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IBMSystems and Technology

System Storage
Product Datasheet
IBM XIV Storage
System series
Storage reinvented: Powerful and easy storage for
enterprise applications
Highlights

A revolutionary, proven high-end disk


storage system designed for data growth
and unmatched ease of use

Consistent high performance without


hotspots for all workloads enabled
through massive parallelism and
self-tuning

High reliability and availability via full


redundancy, self-healing and unprece-
dented rebuild speed

Low TCO enabled by high density stor-


age, advanced functionality at no extra
charge and low-touch management

Virtualized storage for optimizing virtual


environments and cloud services
The IBM XIV Storage System is a proven, high-end disk storage
series designed by listening to customers and addressing their storage
challenges across the broadest spectrum of business applications. The
XIV series offers highly affordable storage suitable for even the most
demanding workloads, providing tier 1 consistent high performance and
high reliability, at tier 2 costs. Never compromising performance for reli-
ability, the XIV grid architecture deploys massive parallelism to allocate
system resources evenly at all times and scale seamlessly, without the need
for complex, time-consuming tuning and conguration. A recognized
industry leader in enterprise storage manageability, the XIV system sets a
new standard for ease of use by automating most tasks and providing an
amazingly intuitive user interface. Its grid architecture enables perform-
ance to grow with capacity and integrates seamlessly with cloud technolo-
gies for even greater agility in accommodating growth.
The XIV Storage System has met with rapid market acceptance and
success, with more than four thousand installations in diverse industries
worldwide, including nancial services, healthcare, energy, education and
manufacturing. The XIV series supports a wide range of workload needs,
from capacity-hungry to ultra-high-performance. It integrates easily with
virtualization, email, database, analytics and data protection solutions
from Microsoft, IBM, SAP, Oracle, SAS, VMware, Hyper-V, Symantec
and other leading applications. The XIV series plays a key role in IBMs
end-to-end dynamic infrastructure solutions, integrating seamlessly
with IBM ProtecTIER, SONAS, SAN Volume Controller, Storwize
V7000 and Tivoli products. Customers also benet from industry-
leading IBM 247 global support and service.
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IBMSystems and Technology Product Datasheet
System Storage
The IBM XIV Storage System series offers several models, all
based on the same proven XIV architecture and the same sim-
ple, cost-effective pricing approach of all functionality provided
with the system software at no extra charge.

IBM XIV Storage System Gen3 model: Features


state-of-the-art hardware components that can do more,
faster than ever before. Its InniBand backplane offers
massive throughput and low latency, and combines with
powerful CPUs, additional RAM and a state-of-the-art
motherboard to meet the most demanding application needs;
eight Gbps Fibre Channel ports offer huge bandwidth in
support of very high-speed data transfer. XIV Gen3 helps
meet extremely demanding performance requirements,
including ever-changing virtualized and cloud environments.
Offered with 2 TB drives, this model is designed to meet
high-end performance objectives for complex application
scenarios involving business intelligence, archiving, data ware-
housing, streaming backup, large numbers of mailboxes,
and heavy virtualized server application loads, as well as
demanding ProtecTIER setups and online transaction pro-
cessing (OLTP). An expansion option for use of solid-state
drives as intermediate cache offers even more future
performance power.

IBM XIV Storage System second-generation model: Has


proven success handling a mix of diverse workloads. It is a
powerful storage option suitable for most application needs,
with excellent price-to-performance advantages. This model
is offered with: 1 TB drives for smaller entry capacity and
workloads for which performance takes priority over capacity;
2 TB drives for higher capacity needs at even lower costs
per terabyte.
Why storage architecture matters
As the planet becomes smartermore instrumented,
interconnected and intelligentbusinesses are transforming their
IT organizations to harness and leverage their data. Data storage is
the foundation of such an enabling infrastructure.
Traditional high-end storage systems typically have complex and
inexible architectures that, even with incremental enhancements,
often compromise performance for reliability. In todays world, an
architecture that combines performance with reliability is a neces-
sity for coping with nonlinear data growth. The XIV Storage System
was developedand continues to evolvein direct response to
customer requirements for a simple-to-manage, exible, powerful,
highly available system that meets all application needs and is
capable of growing easily over time.
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IBMSystems and Technology Product Datasheet
System Storage
Consistent high performance without
manual tuning
Driving the unique performance benets of the XIV Storage
System series is its massively parallel grid architecture, which
delivers hotspot-free, consistent, predictable high performance
to all applications at all timeswith no need for manual tuning.
This same high level of service is maintained even during peak
load periods, as well as during recovery from disk failures and
during management or maintenance activities. The XIV series
design provides performance optimization that enables ultimate
use of system resources, optimal workload distribution across
all system drives and the freedom to use advanced functions
without adversely affecting application performance.
Several architectural features contribute to the XIV systems
unique performance prole:

Massive parallelism in a fully distributed architecture:


The XIV Storage System is based on a distributed architec-
ture of interconnected modules, each with its own multicore
CPU, large cache and high-density disk drives working in
parallel to efficiently serve data to client applications. Every
data volume is randomly spread across all modules and disks
in the system, and the aggregate power of the entire system is
continually available to every application. The XIV system
presents this collection of disks as a single large, elastic data
store on the storage network. The modules communicate
with each other over an internal network based on InniBand
(XIV Gen3 systems) or Ethernet (XIV second generation
models).

Distributed data: The system stores data by breaking it


down into 1 megabyte chunks called partitions, each mirrored
for redundancy to another module. The system distributes
all the partitions automatically and uniformly across all the
disks by means of a sophisticated pseudo-random distribution
algorithm.

Distributed cache: A exible and powerful cache implemen-


tation allows the XIV system to leverage large slots for reads
while managing a smaller slot size, resulting in a superior
cache hit ratio and, consequently, better performance.

Distributed bandwidth within modules: Aggressive


prefetching is enabled by the large cache-to-disk bandwidth
available within each module, together with the extremely
large aggregate module interconnectivity bandwidth that is
available on the XIV backplane.

Smart scaling: Any increase in capacitythe addition of disk


modulesis accompanied by a corresponding increase in
processing power, cache and connectivity, maintaining the
high performance level as the system scales.

Load balancing: The system distributes the application


load across all system modules uniformly, putting the aggre-
gate power of all modules at the service of all requests con-
currently. By doing so, it can avoid the performance and
reliability risks that can plague traditional clustered controller
designs.
All-in-one view of XIV system metrics for in-depth performance analysis
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IBMSystems and Technology Product Datasheet
System Storage
15 data modules, each containing:
12 high-density SAS disk drives
24 GB memory
Quad-core Intel CPU
2 x 20 Gbps InfiniBand HCA ports
Host connectivity:
24 x 8 Gbps FC ports
22 x 1 Gbps iSCSI ports
2 InfiniBand switches:
Redundant inter-module connectivity
600 Gbps total internal bandwidth
3 UPS modules:
Data Module
Data Module
Data Module
Data Module
Host
Host
Host
Cache
Interface
CPU UPS UPS UPS
Disks
iSCSI
FC
Stable power to all system components
Safe shutdown upon power outage
Inter-module
connectivity
IBM XIV Storage System Gen3components and connectivity

Hotspot free: Changes to the application or its I/O pattern


do not affect system performance; as workloads change and
evolve, the system always remains hotspot free.

Conguration change: Each volume is evenly distributed


across all modules and disk drives within the system. The data
distribution is adjusted automatically whenever the number of
functional disks or modules changes, ensuring optimal data
layout and, consequently, optimal use of system resources at
all times.

High bandwidth within and between modules: The XIV


system exploits the enormous system bandwidth of Intel
processor architecture to achieve high performance. Each
module has extremely large CPU-to-memory and disk-
to-memory bandwidth. XIV modules communicate with
each other over an internal, redundant network with massive
bandwidth (InniBand for XIV Gen3 models; 1 Gbps
Ethernet for second-generation XIV models) and support
rapid rebuilding when necessary.

Huge processing resources: Each module is equipped with


its own multicore processor, putting dozens of CPU cores at
the disposal of the rack. The XIV system uses this vast pro-
cessing power to execute advanced caching algorithms that
support small cache slots, ensuring high performance through
higher cache hit rates and through the use of advanced
features such as snapshots and mirroring.

