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Children's Health & Sustainable Planet – S o u t h K o r e a - P a g e | 1

Children's Health & Sustainable Planet

International Conference
September 21, 2009 on Jeju Island in S. Korea.

Jeju Island, the largest island in S. Korea, is blessed with a natural beauty fresh air, clean water,
pure seas, and volcanoes of various sizes further embellished the landscape.

A number of Jeju’s distinctive features have been recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites,
which include: Mt. Halla Natural Monument zone, Sungsan Ilchulbong tuff cone, and
Geomunoreum lava tube system of caves.

Additionally, due to its beauty and biological value, Mt. Halla has been protected as a UNESCO’s
Biosphere Reserve since 2002 and has 360 oreums, lava tube systems of caves.

Jeju Island is well known not only for its natural heritage but also for its efforts to protect them. In
fact, the heart of the people of Jeju Island pulsates as one with the land.

They made it a priority and pledge to preserve the natural environment as a priceless inheritance
for the future generations:We will live with nature and do our best to preserve our beautiful

We will practice "green" consumerism following the wise life pattern of our ancestors. We will
take good care of our cultural heritage and our community life. We will support pro-environmental
economic activity for sustainable development. We will positively participate in worldwide efforts
supporting the environment and world peace.

Thus, on September 21, 2009, 49 nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) on Jeju Island

collaborated to organize the “Children’s Health & Sustainable Planet – Jeju International
Conference” to discuss two of the most important topics across social sectors: children's health
and climate change.
The unique event focused on the organic vegan diet as the answer to both cooling the planet and
improving children’s nutrition.

The conference was attended by government dignitaries that included Jeju Governor Kim Tae-
Hwan and Mr. Yang Seong-Eon, Superintendent of the Jeju Special Self-Governing Office of
Education, and featured environmental experts such as Dr. Rajendra Pachauri, Chairman of the
UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and Mr. Joop Oude Lohuis, Manager of the
Climate and Global Sustainability Unit in the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency.

Also sharing their knowledge were medical leaders that included Dr. Michael Greger, Director of
Public Health and Animal Agriculture at the Humane Society of the United States; acclaimed
physician and nutritional expert, Dr. Joel Fuhrman; Dr. Neal Barnard, founding president of
Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine; Dr. John A. McDougall, founder and medical
director of the nationally renowned McDougall Program; and Dr. Hwang Seong-Soo, famous
Korean neurosurgeon of Daegu Medical Center.

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Many members of the media also participated in the event, including the TV news channels
MBC, KBS, CBS; Arirang radio; newspapers Hankook Ilbo Hankyoreh, Yonhap news, Jeju Ilbo;
and internet news Media Jeju and Jeju Sori.

Graciously accepting an invitation to attend via videoconference as the event’s guest of honor
was Supreme Master Ching Hai. We now invite you to join us for part 1 of the 8-part rebroadcast
of the videoconference with Supreme Master Ching Hai, entitled “Children’s Health & Sustainable
Planet – Jeju International Conference,” held on September 21, 2009 on Jeju Island in S. Korea.
We now invite you to join us for part 2 of the 8-part rebroadcast of the videoconference with
Supreme Master Ching Hai, entitled “Children’s Health & Sustainable Planet – Jeju International
Conference,” held on September 21, 2009 on Jeju Island in S. Korea.

We now invite you to join us for the 8-part series rebroadcast of the videoconference with
Supreme Master Ching Hai, entitled “Children’s Health & Sustainable Planet – Jeju International
Conference,” held on September 21, 2009 on Jeju Island in S. Korea. We now invite you to join
us for part 4 of the 8-part rebroadcast of the videoconference with Supreme Master Ching Hai,
entitled “Children’s Health & Sustainable Planet – Jeju International Conference,” held on
September 21, 2009 on Jeju Island in S. Korea.

Children's Health & Sustainable Planet – S o u t h K o r e a - P a g e | 3

Greeting from Dr. Rajendra K. Pachauri, Chairman of the Nobel Peace Prize-
winning Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

Greetings, I would, first, like to express my

encouragement for the one day a week organic vegan
program. I think anything we can do to move towards
nature and closer to nature is going to be of great
benefit to human society. I’m quite concerned about the
lack of action and, in fact, the insensitivity to the
problem of climate change. We know that if we don’t
take action early enough and adequately enough, we’re
going to see some very harmful impacts of climate
change all over the world. Unfortunately, some of these
will take place in the poorest, the most vulnerable
regions and for the most vulnerable communities on
Earth. And, therefore, I think we have a moral and an ethical reason to take action by which we
reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases.

