DESIGN EXAMPLES
Version 14.0
AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION
ii
Copyright © 2011
by
American Institute of Steel Construction
All rights reserved. This publication or any part thereof must not be reproduced in any form without the written permission of the publisher.
The AISC logo is a registered trademark of AISC.
The information presented in this publication has been prepared in accordance with recognized engineering principles and is for general information only. While it is believed to be accurate, this information should not be used or relied upon for any specific application without competent professional examination and verification of its accuracy, suitability, and applicability by a licensed professional engineer, designer, or architect. The publication of the material contained herein is not intended as a representation or warranty on the part of the American Institute of Steel Construction or of any other person named herein, that this information is suitable for any general or particular use or of freedom from infringement of any patent or patents. Anyone making use of this information assumes all liability arising from such use.
Caution must be exercised when relying upon other specifications and codes developed by other bodies and incorporated by reference herein since such material may be modified or amended from time to time subsequent to the printing of this edition. The Institute bears no responsibility for such material other than to refer to it and incorporate it by reference at the time of the initial publication of this edition.
Printed in the United States of America
Design Examples V14.0
AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION
iii
PREFACE
The primary objective of these design examples is to provide illustrations of the use of the 2010 AISC Specification for Structural Steel Buildings (ANSI/AISC 36010) and the 14th Edition of the AISC Steel Construction Manual. The design examples provide coverage of all applicable limit states whether or not a particular limit state controls the design of the member or connection.
In addition to the examples which demonstrate the use of the Manual tables, design examples are provided for connection designs beyond the scope of the tables in the Manual. These design examples are intended to demonstrate an approach to the design, and are not intended to suggest that the approach presented is the only approach. The committee responsible for the development of these design examples recognizes that designers have alternate approaches that work best for them and their projects. Design approaches that differ from those presented in these examples are considered viable as long as the Specification, sound engineering, and project specific requirements are satisfied.
Part I of these examples is organized to correspond with the organization of the Specification. The Chapter titles match the corresponding chapters in the Specification.
Part II is devoted primarily to connection examples that draw on the tables from the Manual, recommended design procedures, and the breadth of the Specification. The chapters of Part II are labeled IIA, IIB, IIC, etc.
Part III addresses aspects of design that are linked to the performance of a building as a whole. This includes coverage of lateral stability and second order analysis, illustrated through a fourstory bracedframe and moment frame building.
The Design Examples are arranged with LRFD and ASD designs presented side by side, for consistency with the AISC Manual. Design with ASD and LRFD are based on the same nominal strength for each element so that the only differences between the approaches are which set of load combinations from ASCE/SEI 710 are used for design and whether the resistance factor for LRFD or the safety factor for ASD is used.
CONVENTIONS
The following conventions are used throughout these examples:
1. The 2010 AISC Specification for Structural Steel Buildings is referred to as the AISC Specification and the 14th Edition AISC Steel Construction Manual, is referred to as the AISC Manual.
2. The source of equations or tabulated values taken from the AISC Specification or AISC Manual is noted along the righthand edge of the page.
3. When the design process differs between LRFD and ASD, the designs equations are presented sidebyside. This rarely occurs, except when the resistance factor, φ, and the safety factor, Ω, are applied.
4. The results of design equations are presented to three significant figures throughout these calculations.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
The AISC Committee on Manuals reviewed and approved V14.0 of the AISC Design Examples:
William A. Thornton, Chairman Mark V. Holland, Vice Chairman Abbas Aminmansour Charles J. Carter Harry A. Cole
Douglas B. Davis Robert O. Disque Bo Dowswell Edward M. Egan Marshall T. Ferrell
Design Examples V14.0
AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION
iv
Lanny J. Flynn Patrick J. Fortney Louis F. Geschwindner 
Davis G. Parsons, II Rafael Sabelli Clifford W. Schwinger 

W. 
Scott Goodrich 
William N. Scott 
Christopher M. Hewitt 
William T. Segui 

W. 
Steven Hofmeister 
Victor Shneur 
Bill R. Lindley, II 
Marc L. Sorenson 

Ronald L. Meng Larry S. Muir Thomas M. Murray Charles R. Page 
Gary C. Violette Michael A. West Ronald G. Yeager Cynthia J. Duncan, Secretary 
The AISC Committee on Manuals gratefully acknowledges the contributions of the following individuals who assisted in the development of this document: Leigh Arber, Eric Bolin, Janet Cummins, Thomas Dehlin, William Jacobs, Richard C. Kaehler, Margaret Matthew, Heath Mitchell, Thomas J. Schlafly, and Sriramulu Vinnakota.
Design Examples V14.0
AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION
v
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART I.
EXAMPLES BASED ON THE AISC SPECIFICATION
CHAPTER 
A 
GENERAL PROVISIONS 
A1 

