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First priority working as a load Controller will always be, SAFETY.

As you are getting acquainted (failiar! wit" TAS load control procedures, you will naturally becoe
efficient and effecti#e.
As a load controller you contribute a great deal to t"e punctuality of our Aircraft.
$ut, %E&E' forget SAFETY "as t"e "ig"est priority.
T"e ECAA require t"at all TAS aircraft "a#e a load s"eet as a docuentation for weig"t, nuber of (souls(
on board and centre of gra#ity ($alance )oint! being wit"in gi#en liits. *aking sure t"at none of t"e actual
figures+weig"ts e#er e,ceed t"e a,iu gi#en for t"e Aircraft (t"is is will be your ain responsibility!.
-n t"is odule you will be ore failiar of TAS weig"t . $alance Calculation in accordance wit" TAS
'ules and regulations.
/e s"all be able to identify soe references and resources and finally copleting a practice.
0uring t"e final test you are allowed to use t"e S1* and t"e quick references.
1- Dry Operating Weight and Dry Operating Indices
2et3s take a look on TAS 4444
5 A678
5 &ersion 9:8Y
5 S;2$<
5 7 Flig"t Crew
5 = Cabin Crew
T"e different nuber of crew t"an listed (standard! you eit"er add or subtract :6 >g for crew.
A22 ACT-&E+1)E'AT-%? crewebers on TAS aircraft ust be included in 01/.
You should not have a problem for this issue as we have no changing crew in SZZ
!- "alance calculation
/e calculate now t"e balance and coplete t"e precalculations on t"e 2oading -nstruction, and $alance and
Seating Conditions by using quick references balance tables@
T"ree a,es pass t"roug" t"e Centre of ?ra#ityA
5 T"e #ertical a,is
5 T"e $ongitudinal a,is
5 T"e %ransversal a,is
A o#eent around t"e #ertical a,is is called YA/, around t"e longitudinal a,is is a '122, and t"e
o#eent around t"e trans#ersal a,is is a pitc". /e are concerned only wit" t"e o#eent around t"e
trans#ersal a,is since t"e o#eent around t"e longitudinal a,is is too sall to affect t"e aircraft.
&alculate "alance
-n t"is odule you will learn "ow to calculate balance of an aircraftA
$oading Instruction
Calculate t"e 'stimated balance using t"e estiated passengers, baggage, cargo and ail figures.
C"eck t"at your calculated inde, is wit"in liits
*ark t"e balance on t"e balance c"eck bo,
Enter t"e balance figures on t"e loading -nstruction
$oad sheet
Calculate t"e (ctual balance using t"e actual passengers, baggage, cargo and ail figures.
C"eck t"at your calculated inde, is wit"in liits
*ark t"e balance on t"e balance c"eck bo,
Enter t"e balance figures on t"e load s"eet.
S<1/ t"e pages for t"e 2oad s"eet . Tri S"eet and to e,plain t"e fuel inde, and to read t"e notes and
deterine t"e applicable balance liit as t"ere are different outer liits for different situations.
)- &omplete $oading instruction
/"en you look at an aircraft, you usually see it fro t"e passenger entrance side, "owe#er fro now on you
ust also get used to look at it fro t"e loader3s side of t"e aircraft.
As a general rule, copartent 9 is in front of t"e wing and copartents 6, B and = be"ind t"e wing.
Copartent 8 is t"e passenger Cabin, used w"en planning Cargo and + or *ail in seat containers (S1C!.
T"e 2oad Controller3s duty is to instruct t"e loading staff w"ere t"e deadload ($aggage, cargo, and *ail!
s"ould be loaded. %he $oading instruction*report for is used for t"is task.
T"e s"aded areas are t"e loading instruction and t"is is your responsibility
T"e w"ite areas are t"e loading +eport and t"is is t"e 2oad *asters responsibility.
,a-imum weights in the &ompartments
First you ust find t"e a,iu weig"t capacity and t"e a,iu #olue a#ailable for eac"
T"e inforation you need is found in t"e S1* c"apter B.
%1TE T<AT <EA&Y )-ECES (<EA! can %1T be loaded in copartent B. ()ieces weig"ing 9=8 >g or
/"en you enter *a,iu weig"t+#olue is entered be sure to c"oose t"e rig"t type of loading instruction.
