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Choose only one answer, which you think is most appropriate.
Use the attached answer sheet in answering the following questions.
1. Post weld heat treatment of vessel welds generally results in:
a. Reduction in hardness
b. Increase of tensile strength
c. Increase of both strength and ductility
d. None of the above
2. A pressure vessel fabricated in 1!" was in service. It has been
decided to remove the top head and e#tend the height and
replace the dish head with a new one. $he proposal is:
a. $he proposal can be accepted for review by
authorised inspector
b. No modification is allowed on this vessel
c. A pressure vessel engineer should be
consulted for approval
d. None of the above
%. &essels that are 'nown to have a remaining life of over
(((((((((( years or that are protected against e#ternal
corrosion need not have insulation removed for the periodic
e#ternal inspection.
a. 1"
b. 1)
c. )
d. 2"
*. After an inspection interval is completed and if calculations
indicate that an inaccurate rate of corrosion has been assumed
initially+ how do you determine the corrosion rate for the ne#t
inspection period,
a. ec' the original calculations to find out what the
error is in the original assumption.
b. -nless the corrosion rate is changed by .urisdiction+ the
initial rates shall be used.
c. $he corrosion rate shall be ad/usted to agree with the
actual rate found.
d. 0all in a corrosion specialist
). If a vessel is made up of un'nown materials and
computations must be made to determine the 1A2P what
can the inspector or the vessel engineer do to establish the
a. $he lowest grade material and highest /oint efficiency in
the applicable code may be assumed for calculations.
b. Assume 130 as 4A 25% 6r. 0 and /oint efficiency 7 ".8
c. $he vessel made of the un'nown material must be
removed from service and vessel of 'nown material must be
d. $he vessel of un'nown material shall be sub/ected to
hydrostatic tests while having strain gages on it to determine
its yield strength and thus allowable stress.
!. R9I assessment can be used to alter the inspection
strategy provided:
a. $he degradation methods are identified and evaluated
b. $he R9I is fully documented.
c. A third party conducts the R9I
d. 9oth A and 9 above
8. 2hat climatic area may re:uire a very active program for
corrosion under insulation,
a. 0ooler dry locations.
b. &ery cold locations with year round temperature less
than 2);<
c. 2armer+ wet locations
d. 2armer dry locations
5. 4oil=to=air >4?A@ interfaces for partially buried vessels are a
location where localiAed corrosion may ta'e place. If the buried
part is e#cavated for inspection+ how deep should the e#cavation
be to determine if there is hidden damage,
a. 12 to 15 inches
b. ! to 12 inches
c. 12 to 2* inches
d. ! to 15 inches
. 2 0ommon way to minimiAe temper embrittlement is to limit
a. B.C factor for weld metal.
b. BDC factor for base metal.
c. B.C factor for base E BDC factor for weld metal.
d. BDC factor for base E B.C factor for weld metal
1". $he minimum hydro test temperature for in=service vessel of 2F
thic'ness is:
a. 1G1$H1"<
b. 1G1$H%"<
c. 1G1$H "0
d. 1G1$H "0
11. I0lam shellF type crac' failure having concentric rings called
Ibeach mar'sF showing IwavesF of crac' propagation is typically
the description of
a. <atigue crac's.
b. 0reep crac's.
c. 4tress corrosion crac's.
d. Jydrogen induced crac's.
12. 1inimum Gesign thic'ness for a vessel shell is 1" mm. <ollowing
four plates were received with actual thic'ness e:ual to: 1".2
mm+ .8mm+ 1".%mm+ and .! mm. As per A41K 4ec. &III
Giv.1+ how many plates will you release for vessel fabrication,

a. 1
b. 2
c. %
d. All *

1%. 2hat type of repairs and procedures may the inspector give
prior general authorisation to continue >provided the inspector is
satisfied with the competency of the repair organiAation@,
a. 1a/or repairs and minor procedures
b. Limited or routine repairs
c. 1a/or alterations and re=ratings
d. 1inor re=ratings and alterations
1*. A vessel in service has different Aones of corrosion. $he ne#t
inspection fre:uency will be decided by:
a. Mone with highest rate of corrosion
b. Mone with lowest remaining life
c. Average rate of corrosion shall be ta'en into consideration
d. Average remaining life of the vessel shall be considered
1). Resistance to sulphidation is generally achieved by
a. -pgrading to higher nic'el alloys
b. -pgrading to higher chromium alloys
c. -pgrading to higher copper based alloys
d. All of the above.
