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Ishmeet Tuteja
Mrs. Beasley
English 1102
April 3, 2013
Annotated Bibliography
"Article." Renewable Energy Sources in the United States. National Atlas, 14 Jan. 2013. Web. 03
Apr. 2014.

Biomass is converting plants and wood to energy. It is the second most used energy, and
can be done almost anywhere since it only requires plants. Biomass can also be
considered as Biopower and Biofuel. Biopower is produced by burning biomass and
other crops into steam, which goes into turbines, which produces electricity. Biofuels are
liquid fuels that are produced from plants. Both of these can be separated into ethanol and
biodiesel. While ethanol is just a type of alcohol, biodiesel is fuel that can replace diesel
and have better emissions. Biodiesel is made by processing alcohol with things like
vegetable oil and animal fat.

The purpose of this source is to provide an energy source that can be found in many
areas. Its also the second most used energy resource and has been used for quite the
time. The main part is that this also provides a solution to waste since biomass uses waste
and converts it into energy, providing a great solution to trash dumps. Of course this is
limited to certain waste.

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Geo, Nat. "Wind Power." National Geographic. National Geographic, 2014. Web. 27 Mar. 2014.
<http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/wind-power-
profile/>.

Over the past decade, use of wind energy has increased by 25 percent. There are made up
to 20 stories tall. The wind spins the blades which convert energy into generators. Some
wind turbines create enough energy to supply about 600 homes. There are usually a farm
of these turbines anywhere between ten and a hundred. When placed in a windy area they
can create large amounts of energy. There are also small turbines which you can put in
the backyard that can produce enough energy to support one house or business. They are
not hard to use since all that is required is wind, and there is absolutely no pollution
caused. Technology is also making ways to create even cheaper turbines and
governments are helping support wind energy as well.

This resource is special because it can be used in any state. Wind surrounds the entire
planet, and many states have wide open areas that are not being used. Building wind
farms would be easy and very affordable if mass produced, so I would use this source to
say that states don't have an excuse to not try and produce wind energy, because its one
of the energy sources that everyone can do.

"How Geothermal Energy Works." Union of Concerned Scientists. Union of Concerned
Scientists, 16 Dec. 2009. Web. 27 Mar. 2014. <http://www.ucsusa.org/clean_energy/our-
energy-choices/renewable-energy/how-geothermal-energy-works.html>.
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Geothermal Energy is energy that is produced using the heat in the earth. This heat can be
found almost anywhere on the planet and produces little to no waste. Converting the heat
from the Earth into energy would be natural and cause no disturbances. Geothermal
Energy is currently 25 percent of energy produced in Finland and Iceland. The country
that has the most capability for this type of energy is the U.S. which has 3,000 megawatts
of energy in about 8 states. 80 percent of this can be found in California alone.
Geothermal Energy produces 5 percent of our energy today, and if harnessed more
properly and efficiently, will produce a lot of the energy we use today.

I plan to use this source to show the future of alternative energy. Though this is the one of
the least developed ways of producing alternative energy, it has a bright future ahead of
it. There is so much energy available deep within the earth that is going unused, and since
its mostly found in the U.S., there is great motivation to harness this energy.

"Solar Energy." Renewable Energy,. Alternative Energy, 26 Mar. 2014. Web. 27 Mar. 2014.
<http://www.altenergy.org/renewables/solar.html>.

As far as environmentally goes, solar power is the next best thing. It makes enough
energy to not require the use of coal and other things, and creates absolutely no pollution.
The energy from the sun is from a very abundant source. Solar Panels are also pretty
light, and come with 25 years of warranty. They are expected to outlive even human
lives. There are also many abandoned factories and unused land across the world and the
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United States. If we were to put solar panels in all these places, we could easily support
the U.S. for a matter of days from only one day of sunlight.

I plan to use this source as a starting point for my essay. Solar panels were one of
humanitys first steps towards developing alternative energy. It was the start of a
generation of alternative energy and the motivation for all future alternative energy. It is
becoming better and better, and is already close to being perfected and mass produced.
This energy is the most successful of alternative energy.

"The Energy Story - Chapter 12: Hydro Power." The Energy Story - Chapter 12: Hydro Power.
Energy Story, 2012. Web. 27 Mar. 2014.
<http://www.energyquest.ca.gov/story/chapter12.html>.

Another energy that we use today is Hydropower. Hydropower is collecting energy from
the force of moving water. Dams are a good example of Hydropower. They store water
on rivers and lakes and then flow them through turbines which spin and create energy.
This use can also be done on small canals as well, and barely disturbs water flow. We
have been using the power for decades and currently it produces 10 percent of the energy
we use today. It has proven very reliable with no pollution or damage to the environment.
Places with more mountains and river, such as California, use hydropower as 15 percent
of their energy. Washington is also a big provider and hydropower produces about 87
percent of the energy in Washington. There is so much that Washington also transfers
energy to nearby states.
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I plan to use this as a source of renewable energy and should be useful in providing
example of other powers. It should be a great example of how a lot of states can use their
terrain as advantages into helping them use different sources of energy. It also shows how
some states are dedicated to using alternative energy as much as they can.