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CONSULTANTS

PRAGATI

CONSULTANTS

404, M. G. R. ESTATES
BESIDE MODEL HOUSE,
PUNJAGUTTA, HYDERABAD - 500082
TEL : 66668787, FAX : 66669761

CLIENT
SOUTH CENTRAL RAILWAY SECUNDERABAD
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

CONTRACTORS

PROJECT
GUNTAKAL DIVISION RAICHUR - GUNTAKAL SECTION BRIDGE NO.1017
AT km 536/2-537/5
TITLE
DESIGN OF SUPERSTRUCTURE FOR 19.08M PSC SPAN

9-4-14
DATES

DN NO. : PC/TUN/PSC/SUP/002
MODIFICATIONS

S. NO.

PAGES
NOS :

HARI

CHA

PREPARED

CHECKED

APPROVED
1

TO

88

CHIEF CONSULTANT

DESIGN OF SUPERSTRUCTURE
SI. NO.

CONTENTS

PAGE NO.

INTRODUCTION

SECTION PROPERTIES

2-5

CALCULATION OF LOADS ON THE STRUCTURE

6 - 10

STAAD ANALYSIS

11 - 16

CALCULATION OF PRESTRESSING FORCE IN THE CALBES

17 - 31

TABULATION OF BENDING MOMENTS

PSC DESIGN

CHECK FOR ULTIMATE MOMENT

CALCULATION OF CABLE ELONGATIONS

45 - 46

10

TABULATION OF SHEAR FORCES

47 - 48

11

SHEAR DESIGN

49 - 56

12

DESIGN OF SHEAR CONNECTORS

57 - 58

13

REINFORCEMENT DETAILS OF GIRDER

14

DESIGN OF DECK SLAB

60 - 75

15

DESIGN OF DIAPHRAGM

76 - 80

16

TABULATION OF SUPPORT REACTIONS

17

DESIGN OF BEARNGS

82-85

18

DEFLECTIONS

86 - 87

19

DESIGN OF PIER CAP

32
33 - 43
44

59

81

88

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INTRODUCTION
SOUTH CENTRAL RAILWAY
BRIDGE NO: 1017 AT KM:536/2- 537/5, PROPOSED AS 34 x 19.08 + 2 x 19.38 m PSC GIRDERS FOR
PROPOSED TRACK OVER TUNGABHADRA RIVER
1. GENERAL
The span consists of two precast prestressed concrete girders with a deck slab of 220mm thick.
A footpath of 0.9m width is provided on one side only. The girders are connected by 5nos. of cross
girders out of which 2 nos. end cross girders and 3 nos. intermediate cross girders.
2. STRENGTH OF CONCRETE
The grade of concrete for the main girders, deck slab and cross girders shall be M40 while the same
for other components will be M25.
3. PRESTRESSING
Each girder is prestressed with 6 cables, 5 Nos. each consisiting of 12 starands of 12.7 mm dia and
1 cable consisting of 9 strands of 12.7 mm dia.
4. BEARINGS
Elastomeric bearings of size 600 x 380 x 65 designed as per UIC code 772-R will be provided.
5. SEQUENCE OF CONSTRUCTION
The girders are cast at the casting bed and when the concrete attains a strength of 25 Mpa (i.e M25)
or 7 days which ever is earlier, 1st stage of prestressing is carried out and when the concrete attains full
design strength i.e 40Mpa or 28 days which ever is earlier, 2nd stage of prestressing is done. The duct
holes are grouted. Then girders are launched on to the bed blocks. Deck slab and diaphragm gaps are cast
then, footpath, wearing coat and hand railing are added.

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PROPERTIES OF COMPOSITE SECTION AT THE END OF PRECAST GIRDER


3300
1050
220
a

200
b

64

150

150

1936

2200
c

750

Type

Width

Depth

No's

A (m2)

Yt (m)

A.Yt

A.Yt2

I-self

1.050

0.2000

0.2100

0.1000

0.0210

0.0021

0.0007

0.1500

0.0643

0.0096

0.2214

0.0021

0.0005

0.00000

0.7500

2.0000

1.5000

1.2000

1.8000

2.1600

0.5000

Total

1.7196

1.8231

2.1626

0.5007

Yt

1.8231
1.7196

1.060

Yb

2.200

1.060

1.140

I-xx

2.1626

0.5007

1.7196

0.7304

Zt

0.7304
1.0602

0.6890

m3

Zb

0.7304
1.1398

0.6408

m3

m4

1.0602

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PROPERTIES OF COMPOSITE SECTION


Type

Width

Depth

No's

A (m2)

Yt (m)

A.Yt

A.Yt2

I-self

3.300

0.2200

0.7260

0.1100

0.0799

0.0088

0.0029

1.7196

1.2802

2.2015

2.8183

0.7304

2.2813

2.8271

0.7333

NET TOTAL

COMPOSITE TOTAL

2.4456

Yts

2.2813

2.4456

0.9328

Yt

0.9328

0.2200

0.7128

Yb

2.2000

0.7128

1.4872

I-xx

2.8271

0.7333

2.4456

1.4324

Zts

1.4324
0.9328

1.5355

m3

Zt

1.4324
0.7128

2.0095

m3

Zb

1.4324
1.4872

0.9631

m3

m4

0.9328

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PROPERTIES OF COMPOSITE SECTION AT THE MID SPAN


3300
1050
220
200

a
b

150

350

350

2200

1300

350

200

200
d

250

300

e
750

Type

Width

Depth

No's

A (m2)

Yt (m)

A.Yt

A.Yt2

I-self

1.050

0.2000

0.2100

0.1000

0.0210

0.0021

0.0007

0.3500

0.1500

0.0525

0.2500

0.0131

0.0033

0.00007

0.3500

1.7000

0.5950

1.0500

0.6248

0.6560

0.1433

0.2000

0.2500

0.0500

1.8167

0.0908

0.1650

0.0002

0.7500

0.3000

0.2250

2.0500

0.4613

0.9456

0.0017

Total

1.1325

1.2110

1.7719

0.1459

Yt

1.2110
1.1325

1.069

Yb

2.200

1.069

1.131

1.7719

0.1459

1.1325

0.6230

0.6230
1.0693

0.5827

Zt

m4
m3

1.0693

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Zb

0.6230
1.1307

0.5510

m3

PROPERTIES OF COMPOSITE SECTION


Type

Width

Depth

No's

A (m2)

Yt (m)

A.Yt

A.Yt2

I-self

3.300

0.2200

0.7260

0.1100

0.0799

0.0088

0.0029

1.1325

1.2893

1.4601

1.8825

0.6230

1.5400

1.8913

0.6259

NET TOTAL

COMPOSITE TOTAL

1.8585

Yts

1.5400

1.8585

0.8286

Yt

0.8286

0.2200

0.6086

Yb

2.2000

0.6086

1.5914

1.8913

0.6259

1.8585

1.2412

Zts

1.2412
0.8286

1.4979

m3

Zt

1.2412
0.6086

2.0394

m3

Zb

1.2412
1.5914

0.7799

m3

m4

0.8286

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DESIGN DATA
c/c of piers
c/c of Bearings
Clear span
Overall length of girders
Overall length of deck slab
No. of longitudinal girders
No. of End Cross girders
No. of Intermediate Cross girders
Overall Width of deck
Transverse Spacing of Longitudinal girders
Depth of Longitudinal girder
Unit weight of Concrete
=
Unit weight of Wearing Coat
=
Grade of concrete
=
Grade of steel
=

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
25
24
M
Fe

21.180
19.080
18.600
19.980
21.14
2
2
3
5.700
2.500
2.200
kN/m3
kN/m3
40
415

m
m
m
m
m
nos.
nos.
nos.
m
m
m

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CALCULATION OF LOADING
1) Self Weight of Precast Girder
1. Self weight of Precast girder
CL
1050

1050

200
150

200
64

1300

350

1936

250
300

750

0
0
750
Girder at mid span

Wt.of running section at middle

750
Girder over supports

1.133

25

Additional Wt.of end block = (

1.720

1.133

Wt.intermediate diaphragm= (

1.050

1.900

=
x

=
x

=
Wt.of end diaphragm
=

9.5 kN
= (
1.050

1.900

0.350

28.3
kN/m

25
14.7 kN/m
0.908 )
0.350
x
1.495
x

) x
25

4.4 kN

4.4 kN

9.5 kN
1000

1500

7490

43.0

28.3

450

4440

5100
9540

25

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2) Deck Slab and In Situ portion of Diaphragms


Wt. of Deck slab =
0.220
x
5.700

31.35

kN/m

The eccentricity of the deck slab with respect to the centre line of girders is equal to

0.450

m.

Load on heavily loaded girder A

31.4

Load on girder B =
Wt. of Diaphragms

=
2.2

21.3 kN/m
21.32
=
0.3
)
x
7.2

31.35
=
(

x (

=
37.4 kN
=
30.2 kN
3) Super Imposed Dead Load
Load of track and ballast =
60 kN/m
Wearing coat =
0.0625
x
4.5
Kerbs =
2
x
0.2
=
8.0 kN/m
Ballast retainer =
0.200
x
=
4.0 kN/m
Foot Path =
(
0.9
=
1.9 kN/m
Railing =
0.9
x
0.15
Total =
84.0 kN/m
S.no.
1
2
3
4
6
7

Load
Ballast
Wear.coat
Kerbs
Ballast ret.
Footpath
Railing

P
60
6.8
8.0
4.000
1.9
3.4

25

1.25

+
2.5

10.03 kN/m
x (
3.3
0.35
x

24

0.8

25

0.8

25

0.15
x

0.1

25

Ecc.
Girder A
-0.150
26.4
-0.150
3.0
2.775
12.9
-2.336
-1.7
2.775
3.0
3.225
6.041
Total =
49.6

6
2

8
+
-

19.08
0.3
0.9

Girder B
33.6
3.8
-4.9
5.7
-1.1
-2.7
34.4

)
)
]

25

6.8

0.5

1.05

kN/m

25
3.4 kN/m

4) Live load
Load on
19.08 m span to 25T axle standard of loading
Page - 81 Bridge Rules-2008
= 2011.4 kN
CDA with 300mm ballast cushion
= [
0.15 +
(
(
x (
=
0.391

0.450

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GIRDER A
Load on girder A with an eccentricity of
-0.150 m and misalignment of
and hence a net eccentricity of
-0.050 m
Load on girder A
=
2011.4
x
1.391
x
(
1.25
+
-0.050
2.5
=
1342.8 kN
Load per metre =
1342.8
=
70.4 kN/m
19.08
GIRDER B
Load on girder B with an eccentricity of
0.150 m
and misalignment of
and hence a net eccentricity of
0.250 m
Load on girder B
=
2011
x
1.391
x
(
1.25
+
0.250
2.5
=
1678.5 kN
Load per metre =
1678.5
=
88.0 kN/m
19.08
5) Foot path live load
GIRDER A
Live Load on footpath =
0.9
x
5.0
=
4.5
Eccentricity =
2.775 m
Hence, load on girder A =
4.5 x
(
1.25
+
2.775
2.5
=
7.2 kN/m
GIRDER B
Since ve load on this due to footpath live load, ignore it.
6. Load due to centrifugal force:
According to clause 2.5.2(b) of IRS Bridge Rules,
Radius of curvature for 1o curve
2
Centrifugal force = W x V
127 R
0.2
19.08
Load per meter on outer girder

=
=
=
=

Force per meter =

Load per meter on inner girder

=
=

0.0

x
1.702
0.0 kN/m

130
1000000

1.83

0.100

kN/m
)

W x V2
127 R

Centrifugal force =

1000000 m
1346
x
127
x
0.2 kN
0.0 kN/m

0.100

0.0 kN/m

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LOAD DISTRIBUTION BETWEEN GIRDERS

S.NO
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Type of Load
Selfwt. Of girder
Deck slab
Ballast & Track
Wearing coat
Kerbs
Footpath slab
Railing
Ballast retainer
Live Load
Footpath LL
Centrifugal force
Total

Total
Load
(kN/m)
28.3
31.4
60.0
6.8
8.0
1.9
3.4
4.0
158.3
4.5
-

Load on girder A
(kN/m)

Load on girder B
(kN/m)

28.3
21.3
26.4
3.0
12.9
3.0
6.0
-1.7
70.4
7.2
0.0
176.8

28.3
10.0
33.6
3.8
-4.9
-1.1
-2.7
5.7
88.0
-2.5
0.0
160.7

10

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USER ID: PRAGATI
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****************************************************

1. STAAD PLANE BRIDGE NO.356


INPUT FILE: Tungabadra_girder 19.08m 9.4.14.STD
2. START JOB INFORMATION
3. ENGINEER DATE 05-MAY-09
4. END JOB INFORMATION
5. INPUT WIDTH 79
6. UNIT METER KN
7. JOINT COORDINATES
8. 1 0 0 0; 2 0.45 0 0; 3 19.53 0 0; 4 19.98 0 0
9. MEMBER INCIDENCES
10. 1 1 2; 2 2 3; 3 3 4
11. MEMBER PROPERTY INDIAN
12. 1 TO 3 PRIS AX 1.1325 IZ 0.623
13. DEFINE MATERIAL START
14. ISOTROPIC MATERIAL1
15. E 3.16E+007
16. POISSON 0.2
17. DENSITY 25
18. END DEFINE MATERIAL
19. CONSTANTS
20. MATERIAL MATERIAL1 ALL
21. SUPPORTS
22. 2 3 PINNED
23. LOAD 1 SELF WEIGHT OF GIRDER
24. MEMBER LOAD
25. 1 TO 3 UNI GY -28.3
26. 1 3 UNI GY -14.7
27. 2 UNI GY -14.7 0 1.2
28. 2 UNI GY -14.7 17.88 19.08
29. 2 TRAP GY -14.7 0 1.2 3
30. 2 TRAP GY 0 -14.7 16.08 17.88
31. JOINT LOAD
32. 2 3 FY -4.4
33. MEMBER LOAD
34. 2 CON GY -9.5 4.92
35. 2 CON GY -9.5 9.54
36. 2 CON GY -9.5 14.16

11

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37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
SUPPORT

LOAD 2 DECK SLAB AND INSITU PORTION OF DIAPHRAGMS


MEMBER LOAD
1 TO 3 UNI GY -21.3
2 CON GY -30.2 4.92
2 CON GY -30.2 9.54
2 CON GY -30.2 14.16
JOINT LOAD
2 3 FY -30.2
LOAD 3 SUPER IMPOSED DEAD LOAD
MEMBER LOAD
*DUE TO BALLAST & TRACK
1 TO 3 UNI GY -26.4
*DUE TO WEARING COAT
1 TO 3 UNI GY -3
*DUE TO KERBS
1 TO 3 UNI GY -12.9
*DUE TO FOOTPATH SLAB
1 TO 3 UNI GY -3
*DUE TO RAILING
1 TO 3 UNI GY -6.04
*BALLAST RETAINER
1 TO 3 UNI GY 1.7
LOAD 4 LIVE LOAD WITH CDA
MEMBER LOAD
2 UNI GY -70.4
LOAD 5 FOOTPATH LIVE LOAD
MEMBER LOAD
2 UNI GY -7
PERFORM ANALYSIS
PRINT SUPPORT REACTION
REACTION

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT KN

JOINT

METE

STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE

LOAD

FORCE-X

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

MOM-Y

MOM Z

1
2
3
4
5
1
2
3
4
5

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

338.85
288.29
495.90
671.62
66.78
338.85
288.29
495.90
671.62
66.78

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

12

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67. LOAD LIST 1


68. PRINT FORCE ENVELOPE NSECTION 8 LIST 2
MEMBER FORCE ENVELOPE
ALL UNITS ARE KN
MEMB
2

DISTANCE
0.00 MAX
MIN
2.38 MAX
MIN
4.77 MAX
MIN
7.15 MAX
MIN
9.54 MAX
MIN
11.93 MAX
MIN
14.31 MAX
MIN
16.69 MAX
MIN
19.08 MAX
MIN