Now, one particular area where we can make a difference is in terms of changes in lifestyle. Of
course, the question could be asked, “what changes in lifestyle? ” There are lots of things that we
can do in our daily lives, including the use of energy in the home, for transportation and for
various other activitie as efficiently as possible. But one particular area where I think there are
huge benefits is in terms of reduction of meat consumption. I personally believe that both human
beings and the planet would be much healthier if we were to cut down on meat consumption, and
in particular, I would suggest that the human race should gradually do away with eating red meat
because that clearly has the largest emissions of greenhouse gases associated with the entire
cycle of red meat production and consumption.

So, I think the time has come when we have to bring about a shift in our diets whereby we
reduce the consumption of meat, particularly red meat, A lot of people ask me questions on how
their children and how they themselves would get adequate protein if they are going to be
dependent only on er an organic vegetarian diet, and my answer is that I can get you two
consultants who will give you that er response, and those two consultants are called the elephant
and the horse. These are two animals who consume nothing but plant material and they certainly
don’t lack in proteins. So I would like to submit that if we can shift towards a much lower
consumption of meat, we would be much happier; we would be much healthier and so would the

Of course, when it comes to changing diets, changing lifestyles, I think the feeling has to come
from within. I don’t think this is an area where government orders or government initiatives can
really make a difference. Of course, governments should certainly impose taxes on those
activities or those products which impose huge environmental costs on society, both locally as
well as globally. But in the ultimate analysis, I think it is NGOs, it is civil society, and it is the
community itself that has to create awareness on what the benefits of a reduced meat
consumption pattern would actually be, And I would submit that NGOs, civil society and people at
large must get involved in this err campaign to bring about understanding of the benefits of eating
much less meat. And I want to compliment so many of the NGOs, so many of those who are
carrying out this campaign and I’d like to give you my encouragement and my very best wishes.
Thank you very much.

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We have to show particular sensitivity to children who are most vulnerable to climate change
because we have to accept the fact that children ah whose future has to be safeguarded, who
depend on the sustainability of natural resources and eco systems on this planet, are also
unfortunately the most vulnerable. For instance, as a result of climate change, there will be much
more disease, there’ll be more floods, more droughts, more heat waves, and clearly children
would be the most vulnerable subjects of this particular trend that we’re going to see.

It’s also true that ah when it comes to ah planning the future of children, if this planet is going to
see much worse impacts of climate change than we’re witnessing today, we’re not giving our
children a good future, and I don’t think it’s fair for us to ah squander these opportunities for
preserving all the natural resources of this planet by satisfying our own immediate needs,
particularly since those needs are really misplaced; they don’t really do the human race any
good. So, I would appeal to all those who are concerned about the future of their children to see
that firstly, we protect them from the worst impacts of climate change, and secondly, that we
ensure we leave behind a planet where the natural resources, where all the beautiful things that
nature has provided us can be preserved and maintained for their benefit and for the benefit of
their children. So this would be my appeal and I hope those of you who are viewing this would
take that to heart and do something about it. Thank you very much.

Lecture from Mr. Joop Oude Lohuis, the Manager of the Climate and Global
Sustainability Unit for the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency

Ladies and gentlemen, my name is Joop Oude Lohuis.

I’m a researcher at the Netherlands Environmental
Assessment Agency. It’s a pity I can’t be here, it’s a very
beautiful island so I’ll have to make my contribution by
screen. Probably the most difficult issues the world is
facing today are climate change and the loss of nature
and biodiversity.

For 10 to 50 years the world is concerned and seriously

tries to deal with climate change. The focus is strongly
directed ah towards energy use and fossil fuels, and
climate change mitigation policies tend to focus on the
energy sector, On the other hand, the livestock sector receives surprisingly little attention, and I
think that’s an issue we have to discuss today.

The livestock sector accounts for about 18% of greenhouse gas emissions. That is substantial.
The livestock sector accounts for about 80 % of total anthropogenic land use, and that is more
than substantial. And from a dietary perspective, new insights in the adverse effects and health
effects of beef and pork have also led to a revision of consumption recommendations, and I think
that’s an important issue we have to discuss today.

Recently, we explored the potential impact of dietary changes on achieving ambitious climate
stabilization levels. And for the first time, we made an integrated analysis of all the different
elements that have, that are ah related to ah eating meat, and that is: substitutes for meat,
climate change, the possible effects on the land use, health and costs.

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And we know that if we go in a business –as- usual scenario, the livestock would double in the
next 40 years and greenhouse gas emissions would go up by about 80%. Well we found out that
ah food transition on the global scale, eating less meat and /or even a complete switch to a plant-
based protein food can have dramatic effects on land use. Up to 2700 million hectares of pasture
and 100 million hectares of crop land ah can be abandoned, resulting in a large carbon uptake of
land, instead of being a source of emissions.