Chapter A 

References 
A2 

CHAPTER B 
DESIGN REQUIREMENTS 
B1 

Chapter B 

References 
B2 

CHAPTER 
C 
DESIGN FOR STABILITY 
C1 

Example C.1A 
Design of a Moment Frame by the Direct Analysis Method 
C2 

Example C.1B 
Design of a Moment Frame by the Effective Length Method 
C6 

Example C.1C 
Design of a Moment Frame by the FirstOrder Method 
C11 

CHAPTER D 
DESIGN OF MEMBERS FOR TENSION 
D1 

Example D.1 
WShape Tension Member 
D2 

Example D.2 
Single Angle Tension Member 
D5 

Example D.3 
WTShape Tension Member 
D8 

Example D.4 
Rectangular HSS Tension Member 
D11 

Example D.5 
Round HSS 
Tension Member 
D14 

Example D.6 
Double Angle Tension Member 
D17 

Example D.7 
PinConnected Tension Member 
D20 

Example D.8 
Eyebar Tension Member 
D23 

Example D.9 
Plate with Staggered Bolts 
D25 

CHAPTER E 
DESIGN OF MEMBERS FOR COMPRESSION 
E1 

Example E.1A 
WShape Column Design with Pinned Ends 
E4 

Example E.1B 
WShape Column Design with Intermediate Bracing 
E6 

Example E.1C 
WShape Available Strength Calculation 
E8 

Example E.1D 
WShape Available Strength Calculation 
E9 

Example E.2 
Builtup Column with a Slender Web 
E11 

Example E.3 
Builtup Column with Slender Flanges 
E16 

Example E.4A 
WShape Compression Member (Moment Frame) 
E21 

Example E.4B 
WShape Compression Member (Moment Frame) 
E25 

Example E.5 
Double Angle Compression Member without Slender Elements 
E26 

Example E.6 
Double Angle Compression Member with Slender Elements 
E31 

Example E.7 
WT Compression Member without Slender Elements 
E37 

Example E.8 
WT Compression Member with Slender Elements 
E42 

Example E.9 
Rectangular HSS Compression Member without Slender Elements 
E47 

Example E.10 
Rectangular HSS Compression Member with Slender Elements 
E50 

Example E.11 
Pipe Compression Member 
E54 

Example E.12 
Builtup IShaped Member with Different Flange Sizes 
E57 

Example E.13 
Double WT Compression Member 
E63 

CHAPTER F 
DESIGN OF MEMBERS FOR FLEXURE 
F1 

Example F.11A WShape Flexural Member Design in StrongAxis Bending, Continuously Braced 
F6 

Example F.11B WShape Flexural Member Design in StrongAxis Bending, Continuously Braced 
F8 

Example F.12A WShape Flexural Member Design in StrongAxis Bending, Braced at Third Points 
F9 

Example F.12B WShape Flexural Member Design in StrongAxis Bending, Braced at Third Points 
F10 
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AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION
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Example F.13A WShape Flexural Member Design in StrongAxis Bending, Braced at Midspan 
F12 

Example F.13B WShape Flexural Member Design in StrongAxis Bending, Braced at Midspan 
F14 

Example F.21A Compact Channel Flexural Member, Continuously Braced 
F16 

Example F.21B Compact Channel Flexural Member, Continuously Braced 
F18 

Example F.22A Compact Channel Flexural Member with Bracing at Ends and Fifth Points 
F19 

Example F.22B Compact Channel Flexural Member with Bracing at End and Fifth Points 
F20 

Example F.3A 
WShape Flexural Member with Noncompact Flanges in StrongAxis Bending 
F22 

Example F.3B 
WShape Flexural Member with Noncompact Flanges in StrongAxis Bending 
F24 

Example F.4 
WShape Flexural Member, Selection by Moment of Inertia for StrongAxis Bending 
F26 