High performance even during disk rebuild: XIV rebuilds


a disk at unprecedented speed, due to a distributed rebuild
mechanism that engages all disks in the system in the
rebuild process, minimizing the impact on overall system
performance and enabling the system to maintain its high
performance levels. Performance remains consistent and pre-
dictable even in the event of a hardware component failure.
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IBMSystems and Technology Product Datasheet
System Storage
High reliability and availability
The XIV series is designed to operate continuously over its
installed lifetime with no interruption to data access. The highly
parallel grid architecture and distributed rebuild mechanism
provide outstanding reliability, reducing failures and unplanned
downtime. The system provides built-in system reliability at
hardware and software levels, including UPS protection for all
disk, cache and electronics; redundant power supply and fans;
partition mirroring; and proactive error detection and healing.
Specic design features help further reduce risk:

Active-active N+1 redundancy: All key system


componentsdisks, modules, switches, host connectivity
and UPS unitsare fully redundant and protected through
active-active N+1 redundancy. Each component is hot-
swappablereplaceable without system shutdown.

Exceptional rebuild speed: The system can complete a disk


rebuild in under 60 minutes (2 TB drive, with the system at
100 percent utilization), with minimal impact on system
service, due to several factors:
All system disks engage in the rebuild, keeping the burden
on any one disk to a minimum.
Only the data actually written is rebuilt, making rebuild
time proportional to capacity utilization. For example, for a
system at 50 percent utilization, a failed 2 TB drive takes
less than 30 minutes to rebuild and the system will self-heal
back to N+1 redundancy.

Proactive self-healing and system health: The system


monitors its components continuously, reacting to existing
and potential issues by activating self-healing as needed and
returning to full redundancy rapidly and without human
intervention. As part of this proactive approach, the system:
Uses disk-resident diagnostics to predict potential
disk failure
Accesses all disk drives and all disk areas to assess
health status
Increases protection levels by retiring suspect disks before
they fail and rebuilding their data while a redundant ver-
sion is still available

Smart maintenance and hot upgrades: XIV storage sup-


ports live maintenance, avoiding the need for planned down-
time. Maintenance of disks and modules is performed when
data is at full redundancy, avoiding risk introduced by human
error. The system also supports nondisruptive upgrades of the
system software (microcode), allowing application services to
continue uninterrupted.

Backup and recovery: The system can integrate with any


backup and recovery software through host-based APIs. The
XIV system supports Microsoft VSS technology for seamless
backup and recovery of Windows platforms. Integration with
IBM Tivoli Storage FlashCopy Manager allows creation of
fast application-aware backups and restores by combining
XIV snapshots and advanced snapshot management on plat-
forms that Tivoli Storage FlashCopy Manager supports.

Business continuity: The system is specically engineered


for business continuity. The XIV synchronous and asynchro-
nous replication, clustering and restoration capabilities facili-
tate the implementation of a highly resilient IT infrastructure
that can survive the failure of an entire data center without
jeopardizing data access.
Revolutionary ease of management
The IBM XIV Storage System is a fully virtualized system
designed to eliminate the need for performance tuning and
numerous other storage management activities. Its highly intu-
itive graphical user interface (GUI) and built-in management
tools make administrative tasks easy and efficient, with little
training or expertise required, from provisioning volumes to
monitoring multiple systems. A powerful command line inter-
face (CLI) supports complex scripting. The unied console
enables one-stop centralized administration of multiple
XIV units.
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IBMSystems and Technology Product Datasheet
System Storage
Intuitive 3D system screen for monitoring the health of storage components
Comprehensive XIV view of capacity utilization across system pools
Seamless linear scalability
Designed for easy growth, the XIV architecture scales in
every aspectcapacity, cache size, processing power and host
connectivityenabling the seamless addition of capacity. When
a new module is added, the XIV redistribution mechanism
integrates the new disk space automatically, without administra-
tion intervention. Most of the complex operations, including
caching and snapshot management, are contained within each
module, allowing for perfect linear scalability with near-zero
performance impact. The XIV system supports congurations
of six to 15 modules.

