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Title: Advanced Fault Detection and Diagnosis for Civil Aircraft Flight Control

Duration: 7 months

Starting date: 1st cto!er" #$1%
Deadline for a&&lication: Se&tem!er 1$" #$1%

Financial su&&ort: Provided !y Air!us" Toulouse" France.

The a&&licant should have at least 'ngineering or (aster Di&loma in Control
'ngineering )ith '*cellent !ac+ground" and should !e familiar )ith estimation
theory and model,!ased fault diagnosis. The a&&licant )ill do his-her research
activity at the .(S la!" /ordeau*" France under the su&ervision of Prof. A.

Please send your a&&lication to:

Philippe GOUPIL
Flight Control System
FDIR WP Leader
Airbus Operations S.A.S.
Tel !"" #$%& '( () ") $"

Prof. A. Zolghadri
,ni-ersit. de /ordeau0
Laboratoire I1S 2C3RS
Tel !"" #$%& 4$$$54('

The electrical flight control system (EFCS, a.k.a fly-by-wire, FBW) ro!i"es more sohisticate"
control of the aircraft an" flight en!eloe rotection f#nctions $%&$'&. The main characteristics
are that high-le!el control laws in normal oeration allow all control s#rfaces to be controlle"
electrically an" that the system is "esigne" to be a!ailable #n"er all circ#mstances. (n arallel of
the EFCS "e!eloment, the n#mber of fail#re cases to be consi"ere" in the "esign of an aircraft
is consi"erably increasing beca#se of the growing comle)ity of e*#iment an" systems.
Similarly, the intro"#ction of EFCS le" to a n#mber of interactions with flight hysic "iscilines
in!ol!e" in the "esign of an aircraft, in artic#lar in case of fail#res.
(nno!ati!e Fa#lt +etection an" +iagnosis (F++) co#l" contrib#te to a!e the way for the f#t#re
more s#stainable an" efficient air transort $,&. The f#t#re aircraft systems will #na!oi"ably
ha!e to incl#"e inno!ati!e F++. -ot ob!io#s at first sight, it is ne!ertheless ossible to
"emonstrate that imro!ing the F++ in"#strial state-of-ractice contrib#tes to a more
s#stainable aircraft (e.g. weight sa!ing) $,&. This fact constit#tes the starting oint an" the main
moti!ation of the c#rrent ro.ect. (t sho#l" be note" that altho#gh base" on recent aca"emic
works with an emhasi/e on in"#strial alications this )or+ is strongly industrial oriented,
which means that at least it sho#l" be concl#"e" by in"#strial 010 acti!ities to assess the
!iability an" erformances of the roose" metho"s on state of the art 2irb#s facilities.
The Flight Control System (FCS) consists of all the elements locate" between the ilot in#ts in
the cockit (si"e-stick, e"als3) an" the control s#rfaces, incl#"ing these two elements, which
are #se" to control the aircraft attit#"e, tra.ectory an" see" (Fig#re %).

Figure 1: civil aircraft Flight Control system

The toic of interest in this ro.ect is an act#ator4sensor fa#lt locate" in the ser!o-loo control
of the mo!ing s#rfaces, between the Flight Control Com#ter (FCC) an" the control s#rface,
incl#"ing these two elements. Conse*#ently, only one control s#rface is imacte". This fa#lt
case lea"s to an #nwante" "eflection of the control s#rface an" is calle" runa)ay (a.k.a.
har"o!er), Fig#re '. The control s#rface can go #ntil its stos if the r#naway remains #n"etecte".
5#naways occ#r at any (#nknown) "ynamics. 5#naway m#st be "etecte" !ery *#ickly, in
artic#lar for str#ct#ral loa" asects an" aircraft controllability.

Figure 2: Control surface runaway
[1] P. Traverse, I. Lacaze, and J. Souyris, Airbus fly-by-wire: A total approach to dependability, in
Proc. 18th IFIP World Computer Congr., Toulouse, France, 2004, pp. 191212.
[2] P. Goupil, AIRBUS state of the art and practices on FDI and FTC in flight control system, Control
Eng. Pract., vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 524539, 2011.
[3] P. Goupil and A. Marcos, Advanced diagnosis for sustainable flight guidance and control: The
European ADDSAFE project, in Proc. SAE Aerospace Technology Conf. Exposition, Toulouse,
France, Oct. 1821, 2011, SAE Technical Paper 2011-01-2804.
[4] Gheorghe A., Zolghadri A., Cieslak J., Goupil P., Dayre R., and Le-Berre H., "Toward Model-
Based Approaches for Fast and Robust Fault Detection in Aircraft Control Surface Servo-loop :
From theory to flight tests", IEEE Control System Magazine, June 2013.
[5] Zolghadri A., Gheorghe A., Cieslak J., Henry D., Goupil P., Dayre R., and Le-Berre H., "A model-
based solution to robust and early detection of control surface runaways", SAE International
Journal Aerospace, vol. 4(2), pages 1500-1505, DOI 10.4271/2011-01-2803, November 2011.
[6] Gheorghe A., Zolghadri A., Cieslak J., Henry D., Goupil P., Dayre R., and Le-Berre H., "Detection
of abnormal aircraft control surface positions using a robust parametric test", in Proc. of 2nd
CEAS EuroGNC, Delft, 10-12 April 2013.
[7] Zolghadri A., Gheorghe A., Cieslak J., Henry D., Goupil P., Dayre R., and Le-Berre H., "A model-
based solution to robust and early detection of control surface runaways", SAE Conference,
Toulouse, October 2011.
[8] Goupil P., Zolghadri A., Gheorghe A., Cieslak J., Dayre R., and Le-Berre H., "Airbus Efforts
towards Advances Fault Diagnosis for Flight Control System Actuators", Recent Advances in
Aerospace Actuation Systems and Components, Toulouse, France, June 13-14, 2012.
[9] Zolghadri A., D. Henry, J. Cieslak, D. Efimov, P. Goupil (2013). Fault Diagnosis and Fault-Tolerant
Control and Guidance for Aerospace Vehicles, from theory to application. Springer, Series:
Advances in Industrial Control. September 2013.
[10] Efimov D., Cieslak J., Zolghadri A., Henry D. (2013). Actuator fault detection in aircraft systems:
Oscillatory Failure Case study. Annual Reviews in Control. 37, 1, pp 180 190.
[11] Alcorta Garcia E., Zolghadri A., Goupil P. (2011) A Nonlinear Observer-Based Strategy for
Aircraft Oscillatory Failure Detection: A380 Case Study. IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and
Electronic Systems. Volume 47, Issue 4, Page(s): 2792 2806.