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RELEASE -
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GOLLECTION
DIVISIQN DATE:
0818-2012
TPSCE.
HR70-14 -- 18-201O SCR
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
WASHINrON .D.C. 20505
25 AUG 1980
MEMORANDUM FOR: Director of Central Intelligence
FROM : John N. McMahon
Deputy Director for Operations
SUBJECT : COMBAT POTENTIALS of the Armament and
Combat Equipment of the Ground Forces
and Aviation of the USSR and of the
Armies of the Probable Enemy, and Table
of the Combat Potentials of Large Units
1. The enclosed Intelligence Information Special
Report is an addendum to the original report which was
issued on 2 August 1977.
2. Because the source of this report is extremely
sensitive, this document should be handled on a strict
need-to-know basis within recipient agencies..
.o J-own N. McMahon
TS #778417-A
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Distribution:
Director of Central Intelligence
Joint Chiefs of Staff
Director, Defense Intelligence Agency
Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence
Department of the Army
Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence
Department of the Air Force
Director, National Security Agency
Deputy Director of Central Intelligence
Director, National Foreign Assessment Center
Director of Strategic Research
Director of Science and Weapons Research
TS #778417-A
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TOP SCRET
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Intelligence Information Special Report
COUNTRY USSR/WARSAW PACT
DATE OF DATE 25 August 1980
INFO. 197 7
SUBJECT
COMBAT POTENTIALS of the Armament and Combat Equipment of
the Ground Forces and Aviation of the USSR and of the
Armies of the Probable Enemy and Table of Combat Potentials
of Large Units
SOURCE
A- D--E -N D-U-M
An Intelligence Information Special Report with the above
heading and number was issued on 2 August 1977. The. follow-
ing is an update to that report:
Source learned from the Soviet General Staff officers
who authored the Combat Potentials documents referenced
above that the comparisons contained in these documents
were calculated on the basis of mathematical methods based
on the use of a computer. Source was unable to ascertain
what factors went into the mathematical equations. The
Soviet General Staff officers informed Source that these
tables are still valid and in current use in 1980.
TS #778417-A
Copy
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TOP lSERET
r~f " TOP SECRET
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20505
2 August 1977
MEMORANDUM FOR: The Director of Central Intelligence
FROM : William W. Wells
Deputy Director for Operations
SUBJECT COMBAT POTENTIALS of the Armament and Combat
Equipment of the Ground Forces and Aviation
of the USSR and of the Armies of the
Probable Enemy, and Table of the Combat
Potentials of Large Units
1. The enclosed Intelligence Information Special Report is
a translation
from Russian of two SECRET Soviet documents,
consisting of tables comparing the combat potentials of USSR and
NATO tanks, self-propelled
artillery,
infantry combat vehicles,
armored personnel carriers, field artillery and mortars, antitank
means, air defense means, and aircraft, and also the combat
potential of USSR/Warsaw Pact and NATO ground force divisions.
Some new Soviet weapons are listed, The documents are dated
1977.
2. Because the source of this report is extremely
sensitive, this document should he handled on a strict
need-to-know basis within recipient agencies,
illiam
W. Wells
TS #778417
Page 1 of 10 Pages
TO' SECRET
TO. SECRET
Distribution:
The Director of Central Intelligence
The Joint Chiefs of Staff
The Director, Defense Intelligence Agency
The Assistant to the Chief of Staff for Intelligence
Department of the Army
The Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence
U. S. Air Force
Director, National Security Agency
Deputy Director of Central Intelligence
Deputy to the Director of Central Intelligence
for National Intelligence Officers
Deputy Director for Intelligence
Director of Strategic Research
Director of Weapons Intelligence
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2 of in Pages
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T
S #7
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Intelligence Information Special Report
Page 3 of 10 Pages
COUNTRY USSR/WARSAW PACT
DATE OF DATE 2 August 1977
INFO. 1977
- SUBJECT_
COMBAT POTENTIALS of the Armament and Combat Equipment of the
Ground Forces and Aviation of the USSR and of the Armies of the
Probable Enemy and Table of the Combat Potentials of Large Unit
SOURCE Documentary
Summary
The following report is a translation from Russian of two
SECRET Soviet documents, consisting of tables comparing the
combat potentials of USSR and NATO tanks, self-propelled
artillery, infantry combat vehicles, armored personnel carriers, A
field artillery and mortars, antitank means, air defense means,
and aircraft, and also the combat potential of USSR/Warsaw Pact
and NATO ground force divisions. Some new Soviet weapons are
listed.