Inde- With .assengers
Soeties, especially as a new load controller, it can be difficult to decide in w"ic" copartents to plan
t"e deadload. -f you don3t know "ow to deadload effect t"e o#erall balance you can start wit" balancing t"e
estiated aount of occupied passenger seats in t"e cabin sections. T"is will gi#e you a #alue t"at we call
-nde, /it" )assengers (-/)!.
T"e -/) will gi#e you a "int of "ow to plan load in copartent + ake loadplanning.
You need to know t"at t"e loading staff is instructed to load an aircraft in a specific sequenceA
5 2oad cargo first
5 T"en *ail
5 And baggage closest to t"e copartent door
T"is is a standard routine due to consideration to our passengers, in order to iniiCe t"eir waiting tie for
c"ecked in baggage deli#ered upon arri#al.
/ote0 1or practical reasons it is important that local baggage and transfer baggage is separated
2otus Air )rocedures is w"en planning a two5destination flig"tD you can /O% load bot" destinations in t"e
sae copartent.
)lease coplete t"e loading instruction according t"e distribution belowA
TAS:899, S;2$<, SEE5>T/5SS<
Fuel $lock F:88 Ta,i 788 Tf 6888
)assengers SS<5>T/ 6G F68kg
SEE5SS< GF 9748kg
Standard baggage weig"t 9= >g
Crew 7+=
When the load sheet is completed2 you must compare the estimated Zero 1uel Weight with the actual
Zero 1uel Weight
3- &omplete $oadsheet
Coplete t"e 2oading -nstruction and t"e 2oads"eet for t"e passenger aircraft using all necessary
inforation regarding flig"t, load, fors and anuals.
You calculations ust be correct, and no regulations ay be #iolated and no liitations e,ceeded.
T"e "eading on t"e loads"eet contains inforation for t"e station recei#ing t"e load essageA
Addresses, 1riginator, flig"t nuber, registration, #ersion, nuber of crew and t"e date.
$O(D S4''%
2et us re#iew w"at t"e different parts of t"e load s"eet are used for. 2ook at t"e illustration.
)art 9 H is used for calculation of t"e allowed traffic load.
)art 7 H is used for registration of load, passengers and deadload.
)art 6 H is used for calculation of t"e actual gross weig"ts.
)art B H is used for registration of 2ast *inute C"anges.
T"e ;pper )art
T"e 01/ obtained fro t"e S1*
T"e T1F obtained fro t"e flig"t
0ispatc"er or t"e Coander
T"e su of 01/ and T1F
*a,iu /eig"ts
Eero Fuel
Take 1ff
Trip Fuel
Take 1ff Fuel
*a, Allowed T.1./
2owest of a, b or c
a b c
1perating /eig"t
Allowed Traffic 2oad
0ry 1perating /eig"t
Take5off fuel I
1perating /eig"t
To be transferred to t"e lower part
To be deducted fro
lowest of a, b, or c
T"e TF to be obtained fro t"e
0ispatc"er or t"e Coander
%he ,iddle .art
Total weig"t of transit and boarding deadload in copartents.
/eig"t of $aggage, cargo, and ail, distributed according to loading instruction and loadessage.
D'S% J 0estination in T"ree letter airport code.
, J *ale
1 J Feale
&h J C"ildren
I J -nfants
%he $ower .art
95 ;sed for last inute in t"e traffic load and crew
75 C"eck t"at total 2*C3s do not exceed (;nderload before 2*C(
65 C"eck t"at actual gross weig"ts do not exceed a,iu ?ross /eig"t
B5 C"eck take off Fuel against Fuelling 1rder and "tick off"
=5 C"eck a,iu ?ross /eig"t against S1* and "tick off"
F5 C"eck 01/+01- against S1* and "tick off"
G5 C"eck capacity against t"e S1*
Always reeber t"e F "tick offs" MZFW MTOW MLAW DOW DOI - TOF
%ic5 off 6
&ross &hec5s
1 Cross5c"eck t"at t"e total aount of transit loads, cargo, baggage and ail is equal to t"e total
deadload figure.
Cross c"eck t"at t"e aount of deaload in copartents is equal to t"e total deadload figure.
! Cross c"eck t"at t"e total nuber of passengers (Transit5passengers and boarding passengers,
including infants! is equal to t"e nuber of passengers.