Additionally methane, nitrous oxide they are potentially harmful greenhouse gases could be
reduce…reduced substantially. A global transition to a low meat diet as recommended for health
reasons would reduce mitigation costs by about 50 %. In terms of climate change, we would like
to keep the global temperature below 2°C change, and that would result in a target maximum
level of about 450 parts per million CO2.

The mitigation cost in reaching climate targets could go up to a 1-2% of global GDP and that’s
about $2 trillion a year. A scenario with no meat consumption at all would halve these costs. If we
go to a scenario with no meat at all and also no dairy products, the ah amount of costs would not
even go down with 50 % but at a rate of 70 to 80 %, and that’s substantial. Dietary changes ah
could, therefore, not only create substantial benefit for human health and land use but also play a
role in ah reducing ah future climate change policies at a lower cost.

There are many opportunities in changing a diet from meat to vegetable based products. In our
analysis, we assumed soya beans and pulses to be the main substitutes for meat and dairy
products, and we included all the effects of changing land use to these type of products and
included also the effects. So we think that it’s an inclusive study which proves that the effects are
scientifically sound. This change in diet could happen within between 2010 and 2030 and then ah
ah the situation will stabilize.

The change in land use has a main effect, the land use no longer a source of emissions but
could even become a sink of emissions. The change would result in a net contribution of one
gigaton of carbon to the atmosphere and change the whole situation into a one to two gigaton of
carbon ah absorption by way of changing the land use.

There is room for re-growth of forests in areas that are now being used by cows and sheep for
grazing, for eating grass. The biggest effect are for sure pertained by reducing the amount of
ruminants, that is cows or sheep. They have a less efficient digestion resulting in ah large
amounts of methane emissions.

I think, in summary, that science says that there is convincing evidence that changing diet can
really benefit the climate and will benefit our preservation of natural habitats.

A change is noticeable in the behavior of consumers and in supermarkets. There is a growing

diversity in terms of vegetarian products, substitutes for meats that can be chosen by consumers.
So I think one of the elements of change will be that consumers make there own choices and
choose vegetarian products and eat less meat.

In summary, from what we know now, changing a diet to less or no meat is one of the , lowest
cost measures to help the climate change ah targets. It’s good for health uh in summary and it
leaves more room for nature and biodiversity. Thank you for your attention.

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Lecture from Dr. Michael Greger, the Director of Public Health and Animal
Agriculture at the Humane Society of the United States

According to the World Health Organization, 2 billion

people may become infected with swine flu and our
children may be at the highest risk. Normally, 90 % of flu
deaths are in the elderly, 65 years and older, but with
swine flu, children and young adults ages 5 through 14
are more than 10 times more likely to become infected.
That means 15,000 Korean children may die. Where did
this virus come from? Well, the genetic finger-print of
this virus was published this summer and the US
Centers for Disease Control and laboratories from
around the world have confirmed that the main ancestor
of the current pandemic virus was the triple hybrid
mutant pig, bird, human virus that emerged and spread throughout industrialized farms in the
United States 10 years ago.

This first hybrid mutant was found on an industrial farm in North Carolina in August of 1998 that
confined thousands of pregnant pigs in metal crates so small they couldn’t turn around. Thanks
to long distance live animal transport, the virus then spread throughout North America, and
thanks to the export of pigs to Asia, it reached Korea by 2005.

This is not the first disease to emerge from factory farms. Unless we start giving these animals
more breathing room, it may not be the last. For example China, 2005, the world’s largest
producer of pork, suffered an unprecedented outbreak of an emerging pink pathogen called
Strep Suis (abbreviation for Streptococcus suis) which caused meningitis and deafness in people
handling infected pork products. Hundreds of people infected with the deadliest strain on record.
Why? The World Health Organization blames in part these intensive confinement conditions. The
US Department of Agriculture elaborate that all Strep suis seems to start off harmless,
asymptomatic is normal flora, but then stress - due to inadequate housing, ventilation,
overcrowding- allows the bug to go invasive, causing infections of the brain, blood, lungs, heart
and death. Starts out harmless turns deadly, that’s what these kinds of conditions may be able to
do. This is not arguably how animals were meant to live.

July 2009, just a few months ago, a strain of Ebola was reported on a factory farm in the
Philippines confining 6,000 pigs. It was Ebola Reston, the same strain featured in the book “The
Hot Zone.” Air borne Ebola bug doesn’t seem to be able to infect people, but with enough time to
mutate in pigs, who knows? So they drove them into these pits and then burned them alive. We
feed antibiotics by the truck load to farmed animals.

