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(D.I.Y.Article)
WindturbineGridtiedproscons
First,adomestichome"wind"gridtiedisanextremely"green"concept...althoughalittleheavyandawkwardtosetintoplace...

Thetypeofsocialandtalkingpointforaparty...
Ifyouerectawindturbineyoumustlocateitatleast80metersawayfromanyneighboringresidencebecausewindturbinesarenoisy!!!,It'swhentheygetneartheratedwindspeed(12mps)thoughmostpeople
willhaveclosedtheirwindowsbecauseofwind.
Asimilartostackablesystemisusing3plugablewindinverterswiththreesmallACwindturbinestotalinga1.2Kw1.8Kwmaxwindinputthatwillperformnominally(aberratively)atthevalueofa3Kwsolargrid
tie(andaroundhalfthecostDIYItalsodoesnotinvolveelectricianwiring).
The12vAC3phaseturbinetouseistheonlyoneableforpriceandoutputandquietenoughforsuburbia(5rotorbladesandarigidtailsystem)paricularlyifmounted15metersupasitshould/mustbe,
(topturbineofthethree),thelowestofthethreewillsitat(approx.only)11.5metersonthetowerwitharound11metersthelowestshorizontalmountsupportbar(around90cmlong).(Remember,thisisallDIY).
Alwaysuse6mm2wire(12vinsulatortype)oritcannotcarrychargewellenoughorsafely.(fortheplugableinvertersyoumustpurchasea"separate"butrateddumpresistorkit(costsnothingmuch)).
Remember,inverterswithturbinesandtheirsystemssuchasAC(andphasetype)orDCandvoltageandamperage/wattagemustmatch!
Theonlytroubleihadwiththeturbinewastheboltholeswereexactlythesamediameterastheboltssoitrequiredhoningthehubboltholesalittle.
AlowRPMhorizontal2Kwwindturbine(orhighproductiondownlowspeed)hasthesameproductionasa4Kwsolargridtiedsystem,andtwicetheeconomicsavingsbecausealltariffperiodsarecovered
regardlessseasonaldifferences!!!Rememberawindturbinemustbelocated"atleast12metershigh"freeofwindpathobstructions,but"theproperheightforhigherfastermovingairpercentileisupat15
meters"!!!
...Ifthereisonethingas"mustknow"aDIYpersonshouldlearn!ItisArcweldingandMIGweldingmildsteel!...
Note:Thejoiningweldtypetouseisa"rootgapbevel"with"penetrationrun"amperage,itshouldalsobea"doublelayertriplerun".
Astickarcwelderisoftenbetterbutmayrequirea10Kvaportablegenerator(domesticsupplypolemainsinverterboxesdonothandleweldingwellparticularlyinsummerandrequireahighampoutletplugifsuchwiringis
suppliedinthehousewiringhappyburning).
note:8mofsteelattherequiredsizeSHS65x65x5.0(weighingapprox.64Kg)or("NB40EH"ExtraHeavypipe)isaround140AUDlocalmerchant.
Hereisacommercial"mildsteelpipedatasheet" welllaidoutforunderstandingprojectsteelselection,Kg/m,size,wallthicknessmm....Thecompletetowerwouldvaguelyweigharound10001200Kgandhavearound
5m3ofcement("n20mpa"ordinarypostholecement)andfillmix("half"asquareendedboxshapecalculatesmildlymorethananequilateralwithtwosidesof180cm(1.8m)andisapproximately4.86m3ashalf).Youonlyneed
around1.5m3(over1tonneofcement)ofcementtoweighdownthetower.
Gettingconcreteisaproblemofcost,1tonne(Metric)(tonneofconcrete)Equals:0.42cubicmeters(m3/concrete).
Some"internetsites"arebetterthanothersforsummingDIYconcreteforDIYprojects,thisoneishelpful(Australiaasthisarticleisdirectedat)Concretetypesandpumpingandsizes.1m3isanythingaround250300AUD
atleastfromatrucksoaminiconcretepumpisagoodidea.Ignoretheotherm3recommendationsinthisdocumentandplaceatleast"1tonneofcement"aroundthebasetip3metersdowninthehole,thenwhenithasdried,
packearthdownharduntilitreachesto30cmfromthe3basebars(horizontal)ofthetowerlevelwiththetopofthehole.Bringthepumptruckinagainandcoverthebasebarsandsurroundwithapprox.anothertonne.
Inthe"towerdiagram"(showingonlytwostrutsofthethree)atleftorbelow(whereveritgottoonthepage),thepinkstrappingstrutsareanundergroundpartofthetowerandweldedonthetowerbeforeerection.
Therearemoreoftheseconnectingtothebaseofeachstrutofthetowertripodandthestrappingandtowercorners(totalofsixstrapstruts)arelaterencasedbycementfillaftertripodtowererection,makingthesidesofthe
triangularholeforcementfillandtowerbasestrappingatleast180cm1800mmlength.
TheaddedbrightgreenstripeisanextrastrengtheninglengthofSHSboxsteel(sameSHSdimensions)around5meterslongstretchingfromthe"lowertripod(lower2.5metersworthbesidethis)"towersectiontotheupper
"paralleluprightstripod(theother2.5metersworthbesideit)"secondsectiononeachofthethreetripods'mainuprightstruts(3pieces).Theaddedstrutsaretopreventexcessstrainonthejoinerweldsbetweenthetwotower
sections,itisparticularlyrequiredwitha150Kgtopseatedobjectgeneratingvibrantleverageona5meterleveragainstthoseupperandlowertower,levels',joinerweldsinhurricaneortyphoonforceorhighwinds.
Allweldsonthetowercanbeconsideredtorequirebeingdoublelayerrootgapwelds.
Toerectthetowerafterconstructionwillmeansomeminordamagetotheedgesofthetriangularhole,andkeepingitinplaceusingthreetemporaryguycableorchains(duringandaftercementpouringtoencaseitsbase)after
adjustmentoftheguysforplumbbobbingthetowerforverticalbalanceaccuracydownitscenter.
Toholdthetowerinplaceyoushouldhavetheareaspacetodrivepinstakesinaroundittofasten1015mtensionedreplacementboatwinchcables(cheaptrick)toholdthetowerdirectlyingravitylinewhilethecementdriesin
thebase.
Thereareusuallytwotypesofturbineconnectionbaseon5Kwwindturbines.1.apieceofpipesocketrequiringa20cm40cm(200mm400mm)longpieceofverticalpipe(10mmwallminimum)properlyattachedtothetopof
thetower,or,2.aflatfacedcircularseatdirectlycenteredunderandpartoftheswivelseatofthemainbodyoftheturbinesurroundingwherethetwohighvoltage/amperageoutputwiresaretobefastened,thisrequiresmakinga
setofsteelplates(atleast30mmthickness)tofitaboveandbelowthetoptrianglebarsofthetowertop.Thisistoseat,clampandadjustthehorizontalplaneoftheturbinebasewhereitisboltedtothepairofsteelplates
clampingthetoptrianglebarsofthetowertip.Suchasteelplateisbestdesignedfromthetowertopbarsandturbinebases'shapeandsizeafterbothareactuallyavailabletomeasure.Alsobewareofwherethewiresleavethe
turbineswivelsystemandanycustomobjectsmustbecleanlyfinishedtopreventabrasivedamagetocableinsulators,whetheratinstallationorovertimebyvibration.
GettingholescutinthicksteelplateandplatecuttoaspecificshapecanbedoneatanmetalengineeringshopbyexpertswithOxyacetyleneorOxyLPGcutter,after,youwillneedtocleanthecutedgeswitheitherorbotha
largecoarsefileandanglegrinder.
note:OxyAcetyleneweldingisnotpracticalforthepurposeoftowerbuildingandunnecessarydangerandexpense.
Ifthereisonethingas"mustknow"aDIYpersonshouldlearn!ItisArcweldingandMIGweldingmildsteel!
ThisisbeauseatripodtowerofEiffeltypeof15Mheight(18meterslong3metersbelowgroundinfillcement)canbeweldedwith4mm
box(squaretube)orroundtubesteelfromalocalsteelmerchantforaround2000AUDorless,
andtoacquiretheskillmeansTAFEoradultlearningcenteroutofhourscourse.
HereisanEXAMPLEofaMIGweldersuppliedonmarketinAustraliacanbeused.Usuallyitrequiresa"8Kva"powerpetrolgenerator
becausethecurrentdrawduringuseistoomuchforahouseelectricalsupply!!!!
130AmpMIGGaslessWelderWeldingMachineTool10AmpPlugDYNAMICPOWER
Andperhapsahelmet???
Hereisebay.com.ausearchforwelders