1!. 0haracteristic 400 in Austenitic 4.4. generally will be
a. $ransgranular+ branching and aggravated by increasing
b. Intergranular and unidirectional >straight@ and aggravated
al low temperature
c. Independent of chloride content
d. None of the above
18. In planning for an internal inspection of a vertical vessel that has
acidic corrodents+ what type of corrosion would you e#pect to
find on the vessel shell from inside,
a. Jydrogen blistering near li:uid level
b. Jydrogen blistering on top dished head
c. Jydrogen blistering near the bottom of vessel
d. None of above
15. J
4 is in sour crude is more harmful in presence of:
a. 3#ygen
b. 2ater >i.e., 2et J
c. 4ulphur
d. a and c above
1. $he lea' tightness of the relief valves is tested on the test bloc'
at a pressure e:ual to:
a. 4ame as set pressure
b. "N of the set pressure
c. 4ame as reseat pressure
d. None of the above
2". $he principal reason for inspecting a pressure relief device is to
a. 0ondition of pressure relief device and if it is functioning
b. $he remaining life of pressure relief device.
c. $he spring coil diameter.
d. $he body thic'ness.
21. 2hich of the following tests must be conducted on a valve as
soon as it has been received in the shop for inspection,
a. &isual inspection
b. Jydrotesting of valve body
c. Radiographic testing
d. 0hec' set=pressure
22. API )8! does not address:
a. &alve testing on test benches in shop
b. Application of rupture discs
c. $raining re:uirements for mechanics involved in
inspection and repair of pressure relieving devices
d. All of the above
2%. <or vessels which are supported on concrete saddles and wor'ing
in an area where the humidity is high which areas on them are
typically susceptible to e#ternal corrosion,
a. At the anchor bolts in the foundation
b. At the Points of contact of the metal surface with the
c. All of the above
d. None of the above
2*. Inspection records contain the following information for a $1L
on a dished head. >$h'. in inches@ 3n the basis of this
information+ the long=term corrosion rate for the location is:
Thickness Year
".)"" "
".*2) )
".*"" 1"
a. 1 O mils per year
b. ) mils per year
c. 1" mils per year
d. 1"" mils per year
2). A certain 0. 4. vessel which re:uired impact testing was re:uired
to have P2J$ initially according to code re:uirement. After 1"
years when repaired by welding P2J$ is to be carried out.
Performing P2J$ is found to be impracticable. 2hich of the
following is relevant >as per API=)1"@,
a. P2J$ may be e#empted+ if proper NGK is carried out.
b. 0arry out temper=bead welding as alternative to P2J$.
c. 0arry out both hydro=testing and pneumatic testing in
lieu of the P2J$.
d. 0arry out preheating to minimum 2"";<
2!. A cylindrical shell with thic'ness 7 *."F+ IG7!F+ 47181"" and
K7".5) and 0. A. 7 1?5F showed metal loss of 1?*F within the
areas lying 5F on either side of the longitudinal welds. Pou
analysis of situation is:
a. Recalculate shell thic'ness BtC
considering K71."