This is total amount of antibiotics used for all of the human medicine every year here in the
States. Now, contrast that with the amount that just fed to farm animals, just to promote growth
and prevent disease in such a stressful unhygienic crowded environment, millions of pounds a

Now, we as physicians are faced with these multi-drug resistant, antibiotic resistant bacteria, and
are running out of good treatment options, particularly in pediatric populations..

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As Britain’s chief medical officer put it in his 2009 annual report; “Every inappropriate use of
antibiotics in agriculture is a potential death warrant for a future patient.” Industrial animal farms
have been shown to be breeding grounds for disease for at least 10 reasons. For example,
because of the sheer numbers of animals, because of the overcrowding, it’s like having 5,000
people in an elevator and someone sneezes, because of the stress crippling their immune
systems. The operation in Newton Grove, North Carolina, where the ancestor of the current
pandemic virus was first detected, was a breeding facility in which thousands of pregnant sows
were confined in gestation crates, also known as sow stalls These are veal crate-like ah barren
metal cages about 2 feet wide. These highly intelligent, social animals, essentially kept in a box
week after week, month after month, for nearly their entire lives. They can develop crippling joint
deformities, lameness. If we did this to pets we could get thrown in jail in this country.

Not only can these pregnant pigs not turn around, they can barely move for most of their lives.
Because of the lack of fresh air the dankness helps keep the virus alive in these kinds of
facilities. Because there may be no sunlight the MV rays and sunlight are actually quite effective
in destroying the influenza virus.

Thirty minutes of direct sunlight utterly deactivates the influenza virus, but it can last for days in
the shade, and weeks in moist manure. And indeed, because of the decomposing fetal waste
releasing ammonia, burning the respiratory tracts of these animals, predisposing them to
infection in the first place. Put these and all these other factors together, and then you have is
really this kind of perfect storing environment for the emergence and spread of new so-called
super strains of influenza. The public health community has been warning about the dangers of
industrialized animal agriculture for years.

In 2003, the American Public Health Association, the largest organization of public health
professionals in the world, called for a moratorium on industrialized animal farming. In 2005, the
United Nations called on all governments, local authorities,international agencies, told them they
needed to take a greatly increased role in combating the world of factory farming, which
combined with these live bird markets provide what they call ideal conditions for the virus to
spread and mutate into a more dangerous form. In 2008, the Pew Commission on industrial farm
animal production, which included former US secretary of Agriculture, concluded that these so-

Factory farms present unacceptable public health risks. The former director of the commission
calls these industrial farms "super-incubators for viruses." They're a public health menace that
must be stopped. Only a few thousand people have died so far of swine flu though, although one
could never really call anything that's killed hundreds of children "mild," exactly, but this H1N1
virus hasn't been much worse than the regular seasonal flu, so far. But this may be just the first
wave.The 1918 flew pandemic was relatively mild first as well. Though we're not exactly sure
what happened in 1918 compared to what was to come later, this first initial wave in the summer
of 1918 hardly registered a blip, but it came back in the fall to kill tens of millions of people.

In Korea, in 1918, according to the Japanese colonial government at the time, as many as 8
million Koreans died the last time an animal flu virus jumped species into human beings. Now,
the worst case scenario estimate would be if the swine flu were to combine with the H5N1 bird
flu, both of which have been found in pigs. So if a single pig in parts of Asia, or Africa, where the
H5N1 bird flu virus, has become endemic, that pig becomes co-infected with both swine flu and
the new bird flu, the concern is that it could theoretically produce a virus with a human
transmisability of the swine flu, but the human lethality of the bird flu.

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In 1918 the mortality rate of the pandemic was less than 5%. This estimate, here on the right,
potentially tens of millions of people dead in the next pandemic, is based on this two to, same
two to three percent mortality rate, that the US Centers for Disease Control calls a “category 5
pandemic, ” around two percent mortality- around 2 million Americans dead, so that's two
percent. But H5N1 has so far killed over half of its known human victims; don't even seem to get
a coin toss as to whether or not one lives through this disease. Up to 10 million Koreans come
down with the flu every year, what if it suddenly turned deadly? That's what keeps everyone up
at night, the possibility, however slight, that a virus called H5N1 could trigger a pandemic. That
would be like combining one of the most contagious known diseases, influenza, with one of the
deadliest, like crossing a disease like Ebola with the common cold.

All animals deserve humane treatment. How we treat animals can have global public health
implications, and these newly emerging chicken and pig flu viruses are but one example. We
deny them a modicum of mercy to both their detriment and potentially to ours as well.

