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INSTITUT PENDIDIKAN GURU

KAMPUS TUANKU BAINUN, BUKIT MERTAJAM, PULAU PINANG.



PROGRAM IJAZAH SARJANA MUDA PERGURUAN
(TESL) PRIMARY EDUCATION


LITERATURE IN ENGLISH
(TSL 3102)


NAME : NALINI A/P BALAN

I/C NO : 940525-08-6346

INDEX NUMBER : 2012302310067

PROGRAMME : 1 PISMP TESL

LECTURERS NAME : ENCIK PUVENESWARAN S/O KARUPPIAH

DATE OF SUBMISSION : 07 MARCH 2014

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DECLARATION FORM

I certify that the attached work is entirely my own, except where material quoted or paraphrased
is acknowledged in the text. I also certify that it has not been submitted in any other unit or
course.




Signature : ______________________________
Name : NALINI D/O BALAN
I/C NO : 940525-08-6346














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CONTENT

1. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 10

2. TASK 2 - SHORT STORY LITERARY CRITICISM ANALYSIS 12-14

3. TASK 3 - SHORT STORY LITERARY CRITICISM ANALYSIS 16-20
(POWER POINT PRESENTATION)

4. REFLECTION 22-23

5. REFERENCE 25


6. APPENDIX 27-34

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I would like to take this opportunity to thank the parties who have helped me to achieve
Language Development III assignment successfully. First and foremost, I would like to express
my gratitude to my lecturer Pn. Dayang Maheran for her guidance and information to our
classmates. It encourages us to understand very clearly about the assignment. Her guidance
greatly helped me in order to complete this task was entrusted.
Throughout perform the tasks of this coursework, I gained a lot of experience as well as a
bitter sweet that is valuable in my life. The experience I gained during the execution of this
coursework may only come once in my life. Furthermore, I gain knowledge about the causes of
teen suicide and ways to prevent it in more detail through this project coursework.
In addition, I want to thank my family members who always give moral support and the
capital required to complete this task. Thanks also go for giving me financial help and help in
order to complete this coursework neatly.
Besides that, I would to thank my friends who helped me in terms of ideas and
cooperation in order to realize an effort to complete this coursework successfully.
Finally, I would like to express my gratitude to all those who give aid and assistance
directly or indirectly. I am grateful to God for the bounties leave me complete this coursework.
All the help extend my appreciation because without the encouragement and support of all of
you, this task cannot be executed properly.
Thank you.

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TASK 2: (1) WRITTEN
ASSIGNMENT

DISCUSS THE APPLICATION OF ANY ONE OF THE
THEORIES OF LITERARY CRITICISM IN TWO
SHORT STORIES OF YOUR CHOICE.





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According to Virginia Woolf, Literature is strewn with the wreckage of men who have
minded beyond reason the opinions of others. As far as I am concerned, one can give opinions
or feedback in order to justify a point. There are no boundaries. Literary critics may sometimes
challenge the ideas and values of literature. The two short stories that I have chosen are
Everything Arranged and A Question of Dowry which were written by the same write
named Siew Yue Killingley. Both short stories are written by Malaysian writers. The theory of
literary criticism I have chosen is cultural criticism.
Literary criticism is a study in case of discerning or evaluating a literary piece whether it
is a novel, poem, play or any other literary works written by the authors. The criticism or
analysis of a specific culture can be defined as a term named cultural criticism. People who
criticize specific cultures are often referred to as cultural critics. According to Smith, ed., 1992:
312-313, cultural criticism makes the term culture refer to popular and classic culture. It breaks
down the boundary between high and low culture, and discovers the political reason why a
cultural product is more valued than others.
Based on the short story, Everythings Arranged, the story is all a love story of young
Ceylonese couple. The story tells about a Ceylonese girl named Rukumani who have secret affair
with a Ceylonese boy named Devanayagam while studying in at University. At the beginning,
their families do not know about their relationship. When Rukumani and Devanayagam went for
a long term vacation, while their secret affair discovered by their parents. Rukumani told her
parents about her relationship. Rukumanis father wrote a letter to Devanayagam and thus their
marriage that is arranged being called off. This is because accepting that falling in love as a big
sin and only arranged marriage is allowed.
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The short story, Everythings Arranged emphasizes that arranged marriage is practiced by
the Indian communities during that time. This story shows the Indian culture that believes
marriage as a spiritual thing. Love marriages are still alien to Indian cultural. The girls should not
be in love before marriage. The textual evidence is that story, Rukumanis mother starts as soon
as Johny has gone out of the front door. Young people nowadays have no shame. My mother
would have sent me out of the house if I had entertained a boy friend as freely as that. Based on
that, it tells me that being in love is a taboo in her family as she criticizes love. Besides that,
another textual evidence is that Cant you see that Im trying to arrange a good, respectable
marriage for you? told by her mother. At this point, it shows that her parents do not understand
Rukumanis feelings and arranged against her own wish. Thus it shows that they prefer arranged
marriage which is highly considered and respected by Indian and Ceylonese families as it is
considered as a dignity and a symbol of family honour. It contradicts to modern culture as
nowadays people can find their own spouses.
Apart from that, the cultural criticism in the short story Everythings Arranged is
emphasized in the perspective of modern versus traditional Indian culture. Rukumani is exposed
to new world with different culture or way of life as she studies at University Malaya. This
brings a fear in Rukumanis mother that she cannot control her daughter when she grows up
while studying in University. The line can be seen through this line in the story is Especially
when someone likes Girlie, so pretty, going to get university degree and all, better to fix
everything while still possible to control. Once they grow older, just try to control and see.
Based on the short story, A Questions of Dowry emphasizes on dowry which is the major
compulsory material in those days life. Indian girl named Sivasothie engages to a young man
named Thiruchelvam that arranged by the family. Sivasothies parents agree to prepare the
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dowry whereby a sum of twenty thousand and a necklace. Then, the conflict arises when
Sivasothies father Mr. Ramachandran tells his wife that they cannot afford to give the dowry
they agreed. As a result, Thiruchelvam rejects the marriage with Mr. Ramachandrans daughter
because couldnt give the dowry promised. Sivasothie feels sad because she has to forget him to
become her husband after while she liked him so much.
The cultural criticism is portrayed by the acceptance of dowry as a major compulsory
material in India culture. This is clearly proven in the text where Twenty thousand dollars is not
to be scoffed at- thats more than I can say what Thangathurai gave his daughter when our son
married her It is clearly proven that he bridegrooms family demands twenty thousand
dollars and a necklace as a dowry in order to engage and marry Sivasothie to Thiruchelvam.
In addition, during that time, they ties to the cultures and traditions of Indian. Mr.
Ramachandran takes efficient efforts to settle the dowry as promised before. The marriage of
Sivasothie and Thiruchelvam is arranged by Mr and Mrs. Ramachandran. It is proved when they
arrange their daughter marriage can be seen through this line in the story
" Well, commented Mrs. Ramachandran stoically, theres more than one doctor in our
community, and its up to you, Ramachandran, to do your duty as a father. " The culture and
practice in an Indian family on how they arranged their daughter marriage.
To sum up, both short stories clearly show the cultural criticism that develops by the
Indian community. In my opinion, parents should not hold to the culture fully, and thus they
have to understand the feelings of their child. This will bring someone to build a healthy
lifestyle. Furthermore, dowry should not be seen as a source of marriage. This is because money
and intelligence are not the assurance of happy marriage.
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TASK 3