Example F.5 
IShaped Flexural Member in MinorAxis Bending 
F28 

Example F.6 
HSS Flexural Member with Compact Flanges 
F30 

Example F.7A 
HSS Flexural Member with Noncompact Flanges 
F32 

Example F.7B 
HSS Flexural Member with Noncompact Flanges 
F34 

Example F.8A 
HSS Flexural Member with Slender Flanges 
F36 

Example F.8B 
HSS Flexural Member with Slender Flanges 
F38 

Example F.9A 
Pipe Flexural Member 
F41 

Example F.9B 
Pipe Flexural Member 
F42 

Example F.10 
WTShape Flexural Member 
F44 

Example F.11A 
Single Angle Flexural Member 
F47 

Example F.11B 
Single Angle Flexural Member 
F50 

Example F.11C 
Single Angle Flexural Member 
F53 

Example F.12 
Rectangular Bar in StrongAxis Bending 
F59 

Example F.13 
Round Bar in Bending 
F61 

Example F.14 
PointSymmetrical Zshape in StrongAxis Bending 
F63 

Chapter F 

Design Example 

References 
F69 

CHAPTER G 
DESIGN OF MEMBERS FOR SHEAR 
G1 

Example G.1A 
WShape 
in 
StrongAxis 
Shear 
G3 
Example G.1B 
WShape 
in 
StrongAxis 
Shear 
G4 
Example G.2A 
CShape 
in 
StrongAxis 
Shear 
G5 
Example G.2B 
CShape in StrongAxis Shear 
G6 

Example G.3 
Angle in Shear 
G7 

Example G.4 
Rectangular HSS in Shear 
G9 

Example G.5 
Round HSS 
in Shear 
G11 

Example G.6 
Doubly Symmetric Shape in WeakAxis Shear 
G13 

Example G.7 
Singly Symmetric Shape in WeakAxis Shear 
G15 

Example G.8A 
Builtup Girder with Transverse Stiffeners 
G17 

Example G.8B 
Builtup Girder with Transverse Stiffeners 
G21 

Chapter G 

Design Example 

References 
G24 

CHAPTER H 
DESIGN OF MEMBERS FOR COMBINED FORCES AND TORSION 
H1 

Example H.1A 
Wshape Subject to Combined Compression and Bending 

About Both Axes (Braced Frame) 
H2 

Example H.1B 
Wshape Subject to Combined Compression and Bending Moment 

About Both Axes (Braced Frame) 
H4 

Example H.2 
WShape Subject to Combined Compression and Bending Moment 

About Both Axes (By AISC Specification Section H2) 
H5 

Example H.3 
WShape Subject to Combined Axial Tension and Flexure 
H8 

Example H.4 
WShape Subject to Combined Axial Compression and Flexure 
H12 

Example H.5A 
Rectangular HSS Torsional Strength 
H16 
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AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION
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Example H.5B 
Round HSS Torsional Strength 
H17 

Example H.5C 
HSS Combined Torsional and Flexural Strength 
H19 

Example H.6 
WShape Torsional Strength 
H23 

Chapter H 

Design Example 

References 
H30 

CHAPTER I 
DESIGN OF COMPOSITE MEMBERS 
I1 

Example I.1 
Composite Beam Design 
I8 

Example I.2 
Composite Girder Design 
I18 

Example I.3 
Concrete Filled Tube (CFT) Force Allocation and Load Transfer 
I35 

Example I.4 
Concrete Filled Tube (CFT) in Axial Compression 
I45 

Example I.5 
Concrete Filled Tube (CFT) in Axial Tension 
I50 

Example I.6 
Concrete Filled Tube (CFT) in Combined Axial Compression, Flexure and Shear 
I52 

Example I.7 
Concrete Filled Box Column with Noncompact/Slender Elements 
I66 

Example I.8 
Encased Composite Member Force Allocation and Load Transfer 
I80 

Example I.9 
Encased Composite Member in Axial Compression 
I93 

Example I.10 
Encased Composite Member in Axial Tension 
I100 

Example I.11 
Encased Composite Member in Combined Axial Compression, Flexure and Shear 
I103 

Example I.12 
Steel Anchors in Composite Components 
I119 

Chapter I 

Design Example 

References 
I123 

CHAPTER J 
DESIGN OF CONNECTIONS 
J1 

Example J.1 
Fillet Weld in Longitudinal Shear 
J2 

Example J.2 
Fillet Weld Loaded at an Angle 
J4 

Example J.3 
Combined Tension and Shear in Bearing Type Connections 
J6 

Example J.4A 
SlipCritical Connection with ShortSlotted Holes 
J8 

Example J.4B 
SlipCritical Connection with LongSlotted Holes 
J10 

Example J.5 
Combined Tension and Shear in a SlipCritical Connection 
J12 

Example J.6 
Bearing Strength of a Pin in a Drilled Hole 
J15 

Example J.7 
Base Plate Bearing on Concrete 
J16 

CHAPTER K 
DESIGN OF HSS AND BOX MEMBER CONNECTIONS 
K1 

Example K.1 
Welded/Bolted Wide Tee Connection to an HSS Column 
K2 

Example K.2 
Welded/Bolted Narrow Tee Connection to an HSS Column 
K10 

Example K.3 
Double Angle Connection to an HSS Column 
K13 

Example K.4 
Unstiffened Seated Connection to an HSS Column 
K16 

Example K.5 
Stiffened Seated Connection to an HSS Column 
K19 

Example K.6 
SinglePlate Connection to Rectangular HSS Column 
K24 

Example 
K.7 
ThroughPlate Connection 
K27 

Example K.8 
Transverse Plate Loaded Perpendicular to the HSS Axis on a Rectangular HSS 
K31 

