Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 26

COMPLETE REVISION

June 2007

Process Industry Practices
Architectural
PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification



PURPOSE AND USE OF PROCESS INDUSTRY PRACTICES

In an effort to minimize the cost of process industry facilities, this Practice has
been prepared from the technical requirements in the existing standards of major
industrial users, contractors, or standards organizations. By harmonizing these technical
requirements into a single set of Practices, administrative, application, and engineering
costs to both the purchaser and the manufacturer should be reduced. While this Practice
is expected to incorporate the majority of requirements of most users, individual
applications may involve requirements that will be appended to and take precedence
over this Practice. Determinations concerning fitness for purpose and particular matters
or application of the Practice to particular project or engineering situations should not
be made solely on information contained in these materials. The use of trade names
from time to time should not be viewed as an expression of preference but rather
recognized as normal usage in the trade. Other brands having the same specifications
are equally correct and may be substituted for those named. All Practices or guidelines
are intended to be consistent with applicable laws and regulations including OSHA
requirements. To the extent these Practices or guidelines should conflict with OSHA or
other applicable laws or regulations, such laws or regulations must be followed.
Consult an appropriate professional before applying or acting on any material
contained in or suggested by the Practice.
This Practice is subject to revision at any time.
Process Industry Practices (PIP), Construction Industry Institute, The
University of Texas at Austin, 3925 West Braker Lane (R4500), Austin,
Texas 78759. PIP member companies and subscribers may copy this Practice
for their internal use. Changes, overlays, addenda, or modifications of any
kind are not permitted within any PIP Practice without the express written
authorization of PIP.
PRINTING HISTORY
May 1999 Issued
October 2001 Technical Revision
June 2007 Complete Revision
Not printed with State funds

COMPLETE REVISION
June 2007

Process Industry Practices
Architectural
PIP ARS13120
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification
Table of Contents
1. Introduction................................. 2
1.1 Purpose.......................................... 2
1.2 Scope............................................. 2
2. References .................................. 2
2.1 Process Industry Practices............. 2
2.2 Industry Codes and Standards....... 2
2.3 Government Regulations................ 5
3. Definitions ................................... 5
4. Requirements.............................. 6
4.1 Design............................................ 6
4.2 Materials......................................... 9
4.3 Fabrication.................................... 17
4.4 Erection........................................ 21


Process Industry Practices Page 1 of 24
PIP ARS13120 COMPLETE REVISION
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification June 2007
1. Introduction
1.1 Purpose
This Practice provides requirements for pre-engineered metal buildings.
1.2 Scope
This Practice describes the requirements for design, materials, fabrication, and
erection of pre-engineered metal buildings, including exterior doors, windows,
louvers and ventilators as required by the contract documents.
This Practice does not address pre-fabricated (pre-manufactured) buildings.
2. References
Applicable parts of the following Practices and references shall be considered an integral part
of this Practice. The edition in effect on the date of contract award shall be used, except as
otherwise noted. Short titles are used herein where appropriate.
2.1 Process Industry Practices (PIP)
PIP ARS08111 - Standard Steel Doors and Frames Supplier Specification
PIP ARS08112 - Standard Steel Doors and Frames Installation Specification
PIP ARS08710 - Door Hardware Specification
PIP CVC01017 - Plant Site Data Sheet
PIP CVC01018 - Project Data Sheet
PIP STC01015 - Structural Design Criteria
2.2 Industry Codes and Standards
Architectural Aluminum Manufacturers Association (AAMA)
AAMA 701702 - Voluntary Specification for Pile Weatherstripping and
Replaceable Fenestration Weatherseals
American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC)
Steel Construction Manual
Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM A325 or A490 Bolts
Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges
Specification for Structural Steel Buildings
American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI)
AISI SG 673, Part 1: Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel
Structural Members
AISI SG 913, Part 1: Load and Resistance Factor Design Specification for
Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members
Page 2 of 24 Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION PIP ARS13120
June 2007 Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification
American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
ASCE/SEI 7 - Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures
ASTM International (ASTM)
ASTM A1 - Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Tee Rails
ASTM A36/A36M - Standard Specification for Carbon Structural Steel
ASTM A53/A53M - Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot-
Dipped, Zinc-Coated, Welded and Seamless
ASTM A106/A106M/A106/A106MM - Standard Specification for Seamless
Carbon Steel Pipe for High Temperature Service
ASTM A123/A123M - Standard Specification for Zinc (Hot-Dipped
Galvanized) Coatings on Iron and Steel Products
ASTM A153/A153M - Standard Specification for Zinc Coating (Hot-Dip) on
Iron and Steel Hardware (AASHTO No. M232)
ASTM A307 - Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Bolts and Studs, 60,000
PSI Tensile Strength
ASTM A325 - Standard Specification for Structural Bolts, Steel, Heat Treated,
120/105 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength (AASHTO No. M164)
ASTM A325M - Standard Specification for Structural Bolts, Steel, Heat
Treated 830 MPa Minimum Tensile Strength [Metric]
ASTM A475 - Standard Specification for Zinc-Coated Steel Wire Strand
ASTM A490 - Standard Specification for Structural Bolts, Alloy Steel, Heat
Treated, 150ksi Minimum Tensile Strength (AASHTO No. M253)
ASTM A490M - Standard Specification for High-Strength Steel Bolts, Classes
10.9 and 10.9.3, for Structural Steel Joints [Metric]
ASTM A500 - Standard Specification for Cold-Formed Welded and Seamless
Carbon Steel Structural Tubing in Rounds and Shapes
ASTM A501 - Standard Specification for Hot-Formed Welded and Seamless
Carbon Steel Structural Tubing
ASTM A529/A529M - Standard Specification for High-Strength Carbon-
Manganese Steel of Structural Quality
ASTM A563 - Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts
ASTM A563M - Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts
[Metric]
ASTM A572/A572M - Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy
Columbium-Vanadium Structural Steel (AASHTO No. M223)
ASTM A653/A653M - Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated
(Galvanized) or Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated (Galvannealed) by the Hot-Dip
Process
ASTM A755/A755M - Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Metallic Coated
by the Hot-Dip Process and Prepainted by the Coil-Coating Process for
Exterior Exposed Building Products
ASTM A759 - Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Crane Rails
Process Industry Practices Page 3 of 24
PIP ARS13120 COMPLETE REVISION
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification June 2007
ASTM A792/A792M/A792/A792MM - Standard Specification for Steel Sheet,
55% Aluminum-Zinc Alloy-Coated by the Hot-Dip Process
ASTM A992/A992M - Standard Specification for Structural Steel Shapes
ASTM A1008/A1008M - Standard Specification for Steel, Sheet, Cold-Rolled,
Carbon, Structural, High-Strength Low-Alloy, High-Strength Low-Alloy with
Improved Formability, Solution Hardened, and Bake Hardenable
ASTM A1011/A1011M - Standard Specification for Steel, Sheet and Strip,
Hot-Rolled, Carbon, Structural, High-Strength Low-Alloy, High-Strength
Low-Alloy with Improved Formability, and Ultra-High Strength
ASTM B221 - Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy
Extruded Bars, Rods, Wire, Profiles, and Tubes
ASTM B221M - Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy
Extruded Bars, Rods, Wire, Profiles, and Tubes [Metric]
ASTM B695 - Standard Specification for Coatings of Zinc Mechanically
Deposited on Iron and Steel
ASTM C509 - Standard Specification for Elastomeric Cellular Preformed
Gasket and Sealing Material
ASTM C665 - Standard Specification for Mineral-Fiber Blanket Thermal
Insulation for Light Frame Construction and Manufactured Housing
ASTM C1036 - Standard Specification for Flat Glass
ASTM D1494 - Standard Test Method for Diffuse Light Transmission Factor
of Reinforced Plastics Panels
ASTM D2000 - Standard Classification System for Rubber Products in
Automotive Applications
ASTM D2287 - Standard Specification for Nonrigid Vinyl Chloride Polymer
and Copolymer Molding and Extrusion Compounds
ASTM E84 - Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of
Building Materials
ASTM F436 - Standard Specification for Hardened Steel Washers
ASTM F436M - Standard Specification for Hardened Steel Washers [Metric]
ASTM F959 - Standard Specification for Compressible-Washer-Type Direct
Tension Indicators for Use with Structural Fasteners
ASTM F959M - Standard Specification for Compressible-Washer-Type Direct
Tension Indicators for Use with Structural Fasteners [Metric]
ASTM F1554 - Standard Specification for Anchor Bolts, Steel, 36, 55, and
105-ksi Yield Strength
American Welding Society (AWS)
AWS D1.1/D1.1M - Structural Welding Code-Steel, 2006
AWS D1.3 - Structural Welding Code-Sheet Steel, 1998
Glass Association of North America (GANA)
GANA Glazing Manual
Page 4 of 24 Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION PIP ARS13120
June 2007 Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification
Metal Building Manufacturers Association (MBMA)
Metal Building Systems Manual
Steel J oist Institute (SJ I)
SJI Standard Specification, Load Tables and Weight Tables for Steel Joists and
Girders
Steel Structures Painting Council (SSPC)
SSPC SP1 - Surface Preparation Specification No. 1, Solvent Cleaning
SSPC SP3 - Surface Preparation Specification No. 3, Power Tool Cleaning
SSPC SP7 - Surface Preparation Specification No. 7, Brush-off Blast Cleaning
2.3 Government Regulations
Federal Standards and Instructions of the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health
Administration, including any additional requirements by state or local agencies that
have jurisdiction where the metal building is to be erected, shall apply.
U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration
(OSHA)
OSHA 29 CFR Part 1910 - Occupational Safety and Health Standards
OSHA 29 CFR Part 1926 - Safety and Health Regulations for Construction
3. Definitions
contract documents: Any and all documents, including codes, studies, design drawings,
specifications, sketches, practices, and data sheets, that the purchaser or engineer of record
has transmitted or otherwise communicated, either by incorporation or reference, and made
part of the legal contract agreement or purchase order between the purchaser and the supplier.
engineer of record: Purchasers authorized representative with overall authority and
responsibility for the engineering design, quality, and performance of the civil works,
structure, foundations, materials, and appurtenances described in the contract documents. The
engineer of record shall be licensed as defined by the laws of the locality in which the work is
to be constructed, and be qualified to practice in the specialty discipline required for the work
described in the contract documents.
owner: The party ultimately responsible for contract award. The owner will have authority
over the site, facility, structure or project through ownership, lease, or other legal agreement.
professional engineer: An engineer, other than the engineer of record licensed as defined by
the laws of the locality in which the building is to be installed. The professional engineer
shall be qualified to practice in the specialty discipline required for the work described in the
contract documents.
purchaser: The party who awards the contract to the supplier. The purchaser may be the
owner or the owners authorized agent.
supplier: The party responsible for supplying the building.
Process Industry Practices Page 5 of 24
PIP ARS13120 COMPLETE REVISION
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification June 2007
4. Requirements
4.1 Experience and Certification
4.1.1 Unless otherwise approved by the purchaser, supplier shall have a minimum
of 2 years experience in successful fabrication of pre-engineered metal
buildings.
4.1.2 Unless otherwise approved by the purchaser, the job supervisor shall have a
minimum of 5-years experience in the construction of pre-engineered metal
buildings.
4.1.3 Unless exempted by the purchaser, supplier shall have AISC Category MB
certification.
4.2 Design
4.2.1 Structural Design and Performance
4.2.1.1 The metal building shall be designed in accordance with the
requirements specified herein and the requirements of the contract
documents.
4.2.1.2 The building shall be designed by, or in the responsible charge of,
a professional engineer.
4.2.1.3 Changes from the requirements in the contract documents shall be
approved by the purchaser.
4.2.1.4 Unless otherwise required in the contract documents, the pre-
engineered metal building system shall be designed in accordance
with, and to withstand the loads and load combinations specified in,
PIP STC01015, PIP CVC01017, and PIP CVC01018.
