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ChinaIndia relations, also called Sino-Indian relations or Indo-China relations, refers to the bilateral
relationship between the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of India. Relationship began
in 1950 when India was among the first countries to end formal ties with the Republic of China (Taiwan)
and recognize the PRC as the legitimate government of Mainland China.
China and India are the two most populous countries and fastest growing major economies in the world.
The resultant growth in China and Indias international diplomatic and economic influence has also
increased the significance of their bilateral relationship. China and India are two of the worlds oldest
civilizations and have co-existed in peace for millennia.
The Silk Road not only served as a major trade route between India and China, but is also credited for
facilitating the spread of Buddhism from India to East Asia. During the 19th century, Chinas growing
opium trade with the British Raj triggered the First and Second Opium Wars. During World War II, India
and China played a crucial role in halting the progress of Imperial Japan.
Relations between contemporary China and India have been characterized by border disputes, resulting
in three major military conflicts the Sino-Indian War of 1962, the Chola incident in 1967, and the 1987
Sino-Indian skirmish. In 2008, China emerged as Indias largest trading partner and the two countries
have also attempted to extend their strategic and military relations.
In June 2012, China stated its position that Sino-Indian ties could be the most important bilateral
partnership of the century. That month Wen Jiabao, the Premier of China and Manmohan Singh, the
Prime Minister of India set a goal to increase bilateral trade between the two countries to US$100 billion
by 2015.
During the BRICS summit in Sanya, Hainan, China the two countries agreed to restore defence co-
operation and China had hinted that it may reverse its policy of administering stapled visas to residents
of Jammu and Kashmir. This practice was later stopped, and as a result, defense ties were resumed
between the two nations and joint military drills were expected.
BRICS summit in New Delhi, India, Chinese President Hu Jintao told Indian Ex-Prime Minister
Manmohan Singh that it is Chinas unswerving policy to develop Sino-Indian friendship, deepen
strategic cooperation and seek common development and China hopes to see a peaceful, prosperous
and continually developing India and is committed to building more dynamic China-India relationship.

Indias links with Bangladesh are civilization, cultural, social and economic. There is much that unites the
two countries a shared history and common heritage, linguistic and cultural passion for music,
literature and the arts. With Bangladesh, India shares not only a common history of struggle for freedom
and liberation but also enduring feelings of both fraternal as well as familial ties.
Though India played the great role in emergence of Independent Bangladesh, was one of the first country
to recognize Bangladesh as separate state. However, there are several main issues such as illegal
migration, insurgency, border, water disputes, and dispute over issue of Moore Island etc. These have
been major issues which are impacted on these two countries relations.
The Liberation War of 1971, Bangladesh gained its independence and established relations with India.
The political relationship between India and Bangladesh has passed through cycles of hiccups. Relations
have improved significantly since Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasinas state visit to India, which
sought to revive Indo-Bangladesh relations in the emerging Asian economic order.
Deaths of Bangladeshi citizens in the Indo-Bangladesh border became one of the embarrassments
between the two nations bilateral relations in recent years. The so-called shoot-to-kill policy by the
Indias Border Security Forces (BSF) that according to Human Rights Watch killed nearly 1,000
Bangladeshis between 2001 and 2011 has remained at the core of the talks between Bangladeshi and
Indian officials visiting each other.
The Bangladeshi deaths caused by BSF shootings at the border became subject to a so-called cyber war
between the hackers of the two countries that took the websites of BSF, National Informatics Centre and
Trinamool Congress as victims. The government of Bangladesh was found to comment on the issue
condemning the cyber-attacks on Indian websites.
The two countries signed a major accord on border demarcation to end the 4-decade old disputes over
boundaries.This came to be known as the tin bigha corridor. India also granted 24-hour access to
Bangladeshi citizens in the Tin Bigha Corridor.
From November 2013, Wagah Border like ceremony is being organised at Petrapole (in West Bengal,
India) Benapole (Bangladesh) border checkpoint.The ceremony which includes parades, march-past
and lowering of the national flag of both the countries is now a daily routine, at sundown, on the eastern
border. The relations between the countries are definitely moving in positive direction.

Andhra Bank - C.V.R Rajendran
Allahabad Bank - Rakesh Sethi
Bank of Baroda - S.S Munda
Bank of India - V.R Iyer
Bank of Maharashtra - Sushil Muhnot
Bhartiya Mahila Bank - Smt Usha Ananthasubramaniam
Canara Bank - R.K Dubey
Central Bank of India - Rajeev Rishi
Corporation Bank - Sadhu Ram Bansal
Dena Bank - Ashwini Kumar
IDBI - M.S Raghavan
Indian Bank - T.M Bhasin
Indian Oversease Bank - M. Narendra
Oriental Bank of Commerce - S.L Bansal
Punjab National bank - K.R kamath
SBI - Smt. Arundhati Bhattacharya
Syndicate Bank - Sudhir Kumar Jain
UCO Bank - Arun Kaul
United Bank of India - Archana Bhargava
Vijaya Bank - V.Kannan
Union Bank - Arun Tiwari
Punjab And Sindh Bank - Jatinder Bir Singh

The President of India is the head of state of the Republic of India. The President is the formal head of the
executive, legislature and judiciary of India and is the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.
The President is indirectly elected by the people through elected members of the Parliament of India (Lok
Sabha and Rajya Sabha) as well as of the Legislative Assemblies in States of India (Vidhan Sabha) and
serves for a term of five years.
The Constitution of India states that the President can exercise his or her powers directly or by
subordinate authority, with few exceptions, all of the executive authority vested in the President are, in
practice, exercised by the popularly elected Government of India, headed by the Prime Minister. This
Executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister with the help of the Council of Ministers.
The 13th and current President is Pranab Mukherjee, who was elected on 22 July 2012, and sworn-in on
25 July 2012. He is the first Bengali to be elected as President. He took over the position from Pratibha
Patil, who was the first woman to serve in the office.
India achieved independence from British Rule on 15 August 1947. The Constituent Assembly of India,
under the leadership of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, undertook the process of drafting a completely new
constitution for the country. The Constitution of India was eventually enacted on 26 November 1949 and
came into force on 26 January 1950, making India a republic. The offices of monarch and governor-
general were replaced by the new office of President of India, with Rajendra Prasad as the first
The President can return a bill to the Parliament, if it is not a money bill or a constitutional amendment
bill, for reconsideration. The President appoints, as Prime Minister, the person most likely to command
the support of the majority in the Lok Sabha.
All money bills originate in Parliament, but only if the President recommends them. He or she presents
the Annual Budget and supplementary Budget before Parliament. No money bill can be introduced in
Parliament without his or her assent.
The President appoints the Chief Justice of the Union Judiciary and other judges on the advice of the
Chief Justice.
The President is the supreme commander of the defence forces of India. The President can declare war or
conclude peace, subject to the approval of parliament only under the decision of the Council of the
Armed Forces Chief staffs, Military Secretary and Presidents Officer (Deputy Military Secretary).
The President can declare three types of emergencies: national, state, financial.
A President can be removed for violation of the Constitution of India. The President may be removed
before the expiry of the term through impeachment. No president has faced impeachment proceedings.