) Sort out w"ic" one of t"e a,iu gross weig"ts is liiting. T"e actual underload added to t"e
actual gross weig"t ust be equal to a,iu gross weig"t before 2*C.
7 Also, c"eck t"at t"e total 2*C is co#ered by t"e estiated balance on t"e loading instruction.
3 C"eck estiated Eero Fuel /eig"t on t"e loading instruction against actual Eero Fuel /eig"t on t"e
2oad S"eet.
8 C"eck t"at total 2*C does not e,ceed t"e underload.
%he $oad ,aster adds toget"er t"e weig"t of bag, cargo, ail and e,tra equipent, and t"en "e #isually
inspects t"e load in t"e copartents. T"e total figures are transferred to t"e loading report.
%he $oad &ontroller obtains t"e figures for t"e 2oad S"eet direct fro c"eck5in, cargo and ail
As you can see fro t"is illustration, t"at t"e inforation about t"e deadload actually on board t"e aircraft is
calculated and copared by two persons obtaining t"eir inforation fro entirely different sources.
T"e sae procedure is #alid for t"e passenger figure. <ere t"e gate staff obtains t"e passenger figures by
siply counting t"e nuber of persons boarding t"e aircraft.
/"en perforing t"e 2oad Control C"eck, you always reeber t"e t"ree prioritiesA
1 1light Safety
! On-%ime .erformance
) Service
Signatures on the $oad Sheet

1n t"e 2oad S"eet, t"ere are two bo,es to be used for signatures of t"e staff responsible for t"e flig"t.
9.repared by9 first. T"e qualified 2oad Controller ust always sign t"is bo, t"us indicating "e+s"e "as
gi#en t"e $oad &ontrol release, and t"e aircraft is ready to depart.
-f t"e load s"eet "as been copleted by a person not qualified as 2oad Controller for TAS aircraft, t"is
person "as to sign but in addition t"e TAS qualified 2oad Controller ust Countersign to gi#e t"e
.repared by
(pproved by
($$ 1I:;+'S %O "' &O,.(+'D (+' 1+O, DI11''+'/% SO;+&'S
%4IS IS %O '$I,I/(%' 4;,(/ '++O+S
/'#'+ +'$'(S' (/ (I+&+(1% WI%4 (/Y
I/&O/SIS%'/&Y "'%W''/ 1I:;+'S
$oad &ontrol +elease2 as t"e e,aple below.
$y signing t"e 2oad s"eet, t"e 2oad Controller certifies t"atA
5 All load figures are correctly entered according to load docuents prepared for flig"t.
5 All calculations are correct
5 All figures are correctly applied according to copany regulations
5 T"e weig"t distribution corresponds to t"e landing report, signed by t"e person responsible.
5 T"e perissible a,iu weig"ts for take5off, landing, Eero fuel and copartent capacities
are not e,ceeded.
5 T"e balance point is wit"in gi#en liits.
5 T"e a,iu perissible nuber of persons on board is not e,ceeded.
5 T"e allowed seating capacity for passengers and crew is not e,ceeded.
T"e 9(pproved by9 bo, will be copleted by t"e coander, w"en "e+s"e "as c"ecked and appro#ed t"e
load s"eet.
4ow to proceed with manual load planning and $oad sheet
1 'nter on the $oad Sheet
Tele,es addresses, flig"t+date, A+C registration, #ersion, crew figure, date of copletionK
01/ and 01-
*a,. EF/, T1/, 2A/
Take5off Fuel
Trip Fuel
Transit figures, according to incoing load essage
Calculate allowed Traffic 2oad
! &alculate on a separate piece of paper
Estiated Traffic load and estiated Eero Fuel /eig"t
Transit figures, according to incoing load essageJ
)assengers Adult J
C"ildren J
$aggage pieces , std weig"t J
Cargo J
*ail J
.repared by
(pproved by
Equipent J
'stimated traffic $oad 6
Add 01/ I
'stimated Zero 1uel Weight 6
) &omplete loading Instruction <estimated figures=
Enter transit figures, according to incoing load essage
)erfor load planning
Calculate t"e balance and perfor balance c"eck
Enter t"e precalculation 02- and 2-EF/ on t"e loading instruction
Enter t"e estiated Eero Fuel /eig"t on t"e loading instruction
Enter estiated under or o#erload on t"e loading instruction
7 &omplete the $oad sheet <actual figures=
Enter actual passenger, baggage, cargo and ail figures
Calculate total weig"t for passengers and total weig"t per copartent
Calculate underload
Calculate ?ross /eig"ts
)erfor Cross c"ecks.