4.2.1.5 Unless otherwise specified in the contract documents, the design
criteria shall be in accordance with the MBMA Metal Building
Systems Manual, Part I - Design Practices.
4.2.1.6 Deflections and Drift Limits
1. Unless required otherwise in the contract documents or unless
the governing codes are more stringent, maximum deflections of
primary and secondary structural members shall be in
accordance with Table 1.
Table 1 - Maximum Deflections
Structural Members Deflection
Frame System L/240
Purlins L/180
Girts L/120
Sheeting L/120
Elements Supporting Masonry Construction L/600
Where:
L =span length of the member being considered
Page 6 of 24 Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION PIP ARS13120
June 2007 Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification
2. Unless otherwise required in the contract documents, deflections
for members supporting cranes shall be in accordance with
PIP STC01015.
3. Maximum wind drift shall be in accordance with PIP STC01015.
4.2.1.7 Structural steel design shall be in accordance with the AISC
Specification for Structural Steel Buildings.
4.2.1.8 Cold-formed steel design shall be in accordance with the AISI SG
673, Part 1, Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel
Structural Members or the AISI SG 913, Part 1, Load and Resistance
Factor Design Specification for Cold-Formed Steel Structural
Members, as applicable.
4.2.1.9 Roofing, siding, and other accessories shall be designed in
accordance with the MBMA Metal Building Systems Manual.
4.2.1.10 Crane supports, if required, shall be designed in accordance with
PIP STC01015 and shall meet the requirements of the contract
documents.
4.2.1.11 All field connections shall be bolted, and all factory connections
shall be either bolted or welded, unless otherwise required by the
contract documents.
4.2.1.12 Bolted Connections
1. Design, detailing, and fabrication of bolted connections shall be
in accordance with the AISC Specification for Structural Steel
Buildings and the AISC Code of Standard Practice for Steel
Buildings and Bridges. Connection detailing shall be done in
accordance with the AISC Detailing for Steel Construction.
2. Connections using ASTM A325 or ASTM A490 Bolts shall be in
accordance with the AISC Specification for Structural Joints
Using ASTM A325 or A490 Bolts.
4.2.1.13 Welded Connections
Design, detailing, and fabrication of welded connections shall be in
accordance with the AISC Specification for Structural Steel
Buildings, the AISC Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings
and Bridges, AWS D1.1, and AWS D1.3.
Connection detailing shall be done in accordance with the AISC
Detailing for Steel Construction.
4.2.2 Submittals
4.2.2.1 Anchor Bolt Locations and Reactions
Within 2 weeks after award of contract, a drawing shall be submitted
by supplier to the purchaser that provides the diameter, projection,
and location of all required anchor bolts and the unfactored reactions
at each point influencing the foundation for each design load
(e.g., dead, live, snow, wind, earthquake, crane, etc.). For use in
determining the anchor bolt diameter, anchor bolt material shall be
Process Industry Practices Page 7 of 24
PIP ARS13120 COMPLETE REVISION
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification June 2007
assumed to be ASTM F1554 Grade 36, unless noted otherwise in the
contract documents.
4.2.2.2 Structural Design Calculations
1. Within 4 weeks after award of contract, one copy of all design
calculations for the building shall be submitted by supplier to the
purchaser for review by the engineer of record.
2. Design calculations shall be sealed by the suppliers professional
engineer.
3. Design calculations shall include the following:
a. Summary of the criteria, codes, design loads, and load
combinations used for the building design
b. Deflection and drift calculations
4.2.2.3 Fabrication and Erection Drawings for Review and Approval
1. Before the start of fabrication, complete and checked fabrication
and erection drawings shall be submitted to the purchaser for
review and approval by the engineer of record. Fabrication shall
not proceed until approval is obtained from the engineer of
record.
2. Drawings shall be sealed by the suppliers professional engineer.
4.2.2.4 Product Data
1. Product information, specifications, and installation instructions
for building components and accessories shall be submitted with
the fabrication and erection drawings that are submitted for
review and approval.
2. Accessory component drawings shall include locations and
elevations for personnel doors, overhead doors, windows,
ventilator, louvers, gutters, downspouts, and any other
accessories.
3. Specifications, data sheets, and wiring diagrams for motor-
operated doors detailing power, signal, and control systems shall
be submitted with clear differentiation between field- and
factory-installed wiring.
4.2.2.5 Material Samples
Unless otherwise required by the contract documents, one of each of
the following samples shall be submitted to the purchaser for
approval before fabrication. Fabrication shall not proceed without the
purchasers approval.
a. 30 cm (12 inches) by actual width samples of roofing, siding,
liner, translucent and soffit panels with required finishes,
including specified style and texture
b. Fasteners (including standing seam roof clips) for application of
roofing, siding, and soffit panels
Page 8 of 24 Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION PIP ARS13120
June 2007 Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification
c. A minimum 30 cm by 30 cm (12 inches by 12 inches) sample of
the side lap seams both sides of typical roofing and siding
panels, including any sealants, fasteners, clips and closures
d. Color chips for color selections by the purchaser
4.2.2.6 Maintenance Manual
Before mechanical completion, two identical three-ring binder
manuals shall be submitted that include the following:
a. Outer jacket labeled to read: Maintenance Manual - Name of
Project, Completed (date: )
b. Table of contents
c. List of prime and subcontractors with key personnel, addresses,
and phone numbers
d. Letters of guarantee and warranties
e. Warning labels for posting by owner at roof access
f. Maintenance instructions
g. Any other relevant information
4.2.2.7 Final Fabrication and Erection Drawings Record
1. Before delivery, final checked and sealed fabrication drawings
and erection drawings shall be submitted.
2. All drawings shall identify materials of construction by type of
material, ASTM specification, thickness, etc., as applicable.
4.3 Materials
4.3.1 General
4.3.1.1 Materials shall be provided as specified herein, in accordance with
the contract documents, and as required for the design of the
building.
4.3.1.2 Substitutions shall not be permitted without prior written approval
from the purchaser.
4.3.2 Quality Assurance
4.3.2.1 The supplier shall be responsible for quality control of all materials
and workmanship.