ProsandCons
5Kwwindturbinesgridtied(theyare24/7365),whypeoplegridtiesolarexceptalittlewithawindturbinehybridsysteme.g.1Kwsolaridonotunderstand!
WhenifinallylearnedthelimitationofsolarpanelsifoundwintersunlightandtemperatureinamoderateclimateasAustraliapanelsonlyproducefor4hoursat50%60%ofmaxrating
e.g.anddownto30%whenobscuredbyclouds.Thenpeoplegetupandallleavebeforelightinwinterandgetbackafteritsdark.Itleavessummer.
Insummerits80%powerfor8hoursanddownto60%inwhitecloudand50%grey.
5kwpanelsgridtiecanproducethesameoldpretiegridbillsasashockandeveryonethoughtthatwouldleave!
Answerisnothingafterdarkwhenpeoplearefinallyhome,i'dsayhalftherecipientsofgridtieinAustraliaarerippedoffbythatpointofnighttimealone.
Anotheristheyneedatleasta5KwmaxratedPVsystemoritsrituallytoolittle,Andafinal10%,theirroofshavenogoodpositioninsuburbiaandalmostallinstallationsexceptthesebad
positionsarelyingflatnottoequatorforlatitude!!!
Ifyouhaveatleast5acresontheedgeoftown(upto3Kmoutoftown)andcanlocatetheturbine80metersfromneighboursdwelling,amatching5kwwindgridtieinverterand5kturbine
(240v/380vAustralia)(110v/120vUSUK)at46m/swindwilloftentrickle500wto1Kw.Aminimalof11.5Kwpanelsonhybridgridtieinverterassists.NOTE!:Formeteorologicalreasons
awindturbinemustbeup"12metershighMINIMUM"(muchbetter15m),nominallyforcost15meterscorrectly!
(bestwouldbe5KwwindAND1.5Kwsolarhybridgridtie).
Itisbecauseahotwaterheateris2.5Kw(usually,somedomesticcanbe1.5kw),cookingisbetween46Kw(sometimes12kw),washingmachineis4kwloadedsurge,airconis35Kw
currentdraw.
Abigfeatureoftheproblemoffittingagridtieinverteristhenationallawsregardingspecificationsofdevicesimported(aound50%ofitsmarket),onesuchbeing"islanding""anti
islanding"andmeterreadingandcorrectwiring(gridtieandhotwiree.t.c.arecomplexandrequireanelectrician!).
Withwindturbinesitisimportanttounderstand"dumpload"regardingantiislandinglawinAustralia,andunderstandinputdevicematchingparametersofvoltage,Kw,Kvaandbyprocess
andmetering.

