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BEST EN THINK TANK XIII: ENGAGING COMMUNITIES IN

SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT


International Conference
23 26 June, 2013

BEST EN THINK TANK XIII: ENGAGING COMMUNITIES IN


SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT
International Conference
23 26 June, 2013
Conceptualising a Framework to Analyse the Factors
Influencing the Local Communitys Support for
Sustainable Rural Tourism Development (SRTD)
Samuel Folorunso Adeyinka-Ojo

Catheryn Khoo-Lattimore

Vikneswaran Nair
Introduction


Over the years there has
been a growing concern
for sustainability rooted in
resource management
(Cooper, 2012).
The concept of
sustainability derived its
root in tourism from the
Brundtland Commissions
report Our Common Future
in 1987 (World Commission
on Economic and
Development [WCED],
1987).
Sustainable Tourism Development
(STD)

STD is tourism which is
economically viable but does
not deplete the resources on
which the future of tourism will
depend, especially the physical
environment and the social
values of the local community
(Swarbrooke, 2006).
Sustainable Rural Tourism
Development (SRTD)
SRTD can be described as
the application of STD
practices to rural
destination.



Theories underpinning the factors
influencing the Local Communitys Support
(LCS) for SRTD
Theories
Supporting factors Opposing factors
Stakeholder Theory (ST)
Community attachment;
quality of life;
Residents occupational
identity
Social Exchange Theory
(SET)
Tourism benefits;
conservation of tourism
environment; promotion of
culture, festival and
gastronomy.
Negative tourism impacts
(costs);
Network Theory (NT)
Community involvement,
sense of community
*Game Theory (GT)
Participation in decision-
making process
Strategic Management
Theory (SMT)
Economic independence from
tourism; robust state of the
economy
*Power-Relations Theory
(PRT)
inin

Eight
Supporting
Factors
(see the framework)
Four Opposing
Factors (see the
framework)
Moderating factors
(Gender and Power)
for future studies
(Nunkoo et al., 2009)
Proposed conceptual Framework
for SRTD
Implications

SRTD can be promoted through
the staging of events that will take
into consideration the
participation and involvement of
the local community/residents.

Destination and community
managers should direct their
efforts towards activities that can
increase the tourism benefits for
STD.



Opportunities should be given to
the local community
for
ease


..
Conclusion
One of the significant contributions
of this study include the adaptation
and application of relationship-
based theories, resource-based
theories and politicsbased theories
in understanding
LCS
For
SRTD
Study
contribution in
three
perspectives
Conclusion
Third contribution - this study proposed a
conceptual framework for SRTD
Second contribution the study uncovered
the quality of life, promotion of culture,
festivals and gastronomy as supporting
factors for SRTD.
Finally, the study recommend further research
on gender and power
The funding for this project is made
possible through the research grant
obtained from the Ministry of Higher
Education, Malaysia (MOHE) under the
Long Term Research Grant Scheme
(LRGS), 2011.
Reference No: JPT.S (BPKI)
2000/09/01/015JId. 4(67