4.3.2.2 Inspections or approvals from the purchaser shall in no way relieve
the supplier from any obligations to perform the work in accordance
with the contract documents.
4.3.2.3 The purchaser has the right to inspect all materials and workmanship.
4.3.2.4 The purchaser may reject improper, inferior, defective, or unsuitable
materials and workmanship.
Process Industry Practices Page 9 of 24
PIP ARS13120 COMPLETE REVISION
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification June 2007
4.3.2.5 All rejected materials and workmanship shall be replaced as directed
by the purchaser.
4.3.3 Structural
4.3.3.1 Hot-rolled structural shapes, plates, and bars (including built-up
members) shall conform to any of the following material
specifications:
a. ASTM A36
b. ASTM A529/A529M, Grade 50
c. ASTM A1011/A1011M, Grade 50
d. ASTM A572, Grade 50
e. ASTM A1008/A1008M Class 1 or 2, Grade 50
f. ASTM A992
4.3.3.2 Cold-formed structural shapes shall conform to any of the following
material specifications:
a. ASTM A1011/A1011M, Grade 55
b. ASTM A1008/A1008M Class 1 or 2, Grade 55
c. ASTM A653 SS Class 1, Grade 50
4.3.3.3 Pipe shall be ASTM A53/A53M Types E or S, Grade B, or ASTM
A106/A106M, Grade B.
4.3.3.4 Structural tube shall be ASTM A501 or ASTM A500, Grade B.
4.3.3.5 Wire strand (cable) shall be ASTM A475, extra high strength, and
seven wires per strand.
4.3.3.6 High-strength bolt assemblies shall be provided as follows:
a. Bolt - ASTM A325 Type 1 or ASTM A490 (only if required by
design)
b. Washer - ASTM F436
c. Direct tension indicator (DTI) washers - ASTM F959
d. Heavy hex nut - ASTM A563, Grade DH
4.3.3.7 Standard bolt assemblies shall be provided as follows:
a. Bolt - ASTM A307, Grade A heavy hex
b. Washer - ASTM F436
c. Heavy hex nut - ASTM A563, Grade A
4.3.3.8 Crane Rails shall be provided as follows:
a. Rails less than 104 lb./yd. - ASTM A1
b. Rails 104 to 175 lb./yd. - ASTM A759
Page 10 of 24 Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION PIP ARS13120
June 2007 Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification
4.3.3.9 Steel joists shall be in accordance with SJ I Standard Specification,
Load Tables and Weight Tables for Steel J oists and Girders.
4.3.3.10 Welding of Structural Shapes - Comply with AWS D1.1, Section 3.3
(including Table 3.1) with an electrode strength of 400 MPA
(58 ksi) minimum yield strength and 480 MPa (70 ksi) minimum
tensile strength (e.g., use E70XX for SMAW, F7XX-EXXX for
SAW, ER70S-X for GMAW, and E7XT-X for FCAW).
4.3.3.11 Welding of sheet steel shall be performed in accordance with AWS
D1.3, Section 1.4 (including Table 1.1).
4.3.4 Roofing and Siding
4.3.4.1 Steel sheets shall conform to any of the following material
specifications:
a. ASTM A1011/A1011M - Grade 50 or 55
b. ASTM A1008/A1008M - Class 1 or 2, Grade 50, or higher
c. ASTM A653 - SS, either Grade 50, Class 1 or 3, or Grade 80
d. ASTM A792/A792M - SS, either Grade 50 Type A or Grade 80
4.3.4.2 Steel coating shall conform to any of the following:
a. Zinc coating - ASTM A653 Coating Designation G-90
b. Aluminum-zinc alloy coating - ASTM A792/A792M Coating
Designation AZ-55
c. Prime/painted - In accordance with the contract documents or
suppliers standards
4.3.4.3 Trim
1. Unless otherwise required in the contract documents, flashing,
corner trim, caps, and closure pieces shall be of the same
material, finish, and color as adjacent material.
2. Trim profile shall be provided to suit.
4.3.4.4 Insulation
1. Insulation shall be rigid, semi-rigid, ASTM C665, batt or roll,
faced or unfaced with a thickness or R-rating as required in the
contract documents.
2. UL flame spread classification shall be 25 or less.
4.3.4.5 Fasteners
1. Wall and roofing through-fasteners shall be suppliers standard
self-drilling stainless steel screws with sealing washer.
2. Clips for standing seam panels shall be suppliers standard
sliding design to allow for unrestrained expansion and
contraction movement of panels, complete with plated self-
drilling fasteners at each clip.
Process Industry Practices Page 11 of 24
PIP ARS13120 COMPLETE REVISION
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification June 2007
3. Exposed fasteners for eave, end lap, ridge cover, trim, and
flashing shall be suppliers standard self-drilling stainless steel
screws with sealing washer.
4. All exposed fastener heads shall be factory colored to match
color of panels.
4.3.4.6 Sealant
1. Factory-applied roof panel sealant shall be non-shrinking, non-
drying, butyl-based sealant specifically formulated for factory
application in standing seams and to allow roof panel assembly
at temperatures from -23C to +60C (-10F to +140F) or
suppliers standard type if approved by the purchaser.
2. Field-applied roof panel sealant shall be a purchaser approved,
non-shrinking, non-drying, butyl-based sealant specifically
formulated for roof application at temperatures from 7C to 49C
(20F to 120F) or suppliers standard type if approved by the
purchaser.
4.3.5 Accessories
4.3.5.1 Personnel doors shall be in accordance with PIP ARS08111 and
PIP ARS08112.
4.3.5.2 Door hardware shall be in accordance with PIP ARS08710.
4.3.5.3 Overhead Roll-up Doors
1. Unless otherwise required in the contract documents, complete
overhead roll-up door assemblies including door curtain, guides,
counterbalance, hardware, operators, and installation accessories
shall be provided as specified herein.
2. Doors and frames shall be designed for wind loading in
accordance with Section 4.2.1.