Processing power, cache, host interfaces and bandwidth:


With these key components embedded in every module,
the system is able to scale proportionally in capacity and
resources, continuing to provide consistent high performance
and keep pace with the growing number and scope of applica-
tions supported and total throughput as capacity scales.

Internal switching capacity: Designed to support a fully


loaded rack, the internal switching capacity is unchanged
regardless of system size, avoiding bottlenecks and ensuring
that throughput grows proportionally to capacity.
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IBMSystems and Technology Product Datasheet
System Storage
Centralized management of up to 64 XIV systems, with the ability to dene
groups
Low total cost of ownership
The XIV Storage series is designed to be cost-efficient in all
aspects.

Simplicity can save money: Provisioning involves simply


sizing the requested containers. LUN mapping is drag and
drop. Snapshots and test environments are created in seconds.
By reducing complexity, the system minimizes the IT
resources required to manage storage, freeing individuals
for other tasks.

High reliability helps avoid downtime costs: In traditional


systems, most storage outages are caused by human error,
exacerbated by the systems complexity. The XIV design
reduces the risk of both outages and human error.

All-included functions at no extra charge: All XIV func-


tionality is provided with the system software, at no extra
charge, and is available for use at any time.

More capacity per oor tile helps reduce costs: The sys-
tems use of very high density drives maximizes physical space
per oor tile with 161 TB usable capacity for 2 TB congura-
tions and 79 TB usable capacity for 1 TB congurations.
High-density storage helps reduce power, space and cooling
expenses
Advanced features at no extra charge
The XIV Storage System empowers users with enterprise-class
functions included with the system software:

Snapshots: Thousands of space-efficient snapshotscreate,


restore, writable and snap on snapare supported with vir-
tually no impact on performance. Multiple point-in-time
copies of application data support development, prototyping,
backup or other activities without the capacity penalty of full
volume copies or performance penalty of copy-on-write.

Replication and disaster recovery: The system provides


ease of conguration and operation of synchronous and asyn-
chronous mirroring and other business continuity capabilities.
It allows mirroring of different volumes to different systems
and maintains a comprehensive event reporting and statistics
collection for troubleshooting and performance analysis.

Consistency groups: Volumes are logically grouped to facili-


tate application-centric operations including snapshots and
mirroring of all volumes in a consistency group.

Thin provisioning: The system presents a fully sized LUN


to the hosts while allocating only the necessary capacity.
Thin-provisioned capacity can be managed via storage pools,
minimizing the risk of running out of physical space.

Data migration: Rapid, automated migration of data from


any non-XIV system to the XIV system is supported. The
migration is performed in the background while applications
continue to operate.
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IBMSystems and Technology Product Datasheet
System Storage
Complete, intuitive XIV display of mirroring status

Centralized administration: Multiple XIV systems can be


managed simply and centrally.

Reporting: The system can capture and store one year of


performance and statistics data, specied by date and time, for
visualization and reporting.

Hot upgrades: Hardware replacements and software


upgrades can take place nondisruptively.

Host attachment kits (HAKs): XIV HAKs provide a


platform-native, multipath solution that makes connectivity
setup easy, ensures best-practices conguration and provides
host-storage troubleshooting and support tools. HAKs are
provided for IBM AIX, Microsoft Windows, Linux, Solaris,
HP-UX, SLES, and RedHat.

Quality of service (QoS): The system allows greater control


over the priority of performance given to applications con-
nected to the system to ensure resource allocations that
address particular business needs.

Security: XIV storage integrates with Active Directory and


LDAP servers for centralized management of user identity
and privileges. It supports role-based access management as
well as auditing by capturing and transmitting events to
monitoring systems such as IBM Systems Director and
Tivoli Productivity Suite. It uses SSL for network channel
encryption.

Automatic event notication: The system sends alerts of


imminent hardware failure via email, SMS or SNMP traps
with ltering and distribution by severity or type.
Seamless integrations with host platforms
The XIV Storage System offers seamless and cost-efficient inte-
gration with leading operating systems and host platformsat
no extra charge:

Operating systems: The XIV system provides multiplatform


support for: Windows, AIX, Linux, Solaris, HP-UX, iSeries
ViOS) using via Fibre Channel or iSCSI, depending on XIV
model and preference, and VMware ESX/ESXi.

