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SUTHERLAND HIGH SCHOOL

PHYSICAL SCIENCE
PAPER I
PHYSICS EXAM

28 October 2013

TIME: 3 Hours TOTAL MARKS: [150]

EXAMINER: Mrs I Wood
MODERATOR: Mrs R Bothma

This exam paper consists of 14 pages (cover included).

Instructions
1. Answer all the questions on the folio paper provided.
2. A Data Sheet is included for your use.
3. Number the answers correctly according to the numbering system used in this question paper.
4. Start each question on a new page.
5. Rule off after each question.
6. Non-programmable calculators and appropriate mathematical instruments may be used.
7. In all calculations, formulae and substitutions must be shown.
9. Marks may be forfeited if instructions are not followed.

Gr 11 Physical Science Paper I - Physics 28 October 2013
2

SECTION A
Question 1
Give the correct term for the following:
1.1 The principle that states that all points on a wave front act as a source of small
circular wavelets.

(1)
1.2 The law that describes the motion of an object when acceleration is zero. (1)
1.3 The property of an object that opposes any change in the motion of an object. (1)
1.4 The law that describes the induced emf of a solenoid in a varying magnetic field. (1)
1.5 The factor that is inversely proportional to the mass of an object, if the object
experiences a net force.

(1)
[5]
Question 2
Various possibilities are suggested as answers; only ONE is correct. Write the correct letter next to
the question number on your folio paper (e.g. 2.1 E).
2.1 A box, with a mass of M, is resting on the floor of a lift that is accelerating
upwards with an acceleration of a. If the gravitational acceleration is g, the
resultant force applied to the box is equal to:
A. Ma B. -Mg
C. Ma + (-Mg) D. Ma (-Mg)

(2)
2.2 Two crates, with masses of 2m and 3m respectively, are joined together with a
light inelastic string and then placed on a smooth horizontal surface. A force, F,
acts on the system as indicated
in the diagram.

The tension, T, in the string in terms of F is:
A.

F
B.

F
C.

F
D.

F

(2)
2.3 If the gravitational acceleration on earth is g, what will the gravitational
acceleration be on a planet with half the radius and double the mass of the
earth?
A. 8g B. 4g

(2)
3m
T
F
2m
Gr 11 Physical Science Paper I - Physics 28 October 2013
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C. 2g D. g

2.4 Two trolleys, A (with a mass m) and B (with a mass 2m), are standing side by
side on a frictionless, horizontal surface. When a compressed spring between
them is released, the force that A exerts on B, is F. What is the magnitude of the
force that B exerts on A in terms of F?
A. -2F B. 2F
C. -F D. F

(2)
2.5 Light travels through an optically more dense medium to the border of an
optically less dense medium. Total internal reflection will occur if the:
A. incident angle > refraction angle.
B. incident angle < refraction angle.
C. incident angle > critical angle.
D. incident angle < critical angle.

(2)
2.6 Red light undergoes greater diffraction than blue light through the same slit
because:
A. red light has a greater wavelength than blue light.
B. red light travels faster than blue light.
C. red light has a wider central band in the diffraction pattern than blue
light.
D. red light has a greater frequency than blue light.

(2)
2.7 The potential difference between any two points in a circuit is the:
A. product of the current and the total resistance in the circuit.
B. the work done per coulomb of charge that moves between the two
points.
C. the work done per ampere of current that moves from one point to the
other.
D. resistance divided by the total current.

(2)

Gr 11 Physical Science Paper I - Physics 28 October 2013
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2.8 Which one of the following graphs represents the relationship between
potential difference (V) and strength of current (I) for an ohmic conductor?
A.

B.

C.

D.

(2)

2.9 Four light bulbs are connected in the following circuit.

A unit of electricity costs 65c. Calculate the cost of electricity if all four light
bulbs burn for 3 hours.
A. R585 B. 58.5c
C. R5,85 D. 0,58c

(2)

V
I
1

V
V
I
I I
Gr 11 Physical Science Paper I - Physics 28 October 2013
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2.10 In the circuit diagram represented below, three identical resistors are connected
as shown. The battery, ammeter and connecting wires have negligible
resistance.
The switch S in the circuit is open.