3. Door Curtain
a. Interlocking steel slat door curtain with one-piece slats for
the full length of door width shall be provided.
b. The door curtain shall be formed from minimum 0.70 mm
(0.0269 inch), structural sheet steel.
c. Where required in the contract documents, insulation shall
be manufacturers standard rigid cellular polystyrene or
polyurethane-foam-type thermal insulation complying with
maximum flame-spread and smoke-developed indexes of 75
and 450, respectively, according to ASTM E 84. Enclose
insulation completely within metal slat faces.
4. Bottom Bar
a. Bottom bar shall be provided on door curtain consisting of
two 3 mm (1/8-inch) thick angles of the same metal as the
door curtain slats.
Page 12 of 24 Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION PIP ARS13120
June 2007 Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification
b. A flexible rubber, vinyl, or neoprene weather seal and
cushion bumper shall also be provided on the bottom bar.
5. Where required in the contract documents, vision panels shall be
6 mm ( inch) thick cast thermo-plastic, methyl methacrylate
vision panels set in neoprene or vinyl glazing channels shall be
provided in the arrangement indicated.
6. Weather Seals
a. At exterior doors, 3 mm (1/8-inch) thick continuous rubber
or neoprene sheet weather seals on metal pressure bars
secured to inside of curtain coil hood shall be provided.
b. At doorjambs, 3 mm (1/8-inch) thick continuous strip
secured to exterior side of jamb guide shall be provided.
7. Hood
a. The coiled curtain and operating mechanism shall be entirely
enclosed at the opening head to act as a weather seal.
b. The end brackets, to which the hood is attached, shall be
contoured to suit.
c. Top and bottom edges shall be rolled and reinforced for
stiffness.
d. Closed ends shall be provided for surface-mounted hoods
and any portion of between-jamb mounting projecting
beyond wall face.
e. Intermediate support brackets shall be provided to prevent
sag.
f. Hoods for steel doors shall be fabricated from 0.55 mm
(0.0209 inch) minimum zinc-coated steel sheet and
phosphate-treated before fabrication.
8. A factory finish shall be provided in accordance with the
contract documents.
9. Chain Hoist Operation
a. An operator assembly shall be provided, consisting of an
endless cadmium-plated alloy steel hand chain, chain pocket
wheel and guard, and geared reduction unit with maximum
16-kg (35-pound) pull for door operation.
b. Chain hoist shall be designed with self-locking mechanism
allowing curtain to be stopped at any point in its travel and
to remain in that position until movement is reactivated.
c. Chain with chain holder shall be furnished secured to
operator guide.
Process Industry Practices Page 13 of 24
PIP ARS13120 COMPLETE REVISION
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification June 2007
10. Electric Door Operators
a. An electric operator assembly of adequate size and capacity
shall be furnished.
b. Operators shall be furnished with NEMA-rated motor and
factory-prewired motor controls, gear reduction unit,
solenoid-operated brake, remote control stations, control
devices, conduit and wiring from controls to motor and
central stations, and accessories required for proper
operation.
c. Electric operator shall be furnished in accordance with the
purchasers area classification in accordance with the
contract documents.
d. A hand-operated disconnect or mechanism for automatically
engaging a sprocket and chain operator and releasing the
brake for emergency manual operation shall be provided.
The interlock device to automatically prevent motor from
operating if manual operator is engaged shall also be
included.
e. Electric Motors
1. A high-starting torque, reversible, constant duty, Class A
insulated electric motor with overload protection shall be
provided.
2. Motor shall be sized to move door in either direction,
from any position, at not less than 20 cm (0.67 foot) nor
more than 30 cm (1 foot) per second.
3. Wiring requirements and current characteristics of
motors shall be coordinated with building electrical
system.
4. An open-drip-proof-type motor and controller with
NEMA Type 1 enclosure shall be furnished.
f. Remote Control Station
1. A NEMA-approved, momentary contact, three-button
remote control station with push-button controls labeled
open, close, and stop shall be provided.
2. For interior units, full-guarded, surface-mounted, heavy-
duty remote control stations, with general-purpose
NEMA Type 1 enclosures shall be provided.
3. For exterior units, full-guarded, surface-mounted,
standard-duty weatherproof-type remote control stations
designed for key operation and with NEMA Type 4
enclosures shall be provided.
Page 14 of 24 Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION PIP ARS13120
June 2007 Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification
g. Automatic Reversing Control
1. Each door shall be furnished with an electric automatic
safety switch, extending the full width of the door
bottom, located within a neoprene or rubber astragal
mounted to the bottom rail of the door or an electric
eye system.
2. The mechanism shall be manufactured so that contact
with an obstruction before fully closing will immediately
stop downward travel and reverse the travel direction so
that the door is returned to the fully opened position.
4.3.5.4 Aluminum Windows
1. Aluminum windows shall be designed and constructed for
integral installation with the building system.
2. Unless otherwise required in the contract documents, suppliers
standard insulated double-pane windows (AAMA HS-C20
horizontal sliding, commercial grade) with medium natural
anodized finish (NAAMM AA-C22A31) shall be provided.
3. Alternatively, fixed sash AAMA, Grade C20 windows may be
provided if approved by purchaser.
4. Aluminum extruded frame material shall be in accordance with
ASTM B221.
5. Frames shall have thermal-break construction, i.e., separate
frame and sash members exposed on the exterior from metal
parts exposed on the interior by a continuous gasket or filler of
rubber or plastic, locked into construction.
6. Mullions between adjacent windows, fabricated of extruded
aluminum matching the finish of window units shall be provided.
7. Fasteners made from aluminum, stainless steel, or other material
warranted by the window manufacturer shall be provided, and
shall be non-corrosive and compatible with aluminum window
members, trim, hardware, anchors, and other components of
window units.
8. Depending on strength and corrosion-inhibiting requirements,
anchors, clips, and window accessories shall be fabricated from
aluminum, stainless steel, or hot-dip zinc-coated steel in
accordance with ASTM A123.