Calculate t"e balance and perfor balance c"eck
Enter 02- and 2-EF/ on t"e 2oad s"eet
)erfor load control c"eck
Sign t"e 2oad S"eet
/ow you are ready to proceed with the first $oad Sheet practice
&ompare 'S% %raffic $oad and (llowed %raffic $oad2 in case of overload2
Offload according to the priority
$(S% ,I/;%' &4(/:'S (/D ,'SS(:'S
$ast ,inute &hanges <$,&=
T"e 2ast *inute C"anges (2*C! bo, is used w"en t"e 2oad S"eet is copleted wit" all rele#ant figures.
2*C ay be additional 2oad, offloaded load or c"anges to original load figures.
Whenever the $,& bo- is used2 the balance has to be recalculated and chec5ed and the balance
figures changed even if the inde- figure remains the same
-n TAS, t"ere is a liit of =88 kg weig"t you can add or subtract in t"e 2*C bo,.
%he total weight of all $,&>s must neve e-ceed 9;nderload before $,&9
%ow let us "a#e a closer look at t"e 2*C bo, by ean of an e,apleA
9 adult offloaded
986 kg of additional Cargo in copartent 6
D'S% 0estination in t"ree5letter code
Specification 2oad Category $, C, *, 9 A0,
7 C<0, 9 -%F
&l Class of seating (F or Y!
&pt Copartent for load
$ast ,inute &hanges
Dest Specification
$,& %otal
? Add
5 Subtract
/eig"t weig"t in >g
2*C total Total weig"t I or H of all 2*C in >g
/"en you "a#e passengers as 2*C, you "a#e to c"ange t"e (balance and Seating Conditions(
and (Total )assengers(.
'ecalculate t"e balance and do t"e balance c"eck, cross out t"e old figures and enter t"e new ones on t"e
2oad S"eet before you present t"e load s"eet to t"e Coander.
DO /O% c"ange any ot"er figures on t"e load s"eet before you present it to t"e Coander.
:+O;/D I/S%("I$I%Y +'@I+','/%S
T"e risk of tail tipping e,ists on ost aircraft w"en load is loaded in t"e rear of t"e aircraft.
-n order to a#oid tail tipping of an aircraft you copensate by "a#ing a certain aount of load in t"e forward
par of t"e aircraft.
T"e loading staff is infored about t"e ?round Stability requireent on t"e 2oading -nstruction, and t"e
ne,t station is infored in t"e S- field of t"e 2oad *essage.
-n TAS fleet, t"ere is a risk of tail tipping on all aircraft.
$oading s"all always start in copartents 9
Offloading s"all start in copartent 6 and B
Offloading seAuenceA t"e re#erse loading sequence.
S.'&I($ &(S'S
(ctive crew on passenger seat2 B&+
-n case w"en t"ere are ore cabin crew t"an cabin crew seats, a passenger seat ust be used for t"e e,tra
cabin crew. T"e crew, LC', is included in t"e pa,5figure (passenger seats occupied!.
2et us take an e,apleA 1n S;2$? t"ere are 7 crew ebers on flig"t deck and F in t"e cabin. According
to S1* t"ere are only = cabin seats a#ailable. 1ne cabin crew "as to be seated on a passenger seat. /eig"t
wise t"e entire crew is included in t"e 0ry 1perating /eig"t. Cabin crew seats "as %1 influence on t"e
balance, but t"e si,t" crew seated on a passenger seat will "a#e an influence on t"e balance.
&hanges to fuel figures must !E"ER be entered in the $,& bo-
-n order to ake t"e balance correction you siply include t"e LC' in t"e Seats 1ccupied figure
()a, figure!. T"en t"e LC' will be balanced toget"er wit" t"e passengers. -nclude t"e noteA LC' in order to
e,plain t"e inconsistency between t"e (%o. of passengers( to t"e left and t"e (Seats occupied( figure to t"e