We need to end the long distance live animal transport of farm animals which can spread
diseases around the world. We need to follow the Pew Commission's recommendations to
abolish these extreme confinement practices, like crates for pregnant pigs, as their already doing
in Europe, and starting to here in the States. And ultimately we need to follow the advice of the
public health professionals and declare: “No more factory farms!”

Let me end with a quote from the World Health Organization: "The Bottom Line"; The bottom line
is humans have to think about how they raise their animals, how they farm them, how they
market them. Basically, the whole relationship between the animal kingdom and the human
kingdom is coming under stress. In this age of emerging diseases, we now have billions of
feathered and curly tailed test-tubes for viruses to incubate and mutate within billions more spins
at pandemic roulette. Along with human culpability though comes hope. If changes in human
behavior can cause new plagues, well then changes in human behavior may prevent them in the

Due to time constraints, this presentation by design is an over-simplification of a very serious

public-health issue. For the underlying science, allow me to refer you to an invited review I wrote
for for "Critical Reviews in Micro-Biology." I'd be happy to send anyone a reprint, a free copy, if
you just email me at MHG1@cornell.edu, 'M,' 'H,' 'G,' just the numeral '1' at c-o-r-n-e-l-l dot e-d-u.
I also have a book on the subject, which is also available free, full-text online at birdflubook.org.
All the citations are hyperlink clickable, all 3,168 of them. We also just released a DVD on Swine
Flu in particular. And again, if you email me, I'll be happy to send you a free copy of the DVD. Or
you can watch it online in its entirety at humanesociety.org/swineflu. Thank you.

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Lecture from Dr. John McDougall, a pioneering medical doctor, bestselling author,
and the esteemed founder of the McDougall Program.

Hallo, I am Dr. John McDougall. I want to thank you for the invitation and
the opportunity to talk about something really important and that’s
children’s health and children’s diets. I mean we as parents, we could do
almost anything in our own diet there is a diet that is correct for people.
Human history probably tells that diet best. If you think about it, all large
populations of successful people throughout all of recordable history
have consumed diets based on starch. For example, in my part of the
world. the diet of people several hundred or a thousand years ago was a
diet based primarily on corn.

You remember the diet of Aztecs and Mayans? These were the people
of the corn. And in South America, it was potatoes, in the Andes people
lived on potatoes, that’s what the Incas consumed. And if you look further east, what you find
was people in Europe and in the Middle East, they lived on diets of grain. Barley, wheat, other
types of grain were the foods of these people. And then go far east to where you live, what has
the diet of people been traditionally for thousands of years? It’s been a diet primarily based on
rice or sometimes buckwheat or sweet potatoes. Starch-based diets, that’s what the human diet
is, it’s a diet based starch with the addition of fruits and vegetables. The animal foods that come
into diet, they are tolerated but not necessary.

The best diet for kids and adults, that’s a diet based on starch with the addition of fruits and
vegetables. It does not include animal products. I can’t think of a reason to add dairy products-
cow’s milk, cheese - to the diet of a person who wants to be healthy, trim and active. I can’t think
of a single reason to add any kind of animal food in terms of meat, like beef or pork or chicken or
fish; it adds nothing to the diet that you can’t get better from starches, vegetables and fruits.
That’s what the science says. That’s what your experiences tell you and that’s what you see
when you look back historically. We’ve gotten away from that, and that’s because of business.
But we can change back and we could do it for ourselves as well as for our children. Our children
need a good start in life. So what I would encourage you to do, all of you listening, is to find out
what the truth is and take action.

Yes, these are the most important people in our lives, these little kids are, but they deserve our
efforts to make sure we’re doing the right thing, particularly when it comes to diet. And you will
discover, if you take the trouble, that the right diet for kids is a starch-based diet with fruits and
vegetables, and they’ll like it too. They already like these foods, they like simple foods, starch
foods; they’re comfort foods. So, let’s make it a worldwide effort to makes changes that are
important for everybody. Thank you for this opportunity.

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Lecture from Dr. Neal Barnard, the founding president of the Physicians Committee
for Responsible Medicine or PCRM, president of The Cancer Project and the Washington Center
for Clinical Research, and an adjunct associate professor of medicine at The George Washington
University, USA.

I want to say a big warm welcome to all the participants

in today’s conference. Children today have the
advantage of having more foods available than ever
before. We know more about nutrition than ever before.
But unfortunately, sometimes what children actually eat
is not as healthful as it should be, and that’s because
there are also more unhealthy foods available than ever

So we need to really help them. So what to eat? And

what to avoid? The foods that are healthful for children, I
think of them as being in 4 groups. We refer to these as
the new 4 food groups: vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and the bean group. Or you might call it
the legume group: beans, peas, and lentils. These 4 groups together provide plenty of protein.
They provide plenty of calcium and iron, they are very rich in vitamins and in minerals, and lots of
healthy fiber. They don’t have any animal fat, they don’t have cholesterol; they are a good recipe
for good health.

