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Introduction

We students taking Additional Mathematics are required to carry outa project work while we are in Form
5.This year the CurriculumDevelopment Division, Ministry of Education has prepared four tasksfor
us.We are to choose and complete only ONE task based on our area of interest.This project can be done in
groups or individually,buteach of us are expected to submit an individually written
report.Uponcompletion of the Additional Mathematics Project Work,we are togain valuable experiences
and able to:

Apply and adapt a variety of problem solving strategies tosolve routine and non-routine
problems;


Experience classroom environments which are challenging,interesting and meaningful and hence
improve their thinkingskills.


Experience classroom environments where knowledge andskills are applied in meaningful ways
in solving real-life problems


Experience classroom environments where expressing onesmathematical thinking,reasoning and
communication arehighly encouraged and expected


Experience classroom environments that stimulates andenhances effective learning.


Acquire effective mathematical communication through oraland writing,and to use the language
of mathematics to expressmathematical ideas correctly and precisely


Enhance acquisition of mathematical knowledge and skillsthrough problem-solving in ways that
increase interest andconfidence

Prepare ourselves for the demand of our future undertakingsand in workplace















Realise that mathematics is an important and powerful tool insolving real-life problems and hence
develop positive attitudetowards mathematics.


Train ourselves not only to be independent learners but also tocollaborate, to cooperate, and to
share knowledge in anengaging and healthy environment


Use technology especially the ICT appropriately andeffectively


Train ourselves to appreciate the intrinsic values of mathematics and to become more creative and
innovative


Realize the importance and the beauty of mathematics

We are expected to submit the project work within three weeksfrom the first day the task is being
administered to us.Failure tosubmit the written report will result in us not receiving certificate.

























History of statistic
By the 18th century, the term "statistics" designated the systematiccollection of demographic
and economic data by states. In the early 19thcentury, the meaning of "statistics" broadened, then
including the disciplineconcerned with the collection, summary, and analysis of data. Today statistics
iswidely employed in government, business, and all the sciences.Electronic computers have
expedited statistical computation, and have allowedstatisticians to develop "computer-intensive"
methods.The term "mathematical statistics" designates the mathematical theoriesof probability and
statistical inference, which are used in statistical practice. Therelation between statistics and probability
theory developed rather late,however. In the 19th century, statistics increasingly used probability
theory,whose initial results were found in the17th and 18th centuries, particularly inthe analysis of
games of chance (gambling). By 1800, astronomy used probability models and statistical theories,
particularly the method of leastsquares, which was invented by Legendre and Gauss. Early probability
theoryand statistics was systematized and extended by Laplace; following Laplace, probability and
statistics have been in continual development. In the 19thcentury, social scientists used statistical
reasoning and probability models toadvance the new sciences of experimental psychology and
sociology; physicalscientists used statistical reasoning and probability models to advance the
newsciences of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics. The development of statistical reasoning was
closely associated with the development of inductivelogic and the scientific method.Statistics is not a
field of mathematics but an autonomous mathematical science,like computer science or operations
research. Unlike mathematics, statistics hadits origins in public administration and maintains a special
concernwith demography and economics. Being concerned with the scientificmethod and inductive
logic, statistical theory has close association withthe philosophy of science; with its emphasis on learning
from data and making best predictions, statistics has great overlap with the decisionscience and
microeconomics. With its concerns with data, statistics has overlapwith information science and
computer science.









Statistics today
During the 20th century, the creation of precise instruments for agriculturalresearch, public health
concerns (epidemiology, biostatistics, etc.),industrial quality control, and economic and social
purposes(unemployment rate, econometry, etc.) necessitated substantial advances instatistical
practices.Today the use of statistics has broadened far beyond its origins. Individualsand organizations
use statistics to understand data and make informeddecisions throughout the natural and social
sciences, medicine, business,and other areas.Statistics is generally regarded not as a subfield of
mathematics but rather as a distinct, albeit allied, field. Many universities maintain
separatemathematics and statistics departments. Statistics is also taught indepartments as diverse
as psychology, education, and public health.



















Part 1
The prices of goods sold in shops vary from one shop toanother.Shoppers tend to buy goods which are
not only reasonably priced but also give value for their money.You are required to carry out a survey on
four different items basedon the following categories i.e. food, detergent and stationery.Thesurvey
should be done in three different shops.a)

Collect pictures,newspaper cuttings or photos on items that youhave chosen.Design a collage to
illustrate the chosen items
Answer:


















Food:


Question
(b) Record the items and their prices systematically as inTable 1.Since items maybe differently
packed,be sure to useconsistent measurements for each item selected so thatcomparison can be done
easily and accurately
.
Answer:
C
ategory
Item Price(RM)Boulevard Everrise Discountstore
Food
1.Self-RaisingFlour(1000g)4.00 3.70 3.60
2.Sugar(1000g)
2.00 1.90 1.80
3.Butter(250g)
4.70 4.50 4.304.Eggs(Grade A)1 dozen5.90 5.50 5.00Total Price 16.60 15.60 14.70
Detergent

1.Soap(3 bars) 3.20 3.00 2.802.Liquiddishwasher(1000ml)4.29 3.90 3.203.Clothesdetergent(3kg)18.90 17
.00 16.504.Toiletcleaner(500ml)5.50 5.50 5.50Total Price 31.89 29.40 28.00
Stationery
1.Sharpener 1.50 1.30 1.002.Pencil(2B-1 dozen)5.00 4.80 4.503.Pen 1.30 1.20 1.
004.Eraser 1.30 1.20 1.10Total Price 9.10 8.50 7.60Grand Total 57.59 53.50 50.30