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Section B / General Requirements

D&WO HSE Requirements Manual


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B-4




Respiratory Protection






























Section B / General Requirements
D&WO HSE Requirements Manual
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B-4 / Respiratory Protection (RP)

1. The Rig Operator shall ensure that all respiratory protection equipment is provided. Those
employees required to use this equipment shall be trained in its effective use. This training SHALL
include:

A. The need for respirator protection.

B. An explanation of why a particular type of respirator has been selected.

C. An explanation of the operation, capabilities and limitations of the respirator selected.

D. Fitting of face pieces.

E. Donning (putting on) and doffing (taking off) of respirators.

F. Regulations concerning respirator use.

G. Instructions in emergency procedures.

H. Maintenance, inspection and storage of respirators.

I. Sealing and functioning of the face piece.

This equipment may be provided by the Contractor or by the Company, depending upon the terms and
conditions of the contract.


2. The Rig Operator shall ensure that the required respiratory protection equipment is maintained and used as
intended, and that it provides all personnel with adequate protection against all anticipated hazardous
atmospheres.


3. Such respiratory protection equipment shall be readily available, maintained in good working order, in a
sanitary condition, and inspected every 30 days per G.I. 1780.001.

Respirator inspection shall include:

A. A check for tightness of connections.

B. The condition of the respiratory inlet covering, head harness, valves, connecting tubes, harness
assemblies and hoses.

C. The proper function of regulators and alarms.

D. Each rubber or other elastomeric part shall be inspected for pliability and signs of deterioration.

E. Each air cylinder shall be inspected to ensure that it is fully charged and with a current hydro-test date.

F. A record of inspection dates shall be kept for each respirator maintained for Emergency or rescue use.

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B-4/RP/Continued

4. Parts Replacement and Repair

A. Only technicians certified in the proper respirator maintenance and overhaul shall do replacement of
parts and repair.

B. Replacement parts shall be only those designated for the specific respirator.


5. All Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA):

A. Compliant 15-Min and 30-Min SCBA.

B. Or hose-line work masks, including an emergency escape cylinder.

C. Unless protected by respiratory protection equipment, no personnel shall be allowed to enter
any area:

1) Where the oxygen content of the atmosphere is less than 20.9 % by volume.

2) Or where the atmosphere is contaminated or in danger of being contaminated by any airborne
substance that may be considered to be harmful.


6. On all D&WO rigs operating in known Hydrogen Sulphide (H
2
S) areas or on any rig drilling a wildcat well,
there shall be on each rig at least the minimum amount of respiratory protection equipment required in the
drilling/workover contract.


7. Where respiratory protection equipment is or may be required to be worn in areas which are or may be
contaminated with substances immediately dangerous to life or health, a clean shaven policy shall be
implemented. Facial hair that interferes with the seal of a face mask will adversely affect the duration of
SCBA.

Note: Refer to HSERM/B/B-4/RP/Appendix No.1, for further information regarding Respiratory Protective
Equipment.


8. Definitions, Abbreviations and Acronyms: Refer to HSERM/A/A-1/DA&A.


9. References: Refer to HSERM/A/A-2/Reference Material.







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B-4/RP/Continued
Appendix No.1

Requirement for minimal acceptable Respiratory Protection Program

1. Each Rig Operator shall develop and put into practice a respiratory protection program that meets
or exceeds the following criteria (per G.I. 1780.001):

A. Written standard operating procedures governing the selection and use of respiratory protective
equipment.

B. Respiratory protective equipment shall be selected on the basis of the hazards to which the worker is
exposed. The airborne hazards most likely to be encountered in drilling and Workover operations are:

1) Immediately dangerous to life or health (IDLH) atmospheres that require the use of supplied-air
respiratory protection equipment. This equipment includes the hose-line work masks, including an
escape cylinder, and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).

The most likely IDLH atmospheres that may be encountered at drilling and workover
locations are:

a. Toxic vapors and gases, such as H
2
S.

b. Atmospheres containing less than 20 % oxygen, by volume.

2) Corrosive or irritating particulate matter for which full-face filter mask protection is required. It is
imperative that the correct filters be identified and used.

C. The user shall be instructed and trained by the Rig Operator in the correct use of respiratory protective
equipment and their limitations.

This training shall include:

1) Instructions on the selection of the proper respiratory protection equipment for each potential hazard
an employee may encounter.

2) Instructions in the wearing and use of this equipment. This training SHALL include drills in which the
equipment is used and worn under simulated emergency conditions. (BOP drills while wearing work
masks, for instance.)

3) Proper cleaning and sanitizing of the equipment after it is worn and used. It is very important each
user of this equipment understands how important it is to properly clean and sanitize this equipment
after each wearing, even for equipment that may be permanently assigned to him.

D. Where possible, respiratory protective equipment should be assigned to individual workers for their
exclusive use.

E. Respiratory protective equipment shall be regularly cleaned and disinfected. Those issued for the
exclusive use of one worker are to be cleaned after each days use or more after if necessary, those
used by more than one worker are to be thoroughly cleaned is of paramount importance.

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B-4/RP/Appendix No.1/Continued

F. A comprehensive Cascade BA System and SCBA Registry shall be developed and maintained on every
rig. The minimum required Registry information shall include location, serial number, MAWP, Hydro-test
Date, Next Hydro-test Date, Inspection Date, Next Inspection Date, and SCBA Mask Voice
Communication Device equipped.

G. A detailed Maintenance/Inspection Registry shall be maintained by the Rig Operator for each SCBA, the
Registry shall include; I.D. number of the unit, its location, monthly inspection records, cylinder pressure
on inspection, Face Mask Voice Communication Device Operability, Voice Communication Device
Battery Installation Date, Voice Communication Device Battery Replacement Date, cleaning and
maintenance of respiratory protective equipment.

(Example: HSERM/B/B-4/RP/Appendix No.1/Figure No.1).

Figure 1




H. Respiratory protective equipment shall be inspected during cleaning. Worn or deteriorated parts shall be
replaced; all replaced parts shall be recorded in the SCBA log book. Respiratory protective equipment
for emergency use, such as self-contained devices, shall be thoroughly inspected by the Rig Operator at
least once a month and after each use. Every rig inspection shall include:

1) A function test.

2) Confirmation of cylinder hydrostatic test date; every 3 years for composite cylinders and every 5
years for steel cylinders.

3) Condition of cylinder.

4) Condition of all hoses (both low pressure and high pressure).

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B-4/RP/Appendix No.1/Continued

5) Condition of straps and buckles.

6) Condition of back plate.

7) Condition of cascade hose connection.

8) Integrated Face Mask Voice Communication Device Operability

I. Appropriate surveillance of work area conditions and the degree of employee exposure or stress shall
be maintained. The Rig Operator is responsible for knowing what respiratory exposures may be present
and shall alert all personnel when protective equipment is required. The level of exposure to a given
substance is determined by continuous area monitoring, personal monitoring and warning devices, or
from studying the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for each substance used on the location, The
Rig Operator is responsible for requiring the use of the proper equipment at all times when exposure
limits exceed acceptable limits.

J. There shall be regular inspection and evaluation to determine the continued effectiveness of the
program. The Rig Operator is responsible for his respirator protection program. In meeting that
responsibility a Rig Operator shall know that all equipment is in good condition and is ready for use
when needed. A part of every planned inspection shall be to evaluate the state of the entire respiratory
protection program of each location visited.

K. Personnel should not be assigned to tasks requiring the use of respiratory protective equipment unless it
has been determined that they are physically able to work while wearing the equipment.

L. Compressed air used for breathing purposes shall comply with the standards recommended in G.I.
1780.001 and HSERM/B/B-4/RP/Appendix No.1/Figure No.3.


2. Compressors

The Compressors for Supplying Breathing Air Should Meet the Requirements of G.I.1780.001.

A. Oil Lubricated Breathing air compressors shall be equipped with necessary safety and standby devices.
As a minimum, an OEM Compressor Continuous Carbon Monoxide Monitoring/Shutdown System and
H
2
S Detection (5ppm)/Shutdown System shall be fitted to each compressor and automatically shut down
the compressor to prevent contamination of stored air (5ppm). The OEM Compressor Continuous
Carbon Monoxide Monitoring/Shutdown System shall automatically shut down the compressor when
5ppm carbon monoxide is detected (reference NFPA 1989).