9. Compression glazing strips and weather-stripping shall be
provided in one of the following:
a. Molded neoprene gaskets in accordance with ASTM D2000
designation 2BC415 to 3BC620
b. Molded PVC gaskets in accordance with ASTM D2287,
Grade 4
Process Industry Practices Page 15 of 24
PIP ARS13120 COMPLETE REVISION
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification June 2007
c. Molded expanded neoprene gaskets in accordance with
ASTM C509
10. For sliding weather-stripping, woven pile weather-stripping of
wool, polypropylene, or nylon pile and resin-impregnated
backing fabric, with aluminum backing strip shall be provided in
accordance with AAMA 701.
11. Suppliers standard sealants shall be provided for the joint size or
anticipated movement. Sealants shall remain permanently elastic
and be non-shrinking and non-migrating.
12. Removable insect screen shall be provided on each operable
exterior sash, with finish matching window.
13. To the greatest extent possible, window units shall be glazed at
the factory before installation.
14. Unless otherwise required in the contract documents, glass shall
be provided in accordance with ASTM C1036 for glass type,
class, quality, style, kind, and form and recommendations of the
GANA Glazing Manual.
4.3.5.5 Wall Louvers
1. Louvers shall be provided in accordance with the contract
documents.
2. Louvers shall be fabricated from 1.10 mm (0.0428 inch)
minimum steel.
3. Blades shall be folded or bent at edges to an angle that excludes
driving rains.
4. Blades shall be secured to frames by riveting or welding.
5. Louvers shall be primed and finished to match wall panels.
6. Vertical mullions shall be provided for louvers 120 cm (4 feet)
and wider with one mullion for each 120 cm (4 feet) of width.
7. Flanges shall be provided on interior face of frames if air intake
or exhaust louvers are to be connected to mechanically operated
dampers or metal ductwork.
8. Galvanized steel insect screens in rewirable frames shall be
provided on exterior face of louvers. The screens shall be
secured with clips that facilitate removal for cleaning and
rewiring.
9. Screen frames shall be fabricated to match louvers.
4.3.5.6 Translucent Panels
1. Wall and roof light-transmitting panels shall be in accordance
with the wall and roof panel configurations.
2. Panels shall weigh 3.05 kg per s.m. (10-ounces per s.f.)
minimum; be one-piece, flexible, and translucent; and be
manufactured from fiberglass-reinforced resins.
Page 16 of 24 Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION PIP ARS13120
June 2007 Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification
3. Roof panels shall be capable of supporting a 200-pound
concentrated load without failure.
4. Unless noted otherwise in the contract documents, the panels
shall be uniformly white with heat transmission of 25% and light
transmission of 55% in accordance with ASTM D1494.
5. Other types of skylights may be used if specified or approved by
purchaser.
4.3.5.7 Gutters and Downspouts
1. Gutters shall be suspended box sections of a minimum of
0.55 mm (0.0209 inch) galvanized steel formed to match the
configuration of the gable trim.
2. Gutters shall be independent of the roof seal and shall be
attached to the eave strut adapter by means of a gutter hanger.
3. Downspouts shall be located in accordance with the contract
documents and shall be 0.55 mm (0.0209 inch) minimum
galvanized factory-colored steel to match the siding, with a
minimum cross section of 125 square cm (20 square inches).
4. Unless otherwise required in the contract documents, a
45-degree elbow shall be provided at the base of all downspouts.
5. Downspout straps shall be galvanized steel, 1.5 mm by 25 mm
(1/16 inch by 1 inch), and factory-colored to match the
downspout.
4.3.5.8 Ventilators
1. Continuous or individual ridge ventilators shall be provided as
required and at the locations specified by the contract
documents.
2. Continuous ridge ventilators shall be provided in standard length
sections.
3. Ventilators shall be provided in the throat sizes and total lengths
specified in the contract documents.
4. Ventilators shall be furnished complete with side baffles,
ventilator assembly, operating damper, hardware, bird screen,
end caps, splice plates, flashing, reinforcing diaphragms,
closures, and fasteners.
5. Finish shall match roof panels.
4.4 Fabrication
4.4.1 Unless otherwise modified by the contract documents, state or local laws,
and building codes, hot-rolled and built-up members shall be fabricated in
accordance with the AISC Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and
Bridges and the AISC Specification for Structural Steel Buildings.
Process Industry Practices Page 17 of 24
PIP ARS13120 COMPLETE REVISION
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification June 2007
4.4.2 Cold-formed structural members shall be fabricated in accordance with the
MBMA Metal Building Systems Manual, Common Industry Practices.
4.4.3 Fabrication tolerances for hot-rolled members shall be in accordance with the
AISC Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges.
4.4.4 Fabrication tolerances for built-up members and cold-formed structural
members shall be in accordance with the MBMA Metal Building Systems
Manual, Common Industry Practices, Section 9.
4.4.5 Welding of structural steel shall be in accordance with AWS D1.1.
4.4.6 Welding of sheet steel shall be in accordance with AWS D1.3.
4.4.7 Bolted Connections
4.4.7.1 Fabrication of bolted connections shall be in accordance with Section
4.2.1.13.
4.4.7.2 Unless otherwise required by the design, 20 mm (3/4-inch) diameter
high-strength bolt assemblies in accordance with Section 4.3.3.6
shall be used in all primary bolted structural connections.
4.4.7.3 Bolt assemblies in accordance with Sections 4.3.3.6 or 4.3.3.7 shall
be used for bolted connections for secondary members such as
purlins, girts, and doorframes.
4.4.7.4 If used, direct tension indicator washers shall be installed in
accordance with the washer manufacturers published specifications.
4.4.7.5 Unless otherwise specified, all structural bolts except for
ASTM A490 bolts shall be galvanized.
4.4.7.6 All nuts for high-strength bolts shall be wax-dipped to reduce torque
during installation.
4.4.8 Welded Connections
Fabrication of welded connections shall be in accordance with
Section 4.2.1.14.
4.4.9 Primary Structural Frames
4.4.9.1 Primary structural frames shall be fabricated from hot-rolled
structural steel shapes that are built-up factory-welded, I-beam-
shaped or open web-type frames consisting of tapered or parallel
flange beams and tapered columns.
4.4.9.2 Frames shall be furnished with attachment plates, bearing plates,
and splice members, factory-drilled or punched for field-bolted
assembly.