Switch S is now closed. Which one of the following combinations correctly gives
the readings on the ammeter and voltmeter?
A. Increases Increases
B. Increases Decreases
C. Decreases Increases
D. Decreases Decreases

(2)
[20]
TOTAL SECTION A: [25]
SECTION B
Question 3
A wooden block, mass 500 g, is shot up a 22 slope. At the base of the slope, the block
has a velocity of 9,5 ms
-1
and the coefficient of kinetic friction is 0,55.

3.1 Draw a labelled free-body diagram showing all the forces acting on the wooden
block.

(4)
3.2 Calculate the magnitude of the kinetic friction experienced by the block. (3)
3.3 Calculate the acceleration of the block. (6)
3.4 Calculate the distance that the block moves up the slope before it starts to slide
down again.
(4)
[17]

Gr 11 Physical Science Paper I - Physics 28 October 2013
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Question 4
Two blocks are pulled to the right with a horizontal force P. The blocks are joined with a
light string, T, and moved over a rough surface. The frictional force acting on the 4 kg and
1 kg blocks, are 2 N and 0,5 N respectively. Ignore the mass of the string.

4.1 Calculate the magnitude of the acceleration of the system if the tension in T is
16 N.

(5)
4.2 Calculate the magnitude of force P. (5)
[10]
Question 5
Two men are trying to move a heavy rock as indicated in the diagram.

5.1 Calculate the vertical and horizontal components of force F
1
. (2)
5.2 Calculate the vertical and horizontal components of force F
2
. (2)
5.3 Define the term resultant of two forces in words. (2)
5.4 Calculate the magnitude and direction of the resultant of force F
1
and F
2
. (6)
[12]

1 kg
T
P
4 kg
Gr 11 Physical Science Paper I - Physics 28 October 2013
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Question 6
Three objects, P, Q and R, hang from light strings knotted at O. The pulleys are frictionless
and the system is in equilibrium.

6.1 Give a definition for the term equilibrium. (1)
6.2 Draw a force diagram (not to scale) of all the forces acting on the knot at O. Also
show all the angles between the forces.

(4)
6.3 Using an accurate construction and measurement, determine the tension in the
string from which Q is suspended. Use a scale of 1 cm : 0,1 N.

(5)
6.4 Calculate the mass (in kg) of Q. (3)
[13]
Question 7
An astronaut, with a mass of 80 kg, lands on a planet that has a radius half that of the
earth and a mass three times greater than that of the earth.

7.1 If the astronaut were to find himself on earth, what force of
attraction / gravitational force will the earth exert on the
astronaut?

(2)
7.2 Assume the mass of the earth is 6 10
24
kg and prove that the
radius of the earth is 6,39 10
3
km.

(5)
7.3 What force of attraction will the planet exert on the astronaut? (2)
[9]

Gr 11 Physical Science Paper I - Physics 28 October 2013
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37
air
oil
water
n = 1
n = 1,45
n = 1,33
Question 8
8.1
During an investigation of Snells law, grade 11 learners passed light from air
through a rectangular glass block. They measured the angle of refraction for
various angles of incidence and obtained the following results.
Table showing the angle of refraction for various angles of incidence.
Angle of
incidence ()
Angle of
refraction ()
sin i sin r
15 9.8 0,26 0,17
20 13 0,34 0,22
25 16 0,42 0,28
30 19 0,50 0,33
35 22 0,57 0,37

8.1.1 Write down a suitable hypothesis for the investigation conducted by the
learners

(1)
8.1.2 The data given in the table was plotted and a straight line graph was
obtained. What does this graph tell us about the relationship between
sin i and sin r ?