End of Summary
TS #778417
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TOE SECRET
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03 BAT POTENTIALS
of the amanent and combat equipment of the
pomd forces and aviation of the USSR and of
the armies of the probable enemy
Groumd forces and aviation of the USSR Amies of the probable enam
Nomenclature of armament Combat Nomenclature of armament Combat
potential potential
1 2 3, 4
TANKS AND SELF-PROPELLED ARTILLERY, INFANTRY C4AT VEHICLES, AORD PERSW EL
- CARIRS.
T-SS 1.00 "OA3 MO40M
T-62 1.00 -M-1 (experimental) 2.50.-
T-64A 50- 'Leopard-A4" 1.50
T.80- .80. "Leopard-2" 2.40O .
T-64. - 2.10- "Chieftain mk-S" 1.50
T-72 1.50 - AMK-30 1.10
T-72 with TPD-k1-
(tank gm D-klj 1.70 "Leopard-1"
1.10
T-80 rove) -.. 8 MBT-80 0.
. 0.90 1460A2 22
T-44 0.75 M60A1 1.10,
T-34 (85-nu gm) 0.49 "Leopad1A1" .40
T-1(N 1.51 M48, M48A1 1.00
IS-2M 0.70 M47 1.10,'
IS-3 0.83 M41 0.36
IT-1 0.80 M5;1- 0.83
FT-76 0.48 AMt(-13/75-f gum, SS-1131 0.80
ISU-152 0.79 AMK-13/90-m gm 0.54
SU-122 0.60 T-59 0.90
SJ-100 - 0.55 T-62 (85-3 gun) 0.42
SU-85 0.48 T-34' (76-m gu) 0.43
ASU-85 0.21 T-54A 0.90
ASU-57 0.18 T-S4 0.87
I-1 0.80 pz-61 0.60
BND-1 0.80 Pz-68 1.00
BTR, BRIM 0.10 SU-76 0.32
Narder" Infantry Combat
Vehicle
0.4S
TR without antitank
guided missile
0.10
BTR with antitank guided .
missile 0.50
p TS #778
4
-U COPrCg
lop SB_________
1 21 3 4
IELD Aarn.Lm AND M=ARS
76-m gum, gS-howitzer 0.38 105-am howitzer 0.63
85-ma gum 0.42 105-m SP gum, howitzer 0.70
122-m SP howitzer 155-m h tze 0.66
"Gy-dika" [Carnatio 081 1S5-m SP Howitzer 0.90-
124-m ow:Ltzeri 0.70 17-m SP ga 0.75
122-m gun A-19 - 0.61 203.2-rm boutizer 0.80-
122-mr gum A-74 0.66 203.2-m SP howitzer 0.84
152-rm SP howitzer 81-mi mortar 0.50
"Akatsiya" (Acacia] 0.86- 51-m mortar 0.30
15-m owitzer 0.71 81-M SP mortar 0.58
130-m 0,70 106.7- morta 04
152-mr howitzer-gum, 106.7-mm SP mortar 0.65
i -howitzer 0.74 120-m mortar 0.56
121gm 0.66 120-rn SP mortar 0.7r
203-m howitzer 0.62 110-M "IARS" artillery
203-m SP pm rocket laucher 0.77
"Pic" [Peany] 0.66 115-mi artillery rocket
82T mortar 0.45 laucher 0.77
82-m mortar AM -
[vehicle mted
"Vasilek" [Cornflower] 0.60--
107iimontain peck
regimenal mortar 0.42
120-m mortar 0.60
160-mr mortar 0.60 -
240-rm mortar 0.74
240-m SP mrtar
p l
0.80
34-21 7 "M'Fa3I] 0.87.