B. All compressors shall have a minimum ambient operating temperature rating of no less than 50C.

C. Breathing air compressors shall be strategically positioned so as to minimize the potential entry of
contaminated air. Specific contaminated air hazard sources include but are not limited to Main Engine
and E-Gen Exhaust Stacks, Galley Hood Exhaust Stacks, and Wire Line Unit Exhaust.

D. They shall be equipped with purifying sorbet beds and filters to further assure greater air quality.

E. They shall be equipped with alarms to indicate compressor failure and/or overheating.
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B-4/RP/Appendix 1/Continued

F. They shall be equipped with OEM shop set and certified RVs which are included in the rig RV Registry
and inspection process.

G. Breathing Air Compressors shall be Manually Start and are specifically prohibited from having any
Automatic Start Features and shall be continuously manned during all periods of operation.

H. Breathing air compressors shall have a detailed maintenance log that records information as shown in
HSERM/B/B-4/RP/Appendix No.1/Figure No.2.

Figure No.2



I. Each Rig shall maintain an air purity test kit and conduct weekly air purity sampling for CO
2
, H
2
O, and
Oil Mist prior to recharging the cascade breathing air cylinders, following the required H
2
S release drill
and after every H
2
S alarm.

J. Air samples from the breathing air compressor shall be tested, at least once in every three months, by
SA Laboratories to ensure the air quality continues to meet the following air purity standards:





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B-4/RP/Appendix No.1/Continued

3. Air Purity Standards

Limits have been established for breathing air quality. Air suitable for human respiration shall meet minimum
standards as established by various governing bodies, including the Compressed Gas Association (C.G.A).
HSERM/ B /B-4/RP/Appendix No.1/Figure No.3 provides the maximum allowable contaminant allowed
under the C.G.A. standard.

Figure No.3

Component C.G.A. Standard

Oxygen % by volume 19 - 23%
Carbon Dioxide, <by 0.10% max.
Volume (<500 ppm) Carbon Monoxide <5 ppm
Oil Vapor (< 1 mg/liter at STP)
Water Saturated
Odor None
Particulates and Solids None

The standards cited in HSERM/B/B-4/RP/Figure No.3 are usually referred to as " Grade D, in reference to
the C.G.A. Table No.1. These standards apply to compressed air for use in filling open circuit breathing
systems.


4. How Much Breathing Air?

In reality, each man should be trained and drilled to determine his own duration by using the self-contained
breathing apparatus (SCBA) under extremely strenuous working conditions.

Many factors come into play that may greatly reduce the rated duration; therefore, one should not expect to
obtain the exact time rating, without taking into consideration the size of the person, physical condition,
breathing habits, adequate mask seal, etc.

Decimal System (Cubic Feet) Metric System (Liters)
1 Cubic Foot of Air 28.3 Liters
One - 30 Minute Air Cylinder is Equivalent to 45 Cubic Feet 1,273.5 Liters by Volume
300 Cubic Feet of Air 8,490.0 Liters by Volume
1 Cascade of 6-300 Cubic Foot of Air Cylinders is equivalent
to 1,800 Cubic Feet
50,940.0 Liters by Volume
An Air Compressor with a 9.2 Cubic Foot Delivery per Minute 260.3 Liters by Volume
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B-5




Hydrogen Sulphide Safety
(H
2
S)


























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B-5 / Hydrogen Sulphide Safety (H
2
S)

1. All drilling and workover operations in known or suspect Hydrogen Sulphide (H
2
S) areas shall be conducted
according to API RP 49, " Recommended Practices for Safe Drilling of Wells Containing Hydrogen
Sulphide" and with any Company rules. Also, these Rig Operators shall comply with all requirements
listed here, and the requirements of the following Appendices to this Section:

A. HSERM/B/B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.1- SA H
2
S Contingency Plan. For More Details, see chapter 8,
section-C of the Drilling Manual.

B. HSERM/B/B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.2 - SA Standard Safety Equipment for H
2
S Operations on all Onshore
D&WO Rigs.

C. HSERM/B/B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.3 - SA Standard Safety Equipment for H
2
S Operations on all Offshore
D&WO Rigs.


2. Unobstructed wind indicating devices, such as wind socks, shall be provided and maintained in good
condition. They shall be conspicuously located so at least one is readily visible from anywhere on the
location.


3. Training

The Rig Operator shall ensure all personnel are adequately trained in the basic fundamentals of Hydrogen
Sulphide (H
2
S) safety and continuously maintain valid H
2
S safety Train Certificates. No personnel are
permitted to enter any rig/well site location without a valid H2S Safety Training Certificate and completing
the rig safety orientation.

This training shall include all personnel and all personnel on the rig shall be able to demonstrate an
understanding of the following:

A. Characteristics of H
2
S and its toxicity.

B. Rig Specific Detection and warning system alarm signals.

C. Emergency procedures consisting of:

1) Location of the designated Safe Briefing Areas/Muster Stations.

2) Donning and operation of SCBA equipment.

3) Evacuation procedures.

4) Rescue procedures.

5) First Aid for victims.

D. Instructions in the inspection, maintenance, and use of assigned respiratory protection equipment.


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B-5/H
2
S/Continued

E. This training SHALL include drills in all these procedures so all personnel on the location can quickly
and effectively follow each of these instructions when there is an actual, life-threatening emergency.

F. All basic H
2
S training shall include the actual donning and breathing from each different type of
breathing apparatus in use on that particular rig. Each person shall be able to don and breathe from the
SCBA within 45 seconds.

G. A training card shall be issued to each person completing the basic H
2
S training. This card shall remain
valid for two years, following which the person shall retake the basic H
2
S training.

H. All personnel shall be able to identify the H
2
S alarm signals.

I. All personnel shall be able to identify the actual wind direction.

J. All personnel shall be able to evacuate to the up-wind safe briefing area (land rigs) utilizing upwind
and/or cross wind escape routes.

K. All personnel shall be able to muster to safely access their designated muster station (offshore) and
enter in to the lifeboat wearing both SCBA and PDF (Personal Floatation Device).

L. In addition to the basic skills listed above, all personnel shall be able to competently perform the tasks
specifically assigned to them in their Rig Specific H
2
S Emergency Plan and demonstrate competency in
unannounced H
2
S Release Drills.

M. All drilling rig crews shall be able to perform mouth to mouth resuscitation.

N. The SA Foreman/Liaisonman is responsible to verify that H
2
S training requirements are met. This shall
be done by observing regular H
2
S drills and testing to verify competence in breathing apparatus use.

Note: Refer to HSERM/B/B-4/RP/Appendices No.1, 2 and 3 for specific details regarding H
2
S Safety
Equipment and procedures.


4. Definitions, Abbreviations and Acronyms: Refer to HSERM/A/A-1/DA&A.


5. References: Refer to HSERM/A/A-2/Reference Material.











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B-5/H
2
S/Continued

Appendix No.1

SA H
2
S Contingency Plan

1. The scope of the Aramco H
2
S Contingency Plan is to cover operations while drilling, testing and completing
oil and gas wells that have a potential H
2
S hazard as per SAES-B-062.

A. The D&WO Operations Departments shall have the responsibility for executing the plan.


2. The on-site SA Foreman/Liaisonman shall be responsible for carrying out the plan.


3. Drilling Engineering shall develop and coordinate the procedures.


4. Loss Prevention Department and the Drilling Operational Excellence & Compliance Division (DOE&CD) can
be consulted for advice and recommendations on plan actions.

A. Other Organizations shall be advised of the operations by the D&WO Operations Department.

1) Camp Management shall be notified prior to starting operations.

2) Government Relations shall be given a map covering the surrounding area that might be affected in
the event of an emergency.

3) Government Relations may notify any possibly interested Saudi Arabian Government (SAG)
Authorities.

4) Drilling Engineering shall coordinate this notification.

5) The Medical Department shall be notified by the Drilling Operations Department.

6) The Fire Department shall be notified by the Drilling Operations Department.

7) All installations within the area of Operations shall be noted and the Management of possibly
affected installations notified.

8) A detailed evacuation plan shall be developed for any residential area that might be remotely
endangered if an emergency condition develops.

Note: Drilling/Workover Engineering shall coordinate the development of this plan with Government
Relations as per the SA Drilling Manual.

