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pfSense FW-7551 with pfSense Version 2.1.

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Basic Installation Guide







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Table of Contents

Table of Contents ................................................................................................................ 2
Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 3
Product includes ................................................................................................................. 3
Key features ........................................................................................................................ 4
Specifications ...................................................................................................................... 4
Plugging everything in ......................................................................................................... 5
Initial Configuration ............................................................................................................ 5
Logging into the web interface ........................................................................................... 5
Setup Wizard ....................................................................................................................... 6
Hostname ............................................................................................................................ 7
Domain ................................................................................................................................ 7
DNS Servers ......................................................................................................................... 7
Time Zone and Server ......................................................................................................... 7
WAN Configuration ............................................................................................................. 8
Configure LAN Interface ...................................................................................................... 9
Setting the password .......................................................................................................... 9
Introduction to the web interface .................................................................................... 10
Backing up and restoring .................................................................................................. 10
What else can I do? ........................................................................................................... 10
Console Access by Serial Interface .................................................................................... 11
Null Modem Cable ............................................................................................................ 11
Serial Terminal Emulation Client ...................................................................................... 11
Accessing the Console ....................................................................................................... 11
Configuring Serial Terminal Emulator ............................................................................... 11
Additional Support ............................................................................................................. 13
pfSense University .............................................................................................................. 14
Additional Support ............................................................................................................. 14

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Introduction
Thank you for your purchase of the pfSense FW-7551 with pfSense 2.1.x The Lanner hardware
platform in combination with the popular open source pfSense software provides a powerful, cost-
effective solution for your network security needs.

This Quick Start Guide will help you get up and running with a basic configuration on your FW-7551.

Product includes

Figure 1

1 pfSense preloaded with pfSense 2.1


Figure 2
12VDC auto-switching power supply
Null modem cable to connect to the serial console (not pictured)
Ethernet cable to connect to modem and computer (not pictured)
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Key features
Intel Dual-core Atom C2000 SoC CPU (codenamed "Rangeley")
Compact desktop design
4 built-in GbE LAN ports
Supports Intel QuickAssist crypto acceleration
Supports up to 8 GB ECC DDR3 Memory
Intel i210AT LAN controller
1 x system cooling fan
Specifications

CPU 2-core Intel AtomTM processor C2000 series (Rangeley)
BIOS AMI BIOS 16 Mb
Memory Technology Dual-channel DDR3 1333/1600 MHz (ECC)
Memory Capacity 8 GB
Memory Socket 1 x 240-pin DIMM
IDE storage S1 x CF card Type II
SATA storage 1 x 2.5 HDD/SSD kit (Optional)
Ethernet controller 2 x Intel i210AT, 1 x Marvell 88E1543
Ethernet 4 GbE RJ-45
Fan cooling 1 smart fan
Console 1 x RJ45 Serial
USB 2.0 2 x Type A
Processor cooling CPU heatsink with fan duct
Operating temperature 0C to 40C

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Plugging everything in

Figure 3 shows the location of the Reset button, power input, power button, serial console, USB, 4 x
GbE ports.


Figure 3

If you are replacing an existing firewall on a production network, you will want to go through the initial
configuration with the device not plugged into your production network. You can plug a laptop or
desktop PC into the LAN port to perform the initial configuration. For new networks, you can start by
plugging the LAN into your switch.

Note: The Lanner Ethernet ports are auto MDI/MDI-X, meaning you can use either a straight
through or crossover CAT5/6 cable regardless of the type of device you are connecting it to.

To get started, plug the LAN port into the network or system where you will perform the initial
configuration, and then plug in the power.
Initial Configuration
After powering on your Lanner, it will boot up and be ready for the initial configuration after
approximately two minutes. The initial boot takes longer if your WAN interface is not plugged into
something where it can receive a DHCP address, as it must wait for that to time out. Once the system is
booted, you should receive a 192.168.1.X IP address on the system(s) plugged into the LAN port from
the DHCP server.
Logging into the web interface
Browse to https://192.168.1.1 to access the web interface. In some instances, the browser will
respond with a message indicating a problem with an untrusted certificate. This is normal since the
pfSense WebGUI uses a self-signed certificate. Figure 4 is a typical example from Google Chrome. If
this message or similar message is encountered, it is safe to proceed.
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Figure 4


You will be prompted for username and password, the default username is admin and password is
pfsense.


Figure 5
Setup Wizard
After logging in, the setup wizard will run. This will walk you through a few steps to get up and running
with a basic configuration. At the first screen, click Next. The subsequent screen allows you to
configure the hostname, domain and DNS servers to be used.


Figure 6

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Hostname
For hostname, choose a name for the host. This does not affect functionality.
Domain
If you have an existing DNS domain in use inside your network (such as a Microsoft Active Directory
domain), use that domain here. This is the domain suffix assigned to DHCP clients, which you will want
to match your internal network. For networks without any internal DNS domains, you can fill in
anything you want here.
DNS Servers
The DNS server fields can be left blank if you have a WAN connection using DHCP, PPTP or PPPoE types
of Internet connections and the ISP automatically assigns DNS servers. When using a static IP on WAN,
you must enter DNS server IPs here for name resolution to function. You can specify DNS servers here
even if your ISP assigns different ones. Either enter the IP addresses provided by your ISP, or consider
using a service like OpenDNS (www.opendns.com) whose service will allow you to add content filtering
and phishing protection amongst other benefits to your pfSense install. Using Googles public DNS
servers (8.8.8.8, 8.8.4.4) is another popular choice.