24-14 0.36
EN-24 0.70
Grad-i 0.90
[Hurricane) 0.95
0.73
-M-13 0.40
34-21B 0.75,
RPU-14 [Artillery
-
rocket launcher] 0.42-
A~rITANK LEANS
"Kankdrs" (Contest] 0.93 "E1T" 0.98
' (Plute] 0.95 " W, 0.95
' Ia-W (Phalanx] 0.70 SS-12 0.80
' -P' [Baby] 0.67 MIAN" 0.78
sooan- C.62 VSS-111 0.70
' on BRM 0.60 .iSS-11 SP 0.60
'r PK 0.$ -SDRSN 0.52
on BRL? 0.50 "ENAC" SP 0.48
'5mIr'sUAZ-69 "VIGHANT" 0.40
'[Binlebee] 0.31 '"OBRA" 0.40
"m " on BRfL 0.37 SS-10- 0.34
TS 07784 7
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w I'
1 2 3 4
100-rm antitank 90-M SP jux
dunT-12 065 - "Jagdpeather" 0.63
1 0-m antitank 120-te recoilless rifle 0.23
gm 1S-3 0.46 106-um recoiliess rifle 0.28
85-m antitank gum 0.44 75-m recoilless rifle 0.20
57-w antitank gun 0.30- 57-sm recoilless rifle 0.20
82-mm recoilless rifle 0.15 90-a antitank rocket
SPG-9 0.2S launcher 0.12
RPG-7 0.12 88.9-,n shoulder-fired
antitank rocket launcher 0.10
66-an 4-barrel antitank
- rocket launcher 0.15
66-rm antitank rocket
launcher 0.05
AIR DEFOU MEAS
'IC 'k (battery) W awk" (battery) 7.88
SI0c]e . 4.50 -"Hawk" modernized (battery) 12.60+ .
S-75 (battalion) 4.70- "Nike-Hercules" (battery) 8.10
S-12S (Battalion) I 2.97 "Nike-Hercules" improved
"Eub" (battery) (battery) 12.50-
(lliler] 3.00. "fhun.de rbird" (battery) 6.30
"Bloodhound" (battery) 7.74
"o" at vehicle) - "Roland 1" (combat
086 vehicle) - 0.55
' w-1m" (combat '\ "Rapier 1" (obsolete) 0.19
- iTe (Arrow) 0.48 'Crotale" (bttery) -. 90
"Strela-10" (combat - " (combat
vITe) 0.64 -eh-cle) 0.51
"Strela-fH (mobile "Red Eye" (mobile antiair
=~r missile Missile system) 0.19
system) 0.21 20-sm "Vulcan" SP AA-
"Strela-3" (mobile mount (obsolete) 0.12
anE r missile 40-n AA gun (platoon) 0.41
system) 0.23 35-rn "Gepard" SP AAA
37-mm AA -ount 0.41
(battery 0.13 "Blowpipe" (mobile antiair
57-mm Mg A-60 missile system) 0.19
(battery) 0.46 30-rn SP MA momt
100-rn AA gun KS-19 - (AM.-30) 0.18
(battery) 0.86
130-mm AA gun K3-30
(battery) - 0.43-
ZSU-23-2 (obsolete) 0.11
ZSU-57-2 (obsolete) 0.02
ZPU-4 (obsolete) 0.09
ZPU-2 (obsolete) 0.05 -
DSK machinegu 0.02
ZSU-23-4 0.22
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1 2 - 3 4
AVIATIM -
M)G-23 m .4.0 .I'14 1.9
MIG-23 s 3.0 P-15 9.