METE

FY
315.10
315.10
218.43
218.43
149.24
149.24
72.25
72.25
4.75
4.75
-72.25
-72.25
-149.24
-149.24
-218.21
-218.21
-315.10
-315.10

LD
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

MZ
4.35
4.35
-627.13
-627.13
-1063.88
-1063.88
-1318.10
-1318.10
-1409.91
-1409.91
-1318.10
-1318.10
-1063.88
-1063.88
-627.13
-627.13
4.35
4.35

LD
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

FZ
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

LD
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

MY
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

LD
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

LD
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

FZ
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

LD
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

MY
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

LD
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

69. LOAD LIST 2


70. PRINT FORCE ENVELOPE NSECTION 8 LIST 2
MEMBER FORCE ENVELOPE
ALL UNITS ARE KN
METE
MEMB
2

DISTANCE
0.00 MAX
MIN
2.38 MAX
MIN
4.77 MAX
MIN
7.15 MAX
MIN
9.54 MAX
MIN
11.93 MAX
MIN
14.31 MAX
MIN
16.69 MAX
MIN
19.08 MAX
MIN

FY
248.50
248.50
197.70
197.70
146.90
146.90
65.90
65.90
15.10
15.10
-65.90
-65.90
-146.90
-146.90
-197.70
-197.70
-248.50
-248.50

LD
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

MZ
2.16
2.16
-529.94
-529.94
-940.88
-940.88
-1163.16
-1163.16
-1259.75
-1259.75
-1163.16
-1163.16
-940.88
-940.88
-529.94
-529.94
2.16
2.16

71. LOAD LIST 3


72. PRINT FORCE ENVELOPE NSECTION 8 LIST 2

13

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MEMBER FORCE ENVELOPE


ALL UNITS ARE KN
METE
MEMB
2

DISTANCE
0.00 MAX
MIN
2.38 MAX
MIN
4.77 MAX
MIN
7.15 MAX
MIN
9.54 MAX
MIN
11.93 MAX
MIN
14.31 MAX
MIN
16.69 MAX
MIN
19.08 MAX
MIN

FY
473.57
473.57
355.17
355.17
236.78
236.78
118.39
118.39
0.00
0.00
-118.39
-118.39
-236.78
-236.78
-355.17
-355.17
-473.57
-473.57

LD
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

MZ
5.03
5.03
-983.25
-983.25
-1689.15
-1689.15
-2112.70
-2112.70
-2253.88
-2253.88
-2112.70
-2112.70
-1689.15
-1689.15
-983.25
-983.25
5.03
5.03

LD
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

FZ
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

LD
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

MY
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

LD
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

LD
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

FZ
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

LD
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

MY
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

LD
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

73. LOAD LIST 4


74. PRINT FORCE ENVELOPE NSECTION 8 LIST 2
MEMBER FORCE ENVELOPE
ALL UNITS ARE KN
METE
MEMB
2

DISTANCE
0.00 MAX
MIN
2.38 MAX
MIN
4.77 MAX
MIN
7.15 MAX
MIN
9.54 MAX
MIN
11.93 MAX
MIN
14.31 MAX
MIN
16.69 MAX
MIN
19.08 MAX
MIN

FY
671.62
671.62
503.71
503.71
335.81
335.81
167.90
167.90
0.00
0.00
-167.90
-167.90
-335.81
-335.81
-503.71
-503.71
-671.62
-671.62

LD
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

MZ
0.00
0.00
-1401.58
-1401.58
-2402.71
-2402.71
-3003.38
-3003.38
-3203.61
-3203.61
-3003.38
-3003.38
-2402.71
-2402.71
-1401.58
-1401.58
0.00
0.00

75. LOAD LIST 5


76. PRINT FORCE ENVELOPE NSECTION 8 LIST 2
MEMBER FORCE ENVELOPE
ALL UNITS ARE KN

METE

14

Pragati Consultants

MEMB
2

DISTANCE
0.00 MAX
MIN
2.38 MAX
MIN
4.77 MAX
MIN
7.15 MAX
MIN
9.54 MAX
MIN
11.93 MAX
MIN
14.31 MAX
MIN
16.69 MAX
MIN
19.08 MAX
MIN

FY
66.78
66.78
50.08
50.08
33.39
33.39
16.69
16.69
0.00
0.00
-16.69
-16.69
-33.39
-33.39
-50.08
-50.08
-66.78
-66.78

LD
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

MZ
0.00
0.00
-139.36
-139.36
-238.91
-238.91
-298.63
-298.63
-318.54
-318.54
-298.63
-298.63
-238.91
-238.91
-139.36
-139.36
0.00
0.00

LD
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

77. FINISH

15

FZ
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

LD
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

MY
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

LD
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

Pragati Consultants

NODE NUMBERS

BEAM NUMBERS

16

Pragati Consultants

PRESTRESS
It is proposed to use 5 nos. of 12T13 and 1 no. of 9T13 low relaxation cables.
2
Area of each strand
=
98.7 mm
Area of each cable
=
12
x
98.7
=
1184.4
2
Ultimate Tensile Stress
=
183.71 Kg/mm for 12.7mm strand.
Ultimate Force in 12 T 13 =
183.71
x
1184.4
=
217586.1
183.71
=
2176
Ultimate Force in 9 T 13 =
183.71
x
888.3
=
163189.6
=
1631.9
Using Corrugated HDPE for the cables with the following properties:
m = 0.17, k = 0.0020/m
All the cables are stressed from both ends
Initial Jacking Force in the cables
=
0.765
x
2176
=
1664.5 kN
----- for 12 T13
=
0.765
x
1631.9
=
1248.4 kN
----- for 9 T13

17

mm2
Kg
kN
Kg
kN

Pragati Consultants

Cable 1 & 2

( 12T 13 )

CL of cable
0.085
0.170
0.085

1.000

1.000

1.000

0.000
0.180
9.840
6.840

length of the cable

9.840 m

height of the cable at the starting point =

0.180 m

length of the vert. curve

2.000 m

starting point of the curve

6.840 m

ending point of the curve

8.840 m

vertical drop in the curve

0.085 m

theta (q)

theta (q) in radians

y= ax2

dist (m)
from
for analysis section no. centre

0.02120

ordinates
(m)

angle(deg)

L/2

0.000

0.180

0.000

3L/8

2.385

0.180

0.000

L/4

4.770

0.180

0.000

L/8

7.155

0.182

0.765

7.540

0.190

1.700

SUPPORT

9.540

0.324

4.858

JACKEND

9.840

0.350

4.858

18

4.858 degrees
0.08483

Pragati Consultants

Cable 3

( 12T 13 )

CL of cable
0.185
0.520
0.335

1.000

1.850

1.850

0.000
0.180
9.840
5.140

length of the cable

9.840 m

height of the cable at the starting point =

0.180 m

length of the vert. curve

3.700 m

starting point of the curve

5.140 m

ending point of the curve

8.840 m

vertical drop in the curve

0.335 m

theta (q)

theta (q) in radians

y= ax2

for analysis section no

0.02451

dist (m)
from
centre

ordinates
(m)

angle(deg)

L/2

0.000

0.180

0.000

3L/8

2.385

0.180

0.000

L/4

4.770

0.180

0.000

L/8

7.155

0.280

5.640

7.540

0.321

6.709

SUPPORT

9.540

0.643

10.340

JACKEND

9.840

0.70

10.340

19

10.340 degrees
0.18054

Pragati Consultants

Cable 4

( 12 T 13 )

CL of cable
0.162
0.620
0.458

1.000

2.850

2.850

0.000
0.430
9.840
3.140

length of the cable

9.840 m

height of the cable at the starting point =

0.430 m

length of the vert. curve

5.700 m

starting point of the curve

3.140 m

ending point of the curve

8.840 m

vertical drop in the curve

0.458 m

theta (q)

theta (q) in radians

y= ax2

for analysis section no

0.01408

dist (m)
from
centre

ordinates
(m)

angle(deg)

L/2

0.000

0.430

0.000

3L/8

2.385

0.430

0.000

L/4

4.770

0.467

2.629

L/8

7.155

0.657

6.452

7.540

0.703

7.065

SUPPORT

9.540

1.000

9.148

JACKEND

9.840

1.049

9.148

20

9.148 degrees
0.15973

Pragati Consultants

Cable 5

( 12 T 13 )

CL of cable
0.118
0.570
0.452

1.000

3.850

3.850

0.000
0.780

S
9.840
1.140
length of the cable

9.840 m

height of the cable at the starting point =

0.780 m

length of the vert. curve

7.700 m

starting point of the curve

1.140 m

ending point of the curve

8.840 m

vertical drop in the curve

0.452 m

6.703 degrees

theta (q)
theta (q) in radians

y= ax2

for analysis section no

0.00762

dist (m)
from
centre

ordinates
(m)

angle(deg)

L/2

0.000

0.780

0.000

3L/8

2.385

0.792

1.087

L/4

4.770

0.880

3.167

L/8

7.155

1.056

5.239

7.540

1.092

5.572

SUPPORT

9.540

1.314

6.703

JACKEND

9.840

1.349

6.703

21

0.11704

Pragati Consultants

Cable 6

( 9 T 13 )

CL of cable
0.146
0.770
0.624

1.000

4.295

4.295

0.000
1.080
9.840

length of the cable

0.250

9.840 m

height of the cable at the starting point =

1.080 m

length of the vert. curve

8.590 m

starting point of the curve

0.250 m

ending point of the curve

8.840 m

vertical drop in the curve

0.624 m

theta (q)

theta (q) in radians

y= ax2

for analysis section no

0.00845

dist (m)
from
centre

ordinates
(m)

angle(deg)

L/2

0.000

1.080

0.000

3L/8

2.385

1.119

2.067

L/4

4.770

1.253

4.368

L/8

7.155

1.483

6.656

7.540

1.529

7.024

SUPPORT

9.540

1.805

8.274

JACKEND

9.840

1.849

8.274

22

8.274 degrees
0.14447

Pragati Consultants

Cable 1 & 2

85
170
85
1000

a)

b)

q
L1
a1

1000

1000

4.858 degrees
1.004 m
0

=
=

vertical curve
P0 = lo2/ 2h0 =

6840

0.0848 radians

23.53 m

curved length S2 is

c)

S2

L2
a2

L3

2.002 m
=

3.006
0.0848 radians
a3

9.846 m

0.0848 radians

Cable 3

185
520
335
1000

a)

b)

q
L1
a1

=
=
=

1850

1850

10.340 degrees
1.017 m
0

vertical curve
P0 = lo2/ 2h0 =

5140

= 0.1805 radians

20.43 m

curved length S2 is

c)

S2

L2
a2

L3

3.720 m
=

4.737
0.180 radians
9.877 m

a3

23

0.180 radians

Pragati Consultants

Cable 4

162
620
458
1000

=
=
=

2850

2850

9.148 degrees =
1.013 m
0

0.160 radians

a)

q
L1
a1

b)

vertical curve
P0 = lo2/2h0 =
35.47 m
curved length s2 is
s2
=
5.724 m
l2
=
6.737
a2
=
0.160 radians

c)

l3

9.877

3140

a3

24

= 0.160

radians

Pragati Consultants

CABLE 5

118
570
452
1000

=
=
=

3850

3850

6.703 degrees =
1.007 m
0

0.117 radians

a)

q
L1
a1

b)

vertical curve
P0 = lo2/2h0=
65.59 m
curved length s2 is
s2
=
7.718 m
l2
=
8.725
a2
=
0.117 radians

c)

l3

1140

a3

9.865 m

0.117 radians

CABLE 6

146
770
624
1000

=
=
=

4295

4295

8.274 degrees =
1.011 m
0

0.144 radians

a)

s2
l2
a2

b)

vertical curve
P0 = lo2/2h0=
59.13 m
curved length s2 is
s2
=
8.620 m
l2
=
9.631
a2
=
0.144 radians

c)

l3

9.881 m

250

a3

25

0.144 radians

Pragati Consultants

CALCULATION OF CABLE FORCES


K =
0.002
m =
0.17
Cable no

1&2
3
4
5
6

(KL + ma)
2

0.085
0.180
0.160
0.117
0.144

0.002
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.002

0.020
0.040
0.041
0.037
0.044

0.034
0.050
0.047
0.040
0.044

Force at points
2

Cable Length (L)


2

1.004
1.017
1.013
1.007
1.011

3.006
4.737
6.737
8.725
9.631

9.846
9.877
9.877
9.865
9.881

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.085
0.180
0.160
0.117
0.144

e(KL + ma)
2

Force at
jack end

1.0020
1.0020
1.0020
1.0020
1.0020

1.0206
1.0410
1.0415
1.0380
1.0448

1.0347
1.0517
1.0480
1.0404
1.0453

1664.53
1664.53
1664.53
1664.53
1664.53

1661.20
1661.15
1661.16
1661.19
1661.17

cable no

1&2
3
4
5
6

Total angle change (a)


a1
a2
a3

1630.88
1599.02
1598.28
1603.53
1593.18

1608.72
1582.67
1588.27
1599.88
1592.39

slip = (sx x dx)/Es = (Px x dx)/(A x Es) = Area/(A x Es)


Area =
=
Area =
=

0.006

1385.7 kN-m
0.006

1039.3 kN-m

98.7
1000
for

12

195000

195000

12 T 13
98.7
1000

for

9 T 13

26

Pragati Consultants

Cable 1 &2
CL
1664.5
1661.2
1630.9
1608.7
1509.582
1487.4
1457.1
1453.8
1.004

Area = { [

210.77

2.002

+
2

6.840

204.09

204.09

1.004

143.45

] x

2.002

+
99.14
2
347.96 +
1385.8 kN-m

] x

6.840

2
+
=
=
1 =
=

=
2 =
=

208.18 +
1385.8

143.45

829.66

Average stress during stressing


1
9.846

{ (

1664.5

+ (

1661.2

+ (

1630.9

+
2
+
2
+
2

1661.20

)x

1.004

1630.88

)x

2.002

1608.72

)x

6.840

+
2
+
2
+
2

1457.1

)x

1.004

1487.4

)x

2.002

1509.6

)x

6.84

1629.52 kN
Average stress after anchoring
1
9.846

{ (

1453.8

+ (

1457.1

+ (

1487.4

1488.78 kN

27

Pragati Consultants

Cable 3
CL
1664.5
1661.2
1599.0
1582.7
1503.103
1486.7
1424.6
1421.2
1.017

Area = { [

243.30

3.720

+
2

5.140

236.53

236.53

1.017

112.27

] x

3.720

+
79.56
2
648.80 +
1385.8 kN-m

] x

5.140

2
+
=
=
1 =
=

=
2 =
=

243.99 +
1385.8

112.27

493.01

Average stress during stressing


1
9.877

{ (

1664.5

+ (

1661.2

+ (

1599.0

+
2
+
2
+
2

1661.15

)x

1.017

1599.02

)x

3.720

1582.67

)x

5.140

+
2
+
2
+
2

1424.6

)x

1.017

1486.7

)x

3.720

1503.1

)x

5.14

1613.04 kN
Average stress after anchoring
1
9.877

{ (

1421.2

+ (

1424.6

+ (

1486.7

1472.73 kN

28

Pragati Consultants

Cable 4
CL
1664.5
1661.2
1598.3
1588.3
1514.495
1504.5
1441.6
1438.2
1.013

Area = { [

226.30

5.724

+
2

3.140

219.56

219.56

1.013

93.79

] x

5.724

+
73.78
2
896.88 +
1385.8 kN-m

] x

3.140

2
+
=
=
1 =
=

=
2 =
=

225.84 +
1385.8

93.79

263.08

Average stress during stressing


1
9.877

{ (

1664.5

+ (

1661.2

+ (

1598.3

+
2
+
2
+
2

1661.16

)x

1.013

1598.28

)x

5.724

1588.27

)x

3.140

+
2
+
2
+
2

1441.6

)x

1.013

1504.5

)x

5.724

1514.5

)x

3.14

1621.53 kN
Average stress after anchoring
1
9.877

{ (

1438.2

+ (

1441.6

+ (

1504.5

1481.23 kN

29

Pragati Consultants

Cable 5
CL
1664.5
1661.2
1603.5
1599.9
1523.497
1519.8
1462.2
1458.8
1.007

Area = { [

205.69

7.718

+
2

1.140

198.99

198.99

1.007

83.69

] x

7.718

+
76.38
2
1090.81 +
1385.8 kN-m

] x

1.140

2
+
=
=
1 =
=

=
2 =
=

203.75 +
1385.8

83.69

91.24

Average stress during stressing


1
9.865

{ (

1664.5

+ (

1661.2

+ (

1603.5

+
2
+
2
+
2

1661.19

)x

1.007

1603.53

)x

7.718

1599.88

)x

1.140

+
2
+
2
+
2

1462.2

)x

1.007

1519.8

)x

7.718

1523.5

)x

1.14

1631.93 kN
Average stress after anchoring
1
9.865

{ (

1458.8

+ (

1462.2

+ (

1519.8

1491.45 kN

30

Pragati Consultants

Cable 6
CL
1664.5
1661.2
1593.2
1592.4
1527.274
1526.5
1458.5
1455.1
1.011

Area = { [

209.41

8.620

+
2

0.250

202.68

202.68

1.011

66.71

] x

8.620

+
65.11
2
1161.09 +
1385.8 kN-m

] x

0.250

2
+
=
=
1 =
=

=
2 =
=

208.23 +
1385.8

66.71

16.48

Average stress during stressing


1
9.881

{ (

1664.5

+ (

1661.2

+ (

1593.2

+
2
+
2
+
2

1661.17

)x

1.011

1593.18

)x

8.620

1592.39

)x

0.250

+
2
+
2
+
2

1458.5

)x

1.011

1526.5

)x

8.620

1527.3

)x

0.25

1629.96 kN
Average stress after anchoring
1
9.881

{ (

1455.1

+ (

1458.5

+ (

1526.5

1489.70 kN

31

Pragati Consultants

From STAAD Analysis


Tabulation of Bending Moments ( in KN-m)
S.No
Loading
BM @ L/2 BM @ 3L/8 BM @ L/4 BM @ L/8 BM @ Supp.
1
2
3
4
5
6