Example K.9 
Longitudinal Plate Loaded Perpendicular to the HSS Axis on a Round HSS 
K34 

Example K.10 
HSS Brace Connection to a WShape Column 
K36 

Example K.11 
Rectangular HSS Column with a Cap Plate, Supporting a Continuous Beam 
K39 

Example K.12 
Rectangular HSS 
Column 
Base Plate 
K42 

Example K.13 
Rectangular HSS Strut End Plate 
K45 

Chapter K 

Design Example 

References 
K49 
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PART II.
EXAMPLES BASED ON THE AISC STEEL CONSTRUCTION MANUAL
CHAPTER IIA SIMPLE SHEAR CONNECTIONS 
IIA1 

Example II.A1 
AllBolted DoubleAngle Connection 
IIA2 
Example II.A2 
Bolted/Welded DoubleAngle Connection 
IIA4 
Example II.A3 
AllWelded DoubleAngle Connection 
IIA6 
Example II.A4 
AllBolted DoubleAngle Connection in a Coped Beam 
IIA9 
Example II.A5 
Welded/ Bolted DoubleAngle Connection (BeamtoGirder 
IIA13 
Example II.A6 
Beam End Coped at the Top Flange Only 
IIA16 
Example II.A7 
Beam End Coped at the Top and Bottom Flanges 
IIA23 
Example II.A8 
AllBolted DoubleAngle Connections (BeamstoGirder Web) 
IIA26 
Example II.A9 
Offset AllBolted DoubleAngle Connections (BeamstoGirder Web) 
IIA34 
Example II.A10 
Skewed Double BentPlate Connection (BeamtoGirder Web) 
IIA37 
Example II.A11 Shear EndPlate Connection (Beam to Girder 
IIA43 

Example II.A12 AllBolted Unstiffened Seated Connection (BeamtoColumn Web) 
IIA45 

Example II.A13 Bolted/Welded Unstiffened Seated Connection (BeamtoColumn Flange) 
IIA48 

Example II.A14 Stiffened Seated Connection (BeamtoColumn Flange) 
IIA51 

Example II.A15 Stiffened Seated Connection (BeamtoColumn Web) 
IIA54 

Example II.A16 
Offset Unstiffened Seated Connection (BeamtoColumn Flange) 
IIA57 
Example II.A17 SinglePlate Connection (Conventional – BeamtoColumn Flange) 
IIA60 

Example II.A18 SinglePlate Connection (BeamtoGirder Web) 
IIA62 

Example II.A19 Extended SinglePlate Connection (BeamtoColumn Web) 
IIA64 

Example II.A20 AllBolted SinglePlate Shear Splice 
IIA70 

Example II.A21 
Bolted/Welded SinglePlate Shear Splice 
IIA75 
Example II.A22 Bolted Bracket Plate Design 
IIA80 

Example II.A23 Welded Bracket Plate 
IIA86 

Example II.A24 Eccentrically Loaded Bolt Group (IC Method) 
IIA91 

Example II.A25 
Eccentrically Loaded Bolt Group (Elastic Method) 
IIA93 
Example II.A26 
Eccentrically Loaded Weld Group (IC Method) 
IIA95 
Example II.A27 Eccentrically Loaded Weld Group (Elastic Method) 
IIA98 

Example II.A28 AllBolted SingleAngle Connection (BeamtoGirder Web) 
IIA100 

Example II.A29 Bolted/Welded SingleAngle Connection (BeamtoColumn Flange) 
IIA105 

Example II.A30 
AllBolted Tee Connection (BeamtoColumn Flange) 
IIA108 
Example II.A31 Bolted/Welded Tee Connection (BeamtoColumn Flange) 
IIA115 

CHAPTER IIB 
FULLY RESTRAINED (FR) MOMENT CONNECTIONS 
IIB1 
Example II.B1 
Bolted FlangePlate FR Moment Connection (BeamtoColumn Flange) 
IIB2 
Example II.B2 
Welded FlangePlated FR Moment Connection (BeamtoColumn Flange) 
IIB14 
Example II.B3 
Directly Welded Flange FR Moment Connection (BeamtoColumn 
IIB20 
Example II.B4 
FourBolt Unstiffened Extended EndPlate 