IBM platforms: The system supports a range of platforms,


including: Linux, VIOS for IBM POWER Systems
(System i and System p), PowerVM, IBM i/OS V6R1,
IBM AIX (including AIX MPIO driver); PowerHA
(HACMP).

Integrated storage solutions: The XIV system supports


solutions that deliver network attached storage (NAS) capa-
bilities with N-series gateway or SONAS, as well as dedupli-
cation archiving with IBM ProtecTIER.

Concurrent multipath software support: The XIV grid


architecture provides optimized native concurrent multipath
support as a function of its optimized high-bandwidth and
resilient host-connectivity. On the host side, XIV storage sup-
ports native OS multipathing solutions, as well as Symantec
Veritas Storage Foundation dynamic multipathing (DMP).
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IBMSystems and Technology Product Datasheet
System Storage
Enterprise-proven application solutions
The XIV series supports a broad range of easily implemented,
cost-efficient, enterprise-proven solutions. IBM partnerships
with Microsoft, VMware, SAP, Oracle, Symantec and others
offer outstanding customer value and the highest levels of part-
ner support. Easy connectivity is provided through XIV Host
Attachment Kits.

Virtualization and cloud: The XIV grid architecture applies


massive parallelism to the I/O stream that emanates from a
diverse set of applications, making the system particularly
well-suited to virtualized server environments, where numer-
ous concurrent and ever-changing workloads exist. The XIV
system supports Hyper-V and PowerVM, as well as Xen,
z/VM, and VIOS for IBM POWER systems (System i
and System p).

Deeply integrated VMware solutions: As part of the


IBM Gold Alliance partnership with VMware, XIV storage
provides controlled delegation of storage provisioning to
VMware administrators within the VMware vSphere vCenter
client; improved VMware scalability and performance
through use of the vStorage API for Array Integration
(VAAI); and improved disaster recovery through automated
storage failover via an XIV Storage Replication Adapter
(SRA) for Site Recovery Manager (SRM). XIV development
teams collaborate with VMware development to provide
deep solutions value to customers.

Business applications: The XIV system delivers consistent


high performance and exceptionally simple management to all
the leading email, database, ERP and other enterprise applica-
tions. It is particularly suited to workloads requiring large
sequential I/Os such as large deployments of Microsoft
Exchange.

Extended storage management: The XIV system integrates


with leading storage management products to enable storage
management at the global system resources level. It supports
centralized, optimized and automated XIV management and
SAN connectivity with IBM Tivoli Storage Productivity
Center (TPC); monitoring of infrastructure and applications
using Microsoft System Center Operations Manager
(SCOM); controlled delegation of storage provisioning to
non-storage administrators with IBM Storage consoles for
VMware vSphere vCenter and SCOM. It also supports man-
aging storage, servers and applications in a heterogeneous
environment with Symantec Veritas Storage Foundation. The
XIV system supports SMI-S compliant management systems
such as Microsoft System Center Virtual Machine Manager.