b. $he thinned area is on or within weld area hence >a@ above
can not be adopted
c. Prepare repair procedure and restore the metal loss as per
API =)1"
d. b and c above
28. 1aterials used for ma'ing repair by welding in carbon steel
vessels shall have the following limitations,
a. $hey shall meet the re:uirements stipulated in NA0K
b. $he carbon content shall not be over ".%)N
c. 2elding repair shall be done by using only the 6$A2
d. All of the above
25. <or non=continuous corrosive service with remaining life 2)
years+ e#ternal inspection shall be performed not later than:
a. 1" years
b. 12.) years
c. ) years
d. None of above
2. An ellipsoidal head has an internal diameter of 8! inches and
depth of 21 inches >including a straight face dimension of 2
inches@. 2hat should its spherical >crown@ radius be,
a. 8!. inches
b. 1).! inches
c. !5.* inches
d. All of the above
%". <or carrying out temper Q bead welding techni:ue in lieu of
P2J$+ apart from other re:uirements+ which of the following is
a. $he root and final pass of weld shall be radiographed.
b. 2eld metal shall be deposited for second pass while the
first pass below the second pass is still not cooled down
and its cooling rate is retarded due to the heat of second
c. After depositing each layers of the weld+ the weld
shall be P$ chec'ed.
d. 9oth b and c
%1. 0alculate the remaining life and e#ternal insp. interval of a
vessel given the following data:
Actual thic'ness 7 ".)) inch
1inimum thic'ness re:uired 7 ".8) inch
$hic'ness at previous inspection ) years prior to present
inspection 7 1."2) inch
a. 2" years+ 1" years
b. 1* years+ )years
c. 25 years+ 1" years
d. None of the above
%2. As per API )1"+ the organiAation who carry out PR& repair+
testing has to be:
a. Needs to be a certified company to perform all repair wor'
in accordance to A41K.
b. Needs to have have documented :uality control procedure
c. Needs to have :ualified personnel to carry out the /ob
within scope of repair
d. 3nly b and c above
%%. A vessel which was inspected si# years ago and had shell
thic'ness 7 ".58"F. As on today the thic'ness as reported by
filed inspection is ".85!. 2hat was the corrosion rate over last
si# years,
a. 1" mpy
b. 12 mpy
c. 1* mpy
d. none of above
%*. If the vessel in above :uestion has minimum permissible
thic'ness 7 ".!15F for the present design conditions. 2hat will
be estimated remaining life of the vessel if corrosion rate
remains same,
a. 1" years
b. 12 years
c. 1* years
d. None of above
%). <or a vessel+ remaining life is estimated as 22 years from now+
ne#t planned internal and e#ternal inspection shall not be later
a. 11 Pears+ ) Pears
b. 1" Pears+ ) Pears
c. ) Pears+ ) Pears
d. None of the above
%!. 2hat is the ma#imum defect permitted on the conve# surface of
a welder :ualification bend test after bending,
a. R inch
b. 1?5 inch
c. 1?1! inch
d. %?1! inch
%8. 0ertification of contaminants shall be obtained for all P$
materials used on:
a. 0arbon steels
b. <erritic stainless steels
c. Austenitic stainless steels
d. None of the above
%5. $he scope of the A41K 9oiler and Pressure &essel+ 0ode+ 4ection
& includes:
a. NGK acceptance criteria
b. Jow to perform NGK to achieve a desired result
c. 2here to do NGK >i.e. what welds to e#amine@
d. All of above.
%. <or Ammeter calibration for magnetiAing e:uipment+ the
allowable tolerance is:
a. H)N
b. H1"N
c. H1)N
d. H2"N
*". 2hich of the following are commonly preferred to 'now the
process side degradation of pressure vessels,
a. 3n Qstream inspection.
b. Internal inspection
b. K#ternal inspection as alternative to internal inspection
c. Any of above is 3S
*1. <or 1$ e#amination by Prod techni:ue the magnetiAing current
re:uired depends on:
a. Prod 4pacing
b. $hic'ness of item under Inspection
c. a E b above
d. None of above
*2. 2hile deciding the governing thic'ness for crown portion for
corroded 2:1 ellipsoidal head+ API )1" stipulates that E crown
thic'ness shall be calculated:
a. According to relevant ellipsoidal dished head
b. According to code formula for spherical heads with head
radius e:ual to ". G+ where G is shell dia meter.
