
0.10
97
28.0
0.10
111
29.0
0.10
126
30.0
0.10
141
31.0
0.10
154
32.0
0.10
166
32.8
0.11
177
33.6
0.11
187
34.4
0.11
198
35.2
0.12
209
36.0
0.12
221
36.6
0.12
233
37.2
0.12
245
37.8
0.13
258
38.4
0.13
271
39.0
0.13
284
39.6
0.13
298
40.2
0.13
311
40.8
0.14
326
41.4
0.14
340
42.0
0.14
355
42.6
0.14
370
43.2
0.14
386
43.8
0.15
402
44.4
0.15
418
45.0
0.15
434
45.6
0.15
449
46.2
0.15
465
46.8
0.16
481
47.4
0.16
498
48.0
0.16
515
48.6
0.16
532
49.2
0.16
550
49.8
0.16
568
50.4
0.16
586
51.0
0.17
604
51.6
0.17
622
52.2
0.17
640
52.8
0.17
659
53.4
0.17
678
54.0
0.17
697
54.6
0.17
717
55.2
0.18
738
55.8
0.18
758
56.4
0.18
778
57.0
0.18
798
57.6
0.18
818
58.2
0.18
838
58.8
0.18
858
59.4
0.19
879
60.0
0.19
900
60.6
0.19
922
61.2
0.19
943
61.8
0.19
965
62.4
0.19
987
63.0
0.19
1009
63.5
0.19
1031
64.0
0.20
1054
64.5
0.20
1076
65.0
0.20
1099
65.5
0.20
1122
66.0
0.20
1146
66.5
0.20
1169
67.0
0.20
1193
67.5
0.20
1217
68.0
0.20
1241
68.5
0.20
1266
69.0
0.21
1290
69.5
0.21
1315
70.0
0.21
1340
70.5
0.21
1365
71.0
0.21
1391
71.5
0.21
1417
72.0
0.21
1443
72.5
0.21
1469
73.0
0.21
1495
73.5
0.21
1522
74.0
0.22
1548
74.5
0.22
1575
75.0
0.22
1602
75.5
0.22
1629
76.0
0.22
1657
76.5
0.22
1685
77.0
0.22
1713
77.5
0.22
1741
78.0
0.22
1770
78.5
0.22
1799
79.0
0.22
1829
79.5
0.22
1858
80.0
0.23
1888
80.5
0.23
1918
81.0
0.23
1947
81.5
0.23
1977
82.0
0.23
2007
82.5
0.23
2037
83.0
0.23
2068
83.5
0.23
2099
84.0
0.23
2130
84.5
0.23
2162
85.0
0.23
2194
86.0
07/05/2014