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"MONORAIL.

xls" Program
Version 1.3

MONORAIL BEAM ANALYSIS


Job Name:
Job Number:

For S-shaped Underhung Monorails Analyzed as Simple-Spans with / without Overhang


Per AISC 9th Edition ASD Manual and CMAA Specification No. 74 (2004)
Subject:
Originator:
Checker:

Input:
RL(min)=-5.57

Monorail Size:
Select:
Design Parameters:
Beam Fy =
Beam Simple-Span, L =
Unbraced Length, Lb =
Bending Coef., Cb =
Overhang Length, Lo =
Unbraced Length, Lbo =
Bending Coef., Cbo =
Lifted Load, P =
Trolley Weight, Wt =
Hoist Weight, Wh =
Vert. Impact Factor, Vi =
Horz. Load Factor, HLF =
Total No. Wheels, Nw =
Wheel Spacing, S =
Distance on Flange, a =

RR(max)=22.22
Lo=4

L=10

S15x50

x=4.813
S=0.75

50
10.0000
10.0000
1.00
4.0000
4.0000
1.00
13.500
1.000
0.100
10
20
4
0.7500
0.3750

Results:

ksi

S15x50

ft.
ft.

Pv=15.95

Nomenclature

ft.
ft.

A=
d=
tw =
bf =
tf =
k=
rt =

kips
kips
kips

%
%
ft.

S15x50 Member Properties:


14.70
in.^2
d/Af =
15.000
in.
Ix =
0.550
in.
Sx =
5.640
in.
Iy =
0.622
in.
Sy =
1.375
in.
J=
1.260
in.
Cw =

4.28
485.00
64.70
15.60
5.53
2.120
806.0

in.^4

in.^3

in.^4

in.^3

in.^4

in.^6

in.

Support Reactions:
RR(max) =
22.22
RL(min) =
-5.57

(with overhang)
= Pv*(L+(Lo-S/2))/L+w/1000/(2*L)*(L+Lo)^2
= -Pv*(Lo-S/2)/L+w/1000/(2*L)*(L^2-Lo^2)

Parameters and Coefficients:


Pv =
15.950
kips
Pw =
3.988
kips/wheel
Ph =
2.700
kips
ta =
0.450
in.
l=
0.147
Cxo =
-0.855
Cx1 =
0.579
Czo =
0.162
Cz1 =
1.981

Pv = P*(1+Vi/100)+Wt+Wh (vertical load)


Pw = Pv/Nw (load per trolley wheel)
Ph = HLF*P (horizontal load)
ta = tf-bf/24+a/6 (for S-shape)
l = 2*a/(bf-tw)
Cxo = -1.096+1.095*l+0.192*e^(-6.0*l)
Cx1 = 3.965-4.835*l-3.965*e^(-2.675*l)
Czo = -0.981-1.479*l+1.120*e^(1.322*l)
Cz1 = 1.810-1.150*l+1.060*e^(-7.70*l)

Bending Moments for Simple-Span:


x=
4.813
ft.
Mx =
36.94
ft-kips
My =
6.25
ft-kips

x = 1/2*(L-S/2) (location of max. moments from left end of simple-span)


Mx = (Pv/2)/(2*L)*(L-S/2)^2+w/1000*x/2*(L-x)
My = (Ph/2)/(2*L)*(L-S/2)^2

Lateral Flange Bending Moment from Torsion for Simple-Span:


(per USS Steel Design Manual, 1981)
e=
7.500
in.
e = d/2 (assume horiz. load taken at bot. flange)
at =
31.375
at = SQRT(E*Cw/(J*G)) , E=29000 ksi and G=11200 ksi
Mt =
1.76
ft-kips
Mt = Ph*e*at/(2*(d-tf))*TANH(L*12/(2*at))/12
X-axis Stresses for Simple-Span:
fbx =
6.85
ksi
Lb/rt =
95.24
Fbx =
23.36
ksi

fbx = Mx/Sx
Lb/rt = Lb*12/rt
Fbx = 12000*Cb/(Lb*12/(d/Af)) <= 0.60*Fy

fbx <= Fbx,

(con

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Y-axis Stresses for Simple-Span:


fby =
13.57
ksi
fwns =
7.65
ksi
fby(total) =
21.22
ksi
Fby =
37.50
ksi

fby = My/Sy
fwns = Mt*12/(Sy/2) (warping normal stress)
fby(total) = fby+fwns
Fby = 0.75*Fy

fby <= Fby,

Combined Stress Ratio for Simple-Span:


S.R. =
0.859
S.R. = fbx/Fbx+fby(total)/Fby

S.R. <= 1.0,

Vertical Deflection for Simple-Span:


Pv =
14.600
kips
D(max) =
0.0379
in.
D(ratio) =
L/3169
D(allow) =
0.2667
in.

Pv = P+Wh+Wt (without vertical impact)


D(max) =
Pv/2*(L-S)/2/(24*E*I)*(3*L^2-4*((L-S)/2)^2)+5*w/12000*L^4/(384*E*I)
D(ratio) = L*12/D(max)
D(allow) = L*12/450
Defl.(max) <= Defl.(allow),

Bending Moments for Overhang:


Mx =
58.22
ft-kips
My =
9.79
ft-kips

Mx = (Pv/2)*(Lo+(Lo-S))+w/1000*Lo^2/2
My = (Ph/2)*(Lo+(Lo-S))

Lateral Flange Bending Moment from Torsion for Overhang:


(per USS Steel Design Manual, 1981)
e=
7.500
in.
e = d/2 (assume horiz. load taken at bot. flange)
at =
31.375
at = SQRT(E*Cw/(J*G)) , E=29000 ksi and G=11200 ksi
Mt =
3.68
ft-kips
Mt = Ph*e*at/(d-tf)*TANH(Lo*12/at)/12
X-axis Stresses for Overhang:
fbx =
10.80
ksi
Lbo/rt =
38.10
Fbx =
33.00
ksi

fbx = Mx/Sx
Lbo/rt = Lbo*12/rt
Fbx = 0.66*Fy

fbx <= Fbx, O.K.

Y-axis Stresses for Overhang:


fby =
21.24
ksi
fwns =
15.97
ksi
fby(total) =
37.21
ksi
Fby =
37.50
ksi

fby = My/Sy
fwns = Mt*12/(Sy/2) (warping normal stress)
fby(total) = fby+fwns
Fby = 0.75*Fy

fby <= Fby, O.K.

Combined Stress Ratio for Overhang:


S.R. =
1.319

S.R. = fbx/Fbx+fby(total)/Fby

S.R. > 1.0

Vertical Deflection for Overhang:


Pv =
14.600
kips
D(max) =
0.1338
in.
D(ratio) =
L/359
D(allow) =
0.1600
in.

(assuming full design load, Pv without impact, at end of overhang)


Pv = P+Wh+Wt (without vertical impact)
D(max) =
Pv*Lo^2*(L+Lo)/(3*E*I)+w/12000*Lo*(4*Lo^2*L-L^3+3*Lo^3)/(24*E*I)
D(ratio) = Lo*12/D(max)
D(allow) = Lo*12/300
Defl.(max) <= Defl.(allow),

Bottom Flange Bending (simplified):


be =
7.464
in.
tf2 =
0.834
in.
am =
2.004
in.
Mf =
7.991
in.-kips
Sf =
0.481
in.^3
fb =
16.60
ksi
Fb =
37.50
ksi

Min. of: be = 12*tf or S*12 (effective flange bending length)


tf2 = tf+(bf/2-tw/2)/2*(1/6) (flange thk. at web based on 1:6 slope of flange)
am = (bf/2-tw/2)-(k-tf2) (where: k-tf2 = radius of fillet)
Mf = Pw*am
Sf = be*tf^2/6
fb = Mf/Sf
Fb = 0.75*Fy
fb <= Fb,