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currentdraw.
Abigfeatureoftheproblemoffittingagridtieinverteristhenationallawsregardingspecificationsofdevicesimported(aound50%ofitsmarket),onesuchbeing"islanding""anti
islanding"andmeterreadingandcorrectwiring(gridtieandhotwiree.t.c.arecomplexandrequireanelectrician!).
Withwindturbinesitisimportanttounderstand"dumpload"regardingantiislandinglawinAustralia,andunderstandinputdevicematchingparametersofvoltage,Kw,Kvaandbyprocess
andmetering.
Thisarticledoesnotbeatthe"AchillesHeelofgridtied"anyhow,itsnotenoughorcoststoomuchinbatteries.
Article:BeatingtheAchillesHeelofGridTiedSolarElectricSystems

Belowaresomelinkstosomeproductsbycompaniesthatspecialiseinthesetypesofsystem.
Understandthatat4metersperseconda5Kwwindturbineproducesonly500wapprox.andat6meterspersecondwindonlyaround1Kwbutitisoftenreasonablyconstantat12meters
tripod"Eiffeltype"towerheight(winddoesstopandisspasmodicbutnotseverely)
Itis24/7365!!!.
A5Kwwindturbinegenerallyweighsaround150Kg.

Easy2Kwwindgridtied
Remember,touseagridtieinverterrequiresyourmetertobechanged(toaunidirectionalorSMARTmeter)toallowproducedenergytobemeasuredalsoasitisoutgoingasexcess!
Anyinverterifconectedintoahousecircuitbyelectriciansmodificationsis"betweenthemeterandthefuseboxfuses",i.e.ifyouwantedtousea3Kwwindturbineyoucouldgetanelectriciantosimplywireinashort1mof15
ampwireand"15ampsocket(3.7Kw3700w)"(andbylawa15ampfusetothebox)soyoucouldunplugatwillyour4Kwinverterifitwereonanormalhouseindustrial15ampextensioncord.
Theeasiestmethodofcovering24/7365costsofimplementingagridtiedsystemisunderstandingahousenormallyhas10ampcircuits@240v.
10amp@240v=2.5Kw(2500w).
Thismeansitisnotagoodideatopluganinverterintoa10ampextensionsocketboardifitwillgetto2500w,anddisastrousifthewindturbinecanreachbeyondit!
Hereisanexampleofa2Kwratedwindturbinethatcanbepluggedtohousecircuitbecauseitisonly2300wmaximum!
NE20002Kwwindturbine48v(don'tforgettomatchinputvoltagetowindturbineinverterandusearecommendeddumploadresistor)

