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bonding test review

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. Which of the following statements about ionic and covalent compounds is false?
a. Electrons are shared in covalent compounds.
b. Covalent compounds are usually poor conductors of electricity.
c. Many ionic compounds are soluble in water.
d. Covalent compounds commonly exist as gases li!uids or solids.
e. "onic compounds have low melting points.
____ #. Which response includes only the true statements concerning the characteristics of covalent compounds?
". $hese compounds can be gases li!uids or solids with low melting points.
"". Most are soluble in polar solvents.
""". %i!uid and molten compounds do not conduct electricity.
"&. '!ueous solutions of these compounds are very good conductors of electricity.
a. " and """
b. "" and "&
c. " """ and "&
d. " "" and """
e. "&
____ (. Which %ewis )ot *ormula below is incorrect?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
____ +. Which %ewis )ot *ormula is incorrect?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
____ ,. -ow many valence electrons does a phosphorus atom have?
a. #
b. .
c. (
d. ,
e. +
____ .. -ow many valence electrons does a bromine atom have?
a. /
b. .
c. (
d. ,
e. +
____ /. -ow many unpaired electrons are shown in a %ewis )ot *ormula for silicon?
a. 0
b. 1
c. #
d. (
e. +
____ 1. 2elow are some elements with their number of valence electrons. Which is incorrect?
a. Ca 3 #
b. Cl 3 ,
c. 4 3 1
d. 2 3 (
e. 5 3 .
____ 6. 'n atom of which element below has the most unpaired electrons?
a. 2a
b. 'l
c. 7
d. *
e. 5
____ 10. 'n element has the following electronic configuration in its outermost shell. "n simple ionic compounds the
oxidation number 8charge9 of this element would be ____.
a. 31
b. 3#
c. 3(
d. :#
e. :1
____ 11. Consider the following electron transfer diagram representing the formation of a binary ionic compound from
atoms of its constituent elements. Which response correctly identifies the elements?
a. M ; <a = ; 5
b. M ; Ca = ; Cl
c. M ; 4 = ; >
d. M ; <a = ; >
e. M ; ?b = ; 5
____ 1#. $he negative ion *3 has the same electronic configuration as the positive ion ____.
a.
Ca
b.
%i
c.
Mg
d.
4
e.
>c
____ 1(. What is the charge formed by al@aline earth metals when they react with nonmetals?
a. :1
b. 31
c. :#
d. 3#
e. :(
____ 1+. Which of the following statements is the best definition of valence electrons?
a. $he electrons in the p orbitals
b. $he electrons that are paired.
c. $he electrons occupying the highest energy 8outermost9 level.
d. $he electrons occupying the lowest energy 8outermost9 level.
e. $he electrons that are unpaired.
____ 1,. Which response includes all of the species listed below that have , valence electrons?
5
#3
< 7 C
3
*
3
a. < 7
b. < 7 C
3
c. 5
#3
C
3
*
3
d. 5
#3
e. 7 C
3
____ 1.. Which response includes all of the species listed below that have the electronic configuration 1s #s #p (s (p
?
Cl <a 4 'r 7
a.
Cl and <a
b.
Cl <a and 'r
c.
<a 'r and 7
d.
<a 4 and 'r
e.
Cl 4 'r and 7
____ 1/. Which choice below represents the general reaction of the 1' metals with the /' elements?
a. # M8s9 : =# # M=8s9
b. M8s9 : = M=8s9
c. M#8s9 : =# # M=8s9
d. M8s9 : =# M=#8s9
e. none of these
____ 11. %ithium and chlorine react to form %iCl an ionic compound. $he chloride ion Cl has ____ electrons in its
outermost occupied shell.
a. .
b. #
c. 1
d. 11
e. /
____ 16. Magnesium and nitrogen react to form Mg < an ionic compound. $he magnesium ion Mg has ____
electrons in its highest occupied energy level.