B. Flaring of sour gas wells shall not start at night, flaring initiated during daylight hours can continue after
dark but extreme caution shall be shown because of the following:

1) Wind normally diminishes at sundown.

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B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.1/Continued

2) With little or no wind, it is impossible to disperse any escaped H
2
S or SO
2
from flares.


5. The BOP equipment, the wellhead equipment, the test equipment and the safety equipment shall all
conform to presently developed standards.

A. All preventers and associated equipment (wellhead, choke manifold, lines etc.) shall meet NACE, MR-
0175/ISO 15156, API Specifications 6A for sour service.

B. The heater, test unit and all connections shall meet current NACE Standard MR-01-75 for sour service.

C. All flare lines and emergency blow down lines shall be staked or otherwise secured against movement in
the event of a mechanical failure.

D. The heater, if required, shall be of minimum 150 feet from the wellhead and the test separator.

E. Wellhead gas shall not be used for controller gas; bottled nitrogen is preferred over supply air for
controls.

F. During gas well production tests, two flare pits shall be constructed downwind from the location in the
direction of prevailing wind and at least 90 apart and 1000 feet from the wellhead manifolds or any test
equipment. Minimum flare line size shall be two 3-1/2-in. J-55 lines to each pit.

G. Explosion-proof bug blowers shall be positioned to move air around well and equipment.


6. As part of the H
2
S contingency plan, Emergency Safety and First Aid Equipment shall be on location
and conveniently located (in addition to contractual requirements) in compliance with the following:

A. Self-contained breathing apparatus shall be located for emergency work and escape.

B. Cascade systems for work and recharge shall be set up on location.

C. Resuscitators, safety harnesses, safety ropes, first aid kits, splints and litters shall be on location.

D. An H
2
S monitor with alarm systems and sensor at various locations shall be installed.

E. Personal electronic H
2
S monitors, explosive meters, spot checks, hand pump type H
2
S SO
2
detectors
shall be used.

F. Wind socks, warning signs and flags as well as streamers in localized areas shall be in use.

Note: An efficient Head Count system (such as T cards) shall be implemented on all rig locations. This
will allow rapid and accurate identification of missing personnel.





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B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.1/Continued

7. The Rig Specific H
2
S Contingency Plan shall Include the Following Information as a Minimum:

A. Since it is common to drill through zones containing H
2
S, it is normal and not necessarily hazardous to
have small amounts of H
2
S (as drilled gas) released to the atmosphere as the mud returns come over
the shale shaker.

It is D&WO Operations policy to keep atmospheric H
2
S within a safe level by such methods as
the following:

1) Adding H
2
S scavenger.

2) Reducing ROP or temporarily discontinuing drilling.

3) Reducing hole size (drilling a pilot hole).

The SA Foreman/Liaisonman is responsible to take every practical precaution to maintain a safe
working environment while these remedial actions are being taken to reduce the amount of H
2
S
circulated to surface. This section outlines D&WO operations when drilling or working through zones
known or suspected to contain H
2
S. While drilling these zones, the rig shall conduct operations based on
the following classifications of H
2
S risk.

Note: [H
2
S], using square brackets, refers to H
2
S concentration, usually measured in parts per million
(ppm).

B. Al ert Level H
2
S Concentration [H
2
S]

1) Level-0

H
2
S = 0 ppm, Normal Operations in Potential H
2
S Zones. This is the base level, in effect
immediately after drilling out casing above the suspected H
2
S formations.

The following items shall be done even when no H
2
S has been detected:

a. All equipment and procedures shall be in place as specified in HSERM/B/B-5/H
2
S/Appendix
No.2.

2) Level-1

0 ppm <H
2
S <10 ppm Normal operations, but increased alertness, preparing for next level.
Restricted access to affected areas. Acceptable amount of H
2
S is present Level 1 begins whenever
H
2
S is detected anywhere on the rig. Typically, this will be at the shale shaker, when safe
concentrations (i.e., less than 10 ppm) of H
2
S are being released to the atmosphere. Although this is
an acceptable H
2
S concentration, everyone shall be alert to the fact that the H
2
S concentration could
increase at any time.

Upon reaching Level 1 conditions, the SA Foreman/Liaisonman shall take the following
actions:


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B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.1/Continued

a. All equipment and procedures shall be in place as specified in HSERM/B/B-5/H
2
S/Appendix
No.2.

b. The area around the shale shaker and the rig cellar shall be declared Restricted Areas.

No one may approach these areas without the following:

1. Ready access to breathing apparatus.

2. Continuous awareness of current H
2
S concentration (e.g., personal H
2
S monitor giving
continues readouts).

3. Continuously observed by a stand-by man who also had immediate access to breathing
apparatus (e.g., Buddy System ).

c. Appropriately rated (i.e., Explosion-Proof ) bug blowers shall be positioned to provide
adequate ventilation to H
2
S contaminated areas and the rig floor.

d. The Toolpusher or designated H
2
S Representative shall conduct an initial H
2
S safety meeting
with each crew. H
2
S safety shall be discussed at a brief tool-box safety meeting at every shift
change.

e. The H
2
S concentration in the mud is checked a minimum of every 24 hours, more often at the
SA Foremans/Liaisonmans discretion.

f. The SA Foreman/Liaisonman shall identify possible courses of action to take should the H
2
S
concentration increase to higher levels (e.g., reduce ROP, treat mud with H
2
S scavenger).

g. The Drilling Foreman/Liaisonman shall take appropriate actions to maintain H
2
S levels below 10
ppm. The objective is to minimize the number of times the H
2
S alarms sound. If the 10 ppm H
2
S
alarm becomes excessive, it will contribute to complacency and lose its effect as a warning sign.

3) Level 2

10 ppm< H
2
S < 100 ppm anywhere but on the drill floor. SA policy requires breathing apparatus
to be worn when working in an atmospheric of H
2
S concentration higher than 10 ppm. Nonessential
personal removed from rig package. Immediate action taken to reduce mud H
2
S levels. First alarm
at 10 ppm, high alarm at 20 ppm. Therefore, every practical precaution shall be taken to either
reduce atmospheric H
2
S levels to less than 10 ppm, or to declare Off-Limits those areas with an
atmospheric H
2
S concentration higher than 10 ppm. When drilling through H
2
S bearing zones, it is
not uncommon to have H
2
S breaking out at the shale shaker as drilled gas. This can be addressed
by treating the mud with scavenger, weighting up to increase overbalance and restricting access to
the shaker area. The rate of penetration can be controlled or even halted until corrective measures
have been taken.





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B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.1/Continued

Upon reaching Level 2 conditions, the Drilling Foreman /Liaisonman shall take the following
actions:

a. Ensure that all of the previous H
2
S level precautions are already in place.

b. The rig crew shall respond to the low level (H
2
S >10 ppm) alarm with their H
2
S drill (as
previously trained).

c. The SA Foreman/Liaisonman, assisted by the Senior drilling contractor representative, shall
identify the source of the H
2
S, and respond accordingly (As stated above, if the H
2
S release is
confined to the shale shaker area only, this is not as critical a situation as H
2
S > 10 ppm on the
drill floor).

d. Hand-held H
2
S monitors shall be used to continuously measure atmospheric H
2
S concentrations.

e. The SA Foreman/Liaisonman shall implement appropriate procedures to reduce atmospheric
H
2
S levels in the affected areas (e.g., treat mud with H
2
S scavenger, increase overbalance,
control ROP, increase ventilation to area, etc.).

f. The H
2
S concentration in the mud shall be checked every 4 hours or as directed by the SA
Foreman/Liaisonman.

g. Breathing apparatus shall be worn when entering an area with atmospheric H
2
S concentration
higher than 10 ppm. No one shall remain in an area with H
2
S >10 ppm unless their presence is
absolutely necessary to regain a safe working environment.

h. A strict Buddy System shall be enforced throughout the rig package, and immediately
downwind of the rig.

i. The rig substructure, shale shaker area, and any other areas with H
2
S > 10 ppm shall be
barriered off and identified as a restricted area. No one shall enter these areas without specific
SA Foreman/Liaisonman approval.

j. Under no circumstances, can the H
2
S alarm be shut off.