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Bottom Flange Bending per CMAA Specification No. 74 (2004):

(Note: torsion is neglected)

Local Flange Bending Stress @ Point 0:


sxo =
sxo = Cxo*Pw/ta^2
-16.88
ksi
szo =
szo = Czo*Pw/ta^2
3.20
ksi

(Sign convention: + = tension, - = compre


S-shape

Local Flange Bending Stress @ Point 1:


sx1 =
sx1 = Cx1*Pw/ta^2
11.43
ksi
sz1 =
sz1 = Cz1*Pw/ta^2
39.10
ksi

Trolley

Local Flange Bending Stress @ Point 2:


sx2 =
sx2 = -sxo
16.88
ksi
sz2 =
sz2 = -szo
-3.20
ksi

Pw

Resultant Biaxial Stress @ Point 0:


sz =
22.82
ksi
sx =
-12.66
ksi
txz =
0.00
ksi
sto =
31.14
ksi

sz = fbx+fby+0.75*szo
sx = 0.75*sxo
txz = 0 (assumed negligible)
sto = SQRT(sx^2+sz^2-sx*sz+3*txz^2)

Resultant Biaxial Stress @ Point 1:


sz =
49.75
ksi
sx =
8.57
ksi
txz =
0.00
ksi
st1 =
46.06
ksi

sy = fbx+fby+0.75*sz1
sx = 0.75*sx1
txz = 0 (assumed negligible)
st1 = SQRT(sx^2+sz^2-sx*sz+3*txz^2)

Resultant Biaxial Stress @ Point 2:


sz =
18.02
ksi
sx =
12.66
ksi
txz =
0.00
ksi
st2 =
16.03
ksi

sz = fbx+fby+0.75*sz2
sx = 0.75*sx2
txz = 0 (assumed negligible)
st2 = SQRT(sx^2+sz^2-sx*sz+3*txz^2)

Pw

<= Fb = 0.66*Fy = 33 ksi

> Fb = 0.66*Fy = 3

<= Fb = 0.66*Fy = 33 ksi


Y

tw
X
Pw

Pw

tf

Point 2
Point 0

Point 1
tw/2

ta

bf/4
bf

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Version 1.3

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"MONORAIL.xls" Program
Version 1.3

MONORAIL BEAM ANALYSIS


Job Name:
Job Number:

For W-shaped Underhung Monorails Analyzed as Simple-Spans with / without Overhang


Per AISC 9th Edition ASD Manual and CMAA Specification No. 74 (2004)
Subject:
Originator:
Checker:

Input:
RL(min)=-8.06

Monorail Size:
Select:
Design Parameters:
Beam Fy =
Beam Simple-Span, L =
Unbraced Length, Lb =
Bending Coef., Cb =
Overhang Length, Lo =
Unbraced Length, Lbo =
Bending Coef., Cbo =
Lifted Load, P =
Trolley Weight, Wt =
Hoist Weight, Wh =
Vert. Impact Factor, Vi =
Horz. Load Factor, HLF =
Total No. Wheels, Nw =
Wheel Spacing, S =
Distance on Flange, a =

RR(max)=24.78
Lo=5.5

L=10

W12x45

x=4.813
S=0.75

36
10.0000
10.0000
1.00
5.5000
5.5000
1.00
13.500
0.400
0.100
15
10
4
0.7500
0.3750

Results:

ksi

W12x45

ft.
ft.

Pv=16.025

Nomenclature

ft.
ft.

A=
d=
tw =
bf =
tf =
k=
rt =

kips
kips
kips

%
%
ft.

W12x45 Member Properties:


13.10
in.^2
d/Af =
12.100
in.
Ix =
0.335
in.
Sx =
8.050
in.
Iy =
0.575
in.
Sy =
1.080
in.
J=
2.150
in.
Cw =

2.61
348.00
57.70
50.00
12.40
1.260
1650.0

in.^4

in.^3

in.^4

in.^3

in.^4

in.^6

in.