SHORT STORY LITERAY CRITICISM ANALYSIS
(POWERPOINT PRESENTATION)




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REFLECTION






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REFLECTION
First of all, I am very glad that I managed to complete this assignment by the time given.
There are a few problems that I went through while doing this task. Firstly, I am not fully clear
about the assignment given. However, through the briefing and guidance given by my respected
lecturer, Mr. Puveneswaran Karuppiah, I managed to complete this Literature in English
coursework. There are so many things that I would like to share about this coursework which
was a great experience for all of us.
There were some challenges that I faced in completing the project. Firstly, I had a quite
number of assignments to be completed. I felt stressed because I might be lacking of time to
complete them. Therefore, to avoid doing tasks at the eleventh hour, I prepared a timetable. I
planned it wisely so that I could complete the other assignments as well. Secondly, I went
through some hard times to find the textual evidence which needs critical thinking skills to
support my points. In order to develop critical thinking skills, I realized that I need to negotiate
different points of view, consider a variety of perspectives and try to analyze how different
aspects of a literary text fit in with each other to create a design and world of its own.
The experiences that I gained from this project have helped me to improve myself. Now,
I have a huge knowledge on the theories of literary criticism especially cultural criticism
compared to before starting this assignment. Besides that. I can analyse poems according to their
form, structure and features.
This assignment helped me to become a good researcher; I searched for more information
regarding the importance of child development from various sources such as books, websites,
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articles and etc. Through my experience, I gain knowledge on how to look for a reliable source
as my references. Those information gathered, help me to have a wide knowledge on it which
would be helping me to handle my future students.
To sum up, after having a hard and difficult time doing this assignment, I came to realize
that actually this assignment have opened my eyes and given me a birds eye view of the world.
All the knowledge that I gain from this assignment will help me to guide myself and my future
students to become a better person one day. I feel very proud because I can analyze about the
literary criticism from my own research. I hope it will be very helpful and useful for me in my
teaching career in the future. Lastly, I would like to thank those who had helped me directly and
indirectly to complete this assignment on time. Their assistance is greatly appreciated.
Prepared by,
NALINI D/O BALAN
1 PISMP TESL


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REFERENCES




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REFERENCES
BOOK
MALPAS, S. (2006). CRITICAL THEORY. NEW YORK: ROUTLEDGE.

BENNETT, A. (2009). AN INTRODUCTION TO LITERATURE, CRITICISM AND
THEORY. UNITED KINGDOM: PEARSON.

WAUGH, P. (2006). LITERARY THEORY AND CRITICISM. NEW YORK: OXFORD
UNIVERSITY PRESS.

J.A.CUDDON. (1977). A DICTIONARY OF LITERARY TERMS AND LITERARY
THEORY. UNTED STATES OF AMERICA: DOUBLEBAY & COMPANY INC.

BERTENS, H. (2001). LITERARY THEORY. NEW YORK: ROUTLEDGE.

CARTER, R. (1996). LANGUAGE, LITERATURE AND THE LEARNER. UNITED
KINGDOM: PEARSON.

BATE, J. (2010). ENGLISH LITERATURE A VERY SHORT INTRODUCTION. NEW
YORK: OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS.

WEBSITE

Allen Brizee, J. C. (2012, MAY 04). ONLINE WRITING LAB. Retrieved MARCH 1,
2014, from LITERARY THEORY AND SCHOOLS OF CRITICISM:
https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/722/01/


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APPENDIX


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