4) Level 3

10 ppm < H
2
S < 100 ppm (on the drill floor) Approaching an emergency situation. First alarm
at 10 ppm, high alarm at 20 ppm. H
2
S Emergency H
2
S > 100 ppm Actions taken to reduce H
2
S
concentrations have failed and an emergency situation has been reached. This is not necessarily an
uncontrolled release but would include uncontrolled releases.

10 ppm< H
2
S < 100 ppm on the drill floor Since the drill floor is a critical work area and cannot be
easily evacuated, H
2
S concentrations higher than 10 ppm are far more critical on the drill floor than
in more remote areas of the rig.




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B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.1/Continued

Upon reaching Level 3 conditions, the SA Foreman/Liaisonman shall take the following
actions:

a. All of the previous H
2
S level precautions are already in place.

b. Upon initial low alarm (H
2
S > 10 ppm), everyone on the drill floor shall either evacuate or mask
up as per established H
2
S drill.

c. No one shall remain on the drill floor unless their presence is absolutely necessary to regain a
safe working environment.

d. All personnel on the drill floor shall wear an H
2
S monitor to provide continuous atmospheric H
2
S
concentrations.

e. Drilling or workover operations shall stop and unless well conditions dictate against it, the well
shall be immediately circulated bottoms-up.

f. The SA Foreman/Liaisonman shall immediately implement appropriate procedures to reduce H
2
S
concentration in the mud (e.g., treat mud with H
2
S scavenger, increase overbalance, increase
ventilation, etc.).

g. Two men shall be placed at each entrance to the location to turn back nonessential personnel
and to direct essential personnel to the appropriate safe briefing area. These teams shall be
equipped with breathing apparatus and H
2
S monitors.

h. The SA Foreman/Liaisonman shall discuss longer-term procedures to reduce H
2
S levels with his
Superintendent and Engineering.

i. Drilling or workover operations shall not recommence until drill floor H
2
S levels have been
reduced to less than 10 ppm, and adequate action has been taken to maintain safe H
2
S levels
during subsequent drilling.

C. H
2
S Emergency, H
2
S > 100 ppm

It is difficult to define an H
2
S emergency on the basis of the atmospheric concentration. For example,
when drilling a large hole through a highly porous deep zone containing a relatively high concentration of
H
2
S, the drilled gas breaking out at the shale shaker could easily exceed 100 ppm, although this does
not necessarily constitute an emergency. An H
2
S emergency is defined as having lost the capability
to control the amount of H
2
S being released at the well site. Under this condition, the Drilling
Foreman/Liaisonman shall identify the problem and take immediate corrective action.

The specific response will depend upon the specific problem. At the same time, the Drilling
Foreman/Liaisonman shall implement the following precautions and work procedures to provide
an adequate level of safety for the men working on the rig:

1) Immediately implement a strict Buddy System. No one is to ever do anything alone. Everything is
done in pairs.


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B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.1/Continued

2) Communicate to the Superintendent what outside resources the rig needs, or may need in the
immediate future (e.g., gas monitors, gas monitoring teams, increased breathing apparatus re-fill
capacity, mobile radios, walkie-talkie, etc.). The Superintendent shall contact the outside resources
needed to assist the rig.

3) Establish a Command Post (CP) equipped with the following:

a. Telephone and radio.

b. Continuous contact with the Drilling Superintendent.

c. Flare gun and one box (10 cartridges) of flare gun shells.

d. Fluorescent orange vest to identify the Command Post Commander.

e. Walkie-talkies to communicate with the Safe Briefing Area and work parties throughout the rig.

4) Continuously manned by either a SA Foreman/Liaisonman, or a highly reliable, experienced and
competent individual, plus at least two pairs of runners

5) Man the primary safe briefing area (SBA), equipped as specified in Safe Briefing Area Equipment
List HSERM/B/B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.2.

6) Establish and mark off a Hot zone, where H
2
S concentration is greater than 10 ppm. This is done
by assigning pairs of individuals, masked up and equipped with a continuous H
2
S monitor, to
measure H
2
S concentrations throughout the location.

7) Maintain at least one two-man team to continuously check that the Hot zone is adequately
identified. Winds can very and change conditions rapidly.

8) Assign an individual to gather all designated emergency vehicles and park them in a safe upwind
location parked facing their escape route, with the motor off and with the keys left in the ignition.

9) Alert the rig camp of the emergency, and to stand by for further instructions.

10) Organize small work teams of at least two, but usually not more than five men. Assign one man as
leader of every work team.

Under emergency conditions, it may be difficult for one man to directly supervise more than
four people, hence the five person maximum:

a. All work is assigned to individual teams at the Safe Briefing Area.

b. The Safe Briefing Area commander keeps a written log of all assigned tasks.

c. Each work team is assigned one task and one task only.

d. An Estimated Time of Completion is identified for each assigned task.

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B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.1/Continued

e. Each work team reports back to the Safe Briefing Area immediately upon completion of their
assigned task. This allows the Commander to be fully up-to-date on the progress being made.

f. If a work team has not completed their task by their Estimated Time of Completion, they
shall report back to the Safe Briefing Area or send a pair of runners to report in.

g. Each work team shall have an individual to be assigned to check the air supply of all team
members and to monitor H
2
S levels using a continuous monitor. This should be his primary
responsibility: he should not be assigned other duties that could interfere with this vital safety
function.


8. Typical H
2
S Drill Onshore

Low level alarm, visual for 10 ppm or more (amber light). At this time two Safe Briefing Areas have been
designated with the Primary area near the Aramco Drilling Foremans office and the secondary area near
the entrance to the rig site. At 20 ppm the audible alarm will sound (amber light and horn/siren). Saudi
Aramco (SA) D&WO do not allow personnel to work unprotected in H
2
S concentrations greater than 10
ppm, on visual alarm, personnel shall don SCBA.

A. Driller and one floorman or assistant driller (if there is one) don 30 minute SCBAs and plug into
cascade system. All other personnel don SCBA and proceed directly to the Safe Briefing Area.

B. Driller precedes to flow-check and shut-in the well as per the Aramco Well Control Manual (BOP Drill). If
no flow, circulate until receiving orders from Drilling Foreman/Liaisonman.

C. SA Foreman/Liaisonman and Toolpusher don 30 minute SCBAs and proceed to the rig floor with at
least one portable H
2
S monitor. They are to first confirmed the well is properly secured if flow was
detected, then locate the source of the alarm (shaker area, bell nipple, cellar, etc.). If no flow was
detected, it will usually be prudent not to shut-in the well and risk stuck DP (shutting in the well can
actually concentrate H
2
S just below the annular or ram). The area of the alarm should then be checked
with the portable monitor to confirm that it was not a false alarm (do not use personal H
2
S monitors as
they will normally only read up to a maximum of 100 ppm, use the rigs multi-gas detectors). If the alarm
is confirmed, the Drilling Foreman/Liaisonman and Toolpusher shall plan the appropriate action.

Superintendent should be informed at this point and drilling engineer consulted if there is any doubt
about how to proceed.

1) If the well was flowing and had to be shut in, this would become a well kill operation and handled
according to the Saudi Aramco Well Control Manual (SAWCM). Section V., Special
operations/Well Control of the H
2
S Contingency Plan should be consulted. The option of
pumping the kick away down the annulus should be considered. If the decision is made to kill the
well conventionally, the listed precautions in this plan should be taken.






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B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.1/Continued

2) If the well did not flow, there are several options open to reduce H
2
S concentrations in the
atmosphere that are a result of gas breaking out of the drilling mud. These include reducing drilling
rate or pulling off bottom to circulate the use of H
2
S scavengers in the mud, increasing overbalance
(increasing mud weight) and additional ventilation in the area of the alarm. Stopping circulation
completely is only a temporary measure and the resulting reduction in ECD can actually worsen the
situation.

D. The person acting as the H
2
S Safety Representative shall collect any equipment that may not
already be at the Safe Briefing Area and see that it is in place. He shall continuously monitor the
atmospheric conditions at the safe briefing area to ensure that the area does not become contaminated.

E. The pre-designated person shall proceed to take a head count with the assistance of the medic. He shall
assume command of the Safe Briefing Area reporting to the Drilling Foreman/Liaisonman and
Toolpusher.

F. A pre-designated team of two personnel shall don a 30 minute SCBA and checks all rooms and offices
for anyone who did not hear the alarm. They shall then proceeds to the Safe Briefing Area for the head
count.