FR Moment Connection (BeamtoColumn Flange) 
IIB22 

Chapter IIB 

Design Example 

References 
IIB33 

CHAPTER IIC BRACING AND TRUSS CONNECTIONS 
IIC1 

Example II.C1 
Truss Support Connection 
IIC2 
Example II.C2 
Bracing Connection 
IIC13 
Example II.C3 
Bracing Connection 
IIC41 
Example II.C4 
Truss Support Connection 
IIC50 
Example II.C5 
HSS Chevron Brace Connection 
IIC57 
Example II.C6 
Heavy Wide Flange Compression Connection (Flanges on the Outside) 
IIC69 
CHAPTER IID MISCELLANEOUS CONNECTIONS 
ID1 
Design Examples V14.0
AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION
ix
Example II.D1 
Prying Action in Tees and in Single Angles 
IID2 
Example II.D2 
Beam Bearing Plate 
IID9 
Example II.D3 
SlipCritical Connection with Oversized Holes 
IID15 
PART III. SYSTEM DESIGN EXAMPLES
III1
Example III1 
Design of Selected Members and Lateral Analysis of a FourStory Building 
III2 
Introduction 
III2 

Conventions 
III2 

Design Sequence 
III3 

General Description of the Building 
III4 

Roof Member Design and Selection 
III5 

Floor Member Design and Selection 
III17 

Column Design and Selection for Gravity Loads 
III38 

Wind Load Determination 
III46 

Seismic Load Determination 
III49 

Moment Frame Model 
III61 

Calculation of Required Strength—Three Methods 
III67 

Beam Analysis in the Moment Frame 
III77 

Braced Frame Analysis 
III80 

Analysis of Drag Struts 
III84 

Part III Example References 
III87 
PART IV. ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
IV1
Table 41 
Discussion 
IV2 
Table 41 
WShapes in Axial Compressions, F _{y} = 65 ksi 
IV5 
Table 61 
Discussion 
IV17 
Table 61 
Combined Flexure and Axial Force, WShapes, F _{y} = 65 ksi 
IV19 
Design Examples V14.0
AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION
IID 1
Chapter IID Miscellaneous Connections
This section contains design examples on connections in the AISC Steel Construction Manual that are not covered in other sections of the AISC Design Examples.
Design Examples V14.0
_{A}_{M}_{E}_{R}_{I}_{C}_{A}_{N} INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION
IID 2
EXAMPLE II.D1 PRYING ACTION IN TEES AND IN SINGLE ANGLES
Given:
Design an ASTM A992 WT hanger connection between an ASTM A36 2L3×3×c tension member and an ASTM A992 W24×94 beam to support the following loads:
P _{D} = 13.5 kips P _{L} = 40 kips
Solution:
From AISC Manual Table 24, the material properties are as follows:
Hanger WT ASTM A992 F _{y} = 50 ksi F _{u} = 65 ksi
Beam
W24×94
ASTM A992 F _{y} = 50 ksi F _{u} = 65 ksi
Angles
2L3×3×c
ASTM A36 F _{y} = 36 ksi F _{u} = 58 ksi
Design Examples V14.0
_{A}_{M}_{E}_{R}_{I}_{C}_{A}_{N} INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION
IID 3
From AISC Manual Tables 11, 17 and 115, the geometric properties are as follows:
Beam
W24×94
d = 24.3 in.
t _{w} = 0.515 in.
b _{f} = 9.07 in. t _{f} = 0.875 in.
Angles
2L3×3×c
A = 3.56 in. ^{2}
x = 0.860 in. for single angle
From Chapter 2 of ASCE/SEI 7, the required strength is:
LRFD 
ASD 

P u 
1.2(13.5 kips) = = 80.2 kips 
+ 
1.6(40 kips) 
P a = = 53.5 kips 13.5 kips 
+ 
40 kips 

Tensile Yielding of Angles P n = FA yg 
(Spec. Eq. D21) 

( = 36 ksi 3.56 in. 
2 
) 

