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Title III.

- NATURAL OBLIGATIONS

Art. 1423. Obligations are civil or natral. !ivil obligations give a
rig"t o# action to co$%el t"eir %er#or$ance. Natral obligations& not
being base' on %ositive la( bt on e)it* an' natral la(& 'o not
grant a rig"t o# action to en#orce t"eir %er#or$ance& bt a#ter
volntar* #l#ill$ent b* t"e obligor& t"e* at"ori+e t"e retention o#
("at "as been 'elivere' or ren'ere' b* reason t"ereo#. So$e
natral obligations are set #ort" in t"e #ollo(ing articles.
Art. 1424. ,"en a rig"t to se %on a civil obligation "as la%se' b*
e-tinctive %rescri%tion& t"e obligor ("o volntaril* %er#or$s t"e
contract cannot recover ("at "e "as 'elivere' or t"e vale o# t"e
service "e "as ren'ere'.
Art. 142.. ,"en (it"ot t"e /no(le'ge or against t"e (ill o# t"e
'ebtor& a t"ir' %erson %a*s a 'ebt ("ic" t"e obligor is not legall*
bon' to %a* becase t"e action t"ereon "as %rescribe'& bt t"e
'ebtor later volntaril* rei$brses t"e t"ir' %erson& t"e obligor
cannot recover ("at "e "as %ai'.
Art. 1420. ,"en a $inor bet(een eig"teen an' t(ent*-one *ears o#
age ("o "as entere' into a contract (it"ot t"e consent o# t"e
%arent or gar'ian& a#ter t"e annl$ent o# t"e contract volntaril*
retrns t"e ("ole t"ing or %rice receive'& not(it"stan'ing t"e #act
t"e "e "as not been bene#ite' t"ereb*& t"ere is no rig"t to 'e$an'
t"e t"ing or %rice t"s retrne'.
Art. 1421. ,"en a $inor bet(een eig"teen an' t(ent*-one *ears o#
age& ("o "as entere' into a contract (it"ot t"e consent o# t"e
%arent or gar'ian& volntaril* %a*s a s$ o# $one* or 'elivers a
#ngible t"ing in #l#ill$ent o# t"e obligation& t"ere s"all be no rig"t
to recover t"e sa$e #ro$ t"e obligee ("o "as s%ent or cons$e' it
in goo' #ait".
Art. 1422. ,"en& a#ter an action to en#orce a civil obligation "as
#aile' t"e 'e#en'ant volntaril* %er#or$s t"e obligation& "e cannot
'e$an' t"e retrn o# ("at "e "as 'elivere' or t"e %a*$ent o# t"e
vale o# t"e service "e "as ren'ere'.
Art. 1423. ,"en a testate or intestate "eir volntaril* %a*s a 'ebt o#
t"e 'ece'ent e-cee'ing t"e vale o# t"e %ro%ert* ("ic" "e receive'
b* (ill or b* t"e la( o# intestac* #ro$ t"e estate o# t"e 'ecease'&
t"e %a*$ent is vali' an' cannot be rescin'e' b* t"e %a*er.
Art. 1434. ,"en a (ill is 'eclare' voi' becase it "as not been
e-ecte' in accor'ance (it" t"e #or$alities re)ire' b* la(& bt one
o# t"e intestate "eirs& a#ter t"e settle$ent o# t"e 'ebts o# t"e
'ecease'& %a*s a legac* in co$%liance (it" a clase in t"e 'e#ective
(ill& t"e %a*$ent is e##ective an' irrevocable.