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Quadrax is a 4 channel dif-

ferential connector suitable
for high speed electrical net-
work applications. According
to its data sheet, this Souri-
au-Corporation manufac-
tured quadrax contact has
excellent network perfor-
mances, minimum crosstalk,
and perfect matching. It is
designed to operate in harsh
environments and handles
a high density of links. Here
we show how to model an
Ethernet 100 Mbps quadrax
contact using HFWorks in an
S-parameter simulation at
2.5 GHz.
Figure 1: Quadrax 3D view
Through this simulation, we
aim at finding the frequency
responses of the device: basi-
cally insertion and return loss-
es. An S-parameter simulation
provides what is intended here:
The frequency plan is discrete
with a samll step between 100
MHz and 2.5 GHz. We can also
view the propagation of the
wave within the quadrax and
measure the field intensity in
or along user-defined curves
within the shape: i.e. we can set
a group of points out of which
we create an electric field 2D
The quadrax has two ports
on the two lateral sides of
the transmission paths. The
propagation is in the TEM
mode. We have four signal
boundary conditions with a
perfect electric conductor at
outer fece of the quadrax.
At the desired user-defined
center-frequency, we can
view the electric and magnet-
ic field in different settings:
i.e. iso and section clipping,
animating the field through
varying its omega-T phase,
changing the colors of the
chart to show intensity ... .
Here is a capture of an elec-
tric field distribution spot-
ted within the surface of the
quadraxs outer face. Figure 2: Near field distribution
We can also check up on the on
the field inner distribution by
using the iso clipping feature
(See next figure)
Figure 3: Inner Electric field distribtuin
Figure 4: Insertion/ Return loss
The return and insertion
losses is in a good range and
meets the expectations and
measurements of the manu-
facturer. As mentioned ear-
lier, we can go for further
results and investigate every
single point by probing it on
a 3D electric field plot. Here
is an example of the electric
field variation from the cen-
tral axis towards the lateral
face: the X-axis is numbered
using the ordinal numbers
of the nodes in the created
mesh, in the order of selec-
tion which means that the
order of these nodes obey
chronologically to the order
of the nodes selection by the
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+1 (514) 634 9797 |
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