a. 1
b. #
c. 10
d. +
e. ,
____ #0. Which of the following compounds has the most ionic bond?
a. Mg*#
b. 2Cl(
c. 2*(
d. <a*
e. <*(
____ #1. What is the charge on the simple 8single atom9 ion that sulfur forms?
a. 1:
b. #:
c. (:
d. 13
e. #3
____ ##. Consider the formation of one formula unit of %i < from neutral atoms. "n the process each lithium atom
____ electron8s9 and each nitrogen atom ____ electron8s9.
a. gains threeA loses one
b. loses threeA gains one
c. loses threeA gains three
d. loses oneA gains three
e. gains oneA loses three
____ #(. What is the formula for the binary compound of calcium and bromine?
a. Ca2r
b. Ca#2r
c. Ca2
d. Ca2#
e. Ca2r#
____ #+. What is the formula for the binary ionic compound of lithium and nitrogen?
a. %i<
b.
%i<
c.
%i <
d.
%i <
e.
%i <
____ #,. Which one of the formulas below is incorrect?
a.
MgCl
b.
<a "
c.
"n*
d.
4 >
e. >r5
____ #.. Which one of the formulas below is incorrect?
a.
>rCl
b.
Cs >
c.
'lCl
d.
'l 7
e. Ca>e
____ #/. ' chemical bond formed by two atoms sharing one or more pairs of electrons is called a 8or an9 ____ bond.
a. ionic
b. covalent
c. coordinate covalent
d. polar
e. nonpolar
____ #1. When the diatomic molecule -# forms all of the following are true exceptB
a. ' pair of electrons is shared between the two hydrogen atoms.
b. $he 1s orbitals overlap so that both electrons are now in the orbitals of both atoms.
c. Each hydrogen atom has the helium configuration 1s
#
.
d. ' single covalent bond is formed.
e. $he bonded atoms are at higher energy than the separated atoms.
____ #6. $he internuclear distance at which the attractive and repulsive forces balance in a covalent bond is called the
____.
a. bond length
b. bond energy
c. stabiliCation length
d. single bond
e. none of these
____ (0. $he ____ bonds there are between atoms of the same two elements the ____ the bond length and the ____ the
bond.
a. more greater wea@er
b. more shorter stronger
c. fewer shorter stronger
d. fewer greater stronger
e. more shorter wea@er
____ (1. Which of the following is the correct %ewis dot formula for -#>?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
____ (#. Which of the following is the correct %ewis dash formula for carbon diselenide?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
____ ((. %ewis dot formulas for molecules show all of the following exceptB
a. the number of bonds
b. the @inds of bonds 8single double triple9
c. the order the atoms are connected
d. the shape of the molecule
e. the number of valence electrons
____ (+. )raw the %ewis dot formula for C5 . $he number of unshared pairs of electrons in the outer shell of the
central atom is ____.
a. one
b. two
c. three
d. four
e. Cero
____ (,. )raw the %ewis dot formula for 7Cl . $he number of unshared pairs of electrons in the outer shell of the
central atom is ____.
a. one
b. two
c. three
d. four
e. Cero
____ (.. $he %ewis structure for the carbonate ion C5(
#3
shows ____ doubles bond8s9 ____ single bond8s9 and ____
lone pair8s9 on the central atom.
a. ( 1 #
b. 1 # 0
c. # # 1
d. # 1 1
e. # 1 #
____ (/. What is the correct %ewis dot formula for - C5 ?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
____ (1. Which one of the following %ewis dot formulas is incorrect?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
____ (6. Which one of the following %ewis dot formulas is incorrect?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
____ +0. Which %ewis dot formula is incorrect?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
____ +1. $he total number of covalent bonds in the < molecule is ____.
a. one
b. two
c. three
d. four
e. Cero
____ +#. $he number of unshared pairs of electrons in the outer shell of arsenic in 's* is ____.
a. one
b. two
c. three
d. four
e. Cero
____ +(. )raw the dot formula for ethylene C - . Each carbon3hydrogen bond is a ____ bond and each carbon3
carbon bond is a ____ bond.
a. single single
b. single double
c. single triple
d. double single
e. double double
____ ++. $he %ewis dot formula for formaldehyde - C5 shows
". three single covalent bonds.