Support Reactions:
RR(max) =
24.78
RL(min) =
-8.06

(with overhang)
= Pv*(L+(Lo-S/2))/L+w/1000/(2*L)*(L+Lo)^2
= -Pv*(Lo-S/2)/L+w/1000/(2*L)*(L^2-Lo^2)

Parameters and Coefficients:


Pv =
16.025
kips
Pw =
4.006
kips/wheel
Ph =
1.350
kips
ta =
0.575
in.
l=
0.097
Cxo =
-1.903
Cx1 =
0.535
Czo =
0.192
Cz1 =
2.319

Pv = P*(1+Vi/100)+Wt+Wh (vertical load)


Pw = Pv/Nw (load per trolley wheel)
Ph = HLF*P (horizontal load)
ta = tf (for W-shape)
l = 2*a/(bf-tw)
Cxo = -2.110+1.977*l+0.0076*e^(6.53*l)
Cx1 = 10.108-7.408*l-10.108*e^(-1.364*l)
Czo = 0.050-0.580*l+0.148*e^(3.015*l)
Cz1 = 2.230-1.490*l+1.390*e^(-18.33*l)

Bending Moments for Simple-Span:


x=
4.813
ft.
Mx =
37.11
ft-kips
My =
3.13
ft-kips

x = 1/2*(L-S/2) (location of max. moments from left end of simple-span)


Mx = (Pv/2)/(2*L)*(L-S/2)^2+w/1000*x/2*(L-x)
My = (Ph/2)/(2*L)*(L-S/2)^2

Lateral Flange Bending Moment from Torsion for Simple-Span:


(per USS Steel Design Manual, 1981)
e=
6.050
in.
e = d/2 (assume horiz. load taken at bot. flange)
at =
58.230
at = SQRT(E*Cw/(J*G)) , E=29000 ksi and G=11200 ksi
Mt =
1.33
ft-kips
Mt = Ph*e*at/(2*(d-tf))*TANH(L*12/(2*at))/12
X-axis Stresses for Simple-Span:
fbx =
7.72
ksi
Lb/rt =
55.81
Fbx =
21.60
ksi

fbx = Mx/Sx
Lb/rt = Lb*12/rt
Fbx = 12000*Cb/(Lb*12/(d/Af)) <= 0.60*Fy

fbx <= Fbx,

(con

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Y-axis Stresses for Simple-Span:


fby =
3.03
ksi
fwns =
2.58
ksi
fby(total) =
5.60
ksi
Fby =
27.00
ksi

fby = My/Sy
fwns = Mt*12/(Sy/2) (warping normal stress)
fby(total) = fby+fwns
Fby = 0.75*Fy

fby <= Fby,

Combined Stress Ratio for Simple-Span:


S.R. =
0.565
S.R. = fbx/Fbx+fby(total)/Fby

S.R. <= 1.0,

Vertical Deflection for Simple-Span:


Pv =
14.000
kips
D(max) =
0.0505
in.
D(ratio) =
L/2375
D(allow) =
0.2667
in.

Pv = P+Wh+Wt (without vertical impact)


D(max) =
Pv/2*(L-S)/2/(24*E*I)*(3*L^2-4*((L-S)/2)^2)+5*w/12000*L^4/(384*E*I)
D(ratio) = L*12/D(max)
D(allow) = L*12/450
Defl.(max) <= Defl.(allow),

Bending Moments for Overhang:


Mx =
82.81
ft-kips
My =
6.92
ft-kips

Mx = (Pv/2)*(Lo+(Lo-S))+w/1000*Lo^2/2
My = (Ph/2)*(Lo+(Lo-S))

Lateral Flange Bending Moment from Torsion for Overhang:


(per USS Steel Design Manual, 1981)
e=
6.050
in.
e = d/2 (assume horiz. load taken at bot. flange)
at =
58.230
at = SQRT(E*Cw/(J*G)) , E=29000 ksi and G=11200 ksi
Mt =
3.33
ft-kips
Mt = Ph*e*at/(d-tf)*TANH(Lo*12/at)/12
X-axis Stresses for Overhang:
fbx =
17.22
ksi
Lbo/rt =
30.70
Fbx =
23.76
ksi

fbx = Mx/Sx
Lbo/rt = Lbo*12/rt
Fbx = 0.66*Fy

fbx <= Fbx, O.K.

