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Isotopes of mercury - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Isotopes of mercury - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isotopes_of_mercury

There are seven stable isotopes of mercury (Hg) with 202 Hg being the most abundant (29.86%). The longest-lived radioisotopes are 194 Hg with a half-life of 444 years, and 203 Hg with a half-life of 46.612 days. Most of the remaining radioisotopes have half-lives that are less than a day. 199 Hg and 201 Hg are the most often studied NMR-active nuclei, having spins of 1/2 and 3/2 respectively.

Mercury-180, producible from thallium-180, was found in 2010 to be capable of an unusual form of spontaneous fission. [1] The fission products are krypton-80 and ruthenium-100.

Standard atomic weight: 200.592(3) u

Table

Isotopes of mercury - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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representative

range of natural variation (mole fraction)

nuclide

Z(p)

N(n)

isotopic mass (u)

half-life

 

decay mode(s) [2][n 1]

daughter isotope(s) [n 2]

nuclear

isotopic

symbol

spin

composition

 

excitation energy

   

(mole fraction)

171 Hg

80

91

171.00376(32)#

80(30) µs

   

3/2-#

   

[59(+36-16) µs]

172 Hg

80

92

171.99883(22)

420(240) µs

   

0

   

[0.25(+35-9) ms]

173 Hg

80

93

172.99724(22)#

1.1(4) ms

   

3/2-#

   

[0.6(+5-2) ms]

174 Hg

80

94

173.992864(21)

2.0(4) ms

   

0+

   

[2.1(+18-7) ms]

175 Hg

80

95

174.99142(11)

10.8(4) ms

α

171

Pt

5/2-#

   

176 Hg

       

α

(98.6%)

172

Pt

     

80

96

175.987355(15)

20.4(15) ms

β + (1.4%)

176

Au

0+

177 Hg

       

α

(85%)

173

Pt

     

80

97

176.98628(8)

127.3(18) ms

β + (15%)

177

Au

5/2-#

178 Hg

       

α

(70%)

174

Pt

     

80

98

177.982483(14)

0.269(3) s

β + (30%)

178

Au

0+

         

α

(53%)

175

Pt

     

179 Hg

80

99

178.981834(29)

1.09(4) s

β + (47%)

179

Au

5/2-#

β + , p (.15%)

178

Pt

         

β + (52%)

180

Au

     

180 Hg [n 3]

80

100

179.978266(15)

2.58(1) s

α

(48%)

176

Pt

0+

SF

100 Ru, 80 Kr

         

β + (64%)

181

Au

     

181 Hg

α

(36%)

177

Pt

80

101

180.977819(17)

3.6(1) s

β + , p (.014%)

180

Pt

1/2(-)

 

β + , α (9×10 6 %)

177

Ir

181m Hg

 

210(40)# keV

     

13/2+

   
         

β + (84.8%)

182

Au

     

182 Hg

80

102 181.97469(1)

10.83(6) s

α

(15.2%)

178

Pt

0+

β + , p (10 5 %)

181

Pt

         

β + (74.5%)

183

Au

     

183 Hg

80

103 182.974450(9)

9.4(7) s

α

(25.5%)

179

Pt

1/2-

β + , p (5.6×10 4 %)

182

Pt

183m1 Hg

 

198(14) keV

     

13/2+#

   

183m2 Hg

 

240(40)# keV

5# s

β +

183

Au

13/2+#

   

184 Hg

       

β + (98.89%)

184

Au

     

80

104 183.971713(11)

30.6(3) s

α

(1.11%)

180

Pt

0+

185 Hg

       

β + (94%)

185

Au

     

80

105 184.971899(17)

49.1(10) s

α

(6%)

181

Pt

1/2-

185m Hg

   

IT (54%)

185

Hg

     
 

99.3(5) keV

21.6(15) s

β + (46%)

185

Au

13/2+

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α

(.03%)

181

Pt

   

186

       

β + (99.92%)

186

Au

   

Hg

80

106

185.969362(12)

1.38(6) min

α

(.016%)

182

Pt

0+

186m Hg

 

2217.3(4) keV

82(5) µs

   

(8-)

 

187

       

β +

187

Au

   

Hg

80

107

186.969814(15)

1.9(3) min

α

(1.2×10 4 %)

183

Pt

3/2-

187m Hg

   

β +

187

Au

   
 

59(16) keV

2.4(3) min

α

(2.5×10 4 %)