Self wt.
Deck Slab
SIDL
FPLL
Live Load
Centrifugal Force

1409.9
1260.0
2254.0
318.5
3203.7
0.0

1318.1
1163.0
2113.0
298.6
3003.0
0.0

1064.0
941.0
1689.0
239.0
2402.7
0.0

627.0
530.0
983.0
139.4
1401.6
0.0

-4.4
-2.2
-5.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

Tabulation of Bending Moments after applying partial load factors as per IRS Code
S.No
1
2
3
4
5
6

Loading
Self wt.x1.0
Deck Slab x 1.0
SIDL x 1.2
FPLL x 1.0
Live Load x 1.1
Centrg.Forcex1.0

BM @ L/2 BM @ 3L/8 BM @ L/4 BM @ L/8 BM @ Supp.


1409.9
1260.0
2704.8
318.5
3524.1
0.0

1318.1
1163.0
2535.6
298.6
3303.3
0.0

1064.0
941.0
2026.8
239.0
2643.0
0.0

32

627.0
530.0
1179.6
139.4
1541.8
0.0

-4.4
-2.2
-6.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

Pragati Consultants

CHECKING OF STRESSES AT VARIOUS SECTIONS:


UTS of cables = (
98.7
x
1837
Grade of concrete =
M 40
Section Support
L/8
Gross Sectional Properties of girder

12

2176 kN

L/4

3L/8

L/2

5L/8

3L/4

1.1325
1.0693
1.1307
2.2000
0.5827
-0.5510

1.1325
1.0693
1.1307
2.2000
0.5827
-0.5510

1.1325
1.0693
1.1307
2.2000
0.5827
-0.5510

1.1325
1.0693
1.1307
2.2000
0.5827
-0.5510

1.1325
1.0693
1.1307
2.2000
0.5827
-0.5510

1.1325
1.0693
1.1307
2.2000
0.5827
-0.5510

1.7196
1.0602
1.1398
2.2000
0.6890
-0.6408

1.8585
0.8286
0.6086
1.5914
2.4200
1.4979
2.0394
-0.7799

1.8585
0.8286
0.6086
1.5914
2.4200
1.4979
2.0394
-0.7799

1.8585
0.8286
0.6086
1.5914
2.4200
1.4979
2.0394
-0.7799

1.8585
0.8286
0.6086
1.5914
2.4200
1.4979
2.0394
-0.7799

1.8585
0.8286
0.6086
1.5914
2.4200
1.4979
2.0394
-0.7799

1.8585
0.8286
0.6086
1.5914
2.4200
1.4979
2.0394
-0.7799

2.4456
0.9328
0.7128
1.4872
2.4200
1.5355
2.0095
-0.9631

BM due to self wt. of girder with partial safety factor of


1.0
BM
-4.4
627.0
1064.0
1318.1
1409.9

1318.1

1064.0

627.0

-4.4

BM due to self wt. of deck slab with partial safety factor of


1.0
BM
-2.2
530.0
941.0
1163.0
1260.0

1163.0

941.0

530.0

-2.2

BM due to SIDL with partial safety factor of


1.2
BM
-6.0
1179.6
2026.8
2535.6

2704.8

2535.6

2026.8

1179.6

-6.0

BM due to Live Load with partial fos of


BM
0.0
1541.8

A(m2)
Yt(m)
Yb(m)
D(m)
Zt(m3)
Zb(m3)

1.7196
1.0602
1.1398
2.2000
0.6890
-0.6408

1.1325
1.0693
1.1307
2.2000
0.5827
-0.5510

7L/8 Support

Composite Sectional Properties of girder


2

A(m )
Yts(m)
Yt(m)
Yb(m)
D(m)
Zts(m3)
Zt(m3)
3
Zb(m )

2.4456
0.9328
0.7128
1.4872
2.4200
1.5355
2.0095
-0.9631

1.8585
0.8286
0.6086
1.5914
2.4200
1.4979
2.0394
-0.7799

1.1
2643.0

3303.3

3524.1

3303.3

2643.0

1541.8

0.0

BM due to FPLL with partial fos


1.0
BM
0.0
139.4
239.0

298.6

318.5

298.6

239.0

139.4

0.0

Total Live load ( Live load + Footpath live load )


BM
0.0
1681.2
2882.0

3601.9

3842.6

3601.9

2882.0

1681.2

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

BM due to Centrifugal Force


BM
0.0

0.0

0.0

33

Pragati Consultants

Prestressing forces and moments


CABLE Section Support
P
q
y
psin q
2.0
pcos q
nos.
e=y-yb
M = Pcosq x e

L/8

L/4

3L/8

L/2

5L/8

3L/4

7L/8

Support

1 &2
(12 T 13)

1454.8
4.858
0.324
123.2
1449.5
-0.816
-1182.1

1482.6
0.765
0.182
19.8
1482.5
-0.949
-1406.3

1494.1
0.000
0.180
0.0
1494.1
-0.951
-1420.5

1501.9
0.000
0.180
0.0
1501.9
-0.951
-1427.8

1509.6
0.000
0.180
0.0
1509.6
-0.951
-1435.2

1501.9
0.000
0.180
0.0
1501.9
-0.951
-1427.8

1494.1
0.000
0.180
0.0
1494.1
-0.951
-1420.5

1482.6
0.765
0.182
19.8
1482.5
-0.949
-1406.3

1454.8
4.858
0.324
123.2
1449.5
-0.816
-1182.1

3
(12 T 13)

1422.2
10.340
0.643
255.3
1399.1
-0.497
-694.8

1452.6
5.640
0.280
142.8
1445.6
-0.851
-1230.5

1487.9
0.000
0.180
0.0
1487.9
-0.951
-1414.5

1495.5
0.000
0.180
0.0
1495.5
-0.951
-1421.8

1503.1
0.000
0.180
0.0
1503.1
-0.951
-1429.0

1495.5
0.000
0.180
0.0
1495.5
-0.951
-1421.8

1487.9
0.000
0.180
0.0
1487.9
-0.951
-1414.5

1452.6
5.640
0.280
142.8
1445.6
-0.851
-1230.5

1422.2
10.340
0.643
255.3
1399.1
-0.497
-694.8

4
(12 T 13)

1439.2
9.148
1.000
228.8
1420.9
-0.140
-198.3

1460.1
6.452
0.657
164.1
1450.8
-0.474
-687.3

1486.4
2.629
0.467
68.2
1484.8
-0.663
-984.9

1506.9
0.000
0.430
0.0
1506.9
-0.701
-1055.9

1514.5
0.000
0.430
0.0
1514.5
-0.701
-1061.2

1506.9
0.000
0.430
0.0
1506.9
-0.701
-1055.9

1486.4
2.629
0.467
68.2
1484.8
-0.663
-984.9

1460.1
6.452
0.657
164.1
1450.8
-0.474
-687.3

1439.2
9.148
1.000
228.8
1420.9
-0.140
-198.3

5
(12 T 13)

1459.8
6.703
1.314
170.4
1449.9
0.174
252.8

1474.8
5.239
1.056
134.7
1468.6
-0.075
-110.1

1492.6
3.167
0.880
82.5
1490.4
-0.250
-373.0

1510.5
1.087
0.792
28.7
1510.2
-0.339
-511.8

1523.5
0.000
0.780
0.0
1523.5
-0.351
-534.3

1510.5
1.087
0.792
28.7
1510.2
-0.339
-511.8

1492.6
3.167
0.880
82.5
1490.4
-0.250
-373.0

1474.8
5.239
1.056
134.7
1468.6
-0.075
-110.1

1459.8
6.703
1.314
170.4
1449.9
0.174
252.8

6
(9 T 13)

1456.1
8.274
1.805
209.5
1441.0
0.666
959.0

1471.8
6.656
1.483
170.6
1461.9
0.352
514.9

1490.7
4.368
1.253
113.5
1486.3
0.122
181.2

1509.6
2.067
1.119
54.4
1508.6
-0.012
-18.4

1527.3
0.000
1.080
0.0
1527.3
-0.051
-77.5

1509.6
2.067
1.119
54.4
1508.6
-0.012
-18.4

1490.7
4.368
1.253
113.5
1486.3
0.122
181.2

1471.8
6.656
1.483
170.6
1461.9
0.352
514.9

1456.1
8.274
1.805
209.5
1441.0
0.666
959.0

P
q
y
psin q
1.0
pcos q
nos.
e=y-yb
M = Pcosq x e
P
q
y
psin q
1.0
pcos q
nos.
e=y-yb
M = Pcosq x e
P
q
y
psin q
1.0
pcos q
nos.
e=y-yb
M = Pcosq x e

P
q
y
psin q
0.75
pcos q
nos.
e=y-yb
M = Pcosq x e

34

Pragati Consultants

CALCULATION OF STRESSES
First stage Prestressing Cable - 1, 2 & 5
cg of cables
0.654
0.473
0.413
S Pcosq
SM

0.384

0.380

0.384

0.413

0.473

0.654

4348.9
-2111.4

4433.5
-2922.6

4478.6
-3214.0

4513.9
-3367.5

4542.7
-3404.7

4513.9
-3367.5

4478.6
-3214.0

4433.5
-2922.6

4348.9
-2111.4

-536
5824

-1101
9219

-1562
9788

-1794
10098

-1832
10190

-1794
10098

-1562
9788

-1101
9219

-536
5824

Stresses due to self weight of girder


st
-6
1076
sb
7
-1138

1826
-1931

2262
-2392

2420
-2559

2262
-2392

1826
-1931

1076
-1138

-6
7

Net stresses due to self weight of girder + I stage prestress


st
-542
-25
265
468
sb
5831
8081
7857
7705
Stress at cg level
3935
6337
6430
6442
2
Average stress at c.g. of cables
= 5856 kN/m

588
7632
6415

468
7705
6442

265
7857
6430

-25
8081
6337

-542
5831
3935

st
sb

Calculation of prestressing losses due to 1st stage of prestressing


Loss due to Elastic Shortening of concrete at transfer
2
Average stress at c.g of cables
= 5856 kN/m
2
Average stress for elastic shortening
=5856
=
2928 kN/m
2
Es = 195000.00
Mpa
Ec = 25000 Mpa (for M25 Concrete)
Assuming M40 concrete becomes M25 in 7 days after casting.
Loss due to elastic shortening =
2928
x
195000
=
25000
=
0.023 kN/mm2
Area of cross section of I stage cables
Loss of force in the cable
=
Average force in first stage cables
=
% of loss

81.1

=
3553

x
4455
Loss of Stress in cables due to Elastic Shortening
st
10
20
28
sb
-106
-168
-178
Net stresses at transfer of first stage prestress
st
-532
-5
293
sb
5725
7913
7678
Stress at cg level
3864
6210
6290
Average stress at c.g. of cables
=
2
Max Comp Stress =
7913 kN/m <
2
Min.Comp Stress =
-532 kN/m >

3.000
x
x
0.023
4455 kN
100

33
-184

1184.4
=

22839 kN/m

2
=
3553.2 mm
81.1 kN

1.82 %

33
-186

33
-184

28
-178

20
-168

10
-106

501
621
7521
7446
6296
6267
2
5732 kN/m
0.5
x
2
-1250 kN/m

501
7521
6296

293
7678
6290

-5
7913
6210

-532
5725
3864

35

25000
=
12500 kN/m
(for M25 Concrete at transfer)

Pragati Consultants

Loss in 1st stage Prestressing between 7 days and 28 days


Loss of Prestress due to Relaxation of steel
Relaxation loss shall be taken as 2.5% if the average force is 70% of the UTS and 0% if the average force is
50% of the UTS with a linear variation in between.
Average force in the cables after anchoring
=
3.0
x
1485
=
1485 kN
3.0
% of UTS =
1485
x
100
=
68.2 %
2176
% loss of prestresing force at 1000 hrs
=
0.0
+ (
2.5
0
) x
(
68.2
50
)
(
70
50
)
=
2.28 %
% loss for 504 hrs ( 28 - 7 = 21 days)
=
504
x
2.28
=
1.15 %
1000
Loss of force in I stage cables =
1.15
x
4455
=
51.2 kN
100
Loss Due to Shrinkage and creep of concrete.
Shrinkage
Taking the concrete at the time of prestressing be 7 days old, the residual shrinkage strain from 7 days to 28 days

(
3.5
1.9
)
x
1.0E-04
=
1.6E-04
Modulus of elasticity of steel
=
1.95E+05 Mpa
Shrinkage stress =
1.60E-04
x
1.95E+05
=
31.2 Mpa
Creep
Creep Strain of Concrete = 2.2
(
1.6
)
x
4.3E-05
=
2.58E-05 per Mpa
Average stress in concrete at the c.g of the cables = 5732 kN/m2
=
5.732 Mpa
Hence Creep Strain
= 2.58E-05
x
5.732
=
1.48E-04
Stress loss due to creep of concrete

=
1.48E-04
x
Total stress loss due to shrinkage & creep of concrete
=
31.2
Loss of force in the cable
= 60.0
x
(
3.000
% Loss of force

2E+05
+
x

213.3
x
100
4455
Total loss of Prestressing force from 7 days to 28 days
=
4.79

28.8 Mpa

28.8
1184.4 )

=
=
=

4.79 %

1.15

Loss of Stress in cables due to creep, shrinkage, and relaxation of steel from 7 days to 28 days
st
32
65
93
107
109
107
93
sb
-346
-547
-581
-600
-605
-600
-581

36

60.0 Mpa
213324 N
213.3 kN

5.94

65
-547

32
-346

Pragati Consultants

Net stresses at 28 days ( before second stage prestress )


st
-500
60
386
608
sb
5379
7366
7097
6922
Stress at cg level
3630
5794
5836
5820
Second stage Prestressing3,4 & 6
SPcosq
3900.8
3992.8
SM
-173.8 -1531.7
cg of cables
1.090
0.745

