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BATCH PROJECT 2015

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PATTS COLLEGE OF AERONAUTICS

BATCH PROJECT

Status: Proposed Project

By: BSAeroE Students Batch 2015

Address: Lombos Ave. Parañaque City

Date: 04 July 2014

BATCH PROJECT 2015

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Aerostat Wind Turbine - KITE (Kytoon Instrument and Turbine Electric-generator)

Problem Statement

The modern era is too different compared to our way of life before. In the past, we only use simple methods like sending letters to deliver our messages to other people. But thanks to modernization, the simple turned much simpler. In the present, we use a lot of communication devices namely, our phones, the internet and a whole lot of other means. It has become a part of our daily needs. Using communication devices are already almost the same as breathing. The means of communication though, is mostly powered by electricity. Now, due to being in a tropical region; our country is constantly affected by natural

calamities like typhoons. Thus, a large portion of our country tend to experience, if we‟re

lucky, temporary blackouts, but if worse, total cut off to electrical power a long period of time. However, if we can provide a good generator using alternative energy, everything changes.

Why Wind Turbine?

When talking about generators, a lot of informed people would recommend using either solar energy or wind energy. Mainly because both are renewable energies which means they are clean, affordable, domestic and effectively infinite. Solar energy is a very

good alternative but we won‟t be able to harness solar energy at night, can we? On the other hand, wind energy is often present where solar isn‟t. Thus, a wind turbine is the answer to a solar panel‟s lack of efficiency at night and when it is a bit cloudy.

Our Objective

To create and develop a low cost electric-generating machine, which can be deployed at any location, utilizing alternative energy that can be of great use during power shortages and blackouts.

How is this different from other wind turbines and generators?

The Aerostat Wind Turbine uses the same processes as a regular wind turbine which uses mechanical energy and converting it to electric energy. One of the major differences is that it is not being supported by a pole or other ground structures. This wind turbine will

float, while tethered, on its own for it to achieve a higher altitude. The higher the altitude, the stronger the wind, the greater the wind energy will be harnessed. Another uniqueness of this wind turbine is that it can be deployed at any location. This wind turbine contains a rechargeable battery or an electric storage which can be used even if the wind turbine isn‟t under operation. The turbine won‟t be permanently placed on air. It will only be positioned

when the rechargeable battery is depleted already.

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How about the Airspace Problem?

BATCH PROJECT 2015 ` How about the Airspace Problem?

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Concept

The Aerostat Wind Turbine is basically a floating wind turbine, which generates limited electricity

to supply a designated place which needs it. It‟s designed to be small enough for us to deploy it easily

in certain areas; like PATTS, for example. The Blimp Wind Turbine Generator has four main components:

Bladder - A proprietary helium-filled shell made from high performance, industrial fabrics that lifts the turbine up and stabilizes it in the air. Turbine - A lightweight conventional, horizontal axis wind turbine fixed on the bladder. Tethers The lightweight, high strength tethers hold the turbine in place in all weather conditions and transmit power to the ground. Ground Station - The portable ground station which includes a control system, energy bank and some power conditioning equipment.

Main Components

Bladder

Made of gas-tight and durable fabric, the patented shell is inflated with helium. The shell passively aligns into changing winds while channelling wind through the turbine. Aerodynamic lift combines with floating lift to keep it aloft in both strong and weak winds.

Turbine

The lightweight, horizontal-axis turbine adapts conventional, proven design used in efficient wind turbines that are currently deployed around the world. The turbine generates electricity both when airborne.

Tethers

Tethers are used to connect the shell and turbine to rise on the portable ground station. Tether control is made to adjust turbine altitude, stabilize the turbine in the air, and provide an electrical connection to send power from the turbine to the ground. The control system periodically adjusts based on changing winds to keep the turbine at the optimal altitude for peak energy output and minimal structural loads.

Ground Station

The ground station is built on a small platform for easy transport. Craned on the ground station control tether speed and length, and aligns with the bladder to prevent tethers from tangling. A landing pad safely secures the envelope while docked. The power produced by the turbine is conditioned on the ground station.

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Conceptual Sketch

Diameter Power Output = = 15 - 20 ft. 12v-24v; 50-200watts; 0.01-1.5Amps
Diameter
Power Output
=
=
15 - 20 ft.
12v-24v; 50-200watts; 0.01-1.5Amps
BATCH PROJECT 2015 ` Conceptual Sketch Diameter Power Output = = 15 - 20 ft. 12v-24v;

BATCH PROJECT 2015

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Volume of a Typical Airship

  • V = ( L x D x D x 0.52)

Where:

  • V = volume

  • L = length

  • D = diameter

Mass lifted = (density air density helium) x volume Volume needed = 1 kg / (density air density helium)

@Sea Level @ 32° F

  • V = 1,000 ft 3 (helium / hydrogen)