Figure 7

Click Next after filling in the appropriate fields.

Time Zone and Server
The next screen allows you to configure the time (NTP) server to be used to synchronize your firewalls
time, and also specify its time zone. The default NTP server points you ntp.orgs NTP server pool. If you
have an internal time server, you should specify it here instead. You also want to select a city in your
time zone so your log timestamps are in local time (unless you have a policy to timestamp all logs in
GMT).

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Figure 8

Click Next.
WAN Configuration
This page is where your Internet connection is configured. You will need information from your ISP to
configure this screen appropriately. A few notes to assist you:

MAC address if replacing an existing firewall, you may want to enter the old firewalls WAN MAC
address here, if you can easily tell what that is. This commonly avoids issues involved in switching out
firewalls, such as ARP caches, ISPs locking to single MAC addresses, etc.

If you cant enter the MAC of your current firewall here, it probably isnt a big deal power cycle your
router or modem and your new MAC will usually be able to get online. For some ISPs, you have to call
when switching devices, or go through an activation process of some sort.

Static IP configurations the subnet mask is configured in CIDR format, which is usually provided by
the ISP in addition to the 255.x.x.x subnet mask. The following table shows the most common subnet
masks and their CIDR equivalent.









Block private networks and bogons these two options will block private, unassigned, and reserved IP
subnets for traffic initiated on your WAN connection (i.e. coming in from the Internet). These IP ranges
should never be seen on the Internet, and these should both be enabled on systems that are directly
Subnet Mask CIDR
255.255.255.252 30
255.255.255.248 29
255.255.255.240 28
255.255.255.224 27
255.255.255.192 26
255.255.255.128 25
255.255.255.0 24
255.255.254.0 23
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connected to the Internet. If your WAN resides on a private network, you may not want to use these
options.

Configure LAN Interface
Here you configure the IP and subnet mask to be used on your LAN. If you dont ever plan to connect
your network to any other network via VPN, the 192.168.1.x default is fine.

If you want to be able to connect into your network using VPN from remote locations, you should
choose a private IP address range much more obscure than the very common 192.168.1.0/24. Space
within the 172.16.0.0/12 RFC1918 private address block seems to be the least frequently used, so
choose something between 172.16.x.x and 172.31.x.x for least likelihood of having VPN connectivity
difficulties. If your LAN is 192.168.1.x and you are at a wireless hotspot using 192.168.1.x (very
common), you wont be able to communicate across the VPN 192.168.1.x is the local network, not
your network over VPN.


Figure 9
Setting the password
Enter the admin password for your firewall and again to confirm. You should choose a strong
password, with a combination of letters, numbers and symbols. Should you forget your password, you
can reset it using a serial console on your FW-7551.


Figure 10

After entering your password and confirming it, click Next.

Then click Reload to apply your changes.
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Introduction to the web interface
You are now at the front page of the pfSense web interface. This screen provides an overview of your
system resource utilization. The menu on the left side of the screen groups the various configuration,
status and diagnostics screens. There are also additional themes available to change the layout of the
web interface, under System -> General Setup if you prefer a different look and feel.

Note: The default theme does not function on an iPhone, iPad, or iPod Touch, but when
browsing from one of these devices it will automatically switch to a different, plainer theme
that is functional. Yes, you can configure your FW-7551 from your iOS devices. The default
theme does function properly in the Android browser, but is difficult to navigate due to the
screen size, so it also will switch to the plainer theme.

The default firewall rules can be viewed under Firewall -> Rules. If you need to forward ports, you will
configure them under Firewall -> NAT. More information on port forwarding can be found here:
http://doc.pfsense.org/index.php/How_can_I_forward_ports_with_pfSense%3F