4087.4
-2263.5
0.577

730
6841
5785

608
6922
5820

386
7097
5836

60
7366
5794

-500
5379
3630

( done after 28 days of casting of girder )


4133.8
4163.1
4133.8
4087.4
-2491.5 -2548.4 -2491.5 -2263.5
0.527
0.516
0.527
0.577

3992.8
-1531.7
0.745

3900.8
-173.8
1.090

Stresses due to IInd stage prestressing


st
2016
897
-276
-626
-698
-626
-276
897
2016
sb
2540
6306
7717
8172
8301
8172
7717
6306
2540
Stress at cg level
2280
4474
5621
6065
6189
6065
5621
4474
2280
2
Average stress at c.g. of cables
=
4785 kN/m
Loss due to Elastic Shortening of concrete in II stage cables
2
Average stress at c.g of cables
=
4785 kN/m
2
Average stress for elastic shortening
=4785
=
2393 kN/m
2
Es = 195000.00
Mpa
Ec =
31623 Mpa
( for M40 concrete )
2
Loss due to elastic shortening =2393
x
195000
=
14754 kN/m
31623
=
0.0148 kN/mm2
area of cross section of II stage cables =
1184.4
x
2.750
=
3257.1 Sq.mm
Loss of force in the cable =
3257.1
x
0.0148
=
48.1 kN
Average force in II stage cables
=
4044 kN
% of loss

48.1

x
100
=
4044
Loss of Stress in II stage cables due to Elastic Shortening
st
-24
-11
3
7
sb
-30
-75
-92
-97

1.19 %

8
-99

7
-97

3
-92

Loss in I stage cables due to Elastic Shortening during stressing of II stage cables.
2
Loss due to elastic shortening =4785
x
195000
=
29509 kN/m
31623
=
0.0295 kN/mm2
2
Area of cross section of I stage cables =3.000
x
1184.4
=
3553.2 mm
Loss of force in the cable =
3553.2
x
0.0295
=
104.9 kN
Average force in I stage cables
=
4455 kN
% of loss

104.9

x
4455

100

2.35 %

37

-11
-75

-24
-30

Pragati Consultants

Loss of Stress in I stage cables


st
13
sb
-137

26
-217

37
-230

42
-238

Net stresses at transfer of II stage prestresing


st
1504
972
150
31
sb
7751
13379
14492
14759
cg of cables
0.863
0.603
0.492
0.452
Stress at cg level
5302
9977
11287
11731
Average stress at c.g of cables =
9824
2
Max Comp Stress =
14803 kN/m
2
Max.tensile Stress =
31 kN/m

43
-240

42
-238

37
-230

26
-217

13
-137

83
14803
0.445
11824

31
14759
0.452
11731

150
14492
0.492
11287

972
13379
0.603
9977

1504
7751
0.863
5302

16000 kN/m
2
-1000 kN/m

( for M40 concrete at 28 days )

Stresses due to self weight of deck slab


st
-3
910
sb
3
-962

1615
-1708

1996
-2111

2163
-2287

1996
-2111

1615
-1708

910
-962

-3
3

Stresses due to Differencial Shrinkage


sts
-1068
-887
st
2020
2197
sb
-1099
-946

-887
2197
-946

-887
2197
-946

-887
2197
-946

-887
2197
-946

-887
2197
-946

-887
2197
-946

-1068
2020
-1099

1693
1243
-3251

1806
1326
-3468

1693
1243
-3251

1353
994
-2599

787
578
-1512

-4
-3
6

Stresses due to SDL acting on transformed section


sts
-4
787
1353
st
-3
578
994
sb
6
-1512
-2599

Net stresses
sts
-1072
-100
466
805
918
805
466
-100
-1072
st
3518
4658
4956
5468
5770
5468
4956
4658
3518
sb
6662
9959
9240
8451
8103
8451
9240
9959
6662
Stress at cg level
5541
8638
8370
7894
7673
7894
8370
8638
5541
2
Average stress at c.g of cables =
7617 kN/m
2
2
Max Comp Stress =
9959 kN/m
<
16000 kN/m
during service.
2
2
Min.Comp Stress =
3518 kN/m
>
0 kN/m
Balance Loss of Prestress due to 1st stage prestressing ( between 28 days to a days )
Total loss of prestress due to relaxation in I stage cables ( taking the ultimate loss to be 3 times the 1000 hrs loss )

=
2
x
Balance loss of prestress due to relaxation of steel from 28 days to a =
=
4.56
Loss of force in I st stage cables

3.41
100

4455

38

2.28

4.56 %

1.15

3.41 %

152.0 kN

Pragati Consultants

Loss Due to Shrinkage and creep of concrete.


Shrinkage
Shrinkage strain =
1.90E-04
Modulus of elasticity of steel
=
Shrinkage stress 1
=.90E-04
x
195000
Creep
Creep Strain of Concrete
=
Average stress at the c.g of the cable
Hence, Creep Strain
=
Stress loss due to creep of concrete

195000 Mpa
=
37.1 Mpa

1.6
x
4.3E-05
2
=
7617 kN/m
6.88E-05
x
7.617
=
5.24E-04
x

Total stress loss due to shrinkage & creep of concrete

139.2

Loss of force in I stage cables =


cg of cables =
SP
e = y - yb
SM

0.654
-646.8
-0.833
538.7

152.0
0.473
-646.8
-1.118
723.1

0.413
-646.8
-1.178
761.8

=
+

11.11

494.8

0.384
-646.8
-1.207
780.9

0.380
-646.8
-1.211
783.5

Loss of Stresses in I stage cables due to balance loss of prestressing force


sts
86
135
161
173
175
st
4
7
26
35
36
sb
-824
-1275
-1325
-1349
-1353
Net stresses
sts
-985
35
st
3521
4664
sb
5838
8684
Stress at cg level
5149
7819
Average stress at c.g of cables =
Max. Comp Stress =
Min. Comp Stress =

102.2

3.000
x
494768 N
4455 kN
11.11 %

=
Average force in I stage cables after anchoring =
% Loss of force = 494.8
x
100
4455
Balance Loss of prestress =
3.41

6.88E-05 per Mpa


7.617 Mpa
= 5.24E-04
2.0E+05
=
102.2 Mpa

=
37.1

Loss of force in I stage cables =

=
=

626
979
4982
5503
7915
7102
7364
6823
2
6766 kN/m
2
8684 kN/m
2
3521 kN/m

1093
5806
6750
6587
<
>

39

139.2 Mpa

494.8 kN

1184.4

=
=

14.52 %
646.8 kN

0.384
-646.8
-1.207
780.9

0.413
-646.8
-1.178
761.8

0.473
-646.8
-1.118
723.1

0.654
-646.8
-0.833
538.7

173
35
-1349

161
26
-1325

135
7
-1275

86
4
-824

979
5503
7102
6823

626
4982
7915
7364

35
4664
8684
7819

-985
3521
5838
5149

2
16000 kN/m
2
0 kN/m

Pragati Consultants

( between 28 days to a days )


Loss of Prestress in 2nd stage cables
Loss of Prestress due to Relaxation of steel
Average force in II stage cables after anchoring =
4044 kN
No. of cables in II stage =
2.75
Average force per cable
=
4044
=
1470 kN
2.75
% of UTS
=
1470
x
100
=
67.6 %
2176
% loss of prestresing force at 1000 hrs
=
0.0
+ (
2.5
0
) x
(
67.6
(
70
50
)
=
2.20 %
% loss at a =
2
x
2.20
=
4.40 %
Loss of force in II stage =
4.40
x
4044
=
177.7 kN
100
Loss Due to Shrinkage and creep of concrete
Shrinkage
shrinkage strain =
1.90E-04
Modulus of elasticity of steel
=
2.0E+05 Mpa
Shrinkage stress =
1.90E-04
x
2.0E+05
=
37.1 Mpa
Creep
Creep Strain of Concrete =
1.6
Average stress at the c.g of the cable =
Hence Creep Strain
= 6.88E-05

x
4.3E-05
2
7617 kN/m
x
7.617

=
5.24E-04
x
Total stress loss due to shrinkage & creep of concrete
=
37.1
Loss of force in the cable
=
139.2
x

=
=
=

50

6.88E-05 per Mpa


7.617 Mpa
5.24E-04

Stress loss due to creep of concrete

2.0E+05

Balance Loss of prestress =


Loss of force in II stage cables
cg of cables
S P
e = y - yb
SM

1.090
-317.0
-0.397
125.9

453.5
4044
=
0.745
-317.0
-0.846
268.3

100

4.40
177.7

+
+

0.577
-317.0
-1.014
321.5

102.2 Mpa

+
102.2
=
2.75
x
1184.4
453538 N
=
=
11.22 %

=
% Loss of force

11.22
139.2

0.527
-317.0
-1.065
337.4

0.516
-317.0
-1.075
340.8

40

=
=
0.527
-317.0
-1.065
337.4

139.2 Mpa
453.5 kN

15.61 %
317.0 kN
0.577
-317.0
-1.014
321.5

0.745
-317.0
-0.846
268.3

1.090
-317.0
-0.397
125.9

Pragati Consultants

Loss of Stresses in II stage cables due to balance loss of prestressing force


sts
-48
9
44
55
57
55
st
-67
-39
-13
-5
-3
-5
sb
-260
-515
-583
-603
-607
-603
Net stresses
sts
-1033
43
670
1033
1150
1033
st
3454
4625
4969
5498
5802
5498
sb
5577
8169
7332
6499
6143
6499
2
2
Max. Comp Stress =
8169 kN/m
<
16000 kN/m
2
2
Min. Comp Stress =
3454 kN/m
>
-1600 kN/m
Train Load + Footpath Live Load
sts
0
1122
1924
2405
2565
2405
st
0
824
1413
1766
1884
1766
sb
0
-2156
-3695
-4618
-4927
-4618
Net stresses at serviceability limit state:
sts
-1033
1166
st
3454
5450
sb
5577
6014
2
Max Comp Stress = 7686 kN/m
2
Min.Comp Stress = 1216 kN/m

2594
6382
3637
<
>

3438
3716
7264
7686
1881
1216
2
16000 kN/m
2
0.0 kN/m

41

3438
7264
1881

44
-13
-583

9
-39
-515

-48
-67
-260

670
4969
7332

43
4625
8169

-1033
3454
5577

1924
1413
-3695

1122
824
-2156

0
0
0

2594
6382
3637

1166
5450
6014

-1033
3454
5577

Pragati Consultants

Differential Shrinkage
( as per clause 17.4.3.4 )
The girder is assumed to be 30 to 60 days old when the Deck Slab is laid.
Thickness of deck slab =
Effective width of deck slab =
Area
=
3300

220 mm
2050
+
x
220

For M40 Concrete,


Force,F =
0.43

31.6 kN/mm2
31.6
x

Ec

=
x

1250
=

726000

=
3300 mm
2
726000 mm

2.5
x

2468 kN

AT SUPPORT
Eccentricity

0.933

0.22
2
+

sts =

-2468
+
0.7260
=
-1068 kN/m2

2467.8
2.4456

st =

2468 +
2.4456
=
2020 kN/m2

2467.8

x
2.009468

0.823

sb =

2468 +
2.44564
=
-1099 kN/m2

2467.8

x
-0.96314

0.823

0.22
2
+

2467.8

0.823 m
x
1.5355

0.823

AT L/8
Eccentricity =
sts =

0.8286

0.719 m

-2468
+
0.726
-887 kN/m2

2468
1.859

st =

2468 +
1.8585
=
2197 kN/m2

2468

x
2.039382

0.719

sb =

2468 +
1.8585
=
-946 kN/m2

2468

x
-0.77994

0.719

2468

42

x
1.497915

0.719

1.00E-04

Pragati Consultants

AT L/4
Eccentricity =
sts =

st =

sb =

0.829

-2468
+
0.726
=
-887 kN/m2
2468 +
1.8585

2468
1.8585
2468

2468 +
1.8585
=
-946 kN/m2

0.22
2
+

0.719 m
2468

x
1.497915

x
2.039

0.719

2468

x
-0.780

0.719

0.22
2
+

0.719

2197 kN/m2

AT 3L/8
Eccentricity
sts =
=

0.829

-2468
+
0.726
-887 kN/m2

2468
1.8585

0.719 m
2468

st =

2468 +
1.8585
=
2197 kN/m2

2468

x
2.039382

0.719

sb =

2468 +
1.8585
=
-946 kN/m2

2468

x
-0.77994

0.719

0.22
2
+

At MidSpan:
Eccentricity
sts =
=

0.8286

-2468
+
0.726
-887 kN/m2

2468
1.8585

2468

st =

2468
+
1.8585
=
2197 kN/m2

2468

x
2.039382

0.719

sb =

2468
+
1.8585
=
-946 kN/m2

2468

x
-0.77994

0.719

43

x
1.497915

0.719

0.719 m
x
1.497915

0.719

44

CHECK FOR ULTIMATE LIMIT STATE


The Ultimate BM = 1.4 DL + 2.0 SDL + 1.5 FPLL + 2.0 LL + 1.0 CF
=
1.4
x
2669.9
+
2
x
+
1.5
x
318.5
+
2
= 15131.1 kN-m
Referring to clause 16.4.3.2 of IRS Concrete Bridge code : 1997,
Ultimate Moment of Resistance, Mu = Fpb Aps (d 0.5x)
Fpb =
0.87
x
1900
=
1653.0 Mpa
Aps =
5.750
x
12
x
98.7
=
d =
2200
157
=
2043 mm
Assuming the neutral axis lies within the flange,
Fpu Aps
=
1900
x
Fck b.d
40
x
5750
Referring to table 25 of IRS concrete bridge code : 1997

6810
x

2043

0.109

) x

2254.0
x

3203.7

2
6810 mm

0.0275

(Fpb / 0.87 Fpu ) = 1.0


x/d =

0.109 +

0.217

0.05

=
0.060
Hence x =
0.060
x
2043
Therefore, neutral axis lies within the flange.
Mu =

1653.0

6810

=
22308.8 kN-m >
15131.1 kN-m
Hence, the girder is safe for ultimate limit state.

124 mm

2043
124
)
Hence, O.K.