"". one unshared pair of electrons.
""". one double covalent bond.
"&. two unshared pairs of electrons.
&. two single covalent bonds.
a. """ "& and &
b. "" """ and &
c. " and ""
d. "" and """
e. " and "&
____ +,. 'ssign a formal charge to each atom of .
a. 's ; ,: Cl ; 13
b. 's ; ,3 Cl ; /:
c. 's ; 0 Cl ; 0
d. 's ; +: Cl ; 13
e. 's ; .: Cl ; #3
____ +.. 'ssign a formal charge to each atom of 7- .
a. 7 ; 0 - ; 1:
b. 7 ; 1: - ; 0
c. 7 ; 0 - ; 0
d. 7 ; +: - ; 13
e.
7 ; 0 - ; :
____ +/. Which of the following statements about %ewis structures is false?
a. Carbon and oxygen may form a double bond.
b. 'ny <oble gas involved in a bond must be violating the octet rule.
c. < 7 and 's can sometimes share more than 1 e
3
.
d. - can never ma@e more than one bond.
e. Duadruple bonds are not possible.
____ +1. Which one of the following dot formulas is incorrect?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
____ +6. Which response lists all of the correct %ewis dot formulas and no incorrect ones?
". """.
"". "&.
a. " and ""
b. "" """ and "&
c. """ and "&
d. "" and """
e. " "" and """
____ ,0. -ow many lone pairs of electrons are there on the =e atom in the =e* molecule?
a. one
b. two
c. three
d. four
e. Cero
____ ,1. -ow many lone pairs of electrons are there on the > atom in the >Cl molecule?
a. one
b. two
c. three
d. four
e. Cero
____ ,#. Which of the following molecules cannot exist?
a. 7",
b. 2e*#
c. >*#
d. C*(
e. <#5
____ ,(. Which one of the following molecules violates the octet rule?
a.
7Cl
b.
C2r
c.
<*
d.
5*
e.
's*
____ ,+. Which one of the following violates the octet rule?
a.
7Cl :
b. Cl*
c.
CCl 3
d.
2Cl
e.
'sCl
____ ,,. Which response includes all the molecules below that violate the octet rule and only those?
- 5 >* <* 2eCl
a.
- 5 and >*
b.
>* <* and 2eCl
c.
- 5 and <*
d.
>*
e.
>* and 2eCl
____ ,.. Which molecule exhibits resonance?
a.
2e"
b.
5
c.
- >
d.
7*
e.
C5
____ ,/. -ow many resonance structures does the nitrate ion <5 3 have?
a. 1
b. #
c. (
d. +
e. 0
____ ,1. -ow many resonance structures does the bicarbonate ion -C5 3 have?
a. 1
b. #
c. (
d. +
e. 0
____ ,6. Which response includes all of the following molecules that contain polar covalent bonds and no others? 8It
is asking about polar bonds...not polar molecules)
<5 7Cl < - 5 7 <-
a.
<5 7 and <-
b.
7Cl < and - 5
c.
- 5 and <-
d.
<5 7Cl and - 5
e.
<5 7Cl - 5 and <-
____ .0. Which of the following molecules has nonpolar covalent bonds?
a. <a*
b. -#5
c. 7+
d. <-(
e. 2eCl#
____ .1. Which molecule has the most polar covalent bond?
a. -2r
b. -*
c. -"
d.
-
e. -Cl
____ .#. Which molecule has the least polar covalent bond?
a. -2r
b. -*
c. -"
d.
-
e. -Cl
____ .(. $he elements of Eroup &""' may react with each other to form covalent compounds. Which of the following
single covalent bonds in such compounds is the most polar bond?