MIG-21 bis rk/ 2.6 FB-Ul 6.3
MG-21 sm, smt 2.2 F-111A 4.8
MG-21 s -. 2.0 irage .1 4.4
MG-21 pfa reinforced 1,4' P-4B 4.1
MG-21 pfm 1.1 JA-37 3.8
AP-37 2.4
SU-24 4.0 P-4B 3.6
SU-15 bis 2.8 'Vlvan" V.2 3.2
SU-17 m 2 2.4 P-104- 2.5
MG-27 2.4 F-105 Q 2.4
33-15 2.0 A-6A, P 2.4
SU-17m 2.0 'Mirage" III 2.4
3-11 1.6 "Lightning" 2.4
arbjuninforced 1. A-7A 2.2
SU-17 1.6 P-9 2.0
SU-7 b, bm, bkl 1.4 F-106 1.6
SU-9 1.2 'irage" 5 1.6
YaK-28 1.2 F-102 - 1.4
1U-22 m,.. K. 6.3 F-100D 1.2
TU-22 k *4L.- 3.2 F-SA 1.0
U-16 k 2.8 F-SE 1.7
MI-24 V ("Shturm") F-88. 1.6
(Assault} 2.4 "Bucaneer" S.2B 1.6
MI-24 D ("Pa a) 2.0J35 1.9 ,
MI-8 tv 1.6 A-4E 1.8-
"Jaguar'"
1.9
' Irage"1VA 1.6
"Huter", "Canberra"1
"Vautour" 1.0
G-91. 0.8
Mug-21f-13 0.8
F-6, MIG-19 0.6
MIG-17f, pf; MG-13bis 0.4
'Huey Cobra" 2.0
"Iroquois" 1.2
Tfo e ombat capabilities of the T-45 tank. whose cabat
potential equals 1.0, have been used as the uait for the
calculations.
-TS 07784*
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TABLE OF 110: 0flAT P'OfWIIALS Op I m R UNITS
Designation Combat potential in Total coeat - Designation Combat potential in Total combat
of large unit the rated divisions potential in the: of large unit the rated divisions potential in the
rated units of- rated units of
armament - armament
Mtorized Rifle
Division US Infantry
(1'-SS, W&) 1.00 653 Division 0.86 564
Notorized Rifle
Division (T-64A,
US Mechanized
T-72, MIP) _ 1.18 766 Division 1,10 718 .
Motorized Rifle
Division
US Armored
"v. ('-62, B11') 1.04 680 -Division 1.23 s- 803
Motorized Rifle
Division
US Airborne
Cf-54B, IrlR) 0.82 533 Division 0.68 441
Guards Motorized
Rifle Division
('-64A, 108,
US Non-organic
SP Artillery) 1.29 842 Division 0.72 468
Guards Motorized
Rifle Division
"i (1C.62, BMP, FRG Infantry
SP Artillery) 1.13 736 Division 1.22 795
Mtorized Rifle - FRG Mtorized --
Division (T-64A,
Infantry
T-72, 811r) 1.05 684 Division 1:30 849
Motorized Rifle
Division
FRG Tank
(T-62, Bll) 0.92 599 Division 1.27 825
Motorized Rifle
FRG Mountain .
Division
Infantry
(T-62, 1 ,) 1.01 660 Division 1.04 682
'Tank Division
UK Infantry ---
(T-64A, IP) 1.22 793 Division 0.39 257
Tank Division
UK Amored
(T-62, iWP) 1.01 656 Division 0.77 503
Belgian - -
Mechanized
Tank Division Infantry
(T-72, 10P') 1.21 787 . .- Division 0.68 445
- hDanish
Polish - Mechanized
Motorized Infantry -
Division 0.67 437 Division 0.92 605
Netherlands
-ois -rnkMechanized -
r Polish Trank -Infantry
Division 0.51 394 Division 0.94 614
East Gorman French
Motorized Rifle Mechanized
Division 0.75 487 Division 0.79 513
French
East German .Infantry
Tank Division 0.72 466 Division 0.23 152
French -
Alpine
Czech Motorized Infantry
Rifle Division 0.75 490 Division 0.32 208
Canadian
Separate
Czech Tank Mechanized
Division 0.63 413 Rattle Group 0.20 128
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