44

-0.0225

<

200 mm

0.5
1.00E-06

Pragati Consultants

CALCULATION OF JACK GAUGE PRESSURE AND ELONGATION OF CABLES


1) Jack gauge pressure
From the literature of BBRV CONA CM200 jack is to be used for stressing 12 T 13 cables.
2
Area of Piston of jack
=
482.24 cm
Jack friction loss
=
4.0 %
Hence, Jack Gauge Pressure
=
Force in cable at jack end x 1.04
Piston area
= P ( t ) x 1000 x 1.04
482.24
Kg/cm2
=
2.157 P (t)
2) Cable elongations
All the cables are stressed fromboth ends. Cable lengths are for cable ends exactly flush with the
anchorage faces. But for elongation, 750mm extra cable length from the face of the anchorage to the
point of jack grips shall be considered in each stressing side.
Hence, for a typical cable, length of the cable will be
L = 19692
+
750
+
750
=
21192 mm
2
Area of 12T13 cable
=
1184.4 mm
E for strands
=
1.95E+05 Mpa
s1 for 12T13 cable
Average stress in cable during stressing (N/mm 2)
=
=
Average force in the cable during stressing (P) x 1000
2
1184.4 (area of cable in mm )
N/mm2
=
0.844 P
s1
Cable elongation at stressing end
=
x
L
E
=
0.844 x P x L
1.95E+05
= 4.33E-06 P (kN) x L (mm)
for 12 T 13 Cables
Jack gauge pressure and elongations at stressing end are tabulated for the cables.
Initial jacking force in the 12T13 cables
=
1650.0 kN
Jack gauge pressure for 12T13 cables
=
2.157
x
165.0
2
=
355.84 Kg/cm
2

356 Kg/cm
2
Area of 9T13 cable
=
888.3 mm
E for strands
=
1.95E+05 Mpa
s1 for 9T13 cable
Average stress in cable during stressing (N/mm 2)
=
=
Average force in the cable during stressing (P) x 1000
2
888.3 (area of cable in mm )
2
N/mm
=
1.126 P

45

Pragati Consultants

Cable elongation at stressing end

s1

x
L
E
1.126 x P x L
1.95E+05
5.77E-06 P (kN) x L (mm)

=
=
Initial jacking force in the 9 T 13 cables

Jack gauge pressure for 9 T 13 cables

1237.5 kN
2.157

x
=

Elongation at stressing end for 12T13 cable


Elongation at stressing end for 9T13 cable

=
=

Cable no

No. of
strands

Jack
gauge
pressure
(kg/cm2)

Length of
Cable
(mm)

1&2
3
4
5
6

12T13
12 T 13
12 T 13
12 T 13
9 T 13

356
356
356
356
267

21192
21254
21255
21229
21261

2.16E-06 x P (kN) x L mm
2.89E-06 x P (kN) x L mm

Average
cable
force in elongation
cable
at
during
stressing
stressing end (mm)
(kN)
1590.2
1565.8
1578.81
1595.56
1194.2

46

123.75
2
266.9 Kg/cm
2
267 Kg/cm

73.0
72.0
72.6
73.3
73.3

Pragati Consultants

Tabulation of Shear Forces ( in kNs )


S.No
1
2
3
4
5
6

Loading
Self wt.
Deck Slab & diaph
SIDL
FPLL
Live Load *
Centrifugal Force

L/8

L/4

3L/8

L/2

223.0
202.0
364.4
51.4
514.1
0.0

219.0
198.0
355.2
50.1
529.0
0.0

149.3
147.0
237.0
34.0
403.2
0.0

72.3
66.0
118.4
17.0
301.1
0.0

4.8
15.0
0.0
0.0
202.6
0.0

*Shear Forces at different sections due to Live Load


a) At Section 'D' from support

2.65

16.88

0.45

19.08 m

Loaded Length =

=
Page-81 Bridge Rules - 2008
Total load for Shear
=
=
CDA = (

0.15

=
0.391
Max SF on girder A =
1.391 x

19.08
16.88 m
1905.40

(
=

Total load for Shear


=
Max SF on girder A =
1.391
x

0.45

1986.1 kN
+
6
+

1986.1

1997.12

8
19.08

1.0

2.65

1905.40

) x (2 )

) x
0.88

( 0.3 / 0.9 )] x 0.5

8.44

19.08

0.45

* ) 70.38
158.3

1986.1

0.419

0.444

2.65

0.45

=
1.391
x
=
514.1 kN
Corresponding BM
=
514.1
b) At Section L/8
Loaded Length =

0.45

19.08
17.145 m
1997.1 +

1362.4 kNm

2088.9

2.385

1.00

1997.1 ) x

8.57

19.08

0.45

* ) 70.38
158.3

2010.4

0.426

0.444

2.385

0.15

2010.4 kN
2010.4

=
1.391
x
=
529.0 kN
Corresponding BM
=
529.0

47

1261.8 kNm

Pragati Consultants

c) At Section L/4
Loaded Length =

Total load for Shear

=
Max SF on girder A
1.391
x

19.08
14.760 m
1740.59 +

1796.0

(
=
=

Max SF on girder A =
1.391
x

(
=
=

Max SF on girder A =
1.391
x

1813.48

1.000

7.38

4.770
1740.59 ) x
0.760

19.08
0.363

1796.0

4.770

0.45

0.45
x

1923.4 kNm

1671

* ) 70.38
158.3
0.444

7.155
1589.22 ) x
0.375

1619.8 kN
1619.8

=
Total load for Shear

19.08
12.375 m
1589.22 +

=
1.391
x
=
301.1 kN
Corresponding BM
=
301.1
d) At Section L/2
Loaded Length =

1796.0 kN

=
Total load for Shear

0.45

=
1.391
x
=
403.2 kN
Corresponding BM
=
403.2
d) At Section 3L/8
Loaded Length
=

6.19

19.08
0.301

1619.8

7.155

0.45

19.08
9.990 m
1315.03 +

0.45
x

2154.3 kNm

1377

* ) 70.38
158.3
0.444

0.5

9.540
1315.03 ) x
0.490

1376.1 kN
1376.1

=
1.391
x
=
202.6 kN
Corresponding BM
=
202.6

5.125 / 2

1376.1

9.540

48

19.08
0.238
=

0.45
x

) x 84.4
158.3
0.444

1933.0 kNm

Pragati Consultants

CALCULATION OF SHEAR STRESSES


Grade of concrete
Grade of steel

40

fy

415
1

L/8

L/4

3L/8

L/2

5L/8

3/4 L

7L /8

0.350

0.350

0.350

0.350

0.350

0.350

0.350

0.350

0.350

Ap(m2)

1.8585

1.8585

1.8585

1.8585

1.8585

1.8585

1.8585

1.8585

1.8585

Yts(m)

0.8286

0.8286

0.8286

0.8286

0.8286

0.8286

0.8286

0.8286

0.8286

Yt(m)

0.6086

0.6086

0.6086

0.6086

0.6086

0.6086

0.6086

0.6086

0.6086

Yb(m)

1.5914

1.5914

1.5914

1.5914

1.5914

1.5914

1.5914

1.5914

1.5914

D(m)

2.4200

2.4200

2.4200

2.4200

2.4200

2.4200

2.4200

2.4200

2.4200

Zts(m )

1.4979

1.4979

1.4979

1.4979

1.4979

1.4979

1.4979

1.4979

1.4979

Zt(m3)

2.0394

2.0394

2.0394

2.0394

2.0394

2.0394

2.0394

2.0394

2.0394

-0.7799

-0.7799

-0.7799

-0.7799

-0.7799

-0.7799

-0.7799

-0.7799

-0.7799

L/8

L/4

3L/8

L/2

5L/8

3/4 L

7L /8

Web thickness B (m)

Zb(m )
SHEAR FORCES IN kN
S.NO

LOADING

D.L + Deck Slab

425.0

417.0

296.3

138.3

19.8

138.3

296.3

417.0

425.0

SDL

364.4

355.2

237.0

118.4

0.0

118.4

237.0

355.2

364.4

DL + SDL

789.4

772.2

533.3

256.7

19.8

256.7

533.3

772.2

789.4

51.4

50.1

34.0

17.0

0.0

17.0

34.0

50.1

51.4

514.1

529.0

403.2

301.1

202.6

301.1

403.2

529.0

514.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

FPLL

LL with impact

Centrg.Force x 1.0

49

Pragati Consultants

* According to IRS Concrete Bridge Code:1997


CALCULATION OF ULTIMATE SHEAR FORCE (1.4 DL+2.0 SDL+1.5 FPLL+2.0LL) - For Max SF Case
1
DL x 1.4
595.0
583.8
414.8
193.6
27.7
193.6
2
SDL x 2.0
728.8
710.4
474.0
236.8
0.0
236.8
3
FPLL x 1.5
77.1
75.2
51.0
25.5
0.0
25.5
4
LL x 2.0
1028.2
1058.1
806.4
602.2
405.2
602.2
5
Centrg.Force x 1.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Ult. Shear (V)
2429.1
2427.4
1746.3
1058.1
432.9
1058.1
Calculation of Corresponding Ultimate BM (1.4 DL + 2.0 SDL + 1.5 FPLL+2.0LL) - For Max SF Case
1
DL x 1.4
1567.0
1619.8
2807.0
3473.5
3737.9
3473.5
2
SDL x 2.0
1866.1
1966.0
3378.0
4226.0
4508.0
4226.0
3
FP LL x 1.5
198.5
209.1
358.5
447.9
477.8
447.9
4

LL x 2.0

Centrg.Force x 1.0
Ult BM

414.8
474.0
51.0
806.4
0.0

583.8
710.4
75.2
1058.1
0.0

595.0
728.8
77.1
1028.2
0.0

1746.3

2427.4

2429.1

2807.0
3378.0
358.5

1619.8
1966.0
209.1

1567.0
1866.1
198.5

2724.8

2523.5

3846.7

4308.5

3866.0

4308.5

3846.7

2523.5

2724.8

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

6356.4

6318.4

10390.2

12456.0

12589.7

12456.0

10390.2

6318.4

6356.4

CALCULATION OF ULTIMATE BM (1.4 DL + 2.0 SDL + 1.5 FPLL+2.0LL) - for Max Bending Moment Case
1

DL x 1.4

1567.0

1619.8

2807.0

3473.5

3737.9

3473.5

2807.0

1619.8

1567.0

SDL x 2.0

1866.1

1966.0

3378.0

4226.0

4508.0

4226.0

3378.0

1966.0

1866.1

FP LL x 1.5

198.5

209.1

358.5

447.9

477.8

447.9

358.5

209.1

198.5

LL x 2.0

744.4

2803.2

4805.4

6006.0

6407.4

6006.0

4805.4

2803.2

744.4

Centrg.Force x 1.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

4376.0

6598.1

11348.9

14153.5

15131.1

14153.5

11348.9

6598.1

4376.0

Ult BM

50

Pragati Consultants

CALCULATION OF Corresponding Ultimate SF (1.4 DL + 2.0 SDL + 1.5 FPLL+2.0 LL) - For Max BM Case
1

DL x 1.4

595.0

583.8

414.8

193.6

27.7

193.6

414.8

583.8

595.0

SDL x 2.0

728.8

710.4

474.0

236.8

0.0

236.8

474.0

710.4

728.8

FPLL x 1.5

77.1

75.2

51.0

25.5

0.0

25.5

51.0

75.2

77.1

LL x 2.0

620.3

598.2

398.8

199.4

0.0

199.4

398.8

598.2

620.3

Centrg.Force x 1.0
Ult SF

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

2021.21

1967.49

1338.62

655.32

27.65

655.32

1338.62

1967.49

2021.21

calculation of relief of shear due to prestressing


CABLE

SECTION

1 &2

L/8

L/4

3L/8

L/2

5L/8

3/4 L

7L /8

1492.0

1482.6

1494.1

1501.9

1509.6

1501.9

1494.1

1482.6

1492.0

(12 T 13)

1.700

0.765

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.765

1.7

0.190

0.182

0.180

0.180

0.180

0.180

0.180

0.182

0.2

2.000

psin q

44.26

19.798

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

19.798

44.3

pcos q

1491.29

1482.5

1494.1

1501.9

1509.6

1501.9

1494.1

1482.5

1491.3

e=y-yb

-1.401

-0.9

-1.0

-1.0

-1.0

-1.0

-1.0

-0.9

-1.4

M = Pcosq x e

-2089.3

-1406.3

-1420.5

-1427.8

-1435.2

-1427.8

-1420.5

-1406.3

-2089.3

1446.2

1452.6

1487.9

1495.5

1503.1

1495.5

1487.9

1452.6

1446.2

(12 T 13)

6.709

5.6

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

5.6

6.7

nos.

1.000
nos.

0.321

0.3

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.3

psin q

168.95

142.8

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

142.8

169.0

pcos q

1436.29

1445.6

1487.9

1495.5

1503.1

1495.5

1487.9

1445.6

1436.3

e=y-yb

-1.270

-0.9

-1.0

-1.0

-1.0

-1.0

-1.0

-0.9

-1.3

M = Pcosq.e

-1824.4

-1230.5

-1414.5

-1421.8

-1429.0

-1421.8

-1414.5

-1230.5

-1824.4

51

Pragati Consultants

1455.8

1460.1

1486.4

1506.9

1514.5

1506.9

1486.4

1460.1

1455.8

(12 T 13)

7.1

6.5

2.6

0.0

0.0

0.0

2.6

6.5

7.1

0.7

0.7

0.5

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.5

0.7

0.7

psin q

179.05

164.1

68.2

0.0

0.0

0.0

68.2

164.1

179.1

pcos q

1444.78

1450.8

1484.8

1506.9

1514.5

1506.9

1484.8

1450.8

1444.8

e=y-yb

-0.889

-0.5

-0.7

-0.7

-0.7

-0.7

-0.7

-0.5

-0.9

M = Pcosq.e

-1284.0

-687.3

-984.9

-1055.9

-1061.2

-1055.9

-984.9

-687.3

-1284.0

1471.9

1474.8

1492.6

1510.5

1523.5

1510.5

1492.6

1474.8

1471.9

(12 T 13)

5.6

5.2

3.2

1.1

0.0

1.1

3.2

5.2

5.6

1.1

1.1

0.9

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.9

1.1

1.1

psin q

142.93

134.7

82.5

28.7

0.0

28.7

82.5

134.7

142.9

nos.

pcos q

1464.94

1468.6

1490.4

1510.2

1523.5

1510.2

1490.4

1468.6

1464.9

e=y-yb

-0.499

-0.1

-0.3

-0.3

-0.4

-0.3

-0.3

-0.1

-0.5

M = Pcosq.e

-731.3

-110.1

-373.0

-511.8

-534.3

-511.8

-373.0

-110.1

-731.3

1468.7

1471.8

1490.7

1509.6

1527.3

1509.6

1490.7

1471.8

1468.7

(9 T 13)

7.0

6.7

4.4

2.1

0.0

2.1

4.4

6.7

7.0

1.5

1.5

1.3

1.1

1.1

1.1

1.3

1.5

1.5

0.75

psin q

179.60

170.6

113.5

54.4

0.0

54.4

113.5

170.6

179.6

nos.

pcos q

1457.71

1461.9

1486.3

1508.6

1527.3

1508.6

1486.3

1461.9

1457.7

e=y-yb

-0.062

0.4

0.1

0.0

-0.1

0.0

0.1

0.4

-0.1

M = Pcosq.e

-90.8

514.9

181.2

-18.4

-77.5

-18.4

181.2

514.9

-90.8

52

Pragati Consultants

P cosq

8366.9

8389.5

8559.8

8641.3

8699.2

8641.3

8559.8

8389.5

8366.9

-6003.0

-4043.1

-4255.5

-4277.5

-4299.4

-4277.5

-4255.5

-4043.1

-6003.0

5.750

5.750

5.750

5.750

5.750

5.750

5.750

5.750

5.750

no. of cables at section


relief due to prestress after
Psinq
0.844 x Psinq
Pcosq
0.844 x Pcosq
0.844 x M

15.61 % loss
714.2

609.1

235.8

69.5

0.0

69.5

235.8

609.1

714.2

602.7

514.0

199.0

58.6

0.0

58.6

199.0

514.0

602.7

8366.9

8389.5

8559.8

8641.3

8699.2

8641.3

8559.8

8389.5

8366.9

7060.7

7079.8

7223.5

7292.3

7341.1

7292.3

7223.5

7079.8

7060.7

-5065.9

-3411.9

-3591.2

-3609.7

-3628.2

-3609.7

-3591.2

-3411.9

-5065.9

Stresses due to prestress after

15.61 % loss

sts

417

1532

1489

1514

1528

1514

1489

1532

417

st

1315

6871

6957

7031

7081

7031

6957

6871

6037

sb

10294

8184

8491

8552

8602

8552

8491

8184

10294

-0.717

-0.482

-0.497

-0.495

-0.494

-0.495

-0.497

-0.482

-0.717

0.188

0.175

0.157

0.157

0.157

0.157

0.157

0.175

0.188

a) d = D - y

2.232

2.245

2.263

2.263

2.263

2.263

2.263

2.245

2.232

b) d = 0.8*D

1.936

1.936

1.936

1.936

1.936

1.936

1.936

1.936

1.936

d = max of a & b

2.232

2.245

2.263

2.263

2.263

2.263

2.263

2.245

2.232

3144.1

3162.4

3188.8

3188.8

3188.8

3188.8

3188.8

3162.4

3144.1

2427.4

1746.3

1058.1

432.9

1058.1

1746.3

2427.4

2429.1

Max.allowable ult SF

(as per cl 16.4.4.5 of IRS Bridge code - 1997)


[4700*(B-(2/3)*0.075]d
ult SF

2429.1

53

Pragati Consultants

From 6)

