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Nomen: _____________________________

Hodie est: _____________________

Conjugating Latin Verbs Lesson 15.1-2


1. List the 4 Principal Parts of each verb and their meanings.
3. Conjugate the verb in the Active Voice Tense requested.

1.

2. Find the PERFECT stem of each verb.


4. Translate the box marked with an *asterisk.

Verb Parts: colloc, collocare, __________________________________________________________


Verb Meanings: ______________________________________________________________________
Verb Stem: ____________________________

Tense: Perfect Tense _____________________

* ______________________________________________________

2.

Verb Parts: mane, manre ____________________________________________________________


Verb Meanings: ______________________________________________________________________
Verb Stem: ____________________________

Tense: Perfect Tense ______________________

* ______________________________________________________

3.

Verb Parts: comple, complre, ________________________________________________________


Verb Meanings: ______________________________________________________________________
Verb Stem: ____________________________

Tense: Pefect Tense _____________________

* ______________________________________________________

4.

Verb Parts: cd, cdere, _____________________________________________________________


Verb Meanings: ______________________________________________________________________
Verb Stem: ____________________________

Tense: Pluperfect Tense __________________

* ______________________________________________________

5.

Verb Parts: sum, esse, ________________________________________________________________


Verb Meanings: ______________________________________________________________________
Verb Stem: ____________________________
perfect, singular

Tense: Perfect Tense & Pluperfect ___________

pluperfect, singular

perfect, plural _

pluperfect, plural

*
* ______________________________________________________
6.

Verb Parts: servo, servare, _____________________________________________________________


Verb Meanings: ______________________________________________________________________
Verb Stem: ____________________________

Tense: Future Perfect Tense_________________

*
* ______________________________________________________

Perfect Tense Endings


-i
-imus
-isti
-istis
-it
-erunt

Memorize!
Pluperfect Endings
-eram
-eramus
-eras
-eratis
-erat
-erant

Future Perfect Endings


-ero
-erimus
-eris
-eritis
-erit
-erint

Verbs and their Four Principal Parts


Practice with the 4 Principal Parts of verbs.
List the missing parts of these verbs you already know:
First Conjugation:

do

dare

_______________________

_________________________________

laudo

laudare

_______________________

_________________________________

occupo

occupare

_______________________

_________________________________

oppugno

oppugnare

_______________________

_________________________________

oro

orare

_______________________

_________________________________

paro

parare

_______________________

_________________________________

porto

portare

_______________________

_________________________________

pugno

pugnare

_______________________

_________________________________

supero

superare

_______________________

_________________________________

voco

vocare

_______________________

_________________________________

Second Conjugation:

habeo

habre

_______________________

_________________________________

moneo

monre

_______________________

_________________________________

moveo

movre

_______________________

_________________________________

sustineo

sustinre

_______________________

_________________________________

teneo

tenre

_______________________

_________________________________

terreo

terrre

_______________________

_________________________________

timeo

timre

_______________________

_________________________________

video

vidre

_______________________

_________________________________

continued

Third Conjugation:

ago

agere

_______________________

_________________________________

contendo

contendere

_______________________

_________________________________

defendo

defendere

_______________________

_________________________________

duco

ducere

_______________________

_________________________________

gero

gerere

_______________________

_________________________________

instruo

instruere

_______________________

_________________________________

mitto

mittere

_______________________

_________________________________

pello

pellere

_______________________

_________________________________

peto

petere

_______________________

_________________________________

pono

ponere

_______________________

_________________________________

vinco

vincere

_______________________

_________________________________

Fourth Conjugation:

audio

audire

_______________________

_________________________________

convenio

convenire

_______________________

_________________________________

munio

munire

_______________________

_________________________________

venio

venire

_______________________

_________________________________

Exercise 181

Nmen: _____________________________

A Dream of Judgment

Hodie est: ___________________________

(This contains many 3rd Principal Parts of our verbs it will help you to recall their forms as you progress thru this exercise.)