You can view your real time traffic throughput under Status -> Traffic Graph. For many longer term
statistics, browse to Status -> RRD Graphs. Logs can be viewed under Diagnostics -> System logs.
Backing up and restoring
At this point your basic two interface LAN and WAN configuration is complete. Before proceeding with
additional configuration, you will want to get a backup of your configuration. To do so, browse to
Diagnostics -> Backup/Restore in the web interface. Click the Download Configuration button, and a
copy of your configuration will be downloaded. You can restore this configuration at the same screen,
by choosing your backup file under Restore configuration.
What else can I do?
The pfSense software provides a wide array of functionality beyond the simple configuration
documented here. See the Additional Documentation section to find information on this functionality
and more. A few of the most commonly used possibilities follow.
IPv6 support for native IPv6 connectivity on the LAN and several variations of IPv6
connectivity on the WAN is available.
Captive portal allows you to present a splash page to all users upon connecting to your
network, optionally with authentication. This is commonly used with wireless hot spots, or as
an additional layer of protection for wireless networks with authentication against a local user
database, or external RADIUS server such as Microsoft Active Directory.
VPN three types of VPNs are supported, IPsec, OpenVPN and PPTP. You can use these options
to connect roaming users for remote access, or site to site connectivity to connect multiple
locations.
Multi-WAN multiple Internet connections with failover and load balancing are supported. In
combination with a VLAN capable switch, you can connect numerous Internet connections over
a single physical interface on the firewall.
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Dynamic DNS if your public IP is dynamic, you may want to sign up with a dynamic DNS
provider (many options are free) and use the Dynamic DNS client to keep your hostname
updated. This is especially helpful if you want to access services like VPN remotely.
Wireless Your FW-7551 can be used in Ad-hoc networks or use your neighbors wireless as a
second WAN (with permission, of course), amongst many other possible deployments.
Console Access by Serial Interface
There are times you may want to access the console through the FW-7551 serial interface. Perhaps you
have accidentally locked yourself out of the GUI console or you may want to assign a new password. To do
so, a null modem cable and a serial terminal emulation program is required.
Null Modem Cable
A null modem cable is a 9 pin D-Shell connector serial cable where the transmit pin on one end connected to
the receive pin on the other. You can make your own or purchase them inexpensively. A null modem cable
pinout is represented in Figure 11
USB to serial adapters can be used on systems that dont have a standard 9-pin DB-9 serial port.


Figure 11
Serial Terminal Emulation Client
A serial terminal emulation program is required to access the FW-7551 console through the serial interface.
Microsoft Windows no longer includes HyperTerminal in Versions 7 and up. PuTTY is free and can be
downloaded from:
http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/putty/download.html
Accessing the Console
Connect one end of the null modem cable to the serial port on the FW-7551 and the other to a serial port on
the computer with a terminal emulation program installed. USB to serial adapters should work for systems
that dont have a standard 9 pin serial port
Configuring Serial Terminal Emulator
PuTTY must be configured to communicate with the FW-7551. In order to do so, you must first know what
Com Port your computer has assigned to your serial port. Even if you assigned your serial port to COM1 in
the BIOS, Windows may remap it to a different COM Port. To determine this, you must open Windows
Device Manager and view the COM port assignment.
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Figure 12

Open PuTTY and locate the Session display as shown in Figure 13. Set the Com Port to that which is
displayed in Windows Device Manager and the Speed to 115200.

Figure 13

Match the COM Port with what was reported in Windows Device Manager. We will use COM3 for this
example. The FW-7551 serial port speed is 115200 bits per second. The speed of the BIOS and the speed of
the console must match so change the speed in PuTTy to 115200 bps.
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Figure 14
Select Serial as shown in Figure 14 and configure the Com Port and Serial Speed as displayed. Select Open
strike the enter key and following will be displayed.

Figure 15
Additional Support
Newly-purchased eligible firewall products come with one year of support provided by Electric Sheep
Fencing, the company behind the pfSense project. If eligible for support, you will have received a
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Welcome to Support booklet with a coupon code that entitles you to a 100% discount on the first
year of support. You may also purchase a 2
nd
year of support through the portal. The support provided
by Electric Sheep Fencing covers any questions or problems you may experience with pfSense or the
hardware appliance purchased from Netgate.

Configuration Review and Configuration Assistance

Support does not cover more complex tasks such as CARP configuration for redundancy on multiple
firewalls or circuits, network design, and conversion from other firewalls to pfSense. These items are
offered as professional services and can be purchased and scheduled accordingly.
Please see https://www.pfsense.org/our-services/professional-services.html for more details.
pfSense University
pfSense University offers courses for increasing your knowledge of pfSense products and services.
Whether you need to maintain or improve the security skills of your staff or offer highly specialized
support and improve your customer satisfaction; pfSense University has got you covered. Check us out
at https://www.pfsense.org/university/
Additional Support
Newly-purchased eligible firewall products come with one year of support provided by Electric Sheep
Fencing, the company behind the pfSense project. If eligible for support, you will have received a
Welcome to Support booklet with a coupon code that entitles you to a 100% discount on the first
year of support. You may also purchase a 2nd year of support through the portal. The support provided
by Electric Sheep Fencing covers any questions or problems you may experience with pfSense or the
hardware appliance purchased from Netgate.

Configuration Review and Configuration Assistance
Support does not cover more complex tasks such as CARP configuration for redundancy on multiple
firewalls or circuits, network design, and conversion from other firewalls to pfSense. These items are
offered as professional services and can be purchased and scheduled accordingly.
Please see https://www.pfsense.org/our-services/professional-services.html for more details.
Other Support Options

https://www.pfsense.org/get-support/#community-support
Additional Documentation

This guide illustrates the basics for getting up and running with your FW-7551.
There is much more that can be accomplished with pfSense software. The best source of information is
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the book pfSense 2.1: The Definitive Guide available to Gold pfSense subscribers at
https://portal.pfsense.org

There is also community documentation freely available on the pfSense site at https://doc.pfsense.org