Uncracked

relief due to Prestress


net ult SF

Uncracked

Cracked

Cracked

Cracked

Cracked

Cracked

Uncracked

Uncracked

714.2

609.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

609.1

714.2

1714.9

1818.3

1746.3

1058.1

432.9

1058.1

1746.3

1818.3

1714.9

OK

OK

OK

OK

OK

OK

OK

OK

OK

Hence web thickNesses provided are adequate.


calculation of shear reinforcement
Uncracked section
Web thickNess (b) (m)

0.350

0.350

0.350

0.350

0.350

0.350

0.350

0.350

0.350

D (m)

2.420

2.420

2.420

2.420

2.420

2.420

2.420

2.420

2.420

ft (kN/m2)

1518

1518

1518

1518

1518

1518

1518

1518

1518

3809

3887

3924

3950

3924

3887

3809

3799

1535

1537

1548

1553

1556

1553

1548

1537

1535

0.350

0.350

0.350

0.350

0.350

0.350

0.35

0.35

0.35

(as per cl 16.4.4.2 of IRS Bridge code - 1997)


fcp (kN/m2) = Pcosq/A
3799
Vco =0.67 * b * D * sqrt(ft2 + 0.87* fcp* ft)
(as per cl 16.4.4.2 of IRS Bridge code - 1997)
1) Vco
Cracked section
Maximum SF case
Web thickness (b) (m)
db (m)

2.232

2.245

2.263

2.263

2.263

2.263

2.263

2.245

2.232

fpt (kN/m2)

9596

8089

8392

8454

8504

8454

8392

8089

9963

ult Vu (kN)

2429.1

2427.4

1746.3

1058.1

432.9

1058.1

1746.3

2427.4

2429.1

6356.4

6318.4

10390.2

12456.0

12589.7

12456.0

10390.2

6318.4

6356.4

182.8

183.8

185.4

185.4

185.4

185.4

185.4

183.8

182.8

Corresponding ult Mu (kNm)


0.037*b*d*sqrt(fck)

54

Pragati Consultants

Mcr (kN/m2)

8336

7314

7519

7561

7595

7561

7519

7314

8586

3186

2810

1264

642

261

642

1264

2810

3281

3368

2994

1449

828

447

828

1449

2994

3464

0.350

0.35

0.35

0.35

0.35

0.35

0.35

0.35

0.35

db (m)

2.232

2.245

2.263

2.263

2.263

2.263

2.263

2.245

2.232

fpt (kN/m2)

9596

8089

8392

8454

8504

8454

8392

8089

9963

2021.2

1967.5

1338.6

655.3

27.7

655.3

1338.6

1967.5

2021.2

4376.0

6598.1

11348.9

14153.5

15131.1

14153.5

11348.9

6598.1

4376.0

182.8

183.8

185.4

185.4

185.4

185.4

185.4

183.8

182.8

8336

7314

7519

7561

7595

7561

7519

7314

8586

3850

2181

887

350

14

350

887

2181

3966

4033

2365

1072

535

199

535

1072

2365

4148

494

497

501

501

501

501

501

497

494

(0.37sqrt(fck)+0.87 fpt)*(I/Y)
(Mcr*Vu)/Mu
2) Vcr(kN) (0.037*b*d*sqrt(fck)+
Mcr/Mu*Vu)
Maximum BM case
Web thickness (b) (m)

Corresponding ult Vu (kN)


ult Mu (kNm)
0.037*b*d*sqrt(fck)
Mcr (kN/m2)
(0.37sqrt(fck)+0.87 fpt)*(I/Y)
(Mcr*Vu)/Mu
3) Vcr (kN)
4) Min Vcr(kN)
(0.1 bd sqrt(fck))

55

Pragati Consultants

5) Min Vc

1535

1537

1072

535

199

535

1072

1537

1535

(Min of 1, 2, & 3)
6) Check whether section is cracked or uncracked

Vc to be considered

Cracked

Cracked

Cracked

Cracked

Cracked

Cracked

Cracked

Cracked

Cracked

1535

1537

1072

535

501

535

1072

1537

1535

486

431

266

120

-473

120

266

431

486

(max of 4 & 5)
Vu - Vc
Providing

2 L
dt

Sv (mm)

Tor 2.420

stirrups

10
-

2
157 mm

Asv =

0.04

0.005

2.375

277

313

506

1123

-284

1123

506

313

277

405

405

405

405

405

405

405

405

405

(0.87*fy*d*Asv) / (V-Vc)
Sv min (mm)
(0.87*fy*Asv) / (0.4*B*1000)
Sv Provided

4 L Tor 10 @ 190

2 L Tor 10 @ 190

56

4 L Tor 10 @ 190

Pragati Consultants

DESIGN OF SHEAR CONNECTORS


Shear forces developed in girder and insitu deck slab in kN.
S.NO
Shear force due to
D
1/ 8 span
1
SIDL
364.4
355.2
2
Vehicular LL on G1
514.1
529.0
3
FPLL on G1
51.4
50.1
4
Centrifugal Force
0.0
0.0
2.0 x SIDL + 2.0 x LL + 1.0 x CF
1859.8
1868.6

1/ 4 span
237.0
403.2
34.0
0.0
1348.4
t

Shear flow at interface of girder and deck slab in horizontal direction,


Where,

3/ 8 span
118.4
301.1
17.0
0.0
873.0
=

QAy
I

Q = Shear force
A = Area of insitu deck slab
2
=
2.250
x
0.220
=
0.495 m
y
=
Distance from N.A of composite girder to centroid of deck slab.

At Section 1 - 1
Longitudinal shear force shall not exceed lesser of following
a) k1 x fck x Ls
Where,
k1

fck =
Ls =
b) 0.7 x Ae x fy
Where,
Ae

fy =
at ' D' ,

constant depending on the concrete bond across the shear plane under consideration,
taken as 0.09.
Characteristic cube strength of concrete.
=
40
length of shear plane under consideration.

area of fully anchored reinforcement per unit length crossing the shear plane under
consideration.
Characteristic strength of steel.

k1 x fck x Ls

=
=

0.09
x
3780 kN/m

40

1050

0.7 x Ae x fy

=
=

0.7
x
528.8 kN/m

1820

415

Area of reinforcement =

Q / 0.7x fy

=
=

Description Shear Force Analogous


Q

At ' D '
At 1/8 Span
At 1/4 Span
At 3/8 Span

( kN )

area of
deck slab
( m2 )

(m)

1859.8
1868.6
1348.4
873.0

0.4950
0.4950
0.4950
0.4950

0.823
0.719
0.719
0.719

528.8
x
0.7
x
2
1820 mm

1000
415

Moment of Shear flow Area of


reinforcemen
Inertia, I at plane
t
1-1
k1 Fck Ls 0.7 Ae fy
( m4 )
( mm2 / m )
( kN/m )
1.432
1.2412
1.2412
1.2412

57

528.8
535.5
386.5
250.2

1820
1843
1330
861

3780
3780
3780
3780

528.8
535.5
386.5
250.2

Pragati Consultants

At Section 2 - 2
Ls

Length of shear plane under consideration =

Description Shear Force Cantilever


Q
area of
deck slab
( m2 )
( kN )
At ' D '
1859.8
0.1450
At 1/8 Span
1868.6
0.1450
At 1/4 Span
1348.4
0.1450
At 3/8 Span
873.0
0.1450

(m)
0.823
0.719
0.719
0.719

220 mm

Moment of Shear flow Area of


Inertia, I at plane
reinforcement
1-1
K1 Fck Ls 0.7 Ae fy
( m4 )
( mm2 / m )
( kN/m )
1.4324
154.9
533
792
154.9
1.2412
156.9
540
792
156.9
1.2412
113.2
390
792
113.2
1.2412
73.3
252
792
73.3

Shear connectors between deck slab and girder


SNo.

Description

Reinforcement required in mm 2/m

Proposed reinforcement

At ' D '

1820

Provide 4-legged Tor-16 stirrups @


190c/c
( 4232.883 mm2/m )

At 1/8 Span

1843

Provide 4-legged Tor-16 stirrups @


190c/c
( 4232.883 mm2/m )

At 1/4 Span

1330

Provide 4-legged Tor-16 stirrups @


190c/c
( 4232.883 mm2/m )

At 3/8 Span

861

Provide 4-legged Tor-16 stirrups @


190c/c
( 4232.883 mm2/m )

58

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LONGITUDINAL REINFORCEMENT FOR PSC GIRDERS


Grade of concrete
=
M 40
Grade of steel
=
Fe 415
As Per 15.3 of IRC18 - 2000 Minimum % of longitudinal reinforcement in PSC Girders are calculated.
At End Section
Cross Sectional area of PSC girder
Min % of reinforcement
=
=
Provided

48

no's Tor -

At Mid Span Section


Cross Sectional area of PSC girder
Min % of reinforcement
=
=
Provided

32

no's Tor -

=
1.720
0.18
x
100
2
3095.36 mm /m
10

=
1.133
0.18
x
100
2
2038.5 mm /m
10

59

m2
1.720

10

10

2
3769.91 mm )

m2
1.1325

2
2513.27 mm )

Pragati Consultants

DESIGN OF DECK SLAB :


CL OF TRACK
150

900

4500

150

220

2050

2500

Effective span
Depth of slab
Total deck width
Loads:
Dead Load
Self Weight of Slab =

=
=
=

Wearing Coat =

Kerbs =
=

2500 mm
220 mm
5700 mm

0.220

Super Imposed Dead Load


Weight of Ballast =

1150

60.0

25

5.7

(( 0.075 + 0.025 )/2) x 24 x

2 x
8.0 kN/m

Ballast Retainer =
=

0.2

1 x
4.0 kN/m

4.5
5.7

0.8

0.200

2
5.5 kN/m

2
10.5 kN/m

2
0.95 kN/m

2
11.47 kN/m

0.800

Footpath slab = (
=

0.750
x
1.9 kN/m

0.100

Parapet wall = (
=

0.900
x
3.4 kN/m

0.150

60

25

25

25

25

Pragati Consultants

FPLL
Footpath live load
i.e
0.900

5.0 kN/m2
5.0
=

4.5 kN/m

Live Load:
A) Live load with type I sleeper ( 2745 x 254 mm )
case(a)
Max. axle load =
25 t
=
250 kN
Dispersion along the span =
2.745
+
0.075
Effective width across the span =
0.254
+
0.075
+

0.300

=
1.879 m
Wheel spacing for 25t wheel
=
Hence, Effective width across the span
CDA = [

0.15

Intensity of load =

2.500
4

1.950 m
>
=
1.879 m
] x [ 2-

1.091

0.833

0.909

250
3.120

x
x

1.909
1.879

81.42 kN/m2

=
3.120 m

x
x

] x 0.5

225 kN

Effective width across the span =


0.254
+
0.075
+
0.300
+
2.500
x
4
Wheel spacing for 22.5t =
1.650 m
Hence, Effective width across the span =

225
3.120

0.3
0.9

1.879 m

2.5

case(b)
Max. axle load =
22.5 t
Dispersion along the span =

CDA =
0.909
Intensity of load =

0.300

8
+

6
=

1.909
1.650

1.879 m

<
1.879 m
1.650 m

61

83.45 kN/m2

3.120 m

Pragati Consultants

3.4 kN (9.9 +4.5)kN

11.5+5.0kN/m2

83.4

kN/m2

3.6 kN

3.120
75

1525

75

2050

2500

Bending Moments at MidSpan


Dead Load
Total load due to dead load
=
C.G. of the load from left support =
Max. reaction =

31.4

BM at midspan =

21.32
=

5.5

5.7

5.700
2
2.500

2.05

2.5

0.800

1.25

5.5

5.700

17.3

+
1.525

4.0
-

31.4 kN/m
0.800 m

21.318 kN/m

3.30
2

-3.30 kNm/m

Super Imposed Dead Load


Total load due to SIDL =

11.47

C.G. of the load from left support


= ( 11.5
x
5.700
=

1150

x
9.9

0.8
x
82.65

82.65 kN/m

3.575
x

3.4

0.543 m

Max. reaction =

82.7

BM at mid span =

64.69

0.543

1.25

2.5
-

2.775

Footpath Live Load


Max. reation =
4.50

4.025

BM at mid span =

1.25

9.9
-19.90 kNm/m

x
2.500
7.25
x
-3.43 kNm/m

2.500

64.69 kN/m

11.5

3.4

3.300
2
x

7.25 kN/m
4.50

62

2.775

3.225

1.975

Pragati Consultants

Live Load
Max. reation =
BM at mid span =
=

83.45

x
2
130.18
x
61.18 kNm/m

3.120

130.18 kN/m

1.25

83.45

1.56
2

DERAILMENT LOADING:
( Checking for derailment loading as per correction slip no.18, appendix IX of IRS Bridge Rules )
Case I

Two Vertical Live Loads of 1.5 t/m each 1.6 m apart, parallel to the track
CL of Track
1.5 t/m
0.600

1.5 t/m
1.600

1.400

0.300
1.100

1.32 t

1.68 t
2.5 m

BM under the load


Case II

1.32
x
1.25
=
0.68 tm
or
A single Load of 10 t acting at centre of track
61.5 kN/m

30.8 kN

1.5
6.8 kNm/m

0.65

2.5
4

30.8 kN
2.5 m

Dispersion across the span

0.300
=

Therefore, Load =

10
1.625

Max BM

61.5

0.075

1.625 m
6.15 t/m

2.5
4

or

61.5 kN/m

38.5 kNm/m

63

2
)

Pragati Consultants

PQRS LOADING ( for wheel load = 5 t )


Depth of Ballast
=
300 mm
Sleepers- type II
=
760 mm
Dispersion Area =
(
760
+
+
=

1.060

1.160

x
300
1
4

x
x

330 mm
(
330
1060

+
x

m
3.472

0.486
1.060

0.486
1.250

1.250

1.060

2.500
Load with impact
=
Load per metre width =

5
9.55
1.160

x
=

Load due to auxillary track


Total load
BM at midsapn =
=

1.909
=
8.23 t/m
=

85.6
x
-41.6 kNm/m

1.25

0.33 t/m
8.56 t/m
-

9.55 t/m

85.6

85.6 kN/m
x

1.736

A) Check for ultimate limit state


According to Combination 1 as given in table 12 of IRS Concrete bridge code :1997,
Ultimate BM ( with Live Load ) =
1.4 x DL + 2.0 x SDL + 1.5 x FPLL + 2.0 x LL
=
1.4
x
-3.30
+
2.0
x
-19.90
+
1.5
x
-3.43
+
2.0
x
61.18
=
72.81 kNm/m
As the live load only causing sagging BM and all other loads are causing hogging BM,
Ultimate BM ( without Live Load ) =
1.4 x DL + 2.0 x SDL + 1.5 x FPLL
=
1.4
x
-3.30
+
2.0
x
-19.90
+
1.5
x
-3.43
=
-49.6 kNm/m
Max. uitimate
Max. uitimate

'+'ve BM @ mid span


'-'ve BM @ mid span

=
=

72.8 kNm/m
-49.6 kNm/m

64

300
2

Pragati Consultants

Assuming a reinforcement of
Area of steel, Ast
=
d =
220
-

Tor 16
2
1340 mm
40
-

Z = (

1.1
40
<
x

=
Hence,

0.911 d
Z =
0.911

x
x
0.95 d
172

150 mm c/c ----- at Top

16
2
415
1000

=
x
x
=

172 mm
1340
172

157 mm

Ultimate Moment of Resistance according to clause 15.4.2.2.1 of IRS Concrete Bridge Code:1997,
is lesser of the following :
i) Ultimate MR of steel =
0.87
x
fy
x
Ast
x
z
= 0.87
x
415
x
1340
x
157
=
75.84 kNm/m
ii)Ultimate MR of concrete =
0.15
x
fck
x
b
x
d
= 0.15
x
40
x
1000
x
172
= 177.50 kNm/m
Hence, Mu of section =
75.84 kNm/m
Hence, the section is safe at ultimate limit state.