Introduction: (do not translate)


This was my dream. I was in the midst of light, a light brilliant and intense, so intense that it seemed to penetrate
and reveal the depths of the soul. And I was aware of a Presence at the very center of the light and I knew with a
strange inner conviction that there stood the Angel of Judgment. After a breathless moment, I became aware of
other presences, felt rather than saw them. Were they angels? Were they souls? Then the Angel spoke in a
voice like the sound of many waters, like no voice ever heard upon the earth.
Look to the verb first to see what person it is. Many sentences must begin with the Pronoun built in the verb.
THE VOICE OF THE ANGEL: Quis es? ____________________________________________________________
SECOND VOICE (harsh & unpleasant): Ego rex sum. Regnum et imperium Romanorum in terra tenui. ________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
VOICE OF THE ANGEL: Petisne nunc praemium et gloriam?___________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
SECOND VOICE: Ego peto. Ego magnam gloriam in terra habui et semper habebo. ________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Me omnes homines laudaverunt. Imperator magnus fui. _____________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Multa bella fortiter gessi. Dux bonus, omnes res paravi; frumentum et arma paravi; castra et oppida munivi;
milites instruxi et collocavi. ___________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
In me milites spem semper posuerunt. Ego saepe in prima acie cum militibus pugnavi. ____________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Ego eos per montes et silvas duxi. In Gallia et in omnibus provinciis cum hostibus contendi. _______________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Me metus hostium non movit neque terruit. Fines multarum gentium occupavi. __________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Ego et multa oppida et magnas urbes oppugnavi. Provincias Romanas et earum urbes fortiter defendi. ________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Hostes nominis Romani terrui atque impetus eorum fortiter sustinui. Equites et milites in eos misi hostes
semper cesserunt. Hostes pepuli et in bellis eos superavi et vici. ______________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________

THE VOICE OF THE ANGEL: Homo se fortiter laudat! ________________________________________________


SECOND VOICE: Propter me gentes provinciis finitimae legioines Romanas timuerunt; eae saepe principes in
castra Romanorum de pace miserunt. ____________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Mecum principes et reges de pace egerunt. Mihi se dederunt. ________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Principes Gallorum in castra vocavi. In castra convenerunt! _________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Frumentum petivi. Magnam copiam in castra portaverunt. ___________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Omnes homines me timuerunt. Omnes gentes nomen regis Romani audiverunt. __________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
VOICE OF THE ANGEL (There was a deeper earnestness in the voice.): Cur cum multis gentibus bellum gessisti?
Cur eas pepulisti, terruisti, vicisti? ______________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
VOX REGIS (And his voice seemed to swell as though he were speaking in the Roman Senate.): Propter gloriam
et salutem Senatus Populique Romani!___________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
(Suddenly another voice broke in, harsh with malicious hatred.)
THIRD VOICE: Non! Non propter ea! Sed quod cupidus fuit gloriae et imperii! Pacem non petivit, sed gladios et
bella et caedem petivit. _______________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Flumina et silvas et oppida corporibus complevit; milites et nautas caedi dedit quod SIBI gloriam petivit.
Praemium ei dabo EGO. ______________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
VOX REGIS (shaken and fearful): Quis es tu? _____________________________________________________
THIRD VOICE: Aaah! Me non vidisti, sed non longe a te afui. Omnia vidi. Te autem non monui. ____________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
continued

(A shrill, diabolical laugh.) Tecum semper in terra fui nunc mecum manebis in saecula saeculorum!________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
(A black shadow passed swiftly across the light . . . a shriek, and then again the peace and the brilliance. Then I
knew that another had entered.)
VOICE OF THE ANGEL: Quis es? ________________________________________________________________
THE NEW VOICE: Christianus sum. _____________________________________________________________
VOICE OF THE ANGEL: Quid petis? Petisne gloriam cum Christo? _____________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
CHRISTIANUS: Deum et Christum peto. (then silence) ______________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
THE GUARDIAN ANGEL: Is se non defendet neque laudabit. Ego autem semper cum eo fui. Servus imperatoris
Romani fuit. ______________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Legem autem Christi fortiter tenuit; in nomine Christi oravit. Imperator autem eum, quod Christianus fuit, in
vinculis1 tenuit. ____________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Metus autem mortis et vulnerum eum non movit neque terruit. Spem in gratia Christi posuit et fidem semper
tenuit. Itaque Romani eum occiderunt. ___________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
(The light grew slowly more intense and a new voice, stronger and more tender, spoke:) Intra2 in gaudium3
Domini tui4: ________________________________________________________________________________
(Voices undique audivi:) Gloria Patri et Filio et Spiritui Sancto sicut erat in principio et nunc et semper et in
saecula saeculorum. Amen. ___________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
The vision faded.