Electronegativities of the first four Eroup &""' elements areB
* ; +.0 Cl ; (.0 2r ; #.1 " ; #.,
a. *3*
b. *3Cl
c. *32r
d. *3"
e. Cl3"
____ .+. Which one of the compounds below has the bonds that are the most polar?
8ElectronegativitiesB - ; #.1 > ; #., 7 ; #.1 's ; #.1 Cl ; (.0 >i ; 1.1 >b ; 1.69
a.
- >
b.
7-
c.
'sCl
d.
>i-
e.
>bCl
____ .,. Which molecule contains the least polar bonds?
8ElectronegativitiesB - ; #.1 C ; #., * ; +.0 Cl ; (.0 2r ; #.1 " ; #.,9
a.
C*
b.
CCl
c.
C2r
d.
C"
e.
C-
____ ... Which one of the following molecules has a dipole moment?
a.
Cl
b.
-
c.
"
d. 2rCl
e.
<
____ ./. Which one of the following molecules does not have a dipole moment?
a. 2rCl
b. Cl*
c. 2r*
d.
5
e. "Cl
____ .1. Which one of the following molecules does not have a dipole moment?
a. "2r
b. <5
c. -*
d.
7
e. "*
____ .6. Which molecule would have the weakest dipole moment?
a. -2r
b. -*
c. -"
d.
-
e. -Cl
____ /0. Which one of the following compounds involves both ionic and covalent bonding?
a.
Cl
b.
<a >5
c. 4Cl
d. -*
e. -C<
____ /1. Which of the following molecules has the most ionic bond character?
a. <Cl(
b. *#
c. -*
d. Cl*
e. -Cl
____ /#. 'n un@nown element X has the following Lewis dot formula Which one of the following elements
could X be?
a. boron
b. carbon
c. nitrogen
d. oxygen
____ /(. What kind of bond does the transfer of electrons between atoms produce?
a. nonpolar covalent
b. polar covalent
c. ionic
d. coordinate covalent
____ /+. -ow do nonmetals form negative ions?
a. by losing one or more electrons
b. by sharing electrons
c. by gaining one or more protons
d. by gaining one or more electrons
____ /,. When two atoms form a double covalent bond how many electrons do they share?
a. 1 electron
b. # electrons 1 electron pair
c. + electrons # electron pairs
d. . electrons ( electron pairs
____ /.. 'ssign a formal charge to the phosphorus atom 879 in the phosphate ion .
a. 0
b. :1
c. 31
d. 3(
____ //. 5ne of two resonance structures for benCene C.-. an industrial solvent can be written asB
. What is the other resonance structure?
a.
b.
c.
d.
____ /1. Which one of the following compounds has ionic bonding?
8electronegativitiesB > ; #., 5 ; (., C ; #., 4 ; 0.6 2r ; #.1 - ; #.1 Cl ; (.0 < ; (.09
a. sulfur dioxide >5#
b. potassium bromide 42r
c. hydrogen chloride -Cl
d. ammonia <-(
____ /6. 'n ionic bond is most likely to be formed between
a. a metal of low ioniCation energy and a nonmetal of low 8very positive9 electron affinity.
b. a metal of high ioniCation energy and a nonmetal of high 8very negative9 electron affinity.
c. a metal of high ioniCation energy and a nonmetal of low 8very positive9 electron affinity.
d. a metal of low ioniCation energy and a nonmetal of high 8very negative9 electron affinity.
____ 10. $he electrons in the outer shell of an atom are involved in bonding. 'nother name for the outer shell is ____.
a. valence shell
b. bonding shell
c. hybridiCed shell
d. &>E7? shell
e. %ewis shell
____ 11. $he valence shell is
a. the highest energy level occupied by electrons.
b. the set of orbitals used to ma@e triple bonds.
c. the orbitals belonging to the entire molecule.
d. the lowest energy level occupied by electrons.
e. the hard covering on crustaceans.