The most important thing, though, for children is not just to eat foods that keep them healthy
while they are children, but it’s to learn good health habits, good eating habits, that they can carry
with them into adulthood. If children learn healthy eating right from the start, they carry a
wonderful gift with them, and they are better able to take care of their own families when they’re

Well, I have to say some of the very foods that I grew up with are perhaps the most important
things to set aside -meats, dairy products, eggs, these foods have cholesterol. They have animal
fat, and these foods cause a lot of problems. First of all, these foods are linked to heart problems.
If you could look inside the arteries of a typical American boy or girl, before they finished high
school, many of them have the beginnings of heart disease already.

They’re only 15 or 16 years of age. But because of all the meat, cheese, other dairy products and
eggs they’ve been eating, unfortunately, their arteries are starting to get clogged. Over the long
run, though, these same foods increase the risk of cancer, particularly breast cancer, prostate
cancer, and colon cancer. These things are much less likely to happen on people who are
following totally plant-based diets. And what has the children themselves worried and their
parents worried is that kids who eat a meaty diet tend to be heavier than other kids.

Now, many well-meaning parents will say, “We want our children to drink milk or eat meat.” What
they’re thinking of is maybe this will help their kids to grow taller or to be stronger. But I have to
say researchers have looked at this very question. And the children who eat meat and dairy
products are not any taller than other kids. What they are is wider than other kids - meaning
they’re more likely to be overweight.

Researchers have looked at thousands of children and shown that those children who grow up
on a totally vegan diet - meaning a diet with no animal products at all- they’re just as tall and

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healthy as other kids. In fact, they’re healthier, but they’re more likely to stay in a good, healthy
body weight.

In many countries throughout North America, South America, and particularly today throughout
Asia, we’re seeing an explosion in meat intake, in dairy consumption, and so that means more
and more farms are springing up and the population overall is less healthy than it was when
healthful plant-based diets were the norm. If this trend continues, what we will see is not only
more influenza outbreaks, we’ll see more heart disease, much more cancer, and shorter life
What this means really is a tragedy that people who wanted to live a long, healthy life, and to
bring up their children to be able to live in as healthful way as possible will never be able to
realize that dream.

And it’s because we bought into foods that have lurking in them cholesterol, animal fat and other
problems that really can exact a terrible price that nobody was counting on in advance. Let me
also say a word for parents, teachers, other people who are involved in schools. Schools have
sometimes had trouble really serving the most healthful foods. Many of them have perhaps had a
misimpression that they need to give children milk in school, or need to give them meat.

Schools in the United States and some other places on the globe are now featuring healthy,
completely vegan meals for children because they realize that when you don’t provide the milk
and the meat, kids do much better. They’re healthier, they are less likely to come up with
infections, I’m thinking about things like ear infections, asthma, and other problems. They are
more likely to stay at a healthy weight, and they are less likely to fall asleep in the afternoon.

I have to say when kids get a big, greasy, sugary meal, it’s pretty hard for them to stay awake
in the afternoon, it’s hard for them to concentrate. And on the other hand, when children are fed
the most healthful meals, they have the energy and the attention span to carry them all the way
through the day. So, in conclusion, when we think about our children, they are our most precious
resource. And, unfortunately, the pressures on parents, on teachers, and on the kids themselves
are more intense than they’ve ever been.

There are more and more businesses out there trying to sell unhealthy food, and we can
understand why that is. But to the extent that we can put healthy foods on children’s plates. If we
can have policies in our government, if we can have practices in our schools that every child, no
matter how disadvantaged, has the ability to have a healthful meal, every single meal, every
single day, we are going to be investing in the health of the next generation. I thank you so much
for helping us all to do that. And I hope you enjoy the rest of the conference.. Thank you very

Children's Health & Sustainable Planet – S o u t h K o r e a - P a g e | 12

Lecture from Dr. Joel Fuhrman - He is called the “doctor of doctors” in the USA, and
his long-term best-selling books are very popular here in Korea. He has influenced many
nutritional studies, as well as the vegetarian movement in Korea.

Greetings to the beautiful Jeju Island and the honorable

governor and officials, the honorable guest Supreme
Master Ching Hai, the representative NGOs, parents,
teachers, students, and other participants.I’m so happy
to be here. I’d like to talk to you today about what an
impact nutritional excellence can make for you and
people around the world. We can win the war against
disease, we can have healthier nations and a healthier
South Korea.