G. A further pre-designated team of a minimum of six personnel shall don SCBA (do Not mask-up) and
await further instructions. These personnel shall be used as search and rescue and or rescue back-up.

H. Medic proceeds to Safe Briefing Area with portable resuscitators, first aid kit and any other required
medical equipment not already at the Safe Briefing Area. He shall then assist with the head count.

I. If anyone is missing, the Safe Briefing Area commander shall select two, two men teams to mask up
on SCBAs and searches the pre-planned search routes. When a casualty is found; report to the
Toolpusher, using stretchers, recover the casualty and proceed to the safe briefing area with the
casualty. If further casualties are known, dispatch the back-up rescue team to continue search pattern.

J. The remaining rescue team personnel shall stand-by at the safe briefing area to assist as required.

K. The above condition shall continue until an H
2
S level of less than 10 ppm is confirmed and alarms
cease or until the Drilling Foreman announces that all unsafe areas with H
2
S levels in excess of 10 ppm
have been barricaded (shaker shake and choke area only) and continuous monitoring with portable
monitors is being done.

L. Once the drill has been completed; all personnel shall be stood down, make all personnel aware that the
drill is complete, a post-drill critique meeting shall be held and documented, points to address at the
meeting: Did all personnel hear/see the alarm, things that went well, and equipment problems.

Note: Drills shall be held as frequently as required to ascertain a proficient standard achievable by all
personnel at the rig site. Once this has been achieved, drills shall be completed at least once per
week.





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B-5/H
2
S/Continued

Appendix No.2

SA Standard Safety Equipment for H
2
S Operations on all Onshore D&WO Rigs

1. H
2
S and Combustible Gas Monitors. (See also SAES-J-505 Combustible Gas and Hydrogen Sulphide in
Air Detection Systems). All personnel shall be informed by the Rig Operator of the specific well site
hazards linked to Hydrogen Sulphide (H
2
S) and shall receive specific instruction and demonstrate
competency in the correct use of any personal safety equipment, H
2
S detectors, and warning systems
associated with the Rig Operators H
2
S Safety Program Procedures.

A. Integrated Combustible Gas and Hydrogen Sulfide (H
2
S) Detection and Alarm System

An integrated Combustible Gas and H
2
S Detection System with separate and distinct Visual/Audible
Alarms shall be installed on all onshore well site locations with known or suspected H
2
S Hazards. This
integrated Combustible Gas and H
2
S Detection System shall be continuously supplied with both rig
electric power and an emergency battery power back-up source sized for a minimum of sixty (60)
minutes of full operation.

1) The sensors for one of the systems shall be located as near as practical to:

a. The top of the bell nipple.

b. The flow line opining to the shale shaker.

c. The Drillers position and about 18-24 inches above the floor.

d. The cellar, this sensor should be readily moveable so that it can be use around the BOP stack or
at the well testing equipment when necessary.

2) Remote H
2
S Detection Devices shall also be positioned as follows:

a. Two detection device stations shall be positioned on the perimeter of the camp site, on the
closest side to the drilling rig. The sensors shall be place at no more than 24 inches above the
terrain ground level or rig substructure level for camps situated within the well site perimeter.

b. One sensor shall be positioned at the camp muster station.

c. One sensor shall be positioned outside the rig military post.

3) The H
2
S alarm system (amber strobe lights and audible alarm) shall be set for a maximum low level
visual alarm at 10 ppm and a maximum high level visual and audible alarm at 20 ppm. The alarm
system shall be designed and strategically positioned so that at least one visual alarm strobe light is
clearly visible to all personnel in any work area. The Audible alarms shall be ready heard by all
personnel in any work area and shall be readily heard inside all rig site living quarters, meeting
rooms, shops and training cabins.



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2
S/Appendix No.2/Continued

Note: Consideration shall be given to all work areas such as the logging unit and military post, if H
2
S
alarms cannot be clearly heard and seen in these areas, then additional alarms shall be
installed.

4) Rig Site: One monitor shall be located in the doghouse and the other located in the Supervisor or
Toolpushers office (24 Hour manned area).

5) There shall be, at a minimum, two spare H
2
S sensors.

B. Combustible Gas Detection and Alarm System

All onshore well sites shall have a continuous combustible gas monitor and alarm system composed of a
minimum of two combustible gas detection devices connected to a low level visual alarm (Red Strobe)
and a high level visual and audible alarm.

The minimum of two (2) required combustible gas detection devices shall be located as follows:

1) Rig Combustible Gas Detection Device Locations:

a. The top of the bell nipple.

b. The flow line opening to the shale shaker.

2) The combustible gas alarm system (red strobe light and audible alarm) shall be set for a maximum
low level visual alarm at 20% LEL (Methane) and maximum high level visual and audible alarm at
50% LEL (Methane).

The alarm system shall be designed and strategically positioned so that at least one visual alarm
strobe light is clearly visible to all personnel in any work area. The Audible alarms shall be ready
heard by all personnel in any work area and shall be readily heard inside all rig site living quarters,
meeting rooms, shops and training cabins.

3) At the rig; one monitor shall be located in the doghouse and the other located in the Supervisor or
Toolpushers office.

4) There shall be a minimum of one spare LEL sensor.

5) Six Personal Portable H
2
S Monitors, Alarm to be Set at 10 ppm Distributed as Follows:

a. One to the Shakerman.

b. One to the Derrickman.

c. One to the Driller.

d. One to the Aramco Foreman.

e. One to the Rig Manager.

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B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.2/Continued

f. One to the Rescue Team Leader.

6) Two portable H
2
S detectors (hand pump suction type such as Gas-tech) with an adequate supply of
low, medium and high level H
2
S and SO
2
tubes. The range of detection tubes shall be able to
accurately measure from 0ppm to a high percentage H
2
S and SO
2
.

7) Two portable combustible gas or vapor monitors.

8) Test Kit for checking H
2
S concentrations in water base and oil base mud (equipment such as a
Garrett Gas Train).

Note: All portable gas monitoring equipment shall be calibrated monthly, log books with maintenance
and calibration records shall be maintained for each gas detector. Each gas detector shall be
labeled with: date of last calibration and name of person performing calibration.

C. Required Breathing Apparatus

1) All Onshore Well site Breathing Apparatus shall be equivalent to the SCBA Units specified in
SA G.I.1780 with the minimum design features:

a. Open-circuit positive pressure design.

b. Integrated Face Mask Voice Communication Device (Specified Locations).

c. Minimum 10/15-Minute Escape Cylinder/Minimum 30-Minute Emergency Operations Cylinder.

d. Integrated OEM Cylinder Quick Fill Connection (Emergency Packs Only 10/15 minute).

e. Cascade BA System Manifold Hose Connection.

f. Equivalent Harness Quality to the SA G.I.-1780 specified units (NFPA-1500 compliant for all fire
and rescue team members).

2) Minimum 10/15-Minute SCBA Escape Units with integrated Cascade BA Manifold
Connections and Cylinder Quick Fill Connections shall be positioned as follows:

a. Rig floor six (6).

b. Shale shaker two (2).

c. Mud mixing area two (2).

d. Choke manifold two (2).

e. In derrick for Derrickman (at monkey board) two (2).

f. Logging unit four (4).

g. Mud Pits two (2).
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B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.2/Continued

h. Cement unit (when in use) two (2).

i. All Rig Site Accommodation Cabins.

j. All Rig camp Accommodation Cabins when located within the well site perimeter.

Note: Specialized operations such as well testing may require further SCBA, operations shall be
considered when planning SCBA requirements. SCBA shall be strategically placed in all
potential H
2
S hazard areas to ensure all personnel working in these areas can access a SCBA
unit within 10 seconds.

3) Minimum 30-Minute SCBA Escape Units with integrated Cascade BA Manifold Connections
and integrated Face Mask Voice Communication Devices shall be positioned as follows:

a. Toolpushers office/quarters two (2).

b. Company Foremans office/quarters two (2).

c. SCR room two (2).

d. Rig Floor three (3).

e. Primary safe briefing area eight (8).

f. Secondary safe briefing area eight (8).

Note: 1. Before assignment of a SCBA to any person, he shall demonstrate that he is capable of
donning it, adjusting the face piece, and turning on the pressure demand air. This
requirement shall be waived for any personnel with valid H
2
S safety Training Certificates
unless their H
2
S drill performance or competency observations establish further training is
required.