(1)
8.1.3 The gradient of the graph was calculated as 1,5. What is represented by

(1)
8.1.4 How will the wavelength of the ray of light be influenced moving from air
to glass? Write down only INCREASE / DECREASE or REMAINS THE SAME.

(2)

8.2 A layer of oil (n = 1,45) floats on water (n = 1,33). A ray of light shines on the oil at
an angle of 37.

Use Snells Law to calculate the angle of refraction of the light in the water. (6)
[11]

Gr 11 Physical Science Paper I - Physics 28 October 2013
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Question 9
A learner investigates the change in broadness of the central bright band in a pattern that
forms when light passes through single slits of different widths. She uses monochromatic
red light. The apparatus is set up as shown in the diagram below.

9.1 What phenomenon takes place here? (1)
9.2 What does the term monochromatic mean? (1)
9.3 Write down TWO variables that are kept constant during this investigation. (2)
9.4 Describe the effect each of the following changes would have on the width of the
central band observed if:

9.4.1 the width of the slit was decreased. (1)
9.4.2 the monochromatic red light is replaced with monochromatic green light.

(2)
[7]
Question 10
10.1 Two point charges A and B carrying charges of +5 C and -3 C respectively are
placed 60 mm apart as shown in the diagram below.

10.1.1 State Coulombs Law in words. (3)
10.1.2 A test charge of magnitude +2 C is placed at point X which is midway
between the two charges. In which direction will the force on the test
charge be due to:

(a) charge A? (1)
(b) charge B? (1)
10.1.3 Calculate the magnitude and the direction of the resultant force on the
test charge.

(6)
A
+5 C
B
-3 C
X
60 mm
Gr 11 Physical Science Paper I - Physics 28 October 2013
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10.2 A +2 C charge is placed as shown in the sketch below and causes an electric field
strength of 1,8 10
6
NC
-1
at A, which is a distance d from the charge.

10.2.1 Explain in terms of force and charge what an electric field strength of
1,8 10
6
NC
-1
means.

(2)
10.2.2 Why do we consider electric field strength as a vector? (1)
10.2.3 Determine the magnitude of d. (4)
[18]
Question 11
Michael Faraday, a self-dedicated English physicist and chemist, discovered that when the
magnetic field through a loop is changing, a current is induced in the loop. This discovery
lead to the development of the electricity supply industry.
One complete wire loop has an area of 0,1 m
2
and resistance of 10 . The magnetic field
perpendicular to the plane of the loop initially has a magnitude of 0,2 T and is reduced to
zero uniformly in a time of 1 10
-4
s.
Calculate the following:

11.1 induced emf. (6)
11.2 induced current. (3)
[9]
Question 12
12.1 In the circuit represented below, two 60 resistors connected in parallel are
connected in series with a 25 resistor. The battery has an emf of 12 V and an
internal resistance of 1,5 .

2 C
A
d
Gr 11 Physical Science Paper I - Physics 28 October 2013
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Calculate the:
12.1.1 equivalent resistance of the parallel combination. (3)
12.1.2 total current in the circuit. (4)
12.1.3 potential difference across the parallel resistors. (2)
12.1.4 power of the 25 resistor. (2)

12.2 Learners conduct an investigation to determine the emf and internal resistance (r)
of a battery.
They set up a circuit as shown in the diagram below and measure the potential
difference using the voltmeter for different currents in the circuit.

The results obtained are shown in the graph below.

Gr 11 Physical Science Paper I - Physics 28 October 2013
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12.2.1 Use the graph to determine the emf of the battery. (1)
12.2.2 Calculate the gradient of the graph. (3)
12.2.3 Which physical quantity is represented by the magnitude of the gradient
of the graph?

(1)
increases? Write down INCREASES, DECREASES or REMAINS THE SAME.
Use the formula emf = IR + Ir to explain the answer.

(3)
[19]

TOTAL SECTION B: [125]
GRAND TOTAL: [150]

INSERT DATA SHEETS FROM GR 11 EXEMPLAR PAPER 2013