Y-axis Stresses for Overhang:


fby =
6.70
ksi
fwns =
6.44
ksi
fby(total) =
13.14
ksi
Fby =
27.00
ksi

fby = My/Sy
fwns = Mt*12/(Sy/2) (warping normal stress)
fby(total) = fby+fwns
Fby = 0.75*Fy

fby <= Fby, O.K.

Combined Stress Ratio for Overhang:


S.R. =
1.211

S.R. = fbx/Fbx+fby(total)/Fby

S.R. > 1.0

Vertical Deflection for Overhang:


Pv =
14.000
kips
D(max) =
0.3759
in.
D(ratio) =
L/176
D(allow) =
0.1467
in.

(assuming full design load, Pv without impact, at end of overhang)


Pv = P+Wh+Wt (without vertical impact)
D(max) =
Pv*Lo^2*(L+Lo)/(3*E*I)+w/12000*Lo*(4*Lo^2*L-L^3+3*Lo^3)/(24*E*I)
D(ratio) = Lo*12/D(max)
D(allow) = Lo*12/450
Defl.(max) > Defl.(al

Bottom Flange Bending (simplified):


be =
6.900
in.
am =
3.353
in.
Mf =
13.431
in.-kips
Sf =
0.380
in.^3
fb =
35.32
ksi
Fb =
27.00
ksi

Min. of: be = 12*tf or S*12 (effective flange bending length)


am = (bf/2-tw/2)-(k-tf) (where: k-tf = radius of fillet)
Mf = Pw*am
Sf = be*tf^2/6
fb = Mf/Sf
Fb = 0.75*Fy

fb

(con

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Bottom Flange Bending per CMAA Specification No. 74 (2004):

(Note: torsion is neglected)

Local Flange Bending Stress @ Point 0:


sxo =
sxo = Cxo*Pw/ta^2
-23.06
ksi
szo =
szo = Czo*Pw/ta^2
2.33
ksi

(Sign convention: + = tension, - = compre

Local Flange Bending Stress @ Point 1:


sx1 =
sx1 = Cx1*Pw/ta^2
6.48
ksi
sz1 =
sz1 = Cz1*Pw/ta^2
28.10
ksi
Local Flange Bending Stress @ Point 2:
sx2 =
sx2 = -sxo
23.06
ksi
sz2 =
sz2 = -szo
-2.33
ksi
Resultant Biaxial Stress @ Point 0:
sz =
12.49
ksi
sx =
-17.30
ksi
txz =
0.00
ksi
sto =
25.91
ksi

sz = fbx+fby+0.75*szo
sx = 0.75*sxo
txz = 0 (assumed negligible)
sto = SQRT(sx^2+sz^2-sx*sz+3*txz^2)

> Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.7

Resultant Biaxial Stress @ Point 1:


sz =
31.82
ksi
sx =
4.86
ksi
txz =
0.00
ksi
st1 =
29.69
ksi

sy = fbx+fby+0.75*sz1
sx = 0.75*sx1
txz = 0 (assumed negligible)
st1 = SQRT(sx^2+sz^2-sx*sz+3*txz^2)

> Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.7

Resultant Biaxial Stress @ Point 2:


sz =
9.00
ksi
sx =
17.30
ksi
txz =
0.00
ksi
st2 =
14.99
ksi

sz = fbx+fby+0.75*sz2
sx = 0.75*sx2
txz = 0 (assumed negligible)
st2 = SQRT(sx^2+sz^2-sx*sz+3*txz^2)

<= Fb = 0.66*Fy = 23.76 ksi

tw
X

Pw

Pw

Z
Point 2

tf

Point 0
Point 1
bf

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