= 128 kips 

LRFD 
ASD 

φ = 0.90 φP = 0.90(128 kips) n 
Ω = 1.67 = P 128 kips n 

= 115 kips > 80.2 kips 
o.k. 
Ω 
1.67 

= 76.6 kips > 53.5 kips 
o.k. 
From AISC Specification Table J2.4, the minimum size of fillet weld based on a material thickness of c in. is x in.
From AISC Specification Section J2.2b, the maximum size of fillet weld is:
w max
=
=
= 4 in.
thickness
in.
c
− z
in.
−
z
in.
Try 4in. fillet welds.
Design Examples V14.0
_{A}_{M}_{E}_{R}_{I}_{C}_{A}_{N} INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION
IID 4
From AISC Manual Part 8, Equations 82:
LRFD 
ASD 

l min 
= 
P u 1.392 D 
l min 
= 
P a 0.928 D 

_{=} 
80.2 kips 
_{=} 
53.5 kips 

1.392(4 sixteenths) 
0.928(4 sixteenths) 

= 14.4 in. 
= 14.4 in. 
Use four 4in. welds (16 in. total), one at the toe and heel of each angle.
Tensile Rupture Strength of Angles
Design Examples V14.0
_{A}_{M}_{E}_{R}_{I}_{C}_{A}_{N} INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION
IID 5
Determine tributary length per pair of bolts, p, using AISC Manual Figure 94 and assuming a 2in. web thickness.
_{p} _{=} 4.00 in. 
− 
2 
in. 
8.00 in. 
− 
4 
2 
in. 

+ 

2 = 3.50 in. ≤ 42 in. 
2 

LRFD 
ASD 

2 bolts(20.1 kips/bolt) 
= 11.5 kips/in. 
2 bolts(13.4 kips/bolt) 
= 7.66 kips/in. 

3.50 in. 
3.50 in. 
From AISC Manual Table 152b, with an assumed b = (4.00 in. – 2 in.)/2 = 1.75 in., the flange thickness, t = t _{f} , of the WT hanger should be approximately s in.
The minimum depth WT that can be used is equal to the sum of the weld length plus the weld size plus the k
and
dimension for the selected section. From AISC Manual Table 18 with an assumed b = 1.75 in.,
t
f
≈ s
in.,
d
min
=
4 in.
+ 4
in.
+≈k
6 in.,
appropriate selections include:
WT6×25
WT7×26.5
WT8×25
WT9×27.5
Try a WT6×25.
From AISC Manual Table 18, the geometric properties are as follows:
b _{f} = 8.08 in. t _{f} = 0.640 in. t _{w} = 0.370 in.
Prying Action Using AISC Manual Part 9
The beam flange is thicker than the WT flange; therefore, prying in the tee flange will control over prying in the beam flange.
b
=
g
−
t
w
2
4.00 in.
−
0.370 in.
=
= 1.82 in. > 14in. entering and tightening clearance, and the fillet toe is cleared
2
a
=
_{=}
=
b
f
−
g
2
8.08 in.
−
4.00 in.
2
2.04 in.
b′ = b −
d
b
2
Design Examples V14.0
_{A}_{M}_{E}_{R}_{I}_{C}_{A}_{N} INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION
(Manual Eq. 921)
IID 6
Design Examples V14.0
_{A}_{M}_{E}_{R}_{I}_{C}_{A}_{N} INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION
IID 7
Tensile Yielding of the WT Stem on the Whitmore Section Using AISC Manual Part 9
The effective width of the WT stem (which cannot exceed the actual width of 8 in.) is:
l
w
3.00 in.
=+
= 7.62 in.
2(4.00 in.)(tan 30 )
≤
8.00 in.
The nominal strength is determined as:
R 
n 
= FA yg 
(Spec. Eq. J41) 

= 50 ksi(7.62 in.)(0.370 in.) 

= 141 kips 

LRFD 
ASD 

φ = 0.90 
Ω = 1.67 

φR 
= 0.90(141 kips) 
R 
n 
141 kips 

n 
= 

= 
127 kips > 80.2 kips 
o.k. 
Ω 
1.67 

= 84.4 kips > 53.5 kips o.k. 

Shear Rupture of the WT Stem Base Metal 

6.19 
D 

t 
min 
= 
F 
u 
(Manual Eq. 93) 

= 6.19 
⎛ ⎜ ⎝ 4 sixteenths 65 ksi 
⎞ ⎟ ⎠ 
= 0.381 in. > 0.370 in.
shear rupture strength of WT stem controls over weld rupture strength
Block Shear Rupture of the WT Stem
Agv = _{(}_{2} shear planes)(4.00 in.)(0.370 in.)
= 2.96 in. ^{2}
Tension stress is uniform, therefore U _{b}_{s} = 1.0.
Ant = Agt = 3.00 in.(0.370 in.)
= 1.11 in. ^{2}
R _{n} = 0.60F _{u} A _{n}_{v} +U _{b}_{s} F _{u} A _{n}_{t} ≤ 0.60F _{y} A _{g}_{v} +U _{b}_{s} F _{u} A _{n}_{t}
(Spec. Eq. J45)
Because the angles are welded to the WThanger, shear yielding on the gross area will control (that is, the portion of the block shear rupture equation that addresses shear rupture on the net area does not control).
R
n
=
=
= 161 kips
0.60
0.60
FA
FA
bsunt
2
ygv
(
50 ksi
+U
)(
2.96 in.
)
(
+1.0 65 ksi
)(
1.11 in.
2
)
Design Examples V14.0
_{A}_{M}_{E}_{R}_{I}_{C}_{A}_{N} INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION
IID 8
LRFD 
ASD 

