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TA:ZaraTabi(ztabi@ucsd.edU) BICD120:Dr.

Crawford
AIM:ztabi06OH:ByemailAppt. Week6

Introducinq...
Phvtohormones-Small
molecule
signals
made by1group
andreleased ofcellsinresponse
tothe
environment
) meanttobereceived group
byanother ofcellstoproduce (growth,
a response movement, etc,)
+ hormonre (at conditions
Structure Common Stimulates Represses
aoenca(;tclLocations
Tips . Phototropism;
. Shoot CellElongation . Lateralbud "apical
groth-
.Young . CellDivision"acr/qnufh .. dominance"
Leaves . Development: 'lltzor/
. Embryos u
- Lateral
Rootlnitiatio
n
- Rootsintissueculture
& shoot
cutting (adventitious
roots)
. TryptophanDerivative - Vascular formation
tissue
. lnplants,
canbe
derivedfromtrporindole

havepositive
- Phototropism:can (towards
light)or (away
negative fromlight)
. Auxin
isproduced
intheshoottipandisreansported
downwards topromote
cellelongation
. Bending a lightsource
towards duetodifferential
delivery
ofauxin
- Elongation
ononesideismorerapid

- Auxintransport
. Usesactive (ATP)to
transport moveauxin (apical)to
fromshoot root(basal)
. Transport
proteins
areneeded
tokeepflowmoving
downwards
+ Hormone-Promotes
GrowthandCellDivision
Structure Common Stimulates Represses
Location
- N -F- . RootTips . CellDivision . Senescence(plant
. Seeds Dirrerentiatio
:>
aging/ripening/death)
: Sffi
:l T nf,if;,*
<N

. Adenine
Derivative
Va4(JI n
- Cytokinin
Transport:
Produced
intherootsandissentuptotheshoots

Hormone
Promotes andCellDivision
Growtfr
. SeedGermination
. Reproductive
growth
offlowers
- Bolting/Production
. StemElongation
. CellDivision
& Expansion

-GAinseedgermination
. Theplantembryo aremet(light,
waitsuntiltherightconditions moisture, before
temp) producing
GA
- Induces
embryogrowth
production
- lnduces ofhydrolases bythealeurone
) Macromoleculeqpan bebrokendownintousable fortheplant!
metabolites
,^ot-
and JfHlld'# #ffitnn,
borting
rnsation ordwarrprants
HY W*!\:A:y,, (!t'oc-u-,,
. Howtoobtainthesetypesof mutants? t n{ +0 \^uot a cotNpb,&
stt Ll
mutant
- Biosynthesis ) Can'tmakeGAproperly <hv'!.t^,rtn1.--l-a-rw<n,a5
^0 /.a'i&*_"
-ReceptorMutant)Can'tdetect/perceiveGA a
. Howtodistinguish T;
/4-w/4w()c aae-
'#&#oiitr,i'fiff'^d
btwthetwo? )AddGA!
d'W'
.-. . :rr a^t-)t ht,,,nLrarrrr.1.<
wwwr,'rlt6er S,,Wi'#* r
-) Actinohormone: seedGerminat
Prevents
Prevent6
lormone: SeedGermination
0n '*Urt: OA
wgde u 44{ oewltt/d' ?
Common Stimulates Represses
Location
. Roots AbioticSfress . GAresponses
. Seeds . Closing
ofstomata - Embryo
Growth
. ColdHardening ofHydrolases
- Release
- Production lipids
orunsaturated
- Synthesize Proteins
antifreeze

-)Acti
Structure Common Locations Stimulates
. Fruits . Fruit
Ripening
. Germinating
seeds . Senescence
. "Triple ingerminating
response" seeds
. DiseaseResistance

. Derived
from
methionene

Response-Young
- Triple mechanism
seed's withobstructions
fordealing soil'ssurface
towards
. Three
features:
ofthehyPocotYls
1)Shortening
withhyPocotYls
2)Thickening
3)Larger Curvature
Hook
. Response bypresence
triggered ofethylene
- Canbereproduced lab
inthe
. TheETR1 Gene) Codes foranETR1 Protein
Region
domain-
- Protein ofprotein function
witha specific
Protein:
ofETRI
- Structure

. ETR1 to2 component


similar
partofmechanism receptor inbacteria
system
Steps: ofsignal
1)Binding byaninput
(i'e.ethylene) domain
ofi ehosptrate
Z)Transier (
group totheAspof
domain
) fromHisofthekansmitter
domain
thereceiver
istriggered
3)ResPonse