Right now we are spreading American fast food

companies, and processed foods are spreading all over
the world and people are becoming more overweight, more obese, having more heart attacks,
more diabetes, more strokes, and even more cancer. The good news is that nutritional science
has advanced to the point where we can have people not have heart attacks; we can win the war
against cancer; we can stop people from having strokes; and as they become more elderly, they
don’t have to become demented in their later years; and in healthy populations with low medical
costs, with a dramatically more successful and happier population without the fear of these

And what we’ve learned, the secrets that we’ve learnt to protect ourselves have to do with
nutrients. And there are two types of nutrients. There are macro nutrients, and macronutrients
contain calories and those are called fat, carbohydrate and protein. And if you eat too many
macronutrients -too much fat, too much carbohydrate, and too much protein -we can become
overweight and we can promote Aging and promote heart attacks and strokes. Now, food also
contains micronutrients and micronutrients do not contain calories. They are things like vitamins
and minerals and phytochemicals.

About 80 years ago, in 1930, scientists first discovered 14 vitamins and about 20 different
minerals. And everybody said, “Wow, this is great, we could help people live longer and help
people be much healthier.” And what happened between 1935 and 2005 is that heart attack rates
went up all over the world, stroke rates went up and cancer rates went up every single year for
70 years straight. We didn’t realize until about 15 years ago that the third type of micronutrients
called phytochemicals were missing. Because the third type of micronutrients called
phytochemicals are not found in processed foods and they are not found in animal products, but
they are found in fruits and vegetables.

So, when we thought that we could take processed foods and add a few vitamins and minerals to
it or take a vitamin supplement and think we're getting enough, we were mistaken. Because now
we know that every tomato has a thousand different nutrients in it! Every head of cabbage, every
piece of lettuce, every cucumber, every bean or berry or sprout has hundreds, even thousands
nutrients that are so important to protect our precious health. So, if we sum up what we’ve
learned in the last 15 years in the field of nutritional science, we’ve realized that we have to eat a
diet that’s very high in nutrients, very high in micronutrients including not just the ones we

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discovered 70 years ago but all the new nutrients that we’re discovering -all the new findings,
that full symphony of nutrients we’re finding that exists in natural fruits and vegetables, beans,
nuts and seeds.

So the first thing I’m saying here, I’m making the point that as a nation, countries all over the
world have made tremendous mistakes as far as protecting the health of their population. The
mistake we made is we thought that we could eat anything - we could eat white flour, we could
eat bread, we could eat pasta, we could eat sugar, we could drink soda all day! It doesn’t have to
be high in micronutrients and then we can just take a vitamin pill and be okay.

What we found out: it doesn’t work! We actually have to eat real food. Now, here is where I feel
that the people of Jeju and the people of South Korea have a unique opportunity in human
history. You have a blessing available to you with a climate to grow healthy foods and farmers
that grow fresh fruits and vegetables, and a homeland that has availability of peppers and
tomatoes and cabbage and lettuce and sesame seeds -you have the availability to eat super
And these super foods could protect us against chronic degenerative and dangerous diseases,
preventing medical tragedies. So you have to really eat these foods, so let’s talk about this for a

Because we are saying here is that we have to eat a diet high in nutrients and low in calories, so
the first thing I’m saying to you is that animal products - like chicken and meat, and fish and eggs
- should not be the major portion of a diet. A healthy diet has to be plant-based. Most of what we
eat has to get these phytochemicals from natural plant foods. So, pasta, white bread, and white
rice do not have in them, the phytochemicals and antioxidants. In those foods there is no
significant amount of vitamin E and vitamin K, and folate and bioflavonoids, and lignans and plant
sterols, and all these phytochemicals, and all the carotenoids that protect against disease. In
other words, what I’m saying is that processed foods, drinking soda, having sugar, having white
rice, and pasta and white bread are not high nutrient foods. Those are not going to be the foods
to protect your precious health because they are not rich in micronutrients.

And likewise, animal products like chicken and meat also do not have the same nutrients. They
are also missing the vitamin E, vitamin K, the folate, the bioflavonoids, the lignans, the
phytochemicals, the carotenoids - the same nutrients that processed foods are missing.

Worldwide we’re seeing populations get most of their calories from processed foods and animal
products, and they are not eating fruits and vegetables. Then what are they missing? Of course,
they are missing those antioxidants and the phytochemicals that are present in plant foods.
And instead of going to doctors and getting pills to take to lower your blood pressure, and instead
of taking medication to take away chest pains and then having surgeries on people’s hearts or
procedures to make the blood to flow better, those do not make people live longer.