Exercise 182

Nomen: _____________________

Putting parentheses around prep. phrases may help your translation accuracy.

1. Caesar stationed soldiers on the bridge and in front of the camp. _________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
2. Christ did not remain on earth. ____________________________________________________________
3. They filled the walls with men.____________________________________________________________
4. Caesar prepared a supply of grain. _________________________________________________________
5. The Romans did not often yield to the enemy. ________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
6. Where have you been? __________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
7. The Senate often praised Caesar on account of his victories. _____________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
8. Caesar did not fear danger and death. _______________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
9. There were many Romans in Gaul._________________________________________________________
10. Did the Romans overcome the Gauls? ______________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
11. Did they treat with the chief about peace? ___________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
12. The leading men of the Gauls assembled at dawn. _____________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
13. The cavalry did not yield, but withstood the attack bravely. _____________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
14. Who conquered the Gauls and seized their cities and towns? ____________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
15. The Gauls did not praise Caesar, but they feared him. __________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
16. Have you seen Rome? ___________________________________________________________________
(What word would you emphasize in this question? Place the ne particle on that word and place it first.)

Nomen: _____________________________

Hodie est: _____________________

Conjugating Latin Verbs Lesson 15.3


1. List the 4 Principal Parts of each verb and their meanings. (once)
3. Conjugate the verb in the Active Voice Tense requested.

7.

2. Find the PERFECT stem of each verb.


4. Translate the box marked with an *asterisk.

Verb Parts: incit, incitare, ____________________________________________________________


Verb Meanings: ______________________________________________________________________
Perfect Verb Stem: ______________________

Tense: Pluperfect Tense

* ______________________________________________________

8.

Verb Parts: adjuv, adjuvre ___________________________________________________________


Verb Meanings: ______________________________________________________________________
Perfect Verb Stem: ______________________

Tense: Pluperfect Tense

* ______________________________________________________

9.

Verb Parts: serv, servare, ____________________________________________________________


Verb Meanings: ______________________________________________________________________
Perfect Verb Stem: ______________________

Tense: Pluperfect Tense

* ______________________________________________________

10.

Verb Parts: perturb, perturbare, _______________________________________________________


Verb Meanings: ______________________________________________________________________
Perfect Verb Stem: ______________________

Tense: Pluperfect Tense

* ______________________________________________________

11.

Verb Parts: sum, esse, ________________________________________________________________


Perfect Verb Stem: ______________________

Tense: Pluperfect Tense

*
* ______________________________________________________
12.

Verb Parts: incend, incendere, _________________________________________________________


Verb Meanings: ______________________________________________________________________
Perfect Verb Stem: ______________________

Tense: Pluperfect Tense

*
* ______________________________________________________

13.

Verb Parts: incend, incendere, ________________________________________________________


Perfect Verb Stem: ______________________

Tense: Future Perfect Tense

*
*_______________________________________________________________________________________

14.

Verb Parts: perturb, perturbare, ________________________________________________________


Perfect Verb Stem: ______________________

Tense: Future Perfect Tense

*
*_______________________________________________________________________________________

15.

Verb Parts: servo, servare, _____________________________________________________________


Perfect Verb Stem: ______________________

Tense: Future Perfect Tense

*_______________________________________________________________________________________

16.

Verb Parts: sum, esse, ________________________________________________________________


Perfect Verb Stem: ______________________

Tense: Future Perfect Tense

*
*_______________________________________________________________________________________

17.

Verb Parts: adjuvo, adjuvare, ___________________________________________________________


Perfect Verb Stem: ______________________

Tense: Future Perfect Tense

*
*_______________________________________________________________________________________

18.