φ = 0.75 
Ω 
= 2.00 

R 
n 
161 kips 

φR _{n} = 0.75(161 kips) = 121 kips > 80.2 kips 
= 

o.k. 
Ω 
2.00 

= 80.5 kips > 53.5 kips 
o.k. 
Note: As an alternative to the preceding calculations, the designer can use a simplified procedure to select a WT hanger with a flange thick enough to reduce the effect of prying action to an insignificant amount, i.e., q ≈ 0. Assuming b ' = 1.45 in.
From AISC Manual Part 9:
A WT6×25, with t _{f} = 0.640 in. < 0.755 in., does not have a sufficient flange thickness to reduce the effect of prying action to an insignificant amount. In this case, the simplified approach requires a WT section with a thicker flange.
Design Examples V14.0
_{A}_{M}_{E}_{R}_{I}_{C}_{A}_{N} INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION
IID 9
EXAMPLE II.D2 BEAM BEARING PLATE
Given:
An ASTM A992 W18×50 beam with a dead load end reaction of 15 kips and a live load end reaction of 45 kips is
supported by a 10in.thick concrete wall. Assuming the concrete has A36 material determine the following:
f ′ = 3 ksi, and the bearing plate is ASTM
c
a. If a bearing plate is required if the beam is supported by the full wall thickness
b. The bearing plate required if l _{b} = 10 in. (the full wall thickness)
c. The bearing plate required if l _{b} = 62 in. and the bearing plate is centered on the thickness of the wall
Solution:
From AISC Manual Tables 24 and 25, the material properties are as follows:
Beam
W18×50
ASTM A992 F _{y} = 50 ksi F _{u} = 65 ksi
Bearing Plate (if required) ASTM A36 F _{y} = 36 ksi F _{u} = 58 ksi
Concrete Wall f ′ = 3 ksi
c
From AISC Manual Table 11, the geometric properties are as follows:
Beam
W18×50
= 18.0 in. = 0.355 in. = 7.50 in. = 0.570 in.
k _{d}_{e}_{s} = 0.972 in.
k _{1}
t _{f}
b _{f}
t _{w}
d
= m in.
Design Examples V14.0
_{A}_{M}_{E}_{R}_{I}_{C}_{A}_{N} INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION
IID 10
Concrete Wall h = 10.0 in.
Solution a:
LRFD 
ASD 

Calculate required strength. 
Calculate required strength. 

R _{u} = 1.2(15 kips) + 1.6(45 kips) 
R _{a} = 15 kips + 45 kips 

= 90.0 kips 
= 60.0 kips 

Check web local yielding using AISC Manual Table 94 and Manual Equation 945a. 
Check web local yielding using AISC Manual Table 94 and Manual Equation 945b. 

l b req = R u − φ φ R 1 R _{=} 90.0 kips 2 
≥ k des 
l b req = 
R a − R 2 
R / 
/ Ω 1 Ω 
≥ k des 

− 
43.1 kips 
≥ 0.972 in. 
_{=} 60.0 kips 
− 
28.8 kips 
≥ 0.972 in. 

17.8 kips/in. 
11.8 kips/in. 

= 2.63 in. < 10.0 in. 
o.k. 
= 2.64 in. < 10.0 in. 
o.k. 

Check web local crippling using AISC Manual Table 
Check web local crippling using AISC Manual Table 

94. 
94. 

l b _{=} 10.0 in. 
l b _{=} 10.0 in. 

d 18.0 in. 
d 18.0 in. 

= 0.556 
= 0.556 

Since ^{l} d > 0.2, use Manual Equation 948a. b l b req = R u − φ φ R 6 5 
Since l b req = 
^{l} d > 0.2, use Manual Equation 948b. b R a − R 6 R / / Ω 5 Ω 

R _{=} 90.0 kips 
− 
52.0 kips 
_{=} 60.0 kips 
− 
34.7 kips 

6.30 kips/in. 
4.20 kips/in. 

= 6.03 in. < 10.0 in. 
o.k. 
= 6.02 in. < 10.0 in. 
o.k. 