Data protection and business continuity: XIV storage can


provide automated application-aware, near-instant snapshots
with Tivoli Storage FlashCopy Manager (FCM) and inte-
grates with end-to-end backup solutions such as Tivoli
Storage Manager, Symantec NetBackup and others. XIV sup-
ports clustering with Microsoft Clustering (MSCS), HACMP
on AIX and other native OS solutions including Veritas
Cluster Server (VCS). Additionally, XIV storage supports
automated storage failover with VMware Site Recovery
Manager (SRM), Microsoft Failover Clustering (MSCS),
and Veritas Cluster Server (VCS). It supports near-instant,
application-aware hardware snapshots on any Windows
server using the XIV provider for Windows Volume Shadow
Copy Service (VSS).
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IBMSystems and Technology Product Datasheet
System Storage
IBM XIV Storage System seriesSystem specication
General Properties 2nd generation XIV (Model 2810/2812-A14) XIV Gen3 (Model 2810/2812-114)
Disk drives (7,200 RPM) SATA (1 TB or 2 TB) SAS (2 TB)
Number of disk drives (min/max) 72/180 72/180
Performance features
Max number of CPU cores 84 60 (hyperthreaded)
Max memory 120 GB (model with 8 GB of memory per module)
240 GB (model with 16 GB of memory per module)
360 GB (model with 24 GB of memory
per module)
Max cache-to-disk bandwidth 240 Gbps 480 Gbps
Connectivity
Max number of portsFibre Channel* 24 (4 Gbps ports) 24 (8 Gbps ports)
Max number of portsiSCSI over
Gigabit Ethernet
6
Physical features
Temperature 10-35C 10-35C
Altitude (max) 2134 m/7000 ft 2134 m/7000 ft
Humidity 25-80% non-condensing 25-80% non-condensing
Dimensions (height width depth) 199.1 60 114.2 cm 202.5 64.8 124.3 cm
Maximum weight 884 kg (1949 lb) 1324 kg (2310 lb)
Clearance front / rear 120 / 100 cm 68.6 / 68.6 cm
Redundant power feed
Input voltage 180- 264 V ac at 60 A or 30 A (+/- 10%) 180- 264 V ac at 60 A or 30 A (+/- 10%)
Power usage See Power usage table below See Power usage table below
Host connectivity
Fibre Channel rates 4 Gbps 8 Gbps
iSCSI over 1 Gigabit Ethernet port
Capacity on demand congurations
Warranty 1 and 3 year Limited Warranty, CRU and On-site
service, Same Day 247
1 and 3 year Limited Warranty, CRU and On-site
service, Same Day 247
* FC ports are capable of auto-negotiation
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IBMSystems and Technology Product Datasheet
System Storage
IBM XIV Storage System seriesBy conguration
Number of modules 6 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Number of disks* 72 108 120 132 144 156 168 180
Usable capacity (TB, decimal), 2nd generation
1 TB drives 27 43 50 54 61 66 73 79
2 TB drives 55 87 102 111 125 134 149 161
Usable capacity (TB, decimal), Gen3
2 TB drives 55 88 102 111 125 134 149 161
Connectivity, FC ports
2nd generation (4 Gbps) 8 16 16 20 20 24 24 24
Gen3 (8 Gbps) 8 16 16 20 20 24 24 24
Connectivity, iSCSI ports
2nd generation (1 Gbps) 0 4 4 6 6 6 6 6
Gen3 (1 Gbps) 6 14 14 18 18 22 22 22
Number of CPUs
2nd generation 9 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
Gen3 6 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Memory (GB), 2nd generation
8 GB memory per module 48 72 80 88 96 104 112 120
16 GB memory per module 96 144 160 176 192 208 224 240
Memory (GB), Gen3
24 GB memory per module 144 216 240 264 288 312 336 360
* 2nd generation XIV is provided with 1 TB and 2 TB SATA disk drives; XIV Gen3 is provided with 2 TB SAS disk drives
IBM XIV Storage System seriesPower usage
Number of modules Number of disks XIV second generation (1 TB/2 TB) XIV Gen3 (2 TB)
kVA (max) kVA (max) kVA (max) kVA (max)
6 72 3.4/3.1 2.9/2.8 2.7 2.5
9 108 5.0/4.5 4.2/4.0 4.0 3.7
10 120 5.5/4.9 4.7/4.4 4.5 4.1
11 132 6.1/5.4 5.2/4.7 4.9 4.5
12 144 6.7/5.8 5.7/5.1 5.4 5.0
13 156 7.2/6.2 6.2/5.5 5.8 5.4
14 168 7.8/6.6 6.7/5.9 6.3 5.8
15 180 8.4/7.1 7.2/6.2 6.7 6.2
Please Recycle
For more information
To learn more about the IBM XIV Storage System series, con-
tact your IBM representative or IBM Business Partner, or visit:
ibm.com/systems/storage/disk/xiv
Additional online resources:

Redbook: XIV Storage System: Host Attachment


and Interoperability

Redbook: IBM XIV Storage System with the Virtual


I/O Server and IBM i

IBM System Storage Interoperation Center (SSIC)

Search for XIV on IBM Techdocs library


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Copyright IBMCorporation 2011
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Produced in the United States of America
July 2011
All Rights Reserved
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