183

Pt

13/2+

188

       

β +

188

Au

   

Hg

80

108

187.967577(12)

3.25(15) min

α

(3.7×10 5 %)

184

Pt

0+

188m Hg

 

2724.3(4) keV

134(15) ns

   

(12+)

 

189

       

β +

189

Au

   

Hg

80

109

188.96819(4)

7.6(1) min

α

(3×10 5 %)

185

Pt

3/2-

189m Hg

   

β +

189

Au

   
 

80(30) keV

8.6(1) min

α

(3×10 5 %)

185

Pt

13/2+

190 Hg

       

β +

190

Au

   

80

110 189.966322(17)

20.0(5) min

α

(5×10 5 %)

186

Pt

0+

191 Hg

80

 

111 190.967157(24)

49(10) min

β +

191

Au

3/2(-)

 

191m Hg

 

128(22) keV

50.8(15) min

β +

191

Au

13/2+

 

192 Hg

       

EC

192

Au

   

80

112 191.965634(17)

4.85(20) h

α

(4×10 6 %)

188

Pt

0+

193 Hg

80

 

113 192.966665(17)

3.80(15) h

β +

193

Au

3/2-

 

193m Hg

   

β + (92.9%)

193

Au

   
 

140.76(5) keV

11.8(2) h

IT (7.1%)

193

Hg

13/2+

194 Hg

80

 

114 193.965439(13)

444(77) a

EC

194

Au

0+

 

195 Hg

80

 

115 194.966720(25)

10.53(3) h

β +

195

Au

1/2-

 

195m Hg

   

IT (54.2%)

195

Hg

   
 

176.07(4) keV

41.6(8) h

β + (45.8%)

195

Au

13/2+

196 Hg

80

 

116 195.965833(3)

Observationally Stable [n 4]

 

0+

0.0015(1)

197 Hg

80

 

117 196.967213(3)

64.14(5) h

EC

197

Au

1/2-

 

197m Hg

   

IT (91.4%)

197

Hg

   
 

298.93(8) keV

23.8(1) h

EC (8.6%)

197

Au

13/2+

198 Hg

80

 

118 197.9667690(4)

Observationally Stable [n 5]

 

0+

0.0997(20)

199 Hg

80

 

119 198.9682799(4)

Observationally Stable [n 6]

 

1/2-

0.1687(22)

199m Hg

 

532.48(10) keV

42.66(8) min

IT

199

Hg

13/2+

 

200 Hg

80

 

120 199.9683260(4)

Observationally Stable [n 7]

 

0+

0.2310(19)

201 Hg

80

 

121 200.9703023(6)

Observationally Stable [n 8]

 

3/2-

0.1318(9)

201m Hg

 

766.22(15) keV

94(3) µs

   

13/2+

 

202 Hg

80

 

122 201.9706430(6)

Observationally Stable [n 9]

 

0+

0.2986(26)

203 Hg

80

 

123 202.9728725(18)

46.595(6) d

β -

203

Tl

5/2-

 

203m Hg

 

933.14(23) keV

24(4) µs

   

(

 

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204 Hg

80

 

124 203.9734939(4)

Observationally Stable [n 10]

 

0+

0.0687(15)

205 Hg

80

 

125 204.976073(4)

5.14(9) min

β

-

205

Tl

1/2-

 

205m Hg

 

1556.40(17) keV

1.09(4) ms

IT

205

Hg

13/2+

 

206 Hg

80

 

126 205.977514(22)

8.15(10) min

β -

206

Tl

0+

 

207 Hg

80

 

127 206.98259(16)

2.9(2) min

β -

207

Tl

(9/2+)

 

208 Hg

80

 

128 207.98594(32)#

42(5) min

 

208

0+

 

[41(+5-4) min]

β -

 

Tl

209 Hg

80

 

129 208.99104(21)#

37(8) s

   

9/2+#

 

210 Hg

     

10# min

       

80

130 209.99451(32)#

[>300 ns]

0+

1.

^

EC: Electron capture IT: Isomeric transition

Abbreviations:

2. ^ Bold for stable isotopes

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

^ When produced from

^ Believed to undergo α decay to

Believed to undergo α decay to Believed to undergo α decay to Believed to undergo α decay to Believed to undergo α decay to Believed to undergo α decay to

^

^

^

^

^

^ Believed to undergo α decay to

180

Tl can also undergo fission to

Pt or β

Pt

Pt

Pt

Pt

Pt

Pt or β β

100

Ru and

196

80

Kr

192

194

195

196

197

198

200

+

β

+

decay to

Pt with a half-life over 2.5×10

10.