Verb Parts: incito, incitare, ____________________________________________________________


Perfect Verb Stem: ______________________

Tense: Future Perfect Tense

*
*_______________________________________________________________________________________

Exercise 183

Nomen: _____________________________________

Practice with the pluperfect tense.

1. Prncips gents prvinciae fnitims incitverant quod victriae cupid erant.____________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
2. Interim equits reliqus Galls perturbverant. _________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
3. Chrstin bon fidem et vrittem Chrst servverant. _______________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
4. Impertor urbs et oppida incenderat. ___________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
5. Mult Gall legins Rmns adjverant. ________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
6. Dux hostium colls hominibus complverat.______________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
7. Equits agmen hostium perturbverant. _________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
8. Virts Rmam servverat. __________________________________________________________________________________
9. Caesar et colls et ponts (prm lce) occupverat. ___________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
10. Sentus prvinciam Caesar dederat. ___________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Exercise 184

Nomen: _____________________________________________

Practice with Perfect & Pluperfect.

1. The king had aroused the slaves. __________________________________________________________________________


2. God had helped them._______________________________________________________________________________________
3. They had kept the faith. ____________________________________________________________________________________
4. The cavalry had confused the enemy. ____________________________________________________________________
5. The slaves had burned the town. __________________________________________________________________________
6. They had called the leading men of Gaul into the Senate. ____________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
7. He had stationed the cavalry in the forest. ______________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
7b. The enemy made an attack on them. ___________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Exercise 185

Nmen: _____________________________

Hodie est: ___________________________


Watch tenses closely; have/did are Perfect tense, while had is Pluperfect tense.

1.

The Senate praised Caesar. _____________________________________________________________

2.

The Gauls had always feared Caesar. _____________________________________________________

3.

The cavalry terrified the enemy. _________________________________________________________

4.

The soldiers had burned the crops. _______________________________________________________

5.

The slaves had helped the enemy. ________________________________________________________

6.

They kept the faith. ___________________________________________________________________

7.

They did not yield. ____________________________________________________________________

8.

They have held the city. ________________________________________________________________

9.

They moved camp. ____________________________________________________________________

10.

He seized the bridge. __________________________________________________________________

11.

They had prepared many darts. __________________________________________________________

12.

The slaves had had arms. _______________________________________________________________

13.

They saw the Roman column. ___________________________________________________________

14.

They did not withstand the attack. ________________________________________________________

15.

He defended himself. __________________________________________________________________

16.

They sent arms into Gaul. ______________________________________________________________

17.

The slaves had carried grain into the camp. _________________________________________________


___________________________________________________________________________________

18.

The Romans overcame the Gauls. ________________________________________________________

19.

They had prayed for the king. ___________________________________________________________

20.

He has called the chiefs.________________________________________________________________

Nomen: _____________________________

Hodie est: _____________________

Declining Latin Nouns Lesson 16.1


19.

Decline these 2nd Declension Masculine Nouns:

puer, pueri

Gender:___________ Declension:_________ Meaning:__________


Singular

Plural

Nominative
Genitive

Dative
Accusative
Ablative
* ______________________________________________________

ager, agri

Gender:___________ Declension:_________ Meaning:__________


Singular

Plural

Nominative
Genitive
Dative
Accusative
*

Ablative

*______________________________________________
vir liber-free man

Gender:___________ Declension:_________ Meaning:__________


Singular

Nominative
Genitive

Plural

vir liber
*

Dative
Accusative
Ablative

*______________________________________________

Italia, ae

Gender:______________________ Meaning:________________

Nominative
Genitive
Dative

Accusative
Ablative

*______________________________________________
fortuna, ae

Gender:_______________________ Meaning: _______________

Nominative
Genitive
Dative
Accusative
Ablative

*______________________________________________
What is the meaning of ita? _____________________________________
What part of speech is ita? ______________________________________
What is the meaning of trans? ___________________________________
What part of speech is trans? ____________________________________
What case does trans govern?____________________________________

Exercise 186

Nmen: _____________________________
Hodie est: ___________________________

1.