2. Persons should not be assigned to tasks requiring the use of respiratory protective
equipment unless it has been determined that they are physically able to work while
wearing the equipment. Any employee who may, in the course of his employment, be
required to wear respiratory protection equipment shall successfully complete an annual
examination by a competent medical staff. This examination shall include a pulmonary
function test.

3. Each work area shall be individually assessed for risk of exposure to H
2
S. Each work area
with potential exposure to H
2
S shall have SCBA available, each person in that work area
shall be able to reach said SCBA within 10 seconds.

4) At least one fully-charged spare cylinder shall be provided for each 30 minute SCBA at each
designated Safe Briefing Area.

5) A cascade storage system of a capacity sufficient to provide breathing air to all working crew
members for not less than 60 minutes at a consumption rate of 3.5 cubic ft. Per man per minute.

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B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.2/Continued

Example: 70 personnel; 70 X 60 X 3.5 = 14700 cu ft. = 49 X 300 cu ft. storage cylinders.

6) One electric powered and one diesel powered breathing air compressor capable of producing a
minimum output of 11cfm, to allow filling the cascade storage system cylinders connected in an
integrated high pressure loop in a reasonable amount of time and to maintain them at full.

a. The compressors shall be a permanent installation allowing the immediate recharging of all
cascade cylinders connected in the integrated high pressure loop. The rig emergency generator
shall be able to power the compressor in the event of a Rig Primary Electrical Power Failure and
the compressors are specifically prohibited from being fitted with an automatic start feature.

b. All compressors shall have an ambient operating temperature of no less than 50C and a
minimum working pressure of 3,600 psi.

c. An integrated high pressure loop with appropriate isolation valves shall be installed that permits
any cascade breathing air cylinder to be filled from the compressor. And any breathing air
manifold to be supplied with any isolated single section of the integrated high pressure loop. The
high pressure distribution loop compression fittings shall be strategically placed to minimize any
potential hazard associated with impact displacement, and provided with protective shielding in
any high activity hazard area.

7) Minimum Cascade BA Manifold Locations:

a. There shall be two four-outlet manifolds on the Drill Floor.

b. There shall be one two-outlet manifold at the Derrickmans Position (Monkey Board).

c. There shall be one two-outlet manifold at the Casing Stabbing Board (Retractable SS Air Line
Reel).

d. There shall ne one four-outlet manifold at the Shale Shakers.

e. There shall be one four-outlet manifold at the Mud Mixing Area.

f. There shall be one three-outlet manifold at the Mud Pumps.

g. There shall be two three-outlet manifolds at the Mud Pits.

h. There shall be one four-outlet manifold at the Cement Unit.

Note: Each breathing air manifold shall be fitted with certified breathing air connection hoses of a
suitable length to allow work to be conducted so as to restrict the need to change connections
from one manifold to another (all work hoses shall be restricted to a length no greater than
100-ft.). The manifolds shall be located adjacent the defined escape exits to ensure the work
hose will always lead to an exit.

No single breathing air hose on the drill floor can be of such a length that it will allow the user
to cross the rotary table.

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B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.2/Continued

8) Each cascade system shall be pressure tested to +10% of the maximum operating pressure and
purged before commissioning after each rig move.

9) Compliant Integrated SCBA Face Mask Voice Communication Devices shall be provided for all
Supervisors, Fire and Rescue Team Leaders, and Fire and Rescue Team Members.

10) A set of green, yellow and red flags to signal H
2
S danger status.

11) Compressor Relief Valves shall be OEM RV Shop set at a maximum of 105% of Cascade BA
Cylinder MAWP, but no less than 3,780 psi and included in the Rig RV Registry and RV Inspection
Process.

12) A separate and distinct minimum 3,600 psi SCBA Cylinder Recharging Rack shall be provided if the
Rig Operator wishes to operate the required integrated high pressure loop at less than 3,600 psi.
Recharging SCBA cylinders directly from the BA compressors is specifically prohibited.

13) A competent person shall conduct weekly air purity testing utilizing a compliant air purity test kit for
CO
2
, H
2
O and Oil Mist prior to recharging the cascade air cylinders.

14) All components of the Integrated Cascade BA System shall have both OEM Certification and
traceability for the applicable MAWP and Breathing Air Service and shall be included in a
comprehensive Cascade BA and SCBA Unit Registry.

D. Emergency Safety Equipment

1) Three " Bug Blowers" explosion proof, high volume (40,000 cfm) and moveable.

2) A minimum of three wind socks, two in service, plus streamers to be strategically located so all
personnel shall know wind direction. One wind sock is to be held as a spare.

3) Flare line ignition system (Alex-500 or equivalent) with backup flare gun and supply of 24 long shelf
life cartridges.

4) Two portable oxygen resuscitator units, each with a spare oxygen cylinder or a minimum of two bag
valve mask (BVM also known as an AMBU bag) with the capability of providing 100% 0
2
.

5) Six O
2
non re-breather masks.

6) Two 25 man First Aid Kits, one at rig site and one at camp site.

7) Eyes wash stations/Safety Showers shall be located in the following hazard areas:

a. On the rig floor or in the rig floor doghouse.

b. In the mud mixing area.

c. In the Super Sack Hopper Area

d. In the Shale Shaker Area.
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B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.2/Continued

8) Water quality to stringently comply with SAES-B-069: Section 5.1 Requirements and be maintained
between 15
o
and 38C in accordance with SAES-B-069: Section 5.3.

9) Eye wash and safety shower stations shall be diligently flushed and tested on a weekly basis. Hard
pipe systems shall be flushed for a minimum of three (3) minutes in accordance with SAES-B-069:
Section 5.1.2.

10) Two safety harnesses with two (2) 250 foot retrieval ropes to be worn by search team for search
and rescue operations under limited visibility.

11) Two basket-type stretchers (Stokes or Navy type litter) with blankets, securing straps and lifting
harnesses.

12) Two Quick-Air splint kits.

13) One portable bull horn with extra battery pack.

14) Six small chalk boards with clamps for mounting with an adequate supply of chalk and erasers.
Boards can be utilized as visual means of coordinating activities when working under a SCBA.

Note: White Boards may be substituted for chalk boards.

16) Flashlights explosion proof with an extra set of batteries and extra lamp for each (number to be at
least one for each two persons in the operation but not less than five).

17) All Supervisors (Toolpushers, Driller, Chief Mechanic, Chief Electrician) and the Emergency
Response Team Leaders (Fire and Rescue) shall have portable radios for safe and efficient incident
management and emergency operations activities.

Note: All safety equipment with rubber, plastic or other parts likely to deteriorate shall be stored in a
dark air conditioned room. Adequate supplies of sanitizing materials shall be available for
sanitizing face masks and other body contact equipment.

















Section B / General Requirements
D&WO HSE Requirements Manual
SA-DWO-HSERM-GR-002 / Created: 01/13 / Last Review: 01/13 / Next Review: 01/17
Owner: VP-D&WO
Revision(s) identified by a Vertical Bar in the Right Margin Page 39 of 78


B-5/H
2
S/Continued
Appendix No.3

SA Standard Safety Equipment for H
2
S Operations on all Offshore D&WO Rigs

1. An integrated Combustible Gas and H
2
S Detection System with separate and distinct Visual/Audible Alarms
shall be installed on all MODUs. This integrated Combustible Gas and H
2
S Detection System shall be
continuously supplied with both rig emergency power and an emergency battery power back-up source
sized for a minimum of sixty (60) minutes of full operation.

The integrated continuous monitoring system composed of the specified detection devices connected to a
visual/audible alarm system installed throughout the MODU. The alarm system stations shall be designed
and strategically positioned to ensure at least one visual alarm strobe light is clearly visible to all personnel
in any work area and in specified locations within the accommodation module. The audible alarms shall be
readily heard by all personnel in any work area and in the accommodation module.

A structured PM and testing program shall be developed and diligently implemented to ensure continuous
calibration and operation.

All personnel shall be informed by the Rig Operator of the specific well hazards linked to H
2
S and shall
receive specific instruction and demonstrate competency in the correct use of any personal safety
equipment, H
2
S detection devices, and warning systems associated with the H
2
S Safety Program
Procedures.

A. All sensors shall have protective housings capable of protecting the sensor from accidental spray from
rig wash down hoses and accidental mud and/or oil splashes.