  • V = 1,000 ft 3 (69.6 lb / 75.1 lb)

30 meter (100 ft) Displaces = 14,137,000 liters Lift = 14,000 kg (roughly 31,000 lb)

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3 meter balloon (10 ft)

Comparison of Gases

  • 1. Hydrogen

    • - more efficient lifting gas

    • - 8% better than helium

    • - leaks more slowly

    • - highly flammable

    • - ρ = 0.8988 kg/m 3

    • - lift = 1.2 kg/m 3

    • - cheaper

    • - temperature for spontaneous ignition in air is 500° C (932 °F)

      • 2. Helium

-lift = 1 kg/m 3 or 1 g/liter

BATCH PROJECT 2015

BATCH PROJECT 2015 ` 3. Methane - ½ the lift of hydrogen - 4x the energy

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3. Methane

 

-

½ the lift of hydrogen

-

4x the energy density of hydrogen

-

safer than hydrogen

-

narrow relative air/fuel mixture for combustion

-

lift = 45 lb/1000 ft 3

Conventional rib-stop nylon (or Silicon coated)

- hot air balloons

 

-

paragliders

-

can resist steam up to 120°C

if exceeds 120°C, it must be replaced by Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer (EPDM)

-

Hydrogen

Helium

11.9 m 877 m 3 1 kg
11.9 m
877 m 3
1 kg
12.2 m 947 m 3 1000 kg
12.2 m
947 m 3
1000 kg

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Polyurethane Plastic Film

Altitude

Pressure

(m)

(mmHg)

(kPa)

0

760

101.3

75

753

100.4

150

746

99.5

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Basic Parts

For the Motor

DC Motor (2pcs)

BATCH PROJECT 2015 ` Basic Parts For the Motor DC Motor (2pcs) Price: Php650.00 „each‟ Specifications:http://www.olx.ph/index.php/view+classifieds/id/44835568/Dc+motor+24+volts+3000+rpm?referral Keywords=DC+motor&event=Search+Ranking,Position,1-1,1#advertisementDetails " id="pdf-obj-9-12" src="pdf-obj-9-12.jpg">

Price: Php650.00 „each‟ Specifications:

24 volts

3000 rpm

Dimensions:

Shaft: 110mm

Motor Diameter: 60mm

Motor Length: 90mm

Weight: 1 kg

Sources:

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For Battery Maintenance MPPT Solar Charge Controller 12v, 24v, Auto Switch

BATCH PROJECT 2015 ` For Battery Maintenance MPPT Solar Charge Controller 12v, 24v, Auto Switch Estimatedhttp://www.olx.ph/index.php/view+classifieds/id/44758434/20A+MPPT+Solar+Panel+Battery+Regula tor+Charge+Controller+12V+24V?referralKeywords=charge+controller&event=Search+Ranking,Positi on,1-15,15#advertisementDetails " id="pdf-obj-10-8" src="pdf-obj-10-8.jpg">

Estimated Price:

Features:

Php1, 400.00

Always keeping the battery on fill voltage condition.

Prevents the battery from over-charging

Prevents the battery from over-discharging

Prevents the battery from reverse charging to solar panels during nights

Reverse Polarity Protection for Battery

Reverse Polarity Protection for Solar Panels

When the battery voltage is low, the controller will automatically cut off the

load from the system. If the voltage of battery is back to normal and the load will restart working. Thunder protection

Sources:

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For Tethering Steel Cables

Price: 8mm diameter 10mm diameter = Php35.00/meter = Php42.00/meter
Price: 8mm diameter
10mm diameter
=
Php35.00/meter
=
Php42.00/meter

Description:

Brand new U.S. made, high strength compacted aircraft cable, steel core, hot dipped galvanized, high strength, flexible, for various applications, like zip line, winch, crane, hoist, pulley and others.

Nylon For Alternative

Price: 6.5mm diameter

=

Php50.00/meter

=

3,500.00/roll (100 meters)

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For Altitude Control MAURER Hand Winch / Brake Winch

BATCH PROJECT 2015 ` For Altitude Control MAURER Hand Winch / Brake Winch Estimated Price: Features:

Estimated Price:

Features:

Php8, 600.00

Automatic brake to ensure suspension of load

Self- locking brake winches provide additional safety and control for many

lifting and pulling jobs. The automatic friction brake supplies constant, positive holding action and

prevents runaway load. Brake is fully automatic and the load remains in position anytime when the

handle is released. Alloy-steel gear, baked enamel body

High Quality - Maurer

Dimensions:

Capacity: 1150 kg

Gear Ratio: 10:1

Hub diameter: 83 mm

Rope storage: 8 mm x 18 meters

Source:

http://www.olx.ph/index.php/view+classifieds/id/41108995/Manual+Winch%2C+Hand+Winch%2C+B

rake+Winch+-+1+Ton+capacity?referralKeywords=winch+cables&event=Search+Ranking,Position,1-