With good boys. ______________________________________________________________________

2.

On behalf of noble men.________________________________________________________________

3.

Into good fields. ______________________________________________________________________

4.

A field full of boys. ___________________________________________________________________

5.

In the fields. _________________________________________________________________________

6.

With a brave man. ____________________________________________________________________

7.

In a large field. _______________________________________________________________________

8.

A boy similar to a brave man. ___________________________________________________________

9.

On account of the glory of brave men. ____________________________________________________

10.

Through the fields of the Gauls. _________________________________________________________

11.

The death of a brave man. ______________________________________________________________

12.

On account of the slaughter of mothers and boys. ____________________________________________


___________________________________________________________________________________

13.

The good fortune of a brave and noble man. ________________________________________________


___________________________________________________________________________________

Exercise 187

Nomen: _____________________________________
Hodie est: __________________________________

1. Viri Romani forts erant et fortiter cum hostibus pugnaverunt. ____________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
1a. Ita Rmam servaverunt.

1b. Fortuna enim viros forts adjuvat. ________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
2. Mult hosts trns monts in Italiam venerunt.

2b. Eos tamen Rmn vicerunt. ______________

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
3. Puer bonus est gloria matris._______________________________________________________________________________
3b. Omns enim patres et matres pueros bonos semper laudant sed pueros malos nn laudant.__
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
4. Tum, post adventum exercitus Rmn, erat magna frumenti inopia in Galli. ___________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
4b. Rmn enim frumenta in agrs incenderant. __________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
5. In Itali erant agr bon, vir nobiles, pueri bon. ________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
6. Impertor Rmnus cum omnibus copiis in agros hostium venit. ____________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
6b. Frumenta incendit; oppida et urbs oppugnavit; viros et pueros in castra dxit. ________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Exercise 188

Nmen: _____________________________
Hodie est: ___________________________

1.

All men praise good fortune. ____________________________________________________________

2.

Hannibal1, a brave and renowned man, has come across the mountains and is seizing a large part of Italy.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

3.

Good boys often pray. _________________________________________________________________

4.

The boys are preparing arms. ____________________________________________________________

5.

They have come across the river into the fields and are burning the crops. ________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

6.

He is placing troops in the fields of the enemy. ______________________________________________


___________________________________________________________________________________

7.

Brave men are fighting for us. ___________________________________________________________

8.

He is stationing men in the fields of Italy. __________________________________________________

9.

Thus do we brave soldiers keep the glory of the Roman name. _________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

10.

The boys are helping the men in the fields. _________________________________________________

11.

Who is calling the boy? ________________________________________________________________

12.

Is the boy carrying a dispatch into Italy? ___________________________________________________

13.

What are you giving the boy? ___________________________________________________________

14.

Did they overcome the Gauls? ___________________________________________________________

15.

What does the boy carry? _______________________________________________________________

16.

Who is inciting the tribes of Gaul? _______________________________________________________

17.

We do not help bad men. _______________________________________________________________

18.

He is stationing the soldiers before the gate of the camp. ______________________________________


___________________________________________________________________________________

19.

They are storming the cities of Italy. ______________________________________________________

1: Hannibal: Hannibal, Hannibalis

This Reading is meant to be done while looking at the map on page 166 of Henle FYL text.

Reading #4
De Itali et de Galli
Italia est terra et magna et bona. Videsne Italiam in tabul?1 Estne Italia magna? Estne longa? In Itali erat
Roma, urbs et magna et nobilis. Videsne Romam in tabul? 1 Roma in flumine Tiberi est. Videsne flumen in
tabul? 1 In Italia erant multae et magnae urbes, flumina longa, montes alti. Erant etiam agri frumentorum pleni.
In agris Italiae Romani multa bella cum finitimis gentibus gesserant et tandem 2 omnem Italiam vicerant. Ita
imperium Italiae Romani tenuerunt. In omnibus Italiae partibus omnes viri et pueri nomen Romanum et
laudabant et defendebant.
Alpes3 sunt montes magni et alti. Videsne montes in tabul? 1 Trans Alpes tum erant et Provincia Romana
et Gallia. Multi imperatores trans montes in Italiam venerunt. Hannibal,4 vir fortis et nobilis, per montes difficiles
cum omnibus copiis in Italiam venit et ita in Italiae agris cum Romanis bellum gessit. Tum Caesar legiones
Romanas trans montes in agros Gallorum duxit. Napoleon etiam, imperator fortis, cum magnis copiis trans
montes in Italiam contendit et omnem Italiam occupavit.
Roma, sicut in tabula1 vides, longe abest Galli. In Galli erant etiam urbes et oppida et agri boni. Erant
flumina et montes. Eos in tabul1 vides. Vides etiam fines Provinciae Romanae. Ejus imperium Caesar tenuit et
cum Gallis bella gessit. Post victorias Caesaris Romani imperium omnis Galliae tenuerunt.