>

49.6 kNm/m

Assuming a reinforcement of

@
@

200 mm c/c
200 mm c/c

Area of steel, Ast


d =
220
Z = (
=
Hence,

=
-

0.867 d
Z =
0.867

i) Ultimate MR of steel =

Tor - 16
+ Tor - 16
2
2011 mm
40
1.1
40
<
x

x
x
0.95 d
172

0.87
x
= 0.87
x
= 108.20 kNm
ii)Ultimate MR of concrete =
0.15
x
= 0.15
x
= 177.50 kNm
Hence, Mu of section =
108.20 kNm
Hence, the section is safe at ultimate limit state.

16
2
415
1000

=
x
x
=

172 mm
2011
172

149 mm
x
x

Ast
2011

x
x

fck
40

x
x

b
1000

x
x

72.8 kNm

65

----- at bottom.

fy
415

>

z
149
d
172

2
2

Pragati Consultants

B) Check for Serviceability Limit state


According to Combination 1 as given in table 12 of IRS Concrete bridge code :1997,
BM at serviceability limit state ( with Live Load ) =
1.0 x DL + 1.2 x SDL + 1.0 x FPLL + 1.1 x LL
=
1.0
x
-3.30
+
1.2
x
-19.90
+
1.0
x
-3.43
+
1.1
x
61.18
=
36.70 kNm
As the live load only causing sagging BM and all other loads are causing hogging BM,
BM at searviceability limit state ( without Live Load ) =
1.0 x DL + 1.2 x SDL + 1.0 x FPLL
=
1.0
x
-3.30
+
1.2
x
-19.90
+
1.0
x
-3.43
=
-30.6 kNm
According to Combination 5 as given in table 12 of IRS Concrete bridge code :1997,
BM at serviceability limit state
=
1.0 x DL +1.0 x SDL + 1.0 x derailment loads + 1.0 x PQRS Load
=
1.0
x
-3.30
+
1.0
x
-19.90
+
1.0
x
38.46
+
1.0
x
-41.60
=
-26.34 kNm
Max. '+'ve BM @ mid span
Max. '-'ve BM @ mid span

=
=

36.70 kNm
-30.61 kNm

Check for Top steel


for M 40
Concrete, As per table 11of IRC concrete bridge code - 1997
fcb
=
40
x
0.5
=
20 Mpa
sst
=
415
x
0.75
=
311 Mpa
m
=
280
=
280
=
3xfcb
3
x
20
1
sst
n
=
1+
=
0.231
mxfcb
j
= 1-n/3 =
0.923
c) MR of concrete at servicebility =
0.5
x
20
x
=

63.0 kNm >

0.5 x fcb x n x j x b x d2 =
0.231
x
0.923

4.67

1000
x

30.61 kNm

d) MR of steel at servicebility =
=
311
x
=
66.24 kNm >
Hence, section is safe with
Tor -

sst x Ast x j x d
1340
x
30.61 kNm
16
@

0.923

172

150 mm c/c ----- at Top

66

172

Pragati Consultants

Check for min. % of reinforcement


% of steel provided =
1340
x
100
=
0.78 % >
1000
x
172
Distribution Reinforcement
As per CL.15.9.4.2 of IRS Code of Pratice for plain, reinforced and prestressed concrete for
General Bridge Construction - 1997 )
2
Ast =
0.12
x
1000
x
172 =
206.4 mm /m
100
2
Hence provideTor 10
@
180
mm c/c (
436 mm /m) on top face.

0.20 %

Check for bottom steel


0.5 x fcb x n x j x b x d2 =
20
x
0.231

c) MR of concrete at servicebility =
=
0.5
x
=

63.0 kNm >

0.923
x

1000
172

36.70 kNm

sst x Ast x j x d
d) MR of steel at servicebility =
=
311
x
2011
x
=
99.36 kNm >
36.70 kNm
Hence, section is safe with
Tor - 16
@
+ Tor - 16
@

0.923

200 mm c/c
200 mm c/c

172

----- at bottom.

Check for min. % of reiforcement


% of steel provided =
2011
x
100
=
1.17 %
>
0.20 %
1000
x
172
Distribution Reinforcement
As per CL.15.9.4.2 of IRS Code of Pratice for plain, reinforced and prestressed concrete for
General Bridge Construction - 1997 )
2
Ast =
0.12
x
1000
x
172 =
206.4 mm /m
100
2
Hence provideTor 10
@
180
mm c/c (
436 mm /m) on bottom face.
Check for ultimate Shear at distance 'd' from support:
Effective depth =
220
40
due to dead Load

5.700

11.5

2.747

5.5
=

due to SDL =
=

x
2

16
2
-

64.69
19.9 kN

172 mm

5.5

9.9

2.747

0.6 kN

67

3.4

Pragati Consultants

due to Live Load =

83.45

due to FPLL

7.25

x
2
-

3.120

4.50

83.45
=

1.01 =

46 kN

2.7 kN

According to Combination 1 as given in table 12 of IRS Concrete bridge code :1997,


Ultimate SF =
1.4
x
0.6
+
2.0
x
19.9
+
1.5
x
2.7
+
2.0
x
=
137.1 kN
Ultimate shear stress in concrete, n =
V
bxd
=
137.1
x
1000
=
0.80 Mpa
<
4.75 Mpa
1000
x
172
percentage reinforcement =

2011
1000

From table no.15 of IRS code,


Allowable stress for M40 grade, nc =
0.74 +
(
0.93
1.0
=
0.77 Mpa

x
x

0.74

100
172

) x

1.17

1.17

1.00

As per clause 15.4.1.2 of IRS Concrete bridge code :1997,


Allowable shear stress without shear reinforcement =
s
x
vc
From table.16, value of 's' =
1.35 (
1.35
1.25 ) x
(
172
50
=
1.31
There fore, allowable shear stress =
1.31
x
0.77
=
1.008 Mpa
>
0.80 Mpa
Hence, the deck slab is safe in shear at ultimate limit state without shear reinforcement.

68

46.1

150
)

Pragati Consultants

DESIGN OF CANTILEVER PORTION


(9.9+4.5)kN/m
11.5+5.0kN/m

3.4 kN/m

75

350

1000

525

Y
350

1875

BM at section X - X
due to DL =
due to SDL

5.5
=

11.47

x
2
x
2

1.875

1.875

=
+

=
39.62 kNm
due to FPLL =
4.5

1.350

due to PQRS LOADING


BM at section X - X
=

85.6

0.311

9.67 kNm
9.9

1.350

3.4

6.08 kNm

26.62 kNm/m

A) Check for ultimate limit state


According to Combination 1 as given in table 12 of IRS Concrete bridge code :1997,
Ultimate BM =
=
1.4
=

1.4 x DL + 2.0 x SDL + 1.5 x FPLL + 2.0 x LL


x
9.67
+
2.0
x
+
1.5
x
6.08
+
2.0
101.89 kNm

Assuming a reinforcement of
Area of steel, Ast
=
d =
450
-

Tor - 16
2
1340 mm
40
-

1.1
40
>
x

=
Hence,

0.962 d
Z =
0.950

x
x
0.95 d
402

39.62
x

0.00

150

mm c/c ----- at Top

16
2
415
1000

402 mm

x
x
=

69

1340
402
382 mm

1.8

Pragati Consultants

Ultimate Moment of Resistance according to clause 15.4.2.2.1 of IRS Concrete Bridge Code:1997,
is lesser of the following :
i) Ultimate MR of steel =
0.87
x
fy
x
Ast
x
z
= 0.87
x
415
x
1340
x
382
= 184.82 kNm
ii)Ultimate MR of concrete =
0.15
x
= 0.15
x
= 969.62 kNm
Hence, Mu of section =
184.82 kNm
Hence, the section is safe at ultimate limit state.

fck
40

x
x

>

b
1000

x
x

d
402

2
2

101.89 kNm

B) Check for Serviceability Limit state


According to Combination 1 as given in table 12 of IRS Concrete bridge code :1997,
BM at serviceability limit state =
1.0 x DL + 1.2 x SDL + 1.0 x FPLL + 1.1 x LL
=
1.0
x
9.67
+
1.2
x
39.62
+
1.0
x
6.08
+
1.1
=
63.29 kNm

0.00

According to Combination 5 as given in table 12 of IRS Concrete bridge code :1997,


BM at serviceability limit state
=
1.0 x DL +1.0 x SDL + 1.0 x derailment loads + 1.0 x PQRS Load
=
1.0
x
9.67
+
1.0
x
39.62
+
1.0
x
0.00
+
1.0
x
26.62
=
75.91 kNm
for M 40
fcb
sst
m

Concrete, As per table 11of IRC concrete bridge code - 1997


=
40
x
0.5
=
20 Mpa
=
415
x
0.75
=
311 Mpa
=
280
=
280
=
3xfcb
3
x
20

4.67

1
n

=
j

= 1-n/3 =

sst
m x fcb
0.923

iii) MR of concrete at servicebility limit state =


=
0.5
x
20
x
=

344.14 kNm >

0.231

0.5 x fcb x n x j x b x d2
0.231
x
0.923

75.91 kNm

70

x
x

1000
402

Pragati Consultants

sst x Ast x j x d
iv) MR of steel at servicebility limit state =
=
311
x
1340
x
0.923
= 154.82 kNm >
75.91 kNm
Hence, section is safe with
Tor - 16
@
150
Check for min. % of reiforcement
% of steel provided
=
1340
1000

x
x

100
402

402

mm c/c ----- at Top.

0.33 % >

6.40 kNm

0.20 %

BM at section Y - Y
due to DL =

5.5

due to SDL =

11.5

=
due to FPLL =

x
2
x
2

29.75 kNm
4.5
x

Length of PQRS loading beyond Y-Y

BM due to PQRS loading =

85.6

1.525

1.525

1.000
=

11.5

1.000

3.4

1.05
2

4.50 kNm

0.486

0.491 m

0.491
2

1.060
2

10.32 kNm

A) Check for ultimate limit state


According to Combination 1 as given in table 12 of IRS Concrete bridge code :1997,
Ultimate BM =
=
1.4
=

1.4 x DL + 2.0 x SDL + 1.5 x FPLL + 2.0 x LL


x
6.40
+
2.0
x
+
1.5
x
4.50
+
2.0
75.19 kNm

Assuming a reinforcement of
Area of steel, Ast
=
d =
220
-

Tor - 16
2
1340 mm
40
-

1.1
40
<
x

=
Hence,

0.911 d
Z =
0.911

x
x
0.95 d
172

29.75
x

0.00

150

mm c/c ----- at Top

16
2
415
1000

172 mm

x
x
=

71

1340
172
157 mm

1.450

Pragati Consultants

Ultimate Moment of Resistance according to clause 15.4.2.2.1 of IRS Concrete Bridge Code:1997,
is lesser of the following :
i) Ultimate MR of steel =
0.87
x
fy
x
Ast
x
z
= 0.87
x
415
x
1340
x
157
=
75.84 kNm
ii)Ultimate MR of concrete =
0.15
x
= 0.15
x
= 177.50 kNm
Hence, Mu of section =
75.84 kNm
Hence, the section is safe at ultimate limit state.

fck
40

x
x

>

b
1000

x
x

d
172

2
2

75.19 kNm

B) Check for Serviceability Limit state


According to Combination 1 as given in table 12 of IRS Concrete bridge code :1997,
BM at serviceability limit state =
1.0 x DL + 1.2 x SDL + 1.0 x FPLL + 1.1 x LL
=
1.0
x
6.40
+
1.2
x
29.75
+
1.0
x
4.50
+
1.1
=
46.59 kNm

0.00

According to Combination 5 as given in table 12 of IRS Concrete bridge code :1997,


BM at serviceability limit state
=
1.0 x DL +1.0 x SDL + 1.0 x derailment loads + 1.0 x PQRS Load
=
1.0
x
6.40
+
1.0
x
29.75
+
1.0
x
0.00
+
1.0
x
10.32
=
46.46 kNm
for M 40
fcb
sst
m

=
=
=

Concrete, As per table 11of IRC concrete bridge code - 1997


40
x
0.5
=
20 Mpa
415
x
0.75
=
311 Mpa
280
=
280
=
3xfcb
3
x
20

4.67

1
sst
=
m x fcb
j
= 1-n/3 =
0.923
iii) MR of concrete at servicebility limit state =
=
0.5
x
20
x
n

0.231

0.5 x fcb x n x j x b x d2
0.231
x
0.923

=
63.0 kNm >
46.59 kNm
sst x Ast x j x d
iv) MR of steel at servicebility limit state =
=
311
x
1340
x
0.923
=
66.24 kNm >
46.59 kNm
Hence, section is safe with
Tor 16
@
150
Check for min. % of reinforcement
% of steel provided =
1340
1000

x
x

100
172

1000
172

172

mm c/c ----- at Top

72

x
x

0.78 % >

0.20 %

Pragati Consultants

DESIGN OF LONGITUDINAL CANTILEVER PORTION


X

125
kN

10.0+11.474 kN/m

127 mm

350

865

BM at section X - X
due to DL =
due to SDL

10.0
=

11.474

x
2
x
2

0.865

3.74 kNm

0.865

4.29 kNm

Live Load:
A) Live load with type I sleeper ( 2745 x 254 mm )
case(a)
Max. axle load =
25 t
=
250 kN
Max. Wheel load =
12.5 t
=
125 kN
Dispersion across the span =
Effective width across the span =
0.254
+
0.075
+
=
1.515 m
Wheel spacing for 25t wheel
=
Hence, Effective width across the span
CDA = [

0.15

Intensity of load =

LIVE LOAD BM.

0.738

1.676 m
>
=
1.515 m

8
+

0.738

1.337

0.833

125

x
1.515

2.114

174.50

6
=

0.300

] x [ 2-

0.738

1.515 m

0.3
0.9

] x 0.5

1.114
2
174.50 kN/m

73

1.2

128.78 kNm

Pragati Consultants

A) Check for ultimate limit state


According to Combination 1 as given in table 12 of IRS Concrete bridge code :1997,
Ultimate BM =
=
1.4
=

1.4 x DL + 2.0 x SDL + 1.5 x FPLL + 2.0 x LL


x
3.74
+
2.0
x
+
1.5
x
0.00
+
2.0
271.39 kNm

Assuming a reinforcement of
Area of steel, Ast
d =
400
Z

=
Hence,

=
-

0.921 d
Z =
0.921

Tor - 16
10
2
2447 mm
40
1.1
40
<
x

x
x
0.95 d
352

4.29
x

128.78

@
@

100
180

mm c/c ----- at Top


mm c/c ----- at Top

16
2
415
1000

352 mm

x
x
=

2447
352

324 mm

Ultimate Moment of Resistance according to clause 15.4.2.2.1 of IRS Concrete Bridge Code:1997,
is lesser of the following :
i) Ultimate MR of steel =
0.87
x
fy
x
Ast
x
z
= 0.87
x
415
x
2447
x
324
= 286.31 kNm
ii)Ultimate MR of concrete =
0.15
x
= 0.15
x
= 743.42 kNm
Hence, Mu of section =
286.31 kNm
Hence, the section is safe at ultimate limit state.

fck
40

x
x

>

b
1000

x
x

d
352

2
2

271.39 kNm

B) Check for Serviceability Limit state


According to Combination 1 as given in table 12 of IRS Concrete bridge code :1997,
BM at serviceability limit state =
1.0 x DL + 1.2 x SDL + 1.0 x FPLL + 1.1 x LL
=
1.0
x
3.74
+
1.2
x
4.29
+
1.0
x
0.00
+
1.1
= 150.55 kNm

128.78

According to Combination 5 as given in table 12 of IRS Concrete bridge code :1997,


BM at serviceability limit state
=
1.0 x DL +1.0 x SDL + 1.0 x derailment loads + 1.0 x PQRS Load
=
1.0
x
3.74
+
1.0
x
4.29
+
1.0
x
0.00
+
1.0
x
128.78
= 136.82 kNm
for M 40

Concrete, As per table 11of IRC concrete bridge code - 1997

74

Pragati Consultants

fcb
sst
m

=
=
=

40
415
280
3xfcb

x
x
=

0.5
0.75
3

=
=
280
x

20 Mpa
311 Mpa
=

4.67

20

1
n

=
j

= 1-n/3 =

sst
m x fcb
0.923

iii) MR of concrete at servicebility limit state =


=
0.5
x
20
x
=

263.85 kNm >

0.231

0.5 x fcb x n x j x b x d2
0.231
x
0.923

x
x

1000
352

150.55 kNm

sst x Ast x j x d
iv) MR of steel at servicebility limit state =
=
311
x
2447
x
0.923
= 247.47 kNm >
150.55 kNm
Hence, section is safe with
Tor - 16
@
100
Check for min. % of reiforcement
% of steel provided
=
2447
1000

x
x

100
352

mm c/c ----- at Top.