c. $hic'ness of crown shall be same as 'nuc'le thic'ness.
d. None of the above
*%. <or a vertical column+ Int. dia. 7 *5TT and height >$=$@ 7 5"ft+
$he vessel 1A2P is !" psi. 1inimum vessel part 1A2P for
bottom dished head >2:1 Kllip type@ shall be:

a. *.! psi
b. 52.5 psi
c. ).) psi
d. None of above
**. Jow is hammer testing utiliAed,
a. As a preliminary survey for thinned areas
b. As a independent test method for which A4N$ 0ertification
in NG$ is available
c. As a important tool in the hands of the AuthoriAed
inspection only
d. $o carry out 0arpy impact test
*). 2hich of the following represent grouping of weld=metals
in A41K ID,
a. P Q Nos.
b. < Q Nos.
c. 4 Q Nos.
d. A Q Nos.
*!. 2hich is?are advantage of magnetic particle testing over
penetrant testing,
a. It can detect surface discontinuities with foreign material
imbedded in them.
b. It is faster on individual parts.
c. It can detect near=surface discontinuities.
d. All of the above
*8. Gouble wall Gouble image techni:ue is used for the radiography
a. Plate welds
b. $ubular products with outer diameter less than %.) inch
c. Large pipes with outer diameter 2"" mm and
d. Jeavy castings
*5. As per A41K 4ec. &III Giv. 1+ if permanent deformation is
observed due to over pressure during hydrotesting:
a. $he inspector should as' for re=test using proper test
pressure and new pressure gauges.
b. <ollow=up the hydro=testing by a pneumatic test at proper
pressure+ ta'ing suitable precautions as given in code
c. $he inspector may as' for providing additional stiffening
rings around vessel and carry out re=hydro test at proper
test pressure.
d. $he inspector may re/ect the vessel.
*. $he siAe of a properly deposited e:ual fillet weld is shown as 1"
mm. $he throat dimension for this weld will be appro#imately:
a. 1" mm
b. 5 mm
c. 8 mm
d. mm
)". If any setting is noticed on a vessel+ which of the following
should be done:
a. 0onduct R$ after *5 hours of observing the defective
b. NoAAles and ad/acent shell areas should be inspected
for distortion and crac'ing
c. -se acoustic emission monitoring
d. All of the above
)1. Identify the correct statement >s@
a. 440 is aggravated due to wet J
b. Jydrogen blistering may occur on I.G+ 3.G+ or any where
within wall thic'ness of the pressure vessel.
c. Jigh hardness E Jigh strength steels are more li'ely to
undergo damage due to 400 compared to low strength?
low hardness steels
d. All of the above are correct statements
)2. 0rac's and laminations loo' similar from surface however+
a. 0rac's run normal to vessels surfaces
b. Lamination runs slant or parallel to surface
c. a and b above
d. None of above
)%. Jigh temperature hydrogen attac' is
typically due to
a. 1ethane gas formation
b. 2et J
4 formation
c. $emper embrittlement
d. Presence of molybdenum in alloy steels.
)*. $he nonmetallic coating disbonding in a vessel can be
better detected by:
a. Kddy current testing
b. Joliday detection
c. -ltrasonic testing
d. Acoustic emission testing
)). K#ternal inspection of a pressure vessel starts with:

a. Ladder+ stairs+ wal'way and platforms of the vessel
b. Insulation+ s'irt and foundation
c. $he e#ternal surfaces+ of vessel
d. Gimensional chec' of the vessel
)!. 9efore carrying out an inter service inspection on a
vessel put in=service for :uite some time what the inspector
should do first,
a. 0hec' the material in which it is constructed.
b. 0hec' the permanent file of the
c. 0hec' the progressive history file of the vessel.
d. 0hec' the original thic'ness