1 tabula, ae: map. 2 tandem, adv.: finally. 3 Alpes, Alpium: the Alps. 4 Hannibal, Hannibalis: Hannibal (a great Carthaginian
general)

Nomen: _____________________________

Hodie est: _____________________

Declining Latin Nouns Lesson 16.2


20.

Decline these somewhat irregular adjectives and the nouns that follow.

miser, misera, miserum

Meaning:_______________ Decline in the MASC


Singular

Plural

Nominative
Genitive

Dative
Accusative
Ablative
* ______________________________________________________

liber, libera, liberum

Meaning:_______________

Decline in the FEMININE

Singular

Plural

Nominative
Genitive
Dative
Accusative
*

Ablative

*______________________________________________
integer, integra, integrum Meaning:______________ Decline in the NEUTER
Singular

Plural

Nominative
Genitive

Dative
Accusative
Ablative

*______________________________________________

proelium, i

Gender:______________________ Meaning:________________

Nominative
Genitive
Dative

Accusative
Ablative

*______________________________________________
civitas, civitatis

Gender:_______________________ Meaning: _______________

Nominative
Genitive
Dative
Accusative
Ablative

*______________________________________________

Exercise 191

1.

Nmen: _____________________________

Vir nobiles et lber cvittem Americanam servvrunt. ________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

2.

Rmn, vir forts et lber, Galls miseros mults proelis vicerunt. _______________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

2b.

Rmns enim etiam fortna adjuvit. _______________________________________________________

3.

Ducs legins integrs in prm aci collocant. _______________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

4.

Rmn oppida Gallrum oppugnvrunt; agrs erum occupverunt; frmenta incenderunt; prncips,
ducs, mtrs, patres, viros, puers, occiderunt. _______________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

4b.

Ita es vicerunt. ________________________________________________________________________

5.

Hannibal, vir fortis et nbilis, cum omnibus cpis trns monts in agrs Italiae contendit. _____________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

5b.

Cum e Rmn fortiter contendrunt. ______________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

5c.

Urbs et oppida Italiae dfendrunt. ________________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

5d.

Post multa proelia et magnam caedem Rmn eum superaverunt. ________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

5e.

Ita glriam nminis Rmn servvrunt. ____________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

Exercise 192 Review of 3rd Conj. Verbs

Nmen: _____________________________
Hodie est: ___________________________

1.

He led fresh troops into the battle. __________________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

2.

The chief defended the wretched Gauls. _____________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

3.

The Romans had conquered free states. ______________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

4.

The Romans conquered the Gauls in many battles. _____________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

5.

After the battle they were burning the crops and the towns. ______________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

6.

The soldiers, brave and free men, were repulsing the enemy. _____________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

7.

He treated with the master concerning his wretched slave. _______________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

8.

They will have pitched camp after the battle. _________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

9.

The fresh legions did not yield. ____________________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

10.

He was hastening into Gaul with fresh forces. ________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

11.

The slaves were not carrying arms. _________________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

12.

The wretched Gauls sought peace.__________________________________________________________

Exercise 193

Nmen: _____________________________
Hodie est: ___________________________

Answer these questions in complete Latin sentences.

1.

Suntne servi lber? _____________________________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

2.

Estne cvitas Americana libera? ____________________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

3.

Erantne servi Rmn miseri? _____________________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

4.