B. Sensors shall be located as near as practical to:

1) H
2
S and Combustible Gas sensors at the top of the bell nipple (Bell Nipple Flow Line Outlet is an
acceptable alternative).

2) H
2
S and Combustible Gas sensors at the flow line opening to the shale shaker.

3) H
2
S Sensor at Drillers position approximately 18 - 24 inches above the Drill Floor between the rotary
table and the Drillers Cabin. Combustible Gas Sensor shall be located above the Draw Works.

4) H
2
S Sensor at the mud pits (Mud Pit Room Flow Line Opening is an acceptable alternative).
Combustible Gas Sensor shall be positioned approximately 18 - 24 inches from the ceiling above
the flow line opening.

5) H
2
S Sensor positioned approximately 18 - 24 inches above the floor in the mud pump room.
Combustible Gas Sensor shall be positioned approximately (36) inches from the ceiling. (In the
Compartment Air Flow Stream)

6) H
2
S sensors shall be positioned at all air intakes for the living quarters and adjacent the Main Deck
Entry/Exit Doors.

7) H
2
S Sensor positioned approximately 18 - 24 inches above the floor in the Engine Room.
Combustible Gas Sensor shall be positioned approximately (36) inches from the ceiling (In the
Compartment Air Flow Stream).
Section B / General Requirements
D&WO HSE Requirements Manual
SA-DWO-HSERM-GR-002 / Created: 01/13 / Last Review: 01/13 / Next Review: 01/17
Owner: VP-D&WO
Revision(s) identified by a Vertical Bar in the Right Margin Page 40 of 78


B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.3/Continued

8) A spare H
2
S and Combustible Gas sensor system with 200 feet of cable on 316 L SS portable reel
and cabinet shall be mounted aft of the accommodation module and will be used to monitor any
potential BOP/Well Platform Operations Activities H
2
S Release Sources.

a. There shall be at least four spare H
2
S sensors.

b. The H
2
S alarm system (amber strobe lights and audible alarm) shall be set for a maximum low
level visual alarm at 10 ppm and a maximum high level visual and audible alarm at 20ppm.

c. The combustible gas alarm system (red strobe light and audible alarm) shall be set for a
maximum low level visual alarm at 20% LEL (Methane) and maximum high level visual and
audible alarm at 50% LEL (Methane).

Note: This setting criterion applies to cold work situations only.

d. The alarm system stations shall be designed and strategically positioned to ensure at least one
visual alarm strobe light is clearly visible to all personnel in any work area and in the
accommodation module corridors, galley, conference room, and recreation room. The audible
alarms shall be readily heard by all personnel in any work area and in the accommodation
module.

e. The two monitors shall be located in the OIMs office and continuously manned Control Room or
Radio Room.

C. Required Breathing Apparatus

All Offshore MODU Breathing Apparatus shall be equivalent to the SCBA Units specified in SA
G.I.1780 with the minimum compliant design features:

1) Open-circuit positive pressure design.

2) Integrated Face Mask Voice Communication Device (Specified Locations).

3) Minimum 15-Minute Escape Cylinder/Minimum 30-Minute Emergency Operations Cylinder.

4) Integrated OEM Cylinder Quick Fill Connection (Emergency Packs Only 15 minute).

5) Cascade BA System Manifold Hose Connection.

6) Equivalent Harness Design Quality to the SA G.I.1780 specified units (NFPA 1500 compliant for all
fire and rescue team members).

Note: Before assignment of a SCBA to any person, he shall demonstrate that he is capable of donning
it, adjusting the face piece, and turning on the pressure demand air. This requirement shall be
waived for any personnel with valid H
2
S safety Training Certificates unless their H
2
S drill
performance or competency observations establish further training is required.

Persons should not be assigned to tasks requiring the use of respiratory protective equipment
unless it has been determined that they are physically able to work while wearing the equipment.
Section B / General Requirements
D&WO HSE Requirements Manual
SA-DWO-HSERM-GR-002 / Created: 01/13 / Last Review: 01/13 / Next Review: 01/17
Owner: VP-D&WO
Revision(s) identified by a Vertical Bar in the Right Margin Page 41 of 78


B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.3/Continued

Any employee who may, in the course of his employment, be required to wear respiratory
protection equipment shall be deemed physically fit to do so (refer to HSERM/E/E-11/MR).


2. The minimum required 30 minute SCBA Units equipped with a cascade manifold connection and
integrated Face Mask Voice Communication Devices shall be provided as follows in protective
cases/cabinets:

A. Two SCBAs shall be stored in the Aramco Foremans office.

B. Two SCBAs shall be stored in the OIMs office.

C. Minimum Five SCBAs shall be stored at the starboard safe briefing area for the use of the designated
firefighting and rescue team members.

D. Minimum Five SCBAs shall be stored at the port safe briefing area for the use of the designated
firefighting and rescue team members.

E. Two SCBAs in the rig clinic for the medic and his assistant.

F. Minimum Three SCBAs below decks at the designated muster point(s) for the Mechanic, Motor Man,
and Electricians use.

G. One SCBA in the Barge Engineers office.

H. One SCBA in the H
2
S Safety Supervisors office.

I. Four SCBAs for the use of the Driller and Assistant driller on the drill floor.

J. Two SCBAs in the shale shaker house.

K. Two SCBAs at the top of the access stairs to the production platform.

L. Two SCBAs in the pit room.

M. Two SCBAs in the pump room.

N. Each man with designated potentially remote location emergency response operations assignments on
the MODU Station Bill shall have a 30-Minute with an integrated face mask voice communication device
in his cabin, if his normal work station is outside the accommodation.

O. Four spare SCBAs for use as required.

P. There shall be a minimum of one 15 minute escape unit for each person aboard; these units shall
be stored in protective cases in each cabin and allocated one to each bunk. Further hose-line
work units with 15 minute escape cylinders shall be stored as follows:

1) Eight work units (three with integrated face mask voice communication devices) on the rig floor in
a convenient location.
Section B / General Requirements
D&WO HSE Requirements Manual
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B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.3/Continued

2) Two work units each with integrated face mask voice communication devices on the stabbing
board.

3) Two work units shall be located in the derrick at the Derrickmans position and the finger
board.

4) Two work units shall be stored in the pit room.

5) Two work units shall be stored in the pump room.

6) Two work units shall be stored in the mechanical/electrical workshop.

7) Two work units shall be stored in the warehouse.

8) A minimum of four work units shall be stored on the production platform for personnel working on
the platform and stack.

9) Two work units shall be stored in the shakers.

10) A minimum of four work units shall be stored in the logging unit (there shall be a sufficient number
of work units for all personnel in the unit at any given time).

11) One work unit equipped with a rescue hood at the starboard safe briefing area for the rescue
teams use.

12) One work unit equipped with a rescue hood at the port safe briefing area for the rescue teams
use.

13) One work unit at the port crane cab.

14) One work unit at the starboard crane cab.

15) One work unit at the Bow Crane.

16) Nine spare integrated face mask voice communication devices with a supply of spare batteries.

17) Six work units in the control/radio room.

18) More 15 minute SCBAs shall be positioned in any other manned area as operations require

Note: Each work area shall be individually assessed for risk of exposure to H
2
S. Each work area with
potential exposure to H
2
S shall have SCBA available. Each person in that work area shall be
able to reach said SCBA within 10 seconds.






Section B / General Requirements
D&WO HSE Requirements Manual
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Owner: VP-D&WO
Revision(s) identified by a Vertical Bar in the Right Margin Page 43 of 78


B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.3/Continued

3. A looped minimum 3,600 psi high pressure cascade storage system of a capacity sufficient to provide
breathing air to all persons aboard for a period adequate to provide reasonable time for nonessential
personnel to muster and evacuate and for essential personnel to work to control the H
2
S exposure and if
necessary, to evacuate, shall be installed on each MODU. Additional provision should also be made for the
re-boarding of the MODU. A Consumption rate of 3.5 cubic foot per man per minute is to be used to
calculate the air volume required. The total stored air capacity shall not be less than 21,000 cu ft.
(Example: 100 personnel x 60 minutes x 3.5 cu ft. per minute = 21,000 cu ft.).