4.4.9.3 Endwall columns shall be rolled shapes, built-up factory-welded
I-beam- shaped, or cold-formed C sections, fabricated from
14-gage minimum steel.
4.4.9.4 Endwall beams shall be rolled C shapes or C-shaped cold-
formed sections fabricated from 16-gage minimum steel.
Page 18 of 24 Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION PIP ARS13120
June 2007 Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification
4.4.10 Secondary Structural Framing
4.4.10.1 Purlins and Girts
1. Purlins and girts shall be C- or Z-shaped sections fabricated
from 1.3 mm (0.053 inch) minimum roll-formed steel.
2. Purlin spacers shall be fabricated from 1.7 mm (0.067 inch)
cold-formed galvanized steel sections.
3. C-shaped girts shall be installed toe down.
4.4.10.2 Wind Bracing
1. Wind bracing shall be steel rod or wire strand (cable) bracing,
furnished with necessary slope washers, flat washers, and
adjusting nuts at each end.
2. If applicable, diaphragm action bracing may be provided in wall
panels in lieu of steel rod or wire strand bracing.
4.4.11 Factory-Applied Finishes
4.4.11.1 Painting
1. Unless otherwise required in the contract documents, all hot-
rolled and built-up members shall be factory-primed.
2. Surfaces shall be cleaned of loose mill scale, rust, dirt, oil,
grease, and other matter than precludes the bonding of paint,
before being primed.
3. Primer shall be applied in accordance with the procedures in
SSPC SP3, SSPC SP7, and SSPC SP1, as applicable.
4. Unless otherwise required in the contract documents, members
shall be primed with the suppliers standard rust-inhibiting
primer.
5. Unless required otherwise in the contract documents, steel
roofing, siding and all related trim shall be coil-coated in
accordance with ASTM A755/A755M with fluoropolymer finish
at a minimum thickness of 1 mil.
6. Unless otherwise specified in the contract documents, roof,
siding, trim, gutters, and downspouts shall match in color.
4.4.11.2 Galvanizing
1. If specified in the contract documents, hot-rolled and built-up
members shall be galvanized in accordance with ASTM A123.
2. Cold-formed sections shall be galvanized in accordance with
ASTM A653.
3. Except for ASTM A325 Type 1 bolts, bolts, nuts, and washers
shall be galvanized in accordance with ASTM B695.
4. A325 Type 1 bolts shall be galvanized in accordance with
ASTM A153.
Process Industry Practices Page 19 of 24
PIP ARS13120 COMPLETE REVISION
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification June 2007
4.4.12 Roofing - Single Sheet Sloped Roof System
4.4.12.1 Roof panels shall be provided precision roll-formed from 0.55 mm
(0.0209 inch) minimum sheet steel.
4.4.12.2 Panel edges for standing seam roofing shall be fabricated for a
machine-closed, double lock (360 degrees) seam with factory-
applied sealant.
4.4.12.3 Panel edges for through-fastened roofing shall be fabricated for side
laps of one full major rib.
4.4.12.4 End splices shall be located over a structural member with a
minimum 15 cm (6-inch) lap. The panel ends shall be factory-
notched for end splicing.
4.4.12.5 Panels shall be the longest length possible to minimize end splices.
4.4.12.6 Perimeter trim, start/finish panels, ridge panels, and transition
flashing shall be provided as required for the roofing system and
shall be designed to accommodate the roofs expansion and
contraction.
4.4.12.7 Closures shall be of the exact profile as the panel to provide a
weather-tight seal.
4.4.12.8 Sealants and fasteners shall be provided as required by the design to
form a weather-tight installation.
4.4.13 Siding - Single Sheet Wall System
4.4.13.1 Wall panels shall be provided precision roll-formed from 0.55 mm
(0.0209 inch) minimum sheet steel.
4.4.13.2 Panel side laps shall be formed by lapping major ribs at the panel
edges. The underlapping rib shall have full bearing legs to support
the side lap.
4.4.13.3 Panel end splices shall be located over a structural member with a
minimum 10 cm (4-inch) lap.
4.4.13.4 Panels shall be the longest length possible to minimize end laps.
4.4.13.5 Corner trim, base trim, and transition flashings shall be provided as
required for the wall system and shall provide a weather-tight
installation.
4.4.13.6 Sealants and fasteners shall be provided as required by the design to
form a weather-tight installation.
4.4.14 Gutters and Downspouts
4.4.14.1 Gutters and downspouts shall be provided in accordance with the
contract documents.
4.4.14.2 Gutter hangers shall be spaced at maximum 120 cm (4-foot) centers.
4.4.14.3 Gutter sections shall be provided in the longest continuous sections
possible.
Page 20 of 24 Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION PIP ARS13120
June 2007 Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification
4.4.14.4 At joints, sections shall be lapped a minimum of 10 cm (4 inches)
and sealed with sealant, then fastened with fasteners.
4.4.14.5 Gutter end closures shall be sealed with sealant and fastened with
pop rivets.
4.4.14.6 Downspouts shall be attached to a thimble installed in the gutter.
4.4.14.7 Downspouts shall be attached to the wall panel using straps on
maximum 3 m (10-foot) centers.
4.4.15 Eave and/or gable canopies and overhangs shall be located in accordance
with the contract documents.
4.4.16 Mezzanine and platform framing, flooring, grating, deck, railing, ladders, and
stairs shall be provided in accordance with the contract documents.
4.4.17 Framed Openings
4.4.17.1 Structural shapes of proper design and size shall be provided to
reinforce openings and to carry imposed loads and vibrations,
including equipment furnished by others if specified in the contract
documents.
4.4.17.2 Framed openings shall be securely attached to building structural
frame.
4.5 Erection
4.5.1 Unless otherwise specified herein or in the contract documents, erection shall
be in accordance with the MBMA Metal Building Systems Manual,
Common Industry Practices, Section 6.
4.5.2 Material Handling, Delivery, and Storage
4.5.2.1 Prefabricated components, sheets, panels, and other manufactured
items, shall be delivered and stored so that they will not be damaged
or deformed.