75

352

0.70 % >

0.20 %

Pragati Consultants

DESIGN OF CROSS GIRDERS


1) CENTRAL CROSS GIRDER
Spacing of cross girder
=
Width, b =
0.350 m
Load calculation
a) Dead load
Self wt. Of deck slab =
4.770
x
0.220
Self wt. Of cross girder =
0.350
x
1.900

b) SDL
due to Ballast

4.770 m

x
x

6.0

Due to wearing coat =

25

26.24 kN/m

25
Total DL

=
=

16.63 kN/m
42.86 kN/m

4.770

11.45 kN/m

24

x
=

4.770
7.16 kN/m

Total SDL

18.60 kN/m

x
2.5
x

0.0625

c) Live Load
As per the note given in Appendix II of Bridge Rules, the live load on a cross girder will be
equal to half the total load for bending in a length L, equal to twice the distance over centres of
cross girders.
L

Total load for BM =


1089.4 +
(
=

4.770

1108.53

0.5

1089.4

9.540 m

) x

9.540

9.50
)

1090.9 kN

CDA = (

0.15

+
(

6
(

8
+

) x
)

9.540

0.3
0.9

x
x

1.554
2

)x

0.5

= 0.554
Span of the cross girder =
UDL on cross girder

2.5 m
1090.9
2.5

76

339.06 kN/m

Pragati Consultants

Hence, Total Load = DL + SDL + LL


=
42.86
+
=
400.52 kN/m
Max. + ve BM

Max. - ve BM
due to DL + SDL = (

400.52

x
8

42.86

18.60

2.5

18.60
2

3.75 x
46.08 kN/m

4.77 )

Therefore, Total - ve BM =

129.15

=
=

=
1221.02 kNm
Hence, safe.
For - ve BM,
Ultimate BM
Assuming,
+

=
415

1.5

350
>

312.91 kNm

2.05

1.554
2.05 -

46.08

0.075 )

175.23 kN/m

=
469.36 kNm
2
---- at bottom.
(
1885 mm
)
350
415
<

415
x

x
350

1885
x

1850

0.87.fy.Ast.d(1- Ast.fy / b.d.fck)


x
1885
x

1850

2
=
1326 mm
0.87.fy.Ast / 0.36.fck.b.d =
0.87
x
0.36
x
40
0.073
Fe415 =
0.480
>

=
xu
)lim for
d
Therefore, Resisting Moment, Mu
=
0.87
x
(

For + ve BM,
Ultimate BM
=
1.5
x
312.91
Assuming,
4 nos. Tor - 20
+
2 nos. Tor - 20
( Ast )min = 0.85 x b x d / fy =
0.85
x

xu
d

=
129.15 kN/m
due to Kerbs, footpath slab, footpath live load, parapet wall
=
(
1.45 x
4.770 ) x
+ (

339.06

2
1885 mm

0.073

1885
x
x
1850
469.36 kNm

x
175.23
3 nos. Tor - 20
2 nos. Tor - 20

1850

=
---- at top.

415
x

)
40

262.84 kNm
2
(
1571 mm
)

77

Pragati Consultants

( Ast )min

= 0.85 x b x d / fy =

xu
d

=
=
=
)lim for

0.85

=
415

Distribution of reinforcement,
at Top 0.2D =
0.2
Ast
=
1571
x

x
0.5

2
769 mm
5 nos. Tor - 20

Balance to be distributed in 0.6 D

415
x

x
350

1571
x

1850

=
1571

1850

0.87.fy.Ast.d(1- Ast.fy / b.d.fck)


x
1571
x

1850

2
1571 mm

0.061

1900
x
(

415
x

=
2.5
1.69

0.6
x
1140 mm
769

)
40

380 mm
-

2
1571 mm

Balance steel to be provided =


Provide,

1571
x
x
1850
262.84 kNm

350
>

=
1022.79 kNm
Hence, safe.

=
Provide

350
415
<

2
=
1326 mm
0.87.fy.Ast / 0.36.fck.b.d =
0.87
x
0.36
x
40
0.061
Fe415 =
0.480
>

xu
d
Therefore, Resisting Moment, Mu
=
0.87
x
(

0.5 )

1900
2
802 mm

10 nos. Tor-10 ( 785 mm2), distributed equally on each face.

2) END CROSS GIRDER


The end cross girder is also designed for the same moments as the central cross
girder and it is also checked for lifting of super structure for future replacement of bearings.
DL + SDL + FPLL on each bearing
=
627.0
+
=
1190.0 kN

496.0
say

+
67.0
1190 kN

1190 kN

1190 kN
2.5 m

1.25
595

1.25
595

595

78

595

Pragati Consultants

Max. + ve BM
595
Max. - ve BM
595

=
x
=
x
x

1.25
2

371.88 kNm

1.875
1.25

+
=

595

>

Over all depth, D =


Eff.depth provided, d
Width, b =

1900 mm
1900
=
1850 mm

2.5 m
1.15
1.67 m

Therefore, Effective Span L =


1.67 m
L
=
1.67
=
0.878
D
1.90
Hence, the cross girder is designed as a deep beam.
For + ve BM,
Ultimate BM
=
1.5
x
371.88
Assuming,
4 nos. Tor - 20
+
2 nos. Tor - 20
( Ast )min = 0.85 x b x d / fy =
0.85
x

=
=
=
)lim for

371.88 kNm
175.23 kNm

20
2

1.45

=
1221.02 kNm
Hence, safe.

=
415

350
>

<

2.0

=
557.81 kNm
2
---- at bottom.
(
1885 mm
)
350
415
<

415
x

x
350

1885
x

1850

0.87.fy.Ast.d(1- Ast.fy / b.d.fck)


x
1885
x

1850

2
=
1326 mm
0.87.fy.Ast / 0.36.fck.b.d =
0.87
x
0.36
x
40
0.073
Fe415 =
0.480
>

xu
d
Therefore, Resisting Moment, Mu
=
0.87
x
(

1190
175.23 kNm

0.350 m

40

Eff.span,L is lesser of the following:


1) centre to centre between support =
2)
1.15
x
clear span
=

xu
d

0.625
<

0 kNm

Hence, both cross girders are designed for Max. + ve BM =


Max. - ve BM

312.91 kNm

1850

2
1885 mm

0.073

1885
x
x
1850
557.81 kNm

79

415
x

)
40

Pragati Consultants

For - ve BM,
Ultimate BM
=
1.5
x
175.23
Assuming,
3 nos. Tor - 20
+
2 nos. Tor - 20
( Ast )min = 0.85 x b x d / fy =
0.85
x

xu
d

=
=

=
415

=
1022.79 kNm
Hence, safe.
Distribution of reinforcement,
at Top 0.2D =
0.2
Ast
=
1571
x
=
Provide

x
0.5

2
769 mm
5 nos. Tor - 20

Balance to be distributed in 0.6 D


Balance steel to be provided =
Provide,

870
415
>

415
x

x
350

1571
x

1850

0.87.fy.Ast.d(1- Ast.fy / b.d.fck)


x
1571
x

1850

1850
x
(

=
1571

2
1571 mm

415
x

=
2.5
1.69

0.6
x
1110 mm
769

)
40

370 mm
-

2
1571 mm

1850

0.061

1571
x
x
1850
262.84 kNm

350
>

262.84 kNm
2
(
1571 mm
)

2
=
3297 mm
0.87.fy.Ast / 0.36.fck.b.d =
0.87
x
0.36
x
40
0.061
Fe415 =
0.480
>

=
xu
)lim for
d
Therefore, Resisting Moment, Mu
=
0.87
x
(

=
---- at top.

0.5 )

1850
=

2
802 mm

10 nos. Tor-10 ( 785 mm2), distributed equally on each face.

Shear :
As this is a deep beam shear does not govern. Hence provide minimum shear reinforcement.
Provide 2L - Tor 10 @ 200 c/c.

80

Pragati Consultants

TABULATION OF REACTIONS
SUPPORTS

16

Total

339

339

678.00

Deck slab

288.00

288

576.00

SIDL

496.00

496

992.00

Total DL+SDL

1123.00

1123

2246.00

Live load On Footpath

67.00

67

134.00

Liveload

672.00

672

1344.00

Dead Load ( kN )
Self Wt.

DL+SIDL+LL

1862.00

1862.00

Max Load

1862.00

1862.00

3724.00

Min load

1123.00

1123.00

2246.00

3724.00

81

Pragati Consultants

Design of Elastomeric Bearings

- designed as per UIC code 772-R.

Load on each bearing


1) Self Weight of girder+ deck slab =

627.0 kN

2) Super Imposed Dead Load

496.0 kN

3) Foot Path Live Load

from STAAD analysis.

67.0 kN

No. of internal elastomeric layers

4 nos.

Thickness of internal elastomeric layers

10 mm

No. of M.S.plates

5 nos.

Thickness of M.S. plates

3 mm

Cover at top and bottom of M.S. plates

5 mm

Cover at sides

6 mm

Loaded Length (effective length)


Total load for Shear =

19.08 m

2181 +
=

CDA =

=
(

2272

2188 kN

0.391

) x

0.08

8
(

0.469

2181

1.0

0.15 +
=

0.833

2188

19.08

4) Train Load =
=

1.391

1.25

0.10

) }

mm

2.5
4
=

410.8 kN

Total Load on each bearing =

1600.8 kN

say

1602 kN

Assuming a fully moulded neoprene bearing of dimensions,

Plan area of bearing, A = ab =


Effective plan area,

A'

=
=

600

380

65

588

368

2
216384 mm

1.730

588
215747 mm

82

368

Pragati Consultants

Pc

Sustained vertical load

1123.0 kN

Ps

Dynamic vertical load

477.8 kN

Hc

Sustained horizontal force

63.4 kN

Hs

Dynamic horizontal force, 469 / 4

117.3 kN

( Traction effort )
i) Tangential moment due to temperature variation.
Total temp,variation =

+ / - 17 deg.celcius

Coefficient of thermal expansion


Strain =

1.17E-05

i.e 34 deg.celcius

1.170E-05 / deg.celcius

34

3.978E-04

ii) Shrinkage of concrete


Residual shrinkage strain at 28 days

1.90E-04

iii) Creep of concrete


Creep strain at 28 days
Creep strain

Total shear strain =

4.00E-04

(from loss of prestress calculations)

1.6

4.00E-04

6.40E-04

3.978E-04

1.90E-04

6.40E-04

1.23E-03

19080

Horizontal Moment due to above strain

1.23E-03

2
=
Shear modulus,G =
Total u =

1 Mpa

11.71

11.71

mm

2
1.0 N/mm

Hs.T
2.G.A

11.71

117250

40

1.0

40

216384

22.6 mm

0.7 x T

Hence, u

<

0.7
0.7 x T

28 mm
safe

DESIGN CONDITIONS:
a) Average vertical compressive stress, m ' = P/A'
=

1602000

2
7.4 N/mm

215747

83

<

9.0

N/mm2

Pragati Consultants

b) for 'no slip'


sm' =

Pc

1123000

A'

215747

Hc

1.0

Hc

40

63364 N

63.4

f (Pc+Ps)

0.3

2.0

N/mm2

11.71

say
117.3

63.4 kN

=
(

180.6 kN

1,123.0

477.8

480.2 kN

Hence, (Hc + Hs)

< f(Pc+Ps).

Where, f =

coefficient of friction, taken as 0.3 as an average.

c) To prevent excessive shear deformation,


T

>

216384

Hc + Hs =

1.43 u =

2
5.21 N/mm

1.43

2.26

4.0 cm

d) for stability

T > 1.43u.
=

>
m

<

3.2 cm
3.2 cm

2a x G x Si

safe

Where, Si = Shape factor of thickest layer.

3xT
Si

600

10

380

588

368

588

1.0

40

(
=
=

3xT

111 N/mm

=
=

1602000

2
7.4 N/mm

588

117.6 mm

5
T=

x
6

40 mm

<

11.3

216384
a/5

11.3

2a x G x Si

a / 5.

84

<

2
111 N/mm

O.K.

Pragati Consultants

e) In order to limit the shear stresses in the elastomer, the total shear stress t should satisfy the condition,
tp + th + ta
tp =

<

5G

1.5 ( Pc + 1.5Ps )
Si x ab

1.5

1.1 N/mm

=
th =

1123.0

1.5

11.3

216384

0.5

117.3

477.8

) x 1000

Hc + 0.5Hs
A

63

1000

216384
0.6 N/mm

=
ta

negligible.

tp + th + ta

2
1.7 N/mm

<

5G

5.0 N/mm

=
f) Thickness of steel plates,

ts

>

x
2

1.0
safe

2 ( t1+ t2 ) ( Pc+1.5Ps )
A' x sa

sa

where,
ts >

permissible tensile stress of steel, normally 1500 kg/cm 2

215747
>

10

10

1.5

477.8

1500

0.227 cm

or

) x
)

(
} x

1123.0

1000

2.27 mm

Hence, provide 3 mm plates.


Therefore, adopt bearing size of

600

380

65

3 mm m.s. plate
5 nos.
6 cover
10 mm thk
Elastomeric layer

65

4 nos.
5 mm cover

600

85

380

mm

Pragati Consultants

DOWNWARD DEFLECTIONS AT - L/2


From Staad
Deflection due to self weight of Girder

-2.703 mm

Deck Slab & insito portion Diaphragam

-2.386 mm

SIDL

-4.315 mm

Live Load

-6.137 mm

Foot Path Live Load

-0.61 mm

-16.151 mm

Total

Center to Center of bearing


Modulus of elasticity of concrete

19.08 m

3.16E+07 kN/m2

Moment of inertia, I

4
0.623 m

Upward Deflection due to cables @ L/2


Upward deflection due to prestress
5P L2

Upward deflection due to prestress =

(e1+e2)

Pe2L2

48 E I

8EI

First stage prestress


Average Prestressing force

Prestressing force after

e1 at L/2

4454.7 kN
5.94 % loss

Yb

c.g

1.131

0.380

0.75 m

e2 at support

=
=
=

c.g
0.654
-0.49 m

Yb
1.140

e1 + e2

0.75

-0.49

86

4190.2 kN

0.27 m

Pragati Consultants

... Upward deflection

4190

1000

48
-

4190

x
x 1000
x

2.14

6.84

19.08

3.16E+07

-0.49

19.08

3.16E+07

6.23E-01

Second stage prestress


Average Prestressing force
Prestressing force after
e1 at L/2
=
Yb
=
1.13
=

x 0.265166 x

0.623

mm

=
15.61 %
0.61 m

4043.64 kN
loss

3412.36 kN

c.g
0.52

=
=
=

c.g
1.090
-0.05 m

Yb
1.140

e1 + e2

0.61

-0.05

3412 x
48

1000 x
x

0.565
x
3.16E+07

19.080
x

-0.05
3.16E+07

x
x

19.080
0.623

4.10

3412
8

=
=
Total upward deflection

=
=

x
x
-

0.56 m

x
0.623

-0.3927

mm

=
Net deflection at
L/2

x 1000

3.71
4.101

-4.70

e2 at support

... Upward deflection

6.84

Total downward deflection - Total upward deflection.


-16.15
-5.21 mm

10.94
( Downward )

87

11 mm