A. The breathing air cascade shall include but not be limited to:

1) Three air compressors; one diesel powered, one electrical mains powered and the third, electrical
auxiliary powered, each with purification system and minimum capacity of 11 scfm at 3600 psi
(minimum total capacity 33 scfm).

2) All oil lubricated compressors shall be fitted with OEM compliant continuous air purity monitoring and
shutdown systems, which shall monitor as a minimum; Carbon Monoxide and Hydrogen Sulfide. In
addition, a compliant air purity test kit shall be onboard to continuously support weekly air quality
testing for CO
2
, Water, and Oil Mist, prior to recharging cascade BA cylinder racks.

The compressors shall be position on the highest practical point of the accommodation to minimize
the intake of contaminated air from sources such as the E-Gen, Main Engine, and Galley Hood
Exhausts. A structured contaminated air hazard review shall be completed in conjunction with the
compressor location selection.

3) All compressors shall have an ambient operating temperature of no less than 50C and a minimum
relief valve set pressure of 3,780 psi and a maximum set pressure of not greater than 105% of the
HP Loop MAWP. All compressor relief valves shall be annually certified by the OEM or an API
Relief Valve Shop and entered into the MODU Relief Valve Registry and RV recertification process.

4) Stored air shall be distributed via a looped tubing/hose distribution system. High pressure lines shall
have as a minimum an outer diameter (OD) of not less than 3/8 inch, isolation valves shall be
installed so as to allow individual sections of high pressure pipe and individual storage racks to be
isolated, without resulting in the isolation of the alternative loop path.

High Pressure Distribution Loop Compression Fittings shall be strategically placed to minimize any
potential hazard associated with impact displacement and provided with protective shielding in any
high activity hazard area or Muster Station.

Low pressure lines shall have an inner diameter of not less than inch; low pressure hose
connections shall not be fitted with any type of locking device which may hinder the connection
of SCBA which shall supply breathing air to work manifolds.

All components of the Integrated Cascade BA System shall have both OEM Certification and
traceability for the applicable MAWP and Breathing Air Service; and included in a comprehensive
Cascade BA and SCBA Unit Registry.




Section B / General Requirements
D&WO HSE Requirements Manual
SA-DWO-HSERM-GR-002 / Created: 01/13 / Last Review: 01/13 / Next Review: 01/17
Owner: VP-D&WO
Revision(s) identified by a Vertical Bar in the Right Margin Page 44 of 78


B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.3/Continued

All lifeboat cascade systems shall be equipped with lifeboat OEM certified break away air supply line
connection installed in accordance with lifeboat OEM specifications and applicable classification
society requirements.

5) Breathing air manifolds shall be so designed that they will retain air sufficient to equalize the
demand for breathing air under heavy use; this will require a sufficient reservoir of air to be included
in the manifold design. Work manifolds shall be placed around the rig as necessary to enable
essential personnel to safely and efficiently work to mitigate the H
2
S Release Incident.

6) There shall be a Quick Fill recharging point for all types of SCBA cylinders in use, available at all
safe briefing areas, drill floor and hull compartment.

7) High pressure hard lines shall be installed and routed to ensure safety of personnel in case of a
connection failure. Lines shall be protected and secured appropriately in high traffic areas and at all
Muster Stations.

B. The Manifolds shall be Positioned as Follows:

1) There shall be four four-outlet manifolds on the drill floor.

2) There shall be one three-outlet manifold at the Derrickman's position.

3) There shall be two three-outlet manifolds in the pit room.

4) There shall be two three-outlet manifolds in the engine room.

5) There shall be one two-outlet manifold at the stabbing board. A 316 L SS portable reel shall be
mounted at the Stabbing Board for the hose to ensure the hose will not catch or hang up on
equipment.

6) There shall be two three-outlet manifolds in the pump room.

7) There shall be one four-outlet manifold in the shale shaker house.

8) There shall be one four-outlet manifold in the mud mixing area.

9) There shall be one two-outlet manifold at the port crane cab.

10) There shall be one two-outlet manifold at the starboard crane cab.

11) There shall be one two-outlet manifold at the bow crane cab.

12) There shall be one six-outlet manifold in the radio room.

13) There shall be one four-outlet manifold on the cement unit.




Section B / General Requirements
D&WO HSE Requirements Manual
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Owner: VP-D&WO
Revision(s) identified by a Vertical Bar in the Right Margin Page 45 of 78


B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.3/Continued

14) There shall be one outlet at the starboard muster station for the total number of personnel whom
may be assigned to that muster stations based upon the minimum unobstructed area of 0.35 m
2
area
per person without including the defined access and escape paths. Hose lengths at muster areas
shall be of adequate length and shall not allow obstructions to the defined exit/emergency paths.

15) There shall be one outlet at the port muster station for the total number of personnel whom may be
assigned to that muster station based upon the minimum area of 0.35 m
2
area per person without
including the defined access and escape paths. Hose lengths at muster areas shall be of adequate
length and shall not allow obstructions to the defined exit/emergency paths.

16) There shall be one outlet in the starboard lifeboat for each passenger (maximum allowable).

17) There shall be one outlet in the port lifeboat for each passenger (maximum allowable).

Note: Each breathing air manifold shall be fitted with certified breathing air connection hoses of a
suitable length to allow work to be conducted so as to restrict the need to change connections
from one manifold to another (all work hoses shall be restricted to a length no greater than 100-
ft.). The manifolds shall be located adjacent the defined escape exits to ensure the work hose will
always lead to an exit.

No single breathing air hose on the drill floor can be of such a length that it will allow the user to
cross the rotary table.


4. Portable Gas Monitoring Equipment

A. 12 personal portable H
2
S monitors.

B. A Hydrogen Sulphide calibrator suitable for the purpose of calibrating the fixed and/or portable
monitoring system.

C. Continuous H
2
S mud monitoring system. Garrett Gas Train Sulphide Analysis unit with supply of
accessory equipment (Dreager tubes) for testing water and oil based mud for H
2
S levels. A Test Kit shall
be used to perform quantitative Sulphide analysis in conjunction with the gas train system.

D. Four portable H
2
S - SO
2
detectors, (suction type) with H
2
S and SO
2
tubes.

E. Four portable H
2
S detectors (hand pump suction type such as Gas-tech) with an adequate supply of low,
medium and high level H
2
S and SO
2
tubes. The range of detection tubes shall be able to accurately
measure from 0 ppm-high percentage H
2
S and SO
2
.


5. Additional Safety Equipment

A. Six bug blowers, explosion proof, high volume (25,000 cfm or larger) and movable.

B. Unobstructed readily visible wind socks (4 minimum), streamers, and flags to be strategically located at
separate and distinct locations throughout the MODU, so all personnel can immediately determine the
wind direction.
Section B / General Requirements
D&WO HSE Requirements Manual
SA-DWO-HSERM-GR-002 / Created: 01/13 / Last Review: 01/13 / Next Review: 01/17
Owner: VP-D&WO
Revision(s) identified by a Vertical Bar in the Right Margin Page 46 of 78


B-5/H
2
S/Appendix No.3/Continued

C. Flare Boom OEM Remote Flare Line Ignition System.

D. One emergency flare gun with a supply of 20 cartridges with long shelf life shall be stored in a locked-
up wooden box in the Company Foremans office. All rigs shall have functional and dedicated flare gun
on location, prior to commencing and during D&WO Operations as per G.I. 1852.001.

E. Four portable oxygen resuscitators with eight spare oxygen cylinders.

F. Four stretchers of the following type; Spine Board, Stokes Navy, Scoop with blankets and securing
straps that are capable of being carried on the helicopter or transportation serving the rig.

G. Four first aid kits (each 25 man size).

H. Four Quick-Air splint kits or equivalent.

I. Six portable electronic bull horn speakers with six extra battery packs.

J. Six small chalk/white boards with clamps for mounting with an adequate supply of chalk/markers and
erasers. Boards can be utilized as visual means of coordinating activities when working under a SCBA.

Note: Dry eraser boards may be substituted for chalk boards.

K. Flashlights explosion proof with extra set of batteries and extra bulb for each (minimum number shall
be 10 flashlights).


Note: All safety equipment with rubber, plastic or other parts likely to deteriorate, shall be stored in an air
conditioned, dark and designated area, near the Supervisor's office. Adequate supplies of sanitizing
material shall be available for sanitizing face masks and other body contact equipment.