4.5.2.2 If subjected to water accumulation, materials shall be stored in such
a manner so that they will drain freely.
4.5.2.3 Sheets and panels shall not be stored in contact with other materials
that might cause staining or corrosion.
4.5.2.4 All damaged material shall be reported to the purchaser to determine
if replacement is required.
4.5.3 Inspection of Work Area
4.5.3.1 The work area shall be inspected to verify that conditions are
satisfactory to begin work. This inspection shall include column-
bearing surface, foundation level and elevation, and anchor bolt
locations and projections.
4.5.3.2 The purchaser shall be notified in writing of any unsatisfactory
conditions.
Process Industry Practices Page 21 of 24
PIP ARS13120 COMPLETE REVISION
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification June 2007
4.5.4 Structural and Miscellaneous Steel
Erection of structural and miscellaneous steel shall be in accordance with the
suppliers drawings, the contract documents, AISC Code of Standard
Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges, OSHA Part 1910 and Part 1926,
and any applicable state or local regulations or codes.
4.5.5 Roofing and Siding
4.5.5.1 General
1. Roofing and siding shall be installed in accordance with this
Practice, and the contract documents.
2. Ribbed or fluted sheets shall be lapped one full rib corrugation.
3. Panels and associated items shall be joined for neat and weather-
tight enclosure.
4. Panel creep or application not true to line shall be avoided.
5. Factory finishes shall be protected from damage.
6. Field cutting of exterior panels by torch shall not be permitted.
7. Weather seal shall be provided under ridge cap.
8. Roof panels shall be flashed and sealed at eave and rake with
rubber, neoprene, or other closures to exclude weather.
4.5.5.2 Standing Seam Roof Panel System
1. Roof panels shall be fastened to purlins with concealed clips.
2. Clips shall be installed at each support.
3. At end laps of panels, sealant shall be installed between panels.
4. Factory-caulked cleats shall be installed at standing-seam joints.
Cleats shall be machine-seamed to the panels to provide a
weather-tight joint.
4.5.5.3 Through-Fastened Roof Panel System
1. Roof panels shall be fastened to purlins with fasteners and
required spacing.
2. Sealant shall be installed continuously at all panel side and end
laps.
4.5.5.4 Wall Panel System
1. Elastomeric sealant shall be applied continuously between metal
base channel (sill angle) and foundation, and elsewhere as
necessary for waterproofing.
2. Sealant and backup shall be handled and applied in accordance
with the sealant manufacturers recommendations.
3. Unless otherwise required, bottoms of wall panels shall be
aligned and the panels shall be fastened with blind rivets, bolts,
or self-tapping screws.
Page 22 of 24 Process Industry Practices
COMPLETE REVISION PIP ARS13120
June 2007 Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification
4. Flashings and trim around openings and similar elements shall
be fastened with self-tapping screws.
5. Window and door frames shall be fastened with machine screws
or bolts.
6. If building height requires two rows of panels at gable ends, lap
of gable panels shall be aligned over wall panels at eave height.
7. Fasteners shall be installed with power tools having controlled
torque adjusted to compress neoprene washer tightly without
damage to washer, screw threads, or panels.
8. Weatherproof escutcheons or flashing shall be provided for pipe,
conduit, cable tray, and duct penetrations at exterior walls as
required in the contract documents.
4.5.6 Accessories
4.5.6.1 Sheet Metal Accessories
1. Gutters, downspouts, ventilator louvers, and other sheet metal
accessories shall be installed in a manner that provides positive
anchorage to building and weather-tight mounting.
2. The accessories operating mechanisms shall be adjusted to
provide proper operation.
4.5.6.2 Hollow Metal Doors and Frames
1. Doors and frames shall be installed in accordance with
PIP ARS08112.
2. Frames shall be securely anchored to building structure.
3. Hardware shall be adjusted to provide proper operation.
4.5.6.3 Overhead Doors
1. Doors and operating equipment shall be set complete with
necessary hardware, jamb and head mold stops, anchors, inserts,
hangers, and equipment supports.
2. Moving hardware shall be adjusted to provide proper operation.
4.5.6.4 Windows
1. Windows shall be anchored securely in place.
2. Perimeter of each unit shall be sealed with the elastomeric
sealant used for panels.
3. The operating sash and hardware shall be adjusted and lubricated
to provide proper operation.
4. Surfaces of window units shall be cleaned.
5. Screens shall be mounted directly to the frames with tapped
screw clips.
Process Industry Practices Page 23 of 24
PIP ARS13120 COMPLETE REVISION
Pre-Engineered Metal Buildings Specification June 2007
4.5.6.5 Field Glazing
1. Channel surfaces shall be cleaned and primed as recommended
by sealant manufacturer.
2. Glass shall be cut to required size for measured opening.
3. Adequate edge clearance and glass bite shall be provided all
around.
4. Glass that has significant edge damage or other defects shall not
be installed.
5. Broken or damaged glass shall be replaced.
6. Each piece of exterior glass shall be installed to be airtight and
watertight through normal weather/temperature cycles and
through normal door/window operation.
7. Factory-sealed double-pane windows shall be repaired as
required by the window manufacturer.
4.5.6.6 Insulation
1. Insulation shall be installed concurrently with installation of roof
and wall panels.
2. Blankets shall be installed straight and true in one-piece lengths
with both sets of tabs sealed to provide a complete vapor barrier.
3. Insulation shall be located on inside of roof and wall sheets,
extending across the flange of purlin or girt members and held
taut and snug to panels with retainer clips.
4. Retainer strips shall be installed at each longitudinal joint in such
a manner that the strips are straight and taut and will hold the
insulation firmly in place.
4.5.6.7 Translucent panels shall be attached to structural framing and roof
and wall panels in a manner that provides a weather-tight
installation.
4.5.7 Cleaning and Touch-Up
4.5.7.1 All component surfaces shall be cleaned.
4.5.7.2 Abrasions, marks, skips, and other defects to finished surfaces shall
be touched up with the same type of finish.
Page 24 of 24 Process Industry Practices