Esne vir liber? _________________________________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

5.

Esne puer miser? _______________________________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

6.

Eratne Washingtonius vir fortis et nobilis? ___________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

Reading #5

Roma Aeterna
Rome first appeared in our history as a small country village on the Tiber. In the course of centuries of expansion,
however, she built up a vast and well-organized empire. The city on the seven hills grew into a city of splendor
and became the capital of the western world.
What was the secret of Romes success? The Romans certainly were practical men, gifted in organization. They
were builders whose roads survived for centuries, whose monuments of masonry still stand today. All of these
things and many others contributed to their success. But behind all, there was the driving power of the Roman
spirit. Throughout their history, the Romans displayed a tenacity of purpose, a stubborn determination, that no
odds and no disasters could overcome. There were many dark days in the history of Rome, but the Roman people
never despaired. The great achievements of Romes heroes became part of the Roman tradition and the Roman
spirit. No wonder then that the Romans became convinced that fortune had chosen Rome for an eternal destiny of
power. This conviction they crystallized in the phrase Roma aeterna, eternal Rome.
Translate:

Romani spem salutis et victoriae semper in virtute ponebant. In bellis omnia parabant; oppida
et castra muniebant; milites et equites habebant; frumenti copiam parabant. Saepe duces et
imperatores magni et nobiles erant. Sed non propter ea omnia Romani vicerunt. Multae enim
gentes ea omnia habebant sed hostes non vicerunt. Romani tamen hostes multos et magnos
vicerunt. Hostes saepe castra oppugnaverant, legioines vicerant, agros et urbes occupaverant.
Senatus Populusque1 Romanus tamen pacem non petivit. Principes in senatu de pace non egerunt.
Victoriae et imperii et gloriae cupidi erant. Itaque Romani hostes semper vicerunt. Victoria erat
Romanorum propter virtutem Romanam. Itaque gloria nominis Romani magna fuit et Romam
aeternam2 et Romani et gentes alienae laudaverunt.

1 Populusque = et populus 2 aeternus, a, um = eternal

Nomen: _____________________________

Hodie est: _____________________

Declining Latin Noun/Adjective Phrases Lesson 16.3


21.

Decline these possessive adjective phrases:

meus amicus

Meaning:___________________________________
Singular

Plural
*

Nominative
Genitive
Dative
Accusative
Ablative

* ______________________________________________________

nostra injuria

Meaning:_____________________________________
Singular

Plural

Nominative
Genitive
Dative
Accusative
*

Ablative

*______________________________________________
meum frumentum

Meaning:______________ _____________________
Singular

Plural

Nominative
Genitive

Dative
Accusative
Ablative

*______________________________________________

tuus deus

Meaning:______________________ _______________

Nominative
Genitive
Dative

Accusative
Ablative

*______________________________________________
vestra civitas

Meaning:_______________________ _______________

Nominative
Genitive
Dative
Accusative
Ablative

*______________________________________________
vestrum praemium Meaning _______________________ ____________
Nominative

Genitive
Dative
Accusative
Ablative

*______________________________________________

Exercise 197

Nmen: _____________________________
Hodie est: ___________________________

1.

Patrs, nostr, vir et lber et forts, mults proelis cum hostibus contendrunt. ______________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

1b.

Ita cvittem nostram et dfendrunt et servvrunt. Itaque nunc cvittem et nbilem et lberam habmus.
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

2.

Vbscum d salte mlitum vestrrum agmus. ______________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

3.

T propter caedem servrum miserrum nn laud neque virttem tuam laudab. ____________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

4.

In prmam aciem legins mes integrs mittam. ______________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

5a.

Oppida vestra et urbs vestrs oppugnbimus. Frmenta incendmus. _____________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

5b.

Puers vestrs et mtrs vestrs terrbimus. Ita mlits vestrs vincmus. __________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

6a.

Bellum difficile et perculrum plnum est. Hosts trns monts veniunt. In agrs vestrs veniunt. ______
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

6b.

Cum es fortiter pugnbitis neque d pce cum es agtis. Fortna etiam vs adjuvbit. _______________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

Exercise 198

Nomen: _____________________________
Hodie est: ___________________________

1.