Verify ^{l} d > 0.2, b l b = 6.03 in. 
Verify ^{l} d > 0.2, b l b = 6.02 in. 

d 18.0 in. 
d 18.0 in. 

= 0.335 > 0.2 
o.k. 
= 0.334 > 0.2 
o.k. 

Check the bearing strength of concrete. 
Check the bearing strength of concrete. 

Note that AISC Specification Equation J81 is used because A _{2} is not larger than A _{1} in this case. 
Note that AISC Specification Equation J81 is used because A _{2} is not larger than A _{1} in this case. 

P _{p} = 0.85f _{c} ′ A _{1} 
(Spec. Eq. J81) 
P _{p} = 0.85f _{c} ′ A _{1} 
(Spec. Eq. J81) 
Design Examples V14.0
_{A}_{M}_{E}_{R}_{I}_{C}_{A}_{N} INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION
IID 11
LRFD 
ASD 

φ 
c 
= 0.65 
Ω c 
= 2.31 

φ _{c} P _{p} = φ _{c} 0.85f _{c} ′A _{1} 
P p Ω c 
= 
0.85 f 'A Ω c c 
1 

= 0.65(0.85)(3 ksi)(7.50 in.)(10.0 in.) 
0.85(3 ksi)(7.50 in.)(10.0 in.) 

= 124 kips > 90.0 kips 
o.k. 
_{=} 

2.31 

= 
82.8 kips > 60.0 kips 
o.k. 
Beam Flange Thickness Check Using AISC Manual Part 14
LRFD 
ASD 

Determine the cantilever length from Manual Equation 
Determine the cantilever length from Manual Equation 

141. 
141. 

n = 
b f 2 − k 
des 
n = 
b f 2 
− k 
des 

7.50 in. = 
− 0.972 in. 
= 
7.50 in. 
− 0.972 in. 

2 
2 

= 2.78 in. 
= 2.78 in. 

Determine bearing pressure. 
Determine bearing pressure. 

f _{p} = 
R A u 1 
f _{p} = 
R a 

A 
1 

Determine the minimum beam flange thickness required if no bearing plate is provided. The beam flanges along the length, n, are assumed to be fixed end cantilevers with a minimum thickness determined using the limit state of flexural yielding. 
Determine the minimum beam flange thickness required if no bearing plate is provided. The beam flanges along the length, n, are assumed to be fixed end cantilevers with a minimum thickness determined using the limit state of flexural yielding. 

u = f p n 2 
2 
R n u 2 2 A 1 
f p n 2 
2 
R n a 2 A 
2 

M 
= 
M a = 
= 
1 

Z 
= 4t 2 
Z 
= 4t 2 

M 
≤φ FZ uy 
=φ F y ⎛ ⎜ ⎝ ⎜ t 
2 4 ⎞ ⎠ ⎟ 
⎟ 
M 
a 
≤ 
FZ y ^{Ω} 
= 
⎛ ⎜ ^{Ω} ⎝ F y ⎜ 
t 2 4 
⎞ ⎟ ⎟ ⎠ 

t min =
4
M
u
φ
F
y

= 
2
2
R n
u
φ
A
F
1
y

t min =
Ω
4
M
a
F
y
= 
2
Ω
2
R n
a
AF
1
y


φ = 0.90 
Ω = 1.67 

t min =
2
2 R n
u
φA F
1
y

t min = 
2
Ω 2 R n
a
A F
1
y

Design Examples V14.0
_{A}_{M}_{E}_{R}_{I}_{C}_{A}_{N} INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION
IID 12
Note: The designer may assume a bearing width narrower than the beam flange in order to justify a thinner flange. In this case, if 5.44 in. ≤ bearing width ≤ 6.56 in., a 0.570 in. flange thickness is ok and the concrete has adequate bearing strength.
Solution b:
l _{b} = 10 in.
From Solution a, web local yielding and web local crippling are o.k.
LRFD 
ASD 

Calculate the required bearingplate width using AISC Specification Equation J81. 
Calculate the required bearingplate width using AISC Specification Equation J81. 

φ 
c 
= 0.65 
Ω 
c 
= 
2.31 

A 
1 req = 
R u 
′ 
R a Ω ^{A} ^{1} ^{r}^{e}^{q} ^{=} 0.85 c 
′ 

_{=} 
φ c 
0.85 f c 90.0 kips 
f c _{=} 60.0 kips(2.31) 

0.65(0.85)(3 ksi) = 54.3 in. ^{2} 
(0.85)(3 ksi) 

= 54.4 in. ^{2} 

B 
A req = 
1 req 
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