____ 1#. What is the electronic geometry for , regions of high electron density on a central atom?
a. octahedral
b. s!uare planar
c. tetrahedral
d. trigonal bipyramidal
e. trigonal planar
____ 1(. $he electronic geometry is
a. the arrangement of atoms around the central atom in a molecule.
b. the arrangement of - atoms around the central atom in a molecule.
c. the arrangement of regions of high electron density around the central atom in a molecule.
d. the arrangement of lone pairs around the central atom in a molecule.
e. the sets of !uantum numbers for a central atom.
____ 1+. What is the electronic geometry for . regions of high electron density on a central atom?
a. octahedral
b. s!uare planar
c. trigonal bipyramidal
d. tetrahedral
e. trigonal planar
____ 1,. What angle8s9 are associated with a central atom that has octahedral electronic geometry?
a. 106.,F
b. 1#0F
c. 1#0F and 110F
d. 60F and 1#0F
e. 60F and 110F
____ 1.. What angle8s9 are associated with a central atom that has tetrahedral electronic geometry?
a. 106.,F
b. 1#0F
c. 1#0F and 110F
d. 60F and 1#0F
e. 60F and 110F
____ 1/. Which of the following is not one of the basic ideas of the &>E7? theory?
a. Each electron group in the valence shell of a central atom is significant.
b. $he groups of valence shell electrons on the central atom repel one another.
c. $he groups of valence shell electrons are arranged about the central atom so that the
repulsions among them are as small as possible.
d. $he electron groups have maximum separation about the central atom.
e. $he number of electron groups is determined by counting the number of lone pairs and the
total number of bonds.
____ 11. Which of the following statements concerning polar molecules is false?
a. $here must be at least one polar bond or one unshared pair of electrons on the central atom.
b. "f there are more than one polar bond they must not be symmetrically arranged so that
their polarities cancel.
c. "f there are more than one unshared pair of electrons on the central atom they must not be
symmetrically arranged so that their polarities cancel.
d. $here must be an odd number of polar bonds so that their polarities not cancel.
e. ' molecule with symmetrically arranged polar bonds can be polar if the central atom is
bonded to atoms of different elements.
____ 16. Which one of the following molecules is polar?
a. <#
b. 7+
c. Cl#
d. C5#
e. -#5
____ 60. Which one of the following molecules is nonpolar?
a. -#5
b. C5#
c. C>5
d. <*(
e. <-(
____ 61. C-+ is a nonpolar molecule. Which of the following similar molecules is also nonpolar?
a. C-(Cl
b. C-#Cl#
c. >i-(Cl
d. >i-+
e. >i-#Cl#
____ 6#. )raw the dot formula for the -<5# molecule. $he nitrogen atom is the central atom and the hydrogen atom is
attached to an oxygen atom. 5n the basis of the number of regions of high electron density about the nitrogen
atom predict the nitrogen atom hybridiCation..
a. sp
b. sp
#
c. sp
(
d. sp
(
d
e. sp
(
d
#
____ 6(. )raw the dot formula for the -<5# molecule. $he nitrogen atom is the central atom and the hydrogen atom is
attached to an oxygen atom. 5n the basis of the number of regions of high electron density about the nitrogen
atom what is the approximate bond angle about the < atom?
a. 110F
b. 60F
c. 1#0F
d. 1#0F and 60F
e. 106F
____ 6+. Which one of the following statements about compounds or polyatomic ions of the ' group elements is false?
a. 'll compounds in which the central atom is sp
(
d
#
hybridiCed violate the octet rule.
b. >ulfur hexafluoride is an example of a compound with a central atom that has sp
(
d
#

hybridiCation.
c. 'll molecules in which the central element is sp
(
d
#
hybridiCed have octahedral electronic
geometry.
d. 'll molecules in which the central element is sp
(
d
#
hybridiCed have octahedral molecular
geometry.
e. 'll ions in which the central atom is sp
(
d
#
hybridiCed have octahedral electronic geometry.