The most powerful intervention, the most powerful medicine is what you can do in your own
home, in your own kitchens, in your own gardens, and what you can do with your own life to
protect your precious health. It’s not what doctors can do for you with medications and surgeries.
What I’m saying today is that we all are in this together, if we all eat a diet which we call a plant-
based high nutrient diet. We look to eat more of the foods that are highest in nutrients. And the
foods that are highest in nutrients, including these micronutrients I’m talking about, are green
vegetables. Green vegetables win the awards because they have more nutrients per calorie than
any other food. In other words, an animal product, like a piece of chicken or a piece of meat, is

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not high in nutrients per calorie. It gives you lots of calories but not lots of micro nutrients. Now,
take a piece of broccoli or some cabbage or kale, that’s also is high in protein, because don’t
forget green vegetables are high in protein. That’s how come gorillas, hippopotamus, rhinoceros,
elephants, giraffes get so big - because they eat green vegetables, eat a lot of protein.

And green vegetables are high in protein. But here you have the protein packaged with lots of
micronutrients - with the phytochemicals, with the antioxidants, with the things that make the
body age slower. And we keep our youthfulness, our vigor and our good health until later years.
And if we look at the healthiest people around the world and the pockets of civilization where
people live the longest, it’s always the people that eat the most vegetables live the longest.Let’s
touch on certain types of foods we want to include in our diet for optimal health.

Number one is beans. Beans, like, kidney beans, navy beans, lentils, split peas. Beans have
something in them called resistant starch and resistant starch doesn’t raise the glucose level. It’s
broken down by bacteria in the colon and the bacteria in the colon change the resistant starch
into short chain fatty acids and those fatty acids protect us against colon cancer. Beans promote
weight loss, they give us energy, they are high in protein, and they protect us against cancer.

And they are linked in the scientific studies to the enhancement of longevity in elderly people.
Number two: green vegetables. To be on a healthy diet we have to eat some raw vegetables
some cooked vegetables. We have to eat green vegetables: lettuce, salad, cucumbers, cabbage,
the broccoli family. All those green vegetables have specific compounds that have been shown
to protect against breast cancer, prostate cancer, colon cancer and, of course, heart attacks and

They are longevity producing foods. If we mix the greens and the beans now with nuts and
right, almonds, cashews, sesame seeds, sunflower seeds, they have almost magical super-
foods, protective compounds that prevent against cardiac arrhythmias - irregular heart beats.
They lower your cholesterol, they make people live longer, they prevent sudden cardiac death,
they stabilize the brain. and the healthy fats in seeds and nuts increase the absorption of
nutrients from the vegetables and the beans. They also make the protein very complete. So it’s
not about just eating less fat. It’s about eating more of the whole food, healthy fats from nuts and

Now, nuts and seeds contain a special compound called plant sterols. And these sterols have
been shown to lower cholesterol levels and protect against heart attacks; but they also have a
dramatic effect to protect against cancer as well. What I do is we take some sesame seeds and
maybe we’ll mix it with an orange and make a dressing or a dip to put on the salad, right? Or
we’ll throw some seeds and nuts with some tomato sauce and we’ll make some kind of dressing
or a sauce. In other words, using nuts and seeds as part of your dressings and dips is a very
important part of excellent nutrition.

Last, fresh fruit - like oranges and berries and kiwis - also contains various compounds, phenols
and anthocyanins, special compounds that protect against various cancers and are important for
good health. And lastly, of course, whole grains, like sorghum, wild rice, brown rice. Whole grain
rices, whole oats, whole barley - Think “whole grains,” not processed white flour, not white rice
and white flour, but using more whole grains. So we know now that the more vegetables and
fruits and beans and nuts and seeds eaten, the longer people live and the lower the risk of heart

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attacks and strokes and cancers.

Now, in addition to preventing these chronic diseases later on in life, it also can help people have
better function in school - more attention, more alertness - more protection against diseases like
influenza, like the flu. When we have the right kind of nutrients in our body, we’re not going to get
sick as often. We have to appeal to our governors and our government, our educators, and our
teachers, and our farmers.

We have to all work together as a team to bring healthy food into the schools, to bring healthy
plant foods into our homes. We’re not talking about adding a little bit of fruits and vegetables to
your present diet. We’re talking about making fruits and vegetables the major portion of your diet
and then we’ll have a healthy nation and then we’ll have a healthy population to live a long life,
free of medical tragedies.

To conclude, on the beautiful Jeju Islands and many other fertile areas of South Korea, we have
a unique opportunity in human history. This is a blessing. We have science and information that
can enable us to live better, and to live healthier and to live longer than ever before in human
history. Let’s take advantage of the natural bounty of the land and have one of the healthiest
places in the whole world.

Watch the full conference in video>