-

-

decay to

204

Pb

Notes

18

years

Values marked # are not purely derived from experimental data, but at least partly from systematic trends. Spins with weak assignment arguments are enclosed in parentheses. assignment arguments are enclosed in parentheses.

Uncertainties are given in concise form in parentheses after the corresponding last digits. Uncertainty values denote one standard deviation, except isotopic composition and standard atomic mass from IUPAC which use expanded uncertainties. ard deviation, except isotopic composition and standard atomic mass from IUPAC which use expanded uncertainties.

References

1. ^ http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=mercury-serves-up-a-nuclear-su

2. ^ http://www.nucleonica.net/unc.aspx

Isotope masses from:2. ^ http://www.nucleonica.net/unc.aspx G. Audi, A. H. Wapstra, C. Thibault, J. Blachot and O

^ http://www.nucleonica.net/unc.aspx Isotope masses from: G. Audi, A. H. Wapstra, C. Thibault, J. Blachot and O

G. Audi, A. H. Wapstra, C. Thibault, J. Blachot and O

properties" (http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/amdc/nubase/Nubase2003.pdf). Nuclear Physics A 729: 3–128.

Bibcode:2003NuPhA.729

doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2003.11.001 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.nuclphysa.2003.11.001).

Bersillon (2003). "The NUBASE evaluation of nuclear and decay

3A).

3A

(http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003NuPhA.729

Isotopic compositions and standard atomic masses from:decay 3A). 3A (http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003NuPhA.729 J. R. de Laeter, J. K. Böhlke, P. De Bièvre, H. Hidaka,

J. R. de Laeter, J. K. Böhlke, P. De Bièvre, H. Hidaka, H. S. Peiser,

J. R. de Laeter, J. K. Böhlke, P. De Bièvre, H. Hidaka, H. S. Peiser, K. J. R. Rosman and P. D. P. Taylor (2003). "Atomic weights of the elements. Review 2000 (IUPAC Technical Report)" (http://www.iupac.org/publications/pac/75/6/0683/pdf/). Pure and Applied Chemistry 75 (6): 683–800. doi:10.1351/pac200375060683 (http://dx.doi.org

/10.1351%2Fpac200375060683).

M. E. Wieser (2006). "Atomic weights of the elements 2005 (IUPAC Technical Report)" (http://iupac.org/publications

M.

E. Wieser (2006). "Atomic weights of the elements 2005 (IUPAC Technical Report)" (http://iupac.org/publications

/pac/78/11/2051/pdf/). Pure and Applied Chemistry 78 (11): 2051–2066. doi:10.1351/pac200678112051 (http://dx.doi.org /10.1351%2Fpac200678112051). Lay summary (http://old.iupac.org/news/archives/2005/atomic-weights_revised05.html).

Half-life, spin, and isomer data selected from the following sources. See editing notes on this article's talk page.G. Audi, A. H. Wapstra, C. Thibault, J. Blachot and O.

G. Audi, A. H. Wapstra, C. Thibault, J. Blachot and O. Bersillon (2003). "The NUBASE

G.

Audi, A. H. Wapstra, C. Thibault, J. Blachot and O. Bersillon (2003). "The NUBASE evaluation of nuclear and decay

properties" (http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/amdc/nubase/Nubase2003.pdf). Nuclear Physics A 729: 3–128.

Bibcode:2003NuPhA.729

3A

(http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003NuPhA.729

3A).

doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2003.11.001 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.nuclphysa.2003.11.001).

National Nuclear Data Center. "NuDat 2.1 database" (http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/nudat2/). Brookhaven National

National Nuclear Data Center. "NuDat 2.1 database" (http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/nudat2/). Brookhaven National Laboratory.

Retrieved September 2005.

 
N. E. Holden (2004). "Table of the Isotopes". In D. R. Lide. CRC Handbook of

N.

E. Holden (2004). "Table of the Isotopes". In D. R. Lide. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (85th ed.). CRC

Press. Section 11. ISBN 978-0-8493-0485-9.

Isotopes of mercury - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Isotopes of gold

Isotopes of mercury

Isotopes of

thallium

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