Our brave soldiers do not fear your attacks. _________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________________________________

2.

I shall warn your commander in chief. _______________________________________________________

3.

Our state shall always be free. _________________________________________________________________

4.

Our cavalry will terrify your soldiers. _________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________________________________

5.

We shall see your fields and your cities. ______________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________________________________

6.

Our soldiers, brave and free men, were holding the hill. __________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________

7.

We shall move our camp at dawn. ____________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________________________________

8.

They will not withstand our cavalry. __________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________________________________

9.

I shall remain in my city. _______________________________________________________________________

10. You were filling the wall with your men. _____________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
11. Your slave is warning m. _______________________________________________________________________
12. Do you hear our cavalry? _______________________________________________________________________
13. Are you (pl.) holding your camp?_______________________________________________________________
14. Will our men withstand their attack? ________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
15. I do not fear your (pl.) soldiers, for our brave men will withstand them. _______________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Reading #6

The Second Punic War


In the third century before Christ, Carthage, a city on the northern coast of Africa, was the center of a powerful
empire. It was the one rival of the growing power of Rome in the western Mediterranean, and it was therefore
inevitable that these two nations should meet in a final struggle for power. This struggle came in the Second Punic
War (218-202), a war in which Roman courage and Roman endurance were tested to the utmost. Later generations
of Romans were to look back to the hard years of this war as Americans look back to Valley Forge or Englishmen
to the German Blitz of World War II.
The war began when a Carthaginian army under Hannibal one of the greatest generals of all history
attacked a Roman ally in Spain. At the very outset, Hannibal conceived the daring and unexpected plan of crossing
the Pyrenees and the Alps and invading Italy from the north.
Translate:

Hannibal, vir fortis et nobilis, tum erat Carthaginiensium1 imperator. Hostis populi Romani
semper fuerat. Victoriae et imperii cupidus fuit. Itaque cum Romanis bellum fortiter gerebat.
Is cum magno exercitu in Hispania erat. Magnum numerum militum et equitum et
elephantorum2 secum habebat. Cum omnibus copiis per Galliam contendit (nondum3 enim erat
provincia Romana in Gallia). Per silvas magnas milites duxit trans flumina alta exercitum duxit.
Alpes alti et magni montes erant. Via per eos difficilis et angusta fuit. Multae Gallorum gentes
cum eo bellum gerebant. Is tamen Gallos multis proeliis pepulit et cum militibus et impedimentis
et elephantis2 per montes in Italiam venit.
This was a terrible surprise to the Romans, who, meanwhile, had been planning an
expedition to Africa. No one had expected hannibal to transport such an army with its
elephants and all its equipment across the mountain barrier that guarded the north.
As Hannibal stood on the southern slopes of the Alps and saw Italy before him at last,
he spoke to his exhausted and discouraged men in some such fashion as this:

Italia est! In Italia sunt agri boni et copia omnium rerum. Sunt etiam oppida et multae et magnae
urbes. Eas Romani nunc tenent, sed nos Romanos superabimus. Urbes et agros tenebimus, etiam
Romam occupabimus. Romani fortes sunt, sed nos etiam sumus fortes. Nos non superabunt.
Itaque omnem victoriae spem in virtute ponemus! Fortuna etiam nos adjuvabit; fortuna enim
fortes semper adjuvat. Post victoriam magna vobis praemia dabo et magnam habebimus belli
gloriam!

1 Carthaginienses, Carthaginiensium: Carthaginians


2 elephantus, i: elephant
3 nondum: not yet

Answer in Latin:
1.

Quis fuit Hannibal? _____________________________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

2.

Eratne vir fortis? _______________________________________________________________________

3.

Ubi fuit? ______________________________________________________________________________

4.

Quid secum habuit? _____________________________________________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

6.

Venitne in Italiam?______________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

Answer in English:
1.

Why is hostis used in the singular in line 1 of the reading? ______________________________________


_____________________________________________________________________________________

2.

How did Hannibal encourage his men once they finally arrived at the northern entrance to Italy?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________