____ 6,. Which of the following statements about the valence bond theory is false?
a. *or an atom to share more than 1 electrons it must hybridiCe d orbitals.
b. $o ma@e + single bonds an atom will ma@e + sp
(
hybrid orbitals.
c. $he number of hybrid orbitals formed e!uals the number of high electron density regions.
d. $rigonal planar molecules use sp
#
hybrid orbitals
e. 'toms that do not complete their octet use either sp
(
d or sp
(
d
#
hybrid orbitals.
____ 6.. Which response contains all the following statements that are true and no others?
". ' set of sp
#
orbitals can be thought of as one s orbital one3third of the time and two p
orbitals two3thirds of the time.
"". ' set of sp orbitals can accommodate a maximum of six electrons.
""". $he orbitals resulting from sp
(
d
#
hybridiCation are directed toward the corners of an
octahedron.
"&. ' set of sp
(
orbitals results from the mixing of one s orbital and three p orbitals.
a. "" and "&
b. " "" and "&
c. "" """ and "&
d. """ and "&
e. all are true
____ 6/. $he hybridiCation associated with the central atom of a molecule in which all the bond angles are 1#0F is
____.
a. sp
b. sp
#
c. sp
(
d. sp
(
d
e. sp
(
d
#
____ 61. $he hybridiCation associated with the central atom of a molecule in which all the bond angles are 106.,F is
____.
a. sp
b. sp
#
c. sp
(
d. sp
(
d
e. sp
(
d
#
____ 66. $he bond angles associated with sp
(
d
#
hybridiCation are ____.
a. 60F and 110F
b. 1#0F
c. 106F
d. 60F and 1#0F
e. 106F and 1#0F
____ 100. $he central atom in a molecule is bonded to ( other atoms and has # lone pairs. What type of hybrid orbitals
are formed by the central atom?
a. sp
b. sp
#
c. sp
(
d. sp
(
d
e. sp
(
d
#
____ 101. $he central atom in a molecule is sharing a total of 1# electrons. What type of hybrid orbitals are formed by
the central atom?
a. sp
b. sp
#
c. sp
(
d. sp
(
d
e. sp
(
d
#
____ 10#. $he 53<35 bond angles associated with the nitrate ion <5(
3
are all 1#0F. $he hybridiCation at the nitrogen
atom is ____.
a. sp
#
b. sp
(
c. sp
(
d
#
d. sp
e. sp
(
d
____ 10(. Consider the 2eCl# molecule. Which statement about this molecule is false?
a. $he molecule is linear.
b. $he molecule has polar bonds.
c. $he molecule is polar.
d. $he central atom is sp hybridiCed.
e. 2e does not satisfy the octet rule.
____ 10+. Which one of the following molecules has a central atom that is sp
#
hybridiCed?
a. -*
b. 2Cl(
c. 7Cl(
d. -#5
e. <-(
____ 10,. What is the hybridiCation at the central atom in >i-+?
a. sp
b. sp
#
c. sp
(
d. sp
(
d
e. sp
(
d
#
____ 10.. Which statement concerning the ion >5+
#3
is true?
a. $he ionGs charge results in there being one lone pair of electrons on the > atom.
b. $here are five regions of high electron density on the > atom.
c. $he bond angles are 60F.
d. $he electronic geometry is octahedral.
e. $he hybridiCation of the > atom is sp
(
.
____ 10/. Which response contains all the characteristics listed that should apply to silicon tetrafluoride >i*+ and no
other characteristics?
". tetrahedral
"". 1#0F bond angles
""". sp hybridiCed at C
"&. polar molecule
&. one unshared pair of electrons on >i
a. "" and """
b. "
c. " and &
d. "" "& and &
e. none of these
____ 101. *or 's*( the electronic geometry is ____ and the molecular geometry is ____.
a. tetrahedral trigonal planar
b. trigonal planar tetrahedral
c. tetrahedral tetrahedral
d. trigonal planar trigonal planar
e. trigonal planar linear
____ 106. Which of the following molecules has the smallest bond angle8s9?
a. C-+
b. <-(
c. -#5
d. C*+
e. C5#
____ 110. Which statement about the water molecule is incorrect?
a. $he decrease in bond angle from the tetrahedral angle 8106.,F9 is greater for -#5 than for
<-(.
b. $he bond angle for -#5 is smaller than for <-( because of the lone pair3lone pair
repulsion in -#5.
c. $he water molecule is very polar.
d. $he effect of the very polar bonds in water is opposed by the effect of the # lone pairs of
electrons.
e. $he 5 atom is sp
(
hybidiCed.