BATCH PROJECT 2015

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For the Power Inverter Pure Sine Wave Inverter 1000w

BATCH PROJECT 2015 ` For the Power Inverter Pure Sine Wave Inverter 1000w Estimated Price: Includes:grid tie connected power inverter:  12v  24v  48v Features:  Full protection and audio-visual alarm system  Can provide a full range of protection  Over-voltage protection  Low-voltage alarm  Under-voltage protection  Over-heat protection  Overload protection  Short circuit protection  Reverse polarity protection Source: http://www.olx.ph/index.php/view+classifieds/id/44275370/pure+sine+wave+inverter+500w+1000w ?referralKeywords=power+inverter&featureType=13&event=Sponsored+Ranking,Position,1- 3,3#advertisementDetails " id="pdf-obj-13-8" src="pdf-obj-13-8.jpg">

Estimated Price:

Includes:

Php4, 500.00

1000w solar power grid tie connected power inverter:

12v

24v

48v

Features:

Full protection and audio-visual alarm system

Can provide a full range of protection

Over-voltage protection

Low-voltage alarm

Under-voltage protection

Over-heat protection

Overload protection

Short circuit protection

Reverse polarity protection

Source:

http://www.olx.ph/index.php/view+classifieds/id/44275370/pure+sine+wave+inverter+500w+1000w

?referralKeywords=power+inverter&featureType=13&event=Sponsored+Ranking,Position,1-

BATCH PROJECT 2015

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For Power Storage Solar Master - Deep Cycle Battery

BATCH PROJECT 2015 ` For Power Storage Solar Master - Deep Cycle Battery Estimated Price: Description

Estimated Price:

Description

12,000Php

The solar power battery is designed specifically for solar power installations, and other renewable energy installations, particularly those in which it is desirable that maintenance be kept to a minimum.

Application:

• Microwave Stations • Radio Repeaters • Any remote or hard to reach installation Any renewable energy installation Features:

• Longer Discharge period and a lower discharge rate • Use of thicker, high-density plates • Excellent cycling capability because of thick lead-antimony grids

• Heavy duty glass-mat separators resisting plate corrosion and increasing battery life

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Variations:

 

Size

AH/C20 V

L

W

H

T

SM40

12

230

138

200

236

SM70

70

12

305

174

200

225

SM100 100

12

392

180

200

230

SM120 120

12

502

180

207

230

SM150 150

12

508

220

208

230

SM200 200

12

524

278

214

240

Sources

For the Axle Hollow Aluminium Shaft

Estimated Price:

Dimensions:

Php2, 000.00

Length:

12ft

Diameter:

2in

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For the “Bladder”

Polyethylene Fabric

Price: To be appraised

BATCH PROJECT 2015 ` For the “Bladder” Polyethylene Fabric Price: To be appraised Chloroprene Fabric -http://www.olx.ph/index.php/view+classifieds/id/44671766/Helium+Gas+Supplier+and+Distributor+i n+the+Philippines?referralKeywords=helium+gas&event=Search+Ranking,Position,1-3,3 " id="pdf-obj-16-12" src="pdf-obj-16-12.jpg">
BATCH PROJECT 2015 ` For the “Bladder” Polyethylene Fabric Price: To be appraised Chloroprene Fabric -http://www.olx.ph/index.php/view+classifieds/id/44671766/Helium+Gas+Supplier+and+Distributor+i n+the+Philippines?referralKeywords=helium+gas&event=Search+Ranking,Position,1-3,3 " id="pdf-obj-16-14" src="pdf-obj-16-14.jpg">

Chloroprene Fabric - Extra Materials Needed

Alternative

  • 1. Bearings Roller Bearings (2pcs) Price: Php1, 000.00 „each‟

  • 2. Insulated Copper Wires

Price: 100m

=

Php7, 000.00

  • 3. Helium

Price: Php24, 000.00

Source:

BATCH PROJECT 2015 ` For the “Bladder” Polyethylene Fabric Price: To be appraised Chloroprene Fabric -http://www.olx.ph/index.php/view+classifieds/id/44671766/Helium+Gas+Supplier+and+Distributor+i n+the+Philippines?referralKeywords=helium+gas&event=Search+Ranking,Position,1-3,3 " id="pdf-obj-16-45" src="pdf-obj-16-45.jpg">
BATCH PROJECT 2015 ` For the “Bladder” Polyethylene Fabric Price: To be appraised Chloroprene Fabric -http://www.olx.ph/index.php/view+classifieds/id/44671766/Helium+Gas+Supplier+and+Distributor+i n+the+Philippines?referralKeywords=helium+gas&event=Search+Ranking,Position,1-3,3 " id="pdf-obj-16-47" src="pdf-obj-16-47.jpg">
BATCH PROJECT 2015 ` For the “Bladder” Polyethylene Fabric Price: To be appraised Chloroprene Fabric -http://www.olx.ph/index.php/view+classifieds/id/44671766/Helium+Gas+Supplier+and+Distributor+i n+the+Philippines?referralKeywords=helium+gas&event=Search+Ranking,Position,1-3,3 " id="pdf-obj-16-49" src="pdf-obj-16-49.jpg">
BATCH PROJECT 2015 ` For the “Bladder” Polyethylene Fabric Price: To be appraised Chloroprene Fabric -http://www.olx.ph/index.php/view+classifieds/id/44671766/Helium+Gas+Supplier+and+Distributor+i n+the+Philippines?referralKeywords=helium+gas&event=Search+Ranking,Position,1-3,3 " id="pdf-obj-16-51" src="pdf-obj-16-51.jpg">

BATCH PROJECT 2015

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Pros and Cons

Pros

1.

Environment Friendly - It is a green energy source and does not cause pollution nearly as much as fossil fuels, coal and nuclear power do.

2.

Portable - Harnessing wind energy can be done almost anywhere. Whether or not a resource is financially feasible is another question.

3.

Renewable - Wind power is renewable and there is no way we can run out of it.

4.

Space-Efficient - Wind turbines are incredible space-efficient. The floating

wind turbines can`t be placed too close to each other, but it‟s placed above

ground. The largest of them generate enough electricity to power 600 homes.

5.

Low Operational Cost - The operational costs associated with wind power are low once the turbines first have been manufactured and erected.

6.

Good Domestic Potential Residential floating wind turbines yields energy savings which protects homeowners from power outages.

Cons

1.

Unpredictable - Wind is a fluctuating source of energy and is not suited to meet the base load energy demand unless some form of energy storage is utilized (e.g. batteries, pumped hydro).

2.

Cost Competitiveness - The manufacturing of this requires upfront investments.

3.

Threat to Wildlife - Wind turbines can be a threat to wildlife (e.g. birds, bats).

4.

Helium Dependent Helium is an important factor that makes the project float. The bladder must be refilled periodically.

BATCH PROJECT 2015

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Budgeting Summary of Prices

DC Motor:

MPPT Solar Charge Controller Pure Sine Wave Inverter:

Polyethylene Fabric:

Maurer Hand Winch / Brake Winch:

Solar Master Deep Cycle Battery:

Aluminium Shaft:

Extra Materials Needed:

Cost Pool (Basic)

Php650.00

Php1, 400.00 Php4, 500.00 Php30, 000 (Assumed) Php8, 600.00 Php12, 000.00 Php2, 000.00

Php33, 000.00

Item

No.

Estimated Cost

  • DC Motor

2pcs

Php1, 300.00

 

1pc

Php1, 400.00

MPPT Solar Charge Controller Pure Sine Wave Inverter

1pc

Php4,500.00

 

??

 

Polyethylene Fabric (per sq. foot) Steel Cables

100m

Php30, 000.00 (Assumed) Php4, 200.00

Maurer Hand Winch / Brake Winch

1pc

Php8, 600.00

 

1pc

 

Solar Master Deep Cycle Battery Aluminium Shaft

1pc

Php12 ,000.00 Php2, 000.00

Other Materials Needed

---

Php33, 000.00

Total

---

Php97, 000.00

*The cost of accessories may vary because some of the parts are for shipping and charged in dollars.

Total number of 5th year BSAeroEstudents A.Y. 2014-2015 = 140

Proposed Contribution per Student:

(Php97, 000.00 + Php3, 000.00 „allowance‟ ) / 140 = Php714.28

*Contribution may still vary because of the anonymity of some expenses, i.e. transportation, shipping, etc. though most will fall on the budget allocated for marginal cost.

BATCH PROJECT 2015

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Schedule of Activities

Date

Activity

Number of Days

 

June 23 to June 28

Preparation and Planning for the Proposed Project, Sponsorships and Letter of Approvals

   

6

June 30

Purchasing of Materials and Control Systems

 

6+

   

Fabrication of Parts

   

34 Days

 

Morning Shift

Afternoon Shift

 

---

July 07 to

Axle Assembly

Axle Assembly

3

Days

August 31

DC Motor Generator

DC Motor Generator

5

Days

Bladder Construction

Bladder Construction

21 Days

Wiring of Charge Controllers

Wiring of Power Inverters

5

Days

   

September 01

 

to September

 

Assembly and Adjustments

 

5 Days

5

 

September 08

 

to September

 

Test Flight

5 Days

12

 

September 15

 

to September

 

Adjustments, Repairs and Test Flights

 

5 Days

20

 
 

Exhibit