note:Alwaysreadfeedbackinformationontheseonlinestoresites,sometradersaregenuinebutdohavetheirshareoftrouble.
WARNING!theaboveturbineisa"48v".Thismeansthatat5%losson30metersofcable(x2ared,ablackis60meters)itwillrequire35mm2copperelectriccabletocarry3Kw.Translated,around1000AUDof
cable.
THATiswhyyoushoulduseaminimumof96vratedwindturbine,itonlyrequires60meterstotalof16mm2cable"6AWG"fromtheturbinetocarry3Kwat3%loss!
Again,a96v4Kwturbinecancarryat5%lossfor30meterson16mm2cable"6AWG"(note:96vdcturbinesoperateina90vto150vrange).
Considerthisisonlyattheratingspeedandoutputverytopamperagethatlossoccurs,and90%oftimeoftheoperationofawindturbine,thecurrentcanbecarriedbythiscablesize.
Itisexpensive,butworthit(96von16mm2oraboveKwandvoltagesizewithappropriate35%lossmaxcable),andnottoworry,mostmanufacturershavevariantsoftheirmodelsatanumberofdifferentvoltagesavailable.
Cablesizetovolts,amps,watts

Cablemustbe"XLPEtype"withsizechoiceminimumof(120V2%loss4#AWG)25mm2for30meterstoabarebonessizeat30metersof(120V4%loss7#AWG)16mm2
REMEMBER,awindturbineisanACgeneratormoreoftenthannotincludingwhenitsfinaloutputtoitssenderterminalsisDC,theoutputisfirstrectifiedfromACtoDC.ThatDCis"oscillatingDC"becauseACelectricgenerators
oscillatevoltagecurrent.
AnotherpointaboutwindturbinesistheyareusuallythreephaseACgeneratorinsidebutarelistedasDCoroutputingDCcurrentfinally.Thisbecausethereisarectifierinsidethehousing(basicallyalikediodeset).Thetypeof
rectifierismoreofaseleniumindustrialtypetohandlehighvoltageandamperage.
HenceitwillbeadvertisedasDC,andonlytwowiresorterminalsprotrudingtheir+plusandminus(ifeverathirditwouldbethegeneratorearth).
Themorecommonlifeofwindturbines
Remember,anyturbineusedshouldbeonthehighersideofwattagecloserto1000w(above500w)productionataminimumwindspeedof6mps(meterspersecond)onitschartwheremuchofthebenefitis(atfifteenmeterstower
heightthattranslatesto8mpsroughlyenvironmentandidiosyncrasyofpracticalmeteorologywindstations"published"measurementsareusuallyonlyat6mheightothers(indatasheets)arenextoneupe.t.c.inincrementsknown
as"percentiles").
Andthewindturbineshouldnotreachmorethan2300wfora2kw(canthenuse3000winverterand10amphouseplug)andnomorethan3500w(use4000winverter)fora15ampwiredsolution.
example:3000Wgridtieinverter,ongridinverter,gridconnectedinverter,accordingtoUL1741,IEEE2000standards,forwind,solarsystem
Thisestablishesthepointthatontheendofagridtieinvertercordissimplyasgoodashouseholdplug!
Allitisaboutit,isa.whetherthecircuitcantaketheinput,b.whethertheinverterisstackable(at1500wratedturbineforinputandaboveNO,itisnotstackablegenerally).
Allinall,stackablepluggablegridtieinvertersonlygoto2000w.Andtheannoyanceisfittinginvertertoturbineatpriceandacquirability.Thanbuildingasuitabletower.
Ifitcanbedone,donotdipbelow2000wwindturbinesize!Itrequirestomakethesavingsback!
NOTE:Theabovetowerdiagramforthe5Kwtoweronlyrequire50mmx50mmx4mm(wall)SHSfor2and3Kwwindturbines.
OfKwhourproduction,a2Kwwindturbineat15mtowerheightshouldmatchthesavingsandproductionofa45Kwsolar.Thiswouldprobablyrequire5000AUDtoimplementD.I.Y.(DIY)andy'ollsweat!!!
Forthis(notrequiredexceptinstrangecases),askaboutsteppingpowerintotheinputvoltageandcurrentbracketforanAustralianapprovedsolarinverter.
3kwwindpowercontrollerwithdumpload,usedfor2kwwindenergysystem
60550VDCinput,190260VACouput,topqualitygridtied5kwwindpowerinverterforwindsystemonly
variablepitchwindturbine5kw48v,56v,120v,240v,360vworkingvoltage
240v5kwwindturbine
demingpower.en.alibaba.comThiscompanymakesgridtiedHybridinverters

Tounderstand"DIY,DoItYourself"importationprocesswithnomiddlemanrefertotheindexpagearticleof
windsolarhybridaustralia.x10.mxrelatingACBPScustoms"CargoSupport"ICSinternetsiteVPN,andIEbrowserwalletsforpersonaldigitalcertificatesfromaregisteredCA(certificateauthority).

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