____ 111. What is the hybridiCation at the central atom 879 of 7*(Cl#?
a. sp
b. sp
#
c. sp
(
d. sp
(
d
e. sp
(
d
#
____ 11#. $he 7*, molecule exists whereas <*, does not. Which one of the following is the best explanation for this
fact?
a. 7hosphorus atoms can undergo hybridiCation involving d orbitals whereas nitrogen atoms
cannot.
b. $he first five ioniCation energies of nitrogen are too high but those of phosphorus are not.
c. $he electron affinity of nitrogen is too high.
d. <*, would be too polar to be stable.
e. >imple 7
,:
ions exist but simple <
,:
ions are too small to exist.
____ 11(. Which one of the following molecules is octahedral?
a. 2eCl#
b. >e*.
c. 2*(
d. 7*,
e. C*+
____ 11+. Which of the following species has s!uare planar molecular geometry?
a. C-+
b. >*+
c. =e*+
d. <-+
:
e. >5+
#3
____ 11,. Which of the following species has s!uare pyramidal molecular geometry?
a. 7*,
b. <-+
:
c. >bCl,
d. "*,
e. >iCl+
____ 11.. Which of the following statements about multiple bonds is true?
a. ' double bond consists of two sigma bonds.
b. ' sigma bond results from the side3on overlap of p atomic orbitals.
c. ' pi bond results from the head3on overlap of p atomic orbitals.
d. sp
#
hybridiCation in carbon is associated with one double bond and two single bonds.
e. sp
(
hybridiCation in carbon is associated with one double bond and two single bonds.
____ 11/. -ow many sigma 8 9 bonds and how many pi 8 9 bonds does the ethene molecule contain?
a. + #
b. , #
c. , 1
d. , 0
e. 1 #
____ 111. Which molecule is incorrectly matched with the molecular geometry?
Molecule Molecular Eeometry
a. CCl+ tetrahedral
b. 7-( pyramidal
c. 2eCl# linear
d. 22r( trigonal planar
e. >5# linear
____ 116. Which molecule is incorrectly matched with the molecular geometry?
Molecule Molecular Eeometry
a. "(3 linear
b. 2r*( $3shaped
c. 2-+3 tetrahedral
d. >bCl, trigonal bipyramidal
e. <5#
3
tetrahedral
____ 1#0. Which one of the following pairs of molecules and molecular geometries is incorrectly matched?
Compound Molecular Eeometry
a. <*( pyramidal
b. -#5 angular
c. 2*( trigonal planar
d. 's*, pentagonal planar
e. >e*. octahedral
____ 1#1. Which species is incorrectly matched with the hybridiation at the central atom?
>pecies -ybridiCation at Central 'tom
a. >e*. sp
(
d
b. C5# sp
c. <-+
:
sp
(
d. 2Cl( sp
#
e. 2e2r# sp
____ 1##. Which species is incorrectly matched with bond angles?
Molecule 2ond 'ngles
a. >iCl+ 106.,F
b. 2e"# slightly less than 106F
c. >*. 60F 8and 110F9
d. 's*, 60F 1#0F 8and 110F9
e. 2*( 1#0F
____ 1#(. Which species is incorrectly matched with bond angles?
Molecule 2ond 'ngles
a. C"+ 106.,F
b. 2e*# 110F
c. -" 60F
d. "(
3
110F
e. 2"( 1#0F
bonding test review
!nswer "ection
M#L$I%L& C'(IC&
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